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Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi 2016 Trivedi Global Inc.

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Do Rats Consume Ethanol To Regulate A Negative Emotion Induced By A Successive Negative Contrast Procedure?, Andrew Dieterich 2016 Seton Hall University

Do Rats Consume Ethanol To Regulate A Negative Emotion Induced By A Successive Negative Contrast Procedure?, Andrew Dieterich

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

According to the self-medication hypothesis, individuals may consume drugs or alcohol, or engage in other behaviors in order to reduce a negative emotional state (Khantzian, 1985; Gross, 2013; Crum et al., 2013). Rats experiencing a negative state induced by various stressors (Bertholomey et al., 2010), or a decrease or loss in reward value of a sucrose solution (Manzo et al., 2015; Manzo et al., 2014) demonstrate increased consumption of alcohol. I used successive (SNC) and anticipatory negative contrast (ANC) procedures to further examine this hypothesis and the previous findings (Manzo et al., 2015), that rats increase consumption and preference for ...


Innovative Synthesis Of Diltiazem/Clentiazem Analogs, Emelyn Magtanong 2016 Southern Adventist Univeristy

Innovative Synthesis Of Diltiazem/Clentiazem Analogs, Emelyn Magtanong

Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research

Cardiovascular disease defines disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and is the number one cause of death in America. Diltiazem and clentiazem are common calcium channel blockers incorporated into drugs used to treat various cardiovascular diseases. Methods to synthesize 5-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-8-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,5-benzothiazepin-4-one, an analog of the core of diltiazem and clentiazem, using cost-efficient starting materials allows for affordable treatment and increased availability to affected individuals. N-(N,N-dimethylethanamine)-4-aminophenol can be oxidized to form a quineoneimine, which can be further reacted with 3-mercaptopropionic acid via Michael addition. Subsequent addition of a coupling ...


Effect Of Bisphenol-A On Neurodevelopment In Drosophila Melanogaster Larvae, Alexandra M. Streifel 2016 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Effect Of Bisphenol-A On Neurodevelopment In Drosophila Melanogaster Larvae, Alexandra M. Streifel

All College Thesis Program

This paper examines the effects of the chemical preservative bisphenol-A on the developing nervous systems of Drosophila melanogaster, or fruit fly, larvae. This study examines the effects of bisphenol-A using both behavioral as well as morphological paradigms. It was determined that bisphenol-A significantly increased the amount of time larvae spent in seeking behavior, the number of peristaltic contractions, and the distance traveled in a linear fashion. In the morphological analysis, indications of increased dendritic area in experimental larvae existed, but there was not enough data to determine significance. For future research, it is recommended that more data be gathered to ...


Exploring The Mechanisms Of Action Of Antifungal Peptides Using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae., Michelle L. Mason 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Exploring The Mechanisms Of Action Of Antifungal Peptides Using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae., Michelle L. Mason

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Candida albicans is a normal inhabitant of the skin and mucosal membranes of humans, however, in individuals with depressed immune systems or disrupted cutaneous flora, Candida can overgrow and cause serious infection. Candida infection is the fourth leading cause of nosocomial infection in the United States. These infections are often associated with longer hospital stays and higher mortality. Current drug therapies for this infection are largely ineffective due to the increased drug resistance of Candida species, and for some therapeutics, high levels of drug toxicity to humans. Histatin 5 is a naturally occurring salivary peptide that has strong antifungal properties ...


A Model For The Voltammetric Behaviour Of Tio2 Memristors, John Cassidy, Daryl Fox, Tony Betts 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Model For The Voltammetric Behaviour Of Tio2 Memristors, John Cassidy, Daryl Fox, Tony Betts

Articles

Abstract A model is solved based on the Nernst Planck equation to calculate the diffusion and migration currents for a species in a thin layer (about 200 nm) confined between two electrodes. This is proposed to account for the current voltage behaviour of a memristor constructed in a similar fashion. At the working electrode, an electroactive species is oxidised and at the counter electrode, the same species is reduced. Upon application of a simple voltammetric waveform, the migration current exhibits a resistance profile at slow scan rates and hysteresis at faster scan rates, indicative of memristor behavior.


Engineering A Mutation In The Heparin Binding Pocket Of The Human Fibroblast Growth Factor, Roshni Patel 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Engineering A Mutation In The Heparin Binding Pocket Of The Human Fibroblast Growth Factor, Roshni Patel

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are family of proteins that belong to a group of growth factors that are found in mammals and play an important role in angiogenesis, differentiation, organogenesis, and tissue repair. In summary, their main functionality is involved in cell division and proliferation. Because FGFs plays such a vital role in cell proliferation, they are mainly involved in the process of wound healing and injuries. FGF binds to its ligand, heparin—a heavily sulfated glycosaminoglycan. The binding of heparin to FGF occurs through electrostatic interactions, specifically between the negatively charged sulfate groups on heparin and positively charged residues ...


Investigation Of The Effects Of Growth Environment On The Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power Of Selected Plant Species, Denise S. Simpson, Marshall C. Johnson, David T. Bancroft, Robert L. Paris 2016 Cedarville University

Investigation Of The Effects Of Growth Environment On The Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power Of Selected Plant Species, Denise S. Simpson, Marshall C. Johnson, David T. Bancroft, Robert L. Paris

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Metabolism within the human body creates multiple oxidant by-products. These oxidants may cause cell injury, damage to DNA, and other complications leading to the development of chronic disease. Antioxidants are important dietary components which defend against oxidative damage by scavenging the oxidant by-products. Research has shown that diets rich in antioxidants offer protection against various chronic diseases.

The goal of this research is to determine the effects of varying growing conditions on the production of antioxidants, and to ultimately find the best possible plant-growth environment for maximum production of antioxidants. Each plant was grown under three different environmental conditions; positive ...


The Effect Of Andrographolide On The Metabolism Of Carbamazepine In Rats, Elizabeth Aziz, Samuel Franklin, Ankit Pandav, Abigail Savino, Caleb Thompson, Caleb VanDyke, Ruth Choi, Elisha R. Injeti 2016 Cedarville University

The Effect Of Andrographolide On The Metabolism Of Carbamazepine In Rats, Elizabeth Aziz, Samuel Franklin, Ankit Pandav, Abigail Savino, Caleb Thompson, Caleb Vandyke, Ruth Choi, Elisha R. Injeti

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Objective: To determine if andrographolide (AND) impacts the pharmacokinetics of carbamazepine (CBZ).

Background: CBZ is an anticonvulsant medication that is metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. AND is an over-the-counter medication that is common in Eastern cultures to treat inflammation and is a CYP enzyme inhibitor. Because CBZ is metabolized in the liver by these specific CYP enzymes, coadministration of andrographolide and CBZ could result in a herb-drug interaction. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats (N=12) aged between 3 months and 6 months (250-350 g) will be split into control (N=6) and treatment (N=6) groups. The treatment ...


Effects Of Antiepileptic Medications On Bone Density In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities, Carly R. Gregory, Hannah L. Stedge, Robyn K. Brandenburg 2016 Cedarville University

Effects Of Antiepileptic Medications On Bone Density In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities, Carly R. Gregory, Hannah L. Stedge, Robyn K. Brandenburg

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are commonly prescribed antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to manage seizures, manage behavior, and stabilize mood. Though research has been done on the effects of antiepileptic medications in patients with epilepsy, little study has been done on the persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities population. After surveying IDD patients with a history and current use of AEDs on osteoprotective behaviors, we were unable to use SPSS due to incomplete surveys and low sample sizes. However, we were still able to analyze for common themes, and we found that the most prevalent use of AEDs was ...


The Effects Of Apigenin On Cell Proliferation And Apoptosis In Glioblastoma Multiforme, Trevor Stump, Brittany Santee, Lauren Williams, Chelsae Heinze, Rachel Kunze, Samson Amos, Denise S. Simpson 2016 Cedarville University

The Effects Of Apigenin On Cell Proliferation And Apoptosis In Glioblastoma Multiforme, Trevor Stump, Brittany Santee, Lauren Williams, Chelsae Heinze, Rachel Kunze, Samson Amos, Denise S. Simpson

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a WHO grade IV brain tumor. These tumors are highly proliferative, infiltrative, necrotic, angiogenic, and resistant to apoptosis. One major characteristic of GBM is the overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which leads to cell growth and proliferation when activated. GBM is very difficult to treat due to its location, heterogeneity, and invasiveness; an effective treatment is therefore needed. The use of flavonoids, which are natural compounds found in many fruits and vegetables, has been studied in the treatment of many different tumor types. Apigenin is a specific flavonoid that has previously been shown to ...


Renewable Resources: The New “Fossil Fuel”, Christopher Huynh, Crystal Vinuya, Gabriel Samaniego, Desiree Caceres, Yessica Moran 2016 Dominican University of California

Renewable Resources: The New “Fossil Fuel”, Christopher Huynh, Crystal Vinuya, Gabriel Samaniego, Desiree Caceres, Yessica Moran

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

Creating ethanol from renewable resources that can be found around our school campus.


Purification Of Lactate Dehydrogenase, Irene J. Wilson 2016 Dominican University of California

Purification Of Lactate Dehydrogenase, Irene J. Wilson

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), sometimes referred to as lactic acid dehydrogenase, is an enzyme that is found in the cytoplasm of almost all living cells. It converts lactate and NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) to pyruvate and NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrogen), and it can also catalyze the reverse reaction. Heart muscle is highly oxygenated at all times; therefore, LDH catalyzes the reaction in the direction to form NADH and pyruvate, which is used in the Citric Acid Cycle to make energy for the cell via aerobic cellular respiration. When little or no oxygen (O2) is available to the cell, such as ...


Injury-Induced Microvesicle Particle Release In Keratinocyte Cell Line And Abdominoplasty Skin, Katherine E. Fahy, Langni Liu, Christina E. Borchers, Christine M. Rapp, Mike Kemp, Richard Simman, Ji C. Bihl, Jeffrey B. Travers 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Injury-Induced Microvesicle Particle Release In Keratinocyte Cell Line And Abdominoplasty Skin, Katherine E. Fahy, Langni Liu, Christina E. Borchers, Christine M. Rapp, Mike Kemp, Richard Simman, Ji C. Bihl, Jeffrey B. Travers

Pharmacology and Toxicology Publications

No abstract provided.


Synthesis Of Pyridine Derivatives As Antagonists Of Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4, Callie Stern 2016 Georgia State University

Synthesis Of Pyridine Derivatives As Antagonists Of Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4, Callie Stern

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of New Hiv-1 Inhibitors As Potential Antiviral Agents For Hiv-2, Rowan Brothers 2016 Georgia State University

Analysis Of New Hiv-1 Inhibitors As Potential Antiviral Agents For Hiv-2, Rowan Brothers

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Utilization Of Exogenous Surfactant In The Neonate, Katherine Thorkildsen 2016 Liberty University

The Utilization Of Exogenous Surfactant In The Neonate, Katherine Thorkildsen

Senior Honors Theses

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a common consequence of pulmonary immaturity in the lungs of neonates. RDS is the result of the deficient secretion of endogenous surfactant, causing increased surface tension in the alveolar sacs leading to respiratory compromise. RDS is more common in the preterm neonate but can be experienced by neonates at any gestational age. Treatment for RDS formerly consisted of mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy to treat and relieve symptoms but not the cause. A new treatment method, developed largely in the 1980s and 90s is the use of exogenous surfactant to treat the deficiency exhibited in ...


Protein Arginine Methylation And Citrullination In Epigenetic Regulation, Jakob Fuhrmann, Paul R. Thompson 2016 The Scripps Research Institute

Protein Arginine Methylation And Citrullination In Epigenetic Regulation, Jakob Fuhrmann, Paul R. Thompson

Thompson Lab Publications

The post-translational modification of arginine residues represents a key mechanism for the epigenetic control of gene expression. Aberrant levels of histone arginine modifications have been linked to the development of several diseases including cancer. In recent years, great progress has been made in understanding the physiological role of individual arginine modifications and their effects on chromatin function. The present review aims to summarize the structural and functional aspects of histone arginine modifying enzymes and their impact on gene transcription. We will discuss the potential for targeting these proteins with small molecules in a variety of disease states.


Identification Of Potential Drug Targets In Cancer Signaling Pathways Using Stochastic Logical Models, Peican Zhu, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Hasan Uludag, Jie Han 2016 Northwestern Polytechnical University

Identification Of Potential Drug Targets In Cancer Signaling Pathways Using Stochastic Logical Models, Peican Zhu, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Hasan Uludag, Jie Han

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The investigation of vulnerable components in a signaling pathway can contribute to development of drug therapy addressing aberrations in that pathway. Here, an original signaling pathway is derived from the published literature on breast cancer models. New stochastic logical models are then developed to analyze the vulnerability of the components in multiple signalling sub-pathways involved in this signaling cascade. The computational results are consistent with the experimental results, where the selected proteins were silenced using specific siRNAs and the viability of the cells were analyzed 72 hours after silencing. The genes elF4E and NFkB are found to have nearly no ...


An Overview Of Progress In The International Regulation Of The Pharmaceutical Industry, Joan Costa-Font, Aaron Burakoff Harvard University; University of Barcelona 2016 University of Barcelona; London School of Economics

An Overview Of Progress In The International Regulation Of The Pharmaceutical Industry, Joan Costa-Font, Aaron Burakoff Harvard University; University Of Barcelona

University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] Many changes in the past decade, including the TRIPS Agreement and several rulings by the ECJ, have significant implications for the future of trade in the international pharmaceutical industry. However, it is important to emphasize that trade regulation is only one of the many aspects to be considered to gain a full understanding of the nature of the pharmaceutical industry. It is expected that trade regulation will be considered by individual countries within the contexts of their own healthcare systems and their own necessities. Proper patent protection, along with some limitations in such forms as compulsory licensing, parallel imports ...


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