Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Communication Sciences and Disorders Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

774 Full-Text Articles 1,000 Authors 177,077 Downloads 65 Institutions

All Articles in Communication Sciences and Disorders

Faceted Search

774 full-text articles. Page 1 of 23.

Dysarthria: A Study Of Effects On Communication, Casey Johnsen 2015 University of Rhode Island

Dysarthria: A Study Of Effects On Communication, Casey Johnsen

Senior Honors Projects

Dysarthria is an impairment characterized by slow, weak, and imprecise muscle movements that affect one’s speech and communication. The specific characteristics of dysarthria vary depending on the site and extent of the lesion. Some general examples include articulatory-resonatory incompetence, imprecise consonants, distorted vowels, hypernasality, low pitch, harshness, strained-strangled voice and prosodic disturbances including slow rate. Dysarthria can be found in both children and adults, and is caused by neurologic disorders such as stroke, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, or muscular dystrophy. Dysarthria can negatively impact one’s social participation. The extra effort it takes to speak and ...


Internship Impact In Early Intervention, Morgan E. Anderson 2015 University of Rhode Island

Internship Impact In Early Intervention, Morgan E. Anderson

Senior Honors Projects

Early childhood intervention programs were introduced in the 1960s, and professionals have recognized the benefits of intensive therapy and education starting when the child is an infant up to the age of three. Working with a child in a comfortable environment, such as their own home, preschool, child care center or even the community has many benefits. Conducting sessions in a more everyday environment encourages family interaction and support. When a family member, caretaker, or even teacher is present to witness the therapy session, they are more likely to be comfortable carrying these techniques over into the everyday routine. Working ...


Productions Of Metalinguistic Awareness By Young Children With Sli And Typical Language, Lucy E. Long 2015 East Tennessee State University

Productions Of Metalinguistic Awareness By Young Children With Sli And Typical Language, Lucy E. Long

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study seeks to: (1) determine if differences exist between children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) compared to age-matched (AM) and language- matched (LM) children with typical language development (TL) in rates and proportions of five types of metalinguistic productions and (2) test theories of metalinguistic production. Forty-five children, 24 with TL and 21 with SLI, paired for age or language level, formed two groups. Previously collected data from two studies of verb learning (Proctor-Williams & Fey, 2007; Proctor- Williams, unpublished) were analyzed for rates and types of metalinguistic productions. Results yielded no within or between group significant differences in the rates types ...


Assessing And Treating The Speech And Language Skills Of Bilingual Children, Brian Goldstein PhD 2015 La Salle University

Assessing And Treating The Speech And Language Skills Of Bilingual Children, Brian Goldstein Phd

Faculty work

No abstract provided.


Speech Rate Effects On Fluency In A Preschooler With Disordered Phonology, Jaclyn R. Starks, Lisa LaSalle, Thesis advisor Dr 2015 University of Redlands

Speech Rate Effects On Fluency In A Preschooler With Disordered Phonology, Jaclyn R. Starks, Lisa Lasalle, Thesis Advisor Dr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Slow rate of speech, a therapy method that falls under the Demands Capacity Model of treatment, is a go to technique for treating children who stutter (Conture, 2001; Franken, 2013; Franken, Kielstra-Van der Schalk, et al., 2005; Gottwald, 2010). However, recent literature has presented the idea that this method may not be as effective when working with children who stutter and have a concomitant phonological disorder (S+DP). The purpose of the present study is to investigate in-depth the case of a four-year-old boy who stutters and who presents with disordered phonology (S+DP), and the effects of a clinician ...


Reading Between The Lines: An Intervention Tool For Teaching Theory Of Mind, Megan Jansen 2015 University of Redlands

Reading Between The Lines: An Intervention Tool For Teaching Theory Of Mind, Megan Jansen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Theory of mind (ToM) is a growing area of interest for speech language pathologists working with children with pragmatic language deficits, especially those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Narrative intervention has been a particularly fruitful avenue for encouraging ToM development. This project attempts to compile the best strategies for ToM intervention into a program centered on picture books; to justify the tool according to evidence-based practice guidelines; and to assemble background information, materials and instructions to make it accessible to clinicians. Research about ToM’s characteristics, its role in ASD and its impact on language are reviewed, and strategies for ...


The Implementation Of E-Books To Increase Language And Literacy Levels In Young Ells, De Novie 2015 Florida State University

The Implementation Of E-Books To Increase Language And Literacy Levels In Young Ells, De Novie

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2015

The primary aim of this project is to develop a language and literacy intervention program for Spanish-speaking ELLs (English Language Learners). The project is being conducted in schools in Gadsden County where it is reported that 48% of children speak primarily Spanish at home . The lack of Spanish speaking teachers in these schools negatively affects the academic performance of ELLs. The grant project is called “Bridging for Language Outcomes in Classrooms” (BLOOM), and is run by Dr. Carla Wood. Over a span of three years, project BLOOM has been developing electronic books that use Spanish bridging and technology to provide ...


Hearing Screening Pass/Fail Rates For Head Start Children In Northeast Indiana, Lindsey Rife 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Hearing Screening Pass/Fail Rates For Head Start Children In Northeast Indiana, Lindsey Rife

2015 IPFW Student Research and Creative Endeavor Symposium

The correlation between child hearing health and parent socioeconomic status has been suggested by many, but actual data is limited. This study examined the hearing screening pass/fail rates of children ages three through five years old who attended one of the eight Community Action of Northeast Indiana Head Start centers in three counties (Allen, Noble, and Whitley) during the fall of 2014. The subjects of this study included 435 students, ages three through five years old who underwent otoscopic examination and otoacoustic emission testing. For comparison, the children were divided into eight different groups based on the preschool’s ...


March 13, 2015 Annual Retreat, Communication Disorders & Sciences 2015 Eastern Illinois University

March 13, 2015 Annual Retreat, Communication Disorders & Sciences

Faculty Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes of the March 13, 2015 annual retreat.


Physiological And Acoustic Comparison Of Normal And Resonant Voice, Angel M. Kemp 2015 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Physiological And Acoustic Comparison Of Normal And Resonant Voice, Angel M. Kemp

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Purpose: Research has examined what is called a “Singer’s Ring” in the voices of professional singers. Acoustically, a clustering of formants is seen from 3 kHz to 4 kHz on vowels. Similar formants in speaking voice have been reported for professional speakers actors but has not been studied extensively. Voice therapy by speech-language pathologists may incorporate resonant voice therapy of various types to improve the quality and power of speaking voice. I have long been interested in “Singer’s Ring” and wanted to know more. As a speech-language pathology undergraduate student, Dr. Schmidt suggested that I could investigate this ...


March 4, 2015, Communication Disorders & Sciences 2015 Eastern Illinois University

March 4, 2015, Communication Disorders & Sciences

Faculty Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes of the March 4, 2015 Faculty Committee meeting.


Four Wave Mixing Nonlinearity Effect In Wdm Radio Over Fiber System, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Surbhi Jain, Brintha Therese A.2 Brintha Therese A. 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Four Wave Mixing Nonlinearity Effect In Wdm Radio Over Fiber System, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Surbhi Jain, Brintha Therese A.2 Brintha Therese A.

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The optical networks are fast and error free but due to some nonlinearity effects, its performance degrades. The performance of wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) in radio over fiber (RoF) systems is found to be strongly influenced by nonlinearity characteristics inside the fiber. In this paper, we have studied the effect of four wave mixing (FWM) as one of the influential factors in the WDM for RoF using Optisystem Software.


Hot Standby Router Protocol For A Private University In Malaysia, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Ala Mohamed Ali Mohamed, Joseph Ng Poh Soon, Wong See Wan, Phan Koo Yuen, Lim Ean Heng 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Hot Standby Router Protocol For A Private University In Malaysia, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Ala Mohamed Ali Mohamed, Joseph Ng Poh Soon, Wong See Wan, Phan Koo Yuen, Lim Ean Heng

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

In the digitized university environment most of the works and activities done by a network-based process which will be adapted to monitor all the activities to be processed and stored in such datacenter, from that particular point, how to maintain connectivity and to prevent the system from any vulnerability? Is there any techniques or protocols that enhance and guarantee stability? If the primary gateway becomes inaccessible, it might lead to a connectivity issues and that might be very disturbing especially inside a university campus that uses digitalized system to perform their operations, and other education purpose.


Brain Mapping Of The Latency Epochs In A Mcgurk Effect Paradigm In Music Performance And Visual Arts Majors, Lauren Donelle Nordstrom 2015 Brigham Young University - Provo

Brain Mapping Of The Latency Epochs In A Mcgurk Effect Paradigm In Music Performance And Visual Arts Majors, Lauren Donelle Nordstrom

All Theses and Dissertations

The McGurk effect is an illusion that occurs when an auditory /ba/ is combined with a visual /ga/. The two stimuli fuse together which leads to the perception of /da/, a sound in between /ba/ and /ga/. The purpose of this study was to determine whether music performance and visual arts majors process mismatched auditory and visual stimuli, like the McGurk effect, differently. Nine syllable pairs were presented to 10 native English speakers (5 music performance majors and 5 visual arts majors between the ages of 18 and 28 years) in a four-forced-choice response paradigm. Data from event-related potentials were ...


February 4, 2015, Communication Disorders & Sciences 2015 Eastern Illinois University

February 4, 2015, Communication Disorders & Sciences

Faculty Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes of the February 4, 2015 Faculty Committee meeting.


Effectiveness And Parent Acceptability Of 'Youth Engagement Through Intervention' Social Skills Group For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Zachary Shindorf, Anisa Goforth, Jennifer K. Schoffer Closson, Erin Yosai, Phillip A. Thomas, Miki J. Anderson 2015 University of Montana

Effectiveness And Parent Acceptability Of 'Youth Engagement Through Intervention' Social Skills Group For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Zachary Shindorf, Anisa Goforth, Jennifer K. Schoffer Closson, Erin Yosai, Phillip A. Thomas, Miki J. Anderson

Communicative Sciences and Disorders Faculty Publications

This poster was presented at the Annual National Association of School Psychologists Conference in Orlando, Florida.


January 14, 2015, Communication Disorders & Sciences 2015 Eastern Illinois University

January 14, 2015, Communication Disorders & Sciences

Faculty Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes of the January 14, 2015 Faculty Committee meeting.


Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski 2015 University of Vermont

Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The present study compared lateralization of cortical activation patterns in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adults who stutter (AWS) and typical speakers (TS) as measured with functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in habitual and fluency-enhanced speaking conditions.

Participants were AWS (n = 11) and gender- and age-matched TS (n = 11) who completed speaking tasks in three condition blocks: (1) habitual speech using no speaking strategy (2) prolonged speech after receiving short-term training in fluency-shaping strategy-use (3) syllable-timed speech after being trained to speak in rhythm with a metronome at 92 beats per minute.

The three primary dependent variables were mean change ...


Examining Barriers With Implementing Augmentative And Alternative Communication In A Midwest School, Ashley Renee Fields 2015 Walden University

Examining Barriers With Implementing Augmentative And Alternative Communication In A Midwest School, Ashley Renee Fields

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Many speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in a Midwest urban public school system have experienced barriers that prohibit the effective use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The result has left some students with speech language impairments (SLI) without the communication skills for meaningful relationships and success in and out of school. The purpose of this exploratory case study was to determine the perceived barriers of 8 local school SLPs regarding the successful implementation of AAC and their suggestions for addressing the problem. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with the SLPs. Data collection and analysis were grounded by Ely's conditions ...


Supporting Children With Disabilities At School: Implications For The Advocate Role In Professional Practice And Education, Stella Ng PhD 2015 University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine

Supporting Children With Disabilities At School: Implications For The Advocate Role In Professional Practice And Education, Stella Ng Phd

Stella Ng PhD

Purpose: School settings are a common practice context for rehabilitation professionals; health advocacy is a common and challenging practice role for professionals in this context. This study explored how pediatric practitioners advocate for children with disabilities at school. Specifically, we examined everyday advocacy in the context of school-based support for children with disabilities.

Method: Our theoretical framework and methodological approach were informed by institutional ethnography, which maps and makes visible hidden social coordinators of work processes with a view to improving processes and outcomes. We included families, educators, and health/rehabilitation practitioners from Ontario. Of the 37 consented informants, 27 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress