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Do Dietary Patterns Explain High Prevalence Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Pakistani Urban Adults? A Cross-Sectional Study, Nilofer F. Safdar, Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, Lorraine Cordeiro, Tazeen H. Jafar, Nancy L. Cohen 2017 Dow University of Health Sciences

Do Dietary Patterns Explain High Prevalence Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Pakistani Urban Adults? A Cross-Sectional Study, Nilofer F. Safdar, Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, Lorraine Cordeiro, Tazeen H. Jafar, Nancy L. Cohen

Lorraine Cordeiro

Background The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in South Asia is higher than in any other developing countries. The diversity of diets in populations among developing countries may be one explanation for the differences in CVD. This study was carried out to explore the association between dietary patterns and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors among Pakistani low income urban adults. Methods Socio demographic, physical activity and dietary information was collected from 1546 Pakistani subjects aged ≥40 years from the Control of Hypertension and Risk Attenuation (COBRA) study. Anthropometric, clinical and biomarker measures were assessed. Cluster analysis was used to ...


Exploring Disparities In Underrepresented Minority Groups Of Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorders Using The Biopsychosocial Theoretical Model, Varleisha Gibbs 2017 Seton Hall University

Exploring Disparities In Underrepresented Minority Groups Of Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorders Using The Biopsychosocial Theoretical Model, Varleisha Gibbs

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study

The rate of Autism continues to rise nationally. However, disparities in the age of diagnosis amongst underrepresented minority groups, still remains a major concern. Research supports that racial and ethnic disparities are key factors influencing noted age of diagnosis discrepancies. Traditionally, the medical community has used the biomedical or disability model, as revealed in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, to explore diagnostic differences. However, these models limit the healthcare professional’s ability to examine elements outside of pathology. In attempt to address the issue with a broader perspective, this study explored the ...


Family Characteristics Associated With Parents' Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Christina B. Zurbuchen, Cassandra Ayres, Emily Hill Guseman 2017 University of Wyoming

Family Characteristics Associated With Parents' Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Christina B. Zurbuchen, Cassandra Ayres, Emily Hill Guseman

Honors Theses AY 16/17

The obesity epidemic has been rising in magnitude for several decades and has spread its influence to include children of all ages. Much research has been done to examine the effect that physical activity (PA) has on an individual's weighty. The amount of PA that children participate in is mediated by various factors: high socioeconomic status, more green space, having a sibling, and parental support for PA are all associated with greater child PA. While all of these factors influence PA participation, their concurrent effect is unknown. A holistic perspective is imperative to the understanding of childhood PA, as ...


When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay 2017 St. Mary's Research Centre

When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay

Patient Experience Journal

Informal or family caregivers contribute significantly to individual care, and to the Canadian healthcare system, yet receive limited support from governments, institutions, and healthcare professionals in recognition of their role, or in response to their health and social care needs – often due to the negative consequences of caregiving. Learning about the diversity of others’ experiences can positively influence personal decision-making, reduce feelings of isolation, as well as promote adjustment to a personal situation. For caregivers, however, few resources exist that provide reliable information on others’ experiences. We collected the narratives of caregivers’ experiences of caring for someone with a chronic ...


Reducing Healthcare Costs Through Patient Targeting: Risk Adjustment Modeling To Predict Patients Remaining High-Cost, Jonathan A. Wrathall, Tom Belnap 2017 Intermountain Healthcare

Reducing Healthcare Costs Through Patient Targeting: Risk Adjustment Modeling To Predict Patients Remaining High-Cost, Jonathan A. Wrathall, Tom Belnap

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Context: The transition to population health management has changed the healthcare landscape to identify high risk, high cost patients. Various measures of patient risk have attempted to identify likely candidates for care management programs. Pre-screening patients for outreach has often required several years of data. Intermountain Healthcare relied on cost-ranking algorithms which had limited predictive ability. A new risk-adjusted algorithm shows improvements in predicting patients’ future cost status to facilitate identifying patient eligibility for care management.

Case Description: A retrospective cohort study design was used to evaluate high-cost patient status for two of the next three years. Modeling was developed ...


Ludwig's Angina, Tanisha M. Stephens 2017 Georgia State University

Ludwig's Angina, Tanisha M. Stephens

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Today - March / April 2017, Loma Linda University Health 2017 Loma Linda University

Today - March / April 2017, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

- Foundation for hospital construction project starts with 'Big Pour'
- Welcoming Alumni Home (pictorial)
- Homecoming kicks off with 'healthy people' event in healthiest community
- Adventist Church's Health Ministries director challenges alumni's ideas of service
- Research highlights featured during Homecoming weekend (pictorial)
- Homecoming vespers program spotlights history, future of outreach
- Alumni Come Together to Remember
- Loma Linda alumni share their talents
- Prayer Walk offers time for reflection
- Homecoming 5K honors memory of Soret, Schrader
- Black student group honors founder for promoting minority student opportunity
- Neurosurgery professor briefs congressional caucus
- Loma Linda University Health recognized in top 25 ...


Teach-Back Method: Improving Health Outcomes, Katherine Smith 2017 University of Southern Maine

Teach-Back Method: Improving Health Outcomes, Katherine Smith

Thinking Matters

To answer the Clinical PICO question: For patients managing chronic disease, how does the implementation of the teach-back method compared to usual standard of care affect health outcomes? By implementing the teach-back method, we will improve the management of chronic disease in the primary care setting.


A Review Of The Use Of Massive Open Online Courses (Moocs) In Medical Imaging Education, Kevin R. Clark, Beth L. Vealé, Lynette K. Watts 2017 Midwestern State University

A Review Of The Use Of Massive Open Online Courses (Moocs) In Medical Imaging Education, Kevin R. Clark, Beth L. Vealé, Lynette K. Watts

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The purpose of this review article is to describe the benefits and challenges associated with massive open online courses (MOOCs) and to discuss the implications specific to medical imaging education and training. Methods: Peer-reviewed journal articles pertaining to MOOCs in higher education were analyzed to identify commonalities, relationships, and possible gaps in the literature. Results: Analysis revealed several repetitive themes and concepts regarding the use of MOOCs in higher education: theory of connectivism, instructors’ and students’ perspectives, and benefits and challenges. Implications for medical imaging education and training were also discussed. Conclusions: As web-based education and technology integration continue ...


Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio 2017 Dr. Michael Ruscio

Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio

Journal of Evolution and Health

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The Case For The Long Body, Frank Forencich 2017 Exuberant Animal

The Case For The Long Body, Frank Forencich

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


The Host Microbiome Regulates And Maintains Human Health: A Primer And Perspective For Non-Microbiologists, Sunil Thomas, Jacques Izard, Emily Walsh, Kristen Batich, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Gerard Clarke, David A. Sela, Alexander J. Muller, James M. Mullin, Korin Albert, John P. Gilligan, Katherine DiGuilio, Rima Dilbarova, Walker Alexander, George P. Prendergast 2017 Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania

The Host Microbiome Regulates And Maintains Human Health: A Primer And Perspective For Non-Microbiologists, Sunil Thomas, Jacques Izard, Emily Walsh, Kristen Batich, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Gerard Clarke, David A. Sela, Alexander J. Muller, James M. Mullin, Korin Albert, John P. Gilligan, Katherine Diguilio, Rima Dilbarova, Walker Alexander, George P. Prendergast

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

Humans consider themselves discrete autonomous organisms, but recent research is rapidly strengthening the appreciation that associated microorganisms make essential contributions to human health and well being. Each person is inhabited and also surrounded by his/her own signature microbial cloud. A low diversity of microorganisms is associated with a plethora of diseases, including allergy, diabetes, obesity, arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and even neuropsychiatric disorders. Thus, an interaction of microorganisms with the host immune system is required for a healthy body. Exposure to microorganisms from the moment we are born and appropriate microbiome assembly during childhood are essential for establishing an ...


Utilization Of Health Services In A Resource-Limited Rural Area In Kenya: Prevalence And Associated Household-Level Factors, Anthony Ngugi, Felix Agoi, Megan R. Mahoney, Amyn Lakhani, David Mang’ong’o, Esther Nderitu, Robert Armstrong, Sarah Macfarlane 2017 Aga Khan University

Utilization Of Health Services In A Resource-Limited Rural Area In Kenya: Prevalence And Associated Household-Level Factors, Anthony Ngugi, Felix Agoi, Megan R. Mahoney, Amyn Lakhani, David Mang’Ong’O, Esther Nderitu, Robert Armstrong, Sarah Macfarlane

Faculty of Health Sciences, East Africa

Background: Knowledge of utilization of health services and asso- ciated factors is important in planning and delivery of interventions to improve health services coverage. This knowledge is however limited in many developing countries. We determined the preva- lence and factors associated with health services utilization in a rural area of Kenya. Our findings inform the local health management in development of appropriately targeted interventions.

Methods: Design: Cluster sample survey. Population: Residents of Kaloleni sub-County in Kenya.

Participants/respondents: Household key informants. Outcomes: (i) History of illness for household members and (ii) health services utilization in the preceding month, (iii) factors ...


Continuity Of Care And Shared Decision-Making In Interprofessional Collaborative Maternity Practices In Canada, Dorothy Anne M. Malott 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Continuity Of Care And Shared Decision-Making In Interprofessional Collaborative Maternity Practices In Canada, Dorothy Anne M. Malott

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Problem: The number of maternity care providers varies across Canada. Women from rural communities or those marginalized due to physical, psychological or social issues including newcomers, often experience challenges accessing health care (Fraser Health, 2014; Rogers, 2003). Interprofessional collaborative maternity care [IPCMC] has been credited as a means of increasing access and promoting sustainability of services (Miller et al., 2012; Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada, 2008). Midwifery could play a greater role in delivery of services through IPCMC. However, little is known about collaboration in these practices. The purposes of this study are to explore factors influencing enactment ...


Metastatic Biomarkers In Synovial Sarcoma, Rosalia de Necochea-Campion, Lee M. Zuckerman, Hamid R. Mirshahidi, Shahrzad Khosrowpour, Chien-Shing Chen, Saied Mirshahidi 2017 Loma Linda University

Metastatic Biomarkers In Synovial Sarcoma, Rosalia De Necochea-Campion, Lee M. Zuckerman, Hamid R. Mirshahidi, Shahrzad Khosrowpour, Chien-Shing Chen, Saied Mirshahidi

Library Articles and Research

Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma (STS) that typically occurs in the extremities near a joint. Metastatic disease is common and usually occurs in the lungs and lymph nodes. Surgical management is the mainstay of treatment with chemotherapy and radiation typically used as adjuvant treatment. Although chemotherapy has a positive impact on survival, the prognosis is poor if metastatic disease occurs. The biology of sarcoma invasion and metastasis remain poorly understood. Chromosomal translocation with fusion of the SYT and SSX genes has been described and is currently used as a diagnostic marker, although the full impact of ...


Today - January / February 2017, Loma Linda University Health 2017 Loma Linda University

Today - January / February 2017, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

-- Thomas L. Lemon Appointed Chair of Loma Linda University Health Board of Trustees
-- Peter Baker named administrator of Murrieta facility
-- Lowell Cooper concludes 15 years of leadership
-- LLU Medical Center CEO receives top honor
-- Loma Linda University Cancer Center seeks volunteers for new clinical trials
-- ‘One Homecoming’ Weekend designed to bring alumni together
-- “Loma Linda’s Got Talent” on display at One Homecoming’ Weekend
-- Services held for former US Congresswoman and friend of Loma Linda University Health, Shirley Neil Pettis
-- Farmer Boys donates over $111,000 to LLU Children’s Hospital toward Vision 2020
-- LLU welcomes new ...


Jpcrr Reviewers — 2016, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Jpcrr Reviewers — 2016

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

N/A


Modelling Fatigue For Management Decision Making: A Case Study, Rajee Olaganathan, Timothy B. Holt, Jacqueline Luedtke 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Modelling Fatigue For Management Decision Making: A Case Study, Rajee Olaganathan, Timothy B. Holt, Jacqueline Luedtke

Publications

Fatigue is one major contributing factor that reduces the human ability and leads to accidents, and threatens the safety of aircraft and human lives.

Though fatigue is seen in all the disciplines associated with the aviation industry, this paper will discuss only pilot fatigue. Based on the literature examined, this study first examines the significance of the problem.

Investigation of the inflight, pre/post flight countermeasures (both pharmacological and non - pharmacological methods) practiced at present, discusses the Fatigue Risk Management System (FRMS) – in this first, it defines the FRMS, briefly discusses its history, describes the organizational structure of FRMS .


Education Of Nurse Practitioners And Physician Assistants; What Role, If Any, For Physicians In Determining Their Scope Of Practice?, Joseph I. Shapiro 2017 Marshall University

Education Of Nurse Practitioners And Physician Assistants; What Role, If Any, For Physicians In Determining Their Scope Of Practice?, Joseph I. Shapiro

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Recent changes in legislation allow for non-physicians to independently perform many of the duties previously restricted to physicians. There are potentially benefits to these changes, but the author is concerned that some of the attributes of physicians induced by the long and rigorous training embedded in the profession may be absent in this new, independent health-care work force.


Forward By Editor, Benjamin J. Damazo 2017 Loma Linda University, School of Medicine

Forward By Editor, Benjamin J. Damazo

Loma Linda University Student Journal

No abstract provided.


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