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Improving Dental Care To The Elderly In A Nursing Home, Cara M. Licavoli 2015 University of San Francisco

Improving Dental Care To The Elderly In A Nursing Home, Cara M. Licavoli

Master's Projects

The project is about the collaboration between Peninsula Health Care District (PHCD) and Apple Tree Dental (ATD) in a team approach to address the current issues of improving dental care of frail and elderly patients in nursing home facilities. The specific aim is to improve dental care of clients at the San Mateo County nursing home facility by 100% by May, 2015. The methods use in this project was the adaptation and implementation of existing dental/oral health assessment tools, that is nurse driven for patient assessment upon admission to the nursing facility. The process includes staff education regarding the ...


A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher 2015 Wofford College

A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher

Student Scholarship

A growing concern throughout the world, especially the United States, is the health of our population. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) performed in 2009-2010, approximately 35% of both men and women in the United States are obese (Flegal, 2012). In 2005, more than 300,000 deaths in the United States were attributed to obesity. However, the World Health Organization listed obesity as one of ten most preventable health risks (Wilborn, 2005).
Why, then, do we as a society struggle so much with our weight? Some, such as Swinburn, believe this trend of obesity can be ...


Assessing The Nutrition Knowledge And Body Image Perceptions Of Minority Freshman At East Tennessee State University, Michele L. Becerra 2015 East Tennessee State University

Assessing The Nutrition Knowledge And Body Image Perceptions Of Minority Freshman At East Tennessee State University, Michele L. Becerra

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The health status of African American and Hispanic communities is in need of intervention. These minority groups have a health disparity gap from other races. The incidences of hypertension, diabetes, and obesity are greater in the African American and Hispanic communities. There is a need to continue addressing the specific health issues, along with ideas of body perception, plaguing the African American and Hispanic populations in the United States. Such disparities typically include those who follow “western” diets, have a lack of exercise, are predisposed to chronic illness, as well as have a need for continuous education of the subject ...


Oral Wellness: Using Occupational Therapy To Enhance Oral Hygiene Delivery In Long-Term Care, Lauryn J. Banovitz, Liberty Bellah, Rosemarie Lion 2015 Dominican University of California

Oral Wellness: Using Occupational Therapy To Enhance Oral Hygiene Delivery In Long-Term Care, Lauryn J. Banovitz, Liberty Bellah, Rosemarie Lion

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Based on current literature, oral health in long-term care (LTC) facilities is frequently of low priority and does not follow evidence-based best practices. Poor oral health reduces the quality of life of older adult residents and patients and can lead to systemic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, and pneumonia, the leading cause of death in LTC. Occupational therapists can play an instrumental role as oral care consultants, and educators, and can act as resource guides to raise the standards of oral care in LTC facilities.

This capstone project explored ways in which occupational therapy, a profession traditionally designated for ...


Anti-Inflammatory Diet For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd-Aid), Anne Barnard, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kathryn Post, Rachel Erdil, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Anne Foley, David R. Cave 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anti-Inflammatory Diet For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd-Aid), Anne Barnard, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kathryn Post, Rachel Erdil, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Anne Foley, David R. Cave

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, which have increasingly been linked to dysbiosis, or an imbalance in the gut microbiome. Standard of care for IBD involves an often-evolving combination of anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and immunomodulatory medications; however, the pharmacological approach is never curative, and medications routinely become ineffective for individual patients. Partially fueled by the increasing inadequacy of pharmacologic treatment regimens, there is emerging interest from patients regarding diet and its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory diseases, demanding more in-depth and ...


Comparison Of Body Composition Assessment Techniques In Older Adult Females, Lauren Yacapraro 2015 Bowling Green State University

Comparison Of Body Composition Assessment Techniques In Older Adult Females, Lauren Yacapraro

Honors Projects

Comparison of Body Composition Assessment Techniques in Older Adult Females

Introduction: As the aging population increases, the need for accurate assessment of chronic disease risk also increases. There is considerable debate over the best way to assess this risk. BMI is a weight-to-height ratio that is commonly used to assess adiposity and obesity related risk. However, it does not differentiate lean (i.e., muscle and bone) versus fat mass – the true predictors of obesity-related diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease and diabetes). This is prevalent in post-menopausal women who often experience age-related gains in fat mass and losses in lean mass ...


The Influence Of Stress, Gender, And Culture On Type 2 Diabetes Prevention And Management Among Black Men: A Qualitative Analysis, A. H. Seawell, Tera R. Hurt, Margaret C. Shirley 2015 Grinnell College

The Influence Of Stress, Gender, And Culture On Type 2 Diabetes Prevention And Management Among Black Men: A Qualitative Analysis, A. H. Seawell, Tera R. Hurt, Margaret C. Shirley

Human Development and Family Studies Publications and Papers

This study used focus-group methodology to seek understanding about the unique influence of stress, gender, and culture on type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2dm) prevention and management among Black men. Twenty men from Iowa were recruited from a larger longitudinal study on Black families; each of these men participated in one of three focus groups. Ninety-five percent of the men in the sample were Black and all were either diagnosed with t2dm (n = 10), were prediabetic (n = 1), or had experience with t2dm through family and friends (n = 9). Our results revealed the existence of significant stress and some pessimism with ...


Diet Quality And History Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Childbearing Women, United States, 2007-2010, Rui Sherry Xiao, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Sharina D. Person, Robert J. Goldberg, Molly E. Waring 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Diet Quality And History Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Childbearing Women, United States, 2007-2010, Rui Sherry Xiao, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Sharina D. Person, Robert J. Goldberg, Molly E. Waring

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

INTRODUCTION: Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Diet quality plays an important role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. We compared diet quality among childbearing women with a history of GDM with the diet quality of childbearing women without a history of GDM.

METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2007 through 2010. We included women without diabetes aged 20 to 44 years whose most recent live infant was born within the previous 10 years and who completed two 24-hour dietary recalls ...


Food Addiction: Fact Or Fiction?, Mary Lou Gies, Tina Harkins, Edie Goldbacher 2015 La Salle University

Food Addiction: Fact Or Fiction?, Mary Lou Gies, Tina Harkins, Edie Goldbacher

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


Can Consumers Perceive A Difference In Quality When Comparing Whole-Grain Gluten-Free Baked Goods To Refined Gluten-Free Baked Goods At Varying Flour Levels, Jenna R. Carlson 2015 Eastern Illinois University

Can Consumers Perceive A Difference In Quality When Comparing Whole-Grain Gluten-Free Baked Goods To Refined Gluten-Free Baked Goods At Varying Flour Levels, Jenna R. Carlson

Masters Theses

The prevalence of celiac disease and gluten intolerances has increased drastically in the last few decades, accounting for 1 in 100 individuals, or about 1% of Americans (Mager, Qiao, & Turner, 2012). The only treatment for celiac disease or any other gluten intolerance is the gluten-free diet. The gluten-free diet can lack many essential nutrients. The purpose of this research was to identify if consumers could perceive a difference in quality when comparing whole-grain gluten-free baked goods to refined gluten-free baked goods at varying flour levels of 20%, 50%, and 100%.

The researcher-developed Carlson Acceptability of Gluten-Free Baked Goods Survey was ...


Clinician Attitudes Concerning Ethical Practice In Nutrition Care: A.S.P.E.N Member Perspective (Abstract), Nader Armanios, Denise Baird Schwartz, David August, Eric Frankel, Elizabeth Sussman, Cheryl Monturo, Alessandro Pontes-Arruda 2015 California State University - Northridge

Clinician Attitudes Concerning Ethical Practice In Nutrition Care: A.S.P.E.N Member Perspective (Abstract), Nader Armanios, Denise Baird Schwartz, David August, Eric Frankel, Elizabeth Sussman, Cheryl Monturo, Alessandro Pontes-Arruda

Nursing Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Nuevas Reglas Para La Utilización De Las Menciones “Muy Bajo En Gluten” Y “Sin Gluten” En El Etiquetado Y La Publicidad De Los Alimentos, Luis González Vaqué 2015 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

Nuevas Reglas Para La Utilización De Las Menciones “Muy Bajo En Gluten” Y “Sin Gluten” En El Etiquetado Y La Publicidad De Los Alimentos, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

Sin duda alguna, el Reglamento de ejecución (UE) nº 828/2014 de la Comisión regula una materia muy sensible pues afecta a los celíacos, que padecen una intolerancia permanente al gluten: se ha demostrado científicamente que el trigo (es decir, todas las especies "Triticum", tales como el trigo duro, la espelta y el trigo khorasan), el centeno y la cebada contienen gluten y el gluten de estos cereales puede provocar efectos adversos para la salud en las personas intolerantes al gluten, que, por lo tanto, deben evitar consumirlo.

There is no doubt that Commission Implementing Regulation No 828/2014 regulates ...


United States Food Insecurity And The Need For Improved Nutrition And Additional Nutrition Education In Local Food Assistance Programs, Carissa Hohider, Elizabeth Sain 2015 Honors College Research

United States Food Insecurity And The Need For Improved Nutrition And Additional Nutrition Education In Local Food Assistance Programs, Carissa Hohider, Elizabeth Sain

Honors Research Projects

No abstract provided.


Food Security Factors Affect Growth In Young Children In An Ecuadorian Indigenous Community, Whitney Jeannine Asher 2015 University of Kentucky

Food Security Factors Affect Growth In Young Children In An Ecuadorian Indigenous Community, Whitney Jeannine Asher

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Inadequate nutrition in preschool-aged children in an urban indigenous community outside of Santo Domingo, Ecuador has a negative impact on growth and development. Nutritional assessments have shown that children are underweight and that there are some effects of stunting and wasting in the population. This study was conducted to assess the extent of food security in this indigenous community in preparation for addressing two of the Millennium Development Goals for 2015: reducing the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds and eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. An aim was to validate on-site assessment measures in this indigenous community regarding geographic circumstances ...


Coronary Heart Disease Prevention With A Focus On Diet Modifications In Female College Students At A Local Community College, Traci N. Spitzmiller 2014 Cedarville University

Coronary Heart Disease Prevention With A Focus On Diet Modifications In Female College Students At A Local Community College, Traci N. Spitzmiller

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

In the United States, cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in women. The most common and deadly form of cardiovascular disease is coronary heart disease (CHD). Many coronary heart preventive education awareness programs focus on the adult women population (40 years old >). By that time, many previous lifestyle choices such as poor dietary choices have contributed to the development of risk factors for developing CHD. Young college women (18-24 years old) have the ability to implement healthy diet choices, which in turn will help to decrease their risk for CHD development. Sinclair Community College is located in ...


Nutrition And Cancer, Angela Beeler, Katherine Saunders, Alexis Penney, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nutrition And Cancer, Angela Beeler, Katherine Saunders, Alexis Penney, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents a summary of the nutritional concerns in oncology patients. Nutritional intake is frequently deficient in patients undergoing cancer treatment and should be assessed and treated. There are unique nutritional needs of the patient based on their site of cancer and effects of their particular treatment. There is little evidence that dietary manipulation or supplementation can produce a significant decrease in cancer risk.


Discordant Documentation Of Obesity Body Mass Index And Obesity Diagnosis In Electronic Medical Records, Jennifer T. Fink, George L. Morris III, Maharaj Singh, David A. Nelson, Renee E. Walker, Ron A. Cisler 2014 Aurora Health Care

Discordant Documentation Of Obesity Body Mass Index And Obesity Diagnosis In Electronic Medical Records, Jennifer T. Fink, George L. Morris Iii, Maharaj Singh, David A. Nelson, Renee E. Walker, Ron A. Cisler

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study examined concordance between presence of obesity body mass index (BMI), defined as BMI ≥ 30, in the patient’s electronic medical record (EMR) and a documented diagnosis of obesity.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the EMR in a large health care system for a 1-year period (2012). A total of 397,313 patients met the study criteria of having at least one physician visit, being at least 18 years of age, and not being pregnant. Of those, 158,327 (40%) had a recorded BMI ≥ 30. We examined the EMR of these obese patients to determine whether ...


Lifestyle Behaviors And Self-Rated Health: The Living For Health Program, Gustavo G. Zarini, Joan A. Vaccaro, Maria A. Canossa Terris, Joel C. Exebio, Laura Tokayer, Janet Antwi, Sahar Ajabshirt, Amanpreet Cheema, Fatma G. Huffman 2014 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University

Lifestyle Behaviors And Self-Rated Health: The Living For Health Program, Gustavo G. Zarini, Joan A. Vaccaro, Maria A. Canossa Terris, Joel C. Exebio, Laura Tokayer, Janet Antwi, Sahar Ajabshirt, Amanpreet Cheema, Fatma G. Huffman

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

Background. Lack of adherence to dietary and physical activity guidelines has been linked to an increase in chronic diseases in the United States (US). The aim of this study was to assess the association of lifestyle behaviors with self-rated health (SRH). Methods. This cross-sectional study used self-reported data from Living for Health Program ( 1,701) which was conducted from 2008 to 2012 in 190 health fair events in South Florida, US. Results. Significantly higher percent of females as compared to males were classified as obese (35.4% versus 27.0%), reported poor/fair SRH (23.4% versus 15.0%), and ...


Biofeedback Relaxation Techniques In Addressing Cortex-Hypothalamus Control Loop For Motivation Of Obesity Avoidance, Liljana Bozinovska, Ahmed Majekodunmi 2014 South Carolina State University

Biofeedback Relaxation Techniques In Addressing Cortex-Hypothalamus Control Loop For Motivation Of Obesity Avoidance, Liljana Bozinovska, Ahmed Majekodunmi

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

This research explores how the achievement motivation pathway in the cortex influences hypothalamic activity, which could influence appetite control and obesity avoidance. The objective was to examine the sympathetic/parasympathetic feedback loop, and the influence of various biofeedback relaxation techniques on lowering heart rate (HR) and electrodermal activity (EDA). The methodology used was a standard biofeedback mechanism with visual representation of the measured physiological parameters. The feedforward part of the said feedback loop is controlled by hypothalamus while the feedback part is evaluated by the cortex. The participants were young adults and the sample size was ten. The results revealed ...


Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller

Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Understanding adult outcomes of programs aimed at childhood obesity prevention is necessary because parents/caregivers are the most important influence on a child’s physical activity and eating habits. Based on the principles of the social cognitive theory, the iCook 4-H pilot study taught dyads consisting of 9-10 year-old children and their primary meal preparers cooking skills, healthy shopping and meal habits, and easy ways to incorporate physical activity as a family. The program took place in five states, Maine, Nebraska, South Dakota, Tennessee, and West Virginia. In each state, adult-youth dyads (n = 54) were recruited by 4-H programs and ...


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