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Imagining Social Justice And The False Promise Of Urban Park Design, Scott Larson 2018 CUNY Queens College

Imagining Social Justice And The False Promise Of Urban Park Design, Scott Larson

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Learning Together In Highland Park To Build Civic Capacity, Grace Leonard 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Learning Together In Highland Park To Build Civic Capacity, Grace Leonard

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the work of nonprofit organizations collaborating with communities to build civic capacity in North Highland Park, a neighborhood in Richmond, Virginia. Place-focused planning strategies during the twentieth century diminished civic capacity in the community and fostered isolation. Today, collaborative community work in Highland Park is incorporating the assets, resources and knowledge held in the community into strategies to improve quality of life using collaborative learning. A case study approach closely analyzes community engagement and revitalization processes in North Highland Park between 2011 and 2017. Nonprofit organizations mobilized and led a group of community-based collaborators, including nonprofit staff ...


Green Roof Policy Optimization Algorithms And Microsimulations Benefits And Downsides Of Green Roof Incentives And Mandates In San Francisco, Harrison Freund 2018 University of Iowa

Green Roof Policy Optimization Algorithms And Microsimulations Benefits And Downsides Of Green Roof Incentives And Mandates In San Francisco, Harrison Freund

University of Iowa Honors Theses

As the 21st Century progresses, developers are becoming more aware of their environmental footprint. As the Green Economy slowly gains its footing, developers will be expected to change current building practices to reflect the increasing demand to adapt to sustainability challenges. One such methodology used by LEED to evaluate the sustainability of a building is the implementation of a green roof, the installment of vegetation on the top of a building. There are many socioecological benefits that justify the implementation of a green roof, which explain why in recent years municipalities have enacted new policies to mandate or incentivize their ...


Neighborhood Effects On Anxiety And Depression, Hallee Haygood 2018 University of Iowa

Neighborhood Effects On Anxiety And Depression, Hallee Haygood

University of Iowa Honors Theses

This study analyzes whether or not individuals' mental health is impacted based on urban and regional planning within the neighborhood they live in. Specifically, the independent variables of disorder, decay, and noise levels are looked at in comparison to the dependent variables of anxiety and depression. To look at how the independent variables influence the dependent variables, the Chicago Health Study from 2001-2003 is used. A survey that people filled out is used to understand the dependent variables, while independent variables are looked at using data the researchers gave about characteristics they observed within the neighborhoods.

My hypothesis was that ...


Attitudes Toward Green Infrastructure Strategies For More Livable And Sustainable Communities, Jane Ann Buxton 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Attitudes Toward Green Infrastructure Strategies For More Livable And Sustainable Communities, Jane Ann Buxton

Doctoral Dissertations

Green infrastructure refers to multi-functional elements that integrate ecological and anthropogenic factors and processes to support healthy ecosystems and communities (Austin, 2014; Benedict & McMahon, 2002). While green infrastructure has been embraced by planners, there is not a great deal of research among planners regarding the public's attitudes towards green land uses at the individual level. The dissertation studies explored three urban green infrastructure strategies: residential tree canopy, neighborhood green space, and community gardens; at the scale of user preferences and experiences.

The first study (Chapter 3) used photo preference methodology to explore the tension between residential density and urban greening. Study results suggested several aspects of neighborhood spatial form associated with higher preference by study participants (n=212): a green canopy and neighborhood greening; a vegetative buffer between housing and street; and a provision of sense of privacy by building form and vegetation.

The second study (Chapter 4) used descriptive ...


What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau 2017 University of Hull

What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Community Operational Research (Community OR) has been an explicit sub-domain of OR for more than 30 years. In this paper, we tackle the controversial issue of how it can be differentiated from other forms of OR. While it has been persuasively argued that Community OR cannot be defined by its clients, practitioners or methods, we argue that the common concern of all Community OR practice is the meaningful engagement of communities, whatever form that may take – and the legitimacy of different forms of engagement may be open to debate. We then move on to discuss four other controversies that have ...


Course Syllabus: Ppol-G 704 Research Methods Ii, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2017 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Course Syllabus: Ppol-G 704 Research Methods Ii, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

This is the second course of the research methods sequence that is required for students in the PhD program in Public Policy. This course will prepare students to produce professional-quality research, and will provide exposure to a variety of special topics in policy analysis. Students will design and implement a research project suitable for conference presentation that is relevant to their field of interest. The instructor, and guest lecturers as necessary, will provide lectures on topics necessary to develop well-rounded policy researchers, as well as special topics that are responsive to students’ particular needs. The primary goal of this course ...


Human And Biophysical Legacies Shape Contemporary Urban Forests: A Literature Synthesis, Lara A. Roman, Pearsall Hamil, Theodore S. Eisenman, Conway M. Tenley, Robert T. Fahey, Jess Vogt, Natalie S. van Doorn, J. Morgan Grove, Dexter H. Locke, Adrina C. Bardekjian, John J. Battles, Mary L. Cadenasso, Cecil K. Konijnendijk van den Bosch, Meghan Avolio, Adam Berland, Darrel G. Jenerette, Sarah K. Mincey, Diane E. Pataki, Christina Staudhammer 2017 U.S. Forest Service

Human And Biophysical Legacies Shape Contemporary Urban Forests: A Literature Synthesis, Lara A. Roman, Pearsall Hamil, Theodore S. Eisenman, Conway M. Tenley, Robert T. Fahey, Jess Vogt, Natalie S. Van Doorn, J. Morgan Grove, Dexter H. Locke, Adrina C. Bardekjian, John J. Battles, Mary L. Cadenasso, Cecil K. Konijnendijk Van Den Bosch, Meghan Avolio, Adam Berland, Darrel G. Jenerette, Sarah K. Mincey, Diane E. Pataki, Christina Staudhammer

Theodore S. Eisenman

Understanding how urban forests developed their current patterns of tree canopy cover, species composition,
and diversity requires an appreciation of historical legacy effects. However, analyses of current urban forest
characteristics are often limited to contemporary socioeconomic factors, overlooking the role of history. The
institutions, human communities, and biophysical conditions of cities change over time, creating layers of legacies
on the landscape, shifting urban forests through complex interactive processes and feedbacks. Urban
green spaces and planted trees can persist long after their establishment, meaning that today’s mature canopy
reflects conditions and decisions from many years prior. In this synthesis article ...


Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn 2017 Touro Law Center

Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Chapter in "Engineering Standards for Forensic Application." (coauthored) Focuses on soveriegn immunity for highway designers.


New And Unique Aspects Of University Campus Transportation Data To Improve Planning Methods., Christopher R. Cherry, William W. Riggs, Bruce S. Appleyard, N Dhakal, A Frost, S Jeffers 2017 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

New And Unique Aspects Of University Campus Transportation Data To Improve Planning Methods., Christopher R. Cherry, William W. Riggs, Bruce S. Appleyard, N Dhakal, A Frost, S Jeffers

William W. Riggs

No abstract provided.


Course Syllabus: Honors 490 Mayor's Symposium: Housing In A Changing City, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2017 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Course Syllabus: Honors 490 Mayor's Symposium: Housing In A Changing City, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

This course provides students with an introduction to project-based and community-engaged learning through the subject of urban housing policy. The theme of this course is stabilizing and revitalizing Boston’s neighborhoods by increasing access to decent and affordable housing for all, with a focus on reducing incidence of eviction and displacement arising from gentrification and neighborhood change. Through readings, lectures, discussions, site visits and conversations with practitioners, scholars and advocates, students will acquire a comprehensive perspective on urban housing, and develop innovative projects to address important needs of Mayor Martin J. Walsh and the Mayor’s Housing Innovation Lab (https ...


Super Problems In Superstar Cities, Michael Lewyn, Beth Gazes 2017 Touro Law Center

Super Problems In Superstar Cities, Michael Lewyn, Beth Gazes

Michael E Lewyn

Review of Richard Florida's The New Urban Crisis


More Sharing, Less Sprawl: A Manifesto For Street Livability, Health & Humanity In The Era Of Driverless Cars, Bruce S. Appleyard, William W. Riggs 2017 San Diego State University

More Sharing, Less Sprawl: A Manifesto For Street Livability, Health & Humanity In The Era Of Driverless Cars, Bruce S. Appleyard, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

For street and community livability, Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) potentially offer the benefits of more street space for cyclists and pedestrians, and reduced demands for parking. But to realize these promises, planners need to achieve two key objectives: more (vehicle) sharing, and less sprawl.

If we cannot do these two things, the induced travel and sprawl effects of AVs (driven by the vanishing personal cost of travel) will likely drive up vehicle travel and capacity requirements beyond the ability of cities to provide this new street livability space for human travelers.


Mindful Leadership In Troubled Times, William W. Riggs 2017 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Mindful Leadership In Troubled Times, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Hate speech and racism; hurricanes and wildfires; mass shootings and threats of nuclear war; in these times planners
and policy makers can become overwhelmed by the challenges our communities face. How do we build neighborhoods
and cities that are both sustainable and just (Agyeman, Bullard, & Evans, 2012)? The issues planners see in the media
can be both distracting and unnerving. How do planners function in this context? How do those that make policy and shape communities continue to make a change? How do agents of change keep their compass or “true north”? While many might suggest planning for uncertainty, a ...


The Profits Of Insanity: The Urbanization And Economic Development Of Asylum Poor Farms In Wisconsin, 1890-1920, Robert W. Penner 2017 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

The Profits Of Insanity: The Urbanization And Economic Development Of Asylum Poor Farms In Wisconsin, 1890-1920, Robert W. Penner

History and Urban Studies 971: Seminar on the History of American Urban Problems

A primary source research project and term paper on the intersection of poverty and insanity and the exploitation of inane labor at Wisconsin county asylums 1890-1920.


Black-Jewish Tensions And Modern Antisemitism In America, David Michael Wieczorek 2017 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Black-Jewish Tensions And Modern Antisemitism In America, David Michael Wieczorek

History and Urban Studies 971: Seminar on the History of American Urban Problems

This paper explores the theme of antisemitism as it relates to the relationship between Blacks and Jews. It looks at the history of the relationship and how it came to crumble during the 1960s and 1970s.


Post World War Ii Housing Crisis For African-American Communities In The North: Case Study The Inner Core Of Milwaukee, 1945 – 1968., Mania Tahsina Taher 2017 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Post World War Ii Housing Crisis For African-American Communities In The North: Case Study The Inner Core Of Milwaukee, 1945 – 1968., Mania Tahsina Taher

History and Urban Studies 971: Seminar on the History of American Urban Problems

No abstract provided.


Planning Cities, Economically Or Communally: A Comparative Study Of Amsterdam And San Francisco, Raina Dawn Whittekiend 2017 The University of San Francisco

Planning Cities, Economically Or Communally: A Comparative Study Of Amsterdam And San Francisco, Raina Dawn Whittekiend

Master's Theses

Globalization has spun “community” off its axis. What once defined community is no longer the current state of the community. Increased economic transactions have led to the instability of communities that once depended on one another at the local level. These communities are now dependent on systems that do not know nor understand their actors. This lack of relationship between development and subject is witnessed and highly scrutinized in developing countries all over the world and has been intensely researched in academic literature. This thesis intends to better understand why in modernized global cities these same processes of development and ...


Urbanization, Land Rights And Development: A Case Study Of Waterfront Communities In Lagos, Nigeria., Gideon Olaniyi Omoniyi 2017 The University of San Francisco

Urbanization, Land Rights And Development: A Case Study Of Waterfront Communities In Lagos, Nigeria., Gideon Olaniyi Omoniyi

Master's Theses

The aim of this study is to examine the root causes of forced evictions and displacement through the current urbanization process in Lagos, Nigeria. My particular attention is devoted to the legal complexities and how ethnolinguistic identities shape land laws, influence land tenure, and construct urban citizenship. Through this process, competing claims to land ownership provide fertile ground for forced evictions and displacement. Existing scholars suggest that poor urban residents lack rights to stay in their neighborhoods, while a powerful capitalist class has emerged and dispossessed the poor from their lands. Yet these existing approaches derived from the neoclassical and ...


“Not Only As Students, But As Citizens”: Integrative Learning And Civic Research In A First-Year Learning Community Course, Nate Mickelson, Molly Makris 2017 CUNY Guttman Community College

“Not Only As Students, But As Citizens”: Integrative Learning And Civic Research In A First-Year Learning Community Course, Nate Mickelson, Molly Makris

Learning Communities Research and Practice

Learning communities (LCs) provide an ideal context for civic learning because they foreground the integrative and interactive nature of learning and skills development. While the academic benefits of LCs have been well documented, their potential to promote civic learning and engagement has received less attention. Indeed, the potential of LCs to serve as a catalyst for civic learning through their emphasis on integrative and interactive learning has gone mostly unremarked. The authors address these gaps in the literature in this article by analyzing the possibilities of integrating civic research in a first-semester LC at an urban community college. Extrapolating from ...


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