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Issues & Challenges For Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries In Inland Fisheries Sector Of India, A P. Sharma, Ganesh Chandra 2015 ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, (ICAR) Barrackpore, India

Issues & Challenges For Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries In Inland Fisheries Sector Of India, A P. Sharma, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

This paper was presented in the panel discussion on Implementing the FAO-SSF Guidelines: Is there need for governance reforms? (How to create an enabling socio-economic, legal and policy environment for small-scale fisheries). the present paper focuses on the small scale fishers in Inland fisheries sector in India and the fisheries governance system in various states of india.


Violence-Related Police Crime Arrests In The United States, 2005-2011, Philip M. Stinson, Steven L. Brewer Jr, Joelle K. Bridges 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Violence-Related Police Crime Arrests In The United States, 2005-2011, Philip M. Stinson, Steven L. Brewer Jr, Joelle K. Bridges

Philip M Stinson

This study is a quantitative content analysis of news reports and court records on 3,328 violence-related arrest cases of 2,586 individual sworn law enforcement officers during the years 2005-2011. The arrested officers were employed by 1,445 nonfederal state, local, special, constable, tribal, and regional law enforcement agencies located in 805 counties and independent cities in 49 states and the District of Columbia. Binary logistic regression and classification and regression tree (CART) analyses were conducted to predict criminal conviction in violence-related police crime arrest cases. Finding indicate that conviction of police officers on one or more offenses charged ...


Good, Bad Or Indifferent? What Do Philadelphians Think About Our 500,000+ Immigrant Neighbors?, Charles Gallagher PhD 2015 La Salle University

Good, Bad Or Indifferent? What Do Philadelphians Think About Our 500,000+ Immigrant Neighbors?, Charles Gallagher Phd

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


Identifying Criminals’ Risk Preferences, Murat C. Mungan, Jonathan Klick 2015 Florida State University

Identifying Criminals’ Risk Preferences, Murat C. Mungan, Jonathan Klick

Faculty Scholarship

There is a 250 year old presumption in the criminology and law enforcement literature that people are deterred more by increases in the certainty rather than increases in the severity of legal sanctions. We call this presumption the Certainty Aversion Presumption (CAP). Simple criminal decision making models suggest that criminals must be risk-seeking if they behave consistently with CAP. This implication leads to disturbing interpretations, such as criminals being categorically different than law abiding people, who often display risk-averse behavior while making financial decisions. Moreover, policy discussions that incorrectly rely on criminals’ risk attitudes implied by CAP are ill-informed, and ...


Rli 285: Research Library Issues: A Report From Arl, Cni, And Sparc 2015 -- Special Issue On Copyright, Prudence Adler, Brandon Butler, Jonathan Band, Krista Cox 2015 Association of Research Libraries

Rli 285: Research Library Issues: A Report From Arl, Cni, And Sparc 2015 -- Special Issue On Copyright, Prudence Adler, Brandon Butler, Jonathan Band, Krista Cox

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

In “Fair Use Rising: Full-Text Access and Repurposing in Recent Case Law,” Brandon Butler, practitioner-in-residence at the American University Washington College of Law, reviews six recent fair use decisions that cut across many socially important and beneficial purposes. He highlights the trend of courts finding in favor of allowing “the broad redistribution of unaltered, full-text documents for new purposes.” Butler explains how this trend presents new opportunities for research libraries to use and re-purpose the full text of copyrighted works in their collections.

Exploring the implications of one critically important case for research libraries, Jonathan Band, legal counsel to the ...


Family Support, Victimization And Recidivism, Caitlin Taylor PhD 2015 La Salle University

Family Support, Victimization And Recidivism, Caitlin Taylor Phd

La Salle University Relationship Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Table Annexed To Article: Machine-Readable Text Of The Federalist Essays, Peter J. Aschenbrenner 2015 Purdue University

Table Annexed To Article: Machine-Readable Text Of The Federalist Essays, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Our Constitutional Logic presents readers with its source files, that is, the text which it employed in scored word counts, frequencies and VerbumForte scores. The table annexed includes the machine-readable text of all eighty-five Federalist essays. Because many on-line versions are broken into segments which render searches (virtually) impractical.


"'The Law’S The Law, Right?' Sexual Minority Mothers Navigating Legal Inequities And Inconsistencies.”, Emily Kazyak 2015 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

"'The Law’S The Law, Right?' Sexual Minority Mothers Navigating Legal Inequities And Inconsistencies.”, Emily Kazyak

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

LGB parents face a number of legal inequities and confront a legal landscape that not only varies drastically by state but also quickly changes. Research has shown that some LGB parents and prospective parents have inaccurate knowledge about the laws relating to parenting. Drawing on data from 21 interviews, I ask how sexual minority mothers gain knowledge about the law. I found that people were very aware of the legal inequities they face and sought to become knowledgeable about the law before they had children. Sexual minority mothers reported using four primary methods to learn about the law: doing independent ...


21st Century Tattoo Identification And Information Sharing Thesis, Christina Smith 2015 Bridgewater State University

21st Century Tattoo Identification And Information Sharing Thesis, Christina Smith

Master’s Theses and Projects

Currently existing is minimal research on the concepts: tattoo identification procedures and information sharing challenges among law enforcement. This research contributes to the literature by examining: how Massachusetts police officers feel about tattoo identification, how they catalog tattoos, and the effectiveness of their technology to share information among departments about suspect’s tattoos. This research is unique because it evaluates whether or not tattoo identification procedures affect information sharing challenges.

Tattoos have a history dating back at least 5,000 years, in fact, an archeological find in the 1990s, was a mummy with 57 tattoos (Kent & Graber, 2012). Presently, tattoo popularity continues to grow. As a result, in the United States alone, an estimated total of 7 to 20 million people have tattoos (Palermo, 2011).

Sharing identifiable markings, for instance tattoos, is significant, because it provides police with supplementary identification information. In the 20th century, law enforcement expanded the scope of information sharing for a few reasons: the impact of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, advancements in technology, increased capabilities in suspects’ mobility, and suspects’ ability to commit cross jurisdictional crimes. (Meeker & Villa, 2000; Marks & Sun, 2007).

The ...


New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp 2015 DePaul University

New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp 2015 DePaul University

New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

School for New Learning Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Making Of A Libertarian, Contrarian, Nonobservant, But Self-Identified Jew, Randy E. Barnett 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

The Making Of A Libertarian, Contrarian, Nonobservant, But Self-Identified Jew, Randy E. Barnett

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Many academics are unaware that I am Jewish, no doubt due, in part, to my last name as well as to my politics, Yet growing up as a Jew in Polish-Catholic Calumet City, Illinois and as a kid from Calumet City attending Temple in Hammond, Indiana made me quite conscious of the tyranny of the majority. This environment, together with the influence of my father, had a deep affect on my views of liberty, justice, individual rights, and the U.S. Constitution. In this brief essay, prepared for a symposium on “Judaism and Constitutional Law: People of the Book,” held ...


The Assessment Of Capable Guardianship Measures Against Bullying: Victimization In The School Environment, Heather Correia 2015 Bridgewater State University

The Assessment Of Capable Guardianship Measures Against Bullying: Victimization In The School Environment, Heather Correia

Master’s Theses and Projects

It has been shown that increased security alone has not had a positive effect on the rate of bullying in schools. This study will empirically test the effectiveness of school resource officers as a variable of capable guardianship and its correlation with the rate and quality of bullying in schools. This research will determine if having capable guardianship, formal or informal, in the school system will have an effect on the deterrence of physical and nonphysical bullying in grade schools and high schools. This research suggests an increase in guardianship roles, will reduce the amount of bullying offenses in grade ...


Powerlessness Within A Budget-Driven Paradigm: A Grounded Theory Leadership Study From The Perspective Of Michigan Corrections Officers, Timothy Michael Eklin 2015 Antioch University - PhD Program in Leadership and Change

Powerlessness Within A Budget-Driven Paradigm: A Grounded Theory Leadership Study From The Perspective Of Michigan Corrections Officers, Timothy Michael Eklin

Dissertations & Theses

This study explored the lived-experiences of 15 correctional officers and 5 sergeants working in adult state-operated prison facilities in Michigan. In particular, this qualitative grounded theory study revealed the impact that budget driven decision-making had on the lives of correctional officers: its effect on institutional custody, security, and safety. The study finds that many recent policy changes resulted in a sense of powerlessness expressed by the participants of the study. Participants found themselves in a precarious position, situated in between the prison population and the administration. Having an understanding of how correctional officers make meaning of their work in relation ...


The Late-Modern American Jail: Epistemologies Of Space And Violence, Karen M. Morin 2015 Bucknell University

The Late-Modern American Jail: Epistemologies Of Space And Violence, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

One of the most troubling aspects of current trends in American mass incarceration is the extent to which ‘criminality’ is produced within prison walls, primarily in the form of inmate–inmate or inmate–staff assaults. Most methods of prison or jail control have the adverse, and perverse, effect of increasing inmates’ levels of fear, terror, and ultimately violence – with stabbings, beatings, and other types of assaults common occurrences. The design of podular ‘direct supervision’ jails and their accompanying philosophies of punishment aspire to change these conditions. Direct supervision features correctional officers inside each housing unit with no physical barriers impeding ...


Wildspace: The Cage, The Supermax, And The Zoo, Karen M. Morin 2015 Bucknell University

Wildspace: The Cage, The Supermax, And The Zoo, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

No abstract provided.


Migrant Smuggling, Anne T. Gallagher AO 2015 Independent

Migrant Smuggling, Anne T. Gallagher Ao

Anne T Gallagher

Migrant smuggling -the unauthorized movement of individuals across national borders for the financial or other benefit of the smuggler - has emerged as a major issue of concern for States and the international community. This chapter provides a detailed analysis of the specialist legal framework around this issue that developed within the framework of transnational criminal law. It then examines the broader rules that come into play in relation to several migrant smuggling issues of high contemporary significance: interception and rescue at sea (with specific reference to international maritime law) and protection and return of smuggled migrants (with specific reference to ...


Core 164, Christopher Henke 2015 Colgate University

Core 164, Christopher Henke

Faculty Syllabi

If a researcher makes a billion dollars selling cells from a person's spleen, does that person deserve a cut? Should a scientist be allowed to patent an oil-slick-eating microorganism? Who counts as an "expert witness?" According to the U.S. Supreme Court, the answers are "no," "yes," and "it depends"; and each of these decisions has brought the domains of science and law together in complex and often conflicting ways. This course explores the interaction of science and law in the context of 20th- and 21st-century U.S. society, drawing on a number of legal decisions and policy issues.


General Strain Theory As A Predictor Of Occupational Fraud, Timothy Bergsma 2015 Walden University

General Strain Theory As A Predictor Of Occupational Fraud, Timothy Bergsma

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The world economy loses an estimated $3.5 trillion annually due to fraud. A weakened economy leads to additional hardships for individuals, families, and organizations. General strain theory (GST) posits that certain strains lead to negative emotional responses, and the result is delinquent behavior. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between strain and occupational fraud through the theoretical framework of GST. The research questions addressed (a) occupational frauds as measured by strain levels of perpetrators, (b) the relationship between strain scores and the different occupational fraud types, and (c) the significance of the relationship between fraud ...


Surviving The Streets Of New York: Experiences Of Lgbtq, Ymsm, And Ywsw Youth Engaged In Survival Sex, Brendan M. Conner Esq., Urban Institute 2015 Streetwise and Safe

Surviving The Streets Of New York: Experiences Of Lgbtq, Ymsm, And Ywsw Youth Engaged In Survival Sex, Brendan M. Conner Esq., Urban Institute

Brendan M. Conner

In 2011, researchers from the Urban Institute launched a three-year study of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth; young men who have sex with men (YMSM); and young women who have sex with women (YWSW) engaged in survival sex in New York City. Working in partnership with the New York City–based organization Streetwise and Safe (SAS), researchers trained youth leaders to conduct in-depth interviews with a total of 283 youths who engaged in survival sex in New York City and identified themselves as LGBTQ, YMSM, or YWSW. During these interviews, youth were asked a wide ...


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