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Communication Sciences and Disorders Commons

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1560 full-text articles. Page 1 of 52.

Lexical Access In Children With Specific Language Impairment And Auditory Processing Deficits, Laura E. Sylvia 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Lexical Access In Children With Specific Language Impairment And Auditory Processing Deficits, Laura E. Sylvia

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Abstract

LEXICAL ACCESS IN CHILDREN WITH SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT AND AUDITORY PROCESSING DEFICITS

By

Laura Sylvia

The purpose of this study was to investigate the time line of lexical access in 8-11 year-old children with Specific Language Impairment and with and without deficits in auditory processing. Typically developing children and children with SLI, ages 8-11 years, participated in a Picture-Word Interference (PWI) task and a Picture-Picture Interference (PPI) task. For both tasks, subjects named a familiar target picture while ignoring an auditory word in the PWI task and an interfering picture in the PPI task. The interfering stimuli were presented ...


The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Physical Exertion On Expressive Language And Word Finding In Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis, Marissa A. Barrera 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Physical Exertion On Expressive Language And Word Finding In Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis, Marissa A. Barrera

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

To date, little research has been conducted on the relationship between fatigue and expressive language among Multiple Sclerosis patients (MS). This study was a response to this knowledge gap. A nonrandom, matched- subject, mixed-factor design model was used with a purposive sample of 17 individuals with MS (five had primary-progressive (PP) MS, and 12 had relapsing-remitting (RR) MS). The research design was subjected to pretesting to ensure validity. Participants were assessed on a range of language tasks after undergoing one bout of cardiovascular exercise (NuStep T5 Recumbent Cross Trainer) and asked to provide a subjective fatigue score. The expressive language ...


Backward Masking With Simultaneous Early, Middle And Late Evoked Potentials, Silas Smith 2017 University of Montana

Backward Masking With Simultaneous Early, Middle And Late Evoked Potentials, Silas Smith

Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers

Auditory processing disorders (APDs) affect a diverse range of people. These types of disorders impair auditory function, despite the outer, middle and inner ear maintaining proper function and health. APD is not necessarily related to auditory thresholds. When people with APD have difficulty discriminating sounds in connected speech, it may be due in part to an effect called Backward Masking (BM). Masking occurs when one stimulus inhibits another, which can lead to a variety of impairments. The neural locus of APDs is for the most part unknown, including the specific conditions which cause BM. A better understanding of these processes ...


Interprofessional Collaboration With Aphasic Patients, Maxwel Doman 2016 Illinois State University

Interprofessional Collaboration With Aphasic Patients, Maxwel Doman

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

No abstract provided.


Voice And Communication Therapy For The Transgender Or Transsexual Client: Service Delivery And Treatment Options, Carly J. Clark 2016 Illinois State University

Voice And Communication Therapy For The Transgender Or Transsexual Client: Service Delivery And Treatment Options, Carly J. Clark

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

TG/TS individuals often face discrimination when seeking health care services such as provider judgment. Further, TG/TS individuals may be unaware of culturally competent service providers or the range of services that exist to aid them in their transition. Through extensive review of the literature, these issues will be highlighted in the coming pages to help future clients and clinicians gain the information necessary to obtain and provide effective interventions, respectively.


Using The Assessment Process To Improve Evidence-Based Information Gathering Skills For Future Audiologists, Mickel Paris, Jiong Hu, Veronica Koo, Susanna Marshall, Gabriella Musacchia 2016 University of the Pacific

Using The Assessment Process To Improve Evidence-Based Information Gathering Skills For Future Audiologists, Mickel Paris, Jiong Hu, Veronica Koo, Susanna Marshall, Gabriella Musacchia

University Libraries Librarian and Staff Articles and Papers

Success of students in Doctor of Audiology programs depends on the ability of the learner to find and evaluate scholarly evidence. The objective of this study is to determine if an information literacy training session on evidence-based information gathering will increase four student measures: (1) Attitudes toward gathering and evaluating scholarly evidence, (2) Knowledge about evidence-base information gathering practices, (3) Perceived value of the training regarding evidence-based searching methods, and (4) Ability to gather evidence for clinical research questions. 23 first-year audiology doctoral students (AuD) at the University of the Pacific in San Francisco participated in this study. Pre- and ...


The Effect Of Frequency Resolution On Intelligibility Sentence And Its Relevance To Cochlear Implant Design, Seth H. Roy 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Effect Of Frequency Resolution On Intelligibility Sentence And Its Relevance To Cochlear Implant Design, Seth H. Roy

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The purpose of this study is to understand how electrical stimulation (as opposed to acoustical stimulation) of the auditory nerve is used in cochlear implants. Speech is a complex signal that changes rapidly in time and frequency domains. Since phonemes (the smallest unit of speech that distinguishes words) depend on nuanced differences in frequency patterns, it would be expected that a signal with drastically reduced frequency information would be of limited value for conveying speech. Such a frequency-poor signal is the object to be investigated in the present work. It is also the basis of the way speech is represented ...


A Review Of Internet Resources Related To Spoken Language Intervention For Spanish-Speaking Parents Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing, Karen F. Munoz, Lauri H. Nelson PhD, Brittan Barker 2016 Utah State University

A Review Of Internet Resources Related To Spoken Language Intervention For Spanish-Speaking Parents Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing, Karen F. Munoz, Lauri H. Nelson Phd, Brittan Barker

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify website information related to hearing loss, hearing technology, and spoken language development available to Spanish-speaking parents of children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH).

Design: An exploratory, descriptive design was used to determine the presence or absence of parent education information on a variety of websites.

Study Sample: The study explored Internet resources provided by national, state, and parent support organizations in the United States.

Results: A total of 53 organization websites were identified that had information for parents of DHH children learning spoken language, eight of which were ...


Infant Diagnostic Evaluation Via Teleaudiology Following Newborn Screening In Eastern North Carolina, Andrew Stuart 2016 East Carolina University

Infant Diagnostic Evaluation Via Teleaudiology Following Newborn Screening In Eastern North Carolina, Andrew Stuart

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Universal newborn hearing screening in North Carolina began in 2000 under the auspices of the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program (NC-EHDI). Despite initial success, loss to follow-up/lost to documentation for diagnostic testing was problematic. To address this, the NC-EHDI received U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration lost to follow-up funding to in part fund a pilot “Teleaudiology Project” in 2010 to provide services for infants in eastern North Carolina. This part of the state is a traditionally underserved area. The project involved a ...


How Many Babies With Hearing Loss Will Be Missed By Repeated Newborn Hearing Screening With Otoacoustic Emissions Due To Statistical Artifact?, Karl R. White, Lauri H. Nelson, Karen F. Munoz 2016 Utah State University

How Many Babies With Hearing Loss Will Be Missed By Repeated Newborn Hearing Screening With Otoacoustic Emissions Due To Statistical Artifact?, Karl R. White, Lauri H. Nelson, Karen F. Munoz

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: People who manage newborn hearing screening programs are often told that repeating OAE hearing screening more than two or three times per ear unacceptably increases the probability of false-negatives (i.e., passing babies who have permanent hearing loss). This study evaluated the accuracy of that recommendation.

Design: A 2.0 cc coupler and three human ears with hearing loss were used to estimate the number of false-negative results per 1,000 OAE screening tests. Using those results, together with the prevalence of hearing loss among newborns, we calculated the number of babies that would be missed due to repeated ...


Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud. 2016 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Arkansas Children's Hospital

Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud.

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Prelingual hearing loss greatly restricts a child’s language development, hindering his or her behavioral, cognitive and social functioning. Although technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants are an option for providing access to sound, they fail to teach the child how to listen or attend, how to process language (whether visual or spoken), or how to produce language and communicate. Home visiting is widely recognized as a cost-effective intervention service delivery model. Home visiting programs for promoting language development in children who are diagnosed as deaf or hard of hearing have been in existence for over 50 years ...


Prevalence And Trends Of Childhood Hearing Loss Based On Federally-Funded National Surveys: 1994–2013, Tyson S. Barrett, Karl R. White 2016 Utah State University

Prevalence And Trends Of Childhood Hearing Loss Based On Federally-Funded National Surveys: 1994–2013, Tyson S. Barrett, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

A recent highly cited publication, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), concluded that the prevalence of childhood hearing loss in the United States is increasing (Shargorodsky, Curan, Curhan, & Eavey, 2010). This article examines the accuracy of that conclusion based on additional data from three nationally-representative surveys of childhood health. Using data from NHANES, the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), logistic regression was used to assess trends from audiometry-measured and parent-reported childhood hearing loss.

In contrast to prior research, the results were highly conflicting. NHANES suggested both ...


A Comprehensive Review Of The 2016 Asha Code Of Ethics, Robin L. Edge Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Bess Sirmon-Taylor Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Raul F. Prezas Ph.D., CCC-SLP 2016 Jacksonville University

A Comprehensive Review Of The 2016 Asha Code Of Ethics, Robin L. Edge Ph.D., Ccc-Slp, Bess Sirmon-Taylor Ph.D., Ccc-Slp, Raul F. Prezas Ph.D., Ccc-Slp

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) initially implemented a Code of Ethics in 1952, and has periodically revisited the content of the document with revisions to reflect the expanding scope of practice within speech-language pathology and audiology and to clarify certain concepts. Code revision is a cyclical mandated task of the ASHA Board of Ethics conducted to assure accuracy, currency, and completeness of this most important document (Solomon-Rice & O’Rourke, 2016). The current version of the Code of Ethics (2016) was modified from the previous version (2010r), with an updated preamble, definitions of related vocabulary, and re-organized language in the principles ...


October 26, 2016, Communication Disorders & Sciences 2016 Eastern Illinois University

October 26, 2016, Communication Disorders & Sciences

Faculty Meeting Minutes & Agendas

No abstract provided.


October 5, 2016, Communications Disorders & Sciences 2016 Eastern Illinois University

October 5, 2016, Communications Disorders & Sciences

Faculty Meeting Minutes & Agendas

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation And Acupuncture To Traditional Dysphagia Therapy In Stroke Patients, Rachel A. Hale, Dr. Ann E. Perreau 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

A Comparison Of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation And Acupuncture To Traditional Dysphagia Therapy In Stroke Patients, Rachel A. Hale, Dr. Ann E. Perreau

Communication Sciences and Disorders: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

A comparison of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and acupuncture to traditional dysphagia therapy in reducing dysphagia in individuals who suffered a stroke.


The Effects Of Bilingualism On Language Development Of Children, Kelly Wallner 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Effects Of Bilingualism On Language Development Of Children, Kelly Wallner

Communication Sciences and Disorders: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

This essay examines the effects of bilingualism on the language development of children by analyzing the development of literacy skills in children learning a second language, and the models and benefits of bilingualism. This essay also observes factors influencing variability in second language acquisition among children.


The Neural Mechanisms Of Tinnitus And Tinnitus Distress, Alexandra Watts 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Neural Mechanisms Of Tinnitus And Tinnitus Distress, Alexandra Watts

Communication Sciences and Disorders: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Interprofessional Collaboration: Aac, Michelle Bird, Anna Kusior 2016 Illinois State University

Interprofessional Collaboration: Aac, Michelle Bird, Anna Kusior

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A New Articulation Test Applied To A Selected Group Of Children Living In The State Of New Mexico, Robert Edwin Burkhalter 2016 University of New Mexico

A New Articulation Test Applied To A Selected Group Of Children Living In The State Of New Mexico, Robert Edwin Burkhalter

Speech and Hearing Sciences ETDs

Bilingualism is much more prevalent in the United states than is commonly believed. Goodykoontz points out that "one child in every five, aged fourteen years or under, is of foreign born or mixed parentage." Since our country is still a melting pot of the world where large numbers of citizens converse in other tongues and where many children still enter our schools without speaking a word of English, the problem of bilingualism and foreign dialect will frequently be encountered by the school teacher.


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