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Health Profession Student’S Readiness Towards Online Learning As A Component Of Blended Learning, Narasimman Swaminathan, Latha Ravichandran, Ramachandran Sivakumar, Steve Milanese 2022 Sri Ramachardra Institute of Higher Education and Research

Health Profession Student’S Readiness Towards Online Learning As A Component Of Blended Learning, Narasimman Swaminathan, Latha Ravichandran, Ramachandran Sivakumar, Steve Milanese

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify the entry-level health profession students’ perception and readiness to adopt online learning as a component of blended learning (BL). Methods: A cross sectional survey using a structured questionnaire was administered using Google forms. Entry level Health professionals’ education (HPE) graduate students of a higher education institute in India completed the survey (N= 628). The questionnaire was developed from the literature and content validated by experts. Ethics clearance was obtained from the Institutional ethics committee. Results: Out of 628 responses, 603 fully completed questionnaires were included for analysis. Of the participants, 98 ...


Validity Of Quality Of Life Measurement In Economic Evaluations In Total Joint Replacement: Agreement Between Western Ontario And Mcmasters' Osteoarthritis Index (Womac) And The Euroqol 5d (Eq-5d) Utility Scores, Sanju Valamparampil 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Validity Of Quality Of Life Measurement In Economic Evaluations In Total Joint Replacement: Agreement Between Western Ontario And Mcmasters' Osteoarthritis Index (Womac) And The Euroqol 5d (Eq-5d) Utility Scores, Sanju Valamparampil

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Health economic evaluations are commonly conducted through a cost-utility analysis, where health benefits are measured using utility scores. A common utility measure is the European Quality of Life (EQ-5D). Osteoarthritis (OA) research studies commonly use disease-specific quality of life tools such as the Western Ontario and McMaster’s Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) to derive utility scores, but the validity of this method is unknown. This research aims to determine the agreement between utility scores derived from WOMAC and the EQ-5D surveys among patients who have undergone Total Joint Replacement (TJR). To estimate the agreement, we calculated an intraclass correlation coefficient ...


Compassion Fatigue In Healthcare Professionals During Covid-19: Scoping Review Protocol, Lucy Hui, Christina Oleynikov, Sheila Boamah, Anna Garnett 2022 Western University

Compassion Fatigue In Healthcare Professionals During Covid-19: Scoping Review Protocol, Lucy Hui, Christina Oleynikov, Sheila Boamah, Anna Garnett

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges to the healthcare system. With the sudden increase in workload, under-resourced facilities, and evolving healthcare practices, healthcare professionals are faced with a great psychological burden. Compassion is a crucial component to providing safe and quality care. However, the effects of the prolonged exposure to high-stress environments during COVID-19 on compassion fatigue remains understudied. This scoping literature review was conducted with the goal of answering two questions: (1) What research has been undertaken on compassion fatigue among healthcare providers over the course of COVID-19, and, (2) how did compassion fatigue among healthcare providers impact ...


Sexual Behaviours And Sexual Health Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Britain, Junead Khan, Emily Greaves, Clare Tanton, Hannah Kuper, Thomas Shakespeare, Eneyi Kpokiri, Yun Wang, Jason J. Ong, Suzanne Day, Stephen W. Pan, Weiming Tan, Bingyi Wang, Xin Peng, Bowen Liang, Huachun Zou, Joseph D. Tucker, Dan Wu 2022 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Sexual Behaviours And Sexual Health Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Britain, Junead Khan, Emily Greaves, Clare Tanton, Hannah Kuper, Thomas Shakespeare, Eneyi Kpokiri, Yun Wang, Jason J. Ong, Suzanne Day, Stephen W. Pan, Weiming Tan, Bingyi Wang, Xin Peng, Bowen Liang, Huachun Zou, Joseph D. Tucker, Dan Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objectives Population-representative studies of the sexual health of middle-aged and older adults are lacking in ageing societies. This study aimed to identify latent patterns of sexual behaviours and health of people aged 45–74 years.

Methods We conducted a latent class analysis of the National Attitudes and Sexual Lifestyles Survey (Natsal-3), a nationally representative survey conducted in Britain in 2011.

Results Of the 5260 respondents aged 45–74 years, 48.86% of men and 44.91% of women belonged to the Content Caseys class who reported good sexual health. The Infrequent Indigos (30.94% of men, 44.38% of women ...


