The Extent And Context Of Human Health Considerations In London’S Spatial Development And Climate Action Strategy, 2013 The Florida State University
The Extent And Context Of Human Health Considerations In London’S Spatial Development And Climate Action Strategy, Christopher J. Coutts, Timothy Berke
Department of Urban and Regional Planning Faculty Publications
The protection of human health is among the original justifications for urban planning, but it is under-examined as one of the myriad benefits of planning for climate change. A conceptual content analysis of the spatial development strategy and climate action plans of London, UK, was performed to reveal how health was portrayed in climate change adaptation goals and actions. There were a total of 176 instances of the keyword ‘health’ in The London Plan and 124 instances in The Climate Change Adaptation Strategy with weighted percentages of coverage of 0.19% and 0.45% respectively. The most salient conclusions from ...
Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, 2013 University of Pennsylvania
Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, Dennis P. Culhane, Vince R. Kane, Mark Johnston
Dennis P. Culhane
As this special issue of the journal well reflects, much progress has been made in homelessness research. That progress has been matched with advances in homelessness policy and programming, nearly all of it informed by the contributions of the research community. While the imperatives of policy-making have required decisions to be made with imperfect knowledge, a substantial enough convergence of theory and evidence has enabled policymakers to shift homelessness policy and practice in important ways. Those shifts have also prefigured some of policymakers’ needs from the research community in the future.
An Examination Of Gentrification And Related Displacement Of Black Residents In Portland's Boise Neighborhood, 1990-2010, 2013 Portland State University
An Examination Of Gentrification And Related Displacement Of Black Residents In Portland's Boise Neighborhood, 1990-2010, Jordan Jordan
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Issues related to gentrification and its primary consequence, the displacement of vulnerable populations from their homes and communities, are rightly considered among the most pressing social concerns faced by urban communities. Portland, Oregon has seen many of its neighborhoods undergo the gentrification transition, especially in traditionally Black neighborhoods. The Boise neighborhood lies within Northeast Portland's Albina district, which has served as the cultural and commercial heart of Portland's Black community for generations. In the 1990 Census, over 70% of the population of Boise (situated within Multnomah County Census tract 34.02) were Black, while 26% were White. By ...
Spatial Distribution Of Nitrogen Oxides, Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, And Xylenes In Hillsborough County, Florida: An Investigation Of Impacts Of Urban Forests On Ambient Concentrations Of Air Pollutants Associated With Traffic, 2013 University of South Florida
Spatial Distribution Of Nitrogen Oxides, Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, And Xylenes In Hillsborough County, Florida: An Investigation Of Impacts Of Urban Forests On Ambient Concentrations Of Air Pollutants Associated With Traffic, Jill Sears
Graduate School Theses and Dissertations
Urban air pollution is responsible for high levels of morbidity and mortality in exposed populations due to its effects on cardiovascular and respiratory function. Transportation-related air pollutants account for the majority of harmful air pollution in urban areas. Forests are known to reduce air pollution through their ability to facilitate dry deposition and atmospheric gas exchange. This work characterizes the interactions between transportation air pollutants and urban forests in Hillsborough County, Florida. A highly spatially resolved passive air sampling campaign was conducted to characterize local concentrations of nitrogen oxides, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in Hillsborough County, Florida. Sampling ...
“Who Sows Misery Collects Rage:” Cultivating Insurrection In Crisis Barcelona, 2013 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
“Who Sows Misery Collects Rage:” Cultivating Insurrection In Crisis Barcelona, Justin Ak Helepololei
Justin AK Helepololei
Barcelona as cosmopolitan, business hub and tourist destination can seem the antithesis of popular, anticapitalist struggle. And yet a walk through the city reveals a diffusion of efforts to resurrect Barcelona's insurrectionary past. Forms of embodied contestation are increasingly common features of the urban landscape: loud marches defend squatted social centers as displaced families take back bank-owned apartments. Protesters armed with pots and pans occupy schools and hospitals, draping building facades with banners explaining this endless economic downturn “no és crisi, és capitalisme!” While the spectacular encampments of Spain's 15M movement have been long evicted from public plazas ...
Does Residence In An Ethnic Community Help Immigrants In A Recession?, 2013 Boise State University
Does Residence In An Ethnic Community Help Immigrants In A Recession?, Pengyu Zhu, Cathy Yang Liu, Gary Painter
Community and Regional Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations
Research on how the residential segregation of immigrant populations has impacted their labor market outcomes presents many challenges because of the fact that immigrants often choose to locate near co-ethnics to share resources and cultural amenities. Because not all immigrants choose to live in these ethnic communities, identification of a causal effect on living in an ethnic community is problematic. The estimation of the effect of living in these ethnic communities is also difficult because it is ambiguous whether such residence will help or harm the labor market outcomes of immigrants. This study implements a number of approaches to help ...
Parcel-Level Redevelopment Strategies For Distressed Neighborhoods, 2013 University of Massachusetts Boston
Parcel-Level Redevelopment Strategies For Distressed Neighborhoods, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander
Michael P. Johnson
Certain distressed neighborhoods cannot support traditional residential-focused development. For these communities, we develop decision models for acquisition and redevelopment of chronically vacant lands and structures for primarily non-residential and greening uses. We address social benefits and costs of redevelopment strategies, parcel clustering to exploit economies of scale, and conflicting values among stakeholders. We illustrate our models using data from Baltimore, MD.
Community-Based Analytics: Big Data And Decision Making For Community-Based Organizations, 2013 University of Massachusetts Boston
Community-Based Analytics: Big Data And Decision Making For Community-Based Organizations, Michael P. Johnson Jr.
Michael P. Johnson
Community-based organizations face significant challenges in identifying data needs, and assembling data resources for service provision, strategy design and advocacy. We develop principles by which CBOs can develop and share large datasets in order to formulate and solve decision problems that improve the well-being of localized, often marginalized or distressed communities. We illustrate these ideas using field research from Boston, MA.
Plans Are Not Enough, 2013 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
Plans Are Not Enough, Michael Lewyn
Michael E Lewyn
Some commentators see comprehensive municipal plans as a remedy for suburban sprawl. But in fact, a plan can be used to promote sprawl as well as to prevent sprawl.
Residents' Perceptions And Understandings Of Suburbs In Hamilton, Ontario, 2013 McMaster University
Residents' Perceptions And Understandings Of Suburbs In Hamilton, Ontario, Amy L. Shanks
Open Access Dissertations and Theses
The literature on the topic of suburbia is vast. Most studies however, have been written from the point of view of suburban outsiders. Very few scholars have asked suburbanites what they think about the neighbourhoods in which they live. This gap is significant because of our growing awareness of various problems associated with the suburbs, notably those connected to the environment and human health. Focusing on Hamilton, Ontario, this thesis addresses this gap, looking at what suburbanites think about the suburbs in general, as well as their own neighbourhoods. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 residents of single-family, detached dwellings ...
Measuring Bicycle And Pedestrian Activity In Santiago, Chile, 2013 McMaster University
Measuring Bicycle And Pedestrian Activity In Santiago, Chile, Mario Reyes Galfan
Open Access Dissertations and Theses
This research demonstrates a method of data collection to analyse and compare flows of bicycle (with historic data) and pedestrian activity using automatic counters and manual counts in Santiago, Chile. An outstanding challenges facing planning for non-motorized transportation (bicycle and pedestrian) is the lack of consistent information on usage and demand of these modes. This is probably the single greatest impediment to being able to understand the behaviour of travelers using these modes. Further, without consistent and accurate information on demand and usage, it is difficult to measure the real benefits of public investments on health, travel time, and other ...
Course Syllabus: Ppol-G 704 Research Methods Ii, 2013 University of Massachusetts Boston
Course Syllabus: Ppol-G 704 Research Methods Ii, Michael P. Johnson Jr.
Michael P. Johnson
This is the second course of the research methods sequence that is required for students in the PhD program in Public Policy. This course will prepare students to produce professional-quality research, and will provide exposure to a variety of special topics in policy analysis. Students will design and implement a research project suitable for conference presentation that is relevant to their field of interest. The instructor, and guest lecturers as necessary, will provide lectures on topics necessary to develop well-rounded policy researchers, as well as special topics that are responsive to students’ particular needs.
The primary goal of this course ...
