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Clinical Outcomes Of Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Stenting In Nonsurgical Patients: A Single-Center Experience, John-Paul Pham, Abdelazim Hashim, Naoyo Mori, Mohamed Taha, Mohamed Djelmami-Hani, Joaquin Solis, Suhail Allaqaband, Tanvir Bajwa, Anjan Gupta 2016 Center for Urban Population Health, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Clinical Outcomes Of Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Stenting In Nonsurgical Patients: A Single-Center Experience, John-Paul Pham, Abdelazim Hashim, Naoyo Mori, Mohamed Taha, Mohamed Djelmami-Hani, Joaquin Solis, Suhail Allaqaband, Tanvir Bajwa, Anjan Gupta

Mohamed Djelmami-Hani, MD

Purpose: Coronary artery bypass graft is the standard treatment for unprotected left main disease; however, some patients are poor surgical candidates due to comorbidities. We assessed the safety and clinical outcome of elective, unprotected left main coronary artery stenting in nonsurgical patients.

Methods: Between October 2004 and June 2006, 50 consecutive patients underwent elective, unprotected left main coronary artery stenting at our institution. Patients were followed for a median of 16 and 96 months and clinical outcomes monitored.

Results: Median logistic euroSCORE was 28.6 (interquartile range: 14.6-43.4). Median baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 50%. Procedural ...


Feasibility Of Atrial Delivery And Tracking Of Stem Cells In A Porcine Model, Nina Garlie, Timothy Hacker, Eric G. Schmuck, Jill Koch, Jayant Khitha, Amish Raval, Indrajit Choudhuri 2016 Regenerative Medicine Center, Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Feasibility Of Atrial Delivery And Tracking Of Stem Cells In A Porcine Model, Nina Garlie, Timothy Hacker, Eric G. Schmuck, Jill Koch, Jayant Khitha, Amish Raval, Indrajit Choudhuri

Indrajit Choudhuri

Background: Many patients undergoing open heart surgery have sinus node dysfunction and atrial fibrillation, leading to adverse outcomes. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) delivered at the time of surgery may have a reparative effect on atrial tissue, thereby improving sinus node function and reducing or preventing atrial fibrillation. Stem cell delivery to the atrium is entirely unstudied. This is a significant gap in medical research, as atrial disease contributes significantly to health care costs. Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study is to establish a technique to deliver MSC to the atria through an open-chest model, to assess the safety of ...


Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2016 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Omar Cheema

Background: Congestive heart failure afflicts 5.7 million people in the United States with annual incidence of 600,000 and mortality of 280,000. Heart failure accounts for greater than 1 million hospitalizations annually and the single largest inpatient Medicare expense. As the U.S. population ages and greater emphasis is placed on population health as a means to bend projected health care expenditures, large health care organizations will need to develop algorithms to identify patients at high risk with heart failure and possibly preempt hospitalizations. Doppler echocardiography is routinely performed in clinical assessment of severe heart failure.

Purpose: We ...


Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada 2016 Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers, Aurora Health Care

Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada

Masood Akhtar

Purpose

Lead revisions have increased over the last decade. Patients who do not undergo lead extraction face an increased lead burden. Consequences of increased lead burden have not been fully defined. We sought to characterize the complication rate and outcomes in patients with sterile redundant leads.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 242 consecutive patients [mean age 74 ± 12 years; 66.9% male] who underwent lead revision that resulted in an abandoned lead from January 2005 to June 2010. Patients were placed in a cohort based on number of leads after last recorded procedure (Group A: ≤2 [n=58]; Group B: 3-4 ...


Adherence To Evidence-Based Secondary Prevention Pharmacotherapy In Patients After An Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Han-Yang Chen, Jane S. Saczynski, Kate L. Lapane, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adherence To Evidence-Based Secondary Prevention Pharmacotherapy In Patients After An Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Han-Yang Chen, Jane S. Saczynski, Kate L. Lapane, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

OBJECTIVE: To synthesize current evidence on medication adherence rates and associated risk factors in patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Five electronic databases and article bibliographies were searched for publications from 1990 to 2013 which assessed adherence to secondary prevention pharmacotherapy in adults after hospital discharge for an ACS. Identified studies were screened using pre-defined criteria for eligibility. A standardized form was used for data abstraction. Methodological quality was assessed using modified criteria for quantitative studies.

