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A Review Of The Use Of Massive Open Online Courses (Moocs) In Medical Imaging Education, Kevin R. Clark, Beth L. Vealé, Lynette K. Watts 2017 Midwestern State University

A Review Of The Use Of Massive Open Online Courses (Moocs) In Medical Imaging Education, Kevin R. Clark, Beth L. Vealé, Lynette K. Watts

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The purpose of this review article is to describe the benefits and challenges associated with massive open online courses (MOOCs) and to discuss the implications specific to medical imaging education and training. Methods: Peer-reviewed journal articles pertaining to MOOCs in higher education were analyzed to identify commonalities, relationships, and possible gaps in the literature. Results: Analysis revealed several repetitive themes and concepts regarding the use of MOOCs in higher education: theory of connectivism, instructors’ and students’ perspectives, and benefits and challenges. Implications for medical imaging education and training were also discussed. Conclusions: As web-based education and technology integration continue ...


Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio 2017 Dr. Michael Ruscio

Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio

Journal of Evolution and Health

Clinicians have long understood the immense impact the health of our gut has on things like weight, energy, depression, autoimmunity and more. With the recent advancements in microbiota research we have learned much more about this connection. Like never before we understand how we can alleviate chronic health conditions and enhance well-being through improving the health of the gut.

However, with this increased research has also come over speculation and ill-informed recommendations. This has high impact on today's healthcare professional or consumer who could unintentionally do harm. For example by replicating the microbiota of hunter-gatherers of Africa, we could ...


The Case For The Long Body, Frank Forencich 2017 Exuberant Animal

The Case For The Long Body, Frank Forencich

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


The Host Microbiome Regulates And Maintains Human Health: A Primer And Perspective For Non-Microbiologists, Sunil Thomas, Jacques Izard, Emily Walsh, Kristen Batich, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Gerard Clarke, David A. Sela, Alexander J. Muller, James M. Mullin, Korin Albert, John P. Gilligan, Katherine DiGuilio, Rima Dilbarova, Walker Alexander, George P. Prendergast 2017 Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania

The Host Microbiome Regulates And Maintains Human Health: A Primer And Perspective For Non-Microbiologists, Sunil Thomas, Jacques Izard, Emily Walsh, Kristen Batich, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Gerard Clarke, David A. Sela, Alexander J. Muller, James M. Mullin, Korin Albert, John P. Gilligan, Katherine Diguilio, Rima Dilbarova, Walker Alexander, George P. Prendergast

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

Humans consider themselves discrete autonomous organisms, but recent research is rapidly strengthening the appreciation that associated microorganisms make essential contributions to human health and well being. Each person is inhabited and also surrounded by his/her own signature microbial cloud. A low diversity of microorganisms is associated with a plethora of diseases, including allergy, diabetes, obesity, arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and even neuropsychiatric disorders. Thus, an interaction of microorganisms with the host immune system is required for a healthy body. Exposure to microorganisms from the moment we are born and appropriate microbiome assembly during childhood are essential for establishing an ...


Utilization Of Health Services In A Resource-Limited Rural Area In Kenya: Prevalence And Associated Household-Level Factors, Anthony Ngugi, Felix Agoi, Megan R. Mahoney, Amyn Lakhani, David Mang’ong’o, Esther Nderitu, Robert Armstrong, Sarah Macfarlane 2017 Aga Khan University

Utilization Of Health Services In A Resource-Limited Rural Area In Kenya: Prevalence And Associated Household-Level Factors, Anthony Ngugi, Felix Agoi, Megan R. Mahoney, Amyn Lakhani, David Mang’Ong’O, Esther Nderitu, Robert Armstrong, Sarah Macfarlane

Faculty of Health Sciences, East Africa

Background: Knowledge of utilization of health services and asso- ciated factors is important in planning and delivery of interventions to improve health services coverage. This knowledge is however limited in many developing countries. We determined the preva- lence and factors associated with health services utilization in a rural area of Kenya. Our findings inform the local health management in development of appropriately targeted interventions.

Methods: Design: Cluster sample survey. Population: Residents of Kaloleni sub-County in Kenya.

Participants/respondents: Household key informants. Outcomes: (i) History of illness for household members and (ii) health services utilization in the preceding month, (iii) factors ...


Metastatic Biomarkers In Synovial Sarcoma, Rosalia de Necochea-Campion, Lee M. Zuckerman, Hamid R. Mirshahidi, Shahrzad Khosrowpour, Chien-Shing Chen, Saied Mirshahidi 2017 Loma Linda University

Metastatic Biomarkers In Synovial Sarcoma, Rosalia De Necochea-Campion, Lee M. Zuckerman, Hamid R. Mirshahidi, Shahrzad Khosrowpour, Chien-Shing Chen, Saied Mirshahidi

Library Articles and Research

Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma (STS) that typically occurs in the extremities near a joint. Metastatic disease is common and usually occurs in the lungs and lymph nodes. Surgical management is the mainstay of treatment with chemotherapy and radiation typically used as adjuvant treatment. Although chemotherapy has a positive impact on survival, the prognosis is poor if metastatic disease occurs. The biology of sarcoma invasion and metastasis remain poorly understood. Chromosomal translocation with fusion of the SYT and SSX genes has been described and is currently used as a diagnostic marker, although the full impact of ...


Today - January / February 2017, Loma Linda University Health 2017 Loma Linda University

Today - January / February 2017, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

-- Thomas L. Lemon Appointed Chair of Loma Linda University Health Board of Trustees
-- Peter Baker named administrator of Murrieta facility
-- Lowell Cooper concludes 15 years of leadership
-- LLU Medical Center CEO receives top honor
-- Loma Linda University Cancer Center seeks volunteers for new clinical trials
-- ‘One Homecoming’ Weekend designed to bring alumni together
-- “Loma Linda’s Got Talent” on display at One Homecoming’ Weekend
-- Services held for former US Congresswoman and friend of Loma Linda University Health, Shirley Neil Pettis
-- Farmer Boys donates over $111,000 to LLU Children’s Hospital toward Vision 2020
-- LLU welcomes new ...


Jpcrr Reviewers — 2016, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Jpcrr Reviewers — 2016

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

N/A


Education Of Nurse Practitioners And Physician Assistants; What Role, If Any, For Physicians In Determining Their Scope Of Practice?, Joseph I. Shapiro 2017 Marshall University

Education Of Nurse Practitioners And Physician Assistants; What Role, If Any, For Physicians In Determining Their Scope Of Practice?, Joseph I. Shapiro

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Recent changes in legislation allow for non-physicians to independently perform many of the duties previously restricted to physicians. There are potentially benefits to these changes, but the author is concerned that some of the attributes of physicians induced by the long and rigorous training embedded in the profession may be absent in this new, independent health-care work force.


Forward By Editor, Benjamin J. Damazo 2017 Loma Linda University, School of Medicine

Forward By Editor, Benjamin J. Damazo

Loma Linda University Student Journal

No abstract provided.


Surveillance To Reduce Urinary Tract Infections: The Struti Project, Oyebola Fasugba, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell, Wendy Beckingham, Noleen Bennett 2017 Australian Catholic University

Surveillance To Reduce Urinary Tract Infections: The Struti Project, Oyebola Fasugba, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell, Wendy Beckingham, Noleen Bennett

Oyebola Fasugba

Researchers and infection control experts at Australian Catholic University’s School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine; Avondale College for Higher Education; Canberra Hospital; and Victorian Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance Coordinating Centre are working in partnership to develop a national surveillance system for HAUTIs using point prevalence survey.


The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin 2017 Avondale College of Higher Education

The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin

Paul Rankin

In the latter half of the 20th Century increases in the availability of inexpensive, energy-dense foods combined with an estimated 60-70% reduction in daily energy expenditure, created an “obesogenic” environment. The epidemic of obesity that has emerged has been associated with the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) which is a cluster of risk factors that are precursors to chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes (T2D), stroke, and dementia. These chronic diseases are having a significant social and economic impact worldwide with their related morbidity and mortality.Epidemiological and interventional studies have shown that lifestyle interventions based on a low-fat ...


