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Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan 2016 Florida State University

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This volume, incorporating the work of scholars from various parts of the globe, taps the wisdom of the Westphalian (and post-Westphalian) world on the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict.  The conversation has scarcely been more important than it is right now, especially in light of recent events in Catalonia, Scotland, Québec, and the Sudan—all unique political contexts raising similar questions about how best to balance competing claims for autonomy, interdependence, political voice, and exit.  Exploring how various nations have encountered like conflicts, some more and some less successfully, promises to broaden the perspectives ...


Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant McCall 2016 Tulane University of Louisiana

Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist


Why do political philosophers write so much about prehistory but do such little research on it? The state of nature, the origin of property, the genesis of government, and the primordial nature of war and inequality are perennial favourite topics in political philosophy, but their use is often ambiguous. Are these merely illustrative examples? If so, what do they illustrate? If not, what claims to they make about prehistory. Does the best available evidence from the fields of archaeology and anthropology support or conflict with those claims?
 
This book presents an anthropological critique of philosophy, examining political theories to show ...


Appendix To Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant McCall 2016 Tulane University of Louisiana

Appendix To Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist


This is an early version of the appendix to the book: Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy.
 
Book abstract: Why do political philosophers write so much about prehistory but do such little research on it? The state of nature, the origin of property, the genesis of government, and the primordial nature of war and inequality are perennial favourite topics in political philosophy, but their use is often ambiguous. Are these merely illustrative examples? If so, what do they illustrate? If not, what claims to they make about prehistory. Does the best available evidence from the fields of archaeology and anthropology ...


"Trans-American Indigeneities", Tracy Devine Guzmán 2016 University of Miami

"Trans-American Indigeneities", Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Forthcoming.


Surfing The Revolutionary Wave 2010-12: A Social Theory Of Agency, Resistance, And Orders Of Dissent In Contemporary Social Movements, Athina Karatzogianni, Michael Schandorf 2016 University of Hull

Surfing The Revolutionary Wave 2010-12: A Social Theory Of Agency, Resistance, And Orders Of Dissent In Contemporary Social Movements, Athina Karatzogianni, Michael Schandorf

Athina Karatzogianni

The theorisation and understanding of contemporary social movements, socio-technological phenomena, and the intersection of the two are limited by an incommensurability between the conceptualisations of individual agency and the disciplining powers of social structures. We introduce a theory of sociotechnological agency that bridges the individual and the social through a reconceptualization of the conventional notion of intentionality. Drawing from recent theories of affect and embodiment, posthuman-influenced materialisms and realisms, postmodern critical theory, and critiques of network theory, we introduce a model for understanding sociopolitical action and dissent that accounts for individual human agency as a nexus of overlapping and often ...


Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross 2016 University of Puget Sound

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


The Rise Of The Global South, The Imf And The Future Of Law And Development, Gabriel Garcia 2016 University of Wollongong

The Rise Of The Global South, The Imf And The Future Of Law And Development, Gabriel Garcia

Dr Gabriel Garcia

After the onset of the Asian Financial Crisis, the world has witnessed a re-accommodation of the global financial system. In the particular case of middle-income countries, they have disentangled themselves from the conditionality of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and grown into more assertive actors in international forums, proposing new alternative mechanisms to become more financially independent and for the provision of development assistance. The article critically reviews the new reality by assessing the strategies deployed by developing countries to reduce the IMF’s influence and explores the potential consequences of the rise of middle-income nations for Law and Development.


Refractions Through The Secular: Islam, Human Rights And Universality, Zara Khan 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Refractions Through The Secular: Islam, Human Rights And Universality, Zara Khan

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Universal human rights (HR) are often theorized as philosophically neutral. Because they do not espouse any particular theory of the human being, it is argued, they can be reasonably appropriated by all. In this thesis, I explore HR’s universality claim, by focusing on the discourse’s secular foundation. In the universal human right to freedom of religion, I find a distinctly modern grammar of ‘religion,’ one that separates ‘religion’ from politics and power, law from morality, and the public and private realms. The modern concept of religion also espouses a secular theory of the human, insofar as the human ...


Power And Proximity: The Politics Of State Secession, Elizabeth A. Nelson 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Power And Proximity: The Politics Of State Secession, Elizabeth A. Nelson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

State secession is a rare occurrence in the international system. While a number of movements seek secession, the majority fail to achieve statehood. Of the exceptional successes, many have not had the strongest claims to statehood; some of these new states look far less like states than some that have failed. So what accounts for these secessions? I argue that the politics of regional actors drive the process. If a secessionist movement does not have the support of actors in the region, it will not achieve statehood. There are three mechanisms through which regional actors can determine outcomes: (1) they ...


Normalization Policies With Cuba: Implications For Political And Economic Reform, Ramona N. Khan 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Normalization Policies With Cuba: Implications For Political And Economic Reform, Ramona N. Khan

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

For longer than the past half century, the relationship between the United States and Cuba has been one of antagonism, mistrust, betrayal, hostility and defiance. Decades of mutual hostility arising from Cuba’s post revolution adoption of an economic system that emulated that of the Soviet Union, along with the long history of U.S. interference in Cuba’s domestic and international affairs that predated the Castro revolution and continued afterward, have resulted in this rancorous relationship. Cuba’s move to communism shortly after the Castro regime came to power was regarded as a threat to both democracy and capitalism ...


“God Is Near": American Theocracy And The Political Theology Of Joseph Smith, Alan P. Koenig 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

“God Is Near": American Theocracy And The Political Theology Of Joseph Smith, Alan P. Koenig

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Mormon prophet Joseph Smith established the quintessentially “American religion” according to religious critics like Harold Bloom, perhaps the last major religion to emerge in the Western world. Founded during the rise of Jacksonian Democracy, early Mormonism espoused many populist and egalitarian tenets, yet behind Smith’s theology of an ever more exalted path to individual godhood lay an extraordinary politics demanding a new, theocratic hierarchy. This dissertation will discuss how Smith’s apocalypticism and exceptional politics of continual revelation confronted a pluralistic Protestant society with the superseding aim of creating a uniquely American kingdom. As a political theorist, Smith ...


An Analysis Of The Organizational Structures Of New Types Of Children's Associations In Relation To Changing Views Of Children's Capacities As Citizens, Bijan Kimiagar 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

An Analysis Of The Organizational Structures Of New Types Of Children's Associations In Relation To Changing Views Of Children's Capacities As Citizens, Bijan Kimiagar

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The goal of this study is to learn how new types of children’s associations around the world are organizing themselves and how their organizational structures reflect contemporary understandings of children’s capacities as citizens. The purpose is to identify different types and qualities of participatory children’s associations and how each affords opportunities for children to exercise their right to freedom of association, develop capacities for self-governance in groups, and promote the principles of inclusion (non-discrimination) and equity (fairness). To this end, I document and analyze diagrams of organizational structures that members of different children’s associations created during ...


Intellectual Property Rights For New Seed Technologies: Balancing Farmers’ And Breeders’ Rights, Leigh Raymond, Mangala Subramaniam 2016 Purdue University

Intellectual Property Rights For New Seed Technologies: Balancing Farmers’ And Breeders’ Rights, Leigh Raymond, Mangala Subramaniam

Global Policy Research Institute (GPRI) Policy Briefs

Many cite improved seed technologies as vital to addressing the challenge of food insecurity, especially when faced with combined stresses of global climate change, population growth, and natural resource depletion (Anthony and Ferroni 2012; Lipton 2007). As improved seeds find their way into the developing world, policymakers are struggling to find the appropriate institutional mechanisms to regulate their creation and use. Arguments over intellectual property rights (IPR) are central to this debate. Some activists in the Global South are distrustful of any IPR regime that creates private ownership over seeds, whereas international financial institutions such as the World Trade Organization ...


Review Of The Gender And Social Impacts Of Improved Seed Technology In Developing Countries: Policy Implications, Leigh Raymond, Mangala Subramaniam 2016 Purdue University

Review Of The Gender And Social Impacts Of Improved Seed Technology In Developing Countries: Policy Implications, Leigh Raymond, Mangala Subramaniam

Global Policy Research Institute (GPRI) Policy Briefs

Experts have acknowledged the limits to growth that the processes of climate change, population expansion, and resource depletion will place on agricultural producers in the 21st century (FAO 2012). In response, scientists are employing biotechnology to create new improved seed varieties. However, developing improved seed technology (IST) involves complex and controversial issues that span across disciplines in the biological and social sciences (see Box 1). In this policy brief, we emphasize the need to better examine the gender and social impacts of advancements in seed technology. Based on a detailed review of the literature, we determine that despite recent ...


Gender Attitudes, Gendered Partisanship: Feminism And Support For Sarah Palin And Hillary Clinton Among Party Activists, Elizabeth Sharrow, Dara Z. Strolovitch, Michael T. Heaney, Seth E. Masket, Joanne M. Miller 2016 Princeton University

Gender Attitudes, Gendered Partisanship: Feminism And Support For Sarah Palin And Hillary Clinton Among Party Activists, Elizabeth Sharrow, Dara Z. Strolovitch, Michael T. Heaney, Seth E. Masket, Joanne M. Miller

Elizabeth Sharrow

Activists in the Democratic and Republican parties have distinct concerns about women’s place in American politics and society. These views lead them to evaluate female candidates through different ideological lenses that are conditioned, in part, on their divergent attitudes about gender.  We explore the implications of these diverging lenses through an examination of the 2008 candidacies of Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin, using data from an original survey of Democratic and Republican National Convention delegates.  We find that delegate sex did not affect their evaluations but that evaluations were influenced by the interaction of partisanship and attitudes about women ...


Book Review: From The Land Of Shadows: War, Revolution, And The Making Of The Cambodian Diaspora By Katharya Um (Nyu Press 2015), Yvonne Y. Kwan 2016 Dartmouth College

Book Review: From The Land Of Shadows: War, Revolution, And The Making Of The Cambodian Diaspora By Katharya Um (Nyu Press 2015), Yvonne Y. Kwan

Journal of Southeast Asian American Education and Advancement

Book reviewed by Yvonne Y. Kwan: From the land of shadows by Katharya Um


A Fractured Party, John M. Rudy 2016 Gettysburg College

A Fractured Party, John M. Rudy

Civil War Era Studies Faculty Publications

The Republican party was fractured and in tatters. Warring factions could barely decide the most important issues of the day, let along rally around a candidate. A decade of fractious politics within the party left no true power brokers. The former Republican president was less than enthusiastic about the tickets his party fielded. America was faced with deciding between two candidates plagued by scandal. And a man from Adams County was not above trying to stir up even more trouble. [excerpt]


Does Oppressed Religious Liberty Cause An Uprising In Terror Attacks?, Ansley N. Miller 2016 Kennesaw State University

Does Oppressed Religious Liberty Cause An Uprising In Terror Attacks?, Ansley N. Miller

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

The political community's research comes across as inconclusive in regard to the relationship between liberty and terrorism, given the differing opinions on what defines 'liberty' and 'terrorism.' Having stated that, this research tries to the idea of religious liberty in regards to overall terrorism. Most research up to 2016 has been done on terrorist data after 2001 until 2010 (in some cases 2012.) This research expands to the year 2014 to analyze the connection between religious oppression by country governments and their effect on the number of terror attacks in each country in the span of one year. My ...


Foreword, David Andrews 2016 Claremont Colleges

Foreword, David Andrews

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

No abstract provided.


'Trumpian' Attitudes In Central Europe: Causes For Hungary’S, Germany’S And Poland’S Attitudes Towards Transatlantic Trade, Alexis Cooper, Gabriel Davis 2016 Brigham Young University

'Trumpian' Attitudes In Central Europe: Causes For Hungary’S, Germany’S And Poland’S Attitudes Towards Transatlantic Trade, Alexis Cooper, Gabriel Davis

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

This paper explores the various causes for anti-trade sentiment and its relation to far-right populist politics among Germany, Hungary, and Poland as case studies.


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