Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

19659 Full-Text Articles 34692 Authors 4597629 Downloads 245 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health

Faceted Search

19659 full-text articles. Page 1 of 684.

Analyzing Sexual Transmission In The Spread Of The Zika Virus In Colombia, Victoria M. Kelley 2017 UC Davis

Analyzing Sexual Transmission In The Spread Of The Zika Virus In Colombia, Victoria M. Kelley

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Control Policies And Sensitivity Analysis In A Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Model: A Case Study In Cusco Region, Peru., Rocio M. Caja-Rivera, Ignacio Barradas 2017 CIMAT

Control Policies And Sensitivity Analysis In A Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Model: A Case Study In Cusco Region, Peru., Rocio M. Caja-Rivera, Ignacio Barradas

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Sex And Sexuality Of Breast Cancer Survivors, Aja D. Kneip Pelster 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Sex And Sexuality Of Breast Cancer Survivors, Aja D. Kneip Pelster

Theses & Dissertations

With new diagnostic technologies and treatment modalities available, more people than ever are living as cancer survivors in the United States. A large group of this population consists of breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this research was to explore the intersection of breast cancer survivorship, at points beyond the termination of treatment, and sexuality, including expressions and performance of gender, relationships, and sexual behavior. The current study used semi-structured interviews, conducted with 21 Midwestern women at least 6-months post-treatment, to better understand the intersection of these two concepts. Following traditions of narrative and phenomenological qualitative research, the women’s ...


Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain 2017 Dominican University of California

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


Correlates Of Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Vaccine Acceptance In Appalachian Tennessee, Oluwatosin Ariyo 2017 East Tennessee State University

Correlates Of Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Vaccine Acceptance In Appalachian Tennessee, Oluwatosin Ariyo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the U.S., where one HPV-related cancer is diagnosed every 20 minutes. The most common HPV-related cancer is cervical cancer, with an estimated incidence of 12,000 cases annually, a third of which lead to death. Cervical cancer disparately affects women of ethnic minority groups and geographically isolated regions, such as Appalachia. Tennessee ranks third highest in cervical cancer incidence in the country. Many cases of cervical cancer could be prevented through vaccination against HPV, however, vaccination rates for females in Tennessee are among the lowest in the country ...


The Chronic Disease Prevention Program, Ashley Northcutt 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Chronic Disease Prevention Program, Ashley Northcutt

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Humor In Medicine: A Literature Review Of Humor’S Potential Therapeutic Value In Health Care, Weston Michael Grant 2017 University of Arkansas

Humor In Medicine: A Literature Review Of Humor’S Potential Therapeutic Value In Health Care, Weston Michael Grant

Psychological Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Using humor and laughter within the health care field has the potential to be relevant to patients during treatment, to the patient-caregiver relationship, to the subjective well-being of health care providers, and to the environments’ (e.g., work settings) impact on group relationships (e.g., colleagues). A review of the literature examines how the psychological and physiological effects of laughter and humor within the human body impact health and well-being, how humor and laughter improve the patient-practitioner relationship, and if humor and laughter can potentially impact physician burnout. Several possible implications for these findings are discussed, such as professional medical ...


Prevalence Of Traumatic Brain Injury In Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Cross-Sectional Study, Brandy Compton, Katherine Klein, Daniel Goldberg, Juan Zevallos, Juan Lozano 2017 Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University

Prevalence Of Traumatic Brain Injury In Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Cross-Sectional Study, Brandy Compton, Katherine Klein, Daniel Goldberg, Juan Zevallos, Juan Lozano

Florida Medical Student Research Journal

Introduction and Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 11% of school-age children in the United States. It is reported that 4.5% of children with ADHD later sustain a non-fatal injury, compared to 2.5% of children without ADHD. By identifying groups of children at higher risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI), providers can more effectively educate patients and their families regarding preventative measures. This study analyzed whether children 2 to 17 years of age diagnosed with ADHD have a higher prevalence of TBI as compared to similar children without ADHD. We hypothesized that children with pre-existing ADHD would be ...


Poster: Communication Strategies For The School Nurse Mentor: A Pilot Training Program, Amy Hotler DNP, RN, LSN, APHN-BC 2017 Otterbein University

Poster: Communication Strategies For The School Nurse Mentor: A Pilot Training Program, Amy Hotler Dnp, Rn, Lsn, Aphn-Bc

Doctoral Theses

Mentorship has widespread support among many disciplines for the impact on improved job satisfaction, decreased job turnover and decreased costs to organizations. Ongoing support through mentorship is critical to nurses transitioning to a new role and nurse mentors must be prepared for the role with relevant education tailored to their needs . Though literature describing training programs for mentors is limited, some studies have reported an increase in confidence among mentors after training. In addition, improved mentoring skills (that includes communication) is in literature.

In one large urban school district in Ohio, a school nurse, mentorship program was developed and implemented ...


Chuukese Migrant Women In Guam: Perceptions Of Barriers To Health Care, Margaret Hattori-Uchima 2017 University of Guam

Chuukese Migrant Women In Guam: Perceptions Of Barriers To Health Care, Margaret Hattori-Uchima

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

This descriptive qualitative study examined perceived barriers to health care among Chuukese migrant women in Guam and explored which factors influenced health-seeking behaviors. Study participants recommended interventions which may reduce those perceived barriers. Since the Compact of Free Association with the United States was enacted in 1985, there has been a dramatic rise in the numbers of Chuukese migrating to Guam. This migration is anticipated to continue with more migrants needing health care, education, and social services. Little is known about their perceptions of barriers to health care services or the cultural, social, economic, and other factors that influence their ...


How Safe Is Healthcare? Perceptions Within The Healthcare Community And The General Public., Rodhan A. Khthir, Shahed Elhamdani, Ibrahim Hatab, Felyn Espina, Gerry Asuncion, Sutoidem Akpanudo 2017 Marshall university-school of medicine

How Safe Is Healthcare? Perceptions Within The Healthcare Community And The General Public., Rodhan A. Khthir, Shahed Elhamdani, Ibrahim Hatab, Felyn Espina, Gerry Asuncion, Sutoidem Akpanudo

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Objectives: Complexity of health care is progressively increasing and with that the number of medical errors and adverse events are increasing to an alarming level. The purpose of this study is to assess the perception of healthcare safety within the healthcare community and the general public and examine the association between the perception regarding healthcare safety and the prior exposure to medical errors.

Methods: The study is a cross-sectional online survey. The online survey included basic demographics and a series of questions related to the knowledge and perception about healthcare safety and personal healthcare experience.

Results: 504 respondent completed the ...


Promoting Reproductive Health Using Telemedicine: A Prospective Study Among Rural Appalachian High School Teens, Raj Singh, Mohit Harsh, Keegan Mullins, Brian Dunlap, Jennie L. Yoost 2017 Marshall University

Promoting Reproductive Health Using Telemedicine: A Prospective Study Among Rural Appalachian High School Teens, Raj Singh, Mohit Harsh, Keegan Mullins, Brian Dunlap, Jennie L. Yoost

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction:

Telemedicine allows rural underserved populations access to medical resources that may not be available in their communities. Following promising results with a telemedicine project aimed at educating female students in McDowell County, West Virginia on reproductive health (RH) in 2015, we conducted a follow-up study including both male and female high school students during the 2016 school year.

Materials and Methods:

Telemedicine sessions on RH were incorporated into existing afterschool programs at two rural high schools. Students’ knowledge on RH was assessed via pre-test, immediate post-test, and 6-month post-test evaluations. RH was taught by medical students and faculty at ...


More Than 95 Percent Of U.S. Children Had Health Insurance In 2015, Michael J. Staley 2017 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

More Than 95 Percent Of U.S. Children Had Health Insurance In 2015, Michael J. Staley

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this brief, author Michael Staley examines rates of children’s health insurance across the United States, by region and by place type, breaking down rates by private and public coverage. He reports that over 95 percent of all U.S. children under age 18 were covered by some form of health insurance in 2015—the highest share since the American Community Survey began measuring insurance rates in 2008. Rates of coverage increased between 2014 and 2015 in all four U.S. regions, and the greatest growth occurred in the South and West. Growth in public insurance—Medicaid and the ...


Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram 2017 Aurora Health Care

Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Eventually, all adolescents must “graduate” from pediatric-oriented to adult-oriented health care. This transition, most often occurring during young adulthood, is especially important for adolescents with special health care needs and involves not only primary care physicians, but also both pediatric and adult subspecialists. Several studies support the benefit of transitional programs for adolescents and young adults with special health care needs. Additionally, the American Academy of Pediatrics named transitional care as one of its top priorities. However, transitional programs have yet to become an established norm among hospitals and providers, specifically outside of children’s hospitals. This topic synopsis aims ...


An Experience Of Practitioners Navigating The Role Of Patient/Caregiver, Susan M. Shaw, Rain Lamdin 2017 Auckland University of Technology

An Experience Of Practitioners Navigating The Role Of Patient/Caregiver, Susan M. Shaw, Rain Lamdin

Patient Experience Journal

This journey involved one of us having (repeat) intraspinal surgery in a country far from home but of a similar culture and with the same first language. The carer travelled across the world to be present during the hospital stay. We kept a journal during our admission, and following discharge realised there were significant differences between how we had documented our experience and the record presented in the clinical notes. The particular examples we present illustrate the relationships, rules and issues that we navigated. We share our experience in the form of moments from our journal, some of them alongside ...


