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Digitally Segregated Understanding Technology Readiness In Preparation For Higher Education Success, Gloria D. Mullons 2017 National Louis University

Digitally Segregated Understanding Technology Readiness In Preparation For Higher Education Success, Gloria D. Mullons

Dissertations

The Digital Divide is the gulf between those that have access and use of technology and those that do not. The Digital Divide is a multilayered issue impacting low-income persons, low literacy persons, seniors, and persons with disabilities. The new emphasis is on whether people know how to use technological devices and the Internet for multiple purposes, especially to function and progress in daily society. This dissertation study focuses on technology readiness in preparation for higher education, specifically examining: 1) experiences students had prior to attending the HP3 program, 2) factors that influenced student preparedness for engaging in college-level technology ...


The Year 2014: A Banner Year For Institutional Racism, Andrew I.E. Ewoh 2017 Barbara Jordan Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs, Texas Southern University

The Year 2014: A Banner Year For Institutional Racism, Andrew I.E. Ewoh

Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs

The Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs is dedicating this special issue to the profound and pervasive effects of institutional racism that were prominent in 2014. The year 2014 might be viewed as a remarkable year for institutional racism. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Section IV of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is no longer necessary.


Examining The Impact Of Institutional Racism In Black Residentially Segregated Communities, Brandi Blessett, Vanessa Littleton 2017 Rutgers University - Camden

Examining The Impact Of Institutional Racism In Black Residentially Segregated Communities, Brandi Blessett, Vanessa Littleton

Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs

This article examines the impact of public policies in inner city communities. Using Ferguson, MO as an exemplar, the authors offer a contextual analysis of a community recently in the spotlight for the killing of an unarmed black man by a law enforcement officer. Through the lens of the social determinants of health, we examine “place” as a powerful determinant of health and community outcomes. We consider the implications of public policies and the subsequent impact on social and economic context. The authors highlight the existence of social, economic, environmental, political, and cultural factors experienced by Blacks in Ferguson, MO ...


Race And Justice Outcomes: Contextualizing Racial Discrimination And Ferguson, Jason M. Williams 2017 Montclair State University

Race And Justice Outcomes: Contextualizing Racial Discrimination And Ferguson, Jason M. Williams

Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs

While scores of literature may hint at the tumultuous relationship between the criminal justice system and Blacks, such literature, however, fail to assess, comprehensively, the intersectional purpose of present criminal justice processes and race. This paper will examine contemporary applications of justice along racial lines. It is argued that current justice outcomes are advantageous to the status quo. It is no secret that the American system of justice has a race problem; however, if the goal is to administer justice then, as this paper argues, the current system needs to be seriously examined and rebuilt. The paper also argues that ...


Destination Portland: Post-Great Recession Migration Trends In The Rose City Region, Jason R. Jurjevich, Greg Schrock, Jihye Kang 2017 Portland State University

Destination Portland: Post-Great Recession Migration Trends In The Rose City Region, Jason R. Jurjevich, Greg Schrock, Jihye Kang

Jason Jurjevich

This report explores how individuals decide to move to Portland, why they stay and how the region’s growth challenges might introduce costs that disproportionately burden people of color and young people of lower socioeconomic status.


Digital Renewal: Exposing Local Urban Planning Publications To A New Audience, Emily Stenberg 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

Digital Renewal: Exposing Local Urban Planning Publications To A New Audience, Emily Stenberg

University Libraries Presentations

In late 2015 the Art & Architecture librarian contacted the Digital Publishing Librarian about expanding access to a high-demand local book. This was a HUD report on the Pruitt-Igoe public housing project in St. Louis. Our university had the only print copy in circulation in the region, and the report was in high demand among design and urban planning students. Following consultation with the Copyright and Digital Access Librarian, it was decided to digitize the report and publish it in the repository. Since then at least five additional publications have been published online and have become part of the St. Louis ...


P10. Road Cracking Area Percentage Evaluation Using Airborne Hyperspectral Imagery, Boyu Feng 2017 Western University

P10. Road Cracking Area Percentage Evaluation Using Airborne Hyperspectral Imagery, Boyu Feng

Western Research Forum

Background:

Although the airborne platform is efficient and economic compared to the popular ground vehicles in road condition survey (RCS), studies on applying it in RCS are limited. A former study on airborne hyperspectral imagery (AHI) tried to tie a band ratio to pavement condition index. Its result proved the value in AHI, yet pointed out the difficulty in quantitative evaluation.

Methods:

This study further explored the application of AHI in RCS, and fully took advantage of the entire spectrum shape, rather than a ratio. Aiming at the cracking area percentage (CAP) on the asphalt paved arterial road system in ...


Addressing Data Challenges For Bicycle Crash Analysis, Eleni Christofa 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Addressing Data Challenges For Bicycle Crash Analysis, Eleni Christofa

TREC Friday Seminar Series

Although an increasing number of separated bicycle facilities have been appearing across the US over the last few years, the majority of bicyclists are still traveling on roadways shared with motorized vehicles.

As a result, bicycles are essentially double exposed to safety risk, due to their interactions with both motorized vehicles and other bicycles. In addition to this double exposure, data challenges–such as a lack of continuous counts and bicycle crash data—complicate the assessment of bicycle safety further.

This research presents a bicycle crash analysis framework for estimating bicycle crash rates accounting for both bicycle and motorized vehicle ...


The Intentional Student: Strategies To Help Students Of Low-Socioeconomic Status Succeed At Post-Secondary Institutions, Patrick L. Phillips 2017 Educational Empowerment Group, LLC

The Intentional Student: Strategies To Help Students Of Low-Socioeconomic Status Succeed At Post-Secondary Institutions, Patrick L. Phillips

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

The Intentional Student: Strategies to Help Students of Low Socioeconomic Status Succeed at Post-Secondary Institutions, is structured in three phases: The Prerequisites, The Process and The Exodus. Attendees will take a journey in the same manner students navigate the college experience. (The Prerequisites)-areas that are completed and mastered before college, (The Process)-tasks and areas that are mastered while in college and (The Exodus)-areas mastered upon conclusion of college to obtain gainful employment. The target audience is educators, school counselors, mentors, therapist, and school social workers.


Big Data And The Future Of Travel Modeling, Greg Macfarlane 2017 Parsons Brinckerhoff

Big Data And The Future Of Travel Modeling, Greg Macfarlane

TREC Friday Seminar Series

New technologies such as smart phones and web applications constantly collect data on individuals' trip-making and travel patterns. Efforts at using these "Big data" products, to date, have focused on using them to expand or inform traditional travel demand modeling frameworks; however, it is worth considering if a new framework built to maximize the strengths of big data would be more useful to policy makers and planners.

In this presentation Greg Macfarlane will present a discussion on elements of travel models that could quickly benefit from big data and concurrent machine learning techniques, and results from a preliminary application of ...


A New Market Segmentation Approach: Evidence From Two Canadian Cities, Dea van Lierop, Ahmed El-Geneidy 2017 McGill University

A New Market Segmentation Approach: Evidence From Two Canadian Cities, Dea Van Lierop, Ahmed El-Geneidy

Journal of Public Transportation

Traditionally, transit market research has categorized passengers into two distinct groups: captive riders and choice riders. Market analyses that depend on such broad categories are likely to overlook important details about the needs and desires of their customer base. This study attempts to better understand the complexities of the different groups who take transit by using information from five years of customer satisfaction questionnaires collected by two Canadian transit providers. Employing a series of clustering techniques, the analysis reveals that nine market segments are present across different modes in both transit agencies. Three different overarching groups of transit users are ...


Access To Taxicabs For Unbanked Households: An Exploratory Analysis In New York City, David A. King, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga 2017 Columbia University

Access To Taxicabs For Unbanked Households: An Exploratory Analysis In New York City, David A. King, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga

Journal of Public Transportation

Taxicabs are critical complements to public transit systems. In New York City, ubiquitous yellow cabs are as iconic as the city’s subway system, and the city recently added green taxicabs to improve taxi service in areas outside of the Central Business Districts and airports. In this paper, we used multiple datasets to explore taxicab fare payments by neighborhood and examine how paid taxicab fares are associated with use of conventional banking services. There are clear spatial dimensions of the propensity of riders to pay cash, and we found that both immigrant status and being “unbanked” are strong predictors of ...


Measuring The Accuracy Of Bus Rapid Transit Forecasts, John Perry 2017 None

Measuring The Accuracy Of Bus Rapid Transit Forecasts, John Perry

Journal of Public Transportation

The research of Dr. Bent Flyvbjerg in the 1990s and early 2000s showed that urban rail projects often cost more than estimated and carried fewer riders than projected, a troubling trend suggesting that the forecasts for urban rail projects were too optimistic in terms of cost and ridership. Inspired by that research, this analysis seeks to extend that framework to analyze Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). A study of forecast vs. actual costs and ridership was conducted for 19 BRT projects in the United States. From this, it was found that the cost projections for these projects tended to be quite ...


The Causal Effect Of Bus Rapid Transit On Changes In Transit Ridership, Orion T. Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon, Brian E. Saelens 2017 University of Washington

The Causal Effect Of Bus Rapid Transit On Changes In Transit Ridership, Orion T. Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon, Brian E. Saelens

Journal of Public Transportation

Numerous studies have reported ridership increases along routes when Bus rapid transit (BRT) replaces conventional bus service, but these increases could be due simply to broader temporal trends in transit ridership. To address this limitation, we compared changes in ridership among routes where BRT was implemented to routes where BRT was planned or already existed in King County, Washington. Ridership was measured at 2010, 2013, and 2014. Ridership increased by 35% along routes where BRT was implemented from 2010 to 2013 compared to routes that maintained conventional bus service. Ridership increased by 29% along routes where BRT was implemented from ...


The Economic Value Of Tree Preservation In A Weak Land Development Market Region, Wendy A. Kellogg, Brian Mikelbank, Robert Laverne, Kathryn W. Hexter 2017 Cleveland State University

The Economic Value Of Tree Preservation In A Weak Land Development Market Region, Wendy A. Kellogg, Brian Mikelbank, Robert Laverne, Kathryn W. Hexter

Urban Publications

New residential development is most often a death sentence for the trees that stand in its way. This behavior might be altered if developers thought there was an economic value to being more selective. Unfortunately, the relationship between tree preservation and new development is not well studied. The purpose of this study was to characterize the economic value gained from the preservation of mature trees during the land development process. The study focused on six counties constituting the greater Cleveland, Ohio, U.S., real estate and land development market. A mixed quantitative and qualitative approach was used. GIS-based data and ...


Focus On Facts: Deregulating Electricity Prices Saves Ohio $3 Billion Each Year, Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Edward W. Hill, Adam Kanter, Taekyoung Lim 2017 Cleveland State University

Focus On Facts: Deregulating Electricity Prices Saves Ohio $3 Billion Each Year, Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Edward W. Hill, Adam Kanter, Taekyoung Lim

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Paris And The Birth Of A Modern Fantastic During The Nineteenth Century, Patricia Garcia 2017 The University of Nottingham

Paris And The Birth Of A Modern Fantastic During The Nineteenth Century, Patricia Garcia

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Paris and the Birth of a Modern Fantastic during the Nineteenth Century" Patricia Garcia discusses the unprecedented growth of Europe's urban centers during the nineteenth century in relation to the realist novel and takes urban and literary Paris as a paradigm. However, nineteenth-century Paris was also to become the epicenter of another narrative form: the fantastic. Garcia's objective is to explore how the modern city fueled the development of the fantastic by combining the literary and urban angle: how do works of the fantastic write the city? What role does the modern city play in ...


Destination Portland: Post-Great Recession Migration Trends In The Rose City Region, Jason R. Jurjevich, Greg Schrock, Jihye Kang 2017 Portland State University

Destination Portland: Post-Great Recession Migration Trends In The Rose City Region, Jason R. Jurjevich, Greg Schrock, Jihye Kang

Publications, Reports and Presentations

This report explores how individuals decide to move to Portland, why they stay and how the region’s growth challenges might introduce costs that disproportionately burden people of color and young people of lower socioeconomic status.


Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger 2017 Iowa State University

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger

Christopher J. Seeger

Rural regions of the United States have experienced detrimental out-migration, or brain drain, of college-educated individuals. The present study used survey data, gathered with an interactive website tool containing a comprehensive collection of economic and lifestyle features, to determine those most important in migration decisions for public university graduating seniors from the rural state of Iowa. Economic features (overall cost of living and a strong local economy) were ranked as the top features, followed by lifestyle features including two surprising features (access to basic consumer goods and access to health facilities). The impact of individual differences on the likelihood of ...


Teaching Methods In Urban Planning Using Planetizen Courses, William W. Riggs 2017 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Teaching Methods In Urban Planning Using Planetizen Courses, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

The Department of City and RegionalPlanning at Cal PolySan Luis Obispo engaged in a pilot project in 2015 using Planetizen Courses to leverage online learning and video-conferencing technology to supplement and enhance the in-classroom experience. In theory, students would use the online modules to gain formative information that would then be applied to real-world scenarios in the classroom.  


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