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Diet Self-Efficacy And Physical Self-Concept Of College Students At Risk For Eating Disorders, Leslie D. Frazier, Joan A. Vaccaro, Stephanie Garcia, Negar Fallahazad, Kapil Rathi, Alice Shrestha, Nancy Perez 2015 Department of Psychology, Florida International Univesity

Diet Self-Efficacy And Physical Self-Concept Of College Students At Risk For Eating Disorders, Leslie D. Frazier, Joan A. Vaccaro, Stephanie Garcia, Negar Fallahazad, Kapil Rathi, Alice Shrestha, Nancy Perez

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

Background: Both eating disorders and body image dissatisfaction affect a high proportion of college students. Self-esteem and self-efficacy may be protective factors for eating disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate diet self-efficacy, the confidence to maintain or lose weight, and its association with physical selfconcept using data from an online survey of health literacy, body image, and eating disorders.

Study Population and Methods: This cross-sectional study collected online survey data from college students within the United States. The inclusion criteria allowed for 1612 college students, ages 17-35 years (597 males, 1015 females) belonging to the following racial ...


Nutrient Intake And Body Composition In Children With Phenylketonuria, Melissa M. Hammons 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Nutrient Intake And Body Composition In Children With Phenylketonuria, Melissa M. Hammons

Scholar Archive

Background: A recent study showed significantly higher body fat percentage among subjects with phenylketonuria (PKU) compared to controls. Several studies have suggested a relationship between body composition and blood phenylalanine (phe) concentrations, but this has not been consistently reported in the literature. The body composition of patients with PKU followed at Doernbecher Children’s Hospital is unknown. Objective: We aimed to determine if there is a difference in body composition of patients with PKU and patients in the general pediatric population. Furthermore, within the population with PKU we aimed to determine if there is a relationship between body composition and ...


Use Of Fortified Skimmed Breast Milk To Feed Infants With Postoperative Chylothorax, Guadaljupe Lopez 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Use Of Fortified Skimmed Breast Milk To Feed Infants With Postoperative Chylothorax, Guadaljupe Lopez

Scholar Archive

Background: Breast milk is the best source of nutrition for the infant but infants suffering from post-surgical chylothorax cannot consume breastmilk due to its high fat content. There is an interest among health care providers and mothers of infants with chylothorax to use skimmed, supplemented breast milk instead of specialized infant formulas.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional intake, tolerance and growth of infants fed fortified skimmed breast milk compared to infants fed specialized infant formulas for the treatment of chylothorax following cardiothoracic surgery.

Study design: Expressed breast milk was skimmed by allowing it to ...


Vitamin D Supplementation Regimens For Hiv-Infected Patients : A Historical Chart Review, Jeremy Dorance O'Neal 2015 Oregon Health & Science University

Vitamin D Supplementation Regimens For Hiv-Infected Patients : A Historical Chart Review, Jeremy Dorance O'Neal

Scholar Archive

Vitamin D deficiency may be common among HIV infected individuals. Similar to individuals not affected by HIV, HIV-infected patients are affected by limited UV-B exposure and vitamin D deficient diet. However, HIV-infected patients may be at increased risk for insufficient vitamin D due to antiretroviral medication regimens that affect vitamin D metabolism and fat malabsorption due to HIV-related inflammation. In this historical chart review, we examined the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and assessed the comparative effectiveness of varying vitamin D repletion regimens in an HIV-infected cohort. The study population comprised patients from an outpatient HIV clinic who had vitamin ...


Improving Dental Care To The Elderly In A Nursing Home, Cara M. Licavoli 2015 University of San Francisco

Improving Dental Care To The Elderly In A Nursing Home, Cara M. Licavoli

Master's Projects

The project is about the collaboration between Peninsula Health Care District (PHCD) and Apple Tree Dental (ATD) in a team approach to address the current issues of improving dental care of frail and elderly patients in nursing home facilities. The specific aim is to improve dental care of clients at the San Mateo County nursing home facility by 100% by May, 2015. The methods use in this project was the adaptation and implementation of existing dental/oral health assessment tools, that is nurse driven for patient assessment upon admission to the nursing facility. The process includes staff education regarding the ...


A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher 2015 Wofford College

A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher

Student Scholarship

A growing concern throughout the world, especially the United States, is the health of our population. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) performed in 2009-2010, approximately 35% of both men and women in the United States are obese (Flegal, 2012). In 2005, more than 300,000 deaths in the United States were attributed to obesity. However, the World Health Organization listed obesity as one of ten most preventable health risks (Wilborn, 2005).
Why, then, do we as a society struggle so much with our weight? Some, such as Swinburn, believe this trend of obesity can be ...


Assessing The Nutrition Knowledge And Body Image Perceptions Of Minority Freshman At East Tennessee State University, Michele L. Becerra 2015 East Tennessee State University

Assessing The Nutrition Knowledge And Body Image Perceptions Of Minority Freshman At East Tennessee State University, Michele L. Becerra

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The health status of African American and Hispanic communities is in need of intervention. These minority groups have a health disparity gap from other races. The incidences of hypertension, diabetes, and obesity are greater in the African American and Hispanic communities. There is a need to continue addressing the specific health issues, along with ideas of body perception, plaguing the African American and Hispanic populations in the United States. Such disparities typically include those who follow “western” diets, have a lack of exercise, are predisposed to chronic illness, as well as have a need for continuous education of the subject ...


The Missing Link: The Impact Of Nutrition Education And The School Lunch Program, Rachel E. Calhoun 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Missing Link: The Impact Of Nutrition Education And The School Lunch Program, Rachel E. Calhoun

Honors Theses

In the U.S., the weight status of overweight and obesity in children is increasing from recent decades (Carrol & Ogden, 2010). Research shows that the prevalence of children developing chronic diseases is influenced by obesity and overweight statuses, shown by existing risk factors (Freedman, Dietz, Srinivasan, & Berenson, 1999). Recent legislation of the National School Lunch Program has aimed to improve the nutritional value of school lunches in elementary schools by requiring fruit and vegetable meal components be provided on each lunch tray (Nutrition Standards, 2012). This quasi experimental study aimed to increase fourth graders nutrition knowledge and fruit and vegetable ...


Oral Wellness: Using Occupational Therapy To Enhance Oral Hygiene Delivery In Long-Term Care, Lauryn J. Banovitz, Liberty Bellah, Rosemarie Lion 2015 Dominican University of California

Oral Wellness: Using Occupational Therapy To Enhance Oral Hygiene Delivery In Long-Term Care, Lauryn J. Banovitz, Liberty Bellah, Rosemarie Lion

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Based on current literature, oral health in long-term care (LTC) facilities is frequently of low priority and does not follow evidence-based best practices. Poor oral health reduces the quality of life of older adult residents and patients and can lead to systemic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, and pneumonia, the leading cause of death in LTC. Occupational therapists can play an instrumental role as oral care consultants, and educators, and can act as resource guides to raise the standards of oral care in LTC facilities.

This capstone project explored ways in which occupational therapy, a profession traditionally designated for ...


Transport Of Bovine Milk Exosomes By Human Colon Carcinoma Caco-2 Cells And Rat Small Intestinal Iec-6 Cells, Tovah Wolf 2015 University of Nebraska – Lincoln

Transport Of Bovine Milk Exosomes By Human Colon Carcinoma Caco-2 Cells And Rat Small Intestinal Iec-6 Cells, Tovah Wolf

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

We have reported that microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) in bovine milk regulate human genes. In milk, many miRNAs are encapsulated in exosomes, thereby conferring protection against degradation and a pathway for intestinal transport of miRNAs. We hypothesized that the uptake of bovine exosomes in human intestinal colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells and rat primary small intestinal IEC-6 cells is mediated by endocytosis. Transport studies were carried out using fluorophore-labeled exosomes purified from bovine milk. The transport of bovine exosomes exhibited saturation kinetics at 37°C (Km= 55.5±48.6 µg/200 µL, Vmax= 0.083±0.057 ng exosomal ...


Language Proficiency, Citizenship, And Food Insecurity Among Predominantly Immigrant Caribbean Latinos In Massachusetts: A Masters Thesis, Tariana V. Little 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Language Proficiency, Citizenship, And Food Insecurity Among Predominantly Immigrant Caribbean Latinos In Massachusetts: A Masters Thesis, Tariana V. Little

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

BACKGROUND: Latinos report higher food insecurity than the national average, and food insecurity has been associated with adverse health outcomes wherein Latinos experience disparities. This study quantified the independent effects of language-speaking proficiency and citizenship on increased food insecurity among a predominantly immigrant Caribbean Latino sample in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

METHODS: The analytic sample comprised 574 participants aged 21-83 who visited a community health center in 2011-2013. Food insecurity was assessed via the 6-item US Household Food Security Survey. Multivariable logistic modeling (adjusted for self-reported age group, gender, education, and marital status) examined the independent associations between language proficiency and citizenship ...


Anti-Inflammatory Diet For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd-Aid), Anne Barnard, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kathryn Post, Rachel Erdil, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Anne Foley, David R. Cave 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anti-Inflammatory Diet For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd-Aid), Anne Barnard, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kathryn Post, Rachel Erdil, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Anne Foley, David R. Cave

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, which have increasingly been linked to dysbiosis, or an imbalance in the gut microbiome. Standard of care for IBD involves an often-evolving combination of anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and immunomodulatory medications; however, the pharmacological approach is never curative, and medications routinely become ineffective for individual patients. Partially fueled by the increasing inadequacy of pharmacologic treatment regimens, there is emerging interest from patients regarding diet and its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory diseases, demanding more in-depth and ...


Comparison Of Body Composition Assessment Techniques In Older Adult Females, Lauren Yacapraro 2015 Bowling Green State University

Comparison Of Body Composition Assessment Techniques In Older Adult Females, Lauren Yacapraro

Honors Projects

Comparison of Body Composition Assessment Techniques in Older Adult Females

Introduction: As the aging population increases, the need for accurate assessment of chronic disease risk also increases. There is considerable debate over the best way to assess this risk. BMI is a weight-to-height ratio that is commonly used to assess adiposity and obesity related risk. However, it does not differentiate lean (i.e., muscle and bone) versus fat mass – the true predictors of obesity-related diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease and diabetes). This is prevalent in post-menopausal women who often experience age-related gains in fat mass and losses in lean mass ...


Fueling Performance: Determining The Efficacy Of Low-Carbohydrate Diet Models For Athletic Populations, Chelsea Jackle 2015 Western Michigan University

Fueling Performance: Determining The Efficacy Of Low-Carbohydrate Diet Models For Athletic Populations, Chelsea Jackle

Honors Theses

Advocates of low-carbohydrate (LC) diets assert that these diets help lessen dependence on sugar while aiding in the metabolism of fat tissue. Additionally, it is believed that lipolysis helps dieters feel more energetic, lose weight, and improve physical performance. For these reasons, many athletes and active people are drawn to diets such as the Atkins Diet, the South Beach Diet, the Paleo Diet, and the Zone Diet. According to current evidence, excessive weight loss, ketosis, reduced glycogen availability, dehydration, and increased stress hormone levels make LC diets that severely limit carbohydrates disadvantageous for athletes. Although LC diets are widely followed ...


Food Addiction And Added Sugar Consumption In College-Aged Females, Sophia F. Stangl 2015 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Food Addiction And Added Sugar Consumption In College-Aged Females, Sophia F. Stangl

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

Addiction to highly refined foods, specifically sugar, may result in excessive caloric intake, which enhances comorbidity risks, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. The American Heart Association recommends that women limit “added sugar” intake to 25 g per day (1). Purpose: To determine the relationship between food addiction and sugar consumption. Methods: IRB approved the study, and IT Services sent out a recruitment email to 1992 college-aged females. Participants gave their informed consent and completed two surveys: the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) (n=160) and the Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) (n=57). The YFAS questionnaire categorized individuals ...


The Influence Of Stress, Gender, And Culture On Type 2 Diabetes Prevention And Management Among Black Men: A Qualitative Analysis, A. H. Seawell, Tera R. Hurt, Margaret C. Shirley 2015 Grinnell College

The Influence Of Stress, Gender, And Culture On Type 2 Diabetes Prevention And Management Among Black Men: A Qualitative Analysis, A. H. Seawell, Tera R. Hurt, Margaret C. Shirley

Human Development and Family Studies Publications and Papers

This study used focus-group methodology to seek understanding about the unique influence of stress, gender, and culture on type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2dm) prevention and management among Black men. Twenty men from Iowa were recruited from a larger longitudinal study on Black families; each of these men participated in one of three focus groups. Ninety-five percent of the men in the sample were Black and all were either diagnosed with t2dm (n = 10), were prediabetic (n = 1), or had experience with t2dm through family and friends (n = 9). Our results revealed the existence of significant stress and some pessimism with ...


Metformin Prevents Aggressive Ovarian Cancer Growth Driven By High-Energy Diet: Similarity With Calorie Restriction, Zaid Al-Wahab, Ismail Mert, Calvin Tebbe, Jasdeep Chhina, Miriana Hijaz, Robert T. Morris, Rouba Ali-Fehmi, Shailendra Giri, Adnan Munkarah, Ramandeep Rattan 2015 Wayne State University

Metformin Prevents Aggressive Ovarian Cancer Growth Driven By High-Energy Diet: Similarity With Calorie Restriction, Zaid Al-Wahab, Ismail Mert, Calvin Tebbe, Jasdeep Chhina, Miriana Hijaz, Robert T. Morris, Rouba Ali-Fehmi, Shailendra Giri, Adnan Munkarah, Ramandeep Rattan

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Publications

Caloric restriction (CR) was recently demonstrated by us to restrict ovarian cancer growth in vivo. CR resulted in activation of energy regulating enzymes adenosine monophosphate activated kinase (AMPK) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) followed by downstream inhibition of Akt-mTOR. In the present study, we investigated the effects of metformin on ovarian cancer growth in mice fed a high energy diet (HED) and regular diet (RD) and compared them to those seen with CR in an immunocompetent isogeneic mouse model of ovarian cancer. Mice either on RD or HED diet bearing ovarian tumors were treated with 200 mg/kg metformin in drinking ...


Does Obesity Affect Outcomes In Children Admitted From Trauma Centers?, Prashanth Shanmugham 2015 Florida International University

Does Obesity Affect Outcomes In Children Admitted From Trauma Centers?, Prashanth Shanmugham

FIU Undergraduate Research Conference

Introduction and Research Objectives: Pediatric obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. In the critical care setting, obesity has yet to be fully studied. We sought to evaluate the effects of obesity in children who are admitted to a hospital from trauma centers using Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) during 2009.

Methods: The study examined inpatient admissions from pediatric trauma patients in 2009 using the Kids´ Inpatient Database (KID). Patients (n=27599) were selected from the KID based on Age (AGE>1) and Admission Type (ATYPE=5) and assessed on Race, Sex, Length of Stay (LOS), Number of ...


Hiearchies Of Eating Disorders: Fat-Phobia And Internalized Beauty Ideals In Online Communities, Aida Cardenas 2015 Florida International University

Hiearchies Of Eating Disorders: Fat-Phobia And Internalized Beauty Ideals In Online Communities, Aida Cardenas

FIU Undergraduate Research Conference

Research and discourse on Eating Disorders (ED) have a tendency to perpetuate certain

stereotypes regarding women of color, however unintentional or innocuous it may appear. The research conducted, does show that the prominent ED within communities of minorities or of lower social status is Binge Eating Disorder (BED). A Foucauldian discourse analysis of

online forums by young women with ED, such as myproana.com, would be the primary method of documenting how these women form a hierarchy of the community's ED, and analyze if it correlates with the social status primarily associated with the Eating Disorder. Within these forums ...


Defining Fluid Restriction In The Management Of Infants Following Cardiac Surgery And Understanding The Subsequent Impact On Nutrient Delivery And Growth Outcomes, Melissa Li 2015 Florida International University

Defining Fluid Restriction In The Management Of Infants Following Cardiac Surgery And Understanding The Subsequent Impact On Nutrient Delivery And Growth Outcomes, Melissa Li

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adequacy of nutritional intake during the postoperative period, as measured by a change in weight-for-age z-scores from surgery to the time of discharge, was evaluated in infants (n = 58) diagnosed with a congenital heart defect and admitted for surgical intervention at Miami Children’s Hospital using a prospective observational study design. Parental consent was obtained for all infants who participated in the study.

Forty patients had a weight available at hospital discharge. The mean preoperative weight-for-age z-score was -1.3 ±1.43 and the mean weight-for-age z-score at hospital discharge was -1.89 ±1.35 with a mean difference of ...


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