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Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim 2017 Marshall University

Whole Genome Sequence Analysis Of The Tallyho/Jng Mouse, James Denvir, Goran Boskovic, Jun Fan, Donald A. Primerano, Jacaline K. Parkman, Jung Han Kim

James Denvir

Background: The TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mouse is a polygenic model for obesity and type 2 diabetes first described in the literature in 2001. The origin of the TH strain is an outbred colony of the Theiler Original strain and mice derived from this source were selectively bred for male hyperglycemia establishing an inbred strain at The Jackson Laboratory. TH mice manifest many of the disease phenotypes observed in human obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Results: We sequenced the whole genome of TH mice maintained at Marshall University to a depth of approximately 64.8X coverage using data from three next ...


Survey Of Community Pharmacy Customers’ Medication Storage And Disposal Methods, Ryan Biddinger, Laura K. Farleman, Alex Janssen, Mallory J. Martin, Anna M. Staudt, Chelsea Wamsley, Tracy R. Frame 2017 Cedarville University

Survey Of Community Pharmacy Customers’ Medication Storage And Disposal Methods, Ryan Biddinger, Laura K. Farleman, Alex Janssen, Mallory J. Martin, Anna M. Staudt, Chelsea Wamsley, Tracy R. Frame

Anna Staudt, Pharm.D.

Many people store medications in bathrooms, which provide a moist, humid environment that speeds up the breakdown process of medications. The proper way to store medicines is in a cool, dry place out of the reach of children. Every year medications are also disposed of improperly presenting a risk to both humans and the environment. About one-third of all sold medications are unused. The most common ways patients dispose of medications in the United States are flushing down the toilet or sink, and throwing them away. Because of this pharmaceuticals have been found in groundwater, and drinking water proving hazardous ...


The Impact Of Free Health Screenings At Community Pharmacies On Diabetes, Anna M. Staudt, Nicholas C. Daniels, Jessica E. Amtower, Jeniffer George, Jacques N. Allou, Jeb Ballentine, Emily M. Laswell 2017 Cedarville University

The Impact Of Free Health Screenings At Community Pharmacies On Diabetes, Anna M. Staudt, Nicholas C. Daniels, Jessica E. Amtower, Jeniffer George, Jacques N. Allou, Jeb Ballentine, Emily M. Laswell

Anna Staudt, Pharm.D.

Background: Health screenings can be beneficial when looking to detect diseases early on, thus making treatment easier. Free health screenings are typically performed in the community pharmacy setting. This makes it convenient because it is easily accessible and there is no appointment required. Diabetes is currently one of the most significant health issues faced today, with an estimated 7 million Americans going undiagnosed. Health screenings in community pharmacies are valuable to detect high blood glucose levels for patients to be referred for diagnosis and treatment. Previous studies related to health screenings have focused on hypertension and cholesterol, and few have ...


The Impact Of Free Health Screenings At Community Pharmacies On Diabetes, Jeb Ballentine, Emily M. Laswell, Anna M. Staudt, Jacques N. Allou, Jeniffer George, Jessica E. Amtower, Nicholas C. Daniels 2017 Cedarville University

The Impact Of Free Health Screenings At Community Pharmacies On Diabetes, Jeb Ballentine, Emily M. Laswell, Anna M. Staudt, Jacques N. Allou, Jeniffer George, Jessica E. Amtower, Nicholas C. Daniels

Anna Staudt, Pharm.D.

Diabetes is a prevalent issue in the United States, with an estimated 8.1 million people un-diagnosed as of 2012. Health screenings have been proven to identify diseases earlier, thereby resulting in earlier and more satisfactory treatment. Community pharmacies can offer many of the same screenings as those in doctor offices. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of free health screenings in community pharmacies on patient follow-up, perceptions, and knowledge of diabetes through blood glucose screenings and patient education. The study design was a pre-post observational study using surveys, blood sugar screenings, and patient education on ...


