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Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

To inform funeral professionals, or anyone interested, what cyanide poisoning is, how death from it occurs, how to detect it in postmortem remains, how it poses a problem for embalmers, and what embalming techniques can be used to treat it.


Screening Assay For Inhibitors Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometry, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Screening Assay For Inhibitors Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometry, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris

Khalid M. Elased

Mass spectrometric methods directed to screening libraries of compounds for agents that inhibit entry of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) into cells are provided, along with methods for comparatively evaluating inhibitors of the SARS CoV.


Screening Assay For Enzymes Involved In Pathophysiology Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometr, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Screening Assay For Enzymes Involved In Pathophysiology Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometr, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris

Khalid M. Elased

The invention provides methods for quantifying enzymatic activity of an enzyme with a known substrate. The methods employ SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and are suitable, in particular, for assaying aspects of the renin-angiotensin system. The methods may be utilized to assess and/or monitor biological conditions associated with the renin-angiotensin system prior to the manifestation of known physiological and biomarkers for such conditions. The methods are suitable for analysis of pharmacological effectors of the renin-angiotensin system, and are particularly suitable for automation and high-throughput screening assay design.


Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Sle), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher, J. B. De Souza 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Sle), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher, J. B. De Souza

Khalid M. Elased

PPhosphoglycan messengers (PGMs) which are carbohydrate derivatised phosphatidyl cyclitols are disclosed, together with the finding that these substances are biologically active, especially in modulating plasma cholesterol, plasma triglycerides and/or high density lipoprotein levels and/or modulating the LDL:HDL ratio, and for the treatment of lipodystrophy or dyslipidemia. These compounds are distinct from GPI-anchors disclosed in the prior art as these GPI-anchors are protein linked and are not biologically active.


Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Lipidemia), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Lipidemia), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher

Khalid M. Elased

Phosphoglycan messengers (PGMs) which are carbohydrate derivatised phosphatidyl cyclitols are disclosed, together with the finding that these substances are biologically active, e.g. in lowering blood glucose levels. These compounds are distinct from GPI-anchors disclosed in the prior art as these GPI-anchors are protein linked and are not biologically active.


Treatment Of Diabetes, John H.L. Playfair, Khalid M. Elased, Joseph B. de Souza 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Treatment Of Diabetes, John H.L. Playfair, Khalid M. Elased, Joseph B. De Souza

Khalid M. Elased

The present invention provides methods for using a killed malaria parasite or an extract thereof in the treatment of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).


Neprilysin Is A Mediator Of Alternative Renin-Angiotensin-System Activation In The Murine And Human Kidney, Oliver Domenig, Arndt Manzel, Nadja Grobe, Eva Königshausen, Christopher C. Kaltenecker, Johannes J. Kovarik, Susan B. Gurley, Dunja van Oyen, Marlies Antlanger, Michael Bader, Daisy Motta-Santos, Jose Carlos Santos, Robson A. Santos, Khalid M. Elased, Marcus D. Säemann, Ralf A. Linker, Marko Poglitsch 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Neprilysin Is A Mediator Of Alternative Renin-Angiotensin-System Activation In The Murine And Human Kidney, Oliver Domenig, Arndt Manzel, Nadja Grobe, Eva Königshausen, Christopher C. Kaltenecker, Johannes J. Kovarik, Susan B. Gurley, Dunja Van Oyen, Marlies Antlanger, Michael Bader, Daisy Motta-Santos, Jose Carlos Santos, Robson A. Santos, Khalid M. Elased, Marcus D. Säemann, Ralf A. Linker, Marko Poglitsch

Khalid M. Elased

Cardiovascular and renal pathologies are frequently associated with an activated renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) and increased levels of its main effector and vasoconstrictor hormone angiotensin II (Ang II). Angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2 (ACE2) has been described as a crucial enzymatic player in shifting the RAS towards its so-called alternative vasodilative and reno-protective axis by enzymatically converting Ang II to angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)). Yet, the relative contribution of ACE2 to Ang-(1-7) formation in vivo has not been elucidated. Mass spectrometry based quantification of angiotensin metabolites in the kidney and plasma of ACE2 KO mice surprisingly revealed an increase in Ang-(1-7), suggesting additional pathways ...


Impact Of 4r Management On Crop Production And Nitrate-Nitrogen Loss In Tile Drainage, Matthew Helmers, John Sawyer, Josh Sievers 2017 Iowa State University

Impact Of 4r Management On Crop Production And Nitrate-Nitrogen Loss In Tile Drainage, Matthew Helmers, John Sawyer, Josh Sievers

Matthew J. Helmers

Corn Belt corn and soybean producers are increasingly challenged to maximize crop production while addressing the contributions farm practices make to Gulf hypoxia. Based on the need for nitrate-N reductions to meet water quality goals, new management practices are needed to reduce nitrate-N losses at minimal cost and maximum economic benefits. This three-year field research and demonstration project is evaluating various promising N management methods and technologies by documenting the nitrate-N export and crop yield from various systems.


Rosiglitazone Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetic Db/Db Mice Attenuates Urinary Albumin And Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 Excretion, Harshita Chodavarapu, Nadja Grobe, Hari Krishna Somineni, Esam Said Busah Salem, Malav Navinchandra Madhu, Khalid M. Elased 2017 Wright State University

Rosiglitazone Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetic Db/Db Mice Attenuates Urinary Albumin And Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 Excretion, Harshita Chodavarapu, Nadja Grobe, Hari Krishna Somineni, Esam Said Busah Salem, Malav Navinchandra Madhu, Khalid M. Elased

Khalid M. Elased

Alterations within the renal renin angiotensin system play a pivotal role in the development and progression of cardiovascular and renal disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is highly expressed in renal tubules and has been shown to be renoprotective in diabetes. The protease, a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) 17, is involved in the ectodomain shedding of several transmembrane proteins including ACE2. Renal ACE2 and ADAM17 were significantly increased in db/db mice compared to controls. We investigated the effect of the insulin sensitizer, rosiglitazone, on albuminuria, renal ADAM17 protein expression and ACE2 shedding in db/db diabetic mice. Rosiglitazone treatment ...


Loss Of Prolyl Carboxypeptidase In Two-Kidney, One-Clip Goldblatt Hypertensive Mice, Nadja Grobe, Orly Leiva, Mariana Morris, Khalid M. Elased 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Loss Of Prolyl Carboxypeptidase In Two-Kidney, One-Clip Goldblatt Hypertensive Mice, Nadja Grobe, Orly Leiva, Mariana Morris, Khalid M. Elased

Khalid M. Elased

It is well documented that angiotensin (Ang) II contributes to kidney disease progression. The protease prolyl carboxypeptidase (PRCP) is highly expressed in the kidney and may be renoprotective by degrading Ang II to Ang-(1-7). The aim of the study was to investigate whether renal PRCP protein expression and activity are altered in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) Goldblatt hypertensive mice. Left renal artery was constricted by using 0.12 mm silver clips. Blood pressure was measured using telemetry over the eleven weeks of study period and revealed an immediate increase in 2K1C animals during the first week of clip placement which ...


Hypoglycemia And Hyperinsulinemia In Rodent Models Of Severe Malaria Infection, Khalid M. Elased, J. H. L. Playfair 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Hypoglycemia And Hyperinsulinemia In Rodent Models Of Severe Malaria Infection, Khalid M. Elased, J. H. L. Playfair

Khalid M. Elased

Severe hypoglycemia developed during nonlethal Plasmodium chabaudi and lethal P. yoelii blood stage malaria infection in mice, always in association with hyperinsulinemia. Supernatants of lethal P. yoelii incubated overnight induced hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in normal mice. In murine malaria, hypoglycemia may be largely secondary to increased insulin secretion.


Diabetic Db/Db Mice Exhibit Central Nervous System And Peripheral Molecular Alterations As Seen In Neurological Disorders., A. Ernst, Ajaykumar Narayan Sharma, Khalid M. Elased, P. C. Guest, H. Rahmoune, S. Bahn 2017 Wright State University

Diabetic Db/Db Mice Exhibit Central Nervous System And Peripheral Molecular Alterations As Seen In Neurological Disorders., A. Ernst, Ajaykumar Narayan Sharma, Khalid M. Elased, P. C. Guest, H. Rahmoune, S. Bahn

Khalid M. Elased

The db/db mouse is a widely used preclinical model in diabetes research. Recent studies have shown that these mice also display aspects of psychosis and depression-like behaviors as seen in some psychiatric disorders. Here, we have performed multiplex immunoassay and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry profiling of the plasma and brain samples from db/db and control mice to identify altered pathways, which could be related to these behavioral abnormalities. This is the first study to carry out profiling of the brain proteome in this model. Plasma from the db/db mice had increased levels of leptin and insulin, decreased ...


Effects Of Restricted Fructose Access On Body Weight And Blood Pressure Circadian Rhythms, Danielle Senador, Swapnil Vijay Shewale, Maria Claudia Irigoyen, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris 2017 Wright State University

Effects Of Restricted Fructose Access On Body Weight And Blood Pressure Circadian Rhythms, Danielle Senador, Swapnil Vijay Shewale, Maria Claudia Irigoyen, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris

Khalid M. Elased

High-fructose diet is known to produce cardiovascular and metabolic pathologies. The objective was to determine whether the timing of high fructose (10% liquid solution) intake affect the metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes. Male C57BL mice with radiotelemetric probes were divided into four groups: (1) 24 h water (control); (2) 24 h fructose (F24); (3) 12 h fructose during the light phase (F12L); (4) 12 h fructose during the dark phase (F12D). All fructose groups had higher fluid intake. Body weight was increased in mice on restricted access with no difference in total caloric intake. Fasting glycemia was higher in groups with ...


Ensemble-Based Modeling And Rigidity Decomposition Of Allosteric Interaction Networks And Communication Pathways In Cyclin-Dependent Kinases: Differentiating Kinase Clients Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone, Gabrielle Stetz, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2017 Chapman University

Ensemble-Based Modeling And Rigidity Decomposition Of Allosteric Interaction Networks And Communication Pathways In Cyclin-Dependent Kinases: Differentiating Kinase Clients Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone, Gabrielle Stetz, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The overarching goal of delineating molecular principles underlying differentiation of protein kinase clients and chaperone-based modulation of kinase activity is fundamental to understanding activity of many oncogenic kinases that require chaperoning of Hsp70 and Hsp90 systems to attain a functionally competent active form. Despite structural similarities and common activation mechanisms shared by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) proteins, members of this family can exhibit vastly different chaperone preferences. The molecular determinants underlying chaperone dependencies of protein kinases are not fully understood as structurally similar kinases may often elicit distinct regulatory responses to the chaperone. The regulatory divergences observed for members of CDK ...


Alcohol Consumption Impairs The Ependymal Cilia Motility In The Brain Ventricles, Alzahra J. Al Omran, Hannah C. Saternos, Yusuf S. Althobaiti, Alexander Wisner, Youssef Sari, Surya M. Nauli, Wissam A. AbouAlaiwi 2017 University of Toledo

Alcohol Consumption Impairs The Ependymal Cilia Motility In The Brain Ventricles, Alzahra J. Al Omran, Hannah C. Saternos, Yusuf S. Althobaiti, Alexander Wisner, Youssef Sari, Surya M. Nauli, Wissam A. Aboualaiwi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Ependymal cilia protrude into the central canal of the brain ventricles and spinal cord to circulate the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Ependymal cilia dysfunction can hinder the movement of CSF leading to an abnormal accumulation of CSF within the brain known as hydrocephalus. Although the etiology of hydrocephalus was studied before, the effects of ethanol ingestion on ependymal cilia function have not been investigated in vivo. Here, we report three distinct types of ependymal cilia, type-I, type-II and type-III classified based upon their beating frequency, their beating angle, and their distinct localization within the mouse brain-lateral ventricle. Our studies show ...


Difatty Acyl-Conjugated Linear And Cyclic Peptides For Sirna Delivery, Hung Do, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Parvin Mahdipoor, Emira Bousoik, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2017 Chapman University

Difatty Acyl-Conjugated Linear And Cyclic Peptides For Sirna Delivery, Hung Do, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Parvin Mahdipoor, Emira Bousoik, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A number of amphiphilic difatty acyl linear and cyclic R5K2 peptide conjugates were synthesized by solid-phase peptide methods to enhance the interaction with the hydrophobic cellular phospholipid bilayer and to improve siRNA delivery and silencing. Binding to siRNA molecules was significantly less for the cyclic peptide conjugates. A gradual decrease was observed in the particle size of the complexes with increasing peptide/siRNA ratio for most of the synthesized peptides, suggesting the complex formation. Most of the complexes showed a particle size of less than 200 nm, which is considered an appropriate size for in vitro siRNA delivery. A number ...


Role Of Microglial Amylin Receptors In Mediating Beta Amyloid (Aβ)-Induced Inflammation, Wen Fu, Vlatka Vukojevic, Aarti Patel, Rania Soudy, David MacTavish, David Westaway, Kamaljit Kaur, Valeri Goncharuk, Jack Jhamandas 2017 University of Alberta

Role Of Microglial Amylin Receptors In Mediating Beta Amyloid (Aβ)-Induced Inflammation, Wen Fu, Vlatka Vukojevic, Aarti Patel, Rania Soudy, David Mactavish, David Westaway, Kamaljit Kaur, Valeri Goncharuk, Jack Jhamandas

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Neuroinflammation in the brain consequent to activation of microglia is viewed as an important component of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology. Amyloid beta (Aβ) protein is known to activate microglia and unleash an inflammatory cascade that eventually results in neuronal dysfunction and death. In this study, we sought to identify the presence of amylin receptors on human fetal and murine microglia and determine whether Aβ activation of the inflammasome complex and subsequent release of cytokines is mediated through these receptors.

Methods: The presence of dimeric components of the amylin receptor (calcitonin receptor and receptor activity modifying protein 3) were ...


Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Harm reduction is a public health strategy that was developed initially for adults with substance use disorder for whom abstinence was not feasible. Harm reduction approaches have been effective in reducing morbidity and mortality in some adult populations. In this presentation "Treating Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occuring Disorders" by Amy L. Harrington, MD, learn the specifics of what the term "harm reduction" means as it is applied in various settings. When a treatment plan is considered for a patient, it is important to understand if other medical conditions also exist in addition to the substance use disorder. How do co-morbid ...


Clinical Effects Of Cigarette Smoking: Epidemiologic Impact And Review Of Pharmacotherapy Options, Ifeanyi O. Onor, Daniel L. Stirling, Shandrika R. Williams, Daniel Bediako, Amne Borghol, Martha B. Harris PharmD, Tiernisha B. Darensburg, Sharde D. Clay, Samuel C. Okpechi, Daniel F. Sarpong 2017 Xavier University of Louisiana

Clinical Effects Of Cigarette Smoking: Epidemiologic Impact And Review Of Pharmacotherapy Options, Ifeanyi O. Onor, Daniel L. Stirling, Shandrika R. Williams, Daniel Bediako, Amne Borghol, Martha B. Harris Pharmd, Tiernisha B. Darensburg, Sharde D. Clay, Samuel C. Okpechi, Daniel F. Sarpong

Ifeanyi Onor, Pharm.D., BCPS, FNKF

Cigarette smoking—a crucial modifiable risk factor for organ system diseases and cancer—remains prevalent in the United States and globally. In this literature review, we aim to summarize the epidemiology of cigarette smoking and tobacco use in the United States, pharmacology of nicotine—the active constituent of tobacco, and health consequence of cigarette smoking. This article also reviews behavioral and pharmacologic interventions for cigarette smokers and provides cost estimates for approved pharmacologic interventions in the United States. A literature search was conducted on Google Scholar, EBSCOhost, ClinicalKey, and PubMed databases using the following headings in combination or separately: cigarette ...


The Effect Of Photoactivated Tmp On Burkholderia Cepacia Biofilms, Reyna G. Osorio, Chandra N. Swiech, Tracy L. Collins 2017 Cedarville University

The Effect Of Photoactivated Tmp On Burkholderia Cepacia Biofilms, Reyna G. Osorio, Chandra N. Swiech, Tracy L. Collins

Tracy Collins, Ph.D.

Burkholderia cepacia is an opportunistic pathogen that causes infections in immunocompromised individuals such as cystic fibrosis patients. B. cepacia infections are typically characterized by the formation of complex communities of cells known as biofilms. Because B. cepacia biofilms are difficult to eradicate using antibiotics, it is important to pursue alternative treatment methods. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a type of therapy that uses light, a photosensitizer, and oxygen to elicit cell death through the production of reactive oxygen species. PDT has been shown in previous studies to be successful in killing both Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. In this study, we ...


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