Latanoprost And Timolol In Hydrogel Soft Drug-Dispensing Contact Lenses: A Comparative Analysis, 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University
Latanoprost And Timolol In Hydrogel Soft Drug-Dispensing Contact Lenses: A Comparative Analysis, Neha Potdar
Virginias Collegiate Honors Council Conference
Glaucoma patients only can instill glaucoma eye drops. This results in 1-7% absorption of the medication. Surveys show that patients forget to take their medication and have difficulty inserting their eye drops. Researchers at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary have developed latanoprost drug-dispensing hydrogel soft contact lenses that dispense the drug to help facilitate the process. However, some glaucoma patients do not respond to latanoprost because they have uveitic glaucoma or do not want to experience latanoprost’s ocular side effects. Patients need an alternative which can be inserted into these contact lenses. Another commonly used glaucoma drug is ...
Targeted Aav5-Smad7 Gene Therapy Inhibits Corneal Scarring In Vivo, 2017 Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital
Targeted Aav5-Smad7 Gene Therapy Inhibits Corneal Scarring In Vivo, Suneel Gupta, Jason T. Rodier, Ajay Sharma, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Prashant R. Sinha, Nathan P. Hesemann, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Rajiv R. Mohan
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Corneal scarring is due to aberrant activity of the transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signaling pathway following traumatic, mechanical, infectious, or surgical injury. Altered TGFβ signaling cascade leads to downstream Smad (Suppressor of mothers against decapentaplegic) protein-mediated signaling events that regulate expression of extracellular matrix and myogenic proteins. These events lead to transdifferentiation of keratocytes into myofibroblasts through fibroblasts and often results in permanent corneal scarring. Hence, therapeutic targets that reduce transdifferentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts may provide a clinically relevant approach to treat corneal fibrosis and improve long-term visual outcomes. Smad7 protein regulates the functional effects of TGFβ signaling ...
Visual Impairment And Factors Associated With Difficulties With Daily Tasks, 2016 Western Michigan University
Visual Impairment And Factors Associated With Difficulties With Daily Tasks, Anne T. Riddering
In the past 10 years, the number of American adults with visual impairments has increased from 1 million to 4 million and is expected to double to 8 million people by the year 2050 (The Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group, 2004; National Eye Institute, 2013). Therapies to treat retinal diseases causing visual impairment, such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration (Massof, 2002; Mogk, 2011), have evolved in the past two decades (Gupta et al., 2013; Hooper & Guymer, 2003), but little research has examined recent population and difficulties with performing daily activities. Different types of professionals, including ophthalmologists, optometrists, occupational therapists, orientation and mobility specialists, vision rehabilitation therapists, and low vision therapists, work to assist adults with visual impairments remain independent with daily tasks, and an understanding of population characteristics is critical to providing successful treatment (Court, McLean, Guthrie, Mercer, & Smith, 2014; Johnson & Romanello, 2005; Salive, 2013). The studies in this three-paper dissertation examine difficulties with daily tasks, factors contributing to these difficulties, and similarities and differences ...
When The Challenges Of Aging And Visual Impairment Collide: Working Together To Build A Toolbox Of Rehab Ideas Of Best Care For Older Adults, Regula H. Robnett, Kathy Clarrage
Occupational Therapy Faculty Presentations
Workshop/presentation by Regi Robnett, Ph.D., OTR/L, FAOTA, professor in the UNE Department of Occupational Therapy and Kathy Clarrage, COMS, Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist for the State of Maine. Given at the North East Chapter of the Association for Education and Rehabilitation for the Blind and Visually Impaired (NEAER) conference, this presentation encouraged health care providers to work as a team to care for older, visually impaired adults. The professional audience included orientation and mobility specialists, vision rehabilitation therapists, low vision specialists, administrators in the field of blindness, social workers in the field of blindness and vocational ...
Recording Of High Efficiency Volume Bragg Gratings In A Photopolymer Using Diffraction From Very Weak Pre-Recorded Gratings, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology
Recording Of High Efficiency Volume Bragg Gratings In A Photopolymer Using Diffraction From Very Weak Pre-Recorded Gratings, Denis Bade
No abstract provided.
Addressing Disability In The Health System At Caritas Takeo Eye Hospital, 2016 Takeo Eye Hospital
Addressing Disability In The Health System At Caritas Takeo Eye Hospital, Manfred Morchen, Gail Ormsby, Te Serey Bonn, David Lewis
The article describes how the CARITAS Takeo Eye Hospital (CTEH) in Cambodia has worked hard to be more inclusive of people with disabilities. It mentions that the process to address the disability at the CTEH began in 2008 with the construction of new premises with universal design which reduced the physical barriers for everybody. The CTEH staff was trained on inclusion by CBM Australia and the Nossal Institute for Global Health; disability-inclusive practices reported a positive outcome.
Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice Of Diabetes In Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes And Eye Study, 2016 Swinburne University of Technology
Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice Of Diabetes In Rural Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population Based Diabetes And Eye Study, Fakir M. Amirul Islam, Rahul Chakrabarti, Mohamed Dirani, Mohamed T. Islam, Gail Ormsby, Mohamed Wahab, Christine Critchley, Robert P. Finger
Background: To assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) amongst the general community regarding type 2diabetes mellitus (DM) in rural Bangladesh. Methods: Data was collected using cluster random sampling from 3104 adults residing in a rural district in Bangladesh. Participants underwent a KAP questionnaire survey regarding assessing diabetes, socio-demographic and medical history. Descriptive, Chi-square and regression analyses were performed. Results: Participants were aged between 30 and 89 years (M = 51, SD = 11.8) and 65.5% were female. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be 8.3%. The majority (93%) reported to have heard of diabetes, yet only 4 ...
Research/Internship In Optometry, 2016 Nova Southeastern University
Research/Internship In Optometry, Alisha Trivedi
Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research
This is an enriching experience for undergraduate students, giving them a clinical and hands on experience in the field of Optometry. Students will have the opportunity to participate in research, see participants, shadow optometrists, engage in new studies, and possibly present their research at the end of their second semester. Students will work under a health professional at HPD and first observe their work along with the work of the interns before them to get familiar with the position. They will typically see participants for research about 2-3 times a week, and work on their term paper outside of that.
Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, Jennifer Fortuna
Open Journal of Occupational Therapy: Occupation and the Artist
Alli Berman has been an artist, educator, author, and lecturer for more than 25 years. Her art can be found in private, corporate, and nonprofit collections around the world. Berman is the creator of PuzzleArt, a series of small abstract paintings that combine to form a modular puzzle. When a stroke impacted Berman’s quality of life, she turned to art for answers. Engagement in a meaningful activity, such as painting, provided her motivation and strength for continued physical and psychological healing. The PuzzleArt concept evolved from a simple exercise that helped Berman to fit all of the missing pieces ...
Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, 2016 Western Michigan University
Puzzleart Therapy: Connecting The Pieces In Search Of Answers, Jennifer Fortuna Ms, Otr/L
The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alli Berman, a New York based artist, provided the cover art for the Fall 2016 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). “Sunlight Underwater” is a 12 piece PuzzleArt painting made from acrylic on American maple that measures 22x30. The PuzzleArt concept began as a simple exercise that evolved into a therapeutic modality. When a sudden stroke impacted Berman’s well-being and quality of life, it was art that helped her to make connections during recovery.
Development Of Holographic Sensors For Monitoring Relative Humidity And Temperature, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology
Development Of Holographic Sensors For Monitoring Relative Humidity And Temperature, Tatsiana Mikulchyk
Photonic structures capable of responding to an analyte with an easily identifiable change in their optical properties have generated wide interest due to their possible application as holographic sensors. Holographic sensors are considered a low-cost, lightweight and disposable technology, and have potential for application in different areas ranging from medical diagnostics to environmental sensing including the monitoring of environmental temperature and relative humidity. In spite of the existing wide range of temperature and humidity sensors, holographic sensors are of special interest as they can provide fast, real-time, reversible or irreversible, visual colorimetric or electronic readouts. The main objective of this ...
Effect Of 7 And 20 Hz Flicker Glasses On Fixation And Saccadic Oculography, Accommodation, And Stereoacuity, Muteb K. Alanazi
College of Optometry
Purpose: Recent studies have investigated Eyetronix Flicker Glasses (EFG) in treating refractive amblyopia. EFG provides rapid alternating occlusion of the two eyes at a particular rate. They have been shown to cause a significant improvement in visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and stereoacuity in amblyopes. Amblyopia is a syndrome marked by a reduction in visual acuity as well as other monocular functions like fixations, saccadic eye movements, and accommodative lag. The purpose of this study was to investigate the intra-treatment effect of 7 and 20 Hz flicker on fixations, saccades, and the accommodative lag during reading, and on stereoacuity.
Methods: A ...
A Public Health Approach Of Cataract Prevention Through Nutrition, Akanksha
College of Optometry
Purpose: To conduct a literature review related to preventing cataract through nutrition either in the form of consuming nutrient dense foods or supplements and suggest some public health policy recommendations.
Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using Web of Science and Ovid Medline, with Population, Intervention, Control and Outcome (PICO) methodology. Studies were graded depending upon strength of evidence and clinical recommendation.
Results: There are enough evidence supporting the use of multivitamins decreases the risk of cataract. Higher intakes of antioxidants and vitamins has shown a protective association with the incidence or progression of cataract.
Conclusion: Developing healthy dietary ...
Natural Ways Of Myopia Control: A Public Health Approach For The Prevention Of Myopia, 2016 Pacific University
Natural Ways Of Myopia Control: A Public Health Approach For The Prevention Of Myopia, Hardew Mahto
College of Optometry
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of myopia has increased to 90% of the young adult population in some Asian countries, and according to the recent studies, fifty percent of world population will become myopic by 2050. Some studies believe that this recent increase in prevalence of myopia is a manifestation of sedentary lifestyle and poor diet. Myopia has already become a public health issue for the world population.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the mechanisms responsible for the development of myopia, identify the public health recommendations to modify modern lifestyle behaviors, review the literature that provides a basis ...
Treating Anisekonia With Stock Base Curve Manipulation In Asymptomatic Adults, 2016 Pacific University
Treating Anisekonia With Stock Base Curve Manipulation In Asymptomatic Adults, Noura I. Al Habdan
College of Optometry
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to predict the base curve of the spectacle correction of patients in order to minimize their aniseikonia. We hypothesized that in order to correct the patient’s aniseikonia, we can manipulate the base curve of the subject’s prescription to change the magnification, without ultimately altering the prescription.
Methods: Ten female adults with spherical equivalent of ≥ 1 D anisometropia, and visual acuity of 20/25 or greater corrected vision, were studied. The participants were evaluated for anisometropia while wearing their habitual spectacles (i.e. non-size lens) and reassessed 4 weeks later (± 2 weeks ...
Prescribing Comfortable Prisms To Individuals With Binocular Single Vision To Optimize Stereopsis, 2016 Pacific University
Prescribing Comfortable Prisms To Individuals With Binocular Single Vision To Optimize Stereopsis, James Kundart, Saad R. Almajed
College of Optometry
Objective: The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether prisms that are selected by participants minimize binocular blur, increase visual comfort, and yield better stereoacuity. We also investigated whether fixation disparity (FD) and associated phoria are the only reason for the increased stereothreshold in individuals with binocular single vision.
Methods: Two groups of participants (14 males, 16 females; age 19-53 years old, mean 26.17±5.65 SD) without strabismus, amblyopia, or suppression were included in the study. Their imperfect stereoacuity (i.e., induced by sphere lenses) was measured without and with prisms. The prisms were obtained with ...
A Systems Framework For Development Projects And Partnerships In Eye Health Training, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology
A Systems Framework For Development Projects And Partnerships In Eye Health Training, Diane Wallace
Purpose: Development projects in eye health have evolved over the past fifteen years in response to VISION 2020: The Right to Sight. Estimates that 285 million people, mainly in the developing world, are needlessly vision impaired largely due to the lack of trained eye health professionals have moved development initiatives away from vertical, service delivery approaches towards the establishment of more sustainable, locally owned professional training programmes in an effort to ensure long term production of adequately trained human resource capacity to address this challenge. The Mozambique Eyecare Project was one such initiative, established as a solution to the challenge ...
Assessment Of Three Multifocal Soft Lens Designs For Myopia Control, 2016 Pacific University
Assessment Of Three Multifocal Soft Lens Designs For Myopia Control, Steven Turpin
College of Optometry
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the limitations of increasing add powers to objective and subjective visual function by evaluating three multifocal soft contact lens (SCL) designs in five add powers.
Methods: Ten adults with normal eyes and no refractive astigmatism participated in this study. Visual assessment was evaluated with a single vision control SCL and 3 different center distant power multifocal SCL designs with add powers of +1.00, +2.00, +3.00, +4.00 and +5.00. The multifocal lens designs were categorized as Concentric Aspheric Addition Design (AA), Concentric Linear Addition Design (LA), and ...
Development Of A Surgical Instrument Prototype To Perform A More Precise Capsulorhexis, 2016 Southern Adventist Univeristy
Development Of A Surgical Instrument Prototype To Perform A More Precise Capsulorhexis, Kirk Haugen
Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research
Performing capsulorhexis is often considered the most difficult part of cataract surgery. Not only is it difficult, but performing it correctly is important for refractive outcomes.4 Inaccurate capsulorhexes are associated with complications including posterior capsular opacification, capsular fibrosis, and capsular phimosis.6 This study investigates the possibility of a proposed surgical instrument producing more precise capsulorhexes as determined by the circularity index. 60 capsulorhexes were performed on cigarette paper laid over clay - half using the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) method, and half using the proposed instrument. The precision of the capsulorhexis was then measured using the circularity index. The ...
To Screen Or Not To Screen Parent’S Perceptions Of Eye Care Prevention For Pre-School Age Children, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
To Screen Or Not To Screen Parent’S Perceptions Of Eye Care Prevention For Pre-School Age Children, Bonnie E. Keaton
One in 20 children is at risk for permanent vision loss from disorders such as amblyopia and strabismus (Why Save Sight, 2016). Despite vision disorders and childhood blindness being a common disability in children, preventative vision screenings are not at the center of prevention discussions. Studies have suggested that vision screenings for young children are beneficial in preventing permanent vision loss (Vision Screenings for Healthy Vision, 2016). Vision screenings for preschool children are important and require more attention in the United States. This descriptive study addressed parental perceptions of early detection of vision problems among preschoolers in southeast Mississippi as ...