Gender Differences In Effectiveness Of The Complete Health Improvement Program, Lillian Kent, Darren Morton, Paul Rankin, John Gobble, Hans A. Diehl 2017 Avondale College of Higher Education

Gender Differences In Effectiveness Of The Complete Health Improvement Program, Lillian Kent, Darren Morton, Paul Rankin, John Gobble, Hans A. Diehl

Paul Rankin

Objective: To determine the differential effect of gender on outcomes of the Complete Health Improvement Program, a chronic disease lifestyle intervention program. Design: Thirty-day cohort study. Setting: One hundred thirty-six venues around North America, 2006 to 2009. Participants: A total of 5,046 participants (33.5% men, aged 57.9 ± 13.0 years; 66.5% women, aged 57.0 ± 12.9 years). Intervention: Diet, exercise, and stress management. Main Outcome Measures: Body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, lipids, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Analysis: The researchers used t test and McNemar chi-square test of proportions, at P ...


Mapping Nad+ Metabolism In The Brain Of Ageing Wistar Rats: Potential Targets For Influencing Brain Senescence, Nady Braidy, Anne Poljak, Ross Grant, Tharusha Jayasena, Hussein Mansour, Tailoi Chan-Ling, Gilles J. Guillemin, George Smythe, Perminder Sachdev 2017 University ofNew South Wales

Mapping Nad+ Metabolism In The Brain Of Ageing Wistar Rats: Potential Targets For Influencing Brain Senescence, Nady Braidy, Anne Poljak, Ross Grant, Tharusha Jayasena, Hussein Mansour, Tailoi Chan-Ling, Gilles J. Guillemin, George Smythe, Perminder Sachdev

Ross Grant

Over the last decade, the importance of NAD+ has expanded beyond its role as an essential cofactor for energy metabolism. NAD+ has emerged as a major signalling molecule that serves as the sole substrate for several enzymatic reactions including the DNA repair enzyme, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), NAD-dependent protein deacetylases or CD38, and transcriptional factors by a new class of histone deacetylases known as sirtuins. NAD+ Levels are regulated by the metabolic status and cellular stress caused by oxidative stress and DNA damage. Since a detailed study of NAD+ metabolism in the healthy ageing mammalian brain is nascent, we examined ...


Changes In Oxidative Damage, Inflammation And [Nad(H)] With Age In Cerebrospinal Fluid, Jade Guest, Ross Grant, Trevor A. Mori, Kevin D. Croft 2017 Australasian Research Institute

Changes In Oxidative Damage, Inflammation And [Nad(H)] With Age In Cerebrospinal Fluid, Jade Guest, Ross Grant, Trevor A. Mori, Kevin D. Croft

Ross Grant

An extensive body of evidence indicates that oxidative stress and inflammation play a central role in the degenerative changes of systemic tissues in aging. However a comparatively limited amount of data is available to verify whether these processes also contribute to normal aging within the brain. High levels of oxidative damage results in key cellular changes including a reduction in available nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), an essential molecule required for a number of vital cellular processes including DNA repair, immune signaling and epigenetic processing.

In this study we quantified changes in [NAD(H)] and markers of inflammation and oxidative damage ...


Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels Of Inflammation, Oxidative Stress And Nad+ Are Linked To Differences In Plasma Carotenoid Concentrations, Jade Guest, Ross Grant, Manohar Garg, Trevor A. Mori, Kevin D. Croft, Ayse Bilgin 2017 Australasian Research Institute

Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels Of Inflammation, Oxidative Stress And Nad+ Are Linked To Differences In Plasma Carotenoid Concentrations, Jade Guest, Ross Grant, Manohar Garg, Trevor A. Mori, Kevin D. Croft, Ayse Bilgin

Ross Grant

Background: The consumption of foods rich in carotenoids that possess significant antioxidant and inflammatory modulating properties has been linked to reduced risk of neuropathology. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between plasma carotenoid concentrations and plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of inflammation, oxidative stress and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) in an essentially healthy human cohort. Methods: Thirty-eight matched CSF and plasma samples were collected from consenting participants who required a spinal tap for the administration of anaesthetic. Plasma concentrations of carotenoids and both plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of NAD(H) and markers of ...


Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael van Manen, Nicole Kain 2017 University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry

Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael Van Manen, Nicole Kain

The Qualitative Report

Policy development is an important activity for the practice of healthcare. Policies, after all, may cultivate common practices and ensure that best available evidence is employed in clinical decision making. Qualitative research and individuals with expertise in qualitative research methods have much to offer policy makers. We were confronted with the situation of developing policy for donation after circulatory death (DCD) for our newborn intensive care program. Due the moral-ethical complexities surrounding DCD, and the limited experience with DCD in this context, we approached policy development from an iterative design perspective employing qualitative methods. We describe our experience in employing ...


Generation Y Health Professional Students’ Preferred Teaching And Learning Approaches: A Systematic Review, Caroline Mary Hills, Tracy Levett-Jones, Samuel Lapkin, Helen Warren-Forward 2017 National University of Ireland, Galway

Generation Y Health Professional Students’ Preferred Teaching And Learning Approaches: A Systematic Review, Caroline Mary Hills, Tracy Levett-Jones, Samuel Lapkin, Helen Warren-Forward

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Generation Y or Millennials are descriptors for those born between 1982 and 2000. This cohort has grown up in the digital age and is purported to have different learning preferences from previous generations. Students are important stakeholders in identifying their preferred teaching and learning approaches in health professional programs. This study aimed to identify, appraise, and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the teaching and learning preferences of Generation Y health professional students. The review considered any objectively measured or self-reported outcomes of teaching and learning reported from Generation Y health professional student perspectives. In accordance with a previously published ...


The Experiences And Perceptions Of Behavioral Factors That Contribute To Successful Weight Loss In Male Bariatric Patients, Stephen P. Sowulewski 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Experiences And Perceptions Of Behavioral Factors That Contribute To Successful Weight Loss In Male Bariatric Patients, Stephen P. Sowulewski

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences and perceptions of behavioral factors that contribute to successful weight loss in male bariatric patients. By analyzing participant experiences and perceptions, this study contributes to a better understanding of which factors are most important in the postoperative phase of gastric bypass in males owing to successful weight loss. Although there is a tremendous amount of quantitative research within the bariatric population, there is a significant gap within the qualitative literature as it relates to male outcomes. As such, by conducting interviews with 10 postoperative male gastric bypass patients, this study ...


Engaging Parents To Promote Children’S Nutrition And Health: Providers’ Barriers And Strategies In Head Start And Child Care Centers, Dipti Dev, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A. McBride, Deepa Srivastava, Ashleigh L. Murriel, Chrisa Arcan, Anna M. Adachi-Mejia 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Engaging Parents To Promote Children’S Nutrition And Health: Providers’ Barriers And Strategies In Head Start And Child Care Centers, Dipti Dev, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A. Mcbride, Deepa Srivastava, Ashleigh L. Murriel, Chrisa Arcan, Anna M. Adachi-Mejia

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Purpose: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks as a framework, this study examined childcare providers’ (Head Start [HS], Child and Adult Care Food Program [CACFP] funded, and non-CACFP) perspectives regarding communicating with parents about nutrition to promote children’s health.

Design: Qualitative.

Setting: State-licensed center-based childcare programs.

Participants: Full-time childcare providers (n ¼ 18) caring for children 2 to 5 years old from varying childcare contexts (HS, CACFP funded, and non-CACFP), race, education, and years of experience.

Methods: In-person interviews using semi-structured interview protocol until saturation were achieved. Thematic analysis was conducted.

Results: Two overarching themes were barriers ...


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