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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Nutrition Status In Hospitalized Patients With Copd On Non-Invasive Ventilation, Sara M. Kvien Jensen 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Nutrition Status In Hospitalized Patients With Copd On Non-Invasive Ventilation, Sara M. Kvien Jensen

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Nutrition is an important aspect of critically ill hospitalized patient care but the lack of consistent nutritional guidelines for sub-critically ill patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) requiring non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) may be putting vulnerable patients at risk. Hand grip strength measurements are an emerging metric for nutritional status.

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine if hospitalized patients with COPD on NPPV show a difference in handgrip strength as a marker of nutritional status than those hospitalized patients with COPD not requiring NPPV.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study of 10 hospitalized ...


The Health Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting, Michael Bacol 2017 DePaul University

The Health Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting, Michael Bacol

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The practice of voluntarily abstaining from food has traditionally been seen as a religious observance. However, as the nation’s prevalence of obesity continues to rise along with diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the concept of fasting has recently gained momentum as a means of achieving weight control. Intermittent fasting (IF) as a weight control protocol has become a popular intervention in weight control.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review was to examine the health benefits of intermittent fasting.

Methods: A computerized online search was utilized to populate research articles. Databases used included PubMed, CINAHL, & PsychInfo, using a ...


Teen, Parent, And Clinician Expectations About Obesity And Related Conditions During The Annual Well-Child Visit, Andrew S. Bossick, Charles Barone, Gwen L. Alexander, Heather A. Olden, Tanya Troy, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow 2017 Henry Ford Health System

Teen, Parent, And Clinician Expectations About Obesity And Related Conditions During The Annual Well-Child Visit, Andrew S. Bossick, Charles Barone, Gwen L. Alexander, Heather A. Olden, Tanya Troy, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to examine family (patient, parent/guardian) and clinician preferences for identification and management of obesity and obesity-related conditions during the well-child visit.

Methods: Four focus groups with teen patients (n = 16), four focus groups with parents (n = 15) and one focus group with providers (n = 12) were conducted using a structured moderator guide tailored to each population. Eligible patients had a well-child visit during the past 12 months and a diagnosis of overweight, obesity, hyperlipidemia or elevated blood pressure. Parents who attended their child’s well-child visit and whose child met the diagnostic criteria were eligible ...


Health-Related Characteristics Of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites In The United States, Fatma Huffman, Joan A. Vaccaro, Edgar Vieira, Gustavo G. Zarini 2017 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University

Health-Related Characteristics Of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites In The United States, Fatma Huffman, Joan A. Vaccaro, Edgar Vieira, Gustavo G. Zarini

Joan A. Vaccaro

The purpose of this study was to determine health-related characteristics of a representative sample of older adults who attend congregate meal sites in the United States, and compare races/ethnicities and sexes. Participants were adults, aged 60 years and older, (N = 901) of the 2015 Tenth Annual National Survey of Older American Act Participants (NSOAAP). Difficulties with mobility and Activities of Daily Living were common among older adults who attended congregate meals. Health-related characteristics differed by race/ethnicity and sex. Higher percentages of men reported eating more than half their calories from the site: 61.0% (53, 68), compared to ...


Nutrition Intakes And Nutritional Status Of School Age Children In Ghana, Justina S. Owusu, Esi Komeley Colecraft, Richmond Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma Huffman 2017 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; University of Ghana

Nutrition Intakes And Nutritional Status Of School Age Children In Ghana, Justina S. Owusu, Esi Komeley Colecraft, Richmond Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma Huffman

Joan A. Vaccaro

This paper compares nutrition intakes and nutritional status of school children from two public schools in neighbouring communities of Ghana with different school feeding programmes. One hundred and eighty-two caregiver and school-age child pairs were interviewed concerning socio-demographics, dietary practices, and food security in a cross-sectional design. The independent t-test was used to compare the contribution of the publicly funded Ghana School Feeding Programme and private School Feeding Programme meals to total daily nutrient intakes of the children. Predictors of nutritional status of the children were assessed using logistic regression models. The private school feeding programme contributed more energy ...


Cardio-Metabolic Benefits Of Plant-Based Diets., Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard 2017 George Washington University

Cardio-Metabolic Benefits Of Plant-Based Diets., Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard

Medicine Faculty Publications

Cardio-metabolic disease, namely ischemic heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, represent substantial health and economic burdens. Almost one half of cardio-metabolic deaths in the U.S. might be prevented through proper nutrition. Plant-based (vegetarian and vegan) diets are an effective strategy for improving nutrient intake. At the same time, they are associated with decreased all-cause mortality and decreased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Evidence suggests that plant-based diets may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease events by an estimated 40% and the risk of cerebral vascular disease events by 29%. These diets ...


August 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

August 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Providers Perspectives On Self-Regulation Impact Their Use Of Responsive Feeding Practices In Child Care, Dipti Dev, Katherine E. Speirs, Natalie A. Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A. McBride, Holly Hatton-Bowers 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Providers Perspectives On Self-Regulation Impact Their Use Of Responsive Feeding Practices In Child Care, Dipti Dev, Katherine E. Speirs, Natalie A. Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A. Mcbride, Holly Hatton-Bowers

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Supporting children's self-regulation in eating through caregivers' practice of responsive feeding is paramount to obesity prevention, and while much attention has been given to supporting children's selfregulation in eating through parents' responsive feeding practices in the home setting, little attention has been given to this issue in childcare settings. This qualitative study examines childcare providers' perspectives on using responsive feeding practices with young children (2–5 years). Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with providers until saturation was reached. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis. The final sample included 18 providers who were employed full-time in Head Start or ...


The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele DeBiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani 2017 Boston University

The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele Debiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani

Sherry L. Pagoto

Objective: Fruit and Vegetable (FV) intake-a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases-is lower among racial/ethnic minorities and low Socio- Economic Status (SES) groups when compared to other populations. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one theoretical model studied to explain and influence individual health behaviors, including FV intake, in middle class populations, but not exclusively in diverse, low SES groups. This cross-sectional study evaluated the utility of select TPB variables to explain intention to consume and intake of FV in this population.

Design: Demographics, BMI, select TPB variables, and FV intake were measured via survey. Bivariate analyses were ...


Understanding The Role Of Patient And Public Involvement In Renal Dietetic Research, Andrew Morris Mr, Deborah Biggerstaff, Nithya Krishnan, Deborah Lycett 2017 University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust

Understanding The Role Of Patient And Public Involvement In Renal Dietetic Research, Andrew Morris Mr, Deborah Biggerstaff, Nithya Krishnan, Deborah Lycett

Patient Experience Journal

The objective was to consult patients on a proposed recruitment strategy to a patient and public involvement exercise. We wanted to explore the reasoning and willingness of patients to become co-researchers within a grant application. Eighteen people using the renal health service informed the consultation by action research so that their experiences could be used to guide the overall methodology. Twelve people took part in semi-structured interviews. NVIVO 10 and Framework Analysis were used to interpret emerging themes from the data. The recruitment strategy, informed by research expertise, became an experience-based expert design. The design took into account the limitations ...


Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women: Preliminary Results From A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Errol Norwitz, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nirupa R. Matthan, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women: Preliminary Results From A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Errol Norwitz, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nirupa R. Matthan, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Background: Previous evidence suggests that soy containing foods may have beneficial effects on lipid and glycemic metabolism. Pregnancy is associated with a progressive deterioration in glucose and lipid metabolism, partially attributable to elevated estrogen concentrations. Little is known about the effects of soy intake on cardiometabolic risk factors in pregnant women. Methods: A pilot RCT was conducted in 30 pregnant women who were randomized to receive counseling to consume a high-soy or low-soy foods containing diet. Assessments (physical measurements, food frequency questionnaires, fasting blood samples) were conducted at 14 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, and 6 weeks’ postpartum. Monthly follow-up ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Wenjun Li

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender.

RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Rashelle B. Hayes

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender.

RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Barbara C. Olendzki

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender. RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Emotional Eating Is Associated With Intake Of Energy-Dense Foods In Latinos, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine Frisard, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Emotional Eating Is Associated With Intake Of Energy-Dense Foods In Latinos, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine Frisard, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal

Milagros C. Rosal

Background: Latinos experience profound health disparities in diet-related chronic conditions. Emotional eating (EE) has been positively associated with such conditions, however, little is known about the relationship between EE and energy-dense food intake that may influence risk for developing these conditions. Objective: To examine associations between EE and energy-dense food intake in Latino men and women. Methods: Latino individuals were recruited from a community health center in Lawrence, MA. Participants completed standardized assessments. EE was measured with the Three Factor Eating Behavior Questionnaire R18-V2. Dietary intake was measured with a culturally tailored Food Frequency Questionnaire. Energy-dense food groups defined as ...


The Home Matters: Adolescents Drink More Ssbs When Available At Home, Christina F. Haughton, Molly E. Waring, Lori Pbert, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Home Matters: Adolescents Drink More Ssbs When Available At Home, Christina F. Haughton, Molly E. Waring, Lori Pbert, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon

Molly E. Waring

Objective: Sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has increased by 300% in the past three decades and the largest source of both added sugar and calories in the diets of US adolescents. It has been argued that the increased intake of SSBs has contributed to the rising prevalence of obesity. The availability and accessibility of foods/drinks in multiple levels of an adolescent’s environment can influence one’s choices and impact consumption. The aim of this study is to examine the association between adolescent self-report of the availability of SSBs in their home and SSB consumption and whether neighborhood and ...


The Home Matters: Adolescents Drink More Ssbs When Available At Home, Christina F. Haughton, Molly E. Waring, Lori Pbert, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Home Matters: Adolescents Drink More Ssbs When Available At Home, Christina F. Haughton, Molly E. Waring, Lori Pbert, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

Objective: Sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has increased by 300% in the past three decades and the largest source of both added sugar and calories in the diets of US adolescents. It has been argued that the increased intake of SSBs has contributed to the rising prevalence of obesity. The availability and accessibility of foods/drinks in multiple levels of an adolescent’s environment can influence one’s choices and impact consumption. The aim of this study is to examine the association between adolescent self-report of the availability of SSBs in their home and SSB consumption and whether neighborhood and ...


The Home Matters: Adolescents Drink More Ssbs When Available At Home, Christina F. Haughton, Molly E. Waring, Lori Pbert, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Home Matters: Adolescents Drink More Ssbs When Available At Home, Christina F. Haughton, Molly E. Waring, Lori Pbert, Milagros C. Rosal, Stephenie C. Lemon

Lori Pbert

Objective: Sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has increased by 300% in the past three decades and the largest source of both added sugar and calories in the diets of US adolescents. It has been argued that the increased intake of SSBs has contributed to the rising prevalence of obesity. The availability and accessibility of foods/drinks in multiple levels of an adolescent’s environment can influence one’s choices and impact consumption. The aim of this study is to examine the association between adolescent self-report of the availability of SSBs in their home and SSB consumption and whether neighborhood and ...


Health-Related Characteristics Of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites In The United States, Fatma Huffman, Joan A. Vaccaro, Edgar Vieira, Gustavo G. Zarini 2017 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University

Health-Related Characteristics Of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites In The United States, Fatma Huffman, Joan A. Vaccaro, Edgar Vieira, Gustavo G. Zarini

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

The purpose of this study was to determine health-related characteristics of a representative sample of older adults who attend congregate meal sites in the United States, and compare races/ethnicities and sexes. Participants were adults, aged 60 years and older, (N = 901) of the 2015 Tenth Annual National Survey of Older American Act Participants (NSOAAP). Difficulties with mobility and Activities of Daily Living were common among older adults who attended congregate meals. Health-related characteristics differed by race/ethnicity and sex. Higher percentages of men reported eating more than half their calories from the site: 61.0% (53, 68), compared to ...


Pilot And Feasibility Test Of An Implementation Intention Intervention To Improve Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele A. DeBiasse PhD, RDN, Deborah J. Bowen PhD, Sherry L. Pagoto PhD, Joseph M. Massaro PhD, Nawfal Istfan MD, PhD, Lisa M. Quintiliani PhD, RD 2017 Boston University/College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College

Pilot And Feasibility Test Of An Implementation Intention Intervention To Improve Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele A. Debiasse Phd, Rdn, Deborah J. Bowen Phd, Sherry L. Pagoto Phd, Joseph M. Massaro Phd, Nawfal Istfan Md, Phd, Lisa M. Quintiliani Phd, Rd

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Fruit and vegetable intake (FVI), a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases, is lower in low socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Implementation intentions (a specific type of planning that extends the Theory of Planned Behavior) has been studied to improve FVI, but not exclusively with low SES groups. Using mixed methods, we evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an implementation intention intervention (versus a general plan) to increase FVI in women with low SES. For the pilot randomized controlled trial, demographics, body mass index, attitude, perceived behavioral control, goal intention strength, and FVI were measured at baseline and FVI ...


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