Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

8937 Full-Text Articles 21988 Authors 1210704 Downloads 217 Institutions

All Articles in Diseases

Faceted Search

8937 full-text articles. Page 1 of 333.

The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Reduced Intraepithelial Corneal Nerve Density And Sensitivity Accompany Desiccating Stress And Aging In C57bl/6 Mice, Mary Ann Stepp, Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Gauri Tadvalkar, Alexa Williams, S Pflugfelder, C de Paiva 2018 George Washington University

Reduced Intraepithelial Corneal Nerve Density And Sensitivity Accompany Desiccating Stress And Aging In C57bl/6 Mice, Mary Ann Stepp, Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Gauri Tadvalkar, Alexa Williams, S Pflugfelder, C De Paiva

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

Dry Eye disease causes discomfort and pain in millions of patients. Using a mouse acute desiccating stress (DS) model we show that DS induces a reduction in intraepithelial corneal nerve (ICN) density, corneal sensitivity, and apical extension of the intraepithelial nerve terminals (INTs) that branch from the subbasal nerves (SBNs). Topical application of 0.02% Mitomycin C (MMC) or vehicle alone has no impact on the overall loss of axon density due to acute DS. Chronic dry eye, which develops progressively as C57BL/6 mice age, is accompanied by significant loss of the ICNs and corneal sensitivity between 2 and ...


Integrating Students Into Interdisciplinary Health And Health Disparities Research Teams, Tanya M. Coakley, Allyson Kelley, Robin Bartlett, Terri Shelton, Schenita D. Randolph, Debra C. Wallace 2018 University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Integrating Students Into Interdisciplinary Health And Health Disparities Research Teams, Tanya M. Coakley, Allyson Kelley, Robin Bartlett, Terri Shelton, Schenita D. Randolph, Debra C. Wallace

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Major initiatives by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as well as the World Health Organization have produced a large and compelling body of evidence on how to reduce health disparities, which entails having a clear understanding of how social factors shape health and healthcare outcomes. Specifically, there is a need for healthcare professionals to understand social determinants of health (e.g., low socioeconomic status, lack of health insurance, and poor education) and how these lead to disparities in health for people of minority racial and ethnic groups. Little is known about how students are developed as ...


Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode 2018 University of North Carolina in Greensboro

Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Diabetes is a national public health problem. Low socioeconomic status influence access to quality care for African Americans with Diabetes who must rely on government assisted insurance or are uninsured. Inadequate access and poor quality care for African Americans contributes to increased morbidity and negative health outcomes. This manuscript will examine the existence of diabetes disparities in African Americans pertaining to the role of low socioeconomic status, access, and poor quality care, and suggest some practical strategies for reducing diabetes disparities in this population.


Type Of Multimorbidity And Propensity To Seek Care Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries, Rahul Garg, Chan Shen, Nethra Sambamoorthi, Usha Sambamoorthi 2018 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Type Of Multimorbidity And Propensity To Seek Care Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries, Rahul Garg, Chan Shen, Nethra Sambamoorthi, Usha Sambamoorthi

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Greater propensity to seek care is critical for improving health of elderly individuals with multimorbidity. We used the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (2012) to assess propensity to seek care among community-dwelling elderly Medicare beneficiaries (> 65 yrs.; N=11,270) having (1) no physical or mental illness; (2) single physical or mental condition; (3) multimorbidity with physical conditions only; and (4) multimorbidity with both physical and mental conditions. As compared to multimorbidity with physical conditions, elderly with no multimorbidity were less likely (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 0.50 [0.36, 0.68]) and elderly with both physical and mental conditions ...


Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani 2018 Marshall University

Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Mehiar El Hamdani, MD

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease in children. It is an acute self-limited vasculitis that predominantly affects infants and children younger than 5 years of age. These patients present with nonspecific symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy, making the diagnosis challenging. This disease can have serious and potentially fatal outcomes, and prompt recognition of this disease is vital to the patient’s outcome. We present a complete review of the disease, including the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute Kawasaki disease, the natural history of this disease, and follow up of ...


A Common Pain In Pregnancy With An Uncommon Cause, Jennifer Baima, Amrit V. Vinod, Mathew J. Most 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Common Pain In Pregnancy With An Uncommon Cause, Jennifer Baima, Amrit V. Vinod, Mathew J. Most

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Case Diagnosis: We present a case of a patient with hip pain during pregnancy determined to be pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS).

Case Description: A 41-year-old woman presented with 9-months of persistent atraumatic left hip pain localized to the groin that had started in her second trimester of pregnancy. Five months after delivery at presentation to clinic, her symptoms had progressively worsened to require a cane for ambulation.

On exam, hip range of motion was limited: flexion to 90o, external rotation to 20o, and internal rotation to 10o. She had groin pain with internal and external rotation. She ...


Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Objectives: We aimed to determine the variability in position of the pelvis for patients while receiving daily radiation treatments for pelvic malignancies.

Design: Therapeutic radiation targets lymph nodes that lie along the curvature of the sacrum. Any change in pelvic tilt could inadvertently move these targets in or out of the radiation field. This variability has clinical significance both to target cancerous lymph nodes and avoid healthy sacrum.

To better understand this variability, we observed trends in the change in the sacral slope. This measurement was chosen because it is an objective radiographic finding, there is no significant difference between ...


Nonoperative Approach To Treatment Of A Gluteus Medius Tear, Jason Yang, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nonoperative Approach To Treatment Of A Gluteus Medius Tear, Jason Yang, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Case Diagnosis: We present two cases of atraumatic gluteus medius tear.

Case Description: Patient 1 is a 58-year-old female with right gluteal and hip pain. On physical exam, there was focal tenderness in the right gluteal area with pain on external rotation of the right hip and an antalgic gait.

Patient 2 is an 82-year-old male status-post left gluteus medius repair with subsequent revision. Since the surgery, the patient continued to have episodic left hip pain and suffered multiple falls. Physical exam demonstrated limited left hip abduction and tenderness of the iliopsoas muscle.

Both patients exhibited a sedentary lifestyle and ...


Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

Aim: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

Subjects and Methods: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 ± 2.9 years, [male 11.7 ± 2.9 years, (n=55 ...


A1c - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

A1c - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This low literacy A1C patient education tool explains the test and illustrates healthy levels for diabetic patients. (Spanish)


A1c - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

A1c - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This low literacy A1C patient education resource explains what this test means and illustrates healthy levels for people with diabetes.


Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure & Exercise Goals For Diabetics - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure & Exercise Goals For Diabetics - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

One page handout for diabetics illustrating blood glucose, blood pressure and exercise goals. (Spanish)


Basic Diabetes Class Handout With Goal Numbers - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Basic Diabetes Class Handout With Goal Numbers - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This diabetic patient handout reviews A1C test results and simply illustrates what the patient can do to keep his/her blood sugar levels in the goal range.


Basic Diabetes Class Handout Without Goals - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Basic Diabetes Class Handout Without Goals - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This diabetic patient handout reviews A1C test results and simply illustrates what the patient can do to stay healthy.


What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

One page handout discusses the effects of drinking alcohol on diabetes. (Spanish)


What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This one page handout discusses the effects of drinking alcohol on diabetes.


Sick Days - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Sick Days - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This one page handout offers tips on what to do when you are sick and you have diabetes. (Spanish)


Sick Days - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Sick Days - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This one page handout offers tips on what to do when you are sick and you have diabetes. (English)


Digital Commons powered by bepress