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Sample Size Formulas For Estimating Intraclass Correlation Coefficients In Reliability Studies With Binary Outcomes, Mengxiao Xu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Sample Size Formulas For Estimating Intraclass Correlation Coefficients In Reliability Studies With Binary Outcomes, Mengxiao Xu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Measurement errors can seriously affect quality of clinical practice and medical research. It is therefore important to assess such errors by conduct- ing studies to estimate a coefficients reliability and assessing its precision. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), defined on a model that an observation is a sum of information and random error, has been widely used to quantify reliability for continuous measurements. Sample formulas have been derived for explicitly incorporation of a prespecified probability of achieving the prespecified precision, i.e., the width or lower limit of a confidence interval for ICC. Although the concept of ICC is ...


Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon PhD MSPH 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon Phd Msph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use In Older Patient With Breast And Colorectal Cancer, Meghan S. Karuturi 2016 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use In Older Patient With Breast And Colorectal Cancer, Meghan S. Karuturi

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Our objective was to determine predictors of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use and its impact on outcomes (including ER visits, hospitalization, all cause death, and composite of three) in breast and colorectal cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. We used data from the SEER database linked to Medicare claims. Our cohort included patients ≥ 66 years diagnosed with of Stage II/III breast or colorectal cancer between 7/1/2007-12/31/2009. Baseline PIM was defined using the Drugs to Avoid in the Elderly list (DAE) or Beers criteria. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to determine the associations of baseline PIMs ...


An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson

Dissertations

Child obesity is affecting children’s health nationwide. Rates are highest among African Americans (AA) in the South. Research has explored parents’ influence on child eating and activity, but most has reported on mothers’ influences. The purpose of this research was to investigate perceptions about AA fathers’ influences on their children’s eating and physical activity. Using a structured focus group questionnaire based on the parent layer constructs of Birch and Ventura’s Ecological Model for Child Overweight (2009), four focus groups were conducted with 28 AA fathers with children 6- to 11-years-old in a rural and an urban church ...


Biosimilar Naming Conventions: Pharmacist Perceptions And Impact On Confidence In Dispensing Biologics, Daniel M. Tomaszewski 2016 Chapman University

Biosimilar Naming Conventions: Pharmacist Perceptions And Impact On Confidence In Dispensing Biologics, Daniel M. Tomaszewski

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

BACKGROUND: The approval of the first biosimilar in the United States has placed increased pressure on the FDA to provide guidance on the naming convention that will be assigned to current and future biosimilars. The release of the FDA draft guidance on nonproprietary naming of biosimilars in August 2015 established a naming convention for all biologic products, including biosimilars. However, the draft guidance is nonbinding while the FDA continues to receive input from stakeholders, and it does not address the naming convention that will be used for products designated as interchangeable biologics.

OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine pharmacist perceptions of biosimilar ...


Molecular Characterization Of Human Papillomavirus In Head And Neck Tumors., Sujita Khanal 2016 University of Louisville

Molecular Characterization Of Human Papillomavirus In Head And Neck Tumors., Sujita Khanal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Head and neck cancers (HNCs) are common causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. An increasing incidence of subsets of HNCs is due to human papillomavirus (HPV). Other subsets are associated with tobacco and alcohol use. Determination of differential biomarkers and molecular mechanisms distinguishing HPV-associated and unassociated HNCs should improve diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. This study was designed to identify potential biomarkers for HPV detection, and to evaluate viral and host genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involved in HPV-associated HNCs. Overexpression of a cellular protein, p16INK4a, which is widely used as a surrogate marker for HPV-positive HNC, is non-specific because some HPV-negative cancers ...


Today - August 2016, Loma Linda University Health 2016 Loma Linda University

Today - August 2016, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

-- Health Disparities Research Symposium recognizes young researchers and their contributions
-- More than 3,000 attend All Star Appreciation Game at San Manuel Stadium
-- Alumnus addresses Republican National Convention
-- Murrieta neurosurgeon honored for health care excellence
-- Blood supplies challenged: your donation can help save a life
-- ASI convention provides opportunity to share mission and vision
-- 17th annual Nursing Research and Evidencebased Practice Conference attended by 150
-- Senior VP of finance recognized—again— by leading industry publication
-- Service learning: a classroom in the community
-- Student testimonies and statistics paint MITHS successes in bright, bold strokes
-- New Notice of Privacy ...


What Causes Care Coordination Problems? A Case For Microanalysis, Wayne Zachary, Russell Charles Maulitz, Drew A. Zachary 2016 Starship Health Technologies, LLC

What Causes Care Coordination Problems? A Case For Microanalysis, Wayne Zachary, Russell Charles Maulitz, Drew A. Zachary

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Care coordination (CC) is an important fulcrum for pursuing a range of health care goals. Current research and policy analyses have focused on aggregated data rather than on understanding what happens within individual cases. At the case level, CC emerges as a complex network of communications among providers over time, crossing and recrossing many organizational boundaries. Micro-level analysis is needed to understand where and how CC fails, as well as to identify best practices and root causes of problems.

Coordination Process Diagramming: Coordination Process Diagramming (CPD) is a new framework for representing and analyzing CC arcs at the micro ...


A Mobile App For Reducing Perceived Stress In College Students, K. Jason J. Crandall, Kathryn Steward MPH, Tara Warf 2016 Western Kentucky University

A Mobile App For Reducing Perceived Stress In College Students, K. Jason J. Crandall, Kathryn Steward Mph, Tara Warf

K. Jason Crandall

Stress is a serious problem in college students. Novel on-campus stress management programs are needed to teach stress management techniques to help reduce students’ perceived stress. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design, implementation, and program outcomes of a mobile app (Bin-gocize®) that combines exercise, health education, and bingo into a single stress management program.  Preliminary results showed the mobile app may be capable of reducing perceived stress and improving stress management knowledge. Randomized controlled trials are needed, but colleges and universities may consider using the app to affect their students’ overall health and academic performance.


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Development Of Holistic Classification Systems For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Deepa Jeevanantham 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of Holistic Classification Systems For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Deepa Jeevanantham

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex disorder. There is a gap in the literature in classifying children with CP broadly. The purpose of this thesis was to develop holistic classification systems for children with CP. As a first step, a search was conducted to explore the strategies used to classify children with developmental co-ordination disorder and autism-spectrum disorder. Two versions of holistic classification systems named the body function index in cerebral palsy (BFI-CP) versions I and II were developed using two methods. Then, the relationship and differences among the developed classification systems and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS ...


The Effects Of Plyometric Training On Spinal And Supraspinal Motor Control, Jeffrey R. Doeringer 2016 Nova Southeastern University

The Effects Of Plyometric Training On Spinal And Supraspinal Motor Control, Jeffrey R. Doeringer

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of plyometric training on spinal and supraspinal motor control in healthy active females. Methods: A 2 (Group) x 2 (Session) x 2 (Stance) mixed model design was used for homosynaptic depression (HD) and recurrent inhibition (RI) data. A 2 (Group) x 2 (Session) mixed model design was used for H:M ratios and V-waves (V:M ratios) data. Thirty-one participants were recruited to participate in the study. Participants participated in either the training or control group for 6-weeks. All participants were measured pre- and post-intervention on H:M ratios ...


Encoding Of Saltatory Tactile Velocity In The Adult Orofacial Somatosensory System, Rebecca Custead 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Encoding Of Saltatory Tactile Velocity In The Adult Orofacial Somatosensory System, Rebecca Custead

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Processing dynamic tactile inputs is a key function of somatosensory systems. Spatial velocity encoding mechanisms by the nervous system are important for skilled movement production and may play a role in recovery of motor function following neurological insult. Little is known about tactile velocity encoding in trigeminal networks associated with mechanosensory inputs to the face, or the consequences of movement.

High resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the neural substrates of velocity encoding in the human orofacial somatosensory system during unilateral saltatory pneumotactile inputs to perioral hairy skin in 20 healthy adults. A custom multichannel, scalable ...


12-Day Adventure Run-Hike Training At Altitude Improves Sea Level 5km Performance, Andrew M. Jones 2016 Northern Michigan University

12-Day Adventure Run-Hike Training At Altitude Improves Sea Level 5km Performance, Andrew M. Jones

All NMU Master's Theses

Elite and recreational endurance athletes routinely seek strategies to enhance sea level (SL) performance. Altitude (ALT) training continues to be an appealing approach. The primary purpose of this study was to measure the effect of a 12-day adventure running camp at ALT on 5 km time trial (TT) performance at SL. Secondarily, we explored changes in select metabolic and blood variables. We hypothesized an improvement in TT at SL. A group of five well-trained individuals (2 females) volunteered. TT, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), running economy (RE), and a complete blood count (CBC) were measured at SL before and ...


Today - July 2016, Loma Linda University Health 2016 Loma Linda University

Today - July 2016, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

-- Ribbon-cutting ceremony for Loma Linda University Health– San Bernardino celebrates history, relationships, and future
-- New vice president/administrator named for East Campus and Surgical Hospital
-- $2.4 million grant will integrate psychological and medical care for low-income population
-- The bird song legacy of the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians
-- Pediatric patients treated to bundles of toys from Rancho Cucamonga Quakes
-- Finding sea turtles: a green sea turtle’s view
-- LLUCH mascot celebrates birthday construction style
-- Innerweave: A sense of self, a syllabus toward
-- School of Nursing receives $2 million HRSA grant
-- How Don Gobel’s explosive ...


Psychological And Psychiatric Comorbidities Associated With Tinnitus: A Systematic Review, Shanna Hymowitz 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Psychological And Psychiatric Comorbidities Associated With Tinnitus: A Systematic Review, Shanna Hymowitz

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this systematic literature review was to examine the current literature evidence pertaining to the relationship between tinnitus and psychological and psychiatric comorbidities. Literature was found discussing the prevalence of tinnitus with psychological and psychiatric comorbidities, differences in self-reports, and whether the perception of tinnitus is aided with the use of psychological counseling and psychotropic medications. Relative search strings applied to Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline Complete, and PubMed identified studies to be included in this review. (Will put total amount of studies found once collected). An assessment of all research literature found ...


Today - June 2016, Loma Linda University Health 2016 Loma Linda University

Today - June 2016, Loma Linda University Health

TODAY

Inside this issue:

-- Two weekends of commencement ceremonies add more than 1,500 new alumni and recognize honorees
-- Loma Linda University and Siemens' PETNET Solutions, Inc. announce PET production and research facility
-- Commencement 2016 photo memories (pictorial)
-- Becker's Hospital Review names senior vice president of finance among '150 hospital and health system CFOs to know in 2016'
-- Reading day camp to take place in July
-- Another Emmy win for advancement films
-- Employees line up to sign banners of support for two Florida hospitals in the aftermath of tragic shootings
-- New patient parking structure opens for business
-- Employees honored during ...


The Impact Of Alzheimer’S Disease In An Aging Rural Population, Lynne J. Goebel, Vivian M. Minkemeyer, Courtney Wellman 2016 Marshall University

The Impact Of Alzheimer’S Disease In An Aging Rural Population, Lynne J. Goebel, Vivian M. Minkemeyer, Courtney Wellman

Lynne J. Goebel

West Virginia already has a large elderly population, and it is expected to increase along with the elderly population of the nation as a whole. Since the most important risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease is older age, it is not surprising that the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease is projected to increase significantly over the next thirty-five years. This paper discusses the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease in West Virginia, programs available to assist people and caregivers affected by the disease, and the associated economic burden of the disease.


Preventing And Treating Type 2 Diabetes Through A Physically Active Lifestyle, Raymond W. Leung, Jim Kamla, Man-Cheong Lee, Jennifer Y. Mak 2016 Marshall University

Preventing And Treating Type 2 Diabetes Through A Physically Active Lifestyle, Raymond W. Leung, Jim Kamla, Man-Cheong Lee, Jennifer Y. Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

By the late 1960s, the increasing number of type 2 diabetic cases in children and adolescents rapidly presented a signifi cant public health issue recognized by the American Diabetes Association (2000). Since then, the prevalence of pediatric type 2 diabetes appears to be on the rise not only in the United States but all around the world (Gungor et al., 2005). In the United States, an increase from fewer than four percent to more than 50 percent of new cases of type 2 diabetes in the pediatric population was reported between the years of 1982 and 1998 (American Diabetes Association ...


Educating Nurses On The Use Of The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool (Bmat) To Create A Culture Of Safety, Kaylin C. Laine 2016 University of San Francisco

Educating Nurses On The Use Of The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool (Bmat) To Create A Culture Of Safety, Kaylin C. Laine

Master's Projects

Healthcare workers are more at risk for injury than workers in any other industry, the injury rate in hospitals is almost double that of the entire private sector put together (OSHA, 2013). This high rate of injury has led hospital administrators and policymakers to take a closer look at the job duties and conditions of nurses and other healthcare workers. Almost half of all healthcare worker injuries are the result of overexertion or bodily reaction, injuries that occur as a result of performing patient handling tasks. Many US states have passed laws requiring hospitals to implement Safe Patient Handling and ...


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