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Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay 2016 Aurora Health Care

Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay

Brenda Fay

Although most patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome or acute ischemic stroke in South Asian countries receive these evidence-based treatments, their overall continuation in the outpatient phase of care remains low. Patient from Pakistan are uniquely challenged in this respect because the overall literacy rates remain one of the lowest in Pakistan among South Asian Countries. In addition, a great majority of Pakistani patients often do not understand or follow health prescriptions (which are still written in English). Additionally, due to an unregulated health industry, they frequently take multiple opinions and prescriptions from different physicians. The investigators propose to develop ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi 2016 Trivedi Global Inc.

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Low Power Class B Power Amplifier For Healthcare Application, Wei Cai 2016 University of California, Irvine

Low Power Class B Power Amplifier For Healthcare Application, Wei Cai

Heng Gu


The objective of this research was to design a 2.4 GHz class AB Power Amplifier (PA), with 0.18um Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) CMOS technology by using Cadence software, for health care applications. The ultimate goal for such application is to minimize the trade-offs between performance and cost, and between performance and low power consumption design. This paper introduces the design of a 2.4GHz class D power amplifier which consists of two stage amplifiers. This power amplifier can transmit 15dBm output power to a 50Ω load. The power added efficiency was 50% and the total power consumption ...


Ld50 Testing Of Botulinum Toxin For Use As A Cosmetic, Martin L. Stephens, Michael Balls 2016 The Humane Society of the United States

Ld50 Testing Of Botulinum Toxin For Use As A Cosmetic, Martin L. Stephens, Michael Balls

Martin Stephens, Ph.D.

In 2003, the Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments (FRAME) revealed that the potency of botulinum toxin for use as a popular wrinkle treatment is assessed by using the LD50 Test. The endpoint in this mouse-based testing is death through suffocation. In 2004, The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) sought to work with Allergan, the US-based manufacturer of Botox® Cosmetic, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), on ways to refine, reduce, and replace this LD50 testing. This article summarises The HSUS’s campaign in the United States and provides an update on ...


A Mechanical Study Of Cancer Drug-Receptor Interactions, Specifically In G-Quadruplex Dna And Topoisomerase I Enzymes, Kelly Ann Mulholland 2016 Rowan University

A Mechanical Study Of Cancer Drug-Receptor Interactions, Specifically In G-Quadruplex Dna And Topoisomerase I Enzymes, Kelly Ann Mulholland

Theses and Dissertations

Computational methods are becoming essential in drug discovery as they provide information that traditional drug development methods lack. Using these methods to understand drug-receptor interactions in detail, researchers are able to efficiently design promising drug candidates. In this study, extra precision Glide docking, molecular dynamics simulations and MMGBSA binding energy calculations provided information about the binding behavior of small molecules to two specific targets for current cancer therapeutics: G-quadruplex DNA and Topoisomerase I enzyme. The first study focuses on the compound Telomestatin, which induces apoptosis of various cancer cells with a relatively low effect on somatic cells due to its ...


Cedarville University School Of Pharmacy: Mission Is At The Core Of Who We Are, Thaddeus T. Franz, Phillip L. Thornton, Jeffrey L. Huston, Melody L. Hartzler, Emily M. Laswell, Kasandra Chambers 2016 Cedarville University

Cedarville University School Of Pharmacy: Mission Is At The Core Of Who We Are, Thaddeus T. Franz, Phillip L. Thornton, Jeffrey L. Huston, Melody L. Hartzler, Emily M. Laswell, Kasandra Chambers

Thaddeus T. Franz, R.Ph., Pharm.D.

No abstract provided.


Glp-1 Agonists In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review Of The Literature, Kristin M. Janzen, Taylor D. Steuber, Sarah A. Nisly 2016 Butler University

Glp-1 Agonists In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review Of The Literature, Kristin M. Janzen, Taylor D. Steuber, Sarah A. Nisly

Sarah A. Nisly

Objective: To review the use of GLP-1 agonists in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Data Sources: A search using the MEDLINE database, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database was performed through March 2016 using the search terms glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists, incretin, liraglutide, exenatide, albiglutide, dulaglutide, type 1 diabetes mellitus. Study Selection and Data Extraction: All English-language trials that examined glycemic end points using GLP- 1 agonists in humans with T1DM were included. Data Synthesis: A total of 9 clinical trials examining the use of GLP-1 agonists in T1DM were identified. On average, hemoglobin A1C (A1C) was lower than ...


