Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

905 Full-Text Articles 1197 Authors 167556 Downloads 103 Institutions

All Articles in Other Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

905 full-text articles. Page 1 of 37.

Student Pharmacists And Street Children: A Mutually Beneficial Relationship, Mario A. Hoyos, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase, C. Ryan Tomlin, Sonak Pastakia, Samuel Kimani, Tim Mercer 2017 Purdue University

Student Pharmacists And Street Children: A Mutually Beneficial Relationship, Mario A. Hoyos, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase, C. Ryan Tomlin, Sonak Pastakia, Samuel Kimani, Tim Mercer

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The Tumaini Children’s Drop-In Center is a daytime drop-in center for the street children of Eldoret, Kenya. It is part of a partnership between the Purdue University College of Pharmacy, the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare program, Eldoret community members, and numerous individuals in both Kenya and the US. Through the efforts of local staff and Purdue student pharmacists, who work at the local hospital on an eight-week clinical rotation, the center has helped a population of nearly 400 local street children by providing a safe haven from life on the streets. Purdue student pharmacists aid the center ...


Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno 2017 YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, Kennesaw State University

Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno

Health Behavior Research

Behavioral weight-loss treatments have typically been unsuccessful and a theoretical. Even when treatments were scientifically derived, theory has rarely been used to decompose, and understand the bases of, their effects. This 2-year study evaluated mediation of the prediction of nutritional changes by changes in physical activity, through social cognitive theory variables. Data from women with Class 1–2 obesity, classified as “insufficiently active” (N = 50; Mage = 47.6 years), were extracted from 2 initial trials of a new cognitive-behavioral intervention. That treatment sought to improve self-regulation, mood, and self-efficacy through increased physical activity, to then induce improved eating and ...


Yawns Are Cool, Andrew C. Gallup, Omar T. Eldakar 2017 SUNY Polytechnic Institute - Utica

Yawns Are Cool, Andrew C. Gallup, Omar T. Eldakar

Omar Tonsi Eldakar

Although we yawn each and every day, most people have little understanding of why we do it. In fact, the function of yawning has remained mysterious for centuries, even among scientists, and this has only changed quite recently. Contrary to what people have believed for a long time, it is now understood that yawns have nothing to do with breathing or the amount of oxygen we are taking in. Instead, new and growing research has revealed that yawns serve as a brain cooling mechanism. This new perspective on yawning as a response to elevated brain temperature has transformed our understanding ...


Drawbacks Of Utilizing The Logit Link In Propensity Score Weighting Adjustment, Evrim Oral 2017 LSUHSC, School of Public Health, Biostatistics Program

Drawbacks Of Utilizing The Logit Link In Propensity Score Weighting Adjustment, Evrim Oral

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Yawns Are Cool, Andrew C. Gallup, Omar T. Eldakar 2017 SUNY Polytechnic Institute - Utica

Yawns Are Cool, Andrew C. Gallup, Omar T. Eldakar

Biology Faculty Articles

Although we yawn each and every day, most people have little understanding of why we do it. In fact, the function of yawning has remained mysterious for centuries, even among scientists, and this has only changed quite recently. Contrary to what people have believed for a long time, it is now understood that yawns have nothing to do with breathing or the amount of oxygen we are taking in. Instead, new and growing research has revealed that yawns serve as a brain cooling mechanism. This new perspective on yawning as a response to elevated brain temperature has transformed our understanding ...


Identifying The Factors For Acute Cardiac Arrest For Establishing A New Recognition Protocol In Detecting Pre-Arrest Symptoms, Sarah Power 2017 DePaul University

Identifying The Factors For Acute Cardiac Arrest For Establishing A New Recognition Protocol In Detecting Pre-Arrest Symptoms, Sarah Power

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Worsening physiological symptoms can easily go overlooked or unmanaged. The early detection of clinical signs that precede cardiac arrest can reduce the risk of worsening condition or death. Determining a nursing protocol to recognize pre-arrests symptoms would allow a systematic way to evaluate patients and their health status before adverse events occur.

Objectives: The purpose of an integrative literature review was to identify signs and symptoms that precede cardiac arrest, and to specify a recognition protocol that ameliorates patient care outcomes.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted undergoing an extensive search to identify acute cardiac arrest and ...


Forgiveness: How It Manifests In Our Health, Well-Being, And Longevity, Kathi Norman 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Forgiveness: How It Manifests In Our Health, Well-Being, And Longevity, Kathi Norman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Forgiveness is a character strength and process that, when practiced, is associated with improved psychological well-being, physical health outcomes, and longevity. Forgiveness can serve as a protective factor that buffers against poor health and psychological consequences. Common misconceptions about forgiveness can serve as barriers to the desire to cultivate this protective strength, as forgiveness is often conflated with permissiveness, and perceived as permission for a transgressor to engage in hurtful conduct. The benefits of forgiveness, however, are most significant for the individual who has been transgressed, rather than the transgressor. Failing to forgive, or unforgiveness, is the practice of engaging ...


Enhancing Value-Based Healthcare With Reconstructability Analysis: Predicting Risk For Hip And Knee Replacements, Cecily Corrine Froemke 2017 Portland State University

Enhancing Value-Based Healthcare With Reconstructability Analysis: Predicting Risk For Hip And Knee Replacements, Cecily Corrine Froemke

Dissertations and Theses

Legislative reforms aimed at slowing growth of US healthcare costs are focused on achieving greater value, defined specifically as health outcomes achieved per dollar spent. To increase value while payments are diminishing and tied to individual outcomes, healthcare must improve at predicting risks and outcomes.

One way to improve predictions is through better modeling methods. Current models are predominantly based on logistic regression (LR). This project applied Reconstructability Analysis (RA) to data on hip and knee replacement surgery, and considered whether RA could create useful models of outcomes, and whether these models could produce predictions complimentary to or even stronger ...


Investigating The Needs Of Parents Of Premature Infants’ Interaction In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Maureen A. Rinehimer 2017 Seton Hall University

Investigating The Needs Of Parents Of Premature Infants’ Interaction In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Maureen A. Rinehimer

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Parents and/or caregivers of premature infants provide the interaction needed to promote better outcomes for these challenged infants at risk for developmental delays. This descriptive, exploratory study utilized convenience sampling. Inclusion criteria consisted of parents/caregivers who were at least 18 years of age and older with infants born 35 weeks gestation or less and currently in the NICU. This study focused on the research question: What do parents perceive they need in the NICU to enjoy interacting with their infant in the home? To collect the data needed to capture the perceptions of parent’s needs of infants ...


Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James McIntosh, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James Mcintosh, Jian Liu

Jian Liu

OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current prevalence rate of latex allergy among healthcare workers, susceptible patients, and the general public, and to investigate why latex is still a ubiquitous occupational health hazard.

METHODS: Scientific publications on PubMed, particularly those published within the last five years, and current regulations from agencies such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed. Consumer and commercial products that may contain latex were also surveyed.

RESULTS: Approximately 12 million tons of natural rubber latex is produced annually and is widely used to manufacture millions of consumer and commercial products. Only limited number of ...


Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James McIntosh, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James Mcintosh, Jian Liu

James McIntosh

OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current prevalence rate of latex allergy among healthcare workers, susceptible patients, and the general public, and to investigate why latex is still a ubiquitous occupational health hazard.

METHODS: Scientific publications on PubMed, particularly those published within the last five years, and current regulations from agencies such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed. Consumer and commercial products that may contain latex were also surveyed.

RESULTS: Approximately 12 million tons of natural rubber latex is produced annually and is widely used to manufacture millions of consumer and commercial products. Only limited number of ...


Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James McIntosh, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James Mcintosh, Jian Liu

Miaozong Wu

OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current prevalence rate of latex allergy among healthcare workers, susceptible patients, and the general public, and to investigate why latex is still a ubiquitous occupational health hazard.

METHODS: Scientific publications on PubMed, particularly those published within the last five years, and current regulations from agencies such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed. Consumer and commercial products that may contain latex were also surveyed.

RESULTS: Approximately 12 million tons of natural rubber latex is produced annually and is widely used to manufacture millions of consumer and commercial products. Only limited number of ...


Embracing Diversity: Confronting Disparities, Loma Linda University Health 2017 Loma Linda University

Embracing Diversity: Confronting Disparities, Loma Linda University Health

Scope

Table of Contents:

Features

4 | Researching the biological footprint of health inequalities
8 | Modeling interfaith cooperation: Religious diversity at Loma Linda University Health
10 | New Diversity Council works towards inclusiveness as a spiritual imperative
13 | First graduating cohort of LLU San Bernardino Campus - San Manuel Gateway College
14 | Race Matters for Health {a lot!}
20 | Loma Linda University Health professor's campaign to end dangerous health disparities
22 | Questions and answers on workforce diversity with Lyndon Edwards
25 | Diversity solves disparities
26 | Gender Dysphoria: Response of the faith-based community
28 | Uncovering unconscious bias
30 | Diversity in the Adventist Health Study ...


Implementation Of Competency Based Educational Strategies Into A First-Year Seminar For Interprofessional Healthcare Science Majors, Melissa M. Snyder, Amy Murphy-Nugen, Amy Rose, Gayle Wells, Carol MacKusick 2017 Western Carolina University

Implementation Of Competency Based Educational Strategies Into A First-Year Seminar For Interprofessional Healthcare Science Majors, Melissa M. Snyder, Amy Murphy-Nugen, Amy Rose, Gayle Wells, Carol Mackusick

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Health Educators Academy at Western Carolina University was developed by the Dean of the College of Health and Human Sciences. Interdisciplinary fellows in the 2015 HEA focused on competency based education (CBE), which naturally incentivizes collaborative, interdisciplinary and interprofessional work. The 2015 Health Educator Academy Fellows researched healthcare competencies and designed curriculum changes that aligned within these parameters. This article discusses the creation of a first-year, interprofessional healthcare course that emphasizes CBE as well as interprofessional practice. Interprofessional Goals: The 2015 Academy Fellows believed that a collaborative course in the first-year curriculum that builds upon integral competencies ...


A Rare Association Of Giant Cell Arteritis With Recurrent Corneal Ulcer, Sailaja Bondalapati, Kay Khine, Maya Bitar, David Chesnutt, Richard M. Davis 2017 Marshall University

A Rare Association Of Giant Cell Arteritis With Recurrent Corneal Ulcer, Sailaja Bondalapati, Kay Khine, Maya Bitar, David Chesnutt, Richard M. Davis

Maya S. Bitar

We report a rare case of association of temporal arteritis with recurrent central corneal ulcer. A 91-year-old male with a remote history of clinically diagnosed giant cell arteritis (GCA) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for corneal edema in 1990’s in the left eye presented with irritation and severe dry eye. He progressively developed central corneal ulcer regardless of treatment with aggressive lubrication and patching. The clinical course, blood tests and temporal artery biopsy results yielded the diagnosis of recurrent GCA. The clinical course improved after starting oral steroids. The case report illustrates the importance of ruling out GCA in patients ...


Establishment Of Innovative Shared Departments To Advance Interdisciplinary Education, Ronald S. Harichandran, Brian Kench, Summer McGee, Michael A. Collura, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Charles David Skipton 2017 University of New Haven

Establishment Of Innovative Shared Departments To Advance Interdisciplinary Education, Ronald S. Harichandran, Brian Kench, Summer Mcgee, Michael A. Collura, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Charles David Skipton

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

More and more universities are pursuing interdisciplinary academic activities that span across department and college boundaries. Administrative structures to facilitate such programs are difficult to establish within traditional university frameworks consisting of disciplinary departments and colleges. Often interdisciplinary programs are housed in a traditional disciplinary department or college, or in a standalone center reporting to a college dean or the provost. The difficulty of these structures is obtaining broad buy-in from faculty across departments and having disciplinary degree programs include interdisciplinary coursework.

To overcome the difficulties described above, an innovative shared department structure that fosters collaborations to advance interdisciplinary education ...


Gadgets And Grieving: A Chronological Analysis On The Ways In Which Advancements In Medical Technologies Have Altered The Grieving Process, Grace McNair 2017 Abilene Christian University

Gadgets And Grieving: A Chronological Analysis On The Ways In Which Advancements In Medical Technologies Have Altered The Grieving Process, Grace Mcnair

Dialogue & Nexus

Since the 1940s, both end-of-life care and advancements in medical technologies have expanded exponentially. This article explores the advancements in medical technologies and how these have altered the way that Western society grieves death. With the capabilities to prolong life, the family, the patient, and the medical team, all grieve the end of life in different ways. This article provides a chronological analysis of palliative care, hospice care, and various medical advancements. These changes in medicine are then paralleled with alterations in the bereavement process. This article explores historical narratives of Western society’s transformation of grief through the lens ...


Prevalence And Predictors Of Herbal Medicine Use Among Adults In The United States, Mohamed Rashrash, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown 2017 Chapman University

Prevalence And Predictors Of Herbal Medicine Use Among Adults In The United States, Mohamed Rashrash, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objective: To describe the prevalence of herbal medicine use among US adults and to assess factors associated with and predictors of herbal use. Design: The data for herbal products use were collected from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists’ Roles. Chi-square test was used to analyz factors associated with herbal use, and predictors of herbal use were assessed with logistic regression analysis. Results: Factors associated with herbal supplement use include age older than 70, having a higher than high school education, using prescription medications or over-thecounter (OTC) medications, and using a mail-order pharmacy.” All Disease ...


Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani 2017 Aga Khan University

Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani

Zubair Ahmad

Abstract CONTEXT: There are no recent authoritative data about incidence and prevalence of various types of cancers in Pakistan. AIM: To determine the frequency of malignant tumors seen in our practice and provide a foundation for building a comprehensive cancer care strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10,000 successive cases of solid malignant tumors reported in 2014 were included. All cases had formalin fixed, paraffin embedded specimens available and diagnosis was based on histological examination of H and E stained slides plus ancillary studies at the Section of Histopathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. The ...


Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani 2017 Aga Khan University

Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani

Rashida Ahmed

Abstract CONTEXT: There are no recent authoritative data about incidence and prevalence of various types of cancers in Pakistan. AIM: To determine the frequency of malignant tumors seen in our practice and provide a foundation for building a comprehensive cancer care strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10,000 successive cases of solid malignant tumors reported in 2014 were included. All cases had formalin fixed, paraffin embedded specimens available and diagnosis was based on histological examination of H and E stained slides plus ancillary studies at the Section of Histopathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. The ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress