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Matrix Metalloproteinase-14 Is A Mechanically Regulated Activator Of Secreted Mmps And Invasion, Amanda Haage, Dong Hyun Nam, Xin Ge, Ian C. Schneider 2018 Iowa State University

Matrix Metalloproteinase-14 Is A Mechanically Regulated Activator Of Secreted Mmps And Invasion, Amanda Haage, Dong Hyun Nam, Xin Ge, Ian C. Schneider

Ian C. Schneider

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are extracellular matrix (ECM) degrading enzymes and have complex and specific regulation networks. This includes activation interactions, where one MMP family member activates another. ECM degradation and MMP activation can be initiated by several different stimuli including changes in ECM mechanical properties or intracellular contractility. These mechanical stimuli are known enhancers of metastatic potential. MMP-14 facilitates local ECM degradation and is well known as a major mediator of cell migration, angiogenesis and invasion. Recently, function blocking antibodies have been developed to specifically block MMP-14, providing a useful tool for research as well as therapeutic applications. Here we ...


Atomistic Simulations And Network-Based Modeling Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone Binding With Cdk4 Client Protein: A Mechanism Of Chaperoning Kinase Clients By Exploiting Weak Spots Of Intrinsically Dynamic Kinase Domains, John Czemeres, Kurt Buse, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2017 Chapman University

Atomistic Simulations And Network-Based Modeling Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone Binding With Cdk4 Client Protein: A Mechanism Of Chaperoning Kinase Clients By Exploiting Weak Spots Of Intrinsically Dynamic Kinase Domains, John Czemeres, Kurt Buse, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

A fundamental role of the Hsp90 and Cdc37 chaperones in mediating conformational development and activation of diverse protein kinase clients is essential in signal transduction. There has been increasing evidence that the Hsp90-Cdc37 system executes its chaperoning duties by recognizing conformational instability of kinase clients and modulating their folding landscapes. The recent cryo-electron microscopy structure of the Hsp90-Cdc37- Cdk4 kinase complex has provided a framework for dissecting regulatory principles underlying differentiation and recruitment of protein kinase clients to the chaperone machinery. In this work, we have combined atomistic simulations with protein stability and network-based rigidity decomposition analyses to characterize dynamic ...


Identification Of Factors Involved In 18s Nonfunctional Ribosomal Rna Decay And A Method For Detecting 8-Oxoguanosine By Rna-Seq, Kelly A. Limoncelli 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Identification Of Factors Involved In 18s Nonfunctional Ribosomal Rna Decay And A Method For Detecting 8-Oxoguanosine By Rna-Seq, Kelly A. Limoncelli

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The translation of mRNA into functional proteins is essential for all life. In eukaryotes, aberrant RNAs containing sequence features that stall or severely slow down ribosomes are subject to translation-dependent quality control. Targets include mRNAs encoding a strong secondary structure (No-Go Decay; NGD) or stretches of positively-charged amino acids (Peptide-dependent Translation Arrest/Ribosome Quality Control; PDTA/RQC), mRNAs lacking an in-frame stop codon (Non-Stop Decay; NSD), or defective 18S rRNAs (18S Nonfunctional rRNA Decay; 18S NRD). Previous work from our lab showed that the S. cerevisiae NGD factors DOM34 and HBS1, and PDTA/RQC factor ASC1, all participate in the ...


Is Marijuana Beneficial For Prevention And Treatment Of Diabetes.Pdf, Rui Cao 2017 Johns Hopkins University

Is Marijuana Beneficial For Prevention And Treatment Of Diabetes.Pdf, Rui Cao

Rui Cao

Marijuana is classified as Cannabis saiva L, one type of hemp. Traditionally, Marijuana is considered as Schedule I drug due to its acute bad effects on human health. However, its medical use has been widely recognized today. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) is a compound extracted from Marijuana, which has been used in several drugs approved by United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 9-THC functions through cannabinoid receptor in neural system or peripheral tissues. For diabetes patients, 9-THC has been reported to have preventative or treatment effects. In this paper, we will review recent research progress in association between cannabis use and ...


Changes In The Utilization Of Osteoporosis Drugs After The 2010 Fda Bisphosphonate Drug Safety Communication, Bander Balkhi, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2017 King Saud University

Changes In The Utilization Of Osteoporosis Drugs After The 2010 Fda Bisphosphonate Drug Safety Communication, Bander Balkhi, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction

In October 2010, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication regarding the risks of atypical fractures of the femur, with bisphosphonates drugs. This study evaluated the impact of the bisphosphonates FDA safety communication on the utilization of osteoporosis medications in Medicaid programs.

Methods

Osteoporosis drugs utilization data from the July 2006 to June 2014 were extracted from the national Summary Files from the Medicaid State Drug Utilization Data maintained by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). We performed an interrupted time series analyses to evaluate trends in utilization of osteoporosis drugs before and after ...


Structural Insights Into The Potency Of Sk Channel Positive Modulators, Young-Woo Nam, Razan Orfali, Tingting Liu, Kunqian Yu, Meng Cui, Heike Wulff, Miao Zhang 2017 Chapman University

Structural Insights Into The Potency Of Sk Channel Positive Modulators, Young-Woo Nam, Razan Orfali, Tingting Liu, Kunqian Yu, Meng Cui, Heike Wulff, Miao Zhang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channels play essential roles in the regulation of cellular excitability and have been implicated in neurological and cardiovascular diseases through both animal model studies and human genetic association studies. Over the past two decades, positive modulators of SK channels such as NS309 and 1-EBIO have been developed. Our previous structural studies have identified the binding pocket of 1-EBIO and NS309 that is located at the interface between the channel and calmodulin. In this study, we took advantage of four compounds with potencies varying over three orders of magnitude, including 1-EBIO, NS309, SKS-11 (6-bromo-5-methyl-1H-indole-2 ...


Comparing The Effectiveness Of Alternative And Prescription Antibiotics Against Gram-Positive Bacteria, Rachel Jenkins, Roan Dickenson, Sam Turnbull, Marcela Torres 2017 Lesley University

Comparing The Effectiveness Of Alternative And Prescription Antibiotics Against Gram-Positive Bacteria, Rachel Jenkins, Roan Dickenson, Sam Turnbull, Marcela Torres

Senior Theses

The rapid emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a global public health concern that threatens the efficacy of antibiotic drugs. We found that natural remedies, specifically coconut oil, honey and cinnamon essential oil, have the potential to be used as a clinical alternative to treat antibiotic-resistant infections. In this experiment, we performed a disk diffusion test and measured the area of inhibition of each treatment to compare the effectiveness of natural and prescription antibiotics. Cinnamon essential oil showed significantly greater antibiotic activity compared to a prescription treatment, amoxicillin. With bacterial resistance continuously expanding, more work needs to be done to determine ...


Analytics For Non-Invasive Skin Imaging And Actinic Damage, Christina E. Borchers 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Analytics For Non-Invasive Skin Imaging And Actinic Damage, Christina E. Borchers

Christina Borchers

No abstract provided.


Uvb Induces Mvp Release In A Paf Dependent Manner In Skin-Dervied Epithelial Cell Line, Langni Liu, Katherine E. Fahy, Christine M. Rapp, Eric J. Romer, Christina E. Borchers, Ji C. Bihl, Jeffrey B. Travers 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Uvb Induces Mvp Release In A Paf Dependent Manner In Skin-Dervied Epithelial Cell Line, Langni Liu, Katherine E. Fahy, Christine M. Rapp, Eric J. Romer, Christina E. Borchers, Ji C. Bihl, Jeffrey B. Travers

Christina Borchers

Ultraviolet-B (UVB) irradiation of the skin can result in both acute inflammation and systemic immunosuppression. These effects are mediated by the release of bioactive molecules (e.g. cytokines and lipids) from resident skin epithelial and immune cells. Our lab has previously determined that UVB exposure stimulates the production of an inflammatory phospholipid activator, platelet-activating factor (PAF) and its oxidized analogs, which are involved in mediating the UVB responses. Due to the fact that UVB radiation is absorbed by the epidermis but causes systemic effects, we are interested in examining the PAF-mediated mechanisms of systemic intercellular communication. Microvesicle particles (MVP) are ...


Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

To inform funeral professionals, or anyone interested, what cyanide poisoning is, how death from it occurs, how to detect it in postmortem remains, how it poses a problem for embalmers, and what embalming techniques can be used to treat it.


Screening Assay For Inhibitors Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometry, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Screening Assay For Inhibitors Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometry, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris

Khalid M. Elased

Mass spectrometric methods directed to screening libraries of compounds for agents that inhibit entry of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) into cells are provided, along with methods for comparatively evaluating inhibitors of the SARS CoV.


Screening Assay For Enzymes Involved In Pathophysiology Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometr, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Screening Assay For Enzymes Involved In Pathophysiology Using Seldi-Tof Mass Spectrometr, Khalid M. Elased, Mariana Morris

Khalid M. Elased

The invention provides methods for quantifying enzymatic activity of an enzyme with a known substrate. The methods employ SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and are suitable, in particular, for assaying aspects of the renin-angiotensin system. The methods may be utilized to assess and/or monitor biological conditions associated with the renin-angiotensin system prior to the manifestation of known physiological and biomarkers for such conditions. The methods are suitable for analysis of pharmacological effectors of the renin-angiotensin system, and are particularly suitable for automation and high-throughput screening assay design.


Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Sle), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher, J. B. De Souza 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Sle), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher, J. B. De Souza

Khalid M. Elased

PPhosphoglycan messengers (PGMs) which are carbohydrate derivatised phosphatidyl cyclitols are disclosed, together with the finding that these substances are biologically active, especially in modulating plasma cholesterol, plasma triglycerides and/or high density lipoprotein levels and/or modulating the LDL:HDL ratio, and for the treatment of lipodystrophy or dyslipidemia. These compounds are distinct from GPI-anchors disclosed in the prior art as these GPI-anchors are protein linked and are not biologically active.


Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Lipidemia), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Phosphoglycan Messengers And Their Medical Uses (Lipidemia), Khalid M. Elased, Khalid A. Gumaa, Hassan Rahmoune, Thomas Rademacher

Khalid M. Elased

Phosphoglycan messengers (PGMs) which are carbohydrate derivatised phosphatidyl cyclitols are disclosed, together with the finding that these substances are biologically active, e.g. in lowering blood glucose levels. These compounds are distinct from GPI-anchors disclosed in the prior art as these GPI-anchors are protein linked and are not biologically active.


Treatment Of Diabetes, John H.L. Playfair, Khalid M. Elased, Joseph B. de Souza 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Treatment Of Diabetes, John H.L. Playfair, Khalid M. Elased, Joseph B. De Souza

Khalid M. Elased

The present invention provides methods for using a killed malaria parasite or an extract thereof in the treatment of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).


Neprilysin Is A Mediator Of Alternative Renin-Angiotensin-System Activation In The Murine And Human Kidney, Oliver Domenig, Arndt Manzel, Nadja Grobe, Eva Königshausen, Christopher C. Kaltenecker, Johannes J. Kovarik, Susan B. Gurley, Dunja van Oyen, Marlies Antlanger, Michael Bader, Daisy Motta-Santos, Jose Carlos Santos, Robson A. Santos, Khalid M. Elased, Marcus D. Säemann, Ralf A. Linker, Marko Poglitsch 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Neprilysin Is A Mediator Of Alternative Renin-Angiotensin-System Activation In The Murine And Human Kidney, Oliver Domenig, Arndt Manzel, Nadja Grobe, Eva Königshausen, Christopher C. Kaltenecker, Johannes J. Kovarik, Susan B. Gurley, Dunja Van Oyen, Marlies Antlanger, Michael Bader, Daisy Motta-Santos, Jose Carlos Santos, Robson A. Santos, Khalid M. Elased, Marcus D. Säemann, Ralf A. Linker, Marko Poglitsch

Khalid M. Elased

Cardiovascular and renal pathologies are frequently associated with an activated renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) and increased levels of its main effector and vasoconstrictor hormone angiotensin II (Ang II). Angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2 (ACE2) has been described as a crucial enzymatic player in shifting the RAS towards its so-called alternative vasodilative and reno-protective axis by enzymatically converting Ang II to angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)). Yet, the relative contribution of ACE2 to Ang-(1-7) formation in vivo has not been elucidated. Mass spectrometry based quantification of angiotensin metabolites in the kidney and plasma of ACE2 KO mice surprisingly revealed an increase in Ang-(1-7), suggesting additional pathways ...


Rosiglitazone Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetic Db/Db Mice Attenuates Urinary Albumin And Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 Excretion, Harshita Chodavarapu, Nadja Grobe, Hari Krishna Somineni, Esam Said Busah Salem, Malav Navinchandra Madhu, Khalid M. Elased 2017 Wright State University

Rosiglitazone Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetic Db/Db Mice Attenuates Urinary Albumin And Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 Excretion, Harshita Chodavarapu, Nadja Grobe, Hari Krishna Somineni, Esam Said Busah Salem, Malav Navinchandra Madhu, Khalid M. Elased

Khalid M. Elased

Alterations within the renal renin angiotensin system play a pivotal role in the development and progression of cardiovascular and renal disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is highly expressed in renal tubules and has been shown to be renoprotective in diabetes. The protease, a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) 17, is involved in the ectodomain shedding of several transmembrane proteins including ACE2. Renal ACE2 and ADAM17 were significantly increased in db/db mice compared to controls. We investigated the effect of the insulin sensitizer, rosiglitazone, on albuminuria, renal ADAM17 protein expression and ACE2 shedding in db/db diabetic mice. Rosiglitazone treatment ...


Loss Of Prolyl Carboxypeptidase In Two-Kidney, One-Clip Goldblatt Hypertensive Mice, Nadja Grobe, Orly Leiva, Mariana Morris, Khalid M. Elased 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Loss Of Prolyl Carboxypeptidase In Two-Kidney, One-Clip Goldblatt Hypertensive Mice, Nadja Grobe, Orly Leiva, Mariana Morris, Khalid M. Elased

Khalid M. Elased

It is well documented that angiotensin (Ang) II contributes to kidney disease progression. The protease prolyl carboxypeptidase (PRCP) is highly expressed in the kidney and may be renoprotective by degrading Ang II to Ang-(1-7). The aim of the study was to investigate whether renal PRCP protein expression and activity are altered in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) Goldblatt hypertensive mice. Left renal artery was constricted by using 0.12 mm silver clips. Blood pressure was measured using telemetry over the eleven weeks of study period and revealed an immediate increase in 2K1C animals during the first week of clip placement which ...


Hypoglycemia And Hyperinsulinemia In Rodent Models Of Severe Malaria Infection, Khalid M. Elased, J. H. L. Playfair 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Hypoglycemia And Hyperinsulinemia In Rodent Models Of Severe Malaria Infection, Khalid M. Elased, J. H. L. Playfair

Khalid M. Elased

Severe hypoglycemia developed during nonlethal Plasmodium chabaudi and lethal P. yoelii blood stage malaria infection in mice, always in association with hyperinsulinemia. Supernatants of lethal P. yoelii incubated overnight induced hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in normal mice. In murine malaria, hypoglycemia may be largely secondary to increased insulin secretion.


Diabetic Db/Db Mice Exhibit Central Nervous System And Peripheral Molecular Alterations As Seen In Neurological Disorders., A. Ernst, Ajaykumar Narayan Sharma, Khalid M. Elased, P. C. Guest, H. Rahmoune, S. Bahn 2017 Wright State University

Diabetic Db/Db Mice Exhibit Central Nervous System And Peripheral Molecular Alterations As Seen In Neurological Disorders., A. Ernst, Ajaykumar Narayan Sharma, Khalid M. Elased, P. C. Guest, H. Rahmoune, S. Bahn

Khalid M. Elased

The db/db mouse is a widely used preclinical model in diabetes research. Recent studies have shown that these mice also display aspects of psychosis and depression-like behaviors as seen in some psychiatric disorders. Here, we have performed multiplex immunoassay and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry profiling of the plasma and brain samples from db/db and control mice to identify altered pathways, which could be related to these behavioral abnormalities. This is the first study to carry out profiling of the brain proteome in this model. Plasma from the db/db mice had increased levels of leptin and insulin, decreased ...


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