Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,039 Full-Text Articles 7,409 Authors 697,800 Downloads 148 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Faceted Search

4,039 full-text articles. Page 1 of 161.

Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio

Dissertations and Theses

ABSTRACT

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prediction of Gastrointestinal and

Intracranial Bleeding in a Cohort of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants

by

Angela L. Laurio

Advisor: Marianne (Mimi) C. Fahs, PhD, MPH

Objectives:

The objectives of this dissertation were to: (1) describe and compare the incidence and odds of gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding in veterans age 50 to 89 who were prescribed warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants, or no oral anticoagulants; (2) identify risk factors for gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding among older veterans prescribed oral anticoagulants, and to calculate the relative risk of bleeding over time through time-to-event analysis; and (3) develop ...


The Effects Of Heart Medication On The Heart Rates Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Felicia A. Baer 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

The Effects Of Heart Medication On The Heart Rates Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Felicia A. Baer

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Background

Current models of human cardiac disease may be similar in anatomy and physiology, but are often expensive and tedious to work with. The current need is for a model organism that is more efficient to work with in lab while still an accurate model of human cardiac disease, of which Drosophila melanogaster (D. mel) is a candidate as it is a more efficient organism to work with in lab. To test whether D. mel could be used as a model for human cardiac disease, the medications atropine and propranolol hydrochloride were used. I hypothesized that atropine and propranolol hydrochloride ...


Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough 2018 Marshall University

Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough

Eric Blough

Objectives: With recent advances in nanoparticle manufacturing and applications, potential exposure to nanoparticles in various settings is becoming increasing likely. No investigation has yet been performed to assess whether respiratory tract exposure to cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles is associated with alterations in protein signaling, inflammation, and apoptosis in rat lungs.

Methods: Specific-pathogen-free male Sprague-Dawley rats were instilled with either vehicle (saline) or CeO2 nanoparticles at a dosage of 7.0 mg/kg and euthanized 1, 3, 14, 28, 56, or 90 days after exposure. Lung tissues were collected and evaluated for the expression of proteins associated with inflammation and cellular ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Aggregates Affect Stress Response And Function In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Steven Rogers, Kevin M. Rice, Nandini Manne, Tolou Shokuhfar, Kun He, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Eric Blough 2018 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Aggregates Affect Stress Response And Function In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Steven Rogers, Kevin M. Rice, Nandini Manne, Tolou Shokuhfar, Kun He, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Eric Blough

Eric Blough

Objective: The continual increase in production and disposal of nanomaterials raises concerns regarding the safety of nanoparticles on the environmental and human health. Recent studies suggest that cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles may possess both harmful and beneficial effects on biological processes. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate how exposure to different concentrations (0.17–17.21 µg/mL) of aggregated CeO2 nanoparticles affects indices of whole animal stress and survivability in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Methods: Caenorhabditis elegans were exposed to different concentrations of CeO2 nanoparticles and evaluated.

Results: Our findings demonstrate that chronic exposure of CeO2 nanoparticle aggregates ...


Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough 2018 Marshall University

Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough

Ravi K. Arvapalli

Objectives: With recent advances in nanoparticle manufacturing and applications, potential exposure to nanoparticles in various settings is becoming increasing likely. No investigation has yet been performed to assess whether respiratory tract exposure to cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles is associated with alterations in protein signaling, inflammation, and apoptosis in rat lungs.

Methods: Specific-pathogen-free male Sprague-Dawley rats were instilled with either vehicle (saline) or CeO2 nanoparticles at a dosage of 7.0 mg/kg and euthanized 1, 3, 14, 28, 56, or 90 days after exposure. Lung tissues were collected and evaluated for the expression of proteins associated with inflammation and cellular ...


Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough 2018 Marshall University

Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough

Nandini Manne

Objectives: With recent advances in nanoparticle manufacturing and applications, potential exposure to nanoparticles in various settings is becoming increasing likely. No investigation has yet been performed to assess whether respiratory tract exposure to cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles is associated with alterations in protein signaling, inflammation, and apoptosis in rat lungs.

