Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Linguistics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,377 Full-Text Articles 1,846 Authors 937,582 Downloads 121 Institutions

All Articles in Linguistics

Faceted Search

2,377 full-text articles. Page 1 of 55.

The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada 2015 The University of Western Ontario & Université Lumière-Lyon 2

The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation focuses on the documentation and description of Mako, an indigenous language spoken in the Venezuelan Amazon by about 1000 people and for which the only available published material at the start of the project were 38 words. The main goals of the project were to create a collection of annotated ethnographic texts and a grammar that could serve as a starting point for both language maintenance in the community and for further linguistic research. Additionally, the project sought to assess the language’s vitality in the communities where it is spoken and to understand the relationship of Mako ...


Quickies, Jasmine Anderson 2015 Iowa State University

Quickies, Jasmine Anderson

Ethos

Contains "Et-y-mol-o-gy", "Nailed It!", "Trending #Humblebrag", "Uggpocalypse", and "Don't Be The Person Who..."


Sound Effects: Age, Gender, And Sound Symbolism In American English, Timothy Krause 2015 Portland State University

Sound Effects: Age, Gender, And Sound Symbolism In American English, Timothy Krause

Student Research Symposium

This mixed-method study investigated the correlation of sound symbolic associations with age and gender by analyzing data from a national survey of 292 American English speakers. Subjects used 10 semantic differential scales to rate six artificial brand names that targeted five phonemes. Subjects also described the potential products they imagined these artificial brand names to represent. Quantitative analysis alone provided insufficient evidence to conclude that age or gender affect sound symbolism in American English. While 26 out of 60 scales showed a monotonic shift among the means of the three age groups, only three were statistically significant. The evidence of ...


Code-Switching In Urdu Books Of Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Pakistan, Mehwish Noor, Behzad Anwar, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian 2015 Department of English, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan

Code-Switching In Urdu Books Of Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Pakistan, Mehwish Noor, Behzad Anwar, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian

Bahram Kazemian Mr.

The study highlights English code-switching in Punjab Urdu textbooks. The research aims at finding and categorizing Urdu-English code-switches. Another rationale behind the study is to present Urdu equivalents of the switches from an Urdu-English dictionary; for instance, adakar for actor and sayyah for tourist. Textbooks of 5th, 6th, 9th and 10th class are selected for data collection. A number of instances are observed at morpheme, word, phrase and clause levels. Data is analyzed qualitatively. The data analysis shows switches at all the mentioned levels. The researchers propose the revision of the existing textbooks in the light of the given equivalents ...


Linguistic Landscape Of Main Streets In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Rachel E. Lay 2015 East Tennessee State University

Linguistic Landscape Of Main Streets In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Rachel E. Lay

Undergraduate Honors Theses

After the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, Bosnia and Herzegovina erupted into ethnic conflict and ultimately genocide. Nearly 100,000 people, mainly Bosniaks, died in the Bosnian War. Two decades later, the violence has ended but the conflict is still present in Bosnia; the societal segregation of the 1995 Dayton Accords, intended only as an immediate solution to the violence, still stands. Population and language distribution are evidence of this segregation. Bosnia’s two entities are home to two different ethnic majorities: Serbs in the Republika Srpska and Bosniaks in the Federation of BiH. In an environment so sensitive that ...


Systemic Functional Linguistics Mood Analysis Of The Last Address Of The Holy Prophet (Pbuh), Mehwish Noor, Moazzam Ali, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian 2015 Department of English, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan

Systemic Functional Linguistics Mood Analysis Of The Last Address Of The Holy Prophet (Pbuh), Mehwish Noor, Moazzam Ali, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian

Bahram Kazemian Mr.

The study highlights the functional and semantic properties of the last address of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The study is based upon Halliday’s (1985) SFL Mood analysis. The data obtained from the last address of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) are analyzed in tables. The analysis of 56 clauses reveals that 32 are declarative, 22 are imperative; whereas, only one is interrogative clause. A brief discussion explains the functional structural meanings based on clausal Mood classification. The study of the religious text discusses interpersonal metafunction of language. It highlights the power relations of the participants. The study fills the gap ...


Paradigm Shift In Language Planning And Policy: Game Theoretic Solutions -- My Response To Dr. Sayers' Review, Ettien Koffi 2015 St. Cloud State University

Paradigm Shift In Language Planning And Policy: Game Theoretic Solutions -- My Response To Dr. Sayers' Review, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Ettien Koffi's response to Dr. Dave Sayers review of Dr. Koffi's Paradigm Shift in Language Planning and Policy (2012) that appeared on The Linguist List.


Teaching Esl Students Adverb Position To Develop Rhetorical Emphasis, James Rutledge, Zachary Fitton 2015 St. Cloud State University

Teaching Esl Students Adverb Position To Develop Rhetorical Emphasis, James Rutledge, Zachary Fitton

Linguistic Portfolios

This paper highlights the importance of teaching ESL students adverb placement to increase rhetorical awareness. Instructors are encouraged to consider designing grammar lessons at early stages in ESL composition for adverbs that focus not only on prescriptive accuracy but also on those that create rhetorical emphasis. As previous researchers have indicated, placing adverbs in unique positions can add emphasis to particular words or phrases such as using an interrupting adverbial modifier or adverbial fronting. This paper provides a review of literature that promotes teaching adverb placement as rhetorical emphasis, which is significant in ESL composition because it can help ESL ...


Paper-Based Or Computer-Based Essay Writing: Differences In Performance And Perception, Benjamin Kohler 2015 St. Cloud State University

Paper-Based Or Computer-Based Essay Writing: Differences In Performance And Perception, Benjamin Kohler

Linguistic Portfolios

The purpose of this investigation is to gather and compare data as to students’ performances, processes, and perceptions of computer-based writing assessments versus paper-based writing assessments within the context of a university ESL program in the hopes of providing further support and considerations for implementation of computerbased writing assessments for ESL programs. Other learner variables, such as computer experience and typing ability, are compared to see if they have a measurable impact on students’ products, processes, or perceptions of writing in both modes. The raters also provided evidence for their reactions to scoring written texts in various modes, as scoring ...


A Discussion Of The Syntax Of Wh Questions For Native English Speakers Acquiring Mandarin Chinese As A Second Language, Jonghee Youn, Wen Meng 2015 St. Cloud State University

A Discussion Of The Syntax Of Wh Questions For Native English Speakers Acquiring Mandarin Chinese As A Second Language, Jonghee Youn, Wen Meng

Linguistic Portfolios

This paper is an analysis of the similarities and differences in syntactic structure of WHquestions between English and Mandarin Chinese. While Subject-Auxiliary inversion, Do-support, and WH-movement are required processes in forming an interrogative sentence in English, the same types of transformation are not needed in. This can be one of the challenges for native English speakers acquiring Chinese WH-questions. The aim of this study is to provide pedagogical implications to native English speakers of Chinese as a second language and their teachers by providing an overview of how the syntax of WH-questions behaves in both languages and how it can ...


Postpositions And Word Order Variation In Korean, Minhui Choi, Emily Schmitt 2015 St. Cloud State University

Postpositions And Word Order Variation In Korean, Minhui Choi, Emily Schmitt

Linguistic Portfolios

The syntax of postpositions in Korean is unique and worth analyzing for the purpose of teaching English to Korean speakers. Korean uses a variety of postpositions that affect the meaning and the structure of sentences. Postpositions function like prepositions in English in that they assign case to nouns. However, Korean postpositions are different from prepositions in English in that they call for a variety of word order changes. In this study, we examine how the use of postpositions results in word order variations in Korean and discuss its pedagogical implications in ESL settings.


Adverbial Phrase Placements In L1-Chinese Esl Learners' Writing, Borui Zhang, Theresa Koller 2015 St. Cloud State University

Adverbial Phrase Placements In L1-Chinese Esl Learners' Writing, Borui Zhang, Theresa Koller

Linguistic Portfolios

The authors of this study looked at 49 samples of English writing from 14 Chinese students enrolled in College ESL. Adverbial placements were recorded, categorized, and analyzed. Although some types of adverbials have different positioning in Chinese than in English, the authors found that this was not a primary factor in the students’ English writing. Students greatly favored sentence-initial and post-verbal placement of adverbs and made extensive use of modality adverbs. Reasons for their placements and usage are possibly: ease of transfer, explicit instruction, and a perception of prestige.


The Acquisition Of Phrasal Verbs In L2 English: A Literature Review, Karen Cathcart Bronshteyn, Tom Gustafson 2015 St. Cloud State University

The Acquisition Of Phrasal Verbs In L2 English: A Literature Review, Karen Cathcart Bronshteyn, Tom Gustafson

Linguistic Portfolios

This paper introduces the linguistic element called the phrasal verb, which consists of a verb followed by a particle, such as to “eat out.” The challenges facing L2 students attempting to master phrasal verbs are considered, followed by a proposed approach to teaching semantic as well as syntactic understanding of these structures. We conclude with a review of literature which proposes innovative teaching techniques. We conclude that there is promise that some of these techniques can assist students to master phrasal verbs, and that more research is necessary to determine the most effective approaches.


Acoustic Analysis Of Montenegrin English L2 Vowels: Production And Perception, Ivana Lucic 2015 St. Cloud State University

Acoustic Analysis Of Montenegrin English L2 Vowels: Production And Perception, Ivana Lucic

Linguistic Portfolios

This study provides an acoustic analysis of Montenegrin vowels, in order to make a comparison with the already existing measurements of General American English (GAE) vowels. Also, a production analysis is done on Montenegrin (MTN) learners of English, which shows the vowels that are the most problematic in their L2 pronunciation. In addition to this, a two-way perception study was conducted with the participants. American native English speakers listened to 11 GAE vowels produced by Montenegrin speakers of English, and tried to indicate which vowels they heard, while Montenegrin speakers of English did the same after listening to native GAE ...


Unifying Nominalized Clauses, Auxiliaries, And Copular Allomorphy In North Azeri, Colin Davis 2015 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Unifying Nominalized Clauses, Auxiliaries, And Copular Allomorphy In North Azeri, Colin Davis

Linguistic Portfolios

In this paper I examine the relationship between auxiliary copular insertion, copular allomorphy, and the nominalization of clauses in North Azeri (Turkic). I argue that in North Azeri an auxiliary copula is inserted at T0 whenever an aspect head blocks V0 to T0 movement. However, allomorphy of the copula obscures the consistency of this morphosyntactic process. I argue that the allomorphy of the copula in North Azeri is conditioned by the features of T0, but that in some contexts, including nominalized clauses where T0 is defective, this conditioning does not occur. I claim that “ol” is the elsewhere form of ...


Game Theoretic Evaluation Of Planning Roma Lanuages In Hungary, Kristen Lorincz 2015 St. Cloud State University

Game Theoretic Evaluation Of Planning Roma Lanuages In Hungary, Kristen Lorincz

Linguistic Portfolios

The Roma population in Hungary has endured longstanding cultural and linguistic discrimination, despite their significant numbers. As a result, the outlook for maintaining and preserving the use of the Romany language in Hungary is bleak. In an attempt to shed light on this issue, this paper discusses the current situation of the Romany language in Hungary, and subsequently, investigates the possible implementation and effectiveness of various language policies through the lens of the Game Theory.


Avoidance Of The Relative Clause By Korean Learners Of English, Matthew J. Bjers, Bob A. Massicotte 2015 St. Cloud State University

Avoidance Of The Relative Clause By Korean Learners Of English, Matthew J. Bjers, Bob A. Massicotte

Linguistic Portfolios

The purpose of the following paper is to explore the use of the English relative clause by Korean speaking students of English. It will investigate the claim made by previous researchers that Korean learners of English are prone to avoiding the English relative clause because of its complex construction. In order to do this, the construction of the relative clause in both Korean and English will be explored. From there, student written pieces will be analyzed in an attempt to identify the frequency of relative clause constructions, and to what extent – if any – avoidance has occurred. Afterwards, pedagogical implications for ...


Second-Language Phonology Learning And Neuroplasticity, Jonathan Rawski 2015 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Second-Language Phonology Learning And Neuroplasticity, Jonathan Rawski

Linguistic Portfolios

Why do adults retain a marked accent in foreign languages? Despite learning and reaching proficiency in other second language (L2) linguistics domains, adults have an extremely difficult time absorbing, recognizing, and utilizing a new phonology. Traditional linguistics and biology hold that a critical period inversely affects language learning ability with age. However, recent advances in brain imaging and knowledge of neuroscience alter this notion. We argue for a separation between language learning and language acquisition. We also present a new model for adult L2 learning, called the Attention Model. This model focuses on linguistic awareness between an L1 and L2 ...


The Pronunciation Of Voiceless Th In Seven Varieties Of L2 Englishes: Focus On Intelligibility, Ettien Koffi 2015 St. Cloud State University

The Pronunciation Of Voiceless Th In Seven Varieties Of L2 Englishes: Focus On Intelligibility, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

This is a comprehensive instrumental account of the phonetic realizations [θ] in L2 Englishes. It involves the analysis of 539 segments and 77 spectrographs of [θ] produced by 10 native speakers of General American English and 67 L2 speakers of English. They all produced the same [θ] segment in the words , , , , and . The quantitative analysis of the impressionistic transcriptions shows that [θ] was produced successfully 208 out of 335 occurrences by non-native speakers 62.08%. The impressionistic data also shows that [θ] was produced as [t̪] 44 times (13.14%), as [s] 36 times (10.74%), as [f] 26 times ...


Editor's Prologue To The 4th Volume, Ettien Koffi 2015 St. Cloud State University

Editor's Prologue To The 4th Volume, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Volume 4 features several breathtaking articles on a wide variety of topics. We are pleased to welcome two articles from the University of Minnesota. LP is open to all students from Minnesota and neighboring states whose papers are innovative and of extremely high academic quality. The only requirement is that papers be recommended by the faculty member who taught the course or who supervised the research project. The deadline for submission is always December 31st of each year. We are now accepting submissions for Volume 5, 2015.


Digital Commons powered by bepress