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The Efects Of Parsimony Logic And Extended Parsimony Clustering On Protein Identification And Quantification In Shotgun Proteomics, Raviteja Madhira 2016 Oregon Health & Science University

The Efects Of Parsimony Logic And Extended Parsimony Clustering On Protein Identification And Quantification In Shotgun Proteomics, Raviteja Madhira

Scholar Archive

Shotgun proteomics is the most common mass spectrometry-based proteomics method for identifying and quantifying proteins present within a sample. Despite improvements in mass spectrometry tools, the issue dealing with inferring proteins and quantifying them from peptides still persists. The choice of protein sequence databases and the underlying genomic complexities of organisms are often considered sources of peptide degeneracy that lead to varying protein identifications and quantifications. In this thesis, the differences between four protein sequence database sources (Uniprot, NCBI, Ensembl, and IPI) were compared using redundant and non-redundant protein counts and shared and unique peptide counts for two higher eukaryotic ...


Fitness-To-Drive Screening Measure© : Constructing And Validating The Short Form, Shabnam Medhizadah 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Fitness-To-Drive Screening Measure© : Constructing And Validating The Short Form, Shabnam Medhizadah

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The valid and reliable Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure© (FTDS) is a free online proxy measure that screens for at-risk older drivers using 54 driving-related items. This secondary data analysis aims to construct and validate a short form FTDS, using 200 caregiver FTDS response sets and 200 older driver on-road assessment pass/fail outcomes. To construct the short form, exploratory factor analysis and classical test theory techniques were employed to determine the most interpretable factor model and the minimum number of items that might be used to predict fitness to drive. Next, receiver operating characteristics curves were generated to evaluate the concurrent ...


A Critical Thinking Approach Increases Offerings Of Dark Green Leafy, Yellow / Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, And Tomatoes In The Diets Of Low-Income Children, Ingrid K. Richards Adams, Cheryl Olmstead Hausafus, Suzanne Hendrich 2016 University of Kentucky

A Critical Thinking Approach Increases Offerings Of Dark Green Leafy, Yellow / Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, And Tomatoes In The Diets Of Low-Income Children, Ingrid K. Richards Adams, Cheryl Olmstead Hausafus, Suzanne Hendrich

Suzanne Hendrich

To evaluate the effectiveness of a critical thinking (CT) educational approach for Head Start parents in increasing offerings of dark green leafy, yellow/orange, cruciferous vegetables, tomatoes (specific vegetables), in their children’s diets. A two-group (experimental, control) randomized, pretest-posttest design was used. The experimental group participated in two 45-minute sessions on vegetables based on the CT approach. A CT definition, model, curriculum and lesson plans were developed. Significant differences were found between the experimental and control groups in mean posttest scores for vegetable knowledge 3.72 (SE 0.26) and 2.99 (SE 0.26), for critical thinking 2 ...


Adherence With Urate-Lowering Therapies For The Treatment Of Gout, Leslie R. Harrold, Susan E. Andrade, Becky A. Briesacher, Marsha A. Raebel, Hassan Fouayzi, Robert A. Yood, Ira S. Ockene 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adherence With Urate-Lowering Therapies For The Treatment Of Gout, Leslie R. Harrold, Susan E. Andrade, Becky A. Briesacher, Marsha A. Raebel, Hassan Fouayzi, Robert A. Yood, Ira S. Ockene

Ira S. Ockene

INTRODUCTION: Adherence to urate-lowering drugs (ULDs) has not been well evaluated among those with gout. Our aim was to assess the level and determinants of non-adherence with ULDs prescribed for gout.

METHODS: We identified persons using two integrated delivery systems aged 18 years or older with a diagnosis of gout who initiated use of allopurinol, probenecid or sulfinpyrazone from 1 January 2000 to 30 June 2006. Non-adherence was measured using the medication possession ratio (MPR) over the first year of therapy and defined as an MPR < 0.8. Descriptive statistics were calculated and logistic regression was used to estimate the strength of the association between patient characteristics and non-adherence.

RESULTS: A total of 4,166 gout patients initiated ULDs; 97% received allopurinol. Median ...


Tasmanian Acute Public Hospitals Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance Report 25 - Quarter 1 2015, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Alistair McGregor, Brett G. Mitchell 2016 Department of Health and Human Services TAS

Tasmanian Acute Public Hospitals Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance Report 25 - Quarter 1 2015, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Alistair Mcgregor, Brett G. Mitchell

Brett Mitchell

This quarterly surveillance report provides an overview of the Tasmanian acute public hospitals healthcare associated infection surveillance. The TIPCU website (www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/tipcu) contains details of the surveillance program and the methodologies used in data collection, validation and analysis. These details are not contained in this report but are freely available online should further information be required. Any form of comparison between hospitals should be done with extreme caution because data are not adjusted for patient characteristics that varies between hospitals. Further, the relatively small Tasmanian population and small number of events can result in volatility of ...


Tasmanian Acute Public Hospitals Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance Report 23 - Quarter 3 2014, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Alistair McGregor, Brett G. Mitchell 2016 Department of Health and Human Services TAS

Tasmanian Acute Public Hospitals Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance Report 23 - Quarter 3 2014, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Alistair Mcgregor, Brett G. Mitchell

Brett Mitchell

This annual report provides an overview of the Tasmanian acute public hospitals healthcare associated infection surveillance. This complements the quarterly surveillance data reports that the Tasmanian Infection Prevention and Control Unit (TIPCU) has been publishing since March 2009. The TIPCU website (www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/tipcu) contains details of the surveillance program and the methodologies used in data collection, validation and analysis. These details are not contained in this report but are freely available online should further information be required.
Any form of comparison between hospitals should be done with extreme caution and direct comparisons are not recommended. Information ...


Surveillance To Reduce Urinary Tract Infections: The Struti Project, Oyebola Fasugba, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell, Wendy Beckingham, Noleen Bennett 2016 Australian Catholic University

Surveillance To Reduce Urinary Tract Infections: The Struti Project, Oyebola Fasugba, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell, Wendy Beckingham, Noleen Bennett

Brett Mitchell

Researchers and infection control experts at Australian Catholic University’s School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine; Avondale College for Higher Education; Canberra Hospital; and Victorian Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance Coordinating Centre are working in partnership to develop a national surveillance system for HAUTIs using point prevalence survey.


Roles, Responsibilities And Scope Of Practice: Describing The ‘State Of Play’ For Infection Control Professionals In Australia And New Zealand, Lisa Hall, Kate Halton, Deborough MacBeth, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell 2016 Queensland University of Technology

Roles, Responsibilities And Scope Of Practice: Describing The ‘State Of Play’ For Infection Control Professionals In Australia And New Zealand, Lisa Hall, Kate Halton, Deborough Macbeth, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell

Brett Mitchell

Background: In the past decade the policy and practice context for infection control in Australia and New Zealand has changed, with infection control professionals (ICPs) now involved in the implementation of a large number of national strategies. Little is known about the current ICP workforce and what they do in their day-to-day positions. The aim of this study was to describe the ICP workforce in Australia and New Zealand with a focus on roles, responsibilities, and scope of practice.

Methods: A cross-sectional design using snowball recruitment was employed. ICPs completed an anonymous web-based survey with questions on demographics; qualifications held ...


Australian Graduating Nurses’ Knowledge, Intentions And Beliefs On Infection Prevention And Control: A Cross-Sectional Study, Brett G. Mitchell, Richard Say, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Linda Cloete, Lucinda Matheson 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Australian Graduating Nurses’ Knowledge, Intentions And Beliefs On Infection Prevention And Control: A Cross-Sectional Study, Brett G. Mitchell, Richard Say, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Linda Cloete, Lucinda Matheson

Brett Mitchell

Background: In recent year, national bodies have been actively addressing the increasing concern on the spread of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The current study measures the knowledge, intentions and beliefs of third-year Australian nursing students on key infection prevention and control (IPC) concepts.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of final-year undergraduate nursing students from Schools of Nursing at six Australian universities was undertaken. Students were asked to participate in an anonymous survey. The survey explored knowledge of standard precautions and transmission based precautions. In addition intentions and beliefs towards IPC were explored.

Results: 349 students from six universities completed the study. 59 ...


Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D. 2016 Clark University

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D.

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, and Our Families is the seventh Massachusetts Family Impact Seminar. This seminar was designed to emphasize a family perspective in policymaking on issues related to the legalization of marijuana and managing the opioid abuse crisis in the Commonwealth. In general, Family Impact Seminars analyze the consequences an issue, policy, or program may have for families.


Bad Hair Days And The Good Of Pamela Bone's Literary Journalism, Carolyn Rickett 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Bad Hair Days And The Good Of Pamela Bone's Literary Journalism, Carolyn Rickett

Carolyn Rickett

“I can’t die! I haven’t finished saving the world yet!” (Bone, 2007c, p. 206).

As a recipient of the United Nations media peace prize, Pamela Bone was noted for her fearless reporting on humanitarian, gender and social justice issues. While some of her thought-provoking columns invited controversy, Michael Gawenda notes, “even when people disagreed with her, they respected and understood what she wrote came from her heart and mind and her great moral clarity” (quoted in Chandler, 2008, n.p.).

Retiring from The Age at the end of 2005, Bone accepted an invitation from Melbourne University Press to ...


The Complete Health Improvement Program (Chip) As A Lifestyle Intervention For The Prevention, Management And Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Darren Morton 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

The Complete Health Improvement Program (Chip) As A Lifestyle Intervention For The Prevention, Management And Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Darren Morton

Darren Morton

Over 2,000 years ago Hippocrates asserted: "Food and exercise... work together to produce health". Evidence for the wisdom of this Hippocratic council emerged throughout the 20th Century as large epidemiological studies, including the Framingham Heart Study, Nurses Health Study, EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) and the Adventist Health Study, highlighted the relationship between lifestyle and disease.


Gender Differences In Effectiveness Of The Complete Health Improvement Program, Lillian Kent, Darren Morton, Paul Rankin, John Gobble, Hans A. Diehl 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Gender Differences In Effectiveness Of The Complete Health Improvement Program, Lillian Kent, Darren Morton, Paul Rankin, John Gobble, Hans A. Diehl

Darren Morton

Objective: To determine the differential effect of gender on outcomes of the Complete Health Improvement Program, a chronic disease lifestyle intervention program. Design: Thirty-day cohort study. Setting: One hundred thirty-six venues around North America, 2006 to 2009. Participants: A total of 5,046 participants (33.5% men, aged 57.9 ± 13.0 years; 66.5% women, aged 57.0 ± 12.9 years). Intervention: Diet, exercise, and stress management. Main Outcome Measures: Body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, lipids, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Analysis: The researchers used t test and McNemar chi-square test of proportions, at P ...


Gender Differences In Effectiveness Of The Complete Health Improvement Program, Lillian Kent, Darren Morton, Paul Rankin, John Gobble, Hans A. Diehl 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Gender Differences In Effectiveness Of The Complete Health Improvement Program, Lillian Kent, Darren Morton, Paul Rankin, John Gobble, Hans A. Diehl

Lillian Kent

Objective: To determine the differential effect of gender on outcomes of the Complete Health Improvement Program, a chronic disease lifestyle intervention program.

Design: Thirty-day cohort study.

Setting: One hundred thirty-six venues around North America, 2006 to 2009.

Participants: A total of 5,046 participants (33.5% men, aged 57.9 ± 13.0 years; 66.5% women, aged 57.0 ± 12.9 years).

Intervention: Diet, exercise, and stress management.

Main Outcome Measures: Body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, lipids, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG).

Analysis: The researchers used t test and McNemar chi-square test of proportions, at P ...


A Positive Association Between Cryptosporidiosis Notifications And Ambient Temperature, Victoria, Australia, 2001-2009, Lillian Kent, Michelle McPherson, Nasra Higgins 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

A Positive Association Between Cryptosporidiosis Notifications And Ambient Temperature, Victoria, Australia, 2001-2009, Lillian Kent, Michelle Mcpherson, Nasra Higgins

Lillian Kent

Increased temperatures provide optimal conditions for pathogen survival, virulence and replication as well as increased opportunities for human-pathogen interaction. This paper examined the relationship between notifications of cryptosporidiosis and temperature in metropolitan and rural areas of Victoria, Australia between 2001-2009. A negative binomial regression model was used to analyse monthly average maximum and minimum temperatures, rainfall and the monthly count of cryptosporidiosis notifications. In the metropolitan area, a 1°C increase in monthly average minimum temperature of the current month was associated with a 22% increase in cryptosporidiosis notifications (IRR 1.22; 95% CI 1.13 – 1.31). In the ...


Book Review, Thomas G. Field Jr. 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Thomas G. Field Jr.

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the following: lAIN HAY, MONEY, MEDICINE AND MALPRACTICE IN AMERICAN SOCIETY. (Praeger 1992) [244 pp.] Abbreviations, annotated list of personal communications, figures, glossary, index, full legal citations, notes, preface, references, tables. LC 91-38477, ISBN 0-674-13645-4. [Cloth $49.95. P.O. Box 5007, Westwood CT 06881-9990.]


The Effect Of Exercise On Cognitive Function As Measured By Impact Protocol: Aerobic Vs. Anaerobic, John Brutvan MA, ATC, Kimberly S. Peer EdD, ATC, FNATA, Jacob E. Barkley PhD, Jay Jonas MS, ATC 2016 Kent State University

The Effect Of Exercise On Cognitive Function As Measured By Impact Protocol: Aerobic Vs. Anaerobic, John Brutvan Ma, Atc, Kimberly S. Peer Edd, Atc, Fnata, Jacob E. Barkley Phd, Jay Jonas Ms, Atc

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Background: Exercise has long played a critical role in the recovery from athletic injuries. Of recent, concussion research has escalated creating new insights into the treatment of and rehabilitation from concussion syndromes. As part of the concussion research, multiple uses of the ImPACT tool have evolved to measure cognitive function. However, combining the variables of cognitive improvement as measured by the ImPACT protocol with aerobic and anaerobic exercise has not been investigated. Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the influence of acute bouts of aerobic versus resistance exercise on cognitive function of college-aged participants as measured by ...


Sample Size Formulas For Estimating Intraclass Correlation Coefficients In Reliability Studies With Binary Outcomes, Mengxiao Xu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Sample Size Formulas For Estimating Intraclass Correlation Coefficients In Reliability Studies With Binary Outcomes, Mengxiao Xu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Measurement errors can seriously affect quality of clinical practice and medical research. It is therefore important to assess such errors by conduct- ing studies to estimate a coefficients reliability and assessing its precision. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), defined on a model that an observation is a sum of information and random error, has been widely used to quantify reliability for continuous measurements. Sample formulas have been derived for explicitly incorporation of a prespecified probability of achieving the prespecified precision, i.e., the width or lower limit of a confidence interval for ICC. Although the concept of ICC is ...


Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon PhD MSPH 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon Phd Msph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Today - August 2016, Loma Linda University Health 2016 Loma Linda University

Today - August 2016, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

-- Health Disparities Research Symposium recognizes young researchers and their contributions
-- More than 3,000 attend All Star Appreciation Game at San Manuel Stadium
-- Alumnus addresses Republican National Convention
-- Murrieta neurosurgeon honored for health care excellence
-- Blood supplies challenged: your donation can help save a life
-- ASI convention provides opportunity to share mission and vision
-- 17th annual Nursing Research and Evidencebased Practice Conference attended by 150
-- Senior VP of finance recognized—again— by leading industry publication
-- Service learning: a classroom in the community
-- Student testimonies and statistics paint MITHS successes in bright, bold strokes
-- New Notice of Privacy ...


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