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Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

Many older cities in the United States confront the problem of long-term declines in population and economic activity resulting in blighted conditions that make conventional revitalization initiatives unlikely to succeed. Smart shrinkage, a planning approach that emphasizes alternative land uses while preserving quality of life, offers a way for cities to remain desirable places to live and work. However, there is little research on empirical methods to support planning decisions consistent with smart shrinkage.

We present results from two studies with planners from the City of Baltimore that provide novel insights regarding ways in which planners can perform vacant property ...


Pedestrian Exposure To Near-Roadway Pm2.5in Mixed-Use Urbancorridors: A Case Study Of Omaha, Nebraska, Bradley Bereitschaft 2015 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Pedestrian Exposure To Near-Roadway Pm2.5in Mixed-Use Urbancorridors: A Case Study Of Omaha, Nebraska, Bradley Bereitschaft

Geography and Geology Faculty Publications

Compact, mixed-use, and pedestrian-oriented urban developments may offer numerous environmental and health benefits, yet they may also facilitate pedestrian exposure to air pollution within the near-roadway environment. This research examines ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) across six sites situated within central Omaha, Nebraska, a mid-sized metropolitan area located in the Midwest US. The sites ranged from a low-density, strip-mall development to moderate-density entertainment, commercial, and retail districts with varying degrees of horizontal and vertical mixed-use. Tracing approximately two kilometer routes along the sidewalk, factors affecting average and peak PM2.5 concentrations at each site were ...


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


Los Abstractos En Español, Charles S. Colgan 2015 Monterey Institute of International Studies

Los Abstractos En Español, Charles S. Colgan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Abstracts to Volume 2014 in Spanish


Developing A Comparative Marine Socio-Economic Framework For The European Atlantic Area, Naomi S. Foley, Rebecca Corless, Marta Escapa, Frances Fahy, Javier Fernandez-Macho, Susana Gabriel, Pilar Gonzalez, Stephen Hynes, Regis Kalaydjian, Susana Moreira, Kieran Moylan, Arantza Murillas, Michael O'Brien, Katherine Simpson, Dugald Tinch 2015 SEMRU, National University of Ireland, Galway

Developing A Comparative Marine Socio-Economic Framework For The European Atlantic Area, Naomi S. Foley, Rebecca Corless, Marta Escapa, Frances Fahy, Javier Fernandez-Macho, Susana Gabriel, Pilar Gonzalez, Stephen Hynes, Regis Kalaydjian, Susana Moreira, Kieran Moylan, Arantza Murillas, Michael O'Brien, Katherine Simpson, Dugald Tinch

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Availability and easy access to a wide range of natural and human-activity data on the oceans and coastal regions of Europe is the basis for strategic decision-making on coastal and marine policy. Strategies within Europe’s Integrated Maritime Policy, including the Maritime Strategy for the Atlantic Area, Blue Growth, Maritime Spatial Planning and Marine Data and Knowledge, require coherent and comparable socio-economic data across European countries. Similarly, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires member states to carry out economic and social analysis of their waters and the reformed Common Fisheries Policy includes a social dimension requiring socio-economic data. However, the ...


Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger 2015 Iowa State University

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications and Papers

Rural regions of the United States have experienced detrimental out-migration, or brain drain, of college-educated individuals. The present study used survey data, gathered with an interactive website tool containing a comprehensive collection of economic and lifestyle features, to determine those most important in migration decisions for public university graduating seniors from the rural state of Iowa. Economic features (overall cost of living and a strong local economy) were ranked as the top features, followed by lifestyle features including two surprising features (access to basic consumer goods and access to health facilities). The impact of individual differences on the likelihood of ...


Volunteer Management Practices During Challenging Economic Times, Hillary Knepper, Maria J. D'Agostino, Helisse Levine 2015 Pace University

Volunteer Management Practices During Challenging Economic Times, Hillary Knepper, Maria J. D'Agostino, Helisse Levine

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Nonprofit organizations rely upon volunteers to facilitate their missions of meeting critical community needs. Since 2006, on average, 61.9 million Americans or 26.4 percent of the adult population volunteered every year through organizations delivering 8.1 billion hours of service worth approximately $162 billion to America’s communities (Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012; Corporation for National and Community Service 2010). Most recent data released by The Bureau of Labor in 2013 further suggest between September 2011 and September 2012 approximately 64.5 million people volunteered via an organization at least once. In light of high unemployment, donor fatigue ...


How And Why Emigration Matters: Examining The Emergence Of New “Emigration Regimes” And Its Impact On Public Administration In Kyrgyzstan, Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia, Jyldyz T. Kasymova 2015 Rutgers - State University of New Jersey

How And Why Emigration Matters: Examining The Emergence Of New “Emigration Regimes” And Its Impact On Public Administration In Kyrgyzstan, Ariane Chebel D’Appollonia, Jyldyz T. Kasymova

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Most immigration studies have focused on migrant receiving states. By contrast, little attention has been paid to the emigration policies of sending states. This article examines several administrative reforms implemented in Kyrgyzstan to regulate emigration. Our findings regarding the actual outcomes of these strategies are mixed. If some progress has been made in defending the rights of Kyrgyz workers abroad and guaranteeing the flow of remittances, several negative impacts can be identified. These include the reliance on remittances and the disruption of the social fabric, especially in rural communities. We also find that the growing “culture of emigration” undermines civic ...


Performance Management And Citizen Induced Financial Sanctions And Incentives In Education: Is There Public Support?, Barbara A. Patrick 2015 Eastern Michigan University

Performance Management And Citizen Induced Financial Sanctions And Incentives In Education: Is There Public Support?, Barbara A. Patrick

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Widespread political support has expanded the use of market driven performance reforms. A growing number of these reforms aim to increase democratic accountability and enhance performance by including citizens in the evaluation phase of the administrative process. However, citizen support for market themes is unclear. Do they share elected officials enthusiasm or are there limitations on their support? This research assesses these questions by examining the demographics of support for financial sanctions and performance pay in education. The results reveal targeted demographic groups are generally less supportive of organizational sanctions and employee incentives than untargeted groups. Targeted parents, including racial ...


Speak No Evil: Do Zambian Religious Leaders Practice A “Conspiracy Of Silence” Regarding Hiv/Aids?, Corliss Lentz, Sarmistha Majumdar 2015 Sam Houston State University

Speak No Evil: Do Zambian Religious Leaders Practice A “Conspiracy Of Silence” Regarding Hiv/Aids?, Corliss Lentz, Sarmistha Majumdar

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

“A Conspiracy of Silence” vilifies religious institutions for their perceived silence during the HIV/AIDS pandemic (Ngoma-Simengwa 2010). There have been few studies to determine whether clergy are silent about HIV/AIDS. This article reviews the 2011 Zambian Religious Leader’s Survey, which surveyed 336 clergy from two denominations in Zambia: Christians and Muslims. Twelve questions were used to identify the frequency of preaching on HIV/AIDS related topics. A factor analysis was used to select factors that were commonly addressed by Christian and Muslim clergy in their preaching, and each factor had several variables as topics of preaching. The ...


Are States With Larger Than Average Black Populations Really The Worst Places To Live In The Usa? A Spatial Equilibrium Approach To Ranking Quality Of Life, Maury Granger, Gregory N. Price 2015 Jackson State University

Are States With Larger Than Average Black Populations Really The Worst Places To Live In The Usa? A Spatial Equilibrium Approach To Ranking Quality Of Life, Maury Granger, Gregory N. Price

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Quality-of-life rankings based on location-specific attributes/local amenities could induce elected official and policy makers into incorrectly constructing economic development plans if the ranking scheme was flawed. Hierarchical rankings of states in the USA in terms of quality-of-life that use an explicit amenity accounting method, typically assign lower ranks to states with large Black American populations. We show that these rankings utilize methodologies that are not based on economic theory, and that they arbitrarily construct ranking schemes about what individuals and firms value about the places where they locate. This pick-and-choose amenities accounting approach has its merits; however, we show ...


Perceptions Of Collaboration And Service Integration As Strategic Alternatives: An Examination Of Social Service Nonprofit Organizations In The Late 1990s, Jennifer A. Wade-Berg, Vanessa Robinson-Dooley 2015 Kennesaw State University

Perceptions Of Collaboration And Service Integration As Strategic Alternatives: An Examination Of Social Service Nonprofit Organizations In The Late 1990s, Jennifer A. Wade-Berg, Vanessa Robinson-Dooley

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Nonprofit organizations (NPOs) have historically dealt with the problem of trying to build organizational capacity while simultaneously dealing with scarce resources. Consequently, practitioners and scholars continue to offer assistance to nonprofits in the development of techniques aimed at addressing these situations. Recent literature shows a push towards innovation, the use of new organizational tax structures, and/or the use of commercial revenue generating activities as plausible strategic alternatives for dealing with declining resources. While these techniques show promise, they typically are reserved for larger nonprofits (as measured by their funding base) and those nonprofits with missions that lend themselves for ...


Nonprofit Organizations, Quality Of Life And Emigration Policies, Andrew I.E. Ewoh 2015 Barbara Jordan Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs, Texas Southern University

Nonprofit Organizations, Quality Of Life And Emigration Policies, Andrew I.E. Ewoh

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Building Citizen Support For Planning At The Community Level, Barry Checkoway 2015 University of Michigan

Building Citizen Support For Planning At The Community Level, Barry Checkoway

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Planning practice is changing. Previous years of economic growth contributed to an increase in federal, state, and local planning agencies, in addition to regional and special purpose bodies with territorial or functional responsibilities. In times of growth, planning was viewed by many as a type of urban engineering and applied social science characterized by objective fact-finding and the so-called rational model. Leading texts emphasized technical research methods and "hard data" analysis, while government guidelines described scientific application of facts (Krueckeberg and Silvers, 1974; Spiegel and Hyman, 1978). Planners were akin to technical experts who analyzed data for other people who ...


