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Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard VanEnk 2015 Western Michigan University

Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard Vanenk

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In the United States it is currently unknown whether the influenza surveillance system is capable of producing timely and accurate data for case estimation during an outbreak of pandemic scale. This simulation provides a preliminary evaluation of the surveillance system’s ability to collect data and produce timely and accurate trends of cases confirmed with an influenza virus. For the evaluation, a computer-based simulation of the data-collection process was used, which was validated with real demographic and epidemiologic information. The results were analyzed to determine the most significant behavioral and operational factors influencing the data collection and to propose the ...


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, The Primary Motor Neuron Disease, Jacob P. Naumann 2015 Cleveland State University

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, The Primary Motor Neuron Disease, Jacob P. Naumann

The Downtown Review

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative neurological disease that damages nerve cells in the brain, in particular the neurons that are involved in voluntary muscle movements. Internationally the disorder is also known as Charcot’s disease and motor neuron disease. In the United States, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is often referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease, motor neuron disease, and more colloquially ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is the most prominent of the five motor neuron diseases, distinguishing itself from the others through degeneration of both upper motor neurons (UMN) and lower motor neurons (LMN) respectively. The “Father of neurology” Jean-Marie ...


Novel Advances In Alzheimer's Disease, Jacob P. Naumann 2015 Cleveland State University

Novel Advances In Alzheimer's Disease, Jacob P. Naumann

The Downtown Review

Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia in adults, is a progressive degenerative neurological disease that affects memory, cognition, and behavior. Dr. Alois Alzheimer discovered and diagnosed the irreversible disease in 1906 after documenting the famous case of Auguste Deter.1 Since the discovery of the disease, numerous advances have made it possible to not only better understand the causal factors, but also to improve the medical diagnosis and preventative measures that healthcare providers can implement. For the first time since 1984, the National Institute on Aging (NIAA) and the Alzheimer’s Association (AA) proposed and published new ...


In-Patient Self-Management Diabetes Education, Amy Matthews 2015 University of San Francisco

In-Patient Self-Management Diabetes Education, Amy Matthews

Master's Projects

The diabetes program strives to provide diabetes self-management education to the in-patient with diabetes. The specific aim is to improve and standardize diabetes education for the inpatient with diabetes by June 2015. The microsystem is a medical surgical unit for patients 18 years and older who present with diabetes as either a primary diagnosis or secondary diagnosis. Fifty percent of the diabetes patients on this unit are ages 65-89 years old, twenty nine percent are ages 50-64. The unit has 32 beds and is filled to capacity ninety five percent of the time. The fishbone diagram revealed our microsystem lacked ...


Functional Analysis Of The Molluscum Contagiosum Virus Mc160 Death Effector Domain-Containing Protein Rxdl Motif, Sarah Weber 2015 Seton Hall University

Functional Analysis Of The Molluscum Contagiosum Virus Mc160 Death Effector Domain-Containing Protein Rxdl Motif, Sarah Weber

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) is a member of the Poxviridae family that causes benign skin lesions. MCV lesions persist on average for 8-12 months in otherwise healthy individuals. MCV lesions are characterized by reduced inflammation. The persistence and reduction of inflammation at the site of MCV lesions have been attributed to MCV immune evasion genes. MCV encodes two death effector domain (DED) containing proteins, MC159 and MC160. DEDs are found in cellular proteins such as FADD and procaspase-8. These cellular proteins are involved in several innate immune responses such as apoptosis and activation of interferon (IFN). Presumably, MC159 and ...


Hepatic Sequestration In Sickle Cell Anemia, Sivatej Sarva MD, PhD, Krupa Manjunath MD, Raymond Osarogiagbon MD, Amado X. Freire MD, PhD 2015 University of Missouri

Hepatic Sequestration In Sickle Cell Anemia, Sivatej Sarva Md, Phd, Krupa Manjunath Md, Raymond Osarogiagbon Md, Amado X. Freire Md, Phd

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

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Using Technology To Improved Diabetes Self-Management Within A Federally Qualified Community Health Center, Lisa D. Morgan 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Using Technology To Improved Diabetes Self-Management Within A Federally Qualified Community Health Center, Lisa D. Morgan

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) concept places the patient and family at the center of healthcare. The patient becomes actively involved in their own care. One aspect of PCMH is managing care and increasing chronic disease self-management. Diabetes, a chronic disease, is a leading diagnosis among the patients served by the federally qualified community health center (FQCHC). The prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi in 2012 was 12.3%. The purpose of this DNP Capstone project was to implement a pilot study to increase diabetes self-management knowledge. The program utilized the current technology of text messaging to send biweekly supportive ...


Efficacy Of Behavioral Interventions In African-Americans With Type Ii Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis, Tangela Nicole Hales 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Efficacy Of Behavioral Interventions In African-Americans With Type Ii Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis, Tangela Nicole Hales

Dissertations

Context: The efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system are prime foci for nursing research.

Objective:The purpose of this study was to review and critically appraise the current state of the evidence in the treatment of African American adults with type II diabetes. To address this objective, a systematic review was undertaken that investigated the comparative effectiveness of behavioral interventions in improving glycemic control.

Methods: Robust methodological approaches to comparative effectiveness research (CER) serve to improve the transparency, consistency, and scientific rigor of the research. The methods for this systematic review of literature followed those recommended in the Agency ...


Effect Of Cmvil-10 On Exosome Production By Human Breast Cancer Cells, Susanna N. Basappa 2015 University of San Francisco

Effect Of Cmvil-10 On Exosome Production By Human Breast Cancer Cells, Susanna N. Basappa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a ubiquitous virus that infects 70-90% of the general population, primarily the immunocompromised, but has been implicated in several forms of cancer, including breast cancer. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in women in North America, usually from metastasis. Exosomes are 30-100nm vesicles produced by most cells which carry protein and RNA to cells in their microenvironment. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of HCMV-infection of a secreted viral cytokine, cmvIL-10, on exosome production by highly metastatic breast cancer cells.

MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured in vitro, and ...


Efficient In Vitro Development Of Photoreceptors From Human Pluripotent Stem Cells, Joseph C. Reynolds 2015 Dominican University of California

Efficient In Vitro Development Of Photoreceptors From Human Pluripotent Stem Cells, Joseph C. Reynolds

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Degeneration of the rod and cone photoreceptors in the human retina is among the most common causes of blindness. Replacing these damaged photoreceptors may help to restore vision. Repairing the damaged retina relies on the insertion of new, healthy cells. Embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are two possible sources of photoreceptors to restore vision. Previous data shows that human ES cells and iPS cells can be differentiated into photoreceptors and transplanted into the eye to restore some vision. However, this process is inefficient, and costly. Here, we show a new method for inducing photoreceptor production ...


Periodontal Disease: Molecular Visualization Through Computer Modeling And 3d Printing, Catherine Chatowsky 2015 University of Rhode Island

Periodontal Disease: Molecular Visualization Through Computer Modeling And 3d Printing, Catherine Chatowsky

Senior Honors Projects

Periodontal disease is a common infection that damages gingival tissue and creates jawbone destruction that can lead to the loosening or loss of teeth. Hundreds of diverse bacterial species reside in the harsh environment of the oral cavity. The creation of plaque and biofilms serve to allow the bacteria to avoid immune-mediated destruction. This project analyzed periodontal disease pathogens using molecular printing 3D visualization. Two bacterial species (T. denticola and P. gingivalis) were chosen from the public resource: Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics: Protein Data Bank. T. denticola was a bacteria found to have a binding protein (FhbB) that structurally ...


The Characterization Of Amyloid Fibrils And Novel Synthetic Heparin-Binding Peptides Binding To Cell Surfaces, Nicole Marie Hackenbrack 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Characterization Of Amyloid Fibrils And Novel Synthetic Heparin-Binding Peptides Binding To Cell Surfaces, Nicole Marie Hackenbrack

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Adapting The Standard Sir Disease Model In Order To Track And Predict The Spreading Of The Ebola Virus Using Twitter Data, Armin Smailhodzic 2015 Western Kentucky University

Adapting The Standard Sir Disease Model In Order To Track And Predict The Spreading Of The Ebola Virus Using Twitter Data, Armin Smailhodzic

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

A method has been developed to track infectious diseases by using data mining of active Twitter accounts and its efficacy was demonstrated during the West African Ebola outbreak of 2014. Using a meme based n-gram semantic usage model to search the Twitter database for indications of illness, flight and death from the spread of Ebola in Africa, principally from Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Memes of interest relate disease to location and severity and are coupled to the density of Tweets and re-Tweets. The meme spreads through the community of social users in a fashion similar to nonlinear wave propagation- ...


Evaluation Of Bde-47 And -99 Lipid Modulating Effects In Hepg2 Human Carcinoma Cells, Eileen A. Holovac 2015 University of Rhode Island

Evaluation Of Bde-47 And -99 Lipid Modulating Effects In Hepg2 Human Carcinoma Cells, Eileen A. Holovac

Senior Honors Projects

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming a significantly more common problem in today’s society, affecting up to 25% of people in the United States as reported by the American Liver Foundation. According to the American Association of the Study of Liver Diseases, NAFLD is the buildup of fat in the liver that is not caused by secondary factors such as alcohol consumption, hereditary disorders, or the use of steatogenic medication such as amioderone. A liver is considered fatty when 5-10% of the liver’s weight is fat. The progression of NAFLD can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, or ...


