Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,424 Full-Text Articles 14,704 Authors 1,727,871 Downloads 222 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Faceted Search

6,424 full-text articles. Page 1 of 269.

Comparative Metabolism Of Aflatoxin B1 In Two Quail Genera Coturnix Japonica And Callipepla Californica, Sean Moody 2021 Utah State University

Comparative Metabolism Of Aflatoxin B1 In Two Quail Genera Coturnix Japonica And Callipepla Californica, Sean Moody

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Avian species are highly susceptible to the hepatotoxic mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Domesticated turkeys are exquisitely sensitive, due to a combination of highly-efficient hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated bioactivation, and to dysfunctional alpha-class glutathione S-transferases (GSTAs) which typically detoxify the bioactivated electrophilic metabolite exo-AFB1-8,9-epoxide (AFBO). Wild turkeys are relatively resistant to AFB1 in large part due to expression of functional GSTAs. Quail, a related Galliforme, are slightly less sensitive in vivo to AFB1, but whether this is related to the hepatic metabolic profiles of these two critical enzymes has not been rigorously evaluated ...


Obsolete Or Essential? Gastrointestinal Decontamination In Severe Bupropion Ingestions: A Case Series, Alexandra Amaducci DO, Andrew F. Miller DO, Derek J. Fikse DO, Gillian A. Beauchamp MD 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Obsolete Or Essential? Gastrointestinal Decontamination In Severe Bupropion Ingestions: A Case Series, Alexandra Amaducci Do, Andrew F. Miller Do, Derek J. Fikse Do, Gillian A. Beauchamp Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


A Case Report Of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Harboring A Pten Loss, Zin W. Myint, Derek B. Allison, Carleton S. Ellis 2021 University of Kentucky

A Case Report Of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Harboring A Pten Loss, Zin W. Myint, Derek B. Allison, Carleton S. Ellis

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

The treatment landscape of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) has dramatically improved over the last decade; however, patients with visceral metastases are still faced with poor outcomes. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) loss is observed in 40%–60% of mCRPC patients and is also associated with a poor prognosis. Several PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway inhibitors have been studied, with disappointing anti-tumor activity. Here, we present a case of a patient with heavily treated mCRPC who had a modest tumor response to concurrent carboplatin, abiraterone acetate/prednisone, and liver-directed radiation therapy. We discuss the potential rationale supporting the use of this ...


Autoradiographic Localization Of [3h]-Nisoxetine Binding Sites In The Cns Of Male And Female Japanese Quail, Shannon E. Eaton, James R. Pauly, Deann M. Hopkins, Chana K. Akins 2021 University of Kentucky

Autoradiographic Localization Of [3h]-Nisoxetine Binding Sites In The Cns Of Male And Female Japanese Quail, Shannon E. Eaton, James R. Pauly, Deann M. Hopkins, Chana K. Akins

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

In the central nervous system of mammals, transporters localized on the presynaptic nerve terminals regulate the reuptake of neurotransmitters. These transporters are selective for a specific neurotransmitter such as dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE). Specifically in the synapse, the dopamine transporter (DAT) reuptakes DA and the norepinephrine transporter (NET) reuptakes NE. However previous research has found that avian species do not have a gene for DAT, and therefore, birds may be using the NET to clear both NE and DA from the synapse. The current study aimed to extend this finding by localizing NET expression in male and female ...


Neuron-Derived Extracellular Vesicles Modulate Microglia Activation And Function, Hui Peng, Brock T. Harvey, Christopher I. Richards, Kimberly Nixon 2021 University of Kentucky

Neuron-Derived Extracellular Vesicles Modulate Microglia Activation And Function, Hui Peng, Brock T. Harvey, Christopher I. Richards, Kimberly Nixon

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Microglia act as the immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS). They play an important role in maintaining brain homeostasis but also in mediating neuroimmune responses to insult. The interactions between neurons and microglia represent a key process for neuroimmune regulation and subsequent effects on CNS integrity. However, the molecular mechanisms of neuron-glia communication in regulating microglia function are not fully understood. One recently described means of this intercellular communication is via nano-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs) that transfer a large diversity of molecules between neurons and microglia, such as proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. To determine the effects of ...


Proteoglycan-4 Is An Essential Regulator Of Synovial Macrophage Polarization And Inflammatory Macrophage Joint Infiltration, Marwa Qadri, Gregory D. Jay, Ling X. Zhang, Tannin A. Schmidt, Jennifer Totonchy, Khaled A. Elsaid 2021 Chapman University

Proteoglycan-4 Is An Essential Regulator Of Synovial Macrophage Polarization And Inflammatory Macrophage Joint Infiltration, Marwa Qadri, Gregory D. Jay, Ling X. Zhang, Tannin A. Schmidt, Jennifer Totonchy, Khaled A. Elsaid

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Synovial macrophages perform a multitude of functions that include clearance of cell debris and foreign bodies, tissue immune surveillance, and resolution of inflammation. The functional diversity of macrophages is enabled by distinct subpopulations that express unique surface markers. Proteoglycan-4 (PRG4) is an important regulator of synovial hyperplasia and fibrotic remodeling, and the involvement of macrophages in PRG4’s synovial role is yet to be defined. Our objectives were to study the PRG4’s importance to macrophage homeostatic regulation in the synovium and infiltration of pro-inflammatory macrophages in acute synovitis and investigate whether macrophages mediated synovial fibrosis in Prg4 gene-trap ...


Time Management Skills As A Tool For Reducing Academic Procrastination Both In The Classroom And During Academic Internships, Stacy Starks, Jodi Bower 2021 University of Louisiana at Monroe

Time Management Skills As A Tool For Reducing Academic Procrastination Both In The Classroom And During Academic Internships, Stacy Starks, Jodi Bower

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

Many individuals have set out to define the term “time management skills.” Time management is a skill necessary for any individual, but especially working individuals. As a program that offers an internship (Practicum) course, these skills are imperative for students to possess. Academic procrastination and lack of time management skills are becoming a norm. It is important to find out why student punctuality and timely submissions are going by the wayside. The project is designed to introduce three intervention activities throughout the Practicum course. Students were given pre- and post- assessments based on two different scales: Bandura’s Self-Efficacy for ...


Nurse Educator's Role In Equipping Students With Culturally Competent Skills, Olukemi Kuku 2021 Kitty Degree School of Nursing, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Louisiana

Nurse Educator's Role In Equipping Students With Culturally Competent Skills, Olukemi Kuku

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

Abstract

Nurse educators are responsible for preparing nursing students for safe and effective practice. Culturally competent care ensures patient safety and promotes positive patient outcomes. Twenty-first century society has bowed to globalization, immigration, emerging cultures, and subcultures. This phenomenon necessitates a broadening of the nurse educator’s perception of culture and strategies to facilitate student learning and preparation for effective practice. This article will examine the existing definition of culture and subcultures and discuss some strategies that nurse educators can use to facilitate student learning.


Engaging Rural High School Youth In E-Cigarette Prevention And Advocacy, Melinda J. Ickes, Olivia Zidzik, Nathan L. Vanderford 2021 University of Kentucky

Engaging Rural High School Youth In E-Cigarette Prevention And Advocacy, Melinda J. Ickes, Olivia Zidzik, Nathan L. Vanderford

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

Introduction: Recent national data reinforce over 3.6 million young people across the United States are currently using e-cigarettes, but little research exists on prevention and/or youth engagement strategies.

Purpose: Pilot a peer led e-cigarette prevention and advocacy training and determine attitudes and self-efficacy among participating rural high school leaders post-training.

Methods: The study incorporated a one-group, post-test design. Participants were recruited from an existing student leadership program (N = 16) which provides advanced cancer education and training to high school students who are from Appalachian Kentucky who participated in an e-cigarette prevention and empowerment training in December 2019. Data ...


Lessons Learned From Service In India: Teaching And Learning, Debra Craighead 2021 Univ of LA Monroe

Lessons Learned From Service In India: Teaching And Learning, Debra Craighead

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

Health education collaboration promotes the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal’s (SDGs) five pillars of people, prosperity, planet, peace, and partnership to foster population health (Hassmiller & Kuehnert, 2020; Rosa et al., 2019). This article is the second in a trilogy that recounts an undergraduate nursing teaching experience in southern India in 2018. Cultural and teaching adaptations made that resulted in a successful international educational experience are presented.


The Impact Of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots) On Function & Quality Of Life: A Descriptive Case Study, Emily Mike 2021 University of Louisiana at Monroe

The Impact Of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots) On Function & Quality Of Life: A Descriptive Case Study, Emily Mike

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

This study aimed to identify and describe how an individual with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is impacted by the symptoms of the disorder. A descriptive case study was used to gain understanding of the lived experience of an individual with POTS. A semi-structured interview was conducted, and data analyzed to develop a theme. Following data analysis, one overarching theme emerged, the participant did not realize the impact that POTS has on her daily function and quality of life. The descriptions and summary provide evidence for the unique role that occupational therapists play in providing care for individuals with POTS.


Design, Synthesis, And Preliminary Evaluation Of A Potential Synthetic Opioid Rescue Agent, Sidnee L. Hedrick, Dan Luo, Sophia Kaska, Kumar Kulldeep Niloy, Karen Jackson, Rupam Sarma, Jamie Horn, Caroline Baynard, Markos Leggas, Eduardo R. Butelman, Mary Jeanne Kreek, Thomas E. Prisinzano 2021 University of Kentucky

Design, Synthesis, And Preliminary Evaluation Of A Potential Synthetic Opioid Rescue Agent, Sidnee L. Hedrick, Dan Luo, Sophia Kaska, Kumar Kulldeep Niloy, Karen Jackson, Rupam Sarma, Jamie Horn, Caroline Baynard, Markos Leggas, Eduardo R. Butelman, Mary Jeanne Kreek, Thomas E. Prisinzano

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: One of the most prominent opioid analgesics in the United States is the high potency agonist fentanyl. It is used in the treatment of acute and chronic pain and as an anesthetic adjuvant. When used inappropriately, however, ingestion of just a few milligrams of fentanyl or other synthetic opioid can cause opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD), often leading to death. Currently, the treatment of choice for OIRD is the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone. Recent reports, however, suggest that higher doses or repeated dosing of naloxone (due to recurrence of respiratory depression) may be required to reverse fully fentanyl-induced respiratory depression ...


Investigation Of The Role Of Hydrophobic Amino Acids On The Structure-Activity Relationship In Ponericin L1 From Neoponera Goeldii, Nicholas Patrick Schifano 2021 Rowan University

Investigation Of The Role Of Hydrophobic Amino Acids On The Structure-Activity Relationship In Ponericin L1 From Neoponera Goeldii, Nicholas Patrick Schifano

Theses and Dissertations

Due to the increase prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) antibiotic alternatives have been of great interest. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and polymers like polymethacrylates that mimic AMPs are two non-traditional antimicrobial agents that have been investigated thoroughly over the years as a potential solution to the AMR problem. This study will further the understanding of the L1 peptide by investigating the role hydrophobic amino acids have on the antimicrobial activity. Biophysical and microbiological techniques were utilized to show that the L1 hydrophobic derivative showed enhanced binding to anionic lipid bilayers while maintaining low hemolytic activity. This study also elucidates the effect ...


Real-World Evaluation Of Universal Germline Screening For Cancer Treatment-Relevant Pharmacogenes, Megan L. Hutchcraft, Nan Lin, Shulin Zhang, Catherine Sears, Kyle Zacholski, Elizabeth A. Belcher, Eric B. Durbin, John L. Villano, Michael J. Cavnar, Susanne M. Arnold, Frederick R. Ueland, Jill M. Kolesar 2021 University of Kentucky

Real-World Evaluation Of Universal Germline Screening For Cancer Treatment-Relevant Pharmacogenes, Megan L. Hutchcraft, Nan Lin, Shulin Zhang, Catherine Sears, Kyle Zacholski, Elizabeth A. Belcher, Eric B. Durbin, John L. Villano, Michael J. Cavnar, Susanne M. Arnold, Frederick R. Ueland, Jill M. Kolesar

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of clinically actionable treatment-relevant germline pharmacogenomic variants in patients with cancer and assess the real-world clinical utility of universal screening using whole-exome sequencing in this population. Cancer patients underwent research-grade germline whole-exome sequencing as a component of sequencing for somatic variants. Analysis in a clinical bioinformatics pipeline identified clinically actionable pharmacogenomic variants. Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium guidelines defined clinical actionability. We assessed clinical utility by reviewing electronic health records to determine the frequency of patients receiving pharmacogenomically actionable anti-cancer agents and associated outcomes. This observational study evaluated 291 patients with ...


Listening To Current Practice: Patient Involvement In The Pharmaceutical Packaging Design Process, Giana Carli Lorenzini, Annika Olsson, Andreas Larsson 2021 Packaging Logistics, Department of Design Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Listening To Current Practice: Patient Involvement In The Pharmaceutical Packaging Design Process, Giana Carli Lorenzini, Annika Olsson, Andreas Larsson

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Multiple functional challenges in the use of pharmaceutical packaging reveal a great need of packaging to be designed inclusively. This study investigates patient involvement in the pharmaceutical packaging design process by analysing interview data from representatives of the pharmaceutical and packaging industry. Four main themes related to patient involvement were uncovered: patient expertise levels, patient involvement modes, factors encouraging patient involvement, and factors discouraging patient involvement. Passive patient involvement modes were found to be dominant due to regulations and a traditional perspective regarding physical testing. However, active patient involvement modes were identified, motivated by empathy and understanding of the lives ...


Using Technology To Enhance Teaching And Learning In Pharmacy Education, Clark D. Kebodeaux, Vivienne Mak 2021 University of Kentucky

Using Technology To Enhance Teaching And Learning In Pharmacy Education, Clark D. Kebodeaux, Vivienne Mak

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Law Helps Ensure Safety Of The Supply Chain, Kenneth Maxik, Craig Kimble, Alberto Coustasse 2021 Marshall University

Law Helps Ensure Safety Of The Supply Chain, Kenneth Maxik, Craig Kimble, Alberto Coustasse

Management Faculty Research

The Drug Quality and Security Act was signed into law on November 27, 2013, and included the Title 2 Drug Supply Chain and Security Act (DSCSA). This legislation was introduced to enact a federal prescription drug safety standard to decrease contamination, counterfeiting, diversion, and otherwise harmful illicit activities. It also improves the detection and elimination of potentially unsafe drugs from the drug supply chain to protect US consumers.


Endophytes Of Brazilian Medicinal Plants With Activity Against Phytopathogens, Jucélia Iantas, Daiani Cristina Savi, Renata da Silva Schibelbein, Sandriele Aparecida Noriler, Beatriz Marques Assad, Guilherme Dilarri, Henrique Ferreira, Jürgen Rohr, Jon S. Thorson, Khaled A. Shaaban, Chirlei Glienke 2021 Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

Endophytes Of Brazilian Medicinal Plants With Activity Against Phytopathogens, Jucélia Iantas, Daiani Cristina Savi, Renata Da Silva Schibelbein, Sandriele Aparecida Noriler, Beatriz Marques Assad, Guilherme Dilarri, Henrique Ferreira, Jürgen Rohr, Jon S. Thorson, Khaled A. Shaaban, Chirlei Glienke

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Plant diseases caused by phytopathogens are responsible for significant crop losses worldwide. Resistance induction and biological control have been exploited in agriculture due to their enormous potential. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi of leaves and petioles of medicinal plants Vochysia divergens and Stryphnodendron adstringens located in two regions of high diversity in Brazil, Pantanal, and Cerrado, respectively. We recovered 1,304 fungal isolates and based on the characteristics of the culture, were assigned to 159 phenotypes. One isolate was selected as representative of each phenotype and studied for antimicrobial activity against phytopathogens. Isolates with ...


Opioid Abuse: Are Doctors Creating The Problem?, Nguyen Tran 2021 Kennesaw State University

Opioid Abuse: Are Doctors Creating The Problem?, Nguyen Tran

Symposium of Student Scholars

Opioid abuse and overdose are serious health problems in the United States. Current research has concentrated on the treatment and prevention of opioid abuse. Using data from the Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System (CURES) for California zip codes, my research focuses on the causes of opioid overdose by considering the relationships between the following variables within each zip code: population size, average number of prescriptions per doctor, percentage of people who receive opioid prescriptions, percentage of people receiving the same prescription drug from 3 or more doctors, average number of opioid pills per prescription and number of people ...


The Role Of The Pharmacist In The Treatment Of Infantile Botulism, Rachel E. Huntsman, Abigail Schauble 2021 Presbyterian/St. Luke's Medical Center/Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children

The Role Of The Pharmacist In The Treatment Of Infantile Botulism, Rachel E. Huntsman, Abigail Schauble

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Infantile botulism is a potentially devastating disease caused by ingestion of Clostridium botulinum spores through food products or dust particles. The toxin produced by the spores can lead to descending paralysis requiring hospitalization for supportive care which sometimes includes mechanical ventilation. Human Botulism Immune Globulin-Intravenous (BIG-IV or BabyBIG) from the Infant Botulism Treatment and Prevention Program (IBTPP) has been shown to greatly improve outcomes. A previously healthy 5-month-old infant was admitted to her regional hospital for poor feeding and lethargy. When the weakness progressed and she had trouble with protecting her airway, she was intubated and transferred to our institution ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress