Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1122 Full-Text Articles 1542 Authors 267415 Downloads 95 Institutions

All Articles in Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition

Faceted Search

1122 full-text articles. Page 1 of 40.

Antioxidant And Anti-Inflammatory Nutrients On Lung Function In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Jessica M. Hinds 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Antioxidant And Anti-Inflammatory Nutrients On Lung Function In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Jessica M. Hinds

Theses & Dissertations

Introduction Veterans are three times more likely to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than the general population. This is likely due to increased use of tobacco and exposure to environmental risk factors. Nutritional intake has been linked to COPD, and veterans report unique barriers to improving their eating habits.

Purpose The primary outcome of this study was to examine the relationship between antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrient intake and lung function in veterans with COPD. It was hypothesized that a higher intake of lutein + zeaxanthin, ß-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, retinol, ɑ-carotene, ß-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin D, ɑ-tocopherol, omega-3, zinc and selenium would ...


Association Of Body Weight With Athletic Success And The Occurrence Of Female Athlete Triad In Cross Country Athletes, Lindsey Hinken 2016 Western Kentucky University

Association Of Body Weight With Athletic Success And The Occurrence Of Female Athlete Triad In Cross Country Athletes, Lindsey Hinken

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Young adult females who participate in endurance sports are at risk of developing Female Athlete Triad (FAT). The high prevalence of FAT among collegiate athletes and its potentially lifelong consequences substantiate the importance of relevant research. The objective of the present study is to identify the risk of FAT among the Western Kentucky University women’s cross country team, based on the presence or absence of the three FAT components, and to investigate the perceptions of those determined to be ‘at-risk.’ It was hypothesized that a preponderance of the WKU women’s cross country team would be considered ‘at risk ...


Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li

Wenjun Li

INTRODUCTION. Neighborhood food environment is important to healthy eating. The availability and proximity of healthy foods has been shown to affect dietary quality, obesity, and overall health. We surveyed food stores throughout City of Worcester to assess the variability of food availability in neighborhoods and inequalities in access to fresh produce, unprocessed foods, and other healthy food options by neighborhood socioeconomic status (N-SES).

METHODS. Where permitted by the store manager, the Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data Systems (C-NEEDS) survey was completed inside the store by trained staff. Healthy Food Availability Index (HFAI; range 0-56) and Unhealthy Food Availability Index (UFAI ...


A Non-Restrictive Weight Loss Diet Focused On Increasing Fiber And Lean Protein: Results Of A Pilot Trial, Lijuan Zhang, Sherry L. Pagoto, Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda C. Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Non-Restrictive Weight Loss Diet Focused On Increasing Fiber And Lean Protein: Results Of A Pilot Trial, Lijuan Zhang, Sherry L. Pagoto, Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda C. Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma

Sherry L. Pagoto

Objective. The vast majority of diets are not only multicomponent but also restrictive. Dietary fiber or protein can reduce hunger and enhance satiety; they also exert clinical benefits. We examined feasibility and acceptability of a non-restrictive diet combining the two for weight loss.

Population and Methods. Fifteen patients were enrolled in the trial (2 men, 13 women, mean age=48 y and mean BMI = 36 kg/m2) to attend 6 bi-weekly individual counselling sessions for the diet during the 12-week study period. The goals of the intervention were to attain a daily goal of higher fiber (>35g)/ and lean protein ...


A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Background: Diet plays an important role in the prevention and management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Previous studies suggest that soy protein and isoflavones may have beneficial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Little is known regarding the cardiometabolic effects of soy intake during pregnancy. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, safety and acceptability of daily consumption of soy foods during pregnancy in women at high risk for GDM, and participant adherence to their assigned treatment.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted among pregnant women at high risk for GDM. The Soy group were counseled to consume a ...


Awareness, Perception, And Self-Reported Purchasing Behaviors Of College Students Regarding Front-Of-Package Nutrition Labeling Systems And Symbols, Audrey L. Kessler 2016 East Tennessee State University

Awareness, Perception, And Self-Reported Purchasing Behaviors Of College Students Regarding Front-Of-Package Nutrition Labeling Systems And Symbols, Audrey L. Kessler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traditional students enroll in post-secondary institutions during emerging adulthood. College enrollment is increasing and adult weight gain occurs most rapidly during the college-age years, with poor food decisions as a potential contributing factor. The present study examined the awareness, perception, and self-reported purchasing behaviors of college students regarding four front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labeling systems and symbols. Students were sent a 24-question web-based survey, with 908 completed surveys that met the research criteria. There were 888 (98.3%) respondents who recognized at least one of the four presented FOP nutrition labels. There were no significant differences between the groups that recognized ...


Characterization Of The Role Of Host And Dietary Factors In The Establishment Of Bacteria In The Gastrointestinal Tract, Janina A. Krumbeck 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of The Role Of Host And Dietary Factors In The Establishment Of Bacteria In The Gastrointestinal Tract, Janina A. Krumbeck

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

Probiotic bacteria and synbiotics are used as therapeutic and prophylactic agents. The majority of probiotic and synbiotic applications contain bacterial strains that are allochthonous to the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Accordingly, many bacterial strains do not survive digestion, or are not capable of persisting and competing the resident gut microbiota, and are therefore washed out of the GI tract shortly after the treatment is discontinued. This might reduce the health effects of these treatments. Therefore, research is needed to address the ecological challenges that probiotic strains encounter in the GI tract in order to develop probiotic regimens. Determining which ecological ...


An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

An Evaluation Of African American Fathers’ Perceptions And Influences On Child Food Choices And Physical Activity Behaviors, Valerie Annette Richardson

Dissertations

Child obesity is affecting children’s health nationwide. Rates are highest among African Americans (AA) in the South. Research has explored parents’ influence on child eating and activity, but most has reported on mothers’ influences. The purpose of this research was to investigate perceptions about AA fathers’ influences on their children’s eating and physical activity. Using a structured focus group questionnaire based on the parent layer constructs of Birch and Ventura’s Ecological Model for Child Overweight (2009), four focus groups were conducted with 28 AA fathers with children 6- to 11-years-old in a rural and an urban church ...


Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman 2016 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, Lego

Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman

Joan A. Vaccaro

Background: Malnutrition of children in Ghana continues during school years. There is limited information on how school meals meet nutrient recommendations in Ghana.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare energy and nutrient content of meals served by Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) and Non-Governmental School Feeding Programme (NGSFP) and adherence to nutrient recommendations.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study design involving observation of school meals at two sites: GSFP and NGSFP. Average weights of a week’s meal were converted to energy and nutrient equivalence and compared with international recommendations. Differences assessed with t-tests.

Results ...


Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman 2016 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, Lego

Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman

Joan A. Vaccaro

Background: Malnutrition of children in Ghana continues during school years. There is limited information on how school meals meet nutrient recommendations in Ghana.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare energy and nutrient content of meals served by Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) and Non-Governmental School Feeding Programme (NGSFP) and adherence to nutrient recommendations.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study design involving observation of school meals at two sites: GSFP and NGSFP. Average weights of a week’s meal were converted to energy and nutrient equivalence and compared with international recommendations. Differences assessed with t-tests.

Results ...


The Artificial Nutrition Debate: Still An Issue…After All These Years, Cheryl Monturo 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The Artificial Nutrition Debate: Still An Issue…After All These Years, Cheryl Monturo

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Food, Meaning And Identity Among Aging Veterans At End Of Life, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Food, Meaning And Identity Among Aging Veterans At End Of Life, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


A.S.P.E.N. Ethics Position Paper, Albert Barrocas, Cynthia Geppert, Sharon M. Durfee, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet, Cheryl Monturo, Charles Mueller, Kathleen Stratton, Christina Valentine, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors 2016 West Chester University of PA

A.S.P.E.N. Ethics Position Paper, Albert Barrocas, Cynthia Geppert, Sharon M. Durfee, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet, Cheryl Monturo, Charles Mueller, Kathleen Stratton, Christina Valentine, A.S.P.E.N. Board Of Directors

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Artificial Nutrition, Advance Directives And End Of Life In Nursing Homes, Cheryl Ann Monturo 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Artificial Nutrition, Advance Directives And End Of Life In Nursing Homes, Cheryl Ann Monturo

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Advance Directives At End-Of-Life: Nursing Home Resident Preferences For Artificial Nutrition, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Advance Directives At End-Of-Life: Nursing Home Resident Preferences For Artificial Nutrition, Cheryl Monturo, Neville E. Strumpf

Cheryl Monturo

No abstract provided.


Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora 2016 Ursinus College

Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora

Business and Economics Summer Fellows

In 2010, President Obama signed the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act, establishing a monetary incentive for schools that served meals following a more rigorous nutritional requirement than standard guidelines. This act is a step in the right direction towards placing more importance on school lunches, however America’s lunchroom practices continue to be environmentally unsustainable, and students absorb this message. The production and transportation of processed cafeteria food contributes to climate change, its packaging is polluting, and its consumption contributes to obesity. The use of premade foods and sales from vending machines increase as lunch times grow ever shorter. In ...


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Eating Healthfully, Ben G. Zimmerman 2016 Prof. Emeritus

Eating Healthfully, Ben G. Zimmerman

Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays

Ideas and/or diets for either normal weight maintenance or to lose weight are presented. Works by Michael Pollan, Mark Bittman, and Dr. Robert Atkins are mainly considered. Pollan describes and critiques the method of meat production by corn feeding of cattle in feedlots which has replaced meat produced from grass grazing animals. He lists criteria to use for choosing healthy food and why he became a vegetarian. His do’s and don’ts sum up some of his thinking. A dietary scheme of vegan before 6 PM and more typical food afterwards is how Bittman views a plan for ...


Exploring The Feasibility Of An Academic Course That Provides Nutrition Education To Collegiate Student-Athletes, Christine Karpinski 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Exploring The Feasibility Of An Academic Course That Provides Nutrition Education To Collegiate Student-Athletes, Christine Karpinski

Christine Karpinski

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman 2016 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, Lego

Comparison Of Two School Feeding Programmes In Ghana, West Africa, Justina S. Owusu, Esi K. Colecraft, Richmond N.O. Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma G. Huffman

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

Background: Malnutrition of children in Ghana continues during school years. There is limited information on how school meals meet nutrient recommendations in Ghana.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare energy and nutrient content of meals served by Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) and Non-Governmental School Feeding Programme (NGSFP) and adherence to nutrient recommendations.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study design involving observation of school meals at two sites: GSFP and NGSFP. Average weights of a week’s meal were converted to energy and nutrient equivalence and compared with international recommendations. Differences assessed with t-tests.

Results ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress