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The Relative Impact Of A Vegetable-Rich Diet On Key Markers Of Health In A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Carol Zeuschner, Trish Guy, Robyn Pearce, Bevan Hokin, John Ashton 2017 University of New South Wales

The Relative Impact Of A Vegetable-Rich Diet On Key Markers Of Health In A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Carol Zeuschner, Trish Guy, Robyn Pearce, Bevan Hokin, John Ashton

Bevan Hokin

Childhood obesity is a widespread health problem in Australia. Overweight in childhood can lead to adult overweight and the development of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Effective strategies for reducing childhood obesity are urgently required. A vegetarian diet has been shown to be an effective prophylactic to many lifestyle diseases in the adult population and may therefore be beneficial in children. However the metabolic demands of adolescents are different to adults and the impact of a vegetarian diet on CVD markers in this demographic is not certain. We compared key physiological and biochemical markers of health against responses to ...


The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin 2017 Avondale College of Higher Education

The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin

Paul Rankin

In the latter half of the 20th Century increases in the availability of inexpensive, energy-dense foods combined with an estimated 60-70% reduction in daily energy expenditure, created an “obesogenic” environment. The epidemic of obesity that has emerged has been associated with the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) which is a cluster of risk factors that are precursors to chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes (T2D), stroke, and dementia. These chronic diseases are having a significant social and economic impact worldwide with their related morbidity and mortality.Epidemiological and interventional studies have shown that lifestyle interventions based on a low-fat ...


The Relative Impact Of A Vegetable-Rich Diet On Key Markers Of Health In A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Carol Zeuschner, Trish Guy, Robyn Pearce, Bevan Hokin, John Ashton 2017 University of New South Wales

The Relative Impact Of A Vegetable-Rich Diet On Key Markers Of Health In A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Carol Zeuschner, Trish Guy, Robyn Pearce, Bevan Hokin, John Ashton

Ross Grant

Childhood obesity is a widespread health problem in Australia. Overweight in childhood can lead to adult overweight and the development of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Effective strategies for reducing childhood obesity are urgently required. A vegetarian diet has been shown to be an effective prophylactic to many lifestyle diseases in the adult population and may therefore be beneficial in children. However the metabolic demands of adolescents are different to adults and the impact of a vegetarian diet on CVD markers in this demographic is not certain. We compared key physiological and biochemical markers of health against responses to ...


Evidence For Under-Nutrition In Adolescent Females Using Routine Dieting Practices, Jade Guest, Ayse Bilgin, Robyn Pearce, Surinder Baines, Carol Zeuschner, Corilda Le Rossignol-Grant, Margaret J. Morris, Ross Grant 2017 Australasian Research Institute

Evidence For Under-Nutrition In Adolescent Females Using Routine Dieting Practices, Jade Guest, Ayse Bilgin, Robyn Pearce, Surinder Baines, Carol Zeuschner, Corilda Le Rossignol-Grant, Margaret J. Morris, Ross Grant

Ross Grant

In Western countries the increasing prevalence of obesity in young people is a major public health concern. While the focus has been on reducing obesity, paradoxically the success of these campaigns may result in unhealthy nutritional practices. The aim of this study was to investigate the use and impact of weight control techniques on the health of adolescent females. Using Analysis of Variance we compared physiological and biochemical markers of health against responses to a modified, Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) in 482 adolescent females (14-17 yrs) from secondary schools in the northern Sydney and Central Coast regions ...


Let Them Eat Beef: Effects Of Beef Consumption On Markers Of Metabolic Syndrome, Kristin L. Olson 2017 South Dakota State University

Let Them Eat Beef: Effects Of Beef Consumption On Markers Of Metabolic Syndrome, Kristin L. Olson

Theses and Dissertations

To determine the effects of a diet that provides 30% energy from protein with ½ as lean, red meat on risk factors of metabolic syndrome in humans. This pilot study was a 3- month, randomized, control, intervention trial with 33 participants (Beef-Intervention n=18; DASH-Control n=15) who displayed markers of metabolic syndrome. Registered Dietitians Nutritionists recruited and educated participants on Beef-Intervention Lean Beef Pattern, (30% of energy from protein with ½ as lean red meat, 40% carbohydrate, 30% fat) or DASH-Control dietary pattern, (15% of energy from protein, 55% carbohydrate and 30 % fat). Of the 33 participants who completed ...


“I Don’T Eat When I’M Sick”: Older People’S Food And Mealtime Experiences In Hospital, Kelti Hope, Maree Ferguson, Dianne P. Reidlinger, Ekta Agarwal 2016 Queensland University of Technology

“I Don’T Eat When I’M Sick”: Older People’S Food And Mealtime Experiences In Hospital, Kelti Hope, Maree Ferguson, Dianne P. Reidlinger, Ekta Agarwal

Ekta Agarwal

Background

Inadequate dietary intake is a common problem amongst older acute-care patients and has been identified as an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality. This study aimed to explore whether food and mealtime experiences contribute to inadequate dietary intake in older people during hospitalisation.

Methods

This was a qualitative phenomenological study, data for which were collected using semi-structured interviews over a three-week period. During this time, 26 patients aged 65 years or more, admitted to medical and surgical wards in a tertiary acute-care hospital, were asked to participate if they were observed to eat less than half of the meal ...


Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak 2016 University of Dayton

Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak

Diana Cuy Castellanos

Food insecurity and poor dietary consumption continue to impact low-income populations in the U.S. However, communities are developing ways to address it at the local level. Community Food Security Initiatives (CFSI) focus on increasing a sustainable, healthy food supply and food system while addressing food insecurity and dietary quality within a community.

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) explore CFSIs in low-income areas in a metropolitan Midwest city and (2) examine the effects of the initiatives along with other social-cognitive factors on fruit and vegetable consumption in persons participating in local CFSIs.

This was a mixed-methods study ...


Bariatric Surgery Weight-Loss Maintenance Among Hispanics: A Multiple Case Study, Minerva Aguilera 2016 University of Texas at Tyler

Bariatric Surgery Weight-Loss Maintenance Among Hispanics: A Multiple Case Study, Minerva Aguilera

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Obesity significantly contributes to human illness and to subsequent rising healthcare expenditures. Bariatric surgery has been identified as the only effective option to achieve the weight loss necessary for those who are morbidly obese. Previous research indicated that maintaining significant weight loss has been a problem for individuals who undergo bariatric surgery. The number of bariatric surgeries is increasing and factors that contribute to or interfere following bariatric-surgery weight-loss maintenance need to be determined. Research on weight-loss maintenance following bariatric surgery is very limited, particularly among the Hispanic population. This case-study research used an explanatory, multiple-case-study design to gain greater ...


Lighten Up, Brittany G. Burress 2016 Murray State University

Lighten Up, Brittany G. Burress

Scholars Week

Looking at the effects of fast food restaurant convenience as well as physical activity opportunities and how the two contrast in the community of Murray, Kentucky.


Higher Unsaturated Fatty Acid Intake And Aerobic Training Are Related With Lower Intramyocellular Lipid In Older Adults, Hillary D. McLean 2016 University of Kentucky

Higher Unsaturated Fatty Acid Intake And Aerobic Training Are Related With Lower Intramyocellular Lipid In Older Adults, Hillary D. Mclean

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Title: Higher Unsaturated Fatty Acid Intake and Aerobic Training are Related to Lower Intramyocellular Lipid in Older Adults

1Hillary McLean, 2Maja Redzic, and 3D. Travis Thomas

Department: 1Department of Agriculture, 2Department of Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences, and 3Department of Clinical Sciences

Funding: R21AG046762-01A1, UL1TR000117, T32DK007778-16

Word Count: 298/300

Intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) is associated with metabolic dysfunction in aging. Exercise is known to influence IMCL accumulation and was recently observed to have a direct association with vitamin D status (25(OH)D) in our lab. In addition, we observed an inverse association between IMCL ...


Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak 2016 University of Dayton

Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

Food insecurity and poor dietary consumption continue to impact low-income populations in the U.S. However, communities are developing ways to address it at the local level. Community Food Security Initiatives (CFSI) focus on increasing a sustainable, healthy food supply and food system while addressing food insecurity and dietary quality within a community.

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) explore CFSIs in low-income areas in a metropolitan Midwest city and (2) examine the effects of the initiatives along with other social-cognitive factors on fruit and vegetable consumption in persons participating in local CFSIs.

This was a mixed-methods study ...


Associations Of Daily Eating Episodes, And Eating Away-From-Home With Blood Level Of Total Cholesterol, Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek, Nancy L. Cohen, Ira S. Ockene 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Associations Of Daily Eating Episodes, And Eating Away-From-Home With Blood Level Of Total Cholesterol, Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek, Nancy L. Cohen, Ira S. Ockene

Ira S. Ockene

The objective of this investigation is to describe the associations of number of eating episodes and proportion of meals eaten away from home with total serum cholesterol. Data from 499 participants, recruited from a health maintenance organization in central Massachusetts, aged 20-70, were used for this analysis. Dietary information and total blood cholesterol were obtained at five sampling points (baseline and four consecutive quarters) during the one-year follow-up. A cross-sectional study was conducted. The results from the study do not support the hypothesis that the number of eating episodes per day is associated with total blood cholesterol. However, we noted ...


Risk For Type 2 Diabetes Among Snap Participants With Prediabetes, Diana L. Malkin-Washeim, PhD, MPH, R.D., CDE, Shirley Gerrior, PhD, R.D. 2016 Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center

Risk For Type 2 Diabetes Among Snap Participants With Prediabetes, Diana L. Malkin-Washeim, Phd, Mph, R.D., Cde, Shirley Gerrior, Phd, R.D.

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

This study explored food security status among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants with prediabetes in relation to food choice decisions over a 30-day benefit cycle that potentially increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional, quantitative design based on food choice process model constructs was used. SNAP participants (n = 36) with prediabetes, aged 21–70 years, were recruited as outpatients from Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center and completed self-reported questionnaires on demographics and health, food security, and food frequency over time. Descriptive statistics, Pearson chi square tests, and regression analysis were performed using SPSS. Two post-hoc tests, the Friedman ...


Evidence For Under-Nutrition In Adolescent Females Using Routine Dieting Practices, Jade Guest, Ayse Bilgin, Robyn Pearce, Surinder Baines, Carol Zeuschner, Corilda Le Rossignol-Grant, Margaret J. Morris, Ross Grant 2016 Australasian Research Institute

Evidence For Under-Nutrition In Adolescent Females Using Routine Dieting Practices, Jade Guest, Ayse Bilgin, Robyn Pearce, Surinder Baines, Carol Zeuschner, Corilda Le Rossignol-Grant, Margaret J. Morris, Ross Grant

Robyn Pearce

In Western countries the increasing prevalence of obesity in young people is a major public health concern. While the focus has been on reducing obesity, paradoxically the success of these campaigns may result in unhealthy nutritional practices. The aim of this study was to investigate the use and impact of weight control techniques on the health of adolescent females. Using Analysis of Variance we compared physiological and biochemical markers of health against responses to a modified, Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) in 482 adolescent females (14-17 yrs) from secondary schools in the northern Sydney and Central Coast regions ...


The Relative Impact Of A Vegetable-Rich Diet On Key Markers Of Health In A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Carol Zeuschner, Trish Guy, Robyn Pearce, Bevan Hokin, John Ashton 2016 University of New South Wales

The Relative Impact Of A Vegetable-Rich Diet On Key Markers Of Health In A Cohort Of Australian Adolescents, Ross Grant, Ayse Bilgin, Carol Zeuschner, Trish Guy, Robyn Pearce, Bevan Hokin, John Ashton

Robyn Pearce

Childhood obesity is a widespread health problem in Australia. Overweight in childhood can lead to adult overweight and the development of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Effective strategies for reducing childhood obesity are urgently required. A vegetarian diet has been shown to be an effective prophylactic to many lifestyle diseases in the adult population and may therefore be beneficial in children. However the metabolic demands of adolescents are different to adults and the impact of a vegetarian diet on CVD markers in this demographic is not certain. We compared key physiological and biochemical markers of health against responses to ...


The Complete Health Improvement Program (Chip) As A Lifestyle Intervention For The Prevention, Management And Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Darren Morton 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

The Complete Health Improvement Program (Chip) As A Lifestyle Intervention For The Prevention, Management And Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Darren Morton

Darren Morton

Over 2,000 years ago Hippocrates asserted: "Food and exercise... work together to produce health". Evidence for the wisdom of this Hippocratic council emerged throughout the 20th Century as large epidemiological studies, including the Framingham Heart Study, Nurses Health Study, EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) and the Adventist Health Study, highlighted the relationship between lifestyle and disease.


Nutrition Care Practices In Hospital Wards: Results From The Nutrition Care Day Survey 2010, Ekta Agarwal, Maree Ferguson, Merrilyn Banks, Marijka J. Batterham, Judith Bauer, Sandra Capra, Elizabeth Isenring 2016 The University of Queensland

Nutrition Care Practices In Hospital Wards: Results From The Nutrition Care Day Survey 2010, Ekta Agarwal, Maree Ferguson, Merrilyn Banks, Marijka J. Batterham, Judith Bauer, Sandra Capra, Elizabeth Isenring

Liz Isenring

Background & aim

This paper describes nutrition care practices in acute care hospitals across Australia and New Zealand.

Methods

A survey on nutrition care practices in Australian and New Zealand hospitals was completed by Directors of dietetics departments of 56 hospitals that participated in the Australasian Nutrition Care Day Survey 2010.

Results

Overall 370 wards representing various specialities participated in the study. Nutrition risk screening was conducted in 64% (n = 234) of the wards. Seventy nine percent (n = 185) of these wards reported using the Malnutrition Screening Tool, 16% using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (n = 37), and 5% using local ...


Trends In Bmi, Diet And Lifestyle Between 1976 And 2005 In North Sydney, Lillian Kent, Anthony Worsley 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Trends In Bmi, Diet And Lifestyle Between 1976 And 2005 In North Sydney, Lillian Kent, Anthony Worsley

Lillian Kent

Although the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australia has increased during the past 30 years, little is known about the dietary and behavioural antecedents of body mass index (BMI). We examined changes in mean BMI, diet, and other lifestyle behaviours between 1976 and 2005 and described the cross-sectional associations between these factors and BMI. A series of biennial biomedical surveys by Sydney Adventist Hospital from 1976 to 2005 allowed examination of BMI trends, while the selection of three surveys enabled detailed examination of likely dietary and lifestyle associations. Subjects included in this study were: 384 men and 338 women ...


Does The Prescriptive Lifestyle Of Seventh-Day Adventists Provide Immunity From The Secular Effects Of Changes In Bmi?, Lillian Kent, Anthony Worsley 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Does The Prescriptive Lifestyle Of Seventh-Day Adventists Provide Immunity From The Secular Effects Of Changes In Bmi?, Lillian Kent, Anthony Worsley

Lillian Kent

Objective: To examine the effect of Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) membership on ‘immunity’ to the secular effects of changes in BMI.

Design: Three independent, cross-sectional, screening surveys conducted by Sydney Adventist Hospital in 1976, 1986 and 1988 and a survey conducted among residents of Melbourne in 2006.

Subjects: Two hundred and fifty-two SDA and 464 non-SDA in 1976; 166 SDA and 291 non-SDA in 1986; 120 SDA and 300-non SDA in 1988; and 251 SDA and 294 non-SDA in 2006.

Measurements: Height and weight measured by hospital staff in 1976, 1986 and 1988; self-reported by respondents in 2006.

Results: The mean ...


Stand Down For Veterans: The Impact Of Volunteerism On Student Learning, Kelsey Herwick 2016 Purdue University

Stand Down For Veterans: The Impact Of Volunteerism On Student Learning, Kelsey Herwick

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

In this article, Kelsey Herwick, a graduating senior in dietetics and nutrition, fitness, and health, describes her experience with Stand Down. The first ever Stand Down event occurred during the Vietnam War and had the purpose of giving soldiers in combat time to eat warm meals, attend to personal hygiene needs, and tend to any medical needs (MFRI, n.d.a). Over time, Stand Down has become an event that has the purpose of giving veterans a break from homelessness. A group of 14 nutrition science students from Purdue University planned and served at a booth for the Lafayette Stand ...


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