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426 full-text articles. Page 1 of 14.

Pedigree Structure And Kinship Measurements Of A Mid-Michigan Community: A New North American Population Isolate Identified, Joseph D. Bonner, Rachel Fisher, James Klein, Qing Lu, Ellen Wilch, Karen H. Friderici, Jill L. Elfenbein, Debra L. Schutte, Brian C. Schutte 2014 Wayne State University

Pedigree Structure And Kinship Measurements Of A Mid-Michigan Community: A New North American Population Isolate Identified, Joseph D. Bonner, Rachel Fisher, James Klein, Qing Lu, Ellen Wilch, Karen H. Friderici, Jill L. Elfenbein, Debra L. Schutte, Brian C. Schutte

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

Previous studies identified a cluster of individuals with an autosomal recessive form of deafness that resides in a small region of mid-Michigan. We hypothesized that affected members from this community descend from a defined founder population. Using public records and personal interviews, we constructed a genealogical database that includes the affected individuals and their extended families as descendants of 461 settlers who emigrated from the Eifel region of Germany between 1836 and 1875. The genealogical database represents a 13-generation pedigree that includes 27,747 descendants of these settlers. Among these descendants, 13,784 are presumed living. Many of the extant ...


Production Of Complex/Compounds Sentences In The Spontaneous Speech Of Typically Developing Children And Children With Williams Syndrome, Maureen Boyle 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Production Of Complex/Compounds Sentences In The Spontaneous Speech Of Typically Developing Children And Children With Williams Syndrome, Maureen Boyle

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Literature claims individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), a rare congenital genetic mental retardation syndrome, easily engage in conversation and demonstrate unique and advanced linguistic skills compared to typically developing peers (TDP). These claims are supported by limited empirical evidence, however. One method of judging advanced linguistic skills is to compare the production of complex/compound sentences of children with WS and their TDP. The purpose of the study was to determine whether children with WS use more complex/compound sentences than children who are typically developing. Twelve subjects participated in the study. Six subjects with WS (SWS), mean age 15 ...


Connecting Cultures Through Communication: A Speech Language And Hearing Science Journey, Megan O'Connell 2014 Purdue University

Connecting Cultures Through Communication: A Speech Language And Hearing Science Journey, Megan O'Connell

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Purdue University launched its inaugural Speech Language and Hearing Science study abroad program to Zambia, Africa, in summer 2013. Twelve students, both undergraduate and graduate, were carefully selected to participate in the program after applications were sent in January of the same year. The overall goal was to aid several medical centers and schools through work in audiology. Students, in turn, would receive clinical experience as well as having the opportunity to learn about a vastly different culture. Two Purdue audiology professors coordinated with a sole audiologist in Zambia, who happened to have been a Purdue student himself, and created ...


The Effects Of Target Spectrum, Noise, And Reverberation On Auditory Cue Weighting In Sound Localization, Tran M. Nguyen 2014 Western University

The Effects Of Target Spectrum, Noise, And Reverberation On Auditory Cue Weighting In Sound Localization, Tran M. Nguyen

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Sound localization in the horizontal plane depends on interaural time difference (ITD) and interaural level difference (ILD) cues, which are both available in wideband sounds. Previous studies have directly measured listener weighting of those cues only under quiet, anechoic conditions, but not in the presence of noise and reverberation, which can degrade both ITD and ILD. This study examined the effects of changes in target spectral profile, background noise, and reverberation on sound localization performance and cue weighting strategies. Listeners reported locations of targets that were presented over headphones in virtual auditory space. ITD and ILD were manipulated by attenuating ...


The Inter-Relationship Between Core Language Skills And Social Competence In Preschool Children, Clarissa Lau 2014 Western University

The Inter-Relationship Between Core Language Skills And Social Competence In Preschool Children, Clarissa Lau

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Language skills provide preschoolers with the foundational skills needed to socially interact, but little is known about the relationship between specific language skills and broad constructs of social competence. Sixteen preschoolers between 3-5 years with varying language abilities were recruited. Descriptive and correlational analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between speech, syntax, semantics, coherence, and literacy skills and social cooperation, social independence and social interaction. The main finding of this study showed that literacy skills as measured by the Numbers, Letters and Words subtest (K-SEALS) and word knowledge and retrieval as measured by the Semantics subscale (CCC-2) were significantly ...


Verb Use In Parkinson's Disease, Swati S. Nikumb 2014 Western University

Verb Use In Parkinson's Disease, Swati S. Nikumb

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Verb-specific impairments in their use and comprehension are well documented in persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The grammatical and the motor theories have been proposed as possible explanations for verb impairments. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of low-motion and high-motion content verbs in PD in everyday conversation and to determine which theory best supports these findings. In this cross-sectional prospective study, conversation samples were collected and analyzed from participants with PD and their spouses in a mealtime context. Results indicated that total verb use on a proportional basis was not significantly different between persons ...


The Effect Of Botulinum Toxin Type A On Speech Intelligibility In Oromandibular Dystonia, Beatriz Ysabel Domingo 2014 Western University

The Effect Of Botulinum Toxin Type A On Speech Intelligibility In Oromandibular Dystonia, Beatriz Ysabel Domingo

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Speech intelligibility of 10 individuals with OMD was measured before and after receiving BoNT-A injections. Intelligibility was assessed using the PIT (single-word intelligibility), SIT (sentence intelligibility), and a conversational speech task. Five listeners rated the speech intelligibility of these three intelligibility tasks via orthographic transcription and visual analogue scaling (VAS) techniques. BoNT-A was not associated with significant differences in speech intelligibility. Further analysis revealed a significant difference on the PIT VAS intelligibility ratings based on order of presentation, suggesting that listeners rated the first half of words on the PIT (words 1-29) as more intelligible than the second half of ...


Preliminary Test Of A Real-Time, Interactive Silent Speech Interface Based On Electromagnetic Articulograph, Jun Wang, Ashok Samal, Jordan R. Green 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Preliminary Test Of A Real-Time, Interactive Silent Speech Interface Based On Electromagnetic Articulograph, Jun Wang, Ashok Samal, Jordan R. Green

CSE Conference and Workshop Papers

A silent speech interface (SSI) maps articulatory movement data to speech output. Although still in experimental stages, silent speech interfaces hold significant potential for facilitating oral communication in persons after laryngectomy or with other severe voice impairments. Despite the recent efforts on silent speech recognition algorithm development using offline data analysis, online test of SSIs have rarely been conducted. In this paper, we present a preliminary, online test of a real-time, interactive SSI based on electromagnetic motion tracking. The SSI played back synthesized speech sounds in response to the user’s tongue and lip movements. Three English talkers participated in ...


Individuals With Hearing Loss In Arkansas And Mental Health Service: Evaluating Accessibility, Christy Linn Pettis 2014 University of North Georgia

Individuals With Hearing Loss In Arkansas And Mental Health Service: Evaluating Accessibility, Christy Linn Pettis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Prenatal Environmental Toxins And Possible Links To Autism, Samantha Esposito 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Prenatal Environmental Toxins And Possible Links To Autism, Samantha Esposito

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication. Although there is no specific etiology known to cause autism, it is believed that a combination of both genetic and environmental factors have an impact on the development of ASD. This study examines different environmental toxins that are believed to increase the likelihood of autism when present in-utero


Treatment Options For Dysphagia, Nicole Chiudina 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Treatment Options For Dysphagia, Nicole Chiudina

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Dysphagia is a swallowing disorder that can affect both children and adults. Treatments include rehabilitative and/or compensatory swallowing strategies. The type of treatment used differs for each client depending on their diagnosis and/or what phase of the swallow is affected. This poster review candidacy issues for these treatments.


The Effects Of Childhood Apraxia Of Speech On The Development Of Phonological Awareness, Stephanie Boyea 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Effects Of Childhood Apraxia Of Speech On The Development Of Phonological Awareness, Stephanie Boyea

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Research shows that childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is not only a disorder of motor planning for articulation, but is characterized by an impoverished phonological representation system. This presentation investigates the breakdown of the phonological representation system and its effect on the development of phonological awareness. The effectiveness of an integrated phonological awareness intervention program for children with CAS is also investigated.


The Stuttering Brain: Activation Patterns And Anatomy Differences, Laura Torrans 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Stuttering Brain: Activation Patterns And Anatomy Differences, Laura Torrans

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

The brain activation and anatomy differences seen in people who stutter is examined. The significance of right hemisphere overactivation and left hemisphere activation patterns, as well as pertinent gray and white matter differences are compared across research studies. Recent research on the connectivity of the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cortical circuit as it relates to the neural mechanism of stuttering are also discussed.


Training Communication Effectiveness In Individuals With Alzheimer’S Disease And Their Caregivers, Jackie Ferrell 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Training Communication Effectiveness In Individuals With Alzheimer’S Disease And Their Caregivers, Jackie Ferrell

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Frequent communication breakdowns associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) negatively affect the patient-caregiver relationship. This indicates a need for proper communication training to achieve an improved quality of life for both parties. The purpose of this poster is to investigate recommended communication strategies and tools for effective communication between individuals with AD and their formal and informal caregivers.


Otitis Media Treatment In Children: Surgery Vs. Antibiotics, Mary Catherine Urlacher 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Otitis Media Treatment In Children: Surgery Vs. Antibiotics, Mary Catherine Urlacher

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Acute otitis media is one of the most common medical illnesses among children. Cases that are left untreated or reoccur may lead to hearing loss or further health complications such as mastoiditis. Recurrent infections may also lead to problems in the development of speech and language. The correct form of treatment is critical in curing acute otitis media. In this age of antibiotic resistance, the decision to prescribe antibiotics is approached with caution. Tympanostomy tubes is also considered when ear infections are persistent and speech is impacted. But which of the two treatments is the most efficient?


Brodmann Area 44 & 45 Deficits And Their Impact On Speech And Language, Amber Guynup 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Brodmann Area 44 & 45 Deficits And Their Impact On Speech And Language, Amber Guynup

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

This poster reviews Broca's aphasia, and what cerebral areas are affected. Specifically, the difference between Brodmann’s areas 44 and 45 is explained, as well as their differing roles on language and communication. Finally, the deficits experienced by individuals with lesions to these areas are discussed


Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome: Associated Symptoms, Anomalies, And Management, Alex Gartner 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome: Associated Symptoms, Anomalies, And Management, Alex Gartner

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS) is a congenital disorder in which the vestibular aqueduct is larger than normal. As a result, patients with LVAS experience a sudden and progressive sensorineural hearing loss in early infancy or childhood. There are several ways to attempt to manage this progressive hearing loss, but as of yet there are no treatments.


Landau-Kleffner Syndrome And Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Symptomatology Comparison, Ashley Drake 2014 SUNY Plattsburgh

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome And Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Symptomatology Comparison, Ashley Drake

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

The different symptoms of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder are compared, with particular attention to the overlap of symptoms. In addition, a subset of children with Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder who experience abnormal epileptic activity is also discussed.


Assessment Of Morphosyntactic Development Of Preschool Children With Hearing Loss Using The Clinical Evaluation Of Language Fundamentals-Preschool Second Edition, Angela Anderson 2014 Utah State University

Assessment Of Morphosyntactic Development Of Preschool Children With Hearing Loss Using The Clinical Evaluation Of Language Fundamentals-Preschool Second Edition, Angela Anderson

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

It is recommended that children with HL are assessed using standardized assessments normed on hearing peers (Houston & Caraway, 2009; Joint Commission on Infant Hearing (JCIH), 2007). However, as these assessments are more commonly administered to children with HL there is reason to further investigate the sensitivity of these assessments particularly in their ability to identify weaknesses specific to HL. The CELF-Preschool 2 (Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals – Preschool (Wiig, Secord & Semel, 2004)) has been found to be a valid tool for diagnosing language impairment in normal hearing children (Spaulding, Plante, & Farinella, 2006). However, this assessment has not been normed on children with HL and the standardized assessment may not successfully identify areas of acoustic weakness that may exist in children with HL, particularly as it relates to the form of language (such as syntax and morphology) (Spencer, 2004). Standard and/or scaled scores alone may not provide the information needed to understand a child’s ability to hear across frequencies and to learn and accurately use morphosyntactic structures/information.

This preliminary study will 1) provide results examining the performance of 47 preschool children with HL on the CELF-P2; 2) describe findings from an item analysis that show children with HL have ongoing challenges with morphosyntactic development; and 3) discuss implications for educational providers (i.e., speech-language pathologists, deaf educators,) for ...


Speech Cue Weighting In Fricative Consonant Perception In Hearing Impaired Children, Katherine L. Hogue, Junghwa Bahng, Deborah von Hapsburg, Mark Hedrick 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Speech Cue Weighting In Fricative Consonant Perception In Hearing Impaired Children, Katherine L. Hogue, Junghwa Bahng, Deborah Von Hapsburg, Mark Hedrick

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


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