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Chelation Therapy As A Treatment For Autism, Cassandra Baty, Rachel Terharr 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Chelation Therapy As A Treatment For Autism, Cassandra Baty, Rachel Terharr

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

As medical advances continue to be made, there has yet to be an effectively consistent cure to the commonly known condition, Autism. Some researchers and physicians state that by using chelation therapy, it could help cure mercury poisoning in autistic individuals who were affected by vaccines or other sources. Because of the lack of research and knowledge of chelation therapy, there has been some controversy as to the ethics of providing chelation therapy to autistic children. The families that are put through these trials are faced with high costs, and no guarantee that their child could be cured. But to ...


Theoretical Investigation Of A Reported Antibiotic From The 'Miracle Tree' Moringa Oleifera, Michael Horwath, Vladimir Benin 2011 University of Dayton

Theoretical Investigation Of A Reported Antibiotic From The 'Miracle Tree' Moringa Oleifera, Michael Horwath, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Moringa oleifera, sometimes called the “Miracle Tree,” has received international attention for its potential to improve health in impoverished tropical areas. In addition to high vitamin content in the leaves and pods, the tree contains compounds with antioxidant and antibacterial properties. This study focused on the theoretical investigation of the suggested structure of one antibacterial compound, “pterygospermin,” whose existence was proposed after some studies of the roots of M. oleifera. The structure of pterygospermin was first proposed by a research group working in the 1950s, but later studies have not found evidence of this compound and have instead attributed the ...


A Sodium Salt Of The Dimer Of Boronoterephthalic Acid Anhydride, Scott Simmons, Albert Fratini, Vladimir Benin 2011 University of Dayton

A Sodium Salt Of The Dimer Of Boronoterephthalic Acid Anhydride, Scott Simmons, Albert Fratini, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The title compound, sodium bis­(6-carb­oxy-1-hy­droxy-3-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2,1-benzoxaborol-1-yl)oxidanium, Na+·C16H15B2O13-, was prepared in two steps from 2-bromo-p-xylene. Its crystal structure was determined at 140 K and has triclinic (P) symmetry. The compound presents a unique structural motif, including two units of the cyclic anhydride of boronoterephthalic acid, joined by a protonated, and thereby trivalent, oxonium center. Association in the crystal is realized by complementary hydrogen bonding of the carboxyl groups, as well as by coordination of the sodium cations to the oxygen centers on the five-membered rings.


Synergy 2011: Annual Research Report, UNT Health Science Center Research Office 2011 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Synergy 2011: Annual Research Report, Unt Health Science Center Research Office

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Prevalence And Molecular Study Of G6pd Deficiency In Malaysian Orang Asli, Farahnaz Amini 2011 SelectedWorks

Prevalence And Molecular Study Of G6pd Deficiency In Malaysian Orang Asli, Farahnaz Amini

Farahnaz Amini

This study aims to define the prevalence and the molecular basis of G6PD deficiency in the Negrito tribe of the Malaysian Orang Asli. Four hundred and eighty seven consenting Negrito volunteers were screened for G6PD deficiency through the use of a fluorescent spot test. DNA from deficient individuals underwent PCR-RFLP analysis using thirteen recognized G6PD mutations. In the instances when the mutation could not be identified by PCR-RFLP, the entire coding region of the G6PD gene was subjected to DNA sequencing. In total, 9% (44/486) of the sample were found to be G6PD-deficient. However, only 25 samples were subjected ...


Effect Of The Flavonoid Quercetin On Adipocytes, Jennifer C. Swick 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effect Of The Flavonoid Quercetin On Adipocytes, Jennifer C. Swick

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Obesity is an urgent global public health concern as prevalence rates continue to increase, especially among children. At the cellular level obesity is defined by an increase in adipocyte number (hyperplasia) and size (hypertrophy). Both lead to the dysfunction of adipose tissue, which has been identified as the link between obesity and chronic disease. Bioactive compounds, naturally occurring in fruits and vegetables, hold enormous potential in regulating adipocyte biology. Quercetin, the most commonly consumed dietary flavonoid, is a strong potential anti-obesity agent that has been implicated as an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator and shown to ameliorate symptoms of metabolic ...


Contributions Of Enriched Cereal-Grain Products, Ready-To-Eat Cereals, And Supplements To Folic Acid And Vitamin B-12 Usual Intake And Folate And Vitamin B-12 Status In Us Children: National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes), 2003–2006, Lorraine F. Yeung, Mary E. Cogswell, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Lynn B. Bailey, Christine M. Pfeiffer, Robert J. Berry 2011 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contributions Of Enriched Cereal-Grain Products, Ready-To-Eat Cereals, And Supplements To Folic Acid And Vitamin B-12 Usual Intake And Folate And Vitamin B-12 Status In Us Children: National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes), 2003–2006, Lorraine F. Yeung, Mary E. Cogswell, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Lynn B. Bailey, Christine M. Pfeiffer, Robert J. Berry

Statistics Publications

Background: US children consume folic acid from multiple sources. These sources may contribute differently to usual intakes above the age-specific tolerable upper intake level (UL) for folic acid and to folate and vitamin B-12 status. Objective: We estimated usual daily folic acid intakes above the UL and adjusted serum and red blood cell folate, serum vitamin B-12, homocysteine, and methylmalonic acid (MMA) concentrations in US children by age group and by the following 3 major folic acid intake sources: enriched cereal-grain products (ECGP), ready-to-eat cereals (RTE), and supplements containing folic acid (SUP). Design: We analyzed data in 4 groups of ...


Suggested Improvements For The Allergenicity Assessment Of Genetically Modified Plants Used In Foods, Richard E. Goodman 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Suggested Improvements For The Allergenicity Assessment Of Genetically Modified Plants Used In Foods, Richard E. Goodman

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

Genetically modified (GM) plants are increasingly used for food production and industrial applications. As the global population has surpassed 7 billion and per capita consumption rises, food production is challenged by loss of arable land, changing weather patterns, and evolving plant pests and disease. Previous gains in quantity and quality relied on natural or artificial breeding, random mutagenesis, increased pesticide and fertilizer use, and improved farming techniques, all without a formal safety evaluation. However, the direct introduction of novel genes raised questions regarding safety that are being addressed by an evaluation process that considers potential increases in the allergenicity, toxicity ...


Muscle Plasticity And Intramuscular Signaling In The Insulin-Resistant Obese Zucker Rat, Anjaiah Katta 2011 Marshall University

Muscle Plasticity And Intramuscular Signaling In The Insulin-Resistant Obese Zucker Rat, Anjaiah Katta

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The ability to increase skeletal muscle mass may have important implications for the treatment of insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes [1-3]. Recent data suggest that IR muscle may adapt differently than normal muscle; however, molecular mechanism(s) responsible for this finding are not well understood [4]. Herein, we investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the skeletal muscle remodeling in the IR Obese Zucker (OZ) rat.

The OZ rat is characterized by skeletal muscle insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia. Compared to LZ rats, our data demonstrate that soleus muscle hypertrophy was significantly attenuated in the OZ rats after 3-weeks of muscle overload ...


Converging Pathways In The Regulation Of Longevity And Metabolism In Caenorhabditis Elegans: A Dissertation, Sri Devi Narasimhan 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Converging Pathways In The Regulation Of Longevity And Metabolism In Caenorhabditis Elegans: A Dissertation, Sri Devi Narasimhan

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The lifespan of an organism is determined by a complex array of genetic, environmental and nutritional factors. Yet single gene manipulations have been shown to significantly extend lifespan in several model organisms. Of all the genes that have been studied thus far, components of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) pathway have emerged as the most robust regulators of longevity. In addition, IIS also regulates development, energy metabolism and the response to stress in a conserved manner. In Caenorhabditis elegans, signaling through this pathway is initiated by activation of the insulin/IGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase DAF-2, which then activates a PI3-kinase ...


Acute Modulation Of Endothelial Cell Glucose Transport: A Dissertation, Anthony J. Cura 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Acute Modulation Of Endothelial Cell Glucose Transport: A Dissertation, Anthony J. Cura

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Studies have demonstrated that under conditions of chronic metabolic stress, GLUT1-mediated sugar transport is upregulated at the blood-brain barrier by a number of mechanisms. Although acute metabolic stress has also been shown to increase GLUT1-mediated transport, the mechanisms underlying this regulation remain unclear. This work attempts to explain how GLUT1-mediated sugar uptake is increased during acute metabolic stress, as well as explore the factors involved in this modulation of sugar transport in blood-brain barrier endothelial cells. Glucose depletion, KCN and FCCP were applied to brain microvascular endothelial cell line bEnd.3 in order to induce acute metabolic stress by ATP ...


Acetaminophen Improves Protein Translational Signaling In Aged Skeletal Muscle, Miaozong Wu, Hua Liu, Jacqueline Fannin, Anjaiah Katta, Yeling Wang, Ravi Kumar Arvapalli, Satyanarayana Paturi, Sunil K. Karkala, Kevin M. Rice, Eric R. Blough 2010 Marshall University

Acetaminophen Improves Protein Translational Signaling In Aged Skeletal Muscle, Miaozong Wu, Hua Liu, Jacqueline Fannin, Anjaiah Katta, Yeling Wang, Ravi Kumar Arvapalli, Satyanarayana Paturi, Sunil K. Karkala, Kevin M. Rice, Eric R. Blough

MIIR Faculty Research

Background: Age-related muscle atrophy is characterized by increased oxidative stress, diminished Akt enzymatic function, and reduced phosphorylation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which can be attenuated by chronic acetaminophen ingestion. Here we hypothesize that age-related impairments in Akt/ mTOR function are associated with reduced protein translational signaling, and that these changes, if present, can be attenuated by acetaminophen treatment.

Results: Compared to 6- and 27-month old animals, the expression of the mTOR-complex proteins raptor and GbL and the phosphorylation of tuberin/TSC2 (Thr1462) were reduced in the soleus muscles of very aged rats (33 months old). These changes ...


Energy Metabolism And The Induction Of The Unfolded Protein Response: A Dissertation, Alison M. Burkart 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester

Energy Metabolism And The Induction Of The Unfolded Protein Response: A Dissertation, Alison M. Burkart

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

White adipose plays a major role in the regulation of whole body metabolism through the storage and hydrolysis of triglycerides and by secretion of adipokines. The function of endocrine cells is highly dependent on the unfolded protein response (UPR), a homeostatic signaling mechanism that balances the protein folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with the cell's secretory protein load. Here we demonstrate that the adipocyte UPR pathway is necessary for its secretory functions, and can thus play a crucial role in the control of whole body energy homeostasis. ER protein folding capacity is dependent both on the number ...


Regional Differences In Adipose Tissue Of The Sinclair Minipig, Suzanne Lauren Booker 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Regional Differences In Adipose Tissue Of The Sinclair Minipig, Suzanne Lauren Booker

Masters Theses

Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ, and its homeostatic mechanisms in normal weight, overweight and obese subjects must be elucidated. We sought to determine the basal adipose tissue biology of visceral (VIF) and subcutaneous (SQF) fat depots in 8 month old Sinclair minipigs, an animal that has been shown to be physiologically similar to humans.

Metabolic analysis showed a decrease in LDL, white blood cells (WBC), and lymphocyte percentages as the minipigs aged from 6 to 8 months (p <0.0001 and = 0.0046 and 0.0165 respectively). There were no significant changes in triglycerides, HDL, VLDL, and neutrophil percentages. There was a trend in insulin increase (P=0.0722).

Microarray analysis was performed to determine transcriptome differences between VIF and SQF. When VIF was compared to SQF, expression of a ...


C. Elegans Metabolic Gene Regulatory Networks: A Dissertation, H. Efsun Arda 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

C. Elegans Metabolic Gene Regulatory Networks: A Dissertation, H. Efsun Arda

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

In multicellular organisms, determining when and where genes will be expressed is critical for their development and physiology. Transcription factors (TFs) are major specifiers of differential gene expression. By establishing physical contacts with the regulatory elements of their target genes, TFs often determine whether the target genes will be expressed or not. These physical and/or regulatory TF-DNA interactions can be modeled into gene regulatory networks (GRNs), which provide a systems-level view of differential gene expression. Thus far, much of the GRN delineation efforts focused on metazoan development, whereas the organization of GRNs that pertain to systems physiology remains mostly ...


The Coupling Between Folding, Zinc Binding, And Disulfide Bond Status Of Human Cu, Zn Superoxide Dismutase: A Dissertation, Can Kayatekin 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Coupling Between Folding, Zinc Binding, And Disulfide Bond Status Of Human Cu, Zn Superoxide Dismutase: A Dissertation, Can Kayatekin

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is a dimeric, β-sandwich, metalloenzyme responsible for the dismutation of superoxide. Mutations covering nearly 50% of the amino acid sequence of SOD1 have been found to acquire a toxic gain-of-function leading to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A hallmark of this disease is the presence of insoluble aggregates containing SOD1 found in the brain and spinal cord. While it is unclear how these aggregates or smaller, precursor oligomeric species may be the source of the toxicity, mutations leading to increased populations of unstable, partially folded species along the folding pathway of SOD1 may be responsible for seeding ...


Co– And Post–Translational N–Linked Glycosylation Of Cardiac Potassium Channel Subunits: A Dissertation, Tuba Bas 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Co– And Post–Translational N–Linked Glycosylation Of Cardiac Potassium Channel Subunits: A Dissertation, Tuba Bas

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

KCNE1 (E1) peptide is the founding member of the KCNE family (1-5), which is a class of type I transmembrane ß-subunits. KCNE1 peptides assemble with and modulate the gating, ion conducting properties and pharmacology of a variety of voltage-gated K+ channel a-subunits, including KCNQ1 (Q1). Mutations that interfere with the function of either E1 and/or Q1 and disrupt the assembly and trafficking of KCNE1- KCNQ1 channel complexes give rise to diseases such as Romano-Ward (RW) and Jervell Lange Nielsen Syndrome (JLNS), two different forms of Long QT Syndrome (LQTS).

Using enzymatic deglycosylation assays, immunofluorescence techniques and quantitative cell surface ...


Use Of An Animal Model To Explore Prenatal Predictors Of Insulin And Glucose Metabolism In Southwestern Alaskan Yupiit, Julie Jo Kachinski 2010 University of Nevada Las Vegas

Use Of An Animal Model To Explore Prenatal Predictors Of Insulin And Glucose Metabolism In Southwestern Alaskan Yupiit, Julie Jo Kachinski

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Compared to other North American indigenous populations, Southwest Alaskan Yupiit exhibit very low rates of type 2 diabetes despite the occurrence of common risk factors. Contemporary Yupiit obtain a substantial portion of their calories from traditional foods, which contain high amounts of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Epidemiological and experimental animal research has linked glucose and insulin homeostasis with a diet high in omega-3s. This study used an experimental animal model to explore potential diabetes protective effects (for adult offspring) of prenatal maternal nutrition modeled on traditional locally-obtained Yupiit diets. The results of this study showed that the adult offspring whose ...


The Role Of Dynamic Cdk1 Phosphorylation In Chromosome Segregation In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe: A Dissertation, Sung Hugh Choi 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Role Of Dynamic Cdk1 Phosphorylation In Chromosome Segregation In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe: A Dissertation, Sung Hugh Choi

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The proper transmission of genetic materials into progeny cells is crucial for maintenance of genetic integrity in eukaryotes and fundamental for reproduction of organisms. To achieve this goal, chromosomes must be attached to microtubules emanating from opposite poles in a bi-oriented manner at metaphase, and then should be separated equally through proper spindle elongation in anaphase. Failure to do so leads to aneuploidy, which is often associated with cancer. Despite the presence of a safety device called the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) to monitor chromosome bi-orientation, mammalian cells frequently possess merotelic kinetochore orientation, in which a single kinetochore binds microtubules ...


Synergy 2010: Annual Research Report, UNT Health Science Center Research Office 2010 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Synergy 2010: Annual Research Report, Unt Health Science Center Research Office

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


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