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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Vitamin D Deficiency: "At Risk" Patient Populations And Potential Drug Interactions, Dana Lycans MD, Elias Salloum MD, Matthew K. Wingate MD, Thomas Melvin MD, Grant S. Buchanan MD, Franklin D. Shuler MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University

Vitamin D Deficiency: "At Risk" Patient Populations And Potential Drug Interactions, Dana Lycans Md, Elias Salloum Md, Matthew K. Wingate Md, Thomas Melvin Md, Grant S. Buchanan Md, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Vitamin D is known to play an essential role in calcium homeostasis; however, excessive amounts can have harmful effects. Calcium and vitamin D levels are known to be influenced by drug interactions and pathology ranging from of cancer to cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D supplementation has become widespread, and it is important for clinicians to understand the way that certain conditions and medications interact with vitamin D and calcium homeostasis. The purpose of this review is to outline the benefits and adverse effects of vitamin D and how its levels are affected by certain pathologic and pharmacologic interactions.


Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell 2016 SUNY New Paltz

Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell

Journal of Evolution and Health

The current ancestral health (“paleo”) movement is often thought to be on the verge of going mainstream. Many within the movement believe this would lead to positive health and financial outcomes for both individuals and society as a whole. However, the transition from a small, highly-devoted group of adherents to a mass following will be far more difficult than commonly assumed. This paper argues there are three main obstacles to it becoming a mass phenomenon in the United States. First, Neolithic foods are tightly woven into the fabric of our culture (for example, bread within the Christian tradition). Second, refined ...


Commentary: Just Why Do We Eat What We Eat?, Robert Grosz 2016 Nova Southeastern University - Health Professions Division

Commentary: Just Why Do We Eat What We Eat?, Robert Grosz

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Mr. Smith presents with a complaint about his knee, and while solving his knee problem, you decide to tell him that his nutrition intake is wrong and he needs to change his eating habits. Mrs. Jones presents with upper respiratory congestion, and during the course of managing her problem, you decide that her blood workup shows some flaws that could be dealt with by changing her eating pattern. John J. comes into the office wanting you to help him overcome his weight problem, so you start the measurements: number of calories taken in, percent of protein taken in, types and ...


Educated Birth: Beliefs Vs. Outcomes, Lauren Presley 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Educated Birth: Beliefs Vs. Outcomes, Lauren Presley

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation Undergraduate Honors Theses

“Our infant mortality rate is a national embarrassment.”1 The words seem shocking and harsh across the headline of a 2014 Washington Post article. The thought of America not only not being the best at something, but falling upsettingly behind, is a foreign concept to many who view America as a nation inferior to none. However, the statistics on infant mortality rate tell the stark truth that of 26 “wealthy” countries, the U.S. ranks last, with a sobering 6.1 deaths per 1,000 live infant births.2

Part of the Healthy People 2020 Objectives is to reduce the ...


Common Use Of Dietary Supplements For Bipolar Disorder: A Naturalistic, Self-Reported Study, Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Jorn Conell, Natalie Rasgon, Wendy K. Marsh, Kemal Sagduyu, Rodrigo Munoz, Ute Lewitzka, Rita Bauer, Maximilian Pilhatsch, Scott Monteith, Peter C. Whybrow 2015 Technische Universität

Common Use Of Dietary Supplements For Bipolar Disorder: A Naturalistic, Self-Reported Study, Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Jorn Conell, Natalie Rasgon, Wendy K. Marsh, Kemal Sagduyu, Rodrigo Munoz, Ute Lewitzka, Rita Bauer, Maximilian Pilhatsch, Scott Monteith, Peter C. Whybrow

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements are taken by about half of Americans. Knowledge of dietary supplement use is important because they may interact with prescription drugs or other supplements, cause adverse reactions including psychiatric symptoms, or contain inherently toxic ingredients or contaminants. This study explores the use of dietary supplements by patients with bipolar disorder in the US.

METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing, naturalistic study of patients with bipolar disorder who received pharmacological treatment as usual. The patients self-reported their daily mood, sleep, and medications taken, including all drugs prescribed for bipolar disorder or that the patient felt impacted their ...


In Vitro Growth Suppression Of Renal Carcinoma Cells By Curcumin, Santhi Konduri, Madhavi Latha Yadav Bangaru, Phu Thanh Do, Shenglin Chen, Jeffrey Woodliff, Sanjay Kansra 2015 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

In Vitro Growth Suppression Of Renal Carcinoma Cells By Curcumin, Santhi Konduri, Madhavi Latha Yadav Bangaru, Phu Thanh Do, Shenglin Chen, Jeffrey Woodliff, Sanjay Kansra

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Malignant clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC) is an aggressive tumor that is highly resistant to chemotherapy and radiation. Current therapeutic approaches to management of ccRCC have not significantly improved patient survival, therefore novel therapies are needed. The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene is frequently mutated in ccRCC resulting in unregulated transcriptional activity of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) 1α and 2α. HIF-mediated transcription leads to increased growth factor expression and growth factor receptor (GFR)-mediated signaling. NFκB and STAT3 are phosphorylated in response to GFR activation and modulate gene expression, which promotes cell growth and invasion. Activated NFκB and STAT3 expression ...


How A Healthy Population Acquires Nutrition And Exercise Information: A Mixed Methods Study, Sally J. Hillis 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

How A Healthy Population Acquires Nutrition And Exercise Information: A Mixed Methods Study, Sally J. Hillis

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Faced with an overwhelming amount of available sources and different perspectives, researchers in the field of Nutrition and Health Sciences continually strive to identify key factors that shape a healthy lifestyle. Employing an exploratory sequential mixed methods design, phase one of this research utilized a constructivist grounded theory approach to develop a model explaining the process by which healthy individuals acquire nutrition and exercise information. Interested is studying a population identified by good nutrition and daily exercise, the researcher set the participant criteria to include daily consumption of 2-3 balanced meals, 45-60 minutes daily moderate-intensity exercise, and a normal BMI ...


The Effect Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Minorities With Type 2 Diabetes, Joel Exebio 2015 Florida International University

The Effect Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Minorities With Type 2 Diabetes, Joel Exebio

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation (4000 IU or 6000 IU of cholecalciferol daily for 6 months) on fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, glycated hemoglobin, and lipid profile in a sample of African-Americans and Hispanics with T2D and vitamin D insufficiency. Seventy five participants were recruited by community outreach. Plasma glucose concentration was measured by hexokinase enzymatic method. Glycated hemoglobin was measured by the DCA2000+ system. Insulin in fasting blood was determined by radioimmunoassay. Plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were assayed by enzymatic methods. Serum vitamin ...


A Case Control Study Of Nutrient Intake Deficiencies In Patients Taking Warfarin, Philip Riley IV, Kim Lucas Day, MD, George M. Yousef, MD, Sirisha Devabhaktuni, MD, Ashley N. Gaing, Lynne J. Goebel, MD 2015 Marshall University Joan C Edwards School of Medicine

A Case Control Study Of Nutrient Intake Deficiencies In Patients Taking Warfarin, Philip Riley Iv, Kim Lucas Day, Md, George M. Yousef, Md, Sirisha Devabhaktuni, Md, Ashley N. Gaing, Lynne J. Goebel, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction

We previously published the case of a woman taking warfarin who was found to have scurvy, a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C. This led us to hypothesize that patients taking warfarin who consume a diet limited in vitamin K rich foods may be at risk for other nutrient deficiencies. To test our hypothesis, we studied dietary nutrient intake in patients taking warfarin compared to patients with heart disease not taking warfarin.

Methods

The warfarin (n=59) and control groups (n=24) comprised convenience samples of patients with heart disease over age 60 years. Patients completed a ...


Use Of Animal Fat As A Symbol Of Health In Traditional Societies Suggests Humans May Be Well Adapted To Its Consumption, Miki Ben-Dor 2015 Tel Aviv University

Use Of Animal Fat As A Symbol Of Health In Traditional Societies Suggests Humans May Be Well Adapted To Its Consumption, Miki Ben-Dor

Journal of Evolution and Health

Background and objectives: Recommendations to limit the dietary consumption of saturated fat have been adopted by public health organizations in most countries. However, recent scientific studies and reviews have questioned the alleged negative health claims regarding saturated fat.

This research aims to provide a historical, evolutionary point of view to the debate through a short review of evidence for animal fat consumption by Paleolithic and recent traditional societies, and the discernment of how recent traditional societies perceived animal fat in terms of health and other lifestyle aspects.

Methodology: Literature review of the importance of animal fat's dietary consumption in ...


We Are… Bridging Medicine And Science, Vol. 1, Issue 4, Fall 2015, Marshall University Biomedical Sciences 2015 Marshall University

We Are… Bridging Medicine And Science, Vol. 1, Issue 4, Fall 2015, Marshall University Biomedical Sciences

We Are... Bridging Medicine Science

No abstract provided.


The Dietary Habits And Nutrition Education Levels Of Parents Of Pre-School Children At A Community Head Start Program, Lisa Renee Keys 2015 University of Kentucky

The Dietary Habits And Nutrition Education Levels Of Parents Of Pre-School Children At A Community Head Start Program, Lisa Renee Keys

Kaleidoscope

The health of America’s youth is jeopardized as obesity, often beginning in childhood, becomes a major epidemic. Parents have exceptional influence on their children, especially nutritionally, which impacts how their children grow and develop. Parents with minimal nutrition education and who do not practice healthy eating habits may unintentionally influence their children in practices that could lead to nutrition-related disease and/or obesity. This research evaluated the dietary habits and nutrition knowledge of parents of preschoolers at a community Head Start program in Lexington, KY, which served a high percentage of Hispanic children. The parents were given a survey ...


The Human And Environmental Health Impacts Of Food Quality Among Emergency Food Providers, Alexina Cather 2015 University of San Francisco

The Human And Environmental Health Impacts Of Food Quality Among Emergency Food Providers, Alexina Cather

Master's Projects

Abstract

Human health and environmental health are inextricably entwined, and the ways in which we grow, process, package, transport, market, and consume food are critical factors for both human and environmental health. The current industrial food system in the United States has numerous adverse effects on environmental and human health, which significantly impact the millions of food insecure Americans who receive their nutritional needs from emergency food providers (American Public Health Association, 2007). The widespread food insecurity in the United States and the increasing prevalence of obesity among adults and children have drawn attention to the role that emergency food ...


The Evaluation Of Select Lifestyle Behavior Modification Following Participation In A Comprehensive Weight Management Clinic, Jennifer L. Bowling 2015 Grand Valley State University

The Evaluation Of Select Lifestyle Behavior Modification Following Participation In A Comprehensive Weight Management Clinic, Jennifer L. Bowling

Doctoral Dissertations

Over the last decades, obesity in the United States has reached epidemic proportion. Obesity rates have nearly doubled since 1960 when 43% of the United States population was overweight or obese and 1% was extremely obese. In 2012, approximately 69% of the US population was overweight or obese while 6.3% were extremely obese. Obesity rates are expected to progressively increase; therefore, interventions and guidelines are imperative in order to reduce the long term health risks of the Nation and to reduce overall health care costs (National Institute of Health [NIH], 2012).

Obesity increases morbidity resulting from associated hypertension, cardiovascular ...


Diet Self-Efficacy And Physical Self-Concept Of College Students At Risk For Eating Disorders, Leslie D. Frazier, Joan A. Vaccaro, Stephanie Garcia, Negar Fallahazad, Kapil Rathi, Alice Shrestha, Nancy Perez 2015 Department of Psychology, Florida International Univesity

Diet Self-Efficacy And Physical Self-Concept Of College Students At Risk For Eating Disorders, Leslie D. Frazier, Joan A. Vaccaro, Stephanie Garcia, Negar Fallahazad, Kapil Rathi, Alice Shrestha, Nancy Perez

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

Background: Both eating disorders and body image dissatisfaction affect a high proportion of college students. Self-esteem and self-efficacy may be protective factors for eating disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate diet self-efficacy, the confidence to maintain or lose weight, and its association with physical selfconcept using data from an online survey of health literacy, body image, and eating disorders.

Study Population and Methods: This cross-sectional study collected online survey data from college students within the United States. The inclusion criteria allowed for 1612 college students, ages 17-35 years (597 males, 1015 females) belonging to the following racial ...


Use Of Fortified Skimmed Breast Milk To Feed Infants With Postoperative Chylothorax, Guadaljupe Lopez 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Use Of Fortified Skimmed Breast Milk To Feed Infants With Postoperative Chylothorax, Guadaljupe Lopez

Scholar Archive

Background: Breast milk is the best source of nutrition for the infant but infants suffering from post-surgical chylothorax cannot consume breastmilk due to its high fat content. There is an interest among health care providers and mothers of infants with chylothorax to use skimmed, supplemented breast milk instead of specialized infant formulas.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional intake, tolerance and growth of infants fed fortified skimmed breast milk compared to infants fed specialized infant formulas for the treatment of chylothorax following cardiothoracic surgery.

Study design: Expressed breast milk was skimmed by allowing it to ...


Vitamin D Supplementation Regimens For Hiv-Infected Patients : A Historical Chart Review, Jeremy Dorance O'Neal 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Vitamin D Supplementation Regimens For Hiv-Infected Patients : A Historical Chart Review, Jeremy Dorance O'Neal

Scholar Archive

Vitamin D deficiency may be common among HIV infected individuals. Similar to individuals not affected by HIV, HIV-infected patients are affected by limited UV-B exposure and vitamin D deficient diet. However, HIV-infected patients may be at increased risk for insufficient vitamin D due to antiretroviral medication regimens that affect vitamin D metabolism and fat malabsorption due to HIV-related inflammation. In this historical chart review, we examined the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and assessed the comparative effectiveness of varying vitamin D repletion regimens in an HIV-infected cohort. The study population comprised patients from an outpatient HIV clinic who had vitamin ...


Nutrient Intake And Body Composition In Children With Phenylketonuria, Melissa M. Hammons 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Nutrient Intake And Body Composition In Children With Phenylketonuria, Melissa M. Hammons

Scholar Archive

Background: A recent study showed significantly higher body fat percentage among subjects with phenylketonuria (PKU) compared to controls. Several studies have suggested a relationship between body composition and blood phenylalanine (phe) concentrations, but this has not been consistently reported in the literature. The body composition of patients with PKU followed at Doernbecher Children’s Hospital is unknown. Objective: We aimed to determine if there is a difference in body composition of patients with PKU and patients in the general pediatric population. Furthermore, within the population with PKU we aimed to determine if there is a relationship between body composition and ...


Improving Dental Care To The Elderly In A Nursing Home, Cara M. Licavoli 2015 University of San Francisco

Improving Dental Care To The Elderly In A Nursing Home, Cara M. Licavoli

Master's Projects

The project is about the collaboration between Peninsula Health Care District (PHCD) and Apple Tree Dental (ATD) in a team approach to address the current issues of improving dental care of frail and elderly patients in nursing home facilities. The specific aim is to improve dental care of clients at the San Mateo County nursing home facility by 100% by May, 2015. The methods use in this project was the adaptation and implementation of existing dental/oral health assessment tools, that is nurse driven for patient assessment upon admission to the nursing facility. The process includes staff education regarding the ...


A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher 2015 Wofford College

A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher

Student Scholarship

A growing concern throughout the world, especially the United States, is the health of our population. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) performed in 2009-2010, approximately 35% of both men and women in the United States are obese (Flegal, 2012). In 2005, more than 300,000 deaths in the United States were attributed to obesity. However, the World Health Organization listed obesity as one of ten most preventable health risks (Wilborn, 2005).
Why, then, do we as a society struggle so much with our weight? Some, such as Swinburn, believe this trend of obesity can be ...


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