The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, 2016 Marquette University
The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner
Ulrich L. Lehner
No abstract provided.
Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting The Theory Of The Adversarial Mother, 2015 Duquesne University School of Law
Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting The Theory Of The Adversarial Mother, Rona Kaufman Kitchen
Rona Kaufman Kitchen
In its zealous effort to protect the lives and health of unborn children, the law frequently views the expecting mother with suspicion. In its most extreme form, the law regards the potential mother as a potential murderess. This perspective does not reflect the nature of pregnancy, it undermines the autonomy of loving mothers, and it is detrimental to children. Regardless of whether there is any conflict between mother and fetus, the State presumes the mother to be a threat to her fetus and subjugates her rights as a result. The State interferes with the mother’s autonomy, bodily integrity, parental ...
Corrections Reform In Kosovo: A Qualitative Study Of Canadian Corrections Advisers' Experiences In A Post-Conflict Environment, Danielle Murdoch
This case study of corrections reform in Kosovo contributes to the growing academic literature on corrections reform during peacebuilding missions in post-conflict environments. Fourteen Canadian corrections advisers who were deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2006 were interviewed about the dynamics and challenges they experienced abroad. Interview transcripts were coded and analysed using NVivo10. Five key themes emerged from the data: the importance of understanding the local context; the prevalence of corruption; the lack of attention and resources devoted to corrections reform in post-conflict Kosovo; the challenges of providing safe and secure confinement for prisoners detained in facilities staffed by ...
Institutionalized Racism And The Death Penalty, 2015 Chapman University
Institutionalized Racism And The Death Penalty, Ashleigh Ellis
Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters
Overtime, support for capital punishment has evolved. Compared to previous decades, support has changed amongst different variables such as: age, race, gender, and political perspective; therefore, today, these variables have changed the amount of support for it. For example, as of today, 6 states have repealed the death penalty with New Jersey being the first in 2007 to do so in 40 years. As memories of Jim Crow and the Civil Rights era have faded due to generational replacement, American society today still has this racial gap, however it is due to this racial resentment or symbolic resentment that the ...
Forensic Examination Of Alcohol Intoxication, 2015 American Public University System
Forensic Examination Of Alcohol Intoxication, Krystyna Necki
School of Security and Global Studies
Forensic examination of poisoning allows investigative authorities to resolve the issue of the presence (or absence) of conditions and circumstances which occurred in a crime. Its results are important for public health, contributing to improve the diagnosis, treatment, and development of preventive measures of various intoxications in the home, in medical practice, in drug addicts and others. In this paper, using the science of forensic toxicology presents insight into forensic examination of alcohol intoxication and poisoning substance.
Assessing Victim Blame: Intersections Of Rape Victim Race, Gender, And Ethnicity, 2015 East Tennessee State University
Assessing Victim Blame: Intersections Of Rape Victim Race, Gender, And Ethnicity, Kirsten A. Piatak
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The current study sought to assess the impact of the race, gender, and ethnicity of rape victims on college students’ propensity to assign culpability to victims. Using a sample of college students (n=279) from a mid-sized Southeastern university, respondents were given a set of six different vignettes, varying only by victim characteristics. These vignettes featured alcohol-facilitated sexual assault between acquaintances, a common occurrence in college environments. Respondents were asked to evaluate the culpability of the victim through a blameworthiness scale. Through the incorporation of the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, this study also measured the respondents’ propensity to assign ...
Hostage Negotiations In Lieu Of Armed Assault, 2015 Dominican University of California
Hostage Negotiations In Lieu Of Armed Assault, William A. Merkle
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
The failed attempt to rescue hostages during the 1972 Olympics in Munich Germany led to the unnecessary and terrible loss of lives of both hostages and captors. Ever since then, great efforts have been undertaken by law enforcement professionals and researchers to develop clear protocols to help insure the safety of all involved parties. Negotiations, one tactic among several, represents a non-violent alternative to armed assault that can be used to obtain the safe release of hostages and the capture of unharmed hostage takers. Drawing on my forty year career experience in California Corrections, this paper argues for the power ...
