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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Discordant Documentation Of Obesity Body Mass Index And Obesity Diagnosis In Electronic Medical Records, Jennifer T. Fink, George L. Morris III, Maharaj Singh, David A. Nelson, Renee E. Walker, Ron A. Cisler 2014 Aurora Health Care

Discordant Documentation Of Obesity Body Mass Index And Obesity Diagnosis In Electronic Medical Records, Jennifer T. Fink, George L. Morris Iii, Maharaj Singh, David A. Nelson, Renee E. Walker, Ron A. Cisler

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study examined concordance between presence of obesity body mass index (BMI), defined as BMI ≥ 30, in the patient’s electronic medical record (EMR) and a documented diagnosis of obesity.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the EMR in a large health care system for a 1-year period (2012). A total of 397,313 patients met the study criteria of having at least one physician visit, being at least 18 years of age, and not being pregnant. Of those, 158,327 (40%) had a recorded BMI ≥ 30. We examined the EMR of these obese patients to determine whether ...


Biofeedback Relaxation Techniques In Addressing Cortex-Hypothalamus Control Loop For Motivation Of Obesity Avoidance, Liljana Bozinovska, Ahmed Majekodunmi 2014 Tuskegee University

Biofeedback Relaxation Techniques In Addressing Cortex-Hypothalamus Control Loop For Motivation Of Obesity Avoidance, Liljana Bozinovska, Ahmed Majekodunmi

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

This research explores how the achievement motivation pathway in the cortex influences hypothalamic activity, which could influence appetite control and obesity avoidance. The objective was to examine the sympathetic/parasympathetic feedback loop, and the influence of various biofeedback relaxation techniques on lowering heart rate (HR) and electrodermal activity (EDA). The methodology used was a standard biofeedback mechanism with visual representation of the measured physiological parameters. The feedforward part of the said feedback loop is controlled by hypothalamus while the feedback part is evaluated by the cortex. The participants were young adults and the sample size was ten. The results revealed ...


Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Psychosocial Food-Related Behavior And Food Intake Of Adult Main Meal Preparers Of Food For 9-10 Year-Old Children Participating In Icook, A Five-State Childhood Obesity Pilot Prevention Study, Ashley A. Miller

Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Understanding adult outcomes of programs aimed at childhood obesity prevention is necessary because parents/caregivers are the most important influence on a child’s physical activity and eating habits. Based on the principles of the social cognitive theory, the iCook 4-H pilot study taught dyads consisting of 9-10 year-old children and their primary meal preparers cooking skills, healthy shopping and meal habits, and easy ways to incorporate physical activity as a family. The program took place in five states, Maine, Nebraska, South Dakota, Tennessee, and West Virginia. In each state, adult-youth dyads (n = 54) were recruited by 4-H programs and ...


A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton III, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams 2014 East Tennessee State University

A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton Iii, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

The Winning With Wellness (WWW) project was a school-based obesity prevention program that was developed to promote healthy eating and physical activity in youth residing in rural Appalachia. The project was based on the Coordinated School Health model (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2013a) and used a community-based participatory research approach with an emphasis on feasibility and sustainability. The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported health outcomes for middle school students across the course of the intervention. Sixth grade middle school students (N = 149; 52% girls) from four schools in Northeast Tennessee completed a survey assessing ...


Manipulating The Gut Microbiome For Human Health, Beth A. McCormick, Jeffrey Blanchard 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Manipulating The Gut Microbiome For Human Health, Beth A. Mccormick, Jeffrey Blanchard

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Mounting evidence suggests that particular aspects of human health and disease may be attributable to the trillions of microbes that inhabit our gastrointestinal tract, collectively referred to as the gut microbiota. As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Manipulating the Gut Microbiome for Human Health," Drs. McCormick and Blanchard introduce the symposium, which will offer session lectures and a follow-up interactive, discussion-based workshop on topics related to attempts to manipulate the gut microbiota to improve health.


The Guts And Bolts Of The Diet And A Look Into The Microbiome, Barbara C. Olendzki 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Guts And Bolts Of The Diet And A Look Into The Microbiome, Barbara C. Olendzki

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Mounting evidence suggests that particular aspects of human health and disease may be attributable to the trillions of microbes that inhabit our gastrointestinal tract, collectively referred to as the gut microbiota. Evidence suggests that pathologic changes to the microbiota (termed “dysbiosis”) are associated with a wide variety of medical outcomes, and therefore therapeutic manipulation of the microbiota is a major area of research interest. As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Manipulating the Gut Microbiome for Human Health," Dr. Olendzki presents on the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Anti-Inflammatory Diet (IBD-AID).


Availability Of Food Preparation Supplies Among Pregnant Women: Preliminary Results From The Decision Making, Eating, And Weight Gain During Pregnancy (Dew) Study, Rui S. Xiao, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Bradley M. Appelhans, Isabelle C. Pierre-Louis, Shums Alikhan, Barbara C. Olendzki, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Availability Of Food Preparation Supplies Among Pregnant Women: Preliminary Results From The Decision Making, Eating, And Weight Gain During Pregnancy (Dew) Study, Rui S. Xiao, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Bradley M. Appelhans, Isabelle C. Pierre-Louis, Shums Alikhan, Barbara C. Olendzki, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Lack of cooking supplies may be a potential barrier to preparing healthy meals at home. We examined the availability of food preparation supplies among pregnant women in relation to sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: We used preliminary data (N=59) from an ongoing study which enrolled English-speaking women aged 18+ years, pregnant with singleton gestation <36 >weeks, pre-pregnancy BMI 18.5-40 kg/m2, and planning to deliver at UMMHC. Women completed the Food Preparation Checklist (FPC) at home. The FPC asks women if 41 specific food preparation items; scores reflect number of items present in the home. Other variables were self-reported. Pearson ...


Creating Store And Community-Level Feedback Reports For Food Establishments To Support Nutrition Environment Improvement, Wenjun Li, Kevin Kane, Ning Guo, Bonnie Andrews, Andrea Pinzon-Marquardt, Hyung-joo Kang, Vijayalakshmi Patil, Barbara C. Olendzki 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Creating Store And Community-Level Feedback Reports For Food Establishments To Support Nutrition Environment Improvement, Wenjun Li, Kevin Kane, Ning Guo, Bonnie Andrews, Andrea Pinzon-Marquardt, Hyung-Joo Kang, Vijayalakshmi Patil, Barbara C. Olendzki

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

INTRODUCTION. The availability of healthy options in food stores is important to healthy eating and obesity prevention. The Health Statistics and Geography Lab at UMass Medical School is conducting longitudinal surveys to determine the availability of healthy food in food stores throughout the state of Massachusetts as part the Community Transformation Grant and Mass in Motion initiatives. Providing feedback to store proprietors and managers as well as community workers is an important component to support community environmental interventions.

METHODS. The Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data System (C-NEEDS) was developed for food environment surveillance. C-NEEDS takes into account seasonal and geographic ...


Live Well Springfield (Lws) – A Community Transformation Initiative Lws.Org Website Evaluation, Jesse Mushenko, Elena Carbone, Joseph Krupczynski, Kathy Wicks, Elaine M. Puleo 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Live Well Springfield (Lws) – A Community Transformation Initiative Lws.Org Website Evaluation, Jesse Mushenko, Elena Carbone, Joseph Krupczynski, Kathy Wicks, Elaine M. Puleo

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The Live Well Springfield (LWS) initiative is a collaborative effort comprised of partner organizations in Springfield, Massachusetts. The project promotes healthy living by increasing knowledge and awareness of food and physical activity. A website to communicate this mission is a major strategy being employed by LWS. In addition to event and health information, the website exhibits stories (including multimedia) that depict residents practicing healthy lifestyle choices. These narratives were designed to motivate residents to engage in healthy behaviors. To date, there has been no evaluation of the website’s reach and effect. A mixed-methods approach of an online survey and ...


Evening Snacking In Relation To Self-Reported Declines In Sleep Quality During Pregnancy: Preliminary Results From The Decision-Making, Eating, And Weight Gain During Pregnancy (Dew) Study, Wendy McCallum, Bradley M. Appelhans, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Rui Sherry Xiao, Shums Alikhan, Isabelle C. Pierre-Louis, Barbara C. Olendzki, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evening Snacking In Relation To Self-Reported Declines In Sleep Quality During Pregnancy: Preliminary Results From The Decision-Making, Eating, And Weight Gain During Pregnancy (Dew) Study, Wendy Mccallum, Bradley M. Appelhans, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Rui Sherry Xiao, Shums Alikhan, Isabelle C. Pierre-Louis, Barbara C. Olendzki, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Poor sleep in non-pregnant adults has been associated with increased evening snacking, which may contribute to weight gain. Sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy.

Objective: To examine the association between changes in sleep quality from pre-pregnancy and evening snacking.

Methods: In an ongoing prospective cohort study, pregnant women were recruited from UMMHC obstetric practices and the community. Participants are 18+ years, with singleton gestation <36 >weeks, pre-pregnancy BMI 18.5-40 kg/m2, English-speaking, and with plans to deliver at UMMHC. Participants were asked “compared to the three months before you became pregnant, how is your sleep quality now?”; we combined ...


The Truth About Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Myths Exposed, Caitlynn Oberhausen 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Truth About Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Myths Exposed, Caitlynn Oberhausen

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Children with type 1 diabetes, T1DM, live with a widely misunderstood, chronic disease. The daily management regimens and psychosocial aspect of T1DM bring attention to the child with diabetes. Myths and misconceptions of diabetes management abound. The intent of this research is to address myths and misconceptions by reading a children’s book, written and illustrated by the researcher, to students in grades 3-5 at a local elementary school and measuring change in knowledge with an assessment tool based on book content.


Evaluation Of A Theory-Based Farm To School Program, Rebecca Kent Bishop 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi

Evaluation Of A Theory-Based Farm To School Program, Rebecca Kent Bishop

Master's Theses

Fruit and vegetable (FV) intakes in MS children remain lower than recommended. Theory-based, multi-component nutrition education interventions like Farm to School (F2S) target FV consumption and utilize such interventions to improve children’s dietary behaviors by incorporating nutrition and agriculture education. The current study was designed with Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as its framework. An intervention was implemented to enhance beliefs, norms, and self-efficacy regarding FV, thus potentially increasing the intention to consume more FV. The research objectives of this study are to describe changes over the course of the intervention in (1) nutrition knowledge; (2) norms, beliefs, and ...


Portion Size Selection In Relation To Hemoglobin A1cs, Brian L. Dixon 2014 East Tennessee State University

Portion Size Selection In Relation To Hemoglobin A1cs, Brian L. Dixon

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Obesity has been recognized as an increasing issue within our country. Obesity contributes to many health related issues, including type 2 diabetes mellitus. Portion size is a factor that has generated clinical research interest. The aim of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between management of diabetes measured by hemoglobin A1c and portion size selection for type 2 diabetics. In this study, subjects selected portion sizes of four different foods. Data were compared to recent A1c levels. Due to the small sample size, nonparametric statistical analysis was used. The relationship of grain portion weight selection and ...


The Proliferation Of Diabetes: A Cultural Epidemiological Review Of Type 2 Diabetes In The Global Community, Kelly Heuer 2014 Syracuse University

The Proliferation Of Diabetes: A Cultural Epidemiological Review Of Type 2 Diabetes In The Global Community, Kelly Heuer

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Global diabetes is a serious and growing problem, which has quickly turned into a public health crisis. The rapid spread of type 2 diabetes can be contributed to several different factors, including genetics, environmental influences, poor nutrition habits, and sedentary lifestyle. A large part of the proliferation of this diease is the spread of western culture, specifically diet.

A problem faced when addressing this disease from a global standpoint of prevention, control, and treatment is that type 2 diabetes affects different cultures in different manners around the globe due to differences in risk factors (including genetics, age, race, sex, education ...


Validity And Reliability Testing Of The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Taste And Smell Protocol, Mallory Honda 2014 University of Connecticut

Validity And Reliability Testing Of The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Taste And Smell Protocol, Mallory Honda

Honors Scholar Theses

The NHANES 2011–2014 protocol includes a taste and smell questionnaire (CSQ) in the home interview followed by brief olfactory and taste assessment in mobile exam centers. The CSQ asks self-reported taste and smell ability, and selected symptoms, comorbidities, and treatment for chemosensory disorders. In the taste assessment, participants rate intensities of 1 M NaCl and 1mM quinine hydrochloride applied to the tongue tip and these plus 0.32M NaCl sampled with the whole mouth. Smell function is assessed with two 4-item, scratch-and-sniff tests (Pocket TestsTM (PT), Sensonics, Inc.) to classify normosmia and olfactory dysfunction from microsmia to anosmia ...


Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans That Exert High Antioxidative Activities Using Response Surface Approach, Mohammed Aldawsari 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans That Exert High Antioxidative Activities Using Response Surface Approach, Mohammed Aldawsari

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

The pinto bean has been linked to the prevention of multiple diseases due in large part to the presence of phenolic antioxidants, which are higher in beans than in many fruits and vegetables. These components deliver health properties beyond basic nutritional characteristics by scavenging free oxygen radicals. However, these benefits are most likely due to the ability of these chemically diverse phenols to impart greater protective properties as additives or synergists acting in combination. However, optimal parameters to isolate these compounds (in terms of ratios and types) from a given natural source are not known. Without this knowledge, understanding the ...


No Patient Left Behind, Courtney Bloom RD, LDN, Melissa Faura RD, LDN, Ann Flickinger MS, RD, LDN, Karen A. Yerger RD, LDN 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

No Patient Left Behind, Courtney Bloom Rd, Ldn, Melissa Faura Rd, Ldn, Ann Flickinger Ms, Rd, Ldn, Karen A. Yerger Rd, Ldn

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Teach-Back For Inpatient Nutrition Education: Mission Possible, Melissa Faura RD, LDN, Ann Flickinger MS, RD, LDN, Katherine Lyle MS, RD, LDN 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Teach-Back For Inpatient Nutrition Education: Mission Possible, Melissa Faura Rd, Ldn, Ann Flickinger Ms, Rd, Ldn, Katherine Lyle Ms, Rd, Ldn

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Calculating Value- Added Services Of The Registered Dietitian, Melissa Faura RD, LDN, Ann Flickinger MS, RD, LDN, Kathleen Hanuschak RD, LDN, Krysta Miller RD, LDN, Renee Selby RD, CNSC, LDN 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Calculating Value- Added Services Of The Registered Dietitian, Melissa Faura Rd, Ldn, Ann Flickinger Ms, Rd, Ldn, Kathleen Hanuschak Rd, Ldn, Krysta Miller Rd, Ldn, Renee Selby Rd, Cnsc, Ldn

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Tpn Collaborative: Improving Network Wide Parenteral Nutrition Care, Christina Christianson RD, CNSC, LDN, Anthony Buonanno MD, MBA 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Tpn Collaborative: Improving Network Wide Parenteral Nutrition Care, Christina Christianson Rd, Cnsc, Ldn, Anthony Buonanno Md, Mba

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


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