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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

The Value Of Farmland: Mapping Assessor Data To Understand Land Use Change, Lyndi Perry May 2019

The Value Of Farmland: Mapping Assessor Data To Understand Land Use Change, Lyndi Perry

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ideas developed by regional economists have potential applications within the urban planning field. One potential application is toward conserving farmland, and within this thesis this topic is examined for the study area of Utah County, Utah. Using assessor data, a land value map is created and further used to develop a regional economic model and spatial models that were analyzed for patterns of land use change.

Findings show that representing land value as continuous surface maps is a useful approach. The maps reveal that Utah County has densified as its population increased while farmland loss still occurred in agriculturally-important areas ...


Chinatown Anti-Displacement Community Research Project Report, George Villanueva, Debbie Liu Mar 2019

Chinatown Anti-Displacement Community Research Project Report, George Villanueva, Debbie Liu

George Villanueva

The Greater Chinatown area in Chicago (see Figure 1 for map) is rapidly changing because of recent public and private investments. The area continues to attract great interest by developers because of its proximity to downtown, public transportation rail infrastructure, bicycle shares, and its vibrant ethnic culture. Consequentially, Greater Chinatown’s popular real estate market creates concerns about the implications of gentrification (economic and cultural) and potential displacement of existing communities. Community advocates, policymakers, and scholars nationwide point to the displacement in lower-income and ethnic communities resulting from urban revitalization. In particular, Chinatowns across the nation have become part of ...


What Price History: Politics, Commercialism, And Urban Preservation, Theodore J. Karamanski Mar 2019

What Price History: Politics, Commercialism, And Urban Preservation, Theodore J. Karamanski

Theodore J. Karamanski

Historic preservation is the child of the city. In North America, the United States Conference of Mayors served as midwife to the birth of the modern historic preservation movement, when in January 1966, it issued the report With a Heritage So Rich. The report’s authors argued that in losing historic buildings and districts to urban renewal America was severing a vital link to the past. “Connections between successive generations of Americans—concretely linking their ways of life—are broken by demolition. Sources of memory cease to exist.” Part coffee-table book and part policy proposal, the volume laid the foundation ...


A Bit Of Craic And A Few Facts About The Irish On Saint Patrick’S Day, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Mar 2019

A Bit Of Craic And A Few Facts About The Irish On Saint Patrick’S Day, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Saint Patrick’s Day (March 17th) celebrates the traditional date of the death of Saint Patrick. Although it is impossible to verify many facts about his life, tradition states that Saint Patrick was born in Roman Britain sometime in the fourth or fifth century. After reputedly being captured by Irish pirates at the age of sixteen and forced to work as a slave Patrick escaped back to Britain and became a Catholic priest. He later returned to Ireland and devoted his life to converting the Irish from ancient Celtic religious beliefs to Christianity. The actual date of his death ...


Ground Truthing Environmental Barriers To Human Health, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff Mar 2019

Ground Truthing Environmental Barriers To Human Health, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff

Benjamin A Shirtcliff

Of Iowa’s roughly three million people, one-third, or one million live in small towns with a population
below 10,000 (American Fact Finder 2017). Small towns tend to be rural locations with a strong
connection to agriculture and limited access to typical amenities needed to support human well-being.
Urbanization and small-town shrinkage is well-known but a lesser-known issue is the stabilization of
small town population size with immigrant and refugee communities. The invisible change in population
has multiple consequences, with some researchers suggesting that a growing urban/rural dichotomy
evidences a public health crisis due to a parasitic relationship ...


Gcrta Economic Impact And Contributions To Local Economy: Main Findings, Iryna Lendel, Obed Pasha, Dro Sohrabian, Matthew Ellerbrock Mar 2019

Gcrta Economic Impact And Contributions To Local Economy: Main Findings, Iryna Lendel, Obed Pasha, Dro Sohrabian, Matthew Ellerbrock

Obed Pasha

No abstract provided.


Northeast Ohio Front Runners: Groups Of Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko Mar 2019

Northeast Ohio Front Runners: Groups Of Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko

Ira Demko

This research provides relevant, data-driven insights on competitive industries in the Northeast Ohio (NEO) economy over the 2013-2017 period. This report informs the reader on industries that over the last five years outperformed their national counterparts in wealth creation. These industries employ a significant amount of regional workforce, create sizable output, and have a regional competitive advantage. This research updates previous research conducted by the Regional Economic Competitiveness Strategy in 2011 and provides up-to-date insights into the future growth areas of NEO’s regional economy.


Youngstown Msa: Growing Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Merissa Piazza, Samuel Owusu-Agyemang, Matthew Ellerbrock, Kyle Jarus Mar 2019

Youngstown Msa: Growing Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Merissa Piazza, Samuel Owusu-Agyemang, Matthew Ellerbrock, Kyle Jarus

Ira Demko

No abstract provided.


A Profile Of Advanced Manufacturing In Northeast Ohio, Iryna Demko Mar 2019

A Profile Of Advanced Manufacturing In Northeast Ohio, Iryna Demko

Ira Demko

Advanced manufacturing industries represent technology-intensive manufacturing of a fundamental importance to the economic strength and national security of the United States. In 2017, advanced manufacturing industries in Northeast Ohio contributed over half of the manufacturing output and employed 42% of the region’s manufacturing workforce. On average, advanced manufacturing industries paid 26% higher wages than other manufacturing industries. Manufacturing companies striving to achieve new levels of output and keep pace with global competition should increasingly turn to one of their most important assets—people—to drive further growth.


Gcrta Economic Impact And Contributions To Local Economy: Main Findings, Iryna Lendel, Obed Pasha, Dro Sohrabian, Matthew Ellerbrock Mar 2019

Gcrta Economic Impact And Contributions To Local Economy: Main Findings, Iryna Lendel, Obed Pasha, Dro Sohrabian, Matthew Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Youngstown Msa: Growing Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Merissa Piazza, Samuel Owusu-Agyemang, Matthew Ellerbrock, Kyle Jarus Mar 2019

Youngstown Msa: Growing Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Merissa Piazza, Samuel Owusu-Agyemang, Matthew Ellerbrock, Kyle Jarus

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Utilizing Hip Hop And African American History As Change Agents For Teenage Pregnancy Prevention, Tarita Johnson, Kelvin Walston Mar 2019

Utilizing Hip Hop And African American History As Change Agents For Teenage Pregnancy Prevention, Tarita Johnson, Kelvin Walston

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

Calling all health educators interested in utilizing hip hop and African American history as an teaching tool to decrease risky behaviors. The objectives for this educational and engaging workshop will provide innovative ideas to: 1) engage youth utilizing hip hop music; 2) integrate African American history to enhance positive identity concepts; and 3) increase pro-social skills to prevent teenage pregnancy prevention and other negative behaviors.


Lordstown Gm Plant Closure Economic Impact Study, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Matthew Ellerbrock Mar 2019

Lordstown Gm Plant Closure Economic Impact Study, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Matthew Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Webinar: Rethinking Streets For Bikes: An Evidence Based Guide Of Bike-Friendly Street Retrofits, Marc Schlossberg, Roger Lindgren Feb 2019

Webinar: Rethinking Streets For Bikes: An Evidence Based Guide Of Bike-Friendly Street Retrofits, Marc Schlossberg, Roger Lindgren

TREC Webinar Series

There is a growing demand for better infrastructure and fewer barriers to biking and other forms of space-efficient micromobility. Tackling daily trips by bike is easier on the environment, healthier for users and non-users alike, uses precious urbanized public and private land more efficiently, costs taxpayers less to build and maintain infrastructure, and when routes are safe and comfortable, moving by bike is also fun! Complete Streets policies are being adopted across the country, and there is an active conversation around the safety imperative of a Complete Streets approach. Yet, local officials often need both design guidance and the confidence ...


Words Matter: Recognizing And Addressing Modal Assumptions To Shift Transportation Culture, Barb Chamberlain Feb 2019

Words Matter: Recognizing And Addressing Modal Assumptions To Shift Transportation Culture, Barb Chamberlain

TREC Webinar Series

Search #DriverNotCar or #CrashNotAccident on Twitter and you’ll find a vigorous discussion about the power of word choices to shape our understanding of what happens on the street and who’s responsible. When we directly examine and discuss the language we use, we acknowledge its power both to reflect existing attitudes and to shape developing attitudes. This presentation will uncover embedded biases or assumptions in common transportation terminology and provide tips and tools to help us broaden our inclusion of everyone we are supposed to serve as transportation professionals.


Can U.S. Energy Demand Be Supplied By Renewable Sources?, William M. Bowen Feb 2019

Can U.S. Energy Demand Be Supplied By Renewable Sources?, William M. Bowen

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Midat Sodom And The Housing Affordability Crisis, Michael Lewyn Feb 2019

Midat Sodom And The Housing Affordability Crisis, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Ancient Jewish texts states that the city of Sodom was overthrown because of its hostility to hospitality. Today, American cities often limit new housing; is this policy analogous to midat Sodom (Hebrew for "the ways of Sodom")? What arguments justify these policies, and what counter-arguments are relevant to those arguments?


The Success Of An Integrated Mobility Strategy: Lessons From The Netherlands For The Pacific West Coast, Lucas Van Der Linde Feb 2019

The Success Of An Integrated Mobility Strategy: Lessons From The Netherlands For The Pacific West Coast, Lucas Van Der Linde

TREC Friday Seminar Series

The Netherlands sets the standard for their multimodal connectivity. It has world's highest use of cycling and an integrated mobility network with an efficient transport system. During this seminar, Lucas will tell more about the Dutch Approach and how this could be applied to the American transportation context.

Lucas will use the case of the Bay area to show this. The Bay Area in California currently faces massive challenges in transportation because of the enormous growth of the region. With the use of a new innovative modelling tool, the Move Meter (http://www.movemeter.com/), Lucas will show the ...


Decision Science For Community Development And Social Change, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Feb 2019

Decision Science For Community Development And Social Change, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Operations research, also known as management science or decision science, is a mathematics-based discipline that draws from engineering, information systems, management, public policy and planning. OR enables individuals and organizations to make better decisions regarding manufacturing and logistics, service provision and strategy design. My particular interest in OR focuses on the needs of mission-driven and resource-constrained organizations that serve urban communities. In my talk I will describe how OR can use qualitative and quantitative analysis through meaningful engagement of communities to enable creative identification, formulation and solution of complex problems for local impact and social justice. Specific applications I'm ...


Zoning For Climate Change: Learning From Leader Suburbs, Dorothy Ives Dewey Feb 2019

Zoning For Climate Change: Learning From Leader Suburbs, Dorothy Ives Dewey

Sustainability Research & Creative Activities Seminar Presentations

No abstract provided.


Neoliberal Urbanism As ‘Strategic Coupling’ To Global Chains: Port Infrastructure And The Role Of Economic Impact Studies, David Jaffee Feb 2019

Neoliberal Urbanism As ‘Strategic Coupling’ To Global Chains: Port Infrastructure And The Role Of Economic Impact Studies, David Jaffee

Showcase of Faculty Scholarly & Creative Activity

Abstract This paper identifies and delineates a variant of neoliberal urbanism that grounds city-region economic development on the ability to gain financial and public support for large-scale infrastructure projects advancing particular forms of capital accumulation. More specifically, the focus is on the effort of city-regions to strategically exploit and expand geographic and physical assets to capture economic benefits associated with global value chains through the expansion of maritime ports. This development strategy requires sizable public investments in port infrastructure. In order to justify and convince the public and political officials of the wisdom of such investments, port officials commission economic ...


How Well Do Spanish-Speaking U.S. Residents Also Speak English? Recent Data From The American Community Survey, Mark J. Salling Feb 2019

How Well Do Spanish-Speaking U.S. Residents Also Speak English? Recent Data From The American Community Survey, Mark J. Salling

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Rome Was A City Built On Common Goods: A Research Memorandum, Roger A. Lohmann Feb 2019

Rome Was A City Built On Common Goods: A Research Memorandum, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

This unpublished research note is an expanded draft of comments on associations and patronage in ancient Rome published in Chapter 3 of The Commons: New Perspectives on Nonprofit Organizations, Voluntary Action and Philanthropy (Lohmann, 1992). It is intended to alert social scientists and students interested in the third sector to the importance of membership associations and groups in Rome well before the modern era.


The Portland E-Scooter Experience, Briana Orr, John Macarthur, Jennifer Dill Feb 2019

The Portland E-Scooter Experience, Briana Orr, John Macarthur, Jennifer Dill

TREC Friday Seminar Series

Portland's E-Scooter Pilot made national news for its proactive and data-driven approach to exploring the role of e-scooters in our transportation system. One of the first cities to implement a comprehensive data sharing agreement with e-scooter providers, Portland now has a lot of findings to share. This Friday Seminar will dive into both the data collected and the experiences of Portlanders during the pilot. We’ll discuss what worked well, unexpected findings, and considerations for future new mobility pilots. Download the E-Scooter Findings Report (released Jan 2019) here.


Northeast Ohio Front Runners: Groups Of Regional Industry Drivers (Grids) Research Brief, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko Feb 2019

Northeast Ohio Front Runners: Groups Of Regional Industry Drivers (Grids) Research Brief, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko

Urban Publications

Wealth-creating industries are the backbone of the regional economy; they contribute to economic growth, personal wealth, and regional competitive advantage. For an economy to stay vibrant and competitive, it is essential to identify these industries so that strategic policies can foster and support regional growth. Three regional groups of drivers were identified in Northeast Ohio (NEO): Professional Services, Growing Legacy Manufacturing, and Oil and Gas. These groups, known as Groups of Regional Driver Industries (GRIDs) were identified using statistical analyses and data-driven insights for 2013 to 2017. GRIDs had strong regional specialization, growing output, rising productivity, and local competitive advantage ...


A Profile Of Advanced Manufacturing In Northeast Ohio, Iryna Demko Feb 2019

A Profile Of Advanced Manufacturing In Northeast Ohio, Iryna Demko

Urban Publications

Advanced manufacturing industries represent technology-intensive manufacturing of a fundamental importance to the economic strength and national security of the United States. In 2017, advanced manufacturing industries in Northeast Ohio contributed over half of the manufacturing output and employed 42% of the region’s manufacturing workforce. On average, advanced manufacturing industries paid 26% higher wages than other manufacturing industries. Manufacturing companies striving to achieve new levels of output and keep pace with global competition should increasingly turn to one of their most important assets—people—to drive further growth.


Journal Of Public Management & Social Policy Volume 25, Issue 3, Journal Of Public Management & Social Policy Jan 2019

Journal Of Public Management & Social Policy Volume 25, Issue 3, Journal Of Public Management & Social Policy

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Webinar: Modeling Freeway Traffic In A Mixed Environment: Connected And Human-Driven Vehicles, Xianfeng Terry Yang Jan 2019

Webinar: Modeling Freeway Traffic In A Mixed Environment: Connected And Human-Driven Vehicles, Xianfeng Terry Yang

TREC Webinar Series

Although connected vehicles (CVs) will soon go beyond testbeds, CVs and human-driven vehicles (HVs) will co-exist over a long period. Hence, it is critical to consider the interactions between these two types of vehicles in traffic flow modeling. In this study, we aim to develop a macroscopic model to understand how CVs would impact HVs in the traffic stream. Grounded on the second-order traffic flow model, we study the relationships among flow, density, and speed by two sets of formulations for the groups of CVs and HVs, respectively. A set of friction factors, which indicate CVs' impact to HVs, are ...


Community-Focused Problem-Solving With Operations Research And Analytics, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Jan 2019

Community-Focused Problem-Solving With Operations Research And Analytics, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

In these days of ‘analytics’, ‘big data’ and ‘smart cities’, many of us are aware of the importance of data and quantitative analytic methods for program design, implementation and evaluation. Less commonly-understood are specific tools and methods for community-based interventions in which the problem to be solved is unclear, and the ways in which data of many different kinds can be used to develop interventions that represent best-possible uses of organization and community resources. Moreover, it is also less commonly-understood how to put communities, and community members, near the center of problem-solving and decision-making.

Examples of challenging problems include: How ...


Equity In Emergency Management, Sabina Roan, Jaye Cromwell Jan 2019

Equity In Emergency Management, Sabina Roan, Jaye Cromwell

Metroscape

In the decade following Hurricane Katrina, advocates fighting for the rights of people with disabilities changed the field of emergency management. Their pressure on FEMA led to the establishment of legal and planning precedents to include the needs of the whole community in emergency management.(4) There is now a national, legal requirement to plan for people with disabilities and access and functional needs. Despite this important victory for people with disabilities, there have been no direct legal or policy actions that address the disproportionate response along racial and socio-economic lines.

The theory of social equity has its roots in ...