Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban Studies and Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,049 Full-Text Articles 2,316 Authors 740,501 Downloads 94 Institutions

All Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Faceted Search

3,049 full-text articles. Page 1 of 63.

Effective After School Programming In Black Communities, Jarae Clark 2014 Georgia State University

Effective After School Programming In Black Communities, Jarae Clark

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Data, Analytics And Community-Based Organizations: Transforming Data To Decisions For Community Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Data, Analytics And Community-Based Organizations: Transforming Data To Decisions For Community Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Big data and analytics for community-focused nonprofits can improve analytic capabilities and increase impact. However, Community-based organization needs do not match well with conventional notions of data and analytics. Decentralized model for data-driven research may be preferred, but centralized model is dominant. CBOs can articulate data needs, but are often not yet able to access relevant data easily and use data effectively. Finally, certain values maximize impact of big data and analytics


The Gordon Square Arts District In Cleveland’S Detroit Shoreway Neighborhood, W Dennis Keating 2014 Cleveland State University

The Gordon Square Arts District In Cleveland’S Detroit Shoreway Neighborhood, W Dennis Keating

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Planning For Climatic Extremes And Variability: A Review Of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink 2014 SelectedWorks

Planning For Climatic Extremes And Variability: A Review Of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink

Ebba Brink

Climate change poses a serious challenge to sustainable urban development worldwide. In Sweden, climate change work at the city level emerged in 1996 and has long had a focus on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. City planners’ “adaptation turn” is recent and still ongoing. This paper presents a meta-evaluation of Swedish municipal adaptation approaches, and how they relate to institutional structures at different levels. The results show that although increasing efforts are being put into the identification of barriers to adaptation planning, in contrast, there is little assessment or systematization of the actual adaptation measures and mainstreaming strategies taken. On this ...


Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn 2014 SelectedWorks

Immigration, Employment Opportunities, And Criminal Behavior, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens, Sarah Bohn

Matthew Freedman

There is little consensus on the effects of immigration on crime. One potential explanation for the conflicting evidence is heterogeneity across space and time in policies toward immigrants that affect their status in the community and their incentives to engage in illegal activity. In this paper, we take advantage of provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), which granted legal resident status to long-time illegal residents but created new obstacles to employment for more recent immigrants, to explore how employment opportunities affect criminal behavior. Exploiting unique administrative data on the criminal justice involvement of individuals in ...


Curriculum Vitae, Judah J. Viola 2014 National Louis University

Curriculum Vitae, Judah J. Viola

Judah J. Viola, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Implementing The Policy Of The U.N. Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Roxanne T. Ornelas 2014 Western University

Implementing The Policy Of The U.N. Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Roxanne T. Ornelas

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

On September 13, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted to adopt the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). This was an historic event as work on UNDRIP had been ongoing for 30 years before its passage. Today, UNDRIP provides a framework for addressing human rights protections for Indigenous peoples globally. This article examines the significance of UNDRIP as a public policy tool for developing national policy to support future resource and land management consultations that are based on free, prior, and informed consent.


Examining Children's Perceptions And Use Of Their Neighbourhood Built Environments: A Novel Participatory Mapping Approach, Stephen Fitzpatrick 2014 Western University

Examining Children's Perceptions And Use Of Their Neighbourhood Built Environments: A Novel Participatory Mapping Approach, Stephen Fitzpatrick

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis uses a mixed methods approach to contribute towards a more complete understanding of the relationship between the built environment and children’s active school travel. It is argued that active travel –human powered transportation – to and from school provides regular physical activity that can help reverse rising rates of overweight or obese Canadian children. The built environment of a child’s school neighbourhood has been shown to influence travel decisions. To achieve higher rates of children’s active travel, a comprehensive understanding of the built environment is required.

This study uses child-led perceptual mapping (CLPM) and GIS analysis ...


The Urban Density Premium Across Establishments, R. Jason Faberman, Matthew Freedman 2014 SelectedWorks

The Urban Density Premium Across Establishments, R. Jason Faberman, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

We use longitudinal micro data to estimate the urban density premium for U.S. establishments, controlling for observed establishment characteristics and dynamic establishment behavior. Consistent with previous studies, we estimate a density premium between 6 and 10 percent, even after controlling for establishment composition, local skill mix, and the endogeneity of location choice. More importantly, we find that the estimated density premium is realized almost entirely at birth and is constant over the life of establishments. We find little evidence that the endogenous entry or exit of establishments can account for any of the estimated density premium. We interpret our ...


Tax Incentives And Housing Investment In Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman 2014 SelectedWorks

Tax Incentives And Housing Investment In Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

Governments often use tax incentives to encourage residential investment in blighted neighborhoods. Exploiting the lottery structure of Missouri’s Neighborhood Preservation Act (NPA), this paper examines how tax incentives to promote housing investment affect communities. Missouri’s NPA offers tax credits to homeowners and developers that improve or expand the owner-occupied housing stock in the state’s poorer neighborhoods. Due to limits on the amount that can be awarded, the state uses a lottery to determine which applicants receive credits. Taking advantage of the random assignment of NPA tax credits and exploiting detailed property-level data, I find evidence that the ...


Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, Edward W. Hill, Kelly Kinahan, Allan Immonen 2014 Cleveland State University

Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, Edward W. Hill, Kelly Kinahan, Allan Immonen

Urban Publications

This report analyzes aggregate indicators of economic activity related to the early stages of Utica and Marcellus shale development in the State of Ohio from January through August 2013, reviewing sales receipts as a leading indicator of economic activity, total employment based upon where people live rather than work, well activity, and gas prices.


Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. 2014 SelectedWorks

Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Esta diferenciación de las fechas se sustentó en la necesidad de fortalecer la autonomía de los gobiernos locales, de tal manera que no se produzca el arrastre de los votos de los candidatos nacionales hacia los locales. Sin embargo, esta importante legislación quedará en el papel, debido a que el presidente de la República será el gran elector, debido al fuerte liderazgo que posee. En la fase preelectoral ya se sintió su presencia, tanto en la selección de candidaturas como en la reelección de ciertas dignidades: se reunió con alrededor de 180 alcaldes y definieron los apoyos mutuos. Ahora, en ...


Rethinking Atlanta's Regional Resilience In An Age Of Uncertainty: Still The Economic Engine Of The New South?, Jennifer Clark 2014 SelectedWorks

Rethinking Atlanta's Regional Resilience In An Age Of Uncertainty: Still The Economic Engine Of The New South?, Jennifer Clark

Jennifer Clark

One of the great challenges facing large, diverse metropolitan economies is how to build and maintain sustainable and resilient cities. For several years now, people have recognized the critical and expanding role of “global cities.” Although Saskia Sassen’s initial conceptualization focused on leading financial centers---London, New York, and Tokyo---the notion has developed to encompass broader ideas about how diverse metropolitan economies serve as regional nodes in a global network (Sassen 2001) . These global cities serve as the engines behind national and regional economic growth. Increasingly, academics and policy advocates have argued that global cities constitute the most important interconnected ...


Cities, Disaster Risk And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler 2014 SelectedWorks

Cities, Disaster Risk And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

Worldwide, disasters and climate change pose a serious risk to sustainable urban development, resulting in escalating human and economic costs. Consequently, city authorities and other urban actors face the challenge of integrating risk reduction and adaptation strategies into their work, although related knowledge and expertise are still scarce.

Cities, Disaster Risk and Adaptation explores ways in which resilient cities can be ‘built’ and sustainable urban transformations achieved. The book provides a comprehensive understanding of urban risk reduction and adaptation planning, exploring key theoretical concepts and analyzing the complex interrelation between cities, disasters and climate change. It further provides an overview ...


Statistical Portrait Of Economic Diversity In Appalachia, Troy D. Mix, Edward J. Feser 2014 SelectedWorks

Statistical Portrait Of Economic Diversity In Appalachia, Troy D. Mix, Edward J. Feser

Troy D Mix

Commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, this report presents a quantitative portrait of economic diversity trends across US and Appalachian counties. The portrait draws on four complementary indexes of diversity: industrial, functional, occupational, and knowledge, with the first two based on the mix of industries in a place and the latter two based on the mix of occupations. Analysis and discussion focuses on the utility of economic diversity for informing regional development practice in Appalachia.


Narrating Resilience: Transforming Urban Systems Through Collaborative Storytelling, Bruce Evan Goldstein, Anne T. Wessells, Raul Lejano, William Hale Butler 2014 The Florida State University

Narrating Resilience: Transforming Urban Systems Through Collaborative Storytelling, Bruce Evan Goldstein, Anne T. Wessells, Raul Lejano, William Hale Butler

Department of Urban and Regional Planning Faculty Publications

How can communities enhance social-ecological resilience within complex urban systems, and what role can planners play? Drawing on a new urbanist proposal in Orange County, CA, we suggest that a resilience planning strategy that ignores diverse ways of knowing can undermine the experience and shared meaning of those living in a city. We then offer two cases to suggest that resilience narratives can help bridge knowledge practices while binding people together within a partially shared understanding of the social and natural world, allowing for a diversity of perspectives on possible ways forward. These cases examine an informal social network that ...


Economic Diversity In Appalachia: Statistics, Strategies, And Guides For Action, Edward J. Feser, Troy D. Mix, Mark White, Kenneth Poole 2014 SelectedWorks

Economic Diversity In Appalachia: Statistics, Strategies, And Guides For Action, Edward J. Feser, Troy D. Mix, Mark White, Kenneth Poole

Troy D Mix

Commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, this report accomplishes three aims. First, it offers a quantitative portrait of economic diversity trends in Appalachian counties and sub-regions, benchmarked to U.S. trends. The portraits draws on four complementary indexes of diversity: industrial, functional, occupational, and knowledge, with the first two based on the mix of industries in a place and the latter two based on the mix of occupations. Second, the report summarizes diversity trends, economic development practices, and diversification strategies in ten Appalachian counties. The ten cases offer insights into economic development practitioners’ understanding of what economic diversity means for ...


Cupa's Reach, Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies 2014 Portland State University

Cupa's Reach, Institute Of Portland Metropolitan Studies

Metroscape

A brief look at the numbers of graduates from Portland State University's College of Urban and Public Affairs, and their dispersal across the globe.


Building Interfaith Bridges: Dirce And Nohad Toulan's Contribution To Interfaith Dialogue, Mark Rosenbaum 2014 Portland State University

Building Interfaith Bridges: Dirce And Nohad Toulan's Contribution To Interfaith Dialogue, Mark Rosenbaum

Metroscape

In early January, 2014, the Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies brought together key leaders of Portland's faith community to remember Nohad and Dirce Toulan's contribution to interfaith dialogue. A conversation with Rabbi Daniel Isaak, Sister Mollie Reavis, and Imam Mikal Shabazz, moderated by Mark Rosenbaum.


Urban Center Plaza, Carl Abbott 2014 Portland State University

Urban Center Plaza, Carl Abbott

Metroscape

Nohad Toulan's conception of the place that would house Portland State University's College of Urban and Public Affairs' new facility went far beyond a mere structure. A vital urban plaza that would act as a link to Portland's downtown, a transportation hub, and a gathering place for students and community members, was central to his vision. The Urban Center Plaza, over its 14-year history, has fulfilled that vision becoming an anchor of commercial, civic, and educational activity in the central city's south end. The following observations are excerpted from an article by urban historian, Carl Abbot ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress