Muscle Cramping During A 161-Km Ultramarathon: Comparison Of Characteristics Of Those With And Without Cramping, 2015 University of California Davis Medical Center
Muscle Cramping During A 161-Km Ultramarathon: Comparison Of Characteristics Of Those With And Without Cramping, Martin D. Hoffman, Kristin J. Stuempfle
Health Sciences Faculty Publications
Background: This work sought to identify characteristics differing between those with and without muscle cramping during a 161-km ultramarathon.
Methods: In this observational study, race participants underwent body weight measurements before, during, and after the race; completed a post-race questionnaire about muscle cramping and “near” cramping (controllable, not reaching full-blown cramping), drinking strategies, and use of sodium supplementation during four race segments; and underwent a post-race blood draw for determination of serum sodium and blood creatine kinase (CK) concentrations.
Results: The post-race questionnaire was completed by 280 (74.5 %) of the 376 starters. A post-race blood sample was provided by ...
Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, 2015 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care
Fair Weight Loss After Gastric Rebanding For Slippage, Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Sara K. Roloff, Thomas Y. Chua
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures performed in the United States. LAGB results in safe and satisfactory weight loss, but it is often complicated with slippage, a complication requiring rebanding (reoperation). There is a paucity of studies and no uniform consensus regarding weight loss after rebanding.
Purpose: This study assessed the effect of rebanding for slippage after LAGB on weight loss up to five years.
Methods: This is a historical cohort study of 865 patients who underwent LAGB from 2001 to 2011. Rebanding was performed in 103 (11.9%) patients. Primary ...
Parameter-Invariant Design Of Medical Alarms, 2015 University of Pennsylvania
Parameter-Invariant Design Of Medical Alarms, James Weimer, Radoslav Ivanov, Alexander Roederer, Sanjian Chen, Insup Lee
Departmental Papers (CIS)
The recent explosion of low-power low-cost communication, sensing, and actuation technologies has ignited the automation of medical diagnostics and care in the form of medical cyber physical systems (MCPS). MCPS are poised to revolutionize patient care by providing smarter alarm systems, clinical decision support, advanced diagnostics, minimally invasive surgical care, improved patient drug delivery, and safety and performance guarantees. With the MCPS revolution emerges a new era in medical alarm systems, where measurements gathered via multiple devices are fused to provide early detection of critical conditions. The alarms generated by these next generation monitors can be exploited by MCPS to ...
Edm Forum Bibliography (September, 2015): Peer‐Reviewed Literature Using Electronic Health Data For System Improvement, Edm Forum
Issue Briefs and Reports
The EDM Forum’s two reviews – conducted in 2011 and 2015 – compile literature from diverse sources including peer-reviewed manuscripts identified by PubMed-based queries and articles published to date in eGEMs. The papers identified address the use of electronic health data for health system improvement.
Robust Monitoring Of Hypovolemia In Intensive Care Patients Using Photoplethysmogram Signals, 2015 University of Pennsylvania
Robust Monitoring Of Hypovolemia In Intensive Care Patients Using Photoplethysmogram Signals, Alexander Roederer, James Weimer, Joseph Dimartino, Jacob Gutsche, Insup Lee
Departmental Papers (CIS)
The paper presents a fingertip photoplethysmography based technique to assess patient fluid status that is robust to waveform artifacts and health variability in the underlying patient population. The technique is intended for use in intensive care units, where patients are at risk for hypovolemia, and signal artifacts and inter-patient variations in health are common. Input signals are preprocessed to remove artifact, then a parameter-invariant statistic is calculated to remove effects of patient-specific physiology. Patient data from the Physionet MIMICII database was used to evaluate the performance of this technique. The proposed method was able to detect hypovolemia within 24 hours ...
Negative Skeletal Effects Of Locally Produced Adiponectin, 2015 Chapman University
Negative Skeletal Effects Of Locally Produced Adiponectin, Marcia J. Abbott, Theresa M. Roth, Linh Ho, Liping Wang, Dylan O'Carroll, Robert A. Nissenson
Health Sciences and Kinesiology Faculty Articles
Epidemiological studies show that high circulating levels of adiponectin are associated with low bone mineral density. The effect of adiponectin on skeletal homeostasis, on osteoblasts in particular, remains controversial. We investigated this issue using mice with adipocyte-specific over-expression of adiponectin (AdTg). MicroCT and histomorphometric analysis revealed decreases (15%) in fractional bone volume in AdTg mice at the proximal tibia with no changes at the distal femur. Cortical bone thickness at mid-shafts of the tibia and at the tibiofibular junction was reduced (3–4%) in AdTg mice. Dynamic histomorphometry at the proximal tibia in AdTg mice revealed inhibition of bone formation ...
Paramedicine And Social Work: Case Studies In Authentic Student Recruitment, 2015 Edith Cowan University
Paramedicine And Social Work: Case Studies In Authentic Student Recruitment, Nathalie Collins, Lynelle Watts, Renee Strauss, David Hodgson
Selling the course experience to future students has been corporatised across the Higher Education sector. At many universities marketing and sales specialists, such as ECU’s Student Recruitment Team, rather than academic staff, field prospective student enquiries. Representing courses authentically is crucial to matching future students with an appropriate course experience and career, as well is managing future students’ expectations. A challenge for academics is communicating the course/career experience to university sales agents (recruiters). A challenge for recruiters is conveying an authentic course experience to future students when they have not taken a course themselves. This paper selects two ...
Medicare Secondary Payer And Settlement Delay, 2015 Claremont-McKenna College/RAND
Medicare Secondary Payer And Settlement Delay, Eric Helland, Jonathan Klick
The Medicare Secondary Payer Act of 1980 and its subsequent amendments require that insurers and self-insured companies report settlements, awards, and judgments that involve a Medicare beneficiary to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The parties then may be required to compensate CMS for its conditional payments. In a simple settlement model, this makes settlement less likely. Also, the reporting delays and uncertainty regarding the size of these conditional payments are likely to further frustrate the settlement process. We provide results, using data from a large insurer, showing that, on average, implementation of the MSP reporting amendments led to ...
Statement Of The Third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia Consensus Development Conference, Carlsbad, California, 2015, Tamara Hew-Butler, Mitchell H. Rosner, Sandra Fowkes-Godek, Jonathan P. Dugas, Martin D. Hoffman, Douglas P. Lewis, Ronald J. Maughan, Kevin C. Miller, Scott J. Montain, Nancy J. Rehrer, William O. Roberts, Ian R. Rogers, Arthur J. Siegel, Kristin J. Stuempfle, James Winger, Joseph G. Verbalis
Health Sciences Faculty Publications
The third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia (EAH) Consensus Development Conference convened in Carlsbad, California in February 2015 with a panel of 17 international experts. The delegates represented 4 countries and 9 medical and scientific sub-specialties pertaining to athletic training, exercise physiology, sports medicine, water/sodium metabolism, and body fluid homeostasis. The primary goal of the panel was to review the existing data on EAH and update the 2008 Consensus Statement.1 This document serves to replace the second International EAH Consensus Development Conference Statement and launch an educational campaign designed to address the morbidity and mortality associated with a preventable and ...
Attitudes Toward Death Anxiety And Dying Among Respiratory Therapy Students: A Pilot Study, 2015 Texas State University
Attitudes Toward Death Anxiety And Dying Among Respiratory Therapy Students: A Pilot Study, Kevin Collins, S. Gregory Marshall, Philip Vaughan
Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice
Objective: To evaluate relative and absolute reliability and repeatability in assessing median nerve mobility at the level of the wrist and distal upper arm of the right upper extremity during wrist extension. Methods: Six healthy participants participated in the study. Median nerve mobility was captured three times at both sites using Sonocyte Turbo by two sonologists for a total of 72 video clips (36 for each site and 18 by each sonologist). Longitudinal movement was measured using Motion Tracking Analysis Program (MTAP) by the two assessors who were rehabilitation medicine residents. After one month, the assessors remeasured the longitudinal excursion ...
Designing An Effective User Interface For A Mobile Application, 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Designing An Effective User Interface For A Mobile Application, Cynthia N. Kim
The purpose of this study was to determine the best user interface design practices for an iOS mobile application created for Pre-R, a local start-up company that offers physician house calls and telemedicine services throughout San Luis Obispo. The study included initial background research on best user interface design practices, mapping out and implementing the entire process of designing for mobile applications, conducting usability tests on potential users, and making changes according to the test results. Usability tests allowed for a greater understanding of the effectiveness of Pre-R’s mobile interface design prototype. Results from the usability tests have indicated ...
Teaching Behaviors In Athletic Training Education And Student Perceptions Of Instructional Effectiveness, 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
Teaching Behaviors In Athletic Training Education And Student Perceptions Of Instructional Effectiveness, Elizabeth J. Walters
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association
No abstract provided.
Radiography Faculty Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Asynchronous Online Courses, 2015 East Tennessee State University
Radiography Faculty Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Asynchronous Online Courses, Shirley J. Cherry
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to assess radiography faculty perceptions of the effectiveness of asynchronous online courses. Learning effectiveness in a web-based virtual learning environment (VLE) was the conceptual framework for this project (Piccoli, Ahmad, & Ives, 2001). For the purposes of this study, learning effectiveness was defined as the quality of learning being comparable between online and traditional courses (Moore, 2011).
Ten research questions were used to guide this study, and statistical tests were conducted to evaluate 17 null hypotheses. The statistical tests included use of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlations, and single-sample t-tests. Ten of the ...
Family Connections: The Impact Of Self-Disclosure, Solidarity, And Stereotyping On Relational Satisfaction In Grandparent-Adult Grandchild Dyads, 2015 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Family Connections: The Impact Of Self-Disclosure, Solidarity, And Stereotyping On Relational Satisfaction In Grandparent-Adult Grandchild Dyads, Deanne Priddis
Theses and Dissertations
As life expectancy increases, the length of time in both the grandparent and adult grandchild role increase. The grandparent-adult grandchild relationship is integral to the health and preservation of the family system. The sample for this quantitative study included 62 grandparent-adult grandchild dyads, 124 individuals. Findings indicate that both the grandparents and the adult grandchildren experienced meaning and burden in the grandparent-adult grandchild relationship. The six different types of solidarity (affectual, consensual, structural, associational, functional, and normative) had varying associations with relational satisfaction for the grandparents and adult grandchildren. Although there are several self-disclosures in a close grandparent-adult grandchild relationship ...
Family Planning, Pregnancy, And Birth In Guatemala: Maya Women And Modern Healthcare, 2015 Western Michigan University
Family Planning, Pregnancy, And Birth In Guatemala: Maya Women And Modern Healthcare, Kelsay Payton
Within Maya populations in rural Guatemala, childbearing is considered a sacred and spiritual experience, in addition to a physical one. This country is home to some of the highest rates of maternal and infant mortality in Latin America, along with the largest disparities in health care, primarily between the indigenous Maya and ladino women (Schooley 2009). The use of biomedical reproductive services remains surprisingly low among the Maya, while it is continually rising in the ladino populations. To increase the overall reproductive health care in these indigenous communities, attention must be given to the understanding of Maya’s beliefs, therefore ...
The Historical Evolution Of Endoscopy, 2015 Western Michigan University
The Historical Evolution Of Endoscopy, Sarah Ellison
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery is on the rise and is becoming more common. Its advantage over traditional open surgery is a quicker recovery time and minimized risk of infection along with an aesthetically more pleasing smaller scar. Although many different scopes and instruments perform minimally invasive techniques, all minimally invasive instruments evolved from endoscopy. It wasn’t until the 20th century that they began to diverge to separate studies. Therefore endoscopy is considered in regards to instrument evolution. History is full of twists and turns as different pieces of the scope progressed so its advancement has been separated into ...
Identification And Characterization Of Exosomes In The Pathogenisis Of Endometriosis, 2015 Morehouse School of Medicine
Identification And Characterization Of Exosomes In The Pathogenisis Of Endometriosis, Samantha Jefferson, Winston D. Thompson Ph.D., Djana Harp Md., Mscr, Adel Driss Ph.D., Indrajit Chowdhury Ph.D., Sharifeh Mehrabi Ph.D.
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.
Herbs, Home Medicine, And Self-Reliance: A Study On The Current Status Of Traditional Home Medicine In Idukki District, Kerala, Richard Gaunt
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Home medical knowledge, or knowledge of how one’s surroundings can be used to maintain and restore health, can be an important tool for health self-sufficiency in rural places as well as for the ecological conservation of important plants and natural materials. The Indian state of Kerala has a rich heritage of traditional medicine, found in the historically inter-related forms of codified Ayurveda and folk knowledge. In Idukki district, a region of Kerala nestled in the hills of the Western Ghats, rural households engage in small-scale home-gardening and agroforestry, which in addition to providing nutritionally diverse food is a source ...
Deconstructing Unmade Examining The Capacity Of Ayurveda To Address India’S Mental Health Crisis, Cassie Sutten Coats
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Though India does not have a credible, widespread system in place to recognize and focus on issues of mental health, especially in allopathic treatments, it is imperative to evaluate the existing practices and approaches in regards to mental health alongside the impact that these approaches may have on Indian society. In contrast to Westernized systems of medicine, the traditional Indian system of Ayurveda inherently addresses issues in mental health due to the holistic approach through mind-body medicine. This study evaluates the enormous potential that exists within Ayurvedic philosophy to provide adequate, culturally congruent, treatments and care in mental health, and ...
The Core: What It Is And What It Is Not, 2015 Bond University
The Core: What It Is And What It Is Not, Rob Marc Orr
Rob Marc Orr
No abstract provided.