Sustainability And Profitability, 2013 Singapore Management University
Sustainability And Profitability, Singapore Management University
The best way to encourage sustainable business practices is to think of it as a brand enhancer ...
Research Highlights, Fall 2013, 2013 Cleveland State University
Research Highlights, Fall 2013, Roslyn Miller
Through academics, research, and community involvement, the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs is advancing effective city management and sound urban policy, and changing America’s cities one graduate at a time.
Our graduates work in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors — government, human services, health care, public safety, community development, housing, environmental advocacy — both within our own region and in other parts of the nation.
Our faculty and professional staff are actively engaged in applied research and community problem-solving around city management, community development, environmental policy and management, economic development, and more.
We invite you to visit some ...
Making Time In Boise: Embracing The Befuddling City, 2013 Boise State University
Making Time In Boise: Embracing The Befuddling City, Jaap Vos
Community and Regional Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations
Boise has a penchant for being listed. In 2011, CNN Money listed Boise as the third-best retirement city. Last year, Forbes ranked Boise as the second-best city in the United States in which to raise a family. In July, the San Francisco Chronicle published an article stating that Boise was the seventh safest city in the U.S. According to the city’s economic development team, since 2008, Boise has made it onto more than 50 top-10 lists. While some of these lists are just plain silly, others are an indication of the qualities that make Boise a remarkable city ...
Teaching Planners To Deal : The Pedagogical Value Of A (Simulated) Economic Development Negotiation, 2013 University of Pennsylvania
Teaching Planners To Deal : The Pedagogical Value Of A (Simulated) Economic Development Negotiation, Laura Wolf-Powers
Three decades after planners in North America and Europe began adopting the public–private partnership approach, such arrangements have become the norm in urban redevelopment and city-building. As a result, when teaching real estate development as a facet of urban economic development, academic practitioners of planning face an uneasy dichotomy between deliberation—which embraces the “plannerly” virtues of inclusivity and participation—and negotiation, the procedural vocabulary of public–private contracting. This dichotomy is felt acutely by instructors who are interested in incorporating principles of equity and social justice into redevelopment pedagogy.
This paper describes a classroom exercise in which students ...
Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, And University Heights, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugene L. Kramer, Nathaniel Neider
The study conducted by the Center for Public Management (PM) found that, for two of three scenarios analyzed, it is legally, technologically, and financially feasible to consolidate public safety answering points (PSAPs) in South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, and University Heights, Ohio. Of the scenarios found feasible, the study estimates a decrease in costs ranging from almost $687,700 to $1.1 million, depending upon the configuration of the PSAP. When factoring in capital costs, the savings ranges from $555,000 to $898,000, but lead to an increase in costs of $189,000 in a PSAP dispatching for ...
Modernity, Melancholy, Memory, And Filth: New Perspectives On Russian And Soviet Cities, 2013 West Chester University
Modernity, Melancholy, Memory, And Filth: New Perspectives On Russian And Soviet Cities, Lisa A. Kirschenbaum
No abstract provided.
Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, 2013 Cleveland State University
Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, Edward W. Hill, Kelly Kinahan
Development of the Utica Shale is impacting the economy of nearly every one of Ohio’s 88 counties. Although still in the exploration phase, the Utica Shale is triggering wealth creation even as the ongoing build-out of the formation’s midstream of pipelines and processing plants is limiting job creation and productivity.
This quarterly study groups Ohio’s counties into four categories: strong shale, moderate shale, weak shale, and non-shale counties. The results show that strong shale counties are experiencing ongoing enhanced economic activity with job creation that, while slim, outpaces hiring in other areas of the state. This wealth ...
Climate Change And Human Rights: A Case Study Of Vulnerability And Adaptation In Coastal Communities In Lagos, Nigeria., Idowu M. Ajibade
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Lagos, Nigeria is one the world’s megacities at risk from climate change. Communities along the coast have been hit hard by floods, storm surges, and rising seas, due to the city’s geographic location, inadequate infrastructures, and poor urban governance. These factors together with social inequality have been known to shape vulnerability to climatic hazards but less understood is the role of human rights.
The objective of this thesis is to develop a grounded understanding of the links between human rights and the vulnerability of people to climate change impacts (i.e. floods and storm surges). The study combined ...