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Dysarthria: A Study Of Effects On Communication, Casey Johnsen 2015 University of Rhode Island

Dysarthria: A Study Of Effects On Communication, Casey Johnsen

Senior Honors Projects

Dysarthria is an impairment characterized by slow, weak, and imprecise muscle movements that affect one’s speech and communication. The specific characteristics of dysarthria vary depending on the site and extent of the lesion. Some general examples include articulatory-resonatory incompetence, imprecise consonants, distorted vowels, hypernasality, low pitch, harshness, strained-strangled voice and prosodic disturbances including slow rate. Dysarthria can be found in both children and adults, and is caused by neurologic disorders such as stroke, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, or muscular dystrophy. Dysarthria can negatively impact one’s social participation. The extra effort it takes to speak and ...


Internship Impact In Early Intervention, Morgan E. Anderson 2015 University of Rhode Island

Internship Impact In Early Intervention, Morgan E. Anderson

Senior Honors Projects

Early childhood intervention programs were introduced in the 1960s, and professionals have recognized the benefits of intensive therapy and education starting when the child is an infant up to the age of three. Working with a child in a comfortable environment, such as their own home, preschool, child care center or even the community has many benefits. Conducting sessions in a more everyday environment encourages family interaction and support. When a family member, caretaker, or even teacher is present to witness the therapy session, they are more likely to be comfortable carrying these techniques over into the everyday routine. Working ...


Productions Of Metalinguistic Awareness By Young Children With Sli And Typical Language, Lucy E. Long 2015 East Tennessee State University

Productions Of Metalinguistic Awareness By Young Children With Sli And Typical Language, Lucy E. Long

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study seeks to: (1) determine if differences exist between children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) compared to age-matched (AM) and language- matched (LM) children with typical language development (TL) in rates and proportions of five types of metalinguistic productions and (2) test theories of metalinguistic production. Forty-five children, 24 with TL and 21 with SLI, paired for age or language level, formed two groups. Previously collected data from two studies of verb learning (Proctor-Williams & Fey, 2007; Proctor- Williams, unpublished) were analyzed for rates and types of metalinguistic productions. Results yielded no within or between group significant differences in the rates types ...


The Effects Of Aging On Auditory Duration Discrimination, Rachael N. Luckett 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of Aging On Auditory Duration Discrimination, Rachael N. Luckett

Honors Theses

The goal of this study is to identify how auditory duration discrimination ability varies across age groups by using an unbiased stimulus such as a music tone. This will be accomplished by conducting a quantitative study testing duration discrimination skills in young and elderly adults. Their confidence ratings per response will also be included along with their discrimination results. The author will generate data that compare the duration discrimination abilities of young versus elderly adults. The null hypothesis is that there is no difference in duration discrimination between elderly and young adults.


College Professors’ And Students’ Perceptions Toward College Students Who Stutter, Patricia N. Chastain 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

College Professors’ And Students’ Perceptions Toward College Students Who Stutter, Patricia N. Chastain

Honors Theses

Research on stuttering has reflected the perceptions of speech-language pathologists (Swartz, Gabel & Irani, 2009; Crichton-Smith, Wright & Stackhouse, 2003; Cooper & Cooper, 1996; Kalinowski, Armson, J., Stuart, A., & Lerman, J. W., 1993; Daniels, Panico, & Sudhoolt, 2011), students (Mayo & Mayo, 2013; Dorsey & Guenther, 2000), and professors (Dorsey & Guenther, 2000; Silverman, 1990; Ruscello et al., 1990) toward people who stutter (PWS). The findings of the aforementioned studies indicated there is neither a wholly positive or negative attitudinal trend in the perceptions towards PWS within or across groups. Only one study was conducted (15 years ago) that examined the differences between the attitudes of college professors and students toward PWS. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to conduct research on college professors’ and students’ perceptions toward college ...