A Comparison Of Statistical Methods For Modeling Count Data With An Application To Hospital Length Of Stay, Kristina Vatcheva, Gustavo Fernandez 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Comparison Of Statistical Methods For Modeling Count Data With An Application To Hospital Length Of Stay, Kristina Vatcheva, Gustavo Fernandez

Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background

Hospital length of stay (LOS) is a key indicator of hospital care management efficiency, cost of care, and hospital planning. Hospital LOS is often used as a measure of a post-medical procedure outcome, as a guide to the benefit of a treatment of interest, or as an important risk factor for adverse events. Therefore, understanding hospital LOS variability is always an important healthcare focus. Hospital LOS data can be treated as count data, with discrete and non-negative values, typically right skewed, and often exhibiting excessive zeros. In this study, we compared the performance of the Poisson, negative binomial (NB ...


Effects Of Imu Sensor Location And Number On The Validity Of Vertical Acceleration Time-Series Data In Countermovement Jumping, Dianne Althouse 2022 Utah State University

Effects Of Imu Sensor Location And Number On The Validity Of Vertical Acceleration Time-Series Data In Countermovement Jumping, Dianne Althouse

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Many devices are available for measuring the height of a CMJ. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) measures linear acceleration, orientation, and angular velocity. As an alternative to using IMU estimates of flight time, CMJ height could be estimated by integrating the IMU time-series signal for vertical acceleration to derive CMJ take-off velocity in order to track whole-body center of mass (WBCoM) movement, yet this approach would require valid IMU acceleration data. Thus, the purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of IMU sensor location and number on the validity of vertical acceleration estimation in CMJ. Thirty young adults ...


Pharmacists Role In Preventing Drug Abuse, Renae L. Wilson 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Pharmacists Role In Preventing Drug Abuse, Renae L. Wilson

College of Pharmacy Student Research

In 2019, there were approximately 332,000 pharmacists active in the US workforce, Data USA, 2019. A survey of 1,700 American adults, discovered, that 34% of Americans still rely on healthcare providers such as pharmacists, for information in relation their health, KRC Research, 2018. Pharmacists are one of the three most trusted health care professions and were found to be the second most trusted source for health information by Americans in 2005. Blendon et al., 2006 found, that information from pharmacist was trusted by 67%, of participants in their survey. One of the oaths pledged by pharmacist is, ‘I ...


A Comparative Study On Deep Learning Models For Text Classification Of Unstructured Medical Notes With Various Levels Of Class Imbalance, Hongxia Lu, Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Cyril Rakovski 2022 Chapman University

A Comparative Study On Deep Learning Models For Text Classification Of Unstructured Medical Notes With Various Levels Of Class Imbalance, Hongxia Lu, Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Cyril Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Discharge medical notes written by physicians contain important information about the health condition of patients. Many deep learning algorithms have been successfully applied to extract important information from unstructured medical notes data that can entail subsequent actionable results in the medical domain. This study aims to explore the model performance of various deep learning algorithms in text classification tasks on medical notes with respect to different disease class imbalance scenarios.

Methods

In this study, we employed seven artificial intelligence models, a CNN (Convolutional Neural Network), a Transformer encoder, a pretrained BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers), and four typical ...


Effect Of Injury Mechanism And Severity On The Molecular Pathophysiology Of Traumatic Brain Injury, Brandon McDonald 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effect Of Injury Mechanism And Severity On The Molecular Pathophysiology Of Traumatic Brain Injury, Brandon Mcdonald

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) mechanism and severity are heterogenous clinically, resulting in a multitude of physical, cognitive, and behavioral deficits. However, approximately 80% suffer from milder injuries. Thus, examining pathophysiological changes associated with mild TBI is imperative for improving clinical translation and evaluating the efficacy of potential therapeutic strategies. Through this work, we developed models of TBI, ranging in both injury mechanism and severity, using an electromagnetic controlled cortical impact (CCI) device. First, we characterized and optimized a closed head, mild TBI model (DTBI) to determine the clinical translatability and practicality of producing repeated mild injuries. Interestingly, we determined that ...


