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Kevin Moore's Hail Mary Pass - Into The End Zone With The 49ers In Levi's Stadium, Michael J. Fallon 2014 San José State University

Kevin Moore's Hail Mary Pass - Into The End Zone With The 49ers In Levi's Stadium, Michael J. Fallon

Michael Fallon

No abstract provided.


Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni 2014 University of Akron

Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni

University Press Publications

This collection of stories examines Cleveland's athletic teams and injuries that have hindered their quests for championships. From rotator cuffs to knee ligaments, from sprained ankles to sprained backs, and from broken legs to broken arms, Cleveland's misery has taken some of its best athletes and immobilized them at inopportune times. Shaq gave fans his inside dominance and his ailing thumb in 2010. Herb Score was a blazing lefthander until he took a line drive to the face in 1957. When the Las Vegas oddsmakers picked the Brown to win the Super Bowl in 1988, Bernie Kosar's ...


The Psychology Of Competitive Dance: A Study Of The Motivations For Adolescent Involvement, Samantha Sobash 2014 Chapman University

The Psychology Of Competitive Dance: A Study Of The Motivations For Adolescent Involvement, Samantha Sobash

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

"Competition is a social process that is so pervasive in Western civilization that no one can escape it" (Robson 2004). Dance training for most people begins at an early age, and thus the art form akin to sports introduces youth to competition. The booming dance competition industry has only enhanced the competitive aspect of the art form. Currently there are upwards of 200 local, regional, and national competitions held annually with participants as young as four years old. Is competition innate or are we introducing it as part of youth development in the Western world? Youth are increasingly pushed by ...


Physical Activity And Thriving Community: Can Group-Walking Generate Social Capital? A Literature Review, Harold Lee 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Physical Activity And Thriving Community: Can Group-Walking Generate Social Capital? A Literature Review, Harold Lee

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive psychology is an empirical study of the conditions and processes that contribute to the flourishing or optimal functioning of individuals, groups, and society. Positive relationships play a crucial role in well-being, and yet, social capital in the United States has been declining with individuals becoming more isolated. Thus, an innovative positive intervention that promotes stronger social ties between members of society could vastly improve the well-being of individuals as well as the community as a whole. Recently, researchers have reported that oxytocin promotes pro-social interaction, trustworthiness, and empathy. There is also research showing that physical activity increases oxytocin level ...


Relationship Between Athletes And Role Models, Kaytlin LeMier 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Relationship Between Athletes And Role Models, Kaytlin Lemier

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study examines the relationship between athletes and their responsibility as role models to youth. The study was conducted due to the expressed debate over the expected roles of professional athletes. On one side of the debate are those who feel that athletes choose to be in the limelight, thus being an athlete requires a need to acknowledge that they are role models and it requires that they act accordingly. On the other side are those who feel that athletes may have chosen their profession, but they are entitled to have a "private life" regardless of the youth who may ...


Confidence In College Athletics, Kimberly Halpin 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Confidence In College Athletics, Kimberly Halpin

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

I researched the processes used by intercollegiate athletes to maintain confidence throughout their sports career, including how they prepared for games/competitions, how they dealt with pressures, and how other factors affected their performance and thought process during games. For this research, I created and administered an online survey to 70 college athletes across four sports. I found that many things gave the athletes confidence in themselves to play their sport such as family and preparation. However, some things also lowered the respondents’ confidence levels such as failing and negativity. Results imply that athletes, for the most part, seem confident ...


"They Are Just Like Us": The 1960 Winter Olympics And U.S.-Soviet Relations, Joe Schiller 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

"They Are Just Like Us": The 1960 Winter Olympics And U.S.-Soviet Relations, Joe Schiller

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

My research examined American attitudes towards the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc at the 1960, Squaw Valley Winter Olympics. This includes the press‟ prevailing attitude in its depictions of American and western European athletes, versus those of Eastern European athletes. Parallels between these and the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Games are of especial import; a Cold War era Olympics, on American soil, pitting American capitalism against Soviet communism, where the underdog Americans score an ice hockey victory over the Soviets en route to a gold medal. In 1980 the ice hockey competition was highly politicized, and historians have devoted ...


Beyond Limits: Exploring Motivation And The Lack Of Women In Ultramarathoning, Amy Harris 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Beyond Limits: Exploring Motivation And The Lack Of Women In Ultramarathoning, Amy Harris

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

An ultramarathon extends beyond the traditional 26.2-mile marathon (Tharion, Strowman, & Rauch, 1988) and includes 50 kilometers (31 miles), 100 kilometers (62.1 miles) and 135 miles. Participants must train for substantial periods of time and oftentimes in rough off-road terrain while dealing with dramatic changes in elevation and weather. Despite these challenges, participation rates are increasing; yet, most of these participants are men. For instance, for every woman participant, five men participated in the Western States 100 (Soderland, 2011). Very few researchers have examined the motives to participate in this unique sport or investigated the gender barriers of ultramarathons. This qualitative study was conducted to further explore and understand what motivates women to run ultramarathons and the gender barriers that may prevent or make it difficult for them to participate in ultramarathons. Telephone interviews were conducted with fifteen women who completed at least one ultramarathon ...


Mental Toughness Training Intervention For Collegiate Track And Field Athletes, Amanda A. Truelove 2014 Western University

Mental Toughness Training Intervention For Collegiate Track And Field Athletes, Amanda A. Truelove

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mental toughness has been recognized as a key component necessary for optimal athletic achievement. The use of mental toughness training programs has been found to help athletes develop specific psychological skills associated with mental toughness, such as goal setting, positive self-talk, mental imagery, and relaxation. By developing these skills, athletes are better able to control levels of competition anxiety, increase levels of self-confidence, and ultimately, improve performance results. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a specifically designed mental toughness training program for varsity level track and field athletes. Participants included 4 varsity track and ...


Entering The World Stage, Alexandra Ciaccio 2014 Big Sky Conference

Entering The World Stage, Alexandra Ciaccio

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

This play takes place in 1970s France, focusing on a time when women in sports are trying to make a break through. There is a look into what is taking place world wide as events unfold within France, in which I have created through the setting of the play. Research of events taking play around the world play an important influence of the events within the drama. Themes of creating a norm away from men in sport and breaking stereotypes of lesbianism are laced throughout.


Tragedy Of Isla Vista, Miguel A. Aceves Mr. 2014 Big Sky Conference

Tragedy Of Isla Vista, Miguel A. Aceves Mr.

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

This is for all the women of this world, whose lives of fear and constant threat are unjust. To the victims of Isla Vista, who fell not by the hands of a single individual, but to the hands of a society.


The Efficacy Of A Motivational Imagery Intervention In Distance Athletes, Jenna Deelstra, Jennifer Jordan Hamson-Utley, Lauren Fowler, Sally Shigley 2014 Big Sky Conference

The Efficacy Of A Motivational Imagery Intervention In Distance Athletes, Jenna Deelstra, Jennifer Jordan Hamson-Utley, Lauren Fowler, Sally Shigley

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

The purpose of the present study was to explore the impact of facilitative mental imagery training on distance runners. Female (n=20) and male (n=11) athletes, separated by skill level classifications: Collegiate (n=19) and recreational (n=12) completed the Motivational Imagery Ability Measure for Sport (MIAMS) before and after mental imagery training. Included in the training were relaxation and breathing techniques followed by guided imagery related to distance running training and competition. Multiple t-tests examining the effects of the imagery training on MIAMS survey responses between collegiate and recreational athletes for motivational general-mastery imagery (MG-M) and arousal ...


A Multi-University Examination Of College Student-Athlete & Coach Fit, Amanda Celeste Alexander 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Multi-University Examination Of College Student-Athlete & Coach Fit, Amanda Celeste Alexander

Doctoral Dissertations

This study examines the relationship between student-athletes’ personality traits and satisfaction with their collegiate coaching experience, as guided by vocational research and theory on job satisfaction and turnover. Specifically, this study was designed to examine both broad and narrow personality traits in relation to student-athletes’ satisfaction across four dimensions of the student-athlete/coach relationship and to explore intent to transfer as a dependent of these variables. This study is an expansion of a previous study investigation of personality and satisfaction with coaching (Levy, Alexander, & Lounsbury, under review). A national sample of NCAA Division I, II, and III collegiate student-athletes was surveyed (N=204). Findings demonstrated that personality traits of emotional stability and optimism in addition to the demographic variables academic classification and role on the team significantly predicted satisfaction with coaching experience, accounting for over 13% of the variance. Additionally, satisfaction with coaching along with the personality traits emotional stability, extraversion and openness significantly predicted intent to transfer, accounting for close to 19% of the variance.

The results of this study offer valuable insight into variables that significantly influence the satisfaction of student-athletes and contribute to their retention. Theory of Work Adjustment and the Attraction-Selection-Attrition model support these findings (Juntunen & Even, 2012; Schneider, Goldstein, & Smith, 1995). Practical implications and may include developmental programming, coaching education, and recruitment processes ...


"Game Time Is My Time. I Get To Define That:" Gender, Identity, And The National Football League's Female Fans, Traci Yates 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

"Game Time Is My Time. I Get To Define That:" Gender, Identity, And The National Football League's Female Fans, Traci Yates

Doctoral Dissertations

Based on existing literature relatively little is known about the female football fan in America. Previous research has acknowledged that these women exist, often in startling proportions. It has also identified some of the reasons why they attend the game and some of the perceived benefits of their participation as fans (Clark, Apostolopoulou, & Gladden, 2009; Dietz-Uhler, Harrick, End, & Jacquemotte, 2000). Yet we do not know the value they place on their fan identities, nor how they manage to negotiate being both women and fans in a sport environment that both subtly and not-so-subtly continues to reinforce the model of hegemonic masculinity. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore how the identities of female fans of the National Football League (NFL) were constructed and negotiated through the language used to describe their experiences. To that end, 35 blog posts from OnHerGame a website dedicated to female sports fans, during the 2012-2013 NFL season were collected and five women who self-identify as National Football League (NFL) fans and currently write for the site were interviewed for this study; in addition, my own bracketing interview (Pollio, Henley, & Thompson, 1997) was also included. The resulting data were analyzed using feminist poststructural discourse analysis (FPDA), revealing three major patterns of discourse: a) reproduction, b) resistance, and c) reinscription. Reproductive discourse included language that reinforced hegemonic ...


August 2014, Latino Baseball History Project 2014 California State University, San Bernardino

August 2014, Latino Baseball History Project

Latino Baseball History Project Newsletter

Chris Docter.........Pg 2

Sandra L. Uribe....Pg 3

Las Beisbolistas..Pg 3

4th Annual Baseball Exhibit and Luncheon.....Pg4

Mark Ocegueda...Pg 5

Manny Vernon.....Pg 6


Nine Mathematical Ways Of Watching A Baseball Game, Ben Orlin 2014 Claremont Colleges

Nine Mathematical Ways Of Watching A Baseball Game, Ben Orlin

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Whatever its other flaws or merits as a game, baseball gives us plenty of time to think. (How else to spend the 2 hours, 50 minutes when nothing in particular is happening?) In the long gaps between pitches, my own thoughts veer towards mathematics. Are statistics really changing the game? Can any sense emerge from baseball's symmetries and odd patterns? Is it now a sport of science, or as ever one of superstition? And the aesthetic question that arises from all of this:\ In a human pursuit like baseball, can mathematical perspectives ever help us to create meaning?


Is The Nfl Responsible For Concussions Sustained By Players?, Lindsey Reid 2014 Liberty University

Is The Nfl Responsible For Concussions Sustained By Players?, Lindsey Reid

Masters Theses

National Football League (NFL) players have sustained concussions while playing football (Casson & Viano, 2010). There is a growing controversy between NFL players, their immediate families, and the league regarding alleged claims that management should be held responsible for the physical deterioration of former players including compensatory damages for suffering. Family members of current and past NFL players claim league officials provided inadequate education regarding risks associated with playing professional football. Former players are experiencing health issues such as dementia, early Alzheimer's, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), trouble concentrating and inability to work; in some cases these debilitating life-changing events have caused some players to commit suicide (Lipsky, 2008). This research seeks to discern the dilemma of concussions in the NFL and associated responsibilities of league management.


Effects Of A Short Term, Short Duration, High Intensity Exercise Intervention On Body Composition And Intra-Abdominal Fat, Gavin McBride, Kalene Lynch, Ricky Lang, Dustin Stanek, Daniel Markin 2014 Eastern Washington University

Effects Of A Short Term, Short Duration, High Intensity Exercise Intervention On Body Composition And Intra-Abdominal Fat, Gavin Mcbride, Kalene Lynch, Ricky Lang, Dustin Stanek, Daniel Markin

EWU Student Research and Creative Works Symposium

Short-term high intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to significantly improve body composition and intraabdominal fat stores. Studies have shown Tabata, a protocol using repeated rounds of 20-sec of work and 10-sec of rest, to be a valid protocol for HIIT. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a short term, short duration, HIIT intervention using a Tabata protocol, on intra-abdominal fat and body composition. Fourteen participants performed eight rounds of Tabata body weight jump squats, at maximal effort each Monday, Wednesday, and Friday for three weeks. There were no significant differences in body composition ...


Effects Of Jump Training On Bone Mineral Density In Young Adult Females, Battogtokh Zagdsuren 2014 Western Kentucky University

Effects Of Jump Training On Bone Mineral Density In Young Adult Females, Battogtokh Zagdsuren

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Physical activity is critical to bone health. However, not all physical activity has optimum effect on bone health and metabolism. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a short term progressive jumping protocol on bone mineral density in college age Asian females. Sixteen participants aged18-28 years enrolled in the study. Participants were assigned to exercise (n=9) and control (n=8) groups. The exercise group completed a two-legged depth jump from an approximate 20cm stepbench followed immediately by a maximum vertical jump using arm swings for five days per week for two weeks. Each depth jump ...


Golf Tourists At Two Courses In Las Vegas: A Demographic Profile, Brian Milford Jones 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Golf Tourists At Two Courses In Las Vegas: A Demographic Profile, Brian Milford Jones

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

This study focuses on the motivations and practices of tourist golfers at two Las Vegas, Nevada area golf courses: Rhodes Ranch Golf Club and Tuscany Golf Club.

Data was collected from tourist golfers at these two results and they report the amounts of money spent on golf, the motivations to visit Las Vegas for golf the amounts of money normally spent to play golf at home. The study also provides evidence regarding other activities of these golf tourists while in Las Vegas, including where they stayed and courses played. This is an exploratory study. However, results show that further research ...


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