Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

9,407 Full-Text Articles 24,946 Authors 1,210,704 Downloads 233 Institutions

All Articles in Diseases

Faceted Search

9,407 full-text articles. Page 1 of 357.

A Mathematical Model Of The Inflammatory Response To Pathogen Challenge, Lester Caudill, Fiona Lynch 2018 University of Richmond

A Mathematical Model Of The Inflammatory Response To Pathogen Challenge, Lester Caudill, Fiona Lynch

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Application Of Data Assimilation In Forecasting Of Influenza In The United States, Hannah Biegel 2018 University of Arizona

Application Of Data Assimilation In Forecasting Of Influenza In The United States, Hannah Biegel

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Simulating Antibiotic Resistance In The Computer Lab And Biology Lab: Ideas For Undergraduate Projects, Anne E. Yust 2018 The New School

Simulating Antibiotic Resistance In The Computer Lab And Biology Lab: Ideas For Undergraduate Projects, Anne E. Yust

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Heterogeneities In The Transmission Dynamics Of Leishmaniasis: Modeling Implications On Sustained Drive To Control It From Neglected Regions, Anuj Mubayi 2018 Arizona State University at the Tempe Campus

Heterogeneities In The Transmission Dynamics Of Leishmaniasis: Modeling Implications On Sustained Drive To Control It From Neglected Regions, Anuj Mubayi

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer 2018 Academies of Loudoun

Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


A Household Model Of German Cockroach Infestations And Their Effect On Symptoms Of Atopic Asthma, Karen Funderburk 2018 Illinois State University

A Household Model Of German Cockroach Infestations And Their Effect On Symptoms Of Atopic Asthma, Karen Funderburk

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza 2018 University of Nairobi

Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To establish the prevalence of cancer in patients referred for breast ultrasound-guided biopsy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Methods and Materials: A total number of 115 patients were included after approval from the local ethical review committee. The patients were referred by clinicians for ultrasound-guided biopsy for palpable breast lesions confirmed by imaging as solid masses. Detailed ultrasound examination per American College of Radiology (ACR) guidelines was performed before core biopsy or fine needle aspiration (FNA). Histological diagnosis was made and prevalence of cancer analyzed.

Results: Of the 115 patients, final histology was available for 112 lesions; two ...


Http://Healthcare350.Com/Therma-Trim-Reviews/, Bens patron 2018 Bryant University

Http://Healthcare350.Com/Therma-Trim-Reviews/, Bens Patron

Bens patron

Therma Trim diet has people going crazy over it. Doctors and researchers are also buzzing about this product. This is because this product contains a power fat burning ketone which helps the user to get rid of that stubborn fat in the body that is accumulating there every single day after every single meal. The supplements contain high concentrations of BHB which puts the body in the state of ketosis.When the body is in ketosis, it burns fat like crazy, the metabolic rate speeds up and BHB starts to melt down the extra fat in the body. This amazing ...


Coping With Chronic Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis To Therapy, Veronica Corcino, Leslie Beavin, Shengli Lu, Ashley Ross, Carmen V. Sciortino Jr. 2018 University of Louisville

Coping With Chronic Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis To Therapy, Veronica Corcino, Leslie Beavin, Shengli Lu, Ashley Ross, Carmen V. Sciortino Jr.

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa 2018 University of Utah

The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Objective: To determine the association between 30-day mortality with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and quick SOFA (qSOFA) in emergency department patients with pneumonia. Secondary outcomes included the association of sepsis scores with hospital admission and direct ICU admission.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a pneumonia population conducted in the emergency department of 3 tertiary care medical centers and 4 community hospitals. Adult immunocompetent patients diagnosed with pneumonia were included from 3 twelve-month periods spanning December 2009 to October 2015. We generated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values for each ...


Growing Burden Of Non-Communicable Diseases In India, Pratima Yadav, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Growing Burden Of Non-Communicable Diseases In India, Pratima Yadav, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The present study provides detailed evidence on NCDs and their covariates. This is particularly relevant in the present Indian context, as the elderly population ≥ 60 years is growing three times faster than the population as a whole. It is projected that the percentage of elderly people will more than double between 2010-2050. Alongside, old age morbidity (NCDs and their multi-morbidities) has risen significantly during 2004-2014. Using National Sample Survey data for 2004 and 2014, and ordered probit models, the underlying covariates are uncovered. There is a marked shift of NCDs and multi-morbidities from the younger to the old population. Some ...


The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Infective endocarditis is an infectious disease that affects the valves of the heart. Injection drug use is currently a leading risk factor among patients with endocarditis. We conducted a prospective study using data from hospital chart records among patients with endocarditis in London, Ontario, which has a relatively high prevalence of people who inject drugs to assess the severity of the issue and the major risk factors of mortality pertaining to this population. This study had a sample size of 353 and included a review of the incidence of admissions of endocarditis, as well as a survival analysis, using both ...


There Is No Mortality Benefit To Using Quinolones Instead Of Azithromycin For Legionella Pneumonia, David B. Witcher 2018 Wayne State University School of Medicine

There Is No Mortality Benefit To Using Quinolones Instead Of Azithromycin For Legionella Pneumonia, David B. Witcher

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Gershengorn HB, Keene A, Dzierba AL, Wunsch H. The association of antibiotic treatment regimen and hospital mortality in patients hospitalized with Legionella pneumonia. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015;60(11):e66-e79. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ157


Geographic Differences In Obesity Prevalence And Its Risk Factors Among Asian Americans: Findings From The 2013–2014 California Health Interview Survey, Shaoqing Gong, Kesheng Wang, Ying Li, Arsham Alamian 2018 Xi’an Jiaotong University

Geographic Differences In Obesity Prevalence And Its Risk Factors Among Asian Americans: Findings From The 2013–2014 California Health Interview Survey, Shaoqing Gong, Kesheng Wang, Ying Li, Arsham Alamian

ETSU Faculty Works

Geography disparities exist in obesity and obesity related conditions. This study aimed to examine the geographic differences in obesity prevalence and its risk factors among Asian Americans in California. Data (n = 4,000) from the 2013–2014 California Health Interview Survey were used. Obesity (≥27.5 kg/m2) was defined according to the World Health Organization Asian body mass index cut points in Asian groups. Results suggest that 66.5% of Asians lived in urban areas. Among Asian adults, obesity prevalence was highest in Filipinos (33.8%) and lowest in Koreans (12.8%). Compared to rural Vietnamese, obesity prevalence was ...


Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background. AHA guidelines have been established to reduce Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)-related morbidity, mortality and recurrent events post-discharge. These recommendations emphasize the patient as an engaged member of the health care team in secondary prevention efforts. Patients with high levels of activation are more likely to perform activities that will promote their own health and are more likely to have their health care needs met. Despite evidence and strong expert consensus supporting patients as active collaborators in their own ACS care, the complexity and unexpected realities of self-managing one’s care at home are often underestimated. This study seeks ...


A Malignant Hyperthermia Competency Training For Nurse Anesthesia Trainees: Development, Implementation, And Evaluation, Andrew Christ 2018 DePaul University

A Malignant Hyperthermia Competency Training For Nurse Anesthesia Trainees: Development, Implementation, And Evaluation, Andrew Christ

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

A Malignant Hyperthermia Competency Training for Nurse Anesthesia Trainees: Development, Implementation, and Evaluation

Andrew Christ, RN, BSN, DNP Candidate

Faculty: Karen Kapanke, CRNA, DNP

Background: Video simulation is an alternative method of teaching that can play an important role in nurse anesthesia education. Using video simulation for uncommon crisis could prove beneficial.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of an educational video simulation regarding malignant hyperthermia (MH) recognition and management on knowledge of nurse anesthesia trainees (NATs).

Methods: A single group pretest-posttest design was used to compare knowledge on recognition and management of malignant hyperthermia ...


Measurement And Protection Of Lung Health In Poultry Farmers Of Southwestern Ontario, Rose-Marie Doyon Dolinar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Measurement And Protection Of Lung Health In Poultry Farmers Of Southwestern Ontario, Rose-Marie Doyon Dolinar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), develops gradually, and tends to be noticed by farmers only after there has been a significant loss of lung function. People with symptoms of COPD often present for health care in later stages of disease, because they accept cough or breathlessness as “normal”.

Measurement of lung health for those at risk of developing COPD provides an opportunity for early detection of lung disease, and deter the progression toward irreversible damage to the lungs. COPD is, however, under-diagnosed.

The importance of bringing primary care providers and farmers together, and acknowledging the high-risk nature of occupational exposures ...


Functional Genomics And Immunologic Tools: The Impact Of Viral And Host Genetic Variations On The Outcome Of Zika Virus Infection, Sang-Im Yun, Byung-Hak Song, Jordan C. Frank, Justin G. Julander, Aaron L. Olsen, Irina A. Polejaeva, Christopher J. Davies, Kenneth L. White, Young-Min Lee 2018 Utah State University

Functional Genomics And Immunologic Tools: The Impact Of Viral And Host Genetic Variations On The Outcome Of Zika Virus Infection, Sang-Im Yun, Byung-Hak Song, Jordan C. Frank, Justin G. Julander, Aaron L. Olsen, Irina A. Polejaeva, Christopher J. Davies, Kenneth L. White, Young-Min Lee

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Zika virus (ZIKV) causes no-to-mild symptoms or severe neurological disorders. To investigate the importance of viral and host genetic variations in determining ZIKV infection outcomes, we created three full-length infectious cDNA clones as bacterial artificial chromosomes for each of three spatiotemporally distinct and genetically divergent ZIKVs: MR-766 (Uganda, 1947), P6-740 (Malaysia, 1966), and PRVABC-59 (Puerto Rico, 2015). Using the three molecularly cloned ZIKVs, together with 13 ZIKV region-specific polyclonal antibodies covering nearly the entire viral protein-coding region, we made three conceptual advances: (i) We created a comprehensive genome-wide portrait of ZIKV gene products and their related species, with several previously ...


Application Of Photovoice With Focus Groups To Explore Dietary Behaviors Of Older Filipino Adults With Cardiovascular Disease, Jane Jih, Trish La Chica, Luisa M. Antonio, Ofelia O. Villero, Mary N. Roque, Joseph R. Domingo, Joshua F. Landicho, Anna M. Napoles, Celia P. Kaplan, Tung T. Nguyen 2018 University of California San Francisco

Application Of Photovoice With Focus Groups To Explore Dietary Behaviors Of Older Filipino Adults With Cardiovascular Disease, Jane Jih, Trish La Chica, Luisa M. Antonio, Ofelia O. Villero, Mary N. Roque, Joseph R. Domingo, Joshua F. Landicho, Anna M. Napoles, Celia P. Kaplan, Tung T. Nguyen

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Filipino Americans have high rates of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study explored the dietary behaviors, a modifiable risk factor, of Filipinos with CVD. Filipinos with CVD were recruited and trained to do Photovoice. Participants took photos to depict their “food experience,” defined as their daily dietary activities. Participants then shared their photos during focus groups. Focus group transcripts were analyzed using an iterative, grounded theory approach. Among 38 Filipino participants, the mean age was 70 years old and all were foreign-born. Major themes included efforts to retain connection to Filipino culture through food, and dietary habits shaped by cultural health ...


Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg PhD, MN, RN, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver BSN, Maria Militzer MA, Julia Seng PhD, CNM, FAAN, Marjorie C. McCullagh PhD, RN, APHN-BC, COHN-S, FAAOHN, FAAN 2018 University of Michigan

Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg Phd, Mn, Rn, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver Bsn, Maria Militzer Ma, Julia Seng Phd, Cnm, Faan, Marjorie C. Mccullagh Phd, Rn, Aphn-Bc, Cohn-S, Faaohn, Faan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Hotel housekeepers have challenging working conditions, putting them at risk for poor health such as hypertension. Despite their risks, few studies have measured their blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to explore hotel housekeepers’ blood pressure and the associations between work and BP. Methods: A community engagement approach was used to recruit study participants. Data sources included questionnaires, and BP measurement. Results: Over 25% of the 39 hotel housekeepers reported hypertension diagnosis and/or antihypertensive medication used. Across the job domains, job satisfaction was correlated with diastolic BP, and workload was correlated with systolic BP. There were ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress