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Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier 2014 Gettysburg College

Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier

Psychology Faculty Publications

Obesity and excess weight are significant societal problems. Mindfulness may encourage healthier weight and eating habits. Across four studies, we found a positive relation between mindfulness and healthier eating. Trait mindfulness was associated with less impulsive eating, reduced calorie consumption, and healthier snack choices. In addition, we found a causal effect of mindfulness on healthier eating. An experimental manipulation of state mindfulness led participants to consume fewer calories in a spontaneous eating task. We also found preliminary evidence that mindfulness affects eating behavior by encouraging attitudinal preferences for healthier foods. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that mindfulness encourages ...


Lifetime Probability Of Developing Diabetes In The United States, Samuel Preston, Ezra Fishman, Andrew Stokes 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Lifetime Probability Of Developing Diabetes In The United States, Samuel Preston, Ezra Fishman, Andrew Stokes

PSC Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


A Rhetorical Analysis Of The Rethinking Aids Website, Jennifer Dettmann 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

A Rhetorical Analysis Of The Rethinking Aids Website, Jennifer Dettmann

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

A group of scientists known as the Group for Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS hypothesis created a web site title, Rethinking AIDS. The group behind the web site argues that AIDS is not a sexually transmitted disease. They even question the existence of the virus entity. My analysis is driven by the critical question: Does the web site construct a reality that affectively alters our perception of HIV-AIDS? In order to answer this question, Goodnight and Poulakos 1981 article, Conspiracy rhetoric: from pragmatism to fantasy to public discourse (Western Journal of Speech), will be utilized.


The National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry: A Sustainable Model For The Information Age?, Richard Dutton 2014 EDM Forum

The National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry: A Sustainable Model For The Information Age?, Richard Dutton

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Anesthesiologists care for patients of all ages, with all conceivable comorbidities, in every kind of healthcare facility. This leads to a significant challenge in collection of data to describe the specialty, and in development of evidence-based performance measures for anesthesiologists. Whereas narrowly defined medical specialties have developed registries based on manual abstraction of clinical data from the medical record (e.g. cardiac surgery), this approach would be prohibitively expensive for anesthesiology, and unlikely to generate statistically useful data when major adverse outcomes occur a handful of times in tens of thousands of cases. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) addressed ...


Origin And Evolution Of European Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Marc Stegger, Thierry Wirth, Paal S. Andersen, Robert L. Skov, Anna De Grassi, Lance B. Price, +23 additional authors 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Origin And Evolution Of European Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Marc Stegger, Thierry Wirth, Paal S. Andersen, Robert L. Skov, Anna De Grassi, Lance B. Price, +23 Additional Authors

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was recognized in Europe and worldwide in the late 1990s. Within a decade, several genetically and geographically distinct CA-MRSA lineages carrying the small SCCmec type IV and V genetic elements and the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) emerged around the world. In Europe, the predominant CA-MRSA strain belongs to clonal complex 80 (CC80) and is resistant to kanamycin/amikacin and fusidic acid. CC80 was first reported in 1993 but was relatively rare until the late 1990s. It has since been identified throughout North Africa, the Middle East, and Europe, with recent sporadic reports in sub-Saharan Africa ...


Physical Activity And Thriving Community: Can Group-Walking Generate Social Capital? A Literature Review, Harold Lee 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Physical Activity And Thriving Community: Can Group-Walking Generate Social Capital? A Literature Review, Harold Lee

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive psychology is an empirical study of the conditions and processes that contribute to the flourishing or optimal functioning of individuals, groups, and society. Positive relationships play a crucial role in well-being, and yet, social capital in the United States has been declining with individuals becoming more isolated. Thus, an innovative positive intervention that promotes stronger social ties between members of society could vastly improve the well-being of individuals as well as the community as a whole. Recently, researchers have reported that oxytocin promotes pro-social interaction, trustworthiness, and empathy. There is also research showing that physical activity increases oxytocin level ...


Editorial Comment: Temporal Trends In Preparedness Capacity, Gulzar H. Shah Dr. 2014 University of Kentucky

Editorial Comment: Temporal Trends In Preparedness Capacity, Gulzar H. Shah Dr.

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In view of the critical role local health departments (LHDs) play among agencies responsible for responding to natural and man-made emergencies, Bevc et al. examined the LHDs’ emergency preparedness and capacity. They compared LHDs in North Carolina with those across the country for preparedness along eight domains. Significant declines in emergency preparedness were noted from 2010 to 2012 for five out of eight domains, raising questions about our national priority concerning this important function of public health agencies. These findings have numerous implications, some of which are covered in this commentary.


Temporal Trends In Local Public Health Preparedness Capacity, Christine A. Bevc, Mary V. Davis, Anna P. Schenck 2014 University of Kentucky

Temporal Trends In Local Public Health Preparedness Capacity, Christine A. Bevc, Mary V. Davis, Anna P. Schenck

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

Local health departments (LHDs) are essential to emergency preparedness and response activities. Since 2005, LHD resources for preparedness, including personnel, are declining in the face of continuing gaps and variation in the performance of preparedness activities. The effect of these funding decreases on LHD preparedness performance is not well understood. This study examines the performance of preparedness capacities among NC LHDs and a matched national comparison group of LHDs over three years. We observe significant decreases in five of eight preparedness domains from three years of survey data collected from 2010 through 2012. Most notably, we observe significant decreases in ...


Developing A Tool To Assess Administrative Evidence-Based Practices In Local Health Departments, Rodrigo S. Reis, Kathleen Duggan, Peg Allen, Katherine A. Stamatakis, Paul C. Erwin, Ross C. Brownson 2014 University of Kentucky

Developing A Tool To Assess Administrative Evidence-Based Practices In Local Health Departments, Rodrigo S. Reis, Kathleen Duggan, Peg Allen, Katherine A. Stamatakis, Paul C. Erwin, Ross C. Brownson

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

There is need for assessing the practices undertaken by local health departments in order to improve the implementation of evidence-based actions. This paper describes the development and testing of a survey instrument for assessing Administrative Evidence-Based Practices (A-EBPs) in Local Health Departments. A-EBPs identified through a review of the literature were used to develop a survey composed of nine sections and tested in a sample of local health department practitioners. The resulting tool showed adequate test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Practitioners and researchers may apply this tool in practice-based and evaluation research.


Measures Of Highly Functioning Health Coalitions: Corollaries For An Effective Public Health System, Priscilla A. Barnes, Paul C. Erwin, Ramal Moonesinghe 2014 University of Kentucky

Measures Of Highly Functioning Health Coalitions: Corollaries For An Effective Public Health System, Priscilla A. Barnes, Paul C. Erwin, Ramal Moonesinghe

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In Tennessee, health coalitions provide guidance in conducting community assessments, health improvement plans and policies and delivering of health and human services, which are considered core functions of public health. In fact, it has been postulated that these coalitions may serve as the organizational embodiment of the local public health system (LPHS). This study identifies functional characteristics of 63 Tennessee County Health Councils (CHCs), advisory councils to local and regional governmental public health agencies on broad issues of health, that contribute to its ability to operate as the primary advising entity of the LPHS. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted on ...


Philadelphia Healthier Generation Summit, Lauren Puzen MSW,MPH 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Philadelphia Healthier Generation Summit, Lauren Puzen Msw,Mph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Patient Engagement: The Missing Measure In The Patient-Centered Medical Home, Manisha Verma MD, MPH 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Patient Engagement: The Missing Measure In The Patient-Centered Medical Home, Manisha Verma Md, Mph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Teaching Us Healthcare Organization And Delivery: Two Models Of Instruction, Juan Leon PhD, Laura T. Pizzi PharmD, MPH, Deon Steele MPH 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Teaching Us Healthcare Organization And Delivery: Two Models Of Instruction, Juan Leon Phd, Laura T. Pizzi Pharmd, Mph, Deon Steele Mph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


