Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Technology Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5392 Full-Text Articles 6385 Authors 986104 Downloads 110 Institutions

All Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Faceted Search

5392 full-text articles. Page 1 of 193.

Framing And Power In Public Deliberation With Climate Change: Critical Reflections On The Role Of Deliberative Practitioners, Gwendolyn Blue, Jacquie Dale 2016 University of Calgary

Framing And Power In Public Deliberation With Climate Change: Critical Reflections On The Role Of Deliberative Practitioners, Gwendolyn Blue, Jacquie Dale

Journal of Public Deliberation

Drawing on the experiences of a deliberative practitioner and critical social scientist involved in the planning, production and implementation of a deliberative initiative on climate change, this paper reflects on nuances of framing and power in practical settings. Decisions about framing, some of them more conscious than others, influence the process of opinion formation among participants as well as the outcomes of the deliberation. Framing enacts power through the selection of deliberative approaches, the viewpoints that are admitted into the procedure, the alternatives that are defined, as well as the solutions that are ultimately proposed. Grounded in reflexivity as a ...


The Rise Of China's Hacking Culture: Defining Chinese Hackers, William Howlett IV 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The Rise Of China's Hacking Culture: Defining Chinese Hackers, William Howlett Iv

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

China has been home to some of the most prominent hackers and hacker groups of the global community throughout the last decade. In the last ten years, countless attacks globally have been linked to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) or those operating within the PRC. This exploration attempts to investigate the story, ideology, institutions, actions, and motivations of the Chinese hackers collectively, as sub-groups, and as individuals. I will do this using sources ranging from basic news coverage, interviews with experts and industry veterans, secondary reportage, leaked documents from government and private sources, government white papers, legal codes ...


The Social Implications Of Wellness, Mary G. Fisher 2016 Butler University

The Social Implications Of Wellness, Mary G. Fisher

BU Well

This paper presents the existing health disparities between populations of varying socio-economic statuses in the US as part of a broader discussion of the modern wellness industry. The discussion highlights the threat modern wellness poses to the individual and society and the implications these threats have on the health and future of the US if the wellness industry is left unchecked.


Influence Of Personality On Emotional Contagion Through Social Media, Theodore T. Jensen 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Influence Of Personality On Emotional Contagion Through Social Media, Theodore T. Jensen

Honors Scholar Theses

The rapid growth of computers and computing technologies in the recent past has led to dramatic changes in modern social interactions. Connectivity through the internet and social networking sites is a massive part of people's lives, with younger generations learning to interact more and more through these means. It is necessary to recognize the emotional influence of these forms of communication- their influence on mental health will grow as they become a larger part of the social fabric. Facebook and other social media have been shown to be a form of emotional contagion; emotional states can be transferred from ...


Bryn Mawr Digital Competencies Framework, Gina Siesing, Jennifer Spohrer, Bryn Mawr College 2016 Bryn Mawr College

Bryn Mawr Digital Competencies Framework, Gina Siesing, Jennifer Spohrer, Bryn Mawr College

Blended Learning Research and Open Educational Resources

The digital competencies outlined here are the fruits of both top-down and bottom-up initiatives at Bryn Mawr College. The Board of Trustees' Digital Bryn Mawr Task Force Report has charged Library and Information Technology Services and the College generally with ensuring that students develop the digital competencies needed to succeed in and beyond college. In 2014, Bryn Mawr College received a three-year, $800,000 grant from the Mellon foundation to create curricular and co-curricular opportunities for students to develop these competencies. In working with faculty and students on projects supported by that grant, members of the Educational Technology Services team ...


Nuclear Waste Burial In Canada? The Political Controversy Over The Proposal To Construct A Deep Geologic Repository, Erika Simpson 2016 Western University

Nuclear Waste Burial In Canada? The Political Controversy Over The Proposal To Construct A Deep Geologic Repository, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

Canada’s newly minted federal minister of the environment, Catherine McKenna, decided on February 18, 2016 to delay the federal government’s decision on a proposal to construct a permanent repository for nuclear waste beneath the Bruce nuclear site, little more than a kilometre from Lake Huron. Officially called a ‘deep geologic repository’, or DGR, the facility is the brainchild of Ontario Power Generation. While it would not store fuel rods from nuclear plants, it would take in all other types of low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes including concrete, equipment and protective gear from the continued operation and planned refurbishment ...