Alumni Journal - Volume 93, Number 2, Loma Linda University School of Medicine 2022 Loma Linda University

Alumni Journal - Volume 93, Number 2, Loma Linda University School Of Medicine

Alumni Journal, School of Medicine

Editorials
2 | From the Editor
4| From the President
6 | From the Dean

News
8 | School of Medicine News
10 | Alumni News
11 | This and That
12 | Students
14 | AIMS Report
16 | Department Report: Gynecology and Obstetrics

Graduation 2022
19 | Graduation Feature

Features
34 | By the Graduates
38 | Graduate Medical Education at LLUH
42 | Curriculum Transformation
46 | Historical Snapshot
47 | Alumni Spotlight

In Memoriam
49 | Alumni Remembered: Featured obituaries - George T. Harding IV '53-B; John W. Mace '64


Describing Healthcare Concerns Of Young People And Adults With Cerebral Palsy, Christina M. Winger 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Describing Healthcare Concerns Of Young People And Adults With Cerebral Palsy, Christina M. Winger

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to identify healthcare concerns of young people and adults with cerebral palsy (CP) in the Transitional and Lifelong Care (TLC) program, and determine whether there were patient factors associated with the number of healthcare concerns. A retrospective chart review of initial TLC consultations was completed (n = 241). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to explore and explain patterns in the sample population. The participants reported a high number of concerns of varied nature that were not easily predicted by condition-specific or demographic variables. This study may better healthcare delivery for young people and adults ...


Language-Based Strategies That Support Person-Centered Communication In Formal Home Care Interactions With Persons Living With Dementia, Reanne G. Mundadan 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Language-Based Strategies That Support Person-Centered Communication In Formal Home Care Interactions With Persons Living With Dementia, Reanne G. Mundadan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background. Several studies recommend language-based strategies for communication with persons living with dementia. Language-based strategies improve coherence, clarity, reciprocity, and continuity of interactions. Person-centered communication (PCC) strategies are the gold standard, including facilitation, recognition, validation, and negotiation. Only one study has examined the overlap between language-based strategies and PCC in long-term care. Little is known about which language-based strategies support PCC in home care. Accordingly, this study investigated the overlap between language-based strategies and PCC in home care interactions. Method. Conversation analysis of 30 audio-recorded routine care interactions between home care workers and persons living with dementia was conducted. The ...


Can Hope Be Primed In Chronic Pain? A Clinical Application Of Health Priming, Brenda Stockdale 2022 Lesley University

Can Hope Be Primed In Chronic Pain? A Clinical Application Of Health Priming, Brenda Stockdale

Educational Studies Dissertations

ABSTRACT

It is recognized that nonintentional, automatic processing shapes physical health and well-being in critical ways. Conditioning––or priming––has been shown to influence attitude, beliefs, agency, behavior, and medical outcomes. Although expectations and beliefs correlate strongly with physical health, research in clinical application is needed, and studies on hope, as related to agency, in chronic pain are rare. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether, in a chronic pain sample (N = 154), hope could be primed via a Pain Neuroscience Educational (PNE) tutorial. A pre- and post-test intervention study consisting of two randomized parallel groups was designed ...


Improving The Coordination Of Care For Periprocedural Antithrombotic Medication Management In Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery, Joyce Larson 2022 University of Massachusetts Boston

Improving The Coordination Of Care For Periprocedural Antithrombotic Medication Management In Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery, Joyce Larson

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Background: Arranging periprocedural antithrombotic medication (ATM) management is a frequently encountered complex clinical challenge. Often, there is limited time between the pre-admission clinic visit and the surgical date to coordinate ATM management and communicate the plan to the patient. This increases the risk of perioperative adverse events, case delays and cancellations, and is a patient safety concern. A quality improvement project was undertaken to address improving ATM periprocedural care coordination for patients taking ATM undergoing elective surgery. A review of the literature found clinical decision support system (CDSS) alerts to be an effective strategy. The aim of the project was ...


Exploring Research Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of Mnri® Core Specialists, Jerzie-Ann Coppola 2022 Seton Hall University

Exploring Research Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of Mnri® Core Specialists, Jerzie-Ann Coppola

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Statement of the Problem: The Masgutova Method® is a research emergent area with a growing yet limited research base. In order to facilitate a widespread and robust acceptance and integration of The Masgutova Method® as evidence-based practice, a significant increase in research is warranted. MNRI® Core Specialists are well-positioned to be scholars in The Masgutova Method®. At this time, there is no literature exploring MNRI® Core Specialists’ foundational research knowledge, attitude toward research, and research practice.

Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study is to establish a baseline understanding of MNRI® Core Specialists’ research knowledge, attitude, and practices ...


Development Of A Community Hospital Medicine Affiliated Inpatient Rotation For Family Medicine Residents - A Collaborative Success, David M. Gallagher, Anthony J. Viera, William E. Bynum, Poonam Sharma, John W. Ragsdale, Jeffrey Eschbach, Lalit Verma 2022 Hospital Medicine Programs, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA

Development Of A Community Hospital Medicine Affiliated Inpatient Rotation For Family Medicine Residents - A Collaborative Success, David M. Gallagher, Anthony J. Viera, William E. Bynum, Poonam Sharma, John W. Ragsdale, Jeffrey Eschbach, Lalit Verma

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background: Hospitalists perform key roles as inpatient educators for family medicine residents. For the past decade, Duke University Family Medicine Residency Program had its inpatient family medicine resident rotation at non-Duke facilities.

Objective: The authors describe the steps taken in 2020 to develop an inpatient Duke family medicine rotation at a North Carolina community hospital, Duke Regional Hospital, and provide outcomes data.

Methods: Duke Family Medicine Residency and Duke Regional Hospital Medicine collaborated in addressing key issues to develop an inpatient rotation for family medicine residents. Performance metrics of patients cared for by both the family medicine inpatient resident team ...


Associations Of Lifestyle And Sociodemographic Factors With Dietary Supplement Use In College Students, Sydney Chratian 2022 University of Rhode Island

Associations Of Lifestyle And Sociodemographic Factors With Dietary Supplement Use In College Students, Sydney Chratian

Senior Honors Projects

Background: Dietary supplement use has been shown to be significantly prevalent in the United States, especially among the young adult population. Studies have reported increasing use of dietary supplements among college students in the US. However, little research has investigated the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in this population.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of dietary supplement use and sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in college students and examine the attitudes and beliefs of college students on dietary supplements.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted ...


Uno Student Access To Emergency Contraception: A Needs Assessment, Annika Kuchar 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Uno Student Access To Emergency Contraception: A Needs Assessment, Annika Kuchar

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

Emergency contraception (EC) is a common method of contraception that helps prevent ovulation before implantation of an egg inside a uterus. Among college students, EC can be utilized to prevent unplanned pregnancies that could potentially prevent someone from completing their degree. College students can face unique barriers when trying to access EC including transportation, privacy, financial, or mental/emotional barriers. The purpose of this study was to determine what barriers students at the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO) face when trying to access EC, and what future accommodations they would utilize if given the option. The study surveyed 147 ...


Comparison Of Short Chain Volatile Fatty Acids In The Breastmilk Of Normal And Overweight/Obese Mothers, Ellen Gaskill, W Andrew Clark, Kristy L. Thomas, Amy Wahlquist, Michelle E. Johnson 2022 East Tennessee State University

Comparison Of Short Chain Volatile Fatty Acids In The Breastmilk Of Normal And Overweight/Obese Mothers, Ellen Gaskill, W Andrew Clark, Kristy L. Thomas, Amy Wahlquist, Michelle E. Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

INTRODUCTION: Health professionals emphasize the importance of breastfeeding in the development of children up to 6-months of age. It is known that short chain volatile fatty acids (SCVFAs) are a byproduct of nutrient fermentation by gut microbiome. These SCVFAs interact with the gut/brain axis and are known to influence infant development. Therefore, a reflection of maternal gut microbiome could likely be found in breastmilk (BM) due to diffusion of SCVFAs across the gut wall into the blood. Previous research in our laboratory has shown differences in the SCVFA fecal fermentation profile between individuals with normal (N) versus overweight/obese ...


Adapting And Responding To A Pandemic: Patient And Family Advisory Councils In Children's Hospitals During Covid-19, Pam Dardess, Deborah L. Dokken, Ndidi I. Unaka, Jesse Hsu, Mindy Hoang, Andrew F. Beck, Beverley H. Johnson 2022 Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care

Adapting And Responding To A Pandemic: Patient And Family Advisory Councils In Children's Hospitals During Covid-19, Pam Dardess, Deborah L. Dokken, Ndidi I. Unaka, Jesse Hsu, Mindy Hoang, Andrew F. Beck, Beverley H. Johnson

Patient Experience Journal

This mixed-methods study investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on Patient and Family Advisory Councils (PFACs) within children’s hospitals in the United States. Specifically, the study sought to understand how PFACs adapted operations as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, how patient and family advisors (PFAs) were engaged in the response to COVID-19, and the intersection of the COVID-19 pandemic with PFAC diversity, equity, and inclusion. The study consisted of a survey distributed to 228 children’s hospitals, with a 73% response rate, and in-depth interviews with selected survey respondents (n=12). While COVID-19 temporarily disrupted PFAC operations ...


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