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Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay 2016 Aurora Health Care

Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay

Brenda Fay

Although most patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome or acute ischemic stroke in South Asian countries receive these evidence-based treatments, their overall continuation in the outpatient phase of care remains low. Patient from Pakistan are uniquely challenged in this respect because the overall literacy rates remain one of the lowest in Pakistan among South Asian Countries. In addition, a great majority of Pakistani patients often do not understand or follow health prescriptions (which are still written in English). Additionally, due to an unregulated health industry, they frequently take multiple opinions and prescriptions from different physicians. The investigators propose to develop ...


Health Literacy As A Moderator In The Relationship Between Diabetes Knowledege And Diabetes Outcomes, Jameshyia Ballard Thompson 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Health Literacy As A Moderator In The Relationship Between Diabetes Knowledege And Diabetes Outcomes, Jameshyia Ballard Thompson

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to determine if health literacy was a moderator in the relationship between diabetes knowledge and diabetes outcomes, and explore the relationship between diabetes knowledge and health literacy. The target population included adults living in Mississippi with a diagnosis of diabetes at any point in life. A pilot study was performed to determine if the Functional Communicative Critical Health Literacy scales (FCCHL) and the Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy in Diabetes scale (SKILLD) were appropriate for use in a population of adults in Mississippi with a diagnosis of diabetes. Participants for the pilot study were ...


Ethnicity Matters: Implications For Understanding And Acting Upon Disparities In Health Affecting Black Men In The United States, Helen V. S. Cole 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Ethnicity Matters: Implications For Understanding And Acting Upon Disparities In Health Affecting Black Men In The United States, Helen V. S. Cole

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Compared to non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks have higher rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and HIV/AIDS. Black men have a life expectancy approximately 4.7 years than the life expectancy of non-Hispanic white men, due in part to higher prevalence of chronic disease among black men. Many factors are hypothesized to contribute to disparities in health between races, including differences in socioeconomic status; culturally-linked behaviors such as diet, substance use, and physical activity; access to quality healthcare and other resources; and experiences of racism, both institutional and interpersonal. However, in public health research, race is usually ...


An Evaluation Of A Sexual Health Education Program For Adolescents In A Residential Treatment Program In The Philadelphia Area, Rachel Powell, P. Smith, Amy Leader 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

An Evaluation Of A Sexual Health Education Program For Adolescents In A Residential Treatment Program In The Philadelphia Area, Rachel Powell, P. Smith, Amy Leader

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

BACKGROUND

The US is currently experiencing an epidemic; millions of American adolescents are affected by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), teen pregnancy and intimate partner violence (IPV), costing the country both socially and economically:

  • Adolescents 15-24 years of age account for 50% of the 20 million new STD cases each year
  • US birth rates are significantly higher than countries in Europe
    • 6.8 times higher than teens living in the UK
    • 13.9 times higher than teens living the EU
  • In 2010 18.7% of adolescents ages 11-17 experienced IPV for the first time
  • Adolescents who are diagnosed with an STD ...


Use Of Propensity Score Matching To Identify A Strong Association Between Health Care Provider Advice Not To Smoke And Quit Attempts Among Mid-Adolescent Smokers, Russell K. McIntire, PhD, MPH 2016 Jefferson School of Population Health

Use Of Propensity Score Matching To Identify A Strong Association Between Health Care Provider Advice Not To Smoke And Quit Attempts Among Mid-Adolescent Smokers, Russell K. Mcintire, Phd, Mph

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

Background:

  • Nearly 1 out of 7 U.S. adolescents is a current cigarette smoker by the time they leave high school. 1
  • Although almost one third of adolescents who saw a healthcare provider in the past month were advised to quit or avoid tobacco,2 research on the influence of provider advice on quit attempts among adolescent smokers has shown mixed results. 3
  • These results may be due to selection bias—adolescent smokers who get advice may be different from those who do not on a range of factors including age of initiation, smoking frequency, attitudes toward smoking, exposure to ...


The Pennsylvania Emergency Department Geriatric Readiness Project, Adam Perry, MD, Alyssa Sipes, BS 2016 Division of Geriatric Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA

The Pennsylvania Emergency Department Geriatric Readiness Project, Adam Perry, Md, Alyssa Sipes, Bs

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

BE THE ED DOC – Illustrating Geriatric Readiness

An independent, right handed 81 year old who lives alone trips and falls while walking with her walker. A thorough evaluation at her local ED reveals only a nonoperative right proximal humeral fracture. Her pain is well controlled with immobilization and oral analgesics.

What is her disposition?

  • Discharge home with shoulder immobilizer and instructions to call orthopedics in the morning.
  • Admit to Telemetry Bed for “Syncope” with orthopedics and cardiology consultations, with subsequent SubAcute Rehabilitation stay.
  • Admit to Observation Status for “Ambulatory Dysfunction”.
  • Discharge home with her daughter, who lives locally, with home ...


Expanding Women’S Healthcare Access In The United States: The Patchwork “Universalism” Of The Affordable Care Act, Randy Albelda, Diana Salas Coronado 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Expanding Women’S Healthcare Access In The United States: The Patchwork “Universalism” Of The Affordable Care Act, Randy Albelda, Diana Salas Coronado

Randy Albelda

This paper explores the promise of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly called “Obamacare” (referred to here as the ACA), with attention to the ways gender matter by tracing the development and implementation of key US social protection systems, an examination of the current health system with particular attention to women’s coverage, and the potential impacts of the ACA, including how it conforms to international human rights norms for health care. The ACA promises to vastly improve the key dimensions of health coverage in the US, but it conforms with other US social policy by relying on ...


The Rises And Falls Of Serving The Plhiv Population Of South Bangalore, Jessica Christian 2016 Brandeis University

The Rises And Falls Of Serving The Plhiv Population Of South Bangalore, Jessica Christian

The International Undergraduate Journal For Service-Learning, Leadership, and Social Change

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Temperature Variation On Dengue Fever: A Model-Based Investigation, Michael A. Robert, Paula D. Weber, Rebecca C. Christofferson, Christopher N. Mores, Helen J. Wearing 2016 University of New Mexico

The Influence Of Temperature Variation On Dengue Fever: A Model-Based Investigation, Michael A. Robert, Paula D. Weber, Rebecca C. Christofferson, Christopher N. Mores, Helen J. Wearing

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Dynamics Of Two Pathogens In A Single Tick Population, Alexis White 2016 Old Dominion University

Dynamics Of Two Pathogens In A Single Tick Population, Alexis White

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Mathematical Model Of The Spread Of Dengue Fever Incorporating Mobility, Kelly A. Reagan 2016 Elon University

A Mathematical Model Of The Spread Of Dengue Fever Incorporating Mobility, Kelly A. Reagan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


General Models For Ecological Drivers Of Poverty, Calistus Ngeh Ngonghala 2016 Harvard Medical School

General Models For Ecological Drivers Of Poverty, Calistus Ngeh Ngonghala

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Hiv Vaccines: Progress, Limitations And A Crispr/Cas9 Vaccine, Omar A. Garcia Martinez 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Hiv Vaccines: Progress, Limitations And A Crispr/Cas9 Vaccine, Omar A. Garcia Martinez

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

ABSTRACT: The HIV-1 pandemic continues to thrive due to ineffective HIV-1 vaccines. Historically, the world’s most infectious diseases, such as polio and smallpox, have been eradicated or have come close to eradication due to the advent of effective vaccines. Highly active antiretroviral therapy is able to delay the onset of AIDS but can neither rid the body of HIV-1 proviral DNA nor prevent further transmission. A prophylactic vaccine that prevents the various mechanisms HIV-1 has to evade and attack our immune system is needed to end the HIV-1 pandemic. Recent advances in engineered nuclease systems, like the CRISPR/Cas9 ...


Disparities Among Minority Women With Breast Cancer Living In Impoverished Areas Of California, Sundus Haji-Jama, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Caroline Hamm, Eric J. Holowaty 2016 University of Windsor

Disparities Among Minority Women With Breast Cancer Living In Impoverished Areas Of California, Sundus Haji-Jama, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Caroline Hamm, Eric J. Holowaty

Social Work Publications

Background: Interaction effects of poverty and health care insurance coverage on overall survival rates of breast cancer among women of color and non-Hispanic white women were explored. Methods: We analyzed California registry data for 2,024 women of color (black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian, or other ethnicity) and 4,276 non-Hispanic white women (Anglo-European ancestries and no Hispanic-Latin ethnic backgrounds) diagnosed with breast cancer between the years 1996 and 2000 who were then followed until 2011. The 2000 US census categorized rates of neighborhood poverty. Health care insurance coverage was either private, Medicare, Medicaid, or none. Cox regression ...


Beyond The Three Delays: A Case Study Of Haiti's Maternal Health Sector, Stephanie Rapp 2016 SIT Graduation Institute

Beyond The Three Delays: A Case Study Of Haiti's Maternal Health Sector, Stephanie Rapp

Capstone Collection

This research seeks to understand how the maternal health sector in Haiti can be understood and perhaps improved through the framework of the Three Delays, developed by Thaddeus and Maine (1994). These delays are (1) the delay in the decision to seek care, (2) the delay in reaching a health facility, and (3) the delay in receiving adequate care at a health facility. The findings of this capstone strongly demonstrated that global health practitioners in Haiti often opt for technical solutions, but in fact there are numerous shadow delays preventing these solutions from taking hold and ameliorating maternal mortality. Tensions ...


Improving Policies Impacting School Absenteeism Due To Influenza Using Agent-Based Simulation Modeling., Galina V. Miller 2016 Purdue Polytechnic Institute

Improving Policies Impacting School Absenteeism Due To Influenza Using Agent-Based Simulation Modeling., Galina V. Miller

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

No abstract provided.


A Collaborative Approach To Addressing Health Information Literacy Among High School Students, Sharon A. Weiner, Lalatendu Acharya, Kathryn Dilworth, Laura Henzl, Lisa Kirkham, Clare Lutgen, Bethany McGowan, David R. Walker 2016 Purdue University

A Collaborative Approach To Addressing Health Information Literacy Among High School Students, Sharon A. Weiner, Lalatendu Acharya, Kathryn Dilworth, Laura Henzl, Lisa Kirkham, Clare Lutgen, Bethany Mcgowan, David R. Walker

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

No abstract provided.


Decade-Long Trends (1999-2009) In The Characteristics, Management, And Hospital Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Prior Diabetes And Chronic Kidney Disease, Mayra Tisminetzky, David D. McManus, Alon Dor, Ruben Miozzo, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Decade-Long Trends (1999-2009) In The Characteristics, Management, And Hospital Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Prior Diabetes And Chronic Kidney Disease, Mayra Tisminetzky, David D. Mcmanus, Alon Dor, Ruben Miozzo, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing magnitude and impact, there are limited data available on the clinical management and in-hospital outcomes of patients who have diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) at the time of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objectives of our population-based observational study in residents of central Massachusetts were to describe decade-long trends (1999-2009) in the characteristics, in-hospital management, and hospital outcomes of AMI patients with and without these comorbidities.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 6,018 persons who were hospitalized for AMI on a biennial basis between 1999 and 2009 at all ...


Decade-Long Trends (1999-2009) In The Characteristics, Management, And Hospital Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Prior Diabetes And Chronic Kidney Disease, Mayra Tisminetzky, David D. McManus, Alon Dor, Ruben Miozzo, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Decade-Long Trends (1999-2009) In The Characteristics, Management, And Hospital Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Prior Diabetes And Chronic Kidney Disease, Mayra Tisminetzky, David D. Mcmanus, Alon Dor, Ruben Miozzo, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Robert J. Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing magnitude and impact, there are limited data available on the clinical management and in-hospital outcomes of patients who have diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) at the time of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objectives of our population-based observational study in residents of central Massachusetts were to describe decade-long trends (1999-2009) in the characteristics, in-hospital management, and hospital outcomes of AMI patients with and without these comorbidities.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 6,018 persons who were hospitalized for AMI on a biennial basis between 1999 and 2009 at all ...


Decade-Long Trends (1999-2009) In The Characteristics, Management, And Hospital Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Prior Diabetes And Chronic Kidney Disease, Mayra Tisminetzky, David D. McManus, Alon Dor, Ruben Miozzo, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Decade-Long Trends (1999-2009) In The Characteristics, Management, And Hospital Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Prior Diabetes And Chronic Kidney Disease, Mayra Tisminetzky, David D. Mcmanus, Alon Dor, Ruben Miozzo, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Robert J. Goldberg

David D. McManus

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing magnitude and impact, there are limited data available on the clinical management and in-hospital outcomes of patients who have diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) at the time of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objectives of our population-based observational study in residents of central Massachusetts were to describe decade-long trends (1999-2009) in the characteristics, in-hospital management, and hospital outcomes of AMI patients with and without these comorbidities.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 6,018 persons who were hospitalized for AMI on a biennial basis between 1999 and 2009 at all ...


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