Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

167 Full-Text Articles 343 Authors 53,144 Downloads 46 Institutions

All Articles in Other Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

167 full-text articles. Page 1 of 5.

The Environmental And Health Costs Of Alternative Diets: A Comparative Study Of The U.S. Diet Relative To The French, Japanese, Mediterranean, And Nordic Diets, Sarah Rehkamp 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Environmental And Health Costs Of Alternative Diets: A Comparative Study Of The U.S. Diet Relative To The French, Japanese, Mediterranean, And Nordic Diets, Sarah Rehkamp

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This thesis contributes to the literature on sustainable consumption by using scenario analysis to evaluate the environmental and health costs of the U.S. diet relative to the French, Japanese, Mediterranean, and Nordic diets, identified in the literature as healthier diets. As a first step in estimating environmental costs, the energy efficiencies of each diet are calculated by decomposing each of the diets into their respective components. Then, the dietary efficiencies are translated into CO2 emissions. As a first step in estimating health costs, a pooled cross-section time-series dataset is used to find the association between BMI and five ...


Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary

Exercise Science Faculty Publications

Diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound has potential clinical utility in characterizing pathological muscle tissue. Sonography has been long proposed as method of assessing muscle damage due to neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy, and more recently, changes in body and tissue composition associated with muscle wasting disorders such as sarcopenia. The use of quantitative ultrasound as an adjunct diagnostic procedure has different technical challenges than the traditional use of ultrasound in clinical medicine. Operator-dependent technique and variation are critical considerations when obtaining measures of echointensity (i.e., tissue composition estimates) and tissue dimensions (i.e., muscle thickness) – key elements of the ultrasound ...


Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek 2014 Western University

Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Typically considered a disease of old-age, Parkinson’s disease can affect those younger in life, i.e., before the age of 55, when it is referred to as young-onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). Using constructionist grounded theory, this research sought to understand how, and why, individuals with YOPD became informed about their disease over time. A total of 39 individuals, who self-identified as living with YOPD, took part in this study which was organized according to four cycles of data collection. These cycles utilized focus groups, in-depth interviews and a private online discussion board, supplemented by 14 autobiographies written by ...


Student Safety And Patient Violence: The Basic Facts, Kevin J. Black 2014 Washington University School of Medicine

Student Safety And Patient Violence: The Basic Facts, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

When our main view of patients is that we are there to help them, it seems odd to discuss the possibility that they may hurt us. Fortunately, this is rare. Unfortunately, it does happen. Below I have tried to give a few facts and hints to help keep you safe during your clinical years as a medical student.


Operational Aspects Of Health Care Delivery At World Youth Day 2008: Lessons Learnt By An Emergency Management Organisation, Didier Moutia, Jamie Ranse, Helen Banu-Lawrence 2014 Edith Cowan University

Operational Aspects Of Health Care Delivery At World Youth Day 2008: Lessons Learnt By An Emergency Management Organisation, Didier Moutia, Jamie Ranse, Helen Banu-Lawrence

Australasian Journal of Paramedicine

Hundreds of thousands of people attended World Youth Day 2008 (WYD08) in Sydney. Pilgrims from over 170 nations attended the week long event culminating in one of the largest mass gatherings in Australia. St John Ambulance Australia was the primary health care agency chosen for the provision of health services to WYD08 participants and officials. WYD08 posed a number of challenges during the planning and deployment stages of operational activities; due to the extremely large number of participants and varying location of WYD08 events. This article provides an overview of WYD08, the involvement of an emergency management organisation with a ...


Physical Activity And Its Effect On Reducing Disease: A Literature Review Of The National Runner's Health Study, Graham William Edson 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Physical Activity And Its Effect On Reducing Disease: A Literature Review Of The National Runner's Health Study, Graham William Edson

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Control Of Inflammation In Pancreatic Β-Cells: Role Of Arylpyrazole Compounds, Whitney Lyn Powell 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Control Of Inflammation In Pancreatic Β-Cells: Role Of Arylpyrazole Compounds, Whitney Lyn Powell

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement represents an event in which students involved in undergraduate research can present research projects at the University of Tennessee.


Arizona Clinical Research Workforce Survey, Cris E. Wells, Julie A. Robbins, Gaye Luna 2014 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Arizona Clinical Research Workforce Survey, Cris E. Wells, Julie A. Robbins, Gaye Luna

Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development

Objective: We characterize the current clinical research workforce in Arizona with the goal of identifying possible educational training gaps for the future workforce. Background: The science community, government entities, educational institutions, and community programs continue to advocate for additional funding and resources to educate the bioscience workforce, of which clinical research is a part. However, there is little evidence that additional training and/or education is needed within the clinical research profession. Method: We utilized an electronic survey tool that was designed to solicit workforce data from clinical research professionals actively working or seeking employment in the field of clinical ...


Indicators Of Simulated Driving Skills In Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sherrilene Classen PhD, MPH, OTR/L, FAOTA, Miriam Monahan MS, OTR/L, CDRS, Kiah Brown BHS 2014 Western Michigan University

Indicators Of Simulated Driving Skills In Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sherrilene Classen Phd, Mph, Otr/L, Faota, Miriam Monahan Ms, Otr/L, Cdrs, Kiah Brown Bhs

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk for committing traffic violations, and they are four times more likely than neurotypical peers to be crash involved, making them a potentially high risk group for driving. We used a two-group design to measure differences in demographics, clinical off-road tests, and fitness to drive abilities in a driving simulator with nine adolescents with ADHD (mean age = 15.00, SD ± 1.00) compared to 22 healthy controls (HC) (mean age = 14.32, SD ±..716), as evaluated by an Occupational Therapist Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist (OT-CDRS). Despite few demographic differences, the ...


Modern Cavemen? Stereotypes And Reality Of The Ancestral Health Movement, David B. Schwartz, Hamilton M. Stapell 2013 Ancestral Health Society

Modern Cavemen? Stereotypes And Reality Of The Ancestral Health Movement, David B. Schwartz, Hamilton M. Stapell

Journal of Evolution and Health

Both academic and popular interest in the ancestral health movement, or “paleo” lifestyle, has grown rapidly in recent years. More people than ever are joining the movement, and more books and articles are being published on the topic. Media coverage and certain societal preconceptions of the movement have also increased. More often than not, followers of a paleo lifestyle are thought to be “modern cavemen”: athletic, single, meat-eating, young, white, and male. To test whether or not these stereotypes are true, the authors of the present study created the first large, academic survey (N = 3,967) of the ancestral health ...


Bystander Experiences At And After A Motor Vehicle Accident: A Review Of The Literature, Anna Hall, Karen Wotton, Alison Hutton 2013 Edith Cowan University

Bystander Experiences At And After A Motor Vehicle Accident: A Review Of The Literature, Anna Hall, Karen Wotton, Alison Hutton

Australasian Journal of Paramedicine

Objective:

To explore what was known about the experiences of bystanders both at the scene, and following a motor vehicle accident (MVA). Understanding these experiences will further elucidate the knowledge underpinning bystander’s action and their needs at the scene and in the hours, days, weeks and months following this event.

Methods:

A search of Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MedLine (OVID) and Informit was undertaken using a combination of the keywords: bystander, first aid, motor vehicle accidents, car crash, car collision, lay people and witness. Thirteen articles met the selection criteria and were included in ...


How Electronic Clinical Data Can Improve Health Technology Assessment, Jonathan R. Treadwell PhD, Eileen Erinoff MSLIS, Vivian Coates MBA 2013 EDM Forum

How Electronic Clinical Data Can Improve Health Technology Assessment, Jonathan R. Treadwell Phd, Eileen Erinoff Mslis, Vivian Coates Mba

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Health technology assessments represent comprehensive summaries of available evidence and information on a technology. They are used by medical decision makers in a variety of ways, including diagnostic testing, treatment selection, care management, patient perspectives, patient safety, insurance coverage, pharmaceutical innovation, equipment planning, device purchasing, and total cost-of-care. Electronic clinical data, which are captured routinely by clinicians and hospitals, are only rarely incorporated into formal health technology assessments. This disconnect reveals a key opportunity. In this paper, we discuss current uses of electronic clinical data, several benefits of including it in health technology assessments, potential pitfalls of that inclusion, and ...


Letter From Co-Editors, Wendy M. Nehring, Jacek Smurzynski 2013 East Tennessee State University

Letter From Co-Editors, Wendy M. Nehring, Jacek Smurzynski

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

No abstract provided.


The Development Of The Ontario Decision Aid In Rectal Cancer For Stage Ii Or Iii Patients (Odarc), Debi Banerjee 2013 McMaster University

The Development Of The Ontario Decision Aid In Rectal Cancer For Stage Ii Or Iii Patients (Odarc), Debi Banerjee

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Focus of Thesis This thesis focuses on the initial stages of developing the Ontario Decision Aid in Rectal Cancer for Stage II and III patients (ODARC). The ODARC is a DA meant to facilitate relevant information exchange among physicians and patients. Such a tool should enhance patient knowledge and accuracy of treatment expectations by effectively conveying to patients relevant information on treatment options and associated benefits and risks. The ODARC is designed for use during a physician-patient consultation. The ODARC prototype development was guided by a workbook on developing & evaluating patient DAs published by O’Connor & Jacobsen (for efficiency we ...


Efinancial Health Synergy And Prevention Science, Nan Taylor 2013 Pace University

Efinancial Health Synergy And Prevention Science, Nan Taylor

Cornerstone 1 Reports : Expansion and Enhancements of the Thinkfinity Platform

No abstract provided.


Efinancial Health, Nan Taylor 2013 Pace University

Efinancial Health, Nan Taylor

Cornerstone 1 Reports : Expansion and Enhancements of the Thinkfinity Platform

No abstract provided.


Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass 2013 Ancestral Health Society

Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass

Journal of Evolution and Health

Welcome to the first issue of the Journal of Evolution and Health! The Journal of Evolution and Health is the peer-reviewed, open-access journal of the Ancestral Health Society, a community of scientists, healthcare professionals, and laypersons who collaborate to understand health challenges from an evolutionary perspective.


Construing Natural Restorative Environments In Individuals Treated For Cancer, Adam M.B. Day 2013 Western University

Construing Natural Restorative Environments In Individuals Treated For Cancer, Adam M.B. Day

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Restorative environments (RE) are increasingly being explored for their potential to foster psychophysiologic restoration and promote health and well-being. However, there is a paucity of research that focuses on oncology populations. The purpose of this study was to explore whether individuals treated for cancer with chemotherapy construed natural restorative environments (NREs) differently than age- and gender-matched individuals never treated for cancer. Fifteen individuals treated for cancer with chemotherapy (11 females and 4 males; treatment group) and 15 age- and gender-matched individuals (comparison group) participated in interviews and completed repertory grids based on construing NREs. Constructs were elicited directly from participants ...


Potential Health Impacts Of Heavy Metals On Hiv-Infected Population In Usa, Xiaohui Xu, Hui Hu, Amy B. Dailey, Greg Kearney, Evelyn O. Talbott, Robert L. Cook 2013 Gettysburg College

Potential Health Impacts Of Heavy Metals On Hiv-Infected Population In Usa, Xiaohui Xu, Hui Hu, Amy B. Dailey, Greg Kearney, Evelyn O. Talbott, Robert L. Cook

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Purpose: Noninfectious comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases have become increasingly prevalent and occur earlier in life in persons with HIV infection. Despite the emerging body of literature linking environmental exposures to chronic disease outcomes in the general population, the impacts of environmental exposures have received little attention in HIV-infected population. The aim of this study is to investigate whether individuals living with HIV have elevated prevalence of heavy metals compared to non-HIV infected individuals in United States.

Methods: We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2010 to compare exposures to heavy metals including cadmium, lead, and total ...


Stakeholder Recommendations To Refine The Fitness-To-Drive Screening Measure, Sherrilene Classen PhD, MPH, OTR/L, FAOTA, Sandra M. Winter PhD, OTR/L, Craig A. Velozo PhD, OTR/L, Elizabeth M. Hannold PhD, Jason Rogers BE 2013 Western Michigan University

Stakeholder Recommendations To Refine The Fitness-To-Drive Screening Measure, Sherrilene Classen Phd, Mph, Otr/L, Faota, Sandra M. Winter Phd, Otr/L, Craig A. Velozo Phd, Otr/L, Elizabeth M. Hannold Phd, Jason Rogers Be

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

In developing the web-based Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure (FTDS) and keyform (results output) for use to identify at-risk older drivers, we examined the needs, perspectives, and suggestions of three stakeholders groups: occupational therapy practitioners, certified driver rehabilitation specialists (CDRSs), and family members/caregivers. We conducted three focus groups, which were moderated, recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using directed content analysis. Respondents in two focus groups also rated FTDS aspects (e.g., ease of use, format, and relevance), using a visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10 scale with 10 being excellent). All three stakeholder groups contributed to the development of the web-based FTDS. Results ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress