The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, 2016 Marquette University
The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner
Ulrich L. Lehner
No abstract provided.
The Trouble With Truth-Telling: Preliminary Reflections On Truth And Justice In Post-War Liberia, 2015 Metropolitan State University
The Trouble With Truth-Telling: Preliminary Reflections On Truth And Justice In Post-War Liberia, Gabriel Twose Ph.D., Caitlin O. Mahoney Ph.D.
Peace and Conflict Studies
This study investigates perceptions of the Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), particularly focusing on understandings of, and the links between, truth, justice, and reconciliation. Forty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted at three research sites in Liberia. Findings indicate that although most Liberians agreed with the TRC in principle, most of those who followed its proceedings saw major problems in its implementation, harming perceptions of reconciliation. Participants expressed concerns that the Commission had failed to discover the full truth of wartime abuses, that the truth that was discovered was not told in the right way, and that there had been problems ...
Road To Recovery: Recidivism And The Mclean County Drug Court, 2015 Illinois State University
Road To Recovery: Recidivism And The Mclean County Drug Court, Julia Neaves
Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development
This study explores the effectiveness of the McLean County Drug Court at reducing time to recidivism using survival analysis techniques. Data on 146 drug court participants was collected using the county’s proprietary case management systems. Findings suggest that length of drug court programming significantly reduces time to recidivism. Unfortunately, black offenders and offenders with prior criminal history were found to return to the prison system more rapidly than other groups, suggesting that drug court programming may not be addressing the greater systemic issues present in the criminal justice system. These findings collectively inform policy recommendations provided to county administrators ...
Professor Frank Breitinger's Full Bibliography, 2015 University of New Haven
Professor Frank Breitinger's Full Bibliography, Frank Breitinger
Electrical & Computer Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Visualizing Abolition: Two Graphic Novels And A Critical Approach To Mass Incarceration For The Composition Classroom, 2015 Washington State University Vancouver
Visualizing Abolition: Two Graphic Novels And A Critical Approach To Mass Incarceration For The Composition Classroom, Michael Sutcliffe
SANE journal: Sequential Art Narrative in Education
This article outlines two graphic novels and an accompanying activity designed to unpack complicated intersections between racism, poverty, and (d)evolving criminal-legal policy. Over 2 million adults are held in U.S. prison facilities, and several million more are under custodial supervision, and it has become clearly unsustainable. In the last decade, there has been a shift in media conversations about criminality, yet only a few suggest decreasing our reliance upon incarceration. In meaningfully different ways, the two novels trace the development of incarceration from its roots in slavery to its contemporary anti-democratic iteration and offer an underpublicized alternative.
Trans Rights Will Not Protect Us: The Limits Of Equal Rights Discourse, Antidiscrimination Laws, And Hate Crime Legislation, Evan Vipond
Western Journal of Legal Studies
This paper investigates how employing neoliberal discourses of equal rights, anti-discrimination laws, and hate crime legislation limits the advancement of equality and protection for trans persons under the law. The push for the legal recognition of trans persons, through the addition of "gender identity" and "gender expression" to anti-discrimination and hate crime laws relies on neoliberal discourses of biological determinism and medicalization. This approach ultimately pathologizes trans persons and precludes their self-determination. As the trans community continues to gain rights in Canada and the United States, a backlash of anti-trans “bathroom bills” threaten to restrict trans persons from sex-segregated spaces ...
Human Rights And Prison Rape, 2015 Fordham University
Human Rights And Prison Rape, Lenny Gallo
21st Century Social Justice
Prison Rape is a common occurrence in America’s penal institutions. Sexual assault occurs most frequently on juveniles, the LGBT community, and people who are weak in stature. To combat this problem, The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), passed in 2003 with bipartisan support and the backing of special interest groups, was envisioned as a human rights milestone. Prison rape is assumed by an apathetic public to be an expected part of the incarceration experience. PREA, in addition to encountering major time setbacks in implementation, has not become a human rights milestone and, even where it has been implemented, is ...
Police Shootings: A New Problem Or Business As Usual?, 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
Police Shootings: A New Problem Or Business As Usual?, Philip M. Stinson
Criminal Justice Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
A Descriptive Analysis Of A Problem-Based Learning Police Academy, 2015 Washington State University
A Descriptive Analysis Of A Problem-Based Learning Police Academy, David A. Makin
Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning
In the 1970s, Egon Bitner offered a critique of police academy training, signified by the ability to train compliant soldierbureaucrats rather than competent practitioners. Over the years, subsequent training models have been implemented, evaluated, and modified in an attempt to exceed what has been deemed adequate training. This research provides the first of several outcome evaluations as part of a longitudinal study on the efficacy of problem-based learning in a Basic Law Enforcement Academy (BLEA). Data for this research include survey results for the period of 2009–2012. Early results suggest the problematic nature of the dualistic dilemma within police ...
A Descriptive Analysis Of The Appropriate Use Of Cognitive Bias Terminology In Forensic Science Literature, Courtney A. Winters, Evelyn M. Buday, Trevor I. Stamper
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Cognitive bias occurs without a person’s awareness and can affect decision-making abilities. In forensic science, bias can be especially detrimental to making accurate decisions about the evidence in a criminal investigation. There are many academic studies in identifying, describing, and suggesting ways to mitigate cognitive biases in forensic science. Many authors will give a known cognitive science concept a new name or create their own bias. This is a problem in the literature because nobody knows for sure how many published studies are referring to or testing the same phenomena since authors are using different definitions or terminology to ...
The Effects Of Gender, Race, And Age On Judicial Sentencing Decisions, 2015 East Tennessee State University
The Effects Of Gender, Race, And Age On Judicial Sentencing Decisions, April Miller
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Previous research has found significant effects of gender, race, and age on sentencing decisions made by state and local court judges (e.g. Johnson, 2003; Mustard, 2001; Steffensmeier, Ulmer, & Kramer, 1998). The current study used criminal district court data from two counties in western North Carolina to further research of the effects of the aforementioned variables on sentencing. Using knowledge acquired from past studies, the hypotheses for the current study asserted that younger offenders, male offenders, and nonwhite offenders would be more likely to be found guilty of their offense and receive fines than their respective offender counterparts. The results of the binary regression analysis models did not support many of the proposed hypotheses; however, significant relationships unsupervised probation, supervised probation, and active time were found with defendants who used privately retained counsel. Implications are discussed, as well as limitations and research recommendations for the future.
Families, General Strain, Social Control And Adolescent Pain Killer Use, 2015 Grand Valley State University
Families, General Strain, Social Control And Adolescent Pain Killer Use, Melinda S. Furtaw
This study determines whether family structure or transitions alone influence adolescent use of pain killers, as previous studies in delinquency and substance use would suggest, or if there are potentially mediating factors. The theories of general strain and social control are drawn upon to create mediating variables of abuse and failing grade (general strain) as well as attachment and school suspension (social control). The study will use data from the National Survey of Adolescents (1995).
Binary logistic regression was used to estimate if family structure leads to increased odds of being abused, having a failing grade, and being suspended from ...
Development Of A Comprehensive Massively Parallel Sequencing Panel Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism And Short Tandem Repeat Markers For Human Identification, 2015 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth
Development Of A Comprehensive Massively Parallel Sequencing Panel Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism And Short Tandem Repeat Markers For Human Identification, David H. Warshauer
Theses and Dissertations
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies allow for the detection of an unparalleled amount of genetic information with unprecedented speed and relative ease. These qualities make the technology desirable for generating DNA profiles that may be uploaded into forensic offender, arrestee, and family reference database files. This doctoral dissertation research was conducted under the hypothesis that MPS, with its exquisitely high throughput, can provide a system whereby reference samples can be typed for a large battery of markers, providing more discrimination power for forensic DNA typing and offering increased opportunities to develop investigative leads. The design and implementation of large marker ...
Decriminalizing Mental Illness: The Need For Treatment Over Incarceration Before Prisons Become The New Asylums For The Mentally Ill, Rebecca L. Brown
Psychology Summer Fellows
Currently, US prisons are home to 10 times more mentally ill individuals than state psychiatric hospitals. Instead of treating those with mental illness, an extremely vulnerable population is being thrown behind bars. Mental illness is often exacerbated during incarceration, leaving inmates much sicker than when they entered. Moreover, upon discharge mentally ill inmates have virtually no support, making recidivism almost inevitable. This lack of treatment has devastating consequences for the mentally ill as well as the community at large. Removing the mentally ill from jails and prisons would reduce recidivism, increase public safety and save money.
The current research explores ...
The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", 2015 Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Letters Dhar El Mehraz
The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", Hamza Tayebi
The wave of Arab Spring that started in Tunisia and Egypt arrived to Morocco in 2011 paving the way to unprecedented organized mass-protests all over the country. Among the demands raised by the 20 February Movement protesters was the demand for free and independent media outlets, especially the press. King Mohammed VI, the Commander of the Faithful and the highest authority in Morocco, promised in a televised speech on March 9th to introduce "radical" and "genuine" constitutional reforms that would democratize the country. In fact, King Mohammed VI has so far succeeded in calming down and co-opting the demonstrations, but ...
Lost In A Legal Thicket, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Lost In A Legal Thicket, Paul H. Robinson
This op-ed piece argues that criminal law recodification is badly needed in the states and the federal system, but that prosecutors stand out as the group who appear to regularly oppose it.
Empirical Assessment Of Lifestyle-Routine Activity And Social Learning Theory On Cybercrime Offending, 2015 Bridgewater State University
Empirical Assessment Of Lifestyle-Routine Activity And Social Learning Theory On Cybercrime Offending, Elizabeth Phillips
Master’s Theses and Projects
The Internet and its overwhelming possibilities and applications have changed the way individuals carry out many routine activities such as going to work or school, or socializing. Social networking sites such as Facebook are ideal settings for interacting with others, and unfortunately, are also ideal settings for committing cybercrimes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the occurrence of online offending against individuals, specifically harassment, stalking, impersonation, and sexting. Self-report surveys collected from a sample of 274 college students were examined using a negative binomial statistical analysis to determine possible relationships between risky online and offline lifestyles as well ...
Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting The Theory Of The Adversarial Mother, 2015 Duquesne University School of Law
Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting The Theory Of The Adversarial Mother, Rona Kaufman Kitchen
Rona Kaufman Kitchen
In its zealous effort to protect the lives and health of unborn children, the law frequently views the expecting mother with suspicion. In its most extreme form, the law regards the potential mother as a potential murderess. This perspective does not reflect the nature of pregnancy, it undermines the autonomy of loving mothers, and it is detrimental to children. Regardless of whether there is any conflict between mother and fetus, the State presumes the mother to be a threat to her fetus and subjugates her rights as a result. The State interferes with the mother’s autonomy, bodily integrity, parental ...
Police Integrity Lost: Police Crime In The United States, 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
Police Integrity Lost: Police Crime In The United States, Philip M. Stinson
Criminal Justice Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Pushing For New Perspectives: Policy Model Of Criminalized Prostitution And Its Effect On Victims Of Sex Trafficking, 2015 University of Washington - Tacoma Campus
Pushing For New Perspectives: Policy Model Of Criminalized Prostitution And Its Effect On Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Melanie C. Basil
Global Honors Theses
Sex trafficking has become one of the world’s fastest growing crimes, affecting nearly every single country on our globe, and is inevitably linked to prostitution. Although prostitution has been criminalized in the United States for decades, recent literature has shown that this type of prostitution has little effect on aiding the overall sweeping and devastating effects of sex trafficking on its victim’s. The current research therefore uses interviews from experts and individuals with experience in prostitution and sex trafficking to understand—from the eyes of those with actual experience—the realistic role that criminalized prostitution plays in the ...