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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Diet Quality Of Adolescent Females In Relation To Disease Risk, Heidi Pfeifer 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Diet Quality Of Adolescent Females In Relation To Disease Risk, Heidi Pfeifer

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Many people are living longer with chronic diseases costing billions in healthcare costs every year. Many things influence the risk of chronic diseases but one easily modified risk factor is diet. Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) and Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) diet quality indexes have been associated with chronic disease risk but has not been studied in disease risk in adolescents.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to look at adolescent girls’ diet quality scores compared with known adult values associated with chronic diseases and risk of mortality.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a previous ...


The Relationships Between The Home Food Environment And Weight Status Among Children And Adolescents, Ages 6-17 Years, Martha J. Nepper 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Relationships Between The Home Food Environment And Weight Status Among Children And Adolescents, Ages 6-17 Years, Martha J. Nepper

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

The home food environment is an important setting in regard to a child’s dietary intake and the development of obesity, since 65% to 72% of daily calories are consumed in the home. Research is beginning to explore how the home food environment may influence children’s weight status. It is suggested that homes with healthy weight children are more likely to have healthier food options available and limit access to unhealthy foods. Prior research on the influence of the home food environment on children and adolescent’s weight status is not clear, as some researchers have found that the ...


Student Perceptions Of Nutrition Education At Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School Of Medicine: A Resource Challenged Institution, W. Elaine Hardman, Bobby L. Miller, Darshana T. Shah 2016 Marshall University

Student Perceptions Of Nutrition Education At Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School Of Medicine: A Resource Challenged Institution, W. Elaine Hardman, Bobby L. Miller, Darshana T. Shah

Elaine Hardman Ph.D.

Nutrition education is an essential component of medical education if new physicians are to be equipped to address common chronic diseases, including obesity and the associated diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Most medical students recognize this need and desire nutrition education; however, finding time in a medical school curriculum and funding are challenging. Available, free online resources and small group exercises can be utilized to provide basic, up-to-date nutrition information to medical students.


Effects Of Prenatal Gestational Diabetes Nutrition Education Class And Individual Follow-Up On Maternal And Infant Outcomes, Samantha List 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effects Of Prenatal Gestational Diabetes Nutrition Education Class And Individual Follow-Up On Maternal And Infant Outcomes, Samantha List

Theses & Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is defined by glucose intolerance detected with the onset of pregnancy, and if gone undetected and untreated, can lead to morbidities for the mother and baby. Implementation of nutrition counseling can work to reduce the risk of complications through dietary modification promoted and adopted during pregnancy. Follow-up is important, as individual assessment is used to modify recommendations. GDM class and follow-up provided through the Diabetes Center of Nebraska Medicine covers and promotes proper management of blood glucose (BG) during pregnancy for women with GDM.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact ...


Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs 2016 Cedarville University

Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Chocolate has been referred to as one of the most socially acceptable addictions. It is one of America’s most craved foods, and women tend to crave it more frequently than men. Kemps and Tiggemann (2013) conducted an innovative experiment to reconcile the ideas of mental imagery, scent, and craving. After presenting images of sweet foods and having female undergraduate students smell a neutral scent, the researchers found that the neutral smell decreased craving for sweet foods.

In the present study, researchers sought to replicate many aspects of Kemps and Tiggemann’s design. This new study went one step further ...


Validity Of A Food Frequency Questionnaire To Assess Nutritional Intake Among Sri Lankan Adults, Ranil Jayawardena, Nuala Byrne, Mario Soares, Prasad Katulanda, Andrew P. Hills 2016 University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Validity Of A Food Frequency Questionnaire To Assess Nutritional Intake Among Sri Lankan Adults, Ranil Jayawardena, Nuala Byrne, Mario Soares, Prasad Katulanda, Andrew P. Hills

Nuala Byrne

Sri Lanka is undergoing nutritional transition and diet-related chronic diseases are emerging as an important health problem. Currently, no validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) exists to measure habitual dietary intake of Sri Lankan adults. The purpose of the study is to assess the validity of a semi-quantitative FFQ and 7-day weighed-intake dietary records (7DWR), designed to assess dietary intake among Sri Lankan adults. Dietary intake was measured using both a FFQ and 7DWR. The FFQ consisted of 8 food groups containing the main foods comprising the diet of Sri Lankan adults, a total of 85 items and 12 color photographs ...


Physical Activity And Health: “What Is Old Is New Again”, Andrew P. Hills, Steven J. Street, Nuala Byrne 2016 The University of Queensland, Australia

Physical Activity And Health: “What Is Old Is New Again”, Andrew P. Hills, Steven J. Street, Nuala Byrne

Nuala Byrne

Much recent interest has focused on the relationship between physical activity and health and supported with an abundance of scientific evidence. However, the concept of Exercise is Medicine™copromoted by the American College of Sports Medicine and American Medical Association and similar august bodies worldwide is far from new— the importance of exercise for health has been reported for centuries. Participation in regular physical activity and exercise provides numerous benefits for health with such benefits typically varying according to the volume completed as reflected by intensity, duration, and frequency. Evidence suggests a dose–response relationship such that being active, even ...


Reliability Of Bod Pod Measurements Remains High After A Short-Duration Low-Carbohydrate Diet., Beau Kjerulf Greer 2016 Sacred Heart University

Reliability Of Bod Pod Measurements Remains High After A Short-Duration Low-Carbohydrate Diet., Beau Kjerulf Greer

Beau K. Greer

The purpose of the current study was to determine whether expected changes in body weight via a 3-day low-carbohydrate (LC) diet will disrupt the reliability of air displacement plethysmography measurements via BOD POD. Twenty-four subjects recorded their typical diets for 3 days before BODPOD and 7-site skinfold analyses. Subjects were matched for lean body mass and divided into low-CHO (LC) and control (CON) groups. The LC group was given instruction intended to prevent more than 50 grams/day of carbohydrate consumption for 3 consecutive days, and the CON group replicated their previously recorded diet. Body composition measurements were repeated after ...


Reliability Of Bod Pod Measurements Remains High After A Short-Duration Low-Carbohydrate Diet., Beau Kjerulf Greer 2016 Sacred Heart University

Reliability Of Bod Pod Measurements Remains High After A Short-Duration Low-Carbohydrate Diet., Beau Kjerulf Greer

Beau K. Greer

The purpose of the current study was to determine whether expected changes in body weight via a 3-day low-carbohydrate (LC) diet will disrupt the reliability of air displacement plethysmography measurements via BOD POD. Twenty-four subjects recorded their typical diets for 3 days before BODPOD and 7-site skinfold analyses. Subjects were matched for lean body mass and divided into low-CHO (LC) and control (CON) groups. The LC group was given instruction intended to prevent more than 50 grams/day of carbohydrate consumption for 3 consecutive days, and the CON group replicated their previously recorded diet. Body composition measurements were repeated after ...


Hunger Doesn't Take A Spring Break, Jessica Isaacs 2016 Nutrition Society

Hunger Doesn't Take A Spring Break, Jessica Isaacs

Engagement and Service-Learning Summit

The rates of food insecurity amongst Hoosier children is slightly above the national average. For many of these children, school lunches are their primary source of nutrition. During school breaks, these children are at risk of going hungry. While Purdue Nutrition Society wishes that we could help all Hoosier children stay fed with nutritious meals, for now we are focusing on helping 20 local elementary students most at risk of going hungry over spring break. Working with Glen Acres Elementary in Lafayette, Indiana, a school where in 2014, over 71% of the students qualified for free or reduced lunches, we ...


Vitamin C And Disease: Insights From The Evolutionary Perspective, Zsófia Clemens, Csaba Tóth 2016 Department of Neurology, University of Pécs, Hungary

Vitamin C And Disease: Insights From The Evolutionary Perspective, Zsófia Clemens, Csaba Tóth

Journal of Evolution and Health

The role of vitamin C at the physiological and cellular levels is indisputable. In line with this, blood level of vitamin C is inversely related to disease parameters such as risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease and mortality in prospective cohort and correlational studies. At the same time, adequately powered clinical intervention studies consistently provide no evidence for a beneficial effect of supplementing vitamin C. Here we provide a framework to resolve this apparent conflict. Besides providing an overview of the widely-known facts regarding vitamin C, we review evidence that are of potential relevance but are seldomly mentioned in the context ...


Connecting With The Ghanaian Community Through Church-Based Workshops: Healthy Ghanaian Cookbook, Samantha Harrington, Jason Stencel, Jacob Koshy, Shelly Yarnie 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Connecting With The Ghanaian Community Through Church-Based Workshops: Healthy Ghanaian Cookbook, Samantha Harrington, Jason Stencel, Jacob Koshy, Shelly Yarnie

Capstone Presentations

Based off our workshop series at Ghanaian churches in Worcester, MA, the Healthy Ghanaian Cookbook is a collection of recipes created by Peggy Akufo from the Apostolic Church at Bethsaida Christian Center. The recipes were altered to increase nutritional value. Calorie and nutrition breakdown for each recipe is included.


Effect Of Allowing Choice Of Diet On Weight Loss, Sherry Pagoto, Brad Appelhans 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Effect Of Allowing Choice Of Diet On Weight Loss, Sherry Pagoto, Brad Appelhans

Sherry L. Pagoto

Comment on: Effect of Allowing Choice of Diet on Weight Loss: A Randomized Trial. [Ann Intern Med. 2015]


Dietary Fat Intake And Reproductive Hormone Concentrations And Ovulation In Regularly Menstruating Women, Sunni L. Mumford, Jorge E. Chavarro, Cuilin Zhang, Neil J. Perkins, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Anna Z. Pollack, Karen C. Schliep, Kara A. Michels, Shvetha M. Zarek, Torie C. Plowden, Rose G. Radin, Lynne C. Messer, Robyn A. Frankel, Jean Wactawski-Wende 2016 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Dietary Fat Intake And Reproductive Hormone Concentrations And Ovulation In Regularly Menstruating Women, Sunni L. Mumford, Jorge E. Chavarro, Cuilin Zhang, Neil J. Perkins, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Anna Z. Pollack, Karen C. Schliep, Kara A. Michels, Shvetha M. Zarek, Torie C. Plowden, Rose G. Radin, Lynne C. Messer, Robyn A. Frankel, Jean Wactawski-Wende

Community Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Emerging evidence suggests potential links between some dietary fatty acids and improved fertility, because specific fatty acids may affect prostaglandin synthesis and steroidogenesis.

Objective: The objective of this exploratory study was to evaluate associations between total and specific types of dietary fat intake and 1) hormone concentrations and 2) the risk of sporadic anovulation in a cohort of 259 regularly menstruating women in the BioCycle Study.

Design: Endogenous reproductive hormones were measured up to 8 times/cycle for up to 2 cycles, with visits scheduled with the use of fertility monitors. Dietary intake was assessed with up to four ...


Consumption Of Low-Calorie Sweeteners In The United States 2009-12, Yichen Jin, Allison C. Sylvetsky, Jean A. Welsh, Kristina I. Rother, Sameera A Talegawkar 2016 George Washington University

Consumption Of Low-Calorie Sweeteners In The United States 2009-12, Yichen Jin, Allison C. Sylvetsky, Jean A. Welsh, Kristina I. Rother, Sameera A Talegawkar

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

We have previously demonstrated that low-calorie sweetener (LCS) consumption increased in the United States (US) between 1999 and 2008 (from 9% to 15 % in kids and from 27% to 32% in adults), but little is known about current consumption. We therefore analyzed National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data collected in 2011-12 and compared LCS consumption patterns across socio-demographic subgroups. Dietary sources of LCS were identified using NHANES food descriptions. Prevalence of consumption nationally and by age, race, gender, socio-economic status, educational attainment, were estimated using two 24-hour dietary recalls. F-tests were used to evaluate differences in consumption across ...


Predictors Of Malnutrition In Different Geographic Regions Of Peru, Elizabeth LaCroix 2016 George Washington University

Predictors Of Malnutrition In Different Geographic Regions Of Peru, Elizabeth Lacroix

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Malnutrition is responsible for over 3 million childhood deaths each year. Those who survive early nutritional deficiencies and the subsequent growth failure face life-long consequences, including long-term deficits in cognitive development, decreased academic achievement, and reduced economic opportunities later in life. Low height for age, or stunting, indicates chronic malnutrition, while low weight for height (wasting) indicates acute malnutrition. Caloric deficiencies, micronutrient deficiencies, intestinal parasites, and diarrheal diseases all directly contribute to acute and chronic undernutrition.

Peru is an ethnically and geographically diverse country that has experienced great economic growth and dramatic health improvements in the last decade. Nationally, stunting ...


Diet As A Risk Factor In Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Caitlin Bove, Vivek Jain, Naji Younes, Marijane Hynes 2016 George Washington University

Diet As A Risk Factor In Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Caitlin Bove, Vivek Jain, Naji Younes, Marijane Hynes

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Rationale: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease affecting approximately 2% of women and 4% of men. It is independently associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Established risk factors for OSA include obesity, male gender, post-menopausal state, smoking and increased neck circumference. Sleep deprivation, a common occurrence in OSA, is associated with weight gain and cravings for carbohydrates. Preference for fatty foods has been documented in sleep deprivation. Studies using mouse models have suggested that high fats diets increase the severity of sleep apnea independent of BMI (body mass index). We hypothesized that dietary habits, especially increased fatty ...


Wic Participation As A Risk Factor For Loss To Follow-Up In The Wisconsin Ehdi System, Elizabeth L. Seeliger, Rebecca A. Martin, Andrea N. Gromoske, Anne B. Harris 2016 Department of Health Services, Wisconsin

Wic Participation As A Risk Factor For Loss To Follow-Up In The Wisconsin Ehdi System, Elizabeth L. Seeliger, Rebecca A. Martin, Andrea N. Gromoske, Anne B. Harris

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

In 2011, Wisconsin’s Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) program, Wisconsin Sound Beginnings (WSB), developed multiple strategies to reduce loss to follow-up (LTFU) for babies who did not pass their newborn hearing screening: Medical Outreach, Family Outreach, Regional Outreach and WIC Alert. WSB evaluated the outcomes of babies identified as at-risk for LTFU to determine whether WIC participation was an indicator of their risk for LTFU. Additionally, WSB evaluated whether babies who were identified as at-risk for LTFU and receiving WIC services in two WIC projects serving areas and populations with known health disparities, were at even greater risk ...


Professional Attributes Of The Emerging Academic Dietetic Educator Workforce In Australia, Kate Morgan, Roger Hughes 2016 Bond University

Professional Attributes Of The Emerging Academic Dietetic Educator Workforce In Australia, Kate Morgan, Roger Hughes

Roger Hughes

Aim: To describe the size and demographic, education, experience and practice attributes of the core academic dietetic educator (ADEd) workforce in Australia. Methods: A self-administered, cross-sectional survey was electronically distributed to ADEds at 18 Australian universities offering dietetic programs. Data from survey responses were collated and descriptively analysed. Results: From a total sample frame of 147 ADEds identified by websites, responses were received from 91 eligible ADEds (response rate = 62%), with at least one participant from each university offering a dietetics program in Australia. The sample was not representative of more senior ADEds, and therefore the core ADEd workforce. Rather ...


The Nondietary Determinants Of Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Lauren Veit, Louise Maranda, Benjamin Nwosu 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Nondietary Determinants Of Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Lauren Veit, Louise Maranda, Benjamin Nwosu

Benjamin U. Nwosu

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25[OH]D) and markers of vitamin D status in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of 59 pediatric patients with IBD (age 16.4 ± 2.2 y) and 116 controls (age 14.6 ± 4.4 y), to investigate the association between 25(OH)D and albuminemia for protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and hepatic dysfunction; alanine transaminase (ALT) for hepatic inflammation; erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) for intestinal inflammation; body mass index (BMI) for adiposity; seasons and skin pigmentation for insolation. Vitamin ...


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