Determining The Academic Achievement Of English Language Learners (Ells) By Using Additional Measures Of Growth, 2015 The University Of Southern Mississippi
Determining The Academic Achievement Of English Language Learners (Ells) By Using Additional Measures Of Growth, Adriana Marin
Accountability measures employed in the country to determine the academic achievement of all the student population rely solely on the results obtained on the standardized tests. Such measures have often placed English language learners’ (ELLs) at risk of academic failure despite the fact that research on second language acquisition (SLA) has stated the complexity involved in the learning/acquisition process of a target language. Scholars have also discussed the influence accountability measures and the issues with the validity of the tests implemented to assess ELLs may have on such results. Therefore, in an effort to obtain a more comprehensive idea ...
Reading Report On Phonology (Doctoral Assignment), 2015 Universidade do Porto
Reading Report On Phonology (Doctoral Assignment), Kerwin A. Livingstone
Kerwin A. Livingstone
When we speak, we use sounds. Through these sounds, we are able to understand each other. This is because there are different types of relationships that exist between the sounds that we use in speech acts. This is the principal objective of Phonology: to study the relationships between speech sounds within a language system. Bearing in mind the afore-mentioned, a brief report is given on one chapter from Davenport and Hannahs’ (1998) book, shedding light on the importance of Phonology in the study of language. This paper discusses what generative grammar is about, and how phonology fits into this grammar ...
He Started The Whole World Singing A Song, 2015 Cedarville University
He Started The Whole World Singing A Song, Brian R. Cates
Throughout history, music has moved people in powerful ways, so much so that, at times, it leaves them speechless. They realize that it is a song, full of notes and rhythms, yet at the same time, it makes them become profoundly aware that there is something more, humming just below the surface. My presentation seeks to enter into this music moment by asking why these types of moments even occur. Does music speak or communicate? If so, does it communicate something meaningful and significant? What is the mechanism by which music conveys this meaning? How can this meaning be articulated ...
Group Conversation M2-06: Transcription, Vann Corpus 1995, 2015 Western Michigan University
Group Conversation M2-06: Transcription, Vann Corpus 1995, Robert E. Vann
Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, 2015 Western Oregon University
Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson
Individuals who have one or more deaf parent can be considered heritage learners of a signed language (Compton, 2014; Valdes, 2005). These individuals have had language brokering experiences (Napier, in press) before entering a formal program or attending any training to become an interpreter. Despite the experiences and skills they bring to the classroom and the profession of ASL/ English interpreting, deaf-parented interpreters anecdotally say that educational opportunities do not account for their specific needs and skill-set. The relationship between demographic characteristics of ASL/English interpreters who have one or more deaf parent, including their linguistic environments during formative years ...
Navigating Language Variety: Asl/English Interpreters “Giving Voice” To African American/Black Deaf Signed Language Users, 2015 Western Oregon University
Navigating Language Variety: Asl/English Interpreters “Giving Voice” To African American/Black Deaf Signed Language Users, Nicole Shambourger
American Sign Language (ASL)/English interpreters working between ASL and spoken English make linguistic and cultural choices that impact the success of an interpreted event. One task is the selection of comparable vocabulary to best represent their clients' thoughts. This exploratory qualitative study was conducted to identify how ASL/English interpreters transfer meaning when African American English (AAE) is incorporated into signed language. Each interpreter simultaneously interpreted an ASL narrative into spoken English. Participants were asked to complete a demographic survey to ascertain whether social factors of age, race, ethnicity, experience, mode of language acquisition, and/or age of language ...
Reclaiming Communities And Languages, 2015 University of New Mexico
Reclaiming Communities And Languages, Rebecca Benjamin, Regis Pecos, Mary Eunice Romero, Lily Wong Filmore
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
This article discusses efforts by tribal leaders and members of Cochiti Pueblo, one of the 19 Pueblos of New Mexico, to restore aspects of community life that had been damaged by federal programs-programs that had been carried out without careful study of how they might affect the community. The construction of a dam above the Pueblo by the Army Corps of Engineers nearly three decades ago resulted in the destruction of the pueblo's farmlands. It caused profound disruptions in the lives of the people in this agrarian community, not only in economic terms but in nearly every other aspect ...
The Effect Of Two Foreign Language Teaching Approaches, Communicative Language Teaching And Teaching Proficiency Through Reading And Storytelling, On Motivation And Proficiency For Spanish Iii Students In High School, 2015 Liberty University
The Effect Of Two Foreign Language Teaching Approaches, Communicative Language Teaching And Teaching Proficiency Through Reading And Storytelling, On Motivation And Proficiency For Spanish Iii Students In High School, Maite Blanton
Doctoral Dissertations and Projects
The purpose of this comparative study was to examine the effects of two foreign language teaching approaches--communicative language teaching and teaching proficiency through reading and storytelling--on motivation and proficiency for Spanish III students in high school. These two teaching approaches have gained prominence over the last couple of decades and no consensus exists between second language (L2) researchers and practitioners on which approach might be best to increase students' motivation to learn and to become proficient. One hundred and seventeen Spanish III students in high school studying with the TPRS or the CLT teaching approach, completed the LLOS-IEA Motivation Scale ...
Analysis Of English Language Learner Performance On The Biology Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System: The Impact Of English Proficiency, First Language Characteristics, And Late-Entry Ell Status, 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston
Analysis Of English Language Learner Performance On The Biology Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System: The Impact Of English Proficiency, First Language Characteristics, And Late-Entry Ell Status, Mary A. Mitchell
Graduate Doctoral Dissertations
This study analyzed English language learner (ELL) performance on the June 2012 Biology MCAS, namely on item attributes of domain, cognitive skill, and linguistic complexity. It examined the impact of English proficiency, Latinate first language, first language orthography, and late-entry ELL status. The results indicated that English proficiency was a strong predictor of performance and that ELLs at higher levels of English proficiency overwhelmingly passed. The results further indicated that English proficiency introduced a construct-irrelevant variance on the Biology MCAS and raised validity issues for using this assessment at lower levels of English proficiency. This study also found that ELLs ...
General Analysis Of An Online Language Corpus (Doctoral Assignment), 2015 Universidade do Porto
General Analysis Of An Online Language Corpus (Doctoral Assignment), Kerwin A. Livingstone
Kerwin A. Livingstone
Corpus-based research is rapidly gaining ground in the field of Applied Linguistics. More interesting is the evidence of many online language corpora which can be easily accessed, with just the click of the mouse. A quick navigation of the Web will produce different kinds of corpora in a vast number of language areas. Given the need to find new and exciting ways to improve the language learning and teaching process, corpus linguistics does have potential for generating significant learner experiences. Taking into consideration the above-mentioned, this paper deals with the general analysis of an online language corpus. The specific corpus ...
The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, 2015 The University of Western Ontario & Université Lumière-Lyon 2
The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This dissertation focuses on the documentation and description of Mako, an indigenous language spoken in the Venezuelan Amazon by about 1000 people and for which the only available published material at the start of the project were 38 words. The main goals of the project were to create a collection of annotated ethnographic texts and a grammar that could serve as a starting point for both language maintenance in the community and for further linguistic research. Additionally, the project sought to assess the language’s vitality in the communities where it is spoken and to understand the relationship of Mako ...
Quickies, 2015 Iowa State University
Quickies, Jasmine Anderson
Contains "Et-y-mol-o-gy", "Nailed It!", "Trending #Humblebrag", "Uggpocalypse", and "Don't Be The Person Who..."
Sound Effects: Age, Gender, And Sound Symbolism In American English, 2015 Portland State University
Sound Effects: Age, Gender, And Sound Symbolism In American English, Timothy Krause
Student Research Symposium
This mixed-method study investigated the correlation of sound symbolic associations with age and gender by analyzing data from a national survey of 292 American English speakers. Subjects used 10 semantic differential scales to rate six artificial brand names that targeted five phonemes. Subjects also described the potential products they imagined these artificial brand names to represent. Quantitative analysis alone provided insufficient evidence to conclude that age or gender affect sound symbolism in American English. While 26 out of 60 scales showed a monotonic shift among the means of the three age groups, only three were statistically significant. The evidence of ...
Code-Switching In Urdu Books Of Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Pakistan, 2015 Department of English, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
Code-Switching In Urdu Books Of Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Pakistan, Mehwish Noor, Behzad Anwar, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian
Bahram Kazemian Mr.
The study highlights English code-switching in Punjab Urdu textbooks. The research aims at finding and categorizing Urdu-English code-switches. Another rationale behind the study is to present Urdu equivalents of the switches from an Urdu-English dictionary; for instance, adakar for actor and sayyah for tourist. Textbooks of 5th, 6th, 9th and 10th class are selected for data collection. A number of instances are observed at morpheme, word, phrase and clause levels. Data is analyzed qualitatively. The data analysis shows switches at all the mentioned levels. The researchers propose the revision of the existing textbooks in the light of the given equivalents ...
A Case For An Ecological Approach And Against Language Commodification In Elt, 2015 SIT Graduate Institute
A Case For An Ecological Approach And Against Language Commodification In Elt, Vinicius O. Souza
MA TESOL Collection
This paper aims to provide an alternative approach to the English language education practiced in many developing countries which can help reverse their current low-proficiency status, as revealed by standard international examinations such as the PISA scores and others. The author argues that this can be best accomplished by adopting an ecological approach to teaching which promotes language learning as emergent and socially situated phenomena, two concepts largely neglected by current teaching methods. In fact, many of these countries have long been dominated by an extremely commodified and cognitivist ELT market, where business interests have taken precedence over pedagogical considerations ...
Linguistic Landscape Of Main Streets In Bosnia And Herzegovina, 2015 East Tennessee State University
Linguistic Landscape Of Main Streets In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Rachel E. Lay
Undergraduate Honors Theses
After the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, Bosnia and Herzegovina erupted into ethnic conflict and ultimately genocide. Nearly 100,000 people, mainly Bosniaks, died in the Bosnian War. Two decades later, the violence has ended but the conflict is still present in Bosnia; the societal segregation of the 1995 Dayton Accords, intended only as an immediate solution to the violence, still stands. Population and language distribution are evidence of this segregation. Bosnia’s two entities are home to two different ethnic majorities: Serbs in the Republika Srpska and Bosniaks in the Federation of BiH. In an environment so sensitive that ...
Systemic Functional Linguistics Mood Analysis Of The Last Address Of The Holy Prophet (Pbuh), 2015 Department of English, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
Systemic Functional Linguistics Mood Analysis Of The Last Address Of The Holy Prophet (Pbuh), Mehwish Noor, Moazzam Ali, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian
Bahram Kazemian Mr.
The study highlights the functional and semantic properties of the last address of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The study is based upon Halliday’s (1985) SFL Mood analysis. The data obtained from the last address of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) are analyzed in tables. The analysis of 56 clauses reveals that 32 are declarative, 22 are imperative; whereas, only one is interrogative clause. A brief discussion explains the functional structural meanings based on clausal Mood classification. The study of the religious text discusses interpersonal metafunction of language. It highlights the power relations of the participants. The study fills the gap ...
Paradigm Shift In Language Planning And Policy: Game Theoretic Solutions -- My Response To Dr. Sayers' Review, 2015 St. Cloud State University
Paradigm Shift In Language Planning And Policy: Game Theoretic Solutions -- My Response To Dr. Sayers' Review, Ettien Koffi
Ettien Koffi's response to Dr. Dave Sayers review of Dr. Koffi's Paradigm Shift in Language Planning and Policy (2012) that appeared on The Linguist List.
Teaching Esl Students Adverb Position To Develop Rhetorical Emphasis, 2015 St. Cloud State University
Teaching Esl Students Adverb Position To Develop Rhetorical Emphasis, James Rutledge, Zachary Fitton
This paper highlights the importance of teaching ESL students adverb placement to increase rhetorical awareness. Instructors are encouraged to consider designing grammar lessons at early stages in ESL composition for adverbs that focus not only on prescriptive accuracy but also on those that create rhetorical emphasis. As previous researchers have indicated, placing adverbs in unique positions can add emphasis to particular words or phrases such as using an interrupting adverbial modifier or adverbial fronting. This paper provides a review of literature that promotes teaching adverb placement as rhetorical emphasis, which is significant in ESL composition because it can help ESL ...
Paper-Based Or Computer-Based Essay Writing: Differences In Performance And Perception, 2015 St. Cloud State University
Paper-Based Or Computer-Based Essay Writing: Differences In Performance And Perception, Benjamin Kohler
The purpose of this investigation is to gather and compare data as to students’ performances, processes, and perceptions of computer-based writing assessments versus paper-based writing assessments within the context of a university ESL program in the hopes of providing further support and considerations for implementation of computerbased writing assessments for ESL programs. Other learner variables, such as computer experience and typing ability, are compared to see if they have a measurable impact on students’ products, processes, or perceptions of writing in both modes. The raters also provided evidence for their reactions to scoring written texts in various modes, as scoring ...