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The Reliability And Validity Of The Ten Test And Exploring A New, Visual Version, Nancy Durrant 2014 McMaster University

The Reliability And Validity Of The Ten Test And Exploring A New, Visual Version, Nancy Durrant

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Sensation threshold assessment is an important component of physical assessment. Current literature has either limited information on the clinical measurement properties of sensory threshold tests, or has demonstrated concerns in reliability, validity, responsiveness and/or clinical utility. The Ten Test (TT) is an easy and quantifiable test of moving light touch sensation requiring no equipment, however; evidence regarding its reliability and validity are limited. In this thesis, I explored the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of the Ten Test. I also developed a new, visual version of the Ten Test which was assessed for concurrent validity and patient preferences. The ...


Body Image And Quality Of Life: An Exploration Among Individuals With Head And Neck Cancer, Melissa M. Nash 2014 Western University

Body Image And Quality Of Life: An Exploration Among Individuals With Head And Neck Cancer, Melissa M. Nash

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: One of the most distressing aspects of head and neck cancer (HNC) is the potential for physical disfigurement. Such changes may impact one’s body image (BI) with a secondary potential to impact long-term functioning; hence, changes in perceived BI may be seen as a critical component that influences post-treatment quality of life (QOL).

Methods: Forty participants completed 4 validated questionnaires during regular clinical follow-up visits.

Results: Perception of BI image does influence perception of QOL following HNC treatment(s), yet perceptions are highly individualized. Gender related differences are notable on BI questionnaire scores.

Conclusions: Data suggest that efforts ...


Inter-Relationships Of Functional Status In Children With Cerebral Palsy: An Extension, Emily Dyszuk 2014 Western University

Inter-Relationships Of Functional Status In Children With Cerebral Palsy: An Extension, Emily Dyszuk

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The primary aim of this study was to establish functional profiles for children with cerebral palsy (CP), by determining the relationships between three classification systems (the Gross Motor Function Classification System, the Manual Ability Classification System, and the Communication Function Classification System). The secondary aim of this study was to investigate the number and impact of health conditions in the most prevalent clusters. Data were analyzed on 222 children with CP with an average age of 6.1 years, from several locations across North America. A total of 56 out of 125 possible combinations were recorded; four most prevalent cell ...


Diverseot: Increasing Diversity Within The Field Of Occupational Therapy, Jocelyn Dressel, OTS, Erin Shervinskie, OTS, Lauren Yaker, OTS 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Diverseot: Increasing Diversity Within The Field Of Occupational Therapy, Jocelyn Dressel, Ots, Erin Shervinskie, Ots, Lauren Yaker, Ots

Collaborative Research and Evidence shared Among Therapists and Educators (CREATE Day)

Objectives of Presentation:

At the end of this session, participants will be able to:

1. Describe the need to increase diversity among occupational therapy professionals

2. Recognize the impact of the absence of diversity within health professions

3. Discuss strategies utilized by other health professions to increase diversity in their student and professional workforce

4. Analyze and adapt effective strategies to increase diversity in the occupational therapy workforce

PICO What are effective strategies to increase diversity among OT students in order to create a diverse workforce?

Note: Handout only, no audio


An Overview Of Cancer Rehabilitation And Exercise In The Literature: Promoting Increased Referrals To Improve Oncology Outcomes, Leslie J. Waltke 2014 Aurora Health Care

An Overview Of Cancer Rehabilitation And Exercise In The Literature: Promoting Increased Referrals To Improve Oncology Outcomes, Leslie J. Waltke

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Medical management for malignant neoplastic diseases includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal and biological therapies. Each of these antineoplastic interventions has unique impacts on physiological, musculoskeletal and functional performance. Cancer rehabilitation is the area of physical medicine responsible for addressing impairments associated with cancer treatment and survivorship, advanced disease and end of life. Although it is expected that more than one-half of persons being treated for cancer will suffer moderate pain and physical and functional decline, and that most will describe fatigue, referrals to rehabilitation are traditionally low. Evidence suggests that referrals to rehabilitation before, during and after treatment for ...