Alzheimer's Disease: From Clinical Tragedy To Reason For Hope, Kenneth Adams 2015 Bridgewater State University

Alzheimer's Disease: From Clinical Tragedy To Reason For Hope, Kenneth Adams

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


My Time With E, Alyssa Mohorek 2015 Aurora Family Medicine Program

My Time With E, Alyssa Mohorek

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Poignant encounters with a dying patient and her family are described. These reflections explore one aspect of the maturation process of a medical intern.


Optimization Of Fluorescent Detection Of Rotavirus Protein Nsp4 And A Cellular Receptor In Two Cell Lines, Katelyn D. Defrates, Rebecca Walker, Ron Havenar, Rebecca D. Parr 2015 Stephen F Austin State University

Optimization Of Fluorescent Detection Of Rotavirus Protein Nsp4 And A Cellular Receptor In Two Cell Lines, Katelyn D. Defrates, Rebecca Walker, Ron Havenar, Rebecca D. Parr

Bright Ideas Conference

Rotavirus (RV) infections are the most common cause of severe diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. The two licensed vaccines for RV protect children from common strains of RV, but they are less effective against new emerging RV strains. Therefore, new therapeutics to treat RV infections need to be developed. Recently, we have shown stilbenoids, trans-arachidin-1 (t-A1) and trans-arachidin-3 (t-A3), decrease progeny virus particles by one hundred fold. Likewise, western blot assays show a decrease in the amount of the viral protein NSP4 with the addition of the stilbenoids during a RV infection. This indicates an effect on viral ...


Does Every Patient Need Colonoscopy Follow-Up For Diverticulitis?, Rachel Ackerman, Justin Yamin, Anne Foley, Louise Maranda, Benjamin Hyatt 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Does Every Patient Need Colonoscopy Follow-Up For Diverticulitis?, Rachel Ackerman, Justin Yamin, Anne Foley, Louise Maranda, Benjamin Hyatt

Senior Scholars Program

Background: American College of Gastroenterology guidelines recommend colonoscopy as follow-up after an episode of diverticulitis, as there has been some association between diverticulitis and the diagnosis of colon cancer. There is limited data on the yield of this procedure in this setting. Recent studies have suggested that colonoscopy may only be warranted after episodes of complicated diverticulitis involving CT-proven abscess or reactive lymph nodes, which are associated with a higher likelihood of the presence of occult colon cancer.

Objective: The primary objective is to retrospectively examine the results of colonoscopy done for follow-up of diverticulitis at our center, specifically looking ...


Detection Of Igg4-Specific Autoantibodies In Rheumatoid Arthritis Serum Samples, Azra Borogovac, Youmna Lahoud, Janice Weaver, Sheldon M. Cooper, Mercedes Rincon, Jonathan Kay, Ellen M. Gravallese 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Detection Of Igg4-Specific Autoantibodies In Rheumatoid Arthritis Serum Samples, Azra Borogovac, Youmna Lahoud, Janice Weaver, Sheldon M. Cooper, Mercedes Rincon, Jonathan Kay, Ellen M. Gravallese

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic multi-system autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory synovitis. Autoantibodies such as rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of RA, and are currently important criteria for diagnosis within the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria.1 Yet, many patients diagnosed with RA do not have measurable circulating ACPA or RF which may result in delayed diagnosis and treatment. After IgG1, IgG4 is the second most predominant isotype among ACPA and RF; however it is not detected in currently available diagnostic ...


Anti-Inflammatory Diet For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd-Aid), Anne Barnard, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kathryn Post, Rachel Erdil, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Anne Foley, David R. Cave 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anti-Inflammatory Diet For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd-Aid), Anne Barnard, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kathryn Post, Rachel Erdil, Gin-Fei Olendzki, Anne Foley, David R. Cave

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, which have increasingly been linked to dysbiosis, or an imbalance in the gut microbiome. Standard of care for IBD involves an often-evolving combination of anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and immunomodulatory medications; however, the pharmacological approach is never curative, and medications routinely become ineffective for individual patients. Partially fueled by the increasing inadequacy of pharmacologic treatment regimens, there is emerging interest from patients regarding diet and its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory diseases, demanding more in-depth and ...


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