New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, 2015 DePaul University
New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp
Sara L Kimble
No abstract provided.
Bystanders And Bullying: A Reflective Examination Of College Students' Experiences, 2014 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Bystanders And Bullying: A Reflective Examination Of College Students' Experiences, Katherine Marie Larsen
This study examines the individual responses of bystanders to bullying based on situational and personal variables. Using self-report data collected on 935 university students, these variables were used to determine if there was a relationship between the variables and the decision to intervene in a bullying situation for a friend. The results suggested that race, sexual orientation, and direct forms of bullying (physical and cyber bullying) have a relationship between an individual’s choice to intervene in a bullying situation for a friend. The findings failed to support the hypothesis that personal factors such as gender, socio-economic status, and a ...
Human Trafficking In Latin America: Culture And Victimization, 2014 Northeastern University
Human Trafficking In Latin America: Culture And Victimization, Heidi Theresia Ewing
Criminal Justice Master's Theses
Human trafficking has recently garnered much publicity, often being considered the second or third most profitable black market trade after drugs and weapons. In this paper the role of Mexican and Brazilian cultures, primarily as they pertain to gender, race/ethnicity, and poverty, in Latin American trafficking victimization is examined. It determines that there is a great lack of research into Latin America, both in human trafficking and in anthropological studies, but suggests that there is a connection between how culture treats gender, race/ethnicity and poverty, the interplay of those factors, and the likelihood that a person will be ...
The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Of the men who return home from prison, nearly 7 out of 10 will be re-arrested and sent back within 3 years of their release (Travis, Solomon, & Waul, 2001). This trend has large- scale implications, not just for individuals, but for their families and communities as well. Clearly, understanding the factors that contribute to a man’s success or failure in staying out of prison is extremely important in constructing policy and programs to assist these at-risk individuals and communities. Of the few studies that have explored the lives of previously incarcerated men, some have found fatherhood to be a salient factor (Arditti, Smock, & Parkman, 2005). The current study investigated this particular relationship by looking at the father’s perceived quality of the father-child bond, and how that relationship is related to the fathers’ risk for re-offending. The study also investigated the contribution that social and individual factors play in facilitating the father-child bond, as well as the contribution that those factors may make in predicting recidivism risk; specifically, the father’s own experience of being parented, the quality of communication they have with their child’s mother, their perception of social support, and individual factors associated with motivation to change. The study found empirical evidence to suggest that a positive father-child bond may reduce recidivism risk for previously incarcerated men. In addition, the study found that the father-child relationship may be a more significant predictor of recidivism risk than individual ...
Translation Of Legal Texts Between Arabic And English: The Case Study Of Marriage Contracts, Mohammed H. Al Aqad
Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad
Over decades, there used to be a number of studies on Legal translation since it was one of the most challenging issues for translators and it still a critical and authoritative translation produced by legal bodies. Actually, translating legal texts might raise some problems in translation pertaining to the differences between the Source and Target Texts. Thus, it can result in a certain amount of ambiguity with respect to the legal texts, as it belongs to people‟s beliefs and cultures. This study investigates the quality of the translated message from Arabic into English. Hence, the focus is on the ...
Games Of Life And Death: The Judicial Uses Of Dice In Eighteenth And Nineteenth-Century Sweden, 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Games Of Life And Death: The Judicial Uses Of Dice In Eighteenth And Nineteenth-Century Sweden, Per Binde
UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal
Gambling studies should take a broad view of the field and consider activities that are not strictly gambling but similar to it, such as cleromancy and secular uses of drawing of lots, to give us perspective on societal and cultural aspects of gambling. This paper presents historical data on judicial uses of throwing dice in eighteenth and nineteenth-century Sweden. The focus is on cases of manslaughter with multiple perpetrators who were considered equally guilty and were forced by the criminal court to throw dice to determine who should be executed and who should receive lesser penalties. Three principles are distinguished ...
Chain Of Command: The Barriers Of Reporting Sexual Assault In The Military, 2014 Bridgewater State University
Chain Of Command: The Barriers Of Reporting Sexual Assault In The Military, Danielle Christenson
Honors Program Theses and Projects
Reported rates of sexual assault in the military have increased dramatically over the past 10 years (Groves, 2013). One reason for the pervasiveness of sexual assault is the reporting structure. Despite changes in the way sexual assault complaints are handled, there continue to be numerous sexual assault scandals (Childress, 2013). The purpose of this study is to examine how the military’s chain of command influences the reporting procedures, and how this may influence the military’s ability to prevent sexual assaults. This thesis examines three case studies specifically focusing on military sexual assault reporting.
Medical Marijuana, 2014 University of Washington Tacoma
Medical Marijuana, Brittany Hale
PPPA Paper Prize
No abstract provided.
Controlling Juvenile Behavior: An Empirical Test Of Hirschi's Attachment And Involvement, 2014 East Tennessee State University
Controlling Juvenile Behavior: An Empirical Test Of Hirschi's Attachment And Involvement, Samantha M. Lower
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The current study is focused on the influence of Hirschi’s Social Control Theory on juvenile delinquency. Specifically, I examined if attachment and involvement reduced delinquency among youth using a secondary data analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). The results indicated that attachment to parental and/or non-parental adults does significantly affect delinquency, but voluntary involvement in conventional activities does not.
18th Century Anarchism And Its Effect On Modern Day Domestic Terrorism, 2014 East Tennessee State University
18th Century Anarchism And Its Effect On Modern Day Domestic Terrorism, Mary A. Scott
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Anarchism is a political and socioeconomic force that has driven violent methods of social and political change for centuries. Relating Anarchism to these violent acts demonstrates a deep-seeded link to terrorism. Anarchism is one of the main forces behind modern day terrorism due to its long history alongside the ever evolving term terrorism. By connecting these two concepts, domestic terror groups can be better analyzed and understood, and future attacks from within the United States may be prevented.
Investigating The Dynamics Of Bystander Behavior In Child Sexual Abuse Incidents, 2014 Bridgewater State University
Investigating The Dynamics Of Bystander Behavior In Child Sexual Abuse Incidents, Charles Leonard
Master’s Theses and Projects
It is well known that child sexual abuse is a long standing problem in society. Much has been researched concerning the pedophile and other child molesters who choose to sexually exploit minors. Too often the victims of these crimes have been abused over a protracted period—sometimes years. Even more disturbing is the discovery that the abuse was noticed, even witnessed by others who choose not to intervene. Many people have looked the other way, denied what has occurred, or simply refused to become involved in stopping child molesters. This exploratory research examines what bystanders choose to do once they ...
Juvenile And Adult Involvement In Double Parricide And Familicide In The U.S.: An Empirical Analysis Of 20 Years Of Data, 2014 University of South Florida
Juvenile And Adult Involvement In Double Parricide And Familicide In The U.S.: An Empirical Analysis Of 20 Years Of Data, Averi Rebekah Fegadel
Graduate School Theses and Dissertations
The killing of parents and stepparents by biological and stepchildren is a rare event. Incidents involving multiple parricide victims and/or multiple parricide offenders are an even rarer occurrence. The majority of studies on parricide involve a single victim and single offender. Using the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), this study identified 603 single-victim, single-offender incidents, 22 single-victim, multiple-offender incidents, 60 single-offender double parricide incidents, 17 multiple-offender double parricide incidents, and 15 familicide incidents over the 20 year period 1990 to 2010. Univariate and bivariate analyses examined parricidal incidents involving single or multiple offenders and single or multiple victims with ...
The Tattoo: A Mark Of Subversion, Deviance, Or Mainstream Self-Expression?, 2014 University of South Florida
The Tattoo: A Mark Of Subversion, Deviance, Or Mainstream Self-Expression?, Jocelyn Camacho
Graduate School Theses and Dissertations
While an estimated one-third of the United States population has a tattoo, tattoos are still seen as a sign of deviance. The appearance of the first tattoos in the United States were relegated to the bodies of the lower classes and outcasts of society. Over the past few decades tattoos have migrated on to the celebrity skin of today's pop culture icons. In the past twenty years, tattoos have moved from deviant subcultures to the mainstream, and yet are still considered to be a mark of the disfavored factions of society. The dominant culture continues to regard the bearers ...
Resources Matter: The Role Of Social Capital And Collective Efficacy In Mediating Gun Violence, 2014 University of South Florida
Resources Matter: The Role Of Social Capital And Collective Efficacy In Mediating Gun Violence, Jennifer Lynne Dean
Graduate School Theses and Dissertations
This study explains how community activists make use of available social capital and collective efficacy while attempting to mediate gun violence. It specifically focuses on twelve in-depth interviews of activists' perspectives, processes and rationales to alleviate community gun violence, based on informal social control models. Findings suggest activists must establish trust and respect with youth they work with before mediation begins, which is established through similar life experiences or backgrounds. Once a strong bond is established with youth, activists identified five core processes to reduce violence: 1) improve the mindset, 2) provide life skills, 3) assist youth as their ...
The Impact Of Serotonin And Dopamine On Human Aggression: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi
The Impact Of Serotonin And Dopamine On Human Aggression: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Caroline Isabelle Jalain
Aggressive behaviors which result in harm and injury present a major problem for public health and the criminal justice system (Fish, de Vold, & Miczek, 2002). Yet, no adequate treatment options have been found. In order to help develop specific anti-aggressive treatment, clinical aggression research has begun to focus on the neurobiological determinants of aggressive behavior. Increasing research has developed over the years in response to this need for treatment. By studying the prefrontal cortex, researchers found that several neurotransmitters are related to aggressive behavior (Barrett, Edinger, & Siegel, 1990). Serotonin and dopamine interaction in the prefrontal cortex, along with other biological ...
Major League Baseball's Antitrust Exemption And The Impact Of The Curt Flood Act, 2014 Liberty University
Major League Baseball's Antitrust Exemption And The Impact Of The Curt Flood Act, Gina Scalzo
Senior Honors Theses
For many years, professional baseball has enjoyed a privileged antitrust exemption apart from other professional sports. With the passing of the Curt Flood Act in 1998 this exemption was removed; however, the act may not be as influential as it seems. Court rulings were prominent in initiating and maintaining the antitrust exemption for professional baseball. These include the Supreme Court Trilogy, especially the case of Curt Flood, a baseball player who fought against the reserve clause system which limited his and other players’ employment options. Collective bargaining as well as arbitration became dominant in professional baseball labor relations under the ...
Changing Awareness Of Human Trafficking, 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Changing Awareness Of Human Trafficking, Roma Patel, Krystal Letourneau, M. Alexis Kennedy
Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA)
The issue of human trafficking has received increased attention since the Trafficking Victims Protection Act was enacted in 2000. We assume that awareness is growing in the United States but this has not been tested. The current study measures increases in awareness about the issue of trafficking. Nearly 400 students were polled about their awareness in the spring of 2007. Attitudes towards government responses, awareness of the issue and support for victims were surveyed. The study was replicated 5 years later with over 500 new participants. This paper will analyze changes in awareness over time. Gender differences will also be ...
Prison Abuse And Mental Health, 2014 Cedarville University
Prison Abuse And Mental Health, Hayley R. Wolfe, Shelby Haas, Candace Olley
The Research and Scholarship Symposium
Abuse among mentally ill inmates is a relevant issue in prison systems worldwide. This presentation will focus on the pervasiveness and severity of this abuse in the US and abroad. Pertinent statistics regarding the prevalence of abuse among the mentally ill in prison systems, as well as the obstacles to obtaining such statistics will be presented. Following the major deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1970s, the mentally ill inmate population has seen exponential increase in the United States. Abuse statistics of the mentally ill in United Kingdom prisons will also be presented and analyzed, including concerns in prison staff ...
Gender Issues Find Space In Manifesto, 2014 SelectedWorks
Gender Issues Find Space In Manifesto, Professor Vibhuti Patel
Professor Vibhuti Patel
WPC is continuously working on Women issues such as, Child Marriage, Land Rights for Women, access of the Mobile population to HIV & AIDS services’ information & support Migrants and other women. Other than this one of our long standing issues is the ever evasive 33 per cent Women’s Reservation Bill. After years of struggle women won just half the battle, when the bill was passed in Rajya Sabha. But once again the government backtracked on its promise of tabling the bill in the Lok Sabha this monsoon session. This indicates that the struggle has to be kept alive with greater ...
Recidivism And The Convict Labor Market, 2014 Georgia State University
Recidivism And The Convict Labor Market, Alex Basinger
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.