The Yorkville Emergency Alliance: One Community's Response To The Federal Budget Reductions, Michael J. Smith 2015 Hunter College

The Yorkville Emergency Alliance: One Community's Response To The Federal Budget Reductions, Michael J. Smith

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A case study of one community's response to the Reagan budget cutbacks reveals the strengths and weaknesses of local voluntary initiatives for funding social services and replacing federal funds. The development and growth of the Yorkville Emergency Alliance is described as a private initiative of citizens living in a wealthy area of New York City. In about one and a half years, this group of residents raised over a quarter of a million dollars to attempt to replace federal funding reductions for the social services.


Technology, Corporate Mobility, And A Decline In Urban Services, Marcus D. Pohlmann 2015 Arkansas State University

Technology, Corporate Mobility, And A Decline In Urban Services, Marcus D. Pohlmann

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Technological changes have produced a postindustrial economy which has both facilitated and encouraged the flight of capital and well-to-do people from the older industrial cities. Left in their wake are increasing levels of unemployment, poverty, and crime. Service needs have Increased accordingly, but at a time when these cities have not only smaller tax bases but also less electoral clout with which to acquire additional financial assistance at the state and federal levels. In a nearly futile attempt to reestablish a healthy degree of private investment in their cities, municipal governments let service levels decline and focus on spurring capital ...


Low-Income Housing Development, Poverty Concentration, And Neighborhood Inequality, Matthew Freedman, Tamara McGavock 2015 Drexel University

Low-Income Housing Development, Poverty Concentration, And Neighborhood Inequality, Matthew Freedman, Tamara Mcgavock

Matthew Freedman

Considerable debate exists about the merits of place-based programs that steer new development, and particularly affordable housing development, into low-income neighborhoods. Exploiting quasi-experimental variation in incentives to construct and rehabilitate rental housing across neighborhoods generated by Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program rules, we explore the impacts of subsidized development on local housing construction, poverty concentration, and neighborhood inequality. While a large fraction of rental housing development spurred by the program is offset by a reduction in the number of new unsubsidized units, housing investment under the LIHTC has measurable effects on the distribution of income within and across communities ...


Community Health Indicators In Southern Nevada, Courtney Coughenour, Jennifer Pharr, Shawn Gerstenberger 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Community Health Indicators In Southern Nevada, Courtney Coughenour, Jennifer Pharr, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

Community design and access to services are essential components of healthy and sustainable communities. The purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate Southern Nevada with respect to community design and access, including both positive and negative traits, and to suggest realistic changes that could be made to improve these conditions. The region’s network of parks and open space recreation areas is one of its strongest assets. Clark County enjoys over 42 million acres of federal and state lands which offer a large variety of recreational opportunities. The region has an extensive trail system, with a total of 179 miles ...


Using Avl Data To Measure The Impact Of Traffic Congestion On Bus Passenger And Operating Cost, Ahmed Talat M. Halawani 2015 Northeastern University

Using Avl Data To Measure The Impact Of Traffic Congestion On Bus Passenger And Operating Cost, Ahmed Talat M. Halawani

Civil Engineering Master's Theses

Letting buses operate in mixed traffic is the least costly way to accommodate transit, but that exposes transit to traffic congestion which causes delay and service unreliability. Understanding the real cost that traffic congestion imposes on both passengers and operating agencies is critical for the efficient and equitable management of road space. This study aims to develop a systematic methodology to estimate those costs using Automated Vehicle Location data.

Traffic congestion increases cost to both transit operators and passengers. For transit operators, congestion results in longer running times and increased recovery time. To passengers, traffic congestion increases riding time and ...


Carving A Walled Village To Keep Friends In -- An Ethnographic Account In The Cyberspace Of Ingress, Leung-sea, Lucia SIU 2015 Lingnan University, Hong Kong

Carving A Walled Village To Keep Friends In -- An Ethnographic Account In The Cyberspace Of Ingress, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu

Prof. SIU Leung-sea, Lucia

This paper investigates how new forms of classical social cohesion, as illustrated by Emile Durkheim, can be found in the mobile gaming community of Ingress. Ingress was a global game developed by Google that ran on mobile phones using location-based technologies. Gamers from two factions had to travel, cooperate and combat across actual geographical space to play. The paper investigates how the gaming community simultaneously possessed global connectivity and cultures of local enclave communities. It contains ethnographic records of a group of gamers from the satellite town of Tuen Mun, Hong Kong. The group used to build a symbolic wall ...


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