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Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno 2017 YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, Kennesaw State University

Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno

Health Behavior Research

Behavioral weight-loss treatments have typically been unsuccessful and a theoretical. Even when treatments were scientifically derived, theory has rarely been used to decompose, and understand the bases of, their effects. This 2-year study evaluated mediation of the prediction of nutritional changes by changes in physical activity, through social cognitive theory variables. Data from women with Class 1–2 obesity, classified as “insufficiently active” (N = 50; Mage = 47.6 years), were extracted from 2 initial trials of a new cognitive-behavioral intervention. That treatment sought to improve self-regulation, mood, and self-efficacy through increased physical activity, to then induce improved eating and ...


Dietetic Students' Lived Experience Working With Preceptors: A Phenomenology, Mary-Pat Maciolek 2017 Rowan University

Dietetic Students' Lived Experience Working With Preceptors: A Phenomenology, Mary-Pat Maciolek

Theses and Dissertations

The majority of the research conducted on the preceptor model has focused on Allied Health professions other than dietetics. This phenomenological study sought to understand the preceptor experience in dietetics education as revealed by the individuals who had the experience. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe the preceptor experience from the perspective of dietetic education graduates in order to understand the impact of the preceptor experience component of the educational process on the professional growth of dietetics education graduates. The August 2016 ACEND Update reveals no significant progress in the match rate for applicants into supervised practice ...


Protective Role Of S-Adenosylmethionine Against Fructose-Induced Oxidative Damage In Obesity, Kameliya Zh Bratoeva, Mariya A. Radanova, Albena V. Merdzhanova, Ivan S. Donev 2017 Medical University of Varna, Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicin, Bulgaria

Protective Role Of S-Adenosylmethionine Against Fructose-Induced Oxidative Damage In Obesity, Kameliya Zh Bratoeva, Mariya A. Radanova, Albena V. Merdzhanova, Ivan S. Donev

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. It has been shown that S-adenosylmethionine (S-AMe) stimulates glutathione synthesis and increases cell resistance to the cytotoxic action of free radicals and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of S-adenosylmethionine on the oxidative stress in adipose tissue in a model of fructose-induced obesity. Methods. The study was performed on male Wistar rats divided into 3 groups: control, fructose fed (HFD) (35%, 16 weeks), and HFD + S-AMe (20 mg/kg). We examined the changes in the ratio of retroperitoneal adipose tissue weight / body weight; levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the ...


October 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

October 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Breastfeeding Practices Among Native Hawaiians And Pacific Islanders, Ingrid K. Adams, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Akilah Dulin Keita, Ana Maria Linares, Keiko Tanaka, Joshua R. Polanin, Annie Koempel 2017 University of Kentucky

Breastfeeding Practices Among Native Hawaiians And Pacific Islanders, Ingrid K. Adams, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Akilah Dulin Keita, Ana Maria Linares, Keiko Tanaka, Joshua R. Polanin, Annie Koempel

Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli

Background. Breastfeeding is associated with a decreased risk of obesity in the early and adult years. Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPI) experience high rates of obesity which is often obfuscated with aggregated data. Using disaggregated data, we examined breastfeeding practices among NHPI. Methods. Seven databases and reference lists were searched. Two independent researchers extracted relevant studies based on predetermined criteria. Nine studies met our inclusion criteria and a meta-analysis was conducted using random-effects, inverse-various weighted models. Results. Few studies disaggregated NHPI populations when examining breastfeeding practices. Most studies were cross-sectional and our search yielded no randomized or quasirandomized control ...


September 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

September 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


General Nutrition Knowledge And Perceived Stress In A Rural Female Faith Community, Lori Alexander, M. Laurie Branstetter DNP 2017 Western Kentucky University

General Nutrition Knowledge And Perceived Stress In A Rural Female Faith Community, Lori Alexander, M. Laurie Branstetter Dnp

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

In rural America, high rates of obesity are influenced by a lack of education and limited community resources. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an educational intervention on recommended nutrition and body mass index knowledge and to describe the perceived stress in a rural female faith community. A quantitative quasi-experimental pre-test post-test research design was used. English speaking female participants (N=49) 18 years of age and older from two rural community churches received an educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model. Participants completed a demographic survey, self-reported height and weight, general nutrition knowledge ...


The Health Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting, Michael Bacol 2017 DePaul University

The Health Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting, Michael Bacol

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The practice of voluntarily abstaining from food has traditionally been seen as a religious observance. However, as the nation’s prevalence of obesity continues to rise along with diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the concept of fasting has recently gained momentum as a means of achieving weight control. Intermittent fasting (IF) as a weight control protocol has become a popular intervention in weight control.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review was to examine the health benefits of intermittent fasting.

Methods: A computerized online search was utilized to populate research articles. Databases used included PubMed, CINAHL, & PsychInfo, using a ...


Nutrition Status In Hospitalized Patients With Copd On Non-Invasive Ventilation, Sara M. Kvien Jensen 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Nutrition Status In Hospitalized Patients With Copd On Non-Invasive Ventilation, Sara M. Kvien Jensen

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Nutrition is an important aspect of critically ill hospitalized patient care but the lack of consistent nutritional guidelines for sub-critically ill patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) requiring non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) may be putting vulnerable patients at risk. Hand grip strength measurements are an emerging metric for nutritional status.

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine if hospitalized patients with COPD on NPPV show a difference in handgrip strength as a marker of nutritional status than those hospitalized patients with COPD not requiring NPPV.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study of 10 hospitalized ...


Teen, Parent, And Clinician Expectations About Obesity And Related Conditions During The Annual Well-Child Visit, Andrew S. Bossick, Charles Barone, Gwen L. Alexander, Heather A. Olden, Tanya Troy, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow 2017 Henry Ford Health System

Teen, Parent, And Clinician Expectations About Obesity And Related Conditions During The Annual Well-Child Visit, Andrew S. Bossick, Charles Barone, Gwen L. Alexander, Heather A. Olden, Tanya Troy, Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to examine family (patient, parent/guardian) and clinician preferences for identification and management of obesity and obesity-related conditions during the well-child visit.

Methods: Four focus groups with teen patients (n = 16), four focus groups with parents (n = 15) and one focus group with providers (n = 12) were conducted using a structured moderator guide tailored to each population. Eligible patients had a well-child visit during the past 12 months and a diagnosis of overweight, obesity, hyperlipidemia or elevated blood pressure. Parents who attended their child’s well-child visit and whose child met the diagnostic criteria were eligible ...


Health-Related Characteristics Of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites In The United States, Fatma Huffman, Joan A. Vaccaro, Edgar Vieira, Gustavo G. Zarini 2017 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University

Health-Related Characteristics Of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites In The United States, Fatma Huffman, Joan A. Vaccaro, Edgar Vieira, Gustavo G. Zarini

Joan A. Vaccaro

The purpose of this study was to determine health-related characteristics of a representative sample of older adults who attend congregate meal sites in the United States, and compare races/ethnicities and sexes. Participants were adults, aged 60 years and older, (N = 901) of the 2015 Tenth Annual National Survey of Older American Act Participants (NSOAAP). Difficulties with mobility and Activities of Daily Living were common among older adults who attended congregate meals. Health-related characteristics differed by race/ethnicity and sex. Higher percentages of men reported eating more than half their calories from the site: 61.0% (53, 68), compared to ...


Nutrition Intakes And Nutritional Status Of School Age Children In Ghana, Justina S. Owusu, Esi Komeley Colecraft, Richmond Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma Huffman 2017 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University; University of Ghana

Nutrition Intakes And Nutritional Status Of School Age Children In Ghana, Justina S. Owusu, Esi Komeley Colecraft, Richmond Aryeetey, Joan A. Vaccaro, Fatma Huffman

Joan A. Vaccaro

This paper compares nutrition intakes and nutritional status of school children from two public schools in neighbouring communities of Ghana with different school feeding programmes. One hundred and eighty-two caregiver and school-age child pairs were interviewed concerning socio-demographics, dietary practices, and food security in a cross-sectional design. The independent t-test was used to compare the contribution of the publicly funded Ghana School Feeding Programme and private School Feeding Programme meals to total daily nutrient intakes of the children. Predictors of nutritional status of the children were assessed using logistic regression models. The private school feeding programme contributed more energy ...


Cardio-Metabolic Benefits Of Plant-Based Diets., Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard 2017 George Washington University

Cardio-Metabolic Benefits Of Plant-Based Diets., Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard

Medicine Faculty Publications

Cardio-metabolic disease, namely ischemic heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, represent substantial health and economic burdens. Almost one half of cardio-metabolic deaths in the U.S. might be prevented through proper nutrition. Plant-based (vegetarian and vegan) diets are an effective strategy for improving nutrient intake. At the same time, they are associated with decreased all-cause mortality and decreased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Evidence suggests that plant-based diets may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease events by an estimated 40% and the risk of cerebral vascular disease events by 29%. These diets ...


The Application Of Self-Administered Nutrition Screening Tools And Evaluations Of The Impact Of Malnutrition On Quality Of Life In Individuals With Head And Neck Cancer, Mark J. P. Lynch 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Application Of Self-Administered Nutrition Screening Tools And Evaluations Of The Impact Of Malnutrition On Quality Of Life In Individuals With Head And Neck Cancer, Mark J. P. Lynch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Background: Individuals with head and neck cancer (HNCa) are at an increased risk of malnutrition. Therefore, self-administered nutrition screens which attempt to address their nutritional concerns may yield benefits for treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL).

Methods: 34 participants (26 men, 8 women) completed one demographic and two QOL surveys, two nutrition self-screening tools, a nutrition assessment and an ease-of-use questionnaire. Results of the screens were compared to those of the assessment, and relationships between QOL, nutrition status, and demographics were examined.

Results: 32.3% of participants were identified as nutritionally compromised. The sensitivity and specificity for the ...


August 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

August 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Providers Perspectives On Self-Regulation Impact Their Use Of Responsive Feeding Practices In Child Care, Dipti Dev, Katherine E. Speirs, Natalie A. Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A. McBride, Holly Hatton-Bowers 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Providers Perspectives On Self-Regulation Impact Their Use Of Responsive Feeding Practices In Child Care, Dipti Dev, Katherine E. Speirs, Natalie A. Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent A. Mcbride, Holly Hatton-Bowers

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Supporting children's self-regulation in eating through caregivers' practice of responsive feeding is paramount to obesity prevention, and while much attention has been given to supporting children's selfregulation in eating through parents' responsive feeding practices in the home setting, little attention has been given to this issue in childcare settings. This qualitative study examines childcare providers' perspectives on using responsive feeding practices with young children (2–5 years). Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with providers until saturation was reached. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis. The final sample included 18 providers who were employed full-time in Head Start or ...


The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele DeBiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani 2017 Boston University

The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele Debiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani

Sherry L. Pagoto

Objective: Fruit and Vegetable (FV) intake-a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases-is lower among racial/ethnic minorities and low Socio- Economic Status (SES) groups when compared to other populations. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one theoretical model studied to explain and influence individual health behaviors, including FV intake, in middle class populations, but not exclusively in diverse, low SES groups. This cross-sectional study evaluated the utility of select TPB variables to explain intention to consume and intake of FV in this population.

Design: Demographics, BMI, select TPB variables, and FV intake were measured via survey. Bivariate analyses were ...


Understanding The Role Of Patient And Public Involvement In Renal Dietetic Research, Andrew Morris Mr, Deborah Biggerstaff, Nithya Krishnan, Deborah Lycett 2017 University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust

Understanding The Role Of Patient And Public Involvement In Renal Dietetic Research, Andrew Morris Mr, Deborah Biggerstaff, Nithya Krishnan, Deborah Lycett

Patient Experience Journal

The objective was to consult patients on a proposed recruitment strategy to a patient and public involvement exercise. We wanted to explore the reasoning and willingness of patients to become co-researchers within a grant application. Eighteen people using the renal health service informed the consultation by action research so that their experiences could be used to guide the overall methodology. Twelve people took part in semi-structured interviews. NVIVO 10 and Framework Analysis were used to interpret emerging themes from the data. The recruitment strategy, informed by research expertise, became an experience-based expert design. The design took into account the limitations ...


Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women: Preliminary Results From A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Errol Norwitz, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nirupa R. Matthan, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women: Preliminary Results From A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Errol Norwitz, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nirupa R. Matthan, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Background: Previous evidence suggests that soy containing foods may have beneficial effects on lipid and glycemic metabolism. Pregnancy is associated with a progressive deterioration in glucose and lipid metabolism, partially attributable to elevated estrogen concentrations. Little is known about the effects of soy intake on cardiometabolic risk factors in pregnant women. Methods: A pilot RCT was conducted in 30 pregnant women who were randomized to receive counseling to consume a high-soy or low-soy foods containing diet. Assessments (physical measurements, food frequency questionnaires, fasting blood samples) were conducted at 14 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, and 6 weeks’ postpartum. Monthly follow-up ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Wenjun Li

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender.

RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


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