Microbial Keratitis After Penetrating And Endothelial Keratoplasty, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Microbial Keratitis After Penetrating And Endothelial Keratoplasty, Nicolas Dohse, Turner D. Wibbelsman, Sara Rapuano, Kristin Hammersmith, Parveen Nagra, Christopher Rapuano, Zeba A. Syed
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to review the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of bacterial and fungal keratitis after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and endothelial keratoplasty (EK).
Methods: The medical records at Wills Eye Hospital were reviewed for all cases of confirmed microbial keratitis following PK or EK performed between May 1, 2007 and September 1, 2018. Charts were examined to obtain demographic information, past ocular history, details of the microbial keratitis, and graft outcomes.
Results:A total of 2100 transplants (1269 PK and 831 EK) were performed in 1864 eyes of 1601 patients. The incidence of microbial keratitis ...
Structural Brain Plasticity In Epilepsy Patients Selected For Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy: A Study Of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Based Assessment Of Tract Alterations, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Structural Brain Plasticity In Epilepsy Patients Selected For Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy: A Study Of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Based Assessment Of Tract Alterations, Umma Fatema, Mahdi Alizadeh
Introduction: The standard of care for drug resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) involve surgical approaches including anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and laser interstitial thermal therapy (LiTT). White matter alterations following ATL are often studied using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) which utilizes properties of water diffusion to obtain parameters (such as fractional anisotropy or FA) that can be used to detect neural plasticity. Despite being a common procedure, there are very few studies that explore post-surgical neural changes after LiTT. The objective of this study is to evaluate and explore the DTI parameter changes in patients who underwent LiTT.
Methods: DTI ...
Renal Mass Ablation In The Octogenarian And Nonagenarian Population, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Renal Mass Ablation In The Octogenarian And Nonagenarian Population, Callum Hamilton, Amanda Smolock, Md, Colette Shaw, Md, Conor Mckee, Md
Introduction: The gold standard for the management of T1a and T1b renal tumors is partial nephrectomy. This study aims to analyze the outcomes of renal mass thermal ablations as an alternative therapy in the octogenarian and nonagenarian patient population, specifically.
Methods: Departmental database of all percutaneous renal ablations performed between February 2008 and August 2019 was reviewed. 34 tumors were ablated in 19 males and 15 females with a mean age of 84.1 ± 3.1 years (range 80-92 years). Patient demographics, procedural and postprocedural data were evaluated.
Results: Ten microwave and 24 cryoablations were performed, all ablations were performed ...
Opioid Tolerance Influences Outcomes After Lumbar Fusion In Patients With Degenerative Pathology, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Opioid Tolerance Influences Outcomes After Lumbar Fusion In Patients With Degenerative Pathology, Noah Levy, Max Detweiler, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Ariana Reyes, Alexander R. Vaccaro
Introduction: Extended opioid use prior to surgery has been implicated in poorer postoperative outcomes. However, it remains unclear if there is a significant difference in postoperative outcomes among preoperative opioid-naïve and opioid-tolerant patients who undergo lumbar spinal fusion. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of preoperative opioid use on patient-reported outcome measures in patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion.
Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis identified 260 patients who underwent lumbar spinal fusion at a high-volume, single institution. There were two cohorts: patients who were opioid-naïve (defined as total opioid consumption of ≤ 7 days in the two months ...
State-Level Cpr Education Legislation Associated With Higher Survival After Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest In Older Adults, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
State-Level Cpr Education Legislation Associated With Higher Survival After Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest In Older Adults, Megan Barnes, David G. Buckler, Tyler D. Alexander, Marissa Lang, Alexis Zebrowski, Douglas J. Wiebe, Benjamin S. Abella, Brendan G. Carr
Introduction: State-level legislation requiring CPR education prior to high school graduation is associated with an increased likelihood of community-level CPR training. CPR Legislation has also been shown to be associated with increased bystander CPR. We hypothesized that states with CPR Legislation would be associated with higher survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).
Methods: Utilizing 2014 Medicare Claims data for emergency department visits and inpatient stays, we identified OHCA via ICD-9-CM code. CPR Legislation data was collected through online statute review. Exposure to CPR Legislation was assessed using the patient state of residence. All disposition categories were considered survival to discharge ...
Cardiac Risk Factors Predicting 30/90 Day Readmission Rates In Lumbar Decompression Surgeries, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Cardiac Risk Factors Predicting 30/90 Day Readmission Rates In Lumbar Decompression Surgeries, Blake Nourie, Kevin Xiao, Joseph Bechay, Dhruv K.C. Goyal
Preoperative cardiopulmonary disease is known to be a risk factor for perioperative complications in deformity surgery and lumbar fusion procedures, however there is a lack of literature evaluating cardiac risk factors and their influence on readmission rates following lumbar decompression surgery. We want to determine whether preoperative cardiac risk factors influenced the 30 and 90-day readmission rates in patients undergoing lumbar decompression surgery. Patient charts from Rothman Institute between were reviewed for history of preoperative cardiac risk factors such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiac catheterization, stent placement, coronary artery bypass graft, aspirin and/or ...
The Effects Of Total Intravenous Versus Inhalational Anesthesia On Fluid Balance For Patients Undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
The Effects Of Total Intravenous Versus Inhalational Anesthesia On Fluid Balance For Patients Undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Jaime Eberle-Singh, David Maguire, Md, Harish Lavu, Md
Introduction: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), the most common surgical treatment for pancreatic cancer, is a complex procedure with a morbidity of 45-60%. Recent studies indicate that intraoperative use of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) may reduce post-operative complications for PD patients, when compared to inhalational anesthesia (INHA). We hypothesized that patients who receive TIVA may have a more favorable fluid balance, which is known to reduce postoperative complications in PD patients.
Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent PD at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and were administered TIVA or INHA during surgery between April 2017 and January 2019. We ...
Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Outflow Graft Stenting: Indications And Outcomes, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Outflow Graft Stenting: Indications And Outcomes, Chelsey T. Wood, Mfa, Elizabeth J. Maynes, Md, Thomas J. O'Malley, Md, Rohinton J. Morris, Md, Louis E. Samuels, Md, H. Todd Massey, Md, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
Introduction: Stenosis in the continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) outflow graft can be caused by various mechanical and anatomical factors. Increasingly, percutaneous management has been utilized to re-establish adequate CF-LVAD flow. We sought to evaluate indications for such interventions and their outcomes.
Methods: An electronic search was performed to identify all studies in the English literature reporting CF-LVAD outflow graft stenting for various etiologies. Twenty-one studies consisting of 26 patients were included in the analysis.
Results: Median patient age was 59 years [45.8-67.0] and 65.4% (17/26) were male. 58.3% (14/24) of patients had ...
Training The Next Generation Of Family Medicine Providers Through Group Buprenorphine-Naloxone Visits, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Training The Next Generation Of Family Medicine Providers Through Group Buprenorphine-Naloxone Visits, Krystina Callahan, Lara Weinstein, Md, Erica Li, Md, Sunny Lai, Md, Alexis Silverio
Introduction: The rise in opioid use disorders (OUD) and fatal overdoses highlight the need to expand access to and capacity for treating OUD. Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT), a medication/group visit model, done in the office setting, is an effective remedy for treating OUD. Understanding residents’ perspectives on their clinical training in MAT can inform the design of a more effective and responsive curriculum.
Methods: A qualitative study using group semi-structured interviews with residents in an urban family medicine residency rotating through a federally qualified health center. Interviews centered on strengths and weaknesses of the MAT program, resident likeliness to ...
Survivorship, Complications, And Outcomes Following Distal Femoral Replacement Using Megaprosthesis, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Survivorship, Complications, And Outcomes Following Distal Femoral Replacement Using Megaprosthesis, Keenan Sobol, John Strony, Timothy Tan, Md, Scot Brown, Md
Introduction: Distal femoral bone loss is often managed with a combination of modular prostheses, structural and non-structural allografts, and metal augmentation. However, when bone loss of the distal femur is severe, the viability of these methods can be limited.In the setting of severe bone loss, endoprosthetic reconstruction (EPR) with a megaprosthesis has become increasingly popular for both malignant and non-neoplastic indications. The primary aim of this study was to determine the short-term prosthesis survivorship, as well as complications, for patients who presented with non-neoplastic disease indications for megaprosthesis distal femoral replacement (DFR) at a single institution. The secondary aim ...
Surgical Resection Of Convexity Meningiomas: A Single Center Retrospective Analysis, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Surgical Resection Of Convexity Meningiomas: A Single Center Retrospective Analysis, Haley Wendt, Michael Baldassari, Donald Ye, Kevin Judy
Introduction: Dural convexity meningiomas (CMs) are the most common primary intracranial tumors. Although surgical resection carries relatively low risk, it is necessary to quantify perioperative risks from a large patient cohort and identify factors contributing to short-term and long-term outcomes.
Methods: Patients who underwent craniotomy for resection of CMs between January 2012-December 2018 at a single large academic center were reviewed for pre-operative demographics, radiographic characteristics, and post-operative outcomes.
Results: 122 cases of CMs were identified. Common presenting symptoms included headache (39.3%), seizure (27.0%) and weakness/paralysis (18%). CMs were located over frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes ...
Evaluating Cardiac Anatomy As A Predictor For Success After Pulmonary Vein Isolation For The Treatment Of Atrial Fibrillation, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Evaluating Cardiac Anatomy As A Predictor For Success After Pulmonary Vein Isolation For The Treatment Of Atrial Fibrillation, Paul Richter, Evan Rochlis, Ethan Halpern
Introduction: Atrial Fibrillation is a condition characterized by the production of ectopic beats by the heart. One common treatment for Atrial Fibrillation is catheter guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), however this treatment is only effective in around 60-70% of the population. Our research hopes to elucidate a link between cardiac anatomy and successful treatment of A-fib by pulmonary vein isolation.
Methods: The medical records for 78 consecutive patients who underwent PVI for atrial fibrillation at Jefferson from July 2013 to March 2016 were gathered. Included in these charts were ECG-gated cardiac CT angiogram and two-year follow up history. Different variables ...
Ain To Ulnar Motor Nerve Transfer Meta Analysis, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Ain To Ulnar Motor Nerve Transfer Meta Analysis, Melanie Luikart, Asif M. Ilyas, Md
Background: There are currently few comprehensive studies of end-to-end and “supercharged” reverse end-to-side (SETS) anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) to ulnar nerve transfers for treatment of ulnar neuropathy. The authors performed a literature review existing published literature to evaluate the indications for, and utility of, AIN-ulnar nerve transfer as a treatment method and to inform future treatment decisions.
Methods: A literature review was performed based on the following inclusion criteria: inclusion of anterior interosseous nerve or AIN, ulnar nerve or ulnar motor nerve, transfer or nerve transfer, and outcome, motor, clinical, ulnar neuropathies, ulnar nerve paralysis, treatment or function. Exclusion criteria ...
Outcomes Of Formalized Physical Therapy Vs. Self-Directed Home Exercise, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Outcomes Of Formalized Physical Therapy Vs. Self-Directed Home Exercise, Thomas Lee, Daniel Bowles
Introduction: After a formal microdiscectomy or 1-2 level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) there exists a lack of consensus on effectiveness of postoperative formal physical therapy (PT) rehabilitation efficacy. We seek to determine whether home PT is equivalent to standard PT using patient reported outcomes measures (PROMs) after the aforementioned operations.
Methods: This study is a prospective single center cohort study. The inclusion criteria is patients undergoing a microdiscectomy or ACDF operation excluding patients under 18, infection, trauma, tumor, or revision. Outcomes are measured using PROMs specific for each operation.
Results: Preliminary data suggests that post-operative microdiscectomy patients did ...
Patient And Renal Outcomes Of Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder Following Solid Organ Transplantations - A Single Center Experience, Kashka Mallari, Goni Katz-Greenberg, Maria Martinez Cantarin
Introduction: Post-transplant Proliferative Disorder (PTLD) is a significant complication after solid organ transplantation (SOT). Major risk factors that contribute to the development of PTLD include Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection and degree of immunosuppression. Despite novel therapies, the 5-year survival rate of PTLD only improved from 40% to 50% over the years. The reported 5-year survival rate of PTLD also remains significantly lower compared to around 90% in other malignancies such as breast and colon cancer. In our center, we hypothesize better transplant outcomes compared to those reported in preceding literatures.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of all ...
Investigation Of The Superman Stretch On Posterior Capsule Range Of Motion, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Investigation Of The Superman Stretch On Posterior Capsule Range Of Motion, Brian Gibbs, Christopher M. Aland, Md, Joshua Hornstein, Md
Introduction: Shoulder pain is a common clinical entity affecting all age groups and can frequently be attributed to pathological internal impingement. A primary contributing factor to labrum tears and internal impingement is posterior capsule tightness. In order to improve range of motion (R.O.M.), prior studies have demonstrated that stretching is an important tool for increasing R.O.M. at many joints. We hypothesized that the superman stretch would lead to greater increases in IR than the traditional sleeper stretch.
Methods: A level II, prospective study in collegiate-level athletes from The College of New Jersey (TCNJ) was performed. Shoulder ...
Primary Care Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (Pcosa), 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Primary Care Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (Pcosa), Alyssa Givens, Risa Goldberg, Cynthia Cheng, Md, Phd
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a largely underdiagnosed disorder of upper airway collapse during sleep. Primary care providers do not routinely screen for OSA. This project aims to determine the yield of using the STOP-BANG questionnaire to identify previously undiagnosed OSA in a primary care population.
Methods: This prospective quality improvement pilot project included 181 patients of the Jefferson Department of Family Medicine identified as high-risk for OSA based on 3 EMR-based search criteria taken from STOP-BANG: hypertension, age >50 years, and BMI >35 kg/m2. We attempted contact with patients by mail, followed by up to 3 ...
Spectrum Of Renal Biopsy Findings In Trident Cohort, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Spectrum Of Renal Biopsy Findings In Trident Cohort, Casey Jackson, Shira Blady, Shatakshee Chatarjee, Phd, Matthew Palmer, Md, Phd, Katalin Susztak, Md, Phd
Introduction: Diabetic kidney disease is the most common cause of chronic end stage renal failure in the USA. Kidney biopsy is the gold standard diagnostic criteria; however, it is an invasive procedure; not everyone undergoes diagnostic biopsy. The relationship between histological and clinical parameters and prognosis in DKD is incompletely understood. TRIDENT, (Transformative research in diabetic nephropathy) plans to enroll 400 diabetic subjects undergoing clinically indicated renal biopsies and performs multi-omics characterization of subjects to identify pathways associated with kidney function decline. Genetic studies indicated that podocytes influence albuminuria and diabetic kidney disease development. We seek to understand whether podocyte ...
Zero Tolerance – Mitigating The Opioid Epidemic Amongst Minimally Invasive Urologic Patients, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Zero Tolerance – Mitigating The Opioid Epidemic Amongst Minimally Invasive Urologic Patients, Daniella Wong, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Md, Costas Lallas, Md
Introduction: Opioids are routinely prescribed following minimally invasive surgery (MIS), yet the majority of medication remains unused. However, the literature is lacking evidence for non-narcotic analgesia in MIS urologic procedures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a non-narcotic postoperative pain management regimen in reducing opioid use following MIS urologic procedures.
Methods: In this prospective study, 51 MIS urologic patients were recruited over two months. Patients in the first month cohort (P1) were managed with the established pain management standard-of-care, while patients in the second month (P2) followed a non-narcotic postoperative pain management protocol that included ...
Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Infections Among Ryan White Hiv Population Visiting A Center City Hiv Clinic, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Infections Among Ryan White Hiv Population Visiting A Center City Hiv Clinic, Sarah Stuccio, Rakhshanda Akram, Lisa A. Spacek
Introduction: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem. Two factors make their diagnosis challenging: frequent asymptomatic presentation and lack of screening, especially at extragenital sites. Additionally, STIs including gonorrhea (GC) and chlamydia (CT) have been shown to increase the risk of sexual HIV transmission. Information about the prevalence, as well as predictors of test positivity, of GC and CT infections can stress the importance of universal screening.
Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of the STI screening of patients who attended the Ryan White HIV clinic at Jefferson between 2016 and 2018. The primary outcomes were ...