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Formation Of Nanoparticles For The Oral Delivery Of Small Molecules By Flash Nanoprecipitation, Jing Zhi Lo 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Formation Of Nanoparticles For The Oral Delivery Of Small Molecules By Flash Nanoprecipitation, Jing Zhi Lo

Master of Chemical Sciences Capstone Projects

Nanoparticles have shown considerable potential in many biological applications including drug delivery, bio-imaging, and medical diagnostics. Specifically, the development of nanoparticle-based drug formulations holds opportunities to improve the dissolution rate and oral availability of poorly water-soluble drugs. The goal of this project is to improve oral bioavailability of a small molecule drug (“G-1”) through the formation of nanoparticles using the flash nanoprecipitation (FNP) process. Interestingly, “G-1” formed ~80 nm particles that are electrostatically stabilized without the use of stabilizing polymers and concentration as high as 160 mg/mL of “G-1” formed nanoparticles. Additionally, trehalose was found to be an effective ...


Development And Testing Of Novel Antimicrobial Materials For Additive Manufacturing With Application In Space, Michael Thompson, Jorge Zuniga, Christopher Copeland, Roberto Saavedra, Claudia Cortes Reyes, Andres Acuña Velásquez, Daniel Martínez Pereira, Claudio Soto 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Development And Testing Of Novel Antimicrobial Materials For Additive Manufacturing With Application In Space, Michael Thompson, Jorge Zuniga, Christopher Copeland, Roberto Saavedra, Claudia Cortes Reyes, Andres Acuña Velásquez, Daniel Martínez Pereira, Claudio Soto

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was twofold: (i) develop and test the antimicrobial properties of a polylactic acid- and a polyurethane-based filament, and (ii) use these filaments to manufacture a socket-based prosthesis to verify printability and longevity of the antimicrobial properties. It was hypothesized that the formulation of a novel biocidal copper-based nanocomposite with a biocompatible 3D printing polymer/copolymer can be used for the development of antimicrobial medical devices to mitigate microbial risks during long space flight missions [1, 2, 3].

METHODS: Polylactic Acid-based Filament Development-The development of a polylactic acid-based filament involved several processes, such as ...


Chrysin‐Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles Potentiates Antibiofilm Activity Against Staphylococcus Aureus, Busi Siddhardha, Uday Pandey, K. Kaviyarasu, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Asad Syed, Ali K. Bahkali, Abdallah M. Elgorban 2020 Pondicherry University

Chrysin‐Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles Potentiates Antibiofilm Activity Against Staphylococcus Aureus, Busi Siddhardha, Uday Pandey, K. Kaviyarasu, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Asad Syed, Ali K. Bahkali, Abdallah M. Elgorban

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The application of nanotechnology in medicine is gaining popularity due to its ability to increase the bioavailability and biosorption of numerous drugs. Chrysin, a flavone constituent of Orocylumineicum vent is well‐reported for its biological properties. However, its therapeutic potential has not been fully exploited due to its poor solubility and bioavailability. In the present study, chrysin was encapsulated into chitosan nanoparticles using TPP as a linker. The nanoparticles were characterized and investigated for their anti‐biofilm activity against Staphylococcus aureus. At sub‐Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, the nanoparticles exhibited enhanced anti‐biofilm efficacy against S. aureus as compared to its ...


Data On Enrichment Of Chitosan Nanoparticles For Intranasal Delivery Of Oligonucleotides To The Brain, Vasyl Sava, Oksana Fihurka, Anastasia Khvorova, Juan Sanchez-Ramos 2020 University of South Florida

Data On Enrichment Of Chitosan Nanoparticles For Intranasal Delivery Of Oligonucleotides To The Brain, Vasyl Sava, Oksana Fihurka, Anastasia Khvorova, Juan Sanchez-Ramos

Open Access Articles

Data on preparation and characterization of chitosan-based nanoparticles (NP) carrying small interfering RNA (siRNA) for non-invasive gene therapy is presented. Polyelectrolyte complexation method was carried out in diluted concentrations to obtain relatively small (less than 200 nm) NP. To provide substantial dose of siRNA within tolerable volume of intranasal administration the NP were subjected to enrichment process. Offered here NP fabrication does two steps process comprise provisional and enriched preparations? The differences between these preparations were analyzed with hydrodynamic size distribution and zeta potential measurements. The effect of siRNA lipophilicity on NP physical instability was also tested. Biological evaluation of ...


Nanoparticle Brain Delivery: A Guide To Verification Methods, Robert A. Yokel 2020 University of Kentucky

Nanoparticle Brain Delivery: A Guide To Verification Methods, Robert A. Yokel

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Many reports conclude nanoparticle (NP) brain entry based on bulk brain analysis. Bulk brain includes blood, cerebrospinal fluid and blood vessels within the brain contributing to the blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers. Considering the brain as neurons, glia and their extracellular space (brain parenchyma), most studies did not show brain parenchymal NP entry. Blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers anatomy and function are reviewed. Methods demonstrating brain parenchymal NP entry are presented. Results demonstrating bulk brain versus brain parenchymal entry are classified. Studies are reviewed, critiqued and classified to illustrate results demonstrating bulk brain versus parenchymal entry. Brain, blood and peripheral ...


Synthesis And Applications Of Theranostic Oligonucleotides Carrying Multiple Fluorine Atoms, Valeriy G. Metelev, Alexei A. Bogdanov 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Synthesis And Applications Of Theranostic Oligonucleotides Carrying Multiple Fluorine Atoms, Valeriy G. Metelev, Alexei A. Bogdanov

Open Access Articles

The use of various oligonucleotide (ON) syntheses and post-synthetic strategies for targeted chemical modification enables improving their efficacy as potent modulators of gene expression levels in eukaryotic cells. However, the search still continues for new approaches designed for increasing internalization, lysosomal escape, and tissue specific delivery of ON. In this review we emphasized all aspects related to the synthesis and properties of ON derivatives carrying multifluorinated (MF) groups. These MF groups have unique physico-chemical properties because of their simultaneous hydrophobicity and lipophobicity. Such unusual combination of properties results in the overall modification of ON mode of interaction with the cells ...


Theranostics For Antiretroviral Biodistribution And Pharmacokinetics, Brendan M. Ottemann 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Theranostics For Antiretroviral Biodistribution And Pharmacokinetics, Brendan M. Ottemann

Theses & Dissertations

RATIONALE: Our laboratories birthed the field of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) theranostics. The new field allows simultaneous detection (diagnostics) and treatment (therapeutic) for the identification, treatment and inevitable elimination of virus in cell and tissue compartments. By employing theranostics, antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) can be tracked in lymph nodes, gut, spleen and liver. Cellular viral reservoirs including CD4+ T cell populations and mononuclear phagocytes (MP; monocytes, macrophages, microglia and dendritic cells) along with subcellular endosomal structures can now be targeted for drug delivery bringing therapeutics to areas where virus replicates. The overarching idea rests in improving precision targeted ARV delivery. Bringing ...


Performance Study Of The Membrane Based Layered Double Hydroxides ‘Znal-Gh’ In The Purification Of Groundwater, Jaouad Zerhouni, Omar Qabaqous, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Mohammed Naciri Bennani, Najib Tijani 2019 University of Moulay Ismail, Morocco

Performance Study Of The Membrane Based Layered Double Hydroxides ‘Znal-Gh’ In The Purification Of Groundwater, Jaouad Zerhouni, Omar Qabaqous, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Mohammed Naciri Bennani, Najib Tijani

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The objective of this work is focused on the preparation and characterization of plan microfiltration membrane Zn3Al-Gh and the study of their efficiency in the treatment of ground water. This membrane was carried by using the support of the clay such as Ghassoul ‘Gh’ prepared by using dry uniaxial compaction method. The layered double hydroxides (LDH) based on Zn3Al-CO3with molar ratio (Zn2+/Al3+=3) was deposited on support by direct co-precipitation method.

The characterizations of the membrane LDH-Gh ‘Zn3Al-Gh’ and deposited layer Zn3Al-CO3, was done by scanning ...


Identification And Molecular Analysis Of Dna In Exosomes, Jena Tavormina 2019 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Identification And Molecular Analysis Of Dna In Exosomes, Jena Tavormina

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Exosomes are heterogeneous nanoparticles 50-150nm in diameter. Exosomes contain many functional cargo components, such as protein, DNA, and RNA. While protein and RNA exosome content has been extensively studied, very little work has been done to characterize exosomal DNA. Here, we demonstrate that exosomal DNA is heterogeneous and its packaging into exosomes is dependent on the cell of origin. Furthermore, through a rigorous assessment of various isolation methods, we identify Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) as the best method for the isolation of exosomal DNA for downstream applications. Additionally, we evaluate the methylation status of exosomal DNA and demonstrate that exosomal ...


Electrospun Fibers And Nanoparticles For The Prevention Of Sexually Transmitted Infections., Kevin Michael Tyo 2019 University of Louisville

Electrospun Fibers And Nanoparticles For The Prevention Of Sexually Transmitted Infections., Kevin Michael Tyo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide, with women disproportionately impacted by these infections. Currently, only oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is approved specifically for the prevention of HIV-1, but is challenged with adverse side effects associated with long-term use. Topical delivery platforms, such as gels and films, deliver agents directly to the female reproductive tract, but are limited in providing transient-release. The technology of polymeric electrospun fibers may serve as alternative topical delivery platform to the female reproductive tract. In these studies, we fabricated electrospun fibers comprised of different polymers ...


Gemcitabine Combination Nano Therapies For Pancreatic Cancer, Kamalika Samanta, Saini Setua, Sonam Kumari, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan 2019 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Gemcitabine Combination Nano Therapies For Pancreatic Cancer, Kamalika Samanta, Saini Setua, Sonam Kumari, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest causes of cancer-related death in the United States, with a 5-year overall survival rate of 6 to 8%. These statistics suggest that immediate medical attention is needed. Gemcitabine (GEM) is the gold standard first-line single chemotherapy agent for pancreatic cancer but, after a few months, cells develop chemoresistance. Multiple clinical and experimental investigations have demonstrated that a combination or co-administration of other drugs as chemotherapies with GEM lead to superior therapeutic benefits. However, such combination therapies often induce severe systemic toxicities. Thus, developing strategies to deliver a combination of chemotherapeutic agents more securely ...


Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles As Biomimetic Catalysts For Biofilm Disruption And Caries Prevention, Yuan Liu 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles As Biomimetic Catalysts For Biofilm Disruption And Caries Prevention, Yuan Liu

Dental Theses

Biofilms are surface-attached bacterial communities embedded within an extracellular matrix that create localized and protected microenvironments. Acidogenic oral biofilms can demineralize the enamel-apatite on teeth, causing dental caries (tooth decay). Current antimicrobials have low efficacy and do not target the protective matrix and acidic pH within the biofilm. Recently, catalytic nanoparticles were shown to disrupt biofilms but lacked a stabilizing coating required for clinical applications. Here, we report dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles termed nanozymes (Dex-NZM) that display strong catalytic (peroxidase-like) activity at acidic pH values, target biofilms with high specificity, and prevent severe caries without impacting surrounding oral tissues in ...


Synthesizing Galactose Modified Polymeric Nanoparticles For Biofilm Inhibition Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Tyler R. Flockton 2019 Rowan University

Synthesizing Galactose Modified Polymeric Nanoparticles For Biofilm Inhibition Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Tyler R. Flockton

Theses and Dissertations

Treating patients with antibiotics is becoming harder with the increase in antibiotic resistance. This is due to the widespread antibiotic use in clinical and agricultural settings. With antibiotic resistance outpacing new drugs making it to the market, developing new options to treat bacterial infections is and will be important. We created sugar modified nanoparticles to inhibit the biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

P. aeruginosa is a gram-negative opportunistic pathogen that infects its host that has a compromised immune system. This makes it one of the most significant bacterial infection in hospitals. P. aeruginosa uses biofilms as an attack mechanism on ...


Characteristics Of Nanoparticles Emitted From Kanthal A1 And Nichrome Heaters Used In Electronic Cigarettes, Kaushal Arvind Prasad 2019 Purdue University

Characteristics Of Nanoparticles Emitted From Kanthal A1 And Nichrome Heaters Used In Electronic Cigarettes, Kaushal Arvind Prasad

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Nanoporous Gold And Other Related Materials, Keith Stine 2019 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Nanoporous Gold And Other Related Materials, Keith Stine

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Synthesis Of New Aliphatic Pseudo-Branched Polyester Co-Polymers For Biomedical Applications, Zachary Shaw 2019 Pittsburg State University

Synthesis Of New Aliphatic Pseudo-Branched Polyester Co-Polymers For Biomedical Applications, Zachary Shaw

Electronic Thesis Collection

In this study, a hyperbranched polyester co-polymer was designed using a proprietary monomer and diethylene glycol or triethylene glycol as monomers. The synthesis was carried out using standard melt polymerization technique and catalyzed by p-Tolulenesulfonic acid. The progress of the reaction was monitored with respect to time and negative pressure, with samples being subjected to standard characterization protocols. The resulting polymers were purified using the solvent precipitation method and characterized using various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods including GPC, MALDI-TOF, and NMR. We have observed polymers with a molecular weight of 29,643 kDa and 33,996 kDa, which is ideal ...


Behavioral Responses To Gold Nanoparticle Exposure And H2o2-Induced Oxidative Stress In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Rachel Pride, Ashley Wagner 2019 Depaul University

Behavioral Responses To Gold Nanoparticle Exposure And H2o2-Induced Oxidative Stress In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Rachel Pride, Ashley Wagner

DePaul Discoveries

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been utilized in many biomedical disciplines, most notably cancer therapy and drug delivery. Recent research suggests that with specific peptide manipulation, AuNPs can deliver drugs across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), allowing for treatment of neurodegeneration and other neurological afflictions. Neurodegeneration has been shown to be caused by oxidative stress. The present experiment aimed to assess the effects of AuNPs on C. elegans behavior that had undergone H2O2-induced oxidative stress. It was predicted that worms exposed to both H2O2 and AuNPs would have higher survival, mechanosensation, and thrashing rates than ...


A Robust Delivery System For Rna Therapeutics, Suleyman Bozal 2019 University of Connecticut

A Robust Delivery System For Rna Therapeutics, Suleyman Bozal

University Scholar Projects

The field of RNA therapeutics is currently undergoing both transformation and expansion. Specifically, research in lipid nanoparticle (LNP) based RNA therapeutics is gaining significant traction. Other research into mechanisms of gene regulation and manipulation, including siRNA and the CRISPR/Cas9 system have demonstrated the potential of RNA-based disease treatment. This work identifies a delivery system which can regulate expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) stably expressing GFP.

Analysis of siRNA-induced gene knockdown demonstrates that the current siRNA-LNP formulation is equally as effective as a commercially available transfection reagent, Lipofectamine RNAiMAX (RNAiMAX), which is designed ...


A Robust Delivery System For Rna Therapeutics, Suleyman Bozal 2019 University of Connecticut

A Robust Delivery System For Rna Therapeutics, Suleyman Bozal

Honors Scholar Theses

The field of RNA therapeutics is currently undergoing both transformation and expansion. Specifically, research in lipid nanoparticle (LNP) based RNA therapeutics is gaining significant traction. Other research into mechanisms of gene regulation and manipulation, including siRNA and the CRISPR/Cas9 system have demonstrated the potential of RNA-based disease treatment. This work identifies a delivery system which can regulate expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) stably expressing GFP.

Analysis of siRNA-induced gene knockdown demonstrates that the current siRNA-LNP formulation is equally as effective as a commercially available transfection reagent, Lipofectamine RNAiMAX (RNAiMAX), which is designed ...


Long-Acting Nanoformulated Small Molecule Inhibitor Prodrugs For Antiviral Treatment And Prevention, Nathan Smith 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Long-Acting Nanoformulated Small Molecule Inhibitor Prodrugs For Antiviral Treatment And Prevention, Nathan Smith

Theses & Dissertations

Over 30 years of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed human immunodeficiency virus type one (HIV-1) outcomes from certain death to a nearly complete and normal life. Though disease growth has slowed, the virus still creates substantial co-morbid diseases as well as social and economic burdens worldwide. Lack of success with curative efforts combined with shortcomings in global treatment remain to be properly addressed. The requirement for daily use of combination antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in low to middle income countries - where the majority of the HIV-1 positive population resides - can lead to breaks in regimen adherence due to a lack of ...


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