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Teacher Evaluation Of An Integrated Nutrition Curriculum For Mississippi Schools, Janiya A. Davis 2020 University of Mississippi

Teacher Evaluation Of An Integrated Nutrition Curriculum For Mississippi Schools, Janiya A. Davis

Honors Theses

The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has more than tripled over the last four decades from 5 percent in 1978 to 18.5 percent in 2016, and according to the Mississippi Obesity Action Plan, 40.4% of Mississippi elementary school children (grades K-5) were either overweight or obese. Some reports have suggested that Mississippi’s overall obesity rate could reach 66.7% by 2030. Although the literature on best practices for the prevention of this condition is limited, some success has been achieved through the use of school-based nutrition interventions, in which children are taught how to ...


Association Of Micronutrient Inadequacy And Body Mass Index In Young Adults, Taylor Peabody 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Association Of Micronutrient Inadequacy And Body Mass Index In Young Adults, Taylor Peabody

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background

Micronutrient inadequacy has been found at higher levels in overweight and obese individuals in a broad range of ages relative to healthy weight. Insufficient micronutrient levels can have a negative impact on physical and mental health along with excess weight.

Objective

Due to health consequences related to inadequate micronutrient intake and the understanding that the general population not only fails to meet the majority of micronutrient recommendations, but is also overweight or obese, the objective of this study is to first, determine if young adults in the Northwest Arkansas Region are consuming adequate levels of micronutrients and second, if ...


Breakfast Boost Study: Defining The Role Of Breakfast Macronutrient Composition On Markers Of Childhood Obesity, Caroline Ganoung 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Breakfast Boost Study: Defining The Role Of Breakfast Macronutrient Composition On Markers Of Childhood Obesity, Caroline Ganoung

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Background: Childhood obesity is a serious problem in the United States, affecting ~19% of children 2-19 years of age. Breakfast is a key component of a healthy diet and can positively impact children’s health. However, there has been a steady decline in breakfast consumption in children over the past 40 years.

Methods: The objective of this study was to determine if breakfast macronutrient composition, protein (PRO)-based breakfast (30 g protein, 31 g carbohydrate, 11.7 g fat) or an isocaloric (360 kcal) carbohydrate (CHO)-based breakfast (13 g protein, 48 g carbohydrate, 11.7 g fat), can ...


Effects Of Nutrition And Physical Activity Intervention In Improving Children's Bmi-For-Age Percentiles, Markie Campbell, Madeline Wallace, Detri Brech 2020 Ouachita Baptist University

Effects Of Nutrition And Physical Activity Intervention In Improving Children's Bmi-For-Age Percentiles, Markie Campbell, Madeline Wallace, Detri Brech

Scholars Day Conference

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), globally 340 million school-aged children are obese. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that 13.7 million (19%) of U.S. children and adolescents age 2-19 years are obese. Obesity rates are 14% in 2- to 5-year-olds, 18% in 6- to 11-year-olds, and 21% in 12- to 19-year-olds. Hispanic children (26%) and non-Hispanic black children (22%) have higher obesity prevalence than non-Hispanic white children (14%). Non-Hispanic Asian children (11%) have lower obesity rates than non-Hispanic black children and Hispanic children. In Arkansas, 22% of school-aged children are obese and 39 ...


Role Of Nutrition Focused Physical Exam In The Identification Of Malnutrition In The Elderly, Madeline Wallace, Markie Campbell, Detri Brech 2020 Ouachita Baptist University

Role Of Nutrition Focused Physical Exam In The Identification Of Malnutrition In The Elderly, Madeline Wallace, Markie Campbell, Detri Brech

Scholars Day Conference

Sixteen percent of the U.S. population is over 65 years of age and up to one out of two have malnutrition. The nutrition-focused physical exam (NFPE) is an integral part of the nutrition care process and model consisting of consecutive steps: nutrition assessment, diagnosis, intervention, and monitoring/evaluation. The NFPE is a component of nutrition assessment providing registered dietitian nutritionists (RDN) with information to determine nutrition status and degree of malnutrition. Six clinical characteristics used to identify malnutrition are energy intake, weight loss, subcutaneous fat loss, muscle loss, fluid accumulation, and reduced function status. Each has a threshold for ...


Plant-Based Diet: How It Affects Health, Sarah Marsland 2020 University of Rhode Island

Plant-Based Diet: How It Affects Health, Sarah Marsland

Senior Honors Projects

This research project aims to investigate the relationship between plant-based dieting and overall health, specifically the prevention and reversal of chronic disease. Two subjects committed to eating a plant-based diet comprised of primarily vegetables, fruits, whole grains and non-processed foods for six weeks. Before beginning, they were asked about their current health status, including a complete health history, and their knowledge of plant-based eating. Throughout the research period, the subjects shared what they were eating, challenges they faced, and any benefits they noticed. Upon completion of the diet, they answered questions about their experience. With this information, the researcher was ...


The Impact Of Stress On Diet, Sleep, And Exercise Amongst College Students, Jessica Rizzo 2020 University of Rhode Island

The Impact Of Stress On Diet, Sleep, And Exercise Amongst College Students, Jessica Rizzo

Senior Honors Projects

Stress is something that everyone faces in their lifetime and has an everlasting impact on their health. College students face high levels of stress throughout the semester, but how is that impacting their behavior? I conducted a survey alongside Dr. Melanson, a professor in the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, to see just how college students are reacting to stress. The survey was circulated to different departments and classes to achieve a widespread collection of data. The survey remained completely anonymous and posed questions about eating, exercise, and sleep habits, along with questions on demographics and stress levels. Our ...


An Evaluation Of The Eating Behaviors Of Honors College Undergraduate Students At The University Of Mississippi, Anna Bouthillier 2020 University of Mississippi

An Evaluation Of The Eating Behaviors Of Honors College Undergraduate Students At The University Of Mississippi, Anna Bouthillier

Honors Theses

Eating disorders are defined as an illness that changes one’s relationship with food, that ultimately affects one’s emotions, thoughts, and physical well-being. Three types of eating disorders most commonly diagnosed are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and disordered eating. It is important to note that disordered eating is a term used to describe abnormal eating behaviors and feelings related to food that may or may not fall into a certain diagnostic category (Anderson, 2018). Many college students today are diagnosed with an eating disorder or disordered eating as a result of the increasing anxiety and pressures experienced at this ...


Improving Identification Of Pediatric Feeding Dysfunction Among Registered Dietitian Nutritionists, April Litchford 2020 Utah State University

Improving Identification Of Pediatric Feeding Dysfunction Among Registered Dietitian Nutritionists, April Litchford

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

All Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (RDN) undergo extensive training to develop the ability to improve dietary intake among individuals of all ages. Treating children (0-18 years of age) is often challenging and requires specialized training. One area that is particularly challenging is identifying children that may not be able to eat appropriately to sustain rapid growth and development. An online survey of RDNs that work specifically with children was conducted to better understand how RDNs are identifying and treating children with feeding problems. From the survey we learned that the methods and procedures used by RDNs for identifying and treating children ...


The Effects Of A Nutritional Intervention On Healthy Eating Habits And Body Mass Index, Kelley Eshenaur 2020 Valparaiso University

The Effects Of A Nutritional Intervention On Healthy Eating Habits And Body Mass Index, Kelley Eshenaur

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

In the US, overweight and obesity are growing concerns, as both can have life altering consequences if not prevented or treated. Since 2000, there has been nearly a 10% increase of adults who are obese, from 30.5% (85.8 million) to 39.8% (93.9 million) in 2016 (CDC, 2017). These conditions are preventable with early intervention and motivation. Obesity statistics are especially of interest during the transition to young adulthood. The purpose of this project was to improve student outcomes by identifying barriers, effective strategies, and healthy choices that would ultimately impact weight, increasing healthy food choices, and ...


A Protocol To Increase Referral Rates To Diabetic Education, David M. Rokser 2020 Valparaiso University

A Protocol To Increase Referral Rates To Diabetic Education, David M. Rokser

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

In 2015, approximately 30.3 million Americans, including 10.5% of the population of Minnesota, had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (American Diabetes Association, 2019). Increased risk of diabetic complications including neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and chronic wounds has been associated with an elevated hemoglobin A1C (HgA1C). Formal diabetic education has been shown to be a cost-effective intervention to reduce HgA1C. The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion published an objective within HealthyPeople 2020 that seeks to increase the percentage of diabetics receiving formal diabetic education in the United States from 46.9% of adults to 58.4 ...


A Systematic Search And Review On The Efficacy, Safety, And Cost-Effectiveness Of Utilizing Lactobacillus Probiotics In Concurrence With Prescribing Antibiotics To Reduce Clostridium Difficile Infection Rates In Hospitalized Patients, Laura Sheehan 2020 Winona State University

A Systematic Search And Review On The Efficacy, Safety, And Cost-Effectiveness Of Utilizing Lactobacillus Probiotics In Concurrence With Prescribing Antibiotics To Reduce Clostridium Difficile Infection Rates In Hospitalized Patients, Laura Sheehan

Nursing Masters Papers

Incidence of Clostridium difficile infection, (CDI) in patients receiving antibiotics is significant. In 2017, there were approximately 223,900 cases of CDI in hospitalized patients alone (Center for Disease Control [CDC], 2017). Despite enhanced infection control measures, CDI rates remain prevalent and are associated with increased costs to healthcare. An integrative literature review and synthesis was performed. Studies were analyzed to delineate if Lactobacillus containing probiotics, when administered concurrently with high risk antibiotics, decrease CDI rates for patients in the inpatient hospital setting. Additional analysis of probiotic safety and a cost versus benefit analysis was researched. The purpose of the ...


Food Insecurity Among College Students With And Without Medical Disorders At A University In Appalachia, Laura McArthur, Melissa D. Gutschall, Kimberly Fasczewski, Anna Jackson 2020 Appalachian State

Food Insecurity Among College Students With And Without Medical Disorders At A University In Appalachia, Laura Mcarthur, Melissa D. Gutschall, Kimberly Fasczewski, Anna Jackson

Journal of Appalachian Health

Objective: This study compared severity of food insecurity, characteristics, and behaviors of college students with and without diagnosed medical disorders.

Design: Data were collected using a cross-sectional online questionnaire. Variables measured were food security status, disorders, coping strategies, and perceived barriers to food access. Descriptive and inferential statistics examined associations and compared groups. Statistical significance was p≤0.05.

Setting: Data were collected at Appalachian State University in North Carolina.

Participants: The sample was 247 food insecure students, of whom 60% were females, 50% 3rd- and 4th-year students, and 75% whites.

Results: Medical disorders were reported by 67.2% of ...


Intake Of Fermented Vegetables And Inflammatory Markers In Women: A Pilot And Feasibility Clinical Study, Lauren Larger 2020 University of North Florida

Intake Of Fermented Vegetables And Inflammatory Markers In Women: A Pilot And Feasibility Clinical Study, Lauren Larger

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

The aim of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility and effect of consumption of fermented vegetables on blood markers of inflammation in women. A total of 34 women were randomized into one of three groups: fermented vegetable (Group A, n=11), non-fermented vegetable (Group B, n=13), and control (Group C, n=10). Participants in the vegetable groups were provided ½ cup of vegetables/day for six weeks, while the control group was asked to maintain their regular diet. Blood samples were collected before and after the intervention for measurement of inflammatory markers. Blood pressure, body composition, dietary ...


An Overview Of The Rd Mentorship Program, Mia Howell, Lora Chizmar, Karen Beathard 2020 University of North Florida

An Overview Of The Rd Mentorship Program, Mia Howell, Lora Chizmar, Karen Beathard

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics highlights the need for more mentorship opportunities for Registered Dietitian (RDs) in their 2017 Strategic Plan. There are a limited number of published structured programs that facilitate relationships between practicing dietitians and dietetics students (DS). The purpose of the RD Mentorship Program is to determine the impact of a project-based mentoring experience on self-perceptions of mentoring and professional advancement. The RD Mentorship Program partners RDs with DS to work on specific nutrition-related projects. Partnerships are required to meet at least once per month to work on their project. After piloting the program for several ...


Comparison Of Body Composition Assessment Methods In Healthy Adults, Tyson Smoot 2020 University of North Florida

Comparison Of Body Composition Assessment Methods In Healthy Adults, Tyson Smoot

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

This study aimed at validating direct segmental multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance (BIA) as an effective means of measuring body composition when compared to air displacement plethysmography (ADP-Bod Pod) in adults. We also investigated the effect of recent water intake on the assessment of body composition by these methods. The study sample consisted of 61 healthy individuals, 24 males with mean age 25.5 and 38 females with mean age 22.2. Mean body mass index was 25.5 kg/m2 for males and 22.2 kg/m2 for females. Body composition was measured using three different assessment devices: Bod Pod, InBody ...


Pilot Study: Can College Students Recognize Whole Grains When Immersed In Virtual Reality, K. Walker, D. Osorio, A. O'Grady, M. Cain 2020 University of North Florida

Pilot Study: Can College Students Recognize Whole Grains When Immersed In Virtual Reality, K. Walker, D. Osorio, A. O'Grady, M. Cain

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

Background: Knowledge and consumption of a variety of whole grains are limited in the college-age population. Immersion into virtual reality simulates one being transported from their current surroundings to a completely new atmosphere.

Methods: A pilot study was conducted to determine if college students would be able to correctly identify various grains while immersed in virtual reality. Participants (n=39) were asked to sample two similarly shaped grains (pearl couscous and whole grain sorghum) while immersed in a virtual reality on-campus cafe. Participant surveys captured demographics, a sensory analysis on grains tasted, history of grain consumption and grain nutrition knowledge ...


Dietitian Work Family Data, Emily Patten, Karla Williams 2020 Brigham Young University - Provo

Dietitian Work Family Data, Emily Patten, Karla Williams

ScholarsArchive Data

This data set contains information about Registered Dietitian Nutritionists in the USA and their experience with caregiving, work-family conflict, work-family enrichment, and other work- and family- related characteristics. Data was collected electronically in April 2018 through a national survey. Items that are not relevant to the papers being published were removed, especially open-ended responses which could contribute to deductive disclosure. This is the raw data before responses were excluded for being incomplete.


Relationship Satisfaction & Diet: Exploring The Mechanisms Through Which Intimate Relationships Influence Physical Health, Lindsey Robinson, Dylan Hillock, Dr. Josh Novak 2020 Auburn University

Relationship Satisfaction & Diet: Exploring The Mechanisms Through Which Intimate Relationships Influence Physical Health, Lindsey Robinson, Dylan Hillock, Dr. Josh Novak

Southeastern Council on Family Relations Conference

Understanding how intimate relationships influence physical health has been an important topic of focus; however, research remains unclear on the mechanisms through which this influence occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine how relationship satisfaction relates to diet quality, through mental health (depression and anxiety) and diet self-efficacy. Using a dyadic mediation model with a sample of 234 heterosexual couples, researchers found that women's higher relationship satisfaction was associated with better diet through lower depression and higher diet self-efficacy. Results revealed the same association between women's relationship satisfaction and diet through lower anxiety. Interestingly, rather than ...


Society Of Behavioral Medicine Call To Action: Include Obesity/Overweight Management Education In Health Professional Curricula And Provide Coverage For Behavior-Based Treatments Of Obesity/Overweight Most Commonly Provided By Psychologists, Dieticians, Counselors, And Other Health Care Professionals And Include Such Providers On All Multidisciplinary Teams Treating Patients Who Have Overweight Or Obesity, Judith K. Ockene, Karen M. Ashe, Kenneth S. Peterson, Marian Fitzgibbon, Joanna Buscemi, Akilah Dulin 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Society Of Behavioral Medicine Call To Action: Include Obesity/Overweight Management Education In Health Professional Curricula And Provide Coverage For Behavior-Based Treatments Of Obesity/Overweight Most Commonly Provided By Psychologists, Dieticians, Counselors, And Other Health Care Professionals And Include Such Providers On All Multidisciplinary Teams Treating Patients Who Have Overweight Or Obesity, Judith K. Ockene, Karen M. Ashe, Kenneth S. Peterson, Marian Fitzgibbon, Joanna Buscemi, Akilah Dulin

UMass Worcester PRC Publications

Obesity is a serious chronic disease whose prevalence has grown to epidemic proportions over the past five decades and is a major contributor to the global burden of most common cancers, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, liver disease, and sleep apnea. Primary care clinicians, including physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants, are often the first health care professionals to identify obesity or overweight during routine long-term care and have the opportunity to intervene to prevent and treat disease. However, they often lack the training and skills needed to deliver scientifically validated, behavior-based treatments. These gaps must be addressed in order ...


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