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Strengthening The Detection Of And Early Response To Public Health Emergencies: Lessons From The West African Ebola Epidemic, Mark J. Siedner, Lawrence O. Gostin, Hilarie H. Cranmer, John D. Kraemer 2015 Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health

Strengthening The Detection Of And Early Response To Public Health Emergencies: Lessons From The West African Ebola Epidemic, Mark J. Siedner, Lawrence O. Gostin, Hilarie H. Cranmer, John D. Kraemer

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Background

In the year since the World Health Organization (WHO) notified of an Ebola outbreak in West Africa, more than 24,000 cases have been reported and over 10,000 individuals have died. Moreover, countless non-Ebola deaths have occurred as a result of health system closings and an international aid effort in the $USD billions has been invested in control efforts. While the international response to the West African Ebola virus disease epidemic eventually exemplified the great potential of the global public health community, the protracted early response also revealed critical gaps, which likely resulted in exacerbation of the epidemic ...


Hog Markets And The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus, David A. Hennessy 2015 Iowa State University

Hog Markets And The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus, David A. Hennessy

Agricultural Policy Review

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDv) has spread rapidly through the United States swine herd since initial diagnosis in spring 2013. By May 2014, it had been identified in 29 of the contiguous states. Incidence has been greatest in the hog dense states and also Oklahoma and Kansas, as shown in Figure 1. Data are number of positives based on sample genetic tests, taken from National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN), as reported in www.aasv.org/pedv/PEDv_weekly_report_140326.pdf.


Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography In 3 Tesla: 2d Mrcp Versus 3d Mrcp In Diagnostic Evaluation With Special Reference To Different Acquisition And Reconstruction Planes, Vikram Patil, Nayana Shabadi, Sudha Das, SMC Shetty, Kamal Sen 2015 JSS Medical College

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography In 3 Tesla: 2d Mrcp Versus 3d Mrcp In Diagnostic Evaluation With Special Reference To Different Acquisition And Reconstruction Planes, Vikram Patil, Nayana Shabadi, Sudha Das, Smc Shetty, Kamal Sen

The Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is an established technique for the evaluation of intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts in patients with known or suspected hepatobiliary disease. However, the ideal acquisition and reconstruction plane for optimal bile duct evaluation with 3D technique has not been evaluated.The purpose of our study was to compare different acquisition and reconstruction planes of 3D MRCP for bile duct assessment.

Methods: 51 consecutive adult patients suspected to have pancreatico-biliary disease were examined with 3 Tesla (Philips 3 T Ingenia) system both a multi thin slice (3D) and a breath-hold (Single Shot) MRCP technique were performed ...


Cervical Cancer, Anne Garrison, Andrew H. Fischer, Adib R. Karam, Antonella Leary, Richard S. Pieters 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cervical Cancer, Anne Garrison, Andrew H. Fischer, Adib R. Karam, Antonella Leary, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents provides an overview of cervical cancer. The etiology, pathology, staging, and principles of treatment will be reviewed.


Old Dog, New Tricks - Usefulness Of The Ecg In Monitoring Acute Rejection Post Cardiac Transplantation, Paul Anaya, Samy-Claude Elayi 2015 University of Kentucky, Gill Heart Institute

Old Dog, New Tricks - Usefulness Of The Ecg In Monitoring Acute Rejection Post Cardiac Transplantation, Paul Anaya, Samy-Claude Elayi

The VAD Journal

Electrocardiographic abnormalities have been described in the setting of acute rejection following orthotopic cardiac transplantation. The following is a brief commentary related to an interesting case report by Goldraich et al which was recently published in the VAD Journal.


Diet Quality And History Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Childbearing Women, United States, 2007-2010, Rui Sherry Xiao, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Sharina D. Person, Robert J. Goldberg, Molly E. Waring 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Diet Quality And History Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Childbearing Women, United States, 2007-2010, Rui Sherry Xiao, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Sharina D. Person, Robert J. Goldberg, Molly E. Waring

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

INTRODUCTION: Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Diet quality plays an important role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. We compared diet quality among childbearing women with a history of GDM with the diet quality of childbearing women without a history of GDM.

METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2007 through 2010. We included women without diabetes aged 20 to 44 years whose most recent live infant was born within the previous 10 years and who completed two 24-hour dietary recalls ...