Hiding Inside? Intracellular Expression Of Non-Glycosylated C-Kit Protein In Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Huilin Shi, Christopher A. Drummond, Xiaoming Fan, Steven T. Haller, Jiang Liu, Deepak Malhotra, Jiang Tian 2017 Marshall University

Hiding Inside? Intracellular Expression Of Non-Glycosylated C-Kit Protein In Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Huilin Shi, Christopher A. Drummond, Xiaoming Fan, Steven T. Haller, Jiang Liu, Deepak Malhotra, Jiang Tian

Jiang Liu

Cardiac progenitor cells including c-kit(+) cells and cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) play important roles in cardiac repair and regeneration. CDCs were reported to contain only small subpopulations of c-kit(+) cells and recent publications suggested that depletion of the c-kit(+) subpopulation of cells has no effect on regenerative properties of CDCs. However, our current study showed that the vast majority of CDCs from murine heart actually express c-kit, albeit, in an intracellular and non-glycosylated form. Immunostaining and flow cytometry showed that the fluorescent signal indicative of c-kit immunostaining significantly increased when cell membranes were permeabilized. Western blots further demonstrated that glycosylation of ...


Finding Human Proteins That Bind To A Lassa Virus Protein, Maria Alejandra Pardo Ruge, Veronica J. Heintz, Douglas J. LaCount 2017 University of Los Andes, Colombia

Finding Human Proteins That Bind To A Lassa Virus Protein, Maria Alejandra Pardo Ruge, Veronica J. Heintz, Douglas J. Lacount

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Viral hemorrhagic fevers are severe illnesses caused by many different viruses. Lassa Virus is one of these important pathogens in Western Africa, causing hemorrhagic fever and eventually death without early medical treatment. There is no vaccine and there is little information on host-pathogen interactions. Therefore, the interaction between viral proteins and host targets is useful to understand Lassa virus’s lifecycle and pathology, and to develop ways to prevent infection. In this project, we study the nucleoprotein of Lassa virus (NP), which has been reported to have anti-interferon (IFN) activity through elimination of double stranded RNA (dsRNA). These features could ...


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne PhD, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel 2017 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne Phd, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel

Nandini Manne

The life threatening disease of sepsis is associated with high mortality. Septic patient survivability with currently available treatments has failed to improve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the methods processing of raw data related to our study published in Biomaterials (Selvaraj et al., Biomaterials, 2015, In press) and Data in Brief (Selvaraj et al., Data in Brief, 2015, In Press). The data present here provides confirmation of ...


Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough 2017 Marshall University

Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough

Kevin M Rice

No abstract provided.


Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne PhD, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel 2017 Marshall University

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide Inducedmap Kinase/Nf-Kb Mediated Severe Sepsis, Mani Maheshwari, Nandini Manne Phd, Shinichi Asano, Eric Blough, Kevin M. Rice, Niraj Nepa,, Erin Fankhanel

Eric Blough

The life threatening disease of sepsis is associated with high mortality. Septic patient survivability with currently available treatments has failed to improve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the methods processing of raw data related to our study published in Biomaterials (Selvaraj et al., Biomaterials, 2015, In press) and Data in Brief (Selvaraj et al., Data in Brief, 2015, In Press). The data present here provides confirmation of ...


Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough 2017 Marshall University

Efficacy Of Female Rat Models In Translational Cardiovascular Aging Research, Kevin M. Rice, J. C. Fannin, C. Gillette, Eric Blough

Eric Blough

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero 2017 University of Sydney

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero

Ray Moynihan

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:

301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015.

RESULTS:

Forty-two companies sponsored 116 845 events for health professionals, on average 608 per week with 30 attendees per event. Events typically included a broad range of health professionals ...


Tumor-Targeted Delivery Of Sirna Using Fatty Acyl-Cgkrk Peptide Conjugates, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Hung Do, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2017 Chapman University

Tumor-Targeted Delivery Of Sirna Using Fatty Acyl-Cgkrk Peptide Conjugates, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Hung Do, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Tumor-targeted carriers provide efficient delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to tumor tissue. CGKRK is one of the well-known tumor targeting peptides with significant specificity for angiogenic blood vessels and tumor cells. Here, we designed fatty acyl conjugated CGKRK peptides, based on the hypothesis that hydrophobically-modified CGKRK peptide could enhance cellular permeation and delivery of siRNA targeted to tumor cells for effective silencing of selected proteins. We synthesized six fatty acyl-peptide conjugates, using a diverse chain of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids to study the efficiency of this approach. At peptide:siRNA weight/weight ratio of 10:1 (N/P ≈ 13.6 ...


Cellular And Molecular Targets Of Menthol Actions, Murat Oz, Eslam El Nebrisi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Lina T. Al Kury 2017 UAE University

Cellular And Molecular Targets Of Menthol Actions, Murat Oz, Eslam El Nebrisi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Lina T. Al Kury

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Menthol belongs to monoterpene class of a structurally diverse group of phytochemicals found in plant-derived essential oils. Menthol is widely used in pharmaceuticals, confectionary, oral hygiene products, pesticides, cosmetics, and as a flavoring agent. In addition, menthol is known to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. Recently, there has been renewed awareness in comprehending the biological and pharmacological effects of menthol. TRP channels have been demonstrated to mediate the cooling actions ofmenthol. There has been new evidence demonstrating thatmenthol can significantly influence the functional characteristics of a number of different kinds of ligand and voltage-gated ion channels, indicating that at ...


Concurrent Use Of Alcohol Interactive Medications And Alcohol In Older Adults: A Systematic Review Of Prevalence And Associated Adverse Outcomes., Alice E. Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey, Grainne Cousins 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Concurrent Use Of Alcohol Interactive Medications And Alcohol In Older Adults: A Systematic Review Of Prevalence And Associated Adverse Outcomes., Alice E. Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey, Grainne Cousins

School of Pharmacy Articles

BACKGROUND: Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-interactive (AI) medicines in older adults and associated adverse outcomes.

METHODS: A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Scopus and Web of Science (January 1990 to June 2016), and hand searching references of retrieved articles. Observational studies reporting on the concurrent use of alcohol and AI medicines in the same or overlapping recall periods in older adults were included. Two independent reviewers verified that studies ...


Challenges And Solutions In Library And Information Sciences: Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker 2017 Chapman University

Challenges And Solutions In Library And Information Sciences: Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker

Library Presentations, Posters, and Videos

Librarians, pharmacists, and scientists encounter diverse challenges relating to knowledge management, the creation, organization, and retrieval of information. This session will highlight current challenges faced in this area by colleagues from across the Academy. Participants will have the opportunity to engage in two roundtable discussions. By the end of the session, participants will be able to describe current challenges faced in Library and Information Science, and bring solutions back to their academic program.

These slides include the "Formulating a Pharmacy Collection Without a Prescription" portion of the panel, which discussed the collection development process for a group of non-health science ...


Implementing Innovative Activities During An Academic Drug Information Appe, John Redwanski 2017 University of New England

Implementing Innovative Activities During An Academic Drug Information Appe, John Redwanski

Pharmacy Practice Faculty Presentations

PowerPoint presented by Dr. John Redwanski, from UNE's College of Pharmacy, during the July 15-19, Nashville, TN, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Annual Meeting: Pharmacy Education 2017. Dr. Redwanski presented this material during the library and information sciences session, Challenges Faced in Library and Information Sciences.


Compatibility Of Vancomycin And Oxacillin During Simulated Y-Site Delivery, Chad A. Knoderer, Hilary M. Teibel, Kristen R. Nichols 2017 Butler University

Compatibility Of Vancomycin And Oxacillin During Simulated Y-Site Delivery, Chad A. Knoderer, Hilary M. Teibel, Kristen R. Nichols

Chad A. Knoderer

Background: Vancomycin and oxacillin may be used together as empiric coverage in patients with proven or suspected Staphylococcus aureus infections. Though vancomycin hydrochloride 20 mg/mL and oxacillin sodium 160 mg/mL are reported to be compatible via Y-site delivery, Y-site compatibility of commonly used concentrations, vancomycin 10 mg/mL and oxacillin 20 mg/mL, has not yet been reported. Objective: To determine the Y-site compatibility of vancomycin 10 mg/mL and oxacillin 20 mg/mL. Methods: One vancomycin hydrochloride 1 g vial was reconstituted with 10 mL sterile water for injection (SWFI) and diluted with 90 mL 5% dextrose ...


Optimizing Guideline-Recommended Antibiotic Doses For Pediatric Infective Endocarditis, Chad A. Knoderer, Kristen R. Nichols, Emily N. Israel, Christopher A. Thomas 2017 Butler University

Optimizing Guideline-Recommended Antibiotic Doses For Pediatric Infective Endocarditis, Chad A. Knoderer, Kristen R. Nichols, Emily N. Israel, Christopher A. Thomas

Chad A. Knoderer

The American Heart Association recently published an updated scientific statement on the management of infective endocarditis in childhood. The recommendations included for vancomycin, aminoglycoside, and β-lactam dosing and monitoring are based primarily on expert opinion and do not consider available evidence for dose optimization based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles in pediatric patients. This is concerning because even when clinically necessary, some practitioners may be hesitant to deviate from guideline-recommended doses. In this perspective, we highlight potential areas for improvement in the statement-recommended doses and summarize evidence supporting antibiotic dosing optimization. The addition of a pediatric clinical pharmacist with expertise ...


Evaluation Of An Unfractioned Heparin Pharmacy Dosing Protocol For The Treatment Of Venous Thromboembolism In Nonobese, Obese, And Severely Obese Patients, Chad A. Knoderer, Lindsey M. Hosch, Emily Y. Breedlove, Lauren E. Scono 2017 Butler University

Evaluation Of An Unfractioned Heparin Pharmacy Dosing Protocol For The Treatment Of Venous Thromboembolism In Nonobese, Obese, And Severely Obese Patients, Chad A. Knoderer, Lindsey M. Hosch, Emily Y. Breedlove, Lauren E. Scono

Chad A. Knoderer

Background: Despite large interpatient variability in dose response, heparin is utilized for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Current data on the optimal heparin dosing in obese patients are conflicting. Objective: The objective was to evaluate the time and dose required to achieve a therapeutic activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) in nonobese, obese, and severely obese patients using a pharmacist-directed heparin dosing protocol. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study in a single-center community hospital inpatient setting. Adult patients receiving heparin for VTE treatment from July 1, 2013, to July 31, 2015, were evaluated. Patients were categorized into 3 groups: nonobese ...


Population Pharmacokinetics And Pharmacodynamics Of Extended-Infusion Piperacillin And Tazobactam In Critically Ill Children, Chad A. Knoderer, Kristen R. Nichols, Eun Kyoung Chung, Lauren E. Buenger, Daniel P. Healy, Jennifer Dees, Ashley S. Crumby, Michael B. Kays 2017 Butler University

Population Pharmacokinetics And Pharmacodynamics Of Extended-Infusion Piperacillin And Tazobactam In Critically Ill Children, Chad A. Knoderer, Kristen R. Nichols, Eun Kyoung Chung, Lauren E. Buenger, Daniel P. Healy, Jennifer Dees, Ashley S. Crumby, Michael B. Kays

Chad A. Knoderer

The study objective was to evaluate the population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of extended-infusion piperacillintazobactam in children hospitalized in an intensive care unit. Seventy-two serum samples were collected at steady state from 12 patients who received piperacillin-tazobactam at 100/12.5 mg/kg of body weight every 8 h infused over 4 h. Population pharmacokinetic analyses were performed using NONMEM, and Monte Carlo simulations were performed to estimate the piperacillin pharmacokinetic profiles for dosing regimens of 80 to 100 mg/kg of the piperacillin component given every 6 to 8 h and infused over 0.5, 3, or 4 h. The ...


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