Reconnecting The Mind And Body: A Pilot Study Of Developing Compassion For Persistent Pain, Sarah L. Parry Dr, Zoey Malpus Dr 2017 Manchester Metropolitan University

Reconnecting The Mind And Body: A Pilot Study Of Developing Compassion For Persistent Pain, Sarah L. Parry Dr, Zoey Malpus Dr

Patient Experience Journal

As an alternative to the more typical cognitive behavioural approach to pain management, a novel pain management group based on the principles of compassionate mind training was developed for a particular sub-group of patients. Participants were patients of a community pain clinic, who were invited to participate in this alternative approach to pain management. The eight-week Compassion in Pain Groups included psychoeducation around persistent pain, the underlying principles of compassionate mind training, practical exercises such as diaphragmatic breathing, followed by a series of compassionate imagery exercises and group discussions. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses were undertaken to gain further insights ...


The Impact Of Queue-Controlled Modified Open Access Scheduling On No-Show Rate In A Community Mental Health Child Psychiatry Med Check Clinic: A Pilot Study, Timothy Lesaca MD 2017 Trinity Healthcare

The Impact Of Queue-Controlled Modified Open Access Scheduling On No-Show Rate In A Community Mental Health Child Psychiatry Med Check Clinic: A Pilot Study, Timothy Lesaca Md

Patient Experience Journal

No-shows in child and adolescent psychiatry are a particularly concerning phenomenon that have ramifications beyond productivity and mental health outcomes. One might contend that children have a fundamental right to health care, and the failure to address the no-show phenomenon passively impedes that human right. In this study, a queue-controlled modified open access scheduling model (QCMOAS) was compared to a traditional scheduling model for the incidence of no-shows in a community mental health child psychiatric med check clinic. A six month period of QCMOAS was compared to the preceding six months of traditional scheduling and the six month period exactly ...


Experiences Of Communication Barriers Between Physicians And Immigrant Patients: A Systematic Review And Thematic Synthesis, Salim Ahmed, Sonya Lee, Nusrat Shommu, Nahid Rumana, Tanvir Turin 2017 University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine

Experiences Of Communication Barriers Between Physicians And Immigrant Patients: A Systematic Review And Thematic Synthesis, Salim Ahmed, Sonya Lee, Nusrat Shommu, Nahid Rumana, Tanvir Turin

Patient Experience Journal

Frequent immigration of peoples from outside often challenges various systems of any country; healthcare sector is the most confronted one. One of the most prominent reasons for this confrontation is communication gap between physicians and immigrant patients. In this systematic narrative review, we studied existing literature on physician-immigrant patient communication. We systematically searched the repositories of literature and followed some criteria to select literature. We selected 32 literatures for information extraction. Three themes emerged from the synthesis: Physicians’ viewpoint about communication barrier with their immigrant patients, Immigrant patients’ viewpoint about the communication barrier with their physicians, and Interpreter as a ...


Patient Experiences Of Cancer Care: Scoping Review, Future Directions, And Introduction Of A New Data Resource: Surveillance Epidemiology And End Results-Consumer Assessment Of Healthcare Providers And Systems (Seer-Cahps), Michelle A. Mollica, Lisa M. Lines, Michael T. Halpern, Edgardo Ramirez, Nicola Schussler, Matthew Urato, Ashley Wilder Smith, Erin E. Kent 2017 National Cancer Institute

Patient Experiences Of Cancer Care: Scoping Review, Future Directions, And Introduction Of A New Data Resource: Surveillance Epidemiology And End Results-Consumer Assessment Of Healthcare Providers And Systems (Seer-Cahps), Michelle A. Mollica, Lisa M. Lines, Michael T. Halpern, Edgardo Ramirez, Nicola Schussler, Matthew Urato, Ashley Wilder Smith, Erin E. Kent

Patient Experience Journal

The shift towards providing high value cancer care has placed increasing importance on patient experiences. This scoping review summarizes patient experience literature, highlights research gaps, and provides future research directions. We then introduce a new resource that links the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) survey and longitudinal medical claims data. We conducted a scoping review to identify relevant research within the Medicare CAHPS domain that examine factors associated with patient-reported experiences with their cancer care. Gaps indicate a ...


Leadership Development Practices And Patient Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study Of Select U.S. Academic Medical Centers, Chien-Ching Li, Peter Barth, Andrew N. Garman, Matthew M. Anderson, Peter W. Butler 2017 Rush University

Leadership Development Practices And Patient Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study Of Select U.S. Academic Medical Centers, Chien-Ching Li, Peter Barth, Andrew N. Garman, Matthew M. Anderson, Peter W. Butler

Patient Experience Journal

Interest has been growing among academic medical centers (AMCs) in organization-wide strategies that may improve patient satisfaction. Although leadership development programs have been cited as a potentially useful approach, thus far almost all evidence has come from single-organization case studies. The present study sought to examine potential relationships between leadership development and patient experience across organizations. Data for leadership development practices were obtained from a survey conducted by the National Center for Healthcare Leadership. Patient experience data were obtained from the U.S. Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). Multivariate analyses (general linear regressions) were performed to ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress