Psychological And Psychiatric Comorbidities Associated With Tinnitus: A Systematic Review, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Psychological And Psychiatric Comorbidities Associated With Tinnitus: A Systematic Review, Shanna Hymowitz
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)
The purpose of this systematic literature review was to examine the current literature evidence pertaining to the relationship between tinnitus and psychological and psychiatric comorbidities. Literature was found discussing the prevalence of tinnitus with psychological and psychiatric comorbidities, differences in self-reports, and whether the perception of tinnitus is aided with the use of psychological counseling and psychotropic medications. Relative search strings applied to Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline Complete, and PubMed identified studies to be included in this review. (Will put total amount of studies found once collected). An assessment of all research literature found ...
Cognitive Rehearsal Training For Upskilling Undergraduate Nursing Students Against Bullying: A Qualitative Pilot Study, 2016 Thompson Rivers University
Cognitive Rehearsal Training For Upskilling Undergraduate Nursing Students Against Bullying: A Qualitative Pilot Study, Florriann C. Fehr Dr., L. Michelle Seibel Ms.
Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière
The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine the effectiveness of an anti-bullying intervention called Cognitive Rehearsal Training (CRT) using a workshop format to increase third year nursing students’ knowledge and confidence to address bullying behaviour. A lanyard card identifying ten common bullying behaviours and possible phrases to stand up to bullying was used as a tool to Stop! Reflect! and Respond! as a process to resolve conflict (Griffin, 2004; Griffin & Clark, 2014). Although similar bullying interventions have been studied among practicing nurses, few studies exist that involve students within their pre-licensure training program (Iheduru-Anderson, 2014; Thomas, 2010) and none in Canada. Fifty eight third year undergraduate nursing students in two classrooms took part in an anti-bullying workshop introducing the use of CRT as ...
A New Framework And Prototype Solution For Clinical Decision Support And Research In Genomics And Other Data-Intensive Fields Of Medicine, 2016 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
A New Framework And Prototype Solution For Clinical Decision Support And Research In Genomics And Other Data-Intensive Fields Of Medicine, James Evans, Kirk Wilhelmsen, Jonathan Berg, Charles Schmitt, Ashok Krishnamurthy, Karamarie Fecho, Stanley Ahalt
eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)
Introduction: In genomics and other fields, it is now possible to capture and store large amounts of data in electronic medical records (EMRs). However, it is not clear if the routine accumulation of massive amounts of (largely uninterpretable) data will yield any health benefits to patients. Nevertheless, the use of large-scale medical data is likely to grow. To meet emerging challenges and facilitate optimal use of genomic data, our institution initiated a comprehensive planning process that addresses the needs of all stakeholders (e.g., patients, families, healthcare providers, researchers, technical staff, administrators). Our experience with this process and a key ...
First-Responders And Emergency Department Healthcare Provider Interactions During Emergency Situations: A Grounded Theory Study, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
First-Responders And Emergency Department Healthcare Provider Interactions During Emergency Situations: A Grounded Theory Study, Jennifer A. Mohaupt
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Interactions between and among first-responders and emergency department (ED) healthcare providers impact the way in which patients are managed during emergency situations. The purpose of this study was to develop a grounded theory to explain the interactions between and among first-responders and ED healthcare providers during emergency situations. Interprofessional collaboration and teamwork has been extensively studied, however little is known about interactions that include first-responders. This study was guided by Strauss and Corbin’s (1990) approach to grounded theory. Data were collected through 256 hours of first-responder and ED observational opportunities and informal interviews with accompanying detailed field notes. As ...
The Stop For Good Health | Genericapharmacy, 2016 Selected Works
The Stop For Good Health | Genericapharmacy, Robert Walker
The Role Of Mathematical Modeling In Designing And Evaluating Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs, 2016 University of Richmond
The Role Of Mathematical Modeling In Designing And Evaluating Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs, Lester Caudill, Joanna R. Wares
Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications
Antimicrobial agent effectiveness continues to be threatened by the rise and spread of pathogen strains that exhibit drug resistance. This challenge is most acute in healthcare facilities where the well-established connection between resistance and sub-optimal antimicrobial use has prompted the creation of antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs). Mathematical models offer tremendous potential for serving as an alternative to controlled human experimentation for assessing the effectiveness of ASPs. Models can simulate controlled randomized experiments between groups of virtual patients, some treated with the ASP measure under investigation, and some without. By removing the limitations inherent in human experimentation, including health risks, study ...
Evaluating Virtual Reality Simulators As A Training Tool For Minimally Invasive Surgery, 2016 University of Central Florida
Evaluating Virtual Reality Simulators As A Training Tool For Minimally Invasive Surgery, Jennifer F. Louie, Misa Shimono
Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference
Minimally invasive surgery offers a number of advantages over traditional open surgeries, including faster patient recovery time, fewer side effects, and improved cosmesis. However, there are also a number of difficulties involved with performing this type of surgery, including poor visuo-spatial mapping, poor depth perception, and mechanical difficulties (e.g., the fulcrum effect). Considering the decrease in residency training hours required for surgical trainees in 2011 (Rajaram et al., 2014), it is essential that surgical trainees employ training methods that would best result in high accuracy and efficiency.
Simulator-based training addresses many of the issues of traditional master-apprentice surgical training ...
The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, 2016 University of North Texas Health Science Center
The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Saehwan Park, Yong Gao Dr., Stephen Herrmann, G J. Norman
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Background: Many studies have examined the consequences of prolonged television viewing, but few studies have examined the psychological states that contribute to this behavior. In this study, we evaluated the construct and predictive validity of psychosocial correlates of television viewing in a population of African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS).
Methods: AA BCS (N = 342, Mean age = 54 years) completed measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, family support, and time spent watching television online. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) was used to examine the construct and predictive validity as well as the differential item functioning of the instruments among population ...
Exploring Relationships Between School-Based Health Clinics And Academic Performance In Elementary School-Aged Children, Cynthia Elizabeth Sherwood-Samuel
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
School based health clinics provide medical services and healthcare to students within the school setting. Research suggests that students who use school based health clinic services perform better academically in school by improving their attendance, health status, and addressing their medical needs. This retrospective study explored the relationship between school based health clinics and academic performance in elementary school-aged children. Academic performance was measured using students’ final grades, New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK), and Language Arts Literacy (LAL) scores. Students were tracked longitudinally from grades 3-5 comparing students who used an onsite school based health clinic ...
Understanding Physicians’ And Non-Physician Practitioners’ Recommending Practices, Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs And Expectations Regarding Music As A Cost-Effective Complementary And Alternative Medicine Approach, 2016 Seton Hall University
Understanding Physicians’ And Non-Physician Practitioners’ Recommending Practices, Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs And Expectations Regarding Music As A Cost-Effective Complementary And Alternative Medicine Approach, Paul F. Franco
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Background and Purpose of the Study: With the rise in healthcare costs, partly due to an aging demographic (of whom these care-receivers and their informal family member/friend caregivers are experiencing high stress and anxiety levels resulting in an increase in nursing home placement), a need exists for a cost-effective alternative to the traditional medical approach. Specifically, Music Therapy, a form of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has been shown to decrease the severity of the problem by alleviating symptoms of an illness and improving overall well-being. The purpose of this study was to create a valid tool entitled “The ...
Connecting With The Ghanaian Community Through Church-Based Workshops: Healthy Ghanaian Cookbook, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Connecting With The Ghanaian Community Through Church-Based Workshops: Healthy Ghanaian Cookbook, Samantha Harrington, Jason Stencel, Jacob Koshy, Shelly Yarnie
Based off our workshop series at Ghanaian churches in Worcester, MA, the Healthy Ghanaian Cookbook is a collection of recipes created by Peggy Akufo from the Apostolic Church at Bethsaida Christian Center. The recipes were altered to increase nutritional value. Calorie and nutrition breakdown for each recipe is included.
Diet As A Risk Factor In Obstructive Sleep Apnea, 2016 George Washington University
Diet As A Risk Factor In Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Caitlin Bove, Vivek Jain, Naji Younes, Marijane Hynes
GW Research Days 2016 - Present
Rationale: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease affecting approximately 2% of women and 4% of men. It is independently associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Established risk factors for OSA include obesity, male gender, post-menopausal state, smoking and increased neck circumference. Sleep deprivation, a common occurrence in OSA, is associated with weight gain and cravings for carbohydrates. Preference for fatty foods has been documented in sleep deprivation. Studies using mouse models have suggested that high fats diets increase the severity of sleep apnea independent of BMI (body mass index). We hypothesized that dietary habits, especially increased fatty ...
Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, 2016 SUNY New Paltz
Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell
Journal of Evolution and Health
The current ancestral health (“paleo”) movement is often thought to be on the verge of going mainstream. Many within the movement believe this would lead to positive health and financial outcomes for both individuals and society as a whole. However, the transition from a small, highly-devoted group of adherents to a mass following will be far more difficult than commonly assumed. This paper argues there are three main obstacles to it becoming a mass phenomenon in the United States. First, Neolithic foods are tightly woven into the fabric of our culture (for example, bread within the Christian tradition). Second, refined ...
It's Debatable: Tracking Changes In Student Opinions On Drug Policies After Classroom Debate, 2016 James Madison University
It's Debatable: Tracking Changes In Student Opinions On Drug Policies After Classroom Debate, Carolyn Schubert, Lara Sapp, Elizabeth Howley
This poster provides a case study integrating ethical reasoning and debate into an undergraduate Health Sciences course on drugs uses, effects, and policies. The course instructor, Health Sciences and Nursing Librarian, and JMU Debate Team coaches collaborated on building the tiered assignment of annotated bibliographies and classroom student debates. The results document pre and post surveys of student opinions regarding each of the debate topics, providing insight on how opinions changed through the course of this assignment.
Using Technology To Increase Physical Activity In Health Profession Students, 2016 Bronson School of Nursing, Western Michigan University
Using Technology To Increase Physical Activity In Health Profession Students, Mary Ann Stark, Kelly Elrod, Sara Haller, Andrea Mahon
The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy
Health profession students may need help establishing and maintaining positive health behaviors when they are in college. This study explored the effectiveness of text messaging as an innovative method for promoting an increase in daily physical activity. A convenience sample (N = 134) was recruited from students at a college of Health and Human Services in Michigan. The participants were randomized into an intervention or control group (n = 67 each). The intervention group received daily affective text messages encouraging more physical activity by taking more steps. The control group received only messages reminding them to report their number of steps. All ...
Simulation Of 48-Hour Queue Dynamics For A Semi-Private Hospital Ward Considering Blocked Beds, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Simulation Of 48-Hour Queue Dynamics For A Semi-Private Hospital Ward Considering Blocked Beds, Wei Chen
Masters Theses May 2014 - current
This thesis study evaluates access to care at an internal medicine unit with solely semi-private rooms at Baystate Medical Center (BMC). Patients are divided into two types: Type I patient consumes one bed; Type II patient occupies two beds or an entire semi-private room as a private space for clinical reasons, resulting in one empty but unavailable (blocked) bed per Type II patient. Because little data is available on blocked beds and Type II patients, unit-level hospital bed planning studies that consider blocked beds have been lacking. This thesis study bridges that gap by building a single-stream and a two-stream ...
Retrospective Frames Of Disability: Themes Derived From Parents Of Children Who Grew Up With Congenital Disability, 2016 University of Kentucky
Retrospective Frames Of Disability: Themes Derived From Parents Of Children Who Grew Up With Congenital Disability, Sheryl L. Holt
Theses and Dissertations--Rehabilitation Sciences
Introduction: For children born with physical disabilities, the perspectives and actions of their parents prove significant to their childhood developmental outcomes clinically, educationally, socially, and with regard to community participation. The lived world and perceptions of parents who have children with disabilities however is not well investigated. This study sought to understand parents’ framing of theirs and their children’s disability experiences. Family systems together with family systems intervention models, and disability theory were used to provide structure to interview instrumentation and subsequent analysis. Child-centered and ecologic influences were also used to track the transformative processes over time that infuses ...
The Impact Of Information Technology On Patient Engagement And Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, 2016 Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis
The Impact Of Information Technology On Patient Engagement And Health Behavior Change: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Suhila Sawesi, Mohamed Rashrash, Kanitha Phalakornkule, Janet S. Carpenter, Josette F. Jones
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Background: Advancements in information technology (IT) and its increasingly ubiquitous nature expand the ability to engage patients in the health care process and motivate health behavior change.
Objective: Our aim was to systematically review the (1) impact of IT platforms used to promote patients’ engagement and to effect change in health behaviors and health outcomes, (2) behavior theories or models applied as bases for developing these interventions and their impact on health outcomes, (3) different ways of measuring health outcomes, (4) usability, feasibility, and acceptability of these technologies among patients, and (5) challenges and research directions for implementing IT platforms ...
The Effect Of Curcumin On Cardiovascular Health In Obese Men, 2016 University of Kentucky
The Effect Of Curcumin On Cardiovascular Health In Obese Men, Marilyn S. Campbell
Theses and Dissertations--Kinesiology and Health Promotion
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, and conventional treatment often emphasizes pharmaceutical approaches. Research has recently started exploring non-pharmaceutical approaches, including nutritional interventions. This research study was conducted to test the effectiveness of a novel nutritional approach, curcumin, on the improvement of cardiovascular health in young, obese males (BMI≥30 kg/m2). This study included 22 men, matched based on BMI and randomly assigned to the intervention (n=11) or placebo group (n=11). The intervention consisted of 12 weeks of curcumin supplementation (1.0 g/day) with fenugreek added to enhance the ...
The Creation And Implementation Of Guidelines For The Appropriate Termination Of Patient-Provider Relationships, 2015 University of San Francisco
The Creation And Implementation Of Guidelines For The Appropriate Termination Of Patient-Provider Relationships, Rowena D. Nolasco
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects
Primary care providers have terminated patient-provider relationships when they deem them no longer therapeutic. Healthcare providers are increasingly considering this an acceptable practice. However, the criteria for this decision remain unclear. As providers discharge challenging or difficult patients from their practices, questions to support this decision arise. Discharged patients face displacement and healthcare is disrupted. This project will (a) describe problematic patient-provider relationships and its effects, (b) identify possible alternatives to the firing of patients, (c) list appropriate reasons for termination, and (d) present recommended procedures to avoid allegations of medical abandonment. The project's product is an Appropriate Discharge ...