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Determination Of Dioctyl Phthalate (Dehp) Concentration In Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc) Plastic Parts Of Toothbrushes, Ghazal Sadeghi, Elham Ghaderian, Anne O'Connor 2015 Cleveland State University

Determination Of Dioctyl Phthalate (Dehp) Concentration In Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc) Plastic Parts Of Toothbrushes, Ghazal Sadeghi, Elham Ghaderian, Anne O'Connor

The Downtown Review

Phthalates are chemicals that are widely used in daily products and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics, mainly because of their ability to enhance flexibility and durability. The presence of phthalates in various products contributes to the substantial exposure that all consumers may experience. Continuity in phthalate exposure has several side effects, including endocrine disruption, neurological damage, asthma, hormonal imbalances, obesity, infertility, genital defects, and testicular cancer. The purpose of this research experiment was to determine the Dioctyl phthalate (DEHP) concentration of PVC plastic parts of toothbrushes. The method used to conduct the experiment was Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. The result showed ...


Argatroban For The Treatment Of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia In End Stage Renal Disease And Acute Kidney Injury, Lindsey Elmore PharmD, BCPS, Leslie A. Hamilton Pharm.D., BCPS 2015 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Argatroban For The Treatment Of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia In End Stage Renal Disease And Acute Kidney Injury, Lindsey Elmore Pharmd, Bcps, Leslie A. Hamilton Pharm.D., Bcps

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

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Cave Cyanobacteria Showing Antibacterial Activity, Vasiliki Lamprinou, Kyriaki Tryfinopoulou, Emmanuel N. Velonakis, Alkiviadis Vatopoulos, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Elizabeth Fragopoulou, Adriani Pantazidou, Athena Economou-Amilli 2015 University of Athens, Faculty of Biology, Department of Ecology & Systematics

Cave Cyanobacteria Showing Antibacterial Activity, Vasiliki Lamprinou, Kyriaki Tryfinopoulou, Emmanuel N. Velonakis, Alkiviadis Vatopoulos, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Elizabeth Fragopoulou, Adriani Pantazidou, Athena Economou-Amilli

International Journal of Speleology

Cave Cyanobacteria - thriving in an ‘extreme’ environment with interesting species biodiversity - are supposed to be a potential source of bioactive compounds. Lipid extracts from pure cultures of two recently established Cyanobacteria from Greek caves, Toxopsis calypsus and Phormidium melanochroun, were used for antibacterial screening against human pathogenic bacteria (reference and clinical isolates). Antimicrobial Susceptibility testing for both taxa was carried out using the disc-diffusion (Kirby Bauer) method, while preliminary data applying the standard broth microdilution method for the determination of the Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) are given only for T. calypsus. Antibacterial activity was demonstrated against the Gram-positive clinical and ...


The Characterization Of Amyloid Fibrils And Novel Synthetic Heparin-Binding Peptides Binding To Cell Surfaces, Nicole Marie Hackenbrack 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Characterization Of Amyloid Fibrils And Novel Synthetic Heparin-Binding Peptides Binding To Cell Surfaces, Nicole Marie Hackenbrack

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Different Brands Of Coffee On The Transcriptional Activity Of Drosophila Cyp6a8 Gene Promoter, Marie Ashley Scott 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Different Brands Of Coffee On The Transcriptional Activity Of Drosophila Cyp6a8 Gene Promoter, Marie Ashley Scott

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Bde-47 And -99 Lipid Modulating Effects In Hepg2 Human Carcinoma Cells, Eileen A. Holovac 2015 University of Rhode Island

Evaluation Of Bde-47 And -99 Lipid Modulating Effects In Hepg2 Human Carcinoma Cells, Eileen A. Holovac

Senior Honors Projects

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming a significantly more common problem in today’s society, affecting up to 25% of people in the United States as reported by the American Liver Foundation. According to the American Association of the Study of Liver Diseases, NAFLD is the buildup of fat in the liver that is not caused by secondary factors such as alcohol consumption, hereditary disorders, or the use of steatogenic medication such as amioderone. A liver is considered fatty when 5-10% of the liver’s weight is fat. The progression of NAFLD can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, or ...


Detection Of Igg4-Specific Autoantibodies In Rheumatoid Arthritis Serum Samples, Azra Borogovac, Youmna Lahoud, Janice Weaver, Sheldon M. Cooper, Mercedes Rincon, Jonathan Kay, Ellen M. Gravallese 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Detection Of Igg4-Specific Autoantibodies In Rheumatoid Arthritis Serum Samples, Azra Borogovac, Youmna Lahoud, Janice Weaver, Sheldon M. Cooper, Mercedes Rincon, Jonathan Kay, Ellen M. Gravallese

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic multi-system autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory synovitis. Autoantibodies such as rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of RA, and are currently important criteria for diagnosis within the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria.1 Yet, many patients diagnosed with RA do not have measurable circulating ACPA or RF which may result in delayed diagnosis and treatment. After IgG1, IgG4 is the second most predominant isotype among ACPA and RF; however it is not detected in currently available diagnostic ...


Effects Of Bpa And Alternatives On Human Health Concerning The Nflpa, Jeremy Martell 2015 St. John Fisher College

Effects Of Bpa And Alternatives On Human Health Concerning The Nflpa, Jeremy Martell

Biology Undergraduate

No abstract provided.


Obafluorin: A Potential Inhibitor Of Serine Hydroxymethyl Trasferase, Neha Prasad 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Obafluorin: A Potential Inhibitor Of Serine Hydroxymethyl Trasferase, Neha Prasad

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

In the golden age of drug discovery, scientists turned to nature to find and emulate molecules with pharmacological activity. The beta-lactam ring in penicillin has proven to be one of the most important classes of antibiotics of the last century. The molecule I am studying, obafluorine, was isolated from Pseudomonas fluorescens and has a beta-lactone ring in its structure—a close relative of the beta-lactam ring in Penicillin. Obafluorin was isolated as a broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal agent that could have therapeutic properties, but its cellular target is still unknown. The Wencewicz Lab in the WUSTL Department of Chemistry is ...


Flavour Chemicals In Electronic Cigarette Fluids, Peyton A. Tierney, Clarrissa D. Karpinski, Jessica E. Brown, Wentai Luo, James F. Pankow 2015 Portland State University

Flavour Chemicals In Electronic Cigarette Fluids, Peyton A. Tierney, Clarrissa D. Karpinski, Jessica E. Brown, Wentai Luo, James F. Pankow

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Most e-cigarette liquids contain flavour chemicals. Flavour chemicals certified as safe for ingestion by the Flavor Extracts Manufacturers Association may not be safe for use in e-cigarettes. This study identified and measured flavour chemicals in 30 e-cigarette fluids.

Methods: Two brands of single-use e-cigarettes were selected and their fluids in multiple flavour types analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. For the same flavour types, and for selected confectionary flavours (eg, bubble gum and cotton candy), also analysed were convenience samples of e-cigarette fluids in refill bottles from local ‘vape’ shops and online retailers.

Results: In many liquids, total flavour ...


Exploration Of Putative Mitochondrial Gene Expression In Crithidia Fasciculata As A Model For Pathogenic Trypanosomes Causing Human Disease, Baylye Boxall, Nadjean Sagesse 2015 Georgia State University

Exploration Of Putative Mitochondrial Gene Expression In Crithidia Fasciculata As A Model For Pathogenic Trypanosomes Causing Human Disease, Baylye Boxall, Nadjean Sagesse

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Polyamine-Anthracene Conjugates As Dna Ligands: A Potential Anti-Cancer Agent, Khoa T. Nguyen, Sunhwa Joung, Jennifer J. Archer, Otto Phanstiel IV, Kathryn B. Grant 2015 Georgia State University

Evaluation Of Polyamine-Anthracene Conjugates As Dna Ligands: A Potential Anti-Cancer Agent, Khoa T. Nguyen, Sunhwa Joung, Jennifer J. Archer, Otto Phanstiel Iv, Kathryn B. Grant

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


High Potency Eugeroics-- Wake-Promoting Agents Beyond Modafinil, Joseph Yoham 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

High Potency Eugeroics-- Wake-Promoting Agents Beyond Modafinil, Joseph Yoham

Biomedical Eng/General Eng.

Modafinil (Provigil) belongs to a new pharmaceutical class known as eugeroics— wake-promoting agents. Directly enhancing conductance across neuronal membranes, modafinil, amplifies presynaptic Na/Ca influx; resultant widespread depolarization of cortical interneurons could theoretically allow transient, voltage-dependent inhibition of monoamine reuptake- resembling action of conventional stimulants, minus the stereotypy, euphoria, and locomotor effects. This literature review presents a hypothesized mechanism of action, consolidates research of modafinil analogues and hybridizes a novel compound in search of a next generation molecule.


Prostate Tumorigenesis Induced By Pten Deletion Involves Estrogen Receptor Beta Repression, Paul Mak, Jianrong Li, Sanjoy Samanta, Cheng Chang, D. Joseph Jerry, Roger J. Davis, Irwin Leav, Arthur M. Mercurio 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Prostate Tumorigenesis Induced By Pten Deletion Involves Estrogen Receptor Beta Repression, Paul Mak, Jianrong Li, Sanjoy Samanta, Cheng Chang, D. Joseph Jerry, Roger J. Davis, Irwin Leav, Arthur M. Mercurio

Molecular, Cell and Cancer Biology Publications

The role of ERbeta in prostate cancer is unclear, although loss of ERbeta is associated with aggressive disease. Given that mice deficient in ERbeta do not develop prostate cancer, we hypothesized that ERbeta loss occurs as a consequence of tumorigenesis caused by other oncogenic mechanisms and that its loss is necessary for tumorigenesis. In support of this hypothesis, we found that ERbeta is targeted for repression in prostate cancer caused by PTEN deletion and that loss of ERbeta is important for tumor formation. ERbeta transcription is repressed by BMI-1, which is induced by PTEN deletion and important for prostate tumorigenesis ...


Developing Burrowing As A Non-Evoked Readout Assessment For Novel Analgesic Drug Efficacy, Kayla Lindros, Denise Giuvelis, Ed Bilsky 2015 University of New England

Developing Burrowing As A Non-Evoked Readout Assessment For Novel Analgesic Drug Efficacy, Kayla Lindros, Denise Giuvelis, Ed Bilsky

Neuroscience Student Research Posters

Traditional drug development efforts to diminish the problem of chronic pain rely heavily on pain-evoked assays that can yield false positives, leading to confounding assessments of novel drugs. To avoid this, we are looking at burrowing as a novel readout assessment of analgesic efficacy. Preliminary data shows that induction of post-surgical pain reduces this innate behavior by about 35%. In attempt to increase this number, we tested a variety of additional parameters. Blue pads, placed at the bottom of each chamber in order to reduce the sound made when gravel is displaced, increased baseline amounts roughly 40%. Conversely, neither sex ...


Introduction To Gene Enrichment Analysis Tools, Rolando Garcia-Milian 2015 Yale University

Introduction To Gene Enrichment Analysis Tools, Rolando Garcia-Milian

Rolando Garcia-Milian

Bioinformatics enrichment tools play an important role in identifying, annotating, and functionally analyzing large list of genes generated by high-throughput technologies (e.g. microarrary, RNA-seq, ChIP-chip). This workshop will provide an overview of the principle, type of enrichments, and the infrastructure of enrichment tools. By using concrete examples, it will also introduce some of the most popular tools for gene enrichment analysis such as DAVID, GSEA, and WebGestalt.


Physician’S Narcotic Prescribing Practice Patterns Of Putnam County, Tennessee1, Sam Barnes MD, James B. Talmage MD, Tor Guimaraes Ph.D 2015 Occupational Health Center

Physician’S Narcotic Prescribing Practice Patterns Of Putnam County, Tennessee1, Sam Barnes Md, James B. Talmage Md, Tor Guimaraes Ph.D

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

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Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag 2015 Chapman University

Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The cell cycle proteins are key regulators of cell cycle progression whose de-regulation is one of the causes of breast cancer. RNA interference (RNAi) is an endogenous mechanism to regulate gene expression and it could serve as the basis of regulating aberrant proteins including cell cycle proteins. Since the delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a main barrier for implementation of RNAi therapy, we explored the potential of a non-viral delivery system, 2.0 kDa polyethylenimines substituted with linoleic acid and caprylic acid, for this purpose. Using a library of siRNAs against cell cycle proteins, we identified cell division ...


"Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines" Data Files, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag 2015 Chapman University

"Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines" Data Files, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag

Pharmacy Faculty Data Sets

The cell cycle proteins are key regulators of cell cycle progression whose de-regulation is one of the causes of breast cancer. RNA interference (RNAi) is an endogenous mechanism to regulate gene expression and it could serve as the basis of regulating aberrant proteins including cell cycle proteins. Since the delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a main barrier for implementation of RNAi therapy, we explored the potential of a non-viral delivery system, 2.0 kDa polyethylenimines substituted with linoleic acid and caprylic acid, for this purpose. Using a library of siRNAs against cell cycle proteins, we identified cell division ...


The Coca Plant And Bolivian Identity, Matthew G. Russo 2015 Bowling Green State University

The Coca Plant And Bolivian Identity, Matthew G. Russo

International ResearchScape Journal

ABSTRACT

The political battle rages between the U.S. government, the U.N. and the Bolivian President, Evo Morales, about his efforts to protect, legalize and preserve the symbol of the Andean indigenous identity: the coca plant. The human rights of indigenous populations are being violated by culturally insensitive governments in compliance with U.S. and U.N. law. The questions posed are: Is coca cocaine? What are the economic benefits of the production of coca and who benefits? What is the relationship between coca and Bolivian identity? What would be the impact in the global community if coca is ...


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