Concept Mapping And The Cognitive Orientation To Daily Occupational Performance (Co-Op) Approach As An Intervention Framework For Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd), Jessie A. Wilson 2014 Western University

Concept Mapping And The Cognitive Orientation To Daily Occupational Performance (Co-Op) Approach As An Intervention Framework For Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd), Jessie A. Wilson

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Individuals who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience a range of difficulties that impact their daily occupational performance. The current body of research identifies the importance of occupational engagement and competence as fundamental elements in facilitating an individual’s social connections, development of personal autonomy and overall wellbeing. This dissertation explores the use of concept mapping embedded within the meta-cognitive framework of the Cognitive Orientation to Daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach, to engage adolescents with ASD in meaningful occupations.

This thesis contains three manuscripts, an introductory and a final reflection chapter. The first manuscript is a methodological paper ...


Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary

Exercise Science Faculty Publications

Diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound has potential clinical utility in characterizing pathological muscle tissue. Sonography has been long proposed as method of assessing muscle damage due to neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy, and more recently, changes in body and tissue composition associated with muscle wasting disorders such as sarcopenia. The use of quantitative ultrasound as an adjunct diagnostic procedure has different technical challenges than the traditional use of ultrasound in clinical medicine. Operator-dependent technique and variation are critical considerations when obtaining measures of echointensity (i.e., tissue composition estimates) and tissue dimensions (i.e., muscle thickness) – key elements of the ultrasound ...


A Mosaic Of Creativity In Occupational Therapy, Molly Bathje MS, OTR/L 2014 Western Michigan University

A Mosaic Of Creativity In Occupational Therapy, Molly Bathje Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Martha Branson-Banks, OT, provided the cover art for the summer 2014 issue of the Open Journal of Occupational Therapy. The piece is titled “Garden with thanks to Klimt” and is one of several mosaic art pieces in her collection of works. She created the piece with art glass and resin on an abandoned door. Her use of a repurposed door represents her belief in the capacity for transformation and beauty within each individual she has treated and taught throughout her career. Martha’s work as an occupational therapist, educator, and artist reminds us of the foundational beliefs of the occupational ...


Impact Of International Collaborative Project On Cultural Competence Among Occupational Therapy Students, Divya Sood OTD, OTR/L, Danila Cepa DHS, OTR/L, Sebestina Anita Dsouza PhD, Shovan Saha MOT, PhD, Ruby Aikat MOT, Alicia Tuuk 2014 Western Michigan University

Impact Of International Collaborative Project On Cultural Competence Among Occupational Therapy Students, Divya Sood Otd, Otr/L, Danila Cepa Dhs, Otr/L, Sebestina Anita Dsouza Phd, Shovan Saha Mot, Phd, Ruby Aikat Mot, Alicia Tuuk

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) educators recognize a need to ensure that OT students are culturally competent. The researchers developed the International Collaborative Project on Cultural Competence (ICPCC) to help students understand the impact of cultural context on client care. Entry-level MOT students from a university in the US (N = 18) collaborated with BOT students (N = 4) and advanced MOT students (N = 9) from two universities in India using an online course management system WebCT. The study explored the impact of the ICPCC on OT students’ cultural competence and discusses students’ perceptions of culture on the OT process. The Inventory for Assessing ...


The Relationship Between Admission Criteria And Fieldwork Performance In A Masters-Level Ot Program: Implications For Admissions, Molly Bathje MS, OTR/L, Rebecca Ozelie DHS, OTR/L, BCPD, Elisabeth Deavila MS, OTR/L 2014 Western Michigan University

The Relationship Between Admission Criteria And Fieldwork Performance In A Masters-Level Ot Program: Implications For Admissions, Molly Bathje Ms, Otr/L, Rebecca Ozelie Dhs, Otr/L, Bcpd, Elisabeth Deavila Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) graduate programs strive to produce an effective OT workforce with competent and engaged OT practitioners. Admission into OT graduate programs is an increasingly competitive process, with most programs having more applicants than spaces available. Programs need to select applicants that will be the most successful in meeting graduation requirements, including both academic and clinical components. This pilot study was designed to examine the relationship between admission criteria and fieldwork (FW) performance. The study utilized a retrospective analysis with a convenience sample of 108 students with complete data from a private university in the Midwest. Independent variables of ...


Developing Bilateral And Spatial Concepts In Primary School-Aged Children: An Empirical Evaluation Of The Anker Bilateral Spatial System, Janet E. Richmond PhD, Myra Taylor PhD, JP, Sarah Evans 2014 Western Michigan University

Developing Bilateral And Spatial Concepts In Primary School-Aged Children: An Empirical Evaluation Of The Anker Bilateral Spatial System, Janet E. Richmond Phd, Myra Taylor Phd, Jp, Sarah Evans

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties contribute to school-aged learning problems. Hence, a need exists to address children’s visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties as early as possible in the child’s school career. Thus, this study reports on the evaluation of the Anker Bilateral Spatial System’s (ABSS) effectiveness in remediating primary school children’s perceptual difficulties.

Method: Thirty-one children (17 boys and 14 girls) aged 6 to 12 years who had been identified by their classroom teacher as having observable visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties participated in a 10-week pre/posttest intervention study. The study’s pre/posttest ...


The Impact Of Fear Of Falling On Functional Independence Among Older Adults Receiving Home Health Services, Katherine A. Lawson OTR, LMSSW, PhD, Eugenia Catalina Gonzalez Ph.D., OTR 2014 Western Michigan University

The Impact Of Fear Of Falling On Functional Independence Among Older Adults Receiving Home Health Services, Katherine A. Lawson Otr, Lmssw, Phd, Eugenia Catalina Gonzalez Ph.D., Otr

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Falls are the fifth leading cause of death for adults aged 65 years and older. Several intrinsic and extrinsic fall risk factors have been identified, butthere is less understanding of the impact of a fear of falling on falls. Seventy percent of recent fallers and 40% percent of non-fallers report a fear of falling. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between a fear of falling and a history of falls, as well as the impact on the functional independence of community-dwelling older adults receiving home health services.

Methods: The participants completed the Falls ...


Occupational Therapy After Myocardial Or Cerebrovascular Infarction: Which Factors Influence Referrals?, Julia Drosselmeyer, Achim Jockwig, Karel Kostev, Christina Heilmaier 2014 Western Michigan University

Occupational Therapy After Myocardial Or Cerebrovascular Infarction: Which Factors Influence Referrals?, Julia Drosselmeyer, Achim Jockwig, Karel Kostev, Christina Heilmaier

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Cardiovascular diseases remain the number one cause of death worldwide, and many survivors suffer lasting disabilities. Occupational therapy can help such patients regain as much function as possible. However, little is known about the factors influencing referrals to occupational therapy after stroke or myocardial infarction (MI).

Method: Data from the IMS Disease Analyzer® database were observed for a three-year period. The study population included 7,440 patients who were examined by a cardiologist due to stroke or MI. In addition to baseline characteristics, the presence of certain cardiovascular risk factors or comorbidities was recorded. Cox regression analyses were performed ...


Influence Of Home Environment On Participation In Home Activities Of Children With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Divya Sood OTD, OTR/L, Patti LaVesser Ph.D., OTR, Caren Schranz DrOT, MS, OTR/L 2014 Western Michigan University

Influence Of Home Environment On Participation In Home Activities Of Children With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Divya Sood Otd, Otr/L, Patti Lavesser Ph.D., Otr, Caren Schranz Drot, Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: This study explored the key physical and social factors within the home environment that influence the participation of children with an ASD in home activities.

Method: Step 1 used a correlational research design to identify relationships between the home environment and participation patterns of children with ASD. Twenty-two children, ages 3 to 6 years, with a diagnosis of ASD participated. Data were collected using the Preschool Activity Card Sort (PACS), Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment Inventory (HOME), Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Hollingshead Four Factor Index of Social Status (ISS). In Step 2 ...


Questions About Race As A Research Variable, Diane Powers Dirette Ph.D., OTL 2014 Western Michigan University

Questions About Race As A Research Variable, Diane Powers Dirette Ph.D., Otl

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Preliminary Test Of A Real-Time, Interactive Silent Speech Interface Based On Electromagnetic Articulograph, Jun Wang, Ashok Samal, Jordan R. Green 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Preliminary Test Of A Real-Time, Interactive Silent Speech Interface Based On Electromagnetic Articulograph, Jun Wang, Ashok Samal, Jordan R. Green

CSE Conference and Workshop Papers

A silent speech interface (SSI) maps articulatory movement data to speech output. Although still in experimental stages, silent speech interfaces hold significant potential for facilitating oral communication in persons after laryngectomy or with other severe voice impairments. Despite the recent efforts on silent speech recognition algorithm development using offline data analysis, online test of SSIs have rarely been conducted. In this paper, we present a preliminary, online test of a real-time, interactive SSI based on electromagnetic motion tracking. The SSI played back synthesized speech sounds in response to the user’s tongue and lip movements. Three English talkers participated in ...


Examination Of The Usability Of The Ipad Among Older Adult Consumers, Mike J. Voumvakis 2014 Western University

Examination Of The Usability Of The Ipad Among Older Adult Consumers, Mike J. Voumvakis

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background and Purpose

In the current technological-era there is assumption of universal Internet access of citizens in North America. Many senior citizens have the desire to access the Internet, however have limited experience-using computers. There currently exists multiple options in addition to personal computers to access the Internet such as tablet computers, however there has been limited research performed on the use of these technologies by senior citizens.

Methodology and Methods

This paper describes the experiences and insight of five novice senior iPad owners as well as a detailed task and activity analysis of these seniors utilizing the device. Through ...


Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek 2014 Western University

Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Typically considered a disease of old-age, Parkinson’s disease can affect those younger in life, i.e., before the age of 55, when it is referred to as young-onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). Using constructionist grounded theory, this research sought to understand how, and why, individuals with YOPD became informed about their disease over time. A total of 39 individuals, who self-identified as living with YOPD, took part in this study which was organized according to four cycles of data collection. These cycles utilized focus groups, in-depth interviews and a private online discussion board, supplemented by 14 autobiographies written by ...


Measuring Fatigue In Adolescents And Young Adults With Cerebral Palsy, Laura K. Brunton 2014 Western University

Measuring Fatigue In Adolescents And Young Adults With Cerebral Palsy, Laura K. Brunton

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fatigue is a significant issue and has been estimated to affect between 30-50% of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) in various studies; however, there is no validated measure of fatigue for this population. A systematic review revealed no one single measure with adequate psychometric properties for use with individuals with CP. As a result a new tool was created: the Fatigue Impact and Severity Self-Assessment (FISSA). Interviews were conducted with youth and young adults with CP to understand the bodily experience of living with CP and as a client-centered approach to item creation for the FISSA. Focus groups with healthcare ...


An Interprofessional Falls Assessment Clinic Model To Develop Collaborative Team Skills Among Health Professional Students, Tracey Vause-Earland, MS, OTR/L, Leigh Ann Hewston, PT, MEd, Cecilia Borden, EdD, MSN, Brooke Salzman, MD, Emily Hajjar, PharmD, Ellen Furman, MSW, Christine Hsieh, MD, Susan Parks, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

An Interprofessional Falls Assessment Clinic Model To Develop Collaborative Team Skills Among Health Professional Students, Tracey Vause-Earland, Ms, Otr/L, Leigh Ann Hewston, Pt, Med, Cecilia Borden, Edd, Msn, Brooke Salzman, Md, Emily Hajjar, Pharmd, Ellen Furman, Msw, Christine Hsieh, Md, Susan Parks, Md

Department of Occupational Therapy, Presentations

BACKGROUND

  • Older adults are at increased risk for falls and fall related injuries, leading to loss of independence, disability, and increased mortality.
  • Preventing injury and falls is a national Healthy People 2010 objective. However, physicians and other health professionals frequently fail to incorporate known evidence into usual care. Screening for falls is not consistently performed as an essential assessment in older adults by primary care providers.
  • Multidisciplinary assessment can be an important component in preventing falls in community dwelling adults.
  • In new practice models, such as the Chronic Care Model, there is an emphasis on interdisciplinary collaboration, however health professions ...


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