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American Red Cross Scientific Review On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council 2015 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

American Red Cross Scientific Review On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Richard N Bradley

INTRODUCTION: There were 4,700 deaths due to choking in the United States in 2012. This study was a structured literature review with the objective of determining whether in adults, either conscious or unconscious, with acute foreign body airway obstructions, if any specific resuscitation technique, compared to other techniques, leads to different outcomes.

METHODS: We developed an a priori search definition, and searched PubMed, Google, and OneSearch@IU. We sought additional articles by reviewing the reference lists of articles that we included. We included articles if they addressed original research of treatment of foreign body airway obstruction in adults. We ...


American Red Cross Sac Advisory On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council 2015 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

American Red Cross Sac Advisory On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Richard N Bradley

INTRODUCTION: There were 4,700 deaths due to choking in the United States in 2012. This study was a structured literature review with the objective of determining whether in adults, either conscious or unconscious, with acute foreign body airway obstructions, if any specific resuscitation technique, compared to other techniques, leads to different outcomes.

METHODS: We developed an a priori search definition, and searched PubMed, Google, and OneSearch@IU. We sought additional articles by reviewing the reference lists of articles that we included. We included articles if they addressed original research of treatment of foreign body airway obstruction in adults. We ...


Common Threads: An Integrated Hiv Prevention And Vocational Development Intervention For African American Women Living With Hiv/Aids, Liza Marie Conyers, Yung-Chen Chiu, Aisha Shamburger-Rousseau, Vanessa Johnson, Mark Misrok 2015 The Pennsylvania State University

Common Threads: An Integrated Hiv Prevention And Vocational Development Intervention For African American Women Living With Hiv/Aids, Liza Marie Conyers, Yung-Chen Chiu, Aisha Shamburger-Rousseau, Vanessa Johnson, Mark Misrok

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Current policies and initiatives call for the integration of social determinants of health into HIV/AIDS prevention and care interventions. According to the World Health Organization’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health, the lower a person’s socioeconomic status, the worse the health outcomes. One way to alleviate poverty among African American women with HIV/AIDS is to help foster their vocational development and economic empowerment. The National HIV/AIDS Strategy Implementation Plan specifically directs federal agencies to find ways to integrate people living with HIV/AIDS into broader employment initiatives. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine ...


Lessons Learned: Exploratory Study Of A Hiv/Aids Prevention Intervention For African American Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence, Michele A. Rountree 2015 University of Texas at Austin

Lessons Learned: Exploratory Study Of A Hiv/Aids Prevention Intervention For African American Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence, Michele A. Rountree

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Given the prevalence and co-occurring nature of HIV and intimate partner violence among African American women there is a need for a risk reduction intervention. This study explored the results from an exploratory study of an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention for African-American women who have experienced intimate partner violence. The emphasis of this study is to identify lessons learned to guide future research.

Recruitment for the feasibility study was done in two waves over a period of three months. During the first wave, 22 participants were recruited for the intervention group, and in the second wave, 25 participants were in ...


Editors' Notes-Women Of Color Sexual Health Across The Lifespan, Marya Shegog, Melva Thompson-Robinson 2015 University of Nevada Las Vegas

Editors' Notes-Women Of Color Sexual Health Across The Lifespan, Marya Shegog, Melva Thompson-Robinson

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

No abstract provided.


Editors' Notes: Men Of Color Sexual Health Across The Lifespan, Marya Shegog, Melva Thompson-Robinson 2015 University of Nevada Las Vegas

Editors' Notes: Men Of Color Sexual Health Across The Lifespan, Marya Shegog, Melva Thompson-Robinson

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

No abstract provided.


The Leishmania Years At Unl (Or, My Life As A Cell Biologist, 1966-1981), John J. Janovy Jr. 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Leishmania Years At Unl (Or, My Life As A Cell Biologist, 1966-1981), John J. Janovy Jr.

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

Slides for a talk during which Professor Janovy discussed the methods he used in researching Leishmania during the years 1966-1981. Includes lists of references.


The Cell's Antenna And Bending With The Flow, Surya M. Nauli, Kimberly F. Atkinson, Sarmed H. Kathem 2015 Chapman University

The Cell's Antenna And Bending With The Flow, Surya M. Nauli, Kimberly F. Atkinson, Sarmed H. Kathem

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is the most common life-threatening genetic disease worldwide – affecting about 12.5 million people. Patients with the condition have multiple fluid-filled cysts in their kidneys that lead to a massive enlargement of the organ and gradual worsening of its function, as well as complete failure in many cases. The lack of available treatment means patients may eventually require regular dialysis or a kidney transplant.


Briggs, James A., 1831-1900 (Sc 1504), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2015 Western Kentucky University

Briggs, James A., 1831-1900 (Sc 1504), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Mansucripts Small Collection 1503. Dissertation titled "Medical topography and diseases of Warren County, Ky." written by James A. Briggs at the University of Nashville in 1851. He describes his belief in the causes of malaria, and discusses cholera and other maladies that struck Bowling Green and Warren County, Kentucky prior to 1850.


Web-Based Comparative Patient-Reported Outcome Feedback To Support Quality Improvement And Comparative Effectiveness Research In Total Joint Replacement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Leslie Harrold, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin 2014 Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School

Web-Based Comparative Patient-Reported Outcome Feedback To Support Quality Improvement And Comparative Effectiveness Research In Total Joint Replacement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Leslie Harrold, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are rarely included in quality monitoring systems, surgeon comparative feedback reports, or registries. We present the design and implementation of a secure website in a federally funded research program—Function and Outcomes Research for Comparative Effectiveness in Total Joint Replacement (FORCE-TJR)—to return comparative PRO reports to participating surgeons, in addition to including traditional quality measures, in order to monitor and improve quality and health outcomes.

Methods: The surgeon-specific comparative PRO reports were designed and structured based on user input for content, data elements, integration, and display. Three questions are addressed regarding the knee and hip ...


A Comparison Of Clinical Trial And Model-Based Cost Estimates In Glaucoma – The Case Of Repeat Laser Trabeculoplasty In Ontario, Omar Akhtar 2014 The University of Western Ontario

A Comparison Of Clinical Trial And Model-Based Cost Estimates In Glaucoma – The Case Of Repeat Laser Trabeculoplasty In Ontario, Omar Akhtar

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background and objective: For cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) of glaucoma interventions to be of use they require valid and accurate cost and effectiveness data. Costs remain understudied relative to effectiveness. The impact of cost estimation methods on resultant estimates is unknown in glaucoma. Direct measurement of costs is labour-intensive and expensive. Decision-analytic modelling of costs using literature sources, expert opinion, institutional experience and assumptions provides a quicker, less laborious alternative to empirical costing. A lack of long-term effectiveness data in chronic diseases like glaucoma means that modelling is widespread and inevitable, both for CEAs and budget impact projections. The same problem ...


The Effect Of Chronic Sleep Deprivation On Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha And Bone Health In Peri-Menopausal Rats, Megan Robertson, Derek Booth, Erin Wainwright, Cody Arbuckle, Frank Frisch 2014 Chapman University

The Effect Of Chronic Sleep Deprivation On Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha And Bone Health In Peri-Menopausal Rats, Megan Robertson, Derek Booth, Erin Wainwright, Cody Arbuckle, Frank Frisch

Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Post-menopausal osteoporosis is a common syndrome in the United States. The cessation of estrogen signaling coupled with the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from sleep deprivation leads to an even greater risk of post-menopausal osteoporosis by creating an imbalance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. With estrogen no longer present to regulate the concentration of osteoclasts and pro-inflammatory cytokines increasing production of osteoclasts, bone is degraded at a faster rate than it is formed. One of the most common treatments for osteoporosis is Zolendronate (a nitrogenous bisphosphonate), which decreases the number of osteoclasts in bone. This preliminary study looked at the effects on ...


Endometrial Cancer, Richard S. Pieters, Maryanne Bombaugh, Yuxin Liu, Gina Cunto-Amesty, Adib R. Karam, Elizabeth Kurian, Sarah Huges 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Endometrial Cancer, Richard S. Pieters, Maryanne Bombaugh, Yuxin Liu, Gina Cunto-Amesty, Adib R. Karam, Elizabeth Kurian, Sarah Huges

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist is about cancers of the endometrium and uterus, including the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, genetic risk, histology, grading and type categorization, management, and prognosis.


Increased Risk For Vitamin D Deficiency In Obese Children With Both Celiac Disease And Type 1 Diabetes, Nithya Setty-Shah, Louise S. Maranda, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Increased Risk For Vitamin D Deficiency In Obese Children With Both Celiac Disease And Type 1 Diabetes, Nithya Setty-Shah, Louise S. Maranda, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Endocrinology/Diabetes

Background. It is unknown whether the coexistence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD) increases the risk for vitamin D deficiency.

Aims. To determine the vitamin D status and the risk for vitamin D deficiency in prepubertal children with both T1D and CD compared to controls, TID, and CD.

Subjects and Methods. Characteristics of 62 prepubertal children of age 2–13 y with either CD + T1D (𝑛 = 22, 9.9 ± 3.1 y), CD only (𝑛 = 18, 8.9 ± 3.3 y), or T1D only (𝑛 = 22, 10.1 ± 2.8 y) were compared to 49 controls of ...


Discovering A Gold Mine Of U.S. Government Information: Exploring The Hathitrust Catalog And Its Rich Veins, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Discovering A Gold Mine Of U.S. Government Information: Exploring The Hathitrust Catalog And Its Rich Veins, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

The Hathitrust Catalog provides researchers at member institutions with exponentially expanded access to historical U.S. Government information resources. This presentation describes how researchers can use this resource to conduct substantive research using government information resources on public policy issues such as Internal Revenue Service program problems, infectious diseases such as Ebola, and U.S. foreign relations with the former Soviet Union/Russian Federation.


Investigating Cortical Changes In Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy And Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Izabela Kowalczyk 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Investigating Cortical Changes In Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy And Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Izabela Kowalczyk

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older adults. CSM can present abruptly with severe symptoms of neurological impairment or insidiously with a slow stepwise deterioration. There is no current imaging modality or biomarker that can help predict which patient will successfully respond to conservative versus surgical treatment. The goal of this thesis was to follow CSM patients longitudinally to assess how brain function, metabolism, and structure correlate to clinical outcomes in the context of recovering neurological function following surgery.

Chapter 1 of this thesis will provide a detailed literature review of the ...


Are Patients At The Centre Of Care?: A Qualitative Exploration Of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (Dm1), Kori A. LaDonna 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Are Patients At The Centre Of Care?: A Qualitative Exploration Of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (Dm1), Kori A. Ladonna

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Health care for individuals living with myotonic dystrophy (DM1)—an uncommon, life-limiting neurological condition for which there are few treatments—may be challenged by patients’ symptoms including cognitive and behavioral impairments. Is patient-centered care—which incorporates the values, experiences and expertise of patients and their caregivers—feasible or achievable? Uncovering patients’ and their caregivers’ experiences of living with DM1, their health care expectations, and their health care providers’ (HCP) perspectives about care is essential for examining patient-centered care in this population. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to: (1) add patients’ and caregivers’ voices to the literature, (2) explore ...


Gut Bacteria And Their Influence On Metabolic Disorders, Stephanie Sorbara 2014 Sacred Heart University

Gut Bacteria And Their Influence On Metabolic Disorders, Stephanie Sorbara

Biology Undergraduate Publications

The human gut microbial genome encodes for several metabolic processes that are not encoded for in the human genome. Through the study of metagenomics, mice, and human models, researchers have shown that changes in the gut bacterial composition can generate oxidative stress, release endotoxins, and induce lipogenesis. These pathways can disrupt normal metabolic function, resulting in obesity and other related metabolic disorders such as diabetes. Most of the health implications associated with obesity originate from the biological reactions carried out by the gut bacteria, which are strongly impacted by environmental factors. Probiotics, prebiotics and fecal transplantation are methods that can ...


Can Mhealth Improve Risk Assessment In Underserved Populations? Acceptability Of A Breast Health Questionnaire App In Ethnically Diverse, Older, Low-Income Women., Carolina Bravo, Cristina O’Donoghue, Celia P. Kaplan, Judith Luce, Elissa Ozanne 2014 University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital, Division of Hematology-Oncology

Can Mhealth Improve Risk Assessment In Underserved Populations? Acceptability Of A Breast Health Questionnaire App In Ethnically Diverse, Older, Low-Income Women., Carolina Bravo, Cristina O’Donoghue, Celia P. Kaplan, Judith Luce, Elissa Ozanne

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Use of mobile health (mHealth) tools has expanded rapidly but little research has been done on its acceptability by low-income, diverse, older patient populations.

Objective: To assess the attitudes of a diverse group of underserved women on the acceptability and usability of mHealth tools in a clinical setting using a breast health questionnaire application (app) at a public hospital mammography clinic.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in a breast-imaging center of an urban safety net institution from July-August 2012. Interviews included pre- and post-questions. Women completed the Athena breast health questionnaire app on an iPad and were asked about ...


The Impact Of Protocol Assignment For Older Adolescents With Hodgkin Lymphoma, Richard S. Pieters, Henry Wagner, Stephen P. Baker, Karen Morano, Kenneth Ulin, Maria Giulia Cicchetti, Maryann Bishop-Jodoin, Thomas J. Fitzgerald 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Impact Of Protocol Assignment For Older Adolescents With Hodgkin Lymphoma, Richard S. Pieters, Henry Wagner, Stephen P. Baker, Karen Morano, Kenneth Ulin, Maria Giulia Cicchetti, Maryann Bishop-Jodoin, Thomas J. Fitzgerald

Radiation Oncology Publications and Presentations

Background and Purpose: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treatment has evolved to reduce or avoid radiotherapy (RT) dose and volume and minimize the potential for late effects. Some older adolescents are treated on adult protocols. The purpose of this study is to examine the protocol assignment of older adolescents and its impact on radiation dose to relevant thoracic structures.

Materials and Methods: Cooperative group data were reviewed and 12 adolescents were randomly selected from a pediatric HL protocol. Treatment plans were generated per one pediatric and two adult protocols. Dose volume histograms for heart, lung, and breast allowed comparison of radiation dose ...


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