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The Rise Of The Global South, The Imf And The Future Of Law And Development, Gabriel Garcia 2016 University of Wollongong

The Rise Of The Global South, The Imf And The Future Of Law And Development, Gabriel Garcia

Dr Gabriel Garcia

After the onset of the Asian Financial Crisis, the world has witnessed a re-accommodation of the global financial system. In the particular case of middle-income countries, they have disentangled themselves from the conditionality of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and grown into more assertive actors in international forums, proposing new alternative mechanisms to become more financially independent and for the provision of development assistance. The article critically reviews the new reality by assessing the strategies deployed by developing countries to reduce the IMF’s influence and explores the potential consequences of the rise of middle-income nations for Law and Development.


Csi Effect And Forensic Science/Criminal Justice Degree Programs, Megan Dutton McCay 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Csi Effect And Forensic Science/Criminal Justice Degree Programs, Megan Dutton Mccay

Dissertations

This research sought to determine the relationship between obtaining a criminal justice or forensic science degree and the CSI Effect followed by whether the students were satisfied with their major selection. Additionally, this research sought to determine if there were discrepancies between students’ expectations before entering the forensic science or criminal justice degree program and students’ attitudes while enrolled in the forensic science or criminal justice degree program. One hundred and ninety-six participants responded to a 33-item survey instrument over a three week time period. It was determined there was a television influence on students’ major selection in the forensic ...


The South African Elderly: Neglect, Social Contribution And The Hiv/Aids Epidemic, Alessia Frisoli 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The South African Elderly: Neglect, Social Contribution And The Hiv/Aids Epidemic, Alessia Frisoli

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

With a slowing fertility rate and an increasing longevity, the world population is aging. Both developed and developing countries have seen their elderly become more numerous with an increasing burden on their financial, medical and social system. Many scholars have suggested immediate change of policies to contain the predicted crisis that will affect the health care and the pension schemes in the next decades. However, few have investigated the positive role that the seniors play contributing to society, beyond the complications caused to the economy and welfare system. This thesis will support the argument that the elderly, if appropriately cared ...


Characteristics Of Newly-Hired Members Of The New York City Police Department As Predictors Of Subsequent Job Performance, Francis E. Spangenberg 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Characteristics Of Newly-Hired Members Of The New York City Police Department As Predictors Of Subsequent Job Performance, Francis E. Spangenberg

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

It would be advantageous for law enforcement agencies if it could be determined which applicants for employment were most likely to provide superior performance over the course of their careers. In order to do this, it is necessary to determine a) what constitutes superior performance by police officers, b) what measurements can be used to record such performance, and c) if there are characteristics known about newly-hired police recruits that can serve as predictors of superior performance over an extended career. This study looked at the career histories of the 1,707 members of the New York City Police Department ...


Examining Victimization In South Korea 1993-2010: A Comparative Application Of Ecological Theories Of Crime, Jisun Choi 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Examining Victimization In South Korea 1993-2010: A Comparative Application Of Ecological Theories Of Crime, Jisun Choi

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

Theoretical approaches aimed at the understanding of population level criminal offending and victimization generally revolve around two major criminological theories: Social disorganization and routine activities/lifestyle theories. These theoretical frameworks were developed and have been examined extensively in a Western context (primarily in the U.S.) and provide evidence of both individual and aggregate indicators for the explanation of variations in crime. More recently, these approaches have been extended to the Eastern context as increasing numbers of studies have been conducted outside of the U.S. This application is relatively recent and the literature has yet to find conclusive supporting ...


Student Perceptions Of Mentally Ill Offenders, Kimberly Nicole Rayborn 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Student Perceptions Of Mentally Ill Offenders, Kimberly Nicole Rayborn

Master's Theses

Since deinstitutionalization, the responsibility for mentally ill members of society has shifted to the criminal justice system in a process of trans-institutionalization or “criminalization of mental illness” (Slate & Johnson, 2008). Though various groups have been studied to ascertain their perception of mentally ill individuals and offenders, previous research focuses largely on students of psychology, social work, and medicine. Little research has been conducted regarding the perceptions of students of criminal justice toward mental illness, despite the increasing involvement of the criminal justice system in treating and handling mentally ill individuals in the past thirty years. This exploratory research serves as ...


Mass Shootings And Mass Media: The Discrepancies Between Workplace And School Shootings, Nicole A. Wheeler 2016 The College at Brockport

Mass Shootings And Mass Media: The Discrepancies Between Workplace And School Shootings, Nicole A. Wheeler

Senior Honors Theses

Workplace shootings and school shootings have a variety of differences and similarities. However, each are unique to other mass shooting types. This study analyzes 42 workplace shootings and 50 school shootings that were highly publicized and occurred between 1965 and 2015. Through my analysis, I was able to uncover the similarities and differences between the two sub-types of mass shootings. 100 school articles and 72 workplace articles from The New York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times were utilized and coded to uncover the differences in adjectives used in reports. Because workplace shootings receive much less media ...


Submission To The Queensland Taskforce On Organised Crime Legislation (Inquiry Area 5), Terry Goldsworthy 2016 Bond University

Submission To The Queensland Taskforce On Organised Crime Legislation (Inquiry Area 5), Terry Goldsworthy

Terry Goldsworthy

In response to a request from the Executive Director of the Commission the following submissions provide Dr. Goldsworthy’s responses as they relate to each term of reference:

1. If provisions in the 2013 legislation are effectively facilitating the successful detection, investigation, prevention and deterrence of organised crime

2. If provisions in the 2013 legislation are effectively facilitating the successful prosecution of individuals

3. If the 2013 legislation strikes an appropriate balance between ensuring the safety, welfare and good order of the community and protecting individual civil liberties, including in relation to the anti‐association provisions in the 2013 legislation ...


Rape And Sexual Violence: Questionable Inevitability And Moral Responsibility In Armed Conflict, Katherine W. Bogen 2016 Clark University, University of Pittsburgh

Rape And Sexual Violence: Questionable Inevitability And Moral Responsibility In Armed Conflict, Katherine W. Bogen

Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark

Wartime sexual violence is a critical human rights issue that usurps the autonomy of its victims as well as their physical and psychological safety. It occurs in both ethnic and non-ethnic wars, across geographic regions, against both men and women, and regardless of the “official” position of commanders, states, and armed groups on the use of rape as tactic of war. This problem is current, pervasive, and global in spite of the status of wartime sexual violence perpetration as a crime against humanity and the capacity of the international criminal court to indict offenders. Though some scholars have argued that ...


Social Psychology Of Public Defenders: A Qualitative Study, Michael W. Firmin, Kari E. Barnhill, Hannah W. Foster, Ying-Ruey Chuang, D. Elise Lawrence 2016 Cedarville University

Social Psychology Of Public Defenders: A Qualitative Study, Michael W. Firmin, Kari E. Barnhill, Hannah W. Foster, Ying-Ruey Chuang, D. Elise Lawrence

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The right to an attorney is a one to which all U.S. citizens are entitled, in conjunction with the constitution's sixth amendment. Difficulty arose when people who were unable to provide necessary funds to hire a lawyer and, subsequently, went into trial pro se. Resolution was met with the creation of the public defense system -- a system which is unfortunately understudied, and sometimes regarded in a negative light, including a negative perception that public defense is a broken system. This belief sometimes bleeds into the minds of potential clients who may believe a public defender is not sufficiently ...


Obama's Executive Order On Guns Is Mostly Political Theater, Timothy D. Lytton 2016 Georgia State University College of Law

Obama's Executive Order On Guns Is Mostly Political Theater, Timothy D. Lytton

Timothy D. Lytton

No abstract provided.


The Benefits Of Child Contact While In Prison On Educational Program Participation And Employment Outcomes, Deshane Velasquez 2016 Georgia State University

The Benefits Of Child Contact While In Prison On Educational Program Participation And Employment Outcomes, Deshane Velasquez

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Chicago Homicides Completed With A Firearm From 1971 To 1993: A Lens Of Social Disorganization Theory And Firearm Legislation, Andrew Dehart 2016 University of Texas at Tyler

Chicago Homicides Completed With A Firearm From 1971 To 1993: A Lens Of Social Disorganization Theory And Firearm Legislation, Andrew Dehart

Criminal Justice Theses

Firearm legislation is a hotly debated topic in the light of recent mass shootings in Newtown, Connecticut and elsewhere. President Obama has introduced a firearm policy directed at curtailing firearm homicide. The literature on gun laws and their effect on crime are mixed. Some jurisdictions operate under strict firearm policies and others believe greater access to guns will deter potential criminals. This study uses social disorganization theory to test the effect of restrictive firearm policy in Chicago, Illinois from 1971 to 1993.

In particular, this thesis seeks to determine the rate of firearm homicides in the eleven years prior to ...


Conviction Review Units: A National Perspective, John Hollway 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Conviction Review Units: A National Perspective, John Hollway

Faculty Scholarship

Over the past 25 years, Americans have become increasingly aware of a vast array of mistakes in the administration of justice, including wrongful convictions, situations where innocent individuals have been convicted and incarcerated for crimes they did not commit. The most prevalent institutional response by prosecutors to address post-conviction fact-based claims of actual innocence is the Conviction Review Unit (CRU), sometimes called the Conviction Integrity Unit. Since the creation of the first CRU in the mid-2000s, more than 25 such units have been announced across the country; more than half of these have been created in the past 24 months ...


No Free Rides, Jacob Bremer 2016 University of Texas at Austin

No Free Rides, Jacob Bremer

Jacob Bremer

There is currently an epidemic plaguing the sports industry on a world-wide and variety of experience level basis. In recent years it has cast a black mark over multiple sports industries and has been the cause of great discussion, debate, and controversy. The afflicting issue is the modern use of performance enhancing drugs in sports or PEDs. As the pressure for high performance, scientific and medical breakthroughs, and financial values all rapidly increase, it is no surprise the idea of using PEDs to stay atop your respected sport is a common route to take. This research looked at the payout ...


Deconstructing The Wall: The Analysis And Implications Of The 2004 International Court Of Justice Advisory Opinion On The Use Of Border Walls, Noah T. Black 2016 George Mason University

Deconstructing The Wall: The Analysis And Implications Of The 2004 International Court Of Justice Advisory Opinion On The Use Of Border Walls, Noah T. Black

MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference

This research project looks at the various jurisprudences surrounding the 2004 ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Israeli Barrier and analyzes the arguments both in support and in opposition to the Court’s decision. It then looks at the conditions for the illegality of the Israeli Barrier that were established by the Court, analyzes them, and synthesizes a list of characteristics that can be applied to other barriers in order to determine their legality. This checklist, if you will, is then applied to other border walls in order to make a tentative conclusion about their legality and if a suit could ...


What Kind Of Judge Is Supreme Court Nominee Merrick Garland?, Caren Morrison 2016 Georgia State University College of Law

What Kind Of Judge Is Supreme Court Nominee Merrick Garland?, Caren Morrison

Caren Myers Morrison

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Genetics Research And Criminal Dna Databanks, David Kaye 2016 Penn State Law

Behavioral Genetics Research And Criminal Dna Databanks, David Kaye

David Kaye

This article examines the current concerns about whether DNA databases may be used for actions other than to apprehend criminals, such as genetic research, in particular, searching for a "crime gene". Part II considers the perspective that these databases may be useful for research. The information within a DNA sample consists of a limited number of DNA base-pair variations, which are important to identification, but not necessarily to genetic research. However, while it may be difficult to conduct genetic research, it is not impossible. Part III examines state and federal database legislation. There are examples of three states' statutes and ...


Establishing Construct Validity And Reliability: Pilot Testing Of A Qualitative Interview For Research In Takaful (Islamic Insurance), Maryam Dikko 2016 Universiti Utara Malaysia

Establishing Construct Validity And Reliability: Pilot Testing Of A Qualitative Interview For Research In Takaful (Islamic Insurance), Maryam Dikko

The Qualitative Report

This paper describes the process of the conduct of preliminary tests to determine the construct and content validity of the chosen data collection method for a study into the relationship between Islamic principles and objectives, Islamic financial law and takaful (slamic Insurance) operations and practices in Nigeria. Semi-structured interviews were tested on a select group of respondents mirroring the intended subjects in the field. The pilot test showed the construct to be both valid and reliable while giving the opportunity to insert refinements to the research tool.


Research Brief One-Sheet No.7: Police Integrity Lost: Introducing A Study Of Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip Stinson, John Liederbach 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Research Brief One-Sheet No.7: Police Integrity Lost: Introducing A Study Of Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip Stinson, John Liederbach

Philip M Stinson

There are no comprehensive statistics available on problems with police integrity, and no government entity collects data on all criminal arrests of law enforcement officers in the United States. Police crimes are those crimes committed by sworn law enforcement officers with the general powers of arrest. These crimes can occur while the officer is either on‐ or off‐duty and include offenses committed by officers employed by state and local law enforcement agencies. This study provides a wealth of data on a phenomena that relates directly to police integrity—data that previously did not exist in any useable format.


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