Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

262 Full-Text Articles 452 Authors 120,759 Downloads 44 Institutions

All Articles in Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition

Faceted Search

262 full-text articles. Page 1 of 10.

Defining Obesity: An Argument For The Social Environment Perspective, Meghan McInnis 2014 Providence College

Defining Obesity: An Argument For The Social Environment Perspective, Meghan Mcinnis

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

It is well documented that obesity is a growing problem in the U.S. and worldwide. By 2010, 35.9% of U.S. adults age 20 and older were obese (Overweight and Obesity, CDC). Obesity has been associated with many health problems, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, stroke, and cardiac disease (Lucey, 2008, p.202). What has just been described is the traditional, medicalized narrative of obesity. In this narrative, obesity is viewed as an epidemic that demands an immediate and widespread response (Lucey, 2008, p.202). The blame is placed largely on individuals, while social factors, such as ...


The Vitamin D Status Of Prison Inmates, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Rosalie Berry, Barbara Colocino, Carlos D. Flores, Kerry Folkman, Thomas Groblewski, Patricia Ruze 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Vitamin D Status Of Prison Inmates, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Rosalie Berry, Barbara Colocino, Carlos D. Flores, Kerry Folkman, Thomas Groblewski, Patricia Ruze

Endocrinology/Diabetes

INTRODUCTION: There is no comprehensive, systematic analysis of the vitamin D status of prisoners in the scientific literature.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the vitamin D status and its determinants in US prison inmates.

HYPOTHESIS: Given the uniformity of dietary intake amongst inmates, vitamin D status will be determined by non-dietary factors such as skin pigmentation, security level-, and the duration of incarceration.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 526 inmates (males, n = 502, age 48.6±12.5 years; females, n = 24, age 44.1±12.2) in Massachusetts prisons. Vitamin D sufficiency, insufficiency, and deficiency were respectively defined as ...


Severity Of Depressive Symptoms And Accuracy Of Dietary Reporting Among Obese Women With Major Depressive Disorder Seeking Weight Loss Treatment, Matthew C. Whited, Kristin L. Schneider, Bradley M. Appelhans, Yunsheng Ma, Molly E. Waring, Michele A. DeBiasse, Andrew M. Busch, Jessica L. Oleski, Philip A. Merriam, Barbara C. Olendzki, Sybil L. Crawford, Ira S. Ockene, Stephenie C. Lemon, Sherry L. Pagoto 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Severity Of Depressive Symptoms And Accuracy Of Dietary Reporting Among Obese Women With Major Depressive Disorder Seeking Weight Loss Treatment, Matthew C. Whited, Kristin L. Schneider, Bradley M. Appelhans, Yunsheng Ma, Molly E. Waring, Michele A. Debiasse, Andrew M. Busch, Jessica L. Oleski, Philip A. Merriam, Barbara C. Olendzki, Sybil L. Crawford, Ira S. Ockene, Stephenie C. Lemon, Sherry L. Pagoto

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

An elevation in symptoms of depression has previously been associated with greater accuracy of reported dietary intake, however this association has not been investigated among individuals with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder. The purpose of this study was to investigate reporting accuracy of dietary intake among a group of women with major depressive disorder in order to determine if reporting accuracy is similarly associated with depressive symptoms among depressed women. Reporting accuracy of dietary intake was calculated based on three 24-hour phone-delivered dietary recalls from the baseline phase of a randomized trial of weight loss treatment for 161 obese ...


The Myths Of "Bad" Foods, Brendan J. Rickert 2014 Sacred Heart University

The Myths Of "Bad" Foods, Brendan J. Rickert

Brendan J. Rickert

No abstract provided.


Peri-Exercise Co-Ingestion Of Branched-Chain Amino Acids And Carbohydrate In Men Does Not Preferentially Augment Resistance Exercise-Induced Increases In Pi3k/Akt-Mtor Pathway Markers Indicative Of Muscle Protein Synthesis, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Rui Li, Matthew Cooke, Richard B. Kreider, Darryn S. Willoughby 2014 Wayne State University

Peri-Exercise Co-Ingestion Of Branched-Chain Amino Acids And Carbohydrate In Men Does Not Preferentially Augment Resistance Exercise-Induced Increases In Pi3k/Akt-Mtor Pathway Markers Indicative Of Muscle Protein Synthesis, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Rui Li, Matthew Cooke, Richard B. Kreider, Darryn S. Willoughby

Nutrition and Food Science Faculty Research Publications

The effects of a single bout of resistance exercise (RE) in conjunction with peri-exercise branched chain amino acid (BCAA) and carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion on skeletal muscle signaling markers indicative of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) were determined. It was hypothesized that CHO + BCAA would elicit a more profound effect on these signaling markers compared to CHO. Twenty-seven males were randomly assigned to CHO, CHO + BCAA, or placebo (PLC) groups. Four sets of leg presses and leg extensions were performed at 80% 1RM. Supplements were ingested 30 min and immediately prior to and after RE. Venous blood and muscle biopsy samples were ...


Comparison Of The Effect Of Two Human Milk Fortifiers On Clinical Outcomes In Premature Infants, Melissa Thoene, Corrine K. Hanson, Elizabeth Lyden, Laura Dugick, Leslie Ruybal, Ann Anderson-Berry 2014 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Comparison Of The Effect Of Two Human Milk Fortifiers On Clinical Outcomes In Premature Infants, Melissa Thoene, Corrine K. Hanson, Elizabeth Lyden, Laura Dugick, Leslie Ruybal, Ann Anderson-Berry

Journal Articles: The Nebraska Medical Center

The use of human milk fortifiers (HMF) helps to meet the high nutritional requirements of the human milk-fed premature infant. Previously available powdered products have not met the protein requirements of the preterm infant population and many neonatologists add powder protein modulars to help meet protein needs. The use of powdered products is discouraged in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) due to concern for invasive infection. The use of a commercially available acidified liquid product with higher protein content was implemented to address these two concerns. During the course of this implementation, poor growth and clinically significant acidosis of infants ...


Challenges In Sodium Intake Reduction And Meal Consumption Patterns Among Participants With Metabolic Syndrome In A Dietary Trial, Jinsong Wang, Barbara C. Olendzki, Nicole M. Wedick, Gioia M. Persuitte, Annie L. Culver, Wenjun Li, Philip A. Merriam, James Carmody, Hua Julia Fang, Zhiying Zhang, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Liang Zheng, Yunsheng Ma 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Challenges In Sodium Intake Reduction And Meal Consumption Patterns Among Participants With Metabolic Syndrome In A Dietary Trial, Jinsong Wang, Barbara C. Olendzki, Nicole M. Wedick, Gioia M. Persuitte, Annie L. Culver, Wenjun Li, Philip A. Merriam, James Carmody, Hua Julia Fang, Zhiying Zhang, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Liang Zheng, Yunsheng Ma

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines suggest limiting daily sodium intake to

METHODS: Two hundred forty participants with metabolic syndrome enrolled in a dietary intervention trial to lose weight and improve dietary quality. Three 24-hour dietary recalls were collected at each visit which provided meal patterns and nutrient data, including sodium intake. A secondary data analysis was conducted to examine sodium consumption patterns at baseline and at one-year study visits. Sodium consumption patterns over time were examined using linear mixed models.

RESULTS: The percentage of meals reported eaten in the home at both baseline and one-year follow-up was approximately 69%. Follow-up for the ...


Modern Cavemen? Stereotypes And Reality Of The Ancestral Health Movement, David B. Schwartz, Hamilton M. Stapell 2013 Ancestral Health Society

Modern Cavemen? Stereotypes And Reality Of The Ancestral Health Movement, David B. Schwartz, Hamilton M. Stapell

Journal of Evolution and Health

Both academic and popular interest in the ancestral health movement, or “paleo” lifestyle, has grown rapidly in recent years. More people than ever are joining the movement, and more books and articles are being published on the topic. Media coverage and certain societal preconceptions of the movement have also increased. More often than not, followers of a paleo lifestyle are thought to be “modern cavemen”: athletic, single, meat-eating, young, white, and male. To test whether or not these stereotypes are true, the authors of the present study created the first large, academic survey (N = 3,967) of the ancestral health ...


Three Dimensional Nutrition: Exploring Nourishment Of Spirit, Mind, And Body During A 28-Day Daniel Fast At Southern Adventist University, Caitlin S. Hobbs 2013 Southern Adventist Univeristy

Three Dimensional Nutrition: Exploring Nourishment Of Spirit, Mind, And Body During A 28-Day Daniel Fast At Southern Adventist University, Caitlin S. Hobbs

Senior Research Projects

A person who is living well can be said to be “making lifestyle choices with God’s help to support optimum physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual health and experiencing His gift of abundant life” (Tryon, 2009). All of these “dimensions” of health are interrelated, and in order for a person to truly flourish, each area must be nourished. Dietary choices can have an especially interesting impact on these dimensions. Eating healthfully is not always viewed as a joyous endeavor, but when viewed from a multi-dimensional perspective, it can become a more rewarding and intriguing pursuit.

One way to promote a ...


Investigation Of Commercial Milk Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Elisa) Kits: Specificity And Utility For Residues Of Foods Subjected To Proteolysis During Processing, Katherine O. Ivens 2013 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Investigation Of Commercial Milk Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Elisa) Kits: Specificity And Utility For Residues Of Foods Subjected To Proteolysis During Processing, Katherine O. Ivens

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Analytical methods, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), are used to detect and quantify residues from allergenic sources in food products. However, ELISAs have not been validated for use in foods that have been exposed to proteolysis. This thesis explores the specificities, sensitivities, and capabilities of commercially-available milk ELISA kits for detecting milk residues in cheeses that have undergone varying degrees of proteolysis.

The specificity, accuracy, and consistency of twelve commercially-available milk ELISA kits for individual milk proteins and commonly used milk-derived ingredients, including α-,β-, and κ-casein, β-lactoglobulin, α-lactalbumin, non-fat dry milk, sodium caseinate, and whey protein concentrate were ...


Mediterranean Diet Is An Effective Method For Treating Type 2 Diabetes In Adults, Amy Bois 2013 Sacred Heart University

Mediterranean Diet Is An Effective Method For Treating Type 2 Diabetes In Adults, Amy Bois

Health Sciences Undergraduate Publications

Type 2 diabetes has been a health issue for many years, and as more people throughout the world become obese or overweight this issue becomes more serious. Type 2 diabetes is called insulin resistance which means the body does not use insulin properly. At first the pancreas will make extra insulin, but over time the pancreas is not able to keep up and cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. Type 2 diabetes is most common in adults who are obese or overweight, and this health problem can be life-threatening. There is no cure for type ...


A Population-Based Dietary Inflammatory Index Predicts Levels Of C-Reactive Protein In The Seasonal Variation Of Blood Cholesterol Study (Seasons), Nitin Shivappa, Susan E. Steck, Thomas G. Hurley, James R. Hussey, Yunsheng Ma, Ira S. Ockene, Fred Tabung, James R. Hebert 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Population-Based Dietary Inflammatory Index Predicts Levels Of C-Reactive Protein In The Seasonal Variation Of Blood Cholesterol Study (Seasons), Nitin Shivappa, Susan E. Steck, Thomas G. Hurley, James R. Hussey, Yunsheng Ma, Ira S. Ockene, Fred Tabung, James R. Hebert

Yunsheng Ma

OBJECTIVE: To perform construct validation of the population-based Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) using dietary data from two different dietary assessments and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) as the construct validator.

DESIGN: Using data derived from (i) three 24 h dietary recalls (24HR) at baseline and at the end of each subsequent quarter (i.e. up to fifteen over a year) and (ii) a 7 d dietary recall (7DDR) measured at baseline and then quarterly, regression analyses were conducted to test the effect of the DII score on serum hs-CRP as dichotomous (3 mg/l), while controlling for important potential confounders ...


The History Of The Hygiene Hypothesis, Jody L. Vogelzang PhD, RDN, FAND, CHES 2013 Grand Valley State University

The History Of The Hygiene Hypothesis, Jody L. Vogelzang Phd, Rdn, Fand, Ches

Jody L Vogelzang PhD, RDN, FAND, CHES

Since the beginning of the nineteenth century there has been a gradual rise in the prevalence of immunoregulatory problems. One attempt to explain the correlation between the rise in autoimmune diseases and allergies occurring during the urbanization period of the United States and parts of Europe is the Hygiene Hypothesis.


Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass 2013 Ancestral Health Society

Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass

Journal of Evolution and Health

Welcome to the first issue of the Journal of Evolution and Health! The Journal of Evolution and Health is the peer-reviewed, open-access journal of the Ancestral Health Society, a community of scientists, healthcare professionals, and laypersons who collaborate to understand health challenges from an evolutionary perspective.


Dietary Magnesium Intake Improves Insulin Resistance Among Non-Diabetic Individuals With Metabolic Syndrome Participating In A Dietary Trial, Jinsong Wang, Gioia M. Persuitte, Barbara C. Olendzki, Nicole M. Wedick, Zhiying Zhang, Philip A. Merriam, Hua Julia Fang, James Carmody, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Yunsheng Ma 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Dietary Magnesium Intake Improves Insulin Resistance Among Non-Diabetic Individuals With Metabolic Syndrome Participating In A Dietary Trial, Jinsong Wang, Gioia M. Persuitte, Barbara C. Olendzki, Nicole M. Wedick, Zhiying Zhang, Philip A. Merriam, Hua Julia Fang, James Carmody, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Yunsheng Ma

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Many cross-sectional studies show an inverse association between dietary magnesium and insulin resistance, but few longitudinal studies examine the ability to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for magnesium intake through food and its effect on insulin resistance among participants with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The dietary intervention study examined this question in 234 individuals with MetS. Magnesium intake was assessed using 24-h dietary recalls at baseline, 6, and 12 months. Fasting glucose and insulin levels were collected at each time point; and insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). The relation between magnesium intake and HOMA-IR was ...


A Pilot Mixed Methods Evaluation Study Of The Effectiveness Of An After-School Cooking Club Curriculum For Middle School Students, Elisha M. Hall 2013 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Pilot Mixed Methods Evaluation Study Of The Effectiveness Of An After-School Cooking Club Curriculum For Middle School Students, Elisha M. Hall

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Introduction: Obesity has exponentially increased each decade, with approximately one third of the adult American population obese and another one third overweight. More startling is that these trends are rising in children as well. With economic, health, social, mental, and emotional consequences, childhood obesity has quickly risen as a significant issue to tackle. Increases in fast food consumption have been linked with overweight status, and home cooked meals are slowly becoming part of the past. The adolescent time period, in which children are slowly gaining more autonomy and conducting their activities independent from their parents, is an optimal time to ...


Associations Between Alcohol Consumption And Fasting Blood Glucose In Young Adults, Julie Ann Lucca 2013 California Polytechnic State University

Associations Between Alcohol Consumption And Fasting Blood Glucose In Young Adults, Julie Ann Lucca

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Current research shows moderate alcohol consumption is associated with decreased risk of diabetes and excessive consumption or binge drinking can cause insulin resistance and diabetes. In 2010, diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United Statesand was responsible for significant health complications: blindness, kidney failure, and limb amputations, and is a large national economic burden. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) is a tool used to help diagnose diabetes. Abnormally high FBG, ≥100 mg/dl, is indicative of diabetes and pre-diabetes. Few studies have observed diabetic prevalence among young adults or college students. Studying young adults can help provide ...


A Literature Review Of The Health Effects Of A Plant Based Diet Versus An Animal Based Diet, James Cote 2013 Liberty University

A Literature Review Of The Health Effects Of A Plant Based Diet Versus An Animal Based Diet, James Cote

Senior Honors Papers

Health and nutrition can mean a myriad of things to many people in today’s culture. The majority of the time people are unaware of the proper nutrients their body needs and how to get them from food. This thesis will seek to expose the health benefits that are associated with consuming a raw plant-based die, offering a more profound and encompassing view on nutrition. Investigating further into today’s most common diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, obesity, cancer and autoimmune disorders, it will seek to discover and answer why we have so many health issues. This thesis will ...


A Nutritional Formulation For Cognitive Performance And Mood In Alzheimer’S Disease And Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Phase Ii Multi-Site Randomized Trial With An Open-Label Extension, Ruth Remington, Cynthia Bechtel, David Larsen, Jevin J. Lortie, Annemarie Samar, Laura Doshanjh, Paul Fishman, Yuan Luo, Kathleen Smyers, Heather Hoffman, Constance Barysauskas, Bruce A. Barton, Thomas B. Shea 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Nutritional Formulation For Cognitive Performance And Mood In Alzheimer’S Disease And Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Phase Ii Multi-Site Randomized Trial With An Open-Label Extension, Ruth Remington, Cynthia Bechtel, David Larsen, Jevin J. Lortie, Annemarie Samar, Laura Doshanjh, Paul Fishman, Yuan Luo, Kathleen Smyers, Heather Hoffman, Constance Barysauskas, Bruce A. Barton, Thomas B. Shea

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: It is increasingly recognized that interventions for dementia must shift towards prevention to obtain maximal efficacy and any significant degree of disease modification. Nutritional supplementation with single agents has shown varied results, suggesting the need for combinatorial intervention.

Methods: We conducted a 3-month, randomized, multi-site, phase II study in which 141 individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and 34 individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment received a nutraceutical formulation (NF; folate, alpha-tocopherol, B12, S-adenosyl methioinine, N-acetyl cysteine, acetyl-L-carnitine) or indistinguishable placebo under double-blind conditions, followed by an open-label extension in which all individuals received NF for a total of ...


Assessing Availability Of Healthy Options In Food Stores To Guide Community Transformation Grant Activities In Massachusetts, Barbara C. Olendzki, Thomas Land, Kevin J. Kane, Susan Svencer, Lili Chen, Hua Zheng, Viji Patil, Wenjun Li 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Assessing Availability Of Healthy Options In Food Stores To Guide Community Transformation Grant Activities In Massachusetts, Barbara C. Olendzki, Thomas Land, Kevin J. Kane, Susan Svencer, Lili Chen, Hua Zheng, Viji Patil, Wenjun Li

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

INTRODUCTION. Availability of healthy options in food stores is important to preventing obesity. The Mass in Motion Initiative and two Community Transformation Grant (CTG) projects are conducting statewide longitudinal surveys on availability of major healthy and unhealthy food items in foods stores in Massachusetts (MA).

METHODS. The Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data System (C-NEEDS) was developed for food environment surveillance. C-NEEDS takes into account seasonal and geographic variations in food supplies, cultural relevance, and USDA dietary recommendations. Between summer 2012 and winter 2013, 567 food stores in 34 municipalities were surveyed and analyzed. Healthy food availability index (HFAI) was calculated ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress