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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Validation Of A Revised Food Frequency Questionnaire In A Population Of Elderly Men And Women With Fragility Fractures And Correlation With Bone Mineral Density And Biochemical Markers, Laura Graeff-Armas 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Validation Of A Revised Food Frequency Questionnaire In A Population Of Elderly Men And Women With Fragility Fractures And Correlation With Bone Mineral Density And Biochemical Markers, Laura Graeff-Armas

Theses & Dissertations

Assessing food intake is important to estimate nutrient intake and counsel patients regarding their diet patterns and supplement use. The purpose of this study was to revise a validated Block Calcium/Vitamin D Screener to include protein for use in elderly patients with a history of fragility fracture. The Block Calcium/Vitamin D Screener food list was refined by adding protein foods and culling the calcium and vitamin D food items based on 2003-2006 NHANES survey. A nutrient database for the revised FFQ was developed from the United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Nutrient Database. Validation of ...


The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Effect Of High Intensity Ultrasound On The Crystallization Behavior Of Interesterified Fats, Jeta Vijay Kadamne 2018 Utah State University

Effect Of High Intensity Ultrasound On The Crystallization Behavior Of Interesterified Fats, Jeta Vijay Kadamne

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The process of partial hydrogenation produces trans fats and the fats that undergo this process are called partially hydrogenated fats (PHF). Clinical studies have shown a strong association between PHF and coronary heart diseases. In 2015 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration removed the Generally recognized as safe or "GRAS" status of PHF. These fats were used in confectionary, margarines, shortenings, doughnuts, cookies, cakes, etc. The PHF serve a function in food by providing a higher shelf life and a desired harder structure due to their higher melting point. Hence, the food industry is currently looking for PHF alternatives ...


Effects Of Mitochondrial Nadp+-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Deficiency On Fructose-Induced Obesity In Mice, Allison Michelle Montalbano, Kaleigh Elizabeth Beane 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Mitochondrial Nadp+-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Deficiency On Fructose-Induced Obesity In Mice, Allison Michelle Montalbano, Kaleigh Elizabeth Beane

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Obesity prevalence in the United States continues to increase and is associated with health consequences such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia. Among many contributing factors to obesity, fructose may be one of the major reasons as it disrupts the antioxidant system thereby resulting in an accumulation of reactive oxidative species and leading to obese conditions. The enzyme, isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2), reduces nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate from the TCA Cycle, hence might be implicated with not only energy metabolism but also cellular redox homeostasis. Therefore, the hypothesis was that IDH2 deficiency in mice would exacerbate hepatic lipid ...


The Sensory And Textural Evaluation Of A St. Louis Style Butter Cake Made With Greek Yogurt As A Fat Replacer, Caprisse Johnson 2018 Murray State University

The Sensory And Textural Evaluation Of A St. Louis Style Butter Cake Made With Greek Yogurt As A Fat Replacer, Caprisse Johnson

Scholars Week

In modern America, many nutrition-related health issues are on the rise, including diabetes, obesity, and heart disease. Many nutrition professionals link the rise in these three diseases to the Western Diet, which includes a high fat and sugar content within its foods. Due to the increased consumption of this diet high in sugar and fat, obesity, heart disease, and diabetes rates seem to be rising. However, many people who eat this diet and are at risk for these complications, hesitate to change their diet because they feel that healthier alternatives bland in flavor or have a repugnant taste when compared ...


April 2018, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2018 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

April 2018, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Relationship Among Role Models, Physical Activity And Dietary Behaviors Among Young Adults Enrolled In A Weight Management Trial, Rachel Ingersoll, Meghan Mavredes, Melissa Napolitano 2018 George Washington University

Exploring The Relationship Among Role Models, Physical Activity And Dietary Behaviors Among Young Adults Enrolled In A Weight Management Trial, Rachel Ingersoll, Meghan Mavredes, Melissa Napolitano

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background. Role models can have a profound impact on an individual’s development and lifelong behaviors. However, there are gaps in research when it comes to the impact of role models among young adults, particularly related to health behaviors. Previous research has primarily focused on youth, leaving a gap of knowledge surrounding the developmental life stage of young adulthood. Little research has been done examining health risk behaviors such as physical inactivity and unhealthy dietary practices. It is important for young adults to develop healthy habits in college, for many habits will follow young adults into their adult lifespan.

Purpose ...


