Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, 2014 SelectedWorks
Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn
There is little consensus on the effects of immigration on crime. One potential explanation for the conflicting evidence is heterogeneity across space and time in policies toward immigrants that affect their status in the community and their incentives to engage in illegal activity. In this paper, we take advantage of provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), which granted legal resident status to long-time illegal residents but created new obstacles to employment for more recent immigrants, to explore how employment opportunities affect criminal behavior. Exploiting unique administrative data on the criminal justice involvement of individuals in ...
Curriculum Vitae, 2014 National Louis University
Curriculum Vitae, Judah J. Viola
Judah J. Viola, Ph.D.
No abstract provided.
Implementing The Policy Of The U.N. Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, 2014 Western University
Implementing The Policy Of The U.N. Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Roxanne T. Ornelas
The International Indigenous Policy Journal
On September 13, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted to adopt the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). This was an historic event as work on UNDRIP had been ongoing for 30 years before its passage. Today, UNDRIP provides a framework for addressing human rights protections for Indigenous peoples globally. This article examines the significance of UNDRIP as a public policy tool for developing national policy to support future resource and land management consultations that are based on free, prior, and informed consent.
Examining Children's Perceptions And Use Of Their Neighbourhood Built Environments: A Novel Participatory Mapping Approach, Stephen Fitzpatrick
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This thesis uses a mixed methods approach to contribute towards a more complete understanding of the relationship between the built environment and children’s active school travel. It is argued that active travel –human powered transportation – to and from school provides regular physical activity that can help reverse rising rates of overweight or obese Canadian children. The built environment of a child’s school neighbourhood has been shown to influence travel decisions. To achieve higher rates of children’s active travel, a comprehensive understanding of the built environment is required.
This study uses child-led perceptual mapping (CLPM) and GIS analysis ...
The Urban Density Premium Across Establishments, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Urban Density Premium Across Establishments, R. Jason Faberman, Matthew Freedman
We use longitudinal micro data to estimate the urban density premium for U.S. establishments, controlling for observed establishment characteristics and dynamic establishment behavior. Consistent with previous studies, we estimate a density premium between 6 and 10 percent, even after controlling for establishment composition, local skill mix, and the endogeneity of location choice. More importantly, we find that the estimated density premium is realized almost entirely at birth and is constant over the life of establishments. We find little evidence that the endogenous entry or exit of establishments can account for any of the estimated density premium. We interpret our ...
Tax Incentives And Housing Investment In Low-Income Neighborhoods, 2014 SelectedWorks
Tax Incentives And Housing Investment In Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman
Governments often use tax incentives to encourage residential investment in blighted neighborhoods. Exploiting the lottery structure of Missouri’s Neighborhood Preservation Act (NPA), this paper examines how tax incentives to promote housing investment affect communities. Missouri’s NPA offers tax credits to homeowners and developers that improve or expand the owner-occupied housing stock in the state’s poorer neighborhoods. Due to limits on the amount that can be awarded, the state uses a lottery to determine which applicants receive credits. Taking advantage of the random assignment of NPA tax credits and exploiting detailed property-level data, I find evidence that the ...
Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, 2014 Cleveland State University
Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, Edward W. Hill, Kelly Kinahan, Allan Immonen
This report analyzes aggregate indicators of economic activity related to the early stages of Utica and Marcellus shale development in the State of Ohio from January through August 2013, reviewing sales receipts as a leading indicator of economic activity, total employment based upon where people live rather than work, well activity, and gas prices.
Elecciones Locales 2014, 2014 SelectedWorks
Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.
Fernando Carrión Mena
Esta diferenciación de las fechas se sustentó en la necesidad de fortalecer la autonomía de los gobiernos locales, de tal manera que no se produzca el arrastre de los votos de los candidatos nacionales hacia los locales. Sin embargo, esta importante legislación quedará en el papel, debido a que el presidente de la República será el gran elector, debido al fuerte liderazgo que posee. En la fase preelectoral ya se sintió su presencia, tanto en la selección de candidaturas como en la reelección de ciertas dignidades: se reunió con alrededor de 180 alcaldes y definieron los apoyos mutuos. Ahora, en ...
Rethinking Atlanta's Regional Resilience In An Age Of Uncertainty: Still The Economic Engine Of The New South?, Jennifer Clark
One of the great challenges facing large, diverse metropolitan economies is how to build and maintain sustainable and resilient cities. For several years now, people have recognized the critical and expanding role of “global cities.” Although Saskia Sassen’s initial conceptualization focused on leading financial centers---London, New York, and Tokyo---the notion has developed to encompass broader ideas about how diverse metropolitan economies serve as regional nodes in a global network (Sassen 2001) . These global cities serve as the engines behind national and regional economic growth. Increasingly, academics and policy advocates have argued that global cities constitute the most important interconnected ...
Cities, Disaster Risk And Adaptation, 2014 SelectedWorks
Cities, Disaster Risk And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler
Worldwide, disasters and climate change pose a serious risk to sustainable urban development, resulting in escalating human and economic costs. Consequently, city authorities and other urban actors face the challenge of integrating risk reduction and adaptation strategies into their work, although related knowledge and expertise are still scarce.
Cities, Disaster Risk and Adaptation explores ways in which resilient cities can be ‘built’ and sustainable urban transformations achieved. The book provides a comprehensive understanding of urban risk reduction and adaptation planning, exploring key theoretical concepts and analyzing the complex interrelation between cities, disasters and climate change. It further provides an overview ...
Post-Disaster Housing Recovery: The Promise And Peril Of Social Capital, 2014 SelectedWorks
Post-Disaster Housing Recovery: The Promise And Peril Of Social Capital, Anuradha Mukherji
Researchers argue that social networks based on shared values, trust, and norms can facilitate collective action, and such social capital increases the ability of communities to recover after a disaster, implying that the presence of social capital ensures collective community action after a disaster and enables recovery. Drawing from comparative case studies of Bhuj and Bachhau, urban centres impacted by the 2001 Gujarat earthquake in India, this study presents a nuanced view of the role of social capital during post-disaster recovery. It argues that it is important to consider community contexts that are inherent to the amount of social capital ...
Haymarket To The Heights, 2014 Cleveland State University
Haymarket To The Heights, Jeffrey S. Morris
No abstract provided.
Economic Diversity In Appalachia: Statistics, Strategies, And Guides For Action, 2014 SelectedWorks
Economic Diversity In Appalachia: Statistics, Strategies, And Guides For Action, Edward J. Feser, Troy D. Mix, Mark White, Kenneth Poole
Troy D Mix
Commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, this report accomplishes three aims. First, it offers a quantitative portrait of economic diversity trends in Appalachian counties and sub-regions, benchmarked to U.S. trends. The portraits draws on four complementary indexes of diversity: industrial, functional, occupational, and knowledge, with the first two based on the mix of industries in a place and the latter two based on the mix of occupations. Second, the report summarizes diversity trends, economic development practices, and diversification strategies in ten Appalachian counties. The ten cases offer insights into economic development practitioners’ understanding of what economic diversity means for ...
Statistical Portrait Of Economic Diversity In Appalachia, 2014 SelectedWorks
Statistical Portrait Of Economic Diversity In Appalachia, Troy D. Mix, Edward J. Feser
Troy D Mix
Commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, this report presents a quantitative portrait of economic diversity trends across US and Appalachian counties. The portrait draws on four complementary indexes of diversity: industrial, functional, occupational, and knowledge, with the first two based on the mix of industries in a place and the latter two based on the mix of occupations. Analysis and discussion focuses on the utility of economic diversity for informing regional development practice in Appalachia.
Attitudes Towards Immigration Reform In The United States: The Importance Of Neighborhoods, 2013 Fordham University
Attitudes Towards Immigration Reform In The United States: The Importance Of Neighborhoods, Noelle Makhoul Fcrh '12
Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal
Americans are greatly divided over immigration reform. Public opinion literature provides multiple explanations for these attitudinal differences. One contention in the literature is that the amount of ethnic diversity in one’s neighborhood affects mass attitudes towards immigration reform. Within this literature, some scholars argue that ethnic diversity triggers more negative attitudes towards immigration. Others posit that ethnic diversity is associated with positive attitudes towards immigration. In this paper, I seek to contribute to this debate by exploring the role of ethnic diversity in one’s neighborhood in shaping public attitudes toward immigration reform. This study is based upon semi-structured ...
A Reinventar Las Fiestas, 2013 SelectedWorks
A Reinventar Las Fiestas, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.
Fernando Carrión Mena
El orden y la ritualidad de las fiestas -originalmente de base ciudadana- empiezan a ser regulados municipalmente
The Extent And Context Of Human Health Considerations In London’S Spatial Development And Climate Action Strategy, 2013 The Florida State University
The Extent And Context Of Human Health Considerations In London’S Spatial Development And Climate Action Strategy, Christopher J. Coutts, Timothy Berke
Department of Urban and Regional Planning Faculty Publications
The protection of human health is among the original justifications for urban planning, but it is under-examined as one of the myriad benefits of planning for climate change. A conceptual content analysis of the spatial development strategy and climate action plans of London, UK, was performed to reveal how health was portrayed in climate change adaptation goals and actions. There were a total of 176 instances of the keyword ‘health’ in The London Plan and 124 instances in The Climate Change Adaptation Strategy with weighted percentages of coverage of 0.19% and 0.45% respectively. The most salient conclusions from ...
Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, 2013 University of Pennsylvania
Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, Dennis P. Culhane, Vince R. Kane, Mark Johnston
Dennis P. Culhane
As this special issue of the journal well reflects, much progress has been made in homelessness research. That progress has been matched with advances in homelessness policy and programming, nearly all of it informed by the contributions of the research community. While the imperatives of policy-making have required decisions to be made with imperfect knowledge, a substantial enough convergence of theory and evidence has enabled policymakers to shift homelessness policy and practice in important ways. Those shifts have also prefigured some of policymakers’ needs from the research community in the future.
Segregation, Inequality, Demographic Change, And School Consolidation, 2013 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Segregation, Inequality, Demographic Change, And School Consolidation, William England, Edmund T. Hamann
Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
We describe a rural/micropolitan example of the intertwining of school consolidation and demographic change with exacerbated segregation and inequality. To do this we consider Dawson County, Nebraska, which hosts the state's most Latino/a school district (Lexington) and which saw its number of schools decline from 37 to 19 during this century's first decade, and the number of local school districts lessened from 18 to 5. In particular, we call attention to the irony that consolidation was pursued with an explicit call for more equality in schooling in Dawson County (Swidler 2013) and yet population concentrations and ...
Manufacturing Brief 2013, 2013 Cleveland State University
Manufacturing Brief 2013, Candi Clouse, Ziona Austrian, Christopher Lohr
This brief continues a series of publications that tell the story of manufacturing in Northeast Ohio (NEO) and provide an overview of the trends in employment, gross regional product, average wages, establishments, and exports for major manufacturing industries. This year’s focus will be on short term trends (2010 to 2012) that describe the growth of the manufacturing sector, with a detailed analysis for specific industries that constitute the sector. Northeast Ohio’s trends are then compared to trends in the United States and the remainder of the state of Ohio.