Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemicals and Drugs Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

622 Full-Text Articles 1,608 Authors 136,846 Downloads 85 Institutions

All Articles in Chemicals and Drugs

Faceted Search

622 full-text articles. Page 1 of 22.

Obafluorin: A Potential Inhibitor Of Serine Hydroxymethyl Trasferase, Neha Prasad 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Obafluorin: A Potential Inhibitor Of Serine Hydroxymethyl Trasferase, Neha Prasad

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

In the golden age of drug discovery, scientists turned to nature to find and emulate molecules with pharmacological activity. The beta-lactam ring in penicillin has proven to be one of the most important classes of antibiotics of the last century. The molecule I am studying, obafluorine, was isolated from Pseudomonas fluorescens and has a beta-lactone ring in its structure—a close relative of the beta-lactam ring in Penicillin. Obafluorin was isolated as a broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal agent that could have therapeutic properties, but its cellular target is still unknown. The Wencewicz Lab in the WUSTL Department of Chemistry is ...


Exploration Of Putative Mitochondrial Gene Expression In Crithidia Fasciculata As A Model For Pathogenic Trypanosomes Causing Human Disease, Baylye Boxall, Nadjean Sagesse 2015 Georgia State University

Exploration Of Putative Mitochondrial Gene Expression In Crithidia Fasciculata As A Model For Pathogenic Trypanosomes Causing Human Disease, Baylye Boxall, Nadjean Sagesse

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Polyamine-Anthracene Conjugates As Dna Ligands: A Potential Anti-Cancer Agent, Khoa T. Nguyen, Sunhwa Joung, Jennifer J. Archer, Otto Phanstiel IV, Kathryn B. Grant 2015 Georgia State University

Evaluation Of Polyamine-Anthracene Conjugates As Dna Ligands: A Potential Anti-Cancer Agent, Khoa T. Nguyen, Sunhwa Joung, Jennifer J. Archer, Otto Phanstiel Iv, Kathryn B. Grant

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Gene Enrichment Analysis Tools, Rolando Garcia-Milian 2015 Yale University

Introduction To Gene Enrichment Analysis Tools, Rolando Garcia-Milian

Rolando Garcia-Milian

Bioinformatics enrichment tools play an important role in identifying, annotating, and functionally analyzing large list of genes generated by high-throughput technologies (e.g. microarrary, RNA-seq, ChIP-chip). This workshop will provide an overview of the principle, type of enrichments, and the infrastructure of enrichment tools. By using concrete examples, it will also introduce some of the most popular tools for gene enrichment analysis such as DAVID, GSEA, and WebGestalt.


Physician’S Narcotic Prescribing Practice Patterns Of Putnam County, Tennessee1, Sam Barnes MD, James B. Talmage MD, Tor Guimaraes Ph.D 2015 Occupational Health Center

Physician’S Narcotic Prescribing Practice Patterns Of Putnam County, Tennessee1, Sam Barnes Md, James B. Talmage Md, Tor Guimaraes Ph.D

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

.


Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag 2015 Chapman University

Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The cell cycle proteins are key regulators of cell cycle progression whose de-regulation is one of the causes of breast cancer. RNA interference (RNAi) is an endogenous mechanism to regulate gene expression and it could serve as the basis of regulating aberrant proteins including cell cycle proteins. Since the delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a main barrier for implementation of RNAi therapy, we explored the potential of a non-viral delivery system, 2.0 kDa polyethylenimines substituted with linoleic acid and caprylic acid, for this purpose. Using a library of siRNAs against cell cycle proteins, we identified cell division ...


"Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines" Data Files, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag 2015 Chapman University

"Targeting Cell Cycle Proteins In Breast Cancer Cells With Sirna By Using Lipid-Substituted Polyethylenimines" Data Files, Manoj Parmar, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Parvin Mahdipoor, Cezary Kucharski, Robert Maranchuk, Judith C. Hugh, Hasan Uludag

Pharmacy Faculty Data Sets

The cell cycle proteins are key regulators of cell cycle progression whose de-regulation is one of the causes of breast cancer. RNA interference (RNAi) is an endogenous mechanism to regulate gene expression and it could serve as the basis of regulating aberrant proteins including cell cycle proteins. Since the delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a main barrier for implementation of RNAi therapy, we explored the potential of a non-viral delivery system, 2.0 kDa polyethylenimines substituted with linoleic acid and caprylic acid, for this purpose. Using a library of siRNAs against cell cycle proteins, we identified cell division ...


The Coca Plant And Bolivian Identity, Matthew G. Russo 2015 Bowling Green State University

The Coca Plant And Bolivian Identity, Matthew G. Russo

International ResearchScape Journal

ABSTRACT

The political battle rages between the U.S. government, the U.N. and the Bolivian President, Evo Morales, about his efforts to protect, legalize and preserve the symbol of the Andean indigenous identity: the coca plant. The human rights of indigenous populations are being violated by culturally insensitive governments in compliance with U.S. and U.N. law. The questions posed are: Is coca cocaine? What are the economic benefits of the production of coca and who benefits? What is the relationship between coca and Bolivian identity? What would be the impact in the global community if coca is ...


Effects Of Cannabidiol On Contractions And Calcium Signaling In Rat Ventricular Myocytes, Ramez M. Ali, Lina T. Al Kury, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Anwar Qureshi, Mohanraj Rajesh, Sehamuddin Galadari, Yaroslav M. Shuba, Frank Christopher Howarth, Murat Oz 2015 UAE University, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Effects Of Cannabidiol On Contractions And Calcium Signaling In Rat Ventricular Myocytes, Ramez M. Ali, Lina T. Al Kury, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Anwar Qureshi, Mohanraj Rajesh, Sehamuddin Galadari, Yaroslav M. Shuba, Frank Christopher Howarth, Murat Oz

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Cannabidiol (CBD), a major nonpsychotropic cannabinoid found in Cannabis plant, has been shown to influence cardiovascular functions under various physiological and pathological conditions. In the present study, the effects of CBD on contractility and electrophysiological properties of rat ventricular myocytes were investigated. Video edge detection was used to measure myocyte shortening. Intracellular Ca2+ was measured in cells loaded with the Ca2+ sensitive fluorescent indicator fura-2 AM. Whole-cell patch clamp was used to measure action potential and Ca2+ currents. Radioligand binding was employed to study pharmacological characteristics of CBD binding. CBD (1 μM) caused a significant decrease in the amplitudes of ...


Synthesis Of Β-Triphosphotriester Pronucleotides, Yousef A. Beni, Chandravanu Dash, Keykavous Parang 2015 Tennessee State University

Synthesis Of Β-Triphosphotriester Pronucleotides, Yousef A. Beni, Chandravanu Dash, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Dinucleoside phosphorochloridite were synthesized from phosphorus trichloride and three nucleoside analogues, 3-fluoro-2,3-dideoxythymidine (FLT), 2',3'-dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'- thiacytidine (FTC), and 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC), in a multistep synthesis. Polymerbound N-Boc p-acetoxybenzyl 5¢-O-2¢-deoxythymidine was reacted with dinucleoside phosphorochloridite in the presence of 2,6-lutidine, followed by the reaction with dodecyl alcohol and 5-(ethylthio)-1H-tetrazole, oxidation with tert-butyl hydroperoxide, and acidic cleavage, respectively, to afford the b-triphosphotriester derivatives containing three different nucleosides.


Investigation Of Wnt5a And Sfrp5 Expressions In Healthy And Chronic Periodontitis Tissues, Pacharee Kulwattanaporn 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Investigation Of Wnt5a And Sfrp5 Expressions In Healthy And Chronic Periodontitis Tissues, Pacharee Kulwattanaporn

Dental Theses

Periodontitis is a biofilm-induced chronic inflammatory disease that causes gingival inflammation and attachment loss. Destruction of periodontal tissue is a consequence of host immune inflammatory responses induced by periodontal microorganisms. Wnt5a is strongly associated with inflammatory responses and shown by several studies to be involved in inflammatory diseases including periodontitis. sFRP5 is a homolog of Wnt5a receptor, frizzled protein. sFRP5 is a known inhibitor of Wnt5a signaling. To investigate the correlation of Wnt5a and sFRP5 in periodontitis and healthy tissues, experiments were set up using both clinical specimens and further investigation with stimulations of human gingival epithelial cells (HGECs). Wnt5a ...


The Metabolism Of Alcohol: Risk And Protective Factors, Sydney E. Levan, Amy Adkins, Danielle Dick, Karen G. Chartier 2015 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Metabolism Of Alcohol: Risk And Protective Factors, Sydney E. Levan, Amy Adkins, Danielle Dick, Karen G. Chartier

Undergraduate Research Posters

Purpose: Abstract for poster submission to VCU Poster Symposium for

Undergraduate Research and Creativity

Title: The Metabolism of Alcohol: Risk and Protective Factors

Background: In 2002, it was reported by the National Institutes of Health that

60.3% of college aged students (18-22) drank alcohol in the past month of being

asked, as compared to 51.9% of those not in college. They also found that 20% of

college students met the criteria for at least one alcohol use disorder (AUDs)1.

Many genes have been linked to an increased risk for AUDs and how individuals

with various ethnic backgrounds ...


Use Of Oxytocin As A Preventative Treatment For Ptsd, Laurel V. Kovalchick 2015 Virginia Commonwealth University

Use Of Oxytocin As A Preventative Treatment For Ptsd, Laurel V. Kovalchick

Undergraduate Research Posters

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health disorder triggered by experiencing a traumatic event. PTSD causes recurrent flashbacks of traumatic memories that lead to over-consolidation. Memory over-consolidation prevents extinction of emotional and physiological responses to the memory. Because individuals can respond differently to stress and frightening experiences, no measures are currently practiced to prevent PTSD. By studying the changes in the brain during PTSD and after stress, it can be hypothesized that treatments that regulated HPA axis activity may prevent PTSD symptoms if applied soon after stress. Risk of developing PTSD is associated with abnormal cortisol and norepinephrine levels ...


Ketamine, A Brighter Future For Those In Darkness, Matthew D. Gayhart 2015 Virginia Commonwealth University

Ketamine, A Brighter Future For Those In Darkness, Matthew D. Gayhart

Undergraduate Research Posters

Millions of people around the world suffer from Major Depressive Disorder, and many of these people are given drugs to help treat this potentially devastating disease. For many, the first treatment is successful, and if not, certainly the second treatment gives them the relief they so desperately need. Others, however, are not so lucky, people with treatment resistant depression undergo numerous treatments, some of which are more aggressive than others, but still nothing helps alleviate their depression. Recently an older anesthetic, the drug Ketamine, has been making some news as a new depression treatment. This paper will compare Ketamine to ...


Pharmaceutical Stability Of Promethazine In Iv Infusion Fluids, Josh Knoebel, Ruth Choi, Michael Kapraly, Brandon Kime, Kaysie J. Brittenham, Denise S. Simpson, Rebecca J. Gryka, Samson Amos 2014 Cedarville University

Pharmaceutical Stability Of Promethazine In Iv Infusion Fluids, Josh Knoebel, Ruth Choi, Michael Kapraly, Brandon Kime, Kaysie J. Brittenham, Denise S. Simpson, Rebecca J. Gryka, Samson Amos

Pharmacy and Nursing Student Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Poster Session

BACKGROUND: Promethazine is an antiemetic often administered intravenously in healthcare facilities for postoperative nausea and vomiting. Due to potential adverse events that may result with intravenous push administration, some safety-minded healthcare facilities have elected to use alternative methods of administration. One such method is the intravenous piggyback (IVPB). However, limited stability data exist for promethazine in intravenous solutions.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the stability over time of promethazine dissolved in commonly used intravenous infusion fluids when exposed to various light and temperature conditions.

PROPOSED METHODS: Promethazine will be formulated into IVPB bags of normal saline, dextrose 5% in water and Lactated ...


A Measure Of The Amount Of Vitamin K Leached Out From Cooked Greens In Potlicker, Douglas Anderson, Kara Bobka, Matthew Johnson, Chelsea Manion, Samuel Tesfaye, Rebecca Widder, Joshua Willoughby 2014 Cedarville University

A Measure Of The Amount Of Vitamin K Leached Out From Cooked Greens In Potlicker, Douglas Anderson, Kara Bobka, Matthew Johnson, Chelsea Manion, Samuel Tesfaye, Rebecca Widder, Joshua Willoughby

Pharmacy and Nursing Student Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Poster Session

Vitamin K, a fat-soluble vitamin synthesized by plants, is found in large quantities within green leafy vegetables, such as collard, mustard, turnip and spinach. These greens are commonly cooked with fat to enhance flavor. The vitamin K in these greens can leach out during cooking into the liquid portion of the pot, which is referred to as potlicker. Vitamin K activates clotting factors (II, VII, IX, and X,), which can lead to the formation of a thromboembolism (blood clot). People at a higher risk of forming blood clots are often prescribed warfarin, an anti-coagulant that acts as a competitive inhibitor ...


Low Molecular Weight Glucosamine/L-Lactide Copolymers As Potential Carriers For The Development Of A Sustained Rifampicin Release System: Mycobacterium Smegmatis As A Tuberculosis Model, Jorge Ragusa 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Low Molecular Weight Glucosamine/L-Lactide Copolymers As Potential Carriers For The Development Of A Sustained Rifampicin Release System: Mycobacterium Smegmatis As A Tuberculosis Model, Jorge Ragusa

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research

Tuberculosis, a highly contagious disease, ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease, and remains a major global health problem. In 2013, 9 million new cases were diagnosed and 1.5 million people died worldwide from tuberculosis. This dissertation aims at developing a new, ultrafine particle-based efficient antibiotic delivery system for the treatment of tuberculosis. The carrier material to make the rifampicin (RIF)-loaded particles is a low molecular weight star-shaped polymer produced from glucosamine (molecular core building unit) and L-lactide (GluN-LLA). Stable particles with a very high 50% drug loading capacity were made via electrohydrodynamic ...


Data Sources Regarding The Nonmedical Use Of Pharmaceutical Opioids In The United States, Teresa D. Schmidt, Amanuel Zimam, Alexandra Nielsen, Wayne Wakeland 2014 Portland State University

Data Sources Regarding The Nonmedical Use Of Pharmaceutical Opioids In The United States, Teresa D. Schmidt, Amanuel Zimam, Alexandra Nielsen, Wayne Wakeland

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objective—Recent increases in the nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids and the adverse outcomes associated with them have stimulated a large amount of research and data collection on this public health problem. Systematic organization of the available data sources is needed to facilitate ongoing research, analysis, and evaluation. This work offers a systematic categorization of data sources regarding the nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids in the United States.

Methods—A list of keywords regarding the nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids was used to conduct systematic searches in PubMed®. Filtration of search results generated 92 peer-reviewed academic articles, published between January ...


Caepidr: A Computational Approach To Efficient Peptide Influenced Drug Repurposing, Thomas Francis Long 2014 Boise State University

Caepidr: A Computational Approach To Efficient Peptide Influenced Drug Repurposing, Thomas Francis Long

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Since the discovery of the molecular basis of disease, numerous studies have reported a correlation between the activity of specific protein receptors the progression of disease. As a result, drug development has become dependent on the study of protein receptor activities. The relative inexpense of computing hardware has made computational methods an important supplementary tool for receptor modeling. This work details an open source software tool that is capable of both efficiently screening large peptide mutant libraries and enabling 3D conformer-based searches over local molecular databases.

A Computational Approach to Efficient Peptide Influenced Drug Repurposing (CAEPIDR) has been developed to ...


Studies To Characterize Heavy Metal Content And Migration From Recycled Polyethyleneterephthalate, Michael John-Ross Whitt 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Studies To Characterize Heavy Metal Content And Migration From Recycled Polyethyleneterephthalate, Michael John-Ross Whitt

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Packaging Materials account for 31% of the world’s municipal solid waste. Agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) are pushing for the increased use of recycled thermoplastic materials. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a commonly recycled thermoplastic which is used to package ready-to-eat fruits and vegetables. Most recycled polyethylene terephthalate (RPET) packaging materials contain heavy metal catalysts, the most common being antimony. The recent increased use of recycled plastic materials has been suspected as the source of increased human heavy metal exposure. In this study, cadmium, chromium, nickel, lead and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress