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Women’S Sexual Fantasies In Context: The Emotional Content Of Sexual Fantasies, Psychological And Interpersonal Distress, And Satisfaction In Romantic Relationships, Sarah Constantine 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Women’S Sexual Fantasies In Context: The Emotional Content Of Sexual Fantasies, Psychological And Interpersonal Distress, And Satisfaction In Romantic Relationships, Sarah Constantine

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Psychoanalytic thinkers propose that aspects of an individual’s sexual fantasies are related to her psychological and interpersonal functioning. The present study aims to elucidate the significance of sexual fantasies with respect to women’s emotional and interpersonal lives. The study evaluated a model, which hypothesized that internal representations of self and others (e.g. attachment security, maturity of object relations) along with psychological and interpersonal factors would predict both the emotional content (guilt, fear, affection) of written sexual fantasy narratives, and overall romantic satisfaction in heterosexual women. Methods: Five hundred and thirty four women completed self-report questionnaires online ...


The Fight Against Breast Cancer: A Policy And Programmatic Approach, Nandi Robinson 2017 The University of San Francisco

The Fight Against Breast Cancer: A Policy And Programmatic Approach, Nandi Robinson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Breast cancer continues to remain a significant health issue for women. Previously thought to only occur among postmenopausal women, breast cancer has impacted women of different ages; and rates of breast cancer have various impacts among different ethnic groups. For women living in a toxic environment, many of them have become the new wave of breast cancer cases. Screening and detection have succeeded in decreasing mortality rates. However, more research is needed in finding an efficient method of treatment. In the effort to assist in the fight against breast cancer through a policy and programmatic angle, I am fulfilling ...


Added Sugar Consumption Among College Students, Maram Murad 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Added Sugar Consumption Among College Students, Maram Murad

Theses & Dissertations

Added sugar consumption has been increasing in all age groups in the United States and worldwide, with the greatest increase in young adults. College-age years are a critical period in the young adult's life where many habits develop, including nutrition and food choices. An understanding of college-age students’ attitudes and behaviors toward added sugar consumption might help predict added sugar consumption within this population. This was a quantitative study of traditional-aged college students' added sugar consumption through a convenience sample at a private university in San Antonio, TX. A survey was administrated to undergraduate students at different classes. Subjects ...


Public Health Research Priorities To Address Us Human Trafficking, Emily F. Rothman, Hanni Stoklosa, Susie B. Baldwin, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Rumi Kato Price, Holly G. Atkinson 2017 Boston University

Public Health Research Priorities To Address Us Human Trafficking, Emily F. Rothman, Hanni Stoklosa, Susie B. Baldwin, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Rumi Kato Price, Holly G. Atkinson

Publications and Research

In this Perspective, HEAL Trafficking, the nation's leading public health anti-trafficking organization maps out a national research agenda to tackle the problem of human trafficking. Given the paucity of research on trafficking, HEAL Trafficking engaged its membership in a consensus development process throughout 2016 to develop its national research agenda. HEAL Trafficking proposes five priorities that public health researchers should focus on in the decade ahead to make meaningful progress on preventing and responding to human trafficking in the Unites States.


New Approaches To Melanoma Prevention, June K. Robinson, Katie Baker, Joel J. Hillhouse 2017 Northwestern University

New Approaches To Melanoma Prevention, June K. Robinson, Katie Baker, Joel J. Hillhouse

ETSU Faculty Works

Skin cancer is a major public health concern, and tanning remains a modifiable risk factor. Multidimensional influences, including psychosocial, individual, environmental, and policy-related factors, create the milieu for individuals to engage in tanning. Parents and physicians can modify the behavior of teens and young adults using strategies based on harm reduction. Environmental and policy-related factors similar to those used to limit smoking by restricting access of minors to cigarettes in the United States in the 20th century need to be created. Federal regulations can restrict direct advertising and the excise tax can be increased to a prohibitive amount. Social networking ...


Case Study: The Importance Of The Assessment Technique In Chemical Safety Training On A College Campus, James H. Withers, Steven A. Freeman 2017 Danfoss

Case Study: The Importance Of The Assessment Technique In Chemical Safety Training On A College Campus, James H. Withers, Steven A. Freeman

Steven A. Freeman

Safety training is an integral part of every organization's overall safety program. A variety of delivery methods are used to conduct training with the most common learning outcome being performance on a written exam. The safety professional must consider numerous issues when composing a written exam, including question design and exam difficulty, to establish a meaningful passing level and to assess overall training effectiveness. A research study was undertaken to further explore issues related to question design and exam difficulty relative to a chemical safety course offered in both classroom- and computer-based formats on a college campus. The objectives ...


The Intersection Of Diarrheal Disease And The Wash Sector: A Case Study Of The Betafo Area In The Vakinankaratra Region, Stephanie Hansen 2017 SIT Study Abroad

The Intersection Of Diarrheal Disease And The Wash Sector: A Case Study Of The Betafo Area In The Vakinankaratra Region, Stephanie Hansen

Stephanie L. Hansen

Diarrheal disease is a leading cause of death in Madagascar, with the highest rates of morbidity and mortality in children under-five. Globally, it is the second leading cause of death of children under-five. The prevalence of diarrheal disease is a direct result of inadequate WASH infrastructure in Madagascar, where 48% of the population has no access to safe drinking water and 79% of the population has no access to improved sanitation (WaterAid, 2015). The inaccessibility of medical services in Madagascar is the largest impediment for diarrhea victims seeking treatment; a quarter of the Malagasy population lives 1 to 2 hours ...


Health Initiatives By Indigenous People In Australia, Stephanie Clark 2017 Selected Works

Health Initiatives By Indigenous People In Australia, Stephanie Clark

Stephanie Clark

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Perceived Treatment On Quality Of Life And Medical Outcomesin A Double-Blind Placebo Surgery Trial, Cynthia McRae, Eva Cherin, T. Gayle Yamazaki, Gretchen Diem, Alexander H. Vo, Daniel W. Rusell, J. Heiner Ellgring, Stanley Fahn, Paul Greene, Sandra Dillon, Hal Winfield, Kimberly B. Bjugstad, Curt R. Freed 2017 University of Denver

Effects Of Perceived Treatment On Quality Of Life And Medical Outcomesin A Double-Blind Placebo Surgery Trial, Cynthia Mcrae, Eva Cherin, T. Gayle Yamazaki, Gretchen Diem, Alexander H. Vo, Daniel W. Rusell, J. Heiner Ellgring, Stanley Fahn, Paul Greene, Sandra Dillon, Hal Winfield, Kimberly B. Bjugstad, Curt R. Freed

Daniel W. Russell

Context This study was part of a large double-blind sham surgery–controlled trial designed to determine the effectiveness of transplantation of human embryonic dopamine neurons into the brains of persons with advanced Parkinson's disease. This portion of the study investigated the quality of life (QOL) of participants during the 1 year of double-blind follow-up. Objectives To determine whether QOL improved more in the transplant group than in the sham surgery group and to investigate outcomes at 1 year based on perceived treatment (the type of surgery patients thought they received). Design Participants were randomly assigned to receive either the ...


Feasibility Of A Web-Based Cross-Over Paleolithic Diet Intervention In The General Population, Esther Nederhof, Esther Bikker 2017 University of Groningen

Feasibility Of A Web-Based Cross-Over Paleolithic Diet Intervention In The General Population, Esther Nederhof, Esther Bikker

Journal of Evolution and Health

Introduction: The primary aim was to investigate feasibility of a web-based cross-over Paleolithic diet intervention in the general population. The secondary aim was to calculate the sample size needed to reach a statistically significant difference in effect of a Paleolithic-like diet on psychological and somatic symptoms compared with the Dutch consensus diet.

Methods: 35 participants from the general population were recruited using social media. Participants filled-out an intake questionnaire to assess representativeness of the sample. Participants were instructed to consume both a Paleolithic-like diet and the Dutch consensus diet during four weeks, the order was randomly assigned. After each period ...


Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou 2017 Bond University

Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou

Jenny Doust

OBJECTIVE:

To systematically review current evidence regarding the minimum acceptable risk reduction of a cardiovascular event that patients feel would justify daily intake of a preventive medication.

METHODS:

We used the Web of Science to track the forward and backward citations of a set of five key articles until 15 November 2016. Studies were eligible if they quantitatively assessed the minimum acceptable benefit-in absolute values-of a cardiovascular disease preventive medication among a sample of the general population and required participants to choose if they would consider taking the medication.

RESULTS:

Of 341 studies screened, we included 22, involving a total ...


Communicating About Overdiagnosis: Learning From Community Focus Groups On Osteoporosis, Ray Moynihan, Rebecca Sims, Jolyn Hersch, Rae Thomas, Paul P. Glasziou, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 Bond University

Communicating About Overdiagnosis: Learning From Community Focus Groups On Osteoporosis, Ray Moynihan, Rebecca Sims, Jolyn Hersch, Rae Thomas, Paul P. Glasziou, Kirsten Mccaffery

Paul Glasziou

BACKGROUND: Overdiagnosis is considered a risk associated with the diagnosis of osteoporosis-as many people diagnosed won't experience harm from the condition. As yet there's little evidence on community understanding of overdiagnosis outside cancer- where it is an established risk of some screening programs-or effective ways to communicate about it. We examined community understanding around overdiagnosis of osteoporosis, to optimise communication strategies about this problem. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a qualitative design we recruited a community sample of women, 50-80 years, from the Gold Coast community around Bond University, Australia, using random digit dialing, and conducted 5 focus groups ...


Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou 2017 Bond University

Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou

Paul Glasziou

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review current evidence regarding the minimum acceptable risk reduction of a cardiovascular event that patients feel would justify daily intake of a preventive medication. METHODS: We used the Web of Science to track the forward and backward citations of a set of five key articles until 15 November 2016. Studies were eligible if they quantitatively assessed the minimum acceptable benefit-in absolute values-of a cardiovascular disease preventive medication among a sample of the general population and required participants to choose if they would consider taking the medication. RESULTS: Of 341 studies screened, we included 22, involving a total ...


Shared Decision Making In Australia In 2017, Lyndal Trevena, Heather L. Shepherd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Anne E. Cust, Julie Leask, Narelle Shadbolt, Chris del Mar, Kirsten McCaffery, Tammy C. Hoffmann 2017 University of Sydney

Shared Decision Making In Australia In 2017, Lyndal Trevena, Heather L. Shepherd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Anne E. Cust, Julie Leask, Narelle Shadbolt, Chris Del Mar, Kirsten Mccaffery, Tammy C. Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Shared Decision Making (SDM) is now firmly established within national clinical standards for accrediting hospitals, day procedure services, public dental services and medical education in Australia, with plans to align general practice, aged care and disability service. Implementation of these standards and training of health professionals is a key challenge for the Australian health sector at this time. Consumer involvement in health research, policy and clinical service governance has also increased, with a major focus on encouraging patients to ask questions during their clinical care. Tools to support shared decision making are increasingly used but there is a need for ...


Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger 2017 Bond University

Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger

Rae Thomas

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals who participated in a group-based education program, including their motivators in relation to their diabetes management, and the perceived impact of group interactions on participants' experiences and motivation for self-management. Understanding individuals diagnosed with diabetes experiences of group-based education for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may guide the development and facilitation of these programs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all individuals who participated in the intervention. Using thematic analysis underpinned by self-determination theory, we developed themes that explored participants' motivators in relation to diabetes ...


Communicating About Overdiagnosis: Learning From Community Focus Groups On Osteoporosis, Ray Moynihan, Rebecca Sims, Jolyn Hersch, Rae Thomas, Paul P. Glasziou, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 Bond University

Communicating About Overdiagnosis: Learning From Community Focus Groups On Osteoporosis, Ray Moynihan, Rebecca Sims, Jolyn Hersch, Rae Thomas, Paul P. Glasziou, Kirsten Mccaffery

Rae Thomas

BACKGROUND: Overdiagnosis is considered a risk associated with the diagnosis of osteoporosis-as many people diagnosed won't experience harm from the condition. As yet there's little evidence on community understanding of overdiagnosis outside cancer- where it is an established risk of some screening programs-or effective ways to communicate about it. We examined community understanding around overdiagnosis of osteoporosis, to optimise communication strategies about this problem. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a qualitative design we recruited a community sample of women, 50-80 years, from the Gold Coast community around Bond University, Australia, using random digit dialing, and conducted 5 focus groups ...


Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger 2017 Bond University

Group Participants' Experiences Of A Patient-Directed Group-Based Education Program For The Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger

Liz Isenring

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals who participated in a group-based education program, including their motivators in relation to their diabetes management, and the perceived impact of group interactions on participants' experiences and motivation for self-management. Understanding individuals diagnosed with diabetes experiences of group-based education for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may guide the development and facilitation of these programs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all individuals who participated in the intervention. Using thematic analysis underpinned by self-determination theory, we developed themes that explored participants' motivators in relation to diabetes ...


Retention In Health: Improving Hiv Retention Within The Sf Community Health Network, Miguel A. Ibarra 2017 University of San Francisco

Retention In Health: Improving Hiv Retention Within The Sf Community Health Network, Miguel A. Ibarra

Master's Projects and Capstones

Previous work on HIV retention improvement has focused on improving access to care for communities who are either at-risk of falling out of care or who have difficulty engaging in medical care for the first time due to socio-cultural barriers. The San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH), with the support of Project PRIDE, a CDC three-year demonstration project geared towards supporting health departments in implementing public health strategies to reduce new HIV infections within the men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender communities, is seeking to improve HIV patient retention throughout the San Francisco Community Health Network ...


Change In Physical Activity And Sitting Time After Myocardial Infarction And Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women In The Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, Anna M. Gorczyca, Charles Eaton, Michael J. Lamonte, JoAnn E. Manson, Jeanne D. Johnston, Aurelian Bidulescu, Molly E. Waring, Todd Manini, Lisa W. Martin, Marcia L. Stefanick, Ka He, Andrea K. Chomistek 2017 The University of Kansas Medical Center

Change In Physical Activity And Sitting Time After Myocardial Infarction And Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women In The Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, Anna M. Gorczyca, Charles Eaton, Michael J. Lamonte, Joann E. Manson, Jeanne D. Johnston, Aurelian Bidulescu, Molly E. Waring, Todd Manini, Lisa W. Martin, Marcia L. Stefanick, Ka He, Andrea K. Chomistek

Molly E. Waring

BACKGROUND: How physical activity (PA) and sitting time may change after first myocardial infarction (MI) and the association with mortality in postmenopausal women is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants included postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, aged 50 to 79 years who experienced a clinical MI during the study. This analysis included 856 women who had adequate data on PA exposure and 533 women for sitting time exposures. Sitting time was self-reported at baseline, year 3, and year 6. Self-reported PA was reported at baseline through year 8. Change in PA and sitting time were calculated as ...


History Of Periodontitis Diagnosis And Edentulism As Predictors Of Cardiovascular Disease, Stroke, And Mortality In Postmenopausal Women, Michael J. LaMonte, Robert J. Genco, Kathleen M. Hovey, Robert B. Wallace, Jo L. Freudenheim, Dominique S. Michaud, Xiaodan Mai, Lesley Tinker, Christian R. Salazar, Christopher A. Andrews, Wenjun Li, Charles Eaton, Lisa W. Martin, Jean Wactawski-Wende 2017 SUNY University at Buffalo

History Of Periodontitis Diagnosis And Edentulism As Predictors Of Cardiovascular Disease, Stroke, And Mortality In Postmenopausal Women, Michael J. Lamonte, Robert J. Genco, Kathleen M. Hovey, Robert B. Wallace, Jo L. Freudenheim, Dominique S. Michaud, Xiaodan Mai, Lesley Tinker, Christian R. Salazar, Christopher A. Andrews, Wenjun Li, Charles Eaton, Lisa W. Martin, Jean Wactawski-Wende

Wenjun Li

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported associations between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in older women, which is the objective of the present investigation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 57 001 postmenopausal women ages 55 to 89 years (mean 68 years; > 85% 60 and older) who were enrolled (1993-1998) in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, and were without known CVD when history of periodontitis and edentulism was assessed by questionnaire at study Year-5 (1998-2003). There were 3589 incident CVD events and 3816 total deaths during a mean follow-up of 6.7 years. In multivariable analysis, periodontitis was not ...


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