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Visual Impairment And Factors Associated With Difficulties With Daily Tasks, Anne T. Riddering 2016 Western Michigan University

Visual Impairment And Factors Associated With Difficulties With Daily Tasks, Anne T. Riddering

Dissertations

In the past 10 years, the number of American adults with visual impairments has increased from 1 million to 4 million and is expected to double to 8 million people by the year 2050 (The Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group, 2004; National Eye Institute, 2013). Therapies to treat retinal diseases causing visual impairment, such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration (Massof, 2002; Mogk, 2011), have evolved in the past two decades (Gupta et al., 2013; Hooper & Guymer, 2003), but little research has examined recent population and difficulties with performing daily activities. Different types of professionals, including ophthalmologists, optometrists, occupational therapists, orientation and mobility specialists, vision rehabilitation therapists, and low vision therapists, work to assist adults with visual impairments remain independent with daily tasks, and an understanding of population characteristics is critical to providing successful treatment (Court, McLean, Guthrie, Mercer, & Smith, 2014; Johnson & Romanello, 2005; Salive, 2013). The studies in this three-paper dissertation examine difficulties with daily tasks, factors contributing to these difficulties, and similarities and differences ...


When The Challenges Of Aging And Visual Impairment Collide: Working Together To Build A Toolbox Of Rehab Ideas Of Best Care For Older Adults, Regula H. Robnett, Kathy Clarrage 2016 University of New England

When The Challenges Of Aging And Visual Impairment Collide: Working Together To Build A Toolbox Of Rehab Ideas Of Best Care For Older Adults, Regula H. Robnett, Kathy Clarrage

Occupational Therapy Faculty Presentations

Workshop/presentation by Regi Robnett, Ph.D., OTR/L, FAOTA, professor in the UNE Department of Occupational Therapy and Kathy Clarrage, COMS, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist for the State of Maine. Given at the North East Chapter of the Association for Education and Rehabilitation for the Blind and Visually Impaired (NEAER) conference, this presentation encouraged health care providers to work as a team to care for older, visually impaired adults. The professional audience included orientation and mobility specialists, vision rehabilitation therapists, low vision specialists, administrators in the field of blindness, social workers in the field of blindness and vocational ...


Addressing Disability In The Health System At Caritas Takeo Eye Hospital, Manfred Morchen, Gail Ormsby, Te Serey Bonn, David Lewis 2016 Takeo Eye Hospital

Addressing Disability In The Health System At Caritas Takeo Eye Hospital, Manfred Morchen, Gail Ormsby, Te Serey Bonn, David Lewis

Gail Ormsby

The article describes how the CARITAS Takeo Eye Hospital (CTEH) in Cambodia has worked hard to be more inclusive of people with disabilities. It mentions that the process to address the disability at the CTEH began in 2008 with the construction of new premises with universal design which reduced the physical barriers for everybody. The CTEH staff was trained on inclusion by CBM Australia and the Nossal Institute for Global Health; disability-inclusive practices reported a positive outcome.


Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice Of Diabetes In Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes And Eye Study, Fakir M. Amirul Islam, Rahul Chakrabarti, Mohamed Dirani, Mohamed T. Islam, Gail Ormsby, Mohamed Wahab, Christine Critchley, Robert P. Finger 2016 Swinburne University of Technology

Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice Of Diabetes In Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes And Eye Study, Fakir M. Amirul Islam, Rahul Chakrabarti, Mohamed Dirani, Mohamed T. Islam, Gail Ormsby, Mohamed Wahab, Christine Critchley, Robert P. Finger

Gail Ormsby

Background: To assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) amongst the general community regarding type 2diabetes mellitus (DM) in rural Bangladesh. Methods: Data was collected using cluster random sampling from 3104 adults residing in a rural district in Bangladesh. Participants underwent a KAP questionnaire survey regarding assessing diabetes, socio-demographic and medical history. Descriptive, Chi-square and regression analyses were performed. Results: Participants were aged between 30 and 89 years (M = 51, SD = 11.8) and 65.5% were female. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be 8.3%. The majority (93%) reported to have heard of diabetes, yet only 4 ...


Research/Internship In Optometry, Alisha Trivedi 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Research/Internship In Optometry, Alisha Trivedi

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

This is an enriching experience for undergraduate students, giving them a clinical and hands on experience in the field of Optometry. Students will have the opportunity to participate in research, see participants, shadow optometrists, engage in new studies, and possibly present their research at the end of their second semester. Students will work under a health professional at HPD and first observe their work along with the work of the interns before them to get familiar with the position. They will typically see participants for research about 2-3 times a week, and work on their term paper outside of that.


Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, Jennifer Fortuna 2016 WMU

Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, Jennifer Fortuna

Open Journal of Occupational Therapy: Occupation and the Artist

Alli Berman has been an artist, educator, author, and lecturer for more than 25 years. Her art can be found in private, corporate, and nonprofit collections around the world. Berman is the creator of PuzzleArt, a series of small abstract paintings that combine to form a modular puzzle. When a stroke impacted Berman’s quality of life, she turned to art for answers. Engagement in a meaningful activity, such as painting, provided her motivation and strength for continued physical and psychological healing. The PuzzleArt concept evolved from a simple exercise that helped Berman to fit all of the missing pieces ...


Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, Jennifer Fortuna MS, OTR/L 2016 Western Michigan University

Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, Jennifer Fortuna Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Alli Berman, a New York based artist, provided the cover art for the Fall 2016 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). “Sunlight Underwater” is a 12 piece PuzzleArt painting made from acrylic on American maple that measures 22x30. The PuzzleArt concept began as a simple exercise that evolved into a therapeutic modality. When a sudden stroke impacted Berman’s well-being and quality of life, it was art that helped her to make connections during recovery.


Development Of Holographic Sensors For Monitoring Relative Humidity And Temperature, Tatsiana Mikulchyk 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Development Of Holographic Sensors For Monitoring Relative Humidity And Temperature, Tatsiana Mikulchyk

Doctoral

Photonic structures capable of responding to an analyte with an easily identifiable change in their optical properties have generated wide interest due to their possible application as holographic sensors. Holographic sensors are considered a low-cost, lightweight and disposable technology, and have potential for application in different areas ranging from medical diagnostics to environmental sensing including the monitoring of environmental temperature and relative humidity. In spite of the existing wide range of temperature and humidity sensors, holographic sensors are of special interest as they can provide fast, real-time, reversible or irreversible, visual colorimetric or electronic readouts. The main objective of this ...


Effect Of 7 And 20 Hz Flicker Glasses On Fixation And Saccadic Oculography, Accommodation, And Stereoacuity, Muteb K. Alanazi 2016 Pacific University

Effect Of 7 And 20 Hz Flicker Glasses On Fixation And Saccadic Oculography, Accommodation, And Stereoacuity, Muteb K. Alanazi

College of Optometry

Purpose: Recent studies have investigated Eyetronix Flicker Glasses (EFG) in treating refractive amblyopia. EFG provides rapid alternating occlusion of the two eyes at a particular rate. They have been shown to cause a significant improvement in visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and stereoacuity in amblyopes. Amblyopia is a syndrome marked by a reduction in visual acuity as well as other monocular functions like fixations, saccadic eye movements, and accommodative lag. The purpose of this study was to investigate the intra-treatment effect of 7 and 20 Hz flicker on fixations, saccades, and the accommodative lag during reading, and on stereoacuity.

Methods: A ...


A Public Health Approach Of Cataract Prevention Through Nutrition, Akanksha 2016 Akanksha

A Public Health Approach Of Cataract Prevention Through Nutrition, Akanksha

College of Optometry

Purpose: To conduct a literature review related to preventing cataract through nutrition either in the form of consuming nutrient dense foods or supplements and suggest some public health policy recommendations.

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using Web of Science and Ovid Medline, with Population, Intervention, Control and Outcome (PICO) methodology. Studies were graded depending upon strength of evidence and clinical recommendation.

