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The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner 2016 Marquette University

The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Gender, Race, And Age On Judicial Sentencing Decisions, April Miller 2015 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Gender, Race, And Age On Judicial Sentencing Decisions, April Miller

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Previous research has found significant effects of gender, race, and age on sentencing decisions made by state and local court judges (e.g. Johnson, 2003; Mustard, 2001; Steffensmeier, Ulmer, & Kramer, 1998). The current study used criminal district court data from two counties in western North Carolina to further research of the effects of the aforementioned variables on sentencing. Using knowledge acquired from past studies, the hypotheses for the current study asserted that younger offenders, male offenders, and nonwhite offenders would be more likely to be found guilty of their offense and receive fines than their respective offender counterparts. The results of the binary regression analysis models did not support many of the proposed hypotheses; however, significant relationships unsupervised probation, supervised probation, and active time were found with defendants who used privately retained counsel. Implications are discussed, as well as limitations and research recommendations for the future.


The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", HAMZA TAYEBI 2015 Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Letters Dhar El Mehraz

The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", Hamza Tayebi

Mathal

The wave of Arab Spring that started in Tunisia and Egypt arrived to Morocco in 2011 paving the way to unprecedented organized mass-protests all over the country. Among the demands raised by the 20 February Movement protesters was the demand for free and independent media outlets, especially the press. King Mohammed VI, the Commander of the Faithful and the highest authority in Morocco, promised in a televised speech on March 9th to introduce "radical" and "genuine" constitutional reforms that would democratize the country. In fact, King Mohammed VI has so far succeeded in calming down and co-opting the demonstrations, but ...


Lost In A Legal Thicket, Paul H. Robinson 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Lost In A Legal Thicket, Paul H. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship

This op-ed piece argues that criminal law recodification is badly needed in the states and the federal system, but that prosecutors stand out as the group who appear to regularly oppose it.


Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting The Theory Of The Adversarial Mother, Rona Kaufman Kitchen 2015 Duquesne University School of Law

Holistic Pregnancy: Rejecting The Theory Of The Adversarial Mother, Rona Kaufman Kitchen

Rona Kaufman Kitchen

In its zealous effort to protect the lives and health of unborn children, the law frequently views the expecting mother with suspicion. In its most extreme form, the law regards the potential mother as a potential murderess. This perspective does not reflect the nature of pregnancy, it undermines the autonomy of loving mothers, and it is detrimental to children. Regardless of whether there is any conflict between mother and fetus, the State presumes the mother to be a threat to her fetus and subjugates her rights as a result. The State interferes with the mother’s autonomy, bodily integrity, parental ...


Pushing For New Perspectives: Policy Model Of Criminalized Prostitution And Its Effect On Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Melanie C. Basil 2015 University of Washington - Tacoma Campus

Pushing For New Perspectives: Policy Model Of Criminalized Prostitution And Its Effect On Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Melanie C. Basil

Global Honors Theses

Sex trafficking has become one of the world’s fastest growing crimes, affecting nearly every single country on our globe, and is inevitably linked to prostitution. Although prostitution has been criminalized in the United States for decades, recent literature has shown that this type of prostitution has little effect on aiding the overall sweeping and devastating effects of sex trafficking on its victim’s. The current research therefore uses interviews from experts and individuals with experience in prostitution and sex trafficking to understand—from the eyes of those with actual experience—the realistic role that criminalized prostitution plays in the ...


The Relationship Between Self-Determination And Client Outcomes Among The Homeless, Samuel M. Hanna 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

The Relationship Between Self-Determination And Client Outcomes Among The Homeless, Samuel M. Hanna

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This paper has attempted to determine if there is a significant relationship between self-determination and client outcomes among the homeless. The study has been based upon the conceptual framework set forth in Self-Determination Theory. The purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between self-determination and client outcomes among the homeless. Using a data collection instrument, based on empirically validated instrumentation, clients from several homeless service providers in the City of San Bernardino were assessed for the level of self-determination and autonomy support they experience within these agencies. Outcome measures included such things as whether the client was going ...


The Power And Importance Of Emotional Investment In Scholarly Research: An Ethnographic Account Of San Luis Obispo County Juvenile Hall, Claire E. Shannon 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

The Power And Importance Of Emotional Investment In Scholarly Research: An Ethnographic Account Of San Luis Obispo County Juvenile Hall, Claire E. Shannon

Communication Studies

No abstract provided.


Corrections Reform In Kosovo: A Qualitative Study Of Canadian Corrections Advisers' Experiences In A Post-Conflict Environment, Danielle Murdoch 2015 Boise State University

Corrections Reform In Kosovo: A Qualitative Study Of Canadian Corrections Advisers' Experiences In A Post-Conflict Environment, Danielle Murdoch

Danielle Murdoch

This case study of corrections reform in Kosovo contributes to the growing academic literature on corrections reform during peacebuilding missions in post-conflict environments. Fourteen Canadian corrections advisers who were deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2006 were interviewed about the dynamics and challenges they experienced abroad. Interview transcripts were coded and analysed using NVivo10. Five key themes emerged from the data: the importance of understanding the local context; the prevalence of corruption; the lack of attention and resources devoted to corrections reform in post-conflict Kosovo; the challenges of providing safe and secure confinement for prisoners detained in facilities staffed by ...


Institutionalized Racism And The Death Penalty, Ashleigh Ellis 2015 Chapman University

Institutionalized Racism And The Death Penalty, Ashleigh Ellis

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Overtime, support for capital punishment has evolved. Compared to previous decades, support has changed amongst different variables such as: age, race, gender, and political perspective; therefore, today, these variables have changed the amount of support for it. For example, as of today, 6 states have repealed the death penalty with New Jersey being the first in 2007 to do so in 40 years. As memories of Jim Crow and the Civil Rights era have faded due to generational replacement, American society today still has this racial gap, however it is due to this racial resentment or symbolic resentment that the ...


Forensic Examination Of Alcohol Intoxication, Krystyna Necki 2015 American Public University System

Forensic Examination Of Alcohol Intoxication, Krystyna Necki

School of Security and Global Studies

Forensic examination of poisoning allows investigative authorities to resolve the issue of the presence (or absence) of conditions and circumstances which occurred in a crime. Its results are important for public health, contributing to improve the diagnosis, treatment, and development of preventive measures of various intoxications in the home, in medical practice, in drug addicts and others. In this paper, using the science of forensic toxicology presents insight into forensic examination of alcohol intoxication and poisoning substance.


Trending@Rwu Law: Swapna Yeluri's Post: Baltimore: Ignoring Problems No Longer An Option, Swapna Yeluri 2015 Roger Williams University School of Law

Trending@Rwu Law: Swapna Yeluri's Post: Baltimore: Ignoring Problems No Longer An Option, Swapna Yeluri

Blogs

No abstract provided.


Assessing Victim Blame: Intersections Of Rape Victim Race, Gender, And Ethnicity, Kirsten A. Piatak 2015 East Tennessee State University

Assessing Victim Blame: Intersections Of Rape Victim Race, Gender, And Ethnicity, Kirsten A. Piatak

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current study sought to assess the impact of the race, gender, and ethnicity of rape victims on college students’ propensity to assign culpability to victims. Using a sample of college students (n=279) from a mid-sized Southeastern university, respondents were given a set of six different vignettes, varying only by victim characteristics. These vignettes featured alcohol-facilitated sexual assault between acquaintances, a common occurrence in college environments. Respondents were asked to evaluate the culpability of the victim through a blameworthiness scale. Through the incorporation of the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, this study also measured the respondents’ propensity to assign ...


Hostage Negotiations In Lieu Of Armed Assault, William A. Merkle 2015 Dominican University of California

Hostage Negotiations In Lieu Of Armed Assault, William A. Merkle

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

The failed attempt to rescue hostages during the 1972 Olympics in Munich Germany led to the unnecessary and terrible loss of lives of both hostages and captors. Ever since then, great efforts have been undertaken by law enforcement professionals and researchers to develop clear protocols to help insure the safety of all involved parties. Negotiations, one tactic among several, represents a non-violent alternative to armed assault that can be used to obtain the safe release of hostages and the capture of unharmed hostage takers. Drawing on my forty year career experience in California Corrections, this paper argues for the power ...


Measuring The Level Of University Student Knowledge On The U.S. Drug Policy And Harms Associated With Illicit Drug Use: A Replication Study, Ashley E. Williams 2015 East Tennessee State University

Measuring The Level Of University Student Knowledge On The U.S. Drug Policy And Harms Associated With Illicit Drug Use: A Replication Study, Ashley E. Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this thesis project is to measure the level of knowledge that university students have regarding state and national illicit drug classifications in the United States and associated penalties with these classifications, as well as the harms resulting from consuming illicit drugs. This particular study, which is to be conducted as a replication study to Higson’s campus-based study on the UK drug policy, focuses on a different campus population in regards to the U.S. drug policy. Replication studies such as these are beneficial to previous studies because such additional research will not only strengthen the findings ...


The Effectiveness Of An Evidenced-Based Decision Making Program In Criminal Justice Systems, Tashina Lorraine Keith 2015 George Fox University

The Effectiveness Of An Evidenced-Based Decision Making Program In Criminal Justice Systems, Tashina Lorraine Keith

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Abstract The National Institute of Corrections selected the Yamhill County Department of Corrections to implement a new evidenced-based decision making program within their criminal justice system. As part of the new program, every individual who was arrested and placed on probation went through a case analysis assessment and had their treatment programs approved by a judge prior to sentencing. In this study 20 randomly selected individuals who received their treatment programming prior to sentencing were matched to 20 randomly selected individuals who received treatment programs post-sentencing. The hypothesis of this study was that those probationers in the pre-sentencing group who ...


Predicting Solitary Confinement, Bryce Young Roby 2015 George Fox University

Predicting Solitary Confinement, Bryce Young Roby

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Abstract The rates of incarceration in the United States have steadily increased at an average rate of 3.4% per year since 1995, requiring the majority of federal and state institutions to function at or above capacity (Haun, 2007). This influx of adults entering correctional systems has placed increased pressure on prison officials to efficiently and effectively monitor inmate behavior as maintaining the safety and security of the correctional institution is most often the highest priority of correctional administrators (Cullen, Latessa, Burton, & Lombardo, 1993). One security measure commonly implemented to manage inmate violence and disturbances is solitary confinement. This study ...


Diagnosis Of Cyber And Nonphysical Bullying Victimization: A Routine Activities Approach To Constructing Effective Preventive Measures, Kevin J. Earl 2015 Bridgewater State University

Diagnosis Of Cyber And Nonphysical Bullying Victimization: A Routine Activities Approach To Constructing Effective Preventive Measures, Kevin J. Earl

Master’s Theses and Projects

Youths can experience bullying victimization through many sources. Technology and social networking sites have provided another source in which youths can experience bullying victimization, commonly called "cyber-bullying" (Hinduja and Patchin, 2009). The purpose of this study is to apply Routine Activities Theory (Cohen and Felson, 1979) as a main theoretical framework to examine cyber and nonphysical bullying victimization. Nonphysical bullying victimization refers to having been made fun of, called names, having had rumors spread, been threatened, pushed/shoved/tripped, etc., forced to do unwanted things, excluded, or having had property destroyed. Data were derived from the 2013 school crime supplement ...


Police Response To Children Present At Domestic Violence Incidents, Danielle Darlene Swerin 2015 Boise State University

Police Response To Children Present At Domestic Violence Incidents, Danielle Darlene Swerin

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Police response to domestic violence incidents has continued to change and expand in the past several decades. Although domestic violence was originally considered a private matter not warranting police intervention, it now represents one of the most common calls for service received by police agencies. While police intervention in domestic violence incidents has improved substantially, response to children present remains an undeveloped area of research and practice. The present study examined 345 police reports from an agency in the Northwest in order to explore police response to domestic violence incidents and specifically their response to children. Similar to results from ...


Towards Security Professionalization: The Journey To Employ And Development The Future Security Professional, David J. Brooks Dr., Michael Coole Mr 2015 Edith Cowan University

Towards Security Professionalization: The Journey To Employ And Development The Future Security Professional, David J. Brooks Dr., Michael Coole Mr

David J Brooks Dr.

The security industry and its associated bodies believe they are moving toward professionalization; however, a sign of a true profession is the employment and development of graduates. Unlike established professionals, the security industry lacks such graduate employment and this has to change. The time where an organisation can employ an ex-police or defence person may be coming to an end as a higher professionalization is required.

Today’s modern society relies on professionals to solve complex problems, who commenced their careers as graduates from universities. However, university education impart a foundational, abstract body of knowledge that is contextualised and further ...


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