Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Communication Sciences and Disorders Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,305 Full-Text Articles 3,045 Authors 556,179 Downloads 122 Institutions

All Articles in Communication Sciences and Disorders

Faceted Search

2,305 full-text articles. Page 1 of 78.

Parkinson’S Disease Support Groups In Rural America: Barriers, Resources, And Opportunities, Erin J. Bush, Reshmi L. Singh, Mary Jo C. Hidecker, Catherine Phillips Carrico 2018 University of Wyoming

Parkinson’S Disease Support Groups In Rural America: Barriers, Resources, And Opportunities, Erin J. Bush, Reshmi L. Singh, Mary Jo C. Hidecker, Catherine Phillips Carrico

The Qualitative Report

People with Parkinson’s disease who live in rural communities may lack information and support regarding their condition, compared to those in urban or suburban areas. For the study described herein, the researchers sought to gain a deeper understanding of support group experiences of rural Parkinson’s disease stakeholders through merging an interpretive phenomenological design with Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR). Using this merged approach, we collected qualitative data from five focus groups to gain a community perspective. The qualitative data was analyzed thematically, first, and then further explored for an overall essence. The theme, Support Group Benefits: Opportunities for Communication ...


The Past, Present And Future Of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening In Taiwan, Lin Hung-Ching, Hsiu-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Hsieh Wen-Hui Hsieh 2018 Mackay Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan

The Past, Present And Future Of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening In Taiwan, Lin Hung-Ching, Hsiu-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Hsieh Wen-Hui Hsieh

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

In Taiwan, the Taipei Mackay Memorial Hospital, in collaboration with the Children’s Hearing Foundation, initiated a free newborn hearing screening program using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) in 1998. During 2003-2013, there were four major phases of implementation and promotion of universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHS) in Taiwan initiated by the government’s Bureau of Health Promotion. These included (1) establishment of “2004 Taiwan Guidance of Newborn Hearing Screening Program” ; (2) completion of “2008 Taiwan Consensus Statement on Newborn Hearing Screening”; (3) implementation of national government-funded UNHS program in 2012; (4)“2014 Taiwan UNHS revised guidelines”. In summary ...


Where Do We Go From Here? The Need For Genetic Referrals In Patients Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: Findings From A Regional Survey, Tyson S. Barrett, Amanda Wylie, Beth Vogel, Kunal Sanghavi, Melissa Raspa, Kathryn P. Aveni, Kathryn Tullis, Michele Caggana, Karl R. White, Joann Bodurtha 2018 Utah State University

Where Do We Go From Here? The Need For Genetic Referrals In Patients Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: Findings From A Regional Survey, Tyson S. Barrett, Amanda Wylie, Beth Vogel, Kunal Sanghavi, Melissa Raspa, Kathryn P. Aveni, Kathryn Tullis, Michele Caggana, Karl R. White, Joann Bodurtha

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess primary health care providers’ knowledge and use of genetic services for children whose hearing screening indicates they may be deaf/hard of hearing (D/HH) and identify areas in which health care providers can be supported to increase family education and referral of families for genetic consultation.

Methodology: A survey was developed on current practices, knowledge, and perceived beliefs regarding genetic education and referrals for deafness. The surveys were distributed to pediatricians, family medicine physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in DC, DE, MD, NJ, NY, PA, VA, and WV.

Results ...


Identification Of Oral Clefts As A Risk Factor For Hearing Loss During Newborn Hearing Screening, Patricia L. Purcell, Kathleen CY Sie, Todd C. Edwards, Debra Lochner Doyle, Karin Neidt 2018 University of Washington

Identification Of Oral Clefts As A Risk Factor For Hearing Loss During Newborn Hearing Screening, Patricia L. Purcell, Kathleen Cy Sie, Todd C. Edwards, Debra Lochner Doyle, Karin Neidt

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: This study assessed whether children with oral clefts are appropriately classified as at-risk for hearing loss at the time of newborn hearing screening and describes their screening and diagnostic results.

Design: Birth certificates were used to identify children with cleft lip and palate or isolated cleft palate born in Washington State from 2008–2013. These were cross-referenced with the state’s Early Hearing Detection, Diagnosis and Intervention (EHDDI) database. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine associations.

Results: Birth records identified 235 children with cleft lip and palate and 116 with isolated cleft palate. Six children were listed as ...


Pediatric Hearing Device Management: Professional Practices For Monitoring Aided Audibility, Karen F. Munoz, Lauri Nelson, Kacy Herald 2018 Utah State University

Pediatric Hearing Device Management: Professional Practices For Monitoring Aided Audibility, Karen F. Munoz, Lauri Nelson, Kacy Herald

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore professional practices for monitoring aided audibility for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH).

Design: A cross-sectional survey design was used to identify providers’ self-reported practice patterns for monitoring aided audibility for children who use hearing aids, cochlear implants, and bone-conduction hearing aids. Three surveys were used.

Study Sample: Practicing audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and deaf educators providing services to children birth to six years of age who use hearing technology were recruited to participate. A total of 184 surveys were included in the analysis (96 hearing aid; 47 cochlear ...


Individualizing Care For Pediatric Patients With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Perioperative Services, Erin Scheller 2018 The University of San Francisco

Individualizing Care For Pediatric Patients With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Perioperative Services, Erin Scheller

Master's Theses

This research explores solutions for individualizing and improving care for pediatric patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Perioperative Setting of an Outpatient Surgery Center. Specifically, it seeks to determine if providing parent and staff resources on Autism Spectrum Disorder is significantly helpful in increasing confidence in the staff by the parents and the staff themselves. Participants included thirty-five surveyed families who had pediatric patients visiting perioperative services and staff who work on the unit. Methods used include information dissemination with the use of printable and online evidence-based resources, an in-person education event for staff, and a pilot study of ...


Factors Related To Successful Implementation Of An Aac Device For An Individual With Autism, Michaela Worms 2018 Minnesota State University, Moorhead

Factors Related To Successful Implementation Of An Aac Device For An Individual With Autism, Michaela Worms

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

Communication impairment is a defining characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013); therefore, the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) has become an essential part of language intervention for children with autism that experience significant difficulties with communication (Flores et al., 2012). Assessing children’s preferences for AAC options may be important with respect to AAC abandonment, which is a problem in the AAC field (Johnson, Inglebret, Jones, & Ray, 2006). This single-subject study identified factors related to successful implementation, acquisition, and usage of an AAC system. The clinician collected baseline data on the client’s spontaneous ...


Developmental Language Disorder (Dld): A Persistent Language Disorder Of Unknown Aetiology, Lisa Archibald 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Developmental Language Disorder (Dld): A Persistent Language Disorder Of Unknown Aetiology, Lisa Archibald

Communication Sciences and Disorders Presentations

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) often see children on their caseload who exhibit a persistent delay in language development for no discernable reason. Historically, there has been no consistency in the term used to describe this disorder, which has made it difficult for families to both understand and help with the problem. Recently, an international consensus agreed on the term Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) to describe this difficulty. The release of the consensus statement was paired with an international campaign aimed at raising awareness of DLD (RADLD). Canadian SLPs are invited to join discussion on the use of the term DLD.


A New Perspective On The Outcomes Of Children With Cleft Lip And Palate: Application Of The Icf-Cy, Brenda Louw 2018 East Tennessee State University

A New Perspective On The Outcomes Of Children With Cleft Lip And Palate: Application Of The Icf-Cy, Brenda Louw

ETSU Faculty Works

Learner Outcomes:

  • Acknowledge the application value of the ICF to individuals with CLP.
  • Integrate the ICF framework into the assessment of individuals with CLP.
  • Formulate intervention goals that go beyond speech production skills to include functional communication outcomes in a variety of life situations.
  • Include improvement and changes in communication participation in everyday functioning in assessment and progress reports.


Transition Of Care For The Young Adult With Cleft Palate: Stuck Between Goodbye To The Pediatric Team And Hello To Adult-Centered Care, Linda Vallino, Brenda Louw 2018 Craniofacial Outcomes Research Laboratory Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children

Transition Of Care For The Young Adult With Cleft Palate: Stuck Between Goodbye To The Pediatric Team And Hello To Adult-Centered Care, Linda Vallino, Brenda Louw

ETSU Faculty Works

Participants will be able to:

  • Describe the characteristics and needs of young adults with CLP.
  • Discuss the model of transition of care for the young adult with CLP.
  • Extrapolate strategies that teams could use to improve the care of young adults with CLP.


The Efficacy Of Joint Attention Interventions On Play Skills In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Flinn Esselstyn, Emilie Hall, Alexandra Winkel 2018 The University of Vermont

The Efficacy Of Joint Attention Interventions On Play Skills In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Flinn Esselstyn, Emilie Hall, Alexandra Winkel

Communication Sciences and Disorders: Systematic Review Publications

Purpose:The aim of this study is to determine if joint attention interventions have an effect on general play skills in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) aged birth to five years.

Method: The reviewers examined various databases and selected research based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria. This included peer-reviewed research articles that assessed children with a formal diagnosis of ASD between the ages of birth to five years, examined joint attention interventions, included outcome measures related to play, and were published after the year 2000. The articles reviewed consisted of 581 participants. Research designs included primarily pre-post randomized clinical ...


Ethnographic Insight Into The Developmentally Diverse Worlds Of Twins: “L & J”, Allison Gallant 2018 University of Rhode Island

Ethnographic Insight Into The Developmentally Diverse Worlds Of Twins: “L & J”, Allison Gallant

Senior Honors Projects

According to the National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (2016), approximately 3 of every 1000 infants are born with a detectable level of hearing loss in one or both ears: with 90% of these infants being born to hearing parents. Immediately following the birth of a deaf child, parents are often bombarded with decisions regarding interventions to “fix” their child’s “disability”. This decision can impact how their child will experience the world and others. The situation is a very different stressor when a hearing child is born to deaf parents. Embracing one’s deaf identity and engaging ...


The Effect Of Hearing Aid Use On Cognition In Older Adults With Adult Onset Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review, Jona Cano 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of Hearing Aid Use On Cognition In Older Adults With Adult Onset Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review, Jona Cano

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The goal of this paper was to systematically review literature in order to investigate whether the use of amplification in the form of hearing aids by older adults positively impacts cognitive status. If the results of this review uncover a positive association between hearing-aid use and cognition, then hearing aids can be recommended as an intervention method for the mitigation of cognitive decline. The eight studies included in this paper were reviewed based on the research design and the cognitive outcome measures employed. Additionally, the secondary measures of health utilized by study investigators were also evaluated. Of the eight studies ...


Sensorimotor Modulations By Cognitive Processes During Accurate Speech Discrimination: An Eeg Investigation Of Dorsal Stream Processing, David E. Jenson 2018 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Sensorimotor Modulations By Cognitive Processes During Accurate Speech Discrimination: An Eeg Investigation Of Dorsal Stream Processing, David E. Jenson

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Internal models mediate the transmission of information between anterior and posterior regions of the dorsal stream in support of speech perception, though it remains unclear how this mechanism responds to cognitive processes in service of task demands. The purpose of the current study was to identify the influences of attention and working memory on sensorimotor activity across the dorsal stream during speech discrimination, with set size and signal clarity employed to modulate stimulus predictability and the time course of increased task demands, respectively. Independent Component Analysis of 64–channel EEG data identified bilateral sensorimotor mu and auditory alpha components from ...


Development Of Realistic Stimuli For The Evaluation Of Listening Effort Using Auditory Evoked Potentials, Christie Hoo Yee Leung 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Development Of Realistic Stimuli For The Evaluation Of Listening Effort Using Auditory Evoked Potentials, Christie Hoo Yee Leung

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Purpose – Listeners often report difficulty perceiving speech in background noise, such as when listening in a restaurant. A common complaint of difficulty perceiving speech in noisy restaurants leads to the development of the present study, where audio recordings of connected discourse mixed with restaurant noise at different signal-to-noise ratios were made to determine the effect of restaurant noise on listening effort. Listening effort has previously been examined with psychophysiological measures, a dual-task paradigm, and qualitative measures using a variety of auditory stimuli ranging from simple tonal stimuli to complex speech stimuli, such as consonant-vowel syllables, words, and full sentences, but ...


Audiometric Status, Self-Perception Of Hearing Disorders, And Noise Dose In Audio Post-Production Engineers, Laura M. Sinnott 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Audiometric Status, Self-Perception Of Hearing Disorders, And Noise Dose In Audio Post-Production Engineers, Laura M. Sinnott

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Numerous studies have assessed the risk of hearing injury for musicians and other sound professionals due to excessive sound exposure, however no studies have investigated whether audio post-production engineers have this same risk. This preliminary study first measured 23 participants’ hearing thresholds and prevalence of audiometric notches. Second, a questionnaire, the Questionnaire for Sound Professionals (QUSP), was designed and administered to determine whether correlations between audiometric status and self-perception of hearing loss and hearing disorders existed. Third, sound dosimetry measurements were conducted at film audio post-production studios to assess whether this population is at risk for permanent hearing loss due ...


Otologic Blast Injuries, Michelle Singer 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Otologic Blast Injuries, Michelle Singer

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The otologic system functions as a highly sensitive pressure transducer. Because of this, the ear is the most commonly affected organ in primary blast injury. Frequently encountered symptoms include hearing loss, tinnitus, and tympanic membrane perforations. The ear is repeatedly overlooked during triage and easily forgotten in subjects with multiple injuries after major catastrophic events such as explosions. This systematic review provides an overview of the most common otologic injuries observed after blast exposure in a variety of settings and populations. An analysis of 35 studies and an additional 23 reviews was performed in attempt to uncover patterns of otologic ...


Associations Of The Medial Olivocochlear Reflex And Speech-In-Noise Abilities In Normal Hearing Adult Listeners: A Systematic Review, Imari J. Greaves 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Associations Of The Medial Olivocochlear Reflex And Speech-In-Noise Abilities In Normal Hearing Adult Listeners: A Systematic Review, Imari J. Greaves

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This systematic review analyzed the research concerning the medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) and speech-in-noise abilities in normal hearing adult listeners. In an attempt to understand the underlying difficulties in this population, the following research questions were proposed: 1) Does the research indicate that the magnitude of MOC suppression measured via OAEs is related to a normal hearing subject’s ability to recognize speech-in-noise? 2) Are MOC effects measured via OAEs lateralized? Is there a right ear advantage as suggested by Khalfa, Morlet, Micheyl, Morgon & Collet (1997)? Ten studies met the standards for inclusion for this review. Analysis of the research ...


Noise Levels In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review, Esther Cohn 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Noise Levels In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review, Esther Cohn

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Advisor: Carol A. Silverman, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate noise levels in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in order to see if they are in compliance with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) proposed standards. This investigation also aims to compare noise levels among various NICU conditions in order to best hospital conditions for noise reduction.

Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature utilizing various peer-reviewed databases through the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center Library was conducted to identify relevant studies on noise levels in the ...


Individual Differences In Stimulus Frequency Otoacoustic Emission Phase, Joshua J. Hajicek 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Individual Differences In Stimulus Frequency Otoacoustic Emission Phase, Joshua J. Hajicek

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are sounds that originate in the cochlea and are measured in the ear canal. OAEs provide a noninvasive tool for investigating cochlear mechanics. Stimulus-frequency OAEs (SFOAEs) are evoked by presenting a single frequency tone, called a probe tone, which have an advantage over other OAEs because they are the least influenced by cochlear nonlinearities. However, because the SFOAE are generated in the cochlea with the same frequency as the stimulus, additional techniques, such as the use of suppressor tones are needed to enable separation of the probe tone from the SFOAE.

The primary goal of this investigation ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress