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Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Scholars in development communication have called for a more participatory approach in development programs. However, the traditional, generally top-down approach associated with the modernization paradigm still dominates in practice [1]. The mere existence of participatory models has not been enough to move the participatory approach to prominence. Sparks has noticed the discrepancy between theory and practice observing that although the dominant paradigm has been disparaged and the participatory paradigm praised since the 1970s, researchers have been slow to adopt participatory methods [1]. This discrepancy may be because in practice, participation is difficult to manipulate, control, analyze and evaluate. We argue ...


Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy 2015 University of New England

Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy

Immigrant and Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga and Zumba

Research poster stemming from CEIPE mini-grant funded student project Immigrant And Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga And Zumba. Students from multiple health professions collaborated to provide Yoga and Zumba classes at the Riverton Community Center. The project aimed to increase the participants’ ability to utilize stress reducing activities through a blend of student created heath education materials and yoga and zumba classes for refugee women and children.


Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: An Evidence Based Practice Protocol, Katherine J. Ruhlman 2015 Cedarville University

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: An Evidence Based Practice Protocol, Katherine J. Ruhlman

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Intrauterine exposure to nicotine is one of the largest modifiable risk factors for infant morbidity and mortality. Previous progress toward decreasing the number impacted by intrauterine nicotine exposure has recently plateaued. While guidelines for assisting pregnant women to stop smoking are available, few providers have a formalized protocol in place. This project will evaluate most current research evidence regarding smoking cessation during pregnancy in order to develop a formalized protocol for implementation in an obstetric clinic in Southwest Ohio. Reviewed literature was summarized and level of evidence was established. Recommendations were made and categorized as strong, moderate, and weak. The ...


Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong 2015 Cedarville University

Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Thirty-five percent of mortalities in children under the age of five can be attributed to malnutrition (World Health Organization (WHO), n.d.). Nearly 24 percent of children less than five from 2008-2012 in the Central African Republic were moderately or severely underweight and nearly eight percent suffered from severe or moderate wasting (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 2013). As a result of recent sectarian violence which began with a coup in March 2013, the Central African Republic is facing a nutrition crisis. As a result, an estimated 28,000 Central African children under the age of five ...


Children As Partners In Health: A Critical Review Of The Child-To-Child Approach. Pat Pridmore And David Stephens. Review By Terri Combs-Orme, Terri Combs-Orme 2015 University of Tennessee

Children As Partners In Health: A Critical Review Of The Child-To-Child Approach. Pat Pridmore And David Stephens. Review By Terri Combs-Orme, Terri Combs-Orme

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Pat Pridmore and David Stephens, Children as Partners in Health: A Critical Review of the Child-to-Child Approach. New York: Zed Books, 2000. $ 59.95 hardcover, $22.50 papercover.


Public Health, Universal Health Coverage, And Sustainable Development Goals: Can They Coexist?, Harald Schmidt, Lawrence O. Gostin, Ezekiel Emanuel 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Public Health, Universal Health Coverage, And Sustainable Development Goals: Can They Coexist?, Harald Schmidt, Lawrence O. Gostin, Ezekiel Emanuel

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In her 2012 reconfirmation speech as WHO Director-General, Dr. Margaret Chan asserted: "universal coverage is the single most powerful concept that public health has to offer. It is our ticket to greater efficiency and better quality. It is our savior from the crushing weight of chronic noncommunicable diseases that now engulf the globe ". The UN General Assembly is currently considering proposals for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), succeeding the Millennium Development Goals. SDGs, focusing on health, specifically includes universal health coverage (UHC) among its targets. Unquestionably, UHC is timely and fundamentally important. However, its promotion also entails substantial risks. A narrow ...


Disparities In Hospital Services Utilization Among Patients With Mental Health Issues: A Statewide Example Examining Insurance Status And Race Factors From 1999-2010, Viann N. Nguyen-Feng, Hind A. Beydoun, Michael K. McShane, James D. Blando 2015 Eastern Virginia Medical School

Disparities In Hospital Services Utilization Among Patients With Mental Health Issues: A Statewide Example Examining Insurance Status And Race Factors From 1999-2010, Viann N. Nguyen-Feng, Hind A. Beydoun, Michael K. Mcshane, James D. Blando

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

There exist many disconnects between the mental and general health care sectors. However, a goal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 is to change this by improving insurance access and the intersection of mental and general health care. As insurance status intersects with race, the present study examines how race, insurance status, and hospital mental health services utilization differ across groups within the state of New Jersey. The present study aims to determine trends in hospital mental health care utilization by insurance status and race from 1999 to 2010. The rate of self-pay for mental health disorders in ...


Factors Influencing Hpv Vaccine Use Among Racially Diverse Female College Students, Timmerie F. Cohen, Jeffrey Legg 2015 Virginia Commonwealth University

Factors Influencing Hpv Vaccine Use Among Racially Diverse Female College Students, Timmerie F. Cohen, Jeffrey Legg

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

Objective. This study describes Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates and possible factors influencing vaccination utilization rates in a diverse population of college women 18-26 years old.

Methods. The National College Health Assessment survey provided a large diverse sample size (N=67,762) in which to perform descriptive and binary logistic regression analysis. Demographic characteristics were analyzed as potential barriers to HPV vaccination. Additionally, lack of certain health behaviors were explored as potential barriers to HPV vaccination.

Results. In this study, White/non-Hispanic women had a higher HPV vaccination rate when compared to minority women. Binary regression analysis demonstrated that ...


Modeling Bmi, Dietary Habits, And Physical Activity Among Ethnically Diverse Urban College Students, Hollie Jones, Nicholas Freudenberg, Lorraine Mongiello 2015 Medgar Evers College. CUNY

Modeling Bmi, Dietary Habits, And Physical Activity Among Ethnically Diverse Urban College Students, Hollie Jones, Nicholas Freudenberg, Lorraine Mongiello

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Objectives The objective of this research study was to examine the relationship between BMI, physical activity, dietary habits, and student demographic factors (age, ethnicity, income, immigration, and sex). Given the association between overweight and obesity and the inequitable burden of chronic health conditions among ethnic minority populations, a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic, gender, age, and racial/ethnic variation in BMI, physical activity, and dietary habits is needed. The shifting demographics of urban college populations make urban college campuses an important setting for addressing the lifetime health needs of ethnically diverse urban populations.

Methods In this cross-sectional non-experimental study, we ...


Addressing Disparities In Access To Information For Hispanic Families Of Children With Special Health Care Needs, Suzanne M. Bronheim, Sandra Soto, Bruno J. Anthony 2015 Georgetown University Medical Center

Addressing Disparities In Access To Information For Hispanic Families Of Children With Special Health Care Needs, Suzanne M. Bronheim, Sandra Soto, Bruno J. Anthony

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Objectives: Utilizing a diffusion of innovation (DOI) framework, the study seeks to increase access to information for Hispanic families of children with special health care needs (SHCN) by increasing their use of Family-to-family Centers (F2Fs) in their states. Methods: Focus groups were implemented of both English-speaking and Spanish-speaking Hispanic families in two states with a confirming Delphi procedure exploring factors within DOI framework related to using F2Fs and the nature of current family communication networks. Results: Families seeking information at key change points turn to formal sources, although Spanish-speaking families, noted that due to language barriers, they also turned to ...


Personal, Family, And Peer Correlates Of General And Sport Physical Activity Among African American, Latino, And White Girls, Susan C. Duncan, Lisa A. Strycker, Nigel R. Chaumeton 2015 Oregon Research Institute

Personal, Family, And Peer Correlates Of General And Sport Physical Activity Among African American, Latino, And White Girls, Susan C. Duncan, Lisa A. Strycker, Nigel R. Chaumeton

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This study examined associations between personal, family, and peer variables on objectively measured physical activity (PA), and sports participation, of African American, Latino, and white girls. Specific variables included barriers efficacy, parent PA, parent support of PA, the home exercise environment, friends’ PA, and friends’ support of PA. The sample comprised 372 girls (mean age = 12.03 years; SD = 1.81; n = 128 African American, n = 120 Latino, and n = 124 white). Data were analyzed using multiple-sample structural equation models (by ethnicity), controlling for age, household income, body mass index, and physical development. Girls’ moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was ...


The Self-Reported Sexual Behaviors Of Single Older African Americans, Victoria Foster, Patricia C. Clark, Marcia M. Holstad 2015 Clayton State University

The Self-Reported Sexual Behaviors Of Single Older African Americans, Victoria Foster, Patricia C. Clark, Marcia M. Holstad

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

African Americans are disproportionally affected by HIV/AIDS, but little is known about the risky sexual behaviors of older African Americans. This cross-sectional, comparative study, investigated the self-reported sexual behaviors of sexually active older African Americans. The nonrandom sample (N = 78) included single African American men (59%) and women (41%), 50-74 years of age. Participants were recruited from various community sites, and data were collected with a standard sexual history questionnaire. Participants reported practicing risky behaviors such having unprotected oral, anal, and vaginal sex (96.5%), and having multiple sex partners (37.2%). There were several significant gender differences ...


Treatment Plan Adherence To Guidelines In Senior Adult Oncology Patients, Amy R. Mackenzie, MD, Andrea M. Barsevick, PhD, Ronald Myers, PhD, Ludmila De Oliveira Koch, MD, Scott W. Keith, PhD, Thomas Wolf, MA, James Cocroft, MA, Joshua Schoppe, MPH, Ulysses Williams III, Andrew Chapman, DO 2015 Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Medical Oncology, Division of Regional Cancer Care

Treatment Plan Adherence To Guidelines In Senior Adult Oncology Patients, Amy R. Mackenzie, Md, Andrea M. Barsevick, Phd, Ronald Myers, Phd, Ludmila De Oliveira Koch, Md, Scott W. Keith, Phd, Thomas Wolf, Ma, James Cocroft, Ma, Joshua Schoppe, Mph, Ulysses Williams Iii, Andrew Chapman, Do

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Materials & Methods:

  • Review of 287 records
  • Patients ≥ 65 years old with new diagnosis of cancer
  • Seen by 6, dual-boarded hematologists/ oncologists practicing in an urban academic cancer center
  • Treatment plans compared to national guidelines to determine plan adherence status
  • Patients were recommended:

Adherent plan (AP) or Non-adherent plan (N-AP)


Public Health Metrics: Key Considerations And Criteria For Food Safety Modernization, Glen P. Mays 2015 University of Kentucky

Public Health Metrics: Key Considerations And Criteria For Food Safety Modernization, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Robust measures of public health impact are needed to guide implementation of the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act. This session describes strategies used in the field of public health services research to specify and select measures based on considerations of relevance, tractability, attribution, precision, and feasibility.


Low-Income African American Women's Perceptions Of Primary Care Physician Weight Loss Counseling: A Positive Deviance Study, Elaine Seaton Banerjee, MD 2015 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Low-Income African American Women's Perceptions Of Primary Care Physician Weight Loss Counseling: A Positive Deviance Study, Elaine Seaton Banerjee, Md

Master of Public Health Thesis and Capstone Presentations

The purpose of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the interactions between low-income, African American women who successfully lost weight and the healthcare system. This mixed methods study followed a positive deviance approach, identifying a population at high risk for obesity and then identifying positive deviants within this population. In this case, positive deviants were low-income, African American women who had been obese, and had successfully lost at least 10% of their weight and maintained this loss for at least six months. We collected data from electronic medical records (EMR) and participant surveys of both positive deviant cases ...


Differential Survival For Men And Women With Hiv/Aids-Related Neurologic Diagnoses., Martha Lydia Carvour, Jerald P. Harms, Charles F. Lynch, Randall R. Mayer, Jeffery L. Meier, Dawei Liu, James C. Torner 2015 University of Iowa

Differential Survival For Men And Women With Hiv/Aids-Related Neurologic Diagnoses., Martha Lydia Carvour, Jerald P. Harms, Charles F. Lynch, Randall R. Mayer, Jeffery L. Meier, Dawei Liu, James C. Torner

Department of Epidemiology Publications

OBJECTIVES: Neurologic complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) frequently lead to disability or death in affected patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether survival patterns differ between men and women with HIV/AIDS-related neurologic disease (neuro-AIDS).

METHODS: Retrospective cohort data from a statewide surveillance database for HIV/AIDS were used to characterize survival following an HIV/AIDS-related neurologic diagnosis for men and women with one or more of the following conditions: cryptococcosis, toxoplasmosis, primary central nervous system lymphoma, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, and HIV-associated dementia. A second, non-independent cohort was formed ...


Ehr-Based Visualization Tool: Adoption Rates, Satisfaction, And Patient Outcomes, Randi E. Foraker, Bobbie Kite, Marjorie Kelley, Albert M. Lai, Caryn Roth, Marcelo A. Lopetegui, Abigail B. Shoben, Michael Langan, Nicole Rutledge, Philip R.O. Payne 2015 The Ohio State University

Ehr-Based Visualization Tool: Adoption Rates, Satisfaction, And Patient Outcomes, Randi E. Foraker, Bobbie Kite, Marjorie Kelley, Albert M. Lai, Caryn Roth, Marcelo A. Lopetegui, Abigail B. Shoben, Michael Langan, Nicole Rutledge, Philip R.O. Payne

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Background: Electronic health records (EHRs) have the potential to enhance patient-provider communication and improve patient outcomes. However, in order to impact patient care, clinical decision support (CDS) and communication tools targeting such needs must be integrated into clinical workflow and be flexible with regard to the changing health care landscape.

Design: The Stroke Prevention in Healthcare Delivery Environments (SPHERE) team developed and implemented the SPHERE tool, an EHR-based CDS visualization, to enhance patient-provider communication around cardiovascular health (CVH) within an outpatient primary care setting of a large academic medical center.

Implementation: We describe our successful CDS alert implementation strategy and ...


Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: A Global Health Challenge, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel Lucey 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: A Global Health Challenge, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel Lucey

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Beginning in May 2015, Middle-East respiratory syndrome (MERS) experienced its first publicly reported “super-spreading” event in South Korea. By mid-June, more than 120 cases and 11 deaths in South Korea had been linked to a businessman returning from travel to Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Globally more than 1200 had been infected of whom more than 450 died—a high fatality rate of 37%.

What are the most effective legal, social, and public health responses to MERS and other emerging diseases? First, the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations (IHR) did not effectively ...


Learning From Network Analysis: Care Transitions, Market Competition, And Community Interventions, Glen P. Mays 2015 University of Kentucky

Learning From Network Analysis: Care Transitions, Market Competition, And Community Interventions, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The increasingly connected world of health care delivery relies on an expanding frontier of multi-stakeholder structures and processes, from interdisciplinary patient-centered care teams, to virtual accountable care organizations (ACOs), to complex community-level interventions. This methods workshop highlights recent advances in applying social network analysis (SNA) methods to study the implementation and impact of these types of innovations. This session will examine the benefits and limits of novel SNA applications based on the expanding availability of large, linkable electronic clinical and administrative data sources with dependent data structures.


Using Network Analysis To Understand Public Health Delivery Systems & Community Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays 2015 University of Kentucky

Using Network Analysis To Understand Public Health Delivery Systems & Community Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The increasingly connected world of health care delivery relies on an expanding frontier of multi-stakeholder structures and processes, from interdisciplinary patient-centered care teams, to virtual accountable care organizations (ACOs), to complex community-level interventions. This session highlights recent advances in applying social network analysis (SNA) methods to study the implementation and impact of these types of innovations. This methods workshop examines the benefits and limits of novel SNA applications based on the expanding availability of large, linkable electronic clinical and administrative data sources with dependent data structures. This paper profiles examples of using SNA principles and methods to study the implementation ...


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