The Medical Reserve Corps: Volunteers Making A Difference, Mary Lou Manning PhD, CRNP, CIC, FAAN, Neale Batra BA 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

The Medical Reserve Corps: Volunteers Making A Difference, Mary Lou Manning Phd, Crnp, Cic, Faan, Neale Batra Ba

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


A Health Promotion Perspective On Transitioning Into Retirement, Catherine P. Gelinas 2014 Western University

A Health Promotion Perspective On Transitioning Into Retirement, Catherine P. Gelinas

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The transitional stages towards retirement of those with chronic disorder(s) often present a diversity of additional challenges and people look at the measurement of their anticipated quality of life as a meaningful way of determining this successful adjustment. The overall objective of this research study was to understand transition into retirement considering the impact of comorbidity and associated socio-demographic factors have on the (physical and mental) health status. Quantitative data analysis of people (aged 50-65) with chronic upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders was used to inform health impacts in the group transitioning towards retirement; or who have selected or required ...


Research Translation: Informing Evidence-Based Policies, Anna G. Hoover 2014 University of Kentucky

Research Translation: Informing Evidence-Based Policies, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

This presentation describes the need for evidence-based policy, outlines strategies for researchers and communities to inform various policy stages, and provides a case study example of research generated specifically to inform policy implementation.


Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, JoAnn E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Joann E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez

UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased risk of stroke and death. Obesity is an independent risk factor for AF, but modifiers of this risk are not well known. We studied the roles of obesity, physical activity, and their interaction in conferring risk of incident AF.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study was a prospective observational study of 93 676 postmenopausal women followed for an average of 11.5 years. Incident AF was identified using WHI-ascertained hospitalization records and diagnostic codes from Medicare claims. A multivariate Cox ...


Sexual Education And Attitudes Toward Masturbation, Jannine Ray, Shelby Afflerbach 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Sexual Education And Attitudes Toward Masturbation, Jannine Ray, Shelby Afflerbach

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The long-standing social stigma surrounding masturbation has led to its prohibition from being included in public school curriculum as a healthy sexual practice. Furthermore, not only is masturbation a healthy sexual practice for the individual, research has demonstrated masturbation to be helpful in treating sexual dysfunctions for couples. Therefore, if the topic of masturbation is included in comprehensive sexual education as a healthy sexual practice, it may promote sexual health among individuals both intra- and interpersonally. The present study recruited from a convenient sample from a medium sized state university in the upper Midwest. Participants completed two surveys, administered through ...


Mental Health Awareness Building Via Android Application, James Faraday, Joshua Martin 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Mental Health Awareness Building Via Android Application, James Faraday, Joshua Martin

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The goal of this project was to create a tool that provides students at Minnesota State University, Mankato with mental health information through a freely available smartphone application (App). Our approach used a software engineering design process that focused on who our customers are, what resources are available, and how we can best connect the two to improve student lives. We identified the stakeholders involved and worked with campus mental health professionals to help shape our App. While there is a broad range of mental health topics, we have focused on materials related to depression. The first process of the ...


Herd Immunity And The Necessity Of Vaccinations: Modeling The Effects Of Mmr Vaccinations, Caitlyn Cardetti, Katie Groskreutz, Melissa Zins 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Herd Immunity And The Necessity Of Vaccinations: Modeling The Effects Of Mmr Vaccinations, Caitlyn Cardetti, Katie Groskreutz, Melissa Zins

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The MMR vaccination is a two dose vaccine given to children between the ages of 12 – 15 months and the second dose between the ages of 4 – 6 years to prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. The objective was to mathematically model the effects of the MMR vaccinations in a hypothetical school through multiple compartment and spatial models. These models were based on each disease individually with their respective vaccine effectiveness and disease infection rates. These models demonstrated the limits of herd immunity. Herd immunity occurs when a high enough percentage of the population is immune or vaccinated to prevent the ...


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