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The South Has Not Risen In Nhl Attendance Numbers Compared To The North, Kyle Stich 2014 St. John Fisher College

The South Has Not Risen In Nhl Attendance Numbers Compared To The North, Kyle Stich

Sport Management Undergraduate

This research looked at attendance capacity for traditional and non-traditional hockey markets. The aim was to attempt to determine the extent the attendance capacities differed between the two markets. Previously, there had not been any quantitative analyses done comparing traditional and non-traditional hockey markets so this study aimed to add new knowledge to that area. The National Hockey League (NHL) grapples with the validity of some of the current markets, with many observers calling for some teams to relocate to new markets. This research aimed to attempt to determine how justified those criticisms were.

Kim, Trail, & Magnusen (2013) have previously ...


“What Is The Spirit Of This Gathering?” Indigenous Sport Policy-Makers And Self-Determination In Canada, Braden P. Te Hiwi 2014 Western University

“What Is The Spirit Of This Gathering?” Indigenous Sport Policy-Makers And Self-Determination In Canada, Braden P. Te Hiwi

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

In this article, I examine how the process of Indigenous participation in policy-making pertaining to the development of federal sport policy in Canada is connected to Indigenous forms of self-determination. By conducting semi-structured interviews with six Indigenous sport policy-makers, I investigate how their respective thoughts, experiences, and actions shape their perspective on self-determination. My analysis shows that a focus on relationships was at the center of the interviewed Indigenous sport policy-makers’ approaches to the promotion of Indigenous self-determination. Furthermore, the relational nature of Indigenous policy-makers’ identities was also central to their pursuit of self-determination. The promotion of family and community ...


The Objectification Of Professional Female Athletes In Print Advertisements And The Consumers' Response, Angela L. Wallin 2014 St. John Fisher College

The Objectification Of Professional Female Athletes In Print Advertisements And The Consumers' Response, Angela L. Wallin

Sport Management Undergraduate

Abstract

As female athletes gain more recognition in the sports world, researchers continuously debate on whether the reason behind this is due to their athletic performance or their hyper sexualized appearance in media outlets such as print advertisements (Fink, Cunningham, & Kensicki, 2004). This raises the question on how consumers interpret advertisements that contain female athletes promoting both sport and non-sport products. Since this research is the first examine how consumers view and react to the use of professional female athletes in advertisements, this research further develops the literature of women’s role in both the advertising and sport world. Both ...


Beyond The Sports Page: Baseball, The Cuban Revolution, And Rochester, New York Newspapers, 1954-1960, Evan K. Nagel 2014 Western University

Beyond The Sports Page: Baseball, The Cuban Revolution, And Rochester, New York Newspapers, 1954-1960, Evan K. Nagel

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In the 1950s, the Caribbean island of Cuba underwent a series of emphatic and revolutionary changes, culminating in Fidel Castro's regime coming to power in early 1959. A year later, relations between the Cuban government and their American counterpart had deteriorated rapidly to the point of rhetoric, economic sanctions, and covert military actions. Yet, both nations laid claim to the same national pastime: the sport of baseball. Since the 1860s, America's game of choice had been played passionately by Cubans, helping facilitate their social assimilation into the U.S. economic sphere. There was arguably a cultural sporting bridge ...


Use Of Psychological Skills By Risk Sport Athletes, Patrick R. Young, Erin L. Knight 2014 Purdue University

Use Of Psychological Skills By Risk Sport Athletes, Patrick R. Young, Erin L. Knight

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Psychological skills can help athletes maximize their physical skills (Smith, Schutz, Smoll, & Ptacek, 1995) and overcome sport-related adversity. These skills may be especially beneficial to athletes performing within natural and unstable risk sport environments. The current study assessed psychological skills among risk sport athletes (N = 232) and the impact of experience on the use of such skills. Risk sport athletes of varying degrees of experience completed a modified version of the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory (ACSI; Smith et al., 1995). Risk sport athletes exceeded the midpoint on all of the ACSI subscales, indicating psychological skills usage. Experienced athletes scored significantly higher (p < .05) on three of the subscales and the total score, then leisure and novice athletes. These findings suggest the use of psychological skills within unpredictable and dynamic risk sport environments.


Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni 2014 University of Akron

Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni

University Press Publications

This collection of stories examines Cleveland's athletic teams and injuries that have hindered their quests for championships. From rotator cuffs to knee ligaments, from sprained ankles to sprained backs, and from broken legs to broken arms, Cleveland's misery has taken some of its best athletes and immobilized them at inopportune times. Shaq gave fans his inside dominance and his ailing thumb in 2010. Herb Score was a blazing lefthander until he took a line drive to the face in 1957. When the Las Vegas oddsmakers picked the Brown to win the Super Bowl in 1988, Bernie Kosar's ...


The Psychology Of Competitive Dance: A Study Of The Motivations For Adolescent Involvement, Samantha Sobash 2014 Chapman University

The Psychology Of Competitive Dance: A Study Of The Motivations For Adolescent Involvement, Samantha Sobash

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

"Competition is a social process that is so pervasive in Western civilization that no one can escape it" (Robson 2004). Dance training for most people begins at an early age, and thus the art form akin to sports introduces youth to competition. The booming dance competition industry has only enhanced the competitive aspect of the art form. Currently there are upwards of 200 local, regional, and national competitions held annually with participants as young as four years old. Is competition innate or are we introducing it as part of youth development in the Western world? Youth are increasingly pushed by ...


Ua80/1 Meeting Minutes, W Club 2014 Western Kentucky University

Ua80/1 Meeting Minutes, W Club

University Organizations

Meeting minutes for September 2014 meeting of the W Club Board of Directors.


Luchas Urbanas Alrededor Del Fútbol, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq., María José Rodríguez 2014 SelectedWorks

Luchas Urbanas Alrededor Del Fútbol, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq., María José Rodríguez

Fernando Carrión Mena

Esperamos, que esta obra invite a reflexionar sobre la relación entre ciudad y fútbol, evidenciando las prioridades en la gestión de los Gobiernos nacionales y locales cuando se encuentran ante eventos de magnitud internacional y que lleven a evaluar si el modo de gestión de ciertas ciudades contempla las necesidades colectivas o responden a intereses predominantemente privados.


Physical Activity And Thriving Community: Can Group-Walking Generate Social Capital? A Literature Review, Harold Lee 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Physical Activity And Thriving Community: Can Group-Walking Generate Social Capital? A Literature Review, Harold Lee

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive psychology is an empirical study of the conditions and processes that contribute to the flourishing or optimal functioning of individuals, groups, and society. Positive relationships play a crucial role in well-being, and yet, social capital in the United States has been declining with individuals becoming more isolated. Thus, an innovative positive intervention that promotes stronger social ties between members of society could vastly improve the well-being of individuals as well as the community as a whole. Recently, researchers have reported that oxytocin promotes pro-social interaction, trustworthiness, and empathy. There is also research showing that physical activity increases oxytocin level ...


Relationship Between Athletes And Role Models, Kaytlin LeMier 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Relationship Between Athletes And Role Models, Kaytlin Lemier

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study examines the relationship between athletes and their responsibility as role models to youth. The study was conducted due to the expressed debate over the expected roles of professional athletes. On one side of the debate are those who feel that athletes choose to be in the limelight, thus being an athlete requires a need to acknowledge that they are role models and it requires that they act accordingly. On the other side are those who feel that athletes may have chosen their profession, but they are entitled to have a "private life" regardless of the youth who may ...


Confidence In College Athletics, Kimberly Halpin 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Confidence In College Athletics, Kimberly Halpin

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

I researched the processes used by intercollegiate athletes to maintain confidence throughout their sports career, including how they prepared for games/competitions, how they dealt with pressures, and how other factors affected their performance and thought process during games. For this research, I created and administered an online survey to 70 college athletes across four sports. I found that many things gave the athletes confidence in themselves to play their sport such as family and preparation. However, some things also lowered the respondents’ confidence levels such as failing and negativity. Results imply that athletes, for the most part, seem confident ...


"They Are Just Like Us": The 1960 Winter Olympics And U.S.-Soviet Relations, Joe Schiller 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

"They Are Just Like Us": The 1960 Winter Olympics And U.S.-Soviet Relations, Joe Schiller

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

My research examined American attitudes towards the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc at the 1960, Squaw Valley Winter Olympics. This includes the press‟ prevailing attitude in its depictions of American and western European athletes, versus those of Eastern European athletes. Parallels between these and the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Games are of especial import; a Cold War era Olympics, on American soil, pitting American capitalism against Soviet communism, where the underdog Americans score an ice hockey victory over the Soviets en route to a gold medal. In 1980 the ice hockey competition was highly politicized, and historians have devoted ...


Beyond Limits: Exploring Motivation And The Lack Of Women In Ultramarathoning, Amy Harris 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Beyond Limits: Exploring Motivation And The Lack Of Women In Ultramarathoning, Amy Harris

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

An ultramarathon extends beyond the traditional 26.2-mile marathon (Tharion, Strowman, & Rauch, 1988) and includes 50 kilometers (31 miles), 100 kilometers (62.1 miles) and 135 miles. Participants must train for substantial periods of time and oftentimes in rough off-road terrain while dealing with dramatic changes in elevation and weather. Despite these challenges, participation rates are increasing; yet, most of these participants are men. For instance, for every woman participant, five men participated in the Western States 100 (Soderland, 2011). Very few researchers have examined the motives to participate in this unique sport or investigated the gender barriers of ultramarathons. This qualitative study was conducted to further explore and understand what motivates women to run ultramarathons and the gender barriers that may prevent or make it difficult for them to participate in ultramarathons. Telephone interviews were conducted with fifteen women who completed at least one ultramarathon ...


Mental Toughness Training Intervention For Collegiate Track And Field Athletes, Amanda A. Truelove 2014 Western University

Mental Toughness Training Intervention For Collegiate Track And Field Athletes, Amanda A. Truelove

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mental toughness has been recognized as a key component necessary for optimal athletic achievement. The use of mental toughness training programs has been found to help athletes develop specific psychological skills associated with mental toughness, such as goal setting, positive self-talk, mental imagery, and relaxation. By developing these skills, athletes are better able to control levels of competition anxiety, increase levels of self-confidence, and ultimately, improve performance results. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a specifically designed mental toughness training program for varsity level track and field athletes. Participants included 4 varsity track and ...


Ua80/1 Meeting Minutes, W Club 2014 Western Kentucky University

Ua80/1 Meeting Minutes, W Club

University Organizations

Meeting minutes for August 2014 meeting of the W Club Board of Directors.


Entering The World Stage, Alexandra Ciaccio 2014 Big Sky Conference

Entering The World Stage, Alexandra Ciaccio

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

This play takes place in 1970s France, focusing on a time when women in sports are trying to make a break through. There is a look into what is taking place world wide as events unfold within France, in which I have created through the setting of the play. Research of events taking play around the world play an important influence of the events within the drama. Themes of creating a norm away from men in sport and breaking stereotypes of lesbianism are laced throughout.


Tragedy Of Isla Vista, Miguel A. Aceves Mr. 2014 Big Sky Conference

Tragedy Of Isla Vista, Miguel A. Aceves Mr.

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

This is for all the women of this world, whose lives of fear and constant threat are unjust. To the victims of Isla Vista, who fell not by the hands of a single individual, but to the hands of a society.


The Efficacy Of A Motivational Imagery Intervention In Distance Athletes, Jenna Deelstra, Jennifer Jordan Hamson-Utley, Lauren Fowler, Sally Shigley 2014 Big Sky Conference

The Efficacy Of A Motivational Imagery Intervention In Distance Athletes, Jenna Deelstra, Jennifer Jordan Hamson-Utley, Lauren Fowler, Sally Shigley

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

The purpose of the present study was to explore the impact of facilitative mental imagery training on distance runners. Female (n=20) and male (n=11) athletes, separated by skill level classifications: Collegiate (n=19) and recreational (n=12) completed the Motivational Imagery Ability Measure for Sport (MIAMS) before and after mental imagery training. Included in the training were relaxation and breathing techniques followed by guided imagery related to distance running training and competition. Multiple t-tests examining the effects of the imagery training on MIAMS survey responses between collegiate and recreational athletes for motivational general-mastery imagery (MG-M) and arousal ...


A Multi-University Examination Of College Student-Athlete & Coach Fit, Amanda Celeste Alexander 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Multi-University Examination Of College Student-Athlete & Coach Fit, Amanda Celeste Alexander

Doctoral Dissertations

This study examines the relationship between student-athletes’ personality traits and satisfaction with their collegiate coaching experience, as guided by vocational research and theory on job satisfaction and turnover. Specifically, this study was designed to examine both broad and narrow personality traits in relation to student-athletes’ satisfaction across four dimensions of the student-athlete/coach relationship and to explore intent to transfer as a dependent of these variables. This study is an expansion of a previous study investigation of personality and satisfaction with coaching (Levy, Alexander, & Lounsbury, under review). A national sample of NCAA Division I, II, and III collegiate student-athletes was surveyed (N=204). Findings demonstrated that personality traits of emotional stability and optimism in addition to the demographic variables academic classification and role on the team significantly predicted satisfaction with coaching experience, accounting for over 13% of the variance. Additionally, satisfaction with coaching along with the personality traits emotional stability, extraversion and openness significantly predicted intent to transfer, accounting for close to 19% of the variance.

The results of this study offer valuable insight into variables that significantly influence the satisfaction of student-athletes and contribute to their retention. Theory of Work Adjustment and the Attraction-Selection-Attrition model support these findings (Juntunen & Even, 2012; Schneider, Goldstein, & Smith, 1995). Practical implications and may include developmental programming, coaching education, and recruitment processes ...


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