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3,377 full-text articles. Page 1 of 129.

Sdrap: An Annotation Pipeline For Highly Scrambled Genomes, Jasper Braun 2019 Illinois State University

Sdrap: An Annotation Pipeline For Highly Scrambled Genomes, Jasper Braun

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Network Reconstruction Using Computational Algebra And Gene Knockouts, Matthew Macauley 2019 Illinois State University

Network Reconstruction Using Computational Algebra And Gene Knockouts, Matthew Macauley

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Loop Homology Of Bi-Secondary Structures, Andrei Bura 2019 Illinois State University

Loop Homology Of Bi-Secondary Structures, Andrei Bura

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Energy-Spectrum Of Bicompatible Sequences, Wenda Huang 2019 Illinois State University

The Energy-Spectrum Of Bicompatible Sequences, Wenda Huang

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


On An Enhancement Of Rna Probing Data Using Information Theory, Thomas J.X. Li, Christian M. Reidys 2019 University of Virginia

On An Enhancement Of Rna Probing Data Using Information Theory, Thomas J.X. Li, Christian M. Reidys

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Creating, Modeling, And Visualizing Metabolic Networks, Julie A. Dickerson, Daniel Berleant, Pan Du, Jing Ding, Carol M. Foster, Ling Li, Eve Syrkin Wurtele 2019 Iowa State University

Creating, Modeling, And Visualizing Metabolic Networks, Julie A. Dickerson, Daniel Berleant, Pan Du, Jing Ding, Carol M. Foster, Ling Li, Eve Syrkin Wurtele

Ling Li

Metabolic networks combine metabolism and regulation. These complex networks are difficult to understand and create due to the diverse types of information that need to be represented. This chapter describes a suite of interlinked tools for developing, displaying, and modeling metabolic networks. The metabolic network interactions database, MetNetDB, contains information on regulatory and metabolic interactions derived from a combination of web databases and input from biologists in their area of expertise. PathBinderA mines the biological “literaturome” by searching for new interactions or supporting evidence for existing interactions in metabolic networks. Sentences from abstracts are ranked in terms of the likelihood ...


Formulation Of Hybrid Knowledge-Based/Molecular Mechanics Potentials For Protein Structure Refinement And A Novel Graph Theoretical Protein Structure Comparison And Analysis Technique, Aaron Maus 2019 University of New Orleans

Formulation Of Hybrid Knowledge-Based/Molecular Mechanics Potentials For Protein Structure Refinement And A Novel Graph Theoretical Protein Structure Comparison And Analysis Technique, Aaron Maus

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Proteins are the fundamental machinery that enables the functions of life. It is critical to understand them not just for basic biology, but also to enable medical advances. The field of protein structure prediction is concerned with developing computational techniques to predict protein structure and function from a protein’s amino acid sequence, encoded for directly in DNA, alone. Despite much progress since the first computational models in the late 1960’s, techniques for the prediction of protein structure still cannot reliably produce structures of high enough accuracy to enable desired applications such as rational drug design. Protein structure refinement ...


Intron And Small Rna Localization In Mammalian Neurons, Harleen Saini 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Intron And Small Rna Localization In Mammalian Neurons, Harleen Saini

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

RNA molecules are diverse in form and function. They include messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that are templates for proteins, splice products such as introns that can generate functional noncoding RNAs, and a slew of smaller RNAs such as transfer RNAs (tRNAs) that help decode mRNAs into proteins. RNAs can show distinct patterns of subcellular localization that play an important role in protein localization. However, RNA distribution in cells is incompletely understood, with prior studies focusing primarily on RNAs that are long (>200 nucleotides), fully processed, and polyadenylated. We examined the distribution of RNAs in neurons. Neuronal compartments can be separated by ...


Transcript-Based Cloning Of Rrp46, A Regulator Of Rrna Processing And R Gene–Independent Cell Death In Barley–Powdery Mildew Interactions, Liu Xi, Matthew J. Moscou, Yan Meng, Weihui Xu, Rico A. Caldo, Miranda Shaver, Dan Nettleton, Roger P. Wise 2019 Iowa State University

Transcript-Based Cloning Of Rrp46, A Regulator Of Rrna Processing And R Gene–Independent Cell Death In Barley–Powdery Mildew Interactions, Liu Xi, Matthew J. Moscou, Yan Meng, Weihui Xu, Rico A. Caldo, Miranda Shaver, Dan Nettleton, Roger P. Wise

Dan Nettleton

Programmed cell death (PCD) plays a pivotal role in plant development and defense. To investigate the interaction between PCD and R gene–mediated defense, we used the 22K Barley1 GeneChip to compare and contrast time-course expression profiles of Blumeria graminis f. sp hordei (Bgh) challenged barley (Hordeum vulgare) cultivar C.I. 16151 (harboring the Mla6 powdery mildew resistance allele) and its fast neutron–derived Bgh-induced tip cell death1 mutant, bcd1. Mixed linear model analysis identified genes associated with the cell death phenotype as opposed to Rgene–mediated resistance. One-hundred fifty genes were found at the threshold P value < 0.0001 and a false discovery rate bcd1mutant. Gene Ontology and rice (Oryza ...


Gene Expression Profiling In Salmonella Choleraesuis-Infected Porcine Lung Using A Long Oligonucleotide Microarray, Shu-Hong Zhao, Daniel Kuhar, Joan K. Lunney, Harry Dawson, Catherine Guidry, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Justin Recknor, Dan Nettleton, Christopher K. Tuggle 2019 Iowa State University

Gene Expression Profiling In Salmonella Choleraesuis-Infected Porcine Lung Using A Long Oligonucleotide Microarray, Shu-Hong Zhao, Daniel Kuhar, Joan K. Lunney, Harry Dawson, Catherine Guidry, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Justin Recknor, Dan Nettleton, Christopher K. Tuggle

Dan Nettleton

Understanding the transcriptional response to pathogenic bacterial infection within food animals is of fundamental and applied interest. To determine the transcriptional response to Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (SC) infection, a 13,297-oligonucleotide swine array was used to analyze RNA from control, 24-h postinoculation (hpi), and 48-hpi porcine lung tissue from pigs infected with SC. In total, 57 genes showed differential expression (p < 0.001; false discovery rate = 12%). Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) of 61 genes was used to confirm the microarray results and to identify pathways responding to infection. Of the 33 genes identified by microarray analysis as differentially expressed, 23 were confirmed by qRT-PCR results. A novel finding was that two transglutaminase family genes (TGM1 and TGM3) showed dramatic increases in expression postinoculation; combined with several other apoptotic genes, they indicated the induction of apoptotic pathways during SC infection. A predominant T helper 1-type immune response occurred during infection, with interferon γ ...


Scanning Microarrays At Multiple Intensities Enhances Discovery Of Differentially Expressed Genes, David S. Skibbe, Xiujuan Wang, Xuefeng Zhao, Lisa A. Borsuk, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable 2019 Iowa State University

Scanning Microarrays At Multiple Intensities Enhances Discovery Of Differentially Expressed Genes, David S. Skibbe, Xiujuan Wang, Xuefeng Zhao, Lisa A. Borsuk, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable

Dan Nettleton

Motivation: Scanning parameters are often overlooked when optimizing microarray experiments. A scanning approach that extends the dynamic data range by acquiring multiple scans of different intensities has been developed.

Results: Data from each of three scan intensities (low, medium, high) were analyzed separately using multiple scan and linear regression approaches to identify and compare the sets of genes that exhibit statistically significant differential expression. In the multiple scan approach only one-third of the differentially expressed genes were shared among the three intensities, and each scan intensity identified unique sets of differentially expressed genes. The set of differentially expressed genes from ...


Gene Mapping Via Bulked Segregant Rna-Seq (Bsr-Seq), Sanzhen Liu, Cheng-Ting Yeh, Ho Man Tang, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable 2019 Iowa State University

Gene Mapping Via Bulked Segregant Rna-Seq (Bsr-Seq), Sanzhen Liu, Cheng-Ting Yeh, Ho Man Tang, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable

Dan Nettleton

Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) is an efficient method to rapidly and efficiently map genes responsible for mutant phenotypes. BSA requires access to quantitative genetic markers that are polymorphic in the mapping population. We have developed a modification of BSA (BSR-Seq) that makes use of RNA-Seq reads to efficiently map genes even in populations for which no polymorphic markers have been previously identified. Because of the digital nature of next-generation sequencing (NGS) data, it is possible to conduct de novo SNP discovery and quantitatively genotype BSA samples by analyzing the same RNA-Seq data using an empirical Bayesian approach. In addition, analysis ...


Role Of Gp120 Glycosylation In Sexual Transmission Of Hiv, Yingxue Sun, Adam Meadows, Najwa Zebian, Eric Arts, Carole Creuzenet 2019 University of Western Ontario

Role Of Gp120 Glycosylation In Sexual Transmission Of Hiv, Yingxue Sun, Adam Meadows, Najwa Zebian, Eric Arts, Carole Creuzenet

Western Research Forum

Background:

In chronic HIV patients, the viral populations are genetically diverse due to mutations introduced by the viral reverse transcriptase during HIV replication. However, more than 80% new infections result from single transmission founder (TF) viruses; therefore, targeting the TFs is key to control AIDS worldwide.

Gp120 is a glycosylated envelope protein required for HIV infection, propagation, and transmission. Glycans on gp120 influence HIV infectivity through their interactions with lectins, the carbohydrate-binding immune proteins in the host mucosa. To transmit sexually, viruses must overcome the lectin traps to access more target T cells.

Hypothesis:

TF viruses are less likely to ...


Reverse Engineering And Analysis Of Large Genome-Scale Gene Networks, Maneesha Aluru, Jaroslaw Zola, Dan Nettleton, Srinivas Aluru 2019 Iowa State University

Reverse Engineering And Analysis Of Large Genome-Scale Gene Networks, Maneesha Aluru, Jaroslaw Zola, Dan Nettleton, Srinivas Aluru

Dan Nettleton

Reverse engineering the whole-genome networks of complex multicellular organisms continues to remain a challenge. While simpler models easily scale to large number of genes and gene expression datasets, more accurate models are compute intensive limiting their scale of applicability. To enable fast and accurate reconstruction of large networks, we developed Tool for Inferring Network of Genes (TINGe), a parallel mutual information (MI)-based program. The novel features of our approach include: (i) B-spline-based formulation for linear-time computation of MI, (ii) a novel algorithm for direct permutation testing and (iii) development of parallel algorithms to reduce run-time and facilitate construction of ...


Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium-Infected Pigs With Different Shedding Levels Exhibit Distinct Clinical, Peripheral Cytokine And Transcriptomic Immune Response Phenotypes, Susan M. Knetter, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Ting-Hua Huang, Dason Kurkiewicz, Martine Schroyen, Dan Nettleton, Daniel Berman, Valerie Cohen, Joan K. Lunney, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Christopher K. Tuggle 2019 Iowa State University

Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium-Infected Pigs With Different Shedding Levels Exhibit Distinct Clinical, Peripheral Cytokine And Transcriptomic Immune Response Phenotypes, Susan M. Knetter, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Ting-Hua Huang, Dason Kurkiewicz, Martine Schroyen, Dan Nettleton, Daniel Berman, Valerie Cohen, Joan K. Lunney, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Christopher K. Tuggle

Dan Nettleton

Foodborne salmonellosis costs the US $2.7 billion/year, including $100.0 million in annual losses to pork producers. Pigs colonized with Salmonella are usually asymptomatic with varied severity and duration of fecal shedding. Thus, understanding the responses that result in less shedding may provide a mechanism for control. Fifty-four pigs were inoculated with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (ST) and clinical signs, fecal ST shedding, growth performance, peripheral cytokines and whole blood gene expression were measured. Persistently shedding (PS) pigs had longer pyrexia and elevated serum IL-1β, TNF-α and IFN-γ compared with low shedding (LS) pigs, while LS pigs had ...


An Application Of The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem: Optimizing Cluster Method Parameters To Produce Predictive Data For Hiv Outbreaks, Connor J. Chato, Art FY Poon 2019 Western University

An Application Of The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem: Optimizing Cluster Method Parameters To Produce Predictive Data For Hiv Outbreaks, Connor J. Chato, Art Fy Poon

Western Research Forum

Background

A popular approach to study HIV outbreaks is to cluster cases based on genetic similarity. However, there is no widely-used statistical criterion which optimizes the parameters for sequence-based clustering methods. The relationship between a cluster-defining similarity threshold and it’s associated set of clusters can be analogized to the aggregation level in the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP).

Hypothesis

Based on the selection of aggregation level for study partitions in MAUP, we present a statistical framework to optimize the similarity threshold for pairwise distance algorithm TN93 (http://github.com/veg/tn93). We hypothesize that defining this threshold includes case ...


Genomic Analysis Of Mitochondria Of Metschnikowia, Dong Kyung Lee 2019 Western University

Genomic Analysis Of Mitochondria Of Metschnikowia, Dong Kyung Lee

Western Research Forum

Genomic Analysis of Mitochondria of Metschnikowia

Background

Our current understanding of mitochondrial genomes is biased toward metazoans, which represent the majority of sequenced mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs). The high diversity in size, shape, and gene synteny among yeast mitochondrial genomes make them an appealing alternative to those of metazoans for studying genomic diversity and evolution. Recently, more than 60 draft-genome assemblies of large-spored Metschnikowia species have been determined. Complete mitochondrial genomes of these yeasts, however, are yet to be constructed and characterized. Therefore, I propose to construct and analyze the mitochondrial genomes of all 61 strains of large-spored Metschnikowia species.

Hypothesis ...


Iron-Sulfur Cluster Biosynthesis In Methanogens, Cuiping Zhao 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Iron-Sulfur Cluster Biosynthesis In Methanogens, Cuiping Zhao

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Methanogens live in a syntrophic consortium with bacteria, taking advantage of the metabolic abilities of their syntrophic partners to overcome energetic barriers and break down compounds that they cannot digest by themselves. Interspecies electron transfer, which is a major type of microbial communication in syntrophic processes, improves methanogenesis and anaerobic oxidization of methane (AOM) processes involved in syntrophic consortia. These processes have a significant impact on the global carbon cycle. Most of the essential enzymes involved in methanogenesis are iron-sulfur proteins. Iron-sulfur clusters are one of the oldest and most versatile cofactors present in all domains of life. To date ...


Stress Response To Co2 Deprivation By Arabidopsis Thaliana In Plant Cultures, Souvik Banerjee, Oskar Siemianowski, Meiling Liu, Kara R. Lind, Xinchun Tian, Dan Nettleton, Ludovico Cademartiri 2019 Iowa State University

Stress Response To Co2 Deprivation By Arabidopsis Thaliana In Plant Cultures, Souvik Banerjee, Oskar Siemianowski, Meiling Liu, Kara R. Lind, Xinchun Tian, Dan Nettleton, Ludovico Cademartiri

Dan Nettleton

After being the standard plant propagation protocol for decades, cultures of Arabidopsis thaliana sealed with Parafilm remain common today out of practicality, habit, or necessity (as in co-cultures with microorganisms). Regardless of concerns over the aeration of these cultures, no investigation has explored the CO2 transport inside these cultures and its effect on the plants. Thereby, it was impossible to assess whether Parafilm-seals used today or in thousands of older papers in the literature constitute a treatment, and whether this treatment could potentially affect the study of other treatments.For the first time we report the CO2concentrations in Parafilm-sealed cultures ...


Interchromosomal Transfer Of Immune Regulation During Infection Of Barley With The Powdery Mildew Pathogen, Priyanka Surana, Ruo Xu, Gregory Fuerst, Antony V. E. Chapman, Dan Nettleton, Roger P. Wise 2019 Iowa State University

Interchromosomal Transfer Of Immune Regulation During Infection Of Barley With The Powdery Mildew Pathogen, Priyanka Surana, Ruo Xu, Gregory Fuerst, Antony V. E. Chapman, Dan Nettleton, Roger P. Wise

Dan Nettleton

Powdery mildew pathogens colonize over 9500 plant species, causing critical yield loss. The Ascomycete fungus, Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh), causes powdery mildew disease in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Successful infection begins with penetration of host epidermal cells, culminating in haustorial feeding structures, facilitating delivery of fungal effectors to the plant and exchange of nutrients from host to pathogen. We used expression Quantitative Trait Locus (eQTL) analysis to dissect the temporal control of immunity-associated gene expression in a doubled haploid barley population challenged with Bgh. Two highly significant regions possessing trans eQTL were identified near the telomeric ends of ...


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