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Lipopolysaccharide Induced Map Kinase Activation In Raw 264.7 Cells Attenuated By Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Niraj Nepa, Steven Rogers, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Kevin M. Rice, Shinichi Asano, Erin Fankenhanel, J. Y. Ma, Tolou Shokuhfar, Mani Maheshwari, Eric R. Blough 2018 Marshall University

Lipopolysaccharide Induced Map Kinase Activation In Raw 264.7 Cells Attenuated By Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Niraj Nepa, Steven Rogers, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Kevin M. Rice, Shinichi Asano, Erin Fankenhanel, J. Y. Ma, Tolou Shokuhfar, Mani Maheshwari, Eric R. Blough

Mani Maheshwari

High mortality rates are associated with the life threatening disease of sepsis. Improvements in septic patient survivability have failed to materialize with currently available treatments. This article represents data regarding a study published in biomaterials (Vellaisamy et al., Biomaterials, 2015, in press). with the purpose of evaluating whether severe sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the method and processing of raw data related to our study publish in Biomaterials and Data in Brief (Vellaisamy et al ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne PhD, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel 2018 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne Phd, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel

Mani Maheshwari

The life threatening disease of sepsis is associated with high mortality. Septic patient survivability with currently available treatments has failed to improve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the methods processing of raw data related to our study published in Biomaterials (Selvaraj et al., Biomaterials, 2015, In press) and Data in Brief (Selvaraj et al., Data in Brief, 2015, In Press). The data present here provides confirmation of ...


Polygenic Scores For Metabolic Traits And Related Drug Prescriptions In The Michigan Genomics Initiative, Samuel K. Handelman, Xiaomeng Du, Yanhua H. Chen, Elizabeth K. Speliotes 2018 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

Polygenic Scores For Metabolic Traits And Related Drug Prescriptions In The Michigan Genomics Initiative, Samuel K. Handelman, Xiaomeng Du, Yanhua H. Chen, Elizabeth K. Speliotes

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio

Dissertations and Theses

ABSTRACT

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prediction of Gastrointestinal and

Intracranial Bleeding in a Cohort of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants

by

Angela L. Laurio

Advisor: Marianne (Mimi) C. Fahs, PhD, MPH

Objectives:

The objectives of this dissertation were to: (1) describe and compare the incidence and odds of gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding in veterans age 50 to 89 who were prescribed warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants, or no oral anticoagulants; (2) identify risk factors for gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding among older veterans prescribed oral anticoagulants, and to calculate the relative risk of bleeding over time through time-to-event analysis; and (3) develop ...


Modeling Pharmaceutical Inhibition Of Glucose-Stimulated Renin-Angiotensin System In Kidneys, Ashlee N. Ford Versypt, Minu R. Pilvankar, Hui Ling Yong 2018 Oklahoma State University - Main Campus

Modeling Pharmaceutical Inhibition Of Glucose-Stimulated Renin-Angiotensin System In Kidneys, Ashlee N. Ford Versypt, Minu R. Pilvankar, Hui Ling Yong

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Site-Selective Modification Of Peptides And Proteins Via Organocatalyzed Henry Reaction, Zilma Pereira Muneeswaran 2018 Seton Hall University

Site-Selective Modification Of Peptides And Proteins Via Organocatalyzed Henry Reaction, Zilma Pereira Muneeswaran

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

In this research, peptides and protein containing serine on the N-terminus underwent site-selective modification following organocatalyzed bioconjugation that offered an additional functional group. It was shown that transforming the N-terminus serine to an aldehyde allowed site-specific bioconjugation to occur by utilizing the well-known Henry reaction. This method also grants a safer pathway for bioconjugation utilizing “green-chemistry” and biocompatible conditions. Amino acids and amino acid derived organocatalysts were utilized in the Henry reaction resulting in yields of up to 86 % conversion. Promising preliminary results were achieved in this research using peptides and myoglobin as the bioconjugation targets. Further investigation to be ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


The 340b Program: Benefits And Limitations, Craig Kimble PharmD, MBA, MS, BCACP, Alberto Coustasse Dr.PH. MD, MBA, MPH 2018 Marshall University

The 340b Program: Benefits And Limitations, Craig Kimble Pharmd, Mba, Ms, Bcacp, Alberto Coustasse Dr.Ph. Md, Mba, Mph

Craig Kimble, PharmD, MBA, MS, BCACP

This in progress study reviews challenges and successes associated with implementing a 340B program at Marshall Health and Cabell Huntington Hospital (CHH) in Huntington, West Virginia. CHH qualified as a participant in the 340B program because it has met qualification as a disproportionate share hospital (DSH). The site has also been able to open two outpatient pharmacies to serve the targeted patient population. The pharmacies have also been able to use savings from the program to embed clinical pharmacists into the physician care areas to provide medication therapy management services including discharge counselling, disease state management services, patient financial assistance ...


The 340b Program: Benefits And Limitations, Craig Kimble PharmD, MBA, MS, BCACP, Alberto Coustasse Dr.PH. MD, MBA, MPH 2018 Marshall University

The 340b Program: Benefits And Limitations, Craig Kimble Pharmd, Mba, Ms, Bcacp, Alberto Coustasse Dr.Ph. Md, Mba, Mph

Alberto Coustasse, DrPH, MD, MBA, MPH

This in progress study reviews challenges and successes associated with implementing a 340B program at Marshall Health and Cabell Huntington Hospital (CHH) in Huntington, West Virginia. CHH qualified as a participant in the 340B program because it has met qualification as a disproportionate share hospital (DSH). The site has also been able to open two outpatient pharmacies to serve the targeted patient population. The pharmacies have also been able to use savings from the program to embed clinical pharmacists into the physician care areas to provide medication therapy management services including discharge counselling, disease state management services, patient financial assistance ...


Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Carson Hutchinson 2018 University of Wyoming

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Carson Hutchinson

Honors Theses AY 17/18

This paper reviews what gestational diabetes mellitus is; it’s pathophysiology, epidemiology, risks, effects, clinical characteristics, screenings, diagnostics, treatment, and recommended follow up. Gestational diabetes mellitus rate has doubled during the last 20 years in the United States. There is currently only one FDA approved medication (insulin) for gestational diabetes mellitus; however there are a couple anti-hyperglycemic agents that are used off label for this disease. This paper looks at their efficacy and safety of such medications; metformin and glyburide. Current guidelines, clinical trials, retrospective studies, systematic reviews, and case reports were used to assess gestational diabetes and management. This ...


Overpriced And Under Regulated: A Crackdown On Pharmaceutical Monopolization And Malfeasance, Taryn Dewey 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Overpriced And Under Regulated: A Crackdown On Pharmaceutical Monopolization And Malfeasance, Taryn Dewey

Missouri S&T’s Peer to Peer

As the price of medication skyrockets in 2017, investigating large pharmaceutical companies’ behavior is on the forefront of lowering the cost of medicine. With the help of Supreme Court rulings and patent layering, these companies have been able to take advantage of Food and Drug Administration regulations regarding market exclusivity and in turn are able to control drug costs and manufacturing. This control has caused a series of price gouges and has led to people not being able to afford the medication they require. Using government records, lawsuits, investigative reports, scholarly journals, and proxy statements, this study evaluated the current ...


School Of Pharmacy Class Of 2018 Hooding Ceremony, Cedarville University 2018 Cedarville University

School Of Pharmacy Class Of 2018 Hooding Ceremony, Cedarville University

Doctor of Pharmacy Hooding Ceremony

No abstract provided.


Facilitating The Everyday Steward: Impact Of Mandatory Antimicrobial Indication/Duration And A 48 Hour Time Out, Ann L. Wirtz, Alaina N. Burns, Brian R. Lee, Tammy Frank, Laura Fitzmaurice, Richard Ogden, Brian O'Neal, Jennifer Goldman 2018 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Facilitating The Everyday Steward: Impact Of Mandatory Antimicrobial Indication/Duration And A 48 Hour Time Out, Ann L. Wirtz, Alaina N. Burns, Brian R. Lee, Tammy Frank, Laura Fitzmaurice, Richard Ogden, Brian O'Neal, Jennifer Goldman

Posters

Introduction: Required indication, duration, and a 48-hour antimicrobial timeout are an integral part of antimicrobial stewardship standards; however, limited data are available to demonstrate an effect on antimicrobial utilization and antimicrobial stewardship practice. Therefore, we evaluated the impact of mandatory declared indication/duration along with a pharmacy-driven 48-hour timeout on antimicrobial utilization and antimicrobial stewardship interventions.

Methods: We performed a retrospective evaluation of ASP interventions and antimicrobial use following implementation of mandatory antimicrobial indication/duration at the point of computerized physician order entry (CPOE). A pharmacist-driven 48-hour antimicrobial timeout was introduced on the same date. This study was conducted at ...


Novel Determinants That Influence Azole Susceptibility In Candida Glabrata And Candida Albicans, Sarah Garland Whaley 2018 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Novel Determinants That Influence Azole Susceptibility In Candida Glabrata And Candida Albicans, Sarah Garland Whaley

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Despite the scientific and medical communities’ best efforts, the incidence of fungal infections in susceptible populations continues to rise. The most common cause of these opportunistic fungal infections is Candida. In fact, Candida is the fourth most common pathogen associated with nosocomial blood stream infections. Reported mortality rates for patients with candidemia vary, but have not decreased in the past fifteen years and are reported to be as high as 50%. Candida glabrata, second only to Candida albicans among Candida infections, expresses high rates of resistance to treatment with arguably the best class of currently available antifungals - the azoles.

Other ...


Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Of Azaheterocyclic Compounds, Keyur M. Pandya 2018 Rowan University

Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Of Azaheterocyclic Compounds, Keyur M. Pandya

Theses and Dissertations

Multicomponent coupling reactions (MCRs) have been known for a long time and one such reaction that utilizes isocyanides is Passerini reaction. It is a powerful tool to synthesize libraries of different compounds. Azaheterocyclic compounds play an important role in medicinal chemistry. Motifs such as imidazoles, piperazines, pyrazoles, pyridines, triazoles, etc. are routinely observed in several compounds of pharmacological interest. Several natural products also contain these motifs in them. We have undertaken a library synthesis of heterocyclic molecules driven by our group's long-standing interest of synthesizing medicinally relevant small molecules employing green chemistry techniques.

This thesis details our efforts on ...


Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin 2018 Liberty University

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


Evaluation Of Physician Prescribing Patterns For Antibiotics In The Treatment Of Nonnecrotizing Skin And Soft Tissue Infections, Michael C. Ezebuenyi, Fatima Brakta, Ifeanyi Onor, PharmD, BCPS, Daniel F. Sarpong, Kendrea Bryant-Burks, Julio E. Figueroa II 2018 Xavier University of Louisiana

Evaluation Of Physician Prescribing Patterns For Antibiotics In The Treatment Of Nonnecrotizing Skin And Soft Tissue Infections, Michael C. Ezebuenyi, Fatima Brakta, Ifeanyi Onor, Pharmd, Bcps, Daniel F. Sarpong, Kendrea Bryant-Burks, Julio E. Figueroa Ii

Ifeanyi Onor, Pharm.D., BCPS, FNKF

Purpose: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) cause about 15 million cases of infection that result in more than 869,000 annual hospitalizations in the United States. Cellulitis accounted for 63% of all patients hospitalized with SSTIs between 2009 and 2011. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate physician adherence rates to evidence-based practice guidelines. Secondary objectives included evaluating antibiotic selection preferences and duration of therapy. The goal of the project was to generate data to inform the development of a hospital-based protocol for nonnecrotizing SSTI treatment.
 
Methods: This study was a single-center, retrospective, electronic chart review of ...


Linear Ubiquitin Chain-Binding Domains, Lilian Fennell, Simin Rahighi, Fumiyo Ikeda 2018 Vienna BioCenter

Linear Ubiquitin Chain-Binding Domains, Lilian Fennell, Simin Rahighi, Fumiyo Ikeda

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Ubiquitin modification (ubiquitination) of target proteins can vary with respect to chain lengths, linkage type, and chain forms, such as homologous, mixed, and branched ubiquitin chains. Thus, ubiquitination can generate multiple unique surfaces on a target protein substrate. Ubiquitin‐binding domains (UBDs) recognize ubiquitinated substrates, by specifically binding to these unique surfaces, modulate the formation of cellular signaling complexes and regulate downstream signaling cascades. Among the eight different homotypic chain types, Met1‐linked (also termed linear) chains are the only chains in which linkage occurs on a non‐Lys residue of ubiquitin. Linear ubiquitin chains have been implicated in immune ...


Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Evaluation Of Functionalized Betulin Derivatives, Amardeep Patel 2018 Rowan University

Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Evaluation Of Functionalized Betulin Derivatives, Amardeep Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Betulin and betulinic acid are complex natural compounds that can be readily extracted in high quantities from external bark of yellow and white birch trees. Birch tree is native to northern New Jersey and is also commonly available for purchase as firewood. Betulinic acid is found to exhibit very good activity against few cancer cell lines, and is relatively non-toxic to normal cells. The ready availability and selective cytotoxicity coupled with the favorable therapeutic index have made betulinic acid an attractive and promising anticancer agent. However, this molecule is almost insoluble in water and shows anti-cancer activity only on very ...


'No Pink Ribbons': How Women's Lived Experiences With Breast Atypia Inform Decisions Involving Risk-Reducing Medications, Sarah L. Goff, Reva Kleppel, Grace Makari-Judson 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School - Baystate

'No Pink Ribbons': How Women's Lived Experiences With Breast Atypia Inform Decisions Involving Risk-Reducing Medications, Sarah L. Goff, Reva Kleppel, Grace Makari-Judson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Atypical hyperplasia (AH) is associated with a nearly 4-fold elevation of lifetime risk for breast cancer, and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is associated with a 7- to 8-fold risk. Women with AH/LCIS make numerous decisions in the course of treatment, including whether to take a risk-reducing medication, an option relatively few women pursue. We explored women’s decision-making processes through patient narratives in an effort to inform decision supports for AH/LCIS.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 English-speaking women with AH/LCIS and no subsequent diagnosis of invasive breast cancer who had enrolled in the ...


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