Dietary Habits And Lifestyle In School-Aged Children From Bucharest, Romania, Anca Pantea Stoian, Liliana F. Andronache, Razvan Hainarosie, Dan N. Paduraru, Cristinel D. Badiu, Andreea Arsene, Claudia Mehedintu, Georgiana Ditu, Silviu M. Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Mihaela Oros, Cornelia Nitipir 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Disease

Dietary Habits And Lifestyle In School-Aged Children From Bucharest, Romania, Anca Pantea Stoian, Liliana F. Andronache, Razvan Hainarosie, Dan N. Paduraru, Cristinel D. Badiu, Andreea Arsene, Claudia Mehedintu, Georgiana Ditu, Silviu M. Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Mihaela Oros, Cornelia Nitipir

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Background. This study evaluated the difference between boys and girls in terms of nutritional status, lifestyle, and dietary habits during school life.

Materials and Methods. A descriptive and observational study was conducted in 2016, in which 251 children, aged 7-17, from 3 elementary schools and a high school inBucharest,Romania, were evaluated. A questionnaire was used to assess food behavior, eating, and lifestyle habits.

Results. Boys had a significantly higher waist circumference (71.18±9) than girls (67.46±9.91) (p=0.004). Thus 27% of boys were overweight or obese compared with only 22% of the girls. Differences ...


The Effects Of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation As An Ergogenic Aid On Ncaa Division Female Soccer Players, Hannah Cooper, Susan E. Helm PhD 2018 Pepperdine University

The Effects Of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation As An Ergogenic Aid On Ncaa Division Female Soccer Players, Hannah Cooper, Susan E. Helm Phd

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Undergraduate Research


March 2018, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2018 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

March 2018, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Nutrinews Volume 38, March 2018, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of North Florida 2018 University of North Florida

Nutrinews Volume 38, March 2018, Department Of Nutrition And Dietetics, University Of North Florida

NutriNews

This issue features The Ketogenic Diet, Cool off with a Banana! and Happy Meals Fuel Happy Kids.


Coffee Drinking And Leukocyte Telomere Length: A Meta-Analysis, Bella Kotlyar 2018 Yale University

Coffee Drinking And Leukocyte Telomere Length: A Meta-Analysis, Bella Kotlyar

Yale Day of Data

Telomeres are long tandem nucleotide repeats responsible for maintaining chromosomal integrity. They shorten with each cell division, serving as markers for cellular aging and replicative ability, and shorter telomere length has been associated with greater risk of various chronic diseases of aging. There is increasing interest in the relationship between telomere length and lifestyle factors, such as components of the diet, that are associated with age-related chronic diseases, like cancer and diabetes.

There is mounting evidence that coffee, one of the most commonly consumed beverages in the world, has potential protective effects against chronic disease and mortality. Few studies have ...


Phosphofructokinase And Mitochondria Partially Explain The High Ultimate Ph Of Broiler Pectoralis Major Muscle, Sulaiman K. Matarneh, Con-Ning Yen, Jennifer M. Elgin, Mariane Beline, Saulo da Luz e Silva, Jordan C. Wicks, Eric M. England, Rami A. Dalloul, Michael E. Persia, Islam I. Omara, Hao Shi, David E. Gerrard 2018 Utah State University

Phosphofructokinase And Mitochondria Partially Explain The High Ultimate Ph Of Broiler Pectoralis Major Muscle, Sulaiman K. Matarneh, Con-Ning Yen, Jennifer M. Elgin, Mariane Beline, Saulo Da Luz E Silva, Jordan C. Wicks, Eric M. England, Rami A. Dalloul, Michael E. Persia, Islam I. Omara, Hao Shi, David E. Gerrard

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

During postmortem metabolism, muscle pH gradually declines to reach an ultimate pH near 5.6 across most meat species. Yet, broiler pectoralis major (P. major) muscle generates meat with high ultimate pH (pH ∼ 5.9). For better understanding of the underlying mechanism responsible for this phenomenon, we evaluated the involvement of breast muscle chilling on the extent of postmortem metabolism. Broiler breast muscles were either subjected to chilling treatment (control) or left at room temperature (RT) for 120 min. P. major muscle from the RT treatment had lower ultimate pH, greater glycogen degradation and lactate accumulation. While these findings suggest ...