Introduction To Gene Enrichment Analysis Tools, Rolando Garcia-Milian 2015 Yale University

Introduction To Gene Enrichment Analysis Tools, Rolando Garcia-Milian

Rolando Garcia-Milian

Bioinformatics enrichment tools play an important role in identifying, annotating, and functionally analyzing large list of genes generated by high-throughput technologies (e.g. microarrary, RNA-seq, ChIP-chip). This workshop will provide an overview of the principle, type of enrichments, and the infrastructure of enrichment tools. By using concrete examples, it will also introduce some of the most popular tools for gene enrichment analysis such as DAVID, GSEA, and WebGestalt.


Bystander Performance Using Automated External Defibrillators During Simulated Cardiac Arrest, Richard N. Bradley, Lynda M. Schoenstein, Wesley H. Hamilton, Mark R. Boyle 2015 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Bystander Performance Using Automated External Defibrillators During Simulated Cardiac Arrest, Richard N. Bradley, Lynda M. Schoenstein, Wesley H. Hamilton, Mark R. Boyle

Richard N Bradley

Objective: Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are becoming widely available to the public. This study examined the hypothesis that less than 75% of the general population can defibrillate using an AED in less than three minutes.

Methods: This was a survey of the behavior of individuals over age 12 in a major airport on Jan. 2–3, 2003. After obtaining consent, an investigator told the subject that he/she was walking down the concourse and saw a person collapse. The subject demonstrated his/her response, using only a telephone and an AED simulating ventricular fibrillation. Data were analyzed using a one-sample ...


Oncologic Emergencies And Urgencies, Richard S. Pieters, Joyce Rosenfeld, Andrew Chen, James Liebmann 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Oncologic Emergencies And Urgencies, Richard S. Pieters, Joyce Rosenfeld, Andrew Chen, James Liebmann

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents a discussion of the risks to cancer patients for oncologic and metabolic crises. These effects may be caused by the cancer, the treatment provided to cure or palliate the cancer, and/or other medical conditions. They may occur at initial presentation, as a first sign of disease or during the disease course. Oncologists divide these crises into emergencies and urgencies, depending on the severity of the consequences of delay in treatment. Every health care provider should be aware of the signs and symptoms of oncologic urgencies and emergencies and ...


Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily C. Bihun, Bradley L. Schlaggar, Kevin J. Black 2015 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily C. Bihun, Bradley L. Schlaggar, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Tic disorders are childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by motor and/or vocal tics. Research has demonstrated that children with chronic tics (including Tourette syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder: TS/CTD) can suppress tics, particularly when an immediate, contingent reward is given for successful tic suppression. As a diagnosis of TS/CTD requires tics to be present for at least one year, children in these tic suppression studies had been living with tics for quite some time. Thus, it is unclear whether the ability to inhibit tics is learned over time or present at tic onset. Resolving that issue would ...


Clinical Guidelines: Where Environment Meets Medicine, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2015 Aurora Health Care

Clinical Guidelines: Where Environment Meets Medicine, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

N/A


The Clinical Breast Examination: A Useful Screening Tool?, Jennifer Lo 2015 Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

The Clinical Breast Examination: A Useful Screening Tool?, Jennifer Lo

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The standardization of the clinical breast examination as a screening tool for breast cancer has been a topic of controversy. Current recommendations vary significantly from organization to organization without consensus. There currently does not seem to be sufficient evidence regarding overall survival benefit of the clinical breast exam. However, as adjunct screening with mammography, it may help find earlier breast cancers and the up to 5–10% of cancers missed by mammography. The most appropriate standardized protocol may be that the clinical breast exam can be performed at the discretion of the provider and patient, with more inclination toward use ...


Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada 2015 Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers, Aurora Health Care

Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Lead revisions have increased over the last decade. Patients who do not undergo lead extraction face an increased lead burden. Consequences of increased lead burden have not been fully defined. We sought to characterize the complication rate and outcomes in patients with sterile redundant leads.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 242 consecutive patients [mean age 74 ± 12 years; 66.9% male] who underwent lead revision that resulted in an abandoned lead from January 2005 to June 2010. Patients were placed in a cohort based on number of leads after last recorded procedure (Group A: ≤2 [n=58]; Group B: 3-4 ...


Association Between Body Surface Area And Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Kambiz Shetabi, Tonga Nfor, Fengyi Shen, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband 2015 Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers, Aurora Health Care

Association Between Body Surface Area And Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Kambiz Shetabi, Tonga Nfor, Fengyi Shen, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events, but some studies suggest higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with better outcomes after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to determine the effect of body surface area (BSA) on adverse events after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI and how this relates to the reported obesity paradox theory.

Methods

We analyzed a prospective registry of patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI at a tertiary care hospital from 2003 to 2009. Post-PCI complications and 1-year all-cause mortality were compared across BSA quartiles. Relationship with 1-year ...


Breast Cancer Screening: Early Detection Is Not Enough, Judy A. Tjoe 2015 Surgical Breast Oncology, Aurora Health Care

Breast Cancer Screening: Early Detection Is Not Enough, Judy A. Tjoe

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

N/A


What Are The Recommended Timing And Screening Modalities For Women At Higher Risk Of Developing Breast Cancer? A Clin-Iq, Summer Jatala, Shawn Fitzgerald, Pamela Tietze, Kalyanakrishnan Ramakrisnan, Laine H. McCarthy, Elizabeth Wickersham 2015 University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

What Are The Recommended Timing And Screening Modalities For Women At Higher Risk Of Developing Breast Cancer? A Clin-Iq, Summer Jatala, Shawn Fitzgerald, Pamela Tietze, Kalyanakrishnan Ramakrisnan, Laine H. Mccarthy, Elizabeth Wickersham

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Early detection of breast cancer is desirable to prevent progression to advanced disease. This subject has been one of significant study and debate for women at normal risk, and recommendations continue to evolve. However, with regard to women at high risk, the recommendations from various health care professional organizations, including the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, are different and also inconsistent concerning when to begin screening and which modalities should be used. We review several randomized controlled trials and consensus opinions regarding when to begin screening for breast cancer and how to best screen women at high risk. Specifically ...


American Red Cross Scientific Review On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council 2015 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

American Red Cross Scientific Review On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Richard N Bradley

INTRODUCTION: There were 4,700 deaths due to choking in the United States in 2012. This study was a structured literature review with the objective of determining whether in adults, either conscious or unconscious, with acute foreign body airway obstructions, if any specific resuscitation technique, compared to other techniques, leads to different outcomes.

METHODS: We developed an a priori search definition, and searched PubMed, Google, and OneSearch@IU. We sought additional articles by reviewing the reference lists of articles that we included. We included articles if they addressed original research of treatment of foreign body airway obstruction in adults. We ...


American Red Cross Sac Advisory On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council 2015 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

American Red Cross Sac Advisory On Obstructed Airway-Adults, Richard N. Bradley, Stamatios Lerakis, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Richard N Bradley

INTRODUCTION: There were 4,700 deaths due to choking in the United States in 2012. This study was a structured literature review with the objective of determining whether in adults, either conscious or unconscious, with acute foreign body airway obstructions, if any specific resuscitation technique, compared to other techniques, leads to different outcomes.

METHODS: We developed an a priori search definition, and searched PubMed, Google, and OneSearch@IU. We sought additional articles by reviewing the reference lists of articles that we included. We included articles if they addressed original research of treatment of foreign body airway obstruction in adults. We ...


Common Threads: An Integrated Hiv Prevention And Vocational Development Intervention For African American Women Living With Hiv/Aids, Liza Marie Conyers, Yung-Chen Chiu, Aisha Shamburger-Rousseau, Vanessa Johnson, Mark Misrok 2015 The Pennsylvania State University

Common Threads: An Integrated Hiv Prevention And Vocational Development Intervention For African American Women Living With Hiv/Aids, Liza Marie Conyers, Yung-Chen Chiu, Aisha Shamburger-Rousseau, Vanessa Johnson, Mark Misrok

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Current policies and initiatives call for the integration of social determinants of health into HIV/AIDS prevention and care interventions. According to the World Health Organization’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health, the lower a person’s socioeconomic status, the worse the health outcomes. One way to alleviate poverty among African American women with HIV/AIDS is to help foster their vocational development and economic empowerment. The National HIV/AIDS Strategy Implementation Plan specifically directs federal agencies to find ways to integrate people living with HIV/AIDS into broader employment initiatives. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine ...


Lessons Learned: Exploratory Study Of A Hiv/Aids Prevention Intervention For African American Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence, Michele A. Rountree 2015 University of Texas at Austin

Lessons Learned: Exploratory Study Of A Hiv/Aids Prevention Intervention For African American Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence, Michele A. Rountree

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Given the prevalence and co-occurring nature of HIV and intimate partner violence among African American women there is a need for a risk reduction intervention. This study explored the results from an exploratory study of an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention for African-American women who have experienced intimate partner violence. The emphasis of this study is to identify lessons learned to guide future research.

Recruitment for the feasibility study was done in two waves over a period of three months. During the first wave, 22 participants were recruited for the intervention group, and in the second wave, 25 participants were in ...


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