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Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Scholars in development communication have called for a more participatory approach in development programs. However, the traditional, generally top-down approach associated with the modernization paradigm still dominates in practice [1]. The mere existence of participatory models has not been enough to move the participatory approach to prominence. Sparks has noticed the discrepancy between theory and practice observing that although the dominant paradigm has been disparaged and the participatory paradigm praised since the 1970s, researchers have been slow to adopt participatory methods [1]. This discrepancy may be because in practice, participation is difficult to manipulate, control, analyze and evaluate. We argue ...


Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy 2015 University of New England

Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy

Immigrant and Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga and Zumba

Research poster stemming from CEIPE mini-grant funded student project Immigrant And Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga And Zumba. Students from multiple health professions collaborated to provide Yoga and Zumba classes at the Riverton Community Center. The project aimed to increase the participants’ ability to utilize stress reducing activities through a blend of student created heath education materials and yoga and zumba classes for refugee women and children.


The Relationships Among Perceived Stress, Birth Satisfaction, And Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy In Early Postpartum Women, Katherine Hinic 2015 Seton Hall University

The Relationships Among Perceived Stress, Birth Satisfaction, And Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy In Early Postpartum Women, Katherine Hinic

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This descriptive correlational study examined the relationships among perceived stress, birth satisfaction, and breastfeeding self-efficacy in women in the early postpartum period. The study, guided by self-efficacy and stress and coping theories, aimed to identify factors related to breastfeeding self-efficacy, an important psychological variable in sustained breastfeeding. The sample (N =107) was comprised of primarily well-educated, higher income, non-Hispanic White (69.8%) women recruited from a single New Jersey hospital in the first four days postpartum. The sample was comprised of nearly equal numbers of primiparous and multiparous women, all of whom expressed an intention to breastfeed, with an overall ...


Advanced Practice Nurses Knowledge And Use Of Fall Prevention Guidelines, Katherine Hays 2015 Otterbein University

Advanced Practice Nurses Knowledge And Use Of Fall Prevention Guidelines, Katherine Hays

Doctoral Theses

Falls are a significant public health issue resulting in a significant economic and social burden on society. Specific strategies are available that can reduce the risk of falling for older adults age 65 and older; however, providers have failed to integrate these guidelines into clinical practice (Rubenstein, Solomon & Roth, 2004; Chou, Tinetti, King, Irwin, & Fortinsky, 2006; Jones, Ghosh, Horn, Smith, & Vogt, 2011). The CDC has published the STEADI toolkit, a healthcare resource for integrating fall prevention guidelines into clinical practice; but little information is available on the knowledge and use of the STEADI toolkit by Advance Practice Nurses (APNs) or other providers.

The purpose of this quasi=experimental study was to examine APNs knowledge and use of fall prevention guidelines. A total of 28 ...


Teen Perceptions Of Sexual Health Education In Marin County, Chaunte L. McMichael Ms. 2015 Dominican University of California

Teen Perceptions Of Sexual Health Education In Marin County, Chaunte L. Mcmichael Ms.

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

Sexual health education in the United States has generally been taught utilizing two approaches, Abstinence-only or Comprehensive sex education. Abstinence- only until marriage programs teach abstinence as the preferred option in expressing sexuality and reducing risk of negative outcomes. This type of education usually censors out information regarding contraception and other barriers for protecting against sexually transmitted diseases (advocatesforyouth.org). Comprehensive-sex education also teaches that abstinence is the best method in preventing unintended pregnancies but it additionally explores preventative methods for people who choose to engage in sexual behavior. Although larger studies have been conducted in comprehensive or abstinence education ...


Childhood Obesity, Jennifer E. Mac-Romero 2015 Dominican University of California

Childhood Obesity, Jennifer E. Mac-Romero

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

Childhood obesity is an epidemic in the United States. In 2012, more than one-third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Studies have suggested that obesity is greater in the low-income population than in higher income individuals (Wang, 2006). The literature review has provided evidence that suggest, Hispanic mothers contribute to the rising rates of childhood obesity due to parenting and Hispanic traditions. Although there are interventions created and being created to reduce the high rates of childhood obesity, there are still gaps in interventions that are culturally tailored for Hispanic mothers ...


Model Of Cost-Effectiveness Of Mri For Women Of Average Lifetime Risk Of Breast Cancer, Mckenna L. Kimball 2015 Dominican University of California

Model Of Cost-Effectiveness Of Mri For Women Of Average Lifetime Risk Of Breast Cancer, Mckenna L. Kimball

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference

Background: Mammography is the current standard for breast cancer detection however magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a more sensitive method of breast imaging. Despite MRI’s increased sensitivity, MRI has more false positives and higher costs. The purpose of this study was to determine if MRI or MRI in conjunction with mammography was a cost-effective solution for breast cancer detection in women with average lifetime risk of breast cancer.

Methods: A mathematical model was used to compare annual mammography, annual MRI, and mammography and MRI on alternate years. The model included the natural history of breast cancer, screening by mammography ...


Development And Applications Of An Outcomes Assessment Framework For Care Management Programs In Learning Health Systems, Lin Wang, Kara Kuntz-Melcavage, Christopher Forrest, Yanyan Lu, Leslie Piet, Kathy Evans, Maria Uriyo Uriyo, Melissa Sherry, Regina Richardson, Michelle Hawkins, Donna Neale 2015 U.S. Census Bureau

Development And Applications Of An Outcomes Assessment Framework For Care Management Programs In Learning Health Systems, Lin Wang, Kara Kuntz-Melcavage, Christopher Forrest, Yanyan Lu, Leslie Piet, Kathy Evans, Maria Uriyo Uriyo, Melissa Sherry, Regina Richardson, Michelle Hawkins, Donna Neale

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Purpose: To develop and apply an outcomes assessment framework (OAF) for care management programs in health care delivery settings.

Background: Care management (CM) refers to a regimen of organized activities that are designed to promote health in a population with particular chronic conditions or risk profiles, with focus on the triple aim for populations: improving the quality of care, advancing health outcomes, and lowering health care costs. CM has become an integral part of a care continuum for population-based health care management. To sustain a CM program, it is essential to assure and improve CM effectiveness through rigorous outcomes assessment ...


Nested Partially-Latent Class Models For Dependent Binary Data; Estimating Disease Etiology, Zhenke Wu, Maria Deloria-Knoll, Scott L. Zeger 2015 Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Nested Partially-Latent Class Models For Dependent Binary Data; Estimating Disease Etiology, Zhenke Wu, Maria Deloria-Knoll, Scott L. Zeger

Johns Hopkins University, Dept. of Biostatistics Working Papers

The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) study seeks to use modern measurement technology to infer the causes of pneumonia. The paper describes a latent variable model designed to infer from case-control data the etiology distribution for the population of cases and for an individual case given his or her measurements taking account of dependence among pathogen measurements due to sources other than class membership. We assume each observation is drawn from a mixture model for which each component represents one pathogen. Conditional dependence among multivariate binary measurements on a single subject is induced by nesting latent subclasses within ...


The Demography Of Mental Health Among Mature Adults In A Low-Income High Hiv-Prevalence Context, Iliana V. Kohler, Collin F. Payne, Chiwoza Bandawe, HANS-PETER KOHLER 2015 University of Pennsylvania

The Demography Of Mental Health Among Mature Adults In A Low-Income High Hiv-Prevalence Context, Iliana V. Kohler, Collin F. Payne, Chiwoza Bandawe, Hans-Peter Kohler

PSC Working Paper Series

While a nascent body of research investigates the shift in sub-Saharan Africa's (SSA's) disease burden towards non-communicable diseases (NCDs), very few studies have investigated mental health, specifically depression and anxiety (DA), in SSA. Using the 2012--13 Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH), this paper provides a first picture of the demography of DA among mature adults (= persons aged 45+) in a low-income high HIV-prevalence context. DA are more frequent among women than men, and individuals are often affected by both. DA are associated with adverse outcomes, such as less nutrition intake and reduced work efforts. DA ...


Decolonizing The Diet: Synthesizing Native-American History, Immunology, And Nutritional Science., Gideon Mailer, Nicola Hale 2015 University of Minnesota - Duluth

Decolonizing The Diet: Synthesizing Native-American History, Immunology, And Nutritional Science., Gideon Mailer, Nicola Hale

Journal of Evolution and Health

This article examines historical evidence that correlates a decline in Native American health and fertility with ruptures to indigenous food systems following European colonization. It suggests new interdisciplinary ways to study the association between breached indigenous nutritional practices and a decline in Native American health. These objectives bring together students of history and natural science and entail new ways of synthesizing hitherto separate scholarly enterprises in the classroom. In light of the most cutting-edge scientific literature on nutrition, metabolic syndrome, and immunology, they require a new consideration of the historical association between Native American health and indigenous food systems.


A Brief Visit To Chiang Mai: Oral Public Health In Action In Northern Thailand, Arthur Cooper 2015 Boise State University

A Brief Visit To Chiang Mai: Oral Public Health In Action In Northern Thailand, Arthur Cooper

College of Health Sciences Presentations

Thailand has become well-known in Asia for its innovative public health programs and has also made significant strides towards improving oral health. The Thai approach to providing accessible healthcare for all its citizens could serve as a potential model for other countries throughout Southeast Asia. Based on a 3 week visit to shadow a practicing public health dentist, I was able to gain an insight into how their universal healthcare system functions – both its successes and challenges. Brief interactions with 20 patients who were receiving oral care helped put a face to the system and provided an additional perspective on ...


Experiential Global Health Education For The Health Professions: Lessons Learned From Experience-Based Learning For Students And Healthcare And Population Health Professionals, Rob Simmons, DrPH, MPH, MCHES, CPH, James Plumb, MD, MPH, Lucille Pilling, EdD, MPH, RN, Ellen Plumb, MD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University, School of Population Health

Experiential Global Health Education For The Health Professions: Lessons Learned From Experience-Based Learning For Students And Healthcare And Population Health Professionals, Rob Simmons, Drph, Mph, Mches, Cph, James Plumb, Md, Mph, Lucille Pilling, Edd, Mph, Rn, Ellen Plumb, Md

School of Population Health Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Purpose:

  • Describe key components of developing and sustaining a global health experiential learning experience
  • Global Health Education for the Health Professions
  • An area for multi-disciplinary study, research, and practice that places priority on achieving equity in health for all people worldwide
  • Emphasizes transnational health issues, determinants, and solutions that promote interdisciplinary collaboration providing a synthesis of population based prevention, often including individual-level education and healthcare


Development Of A Master Of Science In Population Health Curriculum, Katherine Puskarz, MPH, Drew Harris, DPM, MPH, Caroline Golab, PhD 2015 Jefferson School of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Development Of A Master Of Science In Population Health Curriculum, Katherine Puskarz, Mph, Drew Harris, Dpm, Mph, Caroline Golab, Phd

School of Population Health Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Background

Health system leaders must be prepared to meet the challenges of rising healthcare costs, troubling concerns about healthcare quality, and a growing awareness of the role social, environmental and community factors play in determining individual health outcomes. Population Health has emerged as a new discipline encompassing activities and interventions designed to address these issues at both the clinical and community levels.

Population Health Defined

There is no standard definition of population health and therefore no accepted set of learning objectives and competencies for a comprehensive population health curriculum exists. Population health has been described broadly as “the health outcomes ...