Methods: Specific-pathogen-free male Sprague-Dawley rats were instilled with either vehicle (saline) or CeO2 nanoparticles at a dosage of 7.0 mg/kg and euthanized 1, 3, 14, 28, 56, or 90 days after exposure. Lung tissues were collected and evaluated for the expression of proteins associated with inflammation and cellular ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Aggregates Affect Stress Response And Function In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Steven Rogers, Kevin M. Rice, Nandini Manne, Tolou Shokuhfar, Kun He, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Eric Blough 2018 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Aggregates Affect Stress Response And Function In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Steven Rogers, Kevin M. Rice, Nandini Manne, Tolou Shokuhfar, Kun He, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Eric Blough

Nandini Manne

Objective: The continual increase in production and disposal of nanomaterials raises concerns regarding the safety of nanoparticles on the environmental and human health. Recent studies suggest that cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles may possess both harmful and beneficial effects on biological processes. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate how exposure to different concentrations (0.17–17.21 µg/mL) of aggregated CeO2 nanoparticles affects indices of whole animal stress and survivability in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Methods: Caenorhabditis elegans were exposed to different concentrations of CeO2 nanoparticles and evaluated.

Results: Our findings demonstrate that chronic exposure of CeO2 nanoparticle aggregates ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Aggregates Affect Stress Response And Function In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Steven Rogers, Kevin M. Rice, Nandini Manne, Tolou Shokuhfar, Kun He, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Eric Blough 2018 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Aggregates Affect Stress Response And Function In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Steven Rogers, Kevin M. Rice, Nandini Manne, Tolou Shokuhfar, Kun He, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Eric Blough

Kevin M Rice

Objective: The continual increase in production and disposal of nanomaterials raises concerns regarding the safety of nanoparticles on the environmental and human health. Recent studies suggest that cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles may possess both harmful and beneficial effects on biological processes. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate how exposure to different concentrations (0.17–17.21 µg/mL) of aggregated CeO2 nanoparticles affects indices of whole animal stress and survivability in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Methods: Caenorhabditis elegans were exposed to different concentrations of CeO2 nanoparticles and evaluated.

Results: Our findings demonstrate that chronic exposure of CeO2 nanoparticle aggregates ...


Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough 2018 Marshall University

Exposure To Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Is Associated With Activation Of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling And Apoptosis In Rat Lungs, Kevin M. Rice, Siva K. Nalabotu, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Madhukar B. Kolli, Geeta Nandyala, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Jane Y. Ma, Eric R. Blough

Kevin M Rice

Objectives: With recent advances in nanoparticle manufacturing and applications, potential exposure to nanoparticles in various settings is becoming increasing likely. No investigation has yet been performed to assess whether respiratory tract exposure to cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles is associated with alterations in protein signaling, inflammation, and apoptosis in rat lungs.

Methods: Specific-pathogen-free male Sprague-Dawley rats were instilled with either vehicle (saline) or CeO2 nanoparticles at a dosage of 7.0 mg/kg and euthanized 1, 3, 14, 28, 56, or 90 days after exposure. Lung tissues were collected and evaluated for the expression of proteins associated with inflammation and cellular ...


Halogenated Diarylacetylenes And Methods Of Treating Cancer, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Wen Zhang, Chunming Liu, David S. Watt 2018 University of Kentucky

Halogenated Diarylacetylenes And Methods Of Treating Cancer, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Wen Zhang, Chunming Liu, David S. Watt

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

Halogenated diarylacetylenes, e.g., diarylacetylenes having at least one halo substituent in one aryl ring and an amine in the opposing aryl ring, can inhibit the proliferation of LSI 74T colon cancer cells through the inhibition of c-myc and induction of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor-I (i.e., p21(Wifl/Cipl)). Such compounds are useful as antineoplastic agents.


Pediatric Obesity: Influence On Drug Dosing And Therapeutics, Barbara Ameer PharmD, MBA, BCPS, FCP, Michael Weintraub MD 2018 Rutgers – Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Pediatric Obesity: Influence On Drug Dosing And Therapeutics, Barbara Ameer Pharmd, Mba, Bcps, Fcp, Michael Weintraub Md

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Obesity is an ongoing global health concern and has only recently been recognized as a chronic disease of energy homeostasis and fuel partitioning. Obesity afflicts 17% of US children and adolescents. Severe obesity (³120% of the 95th percentile of BMI-for-age, or a BMI of ³35 kg/m2) is the fastest growing subgroup and now approaches 6% of all US youth. Health consequences (e.g., type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease) are related in a dose-dependent manner to severity of obesity. Since therapeutic interventions are less effective in severe obesity, prevention is a high priority.

Treatment plans involving combinations ...


Physician-Pharmacist Communication: Quotes, Quandaries And Quality, Nicholas E. Hagemeier 2018 East Tennessee State University

Physician-Pharmacist Communication: Quotes, Quandaries And Quality, Nicholas E. Hagemeier

Nicholas E. Hagemeier

No abstract provided.


International Core Outcome Set For Clinical Trials Of Medication Review In Multi-Morbid Older Patients With Polypharmacy., Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Wilma Knol, Shane Cullinan, Claudio Schneider, Olivia Dalleur, Benoit Boland, Stefanie Thevelin, Paul AF Jansen, Denis O'Mahony, Nicolas Rodondi, Anne Spinewine 2018 Université catholique de Louvain

International Core Outcome Set For Clinical Trials Of Medication Review In Multi-Morbid Older Patients With Polypharmacy., Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Wilma Knol, Shane Cullinan, Claudio Schneider, Olivia Dalleur, Benoit Boland, Stefanie Thevelin, Paul Af Jansen, Denis O'Mahony, Nicolas Rodondi, Anne Spinewine

School of Pharmacy Articles

BACKGROUND: Comparisons of clinical trial findings in systematic reviews can be hindered by the heterogeneity of the outcomes reported. Moreover, the outcomes that matter most to patients might be underreported. A core outcome set can address these issues, as it defines a minimum set of outcomes that should be reported in all clinical trials in a particular area of research. The objective in this study was to develop a core outcome set for clinical trials of medication review in multi-morbid older patients with polypharmacy.

METHODS: Firstly, eligible outcomes were identified through a systematic review of trials of medication review in ...


Semi-Synthesis Of A Novel Library Of Alkaloids As Potential Selective Analgesics, Brittany M. Gallagher 2018 Rowan University

Semi-Synthesis Of A Novel Library Of Alkaloids As Potential Selective Analgesics, Brittany M. Gallagher

Theses and Dissertations

Semi-synthetic compounds are an important part of the therapeutic drug discovery process. The goals of the project were to synthesize different generations of matrine analogues in order to gain many opportunities to manipulate the core structure. The long-term goal was, by manipulating the structure, the possibility to increase the biological activity of the original compound while also decreasing the toxicity. The first-generation matrine analogue allows for a synthesis similar to the Striker reaction producing aminonitriles. An alkyne coupling reaction was also possible with the modification, producing propargyl-amines. Both of the reactions resulted in the addition of a triple bond substituent ...


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2018 MCPHS University

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) typically use several drug treatments during their lifetime. There is a debate about the best second-line therapy after metformin monotherapy failure due to the increasing number of available antidiabetic drugs and the lack of comparative clinical trials of secondary treatment regimens. While prior research compared the cost-effectiveness of two alternative drugs, the literature assessing T2D treatment pathways is scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) compared to sulfonylureas (SU) as second-line therapy in combination with metformin in patients with T2D.

Methods: A Markov ...


