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It's Debatable: Tracking Changes In Student Opinions On Drug Policies After Classroom Debate, Carolyn Schubert, Lara Sapp, Elizabeth Howley 2014 James Madison University

It's Debatable: Tracking Changes In Student Opinions On Drug Policies After Classroom Debate, Carolyn Schubert, Lara Sapp, Elizabeth Howley

Libraries

This poster provides a case study integrating ethical reasoning and debate into an undergraduate Health Sciences course on drugs uses, effects, and policies. The course instructor, Health Sciences and Nursing Librarian, and JMU Debate Team coaches collaborated on building the tiered assignment of annotated bibliographies and classroom student debates. The results document pre and post surveys of student opinions regarding each of the debate topics, providing insight on how opinions changed through the course of this assignment.


American Ginseng Supplementation Does Not Attenuate Indices Of Exercise Induced Muscle Damage, Brent Smith 2014 Western University

American Ginseng Supplementation Does Not Attenuate Indices Of Exercise Induced Muscle Damage, Brent Smith

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of American ginseng consumption on changes in average peak torque measures of dominant leg extensors following a downhill running bout. METHODS: Ten university aged male volunteers were divided equally into two groups in this double-blind study. Both groups performed baseline tests to determine average peak torque of leg extensors. Subjects then began a 4 week supplementation period of American ginseng or placebo. They then performed a downhill treadmill run at a speed between 9.7-11.3 km/h and -12% grade. The muscle strength protocol involving the dominant leg extensors was then repeated at ...


Quest: Creating A Biotechnology Workforce Pipeline, Lynette Hazleton MPH 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Quest: Creating A Biotechnology Workforce Pipeline, Lynette Hazleton Mph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


A Day In My Life With Partial Lobe Damage, Ashley Dutton 2014 Stephen F. Austin State University

A Day In My Life With Partial Lobe Damage, Ashley Dutton

Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Environmental And Health Costs Of Alternative Diets: A Comparative Study Of The U.S. Diet Relative To The French, Japanese, Mediterranean, And Nordic Diets, Sarah Rehkamp 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Environmental And Health Costs Of Alternative Diets: A Comparative Study Of The U.S. Diet Relative To The French, Japanese, Mediterranean, And Nordic Diets, Sarah Rehkamp

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This thesis contributes to the literature on sustainable consumption by using scenario analysis to evaluate the environmental and health costs of the U.S. diet relative to the French, Japanese, Mediterranean, and Nordic diets, identified in the literature as healthier diets. As a first step in estimating environmental costs, the energy efficiencies of each diet are calculated by decomposing each of the diets into their respective components. Then, the dietary efficiencies are translated into CO2 emissions. As a first step in estimating health costs, a pooled cross-section time-series dataset is used to find the association between BMI and five ...


A Peek Behind The Courtain: Peer Review And Editorial Decisions, Gustavo Saposnik 2014 SelectedWorks

A Peek Behind The Courtain: Peer Review And Editorial Decisions, Gustavo Saposnik

Gustavo Saposnik

No abstract provided.


The Energy Expenditure And Feasibility Of Two Prenatal Yoga Programs, Doree Lynn Gardner 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Energy Expenditure And Feasibility Of Two Prenatal Yoga Programs, Doree Lynn Gardner

Masters Theses

Purpose: To determine the energy expenditure and feasibility of two different DVD-­‐ based prenatal yoga programs (static yoga practice and vinyasa practice). Methods: Participants were 25 women in their second trimester (13-­‐28 weeks) who werescreened for pregnancy-­‐related risk factors. The two DVDs used were “Prenatal Yoga with Shiva Rea” (DVD A) which is a static yoga practice, and “Jennifer Wolfes Prenatal Vinyasa Yoga” (DVD B) which is a flow yoga practice. Both DVDs were approximately 50-­‐55 minutes, and included three phases (warm up, main, cool down). Each subject completed both prenatal DVD routines approximately two weeks apart ...


Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary

Exercise Science Faculty Publications

Diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound has potential clinical utility in characterizing pathological muscle tissue. Sonography has been long proposed as method of assessing muscle damage due to neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy, and more recently, changes in body and tissue composition associated with muscle wasting disorders such as sarcopenia. The use of quantitative ultrasound as an adjunct diagnostic procedure has different technical challenges than the traditional use of ultrasound in clinical medicine. Operator-dependent technique and variation are critical considerations when obtaining measures of echointensity (i.e., tissue composition estimates) and tissue dimensions (i.e., muscle thickness) – key elements of the ultrasound ...


Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek 2014 Western University

Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Typically considered a disease of old-age, Parkinson’s disease can affect those younger in life, i.e., before the age of 55, when it is referred to as young-onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). Using constructionist grounded theory, this research sought to understand how, and why, individuals with YOPD became informed about their disease over time. A total of 39 individuals, who self-identified as living with YOPD, took part in this study which was organized according to four cycles of data collection. These cycles utilized focus groups, in-depth interviews and a private online discussion board, supplemented by 14 autobiographies written by ...


Student Safety And Patient Violence: The Basic Facts, Kevin J. Black 2014 Washington University School of Medicine

Student Safety And Patient Violence: The Basic Facts, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

When our main view of patients is that we are there to help them, it seems odd to discuss the possibility that they may hurt us. Fortunately, this is rare. Unfortunately, it does happen. Below I have tried to give a few facts and hints to help keep you safe during your clinical years as a medical student.


Operational Aspects Of Health Care Delivery At World Youth Day 2008: Lessons Learnt By An Emergency Management Organisation, Didier Moutia, Jamie Ranse, Helen Banu-Lawrence 2014 Edith Cowan University

Operational Aspects Of Health Care Delivery At World Youth Day 2008: Lessons Learnt By An Emergency Management Organisation, Didier Moutia, Jamie Ranse, Helen Banu-Lawrence

Australasian Journal of Paramedicine

Hundreds of thousands of people attended World Youth Day 2008 (WYD08) in Sydney. Pilgrims from over 170 nations attended the week long event culminating in one of the largest mass gatherings in Australia. St John Ambulance Australia was the primary health care agency chosen for the provision of health services to WYD08 participants and officials. WYD08 posed a number of challenges during the planning and deployment stages of operational activities; due to the extremely large number of participants and varying location of WYD08 events. This article provides an overview of WYD08, the involvement of an emergency management organisation with a ...


Physical Activity And Its Effect On Reducing Disease: A Literature Review Of The National Runner's Health Study, Graham William Edson 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Physical Activity And Its Effect On Reducing Disease: A Literature Review Of The National Runner's Health Study, Graham William Edson

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Control Of Inflammation In Pancreatic Β-Cells: Role Of Arylpyrazole Compounds, Whitney Lyn Powell 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Control Of Inflammation In Pancreatic Β-Cells: Role Of Arylpyrazole Compounds, Whitney Lyn Powell

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement represents an event in which students involved in undergraduate research can present research projects at the University of Tennessee.


Arizona Clinical Research Workforce Survey, Cris E. Wells, Julie A. Robbins, Gaye Luna 2014 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Arizona Clinical Research Workforce Survey, Cris E. Wells, Julie A. Robbins, Gaye Luna

Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development

Objective: We characterize the current clinical research workforce in Arizona with the goal of identifying possible educational training gaps for the future workforce. Background: The science community, government entities, educational institutions, and community programs continue to advocate for additional funding and resources to educate the bioscience workforce, of which clinical research is a part. However, there is little evidence that additional training and/or education is needed within the clinical research profession. Method: We utilized an electronic survey tool that was designed to solicit workforce data from clinical research professionals actively working or seeking employment in the field of clinical ...


A Qualitative Comparative Analysis Of Well-Managed School Sanitation In Bangladesh, Christie Chatterley, Amy Javernick-Will, Karl G. Linden, Kawser Alam, Laure Bottinelli, Mohini Venkatesh 2014 University of Colorado, Boulder

A Qualitative Comparative Analysis Of Well-Managed School Sanitation In Bangladesh, Christie Chatterley, Amy Javernick-Will, Karl G. Linden, Kawser Alam, Laure Bottinelli, Mohini Venkatesh

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Background

Continued management of sanitation and hygiene services, post-intervention, is a global challenge, particularly in the school-setting. This situation threatens anticipated impacts of school sanitation and hygiene investments. To improve programming and policies, and increase the effectiveness of limited development resources, we seek to understand how and why some schools have well-managed sanitation post-intervention, while others do not.

Methods

Based on in-depth qualitative data from 16 case schools in Meherpur, Bangladesh, we employ fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to identify the necessary and sufficient conditions, or combinations of conditions (referred to as pathways), that lead to either well-managed or poorly managed ...


Indicators Of Simulated Driving Skills In Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sherrilene Classen PhD, MPH, OTR/L, FAOTA, Miriam Monahan MS, OTR/L, CDRS, Kiah Brown BHS 2014 Western Michigan University

Indicators Of Simulated Driving Skills In Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sherrilene Classen Phd, Mph, Otr/L, Faota, Miriam Monahan Ms, Otr/L, Cdrs, Kiah Brown Bhs

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk for committing traffic violations, and they are four times more likely than neurotypical peers to be crash involved, making them a potentially high risk group for driving. We used a two-group design to measure differences in demographics, clinical off-road tests, and fitness to drive abilities in a driving simulator with nine adolescents with ADHD (mean age = 15.00, SD ± 1.00) compared to 22 healthy controls (HC) (mean age = 14.32, SD ±..716), as evaluated by an Occupational Therapist Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist (OT-CDRS). Despite few demographic differences, the ...


Go To The Hospital Or Stay At Home? A Qualitative Study Of Expected Hospital Decision Making Among Older African Americans With Advanced Heart Failure, Faith Pratt Hopp, Christina Marsack, Jessica Camp, Shirley Ann Thomas 2014 Wayne State University

Go To The Hospital Or Stay At Home? A Qualitative Study Of Expected Hospital Decision Making Among Older African Americans With Advanced Heart Failure, Faith Pratt Hopp, Christina Marsack, Jessica Camp, Shirley Ann Thomas

Social Work Faculty Publications

To address the need for more information concerning hospital decision making, we conducted in-depth interviews among African Americans with heart failure and their family caregivers (n=11 dyads). Using a case scenario, we asked participants about their anticipated hospitalization decisions. Most patients indicated that they would seek care to avoid further deterioration or death from their worsening condition. Many family caregivers anticipated having an active influence on hospitalization decisions. Findings suggest that social workers should encourage the development of adequate home-based services, recognize diverse communication styles, and use this information to facilitate medical decision making by these patients and their ...


An Investigation Of Nurbs-Based Deformable Image Registration, Travis J. Jacobson 2014 Virginia Commonwealth University

An Investigation Of Nurbs-Based Deformable Image Registration, Travis J. Jacobson

Theses and Dissertations

Deformable image registration (DIR) is an essential tool in medical image processing. It provides a means to combine image datasets, allowing for intra-subject, inter-subject, multi-modality, and multi-instance analysis, as well as motion detection and compensation. One of the most popular DIR algorithms models the displacement vector field (DVF) as B-splines, a sum of piecewise polynomials with coefficients that enable local shape control. B-splines have many advantageous properties in the context of DIR, but they often struggle to adequately model steep local gradients and discontinuities. This dissertation addresses that limitation by proposing the replacement of conventional B-splines with a generalized formulation ...


Head Impact Exposure In Male And Female Collegiate Ice Hockey Players, Bethany J. Wilcox, Jonathan G. Beckwith, Richard M. Greenwald, Jeffrey J. Chu, Thomas W. McAllister, Laura A. Flashman, Arthur C. Maerlender, Ann-Christine Duhaime, Joseph J. Crisco 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Head Impact Exposure In Male And Female Collegiate Ice Hockey Players, Bethany J. Wilcox, Jonathan G. Beckwith, Richard M. Greenwald, Jeffrey J. Chu, Thomas W. Mcallister, Laura A. Flashman, Arthur C. Maerlender, Ann-Christine Duhaime, Joseph J. Crisco

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

The purpose of this study was to quantify head impact exposure (frequency, location and magnitude of head impacts) for individual male and female collegiate ice hockey players and to investigate differences in exposure by sex, player position, session type, and team. Ninety-nine (41 male, 58 female) players were enrolled and 37,411 impacts were recorded over three seasons. Frequency of impacts varied significantly by sex (males: 287 per season, females: 170, p < 0.001) and helmet impact location (p < 0.001) but not by player position (p = 0.088). Head impact frequency also varied by session type; both male and female players sustained more impacts in games than in practices (p < 0.001), however the magnitude of impacts did not differ between session types. There was no difference in 95th percentile peak linear acceleration between sexes (males: 41.6 g, females: 40.8 g), but 95th percentile peak rotational acceleration and HITsp (a composite severity measure) were greater for males than females (4424, 3409 rad/s2, and 25.6, 22.3, respectively). Impacts to the back of the helmet resulted in the greatest 95th percentile peak linear accelerations for males (45.2 g) and females (50.4 g), while impacts to the side and back of the head were associated with the greatest 95th percentile peak rotational accelerations (males: 4719, 4256 rad/sec2, females: 3567, 3784 rad/sec2, respectively). It has been proposed that reducing an individual’s head impact exposure is a practical approach for reducing the risk ...


The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin 2014 Avondale College

The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin

Theses PhD

In the latter half of the 20th Century increases in the availability of inexpensive, energy-dense foods combined with an estimated 60-70% reduction in daily energy expenditure, created an “obesogenic” environment. The epidemic of obesity that has emerged has been associated with the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) which is a cluster of risk factors that are precursors to chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes (T2D), stroke, and dementia. These chronic diseases are having a significant social and economic impact worldwide with their related morbidity and mortality.
Epidemiological and interventional studies have shown that lifestyle interventions based on a low-fat ...


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