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Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton 2016 The Univeristy of Western Ontario

Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We revisit a debate initiated some fifteen years ago by Ray Elugardo and Robert Stainton about the domain of arguments. Our main result is that arguments are not exclusively sets of linguistic expressions. Instead, as we put it, some non-linguistic items have ‘logical form’. The crucial examples are arguments, both deductive and inductive, made with unembedded words and phrases.


Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton 2016 The Univeristy of Western Ontario

Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We revisit a debate initiated some fifteen years ago by Ray Elugardo and Robert Stainton about the domain of arguments. Our main result is that arguments are not exclusively sets of linguistic expressions. Instead, as we put it, some non-linguistic items have ‘logical form’. The crucial examples are arguments, both deductive and inductive, made with unembedded words and phrases.


On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

The burgeoning literature on studies of swearing suggests that a precise definition of swearing necessarily involves three features: (a) non-literal meanings, (b) taboo subjects, and (c) emotions. It also suggested that swearwords fall into one of the three classes: aggressive, cathartic, or social. Driven by a rich corpus of swearwords from Persian, this paper argues that swearing in Persian does not necessarily involve these three features, and that a redefinition of swearing is needed. It then borrows ideas from ethics to suggest that any precise definition of swearing will have to involve the distinction between teleological and deontological ethics. It ...


Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Book Review: Review of the book The diagnosis of reading in a second or foreign language.


Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Book Review: Review of the book The diagnosis of reading in a second or foreign language.


On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

The burgeoning literature on studies of swearing suggests that a precise definition of swearing necessarily involves three features: (a) non-literal meanings, (b) taboo subjects, and (c) emotions. It also suggested that swearwords fall into one of the three classes: aggressive, cathartic, or social. Driven by a rich corpus of swearwords from Persian, this paper argues that swearing in Persian does not necessarily involve these three features, and that a redefinition of swearing is needed. It then borrows ideas from ethics to suggest that any precise definition of swearing will have to involve the distinction between teleological and deontological ethics. It ...


Working On The ‘Write’ Path: Improving Efl Students’ Argumentative-Writing Performance Through L1-Mediated Structural Cognitive Modification, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Working On The ‘Write’ Path: Improving Efl Students’ Argumentative-Writing Performance Through L1-Mediated Structural Cognitive Modification, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Based on their scores on a proficiency test, the 894 participants in this study were grouped into three experimental groups (EG) and three control groups (CG). They attempted an argumentative writing task and the Cornell Critical Thinking Test, Form Z (CCTT-Form Z) as the pre-test. While CG participants received no treatment or placebo, EG participants received a three-week workshop treatment aimed at reconstructing their critical thinking and argumentation abilities. Two weeks after the workshop, all participants in all EG and CG groups attempted the same writing task and the Cornell Critical Thinking Test, Form Z (CCTT-Form Z) as the post ...


Literacies Of Bilingual Youth: A Profile Of Bilingual Academic, Social, And Txt Literacies, Michelle A. McSweeney 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Literacies Of Bilingual Youth: A Profile Of Bilingual Academic, Social, And Txt Literacies, Michelle A. Mcsweeney

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation identifies three types of language skills that urban Spanish/English bilingual youth possess (academic, social, and texting language), and reports on their relationship while documenting and analyzing the features of text messaging among this population. The participants in this study are Spanish-dominant bilingual young adults enrolled in a high school completion program in New York City. They are in the process of developing both Spanish and English academic literacy skills, and it is well known that they tend to perform below the grade they are enrolled in. For this reason, they are often referred to as being “language-less ...


Ecopsychology Revisited: For Whom Do The “Nature” Bells Toll? (In Progress), Jorge Conesa-Sevilla 2016 European Ecopsychology Society

Ecopsychology Revisited: For Whom Do The “Nature” Bells Toll? (In Progress), Jorge Conesa-Sevilla

Jorge Conesa-Sevilla PhD

"[...] A recurring theme in “ecopsychology,” in its present and inchoate form, is the continuation and extension of “spirit” in juxtaposition with other privileged and/or habitually preferred (perhaps even psychologically needed) practices or causes (spirituality-somethings, farcical chemistry or physics, yoga, coopted and partially understood indigenous lore, extreme diets, and various fetishes). That these mostly emotion-laden, unreasoned, and/or idiosyncratic amalgamations are prevalent says more about the psychological needs of the persons espousing these sentiments or beliefs (their hobbies or interests) than about “nature.” Certainly, it is nothing new that humans project their hopes, desperations, and wish-fulfillment thinking onto the shifting ...


Mobilities, Materialities, And The Changing Meanings Of Pittsburgh Speech, Barbara Johnstone, Calvin Pollack 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Mobilities, Materialities, And The Changing Meanings Of Pittsburgh Speech, Barbara Johnstone, Calvin Pollack

Barbara Johnstone

For many decades, people in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area have talked about local speech. “Pittsburghese,” as it is locally known, has become so tightly linked with local identity that it is alluded to almost every time someone talks about what Pittsburgh is like or what it means to be a Pittsburgher. But the set of words, pronunciations, and bits of grammar that are thought of as Pittsburghese has changed over time. This paper explores the role of social and geographic mobility in creating and circulating the ideas about Pittsburgh speech that help to determine who uses local-sounding speech features and ...


Full-On Stating, Robert J. Stainton 2016 University of Western Ontario

Full-On Stating, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

What distinguishes full-on stating a proposition from merely communicating it? For instance, what distinguishes claiming/asserting/saying that one has never smoked crack cocaine from merely implying/conveying/hinting this? The enormous literature on ‘assertion’ provides many approaches to distinguishing stating from, say, asking and commanding: only the former aims at truth; only the former expresses one’s belief; etc. But this leaves my question unanswered, since in merely communicating a proposition one also aims at truth, expresses a belief, etc.
My aim is not to criticize extant accounts of the state-vs.-merely-convey contrast, but rather to draw on clues ...


A Natural Language Approach To Information Management: Tracking Scientific Advances Through The Structure Of Words, Andrew R. Hippisley, Chara Karavasili 2016 University of Kentucky

A Natural Language Approach To Information Management: Tracking Scientific Advances Through The Structure Of Words, Andrew R. Hippisley, Chara Karavasili

Andrew R. Hippisley

In scientific texts specialist words, or terms, express conceptual knowledge. We show that by looking at the use of a term and its family of derivatives over time we can have a tangible picture of how an underlying concept has evolved in scientific advances. This is because the structure of a word encases a core idea and how that idea has been extended in a particular direction. This paper is an outline of a research programme with some preliminary results from an analysis the term nucleus in a nine million word corpus of nuclear physics articles written over thirty-six years ...


Basic Blue In East Slavonic, Andrew R. Hippisley 2016 University of Kentucky

Basic Blue In East Slavonic, Andrew R. Hippisley

Andrew R. Hippisley

Russian’s second BLUE term goluboj ‘light blue’ constitutes a well-known exception to the Berlin and Kay basic color-term typology. If other Slavonic languages do not have a second BLUE term, then the special position of Russian requires explanation; if there is evidence pointing to two basic terms for BLUE, we have a second set of data for investigating the evolution of this unusual color system. The languages genetically closest to Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian, are examined. Findings of the list task, a simple and elegant test for psychological salience of color terms, provide strong evidence that Ukrainian and Belarusian ...


Indexed Stems And Russian Word Formation: A Network Morphology Account Of Russian Personal Nouns, Andrew R. Hippisley 2016 University of Kentucky

Indexed Stems And Russian Word Formation: A Network Morphology Account Of Russian Personal Nouns, Andrew R. Hippisley

Andrew R. Hippisley

Recent lexeme-based models have proposed that a lexeme carries an inventory of stems on which morphological rules operate. The various stems in the inventory are associated with different morphological rules, of both inflection and derivation. Furthermore, one stem may be selected by more than one rule. For this reason stems in the inventory are labeled with indexes, rather than being directly associated with a particular morphological function. It is claimed that an indexed-stem approach captures generalizations in the morphological system that would otherwise be missed. We argue that such an approach provides for greater generalization in the Russian morphological system ...


Review Of Russian-English Collocational Dictionary Of The Human Body, By Lidija Iordanskaja And Slava Paperno, Andrew R. Hippisley 2016 University of Kentucky

Review Of Russian-English Collocational Dictionary Of The Human Body, By Lidija Iordanskaja And Slava Paperno, Andrew R. Hippisley

Andrew R. Hippisley

No abstract provided.


Russian Noun Stress And Network Morphology, Dunstan Brown, Greville Corbett, Norman Fraser, Andrew R. Hippisley, Alan Timberlake 2016 University of Surrey

Russian Noun Stress And Network Morphology, Dunstan Brown, Greville Corbett, Norman Fraser, Andrew R. Hippisley, Alan Timberlake

Andrew R. Hippisley

We present a network morphology analysis of Russian noun stress. Nouns have a default fixed stem stress, but some nouns have nondefault stress that may deviate in a way that is determined by the form’s position within the paradigm: different declensions prefer particular patterns as their nondefault choices. Membership of a particular declension, it is argued, constrains the rang eof possible stress patterns. Stress is represented as a hierarchy with limited deviation in terms of number and, less often, case. Indices in the declension hierarchy are addressed to nodes in the stress hierarchy. These indices correspond to rank orderings ...


Chinese Special Languages And The Notion Of Headedness, Andrew R. Hippisley, David Cheng, Khurshid Ahmad 2016 University of Kentucky

Chinese Special Languages And The Notion Of Headedness, Andrew R. Hippisley, David Cheng, Khurshid Ahmad

Andrew R. Hippisley

New concepts require designation by new terms, typically created from already existing words by means of already existing word formation operations. The preference for operation depends on typological factors, with the consequence that a term in one language may differ structurally from its equivalent in another. We present a case study of computing terms of two typologically distinct languages, English and Chinese. We show that despite typological difference there is a pattern to the way in which English and Chinese terms correspond. We suggest this is partly due to a word formation constraint that applies irrespective of typological factors, namely ...


Russian Expressive Derivation: A Network Morphology Account, Andrew R. Hippisley 2016 University of Kentucky

Russian Expressive Derivation: A Network Morphology Account, Andrew R. Hippisley

Andrew R. Hippisley

No abstract provided.


Recommendations For Maghrebi Arabic Alphabet, Emad Adel 2016 Lycée secondaire Sbikha 1979

Recommendations For Maghrebi Arabic Alphabet, Emad Adel

Emad Adel

No abstract provided.


A National Bilingual Education Policy For The Economic And Academic Empowerment Of Youth In St. Lucia, West Indies, Gabriella Bellegarde 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

A National Bilingual Education Policy For The Economic And Academic Empowerment Of Youth In St. Lucia, West Indies, Gabriella Bellegarde

Capstone Collection

This campaign portfolio argues the case for a national bilingual education policy on the island of St. Lucia, where youth speak both St Lucian Creole and St. Lucian standard English. The portfolio consists of a policy paper and brief, an advocacy plan, a communications plan, monitoring and evaluation plan. The Bilingual Education Taskforce (BET), made up of teachers, parents and principals, is an advocacy organization that discovered the need for a bilingual education intervention when they observed, assessed and analyzed the written work of struggling readers at their school, the Anse la Raye Infant School on the west coast of ...


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