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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Awareness, Perception, And Self-Reported Purchasing Behaviors Of College Students Regarding Front-Of-Package Nutrition Labeling Systems And Symbols, Audrey L. Kessler 2016 East Tennessee State University

Awareness, Perception, And Self-Reported Purchasing Behaviors Of College Students Regarding Front-Of-Package Nutrition Labeling Systems And Symbols, Audrey L. Kessler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traditional students enroll in post-secondary institutions during emerging adulthood. College enrollment is increasing and adult weight gain occurs most rapidly during the college-age years, with poor food decisions as a potential contributing factor. The present study examined the awareness, perception, and self-reported purchasing behaviors of college students regarding four front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labeling systems and symbols. Students were sent a 24-question web-based survey, with 908 completed surveys that met the research criteria. There were 888 (98.3%) respondents who recognized at least one of the four presented FOP nutrition labels. There were no significant differences between the groups that recognized ...


An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson

Dissertations

Child obesity is affecting children’s health nationwide. Rates are highest among African Americans (AA) in the South. Research has explored parents’ influence on child eating and activity, but most has reported on mothers’ influences. The purpose of this research was to investigate perceptions about AA fathers’ influences on their children’s eating and physical activity. Using a structured focus group questionnaire based on the parent layer constructs of Birch and Ventura’s Ecological Model for Child Overweight (2009), four focus groups were conducted with 28 AA fathers with children 6- to 11-years-old in a rural and an urban church ...


Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman 2016 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, Lego

Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman

Joan A. Vaccaro

Background: Malnutrition of children in Ghana continues during school years. There is limited information on how school meals meet nutrient recommendations in Ghana.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare energy and nutrient content of meals served by Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) and Non-Governmental School Feeding Programme (NGSFP) and adherence to nutrient recommendations.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study design involving observation of school meals at two sites: GSFP and NGSFP. Average weights of a week’s meal were converted to energy and nutrient equivalence and compared with international recommendations. Differences assessed with t-tests.

Results ...


Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman 2016 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, Lego

Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman

Joan A. Vaccaro

Background: Malnutrition of children in Ghana continues during school years. There is limited information on how school meals meet nutrient recommendations in Ghana.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare energy and nutrient content of meals served by Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) and Non-Governmental School Feeding Programme (NGSFP) and adherence to nutrient recommendations.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study design involving observation of school meals at two sites: GSFP and NGSFP. Average weights of a week’s meal were converted to energy and nutrient equivalence and compared with international recommendations. Differences assessed with t-tests.

Results ...


The Artificial Nutrition Debate: Still An Issue…After All These Years, Cheryl Monturo 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The Artificial Nutrition Debate: Still An Issue…After All These Years, Cheryl Monturo

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Food, Meaning And Identity Among Aging Veterans At End Of Life, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Food, Meaning And Identity Among Aging Veterans At End Of Life, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


A.S.P.E.N. Ethics Position Paper, Albert Barrocas, Cynthia Geppert, Sharon M. Durfee, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet, Cheryl Monturo, Charles Mueller, Kathleen Stratton, Christina Valentine, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors 2016 West Chester University of PA

A.S.P.E.N. Ethics Position Paper, Albert Barrocas, Cynthia Geppert, Sharon M. Durfee, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet, Cheryl Monturo, Charles Mueller, Kathleen Stratton, Christina Valentine, A.S.P.E.N. Board Of Directors

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Artificial Nutrition, Advance Directives And End Of Life In Nursing Homes, Cheryl Ann Monturo 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Artificial Nutrition, Advance Directives And End Of Life In Nursing Homes, Cheryl Ann Monturo

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Advance Directives At End-Of-Life: Nursing Home Resident Preferences For Artificial Nutrition, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Advance Directives At End-Of-Life: Nursing Home Resident Preferences For Artificial Nutrition, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora 2016 Ursinus College

Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora

Business and Economics Summer Fellows

In 2010, President Obama signed the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act, establishing a monetary incentive for schools that served meals following a more rigorous nutritional requirement than standard guidelines. This act is a step in the right direction towards placing more importance on school lunches, however America’s lunchroom practices continue to be environmentally unsustainable, and students absorb this message. The production and transportation of processed cafeteria food contributes to climate change, its packaging is polluting, and its consumption contributes to obesity. The use of premade foods and sales from vending machines increase as lunch times grow ever shorter. In ...


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Eating Healthfully, Ben G. Zimmerman 2016 Prof. Emeritus

Eating Healthfully, Ben G. Zimmerman

Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays

Ideas and/or diets for either normal weight maintenance or to lose weight are presented. Works by Michael Pollan, Mark Bittman, and Dr. Robert Atkins are mainly considered. Pollan describes and critiques the method of meat production by corn feeding of cattle in feedlots which has replaced meat produced from grass grazing animals. He lists criteria to use for choosing healthy food and why he became a vegetarian. His do’s and don’ts sum up some of his thinking. A dietary scheme of vegan before 6 PM and more typical food afterwards is how Bittman views a plan for ...


Exploring The Feasibility Of An Academic Course That Provides Nutrition Education To Collegiate Student-Athletes, Christine Karpinski 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Exploring The Feasibility Of An Academic Course That Provides Nutrition Education To Collegiate Student-Athletes, Christine Karpinski

Christine Karpinski

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman 2016 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, Lego

Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

Background: Malnutrition of children in Ghana continues during school years. There is limited information on how school meals meet nutrient recommendations in Ghana.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare energy and nutrient content of meals served by Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) and Non-Governmental School Feeding Programme (NGSFP) and adherence to nutrient recommendations.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study design involving observation of school meals at two sites: GSFP and NGSFP. Average weights of a week’s meal were converted to energy and nutrient equivalence and compared with international recommendations. Differences assessed with t-tests.

Results ...


Exploring Body Mass Index Changes In Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients, Raquel E. Thomas, Corrine Hanson, Glenda Woscyna, Brian D. Lowes 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Exploring Body Mass Index Changes In Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients, Raquel E. Thomas, Corrine Hanson, Glenda Woscyna, Brian D. Lowes

The VAD Journal

Background: Current treatment options for end-stage heart failure, such as transplantation, can be limited by obesity guidelines. Mechanical devices such as Left Ventricular Assistive Devices (LVAD) can bridge heart failure patients to transplantation, however, after implantation; some patients may experience weight gain that precludes them from transplantation. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate weight changes after the implantation of an LVAD.

Methods: A retrospective review of 130 patients receiving an LVAD were divided into two groups based on BMI at the time of implantation: obese (>30 kg/m2) and non-obese (/m2). Patients were evaluated at ...


Community-Based Participatory Research To Promote Healthy Diet And Nutrition And Prevent And Control Obesity Among African Americans: A Literature Review, Steven Coughlin, Selina Smith 2016 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Community-Based Participatory Research To Promote Healthy Diet And Nutrition And Prevent And Control Obesity Among African Americans: A Literature Review, Steven Coughlin, Selina Smith

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches for promoting healthy diet, nutrition, and preventing and controlling obesity in African American communities was systematically reviewed.

CBPR studies of diet, nutrition, and weight management among African Americans were identified from 1989 through October 31, 2015 using PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH term and keyword searches.

A total of 16 CBPR studies on healthy diet, nutrition, and weight management among African Americans were identified; outcome evaluation results were available for all but two. Of the remaining 14 studies, 11 focused on adults, 1 on children, and 2 on both children and ...


Plasma Plp Concentration And Depressive Symptomatology, Over Time, In Older Latino Adults, Sandra P. Arévalo, Tammy Scott, Luis M. Falcón, Katherine L. Tucker 2016 University of Massachusetts at Lowell

Plasma Plp Concentration And Depressive Symptomatology, Over Time, In Older Latino Adults, Sandra P. Arévalo, Tammy Scott, Luis M. Falcón, Katherine L. Tucker

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Low vitamin B-6 status has been linked to depressive symptomatology. However, most studies have been cross-sectional and may not have controlled for relevant confounders. Few studies have examined this association in Latino populations at high risk for major depression.

Design: We used two-level hierarchical linear regression models (HLM) for continuous outcomes. Level-1 data included three measures of participant’s depressive symptomatology collected at baseline, 2y follow-up and 5y follow-up. Participants constituted level-2 data. Vitamin B-6 was associated with depressive symptomatology across these time points.

Objective: We examined the longitudinal association of vitamin B-6 status with depressive symptomatology across 3 ...


Race/Sex Group Modification Of The Association Between Allostatic Load And Depression: Findings From The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010, Ganga Bey, Sharina D. Person 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Race/Sex Group Modification Of The Association Between Allostatic Load And Depression: Findings From The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010, Ganga Bey, Sharina D. Person

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objective: We assessed whether the relationship between depression and chronic stress as measured in allostatic load (AL) differs by race and sex among US black and white adults.

Methods: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010, we examined race/sex modification of the relationship between AL and depression in black and white women and men aged 18-64 years (n=6431). AL scores, ranging from 0-9, were calculated using 9 cardiovascular, metabolic, and immunologic biomarkers; scores ≥ 4 were considered “high-risk”. Depression was assessed using the PHQ-9; scores ≥ 10 indicate clinical depression. Logistic regression models estimated odds ...


A Non-Restrictive Weight Loss Diet Focused On Increasing Fiber And Lean Protein: Results Of A Pilot Trial, Lijuan Zhang, Sherry L. Pagoto, Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda C. Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Non-Restrictive Weight Loss Diet Focused On Increasing Fiber And Lean Protein: Results Of A Pilot Trial, Lijuan Zhang, Sherry L. Pagoto, Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda C. Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objective. The vast majority of diets are not only multicomponent but also restrictive. Dietary fiber or protein can reduce hunger and enhance satiety; they also exert clinical benefits. We examined feasibility and acceptability of a non-restrictive diet combining the two for weight loss.

Population and Methods. Fifteen patients were enrolled in the trial (2 men, 13 women, mean age=48 y and mean BMI = 36 kg/m2) to attend 6 bi-weekly individual counselling sessions for the diet during the 12-week study period. The goals of the intervention were to attain a daily goal of higher fiber (>35g)/ and lean protein ...


Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Meeting 5-2-1-0 Recommendations Among Adolescents In The United States, Christina Haughton, Stephenie C. Lemon 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Meeting 5-2-1-0 Recommendations Among Adolescents In The United States, Christina Haughton, Stephenie C. Lemon

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

BACKGROUND: Obesity prevention has become a major focus of public health efforts in the United States. The Federal Government set forth national nutrition and physical activity recommendations to prevent obesity and promote well-being among children. A succinct message developed through a program in Maine “Let’s Go! 5-2-1-0” summarizes these obesity prevention behaviors including ≥5 fruit and vegetables, ≤2 hours of screen time, ≥1 hour of physical activity, and 0 sugar sweetened beverages daily. The study evaluates racial/ethnic disparities among adolescents meeting the 5-2-1-0 targets in a nationally representative sample.

METHODS: The 2011-2012 NHANES dataset was used to conduct ...


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