RESULTS: Sixteen studies met our inclusion criteria. Post-discharge medication adherence rates at 1-year ranged between 54% and ...


A 35-Year Perspective (1975 To 2009) Into The Long-Term Prognosis And Hospital Management Of Patients Discharged From The Hospital After A First Acute Myocardial Infarction, Han-Yang Chen, Joel Gore, Kate L. Lapane, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Sharina D. Person, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A 35-Year Perspective (1975 To 2009) Into The Long-Term Prognosis And Hospital Management Of Patients Discharged From The Hospital After A First Acute Myocardial Infarction, Han-Yang Chen, Joel Gore, Kate L. Lapane, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Sharina D. Person, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

There are limited population-based data available describing trends in the long-term prognosis of patients discharged from the hospital after an initial acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our objectives were to describe multidecade trends in post-discharge mortality and their association with hospital management practices in patients discharged from all medical centers in Central Massachusetts after a first AMI. Residents of the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area discharged from all hospitals in Central Massachusetts after a first AMI from 1975 to 2009 comprised the study population (n = 8,728). Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between year of hospitalization and ...


Efficacy And Safety Results From A Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial Of Subcutaneous Golimumab In Chinese Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Despite Methotrexate Therapy, Zhanguo Li, Fengchun Zhang, Jonathan Kay, Kaiyin Fei, Chenglong Han, Yanli Zhuang, Zhong Wu, Elizabeth C. Hsia 2016 Peking University

Efficacy And Safety Results From A Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial Of Subcutaneous Golimumab In Chinese Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Despite Methotrexate Therapy, Zhanguo Li, Fengchun Zhang, Jonathan Kay, Kaiyin Fei, Chenglong Han, Yanli Zhuang, Zhong Wu, Elizabeth C. Hsia

Jonathan Kay

AIM: The efficacy and safety of golimumab + methotrexate (MTX) were evaluated in Chinese patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite MTX therapy. METHODS: Chinese patients (n = 264) were randomly assigned (1 : 1) to receive subcutaneous injections of placebo + MTX with crossover to golimumab 50 mg + MTX at week 24 (Group 1) or to golimumab 50 mg + MTX (Group 2) every 4 weeks. Group 1 patients with inadequate response entered blinded early escape to golimumab 50 mg + MTX at week 16. At least a 20% improvement in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR20) criteria at week 14 was the primary endpoint ...


Phase Iii Preclinical Trials In Translational Stroke Research: Community Response On Framework And Guidelines, Johannes Boltze, Daniel-Christoph Wagner, Nils Henninger, Nikolaus Plesnila, Cenk Ayata 2016 University of Lubeck

Phase Iii Preclinical Trials In Translational Stroke Research: Community Response On Framework And Guidelines, Johannes Boltze, Daniel-Christoph Wagner, Nils Henninger, Nikolaus Plesnila, Cenk Ayata

Neurology Publications and Presentations

The multicenter phase III preclinical trial concept is currently discussed to enhance the predictive value of preclinical stroke research. After public announcement, we collected a community feedback on the concept with emphasis on potential design features and guidelines by an anonymous survey. Response analysis was conducted after plausibility checks by applying qualitative and quantitative measures. Most respondents supported the concept, including the implementation of a centralized steering committee. Based on received feedback, we suggest careful, stepwise implementation and to leave selected competencies and endpoint analysis at the discretion of participating centers. Strict application of quality assurance methods is accepted, but ...


Risk Factors For Concussion In Collegiate Ncaa Division Ii Men's And Women's Soccer Athletes, Isaac S. Beckler, Michael S. Weller 2016 Cedarville University

Risk Factors For Concussion In Collegiate Ncaa Division Ii Men's And Women's Soccer Athletes, Isaac S. Beckler, Michael S. Weller

Michael S. Weller, M.S.

Background: Certain risk factors may predispose athletes to an increased risk of concussion.

Purpose: To identify risk factors for concussion among men's and women's college soccer athletes, and determine the likelihood of concussion based on those risk factors.

Methods: A short electronic survey was sent out to NCAA Division II universities in Ohio. Survey questions included demographics, soccer-related questions, and concussion-related questions. Participants were women's and men's soccer athletes participating in either varsity or junior varsity soccer at their respective universities.

Results: Of the concussions sustained while playing soccer, 29.4% of female participants sustaining a ...


Visions Of Living With Parkinson's Disease: A Photovoice Study, Danice Greer, Cheryl Cooper, Melinda Hermanns 2016 The University of Texas at Tyler

Visions Of Living With Parkinson's Disease: A Photovoice Study, Danice Greer, Cheryl Cooper, Melinda Hermanns

Danice Greer

This poster was presented at the May 2014 UT Tyler Faculty Awards.


Visions Of Living With Parkinson's Disease: A Photovoice Study, Danice Greer, Cheryl Cooper, Melinda Hermanns 2016 The University of Texas at Tyler

Visions Of Living With Parkinson's Disease: A Photovoice Study, Danice Greer, Cheryl Cooper, Melinda Hermanns

Cheryl Cooper

This poster was presented at the May 2014 UT Tyler Faculty Awards.


Ethnicity Matters: Implications For Understanding And Acting Upon Disparities In Health Affecting Black Men In The United States, Helen V. S. Cole 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Ethnicity Matters: Implications For Understanding And Acting Upon Disparities In Health Affecting Black Men In The United States, Helen V. S. Cole

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Compared to non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks have higher rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and HIV/AIDS. Black men have a life expectancy approximately 4.7 years than the life expectancy of non-Hispanic white men, due in part to higher prevalence of chronic disease among black men. Many factors are hypothesized to contribute to disparities in health between races, including differences in socioeconomic status; culturally-linked behaviors such as diet, substance use, and physical activity; access to quality healthcare and other resources; and experiences of racism, both institutional and interpersonal. However, in public health research, race is usually ...


Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu 2016 Chapman University

Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...


Activation Of Target Gene Expression In Neurons By The C. Elegans Rfx Transcription Factor, Daf-19, Katherine P. Mueller 2016 Lawrence University

Activation Of Target Gene Expression In Neurons By The C. Elegans Rfx Transcription Factor, Daf-19, Katherine P. Mueller

Lawrence University Honors Projects

DAF-19, the only RFX transcription factor found in C. elegans, is required for the formation of neuronal sensory cilia. Four isoforms of the DAF-19 protein have been reported, and the m86 nonsense (null) mutation affecting all four isoforms has been shown to prevent cilia formation. Transcriptome analyses employing microarrays of L1 and adult stage worms were completed using RNA from daf-19(m86) worms and an isogenic wild type strain to identify additional putative DAF-19 target genes. Using transcriptional fusions with GFP, we compared the expression patterns of several potential gene targets using fluorescence confocal microscopy. Expression patterns were characterized in ...


From “Destroying Angel” To “The Most Dangerous Woman In America”: A Study Of Mary Mallon’S Depiction In Popular Culture, Claire Sandoval-Peck 2016 University of Washington - Tacoma

From “Destroying Angel” To “The Most Dangerous Woman In America”: A Study Of Mary Mallon’S Depiction In Popular Culture, Claire Sandoval-Peck

History Undergraduate Theses

My paper examines the life of "Typhoid Mary" Mallon, and looks at how she has been depicted and vilified in popular culture. It asks why and how she has been remembered in history as the infamous “Typhoid Mary” and how her portrayal has been influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of the time and place of her life. I discuss her historical legacy through the lens of her three identities as a healthy carrier, Irish immigrant, and a working woman, researching both primary and secondary sources. Through exploring those subjects, I have concluded that the convergence of these three identities ...


Priming Cardiovascular Stem Cells For Transplantation Using Short-Term Hypoxia, Ivan Hernandez 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Priming Cardiovascular Stem Cells For Transplantation Using Short-Term Hypoxia, Ivan Hernandez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Conventional medical treatments fail to address the underlying problems associated with the damage inflicted by a coronary event. Thus, the long-term prognosis of patients admitted for heart failure is disheartening, with reported survival rates of 25 percent. Recent advances in stem cell research highlight the potential benefits of autologous stem cell transplantation for stimulating repair in heart tissue. However, a majority of those suffering from cardiovascular diseases are older adults whose autologous cells no longer possess optimum functional capacity. Additional work is needed to identify the optimal cell types or conditions that will promote cardiovascular regeneration across all age groups ...


Post-Herpetic Paresis Of The Lower Extremity: An Unusual Complication Of Shingles, Leah Diane Stalnaker, Lynne J. Goebel, MD 2016 Joan C Edwards School of Medicine

Post-Herpetic Paresis Of The Lower Extremity: An Unusual Complication Of Shingles, Leah Diane Stalnaker, Lynne J. Goebel, Md

Lynne J. Goebel

Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a disease process caused by re-activation of varicella zoster virus in the dorsal root ganglia. Most commonly, it presents with burning pain and a characteristic vesicular rash. However neurologic complications may occur, most often including neuralgia, and less commonly paresis. We present a case of post-herpetic paresis in an 86- year- old female.


Visions Of Living With Parkinson's Disease: A Photovoice Study, Danice Greer, Cheryl Cooper, Melinda Hermanns 2016 The University of Texas at Tyler

Visions Of Living With Parkinson's Disease: A Photovoice Study, Danice Greer, Cheryl Cooper, Melinda Hermanns

Melinda Hermanns

This poster was presented at the May 2014 UT Tyler Faculty Awards.


Reducing Readmission Rates In Acute Pancreatitis Through Patient Education And Risk Assessment, Jordan T. Vulcano 2016 Aurora Health Care

Reducing Readmission Rates In Acute Pancreatitis Through Patient Education And Risk Assessment, Jordan T. Vulcano

Aurora Internal Medicine Residents

Background: Early hospital readmissions are a direct burden on both our patients’ well-being and health care system as a whole. Acute pancreatitis is a top offender, with countless 30-day readmissions. Studies have showed a consistently higher than average 30-day readmission rates in acute pancreatitis, around 19%. This is significantly higher than the average all-cause readmission rate at Aurora Health Care hospitals. This quality improvement project aimed to reduce the rate of acute pancreatitis 30-day readmission rates at several Aurora hospitals through patient education and a readmission risk assessment tool. Purpose: To clarify some of the risk factors associated with acute ...


Model Assessment And Development Of Risk Stratification Of Surgical Site Infection Following Cesarean Delivery For A High-Risk, Urban Population, Dakisha N. Lewis, Nicole P. Salvo, Kiley A. Bernhard, Danielle M. Greer 2016 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Model Assessment And Development Of Risk Stratification Of Surgical Site Infection Following Cesarean Delivery For A High-Risk, Urban Population, Dakisha N. Lewis, Nicole P. Salvo, Kiley A. Bernhard, Danielle M. Greer

Nicole Salvo, MD

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a major cause of morbidity despite efforts aimed at prevention and treatment. Risk stratification tools identify patients at greatest risk of SSI. Two models of stratification are: 1) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Healthcare Safety Network SSI Risk Index (NHSN), which assigns risk based on surgery duration, surgical wound contamination and physical status; and 2) the New Risk Stratification Schema (NRSS). The NRSS aimed to improve upon NHSN by incorporating five variables: diabetes control, body mass index (BMI), chorioamnionitis, methods of placental extraction and skin closure.

Purpose: Our objectives were ...


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