A Plant-Based Dietary Intervention Improves Beta-Cell Function And Insulin Resistance In Overweight Adults: A 16-Week Randomized Clinical Trial., Hana Kahleova, Andrea Tura, Martin Hill, Richard Holubkov, Neal D Barnard 2018 George Washington University

A Plant-Based Dietary Intervention Improves Beta-Cell Function And Insulin Resistance In Overweight Adults: A 16-Week Randomized Clinical Trial., Hana Kahleova, Andrea Tura, Martin Hill, Richard Holubkov, Neal D Barnard

Medicine Faculty Publications

The aim of this study was to test the effect of a plant-based dietary intervention on beta-cell function in overweight adults with no history of diabetes. Participants (n = 75) were randomized to follow a low-fat plant-based diet (n = 38) or to make no diet changes (n = 37) for 16 weeks. At baseline and 16 weeks, beta-cell function was quantified with a mathematical model. Using a standard meal test, insulin secretory rate was calculated by C-peptide deconvolution. The Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) index was used to assess insulin resistance while fasting. A marked increase in meal-stimulated insulin secretion was observed in ...


What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal 2018 Bond University

What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Aim

Funding cuts to the aged care industry impact catering budgets and aged care staffing levels, which may in turn affect the nutritional status of aged care residents. This paper reports average food expenditure and trends in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs).

Methods

This is a retrospective study collecting RACFs’ economic outlay data through a quarterly online survey conducted over the 2015 and 2016 financial years.

Results

Data were compiled from 817 RACFs, representing 64 256 residential beds and 23 million bed-days Australia-wide. The average total spend in Australian Dollars (AUD) on catering consumables (including cutlery/crockery, supplements, paper ...


Nutrinews, Volume 37, February, 2018, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of North Florida 2018 University of North Florida

Nutrinews, Volume 37, February, 2018, Department Of Nutrition And Dietetics, University Of North Florida

NutriNews

This issue features Social Influences maybe holding you back from your goals, Nutri Recipes featuring recipes that follow the Mediterranean Diet


February 2018, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2018 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

February 2018, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Facilitating Factors And Barriers To Weight Management In Women: Physician Perspectives, Renee E. Walker, Jennifer Kusch, Jennifer T. Fink, David A. Nelson, George Morris III, Jessica Skalla, Ron A. Cisler 2018 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Facilitating Factors And Barriers To Weight Management In Women: Physician Perspectives, Renee E. Walker, Jennifer Kusch, Jennifer T. Fink, David A. Nelson, George Morris Iii, Jessica Skalla, Ron A. Cisler

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The complexity of addressing overweight and obesity in women has been an ongoing public health and health care challenge. While the mechanism for addressing overweight and obesity in women remains unclear, it has been speculated that disparities in overweight and obesity by race and gender contribute to the complexity. The purpose of the present study was to examine perceptions of primary care physicians when discussing weight management with their patients.

Methods: We conducted focus group discussions exploring facilitators and barriers to discussing weight management and weight loss among women patients. Participants included 18 family medicine and internal medicine physicians ...


Backpacks: A Program For Improving Children’S Readiness To Learn And Family Food Security, Lauri Wright 2018 University of North Florida

Backpacks: A Program For Improving Children’S Readiness To Learn And Family Food Security, Lauri Wright

Showcase of Faculty Scholarly & Creative Activity

An increasing gap has been seen between the government food assistance programs and need. One program filling the deficit is Feeding America’s BackPack Program. The Backpack provides nutritious food to children to eat on the weekends when they may not have access to an adequate amount of food. This study evaluated the impact of the program on children’s food security, readiness to learn, and behavioral and mental health. A mixed methodology was utilized. Results showed improved food security and increased readiness to learn among participants. BackPack may be an effective program for meeting the gap in food assistance.


The Association Of Dietary Quality With Colorectal Cancer Among Normal Weight, Overweight And Obese Men And Women: A Prospective Longitudinal Study In The Usa, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Molly E. Waring, Sarah L. Cutrona, Catarina I. Kiefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Chyke A. Doubeni 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Association Of Dietary Quality With Colorectal Cancer Among Normal Weight, Overweight And Obese Men And Women: A Prospective Longitudinal Study In The Usa, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Molly E. Waring, Sarah L. Cutrona, Catarina I. Kiefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Chyke A. Doubeni

Jeroan J. Allison

OBJECTIVE: Lower body mass index (BMI) and higher dietary quality reduce the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). A full understanding of how these associations vary by sex and weight is lacking.

METHODS: We used data from the National Institutes of Health - American Association of Retired Persons (NIH)-AARP) Diet and Health Study for 398 458 persons who were 50-71 years old in 1995-1996 and followed through 2006. Exposures were dietary quality as reflected by the Mediterranean Diet, the Healthy Eating Index-2010 and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension score, stratified by BMI category. The outcome was CRC diagnosis from cancer ...


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