The Growth Of The Broadband Internet Access Market In California: Deployment, Competition, Adoption, And Challenges For Policy, James E. Prieger 2016 Pepperdine University

The Growth Of The Broadband Internet Access Market In California: Deployment, Competition, Adoption, And Challenges For Policy, James E. Prieger

School of Public Policy Working Papers

This report examines the great progress made in availability and adoption in the broadband market over the past few decades and shows how Californian residents and businesses have come to use broadband widely. The policy issues involved with continuing the tremendous strides already made are discussed, along with recommendations for policy-makers.

The report begins by documenting the rapid growth of Internet usage in the U.S. and California. There is a review of the current state of competition in voice and broadband markets, discussing the decline of traditional telephone service, which is rapidly approaching irrelevance, and the rise of wireless ...


Table Of Contents, 2016 Tuskegee University

Table Of Contents

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


The Complexity View On The Changes In Social And Economic Environment In 21st Century, Vasja Roblek, Zlatka Štok, Maja Meško 2016 University of Primorska

The Complexity View On The Changes In Social And Economic Environment In 21st Century, Vasja Roblek, Zlatka Štok, Maja Meško

Vasja Roblek

The paper tries to clarify the economic and political situation in the first half of the 21 century and their need to foster the socially conscious business environment. The society is faced with a dilemma of how to provide social and economic development and to reduce environmental damage, caused by the constant human desire for economic growth. It will be necessary to realize that capitalism is faced with the question of how to proceed at low or even zero growth? In a zero or even negative growth pushed the economic system as we have seen the cost of future high ...


Human Automation Systems In Spaceflight: The What, When And How Of Measurement, Chelsea Iwig, James M. Oglesby, Kevin L. Leyva, Misa Shimono, Kimberly Stowers, Eduardo Salas 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Human Automation Systems In Spaceflight: The What, When And How Of Measurement, Chelsea Iwig, James M. Oglesby, Kevin L. Leyva, Misa Shimono, Kimberly Stowers, Eduardo Salas

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

No abstract provided.


Federal Minister Delays Decision On Nuclear Waste Depository, Erika Simpson 2016 Western University

Federal Minister Delays Decision On Nuclear Waste Depository, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

The federal minister of the environment, Catherine McKenna, has dealt a setback to the proposal put forward by government-owned Ontario Power Generation (OPG), for the underground storage of nuclear waste. The proposed Deep Geologic Repository (DGR) would be located in Kincardine, Ontario, approximately 1.2 kilometres away from the shore of Lake Huron, and constructed underneath the world's largest operating nuclear power plant.


Science System Path-Dependencies And Their Influences: Nanotechnology Research In Russia, Maria Karaulova, Abdullah Gok, Oliver Shackleton, Philip Shapira 2016 University of Manchester; Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa

Science System Path-Dependencies And Their Influences: Nanotechnology Research In Russia, Maria Karaulova, Abdullah Gok, Oliver Shackleton, Philip Shapira

Philip Shapira

In this paper, we study the influence of path dependencies on the development of an emerging technology in a transitional economy. Our focus is the development of nanotechnology in Russia in the period between 1990 and 2012. By examining outputs, publication paths and collaboration patterns, we identify a series of factors that help to explain Russia’s limited success in leveraging its ambitious national nanotechnology initiative. The analysis highlights four path-dependent tendencies of Russian nanotechnology research: publication pathways and the gatekeeping role of the Russian Academy of Sciences; increasing geographical and institutional centralisation of nanotechnology research; limited institutional diffusion; and ...


Bias Against Novelty In Science: A Cautionary Tale For Users Of Bibliometric Indicators, 2016 Selected Works

Bias Against Novelty In Science: A Cautionary Tale For Users Of Bibliometric Indicators

Jian Wang

Research exploring unchartered waters has a high potential for major impact but a higher uncertainty of having impact.  Such explorative research is often described as taking a novel approach.  This study examines the complex relationship between novelty and impact.  Viewing research as a combinatorial process, we measure novelty in science by examining whether a paper makes first time ever combinations of referenced journals, taking into account the difficulty of making such combinations.  Using all Web of Science research articles published in 2001, we find that highly-novel papers that make more (distant) new combinations deliver high gains to science:  they ...


Mitigating The Negative Effects Of Stress In Space Flight: A Transactional Approach, Haydee Cuevas 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Mitigating The Negative Effects Of Stress In Space Flight: A Transactional Approach, Haydee Cuevas

Haydee M. Cuevas

The primary goal of this theoretical paper is to highlight how a transactional approach to investigating stressor effects during space flight can lead to a greater understanding of the complex processes by which humans adapt psychologically and physically to the adverse conditions encountered in this extreme environment.Transactional approaches conceptualize stress as occurring in the nature of the "transaction" (Le., interaction) between the individual and the stimulus environment, emphasizing the role of cognitive appraisal (Le., perceived ability to cope with the situation). Interventions that positively influence this cognitive appraisal process may, therefore, lessen the experience of stress and optimize human ...


Using Computer Games To Motivate At-Risk Students To Studious Learners, Dawn M. White 2016 Family Impact Restoration Ministries

Using Computer Games To Motivate At-Risk Students To Studious Learners, Dawn M. White

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

Motivation is the key factor in the academic success of students. Tapping into students’ interests keeps them engaged in learning. One major interest in all students is computer games. Learn about the numerous and free education games available on the Internet and how to use them to transform at–risk students into studious learners. Target Audience: elementary, middle and high school teachers, school counselors, & parents


Remembering Me: Big Data, Individual Identity, And The Psychological Necessity Of Forgetting, Jacquelyn A. Burkell 2016 Faculty of Information and Media Studies, Western University

Remembering Me: Big Data, Individual Identity, And The Psychological Necessity Of Forgetting, Jacquelyn A. Burkell

Library and Information Science Publications

Each of us has a personal narrative: a story that defines us, and one that we tell about ourselves to our inner and outer worlds. A strong sense of identity is rooted in a personal narrative that has coherence and correspondence (Conway, 2005): coherence in the sense that the story we tell is consistent with and supportive of our current version of ‘self’; and correspondence in the sense that the story reflects the contents of autobiographical memory and the meaning of our experiences. These goals are achieved by a reciprocal interaction of autobiographical memory and the self, in which memories ...


Bayesian Hierarchical Statistical Sirs Models, Lili Zhuang, Noel Cressie 2016 Ohio State University

Bayesian Hierarchical Statistical Sirs Models, Lili Zhuang, Noel Cressie

Professor Noel Cressie

The classic susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) model, has been used extensively to study the dynamical evolution of an infectious disease in a large population. The SIR-susceptible (SIRS) model is an extension of the SIR model to allow modeling imperfect immunity (those who have recovered might become susceptible again). SIR(S) models assume observed counts are "mass balanced." Here, mass balance means that total count equals the sum of counts of the individual components of the model. However, since the observed counts have errors, we propose a model that assigns the mass balance to the hidden process of a (Bayesian) hierarchical SIRS (HSIRS ...


Tightening The Ooda Loop: Police Militarization, Race, And Algorithmic Surveillance, Jeffrey L. Vagle 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Tightening The Ooda Loop: Police Militarization, Race, And Algorithmic Surveillance, Jeffrey L. Vagle

Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines the role military automated surveillance and intelligence systems and techniques have supported a self-reinforcing racial bias when used by civilian police departments to enhance predictive policing programs. I will focus on two facets of this problem. First, my research will take an inside-out perspective, studying the role played by advanced military technologies and methods within civilian police departments, and how they have enabled a new focus on deterrence and crime prevention by creating a system of structural surveillance where decision support relies increasingly upon algorithms and automated data analysis tools, and which automates de facto penalization and ...


Terahertz Spectroscopy Of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Over A Wide Temperature Range (7−245 K), Lucia Lepodise, Josip Horvat, Roger Lewis 2016 University of Wollongong

Terahertz Spectroscopy Of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Over A Wide Temperature Range (7−245 K), Lucia Lepodise, Josip Horvat, Roger Lewis

Josip Horvat

Previous THz spectroscopy of the TNT explosive precursor, 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), has been restricted to room temperature (apart from one set of data at 11 K). Here, for the first time, we investigate the spectrum as the temperature is systematically varied, from 7 to 245 K. Many new features appear in the spectrum on cooling below room temperature. As well as the five absorption lines observed previously, we observe five additional lines. In addition, a new room-temperature line at 8.52 THz (281 cm−1) is observed. Six of the lines red-shift with temperature and four of them blue-shift. The ...


Thz Absorption Bands In Sr14cu24o41 By Synchrotron Radiation, Evan Constable, Guochu Deng, Joseph Horvat, R Lewis 2016 University of Wollongong

Thz Absorption Bands In Sr14cu24o41 By Synchrotron Radiation, Evan Constable, Guochu Deng, Joseph Horvat, R Lewis

Josip Horvat

We use unpolarized synchrotron radiation to probe the temperature dependent transmittance of single crystal Sr14Cu24O41 in the spectral range 15-110 cm-1 (0.45-3.3 THz). At high temperature we identify a conductivity band, which we assign to hole hopping between neighboring chains. At low temperatures we identify 14 resonance bands, 11 of which are previously unreported. Analysis of the absorption band spectral weight indicates mode coupling accompanying a transition in the vicinity of 100-200 K.


Digital Commons powered by bepress