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Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain 2017 Dominican University of California

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


The Chronic Disease Prevention Program, Ashley Northcutt 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Chronic Disease Prevention Program, Ashley Northcutt

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Agenda: 2017 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Agenda: 2017 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Agenda for the 6th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 3, 2017 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Improving Rates Of Influenza Vaccination Through Electronic Health Record Portal Messages, Interactive Voice Recognition Calls And Patient-Enabled Electronic Health Record Updates: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sarah L. Cutrona, Meera Sreedhara, Sarah L. Goff, Lloyd D. Fisher, Peggy Preusse, Madeline Jackson, Devi Sundaresan, Lawrence D. Garber, Kathleen M. Mazor 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Improving Rates Of Influenza Vaccination Through Electronic Health Record Portal Messages, Interactive Voice Recognition Calls And Patient-Enabled Electronic Health Record Updates: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sarah L. Cutrona, Meera Sreedhara, Sarah L. Goff, Lloyd D. Fisher, Peggy Preusse, Madeline Jackson, Devi Sundaresan, Lawrence D. Garber, Kathleen M. Mazor

Lawrence D. Garber

BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS), including computerized reminders for providers and patients, can improve health outcomes. CDS promoting influenza vaccination, delivered directly to patients via an electronic health record (EHR) patient portal and interactive voice recognition (IVR) calls, offers an innovative approach to improving patient care. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an EHR patient portal and IVR outreach to improve rates of influenza vaccination in a large multispecialty group practice in central Massachusetts. METHODS: We describe a nonblinded, randomized controlled trial of EHR patient portal messages and IVR calls designed to promote influenza vaccination. In our preparatory phase, we ...


Improving Rates Of Influenza Vaccination Through Electronic Health Record Portal Messages, Interactive Voice Recognition Calls And Patient-Enabled Electronic Health Record Updates: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sarah L. Cutrona, Meera Sreedhara, Sarah L. Goff, Lloyd D. Fisher, Peggy Preusse, Madeline Jackson, Devi Sundaresan, Lawrence D. Garber, Kathleen M. Mazor 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Improving Rates Of Influenza Vaccination Through Electronic Health Record Portal Messages, Interactive Voice Recognition Calls And Patient-Enabled Electronic Health Record Updates: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sarah L. Cutrona, Meera Sreedhara, Sarah L. Goff, Lloyd D. Fisher, Peggy Preusse, Madeline Jackson, Devi Sundaresan, Lawrence D. Garber, Kathleen M. Mazor

Kathleen M. Mazor

BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS), including computerized reminders for providers and patients, can improve health outcomes. CDS promoting influenza vaccination, delivered directly to patients via an electronic health record (EHR) patient portal and interactive voice recognition (IVR) calls, offers an innovative approach to improving patient care.

OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an EHR patient portal and IVR outreach to improve rates of influenza vaccination in a large multispecialty group practice in central Massachusetts.

METHODS: We describe a nonblinded, randomized controlled trial of EHR patient portal messages and IVR calls designed to promote influenza vaccination. In our preparatory phase, we ...


Improving Rates Of Influenza Vaccination Through Electronic Health Record Portal Messages, Interactive Voice Recognition Calls And Patient-Enabled Electronic Health Record Updates: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sarah L. Cutrona, Meera Sreedhara, Sarah L. Goff, Lloyd D. Fisher, Peggy Preusse, Madeline Jackson, Devi Sundaresan, Lawrence D. Garber, Kathleen M. Mazor 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Improving Rates Of Influenza Vaccination Through Electronic Health Record Portal Messages, Interactive Voice Recognition Calls And Patient-Enabled Electronic Health Record Updates: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sarah L. Cutrona, Meera Sreedhara, Sarah L. Goff, Lloyd D. Fisher, Peggy Preusse, Madeline Jackson, Devi Sundaresan, Lawrence D. Garber, Kathleen M. Mazor

Sarah L. Cutrona

BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS), including computerized reminders for providers and patients, can improve health outcomes. CDS promoting influenza vaccination, delivered directly to patients via an electronic health record (EHR) patient portal and interactive voice recognition (IVR) calls, offers an innovative approach to improving patient care.

OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an EHR patient portal and IVR outreach to improve rates of influenza vaccination in a large multispecialty group practice in central Massachusetts.

METHODS: We describe a nonblinded, randomized controlled trial of EHR patient portal messages and IVR calls designed to promote influenza vaccination. In our preparatory phase, we ...


Evaluation Of Progress Towards The Unaids 90-90-90 Hiv Care Cascade: A Description Of Statistical Methods Used In An Interim Analysis Of The Intervention Communities In The Search Study, Laura Balzer, Joshua Schwab, Mark J. van der Laan, Maya L. Petersen 2017 Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Heath

Evaluation Of Progress Towards The Unaids 90-90-90 Hiv Care Cascade: A Description Of Statistical Methods Used In An Interim Analysis Of The Intervention Communities In The Search Study, Laura Balzer, Joshua Schwab, Mark J. Van Der Laan, Maya L. Petersen

U.C. Berkeley Division of Biostatistics Working Paper Series

WHO guidelines call for universal antiretroviral treatment, and UNAIDS has set a global target to virally suppress most HIV-positive individuals. Accurate estimates of population-level coverage at each step of the HIV care cascade (testing, treatment, and viral suppression) are needed to assess the effectiveness of "test and treat" strategies implemented to achieve this goal. The data available to inform such estimates, however, are susceptible to informative missingness: the number of HIV-positive individuals in a population is unknown; individuals tested for HIV may not be representative of those whom a testing intervention fails to reach, and HIV-positive individuals with a viral ...


The Impact Of Parents And Peers On Teenage Sexual Behavior , Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy 2017 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Parents And Peers On Teenage Sexual Behavior , Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy

Ann Henderson

The purpose of this research was to develop a path model to explain adolescent sexual behavior. The findings indicate that peer's sexual behavior has a significant impact on the teen's sexual behavior. The transmission of parental sexual values appears to come from the opposite gender parent. Parenting practices of father appear to impact on the teen's attitudes and behaviors.


Workplace Pollution: Nuclear Safety, Ethics, And The Exploitation--Avoidance Argument, Kristin Shrader-Frechette 2017 University of New Hampshire

Workplace Pollution: Nuclear Safety, Ethics, And The Exploitation--Avoidance Argument, Kristin Shrader-Frechette

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews evidence of poor worker health and safety practices in United States Department of Energy nuclear facilities in contending that less protective standards for workplace hazards constitute an environmental injustice not rectified by a hazard pay premium.


Evaluating Factors Affecting Clinicians’ Knowledge On Contrast Media: Kenyan Experience, Timothy Musila Mutala, Priscilla Nyambura Maina 2017 University of Nairobi

Evaluating Factors Affecting Clinicians’ Knowledge On Contrast Media: Kenyan Experience, Timothy Musila Mutala, Priscilla Nyambura Maina

The Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Our study aimed to establish exposure to and level of knowledge about contrast media among non-radiological clinicians and evaluate the contributory factors to the status.

Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and December 2015 through interviews using structured questionnaires. We recruited 197 non-radiological clinicians with experience in use of contrast media in their routine practice. They were of different cadres and years of experience, all working in a large referral hospital in Kenya. Levels of basic knowledge on contrast media were evaluated through a scoring system after each clinician responded to the questions provided. We ...


Sustained Use Of Patient Portal Features And Improvements In Diabetes Physiological Measures, Stephanie L. Shimada, Jeroan J. Allison, Amy K. Rosen, Hua Feng, Thomas K. Houston 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sustained Use Of Patient Portal Features And Improvements In Diabetes Physiological Measures, Stephanie L. Shimada, Jeroan J. Allison, Amy K. Rosen, Hua Feng, Thomas K. Houston

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Personal health records (PHRs) have the potential to improve patient self-management for chronic conditions such as diabetes. However, evidence is mixed as to whether there is an association between PHR use and improved health outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sustained use of specific patient portal features (Web-based prescription refill and secure messaging-SM) and physiological measures important for the management of type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, including Veterans with diabetes registered for the My Health e Vet patient portal who had not yet used the Web-based refill or ...


Impact Belize 2010 Executive Report, Ritchie D. Taylor, Jordan Norris, Molly Calico, Bernie Strenecky, Daniel Carter, Dawn Garrett Wright, Eve Main, Bonny Petty, Molly Kerby, Jill Norris 2017 Western Kentucky University

Impact Belize 2010 Executive Report, Ritchie D. Taylor, Jordan Norris, Molly Calico, Bernie Strenecky, Daniel Carter, Dawn Garrett Wright, Eve Main, Bonny Petty, Molly Kerby, Jill Norris

Molly Kerby

No abstract provided.


Social Identity And Substance Abuse In The Lesbian Community, Molly Kerby 2017 Western Kentucky University

Social Identity And Substance Abuse In The Lesbian Community, Molly Kerby

Molly Kerby

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs) among members of the lesbian community. Additionally, the investigator attempted to determine if there was a relationship between negative social identity and low selfesteem that is reflected in higher rates of substance abuse. The data collection method employed in this study was a type of nonprobability sampling procedure referred to as a purposive sample. The questionnaire was derived from instruments used by other researchers and validated by an expert panel. In order to select respondents from the lesbian population to be included ...


Examining Firefighter Decision-Making: How Experience Influences Speed In Process And Choice, Shawn T. Bayouth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Kevin Godby 2017 Iowa State University

Examining Firefighter Decision-Making: How Experience Influences Speed In Process And Choice, Shawn T. Bayouth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Kevin Godby

Warren D Franke

The objectives of this study were to identify relationships among firefighter experience and the decision-making processes, by determining if experienced firefighters singularly review alternatives, review less alternatives, or make more expedient decisions than novice firefighters. Research results, utilizing the highest resolution computerized virtual reality (VR) system in the world, do not support the empirical evidence suggesting that experienced firefighters review and act upon their first alternative and that experienced firefighters review less information in less time.


Physical Activity/Fitness Peaks During Perimenopause And Bmi Change Patterns Are Not Associated With Baseline Activity/Fitness In Women: A Longitudinal Study With A Median 7-Year Follow-Up, Xuemei Sui, Jiajia Zhang, Duck-Chul Lee, Timothy S. Church, Wenbin Lu, Junxiu Liu, Steven N. Blair 2017 University of South Carolina

Physical Activity/Fitness Peaks During Perimenopause And Bmi Change Patterns Are Not Associated With Baseline Activity/Fitness In Women: A Longitudinal Study With A Median 7-Year Follow-Up, Xuemei Sui, Jiajia Zhang, Duck-Chul Lee, Timothy S. Church, Wenbin Lu, Junxiu Liu, Steven N. Blair

Duck-Chul Lee

Objective To assess the age-associated longitudinal trends in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), leisure-time physical activity (PA), and body mass index (BMI) across the lifespan in a cohort of adult women. Methods The sample included 1467 women from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study who were 30–79 years old at baseline and had 3–22 health examinations between 1971 and 2006. CRF was quantified by maximal Balke treadmill exercise tests. The total metabolic equivalent-minutes/week of self-reported PA and measured BMI (kg/m2 ) were calculated. Results The overall pattern of CRF decreased over time. After age 60 years, fitness level tended to ...


Fitness And Adiposity As Predictors Of Functional Limitation In Adults, Andréa L. Maslow, Anna E. Price, Xuemei Sui, Duck-chul Lee, Ilkka Vuori, Steven N. Blair 2017 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Fitness And Adiposity As Predictors Of Functional Limitation In Adults, Andréa L. Maslow, Anna E. Price, Xuemei Sui, Duck-Chul Lee, Ilkka Vuori, Steven N. Blair

Duck-Chul Lee

Background: This study examined the associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with incident functional limitation (IFL) in adults. Methods: Patients (n = 2400), 30+ years [mean age, 45.2 (SD, 8.3); 12% women], completed a baseline health examination during 1979 to 1995. CRF was quantified by age- and sex-specific thirds for maximal treadmill exercise test duration. Adiposity was assessed by BMI and WC (grouped for analysis according to clinical guidelines). Incident IFL was identified from mail-back surveys during 1995, 1999, and 2004. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders and either BMI or WC ...


Looking Back At Fluoridation, Allan Mazur 2017 University of New Hampshire

Looking Back At Fluoridation, Allan Mazur

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews the 50-year history of the debate over fluoridating drinking water as a public health measure.


Over A Decade Of Comparative Risk Analysis: A Review Of The Human Health Rankings, David M. Konisky 2017 University of New Hampshire

Over A Decade Of Comparative Risk Analysis: A Review Of The Human Health Rankings, David M. Konisky

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews a method for undertaking a cross-project comparison of comparative risk analyses to understand which environmental problem areas have been cited most as often posing the severest risks.


Contrasting Treatments Of Recall Bias In Two Epidemiological Settings, Daniel Barry 2017 University of New Hampshire

Contrasting Treatments Of Recall Bias In Two Epidemiological Settings, Daniel Barry

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author contrasts the treatment of recall bias in the literature on induced abortions and breast cancer, and on environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer.


Obesity And Learned Eating Behavior: A Review Of First Bite: How We Learn To Eat, Winnie Eke 2017 Independent Practice, Boston, Massachusetts

Obesity And Learned Eating Behavior: A Review Of First Bite: How We Learn To Eat, Winnie Eke

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Bee Wilson's book, First Bite: How we learn to eat is reviewed.


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