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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller

Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Understanding adult outcomes of programs aimed at childhood obesity prevention is necessary because parents/caregivers are the most important influence on a child’s physical activity and eating habits. Based on the principles of the social cognitive theory, the iCook 4-H pilot study taught dyads consisting of 9-10 year-old children and their primary meal preparers cooking skills, healthy shopping and meal habits, and easy ways to incorporate physical activity as a family. The program took place in five states, Maine, Nebraska, South Dakota, Tennessee, and West Virginia. In each state, adult-youth dyads (n = 54) were recruited by 4-H programs and ...


A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton III, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams 2014 East Tennessee State University

A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton Iii, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

The Winning With Wellness (WWW) project was a school-based obesity prevention program that was developed to promote healthy eating and physical activity in youth residing in rural Appalachia. The project was based on the Coordinated School Health model (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2013a) and used a community-based participatory research approach with an emphasis on feasibility and sustainability. The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported health outcomes for middle school students across the course of the intervention. Sixth grade middle school students (N = 149; 52% girls) from four schools in Northeast Tennessee completed a survey assessing ...


The Truth About Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Myths Exposed, Caitlynn Oberhausen 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Truth About Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Myths Exposed, Caitlynn Oberhausen

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Children with type 1 diabetes, T1DM, live with a widely misunderstood, chronic disease. The daily management regimens and psychosocial aspect of T1DM bring attention to the child with diabetes. Myths and misconceptions of diabetes management abound. The intent of this research is to address myths and misconceptions by reading a children’s book, written and illustrated by the researcher, to students in grades 3-5 at a local elementary school and measuring change in knowledge with an assessment tool based on book content.


Evaluation Of A Theory-Based Farm To School Program, Rebecca Kent Bishop 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi

Evaluation Of A Theory-Based Farm To School Program, Rebecca Kent Bishop

Master's Theses

Fruit and vegetable (FV) intakes in MS children remain lower than recommended. Theory-based, multi-component nutrition education interventions like Farm to School (F2S) target FV consumption and utilize such interventions to improve children’s dietary behaviors by incorporating nutrition and agriculture education. The current study was designed with Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as its framework. An intervention was implemented to enhance beliefs, norms, and self-efficacy regarding FV, thus potentially increasing the intention to consume more FV. The research objectives of this study are to describe changes over the course of the intervention in (1) nutrition knowledge; (2) norms, beliefs, and ...


Validity And Reliability Testing Of The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Taste And Smell Protocol, Mallory Honda 2014 University of Connecticut

Validity And Reliability Testing Of The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Taste And Smell Protocol, Mallory Honda

Honors Scholar Theses

The NHANES 2011–2014 protocol includes a taste and smell questionnaire (CSQ) in the home interview followed by brief olfactory and taste assessment in mobile exam centers. The CSQ asks self-reported taste and smell ability, and selected symptoms, comorbidities, and treatment for chemosensory disorders. In the taste assessment, participants rate intensities of 1 M NaCl and 1mM quinine hydrochloride applied to the tongue tip and these plus 0.32M NaCl sampled with the whole mouth. Smell function is assessed with two 4-item, scratch-and-sniff tests (Pocket TestsTM (PT), Sensonics, Inc.) to classify normosmia and olfactory dysfunction from microsmia to anosmia ...


The Proliferation Of Diabetes: A Cultural Epidemiological Review Of Type 2 Diabetes In The Global Community, Kelly Heuer 2014 Syracuse University

The Proliferation Of Diabetes: A Cultural Epidemiological Review Of Type 2 Diabetes In The Global Community, Kelly Heuer

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Global diabetes is a serious and growing problem, which has quickly turned into a public health crisis. The rapid spread of type 2 diabetes can be contributed to several different factors, including genetics, environmental influences, poor nutrition habits, and sedentary lifestyle. A large part of the proliferation of this diease is the spread of western culture, specifically diet.

A problem faced when addressing this disease from a global standpoint of prevention, control, and treatment is that type 2 diabetes affects different cultures in different manners around the globe due to differences in risk factors (including genetics, age, race, sex, education ...


Portion Size Selection In Relation To Hemoglobin A1cs, Brian L. Dixon 2014 East Tennessee State University

Portion Size Selection In Relation To Hemoglobin A1cs, Brian L. Dixon

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Obesity has been recognized as an increasing issue within our country. Obesity contributes to many health related issues, including type 2 diabetes mellitus. Portion size is a factor that has generated clinical research interest. The aim of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between management of diabetes measured by hemoglobin A1c and portion size selection for type 2 diabetics. In this study, subjects selected portion sizes of four different foods. Data were compared to recent A1c levels. Due to the small sample size, nonparametric statistical analysis was used. The relationship of grain portion weight selection and ...


Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans That Exert High Antioxidative Activities Using Response Surface Approach, Mohammed Aldawsari 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans That Exert High Antioxidative Activities Using Response Surface Approach, Mohammed Aldawsari

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

The pinto bean has been linked to the prevention of multiple diseases due in large part to the presence of phenolic antioxidants, which are higher in beans than in many fruits and vegetables. These components deliver health properties beyond basic nutritional characteristics by scavenging free oxygen radicals. However, these benefits are most likely due to the ability of these chemically diverse phenols to impart greater protective properties as additives or synergists acting in combination. However, optimal parameters to isolate these compounds (in terms of ratios and types) from a given natural source are not known. Without this knowledge, understanding the ...


No Patient Left Behind, Courtney Bloom RD, LDN, Melissa Faura RD, LDN, Ann Flickinger MS, RD, LDN, Karen A. Yerger RD, LDN 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

No Patient Left Behind, Courtney Bloom Rd, Ldn, Melissa Faura Rd, Ldn, Ann Flickinger Ms, Rd, Ldn, Karen A. Yerger Rd, Ldn

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Teach-Back For Inpatient Nutrition Education: Mission Possible, Melissa Faura RD, LDN, Ann Flickinger MS, RD, LDN, Katherine Lyle MS, RD, LDN 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Teach-Back For Inpatient Nutrition Education: Mission Possible, Melissa Faura Rd, Ldn, Ann Flickinger Ms, Rd, Ldn, Katherine Lyle Ms, Rd, Ldn

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Calculating Value- Added Services Of The Registered Dietitian, Melissa Faura RD, LDN, Ann Flickinger MS, RD, LDN, Kathleen Hanuschak RD, LDN, Krysta Miller RD, LDN, Renee Selby RD, CNSC, LDN 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Calculating Value- Added Services Of The Registered Dietitian, Melissa Faura Rd, Ldn, Ann Flickinger Ms, Rd, Ldn, Kathleen Hanuschak Rd, Ldn, Krysta Miller Rd, Ldn, Renee Selby Rd, Cnsc, Ldn

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Tpn Collaborative: Improving Network Wide Parenteral Nutrition Care, Christina Christianson RD, CNSC, LDN, Anthony Buonanno MD, MBA 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Tpn Collaborative: Improving Network Wide Parenteral Nutrition Care, Christina Christianson Rd, Cnsc, Ldn, Anthony Buonanno Md, Mba

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Status And Anaerobic Performance In Female Collegiate Basketball Players, Anna Krieger 2014 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Status And Anaerobic Performance In Female Collegiate Basketball Players, Anna Krieger

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

This presentation examines the relationship between vitamin D status and anaerobic performance; determines if the temporary deficiency that occurs during the late fall and winter months is associated with decreased anaerobic performance; and examines the efficacy of 2000 IU vitamin D3 daily supplementation to maintain and/or improve vitamin D status in female young adults.


The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, Kathryn E. Brackett 2014 Liberty University

The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, Kathryn E. Brackett

Senior Honors Theses

Abstract

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a worldwide movement started by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) that is aimed at providing hospitals with a certification that guarantees the best possible patient-centered care for mothers and infants. It focuses on breastfeeding as optimal infant nutrition, and implements strategies to encourage and support mothers to breastfeed their infants exclusively for six months after birth. The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are a set of 10 simple, easy to understand guidelines developed by WHO and UNICEF for implementing this initiative in the hospital setting ...


An Analysis Of The Weight Watchers And Atkins Diets: The Effects Of Calorie Restriction And Nutrition Levels, Heather Brown 2014 Liberty University

An Analysis Of The Weight Watchers And Atkins Diets: The Effects Of Calorie Restriction And Nutrition Levels, Heather Brown

Senior Honors Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a calorie-restricted diet versus one with restricted food groups. To accomplish this, a survey with 19 participants, age ranging from 25 to 74 years, was taken for people who attempted Weight Watchers, a calorie-restricted diet, and Atkins, a low-carbohydrate diet. The success rates of each of these diets will be compared and analyzed in this study. Participants reported short-term and long-term weight loss results. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics and two independent t-tests were performed. For short-term weight loss on Atkins, M = 20.25, and on Weight ...


The Use Of Resistant Starch In Colorectal Cancer Prevention, Kylie Thompson, Dana Pralle, Reed Faldet 2014 Iowa State University

The Use Of Resistant Starch In Colorectal Cancer Prevention, Kylie Thompson, Dana Pralle, Reed Faldet

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

With 108,000 new diagnoses each year, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent cancer amongst both genders. Diet, including fiber intake, is a significant factor relating to colorectal cancer risk. Resistant Starch (RS), a type of fiber, escapes normal digestion in the small intestine and is available for bacterial fermentation in the colon, producing short-chain fatty acids. This fermentation is hypothesized to benefit colonic epithelial tissues by inhibiting carcinogenesis in colorectal cells. However, it is not known how much or what type of RS is best for this prevention. Therefore, the purpose of this research project is to ...


Resistant Starch And Type 2 Diabetes, Kelly Grapentine 2014 Iowa State University

Resistant Starch And Type 2 Diabetes, Kelly Grapentine

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an epidemic that is a leading cause of disease or damage to the kidneys in the United States. Renal complications of T2D diabetes include proteinuria and suboptimal 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25D) concentrations in the blood. 25D is the major circulating form of vitamin D and can be converted to 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25D), the active form of vitamin D. Absorption factors in the kidneys determine whether 25D can be activated to 1,25D or returned to circulation. In this study, we utilized Zucker diabetic fatty rats, a model of obesity-related T2D, to determine whether feeding resistant starch ...


Defining Obesity: An Argument For The Social Environment Perspective, Meghan McInnis 2014 Providence College

Defining Obesity: An Argument For The Social Environment Perspective, Meghan Mcinnis

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

It is well documented that obesity is a growing problem in the U.S. and worldwide. By 2010, 35.9% of U.S. adults age 20 and older were obese (Overweight and Obesity, CDC). Obesity has been associated with many health problems, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, stroke, and cardiac disease (Lucey, 2008, p.202). What has just been described is the traditional, medicalized narrative of obesity. In this narrative, obesity is viewed as an epidemic that demands an immediate and widespread response (Lucey, 2008, p.202). The blame is placed largely on individuals, while social factors, such as ...


Vitamin D Deficiency And Possible Risk Factors Among Middle Eastern University Students In London, Ontario, Canada, Amal A. Alshahrani 2014 Western University

Vitamin D Deficiency And Possible Risk Factors Among Middle Eastern University Students In London, Ontario, Canada, Amal A. Alshahrani

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: To investigate vitamin D deficiency in Middle Eastern men and women aged 18-33 years who have immigrated to Canada for 5 years or less and attending Western University by measuring serum vitamin D 25- hydroxyvitamin level.

Hypothesis: Middle Eastern population who has been living in Canada for 5 years or less would commonly have vitamin D deficiency as a result of multiple risk factors.

Methodology: Fifty-one healthy Middle Eastern men and women aged 18-33 years who have been living in Canada for five years or less studying at the University of Western Ontario participated in the study. Serum ...


The Vitamin D Status Of Prison Inmates, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Rosalie Berry, Barbara Colocino, Carlos D. Flores, Kerry Folkman, Thomas Groblewski, Patricia Ruze 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Vitamin D Status Of Prison Inmates, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Rosalie Berry, Barbara Colocino, Carlos D. Flores, Kerry Folkman, Thomas Groblewski, Patricia Ruze

Endocrinology/Diabetes

INTRODUCTION: There is no comprehensive, systematic analysis of the vitamin D status of prisoners in the scientific literature.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the vitamin D status and its determinants in US prison inmates.

HYPOTHESIS: Given the uniformity of dietary intake amongst inmates, vitamin D status will be determined by non-dietary factors such as skin pigmentation, security level-, and the duration of incarceration.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 526 inmates (males, n = 502, age 48.6±12.5 years; females, n = 24, age 44.1±12.2) in Massachusetts prisons. Vitamin D sufficiency, insufficiency, and deficiency were respectively defined as ...


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