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Hearing Aid Use And Cognitive Function: A Systematic Review, Hershel Korngut 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Hearing Aid Use And Cognitive Function: A Systematic Review, Hershel Korngut

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This systematic review analyzed the research relating the use of hearing aids to cognitive function. Hearing aid use was examined to see if wearing hearing aids improves cognitive function, if the length of time hearing aids are worn impacts cognitive ability, if the type of hearing aid used has any impact on cognitive function, and if hearing aid use slows down cognitive decline. Ten studies met the criteria for this review. An analysis of the research revealed some evidence to support wearing hearing aids improves cognitive function, however, there is substantial evidence that shows no impact between wearing hearing aids ...


Annexin A5 Is The Most Abundant Membrane-Associated Protein In Stereocilia But Is Dispensable For Hair-Bundle Development And Function, Jocelyn F. Krey, Meghan Drummond, Sarah Foster, Edward Porsov, Sarath Vijayakumar, Dongseok Choi, Karen Friderici, Sherri M. Jones, Alfred L. Nuttall, Peter G. Barr-Gillespie 2016 Oregon Health & Science University

Annexin A5 Is The Most Abundant Membrane-Associated Protein In Stereocilia But Is Dispensable For Hair-Bundle Development And Function, Jocelyn F. Krey, Meghan Drummond, Sarah Foster, Edward Porsov, Sarath Vijayakumar, Dongseok Choi, Karen Friderici, Sherri M. Jones, Alfred L. Nuttall, Peter G. Barr-Gillespie

Special Education and Communication Disorders Faculty Publications

The phospholipid- and Ca2+-binding protein annexin A5 (ANXA5) is the most abundant membrane-associated protein of ~P23 mouse vestibular hair bundles, the inner ear’s sensory organelle. Using quantitative mass spectrometry, we estimated that ANXA5 accounts for ~15,000 copies per stereocilium, or ~2% of the total protein there. Although seven other annexin genes are expressed in mouse utricles, mass spectrometry showed that none were present at levels near ANXA5 in bundles and none were upregulated in stereocilia of Anxa5−/− mice. Annexins have been proposed to mediate Ca2+-dependent repair of membrane lesions, which could be part of ...


Piloting Signs Of Safety: A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Piloting Signs Of Safety: A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The Deaf community - a minority group of 500,000 Americans who use American Sign Language (ASL) - experiences trauma and addiction at rates double to the general population. Yet, there are no evidence-based treatments that have been evaluated to treat trauma, addiction, or other behavioral health conditions among Deaf people.

Current evidence-based treatments fail to meet the needs of Deaf clients. One example is Seeking Safety, a well-validated therapy for people recovering from trauma and addiction. Seeking Safety includes a therapist guide and client handouts for 25 therapy sessions, each teaching clients a safe coping skill. When Seeking Safety was used ...


Interprofessional Patient Simulation Training Compared To Online Training For Learning To Use In-Line Speaking Valves, Kristi A. Moore 2016 East Tennessee State University

Interprofessional Patient Simulation Training Compared To Online Training For Learning To Use In-Line Speaking Valves, Kristi A. Moore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Restoring speech in persons who are tracheostomy and ventilator dependent, through the use of a Passy-Muir Speaking Valve (PMSV), requires specific training. Methods of training interprofessional team members to assess in-line PMSVs are unclear. This study used a pretest/ post-test design to compare effects of online training and online training plus simulation training on knowledge acquisition, skills performance, and comfort levels when working with persons who are tracheostomy and ventilator dependent. Twenty-six students studying either respiratory therapy (N=13) or speech-language pathology (N=13) were assigned to the control group or experimental group. Results revealed that online training proved beneficial ...


Comparison Of In Vivo Simulation Training Compared To Video Simulation Training For Identifying Clinical Markers Of Distress When Feeding Preterm Infants, Emily M. Wagner 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Comparison Of In Vivo Simulation Training Compared To Video Simulation Training For Identifying Clinical Markers Of Distress When Feeding Preterm Infants, Emily M. Wagner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Preterm infants have multiple health complications due to their underdeveloped neurological systems. Bottle-feeding difficulties are one complication that leads to pulmonary illness secondary to aspiration. Preterm infants exhibit clinical markers when experiencing distress during bottle-feeding. Training caregivers to identify clinical markers reduces the risk for aspiration. Simulation training provides a safe learning environment without harming patients. Twenty-two speech-language pathology and pre-requisite students divided into two simulation groups, video-simulation (N=12) and in-vivo simulation (N=10), were trained to document clinical markers of distress exhibited by preterm infants and make clinical judgments about bottle-feeding. Students rated their levels of anxiety during ...


The Role Of Effective Communication In Medicine, Adrienne L. Russell 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Role Of Effective Communication In Medicine, Adrienne L. Russell

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Grief On Bonding With A Deaf Child, Gabriela Cardona 2016 University of Rhode Island

The Effect Of Grief On Bonding With A Deaf Child, Gabriela Cardona

Senior Honors Projects

Since hearing screenings for children happen after birth, there is no way for

parents to prepare themselves for having a child with hearing loss and any

lifestyle changes that will follow. Many parents have trouble coping with and

accepting the news of having a deaf or hard-of-hearing child. This diagnosis also

often brings along with it the stress of additional necessary appointments and

decisions. The parent’s idea of a “perfect and ideal” child is gone. Parents need

to grieve the loss of this idea while also tending to their child and giving their

child the opportunities and support needed ...


Creating Therapy Materials To Improve Communication Of Young Children, Allison J. Corey 2016 University of Rhode Island

Creating Therapy Materials To Improve Communication Of Young Children, Allison J. Corey

Senior Honors Projects

Once children start preschool, they should be able to speak in simple sentences and use basic syntax. When they complete preschool and begin kindergarten, they should be using complete, complex sentences, have an extensive vocabulary, and use correct grammar. However, sometimes a child’s language doesn’t develop as expected resulting in speech delays or impairments. This problem could arise for a multitude of reasons, for example, the child may be on the autism spectrum, he/she may have a specific language delay, or it may be due to an articulation/phonology problem. The role of a speech language pathologist ...


A Case Study Of Cochlear Implants And Complications, Carly E. Amurao 2016 University of Rhode Island

A Case Study Of Cochlear Implants And Complications, Carly E. Amurao

Senior Honors Projects

A cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that replaces the function of the damaged inner ear, allowing the individual access to sound. In recent years, there has been tremendous progress in developing technology in the area of cochlear implants to aid those with severe/profound hearing loss. Specifically, there has been a movement towards bilateral implantation. Each cochlear implant candidate has a unique hearing loss, and must reach required bench marks in order to be considered a viable candidate for a cochlear implant. This process includes: meeting the required level of hearing loss, a required trial with hearing aids ...


Talking About Aphasia: The Two Voices Of Insight, Elizabeth O'Brien 2016 College of the Holy Cross

Talking About Aphasia: The Two Voices Of Insight, Elizabeth O'Brien

Honors Theses

This thesis aims to understand the lived experience of communication disorders (CDs), including the challenges, stigmas, and misconceptions related to CDs. It draws upon in-depth interviews with speech-language pathologists (SLPs), participant observations of people with aphasia, and observations of aphasia forum websites. During the data collection process, people talked about the stigmas and hardships of CDs and the subjective experience of having trouble communicating with others. This thesis will use their words and ideas to highlight the important aspects of coping with and treating CDs. It discusses how people with aphasia think about space, their body, and time, and considers ...


Sensorimotor Intervention For Feeding Management In The Preterm Population, Tatiana Windley 2016 SUNY Plattsburgh

Sensorimotor Intervention For Feeding Management In The Preterm Population, Tatiana Windley

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Oral feeding difficulty is a common complication facing infants born preterm. Preterm infants are not fully developed; therefore the coordination and function needed to perform the suck and swallow become disrupted. Studies have shown that oral stimulation and tactile stimulation are beneficial. Oral stimulation provides direct, targeted input to the oral structures involved in feeding, while tactile stimulation may facilitate motor development. This poster will review the efficacy of these approaches.


Transitioning The Voice: Considerations For Transgender Voice Therapy, Abigail Finley 2016 SUNY Plattsburgh

Transitioning The Voice: Considerations For Transgender Voice Therapy, Abigail Finley

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Transgender individuals are individuals whose gender identity does not match the sex they were assigned at birth. In order to live as their gender, transgender individuals may seek voice therapy. Researchers have tried to pinpoint what variables and therapeutic techniques can increase patient satisfaction with his or her voice. This poster consolidates research findings concerning effective transgender voice therapy techniques and goals.


The Effects Of Ganciclovir And Valganciclovir Antiviral Treatments In Children With Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection, Allyson Centola 2016 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Effects Of Ganciclovir And Valganciclovir Antiviral Treatments In Children With Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection, Allyson Centola

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is one of the leading causes of non-hereditary newborn hearing losses. Typically children with a hearing loss would receive amplification to help combat the loss; however, new research has shown that children who have cCMV can receive antiviral treatments in lieu of amplification. Ganciclovir and valganciclovir are the antiviral treatments that are currently being used. These antiviral treatments help eliminate the viral load in the blood and thus improve the child’s hearing loss.


Neurological Predictors Of Persistent Versus Recovered Developmental Stuttering, James McGrattan 2016 SUNY Plattsburgh

Neurological Predictors Of Persistent Versus Recovered Developmental Stuttering, James Mcgrattan

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Developmental stuttering affects ~5% of preschool-aged children. While stuttering disappears in the majority of these children within 3 years after onset, it persists into adulthood in 1% of children. Determining anatomical and physiological differences in the brain between persisting and recovering stuttering may lead to early prediction of risk/non-risk, and thus, early intervention can be appropriately implemented.


A Comparison Of Treatment Approaches For Childhood Apraxia Of Speech, Jordy Papin 2016 SUNY Plattsburgh

A Comparison Of Treatment Approaches For Childhood Apraxia Of Speech, Jordy Papin

Communication Disorders and Sciences Student Posters

Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is defined as a developmental disorder that affects speech motor planning and programming, and leads to disrupted accuracy and consistency of articulatory movements necessary for speech. As most cases are idiopathic, there are a wide range of treatment approaches for CAS. This presentation aims to compare the efficacy of different treatment approaches.


Outcomes In Language And Social Skills As Seen In Children With Autism And Developmental Disabilities Participating In Equine Assisted Activities, Megan Koenigseder 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Outcomes In Language And Social Skills As Seen In Children With Autism And Developmental Disabilities Participating In Equine Assisted Activities, Megan Koenigseder

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

Individuals with developmental disabilities commonly present characteristics that include deficits in social and communicative abilities. A number of intervention strategies have been implemented, but none have proven to be most effective. A somewhat novel approach known as equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) involves the utilization of horses during intervention and has shown to be effective in areas concerning quality of life, social functioning, self-regulation, adaptive behaviors, motor control, and motivation.

The purpose of the current study is to examine the effects of EAA on social skills and expressive language in 2-4 children diagnosed with developmental disability. Participants engaged in ...


Differences Between Two Head Start Locations Using The Developmental Indicators For The Assessment Of Learning (Dial) As A Measure Of Language And Concepts, Hailey Guthrie 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Differences Between Two Head Start Locations Using The Developmental Indicators For The Assessment Of Learning (Dial) As A Measure Of Language And Concepts, Hailey Guthrie

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

The study was conducted on a sample of 43 students between two Head Start locations, A and B. Sociodemographic information was obtained via questionnaires completed by parents at locations A and B. The Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning, Fourth Edition (DIAL-4) was the screener used to assess each child’s performance with regards to language, concept, and motoric development. There was no significant difference between locations A and B for concept and language sub-test standard scores. DIAL motor sub-test scores for locations A and B were statistically significant. This study found that the DIAL is a reliable way ...


Perceptions Fathers Have On Time Spent With Preschool Children And Its Impact On Language Outcome Measures, Megan E. Porter 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Perceptions Fathers Have On Time Spent With Preschool Children And Its Impact On Language Outcome Measures, Megan E. Porter

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

Research has shown there are differences between mother and father language usage with their children. There is no information on language use of fathers who spend a high quality amount of time with their children. This study attempted to identify language characteristics of fathers who report high participation in household and childcare activities.


Parent Beliefs About Technology: A Comparison Of Homeschool And Formal Education Families, Eli L. Skelton 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Parent Beliefs About Technology: A Comparison Of Homeschool And Formal Education Families, Eli L. Skelton

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this study was to gain information about how technology is used by parents to assist school learning as well as their opinions and beliefs about the role of technology in the learning process. Specifically, using homeschool and educational networks as well as social media for distribution of a digital questionnaire, this study sought to gauge parents’ experience with, as well as responses to, attitudes, and values towards the use of technology in homeschool and classroom education. Sixty-five parents of children who are studying at the elementary grade levels participated in this study. Twenty of these were parents ...


A Comparison Of Manual And Automated Grammatical Precoding On The Accuracy Of Automated Developmental Sentence Scoring, Sarah Elizabeth Janis 2016 Brigham Young University - Provo

A Comparison Of Manual And Automated Grammatical Precoding On The Accuracy Of Automated Developmental Sentence Scoring, Sarah Elizabeth Janis

All Theses and Dissertations

Developmental Sentence Scoring (DSS) is a standardized language sample analysis procedure that evaluates and scores a child's use of standard American-English grammatical rules within complete sentences. Automated DSS programs have the potential to increase the efficiency and reduce the amount of time required for DSS analysis. The present study examines the accuracy of one automated DSS software program, DSSA 2.0, compared to manual DSS scoring on previously collected language samples from 30 children between the ages of 2-5 and 7-11. Additionally, this study seeks to determine the source of error in the automated score by comparing DSSA 2 ...


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