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The Role Of Gpr126 In Myelin Maintenance And Regeneration In The Peripheral Nervous System, Jessica A. Joseph 2015 Washington University in St. Louis

The Role Of Gpr126 In Myelin Maintenance And Regeneration In The Peripheral Nervous System, Jessica A. Joseph

Undergraduate Theses—Unrestricted

Myelin is a multilayered insulating membrane that allows rapid propagation of electrical signals and provides neurotrophic and cellular support to axons. Specialized glial cells called oligodendrocytes synthesize myelin in the central nervous system (CNS), while Schwann cells myelinate axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Irregular myelin formation or myelin degeneration leads to debilitating diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) in the CNS and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease in the PNS. However, the molecular mechanisms behind myelin maintenance or regeneration after injury or disease are not well understood. Adhesion G Protein- Coupled Receptors (aGPCRs) are a unique class of GPCRs, in that they ...


Using Technology To Improved Diabetes Self-Management Within A Federally Qualified Community Health Center, Lisa D. Morgan 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Using Technology To Improved Diabetes Self-Management Within A Federally Qualified Community Health Center, Lisa D. Morgan

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) concept places the patient and family at the center of healthcare. The patient becomes actively involved in their own care. One aspect of PCMH is managing care and increasing chronic disease self-management. Diabetes, a chronic disease, is a leading diagnosis among the patients served by the federally qualified community health center (FQCHC). The prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi in 2012 was 12.3%. The purpose of this DNP Capstone project was to implement a pilot study to increase diabetes self-management knowledge. The program utilized the current technology of text messaging to send biweekly supportive ...


Efficacy Of Behavioral Interventions In African-Americans With Type Ii Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis, Tangela Nicole Hales 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Efficacy Of Behavioral Interventions In African-Americans With Type Ii Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis, Tangela Nicole Hales

Dissertations

Context: The efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system are prime foci for nursing research.

Objective:The purpose of this study was to review and critically appraise the current state of the evidence in the treatment of African American adults with type II diabetes. To address this objective, a systematic review was undertaken that investigated the comparative effectiveness of behavioral interventions in improving glycemic control.

Methods: Robust methodological approaches to comparative effectiveness research (CER) serve to improve the transparency, consistency, and scientific rigor of the research. The methods for this systematic review of literature followed those recommended in the Agency ...


Decolonizing The Diet: Synthesizing Native-American History, Immunology, And Nutritional Science., Gideon Mailer, Nicola Hale 2015 University of Minnesota - Duluth

Decolonizing The Diet: Synthesizing Native-American History, Immunology, And Nutritional Science., Gideon Mailer, Nicola Hale

Journal of Evolution and Health

This article examines historical evidence that correlates a decline in Native American health and fertility with ruptures to indigenous food systems following European colonization. It suggests new interdisciplinary ways to study the association between breached indigenous nutritional practices and a decline in Native American health. These objectives bring together students of history and natural science and entail new ways of synthesizing hitherto separate scholarly enterprises in the classroom. In light of the most cutting-edge scientific literature on nutrition, metabolic syndrome, and immunology, they require a new consideration of the historical association between Native American health and indigenous food systems.


The Plight Of The Lucluc: Examining The Deadly Mystery Of Nodding Syndrome, Ethan K. McGann 2015 Liberty University

The Plight Of The Lucluc: Examining The Deadly Mystery Of Nodding Syndrome, Ethan K. Mcgann

Senior Honors Theses

Nodding syndrome (NS) is an emerging epidemic neurological disease that is shrouded in mystery. It is currently only found in the post-conflict regions of South Sudan, northern Uganda, and Tanzania. NS occurs in children from the ages of five to fifteen and is characterized by a loss of motor control in the neck muscles. Seizure episodes can range in intensity from atonic to tonic-clonic, and the onset of the first episode generally marks the beginning of a decline in the child’s physical and mental health. NS is a progressive disease that generally results in physical wasting, stunted growth, behavioral ...


Sickle Cell Disease Among African-American Children: Exploring Relevant Literature And Identifying Research Needs, Dawana Owens 2015 Georgia State University

Sickle Cell Disease Among African-American Children: Exploring Relevant Literature And Identifying Research Needs, Dawana Owens

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Unilateral Lung Disease: Empyema, Chanecia Jackson 2015 Georgia State University

Unilateral Lung Disease: Empyema, Chanecia Jackson

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Mcnamara 2014 Mmb1075 - Low Magnification Confocal Microscopy Of Tumor Angiogenesis, George McNamara 2015 M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Mcnamara 2014 Mmb1075 - Low Magnification Confocal Microscopy Of Tumor Angiogenesis, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 2014 MMB1075 - Low Magnification Confocal Microscopy of Tumor Angiogenesis

Book chapter from Paddock 2014 Confocal Microscopy

Book is online at http://www.springer.com/us/book/9781588293510


Impact Of Social And Cultural Factors On Teenage Pregnancy, Devi Akella, Melissa Jordan 2015 Albany State University, Georgia

Impact Of Social And Cultural Factors On Teenage Pregnancy, Devi Akella, Melissa Jordan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

United States has the highest level of teenage pregnancy amongst the industrialized nations. Further, the level of teenage pregnancy is highest amongst the minority population. This research study examines the reasons behind high rates of early childbirth amongst African American teenagers. This study uses Bandura’s (1977) Social Learning Theory to deconstruct the factors, which influence and manipulate the overall behavior of the teenagers and initiates them to choose early motherhood over education and career. To ensure better quality of empirical data, the authors collaborated with the pregnant teenagers and a local non-profit community agency using a phenomenological analysis.


Asthma Knowledge, Control, And Administration Techniques In Hispanic Caregivers Of Pediatrics, Rachel Culp, Amy Wuobio, Jon Wilkie, Benjamin Robertson, Joshua Arnold, Kyle Hultz 2015 Cedarville University

Asthma Knowledge, Control, And Administration Techniques In Hispanic Caregivers Of Pediatrics, Rachel Culp, Amy Wuobio, Jon Wilkie, Benjamin Robertson, Joshua Arnold, Kyle Hultz

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to (1) describe asthma knowledge, control, and administration techniques in Hispanic caregivers of pediatric asthma patients in primary care clinics and (2) determine the association between asthma knowledge and control.

Methods: A pilot, cross-sectional study was conducted by administering a survey to Spanish-speaking primary caregivers of children under 12 years old with a current diagnosis of asthma. The survey contained: demographic questions (8 items), a modified version of the Asthma Control Test (ACT, 5 self-assessment items, 5-point, Likert-type scale), knowledge (21 items, correct/incorrect response), and inhaler use (1 item, rank ordering steps ...


Effects Of Smoking Vs. Nicotine Replacement Therapy During Pregnancy On Childhood Health Outcomes: An Integrative Literature Review, Andrew J. McBride, Emily D. Williams, Kristen P. Sabo 2015 Cedarville University

Effects Of Smoking Vs. Nicotine Replacement Therapy During Pregnancy On Childhood Health Outcomes: An Integrative Literature Review, Andrew J. Mcbride, Emily D. Williams, Kristen P. Sabo

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

PICOT: In pregnant women does the use of nicotine replacement therapy compared to smoking during pregnancy reduce the risk of future childhood health concerns?

Methods: A search was conducted on healthcare literature databases (Alt HealthWatch, AMED, CINAHL, and Medline).The initial search yielded 940 results related to the topic. Initial review narrowed the search to 25 articles. Articles were excluded if published before 2008. After reviewing the full articles and evaluating effectiveness of the studies, 12 studies met the criteria. These 12 articles focused on the effects of smoking and childhood outcomes, NRT, and success of NRT.

Findings: The articles ...


Prevention Of Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: An Integrative Review, Jessica L. Lingaas, Taylor M. Craig, Rebekkah C. Reisner, Mary C. Smith 2015 Cedarville University

Prevention Of Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: An Integrative Review, Jessica L. Lingaas, Taylor M. Craig, Rebekkah C. Reisner, Mary C. Smith

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background: Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) not only brings about physical challenges to patients that can lead to death, it also involves financial burdens. Research on how to prevent HAP is a necessity; however, a deficit exists in research concerning prevention of non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP). The purpose of this study is to synthesize the current research on the nurse’s role in prevention of NV-HAP, identify where additional research is needed, and suggest clinical standards of care to prevent pneumonia in hospitalized patients.

Methods: Data for this integrative review was collected from the following databases: PubMed, Cumulative Index of Nursing and ...


Effect Of Continuous Education On Readmission Rates For Chf Patients, Grace A. Wahba, Becca H. Hughes, Lexie J. Baroni 2015 Cedarville University

Effect Of Continuous Education On Readmission Rates For Chf Patients, Grace A. Wahba, Becca H. Hughes, Lexie J. Baroni

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Aim: To evaluate if continuing the education of Congest Heart Failure patients post-discharge will decrease the amount of readmissions within 6 months of discharge.

Background: Causes for decreased readmission rates in Congestive Heart Failure patients have been evaluated in multiple studies. The evaluation of the current research showed having discharge education and post- discharge follow-ups decreased the rate of readmission within 6 months. There is a sufficient amount of evidence supporting the implementation of education upon discharge and follow-ups of Congestive Heart Failure patients.

Data Source: Databases and search engines used included: PubMed, OneSearch, CINAHL, DogPile, and Google. Of 25 ...


Interstitial Cystitis: The Estrogen Connection, Heather G. Kuruvilla 2015 Cedarville University

Interstitial Cystitis: The Estrogen Connection, Heather G. Kuruvilla

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Interstitial cystitis (IC), or painful bladder syndrome, is an autoimmune condition with an unknown etiology. Common symptoms include urinary urgency, frequency, and bladder and urethral pain and burning. This condition, like many autoimmune disorders, disproportionately affects females; therefore, female sex hormones are hypothesized to play a role in the disorder. My hypothesis is that estrogen, both endogenous and synthetic, affects the severity of IC symptoms. Through surveying the available literature on interstitial cystitis, I have found that IC symptoms often correlate with low estrogen. My hope is that by understanding more about how hormones affect IC, we can come up ...


Impact Of Thromboprophylaxis Across The Us Acute Care Setting, Wei Huang, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., Sophie K. Rushton-Smith, Alexander T. Cohen 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Impact Of Thromboprophylaxis Across The Us Acute Care Setting, Wei Huang, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., Sophie K. Rushton-Smith, Alexander T. Cohen

ENDORSE Publications

BACKGROUND: The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) can be reduced by appropriate use of anticoagulant prophylaxis. VTE prophylaxis does, however, remain substantially underused, particularly among acutely ill medical inpatients. We sought to evaluate the clinical and economic impact of increasing use of American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP)-recommended VTE prophylaxis among medical inpatients from a US healthcare system perspective.

METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this retrospective database cost-effectiveness evaluation, a decision-tree model was developed to estimate deaths within 30 days of admission and outcomes attributable to VTE that might have been averted by use of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or unfractionated ...


Strengthening The Detection Of And Early Response To Public Health Emergencies: Lessons From The West African Ebola Epidemic, Mark J. Siedner, Lawrence O. Gostin, Hilarie H. Cranmer, John D. Kraemer 2015 Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health

Strengthening The Detection Of And Early Response To Public Health Emergencies: Lessons From The West African Ebola Epidemic, Mark J. Siedner, Lawrence O. Gostin, Hilarie H. Cranmer, John D. Kraemer

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Background

In the year since the World Health Organization (WHO) notified of an Ebola outbreak in West Africa, more than 24,000 cases have been reported and over 10,000 individuals have died. Moreover, countless non-Ebola deaths have occurred as a result of health system closings and an international aid effort in the $USD billions has been invested in control efforts. While the international response to the West African Ebola virus disease epidemic eventually exemplified the great potential of the global public health community, the protracted early response also revealed critical gaps, which likely resulted in exacerbation of the epidemic ...


Hog Markets And The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus, David A. Hennessy 2015 Iowa State University

Hog Markets And The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus, David A. Hennessy

Agricultural Policy Review

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDv) has spread rapidly through the United States swine herd since initial diagnosis in spring 2013. By May 2014, it had been identified in 29 of the contiguous states. Incidence has been greatest in the hog dense states and also Oklahoma and Kansas, as shown in Figure 1. Data are number of positives based on sample genetic tests, taken from National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN), as reported in www.aasv.org/pedv/PEDv_weekly_report_140326.pdf.


Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography In 3 Tesla: 2d Mrcp Versus 3d Mrcp In Diagnostic Evaluation With Special Reference To Different Acquisition And Reconstruction Planes, Vikram Patil, Nayana Shabadi, Sudha Das, SMC Shetty, Kamal Sen 2015 JSS Medical College

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography In 3 Tesla: 2d Mrcp Versus 3d Mrcp In Diagnostic Evaluation With Special Reference To Different Acquisition And Reconstruction Planes, Vikram Patil, Nayana Shabadi, Sudha Das, Smc Shetty, Kamal Sen

The Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is an established technique for the evaluation of intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts in patients with known or suspected hepatobiliary disease. However, the ideal acquisition and reconstruction plane for optimal bile duct evaluation with 3D technique has not been evaluated.The purpose of our study was to compare different acquisition and reconstruction planes of 3D MRCP for bile duct assessment.

Methods: 51 consecutive adult patients suspected to have pancreatico-biliary disease were examined with 3 Tesla (Philips 3 T Ingenia) system both a multi thin slice (3D) and a breath-hold (Single Shot) MRCP technique were performed ...


Cervical Cancer, Anne Garrison, Andrew H. Fischer, Adib R. Karam, Antonella Leary, Richard S. Pieters 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cervical Cancer, Anne Garrison, Andrew H. Fischer, Adib R. Karam, Antonella Leary, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents provides an overview of cervical cancer. The etiology, pathology, staging, and principles of treatment will be reviewed.


Brain Blast 2015 Speakers Poster, Annie Leslie 2015 University of New England

Brain Blast 2015 Speakers Poster, Annie Leslie

Brain Blast

Poster from UNE's Brain Blast 2015 listing the expected presenters at this event.*


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