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Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Scholars in development communication have called for a more participatory approach in development programs. However, the traditional, generally top-down approach associated with the modernization paradigm still dominates in practice [1]. The mere existence of participatory models has not been enough to move the participatory approach to prominence. Sparks has noticed the discrepancy between theory and practice observing that although the dominant paradigm has been disparaged and the participatory paradigm praised since the 1970s, researchers have been slow to adopt participatory methods [1]. This discrepancy may be because in practice, participation is difficult to manipulate, control, analyze and evaluate. We argue ...


Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy 2015 University of New England

Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy

Immigrant and Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga and Zumba

Research poster stemming from CEIPE mini-grant funded student project Immigrant And Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga And Zumba. Students from multiple health professions collaborated to provide Yoga and Zumba classes at the Riverton Community Center. The project aimed to increase the participants’ ability to utilize stress reducing activities through a blend of student created heath education materials and yoga and zumba classes for refugee women and children.


Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong 2015 Cedarville University

Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Thirty-five percent of mortalities in children under the age of five can be attributed to malnutrition (World Health Organization (WHO), n.d.). Nearly 24 percent of children less than five from 2008-2012 in the Central African Republic were moderately or severely underweight and nearly eight percent suffered from severe or moderate wasting (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 2013). As a result of recent sectarian violence which began with a coup in March 2013, the Central African Republic is facing a nutrition crisis. As a result, an estimated 28,000 Central African children under the age of five ...


Compulsory Licenses: Damaging Firm Value In The Short Run?, Daniel E. Mansuri Mr. 2015 Bates College

Compulsory Licenses: Damaging Firm Value In The Short Run?, Daniel E. Mansuri Mr.

Honors Theses

While very few individuals question the validity and necessity of the patent system, the temporary monopolies imposed by patents necessarily reduce access to medication. This becomes especially problematic when dealing with issues of public ordre, such as the aids crisis in the last 30 years. Compulsory licensing, or the power for a government to void a patent and allow a non-patent holder to produce a patented good, aims to remedy this problem. Governments have the ability to issue these in times of epidemics, or other issues of rampant illness. However, even though these licenses are completely legal, pharmaceutical companies meet ...


Using Community Structure Networks To Model Heterogeneous Mixing In Epidemics, And A Potential Application To Hiv In Washington, D.C., Katherine Ragland Paulson 2015 Bates College

Using Community Structure Networks To Model Heterogeneous Mixing In Epidemics, And A Potential Application To Hiv In Washington, D.C., Katherine Ragland Paulson

Honors Theses

Using models, mathematicians can better understand and analyze the factors that influence the dynamic spread of infectious disease through a population. The most fundamental epidemiological model is the SIR model, originally proposed by Kermack and McKendrick. In this model individuals in a population are categorized as Susceptible (S), Infected (I), or Removed (R), and differential equations are used to analyze the flow of people from one compartment to another. Many epidemiological models use the SIR model as a foundation, building complexities into it. Modeling HIV, for example, is complex because not all people in a population are at equal risk ...


The Challenges Of Data Quality Evaluation In A Joint Data Warehouse, Charles J. Bae MD, Sandra Griffith PhD, Youran Fan PhD, Cheryl Dunphy RN, Nicolas Thompson MS, John Urchek, Alandra Parchman MHA, Irene L. Katzan MD MS 2015 Cleveland Clinic

The Challenges Of Data Quality Evaluation In A Joint Data Warehouse, Charles J. Bae Md, Sandra Griffith Phd, Youran Fan Phd, Cheryl Dunphy Rn, Nicolas Thompson Ms, John Urchek, Alandra Parchman Mha, Irene L. Katzan Md Ms

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: The use of clinically derived data from electronic health records (EHRs) and other electronic clinical systems can greatly facilitate clinical research as well as operational and quality initiatives. One approach for making these data available is to incorporate data from different sources into a joint data warehouse. When using such a data warehouse, it is important to understand the quality of the data. The primary objective of this study was to determine the completeness and concordance of common types of clinical data available in the Knowledge Program (KP) joint data warehouse, which contains feeds from several electronic systems including ...


A Cost Analysis Of The 1-2-3 Pap Intervention, Kristina M. Rabarison, Rui Li, Connie L. Bish, Robin C. Vanderpool, Richard A. Crosby, Mehran S. Massoudi 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

A Cost Analysis Of The 1-2-3 Pap Intervention, Kristina M. Rabarison, Rui Li, Connie L. Bish, Robin C. Vanderpool, Richard A. Crosby, Mehran S. Massoudi

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

Background: Cervical cancer places a substantial economic burden on our healthcare system. The three-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series is a cost-effective intervention to prevent HPV infection and resultant cervical cancer. Despite its efficacy, completion rates are low in young women aged 18 through 26 years. 1-2-3 Pap is a video intervention tested and proven to increase HPV vaccination completion rates.

Purpose: To provide the full scope of available evidence for 1-2-3 Pap, this study adds economic evidence to the intervention’s efficacy. This study tested the economies of scale hypothesis that the cost of 1-2-3 Pap intervention per number ...


Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard VanEnk 2015 Western Michigan University

Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard Vanenk

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In the United States it is currently unknown whether the influenza surveillance system is capable of producing timely and accurate data for case estimation during an outbreak of pandemic scale. This simulation provides a preliminary evaluation of the surveillance system’s ability to collect data and produce timely and accurate trends of cases confirmed with an influenza virus. For the evaluation, a computer-based simulation of the data-collection process was used, which was validated with real demographic and epidemiologic information. The results were analyzed to determine the most significant behavioral and operational factors influencing the data collection and to propose the ...


Determination Of Dioctyl Phthalate (Dehp) Concentration In Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc) Plastic Parts Of Toothbrushes, Ghazal Sadeghi, Elham Ghaderian, Anne O'Connor 2015 Cleveland State University

Determination Of Dioctyl Phthalate (Dehp) Concentration In Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc) Plastic Parts Of Toothbrushes, Ghazal Sadeghi, Elham Ghaderian, Anne O'Connor

The Downtown Review

Phthalates are chemicals that are widely used in daily products and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics, mainly because of their ability to enhance flexibility and durability. The presence of phthalates in various products contributes to the substantial exposure that all consumers may experience. Continuity in phthalate exposure has several side effects, including endocrine disruption, neurological damage, asthma, hormonal imbalances, obesity, infertility, genital defects, and testicular cancer. The purpose of this research experiment was to determine the Dioctyl phthalate (DEHP) concentration of PVC plastic parts of toothbrushes. The method used to conduct the experiment was Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. The result showed ...


Characterizing The Distribution Of Depression And Alcohol Use Disorders Among An Adult Peruvian Population : Prevalence, Risk Factors And Associations, Alanna M. Mozena 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Characterizing The Distribution Of Depression And Alcohol Use Disorders Among An Adult Peruvian Population : Prevalence, Risk Factors And Associations, Alanna M. Mozena

Scholar Archive

Background -- Though mood and substance use disorders account for a large majority of the years lived with disability (YLD) worldwide, there is a dearth of research regarding the epidemiology of these conditions (Whiteford, et al., 2013). In response, the global mental health community along with the World Health Organization (WHO) supports the World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI) to characterize the burden of mental and addictive disorders. This initiative also places mental health and substance use conditions firmly at the forefront of the global health agenda and addresses the tremendous disparities between demand and access to treatment (Sharan, et al ...


Who Is Molly?, Amira Khatib, Sarah Neighbor, Liz Zabel 2015 Iowa State University

Who Is Molly?, Amira Khatib, Sarah Neighbor, Liz Zabel

Ethos

The drug called Molly has been popping up everywhere from mentions in the news to pop culture references, but how much do you really know about your new “friend”? It’s a Friday night and you’re approached by one of your friends who got Molly from a friend of a friend whose sister knows a guy. You don’t know much about it but would love to try something besides drinking, so why not, right?


The Relationships Among Perceived Stress, Birth Satisfaction, And Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy In Early Postpartum Women, Katherine Hinic 2015 Seton Hall University

The Relationships Among Perceived Stress, Birth Satisfaction, And Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy In Early Postpartum Women, Katherine Hinic

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This descriptive correlational study examined the relationships among perceived stress, birth satisfaction, and breastfeeding self-efficacy in women in the early postpartum period. The study, guided by self-efficacy and stress and coping theories, aimed to identify factors related to breastfeeding self-efficacy, an important psychological variable in sustained breastfeeding. The sample (N =107) was comprised of primarily well-educated, higher income, non-Hispanic White (69.8%) women recruited from a single New Jersey hospital in the first four days postpartum. The sample was comprised of nearly equal numbers of primiparous and multiparous women, all of whom expressed an intention to breastfeed, with an overall ...


Perinatal Health Education Intervention Program For Adolescent And Young Adult Pregnant Homeless Women Living In Transitional Housing, And Best Practice Teaching Intervention Program For Staff Responsible For Care Of The Mother-Baby Dyad, Colleen Carrington 2015 Seton Hall University

Perinatal Health Education Intervention Program For Adolescent And Young Adult Pregnant Homeless Women Living In Transitional Housing, And Best Practice Teaching Intervention Program For Staff Responsible For Care Of The Mother-Baby Dyad, Colleen Carrington

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Purpose: A population at great risk is pregnant homeless adolescents and young adult women. Research shows that about 20% of homeless young women become pregnant (Bender, & Thompson, 2007). These pregnant young women are at an increased risk for low birth weight infants and a high infant mortality due to inadequate health care, poor dietary habits, and a knowledge deficit related to maintaining good health during pregnancy and to care of the infant and growing child. A transitional shelter may offer many psychosocial services to assist the women in becoming independent; however, a significant gap exists regarding the medical care of this population. The purpose of this DNP Project was to develop an educational program in a transitional homeless shelter focused on the health care of the pregnant woman and the newborn infant in order to bring awareness of the special needs of this high risk population and to attempt to change unhealthy behaviors. This program was coupled with an In- Service Program for staff ...


Jefferson's Center For Refugee Health: A Model Of Community Collaboration, Colleen Payton MPH,CHES, Neesha Patel MD, Kevin Scott MD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Jefferson's Center For Refugee Health: A Model Of Community Collaboration, Colleen Payton Mph,Ches, Neesha Patel Md, Kevin Scott Md

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Jefferson's New Smoking Policies: Steps Toward A Healthier Work Environment, Russell K. McIntire PhD,MPH, Amber Bowie MPH student 2015 Jefferson School of Population Health

Jefferson's New Smoking Policies: Steps Toward A Healthier Work Environment, Russell K. Mcintire Phd,Mph, Amber Bowie Mph Student

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Using Qualitative Methods To Create A Home Health Web Application User Interface For Patients With Low Computer Proficiency, Rosa R. Baier, Emily Cooper, Andrea Wysocki, Stefan Gravenstein, Melissa Clark 2015 Brown University

Using Qualitative Methods To Create A Home Health Web Application User Interface For Patients With Low Computer Proficiency, Rosa R. Baier, Emily Cooper, Andrea Wysocki, Stefan Gravenstein, Melissa Clark

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Despite the investment in public reporting for a number of healthcare settings, evidence indicates that consumers do not routinely use available data to select providers. This suggests that existing reports do not adequately incorporate recommendations for consumer-facing reports or web applications.

Methods: Healthcentric Advisors and Brown University undertook a multi-phased approach to create a consumer-facing home health web application in Rhode Island. This included reviewing the evidence base review to identify design recommendations and then creating a paper prototype and wireframe. We performed qualitative research to iteratively test our proposed user interface with two user groups, home health consumers ...


Initial Usability And Feasibility Evaluation Of A Personal Health Record-Based Self-Management System For Older Adults, Barbara Sheehan, Robert James Lucero 2015 Intel Corp, Health and Life Sciences

Initial Usability And Feasibility Evaluation Of A Personal Health Record-Based Self-Management System For Older Adults, Barbara Sheehan, Robert James Lucero

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Electronic personal health record-based (ePHR-based) self-management systems can improve patient engagement and have an impact on health outcomes. In order to realize the benefits of these systems, there is a need to develop and evaluate heath information technology from the same theoretical underpinnings.

Methods: Using an innovative usability approach based in human-centered distributed information design (HCDID), we tested an ePHR-based falls-prevention self-management system—Self-Assessment via a Personal Health Record (i.e., SAPHeR)—designed using HCDID principles in a laboratory. And we later evaluated SAPHeR’s use by community-dwelling older adults at home.

Results: The innovative approach used in this ...


Gold Mining And Unequal Exchange In Western Amazonia: A Theoretical Photo Essay, Gordon L. Ulmer 2015 The Ohio State University

Gold Mining And Unequal Exchange In Western Amazonia: A Theoretical Photo Essay, Gordon L. Ulmer

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

I combine fieldwork photography and ethnographic documentation of gold mining in Madre de Dios, Peru, to examine the localized material, social, environmental, and health outcomes of the global gold boom. This 'theoretical photo essay’ examines how local and global forces coalesce around gold mining and influence peoples and environments in Western Amazonia. I use embodiment theory in anthropology, ecological economics, and theories of underdevelopment to understand local consequences of the global gold trade and to elucidate how opulence and the machinations of capital accumulation in economic centers of the world occur at the expense of human lives and environments in ...


Advanced Practice Nurses Knowledge And Use Of Fall Prevention Guidelines, Katherine Hays 2015 Otterbein University

Advanced Practice Nurses Knowledge And Use Of Fall Prevention Guidelines, Katherine Hays

Doctoral Theses

Falls are a significant public health issue resulting in a significant economic and social burden on society. Specific strategies are available that can reduce the risk of falling for older adults age 65 and older; however, providers have failed to integrate these guidelines into clinical practice (Rubenstein, Solomon & Roth, 2004; Chou, Tinetti, King, Irwin, & Fortinsky, 2006; Jones, Ghosh, Horn, Smith, & Vogt, 2011). The CDC has published the STEADI toolkit, a healthcare resource for integrating fall prevention guidelines into clinical practice; but little information is available on the knowledge and use of the STEADI toolkit by Advance Practice Nurses (APNs) or other providers.

The purpose of this quasi=experimental study was to examine APNs knowledge and use of fall prevention guidelines. A total of 28 ...


Timeliness Of Follow-Up To A Positive Fecal Immunochemical Test Among Community Health Center Patients, Ann Oluloro 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Timeliness Of Follow-Up To A Positive Fecal Immunochemical Test Among Community Health Center Patients, Ann Oluloro

Scholar Archive

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Fecal testing, including fecal immunochemical testing (FIT), has been proven to reduce mortality from colorectal cancer. Such mortality reductions can only be achieved, however, if those with an abnormal test result receive follow-up colonoscopy. Rates of completion of follow-up colonoscopy are low, especially in community health centers, where many Latinos receive care. As part of the Strategies and Opportunities to STOP Colon Cancer in Priority Populations (STOP CRC) project, we examined rates of adherence to follow-up colonoscopy, time ...


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