The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, 2016 Marquette University
The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner
Ulrich L. Lehner
No abstract provided.
High Resolution Melt Analysis Of Samples With Differential Dna Methylation To Identify Tissue Source Of Origin, 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi
High Resolution Melt Analysis Of Samples With Differential Dna Methylation To Identify Tissue Source Of Origin, Stephanie M. Ledgerwood
In Forensic Science casework, identifying the source of a tissue can assist in crime scene reconstruction. Currently, presumptive testing methods to identify tissue type are utilized in crime scene laboratories, but there is a need for a more reliable confirmatory test for tissue type identification. High Resolution Melt (HRM) analysis is an innovative technology that has the potential to determine tissue types through variations in DNA methylation patterns. Recently, DNA methylation patterns have been found to correspond with specific tissue types in particular regions of DNA. Two markers, B_SPTB_03 and DDX4 have been effective in differentiating sperm from other tissue ...
California Police Sexual Misconduct Arrest Cases, 2005-2011, 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
California Police Sexual Misconduct Arrest Cases, 2005-2011, Philip M. Stinson, Zachary J. Calogeras, Natalie L. Dichiro, Ryan K. Hunter
Criminal Justice Faculty Publications
This report was prepared at the request of the California Research Bureau. The data are from a larger study on police crime in the United States. Police crimes are those crimes committed by sworn law enforcement officers given the general powers of arrest at the time the offense was committed and/or at the time when the officer was arrested. These crimes can occur while the officer is on- or off-duty and include offenses committed by state, county, municipal, tribal, or special law enforcement agencies. Police crimes damage the occupational integrity of police officers, the organizational legitimacy of the employing ...
From Rapists To Superpredators: What The Practice Of Capital Punishment Says About Race, Rights And The American Child, Robyn Linde
At the turn of the 20th century, the United States was widely considered to be a world leader in matters of child protection and welfare, a reputation lost by the century’s end. This paper suggests that the United States’ loss of international esteem concerning child welfare was directly related to its practice of executing juvenile offenders. The paper analyzes why the United States continued to carry out the juvenile death penalty after the establishment of juvenile courts and other protections for child criminals. Two factors allowed the United States to continue the juvenile death penalty after most states ...
Child Sex Trafficking: Not Just A Third World Problem, 2015 E.H. Butler Library at Buffalo State College
Child Sex Trafficking: Not Just A Third World Problem, Melissa A. Menasco
NYS Child Welfare/Child Protective Services Training Institute
This poster goes over many of the facts and fictions about child sex trafficking in the US, and some of the strategies that can be used to help prevent it.
The Liberal As An Enemy Of Queer Justice, 2015 Independent Scholar
The Liberal As An Enemy Of Queer Justice, Craig Schamel
Catalyst: A Social Justice Forum
Liberalism as a historical mode of the political is the context in which the movement and ensuing struggle for queer justice emerged in most Western countries. The terminology, practices, tendencies, beliefs, ethics, laws, and patterns of political and social life which have been determined by this mode of the political, it is argued, are inimical to queer justice and render its achievement impossible. Liberalism as a mode of the political is approached from below, from knowledge gained in practical experience in queer groups which considered themselves revolutionary at least to some degree, and from the effects on such groups ...
The Trouble With Truth-Telling: Preliminary Reflections On Truth And Justice In Post-War Liberia, 2015 Metropolitan State University
The Trouble With Truth-Telling: Preliminary Reflections On Truth And Justice In Post-War Liberia, Gabriel Twose Ph.D., Caitlin O. Mahoney Ph.D.
Peace and Conflict Studies
This study investigates perceptions of the Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), particularly focusing on understandings of, and the links between, truth, justice, and reconciliation. Forty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted at three research sites in Liberia. Findings indicate that although most Liberians agreed with the TRC in principle, most of those who followed its proceedings saw major problems in its implementation, harming perceptions of reconciliation. Participants expressed concerns that the Commission had failed to discover the full truth of wartime abuses, that the truth that was discovered was not told in the right way, and that there had been problems ...
Challenges For Investigating Sex Trafficking: The Role Of Decriminalized Prostitution, 2015 University of Rhode Island
Challenges For Investigating Sex Trafficking: The Role Of Decriminalized Prostitution, Donna M. Hughes Dr., Melanie Shapiro Esq
Donna M. Hughes
This presentation is a case study of challenges to investigating sex trafficking created by decriminalized prostitution. For 29 years (from 1980 to 2009) in Rhode Island, engaging in prostitution was not prohibited or regulated. Commercial sex acts were private and beyond the interest of the state. Lack of laws or regulations of prostitution created a permissive legal, economic, and cultural environment for the growth of prostitution businesses. Local police were impeded from investigating alleged sex trafficking because police had no legal cause to investigate private activities. In interviews, law enforcement officials repeatedly stated that they did not have the laws ...
Road To Recovery: Recidivism And The Mclean County Drug Court, 2015 Illinois State University
Road To Recovery: Recidivism And The Mclean County Drug Court, Julia Neaves
Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development
This study explores the effectiveness of the McLean County Drug Court at reducing time to recidivism using survival analysis techniques. Data on 146 drug court participants was collected using the county’s proprietary case management systems. Findings suggest that length of drug court programming significantly reduces time to recidivism. Unfortunately, black offenders and offenders with prior criminal history were found to return to the prison system more rapidly than other groups, suggesting that drug court programming may not be addressing the greater systemic issues present in the criminal justice system. These findings collectively inform policy recommendations provided to county administrators ...
Professor Frank Breitinger's Full Bibliography, 2015 University of New Haven
Professor Frank Breitinger's Full Bibliography, Frank Breitinger
Electrical & Computer Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Intercoder Reliability Assessment Of Supplemental Document Coding In A Quantitative Content Analysis Study Of Police Crime In The United States, 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
Intercoder Reliability Assessment Of Supplemental Document Coding In A Quantitative Content Analysis Study Of Police Crime In The United States, Raven Ory, Philip M. Stinson
Criminal Justice Faculty Publications
Dr. Stinson maintains an object-relational research database in OnBase, Bowling Green State University’s enterprise-level content management system. An analysis of the intercoder reliability of the supplemental articles indexed in OnBase during the years 2012-2014 was conducted to determine and promote reliability among research assistants. This project is important because reliability is the hallmark of any research database, and because the institutional memory is short with annual turnover of student research assistants working in Stinson’s research group. Training recommendations are made from the findings of this study for the purpose of improving the reliability of document coding in the ...
Visualizing Abolition: Two Graphic Novels And A Critical Approach To Mass Incarceration For The Composition Classroom, 2015 Washington State University Vancouver
Visualizing Abolition: Two Graphic Novels And A Critical Approach To Mass Incarceration For The Composition Classroom, Michael Sutcliffe
SANE journal: Sequential Art Narrative in Education
This article outlines two graphic novels and an accompanying activity designed to unpack complicated intersections between racism, poverty, and (d)evolving criminal-legal policy. Over 2 million adults are held in U.S. prison facilities, and several million more are under custodial supervision, and it has become clearly unsustainable. In the last decade, there has been a shift in media conversations about criminality, yet only a few suggest decreasing our reliance upon incarceration. In meaningfully different ways, the two novels trace the development of incarceration from its roots in slavery to its contemporary anti-democratic iteration and offer an underpublicized alternative.
Trans Rights Will Not Protect Us: The Limits Of Equal Rights Discourse, Antidiscrimination Laws, And Hate Crime Legislation, Evan Vipond
Western Journal of Legal Studies
This paper investigates how employing neoliberal discourses of equal rights, anti-discrimination laws, and hate crime legislation limits the advancement of equality and protection for trans persons under the law. The push for the legal recognition of trans persons, through the addition of "gender identity" and "gender expression" to anti-discrimination and hate crime laws relies on neoliberal discourses of biological determinism and medicalization. This approach ultimately pathologizes trans persons and precludes their self-determination. As the trans community continues to gain rights in Canada and the United States, a backlash of anti-trans “bathroom bills” threaten to restrict trans persons from sex-segregated spaces ...
Human Rights And Prison Rape, 2015 Fordham University
Human Rights And Prison Rape, Lenny Gallo
21st Century Social Justice
Prison Rape is a common occurrence in America’s penal institutions. Sexual assault occurs most frequently on juveniles, the LGBT community, and people who are weak in stature. To combat this problem, The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), passed in 2003 with bipartisan support and the backing of special interest groups, was envisioned as a human rights milestone. Prison rape is assumed by an apathetic public to be an expected part of the incarceration experience. PREA, in addition to encountering major time setbacks in implementation, has not become a human rights milestone and, even where it has been implemented, is ...
Police Shootings: A New Problem Or Business As Usual?, 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
Police Shootings: A New Problem Or Business As Usual?, Philip M. Stinson
Criminal Justice Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
A Descriptive Analysis Of A Problem-Based Learning Police Academy, 2015 Washington State University
A Descriptive Analysis Of A Problem-Based Learning Police Academy, David A. Makin
Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning
In the 1970s, Egon Bitner offered a critique of police academy training, signified by the ability to train compliant soldierbureaucrats rather than competent practitioners. Over the years, subsequent training models have been implemented, evaluated, and modified in an attempt to exceed what has been deemed adequate training. This research provides the first of several outcome evaluations as part of a longitudinal study on the efficacy of problem-based learning in a Basic Law Enforcement Academy (BLEA). Data for this research include survey results for the period of 2009–2012. Early results suggest the problematic nature of the dualistic dilemma within police ...
A Descriptive Analysis Of The Appropriate Use Of Cognitive Bias Terminology In Forensic Science Literature, Courtney A. Winters, Evelyn M. Buday, Trevor I. Stamper
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Cognitive bias occurs without a person’s awareness and can affect decision-making abilities. In forensic science, bias can be especially detrimental to making accurate decisions about the evidence in a criminal investigation. There are many academic studies in identifying, describing, and suggesting ways to mitigate cognitive biases in forensic science. Many authors will give a known cognitive science concept a new name or create their own bias. This is a problem in the literature because nobody knows for sure how many published studies are referring to or testing the same phenomena since authors are using different definitions or terminology to ...
The Effects Of Gender, Race, And Age On Judicial Sentencing Decisions, 2015 East Tennessee State University
The Effects Of Gender, Race, And Age On Judicial Sentencing Decisions, April Miller
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Previous research has found significant effects of gender, race, and age on sentencing decisions made by state and local court judges (e.g. Johnson, 2003; Mustard, 2001; Steffensmeier, Ulmer, & Kramer, 1998). The current study used criminal district court data from two counties in western North Carolina to further research of the effects of the aforementioned variables on sentencing. Using knowledge acquired from past studies, the hypotheses for the current study asserted that younger offenders, male offenders, and nonwhite offenders would be more likely to be found guilty of their offense and receive fines than their respective offender counterparts. The results of the binary regression analysis models did not support many of the proposed hypotheses; however, significant relationships unsupervised probation, supervised probation, and active time were found with defendants who used privately retained counsel. Implications are discussed, as well as limitations and research recommendations for the future.
Families, General Strain, Social Control And Adolescent Pain Killer Use, 2015 Grand Valley State University
Families, General Strain, Social Control And Adolescent Pain Killer Use, Melinda S. Furtaw
This study determines whether family structure or transitions alone influence adolescent use of pain killers, as previous studies in delinquency and substance use would suggest, or if there are potentially mediating factors. The theories of general strain and social control are drawn upon to create mediating variables of abuse and failing grade (general strain) as well as attachment and school suspension (social control). The study will use data from the National Survey of Adolescents (1995).
Binary logistic regression was used to estimate if family structure leads to increased odds of being abused, having a failing grade, and being suspended from ...
Development Of A Comprehensive Massively Parallel Sequencing Panel Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism And Short Tandem Repeat Markers For Human Identification, 2015 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth
Development Of A Comprehensive Massively Parallel Sequencing Panel Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism And Short Tandem Repeat Markers For Human Identification, David H. Warshauer
Theses and Dissertations
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies allow for the detection of an unparalleled amount of genetic information with unprecedented speed and relative ease. These qualities make the technology desirable for generating DNA profiles that may be uploaded into forensic offender, arrestee, and family reference database files. This doctoral dissertation research was conducted under the hypothesis that MPS, with its exquisitely high throughput, can provide a system whereby reference samples can be typed for a large battery of markers, providing more discrimination power for forensic DNA typing and offering increased opportunities to develop investigative leads. The design and implementation of large marker ...