Novel Combination Bmp7 And Hgf Gene Therapy Instigates Selective Myofibroblast Apoptosis And Reduces Corneal Haze In Vivo, Suneel Gupta, Michael K. Fink, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Ratnakar Tripathi, Prashant R. Sinha, Ajay Sharma, Nathan P. Hesemann, Shyam S. Chaurasia, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Rajiv R. Mohan 2018 Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans’ Hospital

Novel Combination Bmp7 And Hgf Gene Therapy Instigates Selective Myofibroblast Apoptosis And Reduces Corneal Haze In Vivo, Suneel Gupta, Michael K. Fink, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Ratnakar Tripathi, Prashant R. Sinha, Ajay Sharma, Nathan P. Hesemann, Shyam S. Chaurasia, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Rajiv R. Mohan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

PURPOSE. We tested the potential of bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP7) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) combination gene therapy to treat preformed corneal fibrosis using established rabbit in vivo and human in vitro models.

METHODS. Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits were used. Corneal fibrosis was produced by alkali injury. Twenty-four hours after scar formation, cornea received topically either balanced salt solution (BSS; n ¼ 6), polyethylenimine-conjugated gold nanoparticle (PEI2-GNP)-naked plasmid (n ¼ 6) or PEI2-GNP plasmids expressing BMP7 and HGF genes (n ¼ 6). Donor human corneas were used to obtain primary human corneal fibroblasts and myofibroblasts for mechanistic ...


Synthesis Of Non-Natural Cofactor Analogs Of S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine Using Methionine Adenosyltransferase, Jon S. Thorson, Tyler Huber, Jianjun Zhang, Shanteri Singh 2018 University of Kentucky

Synthesis Of Non-Natural Cofactor Analogs Of S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine Using Methionine Adenosyltransferase, Jon S. Thorson, Tyler Huber, Jianjun Zhang, Shanteri Singh

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

The present disclosure relates to the synthesis of non-natural analogs of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) and/or of Se-adenosyl- L-methionine (SeAM) by reacting a methionine analog and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the presence of at least one methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT), and to use thereof with downstream SAM and/or SeAM utilizing enzymes.

To see the remainder of this abstract, please download this patent.


High Activity Mutants Of Cocaine Esterase For Cocaine Hydrolysis, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fang Zheng, Lei Fang 2018 University of Kentucky

High Activity Mutants Of Cocaine Esterase For Cocaine Hydrolysis, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fang Zheng, Lei Fang

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

The Bacterial cocaine esterase (CocE) mutants disclosed herein each have enhanced catalytic efficiency for ( -)cocaine, as compared to CocE mutants in the prior art, including CocE mutant E172-173. The presently-disclosed subject matter further includes a pharmaceutical composition including a mutant of bacterial cocaine hydrolase, as described herein, and a suitable pharmaceutical carrier. The presently-disclosed subject matter further includes a method of treating a cocaine-induced condition comprising administering to an individual an effective amount of a mutant of bacterial cocaine hydrolase variant, as disclosed herein, to accelerate cocaine metabolism and produce biologically inactive metabolites.


Retrospective Review Of Hydrochloric Acid Infusion For The Treatment Of Metabolic Alkalosis In Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients, Jason D. Guffey, Curtis E. Haas, Amber Crowley, Kathryn A. Connor, David C. Kaufman 2018 HealthDirect Pharmacy Services

Retrospective Review Of Hydrochloric Acid Infusion For The Treatment Of Metabolic Alkalosis In Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients, Jason D. Guffey, Curtis E. Haas, Amber Crowley, Kathryn A. Connor, David C. Kaufman

Pharmacy Faculty Publications

Background: Older reports of use of hydrochloric acid (HCl) infusions for treatment of metabolic alkalosis document variable dosing strategies and risk. Objectives: This study sought to characterize use of HCl infusions in surgical intensive care unit patients for the treatment of metabolic alkalosis. Methods: This retrospective review included patients who received a HCl infusion for >8 hours. The primary end point was to evaluate the utility of common acid-base equations for predicting HCl dose requirements. Secondary end points evaluated adverse effects, efficacy, duration of therapy, and total HCl dose needed to correct metabolic alkalosis. Data on demographics, potential causes of ...


Pharmacy Practice And Research: The Development Of A University Collaboration In Colombia, Ellen Schellhase 2018 Purdue University

Pharmacy Practice And Research: The Development Of A University Collaboration In Colombia, Ellen Schellhase

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal & Sustainable Partnerships

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress