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Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon PhD MSPH 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon Phd Msph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Biosimilar Naming Conventions: Pharmacist Perceptions And Impact On Confidence In Dispensing Biologics, Daniel M. Tomaszewski 2016 Chapman University

Biosimilar Naming Conventions: Pharmacist Perceptions And Impact On Confidence In Dispensing Biologics, Daniel M. Tomaszewski

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

BACKGROUND: The approval of the first biosimilar in the United States has placed increased pressure on the FDA to provide guidance on the naming convention that will be assigned to current and future biosimilars. The release of the FDA draft guidance on nonproprietary naming of biosimilars in August 2015 established a naming convention for all biologic products, including biosimilars. However, the draft guidance is nonbinding while the FDA continues to receive input from stakeholders, and it does not address the naming convention that will be used for products designated as interchangeable biologics.

OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine pharmacist perceptions of biosimilar ...


Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use In Older Patient With Breast And Colorectal Cancer, Meghan S. Karuturi 2016 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use In Older Patient With Breast And Colorectal Cancer, Meghan S. Karuturi

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Our objective was to determine predictors of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use and its impact on outcomes (including ER visits, hospitalization, all cause death, and composite of three) in breast and colorectal cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. We used data from the SEER database linked to Medicare claims. Our cohort included patients ≥ 66 years diagnosed with of Stage II/III breast or colorectal cancer between 7/1/2007-12/31/2009. Baseline PIM was defined using the Drugs to Avoid in the Elderly list (DAE) or Beers criteria. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to determine the associations of baseline PIMs ...


What Causes Care Coordination Problems? A Case For Microanalysis, Wayne Zachary, Russell Charles Maulitz, Drew A. Zachary 2016 Starship Health Technologies, LLC

What Causes Care Coordination Problems? A Case For Microanalysis, Wayne Zachary, Russell Charles Maulitz, Drew A. Zachary

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Care coordination (CC) is an important fulcrum for pursuing a range of health care goals. Current research and policy analyses have focused on aggregated data rather than on understanding what happens within individual cases. At the case level, CC emerges as a complex network of communications among providers over time, crossing and recrossing many organizational boundaries. Micro-level analysis is needed to understand where and how CC fails, as well as to identify best practices and root causes of problems.

Coordination Process Diagramming: Coordination Process Diagramming (CPD) is a new framework for representing and analyzing CC arcs at the micro ...


An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson

Dissertations

Child obesity is affecting children’s health nationwide. Rates are highest among African Americans (AA) in the South. Research has explored parents’ influence on child eating and activity, but most has reported on mothers’ influences. The purpose of this research was to investigate perceptions about AA fathers’ influences on their children’s eating and physical activity. Using a structured focus group questionnaire based on the parent layer constructs of Birch and Ventura’s Ecological Model for Child Overweight (2009), four focus groups were conducted with 28 AA fathers with children 6- to 11-years-old in a rural and an urban church ...


A Mobile App For Reducing Perceived Stress In College Students, K. Jason J. Crandall, Kathryn Steward MPH, Tara Warf 2016 Western Kentucky University

A Mobile App For Reducing Perceived Stress In College Students, K. Jason J. Crandall, Kathryn Steward Mph, Tara Warf

K. Jason Crandall

Stress is a serious problem in college students. Novel on-campus stress management programs are needed to teach stress management techniques to help reduce students’ perceived stress. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design, implementation, and program outcomes of a mobile app (Bin-gocize®) that combines exercise, health education, and bingo into a single stress management program.  Preliminary results showed the mobile app may be capable of reducing perceived stress and improving stress management knowledge. Randomized controlled trials are needed, but colleges and universities may consider using the app to affect their students’ overall health and academic performance.


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Development Of Holistic Classification Systems For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Deepa Jeevanantham 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of Holistic Classification Systems For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Deepa Jeevanantham

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex disorder. There is a gap in the literature in classifying children with CP broadly. The purpose of this thesis was to develop holistic classification systems for children with CP. As a first step, a search was conducted to explore the strategies used to classify children with developmental co-ordination disorder and autism-spectrum disorder. Two versions of holistic classification systems named the body function index in cerebral palsy (BFI-CP) versions I and II were developed using two methods. Then, the relationship and differences among the developed classification systems and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS ...


The Effects Of Plyometric Training On Spinal And Supraspinal Motor Control, Jeffrey R. Doeringer 2016 Nova Southeastern University

The Effects Of Plyometric Training On Spinal And Supraspinal Motor Control, Jeffrey R. Doeringer

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of plyometric training on spinal and supraspinal motor control in healthy active females. Methods: A 2 (Group) x 2 (Session) x 2 (Stance) mixed model design was used for homosynaptic depression (HD) and recurrent inhibition (RI) data. A 2 (Group) x 2 (Session) mixed model design was used for H:M ratios and V-waves (V:M ratios) data. Thirty-one participants were recruited to participate in the study. Participants participated in either the training or control group for 6-weeks. All participants were measured pre- and post-intervention on H:M ratios ...


Encoding Of Saltatory Tactile Velocity In The Adult Orofacial Somatosensory System, Rebecca Custead 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Encoding Of Saltatory Tactile Velocity In The Adult Orofacial Somatosensory System, Rebecca Custead

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Processing dynamic tactile inputs is a key function of somatosensory systems. Spatial velocity encoding mechanisms by the nervous system are important for skilled movement production and may play a role in recovery of motor function following neurological insult. Little is known about tactile velocity encoding in trigeminal networks associated with mechanosensory inputs to the face, or the consequences of movement.

High resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the neural substrates of velocity encoding in the human orofacial somatosensory system during unilateral saltatory pneumotactile inputs to perioral hairy skin in 20 healthy adults. A custom multichannel, scalable ...


Psychological And Psychiatric Comorbidities Associated With Tinnitus: A Systematic Review, Shanna Hymowitz 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Psychological And Psychiatric Comorbidities Associated With Tinnitus: A Systematic Review, Shanna Hymowitz

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this systematic literature review was to examine the current literature evidence pertaining to the relationship between tinnitus and psychological and psychiatric comorbidities. Literature was found discussing the prevalence of tinnitus with psychological and psychiatric comorbidities, differences in self-reports, and whether the perception of tinnitus is aided with the use of psychological counseling and psychotropic medications. Relative search strings applied to Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline Complete, and PubMed identified studies to be included in this review. (Will put total amount of studies found once collected). An assessment of all research literature found ...


The Impact Of Alzheimer’S Disease In An Aging Rural Population, Lynne J. Goebel, Vivian M. Minkemeyer, Courtney Wellman 2016 Marshall University

The Impact Of Alzheimer’S Disease In An Aging Rural Population, Lynne J. Goebel, Vivian M. Minkemeyer, Courtney Wellman

Lynne J. Goebel

West Virginia already has a large elderly population, and it is expected to increase along with the elderly population of the nation as a whole. Since the most important risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is older age, it is not surprising that the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease is projected to increase significantly over the next thirty-five years. This paper discusses the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease in West Virginia, programs available to assist people and caregivers affected by the disease, and the associated economic burden of the disease.


Preventing And Treating Type 2 Diabetes Through A Physically Active Lifestyle, Raymond W. Leung, Jim Kamla, Man-Cheong Lee, Jennifer Y. Mak 2016 Marshall University

Preventing And Treating Type 2 Diabetes Through A Physically Active Lifestyle, Raymond W. Leung, Jim Kamla, Man-Cheong Lee, Jennifer Y. Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

By the late 1960s, the increasing number of type 2 diabetic cases in children and adolescents rapidly presented a signifi cant public health issue recognized by the American Diabetes Association (2000). Since then, the prevalence of pediatric type 2 diabetes appears to be on the rise not only in the United States but all around the world (Gungor et al., 2005). In the United States, an increase from fewer than four percent to more than 50 percent of new cases of type 2 diabetes in the pediatric population was reported between the years of 1982 and 1998 (American Diabetes Association ...


Educating Nurses On The Use Of The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool (Bmat) To Create A Culture Of Safety, Kaylin C. Laine 2016 University of San Francisco

Educating Nurses On The Use Of The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool (Bmat) To Create A Culture Of Safety, Kaylin C. Laine

Master's Projects

Healthcare workers are more at risk for injury than workers in any other industry, the injury rate in hospitals is almost double that of the entire private sector put together (OSHA, 2013). This high rate of injury has led hospital administrators and policymakers to take a closer look at the job duties and conditions of nurses and other healthcare workers. Almost half of all healthcare worker injuries are the result of overexertion or bodily reaction, injuries that occur as a result of performing patient handling tasks. Many US states have passed laws requiring hospitals to implement Safe Patient Handling and ...


Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua 2016 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua

Maharaj Singh

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures performed in the United States. LAGB results in safe and satisfactory weight loss, but it is often complicated with slippage, a complication requiring rebanding (reoperation). There is a paucity of studies and no uniform consensus regarding weight loss after rebanding.

Purpose: This study assessed the effect of rebanding for slippage after LAGB on weight loss up to five years.

Methods: This is a historical cohort study of 865 patients who underwent LAGB from 2001 to 2011. Rebanding was performed in 103 (11.9%) patients. Primary ...


Association Of Sleep Behavior To Physical Activity And Bmi In 9th And 10th Grade Students, Sonia Lina Davda 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Association Of Sleep Behavior To Physical Activity And Bmi In 9th And 10th Grade Students, Sonia Lina Davda

Theses and Dissertations

Despite the topic’s popularity in research, the relationship between sleep duration and physical activity (PA) remains unclear. Measurement protocol differences, highly specific samples, and incomplete data contribute to varying results suggesting that additional research is needed. The purpose of the TRACK II study was to examine the relationship between PA, BMI, and self-reported sleep in adolescents. 369 9 th and 10 th grade students from 2 diverse school districts participated in the study. Participants completed a self-reported sleep questionnaire and had their height and weight measured. Demographic variables were also reported by participants. Actigraph accelerometers were used to objectively ...


The Impact Of Alzheimer’S Disease In An Aging Rural Population, Lynne J. Goebel, Vivian M. Minkemeyer, Courtney Wellman 2016 Marshall University

The Impact Of Alzheimer’S Disease In An Aging Rural Population, Lynne J. Goebel, Vivian M. Minkemeyer, Courtney Wellman

Internal Medicine

West Virginia already has a large elderly population, and it is expected to increase along with the elderly population of the nation as a whole. Since the most important risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is older age, it is not surprising that the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease is projected to increase significantly over the next thirty-five years. This paper discusses the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease in West Virginia, programs available to assist people and caregivers affected by the disease, and the associated economic burden of the disease.


Today - May 2016, Loma Linda University Health 2016 Loma Linda University

Today - May 2016, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this Issue:

-- More than 3,000 attend Loma Linda University Health Vision 2020 Groundbreaking Event
-- Sold-out LLUH Women's Conference inspires attendees to 'Be the Artist of Your Life'
-- Daniel Samano's two big home runs
-- Loma Linda University Health helps community discover 'Your Best Pathway to Health'
-- Annual Children's Day teaches kids about health care in a fun, safe environment
-- LLU alumna appointed as Florida surgeon general
-- ECMO open house displays new CARDIOHELP technology to help critically ill children survive
-- President Hart leads work bee to uncover original Loma Linda Sanitarium steps
-- New blog shines light on ...


Verification And Quantification Of Surface Electromyographic (Emg) Activity Of The Masseter Muscle, Kelsey Bowles 2016 Western Michigan University

Verification And Quantification Of Surface Electromyographic (Emg) Activity Of The Masseter Muscle, Kelsey Bowles

Honors Theses

Purpose: The goal of the present study is to develop and evaluate an automated technique for measuring biting and chewing related surface electromyographic (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle.

Methods: Data from 28 neurologically healthy participants between the ages of 18-40 were selected for this study. The procedure for collecting the bite/chew data consisted of the participant biting down and chewing three small breath mints while an EMG sensor recorded the masseter muscle activity. A five-step Matlab-based algorithm was created to accurately identify onsets and offsets of each bite and chew event.

Results: Compared to manual measurements using ...


Cognitive Rehearsal Training For Upskilling Undergraduate Nursing Students Against Bullying: A Qualitative Pilot Study, Florriann C. Fehr Dr., L. Michelle Seibel Ms. 2016 Thompson Rivers University

Cognitive Rehearsal Training For Upskilling Undergraduate Nursing Students Against Bullying: A Qualitative Pilot Study, Florriann C. Fehr Dr., L. Michelle Seibel Ms.

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine the effectiveness of an anti-bullying intervention called Cognitive Rehearsal Training (CRT) using a workshop format to increase third year nursing students’ knowledge and confidence to address bullying behaviour. A lanyard card identifying ten common bullying behaviours and possible phrases to stand up to bullying was used as a tool to Stop! Reflect! and Respond! as a process to resolve conflict (Griffin, 2004; Griffin & Clark, 2014). Although similar bullying interventions have been studied among practicing nurses, few studies exist that involve students within their pre-licensure training program (Iheduru-Anderson, 2014; Thomas, 2010) and none in Canada. Fifty eight third year undergraduate nursing students in two classrooms took part in an anti-bullying workshop introducing the use of CRT as ...


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