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The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss 2017 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss

Eric Weiss, MD, MPH

The treatment of acute type B aortic dissection is a rapidly evolving field, due in a large part to the advent of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). This review will summarize the current literature on the management of both complicated and uncomplicated type B dissections, with special attention paid to emerging evidence supporting earlier aggressive treatment.


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Paul Glasziou

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence McEntee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen 2017 Bond University

The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence Mcentee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen

Wayne Hing

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined Total Disc Arthroplasty (TDA) and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multi-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Class I studies comparing the treatment of one level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. While the success of single level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multi-level DDD with these modalities is emerging. With ...


The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence McEntee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen 2017 Bond University

The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence Mcentee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen

Ben Schram

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined Total Disc Arthroplasty (TDA) and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multi-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Class I studies comparing the treatment of one level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. While the success of single level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multi-level DDD with these modalities is emerging. With ...


The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence McEntee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen 2017 Bond University

The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence Mcentee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

STUDY DESIGN:

A prospective study.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this paper is to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined Total Disc Arthroplasty (TDA) and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multi-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD).

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

Class I studies comparing the treatment of one level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. While the success of single level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multi-level DDD with these modalities is emerging. With ...


Determining The Gaps Between Cochrane Reviews And Trials Of Effectiveness Of Interventions For Acute Respiratory Infections: An Audit, Jasmin Alloo, Sanya Vallath, Chris Del Mar, Matt Carter, Sarah Thorning, Justin Clark 2017 Bond University

Determining The Gaps Between Cochrane Reviews And Trials Of Effectiveness Of Interventions For Acute Respiratory Infections: An Audit, Jasmin Alloo, Sanya Vallath, Chris Del Mar, Matt Carter, Sarah Thorning, Justin Clark

Christopher Del Mar

BACKGROUND:

Cochrane primarily aims to systematically review trials of effectiveness that are important to inform clinical decisions. Editorial groups support authors to achieve high-quality reviews and prioritise review proposals in their clinical domain that are submitted or elicited. Prioritising proposals requires two approaches, identifying (1) clinical practises for which the evidence of effectiveness is uncertain and (2) interventions in which there are trials of effectiveness (especially randomised controlled trials (RCTs)) not systematically reviewed. This study addresses this second approach for the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group (CARIG) in order to identify RCTs of acute respiratory infections that have not been ...


Interaction Of The Tear Film With The Ocular Surface, Richard J. Braun, Amy Janett, Nicholas Gewecke, Spencer Walker 2017 University of Delaware

Interaction Of The Tear Film With The Ocular Surface, Richard J. Braun, Amy Janett, Nicholas Gewecke, Spencer Walker

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Previous Wingate Performance Using One Body Region On Subsequent Wingate Performance Using A Different Body Region, Leonie Harvey, Matthew Bousson, Chris McLellan, Dale Lovell 2017 University of the Sunshine Coast

The Effect Of Previous Wingate Performance Using One Body Region On Subsequent Wingate Performance Using A Different Body Region, Leonie Harvey, Matthew Bousson, Chris Mclellan, Dale Lovell

Chris McLellan

The 30 second Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) is the gold standard measure of anaerobic performance. The present investigation aimed to determine if a previous WAnT using one body region significantly affected a subsequent WAnT using a different body region. Twelve male university students (n = 12, 23 ± 2 years, 84 ± 16.1 kg, 178.5 ± 7.4 cm) volunteered to complete two repeated WAnT protocols (either lower body WAnT followed by an upper body WAnT or vice versa) on two separate testing occasions. The upper body WAnT was conducted on a modified electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer using a flywheel braking force ...


Flesh And Blood, Clayton Petras 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

Flesh And Blood, Clayton Petras

Graduate School of Art Theses

In my work, I look for ways to visualize and document the degenerative mental disease of Parkinson’s and transform it into portrayals of the disease itself, its effects, and those it afflicts. Being a physical breakdown of the body, both popular culture and my own corporal understanding influence my interpretation and representation. This document outlines those influences and their buildup towards a shared understanding of the interests behind the work, as well as implies what the work does through these contexts.

How do we give identity to a disease that is difficult to diagnose or view on medical technology ...


Effects Of Glucosamine Versus Chondroitin Sulfate In Reducing Joint Space Narrowing In Knee Osteoarthritis, Caroline Horton, Ashani Andrews 2017 James Madison University

Effects Of Glucosamine Versus Chondroitin Sulfate In Reducing Joint Space Narrowing In Knee Osteoarthritis, Caroline Horton, Ashani Andrews

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To determine if over the counter supplements, chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine, in combination or alone, are effective in the treatment of joint space narrowing (JSN) in knee osteoarthritis.

Design: Systematic Literature Review

Methods: Database search of PubMed and MEDLINE using the search terms “glucosamine”, “chondroitin sulfate”, “osteoarthritis”, and joint space narrowing. Filters were implemented to include articles that only dealt with human subjects, that were published in 2000 or later, and were full-text. Articles were excluded if they were cohort studies, reviews, non-English papers, or had pain as the only outcome.

Results: Sawitzke et al.primary outcomes revealed no ...


Efficacy Of Electromyography And The Dead Bug Exercise, Taylor M. Scavo, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Madeline L. Johnson, Eric Sternlicht 2017 Chapman University

Efficacy Of Electromyography And The Dead Bug Exercise, Taylor M. Scavo, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Madeline L. Johnson, Eric Sternlicht

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The Dead Bug exercise is performed in physical therapy clinics to restore lumbar spine stability and core strength in patients with lower back pain (LBP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using electromyography (EMG) feedback to enhance proper mechanics during the Dead Bug exercise. Sixteen healthy, college age students volunteered as subjects for the study. Subjects performed the Dead Bug (Fig. 1a.) with and without visual EMG cues and were given instructions on how to execute the exercise. Data was recorded using a BTS FREEEMG Analyzer and signal processed and data analyzed using the BTS ...


Analysis Of Graded Gross Anatomy Dissections And Demonstrations As A Supplemental Educational Tool, Stephanie Leanne Cummings 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Analysis Of Graded Gross Anatomy Dissections And Demonstrations As A Supplemental Educational Tool, Stephanie Leanne Cummings

Theses & Dissertations

Teaching and assessment modalities for human anatomy curriculums vary between schools. The University of Nebraska Medical Center utilizes an integrated gross anatomy lab curriculum including hands-on dissection, lecture, and 3-D models. The GCBA 909 course, Human Gross Anatomy Lab, just recently incorporated graded dissections and demonstrations into their master of medical anatomy (MMA) curriculum. Students were required to complete and demonstrate eight additional dissections compared to physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT) students. Upon completion of these dissections, students were assessed based on the quality of their dissections and were also required to demonstrate the cadaveric dissections to anatomy faculty ...


Anatomical Variations Of The Sciatic Nerve Divisions In Relation To The Piriformis Muscle And Clinical Implications, Jonathan I. Van Erdewyk 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Anatomical Variations Of The Sciatic Nerve Divisions In Relation To The Piriformis Muscle And Clinical Implications, Jonathan I. Van Erdewyk

Theses & Dissertations

The goal of this project was to identify and quantify the anatomical variations of the sciatic nerve divisions in relation to the piriformis muscle and compare the data collected to the primary literature. This was done in an effort to provide awareness of sciatic nerve entrapments within the subgluteal space that may be responsible for posterior hip and buttock pain. While the current means of diagnosis are through physical examination, imaging techniques, and surgery, the results of this present study indicate that new methods of diagnosis need to be explored.


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background

While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease.

Methods

In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


Humor In Medicine: A Literature Review Of Humor’S Potential Therapeutic Value In Health Care, Weston Michael Grant 2017 University of Arkansas

Humor In Medicine: A Literature Review Of Humor’S Potential Therapeutic Value In Health Care, Weston Michael Grant

Psychological Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Using humor and laughter within the health care field has the potential to be relevant to patients during treatment, to the patient-caregiver relationship, to the subjective well-being of health care providers, and to the environments’ (e.g., work settings) impact on group relationships (e.g., colleagues). A review of the literature examines how the psychological and physiological effects of laughter and humor within the human body impact health and well-being, how humor and laughter improve the patient-practitioner relationship, and if humor and laughter can potentially impact physician burnout. Several possible implications for these findings are discussed, such as professional medical ...


The Effects Of Spondylolisthesis On The Human Body, Kayla L. Govoni 2017 The University of Rhode Island

The Effects Of Spondylolisthesis On The Human Body, Kayla L. Govoni

Senior Honors Projects

Spondylolisthesis is a rare and unknown disorder to many. The anatomical perplexity beneath its diagnosis is extensive yet crucial to truly understanding this unique anomaly. As a condition that is too often undistinguished and unexplained to countless, it warrants and demands undisputed attention. Spondylolisthesis is an atypical spinal disorder characterized by one vertebra sliding forward in position over the vertebra below it (Rodts, 2017). The victim of this condition faces excruciating pain radiating throughout one’s lower back and frequently into the lower extremities. In cases of increased severity, individuals pursue a variety of treatment modalities ranging from conservative measures ...


May 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

May 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


High School Student Concussion Recovery Program: Teacher Involvement In Student Academic Transitions To Classroom And To Sports, Brittany Diego 2017 Dominican University of California

High School Student Concussion Recovery Program: Teacher Involvement In Student Academic Transitions To Classroom And To Sports, Brittany Diego

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Many symptoms of concussions can greatly interfere with the cognitive abilities and skills students use in school. Although students may have similar symptoms, they experience concussions differently. Students returning to the classroom from a concussion often have different needs and abilities.

Research shows that a formal, individualized protocol to treat suspected concussions, both academically and physically, is vital to the successful recovery of each student. Much research is available on concussions for professional athletes, specifically related to recovery and returning to their sport. However, there is little research about high school students regarding concussions. Concussion recovery programs for high school ...


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