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The Muscular Female Athlete: Negotiating Conflicting Identities And Bodies, Kelsey J. Mischke 2015 Minnesota State University - Mankato

The Muscular Female Athlete: Negotiating Conflicting Identities And Bodies, Kelsey J. Mischke

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Competing assumptions, expectations, and discourses surrounding the institution of sports, femininity, and the feminine body create a conflicting paradox for female athletes. Existing research was investigated to examine the ways in which female athletes negotiate their conflicting roles in society and how they feel about their muscular bodies. Feminist theory, gender-role conflict theory, and identity work are used. Results show athletes employ apologetic behaviors, defensive othering, and create fluid identities in response to experiencing gender-role conflict. In terms of their bodies, female athletes feel differing sentiments dependent on environment, reject conflicting messages about their body, and/or reject their musculature ...


Bulky But Still Beautiful: Representations Of Healthy Femininity In The Crossfit Narrative, Cheryl Madliger 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Bulky But Still Beautiful: Representations Of Healthy Femininity In The Crossfit Narrative, Cheryl Madliger

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Positioned in the area of feminist cultural studies, this thesis examines representations of femininity, fitness, and health in four key publications related to the fitness programs offered by the CrossFit™ Corporation. A critical discourse-analytical methodology is used to deconstruct notions of fit femininity in the CrossFit narrative. I argue that themes on femininity reflect contemporary healthist ideologies that promote concerns for health as an individual, moral responsibility, and normalize entrenched notions of the female body as a project to be managed. Drawing on the language of feminine empowerment, the CrossFit narrative constructs the ideal female body as one with increased ...


"There Are No Rules! Except These 108." The Multidirectional Flow Of Influence Between Sportication, Subculture, And Violence On The History Of Mixed Martial Arts, Jared V. Walters 2015 The University of Western Ontario

"There Are No Rules! Except These 108." The Multidirectional Flow Of Influence Between Sportication, Subculture, And Violence On The History Of Mixed Martial Arts, Jared V. Walters

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The sport of mixed martial arts (MMA), found in 1993, has a very tenuous history. Three influencing factors, sport-related violence, the sportization process, and subculture, have interacted directly with events and individuals through the sport’s history, resulting in these three multi-directional sources of influences having the greatest effect on the direction and development of the sport. MMA, initially promoted as a violent spectacle, became the target of political attacks. Such unprecedented levels and presentation of sporting violence had never before been seen. In reaction, the sportization process of MMA began and the subculture of the sport started to develop ...


Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, Julia Hayes 2015 Montana State University - Bozeman

Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, Julia Hayes

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

Pain is a mental construct that is seen as a warning signal to avoid injury. Athletes are able to overcome the mental roadblock of pain with many different coping strategies. Research has shown that pain coping mechanisms can help athletes to avoid the negative effect of pain on performance (Thelwell, Weston, Greenlees, 2005). Ignoring pain can be used to change pain perception. Pain tolerance has also been shown to increase with mental training during exercise, suggesting that specific coping mechanisms can have a strong impact on an athletes ability to maintain a high performance level during competition (Thelwell, 2005). The ...


The Acute Effects Of Ballistic And Non-Ballistic Concentric-Only Half-Squats On Squat Jump Performance, Timothy J. Suchomel 2015 East Tennessee State University

The Acute Effects Of Ballistic And Non-Ballistic Concentric-Only Half-Squats On Squat Jump Performance, Timothy J. Suchomel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation were to examine bilateral asymmetry as a factor of postactivation potentiation, examine and compare the acute effects of ballistic and non-ballistic concentric-only half-squats on squat jump performance, and compare the potentiation and temporal profiles of strong and weak subjects following potentiation protocols that included ballistic and non-ballistic concentric-only half-squats. The following are major findings of the dissertation. Squat jump performance may be acutely enhanced following ballistic concentriconly half-squats; however the changes in performance do not appear to be related to bilateral symmetry. Ballistic concentric-only half-squats acutely improve various squat jump performance variables at various time ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between A Static Jump Protocol And Squat Strength: A Potential Protocol For Collegiate Strength And Explosive Athlete Monitoring, Cody Haun 2015 East Tennessee State University

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between A Static Jump Protocol And Squat Strength: A Potential Protocol For Collegiate Strength And Explosive Athlete Monitoring, Cody Haun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between estimated absolute and relative squat strength and a static jump protocol with potential to provide desirable training adaptation data to practitioners in the field of collegiate strength and conditioning. Forty-one young (20.80 ± 2.44 years), healthy volunteers reported estimated back squat 1RM’s based on the most recent training block and completed a static jump protocol. Males (n=19, est. 1RM 141.29 ± 32.02kg) and female (n=22, est. 1RM 71.56 ± 19.64kg) jump data revealed large to very large correlations between squat strength, mean jump ...


Fan-Addicts, Zachary Neuendorf, Kaley Lempke, Sam Greene 2015 Iowa State University

Fan-Addicts, Zachary Neuendorf, Kaley Lempke, Sam Greene

Ethos

Imagine the entire world wakes up tomorrow, and the idea of sports—the memories of wins and losses and the tossing balls—has vanished. Besides viewing the massive stadiums planted everywhere as playpens inserted by extraterrestrial forces, what would change? For starters, located all around your house would be sports paraphernalia of humanized animals striking warrior poses, looking vicious and unforgiving. Feeling uneasy, you would move them into an empty closet, lay a blanket over them or completely dispose of them, fearful of what they represent.


Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel Leiner 2015 Univeristy of Southern California

Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.


Wmu International News Summer 2015, Haenicke Institute 2015 Western Michigan University

Wmu International News Summer 2015, Haenicke Institute

WMU International News

  • Bronco Athletics and Hall of Famers
  • World Cup play preps Colombian for Bronco pitch
  • Midfielder from Seville finds home on Bronco pitch
  • Top-ranking Chilean a pro on and off the courtX
  • Champion is the name and aim for this Bronco golfer
  • Former NHL coach and international hall of famer leads Bronco Hockey
  • Coaches worldwide keeping an eye on this German
  • Freshman forward already signed to NHL’s Oilers
  • Canadian gold medalist now a Bronco V-baller
  • European standout takes the court at WMU
  • Nationally ranked Croatian chooses WMU for education and athletics
  • Seven-foot Senegalese center ready to dominate Bronco basketball


There Is No I In Team: A Look At Gender Equality In Collegiate Athletic Attendance, Emmie Trull 2015 Kennesaw State University

There Is No I In Team: A Look At Gender Equality In Collegiate Athletic Attendance, Emmie Trull

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

As a former student-athlete, every part of my collegiate career was perfect. As a softball player, I dealt with stereotypes my entire life from not being taken seriously on the field or not considered a real athlete because I was female. As I was growing up, women were becoming more well-known and accepted in athletics which made things easier, but still difficult. One aspect that was always lacking at games I competed in was the atmosphere. Our parents always supported us by attending, but very few students or other fans attended. It was extremely evident that people would rather attend ...


Football Returns Home, Andreas Haffar, Stephanie Breen 2015 Iowa State University

Football Returns Home, Andreas Haffar, Stephanie Breen

Ethos

On March 7, 2003, the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) announced that one of the greatest spectacles on the globe would be on the soil of a country that lives, breathes and ultimately loves the beautiful game of football (soccer)—Brazil. Every four years, more than 200 nations strive to reach the finals, and only 32 teams get to compete on the big stage known simply as the World Cup. The players have the opportunity to display their abilities while at the same time, represent their respective homes. This summer marks the 20th FIFA World Cup.


The Comeback Kid, Abby Gilman, Katy Moore, Kait McKinney 2015 Iowa State University

The Comeback Kid, Abby Gilman, Katy Moore, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

The elusive events of one May night almost altered the rest of his life. Sexual assault charges loomed as his name appeared in media across the nation, prompting the community he grew up in to turn its back. Ethos reveals the man behind the dropped allegations.


Who Do You Think You Are?, Traer Schon, Taylor Wertzberger, Tiffany Herring 2015 Iowa State University

Who Do You Think You Are?, Traer Schon, Taylor Wertzberger, Tiffany Herring

Ethos

Walking on central campus on a Sunday afternoon, you may notice a strange game being played. This game isn’t soccer, it isn’t dodgeball, it isn’t capture the flag—it’s a combination of all three. For Quidditch president Andrew Folkmann, it’s not just a game—it’s a competitive sport.

A question-and-answer column with Andrew Folkmann.


Muscular Christian Edmonton: The Story Of The Edmonton Young Men's Christian Association 1898-1920, Courtney Hope van Waas 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Muscular Christian Edmonton: The Story Of The Edmonton Young Men's Christian Association 1898-1920, Courtney Hope Van Waas

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

From its initial conception as the EYMI in 1898 to its emergence as the Edmonton YMCA through 1920, the institution always had a distinct purpose. The absence of a Muscular Christian agenda in the EYMI, coupled with a purposive refocusing of programming within the YMCA towards what was directed towards the public interest, religion within this institution waned following World War I. Newspapers and executive minute notes demonstrate the EYMI focus on producing the next generation of respectable businessmen. The Edmonton YMCA attempted to fulfill the task of ‘saving’ young men by distracting them from social vices. As a result ...


The Perception Of Importance Of Leadership Behaviors Between Athletic Trainers With Advanced Degrees In Athletic Training And Those With Advanced Degrees In Another Discipline, Matt Kutz 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

The Perception Of Importance Of Leadership Behaviors Between Athletic Trainers With Advanced Degrees In Athletic Training And Those With Advanced Degrees In Another Discipline, Matt Kutz

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Leadership


An Examination Of The Impacts That Parental Actions Have On The Athletic Experience Of Their Children., Adam B. Prescott 2015 Otterbein University

An Examination Of The Impacts That Parental Actions Have On The Athletic Experience Of Their Children., Adam B. Prescott

Masters Theses

As athletic competition at all levels has become more prominent over the last 10-15 years, so has the involvement of parents in many aspects (Frankl, 2004). The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts that parental actions have on the athletic experience of their children at the college level. This study involved 108 student-athletes and 17 coaches, at an NCAA Division III school, who completed separate questionnaires sharing their perspectives on parental involvement, ranging from past experiences to present-day situations in college. The findings may be useful in helping administrators at post-secondary schools identify various trends, enhance the ...


College Basketball In Kentucky, Religion, And Distinguishing Between The Two: Concerns And Cautions For The Conversation On The Religiosity Of Sports, Matthew A. Sheffield 2015 Western Kentucky University

College Basketball In Kentucky, Religion, And Distinguishing Between The Two: Concerns And Cautions For The Conversation On The Religiosity Of Sports, Matthew A. Sheffield

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Academic analysis of sport and religion is still in an early and formative phase. Only in the past fifty years has the conversation of sport and religion substantially been revealed as subject matter for serious academic work. This thesis includes literature from various scholars interested in religion and sport, contemplation on the religious nature of college basketball in the state of Kentucky, and challenges for leading scholars arguing over the notion of sport as a form of religion. The first half of the thesis presents the narrative of the increasingly growing academic debate over considering sport a religious phenomenon. The ...


"Cause I'M Young And I'M Black And My Hat's Real Low": Race, Hip-Hop, And Transformations In The Nba During The Late 1990s And Early 2000s, Christine DeBord 2015 Kennesaw State University

"Cause I'M Young And I'M Black And My Hat's Real Low": Race, Hip-Hop, And Transformations In The Nba During The Late 1990s And Early 2000s, Christine Debord

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

Race and racial tensions have long been pressing concerns in professional athletics in the United States. Issues of race have been of particular importance to the National Basketball Association (NBA) since African Americans compromise 77 percent of the league's players. As such, this work examines the ways in which the media and the NBA responded to and managed the new generation of black players during the late 1990s and early 2000s while marketing to primarily white audiences. This time period is important in that it was unapologetically coined the 'thug era' by sports media and basketball fans alike, and ...


Collegiate Novice Rowers’ Motivations: An Application Of Self-Determination Theory, Amy Nicole Kuuskoski 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Collegiate Novice Rowers’ Motivations: An Application Of Self-Determination Theory, Amy Nicole Kuuskoski

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons why novice rowers choose to join collegiate rowing teams. There is no existing research specifically analyzing this population, and the unique team structure in rowing makes previous sport participation research difficult to generalize to this population. The reasons for sport participation vary widely by age, gender, and level of competition.

This study integrates self-determination theory and organismic integration theory with scales to measure satisfaction and behavioral intentions, and data were collected through the use of a web-based survey. Schools competing in NCAA Division I and II rowing conferences were contacted ...


The Relationship Between Parent Communication Orientations And The Self-Efficacy Of Student-Athletes, Sara Marie Erdner 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Relationship Between Parent Communication Orientations And The Self-Efficacy Of Student-Athletes, Sara Marie Erdner

Masters Theses

The influence of parent(s)/guardian(s) communication on a student-athlete’s self-efficacy has received limited attention despite its potential implications for the athlete’s sport performance. Student-athlete participants (N = 290) completed measures to report their level of self-efficacy along with the student-athlete perceptions of their parent(s)/guardian’(s) communication orientation. Further, efficacy-enhancing techniques were measured to report frequency-of-use and effectiveness as these strategies were administered by the parent(s)/guardian(s). Significant relationships were found between conformity- and conversation communication and a student-athlete’s self-efficacy. However, these communication orientations did not interact to influence a student-athlete’s self-efficacy ...


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