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Hearing Aid Use And Cognitive Function: A Systematic Review, Hershel Korngut 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Hearing Aid Use And Cognitive Function: A Systematic Review, Hershel Korngut

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This systematic review analyzed the research relating the use of hearing aids to cognitive function. Hearing aid use was examined to see if wearing hearing aids improves cognitive function, if the length of time hearing aids are worn impacts cognitive ability, if the type of hearing aid used has any impact on cognitive function, and if hearing aid use slows down cognitive decline. Ten studies met the criteria for this review. An analysis of the research revealed some evidence to support wearing hearing aids improves cognitive function, however, there is substantial evidence that shows no impact between wearing hearing aids ...


Creating Therapy Materials To Improve Communication Of Young Children, Allison J. Corey 2016 University of Rhode Island

Creating Therapy Materials To Improve Communication Of Young Children, Allison J. Corey

Senior Honors Projects

Once children start preschool, they should be able to speak in simple sentences and use basic syntax. When they complete preschool and begin kindergarten, they should be using complete, complex sentences, have an extensive vocabulary, and use correct grammar. However, sometimes a child’s language doesn’t develop as expected resulting in speech delays or impairments. This problem could arise for a multitude of reasons, for example, the child may be on the autism spectrum, he/she may have a specific language delay, or it may be due to an articulation/phonology problem. The role of a speech language pathologist ...


Interprofessional Patient Simulation Training Compared To Online Training For Learning To Use In-Line Speaking Valves, Kristi A. Moore 2016 East Tennessee State University

Interprofessional Patient Simulation Training Compared To Online Training For Learning To Use In-Line Speaking Valves, Kristi A. Moore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Restoring speech in persons who are tracheostomy and ventilator dependent, through the use of a Passy-Muir Speaking Valve (PMSV), requires specific training. Methods of training interprofessional team members to assess in-line PMSVs are unclear. This study used a pretest/ post-test design to compare effects of online training and online training plus simulation training on knowledge acquisition, skills performance, and comfort levels when working with persons who are tracheostomy and ventilator dependent. Twenty-six students studying either respiratory therapy (N=13) or speech-language pathology (N=13) were assigned to the control group or experimental group. Results revealed that online training proved beneficial ...


Comparison Of In Vivo Simulation Training Compared To Video Simulation Training For Identifying Clinical Markers Of Distress When Feeding Preterm Infants, Emily M. Wagner 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Comparison Of In Vivo Simulation Training Compared To Video Simulation Training For Identifying Clinical Markers Of Distress When Feeding Preterm Infants, Emily M. Wagner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Preterm infants have multiple health complications due to their underdeveloped neurological systems. Bottle-feeding difficulties are one complication that leads to pulmonary illness secondary to aspiration. Preterm infants exhibit clinical markers when experiencing distress during bottle-feeding. Training caregivers to identify clinical markers reduces the risk for aspiration. Simulation training provides a safe learning environment without harming patients. Twenty-two speech-language pathology and pre-requisite students divided into two simulation groups, video-simulation (N=12) and in-vivo simulation (N=10), were trained to document clinical markers of distress exhibited by preterm infants and make clinical judgments about bottle-feeding. Students rated their levels of anxiety during ...


The Effect Of Grief On Bonding With A Deaf Child, Gabriela Cardona 2016 University of Rhode Island

The Effect Of Grief On Bonding With A Deaf Child, Gabriela Cardona

Senior Honors Projects

Since hearing screenings for children happen after birth, there is no way for

parents to prepare themselves for having a child with hearing loss and any

lifestyle changes that will follow. Many parents have trouble coping with and

accepting the news of having a deaf or hard-of-hearing child. This diagnosis also

often brings along with it the stress of additional necessary appointments and

decisions. The parent’s idea of a “perfect and ideal” child is gone. Parents need

to grieve the loss of this idea while also tending to their child and giving their

child the opportunities and support needed ...


A Case Study Of Cochlear Implants And Complications, Carly E. Amurao 2016 University of Rhode Island

A Case Study Of Cochlear Implants And Complications, Carly E. Amurao

Senior Honors Projects

A cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that replaces the function of the damaged inner ear, allowing the individual access to sound. In recent years, there has been tremendous progress in developing technology in the area of cochlear implants to aid those with severe/profound hearing loss. Specifically, there has been a movement towards bilateral implantation. Each cochlear implant candidate has a unique hearing loss, and must reach required bench marks in order to be considered a viable candidate for a cochlear implant. This process includes: meeting the required level of hearing loss, a required trial with hearing aids ...


Outcomes In Language And Social Skills As Seen In Children With Autism And Developmental Disabilities Participating In Equine Assisted Activities, Megan Koenigseder 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Outcomes In Language And Social Skills As Seen In Children With Autism And Developmental Disabilities Participating In Equine Assisted Activities, Megan Koenigseder

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

Individuals with developmental disabilities commonly present characteristics that include deficits in social and communicative abilities. A number of intervention strategies have been implemented, but none have proven to be most effective. A somewhat novel approach known as equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) involves the utilization of horses during intervention and has shown to be effective in areas concerning quality of life, social functioning, self-regulation, adaptive behaviors, motor control, and motivation.

The purpose of the current study is to examine the effects of EAA on social skills and expressive language in 2-4 children diagnosed with developmental disability. Participants engaged in ...


Perceptions Fathers Have On Time Spent With Preschool Children And Its Impact On Language Outcome Measures, Megan E. Porter 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Perceptions Fathers Have On Time Spent With Preschool Children And Its Impact On Language Outcome Measures, Megan E. Porter

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

Research has shown there are differences between mother and father language usage with their children. There is no information on language use of fathers who spend a high quality amount of time with their children. This study attempted to identify language characteristics of fathers who report high participation in household and childcare activities.


Differences Between Two Head Start Locations Using The Developmental Indicators For The Assessment Of Learning (Dial) As A Measure Of Language And Concepts, Hailey Guthrie 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Differences Between Two Head Start Locations Using The Developmental Indicators For The Assessment Of Learning (Dial) As A Measure Of Language And Concepts, Hailey Guthrie

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

The study was conducted on a sample of 43 students between two Head Start locations, A and B. Sociodemographic information was obtained via questionnaires completed by parents at locations A and B. The Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning, Fourth Edition (DIAL-4) was the screener used to assess each child’s performance with regards to language, concept, and motoric development. There was no significant difference between locations A and B for concept and language sub-test standard scores. DIAL motor sub-test scores for locations A and B were statistically significant. This study found that the DIAL is a reliable way ...


Parent Beliefs About Technology: A Comparison Of Homeschool And Formal Education Families, Eli L. Skelton 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Parent Beliefs About Technology: A Comparison Of Homeschool And Formal Education Families, Eli L. Skelton

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this study was to gain information about how technology is used by parents to assist school learning as well as their opinions and beliefs about the role of technology in the learning process. Specifically, using homeschool and educational networks as well as social media for distribution of a digital questionnaire, this study sought to gauge parents’ experience with, as well as responses to, attitudes, and values towards the use of technology in homeschool and classroom education. Sixty-five parents of children who are studying at the elementary grade levels participated in this study. Twenty of these were parents ...


The Role Of Effective Communication In Medicine, Adrienne L. Russell 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Role Of Effective Communication In Medicine, Adrienne L. Russell

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Talking About Aphasia: The Two Voices Of Insight, Elizabeth O'Brien 2016 College of the Holy Cross

Talking About Aphasia: The Two Voices Of Insight, Elizabeth O'Brien

Honors Theses

This thesis aims to understand the lived experience of communication disorders (CDs), including the challenges, stigmas, and misconceptions related to CDs. It draws upon in-depth interviews with speech-language pathologists (SLPs), participant observations of people with aphasia, and observations of aphasia forum websites. During the data collection process, people talked about the stigmas and hardships of CDs and the subjective experience of having trouble communicating with others. This thesis will use their words and ideas to highlight the important aspects of coping with and treating CDs. It discusses how people with aphasia think about space, their body, and time, and considers ...


The Effect Of Signal-Independent Information And Sentence Predictability On Speech Comprehension In Babble Noise For Typical Hearing Young Adults, Mariah N. Smart 2016 Cedarville University

The Effect Of Signal-Independent Information And Sentence Predictability On Speech Comprehension In Babble Noise For Typical Hearing Young Adults, Mariah N. Smart

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

The influence of signal-independent information and sentence predictability on listeners’ comprehension was investigated by measuring transcription accuracy of a series of English sentences spoken in multi-talker babble background noise with circumstances varying between sets of sentences. Fourteen native English speaking young adults with no self-reported hearing or language disabilities completed written transcriptions of four sets of sentences. Listeners were presented with a control set of the signal alone, followed by a set of sentences spoken in multi-talker babble noise, then a set with visual presence of the speaker included, and finally a set where content context was given in addition ...


The Use Of Mobile Technology In The Treatment Of Prosodic Deficits In Autism Spectrum Disorders, Elizabeth Schoen Simmons, Rhea Paul, Frederick Shic 2016 Yale Child Study Center

The Use Of Mobile Technology In The Treatment Of Prosodic Deficits In Autism Spectrum Disorders, Elizabeth Schoen Simmons, Rhea Paul, Frederick Shic

Rhea Paul

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and preliminary utility of an application, SpeechPrompts, for iOS devices in the treatment of prosodic disorders in school-age children with ASD.


Introduction To Clinical Methods In Communication Disorders, Rhea Paul 2016 Sacred Heart University

Introduction To Clinical Methods In Communication Disorders, Rhea Paul

Rhea Paul

"This is the second edition of Introduction to Clinical Methods in Communication Disorders which originally published in 2002. Like the first edition, this textbook guides SLPs through the entire clinical experience, including the process of assessment using a variety of instruments, sampling of communicative behaviors, and planning and implementing interventions. The chapters provide introductory and background information and also address current issues such as multiculturalism and technological advances. The book discusses a wide range of clinical approaches (pull out, consultation, collaboration) in a variety of settings (hospitals, schools, etc.) and shows how they apply across communication disorders. Based on standards ...


The Use Of Mobile Technology In The Treatment Of Prosodic Deficits In Autism Spectrum Disorders, Elizabeth Schoen Simmons, Rhea Paul, Frederick Shic 2016 Yale Child Study Center

The Use Of Mobile Technology In The Treatment Of Prosodic Deficits In Autism Spectrum Disorders, Elizabeth Schoen Simmons, Rhea Paul, Frederick Shic

Rhea Paul

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and preliminary utility of an application, SpeechPrompts, for iOS devices in the treatment of prosodic disorders in school-age children with ASD.


Aphasia Rehabilitation Service Delivery In A Stroke Rehabilitation Unit In Australia: A Clinical Audit Of Speech Pathology Practices, Laleh Rej, Sebastian Doeltgen, Amy Rodriguez, Willem van Steenbrugge 2016 Flinders University

Aphasia Rehabilitation Service Delivery In A Stroke Rehabilitation Unit In Australia: A Clinical Audit Of Speech Pathology Practices, Laleh Rej, Sebastian Doeltgen, Amy Rodriguez, Willem Van Steenbrugge

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: To investigate service delivery of aphasia rehabilitation in a metropolitan rehabilitation hospital by speech pathologists and assess adherence to both the National Stroke Foundation (NSF) Clinical Guidelines and the Australasian Rehabilitation Outcomes Centre (AROC) database of benchmarks. Method: A retrospective audit of 34 discharged patients was conducted within a dedicated stroke rehabilitation unit from March 2012 to July 2013 in Australia. Discharge reports, Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores and clinical time statistics derived from the organization’s electronic database were studied and compared with NSF’s Clinical Guidelines for best practice recommendations and AROC benchmarks. Results: Patients with aphasia ...


Practices Supporting Breastfeeding In The Nicu: A National Survey, Elizabeth E. Nottingham 2016 James Madison University

Practices Supporting Breastfeeding In The Nicu: A National Survey, Elizabeth E. Nottingham

Graduate Showcase of Scholarship and Creative Activities

Babies who are born early are at risk for developing serious life-threatening conditions and developmental delays. Providing babies with breast milk, and helping them breast feed has been shown to reduce the chances of these conditions and delays. However, hospitals across the country have adopted wildly different practices when it comes to feeding these babies. By understanding the current practices in hospitals across the country, we can begin to understand how to affect change.


Developing A Data Management Plan (Dmp) In The Cognitive Sciences, Jessie Cass 2016 Simmons College, Graduate School of Library & Information Science

Developing A Data Management Plan (Dmp) In The Cognitive Sciences, Jessie Cass

University of Massachusetts and New England Area Librarian e-Science Symposium

Objective: To experience the process of using principles of scientific research data management (SRDM) to work with a researcher to create a data management plan (DMP). SRDM is an area where research in the traditional sciences intersects with information science. SRDM guides researchers through all stages of the data life cycle. A DMP is a document explaining how a study will progress through the data life cycle that is increasingly required by research funders. This project was undertaken as part of a class on SRDM through the Simmons College School of Library and Information Science.

Methods: After corresponding via email ...


Hemodynamic Changes In Cortical Sensorimotor Systems Following Hand And Orofacial Motor Tasks And Pulsed Cutaneous Stimulation, Austin Oder Rosner 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hemodynamic Changes In Cortical Sensorimotor Systems Following Hand And Orofacial Motor Tasks And Pulsed Cutaneous Stimulation, Austin Oder Rosner

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

The integrity of the cerebral cortex can be assessed by measuring its responsiveness to repetitive sensory stimulation and voluntary motor activity. This neurophysiologic feature is called neural adaptation, and is thought to enhance learning and detection of environmental stimuli. The adaptation of hemodynamic responses to motor and sensory experiences in hand and face are of particular interest—as these are structures used in human communication—and proper delivery of oxy-hemoglobin to primary motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) cortices is essential for functional cortical activation.

The objective of this study was to examine the hemodynamic differences between hand and face cortical ...


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