The Impact Of Incorporating Of Pharmacogenomics Into The Pharmacy Curriculum On Student Interest, Natalya Vaksman, Mitchell Barnett, Leann Hakobyan, Ilya Kutcher, Maggie Louie 2016 Touro University of California

The Impact Of Incorporating Of Pharmacogenomics Into The Pharmacy Curriculum On Student Interest, Natalya Vaksman, Mitchell Barnett, Leann Hakobyan, Ilya Kutcher, Maggie Louie

Maggie Louie

Background: Pharmacogenomics content in the pharmacy curriculum has increased since AACP adopted NCHPEG guidelines in 2001. Aims: To evaluate how program level curricular changes impact pharmacy student opinions regarding pharmacogenomics, and gauge student interest in pursuing a career in pharmacogenomics. Methods: First and third year students from eight pharmacy schools in California completed a survey indicating their attitudes towards pharmacogenomics. Results: The survey concluded that the presence of a stand-alone pharmacogenomics course did not impact student perceived preparedness for a career in pharmacogenomics. Furthermore, the presence of a course did not influence student interest in pursuing a residency, fellowship, or ...


Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Curriculum For College Students, Danielle M. Colangelo, Alexis K. Sepulveda 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Curriculum For College Students, Danielle M. Colangelo, Alexis K. Sepulveda

Kinesiology

The recreational use of prescription drugs has been increasingly common in university communities (Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2015). Students may abuse prescription drugs to get high, study longer or sleep. A survey conducted by Kinesiology students used snowball sampling to assess the number of Cal Poly students recreationally using prescription drugs and their knowledge of prescription drug abuse (Colangelo & Sepulveda, 2015). The assessment showed 30.7% of students had abused prescription drugs in the last six months. There was an increase in abuse between college freshmen (19.2%), college sophomores (41.4%) and juniors (44.3%) (Colangelo & Sepulveda ...


Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu 2016 Chapman University

Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...


Did A Physician-Targeted Intervention That Reduced Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing To Elderly Patients Also Reduce Related Hospitalizations?, Jacquelyn McRae, PharmD, Sarah E. Hegarty, PharmD, M. Alcusky, A. Vegesna, S. Varga, S. W. Keith, S. Del Canale, M. Lombardi, Vittorio Maio, PharmD, MSPH 2016 Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

Did A Physician-Targeted Intervention That Reduced Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing To Elderly Patients Also Reduce Related Hospitalizations?, Jacquelyn Mcrae, Pharmd, Sarah E. Hegarty, Pharmd, M. Alcusky, A. Vegesna, S. Varga, S. W. Keith, S. Del Canale, M. Lombardi, Vittorio Maio, Pharmd, Msph

Jefferson College of Population Health Posters

Objectives:

To determine whether a general practitioner focused intervention aimed at decreasing PIM prescribing in the elderly can decrease the risk of PIM-related hospitalizations.

Poster presented at 2016 ISPOR conference in Washington DC.


Crystal Protein Cry5b As A Novel And Powerful Anthelmintic, David Koch, Zeynep Mirza, Yan Hu, Thanh-thanh Nguyen, Gary R. Ostroff, Raffi V. Aroian 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Crystal Protein Cry5b As A Novel And Powerful Anthelmintic, David Koch, Zeynep Mirza, Yan Hu, Thanh-Thanh Nguyen, Gary R. Ostroff, Raffi V. Aroian

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), most notably, hookworms, whipworms, and Ascaris, are nematodes that infect more than 1.5 billion of the poorest people and are amongst the leading causes of morbidity worldwide. Only two classes of de-worming drugs (anthelmintics) are available for treatment, and only one is commonly used in mass drug administrations. New anthelmintics are urgently needed to overcome emerging resistance and to produce higher cure rates. Crystal (Cry) proteins, in particular Cry5B, made by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are promising new candidates. Cry5B has excellent anthelmintic properties against many free-living and parasitic nematodes, including in vivo efficacy against multiple STH ...


Text Mining From Drug Surveillance Report Narratives, Susmitha Wunnava, Tabassum Kakar, Xiao Qi, Elke A. Rudensteiner 2016 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Text Mining From Drug Surveillance Report Narratives, Susmitha Wunnava, Tabassum Kakar, Xiao Qi, Elke A. Rudensteiner

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Analysis of postmarket drug surveillance reports is imperative to ensure drug safety and effectiveness. FAERS (FDA Adverse Event Reporting System) is a surveillance system that monitors Adverse Events (AEs) from drugs and biologic products. The AEs are reported through MedWatch voluntary reports (initiated from patients and healthcare providers) and mandatory reports (initiated from manufacturers). Much of the information in the voluntary AE reports is narratives or unstructured text. The increasing volume of individual reports, estimated at more than one million per year, poses a challenge for the staff to review large volume of narratives for drug clinical review. We are ...


Theoretical And Experimental Analysis Of The Antioxidant And Anti-Amyloid Features Of Synthetic Resveratrol Mimics, William Horton, Anne Kokel, Fanni Török, Chris Tran, Marianna Török, Bela Török 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Theoretical And Experimental Analysis Of The Antioxidant And Anti-Amyloid Features Of Synthetic Resveratrol Mimics, William Horton, Anne Kokel, Fanni Török, Chris Tran, Marianna Török, Bela Török

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Diaryl hydrazones, possessing similar structure to the popular red wine antioxidant resveratrol, have been previously identified as multitarget compounds interfering with several processes associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). These compounds exhibited particularly strong inhibition of the amyloid beta (A) peptide self-assembly, including blocking the formation of fibrils and oligomers, species that are widely accepted to be neurotoxic. The molecules were also powerful free radical scavengers and thus have a potential to defend against oxidative stress.

In order to learn more about the mode of action of the compounds, theoretical and experimental studies have been carried out ...


Invitrometrix Qcm-Based Cell Biosensor: Research Tool To Accelerate Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery Success, Abiche H. Dewilde 2016 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Invitrometrix Qcm-Based Cell Biosensor: Research Tool To Accelerate Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery Success, Abiche H. Dewilde

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Shark Tank-UMass Spin-out Life Sciences Start-ups," Dr. Dewilde discusses an example of UMass life sciences technology that has been spun out into a start-up company -- Cell QCM from UMass Lowell.


Voyager Therapeutics - A Spinout From Umass Gene Therapy And Rnai Technologies, Guangping Gao 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Voyager Therapeutics - A Spinout From Umass Gene Therapy And Rnai Technologies, Guangping Gao

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Shark Tank-UMass Spin-out Life Sciences Start-ups," Dr. Gao discusses an example of UMass life sciences technology that has been spun out into a start-up company -- Voyager Therapeutics from UMass Worcester.


Hiv Vaccines: Progress, Limitations And A Crispr/Cas9 Vaccine, Omar A. Garcia Martinez 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Hiv Vaccines: Progress, Limitations And A Crispr/Cas9 Vaccine, Omar A. Garcia Martinez

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

ABSTRACT: The HIV-1 pandemic continues to thrive due to ineffective HIV-1 vaccines. Historically, the world’s most infectious diseases, such as polio and smallpox, have been eradicated or have come close to eradication due to the advent of effective vaccines. Highly active antiretroviral therapy is able to delay the onset of AIDS but can neither rid the body of HIV-1 proviral DNA nor prevent further transmission. A prophylactic vaccine that prevents the various mechanisms HIV-1 has to evade and attack our immune system is needed to end the HIV-1 pandemic. Recent advances in engineered nuclease systems, like the CRISPR/Cas9 ...


Biosimilars In Rheumatology: What The Clinician Should Know, Gilberto Castaneda-Hernandez, Rodrigo Gonzalez-Ramirez, Jonathan Kay, Morton A. Scheinberg 2016 National Polytechnic Institute

Biosimilars In Rheumatology: What The Clinician Should Know, Gilberto Castaneda-Hernandez, Rodrigo Gonzalez-Ramirez, Jonathan Kay, Morton A. Scheinberg

Jonathan Kay

Biosimilars are now a reality in rheumatology. Although analytical and non-clinical procedures to establish similarity have evolved significantly, clinical trials demonstrating equivalent efficacy and safety are absolutely required for all biosimilars. The design of such trials, including equivalence and non-inferiority statistical approaches, are discussed. Clinical evidence on biosimilars that have been approved recently or are presently being developed for use in rheumatology is also reviewed and contrasted with that available for biomimics (or intended copies), which are non-innovator biologics that are marketed in several countries but have not undergone review according to a regulatory pathway for biosimilars.


Improving Collaboration Between Pharmacists And Physicians, Paras Patel 2016 Butler University

Improving Collaboration Between Pharmacists And Physicians, Paras Patel

BU Well

Physicians and pharmacists have differing but complementary roles that can optimize patient care when structured effectively. Unfortunately, these two professionals are not collaborating well enough, as patient outcomes, especially in relation to medication adherence, continue to decline. Coordinated care of patients can improve by expanding bidirectional communication and sharing additional patient information with each other. It will be necessary to continue to promote collaborative care in the educational and training stages of these professionals’ careers to build trust and understanding of professional scope. Ultimately, the healthcare infrastructure will have to continue to progress to make collaboration more available and valuable ...


An N Of One: My Review Of Management Of Type 1 Diabetes, Myself As Patient, Jarred Daugherty 2016 Butler University

An N Of One: My Review Of Management Of Type 1 Diabetes, Myself As Patient, Jarred Daugherty

BU Well

As technology has advanced, so has the management of diabetes. Insulin, the essential medication for type 1 diabetes, is marketed in an array of formulations and devices. Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) can be inserted to measure blood glucose every 5 minutes. The rise of social media has given diabetics online support groups, where they can share their story and learn from others overcoming similar challenges. So, how well do the current diabetes management strategies work? My name Is Jarred and I’m a type 1 diabetic. I have tried many of these products and this article is a review of ...


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