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The Effect Of Cognitive Load On Liars And Truth Tellers: Exploring The Moderating Impact Of Working Memory Capacity, Sarah Jordan 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of Cognitive Load On Liars And Truth Tellers: Exploring The Moderating Impact Of Working Memory Capacity, Sarah Jordan

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

Two studies are presented. The purpose of the first study is to examine the moderating impact of working memory capacity (WMC) on the cognitive load produced by both the type of statement a person is making and the manner in which the person is interviewed in a mock crime scenario. The moderating impact of suspects’ WMC (measured using the automated operation span task) on this process was also assessed. Suspects were instructed to tell the truth, a relatively easy lie, or a more difficult lie. Suspects were then interviewed in a relatively easy manner, a moderately more difficult manner, or ...


Empowerment From Within: Supporting Palestinian Women’S Struggle Against Violence, Ortal Bensky 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Empowerment From Within: Supporting Palestinian Women’S Struggle Against Violence, Ortal Bensky

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

Recent reports by the United Nations and local non-governmental organizations present a troubling increase in incidents of violence against Palestinian women in Palestine. These are cases of domestic violence, where the attackers are Palestinians, and political violence, where the attackers are Israeli settlers and soldiers. These violent incidents include attacks on body and property. Most incidents are neither dealt with by the Palestinian authorities nor by the Israeli government and judicial system. There is not sufficient international pressure to enforce justice. The purpose of this study is to offer alternative ways to prevent violent crimes, enforce relevant laws, and provide ...


Locked In: Melancholia In The Modern American Prison Literature Of R. Dwayne Betts And Jarvis Jay Masters, Johnna Scrabis 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Locked In: Melancholia In The Modern American Prison Literature Of R. Dwayne Betts And Jarvis Jay Masters, Johnna Scrabis

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

This thesis explores the theme of melancholia in the writing of currently and formerly incarcerated African American men during the late 20th and early 21st century. Melancholia, with its rich history in literature from ancient times to the present, is discernable in the works of many people with prison experience. In their writing, melancholia is expressed primarily as a loss and as a disconnection with time, as well as an empowering creative force. The work of Jarvis Jay Masters and R. Dwayne Betts reflects the paradox of melancholia: just as it shows the depressive element of the condition ...


Online Dispute Resolution And Autism Spectrum Disorder: Levelling The Playing Field In Disputes Involving Autistic Parties, Roland Gérard Keepseeyuk Troke-Barriault 2016 University of Ottawa

Online Dispute Resolution And Autism Spectrum Disorder: Levelling The Playing Field In Disputes Involving Autistic Parties, Roland Gérard Keepseeyuk Troke-Barriault

Western Journal of Legal Studies

Often, the overall success of an Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) process hinges on the ability of a neutral third party to establish a level playing field supported by a sense of equal bargaining power between disputants. Most forms of ADR, including traditional approaches to mediation and arbitration, are characterized by in-person interactions, where disputants and third parties communicate through a combination of verbal and nonverbal cues. Though many believe that this form of interaction is crucial for effective communication, it may result in significant disadvantages for autistic parties who face difficulties properly discerning the intentions or meaning of these cues ...


Abalone.Pdf, Greg Warchol 2016 Northern Michigan University

Abalone.Pdf, Greg Warchol

Greg Warchol




The illicit trade in African wildlife has a lengthy history with devastating effect on select
species. While considerable research addresses the impact of the trade on rhinoceros
and elephant, the poaching of the reptiles, birds and marine life comprises a significantly
greater volume of wildlife yet receives somewhat less attention. To better
understand these aspects of the illegal trade, this study focuses on abalone, a
highly desired and protected shellfish found off the Western Cape of South
Africa and heavily targeted by poachers to meet demand in South Africa and
parts of East Asia. Relying on qualitative data from field ...


Copyrightx: Harvard University Law School, Sue A. Gardner 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Copyrightx: Harvard University Law School, Sue A. Gardner

Library Conference Presentations and Speeches

Slides of a talk about the 2014 iteration of the CopyrightX course administered by Professor William Fisher of Harvard University Law School.


Psychopathology And Crime Causation: Insanity Or Excuse?, Meagan Cline 2016 Liberty University

Psychopathology And Crime Causation: Insanity Or Excuse?, Meagan Cline

Fidei et Veritatis: The Liberty University Journal of Graduate Research

One of the most controversial topics in the criminal justice industry is the "insanity defense" and its applicability or validity in prosecuting criminal cases. The purpose of this assignment is to identify and discuss psychopathology and crime causation in terms of mental illness, research, and the insanity defense. For this evaluation, information was gathered from scholarly research, textbooks, dictionaries, and published literature. These sources were then carefully reviewed and applied to the evaluation in a concise, yet informative, manner. This assignment also addresses some of the key terms in psychopathology and crime causation, including various theories, definitions, and less commonly ...


Caribbean Treaty Against Sex Crimes And Human Trafficking , Working Draft, Jonathan m Bhagan 2016

Caribbean Treaty Against Sex Crimes And Human Trafficking , Working Draft, Jonathan M Bhagan

Jonathan m Bhagan

The purpose and scope of this treaty is as follows :
1.  To establish an organization that be responsible for furthering regional cooperation in the fight against sex crimes and human trafficking.

2.   To establish a regional sex offenders registry and mandate that signatories establish local sex offenders registries.

3.   To establish regional databases for persons charged with sex crimes and human trafficking so as facilitate regional cooperation in tracking potential sex offenders, and most importantly to provide data for research that will inform future policies and laws.

4.   To create a system of notification to track whenever an offender moves ...


The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner 2016 Marquette University

The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


Burnt Offerings: How The City Of Angels Engulfed Any And All Involved In The Rodney King Affair And Los Angeles Riots, Michael P. McNamara 2016 Salve Regina University

Burnt Offerings: How The City Of Angels Engulfed Any And All Involved In The Rodney King Affair And Los Angeles Riots, Michael P. Mcnamara

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

This thesis analyses the first modern case of police brutality and race relations - the beating of Rodney King and the 1992 Riots that followed. The roots of the gravity of this situation can be found in the the leadership of the city during that time. The thesis tells the story of the juxtaposition of the black, Democratic Mayor of Los Angeles (Tom Bradley) and the white, Republican Los Angeles Police Chief (Daryl Gates). Though both have a very mixed legacy, both men were highly effective in their respective fields and goals. It is their inability to work together and constant ...


No More Mind Games: Content Analysis Of In-Game Commentary Of The National Football League’S Concussion Problem, Jeffrey Parker 2016 Wilfrid Laurier University

No More Mind Games: Content Analysis Of In-Game Commentary Of The National Football League’S Concussion Problem, Jeffrey Parker

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

American (gridiron) football played at the professional level in the National Football League (NFL) is an inherently physical spectator sport, in which players frequently engage in significant contact to the head and upper body. Until recently, the long-term health consequences associated with on the field head trauma were not fully disclosed to players or the public, potentially misrepresenting the dangers involved in gameplay. Crucial to the dissemination of this information to the public are in-game televised commentators of NFL games, regarded as the primary conduits for mediating in-game narratives to the viewing audience. Using a social constructionist theoretical lens, this ...


Human Trafficking: The Health Of Men Forced Into Labor Trafficking In The United States, Christina Omole 2016 Walden University

Human Trafficking: The Health Of Men Forced Into Labor Trafficking In The United States, Christina Omole

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Human trafficking is a criminal act that occurs globally. It affects both women and men, but most studies have focused on female victims; few have explored trafficked men or their related health issues. Though there are many forms of trafficking, it is believed that most male victims are trafficked as forced labor. Using gender schema theory as a framework, this quantitative study examined archival data to identify the types of trafficking men are subjected to, their health ailments, and how these differ from the health ailments of trafficked women. Archival data from 124 individuals subjected to human trafficking in Florida ...


The Relationship Between Juvenile Sex Offender Registration And Depression In Adulthood, Sharon E. Denniston Tylenda 2016 Walden University

The Relationship Between Juvenile Sex Offender Registration And Depression In Adulthood, Sharon E. Denniston Tylenda

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Accounts of sexual abuse appear daily in the media. Rightfully, this issue demands attention. Juveniles may be victims; they may also be offenders who are subject to sex offender registration and notification (SORN) policies. Growing research finds that SORN policies fail to achieve intended public policy outcomes. Little is known, however, about the unintended consequences of SORN for juvenile offenders. This study contributed to a more comprehensive understanding of the effects of these policies on this population. Merton's concept of manifest and latent functions of â??purposive social actionâ?? and an alternate non-criminogenic form of Lemert's secondary deviance ...


Law Enforcement Leadership Training Strategies, Will O'Neill 2016 Walden University

Law Enforcement Leadership Training Strategies, Will O'Neill

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Senior law enforcement leaders are looking for leadership training strategies to develop future law enforcement leaders. The purpose of this single case study was to explore U.S. law enforcement leaders' training strategies to develop future leaders. The sample was comprised of 18 senior Northern Virginia executive law enforcement leaders who have leadership development strategies currently in use. The conceptual framework for this study was human capital theory. The data collection process included semistructured interviews, a review of training documentation, and direct observation related to leadership development. Based on methodological triangulation of the data sources and analysis of the data ...


Technology Distractions On Patrol: Giving Police Officers A Voice, Andrew David Dasher 2016 Walden University

Technology Distractions On Patrol: Giving Police Officers A Voice, Andrew David Dasher

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Distraction while using mobile technology devices such as a cell phone or tablet computer is a common occurrence within the civilian population of the United States. U.S. police officers are increasingly utilizing these types of devices within the patrol environment. However, little is known as to how distraction affects police officers while they interact with these devices in the course of their daily duties. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how officers process potential officer safety issues on patrol, while interacting with mobile technology, by questioning participants' perception of distraction. This was accomplished through a phenomenological ...


The Political Implications Of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws In The United States, Katharine G. Connaughton 2016 Claremont McKenna College

The Political Implications Of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws In The United States, Katharine G. Connaughton

CMC Senior Theses

This empirical study analyzes the political implications for presidential election outcomes that stem from varying felon disenfranchisement laws within the United States. In the past decade incarceration rates have drastically increased, consequently augmenting the disenfranchised population. This paper focuses on presidential election outcomes and state political party majorities in the election years 2000, 2004, 2008, and 2012. I use demographic characteristics to calibrate assumptions for voter turnout and political party choice among the disenfranchised populations within each state. I then apply these voting populations to historical election outcomes and find that three state political party outcomes change, as well as ...


Charging The Poor: Criminal Justice Debt & Modern-Day Debtors' Prisons, Neil L Sobol 2015

Charging The Poor: Criminal Justice Debt & Modern-Day Debtors' Prisons, Neil L Sobol

Neil L Sobol

Debtors’ prisons should no longer exist. While imprisonment for debt was common in colonial times in the United States, subsequent constitutional provisions, legislation, and court rulings all called for the abolition of incarcerating individuals to collect debt. Despite these prohibitions, individuals who are unable to pay debts are now regularly incarcerated, and the vast majority of them are indigent. In 2015, at least ten lawsuits were filed against municipalities for incarcerating individuals in modern-day debtors’ prisons.

Criminal justice debt is the primary source for this imprisonment. Criminal justice debt includes fines, restitution charges, court costs, and fees. Monetary charges exist ...


The Federal Circuit As An Institution, Ryan G. Vacca 2015

The Federal Circuit As An Institution, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit is a unique institution. Unlike other circuit courts, the Federal Circuit’s jurisdiction is bound by subject area rather than geography, and it was created to address a unique set of problems specific to patent law. These characteristics have affected its institutional development and made the court one of the most frequently studied appellate courts. This chapter examines this development and describes the evolving qualities that have helped the Federal Circuit distinguish itself, for better or worse, as an institution.

This chapter begins with an overview of the concerns existing before creation ...


Feminist Legal Theory: A Primer, Nancy Levit, Robert R.M. Verchick, Nancy Levit, Robert R.M. Verchick 2015 University of Missouri - Kansas City, School of Law

Feminist Legal Theory: A Primer, Nancy Levit, Robert R.M. Verchick, Nancy Levit, Robert R.M. Verchick

Robert R.M. Verchick

Feminist legal theory is one of the most dynamic fields in the law, and it affects issues ranging from child custody to sexual harassment. Since its initial publication in 2006, Feminist Legal Theory: A Primer has received rave reviews. Now, in the completely updated second edition of this outstanding primer, Nancy Levit and Robert R.M. Verchick introduce the diverse strands of feminist legal theory and discuss an array of substantive legal topics, pulling in recent court decisions, new laws, and important shifts in culture and technology. The book centers on feminist legal theories, including equal treatment theory, cultural feminism ...


Nochmals: Nationale Präventionsstrategie Gegen Gewaltbereiten Extremismus, Daniel H Heinke 2015

Nochmals: Nationale Präventionsstrategie Gegen Gewaltbereiten Extremismus, Daniel H Heinke

Daniel H Heinke

The case for a national CVE (countering violent extremism) strategy in Germany - revisited.


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