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The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley 2014 Seton Hall University

The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Of the men who return home from prison, nearly 7 out of 10 will be re-arrested and sent back within 3 years of their release (Travis, Solomon, & Waul, 2001). This trend has large- scale implications, not just for individuals, but for their families and communities as well. Clearly, understanding the factors that contribute to a man’s success or failure in staying out of prison is extremely important in constructing policy and programs to assist these at-risk individuals and communities. Of the few studies that have explored the lives of previously incarcerated men, some have found fatherhood to be a salient factor (Arditti, Smock, & Parkman, 2005). The current study investigated this particular relationship by looking at the father’s perceived quality of the father-child bond, and how that relationship is related to the fathers’ risk for re-offending. The study also investigated the contribution that social and individual factors play in facilitating the father-child bond, as well as the contribution that those factors may make in predicting recidivism risk; specifically, the father’s own experience of being parented, the quality of communication they have with their child’s mother, their perception of social support, and individual factors associated with motivation to change. The study found empirical evidence to suggest that a positive father-child bond may reduce recidivism risk for previously incarcerated men. In addition, the study found that the father-child relationship may be a more significant predictor of recidivism risk than individual ...


Physical Activity In Individuals With Down Syndrome, Chelsea B. Spurgeon 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Physical Activity In Individuals With Down Syndrome, Chelsea B. Spurgeon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Achieving And Sustaining Automated Health Data Linkages For Learning Systems: Barriers And Solutions, Erik G. Van Eaton, Allison B. Devlin, Emily Beth Devine, David R. Flum, Peter Tarczy-Hornoch 2014 EDM Forum

Achieving And Sustaining Automated Health Data Linkages For Learning Systems: Barriers And Solutions, Erik G. Van Eaton, Allison B. Devlin, Emily Beth Devine, David R. Flum, Peter Tarczy-Hornoch

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Delivering more appropriate, safer, and highly effective health care is the goal of a learning health care system. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) funded enhanced registry projects: (1) to create and analyze valid data for comparative effectiveness research (CER); and (2) to enhance the ability to monitor and advance clinical quality improvement (QI). This case report describes barriers and solutions from one state-wide enhanced registry project.

Methods: The Comparative Effectiveness Research and Translation Network (CERTAIN) deployed the commercially available Amalga Unified Intelligence System™ (Amalga) as a central data repository to enhance an existing QI registry (the ...


Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen

Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

This paper estimates a height production function using data from a randomized nutrition intervention conducted in rural Guatemala from 1969 - 1977. Using the experimental intervention as an instrument, the IV estimates of the effect of calories on height are an order of magnitude larger than the OLS estimates. Information from a unique measurement error process in the calorie data, counterfactuals results from the estimated model and external evidence from migration studies suggest that the divergence between the OLS and IV estimates is driven by the LATE interpretation of IV. Attenuation bias corrected OLS estimates of the height production function imply ...


The Keys To Governance And Stakeholder Engagement: The Southeast Michigan Beacon Community Case Study, Terrisca R. Des Jardins 2014 EDM Forum

The Keys To Governance And Stakeholder Engagement: The Southeast Michigan Beacon Community Case Study, Terrisca R. Des Jardins

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Community-based health information exchanges (HIEs) and efforts to consolidate and house data are growing, given the advent of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) under the Affordable Care Act and other similar population health focused initiatives. The Southeast Michigan Beacon Community (SEMBC) can be looked to as one case study that offers lessons learned, insights on challenges faced and accompanying workarounds related to governance and stakeholder engagement. The SEMBC case study employs an established Data Warehouse Governance Framework to identify and explain the necessary governance and stakeholder engagement components, particularly as they relate to community-wide data sharing and data warehouses or repositories ...


Sustainability Through Technology Licensing And Commercialization: Lessons Learned From The Triad Project, Philip R.O. Payne 2014 EDM Forum

Sustainability Through Technology Licensing And Commercialization: Lessons Learned From The Triad Project, Philip R.O. Payne

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Ongoing transformation relative to the funding climate for healthcare research programs housed in academic and non-profit research organizations has led to a new (or renewed) emphasis on the pursuit of non-traditional sustainability models. This need is often particularly acute in the context of data management and sharing infrastructure that is developed under the auspices of such research initiatives. One option for achieving sustainability of such data management and sharing infrastructure is the pursuit of technology licensing and commercialization, in an effort to establish public-private or equivalent partnerships that sustain and even expand upon the development and dissemination of research-oriented data ...


Infectious Diseases, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Infectious Diseases, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides information about the role of infectious diseases in the early years of U.S. History, with particular emphasis on how they impacted injuries sustained in military conflict.