Results: There are enough evidence supporting the use of multivitamins decreases the risk of cataract. Higher intakes of antioxidants and vitamins has shown a protective association with the incidence or progression of cataract.

Conclusion: Developing healthy dietary ...


Natural Ways Of Myopia Control: A Public Health Approach For The Prevention Of Myopia, Hardew Mahto 2016 Pacific University

Natural Ways Of Myopia Control: A Public Health Approach For The Prevention Of Myopia, Hardew Mahto

College of Optometry

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of myopia has increased to 90% of the young adult population in some Asian countries, and according to the recent studies, fifty percent of world population will become myopic by 2050. Some studies believe that this recent increase in prevalence of myopia is a manifestation of sedentary lifestyle and poor diet. Myopia has already become a public health issue for the world population.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the mechanisms responsible for the development of myopia, identify the public health recommendations to modify modern lifestyle behaviors, review the literature that provides a basis ...


Treating Anisekonia With Stock Base Curve Manipulation In Asymptomatic Adults, Noura I. Al Habdan 2016 Pacific University

Treating Anisekonia With Stock Base Curve Manipulation In Asymptomatic Adults, Noura I. Al Habdan

College of Optometry

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to predict the base curve of the spectacle correction of patients in order to minimize their aniseikonia. We hypothesized that in order to correct the patient’s aniseikonia, we can manipulate the base curve of the subject’s prescription to change the magnification, without ultimately altering the prescription.

Methods: Ten female adults with spherical equivalent of ≥ 1 D anisometropia, and visual acuity of 20/25 or greater corrected vision, were studied. The participants were evaluated for anisometropia while wearing their habitual spectacles (i.e. non-size lens) and reassessed 4 weeks later (± 2 weeks ...


Prescribing Comfortable Prisms To Individuals With Binocular Single Vision To Optimize Stereopsis, James Kundart, Saad R. Almajed 2016 Pacific University

Prescribing Comfortable Prisms To Individuals With Binocular Single Vision To Optimize Stereopsis, James Kundart, Saad R. Almajed

College of Optometry

Objective: The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether prisms that are selected by participants minimize binocular blur, increase visual comfort, and yield better stereoacuity. We also investigated whether fixation disparity (FD) and associated phoria are the only reason for the increased stereothreshold in individuals with binocular single vision.

Methods: Two groups of participants (14 males, 16 females; age 19-53 years old, mean 26.17±5.65 SD) without strabismus, amblyopia, or suppression were included in the study. Their imperfect stereoacuity (i.e., induced by sphere lenses) was measured without and with prisms. The prisms were obtained with ...


A Systems Framework For Development Projects And Partnerships In Eye Health Training, Diane Wallace 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Systems Framework For Development Projects And Partnerships In Eye Health Training, Diane Wallace

Doctoral

Purpose: Development projects in eye health have evolved over the past fifteen years in response to VISION 2020: The Right to Sight. Estimates that 285 million people, mainly in the developing world, are needlessly vision impaired largely due to the lack of trained eye health professionals have moved development initiatives away from vertical, service delivery approaches towards the establishment of more sustainable, locally owned professional training programmes in an effort to ensure long term production of adequately trained human resource capacity to address this challenge. The Mozambique Eyecare Project was one such initiative, established as a solution to the challenge ...


Assessment Of Three Multifocal Soft Lens Designs For Myopia Control, Steven Turpin 2016 Pacific University

Assessment Of Three Multifocal Soft Lens Designs For Myopia Control, Steven Turpin

College of Optometry

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the limitations of increasing add powers to objective and subjective visual function by evaluating three multifocal soft contact lens (SCL) designs in five add powers.

Methods: Ten adults with normal eyes and no refractive astigmatism participated in this study. Visual assessment was evaluated with a single vision control SCL and 3 different center distant power multifocal SCL designs with add powers of +1.00, +2.00, +3.00, +4.00 and +5.00. The multifocal lens designs were categorized as Concentric Aspheric Addition Design (AA), Concentric Linear Addition Design (LA), and ...


Development Of A Surgical Instrument Prototype To Perform A More Precise Capsulorhexis, Kirk Haugen 2016 Southern Adventist Univeristy

Development Of A Surgical Instrument Prototype To Perform A More Precise Capsulorhexis, Kirk Haugen

Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research

Performing capsulorhexis is often considered the most difficult part of cataract surgery. Not only is it difficult, but performing it correctly is important for refractive outcomes.4 Inaccurate capsulorhexes are associated with complications including posterior capsular opacification, capsular fibrosis, and capsular phimosis.6 This study investigates the possibility of a proposed surgical instrument producing more precise capsulorhexes as determined by the circularity index. 60 capsulorhexes were performed on cigarette paper laid over clay - half using the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) method, and half using the proposed instrument. The precision of the capsulorhexis was then measured using the circularity index. The ...


To Screen Or Not To Screen Parent’S Perceptions Of Eye Care Prevention For Pre-School Age Children, Bonnie E. Keaton 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

To Screen Or Not To Screen Parent’S Perceptions Of Eye Care Prevention For Pre-School Age Children, Bonnie E. Keaton

Honors Theses

One in 20 children is at risk for permanent vision loss from disorders such as amblyopia and strabismus (Why Save Sight, 2016). Despite vision disorders and childhood blindness being a common disability in children, preventative vision screenings are not at the center of prevention discussions. Studies have suggested that vision screenings for young children are beneficial in preventing permanent vision loss (Vision Screenings for Healthy Vision, 2016). Vision screenings for preschool children are important and require more attention in the United States. This descriptive study addressed parental perceptions of early detection of vision problems among preschoolers in southeast Mississippi as ...


Framing Professional Programs Within Development Projects: Driving Longer Term Recognition And Integration, Diane Wallace, James Loughman, Kovin Naidoo 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Framing Professional Programs Within Development Projects: Driving Longer Term Recognition And Integration, Diane Wallace, James Loughman, Kovin Naidoo

Articles

Background: Optometry has, over the past ten years, emerged as a profession strategically positioned to address the burden of uncorrected refractive error in developing countries. Estimates suggest that 285 million people in the world are needlessly visually impaired, mainly due to the lack of trained eye health professionals in the developing world. Development initiatives in eye care have therefore moved away from vertical, service delivery approaches to supporting the establishment of more sustainable, locally owned training programs. This research is based on one the evaluation of one such initiative known as the Mozambique Eyecare Project.

Methods: This study followed a ...


Development Of Socially Responsive Competency Frameworks For Ophthalmic Technicians And Optometrists In Mozambique, Kajal Shan, Kevin Naidoo, James Loughman 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Development Of Socially Responsive Competency Frameworks For Ophthalmic Technicians And Optometrists In Mozambique, Kajal Shan, Kevin Naidoo, James Loughman

Articles

There is an extreme paucity of eye care personnel and training facilities in developing countries. This study was designed to develop a comprehensive framework of competency standards for ophthalmic technicians and optometrists, in Mozambique. This could then inform the evolution of socially responsive curricula for both cadres. Methods A modified Delphi technique was used with a ten member expert panel consisting of optometrists, ophthalmic technicians and ophthalmologists, all with experience of working in a developing country context. The competencies were derived from literature, primary research data and observations from a competency development workshop. The first round involved scoring the relevance ...


The Acceptability And Visual Impact Of 0.01% Atropine In A Caucasian Population, James Loughman, Ian Flitcroft 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Acceptability And Visual Impact Of 0.01% Atropine In A Caucasian Population, James Loughman, Ian Flitcroft

Articles

Myopia is a condition of enormous public health concern, affecting up to 2.5 billion people worldwide. The most effective treatment to prevent myopia progression is atropine but at the cost of accommodative paresis and mydriasis, necessitating the use of bifocal glasses. Low-dose atropine (0.01%) has been found to be almost as effective with significantly reduced side effects. Since there are well-recognised differences in the effect of atropine between heavily pigmented Asian eyes and Caucasian eyes, this study aimed to determine the acceptability and tolerability of 0.01% atropine (by measuring visual performance and quality of life) as a ...


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