Motivational Differences In Why Sports Fans Attend Minor League Baseball And Roller Derby Events, 2015 Western Kentucky University
Motivational Differences In Why Sports Fans Attend Minor League Baseball And Roller Derby Events, Anissa S. Pugh
Masters Theses & Specialist Projects
The aim of the current study was to examine the differences in sport fan motivation factors between mainstream (Minor League baseball) and atypical (roller derby) fans. Eighty-one fans (40 Minor League baseball and 41 roller derby) completed an 8 question demographic survey, a 26-item Sport Fan Motivation Scale, a 7-item Sport Spectator Identification Scale, and a 10-item Sport Fan Exploratory Curiosity Scale. It was believed that fans of Minor League baseball would be more motivated by the entertainment factor than roller derby fans. While roller derby fans would be more motivated by eustress, group affiliation and family factors at the ...
Power And Legacies: An Examination Of The Toronto 2015 Parapan American Games, 2015 The University of Western Ontario
Power And Legacies: An Examination Of The Toronto 2015 Parapan American Games, Kaitlyn Lindensmith
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The concept of legacy has become a potent mechanism for justifying expenditures on large scale sporting events, and is reflected in the policy process. The intention of this research was to examine the embedded power relations within the process of legacy plan development for the Toronto 2015 Parapan American Games and how the decision-making processes address community needs. Drawing upon Rütten and Gelius’ (2011) Multi-level Interdependence of Structure and Agency model, a combination of interviews and document analyses were used to examine a cross-section of the parasport system in Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area from the policy to community ...
More Than A Game: The Legacy Of Black Baseball, 2015 University of Kentucky
More Than A Game: The Legacy Of Black Baseball, Tara Moriarty
Out of a segregated and persecuted black society, the Negro Leagues arose to provide a form of business, entertainment, and charity. The leagues served as a form of uplift within the race and as a tool to bring blacks together within their communities. In 1945, with the signing of Jackie Robinson to Montreal, baseball became a vehicle for integration. While Robinson broke the color line in professional baseball, he simultaneously broke the Negro Leagues. Black fans abandoned black baseball and turned to the Major Leagues to watch Robinson. Although the integration of baseball was the first major victory for integration ...
Winning And Losing In Middle School Athletics, 2015 Dordt College
Winning And Losing In Middle School Athletics, Jeff Schouten
Faculty Work: Comprehensive List
"As Christians, children need to further understand that the outcome of the game does not define them and that they are called to respond in a way that brings glory to the Lord."
Posting about instilling a healthy view of competition at the middle school level from In All Things - an online hub committed to the claim that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ has implications for the entire world.
Richness Of Building Character In College Athletics, 2015 Dordt College
Richness Of Building Character In College Athletics, Craig Heynen
Faculty Work: Comprehensive List
"Sports offer an avenue and environment that is rich with opportunity for character development."
Posting about personal growth through athletics from In All Things - an online hub committed to the claim that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ has implications for the entire world.
The Muscular Female Athlete: Negotiating Conflicting Identities And Bodies, 2015 Minnesota State University - Mankato
The Muscular Female Athlete: Negotiating Conflicting Identities And Bodies, Kelsey J. Mischke
Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato
Competing assumptions, expectations, and discourses surrounding the institution of sports, femininity, and the feminine body create a conflicting paradox for female athletes. Existing research was investigated to examine the ways in which female athletes negotiate their conflicting roles in society and how they feel about their muscular bodies. Feminist theory, gender-role conflict theory, and identity work are used. Results show athletes employ apologetic behaviors, defensive othering, and create fluid identities in response to experiencing gender-role conflict. In terms of their bodies, female athletes feel differing sentiments dependent on environment, reject conflicting messages about their body, and/or reject their musculature ...
Bulky But Still Beautiful: Representations Of Healthy Femininity In The Crossfit Narrative, 2015 The University of Western Ontario
Bulky But Still Beautiful: Representations Of Healthy Femininity In The Crossfit Narrative, Cheryl Madliger
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Positioned in the area of feminist cultural studies, this thesis examines representations of femininity, fitness, and health in four key publications related to the fitness programs offered by the CrossFit™ Corporation. A critical discourse-analytical methodology is used to deconstruct notions of fit femininity in the CrossFit narrative. I argue that themes on femininity reflect contemporary healthist ideologies that promote concerns for health as an individual, moral responsibility, and normalize entrenched notions of the female body as a project to be managed. Drawing on the language of feminine empowerment, the CrossFit narrative constructs the ideal female body as one with increased ...
"There Are No Rules! Except These 108." The Multidirectional Flow Of Influence Between Sportication, Subculture, And Violence On The History Of Mixed Martial Arts, 2015 The University of Western Ontario
"There Are No Rules! Except These 108." The Multidirectional Flow Of Influence Between Sportication, Subculture, And Violence On The History Of Mixed Martial Arts, Jared V. Walters
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The sport of mixed martial arts (MMA), found in 1993, has a very tenuous history. Three influencing factors, sport-related violence, the sportization process, and subculture, have interacted directly with events and individuals through the sport’s history, resulting in these three multi-directional sources of influences having the greatest effect on the direction and development of the sport. MMA, initially promoted as a violent spectacle, became the target of political attacks. Such unprecedented levels and presentation of sporting violence had never before been seen. In reaction, the sportization process of MMA began and the subculture of the sport started to develop ...
Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, 2015 Montana State University - Bozeman
Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, Julia Hayes
Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal
Pain is a mental construct that is seen as a warning signal to avoid injury. Athletes are able to overcome the mental roadblock of pain with many different coping strategies. Research has shown that pain coping mechanisms can help athletes to avoid the negative effect of pain on performance (Thelwell, Weston, Greenlees, 2005). Ignoring pain can be used to change pain perception. Pain tolerance has also been shown to increase with mental training during exercise, suggesting that specific coping mechanisms can have a strong impact on an athletes ability to maintain a high performance level during competition (Thelwell, 2005). The ...
An Investigation Of The Relationship Between A Static Jump Protocol And Squat Strength: A Potential Protocol For Collegiate Strength And Explosive Athlete Monitoring, 2015 East Tennessee State University
An Investigation Of The Relationship Between A Static Jump Protocol And Squat Strength: A Potential Protocol For Collegiate Strength And Explosive Athlete Monitoring, Cody Haun
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between estimated absolute and relative squat strength and a static jump protocol with potential to provide desirable training adaptation data to practitioners in the field of collegiate strength and conditioning. Forty-one young (20.80 ± 2.44 years), healthy volunteers reported estimated back squat 1RM’s based on the most recent training block and completed a static jump protocol. Males (n=19, est. 1RM 141.29 ± 32.02kg) and female (n=22, est. 1RM 71.56 ± 19.64kg) jump data revealed large to very large correlations between squat strength, mean jump ...
The Acute Effects Of Ballistic And Non-Ballistic Concentric-Only Half-Squats On Squat Jump Performance, 2015 East Tennessee State University
The Acute Effects Of Ballistic And Non-Ballistic Concentric-Only Half-Squats On Squat Jump Performance, Timothy J. Suchomel
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The purposes of this dissertation were to examine bilateral asymmetry as a factor of postactivation potentiation, examine and compare the acute effects of ballistic and non-ballistic concentric-only half-squats on squat jump performance, and compare the potentiation and temporal profiles of strong and weak subjects following potentiation protocols that included ballistic and non-ballistic concentric-only half-squats. The following are major findings of the dissertation. Squat jump performance may be acutely enhanced following ballistic concentriconly half-squats; however the changes in performance do not appear to be related to bilateral symmetry. Ballistic concentric-only half-squats acutely improve various squat jump performance variables at various time ...
Tough Teammates: Training Grit And Optimism Together Improves Performance In Professional Footballers, 2015 University of Pennsylvania
Tough Teammates: Training Grit And Optimism Together Improves Performance In Professional Footballers, Patrick J. Steinfort
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects
Many psychological constructs under the heading of Positive Psychology are important to the careers of athletes and other high level performers. Grit and optimism have both been linked to performance outcomes in multiple disciplines, and interventions have been trialed to develop these factors in individuals and groups, with varying levels of success. Using an adapted version of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP) and Master Resilience Training (MRT) programs used to train resilience in both education and military settings, we implemented a mental toughness training intervention with a group of professional football players (n = 22) and also followed a control group ...
Fan-Addicts, 2015 Iowa State University
Fan-Addicts, Zachary Neuendorf, Kaley Lempke, Sam Greene
Imagine the entire world wakes up tomorrow, and the idea of sports—the memories of wins and losses and the tossing balls—has vanished. Besides viewing the massive stadiums planted everywhere as playpens inserted by extraterrestrial forces, what would change? For starters, located all around your house would be sports paraphernalia of humanized animals striking warrior poses, looking vicious and unforgiving. Feeling uneasy, you would move them into an empty closet, lay a blanket over them or completely dispose of them, fearful of what they represent.
Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, 2015 Univeristy of Southern California
Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel Leiner
Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.
Amalgamation And The Ideology Of White Supremacy In American Sport, 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Amalgamation And The Ideology Of White Supremacy In American Sport, Todd Crosset
Prepared for Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: 7th session of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of Complementary Standards to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)
There Is No I In Team: A Look At Gender Equality In Collegiate Athletic Attendance, 2015 Kennesaw State University
There Is No I In Team: A Look At Gender Equality In Collegiate Athletic Attendance, Emmie Trull
Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects
As a former student-athlete, every part of my collegiate career was perfect. As a softball player, I dealt with stereotypes my entire life from not being taken seriously on the field or not considered a real athlete because I was female. As I was growing up, women were becoming more well-known and accepted in athletics which made things easier, but still difficult. One aspect that was always lacking at games I competed in was the atmosphere. Our parents always supported us by attending, but very few students or other fans attended. It was extremely evident that people would rather attend ...
Wmu International News Summer 2015, 2015 Western Michigan University
Wmu International News Summer 2015, Haenicke Institute
WMU International News
- Bronco Athletics and Hall of Famers
- World Cup play preps Colombian for Bronco pitch
- Midfielder from Seville finds home on Bronco pitch
- Top-ranking Chilean a pro on and off the courtX
- Champion is the name and aim for this Bronco golfer
- Former NHL coach and international hall of famer leads Bronco Hockey
- Coaches worldwide keeping an eye on this German
- Freshman forward already signed to NHL’s Oilers
- Canadian gold medalist now a Bronco V-baller
- European standout takes the court at WMU
- Nationally ranked Croatian chooses WMU for education and athletics
- Seven-foot Senegalese center ready to dominate Bronco basketball
A Cliff (Scholar) And Chris (Baller) Paul State Farm Ad Campaign Analysis, 2015 University of Central Florida
A Cliff (Scholar) And Chris (Baller) Paul State Farm Ad Campaign Analysis, C. Keith Harrison Ed.D., Scott Bukstein Jd, Suzanne Malia Lawrence Ph.D.
Scott Bukstein JD
The purpose of this chapter is to analyze ethical issues and current trends of major college athletics in relationship to Black males in society. The focus of this chapter is on identity and how higher education institutions can cultivate a more balanced student-athlete mindset through images and representations. In addition to a review of relevant literature, a content analysis of six State Farm Insurance Cliff and Chris Paul commercials was conducted so that new knowledge is applied to the constructs of academic and athletic identity. Commercial and advertisement content analysis was utilized to address student-athlete life skills issues in terms ...
Psychosocial Motivators For Obstacle Course Racing: A Qualitative Case Study, 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Psychosocial Motivators For Obstacle Course Racing: A Qualitative Case Study, Aracely Rodriguez
Master's Theses and Project Reports
This study explored the psychological and sociological motivations of adult female and male obstacle course racers. A qualitative case study approach was used to explore the views, experiences, and motivations of obstacle course racing (OCR) participants. Descriptive statistics and cross tabulation was used to interpret responses to the 297 online questionnaires. A content analysis approach was used to analyze the qualitative data gathered from three focus groups with a total of 20 obstacle course racers. Three theories formed the basis of the study: Self-Determination Theory (SDT), Achievement Goal Theory (AGT), and Social Leaning Theory (SLT). Overall, findings supported previous research ...
Football Returns Home, 2015 Iowa State University
Football Returns Home, Andreas Haffar, Stephanie Breen
On March 7, 2003, the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) announced that one of the greatest spectacles on the globe would be on the soil of a country that lives, breathes and ultimately loves the beautiful game of football (soccer)—Brazil. Every four years, more than 200 nations strive to reach the finals, and only 32 teams get to compete on the big stage known simply as the World Cup. The players have the opportunity to display their abilities while at the same time, represent their respective homes. This summer marks the 20th FIFA World Cup.