Availability Of Structured And Unstructured Clinical Data For Comparative Effectiveness Research And Quality Improvement: A Multi-Site Assessment., Daniel Capurro MD, PhD, Meliha Yetisgen PhD, Erik van Eaton MD, Robert Black, Peter Tarczy-Hornoch MD 2014 EDM Forum

Availability Of Structured And Unstructured Clinical Data For Comparative Effectiveness Research And Quality Improvement: A Multi-Site Assessment., Daniel Capurro Md, Phd, Meliha Yetisgen Phd, Erik Van Eaton Md, Robert Black, Peter Tarczy-Hornoch Md

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: A key attribute of a learning health care system is the ability to collect and analyze routinely collected clinical data in order to quickly generate new clinical evidence, and to monitor the quality of the care provided. To achieve this vision, clinical data must be easy to extract and stored in computer readable formats. We conducted this study across multiple organizations to assess the availability of such data specifically for comparative effectiveness research (CER) and quality improvement (QI) on surgical procedures.

Setting: This study was conducted in the context of the data needed for the already established Surgical Care ...


The Aca’S Contraceptive Mandate: Religious Freedom, Women’S Health, And Corporate Personhood, Lawrence O. Gostin 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

The Aca’S Contraceptive Mandate: Religious Freedom, Women’S Health, And Corporate Personhood, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

On June 30 2014 the Supreme Court decided Burwell v Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc, in a deeply divided judgment that engaged religious freedom, women’s health, and corporate personhood. Three closely held for-profit organizations challenged the Affordable Care Act’s contraceptive mandate, objecting to four contraceptive methods that they believe acted as abortifacients, in violation of their Christian beliefs.

The Court held that the contraceptive mandate violated the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993, ruling that the Act’s protections extended to closely held corporations, with the mandate substantially burdening their religious freedoms. The Court acknowledged the federal government’s ...


Accelerating Regulatory Progress In Multi-Institutional Research, Andrea R. Paolino, Sherry L. Lauf, Lisa E. Pieper, Jared Rowe, Ileana M. Vargas, Melissa A. Goff, Matthew F. Daley, Leah Tuzzio, John F. Steiner 2014 EDM Forum

Accelerating Regulatory Progress In Multi-Institutional Research, Andrea R. Paolino, Sherry L. Lauf, Lisa E. Pieper, Jared Rowe, Ileana M. Vargas, Melissa A. Goff, Matthew F. Daley, Leah Tuzzio, John F. Steiner

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Purpose: Multi-institutional collaborations are necessary in order to create large and robust data sets that are needed to answer important comparative effectiveness research (CER) questions. Before scientific work can begin, a complex maze of administrative and regulatory requirements must be efficiently navigated to avoid project delays.

Innovation: Staff from research, regulatory, and administrative teams involved in three HMO Research Network (HMORN) multi-institutional collaborations developed and employed novel approaches: to secure and maintain Institutional Review Board (IRB) approvals; to enable data sharing, and to expedite subawards for two data-only minimal risk studies. These novel approaches accelerated required processes and approvals while ...


Healthy Living Needs Global Governance, Lawrence O. Gostin 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Healthy Living Needs Global Governance, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

It may seem counter-intuitive, but the same factors that drive the spread of infectious diseases also contribute to the dominance of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the global burden of disease—urbanization, global markets and harmonized cultures. NCDs have overtaken infectious diseases as the leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality worldwide, with deaths concentrated among the poor due to the growing availability and affordability of highly-processed, unhealthy foods, alcohol and tobacco.

The global response to NCDs has been slow and fractured, with the World Health Organization dedicating scant funding and the United Nations waiting until September 2011 to hold a ...


Association Between Class Iii Obesity (Bmi Of 40-59 Kg/M2) And Mortality: A Pooled Analysis Of 20 Prospective Studies, Cari M. Kitahara, Alan J. Flint, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Leslie Bernstein, Michelle Brotzman, Kim Robien, +30 additional authors 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Association Between Class Iii Obesity (Bmi Of 40-59 Kg/M2) And Mortality: A Pooled Analysis Of 20 Prospective Studies, Cari M. Kitahara, Alan J. Flint, Amy Berrington De Gonzalez, Leslie Bernstein, Michelle Brotzman, Kim Robien, +30 Additional Authors

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Background

The prevalence of class III obesity (body mass index [BMI]≥40 kg/m2) has increased dramatically in several countries and currently affects 6% of adults in the US, with uncertain impact on the risks of illness and death. Using data from a large pooled study, we evaluated the risk of death, overall and due to a wide range of causes, and years of life expectancy lost associated with class III obesity.

Methods and Findings

In a pooled analysis of 20 prospective studies from the United States, Sweden, and Australia, we estimated sex- and age-adjusted total and cause-specific mortality rates ...


Structural Racism And Indigenous Health: What Indigenous Perspectives Of Residential School And Boarding School Tell Us? A Case Study Of Canada And Finland, Sandra A. Juutilainen, Ruby Miller, Lydia Heikkilä, Arja Rautio 2014 Western University

Structural Racism And Indigenous Health: What Indigenous Perspectives Of Residential School And Boarding School Tell Us? A Case Study Of Canada And Finland, Sandra A. Juutilainen, Ruby Miller, Lydia Heikkilä, Arja Rautio

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The objective of this study was to explore, as an example of structural racism, the effects of residential school and boarding school on the self-perceived health of Indigenous peoples’ in Canada and Finland. Structured interviews were conducted at Six Nations of the Grand River and Inari municipality. The individual and intergenerational negative effects included themes of vulnerability (language and cultural loss, fractured identity, and negative self-worth), and resilience (Indigenous identity, language and cultural renewal). Indigenous identity, culture, and language are intertwined and key determinants of health. Further studies about structural racism and a strong Indigenous identity as a protective factor ...


Creating Health From Below? Exposing And Resisting The Power Of Media Culture Over Public Health, Woods Nash 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Creating Health From Below? Exposing And Resisting The Power Of Media Culture Over Public Health, Woods Nash

Catalyst: A Social Justice Forum

A few days ago, my three-year-old daughter happened to glimpse a picture of a glowing young woman in blue gown and long white gloves. It was Cinderella, all dressed up for the ball. And though my daughter didn’t know the woman’s name—has never read the story or seen the Disney movie—she pointed and pleaded, “Can I dress up like her?” What silliness, I thought, as we left home for the playground. But not before I grabbed my mesh back hat, making sure its bill was still bent just as retired tennis star Andy Roddick would don ...


Through The Eyes Of Children: First Nations Children's Perceptions Of Health, Kyla Annui Ursa English 2014 Western University

Through The Eyes Of Children: First Nations Children's Perceptions Of Health, Kyla Annui Ursa English

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Few studies addressing Indigenous children’s health have incorporated the voices of children or integrated an occupational science perspective. In partnership with the Southwest Ontario Aboriginal Health Access Centre, this community-based study used artwork and sharing circles to understand First Nations children’s perceptions of health during a week-long culture camp. The objectives were: (1) to understand how First Nations children view their health, and (2) to explore how children connect health and culture. Findings demonstrated that children’s perceptions (n=20, aged 10 to 12) focused on physical aspects of health, such as diet and fitness. Children attended much ...


How Will Public Health And Primary Care Come Together In Massachusetts?, Javier Crespo 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

How Will Public Health And Primary Care Come Together In Massachusetts?, Javier Crespo

Javier Crespo

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act aims to place public health and prevention practice closer to the clinical care delivery system by mandating basic preventive services and creating a national prevention plan. The Massachusetts health care system has a number of elements that can help foster closer linking of public health practices in the primary care setting. This research set out to examine whether the current healthcare system in Massachusetts will enable public health and primary care integration as intimated upon by the Affordable Care Act. This study will assess the current connection between public health and primary care ...


Ruptured Heterotopic Pregnancy Presenting As Hemorrhagic Shock, Hannah R. Hoffman, Kristina A. Lynch, Hayden L. Smith, Michael C. Mintzer, Sheryl M. Sahr 2014 University of Iowa

Ruptured Heterotopic Pregnancy Presenting As Hemorrhagic Shock, Hannah R. Hoffman, Kristina A. Lynch, Hayden L. Smith, Michael C. Mintzer, Sheryl M. Sahr

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Background: Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare event consisting of simultaneous intrauterine and extrauterine pregnancies. If undiagnosed, it is probable the patient will present to an Emergency Department and require emergent care.

Case Report: A 25 year-old woman arrived at the Emergency Department at 14 weeks gestation reporting sharp abdominal cramping and pelvic pain with a history of current tobacco use. Trans-abdominal ultrasound revealed a viable intrauterine pregnancy consistent with 14 weeks, closed cervix with free fluid noted in pelvis, and no evidence of ovarian torsion. Over the next three hours, the patient’s condition deteriorated and hemoglobin levels dropped. The ...


The Keys To Evaluative Methods For Quality Improvement Interventions: Understanding And Analyzing Context, Don Goldmann, Kathryn McDonald, Gareth Parry 2014 EDM Forum

The Keys To Evaluative Methods For Quality Improvement Interventions: Understanding And Analyzing Context, Don Goldmann, Kathryn Mcdonald, Gareth Parry

Webinars

Overview: Increasingly, health services researchers and providers have been called upon to evaluate the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) activities that address gaps in quality and safety. State of the art evaluation methods include careful articulation and analysis of the conditions under which such interventions–and innovations are effective. It is important to understand how key contextual variables such as leadership, teamwork, culture, and resources contribute to the differences in outcomes observed across sites.

Building on a recent special supplement in Academic Pediatrics funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, this webinar explored two fundamental methodological issues in ...


Chhs July 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs July 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


E-Cigarettes, Vaping, And Youth, Lawrence O. Gostin, Aliza Y. Glasner 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

E-Cigarettes, Vaping, And Youth, Lawrence O. Gostin, Aliza Y. Glasner

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

E-cigarettes, a relatively new product, storming the tobacco industry are causing a massive stir among public health advocates. While e-cigarettes have the potential to serve as an effective harm reduction tool for existing smokers, they also may present an equally tempting pathway to first time smoking, particularly among youth. Many fear that e-cigarettes will revive the popular smoking culture that has taken decades to dismantle.

In April 2014, the FDA issued proposed rules to “deem” or extend its authority over tobacco products to regulate electronic cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, nicotine gels, waterpipe (hookah) tobacco, and orally ingested dissolvable tobacco products ...


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