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The Ethnography Of Rhythm: Orality And Its Technologies [Table Of Contents], Haun Saussy 2016 University of Chicago

The Ethnography Of Rhythm: Orality And Its Technologies [Table Of Contents], Haun Saussy

Literature

“Only Haun Saussy—with his historical range, theoretical breadth, and fine close-reading—could have pulled off this brilliant comparative history of ‘the perturbation caused by the idea of oral literature.’ The disciplinary range of this dazzling scholarly performance takes us from linguistics and philology to ethnography and religious studies, from physiology and psychiatry to the history of graphic and sound technologies. Be prepared to marvel—and learn.” —Linda Hutcheon, University Professor Emeritus of English and Comparative Literature, University of Toronto


The Theory And Practice Of Harmonic Serialism, John J. McCarthy 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The Theory And Practice Of Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy

John J. McCarthy

This chapter explains what Harmonic Serialism is and how it differs from standard parallel Optimality Theory. Several arguments in support of Harmonic Serialism are presented.


Cross-Level Interactions In Harmonic Serialism, John J. McCarthy, Joe Pater, Kathryn Pruitt 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Cross-Level Interactions In Harmonic Serialism, John J. Mccarthy, Joe Pater, Kathryn Pruitt

John J. McCarthy

Cross-level interactions are phonological processes that make reference to multiple levels of the prosodic hierarchy, such as vowel shortening in the weak position of a foot. Cross-level interactions figure in most arguments for parallelism in Optimality Theory. This chapter demonstrates with several case studies how cross-level interactions can be analyzed in Harmonic Serialism. The key insight is that the relevant constraints may be violated in the course of the derivation, even if they are obeyed in underlying and surface forms. Cross-level interactions require parallelism only if constraints are inviolable, but that is inconsistent with a fundamental premise of Harmonic Serialism ...


Vicarious Trauma As Applied To The Professional Sign Language Interpreter, Jami L. Macdonald 2015 Liberty University

Vicarious Trauma As Applied To The Professional Sign Language Interpreter, Jami L. Macdonald

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

This collected research and analysis will focus on vicarious trauma as applied to the experience of the professional Sign Language interpreter. Sign Language interpreters work in a vast scope of different settings where there can be a high risk of exposure to traumatic events or content and where the staffed professionals are equipped with training and support services. Sign Language interpreters do not have access to training or support services for managing vicarious trauma, though they are widely impacted by it. The extent of impact depends on the nature of the assignment as well as the susceptibility of the interpreter ...


The Phenomenology Of Second Language Acquisition: Poiesis And The Emergence Of The Multilingual Subject, Courtney E. Scarborough 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

The Phenomenology Of Second Language Acquisition: Poiesis And The Emergence Of The Multilingual Subject, Courtney E. Scarborough

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This study explores relationships between second language acquisition (SLA), poetic language, and embodied cognition and its connection to second language speakers’ linguistic self-formation, or their distinct ways of speaking and thinking. In particular, this study examines processes by which second language (L2) learners’ subjective realities are constructed and demonstrates that these processes are inherently poetic, emerging from a combination of the constraining structures of the language system and second language speakers’ phenomenological experiences. The context of the study is a poetry-making activity the researcher designed and took place in the English Department Writing Center at California State University, San Bernardino ...


Articulation And Acoustics Of Kannada Affricates: A Case Of Geminate /ʧ/., Alexei Kochetov, N. Sreedevi 2015 University of Toronto

Articulation And Acoustics Of Kannada Affricates: A Case Of Geminate /ʧ/., Alexei Kochetov, N. Sreedevi

Alexei Kochetov

Affricates have been observed to be problematic in phonological acquisition and disordered speech across languages, due to their relatively complex spatial and temporal articulatory patterns. Remediation of difficulties in the production of affricates requires understanding of how these sounds are typically produced. This study presents the first systematic articulatory and acoustic investigation of voiceless geminate affricate /ʧ/ in Kannada (a Dravidian language), compared to the palatal glide and the voiceless dental stop. Ultrasound data from 10 normal speakers from Mysore, India revealed that /ʧ/ is produced with the tongue shape intermediate between the palatal glide and the dental stop, and ...


On The Incompatibility Of Trilling And Palatalization: A Single-Subject Study Of Sustained Apical And Uvular Trills, Alexei Kochetov, Phil Howson 2015 University of Toronto

On The Incompatibility Of Trilling And Palatalization: A Single-Subject Study Of Sustained Apical And Uvular Trills, Alexei Kochetov, Phil Howson

Alexei Kochetov

The production of trills requires precise articulatory and aerodynamic settings, which appear to be hardly compatible with secondary palatalization – the raising and fronting of the tongue body. Yet, the precise reasons for this incompatibility are still poorly understood, largely given the paucity of articulatory work on trills. Moreover, previous investigations of palatalized trills have been limited to apicals (alveolars/dentals), raising the question of whether the suggested factors are general to all lingual trills, including uvulars, or are specific to apical trills. This paper presents an exploratory investigation of sustained palatalized and non-palatalized apical (phonemic) and uvular trills (idiolectal) produced ...


