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Bhatti Rad Abstract.Pdf, Megan Bhatti 2018 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Bhatti Rad Abstract.Pdf, Megan Bhatti

Megan Bhatti

No abstract provided.


Project Renew Worcester, Danni Yue, Amy Zhang, Jing Han, Omid Ashrafi, Yiming Xu 2018 Clark University

Project Renew Worcester, Danni Yue, Amy Zhang, Jing Han, Omid Ashrafi, Yiming Xu

School of Professional Studies

n The client for this capstone project is RENEW Worcester which is a fledgling solar power project whose main goals are to bring renewable energy in the form of solar power into local, primarily low-income communities and are committed to the mission of making the transition off of fossil fuels to clean, renewable power. Based in Worcester, Massachusetts, they are a local chapter of Co-op Power which is a consumer-owned sustainable energy cooperative (co-op) made up of numerous different local chapters all over the New England area as well as the state of New York. The problem that we will ...


Agenda: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Agenda: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Agenda for the 7th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 9, 2018 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Speaker Biographies: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Speaker Biographies: 2018 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Biographies of all the speakers at the 7th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 9, 2018 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle McIntyre-Brewer 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle Mcintyre-Brewer

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Families affected by hydrocephalus in Viet Nam have few options for sustainable treatment for a myriad of reasons, primarily centering on barriers to care prevalent to minority, underserved, and economically disadvantaged populations. High morbidity and abandonment rates often result from these circumstances. An interdisciplinary examination of the factors contributing to causal concerns reveals unique cultural considerations, language and literacy barriers, ethnic and geographic differences, as well as economic and governmental issues greatly impacting patient outcome for this condition. The author contends that a program that addresses sociological concerns, along with the medical treatment of the patient, proffers the opportunity for ...


Can The Scale-Free Networks, Improve The Prediction Of Pertussis Infection Rates?, Kimia Ameri 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Can The Scale-Free Networks, Improve The Prediction Of Pertussis Infection Rates?, Kimia Ameri

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Whooping cough is a highly contagious disease with randomness pattern of infection. Outbreaks of whooping cough have increased over the past few years and has drawn the attention of health care providers. Understanding the spread mechanisms of contagious disease is very important and timely. Extension of contagious disease depends on many complicated factors including pathogen and host environment, exposed population and their activities. In this work, we try to find best prediction for the exposed population. A new SEIR model based on network (NB-SEIR) proposed to improve the accuracy of prediction for number of infected individuals. For this purpose, the ...


Inequalities In The Use Of Secondary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease By Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Pure Observational Study., Adrianna Murphy, Benjamin Palafox, Owen O'Donnell, David Stuckler, Pablo Perel, Khalid F. AlHabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiulin Bai, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal 2018 London School of Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Inequalities In The Use Of Secondary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease By Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Pure Observational Study., Adrianna Murphy, Benjamin Palafox, Owen O'Donnell, David Stuckler, Pablo Perel, Khalid F. Alhabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiulin Bai, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal

Community Health Sciences

BACKGROUND:

There is little evidence on the use of secondary prevention medicines for cardiovascular disease by socioeconomic groups in countries at different levels of economic development.

METHODS:

We assessed use of antiplatelet, cholesterol, and blood-pressure-lowering drugs in 8492 individuals with self-reported cardiovascular disease from 21 countries enrolled in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Defining one or more drugs as a minimal level of secondary prevention, wealth-related inequality was measured using the Wagstaff concentration index, scaled from -1 (pro-poor) to 1 (pro-rich), standardised by age and sex. Correlations between inequalities and national health-related indicators were estimated.

FINDINGS:

The proportion ...


Tobacco Dependence Treatment In The Emergency Department: A Randomized Trial Using The Multiphase Optimization Strategy., Steven L Bernstein, James Dziura, June Weiss, Ted Miller, Katrina A Vickerman, Lauretta E Grau, Michael V Pantalon, Lorien Abroms, Linda M Collins, Benjamin Toll 2018 George Washington University

Tobacco Dependence Treatment In The Emergency Department: A Randomized Trial Using The Multiphase Optimization Strategy., Steven L Bernstein, James Dziura, June Weiss, Ted Miller, Katrina A Vickerman, Lauretta E Grau, Michael V Pantalon, Lorien Abroms, Linda M Collins, Benjamin Toll

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

Background

Tobacco dependence remains the leading preventable cause of death in the developed world. Smokers are disproportionately from lower socioeconomic groups, and may use the hospital emergency department (ED) as an important source of care. A recent clinical trial demonstrated the efficacy of a multicomponent intervention to help smokers quit, but the independent contributions of those components is unknown.

Methods

This is a full-factorial (16-arm) randomized trial in a busy hospital ED of 4 tobacco dependence interventions: brief motivational interviewing, nicotine replacement therapy, referral to a telephone quitline, and a texting program. The trial utilizes the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST ...


The Effects Of Childhood Social Support And Family Resiliency On Mental Health In Adulthood, Korede K. Adegoke, Chukwudi Ufondu, Dania Al Agili, Estrellita L Berry L. Berry, Hamisu M. Salihu 2018 Adelphi University, Garden City, New York

The Effects Of Childhood Social Support And Family Resiliency On Mental Health In Adulthood, Korede K. Adegoke, Chukwudi Ufondu, Dania Al Agili, Estrellita L Berry L. Berry, Hamisu M. Salihu

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

The effect of social support on the overall health and quality of life in adulthood has been well documented particularly in chronic disease populations. Very few studies examined the relationships between childhood social support, family resiliency and mental health in adulthood in the community and among disadvantaged minority populations. We examined the role of social support and family resilience during childhood on subsequent mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adulthood among racial/ethnic minorities.

A needs assessment survey which was designed to explore health determinants and quality of life indicators using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach in a ...


American Indian Youth: A Residential Camp Program For Wellness, Francine C. Gachupin, Jennie R. Joe 2018 University of Arizona

American Indian Youth: A Residential Camp Program For Wellness, Francine C. Gachupin, Jennie R. Joe

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

The American Indian Youth Summer Wellness Camp strives to increase physical activity and healthful eating among at-risk southwest American Indian youth. The Wellness Camp is one week in duration and involves youth, aged 10-15 years. Youth who attend camp are self-selected or referred by local tribal health programs. In any given summer, 35-60 youth attend camp. Approximately 20%-33% of youth return from one year to the next. We describe our program to increase healthy lifestyles among American Indian youth at risk for overweight, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The Wellness Camp Program includes five primary components: (1) cultural capital ...


Health Insurance Enrollment Of Children And Young Adults In Wayne County, Michigan: A Qualitative Evaluation, Kristin Kan, Richard Lichtenstein, Michelle Famulare, Alison Jensen, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Minal Patel 2018 University of Michigan

Health Insurance Enrollment Of Children And Young Adults In Wayne County, Michigan: A Qualitative Evaluation, Kristin Kan, Richard Lichtenstein, Michelle Famulare, Alison Jensen, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Minal Patel

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Since the Affordable Care Act went into effect, community outreach to increase health insurance enrollment of young adults and children in low-income families of color has been a priority in Wayne County, Michigan. Our objective was to inform community efforts for improved outreach, we explored perceptions around the importance of health insurance and barriers to enrollment for children and young adults through a qualitative research study. We conducted a focus group with enrollment assisters and nine focus groups with Arab American, Latino/Hispanic, and African American community members. Several themes emerged about community members’ perceptions and experiences: they believe that ...


Disparities In Healthcare Coverage And Utilization After Expanded Dependent Coverage, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Doug E. Morrison, Lu Tian, Sanjay Basu 2018 Stanford University

Disparities In Healthcare Coverage And Utilization After Expanded Dependent Coverage, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Doug E. Morrison, Lu Tian, Sanjay Basu

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background. A goal of expanding insurance coverage is reducing racial disparities in healthcare utilization, however the effects of such expansions under the affordable care act (ACA) on disparities remain unclear. The 2010 dependent coverage expansion provided an opportunity to evaluate disparities following a major coverage expansion.

Objectives. We sought to understand changes in emergency department (ED)utilization following a major insurance expansion, the 2010 dependent coverage expansion.

Research Design. We present changes in coverage and utilization among young adults (19-25 years old) before and after the dependent coverage expansion, compared to a control group (26-31 years old) unaffected by the ...


Situating Food Insecurity In A Historic Albuquerque Community: The Whorled Relationship Between Food Insecurity And Place, Janet Page-Reeves, Maurice Moffett, Molly Bleecker, Katharine Linder, Jeannie Romero, Carol Krause 2018 University of New Mexico

Situating Food Insecurity In A Historic Albuquerque Community: The Whorled Relationship Between Food Insecurity And Place, Janet Page-Reeves, Maurice Moffett, Molly Bleecker, Katharine Linder, Jeannie Romero, Carol Krause

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This article examines conceptualizations of the relationship between food insecurity and place. We use an ethnographically inspired and community-engaged approach to situate our analysis of fluid dynamics at work in a community with high levels of food insecurity. We propose that the relationship between place and people’s experience of food insecurity is recursive, dialectical, and “whorled.” This relationship reflects complex, interconnected, and multidimensional processes with consequences for the health of residents. Our research demonstrates the key nature of the health-place nexus by exploring how food insecurity articulates with place in unexpected ways that go beyond discussions of food, food ...


Patient-Provider Race And Sex Concordance: New Insights Into Antibiotic Prescribing For Acute Bronchitis, Jake R. Morgan, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Cindy Christiansen, Tamar F. Barlam 2018 Boston University

Patient-Provider Race And Sex Concordance: New Insights Into Antibiotic Prescribing For Acute Bronchitis, Jake R. Morgan, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Cindy Christiansen, Tamar F. Barlam

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Objective: To examine whether patient and provider concordance by sex or race predicts antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis.

Study setting: General Internal Medicine and Family Medicine adult clinics at a large safety-net hospital.

Study design: We used a logistic model of prescribing as a function of race and sex concordance.

Data extraction: Data were extracted from de-identified patient records for those with an acute bronchitis visit between 2008 and 2010.

Principal findings: 71% (95% CI 68%-73%) of visits resulted in an antibiotic prescription. Patients in race-concordant visits were 17% (95% CI 8%-25%) less likely to receive a prescription ...


Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode 2018 University of North Carolina in Greensboro

Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Diabetes is a national public health problem. Low socioeconomic status influence access to quality care for African Americans with Diabetes who must rely on government assisted insurance or are uninsured. Inadequate access and poor quality care for African Americans contributes to increased morbidity and negative health outcomes. This manuscript will examine the existence of diabetes disparities in African Americans pertaining to the role of low socioeconomic status, access, and poor quality care, and suggest some practical strategies for reducing diabetes disparities in this population.


Perceptions Of Chronic Disease Among Older African Americans: A Qualitative Analysis, Karon Phillips, Charles Rogers, Adrienne Morgan 2018 University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Perceptions Of Chronic Disease Among Older African Americans: A Qualitative Analysis, Karon Phillips, Charles Rogers, Adrienne Morgan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Research has documented that African Americans suffer disproportionately from chronic diseases when compared to the general population. Yet, limited research examines older African Americans’ perceptions about having chronic diseases. Accordingly, the first aim of the study provided insight into this disparity with the intent of revealing how older African Americans feel about their overall health, and how much they understand about their individual chronic disease(s). The second aim was to gather information about strategies and coping mechanisms older African Americans use to manage their chronic diseases. The purpose of this aim was to determine if any of the strategies ...


Type Of Multimorbidity And Propensity To Seek Care Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries, Rahul Garg, Chan Shen, Nethra Sambamoorthi, Usha Sambamoorthi 2018 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Type Of Multimorbidity And Propensity To Seek Care Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries, Rahul Garg, Chan Shen, Nethra Sambamoorthi, Usha Sambamoorthi

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Greater propensity to seek care is critical for improving health of elderly individuals with multimorbidity. We used the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (2012) to assess propensity to seek care among community-dwelling elderly Medicare beneficiaries (> 65 yrs.; N=11,270) having (1) no physical or mental illness; (2) single physical or mental condition; (3) multimorbidity with physical conditions only; and (4) multimorbidity with both physical and mental conditions. As compared to multimorbidity with physical conditions, elderly with no multimorbidity were less likely (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 0.50 [0.36, 0.68]) and elderly with both physical and mental conditions ...


Examining The Impact Of Food Environment Changes On County-Level Obesity Prevalence In The Appalachian Region, Jaime Booth, kai wei, Allison Little 2018 University of Pittsburgh

Examining The Impact Of Food Environment Changes On County-Level Obesity Prevalence In The Appalachian Region, Jaime Booth, Kai Wei, Allison Little

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

The aim of the present study was to understand the impact of changes in the food environment on county-level obesity prevalence in the Appalachian Region. We examined the food environment in 412 counties across the Appalachian Region using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the American Community Survey, and the Food Environment Atlas. We found there was an overall decrease of per capita food stores from 2007 to 2011 in this region. There was also a significant relationship between the decrease of grocery stores per capita from 2007 to 2011 and the increase of county-level obesity in 2012 ...


Calidad De Vida: An Exploratory Investigation Of Latino Breast Cancer Survivors And Intimate Partners, Sejal Barden, Daniel Gutierrez, Jessica Gonzalez, Shainna Ali 2018 University of Central Florida

Calidad De Vida: An Exploratory Investigation Of Latino Breast Cancer Survivors And Intimate Partners, Sejal Barden, Daniel Gutierrez, Jessica Gonzalez, Shainna Ali

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Advances in addressing psychosocial issues related to cancer treatment and prevention are not reaching all survivors equally. Latina breast cancer survivors and intimate partners are underrepresented in psychosocial interventions, and there is a scarcity of research on the influence of cancer on Latino couples’ quality of life. The purpose of this manuscript is to present findings from a trans-linguistic, dyadic qualitative research study aimed at exploring the influence of cancer on quality of life for Latina breast cancer survivors and their intimate partners. Results highlight several areas that are helpful and hindering to supporting survivorship.


Rural Family Physicians Have A Broader Scope Of Practice Than Urban Family Physicians, Lars E. Peterson, Bo Fang 2018 University of Kentucky

Rural Family Physicians Have A Broader Scope Of Practice Than Urban Family Physicians, Lars E. Peterson, Bo Fang

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

  • Little is known about whether rural family physicians provide a broader scope of practice, defined as the range of clinical and procedural services that they provide, than metropolitan family physicians.
  • Using data from 18,846 family physicians, we examined variations in the provision of 21 clinical services (e.g., inpatient care, home visits, and obstetrics) and 18 procedural services (e.g., prenatal ultrasound, endoscopy, and office skin procedures) across metropolitan, large rural, small rural, and frontier areas.
  • We found that the percentage of family physicians providing each type of clinical and procedural service rises with increasing ...


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