The Ethnography Of Rhythm: Orality And Its Technologies [Table Of Contents], 2016 University of Chicago
The Ethnography Of Rhythm: Orality And Its Technologies [Table Of Contents], Haun Saussy
“Only Haun Saussy—with his historical range, theoretical breadth, and fine close-reading—could have pulled off this brilliant comparative history of ‘the perturbation caused by the idea of oral literature.’ The disciplinary range of this dazzling scholarly performance takes us from linguistics and philology to ethnography and religious studies, from physiology and psychiatry to the history of graphic and sound technologies. Be prepared to marvel—and learn.” —Linda Hutcheon, University Professor Emeritus of English and Comparative Literature, University of Toronto
The Theory And Practice Of Harmonic Serialism, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
The Theory And Practice Of Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy
John J. McCarthy
This chapter explains what Harmonic Serialism is and how it differs from standard parallel Optimality Theory. Several arguments in support of Harmonic Serialism are presented.
Cross-Level Interactions In Harmonic Serialism, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Cross-Level Interactions In Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy, Joe Pater, Kathryn Pruitt
John J. McCarthy
Cross-level interactions are phonological processes that make reference to multiple levels of the prosodic hierarchy, such as vowel shortening in the weak position of a foot. Cross-level interactions figure in most arguments for parallelism in Optimality Theory. This chapter demonstrates with several case studies how cross-level interactions can be analyzed in Harmonic Serialism. The key insight is that the relevant constraints may be violated in the course of the derivation, even if they are obeyed in underlying and surface forms. Cross-level interactions require parallelism only if constraints are inviolable, but that is inconsistent with a fundamental premise of Harmonic Serialism ...
Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, 2015 Liberty University
Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, Whitney Snowden
Senior Honors Theses
This thesis compares the failures of the creolization movement with the success of the language revitalization movement and seeks to determine which elements are missing from the former to make it as successful as the latter. Education policy, identity, and language ideology are all examined as contributors to the future success of creole inclusivity in education and society, as well as the potential benefits such a movement would include. Specifically examined are Siegel’s research on creole education and Armstrong’s work on language ideology.
Reflexive And Reciprocal Constructions In Modern Irish, 2015 Dublin Institute of Technology
Reflexive And Reciprocal Constructions In Modern Irish, Brian Nolan
The ITB Journal
This paper examines reflexive (and reciprocal) constructions in modern Irish, a VSOX language for which the generative analysis using c-command is problematic. Reflexive and reciprocal constructions are best reflected in the inherent VSOX word order. The reflexive occurs in transitive constructions with the reflexive marker féin, which can also be used non-reflexively but emphatically. A continuum is observed with a human/animate participant as the subject argument at the reflexive pole and a nonhuman inanimate at the emphatic end. Motion is an ingredient in reflexivity. Fictive or nontranslational motion are both non-reflexive. Translational motion alone allows reflexivity. Reciprocals are complex ...
Passive Voice Constructions In Modern Irish, 2015 Dublin Institute of Technology
Passive Voice Constructions In Modern Irish, Brian Nolan
The ITB Journal
This paper is about the passive construction, of which modern Irish (a VSO language) has two primary forms, the personal passive and its variants, and the impersonal. An empirical question is posed as to whether a third passive form exists within the language, that of a functionally defined GET-passive. To deliver a unified analysis of the various passive constructions, a perspective that takes account of the complete event is necessary.
The Arthurian Battle Of Badon And Braydon Forest, Wiltshire, 2015 Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona
The Arthurian Battle Of Badon And Braydon Forest, Wiltshire, Andrew Breeze
Journal of Literary Onomastics
A Concise Theory Of Meaningfulness In Literary Naming Within The Framework Of The Pragmatic Theory Of Properhood, 2015 University of the West of England, Bristol
A Concise Theory Of Meaningfulness In Literary Naming Within The Framework Of The Pragmatic Theory Of Properhood, Richard Coates
Journal of Literary Onomastics
Specific Exceptions Driving Variation: The Case Of Spirantization In Modern Hebrew, 2015 Boise State University
Specific Exceptions Driving Variation: The Case Of Spirantization In Modern Hebrew, Michal Temkin Martinez, Ivana Müllner
Michal Temkin Martinez
Spirantization in Modern Hebrew has high levels of variation in its acquisition and production largely due to the high frequency of exceptions (Adam 2002). In this paper, we report the results of an experiment examining variation in the production of Modern Hebrew Spirantization (MHS) in real and nonce verb paradigms, linking the patterns of variation to specific exceptions that are encoded in the orthography.
Spirantization in Modern Hebrew is characterized by the alternation of the stops [p], [b], and [k] with [f], [v], and [χ], respectively. Fricatives generally occur in post-vocalic position and stops occur elsewhere. This alternation is especially ...
Correcting Errors In The L2 Classroom: Students' And Teachers' Perceptions, 2015 Universidade do Porto
Correcting Errors In The L2 Classroom: Students' And Teachers' Perceptions, Kerwin A. Livingstone
Kerwin A. Livingstone
Correcting students’ errors is necessary for improving their linguistic and communicative competence. This study seeks to examine students’ and teachers’ perceptions about error correction in the L2 classroom. An online survey was designed and sent out to a purposive sample. The sample consists of 12 students from the University of Guyana’s Modern Language Programme, who are pursuing a career in Spanish, French and Portuguese (with B1 and C1 language levels), and 9 teachers (7 current/2 former) from the Programme who specialise in teaching these different languages. The results of the survey are analysed and discussed through a mixed ...
Developing Chinese Complimenting In A Study Abroad Program, 2015 Department of Modern Languages
Developing Chinese Complimenting In A Study Abroad Program, Li Jin
This article reports on an empirical study investigating what and how two college-level American learners of Mandarin Chinese developed their own understanding of the Chinese complimenting speech act while participating in a 7-week intensive language study abroad program. A case study approach was adopted with a focus on participants’ self-reflection data supplemented with the researcher’s observation data to unpack each participant’s pragmatic developmental process throughout the program. Guided by sociocultural theory, the study uncovered the dynamic, complex and highly individualized developmental process each participant experienced. The findings revealed that Chinese people’s special treatment of the two American ...
Visualizing Abolition: Two Graphic Novels And A Critical Approach To Mass Incarceration For The Composition Classroom, 2015 Washington State University Vancouver
Visualizing Abolition: Two Graphic Novels And A Critical Approach To Mass Incarceration For The Composition Classroom, Michael Sutcliffe
SANE journal: Sequential Art Narrative in Education
This article outlines two graphic novels and an accompanying activity designed to unpack complicated intersections between racism, poverty, and (d)evolving criminal-legal policy. Over 2 million adults are held in U.S. prison facilities, and several million more are under custodial supervision, and it has become clearly unsustainable. In the last decade, there has been a shift in media conversations about criminality, yet only a few suggest decreasing our reliance upon incarceration. In meaningfully different ways, the two novels trace the development of incarceration from its roots in slavery to its contemporary anti-democratic iteration and offer an underpublicized alternative.
A Morphological Study Of The Antonymous Compounds In Chinese: How The Word Class Changes And Why, 2015 Seton Hall University
A Morphological Study Of The Antonymous Compounds In Chinese: How The Word Class Changes And Why, Yihan Zhou
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
The majority of Chinese words are compounds. Among compounds, there is a special kind of compounds. It is made up of two antonymous morphemes. The antonymous compounds undergo functional shift. In 40% percent of the cases, the compounds have different word classes from the morphemes. The thesis investigated how the functional shift happens and why it happens.
Based on the critique of the definitions of antonymous compounds used in others’ studies, the thesis comes up with a broad definition. With the help of primary sources such as dictionaries, secondary sources, and the definition, the thesis collects 292 antonymous compounds.
The Role Of Error Analysis In Teaching And Learning Of Second And Foreign Language, 2015 Department of English Language, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
The Role Of Error Analysis In Teaching And Learning Of Second And Foreign Language, Agsa Jabeen, Bahram Kazemian, Muhammad Shahbaz Mustafai
The aim of this paper is to investigate errors made by second and foreign language (L2) learners so as to understand the strategies and techniques used in the process of second and foreign language learning. Error analysis is a very important area of applied linguistics as well as of second and foreign language learning. It is also a systematic method to analyze learners' errors. Errors are not always bad, rather they are crucial parts and aspects in the process of learning a language. They may provide insights into the complicated processes of language development as well as a systematic way ...
An Investigation Of The Reading Text ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ (Long Live Pakistan): Critical Discourse Analysis Perspective, 2015 Institute of English Language & Literature, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
An Investigation Of The Reading Text ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ (Long Live Pakistan): Critical Discourse Analysis Perspective, Sheeraz Ali, Bahram Kazemian, Faraz Ali Bughio
This paper is a critical study in Critical Discourse Analysis paradigm of a Textbook prescribed for intermediate students (Second Language Learners) in Government Colleges affiliated to the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan. The textbook contains selected texts to improve students reading skills integrated with writing activities. Each of the texts contains questions at the end to be answered. It is observed that the reading tasks are badly designed and there is no mental activity to involve students in the text discourse. The study focuses on critical discourse of the underlying text to inspect whether the ...
Vicarious Trauma As Applied To The Professional Sign Language Interpreter, 2015 Liberty University
Vicarious Trauma As Applied To The Professional Sign Language Interpreter, Jami L. Macdonald
Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research
This collected research and analysis will focus on vicarious trauma as applied to the experience of the professional Sign Language interpreter. Sign Language interpreters work in a vast scope of different settings where there can be a high risk of exposure to traumatic events or content and where the staffed professionals are equipped with training and support services. Sign Language interpreters do not have access to training or support services for managing vicarious trauma, though they are widely impacted by it. The extent of impact depends on the nature of the assignment as well as the susceptibility of the interpreter ...
Perspectives On The College Readiness And Outcome Achievement Of Former Intensive English Language Program (Ielp) Students, 2015 Portland State University
Perspectives On The College Readiness And Outcome Achievement Of Former Intensive English Language Program (Ielp) Students, Meghan Elizabeth Oswalt
Dissertations and Theses
Program evaluation (PE) is important for ESL programs but also difficult. As the scope of PE has grown, student voices have increasingly been included. Alumni provide unique perspectives, but Portland State University's (PSU) Intensive English Language Program (IELP) currently has no exit survey. Furthermore, little research uses alumni data, so this constructivist, mixed-methods study used data triangulation to compare the perceptions of former IELP students with those of three other stakeholder groups -- the topic: IELP student preparedness for PSU. Both online surveys and interviews were conducted, and participants included 63 former and 33 current IELP students, 27 IELP faculty ...
The Phenomenology Of Second Language Acquisition: Poiesis And The Emergence Of The Multilingual Subject, 2015 California State University - San Bernardino
The Phenomenology Of Second Language Acquisition: Poiesis And The Emergence Of The Multilingual Subject, Courtney E. Scarborough
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
This study explores relationships between second language acquisition (SLA), poetic language, and embodied cognition and its connection to second language speakers’ linguistic self-formation, or their distinct ways of speaking and thinking. In particular, this study examines processes by which second language (L2) learners’ subjective realities are constructed and demonstrates that these processes are inherently poetic, emerging from a combination of the constraining structures of the language system and second language speakers’ phenomenological experiences. The context of the study is a poetry-making activity the researcher designed and took place in the English Department Writing Center at California State University, San Bernardino ...
On The Incompatibility Of Trilling And Palatalization: A Single-Subject Study Of Sustained Apical And Uvular Trills, Alexei Kochetov, Phil Howson
The production of trills requires precise articulatory and aerodynamic settings, which appear to be hardly compatible with secondary palatalization – the raising and fronting of the tongue body. Yet, the precise reasons for this incompatibility are still poorly understood, largely given the paucity of articulatory work on trills. Moreover, previous investigations of palatalized trills have been limited to apicals (alveolars/dentals), raising the question of whether the suggested factors are general to all lingual trills, including uvulars, or are specific to apical trills. This paper presents an exploratory investigation of sustained palatalized and non-palatalized apical (phonemic) and uvular trills (idiolectal) produced ...
Articulation And Acoustics Of Kannada Affricates: A Case Of Geminate /ʧ/., 2015 University of Toronto
Articulation And Acoustics Of Kannada Affricates: A Case Of Geminate /ʧ/., Alexei Kochetov, N. Sreedevi
Affricates have been observed to be problematic in phonological acquisition and disordered speech across languages, due to their relatively complex spatial and temporal articulatory patterns. Remediation of difficulties in the production of affricates requires understanding of how these sounds are typically produced. This study presents the first systematic articulatory and acoustic investigation of voiceless geminate affricate /ʧ/ in Kannada (a Dravidian language), compared to the palatal glide and the voiceless dental stop. Ultrasound data from 10 normal speakers from Mysore, India revealed that /ʧ/ is produced with the tongue shape intermediate between the palatal glide and the dental stop, and ...