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Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano 2021 University of San Diego

Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Hypertension is a public health issue estimated to affect 112 million adults by 2030. Primary care patients in an outpatient clinic in Southern California with elevated blood pressure readings in the office did not have an organized system for close follow-up. The purpose of this evidence-based project (EBP) was to educate patients on self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), diet interventions, and healthy weight loss to improve hypertension rates. Through these interventions, patients developed an understanding of their systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals. Nurse practitioners, medical assistants, and licensed vocational nurses screened for high ...


Mental Health And Adolescents: The Impact Of Social Isolation In Adolescents During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Gabriella Aguinaldo 2021 Dominican University of California

Mental Health And Adolescents: The Impact Of Social Isolation In Adolescents During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Gabriella Aguinaldo

Nursing | Senior Theses

In early 2020, the coronavirus pandemic, first detected in late 2019, afflicted the world. The disease associated with the virus became known as COVID-19. COVID-19 was recognized as a highly contagious and deadly disease. In California, United States, COVID-19 was detected in February and the first shelter-in-place orders were ordered by the counties and state, which forced children and adults to stay at home and attend school and work virtually. Shelter-in-place orders were quickly implemented around the world.

As the world began this sudden switch in lifestyle, many were concerned for the mental health and safety of themselves and their ...


Discerning The True Dilemma Of Diabetes Among Hispanics, Ramon Ponce 2021 Dominican University of California

Discerning The True Dilemma Of Diabetes Among Hispanics, Ramon Ponce

Nursing | Senior Theses

There is a common misconception that the primary role of nurses is to follow doctors’ orders and treat patients who are currently suffering and experiencing pain. Chronic illnesses such as diabetes can be prevented and better managed if the population who is greatest at risk is better informed and educated on the disease. Different cultures and ethnicities have different foods that unfortunately puts them at risk to get diabetes. Hispanics typically follow a diet that is high in carbohydrates, saturated fats, and sugars that greatly contribute to the development of diabetes. Often, Hispanics are not educated enough to comprehend the ...


Comparative Metabolism Of Aflatoxin B1 In Two Quail Genera Coturnix Japonica And Callipepla Californica, Sean Moody 2021 Utah State University

Comparative Metabolism Of Aflatoxin B1 In Two Quail Genera Coturnix Japonica And Callipepla Californica, Sean Moody

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Avian species are highly susceptible to the hepatotoxic mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Domesticated turkeys are exquisitely sensitive, due to a combination of highly-efficient hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated bioactivation, and to dysfunctional alpha-class glutathione S-transferases (GSTAs) which typically detoxify the bioactivated electrophilic metabolite exo-AFB1-8,9-epoxide (AFBO). Wild turkeys are relatively resistant to AFB1 in large part due to expression of functional GSTAs. Quail, a related Galliforme, are slightly less sensitive in vivo to AFB1, but whether this is related to the hepatic metabolic profiles of these two critical enzymes has not been rigorously evaluated ...


Neonatal Outcomes And Congenital Anomalies In Pregnancies Affected By Hypothyroidism, Zareen Kiran,, Aisha Sheikh, Khadija N Humayun, Najmul Islam 2021 Aga Khan University

Neonatal Outcomes And Congenital Anomalies In Pregnancies Affected By Hypothyroidism, Zareen Kiran,, Aisha Sheikh, Khadija N Humayun, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background: Maternal hypothyroidism has been reported to have concerns over neonatal outcomes, not only in the context of neurocognitive development but also in the short term as birth weight and neonatal jaundice.
Patients and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective study on 638 cases who delivered live births in the Aga Khan University Hospital after ethical approval. Data were collected on hypothyroid pregnant females who were diagnosed before conception or during their antenatal visits during the year 2008-2016. Neonatal outcomes were noted for birth weight, maturity, and neonatal jaundice, neonatal hypothyroidism, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, hypocalcaemia, congenital anomalies, need ...


The Radiological Presentation Of Rasmussen Aneurysm Secondary To Pulmonary Tuberculosis And Covid-19: A Case Report, Adnan Arif, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda 2021 Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan

The Radiological Presentation Of Rasmussen Aneurysm Secondary To Pulmonary Tuberculosis And Covid-19: A Case Report, Adnan Arif, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Rasmussen aneurysm is rare diagnosis occurring in patients with long-standing tuberculosis. TB-COVID-19 co-infection in the context of Rasmussen aneurysm is a rare occurrence, yet new cases are emerging. An elderly male was recently diagnosed with TB-COVID-19 co-infection and presented with sudden onset massive hemoptysis. The patient was diagnosed with Rasmussen aneurysm after being evaluated by computed tomography pulmonary angiogram due to a suggestive clinical presentation. Interventional radiologists planned for embolization of pulmonary artery, with an unidentifiable source. It was suspected that the patient's source of bleeding was hampered due to local tamponade effect or thrombosis of the aneurysm. The ...


Patient-Centered Home Cancer Screening Attitudes During Covid-19 Pandemic, Christelle El Khoury, Elizabeth Haro, Martha Alves, Marie Claire O'Dwyer, Kate Meixner, Laura Crespo Albiac, J Nicoll Capizzano, Manasi Ramakrishnan, Cullen Salada, Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin, Masahito Jimbo, Ananda Sen, Diane M. Harper 2021 University of Michigan

Patient-Centered Home Cancer Screening Attitudes During Covid-19 Pandemic, Christelle El Khoury, Elizabeth Haro, Martha Alves, Marie Claire O'Dwyer, Kate Meixner, Laura Crespo Albiac, J Nicoll Capizzano, Manasi Ramakrishnan, Cullen Salada, Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin, Masahito Jimbo, Ananda Sen, Diane M. Harper

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted health care delivery of cancer screenings. The primary aim of our work was to evaluate the degree to which populations were accepting of home-based screenings for colorectal cancer (CRC) and cervical cancer (ie, primary human papillomavirus [HPV] testing). Three groups of adults having distinct health burdens that may affect acceptance of home-based cancer screening were identified through outpatient electronic medical records: those having survived a COVID-19 hospitalization; those having been positive for a non-COVID-19 respiratory illness; or those having type 2 diabetes. A total of 132 respondents (58% female) completed an online survey with hypothetical cases ...


A Novel Code Team Leader Card To Improve Leader Identification, Palak Shah, Vinod Havalad 2021 Presbyterian Hospital – The Children's Center at Presbyterian

A Novel Code Team Leader Card To Improve Leader Identification, Palak Shah, Vinod Havalad

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Prompt and clear code team leader identification is vital in effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and pediatric trainees often have limited experience in these scenarios. This project sought to develop a tangible object that provided clear leader identification and assisted in code team management and simulated team training. A Code Team Leader Card (CTLC) was designed to provide clear leader identification while simultaneously providing a cognitive aid via integration of pediatric advanced life support (PALS) algorithms. Additionally, CTLC served to occupy the leader’s hands to limit their ability to intervene on procedural tasks. The CTLC was incorporated into pediatric resident ...


In Pursuit: A Mother’S Account Of Her Son’S Rare Disease Diagnosis Journey, Anne M. Jones 2021 none (parent of patient)

In Pursuit: A Mother’S Account Of Her Son’S Rare Disease Diagnosis Journey, Anne M. Jones

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

A personal account from a mother’s perspective on her undiagnosed son’s medical journey over almost 6 years toward a diagnosis of a rare genetic variant in mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 3 (MAPK8IP3) resulting in neurodevelopment disorder.


Integrating Patient-Reported Outcomes Into Clinical Genetic Testing For Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Rachele M. Hendricks-Sturrup, Robert Block, Christine Y. Lu 2021 Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School

Integrating Patient-Reported Outcomes Into Clinical Genetic Testing For Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Rachele M. Hendricks-Sturrup, Robert Block, Christine Y. Lu

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and PRO measures (PROMs) are often used to help clinicians and researchers understand patients’ personal concerns, feelings, experiences, and perspectives following the implementation of an intervention. Notably, PROs and PROMs can inform health systems, health policy, and payers on the utility of clinical genetic testing based on each patient’s personal values, perspectives, and potential health behaviors subsequent to testing. In this topic synopsis, we discuss the underexplored role of and implications for PROs and PROMs following genetic testing for familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), an autosomal dominant genetic disorder of cholesterol metabolism that can lead to highly premature ...


Refining A Postpandemic Approach To Cancer Screening, Michael A. Thompson 2021 Advocate Aurora Health

Refining A Postpandemic Approach To Cancer Screening, Michael A. Thompson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In introducing Volume 8, Issue 4 of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews — a specially themed issue comprised of several works focused on improving cancer screening processes in clinical practice — JPCRR editor and hematologist/oncologist Michael Thompson reflects on the current state of various screening modalities and how the pandemic has already begun to shape ongoing research in this area. A delicate balance must be struck between avoiding overtesting or overdiagnosis and identifying the presence of malignant tumors early enough to allow for successful treatment.


Improving Cancer Screening Rates In Primary Care Via Practice Facilitation And Academic Detailing: A Multi-Pbrn Quality Improvement Project, Christopher P. Morley, Laura A. Schad, Laurene M. Tumiel-Berhalter, Laura A. Brady, Alexandrea Bentham, Karen Vitale, Amanda Norton, Gary Noronha, Carlos Swanger 2021 SUNY Upstate Medical University

Improving Cancer Screening Rates In Primary Care Via Practice Facilitation And Academic Detailing: A Multi-Pbrn Quality Improvement Project, Christopher P. Morley, Laura A. Schad, Laurene M. Tumiel-Berhalter, Laura A. Brady, Alexandrea Bentham, Karen Vitale, Amanda Norton, Gary Noronha, Carlos Swanger

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: In the United States, cancer screening rates are often below national targets. This project implemented practice facilitation and academic detailing aimed at increasing breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening rates in safety-net primary care practices.

Methods: Three practice-based research networks across western and central New York State partnered to provide quality improvement strategies on breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. Pre/postintervention screening rates for all participating practices were collected annually, as were means across all practices over 7 years. Simple ordinary least squares linear regression was used to calculate the trend for each cancer type and test for ...


Patient And Clinician Characteristics That Predict Breast Cancer Screening Behavior In 40–49-Year-Old Women, Sarina Schrager, Claudia Evaristo, Terry Little, Lori DuBenske, Elizabeth S. Burnside 2021 University of Wisconsin Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Patient And Clinician Characteristics That Predict Breast Cancer Screening Behavior In 40–49-Year-Old Women, Sarina Schrager, Claudia Evaristo, Terry Little, Lori Dubenske, Elizabeth S. Burnside

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Guidelines recommend that clinicians practice shared decision-making (SDM) with women in their 40s to discuss breast cancer screening. Traditionally, SDM includes discussion of values and preferences to help determine a decision that is congruent with what the patient desires. We analyzed 54 women’s breast cancer screening decisions after a SDM conversation with their clinician. We looked at both patient and clinician characteristics that predicted whether or not a woman would get a screening mammogram. Women with a family history of breast cancer or who had a previous abnormal mammogram had higher rates of screening. Screening rates also varied widely ...


Conference Proceedings: Select Abstracts Presented At 2021 Advocate Aurora Health Scientific Day, 2021 Advocate Aurora Health

Conference Proceedings: Select Abstracts Presented At 2021 Advocate Aurora Health Scientific Day

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Abstracts published within this supplement were presented at the 47th annual Advocate Aurora Health Scientific Day, held virtually on May 26, 2021. This research symposium provides a forum for disseminating results from studies conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals associated with Midwest-based health system Advocate Aurora Health, which publishes the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews.


Covid-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Report From The Covid-19 Surveillance Program., Mohamad Belal Aldaas, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville

Covid-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Report From The Covid-19 Surveillance Program., Mohamad Belal Aldaas, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

A 72-year-old male was brought to the hospital following a motorcycle crash and was admitted for multiple trauma management. His initial course of hospitalization was complicated by mild hypoxemia and altered mental status. Respiratory workup and imaging were consistent with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. He completed a five-day course of remdesivir and a ten-day course of dexamethasone. Twenty days later, he developed a low-grade fever. His chest computerized tomography (CT) showed gas and fluid containing parenchymal collection in the anteromedial right middle lobe measuring up to 4.8 cm, most consistent with a pulmonary abscess. Antimicrobial treatment was started.

The patient became ...


Coronavirus Update 10-13-21, The Coronavirus Planning Team 2021 Sacred Heart University

Coronavirus Update 10-13-21, The Coronavirus Planning Team

University Briefings & Virtual Events

We want to share that—in conjunction with Hartford HealthCare—we will be offering a clinic for Pfizer booster shots for those who received the Pfizer vaccine.


Neuroimaging Referral For Reassurance In Evaluation Of Headache With Low-Risk Features, Omar E. Fernandez 2021 Wayne State University

Neuroimaging Referral For Reassurance In Evaluation Of Headache With Low-Risk Features, Omar E. Fernandez

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Howard L, Wessely S, Leese M, et al. Are investigations anxiolytic or anxiogenic? A randomised controlled trial of neuroimaging to provide reassurance in chronic daily headache. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005;76(11):1558-1564. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2004.057851

for a patient with daily headache.


Complications And Dosing Frequency Of 5% Imiquimod For Genital Warts In A Young Man, Sebastian A. Hoak 2021 Wayne State University

Complications And Dosing Frequency Of 5% Imiquimod For Genital Warts In A Young Man, Sebastian A. Hoak

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Fife KH, Ferenczy A, Douglas JM Jr, et al. Treatment of external genital warts in men using 5% imiquimod cream applied three times a week, once daily, twice daily, or three times a day. Sex Transm Dis. 2001;28(4):226-231. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007435-200104000-00007

for a patient with genital warts and an unstable social support network.


Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training Offers Opportunity To Enhance Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Emily Lau 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training Offers Opportunity To Enhance Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Emily Lau

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Alvarez C, Ramirez-Campillo R, Martinez-Salazar C, et al. Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training as a Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes. Int J Sports Med. 2016;37(9):723-729. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-104935

for a patient with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus type 2.


Using A Single Tablet Regimen Of Darunavir, Cobicistat, Emcitrabine, And Tenofovir Alafenamide In Virally Suppressed Hiv-1 Patients Is An Adequate Treatment Option For Controlling Hiv, Priya Kathuria 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Using A Single Tablet Regimen Of Darunavir, Cobicistat, Emcitrabine, And Tenofovir Alafenamide In Virally Suppressed Hiv-1 Patients Is An Adequate Treatment Option For Controlling Hiv, Priya Kathuria

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Orkin C, Molina JM, Negredo E, et al. Efficacy and safety of switching from boosted protease inhibitors plus emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate regimens to single-tablet darunavir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide at 48 weeks in adults with virologically suppressed HIV-1 (EMERALD): a phase 3, randomised, non-inferiority trial. Lancet HIV. 2018;5(1):e23-e34. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3018(17)30179-0

for a patient with viriologically suppressed HIV-1.


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