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Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell 2016 SUNY New Paltz

Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell

Journal of Evolution and Health

The current ancestral health (“paleo”) movement is often thought to be on the verge of going mainstream. Many within the movement believe this would lead to positive health and financial outcomes for both individuals and society as a whole. However, the transition from a small, highly-devoted group of adherents to a mass following will be far more difficult than commonly assumed. This paper argues there are three main obstacles to it becoming a mass phenomenon in the United States. First, Neolithic foods are tightly woven into the fabric of our culture (for example, bread within the Christian tradition). Second, refined ...


Using Technology To Increase Physical Activity In Health Profession Students, Mary Ann Stark, Kelly Elrod, Sara Haller, Andrea Mahon 2016 Bronson School of Nursing, Western Michigan University

Using Technology To Increase Physical Activity In Health Profession Students, Mary Ann Stark, Kelly Elrod, Sara Haller, Andrea Mahon

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Health profession students may need help establishing and maintaining positive health behaviors when they are in college. This study explored the effectiveness of text messaging as an innovative method for promoting an increase in daily physical activity. A convenience sample (N = 134) was recruited from students at a college of Health and Human Services in Michigan. The participants were randomized into an intervention or control group (n = 67 each). The intervention group received daily affective text messages encouraging more physical activity by taking more steps. The control group received only messages reminding them to report their number of steps. All ...


The Impact Of Information Technology On Patient Engagement And Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Suhila Sawesi, Mohamed Rashrash, Kanitha Phalakornkule, Janet S. Carpenter, Josette F. Jones 2016 Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis

The Impact Of Information Technology On Patient Engagement And Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Suhila Sawesi, Mohamed Rashrash, Kanitha Phalakornkule, Janet S. Carpenter, Josette F. Jones

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Advancements in information technology (IT) and its increasingly ubiquitous nature expand the ability to engage patients in the health care process and motivate health behavior change.

Objective: Our aim was to systematically review the (1) impact of IT platforms used to promote patients’ engagement and to effect change in health behaviors and health outcomes, (2) behavior theories or models applied as bases for developing these interventions and their impact on health outcomes, (3) different ways of measuring health outcomes, (4) usability, feasibility, and acceptability of these technologies among patients, and (5) challenges and research directions for implementing IT platforms ...


The Creation And Implementation Of Guidelines For The Appropriate Termination Of Patient-Provider Relationships, Rowena D. Nolasco 2015 University of San Francisco

The Creation And Implementation Of Guidelines For The Appropriate Termination Of Patient-Provider Relationships, Rowena D. Nolasco

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Primary care providers have terminated patient-provider relationships when they deem them no longer therapeutic. Healthcare providers are increasingly considering this an acceptable practice. However, the criteria for this decision remain unclear. As providers discharge challenging or difficult patients from their practices, questions to support this decision arise. Discharged patients face displacement and healthcare is disrupted. This project will (a) describe problematic patient-provider relationships and its effects, (b) identify possible alternatives to the firing of patients, (c) list appropriate reasons for termination, and (d) present recommended procedures to avoid allegations of medical abandonment. The project's product is an Appropriate Discharge ...


Segmentation And Strain Mapping Of A Beating Heart, Kenna Middleton 2015 Washington University in St. Louis

Segmentation And Strain Mapping Of A Beating Heart, Kenna Middleton

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Conventional methods of estimating deformation optically often compare image intensities before and after deformation to help estimate the strain fields. However, these current meth ods often introduce undesirable error that propagates through the system, growing larger through each strain calculation. These errors create false, concentrated regions of strain throughout the image. Additionally, gathering and evaluating images in three- and four dimensional space creates even more difficulty for conventional methods. Here, by imple menting new techniques of gathering four-dimensional ultrasound data sets and calculating deformation fields with traditional errors reduced three-fold, four-dimensional images were evaluated to create a novel visualization tool ...


A Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial Of The Boa®-Constricting Iv Band, Richard N. Bradley 2015 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

A Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial Of The Boa®-Constricting Iv Band, Richard N. Bradley

Richard N Bradley

Background. Few studies have demonstrated the ideal technique for placement of peripheral venous access.

Objectives. The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized, controlled trial to determine if there was a difference in success rates for establishing peripheral intravenous lines (IVs) when using the BOA® Constricting Band (BOA) compared to a standard elastic tourniquet.

Methods. Eligible participants were paramedics working in the out-of-hospital setting and nurses working in a trauma center. The intervention group intended to use the BOA® for all IV attempts, while the control group intended to use standard elastic tourniquets. The primary outcome was success ...


Mechanisms By Which Dietary Ellagic Acid Attenuates Obesity And Obesity-Mediated Metabolic Complications, Inhae Kang 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Mechanisms By Which Dietary Ellagic Acid Attenuates Obesity And Obesity-Mediated Metabolic Complications, Inhae Kang

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Ellagic acid (EA) is a polyphenol found in various fruits and plants, such as berries, pomegranates, muscadine grapes, nuts and bark of oak tree. EA has been known to exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects in various types of cancer. However, little is known about the effects of EA on obesity. Herein, 1) the lipid-lowering role of EA was identified in primary human adipose stem cells (hASCs) and human hepatoma Huh7 cells; 2) the molecular mechanisms by which EA attenuates adipogenesis by epigenetic modification were identified; 3) the effects of EA on high fat and high sucrose-mediated obesity was determined ...


Muscle Cramping During A 161-Km Ultramarathon: Comparison Of Characteristics Of Those With And Without Cramping, Martin D. Hoffman, Kristin J. Stuempfle 2015 University of California Davis Medical Center

Muscle Cramping During A 161-Km Ultramarathon: Comparison Of Characteristics Of Those With And Without Cramping, Martin D. Hoffman, Kristin J. Stuempfle

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: This work sought to identify characteristics differing between those with and without muscle cramping during a 161-km ultramarathon.

Methods: In this observational study, race participants underwent body weight measurements before, during, and after the race; completed a post-race questionnaire about muscle cramping and “near” cramping (controllable, not reaching full-blown cramping), drinking strategies, and use of sodium supplementation during four race segments; and underwent a post-race blood draw for determination of serum sodium and blood creatine kinase (CK) concentrations.

Results: The post-race questionnaire was completed by 280 (74.5 %) of the 376 starters. A post-race blood sample was provided by ...


Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua 2015 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures performed in the United States. LAGB results in safe and satisfactory weight loss, but it is often complicated with slippage, a complication requiring rebanding (reoperation). There is a paucity of studies and no uniform consensus regarding weight loss after rebanding.

Purpose: This study assessed the effect of rebanding for slippage after LAGB on weight loss up to five years.

Methods: This is a historical cohort study of 865 patients who underwent LAGB from 2001 to 2011. Rebanding was performed in 103 (11.9%) patients. Primary ...


Raising The Bar: Improving The Research Skills Of Undergraduate Strength & Conditioning Interns, Lara Sapp 2015

Raising The Bar: Improving The Research Skills Of Undergraduate Strength & Conditioning Interns, Lara Sapp

Lara Sapp

This poster describes the development and inclusion of a problem-based, information literacy instruction session into the training of Strength & Conditioning interns.


Parameter-Invariant Design Of Medical Alarms, James Weimer, Radoslav Ivanov, Alexander Roederer, Sanjian Chen, Insup Lee 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Parameter-Invariant Design Of Medical Alarms, James Weimer, Radoslav Ivanov, Alexander Roederer, Sanjian Chen, Insup Lee

Departmental Papers (CIS)

The recent explosion of low-power low-cost communication, sensing, and actuation technologies has ignited the automation of medical diagnostics and care in the form of medical cyber physical systems (MCPS). MCPS are poised to revolutionize patient care by providing smarter alarm systems, clinical decision support, advanced diagnostics, minimally invasive surgical care, improved patient drug delivery, and safety and performance guarantees. With the MCPS revolution emerges a new era in medical alarm systems, where measurements gathered via multiple devices are fused to provide early detection of critical conditions. The alarms generated by these next generation monitors can be exploited by MCPS to ...


Current Opinion In The Role Of Testosterone In The Development Of Prostate Cancer: A Dynamic Model, Xiaohui Xu, Xinguang Chen, Hui Hu, Amy B. Dailey, Brandie D. Taylor 2015 Texas A&M Health Science Center

Current Opinion In The Role Of Testosterone In The Development Of Prostate Cancer: A Dynamic Model, Xiaohui Xu, Xinguang Chen, Hui Hu, Amy B. Dailey, Brandie D. Taylor

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Since the landmark study conducted by Huggins and Hodges in 1941, a failure to distinguish between the role of testosterone in prostate cancer development and progression has led to the prevailing opinion that high levels of testosterone increase the risk of prostate cancer. To date, this claim remains unproven.

Presentation of the Hypothesis: We present a novel dynamic mode of the relationship between testosterone and prostate cancer by hypothesizing that the magnitude of age-related declines in testosterone, rather than a static level of testosterone measured at a single point, may trigger and promote the development of prostate cancer.

Testing ...


Edm Forum Bibliography (September, 2015): Peer‐Reviewed Literature Using Electronic Health Data For System Improvement, EDM Forum 2015 EDM Forum

Edm Forum Bibliography (September, 2015): Peer‐Reviewed Literature Using Electronic Health Data For System Improvement, Edm Forum

Issue Briefs and Reports

The EDM Forum’s two reviews – conducted in 2011 and 2015 – compile literature from diverse sources including peer-reviewed manuscripts identified by PubMed-based queries and articles published to date in eGEMs. The papers identified address the use of electronic health data for health system improvement.


Robust Monitoring Of Hypovolemia In Intensive Care Patients Using Photoplethysmogram Signals, Alexander Roederer, James Weimer, Joseph Dimartino, Jacob Gutsche, Insup Lee 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Robust Monitoring Of Hypovolemia In Intensive Care Patients Using Photoplethysmogram Signals, Alexander Roederer, James Weimer, Joseph Dimartino, Jacob Gutsche, Insup Lee

Departmental Papers (CIS)

The paper presents a fingertip photoplethysmography based technique to assess patient fluid status that is robust to waveform artifacts and health variability in the underlying patient population. The technique is intended for use in intensive care units, where patients are at risk for hypovolemia, and signal artifacts and inter-patient variations in health are common. Input signals are preprocessed to remove artifact, then a parameter-invariant statistic is calculated to remove effects of patient-specific physiology. Patient data from the Physionet MIMICII database was used to evaluate the performance of this technique. The proposed method was able to detect hypovolemia within 24 hours ...


Negative Skeletal Effects Of Locally Produced Adiponectin, Marcia J. Abbott, Theresa M. Roth, Linh Ho, Liping Wang, Dylan O'Carroll, Robert A. Nissenson 2015 Chapman University

Negative Skeletal Effects Of Locally Produced Adiponectin, Marcia J. Abbott, Theresa M. Roth, Linh Ho, Liping Wang, Dylan O'Carroll, Robert A. Nissenson

Health Sciences and Kinesiology Faculty Articles

Epidemiological studies show that high circulating levels of adiponectin are associated with low bone mineral density. The effect of adiponectin on skeletal homeostasis, on osteoblasts in particular, remains controversial. We investigated this issue using mice with adipocyte-specific over-expression of adiponectin (AdTg). MicroCT and histomorphometric analysis revealed decreases (15%) in fractional bone volume in AdTg mice at the proximal tibia with no changes at the distal femur. Cortical bone thickness at mid-shafts of the tibia and at the tibiofibular junction was reduced (3–4%) in AdTg mice. Dynamic histomorphometry at the proximal tibia in AdTg mice revealed inhibition of bone formation ...


Paramedicine And Social Work: Case Studies In Authentic Student Recruitment, Nathalie Collins, Lynelle Watts, Renee Strauss, David Hodgson 2015 Edith Cowan University

Paramedicine And Social Work: Case Studies In Authentic Student Recruitment, Nathalie Collins, Lynelle Watts, Renee Strauss, David Hodgson

eCULTURE

Selling the course experience to future students has been corporatised across the Higher Education sector. At many universities marketing and sales specialists, such as ECU’s Student Recruitment Team, rather than academic staff, field prospective student enquiries. Representing courses authentically is crucial to matching future students with an appropriate course experience and career, as well is managing future students’ expectations. A challenge for academics is communicating the course/career experience to university sales agents (recruiters). A challenge for recruiters is conveying an authentic course experience to future students when they have not taken a course themselves. This paper selects two ...


Medicare Secondary Payer And Settlement Delay, Eric Helland, Jonathan Klick 2015 Claremont-McKenna College/RAND

Medicare Secondary Payer And Settlement Delay, Eric Helland, Jonathan Klick

Faculty Scholarship

The Medicare Secondary Payer Act of 1980 and its subsequent amendments require that insurers and self-insured companies report settlements, awards, and judgments that involve a Medicare beneficiary to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The parties then may be required to compensate CMS for its conditional payments. In a simple settlement model, this makes settlement less likely. Also, the reporting delays and uncertainty regarding the size of these conditional payments are likely to further frustrate the settlement process. We provide results, using data from a large insurer, showing that, on average, implementation of the MSP reporting amendments led to ...


Attitudes Toward Death Anxiety And Dying Among Respiratory Therapy Students: A Pilot Study, Kevin Collins, S. Gregory Marshall, Philip Vaughan 2015 Texas State University

Attitudes Toward Death Anxiety And Dying Among Respiratory Therapy Students: A Pilot Study, Kevin Collins, S. Gregory Marshall, Philip Vaughan

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Objective: To evaluate relative and absolute reliability and repeatability in assessing median nerve mobility at the level of the wrist and distal upper arm of the right upper extremity during wrist extension. Methods: Six healthy participants participated in the study. Median nerve mobility was captured three times at both sites using Sonocyte Turbo by two sonologists for a total of 72 video clips (36 for each site and 18 by each sonologist). Longitudinal movement was measured using Motion Tracking Analysis Program (MTAP) by the two assessors who were rehabilitation medicine residents. After one month, the assessors remeasured the longitudinal excursion ...


Statement Of The Third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia Consensus Development Conference, Carlsbad, California, 2015, Tamara Hew-Butler, Mitchell H. Rosner, Sandra Fowkes-Godek, Jonathan P. Dugas, Martin D. Hoffman, Douglas P. Lewis, Ronald J. Maughan, Kevin C. Miller, Scott J. Montain, Nancy J. Rehrer, William O. Roberts, Ian R. Rogers, Arthur J. Siegel, Kristin J. Stuempfle, James Winger, Joseph G. Verbalis 2015 Oakland University

Statement Of The Third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia Consensus Development Conference, Carlsbad, California, 2015, Tamara Hew-Butler, Mitchell H. Rosner, Sandra Fowkes-Godek, Jonathan P. Dugas, Martin D. Hoffman, Douglas P. Lewis, Ronald J. Maughan, Kevin C. Miller, Scott J. Montain, Nancy J. Rehrer, William O. Roberts, Ian R. Rogers, Arthur J. Siegel, Kristin J. Stuempfle, James Winger, Joseph G. Verbalis

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

The third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia (EAH) Consensus Development Conference convened in Carlsbad, California in February 2015 with a panel of 17 international experts. The delegates represented 4 countries and 9 medical and scientific sub-specialties pertaining to athletic training, exercise physiology, sports medicine, water/sodium metabolism, and body fluid homeostasis. The primary goal of the panel was to review the existing data on EAH and update the 2008 Consensus Statement.1 This document serves to replace the second International EAH Consensus Development Conference Statement and launch an educational campaign designed to address the morbidity and mortality associated with a preventable and ...


Designing An Effective User Interface For A Mobile Application, Cynthia N. Kim 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Designing An Effective User Interface For A Mobile Application, Cynthia N. Kim

Graphic Communication

The purpose of this study was to determine the best user interface design practices for an iOS mobile application created for Pre-R, a local start-up company that offers physician house calls and telemedicine services throughout San Luis Obispo. The study included initial background research on best user interface design practices, mapping out and implementing the entire process of designing for mobile applications, conducting usability tests on potential users, and making changes according to the test results. Usability tests allowed for a greater understanding of the effectiveness of Pre-R’s mobile interface design prototype. Results from the usability tests have indicated ...


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