Measuring The Level Of University Student Knowledge On The U.S. Drug Policy And Harms Associated With Illicit Drug Use: A Replication Study, 2015 East Tennessee State University
Measuring The Level Of University Student Knowledge On The U.S. Drug Policy And Harms Associated With Illicit Drug Use: A Replication Study, Ashley E. Williams
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The purpose of this thesis project is to measure the level of knowledge that university students have regarding state and national illicit drug classifications in the United States and associated penalties with these classifications, as well as the harms resulting from consuming illicit drugs. This particular study, which is to be conducted as a replication study to Higson’s campus-based study on the UK drug policy, focuses on a different campus population in regards to the U.S. drug policy. Replication studies such as these are beneficial to previous studies because such additional research will not only strengthen the findings ...
The Effectiveness Of An Evidenced-Based Decision Making Program In Criminal Justice Systems, 2015 George Fox University
The Effectiveness Of An Evidenced-Based Decision Making Program In Criminal Justice Systems, Tashina Lorraine Keith
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Abstract The National Institute of Corrections selected the Yamhill County Department of Corrections to implement a new evidenced-based decision making program within their criminal justice system. As part of the new program, every individual who was arrested and placed on probation went through a case analysis assessment and had their treatment programs approved by a judge prior to sentencing. In this study 20 randomly selected individuals who received their treatment programming prior to sentencing were matched to 20 randomly selected individuals who received treatment programs post-sentencing. The hypothesis of this study was that those probationers in the pre-sentencing group who ...
Predicting Solitary Confinement, 2015 George Fox University
Predicting Solitary Confinement, Bryce Young Roby
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Abstract The rates of incarceration in the United States have steadily increased at an average rate of 3.4% per year since 1995, requiring the majority of federal and state institutions to function at or above capacity (Haun, 2007). This influx of adults entering correctional systems has placed increased pressure on prison officials to efficiently and effectively monitor inmate behavior as maintaining the safety and security of the correctional institution is most often the highest priority of correctional administrators (Cullen, Latessa, Burton, & Lombardo, 1993). One security measure commonly implemented to manage inmate violence and disturbances is solitary confinement. This study ...
Diagnosis Of Cyber And Nonphysical Bullying Victimization: A Routine Activities Approach To Constructing Effective Preventive Measures, 2015 Bridgewater State University
Diagnosis Of Cyber And Nonphysical Bullying Victimization: A Routine Activities Approach To Constructing Effective Preventive Measures, Kevin J. Earl
Master’s Theses and Projects
Youths can experience bullying victimization through many sources. Technology and social networking sites have provided another source in which youths can experience bullying victimization, commonly called "cyber-bullying" (Hinduja and Patchin, 2009). The purpose of this study is to apply Routine Activities Theory (Cohen and Felson, 1979) as a main theoretical framework to examine cyber and nonphysical bullying victimization. Nonphysical bullying victimization refers to having been made fun of, called names, having had rumors spread, been threatened, pushed/shoved/tripped, etc., forced to do unwanted things, excluded, or having had property destroyed. Data were derived from the 2013 school crime supplement ...
Police Response To Children Present At Domestic Violence Incidents, 2015 Boise State University
Police Response To Children Present At Domestic Violence Incidents, Danielle Darlene Swerin
Boise State University Theses and Dissertations
Police response to domestic violence incidents has continued to change and expand in the past several decades. Although domestic violence was originally considered a private matter not warranting police intervention, it now represents one of the most common calls for service received by police agencies. While police intervention in domestic violence incidents has improved substantially, response to children present remains an undeveloped area of research and practice. The present study examined 345 police reports from an agency in the Northwest in order to explore police response to domestic violence incidents and specifically their response to children. Similar to results from ...
New Start From Old Beginnings?, 2015 Cedarville University
New Start From Old Beginnings?, Michaela Ruhlmann
History Capstone Research Papers
This paper examines the extent of which START I and New START achieved effective balance of power between the United States and Russia. It addresses the purpose, agreements and the impact of START I and New Start on the effectiveness in accomplishing global balance of power. This paper argues that while the original START I accomplished a global balance of power by equalizing reduction of nuclear arsenals in both countries, but that New START did not accomplish a long-term global balance of power. To best demonstrate this, “New START from Old Beginnings?” covers START I’s historical context, examine its ...
Resurrecting The "Dead" Second Amendment: How The Libertarian Legal Movement Has Shaped Gun Control Litigation, Anthony M. Sierzega
Politics Honors Papers
For nearly two centuries following its adoption, the Second Amendment was largely ignored and even referred to as a “dead amendment.” Virtually all legal scholarship considered the right protected by the amendment to be a collective right written into the Constitution to protect local militias from a powerful federal standing army. However, beginning in the late 1970s a surge of libertarian scholarship began to emerge promoting the Second Amendment as a safeguard for an individual right to bear arms without any connection to military service. Promoted by the National Rifle Association and libertarian theorists, the individual-right theory began to gain ...
Secrecy In Ohio Environmental Law, 2015 Lake Forest College
Secrecy In Ohio Environmental Law, Alexandra Beer '15
Ohio audit privilege and immunity laws authorize private industry to withhold environmental compliance information from the public. By authorizing secrecy of environmental information, Ohio audit privilege and immunity laws come at a great cost to the public. This study examines how these laws serve to undermine federal citizen right to know guarantees, avenues in place for citizen participation and enforcement of environmental law. The purpose of this research is to shed light on how Ohio audit privilege fundamentally conflicts with principles of environmental law. This study also highlights how the secrecy authorized by Ohio audit privilege challenges our conception of ...
Diving For Cover: The Economics Of The Modern Subduction Of American Peripatetic (Romani, Traveller, Ref) Repair Services Providers Into The Underground Economy, Michael L. Chohaney
Department of Geography and Planning
Merchants have continually exploited the economic concept of uninformed demand and information asymmetry to maximize earnings, meaning selling lower quality goods and services at higher-than-market prices because the product is perceived by uninformed customers as of higher-than-actual quality. Peripatetic peoples, ethnically-recruited, kin-based spatially-mobile service providers, (a.k.a. "service nomads") also take advantage of this market failure by soliciting households, businesses, and individuals to purchase discount services, which are frequently of lower quality than advertised and that of sedentary providers. These underground service nomads create and exploit uninformed demand markets through a combination of costsaving methods, a wide range of ...
6th Amendment: Indigent Right To Counsel, 2015 Georgia State University
6th Amendment: Indigent Right To Counsel, Melissa Knott
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.
Beyond Prison: Student Research On The Effects Of Mass Incarceration, 2015 La Salle University
Beyond Prison: Student Research On The Effects Of Mass Incarceration, Nicole Costa, Bria Higgs, Kanysha Phillips
Prison Nation Series
No abstract provided.
Sex Registries And Juvenile Offenders: An Examination Of College Student Perception, 2015 Kennesaw State University
Sex Registries And Juvenile Offenders: An Examination Of College Student Perception, Ebony D. Bryant
Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects
Juvenile sex offenders are included in sex offender registration laws based on the assumption that they pose a high risk for future reoffending. Without doubt sex offender laws are quite controversial. Given the recent support in applying sex offender registry laws to juveniles, laws originally designed to protect children of these same ages, this study addresses the following: 1. How do the disciplines of psychology and criminal justice impact student perception of juvenile sex offender registration? 2. How do major of study, race, and gender impact student perception of juvenile sex offender registration? 3. To what extent do social science ...
Differences In Expert Witness Knowledge: Do Mock Jurors Notice And Does It Matter?, 2015 Taylor Hardin Secure Medical Facility, Tuscaloosa, AL
Differences In Expert Witness Knowledge: Do Mock Jurors Notice And Does It Matter?, Caroline T. Parrott, Tess M. S. Neal, Jennifer K. Wilson, Stanley L. Brodsky
Publications of Affiliated Faculty: Nebraska Public Policy Center
The knowledge of experts presumably affects their credibility and the degree to which the trier of fact agrees with them. However, specific effects of demonstrated knowledge are largely unknown. In this experiment, we manipulated a forensic expert’s level of knowledge in a mock-trial paradigm. We tested the influence of low versus high expert knowledge on mock juror perceptions of expert credibility, on agreement with the expert, and on sentencing. We also tested expert gender as a potential moderator. Knowledge effects were statistically significant; however, these differences carried little practical utility in predicting mock jurors’ ultimate decisions. Contrary to the ...