Report On Doctoral Seminars In Psycholinguistics, Kerwin A. Livingstone 2015 Universidade do Porto

Report On Doctoral Seminars In Psycholinguistics, Kerwin A. Livingstone

Kerwin A. Livingstone

The field of Psycholinguistics is receiving a considerable amount of attention due to its applicability in Applied Linguistics, as it is relates to the language learning process. In order to be able to able to determine how language is acquired and produced, it is necessary to understand the origins of language and those factors that play an important part in its development. Bearing in mind the above, this present work seeks to report on issues addressed in the curricular unit DCL 006 - Psycholinguistics I, one of the courses offered in the PhD Programme in Language Sciences/Language Didactics of the ...


¿Qué Twiteastes Tú? Variation In Second Person Singular Preterit –S In Spanish Tweets, Chelsea Escalante 2015 University of California - Davis

¿Qué Twiteastes Tú? Variation In Second Person Singular Preterit –S In Spanish Tweets, Chelsea Escalante

Entrehojas: Revista de Estudios Hispánicos

Spanish dialects throughout Spain and the Americas have shown variation in the second person singular form of the preterit tense; in certain cases, a non-standard –s is found at the end of the verb conjugation (fuistes, comistes, dijistes, etc). This has been mentioned descriptively by several researchers as a cross-dialectal as well as historical feature of many dialects, yet little empirical data is available on this topic related to what factors constrain the variable. In fact, only one study has looked at this phenomenon from a variationist perspective (see Barnes, 2012). This study borrows certain methodological aspects of Barnes’ (2012 ...


First-Generation College Students, Identity, & Empowerment Labels, Curtis Green-Eneix, Dr.Gail Shuck (Mentor) 2015 Boise State University

First-Generation College Students, Identity, & Empowerment Labels, Curtis Green-Eneix, Dr.Gail Shuck (Mentor)

Idaho Conference on Undergraduate Research

First-generation college students (FGCS) have been the primary focus of college retention research due to more FGCS entering universities, and FGCS’s low retention rates. Recent research has focused on quantitative studies of FGCS from comparing education and social backgrounds to non-FGCS, to outside constraints FGCS face while in college. These findings result in general understandings of FGCS dealing with additional hardship to moments of severe loneliness. This study explores (1) how FGCS—from Boise State University’s Student Success Program (SSP)—perceive their identity in a college community, (2) how they have or have not experienced identity conflicts while ...


Determining The Academic Achievement Of English Language Learners (Ells) By Using Additional Measures Of Growth, Adriana Maria Marin 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Determining The Academic Achievement Of English Language Learners (Ells) By Using Additional Measures Of Growth, Adriana Maria Marin

Dissertations

Accountability measures employed in the country to determine the academic achievement of all the student population rely solely on the results obtained on the standardized tests. Such measures have often placed English language learners’ (ELLs) at risk of academic failure despite the fact that research on second language acquisition (SLA) has stated the complexity involved in the learning/acquisition process of a target language. Scholars have also discussed the influence accountability measures and the issues with the validity of the tests implemented to assess ELLs may have on such results. Therefore, in an effort to obtain a more comprehensive idea ...


Maasai Speech Samples, Lindsey Taylor Quinn-Wriedt 2015 University of Iowa

Maasai Speech Samples, Lindsey Taylor Quinn-Wriedt

Department of Linguistics Publications

This is a collection of audio files from seven native speakers of Maasai, an Eastern Nilotic language spoken in southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania. These files are the raw data that were collected for analysis to write my dissertation, Vowel Harmony in Maasai (2013). The two fieldwork trips to Arusha, Tanzania were funded by a T. Anne Cleary International Dissertation Research Fellowship from the University of Iowa and by Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grant BCS1149310 from the National Science Foundation. The majority of the data are inflected verbs produced in isolation. The intention with eliciting them was to compare ATR ...


Audience Perception Of Synonyms From The Pulpit: A Case Among Six Church Ancillary Groups In Madina, Dennis Soku, M O. Adekunle 2015 Department of General Studies, Wisconsin International University College, Accra, Ghana

Audience Perception Of Synonyms From The Pulpit: A Case Among Six Church Ancillary Groups In Madina, Dennis Soku, M O. Adekunle

Bahram Kazemian

This work investigated audience perception of messages that contained synonyms. Some church members opined that synonyms changed meanings of messages intended by Ministers of the Christian religion. The study was conducted among 161 church members drawn from six church ancillary groups in Madina, a suburb of Accra. The groups were selected from Orthodox, Pentecostal and Charismatic Churches in Madina. A qualitative approach was used in this study. It was found that sets of words used as synonyms did not make any much difference in meaning to the majority of the members in the audience nor did it have any significant ...


Word Order In Measure Phrases In Malagasy Dialects, Lisa deMena Travis 2015 McGill University

Word Order In Measure Phrases In Malagasy Dialects, Lisa Demena Travis

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

The goal of this paper is to explore a possible dialectal (and idiolectal) variation within measure phrases in Malagasy. It appears that there is a word order variation that appears in structure of the type two bottles of wine. We will see further that there are idiolect variations within one dialect in term of what acts as the head of the entire nominal.


Traitement Informatique De Variations Terminologiques Malgaches. Cas Du Domaine De L'Environnement, Tantely Harinjaka Ravelonjatovo 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

Traitement Informatique De Variations Terminologiques Malgaches. Cas Du Domaine De L'Environnement, Tantely Harinjaka Ravelonjatovo

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Cette étude est axée sur la contribution de la terminologie textuelle (Bourrigault et Slodzian, 1999) dans le traitement des variations terminologiques du cas du domaine de l’environnement malgache. La variation (L’Homme, 2004) diffère de la synonymie en ce sens qu’elle est un phénomène relatif au contexte linguistique alors que la synonymie renvoie à des termes morphologiquement différents sans rapport avec le contexte linguistique. Quels sont les apports de la terminologie textuelle dans le traitement de ces variations ? Pour pouvoir y répondre, nous avançons l’hypothèse selon laquelle la variation terminologie est fonction des contextes linguistiques et extralinguistiques.


L'Extraction En Betsileo, Clodia Rambinintsoamaharavo, Celina Rasolonantenaina 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

L'Extraction En Betsileo, Clodia Rambinintsoamaharavo, Celina Rasolonantenaina

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Notre travail porte sur l’utilisation de la particule ro en betsileo du nord parlé à Ambohimitombo I. Nous constatons qu’il y a des différences entre le betsileo et la norme du malgache officiel. Parmi ces différences, nous choisissons le fonctionnement de ro, qui est une particule d’extraction


L'Intensif À "De" Du Bestileo Du Nord, Julie Ravakiniaina Razanamampionona 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

L'Intensif À "De" Du Bestileo Du Nord, Julie Ravakiniaina Razanamampionona

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Dans cet article, nous avons choisi un modèle d’expression de l’intensité en betsileo du nord : l’intensif à de. Il paraît évident que le de que nous voulons étudier ici n’est pas une copule du fait qu’il ne relie pas un sujet à un prédicat. Il met plutôt en relation deux mots faisant partie, d’un même prédicat. Nous essayerons de voir quels liens sémantiques existent-ils entre les éléments reliés par de dont le sens est intensif par rapport à celui du premier élément.


La Particule "Ma" Dans Le Parler Malgache Du Nord, Aimeline Rasoanantenaina 2015 Université d'Antsiranana

La Particule "Ma" Dans Le Parler Malgache Du Nord, Aimeline Rasoanantenaina

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Ce travail se propose d’étudier quelques unes des particularités de la particule ma du parler malgache du Nord, dialecte parlé dans le Nord de Madagascar. Il s’agit d’aborder la particule ma dans tous ses états (sans prétention d’exhaustivité aucune), pour tenter de dégager quelques pistes d’investigation concernant son fonctionnement grammatical et pragmatique en discours pour tenter de cerner un peu plus précisément ses fonctions. Nous allons plus insister sur le rôle de cette particule, en tant que marqueur interrogatif, dans les énoncés interrogatifs et son rôle, en tant que particule énonciative, dans divers types d ...


Le Sokela, Un Terme De Salutation À Fianarantsoa, Fabienne Arison Razanabololona, Marie Prosperine Soafaraniriko 2015 Université de Toliara

Le Sokela, Un Terme De Salutation À Fianarantsoa, Fabienne Arison Razanabololona, Marie Prosperine Soafaraniriko

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

L’objectif de cet article est de montrer qu’un des vernaculaires du betsileo se manifeste dans une pratique linguistique spécifique que l’on appelle sokela.


La Structure Des Patronymes Du Bln. Analyse Des Formes Du Type Raramonja, Tsiorimalala Randriambolona 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

La Structure Des Patronymes Du Bln. Analyse Des Formes Du Type Raramonja, Tsiorimalala Randriambolona

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Notre étude concerne le segment Rara-, isolable sur les noms patronymiques en betsileo du nord. Le morphème formatif de nom propre, Ra-, existe également en malgache officiel, mais le betsileo du nord permet la coexistence de deux morphèmes de forme identique (le redoublement).


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