Occupational Health Risk Factors For Schistosomiasis: Systematic Review And Analysis, Sarah Grace Sawyer, Amira Roess, Gisela Butera 2015 George Washington University

Occupational Health Risk Factors For Schistosomiasis: Systematic Review And Analysis, Sarah Grace Sawyer, Amira Roess, Gisela Butera

GW Research Days 2015

Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by a parasitic flatworm which afflicts over 200 million people in the poorest regions of Africa. Carried by snails living in fresh, stagnant water, the parasite penetrates human skin upon contact, causing the victim to suffer a range of symptoms including diarrhea, blood in the urine, and eventual death. Despite its prevalence, schistosomiasis is preventable, treatable, and curable once a control program is implemented. Substantial reduction of schistosomiasis would relieve suffering and produce many socio-economic benefits, including higher productivity and higher school attendance rates. Disease transmission is directly tied to the environment, and ...


Understanding Malagasy Women's Preferences For Reproductive Health Care, Mackenzie Findlay 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Understanding Malagasy Women's Preferences For Reproductive Health Care, Mackenzie Findlay

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

In rural Madagascar, women seeking reproductive health care may have the option of consulting their traditional birth attendant, local midwife or biomedical physician. In those cases in which a woman does have a choice, our understandings of how she makes that decision is limited. In my research, I investigate women’s perspectives on the health care options available to them and seek to understand the factors that influence their decision to choose a particular type of care. I seek not to validate biomedical care and critique traditional practices; rather, I seek to understand the interplay between cultural traditions and the ...


Anthropology Of The First Puff: An Inquiry Into The Beginnings, Cultures, And Contexts Of Tobacco Use In Students At Washington University In St. Louis, Kristoffer Thomas Sladky 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Anthropology Of The First Puff: An Inquiry Into The Beginnings, Cultures, And Contexts Of Tobacco Use In Students At Washington University In St. Louis, Kristoffer Thomas Sladky

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

Cigarette smoking is widely recognized as the leading cause of preventable mortality in the United States, accounting for more than 480,000 deaths per year. Although smoking rates in adults have steadily declined over the past twenty years, smoking among college students has risen sharply. The objectives of this study were to: 1) explore the contexts within which individuals in a particular population smoke a cigarette for the first time; 2) examine how these contexts and perceptions of smoking contribute to the smoker’s future habits, and 3) determine whether any novel circumstantial factors exist that increase one’s risk ...


Heightened Levels Of Stress And Contributing Factors In Caregivers Of Special Needs Children, Heather Velon 2015 Georgia State University

Heightened Levels Of Stress And Contributing Factors In Caregivers Of Special Needs Children, Heather Velon

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Improving Active Transportation Data In Hias With Automated Counters: Lessons From Ca, William W. Riggs 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Improving Active Transportation Data In Hias With Automated Counters: Lessons From Ca, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Quantifying the active transportation by biking and walking through counts is an important part of developing policy and intervention to mitigate risk and encourage active lifestyles. Numerous studies have evaluated the different methods of counting bicycles and pedestrians, but very little work has evaluated actual cases of how they fit into active transportation programs and health impact assessments (HIAs).

The purpose of this study was to study validates the results of those studies looking at the reliability of results gathered as a part of two California projects and how they fit into existing planning and health assessment programs. Automated counters ...


The Road To A Happier Health Care System: Lessons From Denmark, Deanna Karam 2015 Providence College

The Road To A Happier Health Care System: Lessons From Denmark, Deanna Karam

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

The lack of an organized primary care system in the United States not only contributes to high health care costs, but also to decreased access to care, increased fragmentation, and poor health outcomes. The Scandinavian country of Denmark, with its universal health care system and “cozy and snug” lifestyle offers a model for reforming the US health care system. In Denmark, primary care is organized around a gatekeeping system, in which General Practitioners serve as gatekeepers to other medical services, including hospitals and specialists. This system is responsible for Denmark’s well-organized and coordinated primary care system, which largely contributes ...


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