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Reliability Of Clinical Evaluators Of Spasticity In Patients With Stroke, Tiffany Alvino, Shiney David, Chelsea Gendvil 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Reliability Of Clinical Evaluators Of Spasticity In Patients With Stroke, Tiffany Alvino, Shiney David, Chelsea Gendvil

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Spasticity is characterized by hyperexcitable stretch reflexes with amplitude increases in response to velocity dependent passive movement and resistance. Spasticity is the result of abnormal function of segmental and suprasegmental neuronal circuits. The objective of this study was to determine any positive correlation between three clinical evaluators of spasticity (i.e., the pendulum test, the patellar tendon tap test (PTT), and the Modified Ashworth scale) in their reliability to assess spasticity in people post-stroke. It was hypothesized that the use of force movement sensors along with surface electromyography increases the reliability of the standardized clinical tests. The results show that ...


Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Survey To Assess Inclusion In Dpt Curricula In The United States, Michael Erickson, Paul Nasri, David Perrotto 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Survey To Assess Inclusion In Dpt Curricula In The United States, Michael Erickson, Paul Nasri, David Perrotto

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The objective of this study is to assess the current level of inclusion of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Doctor of Physical Therapy curricula in the United States. This survey provides self-reported data regarding the challenges associated with incorporating TCM into the curriculum. All 228 CAPTE (Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education) accredited Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) programs were included in this survey instrument. A College of Staten Island (CSI) Human & Animal Protection Office (HARPPO) approved survey was e-mailed to the chairperson of each DPT program and respondent data was stored via a secure Survey Monkey® online database ...


Multi-Digit Coordination In Absence Of Cutaneous Sensory Feedback During Grasping Tasks, Christina Gioeli, Kerry McPartlan, Emily Reid, Matthew Turturro 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Multi-Digit Coordination In Absence Of Cutaneous Sensory Feedback During Grasping Tasks, Christina Gioeli, Kerry Mcpartlan, Emily Reid, Matthew Turturro

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Motor learning and adaptation to object properties and task requirements requires integration of cutaneous sensory feedback with motor commands. Joint mechanics constantly change, with individual joints or muscles compensation so performance output is the same per task. Effects of mixed cutaneous sensory feedback on multi-digit coordination is not well understood. Investigators sought to determine the influence absent cutaneous sensory feedback has on motor learning and adaptation, and how the CNS coordinates multi-digit mechanical output to adapt to manual tasks, with partially intact digital sensory feedback. 19 participants were randomly assigned for three-digit anesthesia administration (TIM- thumb, index, middle; TRL- thumb ...


Physiopathology And Intervention In Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review, Justin Gelesky, Dylann C. Germann, Amanda Percaccio, Rachelle Schick 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Physiopathology And Intervention In Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review, Justin Gelesky, Dylann C. Germann, Amanda Percaccio, Rachelle Schick

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the United States, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic illness in the adult population affecting an estimated 27 million individuals with a yearly health care cost of over $150 billion (CDC, 2014; Lawrence et al., 2008). The pathological osteoarthritic process results in the progressive degradation of articular cartilage due to chemical and biological imbalances within a joint (Weiland et al., 2005). These imbalances are not well understood and neither are the biomechanical joint changes that occur as a result. Due to these limitations, treating and monitoring this condition is a challenge to clinicians and the processes are currently ...


The Efficacy Of Motor Imagery Training On Range Of Motion, Pain And Function Of Patients After Total Knee Replacement, Noorelhoda Mahmoud, Marc A. Razzano Jr., Karen Tischler 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Efficacy Of Motor Imagery Training On Range Of Motion, Pain And Function Of Patients After Total Knee Replacement, Noorelhoda Mahmoud, Marc A. Razzano Jr., Karen Tischler

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present study examined the potential of motor imagery training and investigated the role of motor imagery instructions (audio) to improve knee range of motion after a total knee replacement. The participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental motor imagery group (n=4) or a control group (n=6). Both groups performed specific exercises to improve their knee range of motion and strengthen their muscles. Participants in the Motor Imagery group performed a motor imagery training exercise for a knee flexion stretch on the stairs prior to performing the actual exercise. The motor imagery group demonstrated a significantly greater ...


Ot & Industrial Design: Developing Client-Centered Product Designs To Enhance Occupational Performance & Participation, Kimberly S. Mollo, OTD, OTR/L, Robert W. Walsh, MS, OTR/L, Michael McAllister, MID 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Ot & Industrial Design: Developing Client-Centered Product Designs To Enhance Occupational Performance & Participation, Kimberly S. Mollo, Otd, Otr/L, Robert W. Walsh, Ms, Otr/L, Michael Mcallister, Mid

Department of Occupational Therapy, Presentations

Objectives

  • Recognize the needs and benefits of broadening inter-professional collaborations outside traditional occupational therapy models of teaching, learning, and practice.
  • Identify components required to create, conduct, and integrate effective inter-professional occupational therapy and industrial design collaboration
  • Describe outcomes to measure effectiveness at the student, client, and inter-professional levels.


Teaching Mindfulness Strategies To Parents Of Adolescents With Executive Functioning Deficits To Support Caregiving Skills, Kimberly S. Mollo, OTD, OTR/L 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Teaching Mindfulness Strategies To Parents Of Adolescents With Executive Functioning Deficits To Support Caregiving Skills, Kimberly S. Mollo, Otd, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy, Presentations

SETTING & BACKGROUND

Health Horizons

  • Suburban private medical practice located in suburbs of Philadelphia
    • General, integrative, and holistic medicine; psychiatry
  • OT referrals contracted to Kimberly S. Mollo’s private homecare practice
    • Population: child, adolescent & young adult (ages 7-25)
    • Dx: ADHD, ODD, LD, NVLD, anxiety, & co-morbid executive dysfunction
    • OT sessions in home; parents are present to provide carryover
    • Fee-for-service pay structure

Executive Functioning

  • Defined: complex neurological processes necessary for purposeful activity
  • Skills emerge, combine, and mature during teenage years
  • Lack of skill attainment:
    • Leads to difficulties in all areas of occupation
    • Predictor of level of occupational dysfunction in adulthood
  • Parents are ill-equipped to facilitate skill development
  • Mindful approach to parenting enhances caregiving ability


Using Animals During Occupational Therapy To Improve Quality Of Life, Lauren Morosky, MAT, OTS, Elizabeth Gina Fenn, OTS, Audrey Zapletal, MS, OTR/L 2016 Thomas Jefferson University, College of Health Professions, Department of Occupational Therapy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Using Animals During Occupational Therapy To Improve Quality Of Life, Lauren Morosky, Mat, Ots, Elizabeth Gina Fenn, Ots, Audrey Zapletal, Ms, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy, Presentations

Background:

Integrating animals into occupational therapy intervention with individuals of various health conditions…

  • Incorporating animals into an OT intervention plan is unique and can be an alternative to traditional device. Research suggests the animals may be viewed as a form of assistive technology(Camp, 2001).
  • Occupational therapy intervention incorporating animals may:
  • Increase participation in the community
  • Augment the individual’s independence
  • Positively impact the individual's psychosocial functioning (Camp, 2001)


Preventing And Treating Type 2 Diabetes Through A Physically Active Lifestyle, Raymond W. Leung, Jim Kamla, Man-Cheong Lee, Jennifer Y. Mak 2016 Marshall University

Preventing And Treating Type 2 Diabetes Through A Physically Active Lifestyle, Raymond W. Leung, Jim Kamla, Man-Cheong Lee, Jennifer Y. Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

By the late 1960s, the increasing number of type 2 diabetic cases in children and adolescents rapidly presented a signifi cant public health issue recognized by the American Diabetes Association (2000). Since then, the prevalence of pediatric type 2 diabetes appears to be on the rise not only in the United States but all around the world (Gungor et al., 2005). In the United States, an increase from fewer than four percent to more than 50 percent of new cases of type 2 diabetes in the pediatric population was reported between the years of 1982 and 1998 (American Diabetes Association ...


Rehabilitation And Reconditioning: It’S More Than Just Traditional Conditioning, Rob Orr 2016 Bond University

Rehabilitation And Reconditioning: It’S More Than Just Traditional Conditioning, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

No abstract provided.


One-Mile Step Count At Walking And Running Speeds, Werner W. K. Hoeger, Laura Bond, Lynda Ransdell, Jane M. Shimon, Sunitha Merugu 2016 Boise State University

One-Mile Step Count At Walking And Running Speeds, Werner W. K. Hoeger, Laura Bond, Lynda Ransdell, Jane M. Shimon, Sunitha Merugu

Laura Bond

The article discusses how to walk and run at various speeds using one-mile step count. The author mentions that walking is probably the easiest way to perform a physical activity. An explanation about the impact of higher-intensity exercise on the general recommendation of accumulating 10,000 steps per day is also presented.


Optimism Bias In Fitness, Katrielle Marx 2016 Abilene Christian University

Optimism Bias In Fitness, Katrielle Marx

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The people of the United States of America have been concerned with the population’s overweight and obesity rate for a while. The purpose of this study was to find out if optimism bias had an influence on fitness. Optimism bias is overestimating the likelihood of positive events and underestimate the likelihood of negative events happening in one’s life. This study created a fitness optimism scale and used a set of fitness assessments and exercise questions to correlate with the fitness optimism bias. There were 105 students who participated in this study, 82 females and 23 males with a ...


Psychometric Properties Of The Hindi Version Of The Disabilities Of Arm, Shoulder, And Hand: A Pilot Study, Saurabh Mehta, Ramesh Tiruttani, Manraj N. Kaur, Joy MacDermid, Rania Karim 2016 Marshall University

Psychometric Properties Of The Hindi Version Of The Disabilities Of Arm, Shoulder, And Hand: A Pilot Study, Saurabh Mehta, Ramesh Tiruttani, Manraj N. Kaur, Joy Macdermid, Rania Karim

Rania Karim

Objectives. To culturally adapt and translate the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire into Hindi (DASH-H) and assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness in adult patients with shoulder tendonitis. Study Design. Descriptive methodological research, using longitudinal design. Setting. Outpatient clinic. Participants. 30 adult patients aged 53.3 ± 6.9 y with shoulder tendonitis. Data Analyses. DASH-H, visual analogue scales for pain (VAS-P) and disability (VAS-D), and shoulder active range of motion (AROM) were assessed at baseline, 2-3 days later, and 4-5 weeks after baseline. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) assessed test-retest reliability of these scales and responsiveness was examined by ...


An Audit Of Antenatal Education Facilitated By Physiotherapists In Western Australian Public Hospitals, Judy Wilson, Richard G. Berlach, Anne-Marie Hill 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

An Audit Of Antenatal Education Facilitated By Physiotherapists In Western Australian Public Hospitals, Judy Wilson, Richard G. Berlach, Anne-Marie Hill

Richard Berlach

This paper reports on the delivery of antenatal education by physiotherapists in Western Australia in 2012, including the location of antenatal education providers, number of mothers attending, qualifications of physiotherapists involved, allocation of physiotherapy hours, the content of the education, and strategies used to enhance learning in the classes. A survey was emailed to the physiotherapists in 31 hospitals with maternity services that were funded by the Department of Health Western Australia. Antenatal education facilitated by a physiotherapist was provided at 25/30 (83.3%) hospitals. Four physiotherapists had postgraduate women’s health qualifications and all the antenatal education classes ...


The Comparison Of Dual-Tasking And Functional Fitness In Older Females, Anna Engler 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Comparison Of Dual-Tasking And Functional Fitness In Older Females, Anna Engler

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Context: America’s aging population is growing faster than ever, resulting in increasing challenges for healthcare providers and caregivers. Over 33% of adults aged 65 and older fall annually, and falls are the number one cause of injury-related death in this age group. Assessing fall risk is difficult due to its multifactorial nature, but functional fitness serves as a proxy measure. Women are at a particularly high risk for fall-related injury due to lower bone mineral density and higher fall frequency when compared to males. Fear of falling is also a serious contributor to fall risk, and it affects up ...


Walking To Recovery - The Effects Of Postsurgical Ambulation On Patient Recovery Times, Trent William Stethen 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Walking To Recovery - The Effects Of Postsurgical Ambulation On Patient Recovery Times, Trent William Stethen

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise Program For Older Adults, Anna Lee, Courtney Beyer, Jessica Lim, Sienna Anderson 2016 Dominican University of California

The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise Program For Older Adults, Anna Lee, Courtney Beyer, Jessica Lim, Sienna Anderson

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, falls are the most common cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults over the age of 65 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2009). Falls can lead to a myriad of traumatic physical and emotional consequences. Integrated exercise programs such as the Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program are effective in preventing falls and increasing fall efficacy in individuals who have previously fallen (Clemson et al., 2012). The purpose of our study was to examine if the LiFE program is as effective in reducing fall risk and increasing fall ...


Effectiveness Of The Bridge/Adapt Program On Functional Skill Generalization After Acquired Brain Injury, Janice S. Li, Diana Lopez, Eugene Cheung, Angela Talamantez 2016 Dominican University of California

Effectiveness Of The Bridge/Adapt Program On Functional Skill Generalization After Acquired Brain Injury, Janice S. Li, Diana Lopez, Eugene Cheung, Angela Talamantez

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

This study explored the effectiveness of the Bridge/Adapt program for generalizing increased cognition to functional skills. Three participants, identified as having significant cognitive impairments as measured by the Cognistat assessment, participated in the Bridge/Adapt program, an eight-week program that includes both remedial and compensatory components. The remedial component used was a computer-based cognitive rehabilitation program called Parrot Software. Past studies have proven computer-based cognitive rehabilitation to be effective in increasing overall cognition. The Bridge/Adapt module is the compensatory component that utilized a variety of strategies and everyday tasks to facilitate the generalization of improved cognition to functional ...


Increasing Occupational Participation Of Older Adults With Low Vision Through An Occupation-Based Exercise Video, Valerie J. DeRoos, Skyler Moon 2016 Dominican University of California

Increasing Occupational Participation Of Older Adults With Low Vision Through An Occupation-Based Exercise Video, Valerie J. Deroos, Skyler Moon

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

With the increasingly large population of older adults with low vision, many older adults would benefit from having a guide dog as an assistive device. When walking with a guide dog, different upper extremity muscles and postures are adopted to handle the guide dog. However, older adults with low vision may not be in the proper physical condition to meet the strenuous demands of handling a guide dog due to the normal aging process and decreased mobility. To prevent pain and injury, stretching and strengthening muscles used when handling a guide dog may benefit older adults before entering the Guide ...


Preventing And Reducing Falls In Assisted Living Facilities: An Educational Intervention, Jennifer A. Borcich, Raquel F. Ramos, Taylor S. Wong 2016 Dominican University of California

Preventing And Reducing Falls In Assisted Living Facilities: An Educational Intervention, Jennifer A. Borcich, Raquel F. Ramos, Taylor S. Wong

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

As the number of older adults continues to rise, falling in older adults has become a national health care issue. Many older adults who fall reside in assisted living facilities. Every time a fall incident occurs, first responders are called, utilizing a significant amount of first responder’s time and resources. Therefore, the purpose of this project was to implement a fall prevention program for residents of an assisted living facility (ALF) to reduce fall risk and fall-related calls to the local fire department. The project consisted of a four-week course given once weekly for 60 minutes to residents at ...


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