Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7,930 Full-Text Articles 15,457 Authors 1,858,164 Downloads 161 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health

Faceted Search

7,930 full-text articles. Page 1 of 218.

Sexual Education And Attitudes Toward Masturbation, Jannine Ray, Shelby Afflerbach 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Sexual Education And Attitudes Toward Masturbation, Jannine Ray, Shelby Afflerbach

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The long-standing social stigma surrounding masturbation has led to its prohibition from being included in public school curriculum as a healthy sexual practice. Furthermore, not only is masturbation a healthy sexual practice for the individual, research has demonstrated masturbation to be helpful in treating sexual dysfunctions for couples. Therefore, if the topic of masturbation is included in comprehensive sexual education as a healthy sexual practice, it may promote sexual health among individuals both intra- and interpersonally. The present study recruited from a convenient sample from a medium sized state university in the upper Midwest. Participants completed two surveys, administered through ...


Mental Health Awareness Building Via Android Application, James Faraday, Joshua Martin 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Mental Health Awareness Building Via Android Application, James Faraday, Joshua Martin

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The goal of this project was to create a tool that provides students at Minnesota State University, Mankato with mental health information through a freely available smartphone application (App). Our approach used a software engineering design process that focused on who our customers are, what resources are available, and how we can best connect the two to improve student lives. We identified the stakeholders involved and worked with campus mental health professionals to help shape our App. While there is a broad range of mental health topics, we have focused on materials related to depression. The first process of the ...


State Synergies And Disease Surveillance: Creating An Electronic Health Data Communication Model For Cancer Reporting And Comparative Effectiveness Research In Kentucky, Christopher Reams, Mallory Powell, Rob Edwards 2014 EDM Forum

State Synergies And Disease Surveillance: Creating An Electronic Health Data Communication Model For Cancer Reporting And Comparative Effectiveness Research In Kentucky, Christopher Reams, Mallory Powell, Rob Edwards

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Purpose: This case study describes the collaboration between a state public health department, a major research university, and a health extension service funded as part of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act to establish an interoperable health information system for disease surveillance through electronic reporting of systemic therapy data from numerous oncology practices in Kentucky. The experience of the Kentucky cancer surveillance system can help local and state entities achieve greater effectiveness in designing communication efforts to increase usage of electronic health records (EHRs) and health information exchanges (HIEs), help eligible clinicians meet these new ...


Identifying The Prevalence Of Ncaa American Football Players Sustaining Traumatic Brain Injuries (Concussions) During Spring Practice In The Big Sky Conference, Kery R. White 2014 Big Sky Conference

Identifying The Prevalence Of Ncaa American Football Players Sustaining Traumatic Brain Injuries (Concussions) During Spring Practice In The Big Sky Conference, Kery R. White

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

The goal of this study is to identify ways to minimize and/or further prevent athletic concussions in an effort to add years to athletes’ lives, greatly decrease side effects of sustaining multiple head traumas, and thus increase the quality of life for athletes around the world. Conferences such as the Pac-12 and the Ivy League are moving toward a safer method of playing the game of football, but the reality of the situation is, players are only getting bigger, stronger and faster, and they will continue to play with passion and a love for the game.

With the increased ...


Supporting Primary Care Practices In Building Capacity To Use Health Information Data, Douglas Fernald, Robyn Wearner, W. Perry Dickinson 2014 EDM Forum

Supporting Primary Care Practices In Building Capacity To Use Health Information Data, Douglas Fernald, Robyn Wearner, W. Perry Dickinson

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Our objective was to describe essential support resources and strategies in order to advance the pace and scope of the use of health information technology (HIT) data.

Background and Context: Primary data were collected between January 2011 and October 2012. The primary study population comprised 51 primary care practices enrolled in the Colorado Beacon Consortium in western Colorado.

Methods: We used qualitative methods embedded in a mixed-method evaluation: monthly narrative reports from practices; interviews with providers and staff; and focused, group discussions with quality improvement (QI) advisors and staff from the Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center.

Findings: Practices ...


User Perceptions Of Shared Sanitation Among Rural Households In Indonesia And Bangladesh, Kali B. Nelson, Jonathan Karver, Craig Kullman, Jay P. Graham 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

User Perceptions Of Shared Sanitation Among Rural Households In Indonesia And Bangladesh, Kali B. Nelson, Jonathan Karver, Craig Kullman, Jay P. Graham

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Background

The practice of sharing sanitation facilities does not meet the current World Health Organization/UNICEF definition for what is considered improved sanitation. Recommendations have been made to categorize shared sanitation as improved sanitation if security, user access, and other conditions can be assured, yet limited data exist on user preferences with respect to shared facilities.

Objective

This study analyzed user perceptions of shared sanitation facilities in rural households in East Java, Indonesia, and Bangladesh.

Methods

Cross-sectional studies of 2,087 households in East Java and 3,000 households in Bangladesh were conducted using questionnaires and observational methods. Relative risks ...


The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley 2014 Seton Hall University

The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Of the men who return home from prison, nearly 7 out of 10 will be re-arrested and sent back within 3 years of their release (Travis, Solomon, & Waul, 2001). This trend has large- scale implications, not just for individuals, but for their families and communities as well. Clearly, understanding the factors that contribute to a man’s success or failure in staying out of prison is extremely important in constructing policy and programs to assist these at-risk individuals and communities. Of the few studies that have explored the lives of previously incarcerated men, some have found fatherhood to be a salient factor (Arditti, Smock, & Parkman, 2005). The current study investigated this particular relationship by looking at the father’s perceived quality of the father-child bond, and how that relationship is related to the fathers’ risk for re-offending. The study also investigated the contribution that social and individual factors play in facilitating the father-child bond, as well as the contribution that those factors may make in predicting recidivism risk; specifically, the father’s own experience of being parented, the quality of communication they have with their child’s mother, their perception of social support, and individual factors associated with motivation to change. The study found empirical evidence to suggest that a positive father-child bond may reduce recidivism risk for previously incarcerated men. In addition, the study found that the father-child relationship may be a more significant predictor of recidivism risk than individual ...


Adaptive Pair-Matching In The Search Trial & Estimation Of The Intervention Efffect, Laura Balzer, Maya Petersen, Mark van der Laan 2014 SelectedWorks

Adaptive Pair-Matching In The Search Trial & Estimation Of The Intervention Efffect, Laura Balzer, Maya Petersen, Mark Van Der Laan

Laura B. Balzer

In randomized trials, pair-matching is an intuitive design strategy to protect study validity and to potentially increase study power. In a common design, candidate units are identified, and their baseline characteristics used to create the best n/2 matched pairs. Within the resulting pairs, the intervention is randomized, and the outcomes measured at the end of follow-up. We consider this design to be adaptive, because the construction of the matched pairs depends on the baseline covariates of all candidate units. As a consequence, the observed data cannot be considered as n/2 independent, identically distributed (i.i.d.) pairs of ...


The Environmental And Health Costs Of Alternative Diets: A Comparative Study Of The U.S. Diet Relative To The French, Japanese, Mediterranean, And Nordic Diets, Sarah Rehkamp 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Environmental And Health Costs Of Alternative Diets: A Comparative Study Of The U.S. Diet Relative To The French, Japanese, Mediterranean, And Nordic Diets, Sarah Rehkamp

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This thesis contributes to the literature on sustainable consumption by using scenario analysis to evaluate the environmental and health costs of the U.S. diet relative to the French, Japanese, Mediterranean, and Nordic diets, identified in the literature as healthier diets. As a first step in estimating environmental costs, the energy efficiencies of each diet are calculated by decomposing each of the diets into their respective components. Then, the dietary efficiencies are translated into CO2 emissions. As a first step in estimating health costs, a pooled cross-section time-series dataset is used to find the association between BMI and five ...


Inflammatory Breast Cancer Clusters: A Hypothesis, Paul H. Levine, Salman Hashmi, Ashley A. Minaei, Carmela Veneroso 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Inflammatory Breast Cancer Clusters: A Hypothesis, Paul H. Levine, Salman Hashmi, Ashley A. Minaei, Carmela Veneroso

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Reproduced with permission of Baishideng Publishing Group, World Journal of Clinical Oncology.


Physical Activity In Individuals With Down Syndrome, Chelsea B. Spurgeon 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Physical Activity In Individuals With Down Syndrome, Chelsea B. Spurgeon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller

Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Understanding adult outcomes of programs aimed at childhood obesity prevention is necessary because parents/caregivers are the most important influence on a child’s physical activity and eating habits. Based on the principles of the social cognitive theory, the iCook 4-H pilot study taught dyads consisting of 9-10 year-old children and their primary meal preparers cooking skills, healthy shopping and meal habits, and easy ways to incorporate physical activity as a family. The program took place in five states, Maine, Nebraska, South Dakota, Tennessee, and West Virginia. In each state, adult-youth dyads (n = 54) were recruited by 4-H programs and ...


Demonstrating The Use Of High-Volume Electronic Medical Claims Data To Monitor Local And Regional Influenza Activity In The Us, Cecile G. Viboud, Vivek Charu, Donald R. Olson, Sebastien Ballesteros, Julia R. Gog, Farid Khan, Bryan T. Grenfell, Lone Simonsen 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Demonstrating The Use Of High-Volume Electronic Medical Claims Data To Monitor Local And Regional Influenza Activity In The Us, Cecile G. Viboud, Vivek Charu, Donald R. Olson, Sebastien Ballesteros, Julia R. Gog, Farid Khan, Bryan T. Grenfell, Lone Simonsen

Global Health Faculty Publications

Introduction

Fine-grained influenza surveillance data are lacking in the US, hampering our ability to monitor disease spread at a local scale. Here we evaluate the performances of high-volume electronic medical claims data to assess local and regional influenza activity.

Material and Methods

We used electronic medical claims data compiled by IMS Health in 480 US locations to create weekly regional influenza-like-illness (ILI) time series during 2003–2010. IMS Health captured 62% of US outpatient visits in 2009. We studied the performances of IMS-ILI indicators against reference influenza surveillance datasets, including CDC-ILI outpatient and laboratory-confirmed influenza data. We estimated correlation in ...


Association Between District-Level Perceived Safety And Self-Rated Health: A Multilevel Study In Seoul, South Korea, Seung-Sup Kim, Jaesung Choi, Kisoo Park, Yeongseung Chung, Sangjo Park, Jongho Heo 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Association Between District-Level Perceived Safety And Self-Rated Health: A Multilevel Study In Seoul, South Korea, Seung-Sup Kim, Jaesung Choi, Kisoo Park, Yeongseung Chung, Sangjo Park, Jongho Heo

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Objectives Several studies have reported the relationship between residents’ perceived neighbourhood safety and their health outcomes. However, those studies suffered from unreliability of neighbourhood safety measure and potential residual confounding related to crime rates. In this study, using multilevel analysis to account for the hierarchical structure of the data, we examined associations between district-level perceived safety and self-rated health after adjusting for potential confounders including the district-level crime rate.

Design Cross-sectional study.

Setting We used the first wave of Seoul Welfare Panel Study, which has 7761 individuals from 3665 households in 25 administrative districts in Seoul, South Korea. District-level perceived ...


Policy Impact Assessment: The “Reasonable Break Time” Provision Of The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Merritt Juliano 2014 Fordham University

Policy Impact Assessment: The “Reasonable Break Time” Provision Of The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Merritt Juliano

21st Century Social Justice

Breastfeeding continues to be the most optimal source of nutrition for infants under 6 months of age, and has been associated with a wide variety of infant and maternal health benefits, including protection against certain illnesses and diseases. Most health organizations recommend exclusive breastfeeding for at least the first 6 months post-birth. Despite these recommendations, breastfeeding women, especially those in lower socioeconomic groups face many challenges in our society. Moreover, maternal employment stands as a significant barrier to successful breastfeeding durations. To counter these problems, Section 4207 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act [ACA] was enacted to offer ...


Achieving And Sustaining Automated Health Data Linkages For Learning Systems: Barriers And Solutions, Erik G. Van Eaton, Allison B. Devlin, Emily Beth Devine, David R. Flum, Peter Tarczy-Hornoch 2014 EDM Forum

Achieving And Sustaining Automated Health Data Linkages For Learning Systems: Barriers And Solutions, Erik G. Van Eaton, Allison B. Devlin, Emily Beth Devine, David R. Flum, Peter Tarczy-Hornoch

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Delivering more appropriate, safer, and highly effective health care is the goal of a learning health care system. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) funded enhanced registry projects: (1) to create and analyze valid data for comparative effectiveness research (CER); and (2) to enhance the ability to monitor and advance clinical quality improvement (QI). This case report describes barriers and solutions from one state-wide enhanced registry project.

Methods: The Comparative Effectiveness Research and Translation Network (CERTAIN) deployed the commercially available Amalga Unified Intelligence System™ (Amalga) as a central data repository to enhance an existing QI registry (the ...


The Semen Microbiome And Its Relationship With Local Immunology And Viral Load In Hiv Infection, Cindy M. Liu, Brendan J.W. Osborne, Bruce A. Hungate, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Sanja Huibner, Richard Lester, Michael G. Dwan, Colin Kovacs, Tania L. Contente-Cuomo, Erika Benko, Maliha Aziz, Lance B. Price 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

The Semen Microbiome And Its Relationship With Local Immunology And Viral Load In Hiv Infection, Cindy M. Liu, Brendan J.W. Osborne, Bruce A. Hungate, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Sanja Huibner, Richard Lester, Michael G. Dwan, Colin Kovacs, Tania L. Contente-Cuomo, Erika Benko, Maliha Aziz, Lance B. Price

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Semen is a major vector for HIV transmission, but the semen HIV RNA viral load (VL) only correlates moderately with the blood VL. Viral shedding can be enhanced by genital infections and associated inflammation, but it can also occur in the absence of classical pathogens. Thus, we hypothesized that a dysregulated semen microbiome correlates with local HIV shedding. We analyzed semen samples from 49 men who have sex with men (MSM), including 22 HIV-uninfected and 27 HIV-infected men, at baseline and after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR. We studied the relationship of semen ...


Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Height And Calories In Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen

Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

This paper estimates a height production function using data from a randomized nutrition intervention conducted in rural Guatemala from 1969 - 1977. Using the experimental intervention as an instrument, the IV estimates of the effect of calories on height are an order of magnitude larger than the OLS estimates. Information from a unique measurement error process in the calorie data, counterfactuals results from the estimated model and external evidence from migration studies suggest that the divergence between the OLS and IV estimates is driven by the LATE interpretation of IV. Attenuation bias corrected OLS estimates of the height production function imply ...


The Keys To Governance And Stakeholder Engagement: The Southeast Michigan Beacon Community Case Study, Terrisca R. Des Jardins 2014 EDM Forum

The Keys To Governance And Stakeholder Engagement: The Southeast Michigan Beacon Community Case Study, Terrisca R. Des Jardins

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Community-based health information exchanges (HIEs) and efforts to consolidate and house data are growing, given the advent of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) under the Affordable Care Act and other similar population health focused initiatives. The Southeast Michigan Beacon Community (SEMBC) can be looked to as one case study that offers lessons learned, insights on challenges faced and accompanying workarounds related to governance and stakeholder engagement. The SEMBC case study employs an established Data Warehouse Governance Framework to identify and explain the necessary governance and stakeholder engagement components, particularly as they relate to community-wide data sharing and data warehouses or repositories ...


Is Food Marketing Making Us Fat? Fat Cats Vs Dogmatists., Stephen S. Holden 2014 Bond University

Is Food Marketing Making Us Fat? Fat Cats Vs Dogmatists., Stephen S. Holden

Stephen S Holden

For many, it seems obvious that food marketing is making us fat. The anger and outrage that was once evoked by tobacco companies is now being repackaged and aimed at ‘Big Food’ (Hennessy, 2014). But is it justified, is food marketing the cause of obesity? And in any case, does outrage and dogmatism help solve the problem? This paper suggests that blaming the marketers, both Big Food and "lazy leisure", is a disputable claim, and dangerously shifts responsibility from individuals to external agents.


Digital Commons powered by bepress