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Patterns Of Indigenous Learning: An Ethnographic Study On How Kindergartners Learn In Mana, Fiji, Jeffrey Chih-Yih Lee, Paul Sparks 2015 Brandman University

Patterns Of Indigenous Learning: An Ethnographic Study On How Kindergartners Learn In Mana, Fiji, Jeffrey Chih-Yih Lee, Paul Sparks

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Technology has greatly impacted educational systems around the world, even in the most geographically isolated places. This study utilizes an ethnographic approach to examine the patterns of learning in a kindergarten in Mana, Fiji. Data comprised of interviews, observations and examination of related artifacts. The results provide baseline data for a larger study examining the evolution of learning patterns after iPads were introduced to the Mana school. Data were examined through two frameworks: Multiple Intelligence and 21st Century Skills during the baseline study; the same two frameworks will be utilized in the next round of data analysis. A comparative ...


Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas 2015 Ursinus College

Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas

Politics Summer Fellows

Contemporary mainstream discussions of the Supreme Court are often qualified with the warning that the nine justices are out of touch with everyday American life, especially when it comes to the newest and most popular technologies. For instance, during oral argument for City of Ontario v. Quon, a 2010 case that dealt with sexting on government-issued devices, Chief Justice John Roberts famously asked what the difference was “between email and a pager,” and Justice Antonin Scalia wondered if the “spicy little conversations” held via text message could be printed and distributed. While these comments have garnered a great deal of ...


Research Collaboration Experiences, Good And Bad: Dispatches From The Front Lines, Barry Bozeman, Monica Gaughan, Jan Youtie, Catherine P. Slade, Heather Rimes 2015 Arizona State University

Research Collaboration Experiences, Good And Bad: Dispatches From The Front Lines, Barry Bozeman, Monica Gaughan, Jan Youtie, Catherine P. Slade, Heather Rimes

Jan Youtie

The scant literature on individual scientists collaboration dynamics is used to develop a provisional model of research collaboration effectiveness. It incorporates external, collaborator, and team management factors, forming the basis for our theoretically informed qualitative analysis. We use this provisional model to guide semi-structured interview themes, deriving data from 60 US academic researchers, selected from a range of scientific and engineering disciplines as well as one social sciences discipline (economics). We present our findings in the form of respondent quotations related to the provisional model. We then conduct a further content analysis on the organizing constructs of respondent-assessed good and ...


Domain Specific Document Retrieval Framework For Real-Time Social Health Data, Swapnil Soni 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

Domain Specific Document Retrieval Framework For Real-Time Social Health Data, Swapnil Soni

Kno.e.sis Publications

With the advent of the web search and microblogging, the percentage of Online Health Information Seekers (OHIS) using these online services to share and seek health real-time information has in- creased exponentially. OHIS use web search engines or microblogging search services to seek out latest, relevant as well as reliable health in- formation. When OHIS turn to microblogging search services to search real-time content, trends and breaking news, etc. the search results are not promising. Two major challenges exist in the current microblogging search engines are keyword based techniques and results do not contain real-time information. To address these challenges ...


Evaluating A Potential Commercial Tool For Healthcare Application For People With Dementia, Tanvi Banerjee, Pramod Anantharam, William L. Romine, Larry Wayne Lawhorne 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

Evaluating A Potential Commercial Tool For Healthcare Application For People With Dementia, Tanvi Banerjee, Pramod Anantharam, William L. Romine, Larry Wayne Lawhorne

Kno.e.sis Publications

The widespread use of smartphones and sensors has made physiology, environment, and public health notifications amenable to continuous monitoring. Personalized digital health and patient empowerment can become a reality only if the complex multisensory and multimodal data is processed within the patient context, converting relevant medical knowledge into actionable information for better and timely decisions. We apply these principles in the healthcare domain of dementia. Specifically, in this study we validate one of our sensor platforms to ascertain whether it will be suitable for detecting physiological changes that may help us detect changes in people with dementia. This study shows ...


The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll 2015 Seattle Pacific University

The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll

Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Marc Prensky, who popularized the term “digital natives” more than ten years ago, now emphasizes the need for “digital wisdom”: using digital technologies wisely to become wiser. Recent research reveals that so-called digital natives are often “digital naïves”—familiarity with digital technologies does not translate into facility with them. Incoming college students report declining confidence in their computer skills and report very modest improvements by the time they graduate. Employers report deficiencies in the technological skills of college graduates and, perhaps most troubling, studies of youth and young adults show that ethical and moral reasoning does not extend much beyond ...


The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll 2015 Seattle Pacific University

The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll

SPU Works

Marc Prensky, who popularized the term “digital natives” more than ten years ago, now emphasizes the need for “digital wisdom”: using digital technologies wisely to become wiser. Recent research reveals that so-called digital natives are often “digital naïves”—familiarity with digital technologies does not translate into facility with them. Incoming college students report declining confidence in their computer skills and report very modest improvements by the time they graduate. Employers report deficiencies in the technological skills of college graduates and, perhaps most troubling, studies of youth and young adults show that ethical and moral reasoning does not extend much beyond ...


Not Just A Tool. Taking Context Into Account In The Development Of A Mobile App For Rural Water Supply In Tanzania, Robert Hoppe, Anne Wesselink, Rob Lemmens 2015 University of Twente

Not Just A Tool. Taking Context Into Account In The Development Of A Mobile App For Rural Water Supply In Tanzania, Robert Hoppe, Anne Wesselink, Rob Lemmens

Robert Hoppe

The 'eGovernance' hype around the potential of mobile phone and geoweb technologies for enhancing 'good governance' is soaring. In East Africa, the extensive use of mobile telephony adds to the imagined promises of ICT. We reflect on the assumptions made by the proponents of such tools, using our own action research project as an example. We took great care to consider context in the development of software for enhancing empowerment and accountability in rural water supply in Tanzania. However, we found that the rural water supply context in Tanzania is much more complex than the contexts for which successful mApps ...


"Time For Dabs": Analyzing Twitter Data On Butane Hash Oil Use, Raminta Daniulaityte, Robert G. Carlson, Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Edward W. Boyer, Silvia S. Martins, Ramzi W. Nahhas, Amit P. Sheth 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

"Time For Dabs": Analyzing Twitter Data On Butane Hash Oil Use, Raminta Daniulaityte, Robert G. Carlson, Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Edward W. Boyer, Silvia S. Martins, Ramzi W. Nahhas, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Entity Recommendations Using Hierarchical Knowledge Bases, Siva Kumar Cheekula, Pavan Kapanipathi, Derek Doran, Prateek Jain, Amit P. Sheth 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

Entity Recommendations Using Hierarchical Knowledge Bases, Siva Kumar Cheekula, Pavan Kapanipathi, Derek Doran, Prateek Jain, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Recent developments in recommendation algorithms have focused on integrating Linked Open Data to augment traditional algorithms with background knowledge. These developments recognize that the integration of Linked Open Data may or better performance, particularly in cold start cases. In this paper, we explore if and how a specific type of Linked Open Data, namely hierarchical knowledge, may be utilized for recommendation systems. We propose a content-based recommendation approaches that adapts a spreading activation algorithm over the DBpedia category structure to identify entities of interest to the user. Evaluation of the algorithm over the Movielens dataset demonstrates that our method yields ...


Analyzing The Social Media Footprint Of Street Gangs, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Derek Doran, Amit P. Sheth, Jack Dustin 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

Analyzing The Social Media Footprint Of Street Gangs, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Derek Doran, Amit P. Sheth, Jack Dustin

Kno.e.sis Publications

Gangs utilize social media as a way to maintain threatening virtual presences, to communicate about their activities, and to intimidate others. Such usage has gained the attention of many justice service agencies that wish to create better crime prevention and judicial services. However, these agencies use analysis methods that are labor intensive and only lead to basic, qualitative data interpretations. This paper presents the architecture of a modern platform to discover the structure, function, and operation of gangs through the lens of social media. Preliminary analysis of social media posts shared in the greater Chicago, IL region demonstrate the platform ...


Design, Programming, And User-Experience, Kaila G. Manca 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Design, Programming, And User-Experience, Kaila G. Manca

Honors Scholar Theses

This thesis is a culmination of my individualized major in Human-Computer Interaction. As such, it showcases my knowledge of design, computer engineering, user-experience research, and puts into practice my background in psychology, com- munications, and neuroscience.

I provided full-service design and development for a web application to be used by the Digital Media and Design Department and their students.This process involved several iterations of user-experience research, testing, concepting, branding and strategy, ideation, and design. It lead to two products.

The first product is full-scale development and optimization of the web appli- cation.The web application adheres to best practices ...


Big Data And Smart Cities, Amit P. Sheth 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

Big Data And Smart Cities, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Creativity In Scientific Teams: Unpacking Novelty And Impact, You-Na Lee, John P. Walsh, Jian Wang 2015 Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus

Creativity In Scientific Teams: Unpacking Novelty And Impact, You-Na Lee, John P. Walsh, Jian Wang

Jian Wang

The increasing dominance of team science highlights the importance of understanding the effects of team composition on the creativity of research results. In this paper, we analyze the effect of team size, and field and task variety on creativity. Furthermore, we unpack two facets of creativity in science: novelty and impact. We find that increasing team size has an inverted-U shaped relation with novelty. We also find that the size–novelty relationship is largely due to the relation between size and team field or task variety, consistent with the information processing perspective. On the other hand, team size has a ...


Talking To Ourselves: Internal Communication Strategies For Reference Services, John Gottfried, Laura DeLancey, Amanda Hardin 2015 Western Kentucky University

Talking To Ourselves: Internal Communication Strategies For Reference Services, John Gottfried, Laura Delancey, Amanda Hardin

DLTS Faculty Publications

At many academic libraries, spiral notebooks and three ring binders have given way to blogs and wikis as a means of facilitating communication at the reference desk. Western Kentucky University Libraries opted instead to create a custom internal website to log reference transactions, highlight current issues, and manage scheduling changes. This solution incorporated numerous platforms and technologies, including LibGuides, Facebook, and Google Calendar. It avoided some of the pitfalls described in the literature, such as relying too heavily on user-generated content, and has been successful largely because it is embedded in the reference workspace and contains features that librarians will ...


Introduction: Cyber And The Changing Face Of War, Claire Oakes Finkelstein, Kevin H. Govern 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Introduction: Cyber And The Changing Face Of War, Claire Oakes Finkelstein, Kevin H. Govern

Faculty Scholarship

Cyberweapons and cyberwarfare are one of the most dangerous innovations of recent years, and a significant threat to national security. Cyberweapons can imperil economic, political, and military systems by a single act, or by multifaceted orders of effect, with wide-ranging potential consequences. Cyberwarfare occupies an ambiguous status in the conventions of the laws of war. This book addresses Ethical and legal issues surrounding cyberwarfare by considering whether the Laws of Armed Conflict apply to cyberspace and the ethical position of cyberwarfare against the background of our generally recognized moral traditions in armed conflict. The book explores these moral and legal ...


Documentation Of Caddo Ceramic Vessels In The Texas Parks And Wildlife Department Holdings From Goliad State Park, Timothy K. Perttula, Robert Z. Selden Jr. 2015 Archeological & Environmental Consultants, LLC

Documentation Of Caddo Ceramic Vessels In The Texas Parks And Wildlife Department Holdings From Goliad State Park, Timothy K. Perttula, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR Research Reports

On February 6, 2015, three Caddo vessels from an unknown site or sites were documented at the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department’s Archeology Laboratory, where the standard suite of metadata was collected, accompanied by photographs and 3D models of each vessel. While the donor of these vessels remains unknown, stylistic and technological attributes can be used to posit the potential region of origin.

There are three 3D models included in this report of NAGPRA documentation. To manipulate, measure, and otherwise quantify variability in the models, this document must be downloaded, then opened in either Adobe Acrobat or Adobe Reader ...


Introducing Crhr Research Reports, Robert Z. Selden Jr. 2015 Center for Regional Heritage Research, Stephen F. Austin State University

Introducing Crhr Research Reports, Robert Z. Selden Jr.

CRHR Research Reports

Intruduction to CRHR Research Reports.


Smart Data - How You And I Will Exploit Big Data For Personalized Digital Health And Many Other Activities, Amit P. Sheth 2015 Wright State University - Main Campus

Smart Data - How You And I Will Exploit Big Data For Personalized Digital Health And Many Other Activities, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


What Is An Emerging Technology?, Daniele Rotolo, Diana Hicks, Ben Martin 2015 Sussex University

What Is An Emerging Technology?, Daniele Rotolo, Diana Hicks, Ben Martin

Diana Hicks

Despite the growing interest around the emergence of novel technologies, especially from the policy-making perspective, there is still no consensus on what classifies a technology as ’emergent’. The present paper aims to fill this gap by developing a definition of ’emerging technologies’ and a framework for their detection and analysis. The definition is developed by combining a basic understanding of the term and in particular the concept of ’emergence’ with a review of key innovation studies dealing with definitional issues of technological emergence. The resulting definition identifies five attributes that feature in the emergence of novel technologies. These are: (i ...


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