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Athletes’ Perceptions Of Positive Development Resulting From Canadian Intercollegiate Sport: A Content Analysis, Scott Rathwell, Bradley Young 2018 University of Lethbridge

Athletes’ Perceptions Of Positive Development Resulting From Canadian Intercollegiate Sport: A Content Analysis, Scott Rathwell, Bradley Young

The Qualitative Report

Governing bodies of university sport have adopted more holistic approaches to the development of their athletes (Canadian Interuniversity Sport, 2013; NCAA, 2015). To our knowledge, there has been little empirical effort made to describe and assess positive development in the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) context. In this study, we qualitatively examined positive development outcomes associated with athletes’ participation in CIS sport programs. We conducted semi-structured open-ended interviews with 15 student-athletes (5 male, 10 female; Mage = 22, range = 17-26). To analyze the data, we performed a deductive content analysis (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005) using positive development categories found within the Youth Experience Survey (YES 2.0; Hansen & Larson, 2005). Athletes discussed positive developmental outcomes consistent with ...


Self Presentation Of Select Female Athletes On Instagram And Public Responses, Erin Ratelle 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Self Presentation Of Select Female Athletes On Instagram And Public Responses, Erin Ratelle

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Social media sites vastly have changed the ways in which athletes can interact with their fans. Positioned within the area of feminist cultural studies, this thesis employs a mixed-methods approach to examine how 8 selected female athletes display their bodies on Instagram via posted photos; how the public responds to this content via photo comments; and how these interactive postings fit with wider socio-cultural and historical contexts of women’s bodies in sport and physical activity. Using Erving Goffman’s theory on self-presentation and Jurgen Habermas’ theory on the public sphere, I conceive Instagram as both stage and space for ...


Environmental Factors Associated With Success Rates Of Australian Stock Herding Dogs, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Jonathan B. Early, Claire M. Wade, Paul D. McGreevy 2018 University of Sydney

Environmental Factors Associated With Success Rates Of Australian Stock Herding Dogs, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Jonathan B. Early, Claire M. Wade, Paul D. Mcgreevy

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

This study investigated the current management practices associated with stock herding dogs on Australian farms. A parallel goal was to determine whether these practices and the characteristics of the dog handlers were associated with success rates. Success rate refers to the proportion of dogs acquired by the farmer that were retained as working dogs. Data on a total of 4,027 dogs were obtained through The Farm Dog Survey which gathered information from 812 herding dog owners around Australia. Using logistic regression, significant associations were identified between success rate and seven variables: dog breed, housing method, trial participation, age of ...


The Effect Of Noseband Tightening On Horses’ Behavior, Eye Temperature, And Cardiac Responses, Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy 2018 Kandoo Equine

The Effect Of Noseband Tightening On Horses’ Behavior, Eye Temperature, And Cardiac Responses, Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul Mcgreevy

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has with oral behavior and with physiological changes that indicate a stress response, such as increases in eye temperature (measured with infrared thermography) and heart rate and decreases in heart rate variability (HRV). Horses (n = 12) wearing a double bridle and crank noseband, as is common in dressage at elite levels, were randomly assigned to four treatments: unfastened noseband ...


Strong Selection For Behavioural Resilience In Australian Stock Working Dogs Identified By Selective Sweep Analysis, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Lincoln Peek, Jonathan B. Early, Annie Y. H. Pan, Bianca Haase, Tracy Chew, Paul D. McGreevy, Claire M. Wade 2018 University of Sydney

Strong Selection For Behavioural Resilience In Australian Stock Working Dogs Identified By Selective Sweep Analysis, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Lincoln Peek, Jonathan B. Early, Annie Y. H. Pan, Bianca Haase, Tracy Chew, Paul D. Mcgreevy, Claire M. Wade

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

Background: Working dog handlers and breeders have strong opinions on characteristics that are desirable in the breeds that they use to handle stock. Most of these characteristics are related to conformation or behaviour. This study explored whether the genetics underlying desirable working behaviour traits might be identified by selective sweep analysis; a method that identifies long regions of strong homozygosity combined with allelic divergence from a comparison group. For this analysis, we compared genomic haplotype architecture in two breeds derived from common founder stock but subjected to divergent selective pressures. The breeds studied were the Australian Kelpie, which is registered ...


Estimating The Economic Value Of Australian Stock Herding Dogs, E. R. Arnott, J. B. Early, C. M. Wade, P. D. McGreevy 2018 University of Sydney

Estimating The Economic Value Of Australian Stock Herding Dogs, E. R. Arnott, J. B. Early, C. M. Wade, P. D. Mcgreevy

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

This study aimed to estimate the value of the typical Australian herding dog in terms of predicted return on investment. This required an assessment of the costs associated with owning herding dogs and estimation of the work they typically perform. Data on a total of 4,027 dogs were acquired through The Farm Dog Survey which gathered information from 812 herding dog owners around Australia. The median cost involved in owning a herding dog was estimated to be a total of AU$7,763 over the period of its working life. The work performed by the dog throughout this time ...


Assessing The Benefits Of College Climbing Programs: Applying The Perceived Health Outcomes Of Recreation Scale, Peter Ahl, Eddie Hill, Cienna Gabriele, Edwin Gomez, Amy Direnzo 2018 Old Dominion University

Assessing The Benefits Of College Climbing Programs: Applying The Perceived Health Outcomes Of Recreation Scale, Peter Ahl, Eddie Hill, Cienna Gabriele, Edwin Gomez, Amy Direnzo

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Rock climbing is a sport that requires a participant to lift the body against gravity to climb on a rock face using the irregularities of the rock. On a highly rated climb, the rock face is “virtually perpendicular and the irregularities are very small” (Li, Margetts, & Fowler, 2001; Slanger & Rudestam, 1997, p. 359). Although some researchers have maintained that rock climbing involves both sensation seeking and risk taking as the key elements to one’s motivation for participation (Palmer, 2002), others have researched the possibility of characteristics that are unique to rock climbers, which set the rock climbing community apart from the other extreme sports (Kiewa, 2001; Slanger & Rudestam, 1997).

Although rock climbing was seen as an outdoor sport for few who chose to live life outside high on the mountain side, more recent years the sport of climbing has become more main stream. It is now in the Olympics, many YMCAs, middle schools, and colleges. College climbing programs have ...


The Revised Ncaa Division I Governance Structure After Three Years: A Scorecard, Brian D. Shannon 2018 Texas A&M University School of Law

The Revised Ncaa Division I Governance Structure After Three Years: A Scorecard, Brian D. Shannon

Texas A&M Law Review

As part of the August 2014 Division I Governance re-design, the NCAA Division I Board of Directors, acting on the recommendation of a Board-appointed Steering Committee, granted certain autonomous decision-making powers to the Autonomy 5 conferences and their sixty-five member institutions. In effect, this recommendation by the Board’s Steering Committee enabled the Autonomy 5 conferences to begin to adopt policy legislation independently from the rest of Division I. Accordingly, the Steering Committee developed and recommended a structure “designed to allow permissive use of resources or to otherwise enhance the well-being of student-athletes by any [Autonomy 5 institutional] member, [or ...


Ua94/6/2/15 Incident At Hangman Valley, Ross Munro 2018 Western Kentucky University

Ua94/6/2/15 Incident At Hangman Valley, Ross Munro

Student/Alumni Personal Papers

Reminiscences of former WKU track athlete Ross Munro regarding the 1973 National Collegiate Cross Country Championship held in Spokane, Washington.


Ua94/6/2/15 Athletes, Beggars & Rock Stars (Or) Forget About The Olympics Tony, Ross Munro 2018 Western Kentucky University

Ua94/6/2/15 Athletes, Beggars & Rock Stars (Or) Forget About The Olympics Tony, Ross Munro

Student/Alumni Personal Papers

Reminiscences of former WKU track athlete Ross Munro regarding the exploits of Swag Hartel, Nick Rose, Chris Ridler, Tony Staynings and other members of the 1973 track team.


Jocks For Justice: How Sports Media Reflects And Propagates Societal Narratives, Laura Kathryn Reifsnyder 2018 Claremont McKenna College

Jocks For Justice: How Sports Media Reflects And Propagates Societal Narratives, Laura Kathryn Reifsnyder

CMC Senior Theses

Sports presents one of the most popular forms of entertainment in society, and sports media continues to expand its billion-dollar influence through new television deal and broadcasting rights. But with a population of journalists who are overwhelmingly white, straight, and male, sports media is promoting the hegemony of said image by reproducing stereotypes in its broadcasts to audiences around the country. Mainstream media regurgitates these stereotypes in their coverage of minority athlete by portraying black players as unintelligent or “thug”-ish, women as “butch”, and gay athletes as effeminate. These representations allow for the perpetuation of the white, heterosexual male ...


Going Undrafted: Survival Of Undrafted Free Agents And Seventh Round Draft Picks In The Nfl, Trey Smith 2018 Claremont McKenna College

Going Undrafted: Survival Of Undrafted Free Agents And Seventh Round Draft Picks In The Nfl, Trey Smith

CMC Senior Theses

Over the years there have been a lot of undrafted free agents that have had successful careers in the NFL. The monopsony structure for rookies entering the NFL and the fact that undrafted free agents get to pick what team they play for suggests that there is an advantage in not getting picked in the draft. To explore this possibility, this paper compares the probabilities of remaining in the NFL for undrafted free agents and seventh round draft picks through logit regressions and survival analysis. In doing so, this paper describes the processes the NFL takes in order to find ...


The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn 2017 University of Maine

The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

The Rangeley Spinner was invented in western Maine almost 140 years ago. The spinner's inventor, and first manufacturer, was long-time Maine Fisheries Commissioner, Henry O. Stanley of Dixfield. This exceptionally popular fishing spinner has stood the test of time by being made and sold continuously by many makers in many places, but mostly in Maine, for more than a century. This book will document this fishing lure's history, the many varieties made, and the spinner's numerous makers.

The book's working outline is as follows: Preface, Introduction, Anatomy of a Rangeley Spinner, Henry O. Stanley - The Originator ...


Comparison Of A Virtual Game-Day Experience On Varying Devices, Jack Miller, Holly Baiotto, Anastacia MacAllister, Melynda Hoover, Gabriel Evans, Jonathan Schlueter, Vijay Kalivarapu, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Comparison Of A Virtual Game-Day Experience On Varying Devices, Jack Miller, Holly Baiotto, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Gabriel Evans, Jonathan Schlueter, Vijay Kalivarapu, Eliot H. Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

Collegiate athletics, particularly football, provide tremendous value to schools through branding, revenue, and publicity. As a result, extensive effort is put into recruiting talented students. When recruiting, home games are exceptional tools used to show a school's unique game-day atmosphere. However, this is not a viable option during the offseason or for off-site visits. This paper explores a solution to these challenges by using virtual reality (VR) to recreate the game-day experience. The Virtual Reality Application Center in conjunction with Iowa State University (ISU) athletics, created a VR application mimicking the game-day experience at ISU. This application was displayed ...


Sport In An Authoritarian Regime: The Primo De Rivera Era In Spain, 1923-30, Brian D. Bunk 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Sport In An Authoritarian Regime: The Primo De Rivera Era In Spain, 1923-30, Brian D. Bunk

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The 1920s were part of Spanish literature’s Silver Age but for some of the nation’s athletes it was more of a Golden Age. The national football team won the silver medal at the 1920 Olympic games and in 1929 became the first team outside the United Kingdom to beat England. In 1926, heavyweight boxer Paulino Uzcudun claimed the European championship and tennis star Lili Alvarez began a run of three consecutive women’s singles finals at Wimbledon. Many of these sporting successes came during the dictatorship of General Miguel Primo de Rivera who seized power in 1923. Analyzing ...


Acquisition Of Aquatic Motor Skills Through Children’S Motor Stories, Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Elisa Huescar Hernandez, Jose Antonio Richart Parra 2017 Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche

Acquisition Of Aquatic Motor Skills Through Children’S Motor Stories, Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Elisa Huescar Hernandez, Jose Antonio Richart Parra

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

An increasing interest in the renewal of traditional recreational content and the use of the aquatic environments as educational resources is supported by very few empirical, evidence-based studies that link the two. This quasi-experimental study analyzed the role of stories in influencing perceived motor competence and real motor skills in seventy-eight children ages between 4 and 5 years through the administration of two questionnaires on aquatic motor ability and aquatic motor competence. Differences were found in aquatic motor competence (p < .01) and aquatic motor ability (p < .05) for the experimental group, where higher means values were obtained after the intervention. We present this methodological proposal as a useful educational tool for early childhood stimulation with achievements that go beyond motor progress itself.


In Memoriam 2017, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D. 2017 Bowling Green State University - Emeritus Professor, Developmental Aquatic Kinesiology

In Memoriam 2017, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

In Memoriam 2017 - Adolph Kiefer, Louise Priest, Terry Laughlin


Edward A. Ross: Social Development And Social Control, Ernest M. Oleksy 2017 Cleveland State University

Edward A. Ross: Social Development And Social Control, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

With a foundation in philosophy and history, core concepts of sociology and criminology that were initially posited over a century ago are still useful in understanding the workings of today's society. The contributions of Edward A. Ross have helped latter day researchers centralize their studies of polycentric topics by using social control as an omnipresent social fact. By comparing Ross's descriptions of 19th century society and the researcher's descriptions of 21st century society, a continuous understanding of a heavily pluralistic discipline comes to life.


Emily Pattinson And Stuart Cotterill (2017) Barriers And Facilitators To Overcoming Mental Block In Springboard And Highboard Diving. Journal Of Qualitative Research In Sports Studies, 11, 1, 1-14., Emily Pattinson, Stuart Cotterill 2017 Selected Works

Emily Pattinson And Stuart Cotterill (2017) Barriers And Facilitators To Overcoming Mental Block In Springboard And Highboard Diving. Journal Of Qualitative Research In Sports Studies, 11, 1, 1-14., Emily Pattinson, Stuart Cotterill

Clive Palmer

Mental block can be a significant psychological challenge for many springboard and highboard divers. Consequently, this study investigated the barriers and facilitators to overcoming mental block in these performers. Three former elite divers engaged in reflective interviews to discuss their experiences of mental block. Four barriers (emotions, loss of control, poor coaching and physical sensations) and four facilitators (preparatory skills, team mates, good coaching and cognitive skills) emerged from analysed transcripts. Findings from the current study suggest a link to self-efficacy theory as a potential mediator of mental block in diving.


Björn Langenbach And Jörg Krieger (2017) Emergence Of The Environment Policy Of The International Olympic Committee: A Historical Analysis. Journal Of Qualitative Research In Sports Studies, 11, 1, 15-32., Björn Langenbach, Jörg Krieger 2017 Selected Works

Björn Langenbach And Jörg Krieger (2017) Emergence Of The Environment Policy Of The International Olympic Committee: A Historical Analysis. Journal Of Qualitative Research In Sports Studies, 11, 1, 15-32., Björn Langenbach, Jörg Krieger

Clive Palmer

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has acted at the forefront of an environment and sustainability policy for international sport in the last years. Just recently, it published its UIC Sustainability Strategy in which it addresses the responsibility of all stakeholders involved in the Olympic Movement and outlines a global sustainability strategy. This paper traces the development of the IOC´s environment policy by analysing the IOC Session protocols. Thereby, it aims to link the aspect of environment to the Winter Olympic Games in Albertville in 1992 and in Lillehammer in 1994. It is argued the IOC approach the topic of ...


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