Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,890 Full-Text Articles 13,998 Authors 1,521,994 Downloads 142 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health

Faceted Search

6,890 full-text articles. Page 1 of 187.

Catastrophic Incident Search And Rescue Lessons From The 2013 Colorado Floods, Thomas Miner, Richard N. Bradley 2014 SelectedWorks

Catastrophic Incident Search And Rescue Lessons From The 2013 Colorado Floods, Thomas Miner, Richard N. Bradley

Richard N Bradley

The response to the Colorado floods is a textbook example of how to respond to catastrophic disasters Responders from hundreds of different organizations came together to form a single coordinated, unified command structure that resulted in the rapid and effective evacuation and rescue of hundreds of people in just three days. Local responders performed hundreds of highly dangerous rescues during the height of the storm. They established incident command at the county level using type 3 incident command teams. When they realized they were facing an unprecedented storm with catastrophic damage they asked for help and state and federal responders ...


The Evaluation Of Wellness Programs For Our Returning Veterans, Alexandra Rawson 2014 Providence College

The Evaluation Of Wellness Programs For Our Returning Veterans, Alexandra Rawson

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

Today we continue to experience inefficiencies in understanding the mental health and cultural needs of returning service members. I have conducted my own personal research to best comprehend the emotions and needs of returning veterans, evaluating the practices that are most beneficial for healing and reintegration. The primary focus of my independent study was to observe the current mental health treatments that are offered to the veterans outside of the traditional medical realm. In relation to this, I wanted to evaluate the role that religious and spiritual practices play in the veterans’ healing process. I spent four months observing and ...


Public Transportation: Perceptions Of Cleanliness Contributing To Poor Health, Dashka Bernard 2014 Providence College

Public Transportation: Perceptions Of Cleanliness Contributing To Poor Health, Dashka Bernard

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

Public transportation vehicles such as trains or buses have a reputation as unsanitary. Many riders of public transit are concerned with the health risks they are facing in regards to contagion. Perceptions of cleanliness derive from public health historically, with class, morality, and good health tied together in the American public’s attitudes. Certainly, infectious disease and sanitation are directly correlated in many instances, such as in the highly overcrowded and dirty cities in the early twentieth-century United States. Those living in filthy conditions (particularly, lower class individuals) were not only prone to becoming ill, but also considered to be ...


Assessing The Readiness Of Nairobi Deaf Youth To Accept A Best-Practice Hiv/Aids Intervention, Ke'ala Morrell 2014 Providence College

Assessing The Readiness Of Nairobi Deaf Youth To Accept A Best-Practice Hiv/Aids Intervention, Ke'ala Morrell

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

After nearly forty years of HIV/AIDS research in the global community, data on HIV/AIDS in the Deaf population is still disproportionately neglected. No surveillance system is in place to monitor prevalence, awareness or mode of HIV infection in the Deaf community. Additionally, prevention and education interventions have yet to be tailored to meet the specific needs of this highly vulnerable population.

Purpose: This project attempted to assess the readiness of the Nairobi Deaf youth community to accept a best-practice HIV/AIDS intervention. The broad objective of this research was to assess HIV awareness, perceptions and behaviors of Deaf ...


Domestic Violence In The Spotlight: From The Private Sphere To Popular Culture, Taylor Rinefierd 2014 Providence College

Domestic Violence In The Spotlight: From The Private Sphere To Popular Culture, Taylor Rinefierd

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

No abstract provided.


Barriers Latin American Immigrant Women Face In Accessing Reproductive Health Services In The United States, Isabel Odean 2014 Providence College

Barriers Latin American Immigrant Women Face In Accessing Reproductive Health Services In The United States, Isabel Odean

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

Immigration and reproductive health care are two high profile topics in the politics of the United States. Both are constantly on the news, with ongoing debates about policies and reform. However, the link between the two topics gets very little media coverage. In this paper, I will address some of the overlap, looking at the question: what are the barriers for Latina immigrant women in accessing reproductive health care? Immigrant women in the United States face pronounced barriers in accessing reproductive health care, legally, socially, and culturally. These barriers stem from a history of political control of immigrant women’s ...


Conspicuous Consumption And Comparison Leading Towards Cosmetic Cures, Joanna Rydzefski 2014 Providence College

Conspicuous Consumption And Comparison Leading Towards Cosmetic Cures, Joanna Rydzefski

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

No abstract provided.


Bounced Between Two Cultures: Study Of Smoking Behavior Of Korean Americans, Loan Nguyen 2014 Providence College

Bounced Between Two Cultures: Study Of Smoking Behavior Of Korean Americans, Loan Nguyen

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

The United States is often referred as a melting pot, with a great wave of global immigrants constant populating its shores. When coming to America, the immigrants bring along their own culture. With the new generation born in the States, the fusion of two different cultures is an important factor in shaping their behavior. Coming from a different culture that is more accepting of smoking, many of the new generation also start to smoke. Asian Americans provide an important example. Despite having the lowest smoking rates of all ethnic groups, in 2011, 9.9 percent of Asian American and Pacific ...


Defining Obesity: An Argument For The Social Environment Perspective, Meghan McInnis 2014 Providence College

Defining Obesity: An Argument For The Social Environment Perspective, Meghan Mcinnis

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

It is well documented that obesity is a growing problem in the U.S. and worldwide. By 2010, 35.9% of U.S. adults age 20 and older were obese (Overweight and Obesity, CDC). Obesity has been associated with many health problems, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, stroke, and cardiac disease (Lucey, 2008, p.202). What has just been described is the traditional, medicalized narrative of obesity. In this narrative, obesity is viewed as an epidemic that demands an immediate and widespread response (Lucey, 2008, p.202). The blame is placed largely on individuals, while social factors, such as ...


State Medicaid Programs: A Trifocal Examination Of The Controversy Surrounding Expansion, Meredith Daly 2014 Providence College

State Medicaid Programs: A Trifocal Examination Of The Controversy Surrounding Expansion, Meredith Daly

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

The conversation regarding Medicaid expansion is ever-changing as states grapple with whether to expand their existing programs. Through this now-optional piece of legislation, state governments can choose to extend healthcare coverage via the federal government to millions of previously uninsured citizens. In order to understand and form an opinion on the controversy over expanding Medicaid programs, the issue demands to be looked at through three varying lenses. The first and most important lens is social. Several studies are examined to show that with expansion, there is a high correlation with better health outcomes; without it there is a care gap ...


Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret McGladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-McLaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer 2014 University of Kentucky

Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret Mcgladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-Mclaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer

Anna G. Hoover

Healthcare and public health research ultimately seek to improve patient and population health. Unfortunately, more than a decade often passes before research findings become routinized in practice. Improving translational speed, reach, and efficacy requires partnerships among researchers, practitioners, community stakeholders, and communication scholars. This panel will be presenting two partnership models that work.

The University of Kentucky (UK) Center of Excellence in Rural Health (CERH) seeks to improve the health of rural Kentuckians through education, research, service, and community engagement. They do this by partnering with hospitals and clinics, health professionals, community service agencies, non-profits and other organizations. Panelists will ...


Workshop: Organizing Community-Engaged Scholarship To Improve Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2014 University of Kentucky

Workshop: Organizing Community-Engaged Scholarship To Improve Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This workshop for researchers in the health and human services fields examines strategies for organizing community-engaged and practice-based research studies focused on improving population health.


Harnessing Community Engaged Scholarship For Collective Action To Improve Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2014 University of Kentucky

Harnessing Community Engaged Scholarship For Collective Action To Improve Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The growing body of theoretical and empirical scholarship on collective action problems offers important lessons about strategies for improving health on a population-wide basis.


Preventing Child Maltreatment Through Group And Individual Services, LaTasha Porter, Sarah Roby, Monica Brown 2014 Georgia State University

Preventing Child Maltreatment Through Group And Individual Services, Latasha Porter, Sarah Roby, Monica Brown

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Medicaid Medical Directors Quality Improvement Studies: A Case Study Of Evolving Methods For A Research Network, Gerry Fairbrother, Tara Trudnak, Griffith Katherine 2014 EDM Forum

Medicaid Medical Directors Quality Improvement Studies: A Case Study Of Evolving Methods For A Research Network, Gerry Fairbrother, Tara Trudnak, Griffith Katherine

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Objective: To describe the evolution of methods and share lessons learned from conducting multi-state studies with Medicaid Medical Directors (MMD) using state administrative data. There was a great need for these studies, but also much to be learned about conducting network-based research and ensuring comparability of results.

Methods: This was a network-level case study. The findings were drawn from the experience developing and executing network analyses with the MMDs, as well as from participant feedback on lessons learned. For the latter, nine interviews with MMD project leads, state data analysts, and outside researchers involved with the projects were conducted. Interviews ...


Health Care Reform: Colorectal Cancer Screening Expansion, Before And After The Affordable Care Act (Aca), Michael Preston 2014 SelectedWorks

Health Care Reform: Colorectal Cancer Screening Expansion, Before And After The Affordable Care Act (Aca), Michael Preston

Michael Preston

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer found in men and women in the United States. In 2012, the American Cancer Society estimated as many as 143,460 new cases of colorectal cancer and approximately 51,690 deaths. Health care reform was introduced in 2010 and became the cornerstone for Americans seeking change in the health care system. Health care reform is a critical factor in increasing CRC screenings by increasing coverage rates for all Americans.


Employment And Economic Development In Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Employment And Economic Development In Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

Wealth influences a person’s health. People who are higher on the socioeconomic scale tend to have better health outcomes. To improve the health of a community, it is important to understand the employment opportunities of the people living in the community.

Southern Nevada’s economy was hit hard between 2008 and 2012. Unemployment rates in the region exceeded national and peer regions between during this time period. Construction; leisure and hospitality; trade, transportation and utilities; and professional and business service sectors experienced the greatest job loss during the recession. The Education and Health Services sectors did not experience a ...


Healthcare Access And Health Outcomes In Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Healthcare Access And Health Outcomes In Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

In a publication from the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation, it was recognized that a person’s zip code was a more important predictor of health than their genetic code. Where we live influences not only our access to health care, but other health indicators as well. Clark County has a low primary care physician to population ratio compared to other counties in Nevada and in the US. Clark County also has highest rates of uninsured in the Mountain West and among the highest in the nation.

Southern Nevada fared worse than other Mountain West Metropolitan areas in health indicators and ...


Demographic Makeup And Population Projections For Southern Nevada: Understanding The Emerging Healthcare Needs In Our Community, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Demographic Makeup And Population Projections For Southern Nevada: Understanding The Emerging Healthcare Needs In Our Community, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

Even with a leveling-off of population growth from 2008 to 2011, Southern Nevada had one of the fastest growing populations in the nation over the past decade. While population growth is projected to increase for the next ten years, the rate of growth will be slower than in the past decade. The Hispanic population, as a percentage of the total population, is projected to surpass the White population somewhere near the year 2030. The Southern Nevada population is aging, as the median age in the region increased between 2000 and 2010. The 65+ age group is projected to increase as ...


Building A Sustainable Community Through Public Engagement: A Study Of Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Building A Sustainable Community Through Public Engagement: A Study Of Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

This manuscript is the first of a series written for the Nevada Journal of Public Health. The series is result of research conducted for the Southern Nevada Strong, Sustainable Communities Grant. During Year One of the planning process, we created a Southern Nevada Existing Conditions Report. This report highlighted where the region stood on key metrics including: demographics and population projections, access to healthcare and health outcomes, healthy community, housing, environment, economy and education. For this special issue of the Nevada Journal of Public Health, the report was separated into seven articles related to each of these metrics. The articles ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress