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Recent Articles in Communication
The Role Of Acculturation On Bosnian Refugee Adult Child Mate Selection, Emina Herovic University of Kentucky
The Role Of Acculturation On Bosnian Refugee Adult Child Mate Selection, Emina Herovic
Theses and Dissertations--Communication
Forced by the atrocities of war from their native country, Bosnian families came to United States seeking refuge and a new life. Immigrating to a new country, however, involves the process of acculturation which can dilute many native practices. Like many refugees that immigrated, Bosnians sought to adapt to the American way of life, while keeping their traditional ethnic customs, practices, and religion (Val & Iain-Walker, 2003). Many Bosnian refugee parents worked to keep the Bosnian practices prevalent in their first and second generation Bosnian American children. By doing so, Bosnian parents imbedded into their children the original customs, practices, and ...
An Exploratory Ethnography Of The Gendered Communicative Behaviors Of Bouncers, Nathan M. Swords Western Michigan University
An Exploratory Ethnography Of The Gendered Communicative Behaviors Of Bouncers, Nathan M. Swords
The Hilltop Review
This research study focuses on combining my interests in interpersonal communication and organizational communication, and work experience as club security. Specifically, the research explores the communicative behaviors of club security (i.e., bouncers) in two different situational contexts, specifically those based on population and demographic composition. The communicative behaviors of bouncers were explored in two specific contexts in the Midwest: (1) a college town with mid-size city population, and (2) an urban center of one of the largest cities in the U.S. Utilizing an ethnographic methodological approach – as a participant-observer– as the primary data source, a commitment of 32 ...
Constructing Texts In Fringe Science: Challenges In Propaedeutics, David M. Berube University of Iowa
Constructing Texts In Fringe Science: Challenges In Propaedeutics, David M. Berube
This brief article examines the scholarship of propaedeutics, which is involved when teasing meaning from cutting-edge scientific and technological fields that are often in flux. Because these fields are plagued with uncertainty, mired in shifting jargon, highly controversial, and often politicized, the scholar who studies these areas must build texts in order to approach the claims and counterclaims made by proponents and opponents and offer rhetorical critical insight. The term fringe science is used to describe three sub-fields that have been the subject of work by the author and his team. Nanotechnology, synthetic biology, and geo-engineering are three highly interdisciplinary ...
Emerging Directions In Science, Publics, And Controversy, James Wynn, Lynda Walsh University of Iowa
Emerging Directions In Science, Publics, And Controversy, James Wynn, Lynda Walsh
This essay discusses the major themes that emerged as part of an Octavian roundtable discussion on the topics of science, publics and controversy at the Association of Rhetoric of Science and Technologies’ (ARST) 2012 Vicentennial preconference. Participants expressed interest in developing research exploring the differing scales and types of scientific controversies and the roles that rhetoricians might play as interveners in public disagreements on techno-scientific issues. Participants also explored the emerging phenomenon—such as the role of the internet in facilitating interaction between lay publics, science, and scientists—that they believed would provide fertile sites of investigation for scholars in ...
Projecting Possible Lines Of Sight For Rsstm, Lawrence J. Prelli, Celeste Condit University of Iowa
Projecting Possible Lines Of Sight For Rsstm, Lawrence J. Prelli, Celeste Condit
Scholarship concerning visual representations in science, technology, and medicine is in a preliminary phase. This essay surveys selected areas where visually-oriented rhetorical studies of science, technology and medicine are emerging. It examines the relationships between visual and verbal dimensions of scientific, technical, and medical texts; raises questions concerning the appropriateness of using concepts from the linguistic tradition to analyze visuals; and outlines fruitful areas for further study, ranging from studies of the truth-value of images through public communication about visualizations.
The Rhetoric Of Technology As A Rhetorical Technology, John A. Lynch, William J. Kinsella University of Iowa
The Rhetoric Of Technology As A Rhetorical Technology, John A. Lynch, William J. Kinsella
Defining the “rhetoric of technology” encounters the challenges scholars have identified when defining both “rhetoric” and “technology,” and it raises issues about how to demarcate the rhetoric of technology from media studies and other cognate fields. One distinguishing feature of both rhetoric and technology is the focus on invention. Giving priority to invention highlights the liminal positionality of a rhetoric of technology, which lies betwixt and between science and commerce, and novelty and familiarity. Considering invention further encourages interdisciplinary reflexivity about the decisions made in technological development and dissemination.
Genres In Scientific And Technical Rhetoric, Carolyn R. Miller, Jeanne Fahnestock University of Iowa
Genres In Scientific And Technical Rhetoric, Carolyn R. Miller, Jeanne Fahnestock
The idea of genre marks large-scale repeated patterns in human symbolic production and interaction, patterns that are taken to be meaningful. Genre thus can be defined by reference to pattern, or form, and by reference to theories of meaning and interaction. This report on a discussion of scientific and technical genres at the 2012 Vicentennial meeting of the Association for the Rhetoric of Science & Technology (ARST) briefly considers the differences and difficulties with different ways of defining genres and their relevance to science and technology, explorations of the ways genres change or evolve, and pedagogical applications of genre analysis in ...
Horizon Myths, Lynda Walsh University of Iowa
Horizon Myths, Lynda Walsh
In this short response to the papers in the “Horizons of Possibility” group, I first identify a dialectic between calls to disciplinarity and calls to engagement. Then, instead of offering a transcendent synthesis, I point to two recent narratives suggesting that stakeholders in scientific debates are starting to seek out rhetoricians as resources.
Audiences, Brains, Sustainable Planets, And Communication Technologies: Four Horizons For The Rhetoric Of Science And Technology, Carolyn R. Miller University of Iowa
Audiences, Brains, Sustainable Planets, And Communication Technologies: Four Horizons For The Rhetoric Of Science And Technology, Carolyn R. Miller
This response to papers by Leah Ceccarelli, Randy Harris, and Carl Herndl and Lauren Cutlip in the “Horizons of Possibility” panel at the 2012 ARST Vicentennial conference raises questions about each of the visions as they relate, respectively, to ARST audiences, brain science, and sustainable planets and programs. It also suggests renewed attention to communication technologies by scholars studying the rhetoric of science and technology, maintaining that rhetoricians need to come to terms with emerging twenty-first century communicative forms.
Promoting The Discipline: Rhetorical Studies Of Science, Technology, And Medicine, Jeanne Fahnestock University of Iowa
Promoting The Discipline: Rhetorical Studies Of Science, Technology, And Medicine, Jeanne Fahnestock
Condit, Prelli, and Depew and Lyne offer useful taxonomies of scholarship in the rhetoric of science, technology and medicine (RSTM), and once again provoke questions about the distinctiveness of a rhetorical approach. Rhetorical studies examine the choices rhetors make at all levels of invention (e.g., lines of argument, arrangement, terminology, visuals). But rhetoricians have not been clear in defining the distinctive contribution of their approach, and scholars in related fields do not routinely access or acknowledge rhetorical studies. There are also impediments to framing rhetorical studies for scientists and practitioners: the term rhetoric still has negative connotations in science ...
The Productivity Of Scientific Rhetoric, David J. Depew, John Lyne University of Iowa
The Productivity Of Scientific Rhetoric, David J. Depew, John Lyne
We argue that the rhetoric of science occupies an important niche in contemporary science studies. Although we are pluralistic about how different rhetoricians of science can and do conduct their inquiries, we assert that their disciplinarily distinctive approach is to treat argumentation as a constituent of context. From this perspective, we observe various interacting forms of rationality at work in the controversies that constitute science in society. We argue that modes of discovery and modes of proof are mutually engaged in the process of rhetorical invention. We identify a variety of topics or commonplaces that show invention as we conceive ...
State Of The Art Twenty Years On: Reflections, John A. Campbell University of Iowa
State Of The Art Twenty Years On: Reflections, John A. Campbell
This paper discusses three position papers presented at the vicentennial conference of the Association for the Rhetoric of Science and Technology (ARST) concerning the disciplinary prospects of rhetoric of science and technology as a field. It identifies common themes among the three papers, including a theoretical focus on rhetorical invention, the prospects for viable responses to institutional changes and pressures in the academy, and the possibilities for interdisciplinary and public engagement by rhetoricians of science. It also identifies points of departure among the three papers, including their respective foci on globalization, the place of style in invention, and the interaction ...
Mind The Gaps": Hidden Purposes And Missing Internationalism In Scholarship On The Rhetoric Of Science And Technology In Public Discourse, Celeste M. Condit University of Iowa
The Prospect Of Invention In Rhetorical Studies Of Science, Technology, And Medicine, Lawrence J. Prelli University of Iowa
The Prospect Of Invention In Rhetorical Studies Of Science, Technology, And Medicine, Lawrence J. Prelli
This paper recommends three general lines of inquiry concerning rhetorical invention as alternative ways to advance work in rhetorical studies of science, technology, and medicine. One line of inquiry involves the study of the creative processes and imaginative practices involved in the invention of perspectives in discourses of and about science, technology, and medicine. This line of inquiry is elaborated with attention to the master tropes, dramatism, argument, and visual representations. The second general line of inquiry involves identification, analysis, and critique of the commonplaces that are deployed as authoritative in discourses about purportedly “expert” matters. The third line of ...
Conspectus: Inventing Futures For The Rhetoric Of Science, Technology, And Medicine, Lisa Keranen University of Iowa
Conspectus: Inventing Futures For The Rhetoric Of Science, Technology, And Medicine, Lisa Keranen
This introduction to the Association for the Rhetoric of Science & Technology’s (ARST) twentieth anniversary special issue of Poroi reflects on the inventional resources for scholarship concerning the rhetoric of science, technology, and medicine (RSTM). After previewing the essays in the special issue, it outlines four questions facing RSTM scholars. These questions concern how to discern the purposes of our scholarship, how to reach the multiple audiences for our work, how to use multiple methods while retaining our rhetorical core, and how to orient our work theoretically. The essay concludes by briefly discussing how these questions present both challenges and ...
Global Advertising Strategies: Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai And South Korea, Pamela K. Morris Loyola University Chicago
Global Advertising Strategies: Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai And South Korea, Pamela K. Morris
Pamela K. Morris
This research examines global advertising strategies and tactics in four Asian cultures: Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai and South Korea. A content analysis of outdoor advertisements, one of the last mass media platforms with visuals for all to see, but as an ephemeral communication, little studied, are sampled from high-density, high traffic areas of each cultures. A literature review of global branding and advertising theory, including local and standardization strategies, will provide a foundation for investigation. Review compares differences and similarities in advertising tactics, including model selection, product category and product origin. The study is unique as it compares advertising messages ...
Teaching Multimedia Commercial Production For Advertising And Public Relations, Pamela Morris Loyola University Chicago
Teaching Multimedia Commercial Production For Advertising And Public Relations, Pamela Morris
School of Communication: Faculty Publications and Other Works
With the growth of online advertising and social media, it is increasingly necessary that advertising and public relations integrate video messages into campaign efforts. The academy needs to keep up by offering video production classes that focus on multimedia broadcast strategy and production unique to advertising and public relations. This article provides a description of an experimental course, Multimedia Commercial Production for Advertising and Public Relations, taught jointly by an advertising professor with significant agency experience and an active award-winning filmmaker at a private Midwestern university. Literature review of experiential learning and hands-on instruction of television production education provides the ...
Cheaper By The Dozen: Communication In Large Families, Hayley R. Hutchins University of Rhode Island
Cheaper By The Dozen: Communication In Large Families, Hayley R. Hutchins
Senior Honors Projects
Little research has been devoted to the examination of communicative patterns and behaviors within traditional large nuclear families. In fact, large families themselves have become quite rare in industrialized western society. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, total fertility rate in the United States is at 1.93, and the US Census Bureau reports that the average number of children in a family is less than two. Though the rarity of large families has made them difficult to study, large families are by no means extinct as a demographic.
The research herein seeks to expand current understanding ...
Participation Framework And Footing Shifts In An Interpreted Academic Meeting, Annie R. Marks University of North Florida
Participation Framework And Footing Shifts In An Interpreted Academic Meeting, Annie R. Marks
Journal of Interpretation
Students training to become sign language interpreters are often faced with the challenge of negotiating boundaries with the deaf and hearing consumers with whom they interact. Many interpreter-training programs have traditionally taught students that it is most appropriate to maintain “neutrality” in our interactions and in our interpretations. (Metzger, 1999). The objective of this study is to add to limited amount of research that examines footings in interpreted interaction. Metzger (1999) performed one of the only studies of participation framework and footings in American Sign Language-English interpreted encounters. This study is a replication of her initial work and aims to ...
Deaf Voice And The Invention Of Community Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent University of North Florida
Deaf Voice And The Invention Of Community Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent
Journal of Interpretation
This article poses the existence of a relational model of interpreting that is already rooted in culturally Deaf ways of using evolved interpreters for intercultural communication. Deaf criticism of professional interpreters directs attention to the history of simultaneous interpretation and its origins at the Nuremberg trials. The birth of professional spoken language simultaneous interpretation occurred as a result of new technology used in a new situation. In that setting, the role space of the interpreter was created and confined within a language regime based on unquestioned and therefore non-negotiable values.
The Deaf voice has been raised in protest against some ...
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Abercrombie & Fitch: The Altering Of Cultural Norms, Emily Pahler
Social Media, Political Change, And Human Rights, Sarah Joseph
The Impact Of New Social Media On Intercultural Adaptation, Rebecca Sawyer
Positive Media: An Introductory Exploration, Meghan Keener
The Cnn Effect: Mass Media And Humanitarian Aid, Jared Bredeson
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