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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Designing Smart Applications Using Ar (Augmented Reality), Kimberly A. De La Santa May 2018

Designing Smart Applications Using Ar (Augmented Reality), Kimberly A. De La Santa

Publications and Research

Augmented Reality is rapidly developing in popularity because it brings elements of the virtual world, into our real world. Augmented Reality (AR) is a variation of Virtual Reality (VR). VR technologies immerses a user inside an imaginary environment. While immersed, the user cannot see the real world around them. In contrast, AR allows the user to see the real world, with virtual objects and information intertwined. Therefore, AR supplements reality and enhances the things we see, hear, and feel. This research project will implement a Web page that gives the user the opportunity to experiment with AR.


In-Situ Educational Research From Concept To Classroom Implementation: A Multiple Paper Dissertation, David Mark Weiss May 2018

In-Situ Educational Research From Concept To Classroom Implementation: A Multiple Paper Dissertation, David Mark Weiss

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An educational researcher sought to collaborate with a classroom instructor to introduce problem-based learning as a new teaching intervention. First, a classroom instructor was approached to consider how a problem-based learning instructional approach might fit with their existing curriculum plan. The researcher and the classroom teacher used a discussion framework to decide together how to best design a professional learning course meant to prepare the teacher to use the new techniques in their classroom. The teacher took the professional learning course and subsequently designed his own problem-based learning course. That course was then delivered to undergraduate students in a college ...


Electric Light: Automating The Carceral State During The Quantification Of Everything, R. Joshua Scannell May 2018

Electric Light: Automating The Carceral State During The Quantification Of Everything, R. Joshua Scannell

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation traces the rise of digitally-driven policing technologies in order to make sense of how prevailing logics of governance are transformed by ubiquitous computing technology. Beginning in the early 1990s, police departments and theorists began to rely on increasingly detailed sets of metrics to evaluate performance. The adoption of digital technology to streamline quantitative evaluation coincided with a steep decline in measured crime that served as a proof-of-concept for the effectivity of digital police surveillance and analytics systems. During the turbulent first two decades of the 21st century, such digital technologies were increasingly associated with reform projects designed ...


Capital Growth: Precision Agriculture And Vertical Farming In The Corporate Food Regime, Justin Taylor May 2018

Capital Growth: Precision Agriculture And Vertical Farming In The Corporate Food Regime, Justin Taylor

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Agriculture in the 21st century has entered a digital age. New technologies emphasize GPS, big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, automation, sensors, and robotics, contributing to two modes of modern food production known as precision agriculture and vertical farming. Through an interdisciplinary review of scientific and social scientific scholarship, this paper examines the ways in which these two technologies interact with the global corporate food regime and explores their impact in core, peripheral, and semi-peripheral countries. It also engages in a discourse analysis of promotional materials and interview statements from precision agriculture and vertical farming firms to expose ...


The Ethics In Synthetics: Statistics In The Service Of Ethics And Law In Health-Related Research In Big Data From Multiple Sources, Sharon Bassan Ph.D., Ofer Harel Ph.D. May 2018

The Ethics In Synthetics: Statistics In The Service Of Ethics And Law In Health-Related Research In Big Data From Multiple Sources, Sharon Bassan Ph.D., Ofer Harel Ph.D.

Journal of Law and Health

An ethical advancement of scientific knowledge demands a delicate equilibrium between benefits and harms, in particular in health-related research. When applying and advancing scientific knowledge or technologies, Article 4 of UNESCO’s Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, ethically justifiable research requires maximizing direct and indirect benefits and minimizing possible harms. The National Institution of Health [NIH] Data Sharing Policy and Implementation Guidance similarly states that data necessary for drawing valid conclusions and advancing medical research should be made as widely and freely available as possible (in order to share the benefits) while safeguarding the privacy of participants from ...


Where Trying To Conceive Becomes A Community Effort: A Digital Ethnography Of Online Infertility Forums, Megan Burns Apr 2018

Where Trying To Conceive Becomes A Community Effort: A Digital Ethnography Of Online Infertility Forums, Megan Burns

Sociology Honors Papers

Online forums for women using in vitro fertilization (IVF), or similar assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), provide a useful setting to further evaluate and understand women’s expectations of motherhood, the relationship infertile women have with physicians and biomedicine, and their interactions on the forums. Some critics of ARTs consider them a tool of oppression in a pronatalist state. The pressure and desire to become a biological mother leads the women with access to these technologies to use them regardless. Through digital ethnographic research on four online ART forums, this research examines the intersection of altruism and self-interest in the ways ...


Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski Apr 2018

Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This study investigated the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI), social media use, interpersonal violence and gender. EI is a relatively new topic of research that has been of interest to many organizations due to the proposition that EI assists in the development of individuals. With the proliferation of social media, interpersonal violence and women in the workforce, a determination of a relationship between EI and those variables was warranted. The study was conducted at a small private Christian university. An online survey was administered to 123 sophomores. This study was a cross-sectional quantitative design, that utilized three established instruments to ...


Mobile Bullying Among Rural South African Students: Examining The Applicability Of Existing Theories, Michael Eddie Kyobe Prof., Lucas Mimbi Dr, Phillimom Nembandona, Sive Mtshazi Apr 2018

Mobile Bullying Among Rural South African Students: Examining The Applicability Of Existing Theories, Michael Eddie Kyobe Prof., Lucas Mimbi Dr, Phillimom Nembandona, Sive Mtshazi

The African Journal of Information Systems

Mobile bullying, which is one form of cyberbullying, is escalating in schools in South Africa. Research can contribute to better understanding of the nature of this aggression, and provide guidance in determining appropriate interventions and administration of justice. However, studies into cyberbullying tend to focus mainly on the urban environment. Rural South Africa involves a large percentage of mobile phone users and experiences in relatively different cultural and social-economic conditions. Lack of research on rural mobile bullying calls into question the applicability of existing theories of crime and cyberbullying to the rural context and their effectiveness in guiding legal and ...


Investigating Application Of The Self-Explanation Learning Strategy During An Instructional Simulation, Paul Michael Macloughlin Apr 2018

Investigating Application Of The Self-Explanation Learning Strategy During An Instructional Simulation, Paul Michael Macloughlin

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

Computer-based simulations effectively support the acquisition of scientific knowledge when combined with a guided learning approach. Active learning drives complex cognitive processes that enable the integration of new information with existing knowledge. The iCAP (Interactive, Constructive, Active, Passive) Framework provides a conceptual model to describe different types of active learning. Computer-based simulations fit neatly within this framework. Similarly, self-explanation is a generative learning strategy that fits within this framework. Promoting self-explanation using instructional prompts is an effective method for driving application of the strategy. This study compared three combinations of self-explanation prompt and learner activity (closed prompts – overt activity, open ...


Instructional Designer Awareness And Application Of Strategies To Manage Cognitive Load, Justin A. Sentz Apr 2018

Instructional Designer Awareness And Application Of Strategies To Manage Cognitive Load, Justin A. Sentz

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

This study examined how practicing instructional designers manage cognitive load in a standardized scenario as they select and implement instructional strategies, message design, content sequencing, and delivery media within various domains with learners at different levels of expertise. The study employed a quasi-experimental, mixed methods design to gain insight into how practicing instructional designers perceive their awareness of strategies to manage cognitive load and implement those strategies within a standardized design scenario. The research design involved the collection of quantitative data from the participants during an initial web-based questionnaire and a second collection of both quantitative and qualitative data as ...


The Accountability Web: Weaving Corporate Accountability And Interactive Technology (2010), Marcy Murninghan, Bill Baue Mar 2018

The Accountability Web: Weaving Corporate Accountability And Interactive Technology (2010), Marcy Murninghan, Bill Baue

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article is a synopsis of and set of recommendations emerging from a research project commissioned in 2009 and culminating in a working paper published in May 2010 by the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative of the Mossavar–Rahmani Center for Business and Government at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. The project was undertaken in the early days of social media and online interaction. Authors Bill Baue and Marcy Murninghan were designated as research fellows to take an in-depth look at implications produced by the interface between newly emerging interactive technology—at that time called “Web 2 ...


Dukungan Menjadi Situs Togel Terbaik.Jpg Mar 2018

Dukungan Menjadi Situs Togel Terbaik.Jpg

Prediksi Angka Togel Hongkong

Ini mungkin tidak sesuai dengan keinginan naratif untuk dipromosikan namun ada banyak jumlah yang memasuki situasi serius tanpa dukungan yang cukup benar seperti yang diklaim di pengadilan mengapa ingin situs menyakiti orang lain tidak akan menjadi yang pertama yang gangguan website agen togel spektrum autistik tidak dapat terbaik melakukan percakapan sebagian besar bergulat jangan bergabung dengan kelompok ekstremis dan rencanakan untuk terluka tapi ada yang suka mungkin seperti mantan terkenal.
Tidak hanya orang yang menderita terbaik seperti tapi para ahli baik dan menjadi yang setuju website agen togel secara lurus banyak yang tumbuh situs keluar dan memiliki kehidupan dukungan yang ...


The Ends Or The Means? An Interface To Investigate How Novice Designers Utilize Causal And Effectual Modes Of Thinking, Callen Hedglen Mar 2018

The Ends Or The Means? An Interface To Investigate How Novice Designers Utilize Causal And Effectual Modes Of Thinking, Callen Hedglen

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Creativity is crucial to the success of the new product design process and is a driving factor in innovation and long-term economic viability. Prior work has shown that effectual modes of thinking, that is, leveraging existing resources to develop an innovative solution, can lead to more creative outcomes. A new web interface was developed to empirically test the impact of effectual thinking on the creativity of early phase design idea generation. A pilot study was conducted using this interface to investigate novice designers’ click-level behaviors with effectual and causal information.


The Bronx Was Brewing: A Digital Resource Of A Lost Industry, Michelle Zimmer Feb 2018

The Bronx Was Brewing: A Digital Resource Of A Lost Industry, Michelle Zimmer

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Bronx: a bucolic oasis laden with history, a suburb within city-limits, an urban warzone, and thanks to the recent renaissance, a phoenix of progress rising from the proverbial ashes of the fires that burned through the borough in the 1970’s. But many people are unaware that the Bronx also brewed.
Uncovering the brewing industry of the Bronx tells not only the story of the lost industry, but it also communicates the narrative of the development of the Bronx. The brewers were German immigrants who developed a thriving industry by introducing lager beer to the United States by taking ...


Mapping Wifi Measurements On Openstreetmap Data For Wireless Street Coverage Analysis, Andrea Valenzano, Dario Mana, Claudio Borean, Antonio Servetti Jan 2018

Mapping Wifi Measurements On Openstreetmap Data For Wireless Street Coverage Analysis, Andrea Valenzano, Dario Mana, Claudio Borean, Antonio Servetti

Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Conference Proceedings

The growing interest on smart cities and the deployment of an ever increasing number of smart objects in public locations, such as dumpsters, traffic lights, and manholes, requires ubiquitous connectivity for these devices to communicate data and to receive configurations. Opportunistic WiFi connectivity is a valid alternative both to ad hoc solutions, like LoRa, which require costly deployments, and to communicating through the mobile network, which is both pricey and battery power hungry. In this paper we present a tool to analyze the WiFi coverage of home Access Points (AP) on the city streets. It can be of interest to ...


Models As Weapons: Review Of Weapons Of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality And Threatens Democracy By Cathy O’Neil (2016), Samuel L. Tunstall Jan 2018

Models As Weapons: Review Of Weapons Of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality And Threatens Democracy By Cathy O’Neil (2016), Samuel L. Tunstall

Numeracy

Cathy O’Neil. Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy (New York, NY: Crown) 272 pp. ISBN 978-0553418811.

Accessible to a wide readership, Cathy O’Neil’s Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy provides a lucid yet alarming account of the extensive reach of mathematical models in influencing all of our lives. With a particular eye towards social justice, O’Neil not only warns modelers to be cognizant of the effects of their work on real people—especially vulnerable groups who have less power to fight back—but also ...


Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury Jan 2018

Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to landslides, which cause loss of life and adverse impacts to infrastructure, environment and communities. Landslides are often triggered by exceptional rainfall and large-magnitude earthquakes. A range of strategies and methods have been developed to mitigate the occurrence of landslides and to reduce their impact, including risk to human safety. The adopted approaches and systems must be sustainable and resilient in relation to the communities that are at risk. This paper refers to an Australian regional case study of urban landslide management in the Wollongong region, New South Wales. The research carried ...


The Ideological Alignment Of Smart Urbanism In Singapore: Critical Reflections On A Political Paradox, Lily Kong, Orlando Sebastian Isambard Woods Jan 2018

The Ideological Alignment Of Smart Urbanism In Singapore: Critical Reflections On A Political Paradox, Lily Kong, Orlando Sebastian Isambard Woods

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Over the past decade, much has been written about the potential of smart urbanism to bring about various and lasting forms of betterment. The embedding of digital technologies within urban infrastructures has been well documented, and the efficiencies of smart models of urban governance and management have been lauded. More recently, however, the discourse has been labelled ‘hegemonic’, and accused of developing a view of smart technology that is blinkered by its failure to critique its socio-political effects. By focusing on the case of Singapore’s ‘Smart Nation’ initiative, this paper embraces the paradoxes at the heart of smart urbanism ...


Technology, Hyperbole, And Irony, Alan G. Gross Jan 2018

Technology, Hyperbole, And Irony, Alan G. Gross

Poroi

Except for metaphor, tropes are arguably irrelevant to the analysis of science and technology. Among tropes, moreover, hyperbole and irony seem particularly ill-suited as the former exaggerates, while the latter undermines, two strategies at odds with a language intent on closely following the contours of the world of experience. While neither hyperbole nor irony has a place in the professional discourses of science and technology, both play a role in their popular representations. Hyperbole expresses our sense that these achievements exemplify the sublime, a form of experience applied at first to feelings of awe generated by great literature, then in ...


Multizone Soundfield Reproduction With Privacy- And Quality-Based Speech Masking Filters, Jacob Donley, Christian H. Ritz, W Kleijn Jan 2018

Multizone Soundfield Reproduction With Privacy- And Quality-Based Speech Masking Filters, Jacob Donley, Christian H. Ritz, W Kleijn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Reproducing zones of personal sound is a challenging signal processing problem which has garnered considerable research interest in recent years. We introduce in this work an extended method to multizone soundfield reproduction which overcomes issues with speech privacy and quality. Measures of Speech Intelligibility Contrast (SIC) and speech quality are used as cost functions in an optimisation of speech privacy and quality. Novel spatial and (temporal) frequency domain speech masker filter designs are proposed to accompany the optimisation process. Spatial masking filters are designed using multizone soundfield algorithms which are dependent on the target speech multizone reproduction. Combinations of estimates ...


The Pursuit Of Innovation: An Analysis Of International Competitive Advantage In A Globalized Knowledge Economy, Tanay Gupte Jan 2018

The Pursuit Of Innovation: An Analysis Of International Competitive Advantage In A Globalized Knowledge Economy, Tanay Gupte

CMC Senior Theses

With the advent of the internet age, the way in which global society interacts with technology has changed dramatically. The instantaneous availability of information and connectivity, signal the rise of a knowledge economy. This is a system in which the most valuable resource, to nations and private enterprise, is knowledge. This thesis argues that value is created through knowledge flows, which result in innovation and technological advancement. This technological advancement is the primary determinant of a nation’s global competitive advantage in a globalized knowledge economy. This thesis then posits that these innovations are fostered by institutional, social, cultural, economic ...


Bibliography For Interstices 2018: Beyond Human: Emotion And Ai, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker Jan 2018

Bibliography For Interstices 2018: Beyond Human: Emotion And Ai, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker

Library Displays and Bibliographies

An annotated list of materials in the Leatherby Libraries to accompany the Interstices 2018: Beyond Human: Emotion and AI event held at Chapman University in February 2018. The event featured Lisa Joy, co-creator and executive producer of HBO’s Emmy winning hit series Westworld, Jon Gratch, Director for Virtual Human Research at the University of Southern California’s (USC) Institute for Creative Technologies and Caroline Bainbridge, a Professor of Psychoanalysis and Culture in the Department of Media, Culture and Language at the University of Roehampton London. The Leatherby Libraries also hosted two book club discussions of The Positronic Man by ...


Integrating Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors And Thermal Energy Storage Systems Using Phase Change Materials With Rotary Desiccant Cooling Systems, Haoshan Ren, Zhenjun Ma, Wenye Lin, Wenke Fan, Weihua Li Jan 2018

Integrating Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors And Thermal Energy Storage Systems Using Phase Change Materials With Rotary Desiccant Cooling Systems, Haoshan Ren, Zhenjun Ma, Wenye Lin, Wenke Fan, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents a feasibility investigation of integrating a hybrid photovoltaic thermal collector-solar air heater (PVT-SAH) and an air-based thermal energy storage (TES) system using phase change materials (PCMs) with rotary desiccant cooling systems for residential applications. The PVT-SAH is used to generate both electricity and thermal energy, while the TES unit is used to solve the mismatch between energy demand for desiccant wheel regeneration and thermal energy generation from the PVT-SAH. A near-optimal design of the proposed system is first identified using the response surface method. The feasibility is then examined using three performance indicators, including Solar Thermal Contribution ...


Legged Motion Planning In Complex Three-Dimensional Environments, Andrew Short, Tirthankar Bandyopadhyay Jan 2018

Legged Motion Planning In Complex Three-Dimensional Environments, Andrew Short, Tirthankar Bandyopadhyay

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

While legged robots are well suited to navigating complex three-dimensional (3-D) environments, their practical applicability is still hampered by the time taken to plan manoeuvres to traverse these challenging environments. We present contact dynamic roadmaps (CDRM), which extend dynamic roadmaps with contact information. The CDRM is precomputed offline to generate a discretized mapping from each leg's workspace to its configuration space, and then adapted online to the environment to rapidly identify collision-free foothold positions. The concept behind this is to perform the expensive foothold candidate generation and collision checking phases offline and store the data for use in the ...


Uniqueness Theorems For Topological Higher-Rank Graph C*-Algebras, Jean Renault, Aidan Sims, Dana P. Williams, Trent M. Yeend Jan 2018

Uniqueness Theorems For Topological Higher-Rank Graph C*-Algebras, Jean Renault, Aidan Sims, Dana P. Williams, Trent M. Yeend

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

We consider the boundary-path groupoids of topological higher-rank graphs. We show that all such groupoids are topologically amenable. We deduce that the $ C^*$-algebras of topological higher-rank graphs are nuclear and prove versions of the gauge-invariant uniqueness theorem and the Cuntz-Krieger uniqueness theorem. We then provide a necessary and sufficient condition for simplicity of a topological higher-rank graph $ C^*$-algebra, and a condition under which it is also purely infinite.


Data-Intensive Service Provision Based On Particle Swarm Optimization, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen Jan 2018

Data-Intensive Service Provision Based On Particle Swarm Optimization, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The data-intensive service provision is characterized by the large of scale of services and data and also the high-dimensions of QoS. However, most of the existing works failed to take into account the characteristics of data-intensive services and the effect of the big data sets on the whole performance of service provision. There are many new challenges for service provision, especially in terms of autonomy, scalability, adaptability, and robustness. In this paper, we will propose a discrete particle swarm optimization algorithm to resolve the data-intensive service provision problem. To evaluate the proposed algorithm, we compared it with an ant colony ...


Mlaas: A Cloud-Based System For Delivering Adapative Micro Learning In Mobile Mooc Learning, Geng Sun, Tingru Cui, Jianming Yong, Jun Shen, Shiping Chen Jan 2018

Mlaas: A Cloud-Based System For Delivering Adapative Micro Learning In Mobile Mooc Learning, Geng Sun, Tingru Cui, Jianming Yong, Jun Shen, Shiping Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Constant-Size Ciphertexts In Threshold Attribute-Based Encryption Without Dummy Attributes, Willy Susilo, Guomin Yang, Fuchun Guo, Qiong Huang Jan 2018

Constant-Size Ciphertexts In Threshold Attribute-Based Encryption Without Dummy Attributes, Willy Susilo, Guomin Yang, Fuchun Guo, Qiong Huang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Attribute-based encryption (ABE) is an augmentation of public key encryption that allows users to encrypt and decrypt messages based on users’ attributes. In a ( t, s ) threshold ABE, users who can decrypt a ciphertext must hold at least t attributes among the s attributes specified by the encryptor. At PKC 2010, Herranz, Laguillaumie and Ràfols proposed the first threshold ABE with constant-size ciphertexts. In order to ensure the encryptor can flexibly select the attribute set and a threshold value, they use dummy attributes to satisfy the decryption requirement. The advantage of their scheme is that any addition or removal of ...


Data-Centric Intelligent Computing, Jun Shen, Chih-Cheng Hung, Ghassan Beydoun, Yan Li, William Guo Jan 2018

Data-Centric Intelligent Computing, Jun Shen, Chih-Cheng Hung, Ghassan Beydoun, Yan Li, William Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In the age of Big Data and Internet of Things the integration of traditional and contemporary intelligent computing techniques continues to play an increasingly vital role in data analysis, real-time control and operation, decision making, and evaluation and forecasting. Many intelligent techniques, such as fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms, were initially proposed to deal with a certain type of datasets, whose success then led to the generalization of many algorithms that can deal with common types of datasets. With the rapid advancement in pervasive computing and integration with big datasets, digital datasets in different formats have been exponentially collected from ...


Metamorphic Testing: A Review Of Challenges And Opportunities, Tsong Yueh Chen, Fei-Ching Kuo, Huai Liu, Pak-Lok Poon, Dave Towey, T H. Tse, Zhiquan Zhou Jan 2018

Metamorphic Testing: A Review Of Challenges And Opportunities, Tsong Yueh Chen, Fei-Ching Kuo, Huai Liu, Pak-Lok Poon, Dave Towey, T H. Tse, Zhiquan Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Metamorphic testing is an approach to both test case generation and test result verification. A central element is a set of metamorphic relations, which are necessary properties of the target function or algorithm in relation to multiple inputs and their expected outputs. Since its first publication, we have witnessed a rapidly increasing body of work examining metamorphic testing from various perspectives, including metamorphic relation identification, test case generation, integration with other software engineering techniques, and the validation and evaluation of software systems. In this article, we review the current research of metamorphic testing and discuss the challenges yet to be ...