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Transposable Element Expression In Human Embryo Single-Cell Rna-Seq Data, Corinne Sexton 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Transposable Element Expression In Human Embryo Single-Cell Rna-Seq Data, Corinne Sexton

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Transposable elements (TEs) are genetic sequences which are mobile within the genome, including DNA transposons and retrotransposons. Though the vast majority are no longer able to move or duplicate in humans, they still are actively transcribed in both germline and somatic cells, particularly in early human development. TEs are expressed in an extremely cell-type and stage specific pattern during embryogenesis, suggesting that they may either have a regulatory role in the cell or be transcribed along with cell-specific genes. However, earlier studies have focused on hESC models or early embryos up to day 6, with differing patterns of TE expression ...


Expanded Encyclopaedias Of Dna Elements In The Human And Mouse Genomes, ENCODE Project Consortium, Jill E. Moore, Michael J. Purcaro, Henry E. Pratt, Xiao-Ou Zhang, Shaimae I. Elhajjajy, Jack Huey, Job Dekker, J. Michael Cherry, Richard M. Myers, Bing Ren, Brenton R. Graveley, Mark B. Gerstein, Len A. Pennacchio, Michael P. Snyder, Bradley E. Bernstein, Barbara Wold, Ross C. Hardison, Thomas R. Gingeras, John A. Stamatoyannopoulos, Zhiping Weng 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Expanded Encyclopaedias Of Dna Elements In The Human And Mouse Genomes, Encode Project Consortium, Jill E. Moore, Michael J. Purcaro, Henry E. Pratt, Xiao-Ou Zhang, Shaimae I. Elhajjajy, Jack Huey, Job Dekker, J. Michael Cherry, Richard M. Myers, Bing Ren, Brenton R. Graveley, Mark B. Gerstein, Len A. Pennacchio, Michael P. Snyder, Bradley E. Bernstein, Barbara Wold, Ross C. Hardison, Thomas R. Gingeras, John A. Stamatoyannopoulos, Zhiping Weng

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The human and mouse genomes contain instructions that specify RNAs and proteins and govern the timing, magnitude, and cellular context of their production. To better delineate these elements, phase III of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project has expanded analysis of the cell and tissue repertoires of RNA transcription, chromatin structure and modification, DNA methylation, chromatin looping, and occupancy by transcription factors and RNA-binding proteins. Here we summarize these efforts, which have produced 5,992 new experimental datasets, including systematic determinations across mouse fetal development. All data are available through the ENCODE data portal (https://www.encodeproject.org), including ...


Perspectives On Encode, ENCODE Project Consortium, Michael P. Snyder, Jill E. Moore, Zhiping Weng 2020 Stanford University

Perspectives On Encode, Encode Project Consortium, Michael P. Snyder, Jill E. Moore, Zhiping Weng

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The Encylopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project launched in 2003 with the long-term goal of developing a comprehensive map of functional elements in the human genome. These included genes, biochemical regions associated with gene regulation (for example, transcription factor binding sites, open chromatin, and histone marks) and transcript isoforms. The marks serve as sites for candidate cis-regulatory elements (cCREs) that may serve functional roles in regulating gene expression(1). The project has been extended to model organisms, particularly the mouse. In the third phase of ENCODE, nearly a million and more than 300,000 cCRE annotations have been generated for ...


Building The Interphase Nucleus: A Study On The Kinetics Of 3d Chromosome Formation, Temporal Relation To Active Transcription, And The Role Of Nuclear Rnas, Kristin N. Abramo 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Building The Interphase Nucleus: A Study On The Kinetics Of 3d Chromosome Formation, Temporal Relation To Active Transcription, And The Role Of Nuclear Rnas, Kristin N. Abramo

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Following the discovery of the one-dimensional sequence of human DNA, much focus has been directed on microscopy and molecular techniques to learn about the spatial organization of chromatin in a 3D cell. The development of these powerful tools has enabled high-resolution, genome-wide analysis of chromosome structure under many different conditions. In this thesis, I focus on how the organization of interphase chromatin is established and maintained following mitosis. Mitotic chromosomes are folded into helical loop arrays creating short and condensed chromosomes, while interphase chromosomes are decondensed and folded into a number of structures at different length scales ranging from loops ...


Identification And Phylogenetic Analysis Of Channa Species From Riverine System Of Pakistan Using Coi Gene As A Dna Barcoding Marker, Muhammad Kamran, Atif Yaqub, Naila Malkani, Khalid Mahmood Anjum, Muhammad Nabeel Awan, Hamed Paknejad 2020 Department of Zoology, Quaid i Azam University Islamabad

Identification And Phylogenetic Analysis Of Channa Species From Riverine System Of Pakistan Using Coi Gene As A Dna Barcoding Marker, Muhammad Kamran, Atif Yaqub, Naila Malkani, Khalid Mahmood Anjum, Muhammad Nabeel Awan, Hamed Paknejad

Journal of Bioresource Management

Channa are the freshwater and important food fish species in Pakistan belonging to family Channidae. However, identification and phylogenetic analysis based on molecular tools of these species in Pakistan was not well known. Herein, the current investigation was conceptualized, which dealt with mitochondrial DNA sequences from three geographically distinct populations of this species from Pakistan’s water system. DNA from fin tissues was extracted. COI region of mtDNA was amplified using universal primers for fish. PCR products were sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis conducted in the present study, i.e. neighbor-joining (NJ) cladogram, maximum likelihood, K2P genetic divergence and histogram suggests that ...


Accessory Genes Contribute To Rewiring The Transcriptional Network In Fusarium Oxysporum, He Yang 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Accessory Genes Contribute To Rewiring The Transcriptional Network In Fusarium Oxysporum, He Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

The presence of accessory chromosomes is one of the most fascinating features in the genomes of Fusarium oxysporum (Fo) species complex that includes both plant and animal pathogens. In plant-pathogenic Fo strains, these accessory chromosomes govern host-specific pathogenicity through unique sets of virulence factors, including secreted effectors and plant cell wall degrading enzymes, while the identity of such factors are largely unknown in human infecting strains. This dissertation is composed of three projects that focused on studying the gene composition and transcriptional regulation of human-pathogenic Fo strains. The first project deciphered the genome of the clinical Fo strain, NRRL 32931 ...


Β-Amyloid And Tau Drive Early Alzheimer's Disease Decline While Glucose Hypometabolism Drives Late Decline, Tyler C. Hammond, Xin Xing, Chris Wang, David Ma, Kwangsik Nho, Paul K. Crane, Fanny Elahi, David A. Ziegler, Gongbo Liang, Qiang Cheng, Lucille M. Yanckello, Nathan Jacobs, Ai-Ling Lin 2020 University of Kentucky

Β-Amyloid And Tau Drive Early Alzheimer's Disease Decline While Glucose Hypometabolism Drives Late Decline, Tyler C. Hammond, Xin Xing, Chris Wang, David Ma, Kwangsik Nho, Paul K. Crane, Fanny Elahi, David A. Ziegler, Gongbo Liang, Qiang Cheng, Lucille M. Yanckello, Nathan Jacobs, Ai-Ling Lin

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Clinical trials focusing on therapeutic candidates that modify β-amyloid (Aβ) have repeatedly failed to treat Alzheimer’s disease (AD), suggesting that Aβ may not be the optimal target for treating AD. The evaluation of Aβ, tau, and neurodegenerative (A/T/N) biomarkers has been proposed for classifying AD. However, it remains unclear whether disturbances in each arm of the A/T/N framework contribute equally throughout the progression of AD. Here, using the random forest machine learning method to analyze participants in the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative dataset, we show that A/T/N biomarkers show varying importance in ...


Survival-Related Clustering Of Cancer Patients By Integrating Clinical And Biological Datasets, Xinming Wei 2020 Marquette University

Survival-Related Clustering Of Cancer Patients By Integrating Clinical And Biological Datasets, Xinming Wei

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Subtype-based treatments and drug therapies are essential aspects to be considered in cancer patients' clinical trials to provide appropriate personalized therapies. With the advancement of the next-generation sequencing technology, several computational models, integrating genomic and transcriptomic datasets (i.e., multi-omics) in the prediction of subtype-based classification in cancer patients, were emerged. However, integration of the prognostic features from the clinical data, related to survival risks with the multi-omics datasets in the prediction of different subtypes, is limited and an important research area to be explored. In this study, we proposed a data integration pipeline with the prognostic features from the ...


Scalable Learning Of Interpretable Rules For The Dynamic Microbiome Domain [Preprint], Venkata Suhas Maringanti, Vanni Bucci, Georg K. Gerber 2020 University of Massachusetts - Dartmouth

Scalable Learning Of Interpretable Rules For The Dynamic Microbiome Domain [Preprint], Venkata Suhas Maringanti, Vanni Bucci, Georg K. Gerber

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The microbiome, which is inherently dynamic, plays essential roles in human physiology and its disruption has been implicated in numerous human diseases. Linking dynamic changes in the microbiome to the status of the human host is an important problem, which is complicated by limitations and complexities of the data. Model interpretability is key in the microbiome field, as practitioners seek to derive testable biological hypotheses from data or develop diagnostic tests that can be understood by clinicians. Interpretable structure must take into account domainspecific information key to biologists and clinicians including evolutionary relationships (phylogeny) and dynamic behavior of the microbiome ...


Introduction To The R-Package: Usdampr, Elliott James Dennis, Bowen Chen 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Introduction To The R-Package: Usdampr, Elliott James Dennis, Bowen Chen

Extension Farm and Ranch Management

Why the Need for the Package? In the 1990’s, concern over growing packer concentration and a hog industry market shock resulted in discontent among producers and packers. As a result, the United States Congress passed the Livestock Mandatory Reporting Act of 1999 (1999 Act) [Pub. L. 106-78, Title IX] which is required to be reauthorized every five years. See here for a full history of the Livestock Mandatory Reporting Background.

Market reports were publicly issued in the form of .txt files with varying frequency from April 2000 to April 2020. Current and historical data were also housed in a ...


Translating Clinical And Patient-Reported Data To Tailored Shared Decision Reports With Predictive Analytics For Knee And Hip Arthritis, Patricia D. Franklin, Hua Zheng, Christina Bond, Danielle C. Lavallee 2020 Northwestern University

Translating Clinical And Patient-Reported Data To Tailored Shared Decision Reports With Predictive Analytics For Knee And Hip Arthritis, Patricia D. Franklin, Hua Zheng, Christina Bond, Danielle C. Lavallee

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: New informatics tools can transform evidence-based information to individualized predictive reports to serve shared decisions in clinic. We developed a web-based system to collect patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and medical risk factors and to compare responses to national registry data. The system generates predicted outcomes for individual patients and a report for use in clinic to support decisions. We present the report development, presentation, and early experience implementing this PRO-based, shared decision report for knee and hip arthritis patients seeking orthopedic evaluation.

METHODS: Iterative patient and clinician interviews defined report content and visual display. The web-system supports: (a) collection of ...


Introducing Lu-1, A Novel Lactobacillus Jensenii Phage Abundant In The Urogenital Tract, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Rita Mormando, Laura Maskeri, Jason W. Shapiro, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Introducing Lu-1, A Novel Lactobacillus Jensenii Phage Abundant In The Urogenital Tract, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Rita Mormando, Laura Maskeri, Jason W. Shapiro, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Bacteriophages (phages) play a key role in shaping microbial communities, including those of the human body. Phages are abundant members of the urogenital tract, most often persisting through the lysogenic life cycle as prophages integrated within the genomes of their bacterial hosts. While numerous studies of the urogenital microbiota have focused on the most abundant bacterial member of this niche–Lactobacillus species–very little is known about Lactobacillus phages. Focusing on Lactobacillus jensenii strains from the urinary tract, we identified numerous prophages related to the previously characterized Lv-1 phage from a vaginal L. jensenii strain. Furthermore, we identified a new ...


Maintenance Of Onc Terminology For I2b2 Metadata, James Campbell, Alfred J. Anzalone, Jay Pedersen, James C. McClay 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Maintenance Of Onc Terminology For I2b2 Metadata, James Campbell, Alfred J. Anzalone, Jay Pedersen, James C. Mcclay

Posters and Presentations: Emergency Medicine

ONC terminologies are constantly adding new content and deactivating existing codes. The University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) deploys three primary code sets that require regular updating to support research: SNOMED CT, RXNORM / NDC, and LOINC. A problem across the i2b2 community is keeping these terminologies up-to-date and loading them into i2b2 for timely analysis of EHR data. We have developed tool kits for rapid deployment of SNOMED CT metadata and will be extending the work to RXNORM/NDC and LOINC.


Contributions Of Gyra And Parc Mutations And Qnrs2 Acquisition To Ciprofloxacin Resistance In Aeromonas Veronii Hm21, Daniel J. Silverstein 2020 University of Connecticut

Contributions Of Gyra And Parc Mutations And Qnrs2 Acquisition To Ciprofloxacin Resistance In Aeromonas Veronii Hm21, Daniel J. Silverstein

Honors Scholar Theses

In recent years, ciprofloxacin resistant (CpR) Aeromonas veronii and A. hydrophila strains have been isolated from the wounds of patients receiving leech therapy. Genome comparisons of these CpR isolates revealed the presence of chromosomal mutations in gyrA and parC as well as the gain of qnrS2 on either a large, 34 kb, conjugatable, low-copy plasmid, pAv42, or on a small, 6.8 kb, high-copy plasmid, pAh1471. The minimum inhibitory concentration, MIC, for Cp of these clinical isolates ranged from 1 to ≥32 µg/mL and some harbored a qnrS2 containing plasmid. We wanted to assess the contributions of these factors ...


Docking Study Of Selected Citrus Flavonoids Towards Exploring The Potential Anti Estrogen Activity, Indira M., Krupanidhi S, Venkateswarulu T.C., Md. Nazneen Bobby, Keerthi P, Satya Kavya P, Amaze M, Abraham Peele K 2020 Department of Biotechnology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, Vadlamudi-522213, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Docking Study Of Selected Citrus Flavonoids Towards Exploring The Potential Anti Estrogen Activity, Indira M., Krupanidhi S, Venkateswarulu T.C., Md. Nazneen Bobby, Keerthi P, Satya Kavya P, Amaze M, Abraham Peele K

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Breast cancer is one of the serious health issues for the women and it has been characterized with uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast tissue. An elevated level of expression of estrogen promotes survival to breast cancerous cells. The present study is focused on phytochemicals, to screen the inhibition of estrogen receptor activity. The selected phytochemicals’ are citrus flavonoids having anti-cancer, anti-oxidative, anti-proliferative, anti-angiogenic, anti-estrogenic and anti-inflammatory activities. The crystal structure of human estrogen receptor with PDB ID: 2IOG are retrieved from protein data bank (PDB) and citrus flavanoids from Pub Chem database. The drug behavior was studied using ...


Draft Genome Sequence Of Escherichia Coli Umb1353, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Tanea Crawford, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence Of Escherichia Coli Umb1353, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Tanea Crawford, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Here, we present the draft genome sequence of Escherichia coli UMB1353, isolated from a patient with a urinary tract infection. The sequence of this antibiotic-resistant E. coli strain contains one intact P2-like phage.


Draft Genome Sequence Of Staphylococcus Epidermidis Umb8493, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Anthony Truckenbrod, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putonti 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence Of Staphylococcus Epidermidis Umb8493, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Anthony Truckenbrod, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putonti

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a native member of the human microbiota. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of S. epidermidis UMB8493, an isolate from a catheterized urine sample from a female with overactive bladder symptoms. The 2.54-Mbp draft genome encodes genes associated with beta-lactam and fosfomycin resistance.


Draft Genome Sequence Of Actinomyces Neuii Umb1295, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Tijana Markovic, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence Of Actinomyces Neuii Umb1295, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Tijana Markovic, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Actinomyces neuii is an opportunistic pathogen. Within the urogenital tract, it has been associated with bacterial vaginosis and overactive bladder symptoms. Here, we investigate a draft genome sequence of A. neuii UMB1295, which was isolated from a catheterized urine sample from a woman with a urinary tract infection.


Draft Genome Sequence Of Escherichia Coli Umb9246, Isolated From The Bladder Of A Woman With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection, Mikalina Belmonte, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence Of Escherichia Coli Umb9246, Isolated From The Bladder Of A Woman With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection, Mikalina Belmonte, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped bacterium that causes the majority of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we report the draft genome of E. coli strain UMB9246, an isolate from a woman with recurrent UTI.


Draft Genome Sequence Of Lactobacillus Crispatus Umb1163, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Fabeiha Khan, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence Of Lactobacillus Crispatus Umb1163, Isolated From The Female Urinary Tract, Fabeiha Khan, Taylor Miller-Ensminger, Adelina Voukadinova, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putoni

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Lactobacillus crispatus is a Gram-positive bacterium shown to protect against urinary and vaginal infections. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of L. crispatus UMB1163, isolated from the female urinary tract.


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