Effectiveness Of Proloquo2goTm In Enhancing Communication In Children With Autism During Aba Therapy, Taylor Eastin Krcek 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effectiveness Of Proloquo2goTm In Enhancing Communication In Children With Autism During Aba Therapy, Taylor Eastin Krcek

Doctoral Dissertations

Autism is a bio-neurological developmental disorder presenting in early childhood that has a profound effect on an individual's ability to communicate. The iPad® with the Proloquo2GoTM app is a multilingual Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) solution designed to assist people who have difficulty speaking or cannot speak at all. This study examines the effectiveness of the Proloquo2GoTM app delivered via iPad® to enhance the tacting, manding, and verbal completion repertoires of children with autism. Participants included five children between the ages of three and four years old diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and with low ...


Preliteracy Skills Promoted In Children’S Spanish-Language Books, Katherine Marie Suter 2015 Western Michigan University

Preliteracy Skills Promoted In Children’S Spanish-Language Books, Katherine Marie Suter

Master's Theses

As of July 1, 2013, the latest census figures indicate that there are approximately 54 million Latinosliving in the U.S. (US Census Bureau, 2013). However, many Latino children still do not receive the services or resources they need to perform well academically. The primary aim of this research study is to determine if the books available to Spanish-speaking Latino1 populations in two Michigan Counties contain features that might be used to facilitate beginning pre-literacy skills.

Children’s Spanish-language books from bookstores and public libraries were analyzed to determine the presence of features that might facilitate print awareness, phonological ...


Bridging Theories Of Phonological Awareness For Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Children: Perspectives From Verbotonal Specialists In The United States, Jazmin Rambeau 2015 Western Michigan University

Bridging Theories Of Phonological Awareness For Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Children: Perspectives From Verbotonal Specialists In The United States, Jazmin Rambeau

Honors Theses

Approaching literacy instruction for children who are deaf and hard of hearing is one of the most significant challenges within global education because there are various evidence-based theories in the literature as to why children who are deaf and hard of hearing often manifest impaired reading abilities compared to children with normal hearing, and how they may acquire literacy skills differently. This study aims to identify agreements within the literature regarding the role of phonological awareness in literacy acquisition for children who are deaf and hard of hearing, and how tools such as the Verbotonal method of auditory therapy may ...


Unsteady Nasalance Traces Among Sustained Vowels In Typical Adult Speakers: Prevalence & Potential Causes, Catherine Hearit 2015 Western Michigan University

Unsteady Nasalance Traces Among Sustained Vowels In Typical Adult Speakers: Prevalence & Potential Causes, Catherine Hearit

Honors Theses

Background. Vowels are a commonly used stimulus for evaluating speech resonance because hypernasality is best detected in vowel sounds. It was observed that steady-state sustained vowels show considerable within sample nasalance variance, although nasalance is expected to be stable for this speech target.

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to ascertain the prevalence of variability among normal speakers in steady state vowel nasalance traces and to determine the variables that predict variability.

Methods: Sixty-one participants aged 18 through 30 years were recruited. All participants were lifelong residents of the lower peninsula of Michigan with normal hearing sensitivity and no ...


Assessing And Treating The Speech And Language Skills Of Bilingual Children, Brian Goldstein PhD 2015 La Salle University

Assessing And Treating The Speech And Language Skills Of Bilingual Children, Brian Goldstein Phd

Faculty work

No abstract provided.


Speech Rate Effects On Fluency In A Preschooler With Disordered Phonology, Jaclyn R. Starks, Lisa LaSalle, Thesis advisor Dr 2015 University of Redlands

Speech Rate Effects On Fluency In A Preschooler With Disordered Phonology, Jaclyn R. Starks, Lisa Lasalle, Thesis Advisor Dr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Slow rate of speech, a therapy method that falls under the Demands Capacity Model of treatment, is a go to technique for treating children who stutter (Conture, 2001; Franken, 2013; Franken, Kielstra-Van der Schalk, et al., 2005; Gottwald, 2010). However, recent literature has presented the idea that this method may not be as effective when working with children who stutter and have a concomitant phonological disorder (S+DP). The purpose of the present study is to investigate in-depth the case of a four-year-old boy who stutters and who presents with disordered phonology (S+DP), and the effects of a clinician ...


Reading Between The Lines: An Intervention Tool For Teaching Theory Of Mind, Megan Jansen 2015 University of Redlands

Reading Between The Lines: An Intervention Tool For Teaching Theory Of Mind, Megan Jansen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Theory of mind (ToM) is a growing area of interest for speech language pathologists working with children with pragmatic language deficits, especially those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Narrative intervention has been a particularly fruitful avenue for encouraging ToM development. This project attempts to compile the best strategies for ToM intervention into a program centered on picture books; to justify the tool according to evidence-based practice guidelines; and to assemble background information, materials and instructions to make it accessible to clinicians. Research about ToM’s characteristics, its role in ASD and its impact on language are reviewed, and strategies for ...


Computer-Based Therapy For Children With Low-Functioning Autism, Celina Brown 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

Computer-Based Therapy For Children With Low-Functioning Autism, Celina Brown

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Children with low-functioning autism have difficulties with social interactions and are limited in their communication skills. Even though traditional therapy methods have been beneficial, studies have shown that computer-based therapies have provided greater improvement in communication skills. The use of computers allows for the creation of a wide range of programs targeting various areas. This presentation outlines four therapy options and their computer programs, methods, and effects on improving language abilities.


The Effect Of Prosthetic Devices On Speech Intelligibility In Individuals With Cleft Lip And Palate, Alyssa Hughes 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Effect Of Prosthetic Devices On Speech Intelligibility In Individuals With Cleft Lip And Palate, Alyssa Hughes

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Individuals with cleft lip and palate usually undergo surgery in infancy. Individuals who are not able to receive the proper reconstructive may benefit from a prosthetic device. This poster reviews the various options, their candidacy, and their effectiveness.


Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia: Diagnosis And Treatment Efficacy, Nick Guardino 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia: Diagnosis And Treatment Efficacy, Nick Guardino

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Adductor spasmodic dysphonia is the most common form of spasmodic dysphonia. It is characterized by spasms that cause the vocal folds to close tightly and stiffen. This presentation seeks to compare the efficacy of traditional treatment and the efficacy of new microsurgery options. Both quality of life and vocal characteristics are important measurements to take into consideration when evaluating efficacy of treatment options. In addition the role of the speech language pathologist will be analyzed for each treatment option.


The Effect Of Bilingualism On The Aging Brain, Caitlin Czirr 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Effect Of Bilingualism On The Aging Brain, Caitlin Czirr

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

The aging brain undergoes structural changes negatively impacting its function. However, the extent of these pathologies may be experience dependent. Researchers have found evidence of bilingualism as a neuroprotective agent in the aging brain. This poster reviews structural differences and functioning of the aging bilingual brain to assess a potential link between the bilingual experience and cognitive reserve.


The Influence Of Texture Modification On Nutrition In People With Dysphagia, Mary Runge 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Influence Of Texture Modification On Nutrition In People With Dysphagia, Mary Runge

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Texture modification is the most common form of treatment among patients with dysphagia. It has been associated with a significant number of successful therapy outcomes for swallowing disorders. In contrast it has also been correlated with a high rate of malnutrition cases. Modifying texture to accommodate swallowing may compromise the nutritional value of food being administered. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in preventing and managing dehydration, malnutrition, and increased risk of illness.


Treatment Of Vocal Abuse In Adult And Pediatric Populations, Meghan Reedy 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

Treatment Of Vocal Abuse In Adult And Pediatric Populations, Meghan Reedy

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Vocal abuse is a common problem faced by many individuals. This poster explains the treatment of vocal abuse, specifically in the adult and pediatric populations. Both groups experience vocal abuse, but there are differences and similarities in treatment methods.


Treatment Efficacy For Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Short And Long Term Outcomes, Michelle Rainville 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

Treatment Efficacy For Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Short And Long Term Outcomes, Michelle Rainville

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epileptic aphasia occurring in children characterized by abnormal electroencephalogram and a loss of language skills. There are many methods of treatment for LKS all with varying out comes. In this poster, different treatment methods are discussed and compared.


Male-To-Female Transgender Clients: Voice Assessment And Therapy, Naomy Peña 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

Male-To-Female Transgender Clients: Voice Assessment And Therapy, Naomy Peña

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Male-to-Female transgender clients seeking voice feminization therapy are not considered having an organic voice disorder. Because the perception of their voice often does not align with their new identity it negatively affects their quality of life and is considered a handicap to the transition process. The current research provided examines clinician directed assessment considerations for the transgender population, and symptomatic targets for voice feminization therapy.


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