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Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Scholars in development communication have called for a more participatory approach in development programs. However, the traditional, generally top-down approach associated with the modernization paradigm still dominates in practice [1]. The mere existence of participatory models has not been enough to move the participatory approach to prominence. Sparks has noticed the discrepancy between theory and practice observing that although the dominant paradigm has been disparaged and the participatory paradigm praised since the 1970s, researchers have been slow to adopt participatory methods [1]. This discrepancy may be because in practice, participation is difficult to manipulate, control, analyze and evaluate. We argue ...


Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy 2015 University of New England

Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy

Immigrant and Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga and Zumba

Research poster stemming from CEIPE mini-grant funded student project Immigrant And Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga And Zumba. Students from multiple health professions collaborated to provide Yoga and Zumba classes at the Riverton Community Center. The project aimed to increase the participants’ ability to utilize stress reducing activities through a blend of student created heath education materials and yoga and zumba classes for refugee women and children.


Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: An Evidence Based Practice Protocol, Katherine J. Ruhlman 2015 Cedarville University

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: An Evidence Based Practice Protocol, Katherine J. Ruhlman

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Intrauterine exposure to nicotine is one of the largest modifiable risk factors for infant morbidity and mortality. Previous progress toward decreasing the number impacted by intrauterine nicotine exposure has recently plateaued. While guidelines for assisting pregnant women to stop smoking are available, few providers have a formalized protocol in place. This project will evaluate most current research evidence regarding smoking cessation during pregnancy in order to develop a formalized protocol for implementation in an obstetric clinic in Southwest Ohio. Reviewed literature was summarized and level of evidence was established. Recommendations were made and categorized as strong, moderate, and weak. The ...


Public Relations In Government-Based Public Health: Testing Contingency Theory During H1n1 Response, 2009-2010, Terri L. Sasser 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Public Relations In Government-Based Public Health: Testing Contingency Theory During H1n1 Response, 2009-2010, Terri L. Sasser

Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study is to describe public relations programs in state and local government-based health departments nationwide. Using the H1N1 communications and public relations activities as a frame, or basis of comparison, this study will further seek to identify if Contingency Theory of public relations may be an apt descriptor of public relations activities during this particular response effort. This study uses Contingency Theory as a theoretical perspective to explain the strategic management of the organization-public relationships and add to the body of knowledge about Contingency Theory of public relations in the field of health communications. Contingency ...


Rural Opioid And Other Drug Use Disorder Diagnosis: Assessing Measurement Invariance And Latent Classification Of Dsm-Iv Abuse And Dependence Criteria, Billy Brooks 2015 East Tennessee State University

Rural Opioid And Other Drug Use Disorder Diagnosis: Assessing Measurement Invariance And Latent Classification Of Dsm-Iv Abuse And Dependence Criteria, Billy Brooks

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The rates of non-medical prescription drug use in the United States (U.S.) have increased dramatically in the last two decades, leading to a more than 300% increase in deaths from overdose, surpassing motor vehicle accidents as the leading cause of injury deaths. In rural areas, deaths from unintentional overdose have increased by more than 250% since 1999 while urban deaths have increased at a fraction of this rate. The objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that cultural, economic, and environmental factors prevalent in rural America affect the rate of substance use disorder (SUD) in that population ...


Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong 2015 Cedarville University

Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Thirty-five percent of mortalities in children under the age of five can be attributed to malnutrition (World Health Organization (WHO), n.d.). Nearly 24 percent of children less than five from 2008-2012 in the Central African Republic were moderately or severely underweight and nearly eight percent suffered from severe or moderate wasting (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 2013). As a result of recent sectarian violence which began with a coup in March 2013, the Central African Republic is facing a nutrition crisis. As a result, an estimated 28,000 Central African children under the age of five ...


Extended Followup Of A Cohort Of Chromium Production Workers, Herman Jones Gibb, Peter St. John Lees, Jing Wang, Keri O'Leary 2015 George Washington University

Extended Followup Of A Cohort Of Chromium Production Workers, Herman Jones Gibb, Peter St. John Lees, Jing Wang, Keri O'Leary

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Applied Use Of Composite Quality Measures For Ehr-Enabled Practices, Aurora O. Amoah PhD MPP MPH, Sam Amirfar MD MS, Sheryl L. Silfen MD, Jesse Singer DO MPH, Jason J. Wang PHD 2015 New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Applied Use Of Composite Quality Measures For Ehr-Enabled Practices, Aurora O. Amoah Phd Mpp Mph, Sam Amirfar Md Ms, Sheryl L. Silfen Md, Jesse Singer Do Mph, Jason J. Wang Phd

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction

The Primary Care Information Project (PCIP) of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene has been assisting providers to implement health information technology such as electronic health records (EHRs) since its founding in 2005. Currently, all practices affiliated with PCIP are offered technical support services in order to improve the use of the EHR. We studied the performance of clinical practices on EHR-derived Composite Quality Measures (CQMs) over time. Because specific EHR functionalities are important to calculating the quality measures, we hypothesize that performance on each of the CQMs will differ according to the EHR functionalities ...


Predictors Of Appropriate Referral To Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Validation Study, Samuel J. Malian 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Predictors Of Appropriate Referral To Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Validation Study, Samuel J. Malian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Approximately 45% of referrals from primary care physicians to arthroplasty surgeons are inappropriate. Currently, Canadians are waiting over three months for consultation with an arthroplasty surgeon. Reducing the proportion of inappropriate referrals will reduce the wait time to first consultation with an arthroplasty surgeon. This study’s objective was to validate a model that identified patient-reported predictors of appropriate referrals to arthroplasty. We screened 258 patients attending their first consultation with an arthroplasty surgeon. Participants completed the questionnaires prior to their appointment and the surgeon detailed each consultation outcome on a standardized form. We constructed our validation model using the ...


Medicaid Crowd-Out Of Other Public Health Spending: Modeling Economic And Health Effects, Glen P. Mays 2015 University of Kentucky

Medicaid Crowd-Out Of Other Public Health Spending: Modeling Economic And Health Effects, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

MOTIVATION: Thirty states are expanding Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) as of 2015, and while federal funds cover most costs for newly eligible recipients, states must share the additional costs of covering previously-eligible state residents who enroll in Medicaid. States, together with their local government counterparts, also provide the vast majority (87%) of public sector funds for public health programs designed to promote health and prevent disease and injury on a population-wide basis. Fiscal constraints and generous federal matching funds create strong budgetary incentives for states to channel their health-related spending to Medicaid rather than to other ...


Airborne Infection In Healthcare Environments: Implications To Hospital Corridor Design, Ehsan Mousavi 2015 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Airborne Infection In Healthcare Environments: Implications To Hospital Corridor Design, Ehsan Mousavi

Construction Systems -- Dissertations & Theses

Several studies have linked nosocomial transmission airborne diseases to airflow in healthcare settings. Quasi-experimental methods are developed to observe the aerodynamic transport behavior of synthetic respiratory particles in corridors of a hospital. Computational models, validated by experimental results, are then developed to explore the spatial relationships of supply-exhaust air ventilation in patient corridors. The aim of this study is to determine optimal HVAC design strategies to contain and remove airborne contaminants in healthcare environments.

In addition to occupant comfort, hospital HVAC systems are designed to provide ventilation and directional airflow to contain, dilute and remove contaminants including airborne disease. Of ...


Cds, Ux, And System Redesign – Promising Techniques And Tools To Bridge The Evidence Gap, Thomas McGinn 2015 Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

Cds, Ux, And System Redesign – Promising Techniques And Tools To Bridge The Evidence Gap, Thomas Mcginn

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: In this special issue of eGEMs, we explore the struggles related to bringing evidence into day-to-day practice, what I define as the “evidence gap.” We are all aware of high quality evidence in the form of guidelines, randomized clinical trials for treatments and diagnostic tests, and clinical prediction rules, which are all readily available online. We also know that electronic health records (EHRs) are now ubiquitous in health care and in most practices across the country. How we marry this high quality evidence and the practice of medicine through effective decision support is a major challenge.

About the Issue ...


King V Burwell: Subsidizing Us Health Insurance For Low- And Middle-Income Individuals, Lawrence O. Gostin, Mary C. DeBartolo, Daniel Hougendobler 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

King V Burwell: Subsidizing Us Health Insurance For Low- And Middle-Income Individuals, Lawrence O. Gostin, Mary C. Debartolo, Daniel Hougendobler

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In King v. Burwell, the U.S. Supreme Court once again saved the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by upholding subsidies (tax credits) offered to low- and middle-income individuals for insurance bought on federal exchanges. A contrary opinion would have put at risk health insurance for 6.4 million Americans and threatened to destabilize insurance markets for millions more.

The ACA is supported by four interlocking reforms, each of which are necessary to realize its promise of expanding health care coverage: (1) guaranteed issue (prohibiting discrimination based on pre-existing conditions), (2) community rating (barring insurers from imposing higher premiums based on ...


Convalescent Serum Therapy As Rapid Advance Treatment For Ebola In West Africa, J Bankole Thompson MD, PhD, Patricia F. Mejabi MSc., Olugbenga O. Mejabi PhD, S Ahmed Tejan-Sie MD 2015 Allegiance Health

Convalescent Serum Therapy As Rapid Advance Treatment For Ebola In West Africa, J Bankole Thompson Md, Phd, Patricia F. Mejabi Msc., Olugbenga O. Mejabi Phd, S Ahmed Tejan-Sie Md

International Journal of African Development

The 2014 public health crisis in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone has brought Ebola Viral Disease (EVD) to everyone’s attention. Discovered in 1976, this deadly disease infrequently struck in remote areas of Africa. This article will critically review the literature and describe the pathobiology, transmission, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of EVDwhich, was predicted by the Centers for Disease Control to potentially infect 1.4 million persons in Liberia and Sierra Leone by January 2015 (“Questions and Answers”, 2014). Thankfully this worst case scenario did not occur and we may be experiencing natural burn out of the ...


Chhs July 2015 E-Newsletter,, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College Of Health and Human Services 2015 College of Health & Human Services, WKU

Chhs July 2015 E-Newsletter,, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Whole Genome Analysis To Examine Recombination Across Diverse Sequence Types Of Staphylococcus Aureus, Elizabeth M. Driebe, Jason W. Sahl, Chandler Roe, Jolene R. Bowers, James M. Schupp, Lance B. Price, +11 additional authors 2015 George Washington University

Using Whole Genome Analysis To Examine Recombination Across Diverse Sequence Types Of Staphylococcus Aureus, Elizabeth M. Driebe, Jason W. Sahl, Chandler Roe, Jolene R. Bowers, James M. Schupp, Lance B. Price, +11 Additional Authors

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Staphylococcus aureus is an important clinical pathogen worldwide and understanding this organism's phylogeny and, in particular, the role of recombination, is important both to understand the overall spread of virulent lineages and to characterize outbreaks. To further elucidate the phylogeny of S. aureus, 35 diverse strains were sequenced using whole genome sequencing. In addition, 29 publicly available whole genome sequences were included to create a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based phylogenetic tree encompassing 11 distinct lineages. All strains of a particular sequence type fell into the same clade with clear groupings of the major clonal complexes of CC8, CC5 ...


Vaginal Douching And Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Phthalates Exposures Among Reproductive-Aged Women: National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2004, Francesca Branch, Tracey J. Woodruff, Susanna D. Mitro, Ami R. Zota 2015 George Washington University

Vaginal Douching And Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Phthalates Exposures Among Reproductive-Aged Women: National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2004, Francesca Branch, Tracey J. Woodruff, Susanna D. Mitro, Ami R. Zota

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Background

Diethyl phthalate (DEP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) are industrial chemicals found in consumer products that may increase risk of adverse health effects. Although use of personal care/beauty products is known to contribute to phthalate exposure, no prior study has examined feminine hygiene products as a potential phthalate source. In this study, we evaluate whether vaginal douching and other feminine hygiene products increase exposure to phthalates among US reproductive-aged women.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional study on 739 women (aged 20–49) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2004 to examine the association between ...


Ambient Air Pollution And Adverse Birth Outcomes: A Natural Experiment Study, Cheng Huang, Catherine Nichols, Yang Liu, Yunping Zhang, Xiaohong Liu, Suhong Gao, Zhiwen Li, Aiguo Ren 2015 George Washington University

Ambient Air Pollution And Adverse Birth Outcomes: A Natural Experiment Study, Cheng Huang, Catherine Nichols, Yang Liu, Yunping Zhang, Xiaohong Liu, Suhong Gao, Zhiwen Li, Aiguo Ren

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Radical regulations to improve air quality, including traffic control, were implemented prior to and during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Consequently, ambient concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) and particular matter 10 micrometers or less (PM 10 ), were reduced in a distinct and short window of time, which presented a natural experiment for testing the relationships between maternal exposure to PM 10 and NO 2 during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes.

Methods

We estimated the effect of PM 10 and NO 2 exposure during each trimester of gestation on the risk of preterm birth among live births and the ...


Optimal Exposure Biomarkers For Nonpersistent Chemicals In Environmental Epidemiology, Antonia M. Calafat, Matthew P. Longnecker, Holger M. Koch, Shanna H. Swan, Russ Hauser, Lynn R. Goldman, +7 additional authors 2015 George Washington University

Optimal Exposure Biomarkers For Nonpersistent Chemicals In Environmental Epidemiology, Antonia M. Calafat, Matthew P. Longnecker, Holger M. Koch, Shanna H. Swan, Russ Hauser, Lynn R. Goldman, +7 Additional Authors

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

We discuss considerations that are essential when evaluating exposure to nonpersistent, semivolatile environmental chemicals such as phthalates and phenols (e.g., bisphenol A). A biomarker should be chosen to best represent usual personal exposures and not recent, adventitious, or extraneous exposures. Biomarkers should be selected to minimize contamination arising from collection, sampling, or analysis procedures. Pharmacokinetics should be considered; for example, nonpersistent, semivolatile chemicals are metabolized quickly, and urine is the compartment with the highest concentrations of metabolites. Because these chemicals are nonpersistent, knowledge of intraindividual reliability over the biologic window of interest is also required. In recent years researchers ...


Children As Partners In Health: A Critical Review Of The Child-To-Child Approach. Pat Pridmore And David Stephens. Review By Terri Combs-Orme, Terri Combs-Orme 2015 University of Tennessee

Children As Partners In Health: A Critical Review Of The Child-To-Child Approach. Pat Pridmore And David Stephens. Review By Terri Combs-Orme, Terri Combs-Orme

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Pat Pridmore and David Stephens, Children as Partners in Health: A Critical Review of the Child-to-Child Approach. New York: Zed Books, 2000. $ 59.95 hardcover, $22.50 papercover.


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