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Use Of Distance Delivery Interventions (Web-Based, Mhealth, Telehealth) For Hard-To-Reach, Vulnerable Midlife And Older Individuals, Patricia A. Hageman 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Use Of Distance Delivery Interventions (Web-Based, Mhealth, Telehealth) For Hard-To-Reach, Vulnerable Midlife And Older Individuals, Patricia A. Hageman

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

No abstract provided.


Latina Adolescent Outreach Project, Susan C. Scwartz, Claudia Guerra, Julianna Deardorff, Janice Barlow 2016 Zero Breast Cancer

Latina Adolescent Outreach Project, Susan C. Scwartz, Claudia Guerra, Julianna Deardorff, Janice Barlow

Susan C. Schwartz

• To culturally adapt and translate into Spanish three components of the Breast Cancer and Environment – Peer Education Tool Kit (2006) for Marin County Latina adolescents: Top Twelve Messages, Teen Brochure, and Personal Action Plan

• To disseminate the adapted, translated materials to high school health educators and community organizations


Adolescent Breast Cancer Prevention, Risk Reduction And Education Project, Susan C. Schwartz, Janice Barlow 2016 Zero Breast Cancer

Adolescent Breast Cancer Prevention, Risk Reduction And Education Project, Susan C. Schwartz, Janice Barlow

Susan C. Schwartz

The Adolescent Breast Cancer Prevention, Risk Reduction and Education Project was developed in 2003 in recognition of the growing scientific evidence that early life events play an important role in the development of breast cancer and the onset of puberty is thought to be a key seventy influencing subsequent breast cancer risk.


Breast Cancer And Environment Peer Education Tool Kit -- Community Action Panel, Susan C. Schwartz 2016 Zero Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer And Environment Peer Education Tool Kit -- Community Action Panel, Susan C. Schwartz

Susan C. Schwartz

The Breast Cancer and Environment Peer Education Tool Kit culminates three years of dedicated effort by the Zero Breast Cancer leadership and staff, community partners and advisors, and peer education specialists in the San Francisco Bay Area. The teen breast cancer risk awareness curriculum tools that Zero Breast Cancer is making available to the broader community evolved from a formative community assessment to address the need for ageappropriate teen breast cancer outreach education in a community known for high breast cancer incidence.

The impetus to develop this program has been threefold: 1) to disseminate knowledge back to the community that ...


Psychosocial Aspects Of Occupational Therapy, Ruth Ramsey 2016 Department of Occupational Therapy, Dominican University of California

Psychosocial Aspects Of Occupational Therapy, Ruth Ramsey

Ruth Ramsey

Psychosocial dimensions of human performance are fundamental to all aspects of occupation and occupational therapy, with every client, and across all practice settings. Occupation is defined as “activities of everyday life, named, organized, and given meaning by individuals and a culture” (Law, Polatajko, Baptiste, & Townsend, 1977, p. 34). A key tenet of occupational therapy is that the loss of valued occupations may adversely affect an individual’s sense of self and agency in the world. An individual’s sense of self is influenced by the social, cultural, personal, psychological, and spiritual contexts in which these occupations occur (Kannenberg & Greene, 2003).


Update On Adolescent Tobacco Cessation, Madeline Keyser, Lynne J. Goebel 2016 Marshall University

Update On Adolescent Tobacco Cessation, Madeline Keyser, Lynne J. Goebel

Lynne J. Goebel

Adolescent tobacco use is decreasing in West Virginia, a state which features the Not on Tobacco (NOT) and RAZE programs. This manuscript gives an overview of recent studies in adolescent tobacco cessation, what works and what doesn’t. More research is needed to improve cessation rates in adolescents.


Does Generalization Occur Following Computer-Based Cognitive Retraining?—An Exploratory Study, Kitsum Li, Jonathan Alonso, Nisha Chadha, Jennifer Pulido 2016 Department of Occupational Therapy, Dominican University of California

Does Generalization Occur Following Computer-Based Cognitive Retraining?—An Exploratory Study, Kitsum Li, Jonathan Alonso, Nisha Chadha, Jennifer Pulido

Kitsum Li

Computer-based cognitive retraining (CBCR) intervention has gained great popularity in recent years. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of skill generalization to daily living task for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) after completion of eight modules of a commercially available CBCR program, the Parrot Software. The study investigated changes in individuals’ global cognition as measured by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and changes in individuals’ performance during a medication-box sorting task, a novel instrumental activity of daily living. The medication-box sorting task resembled real life medication management with daily prescribed and over-the-counter medications. Twelve individuals with ABI from a ...


Teaching Care Of A Stroke Patient To International Students Through Simulated Inter-Professional Care And Electronic Documentation, Kitsum Li, Margaret Fink, Barbara McCamish, Adrienne Opet 2016 Department of Occupational Therapy, Dominican University of California

Teaching Care Of A Stroke Patient To International Students Through Simulated Inter-Professional Care And Electronic Documentation, Kitsum Li, Margaret Fink, Barbara Mccamish, Adrienne Opet

Kitsum Li

No abstract available


The Incidence Of Falls In Intensive Care Survivors, Shane M. Patman, Diane Dennis, Kylie Hill 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

The Incidence Of Falls In Intensive Care Survivors, Shane M. Patman, Diane Dennis, Kylie Hill

Shane Patman

Background: Falling among adults in acute care is an important problem with falls rates in tertiary hospitals ranging from 2% to 5%. Factors that increase the risk of falling, such as advanced age, altered mental status, medications that act on the central nervous system and poor mobility, often characterise individuals who survive a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) admission.

Purpose: To measure the incidence of falls and describe the characteristics of fallers among intensive care survivors.

Methods: A comprehensive retrospective chart review was undertaken of 190 adults who were intubated and ventilated for ≥168 h and survived their acute care ...


Intensive Care Unit Mobility Practices In Australia And New Zealand: A Point Prevalence Study, Susan C. Berney, Megan Harrold, Steven A. Webb, Ian Seppelt, Shane Patman, Peter J. Thomas, Linda Denehy 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Intensive Care Unit Mobility Practices In Australia And New Zealand: A Point Prevalence Study, Susan C. Berney, Megan Harrold, Steven A. Webb, Ian Seppelt, Shane Patman, Peter J. Thomas, Linda Denehy

Shane Patman

Objectives:

To develop a comprehensive set of items describing physiotherapy mobilisation practices for critically ill patients, and to document current practices in intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand, focusing on patients having > 48 hours of mechanical ventilation.

Design:

Prospective, observational, multicentre, single-day, point prevalence study.

Participants and Setting:

All patients in 38 Australian and New Zealand ICUs at 10 am on one of three designated days in 2009 and 2010.

Main Outcome Measures:

Demographic data, admission diagnosis and mobilisation practices that had occurred in the previous 24 hours.

Results:

514 patients were enrolled, with 498 complete datasets. Mean ...


Eccentric Loading Increases Peak Torque Angle Of The Ankle Plantar Flexors In Healthy Volunteers, Matthew Willisch, Peter Hamer, Luke Hopper, Max Bulsara, James R. Debenham 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Eccentric Loading Increases Peak Torque Angle Of The Ankle Plantar Flexors In Healthy Volunteers, Matthew Willisch, Peter Hamer, Luke Hopper, Max Bulsara, James R. Debenham

Peter Hamer

Eccentric loading of the ankle plantar Flexor’s (PF) has demonstrated clinical efficacy in the conservative treatment of Achilles tendinopathy, however, its mechanism of therapeutic benefit remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of PF eccentric loading on PF angle to peak torque (AtPT), peak torque (PT) and lower limb vertical stiffness. Thirty healthy volunteers were randomised to an eccentric (n=15) or concentric (n=13) exercise group. A 10-week loading programme of the ankle plantar flexors was completed. AtPT, PT and vertical stiffness were compared within and between groups before and after the interventions ...


Seeing It Helps: Movement-Related Back Pain Is Reduced By Visualization Of The Back During Movement, Benedict M. Wand, Verity M. Tulloch, Pamela J. George, Anne J. Smith, Roger Goucke, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Seeing It Helps: Movement-Related Back Pain Is Reduced By Visualization Of The Back During Movement, Benedict M. Wand, Verity M. Tulloch, Pamela J. George, Anne J. Smith, Roger Goucke, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley

Pamela George

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether visualization of the back influenced parameters of movement-related pain in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain. Methods: We used a randomized cross-over experiment in which 25 participants performed repeated lumbar spine movements under 2 conditions. In the visual feedback condition, patients were able to visualize their back as it moved by the use of mirrors. In the control condition, the mirror was covered so no visualization of the back was possible. Results: The average postmovement pain intensity after participants had moved with visual feedback was less (35.5+/-22 ...


Tactile Thresholds Are Preserved Yet Complex Sensory Function Is Impaired Over The Lumbar Spine Of Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients: A Preliminary Investigation, Benedict M. Wand, Flavia Di Pietro, Pamela George, Neil E. O'Connell 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Tactile Thresholds Are Preserved Yet Complex Sensory Function Is Impaired Over The Lumbar Spine Of Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients: A Preliminary Investigation, Benedict M. Wand, Flavia Di Pietro, Pamela George, Neil E. O'Connell

Pamela George

Evidence indicates that chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) is associated with alteration in the brain’s cortical representation of the back, resulting in body perception disturbance and contributing to the condition [1,2]. This study investigated perception via ‘cortical’ sensory tests, in this case two-point discrimination and graphaesthesia—whose results partly depend on the integrity of cortical representation [2]. The hypothesis was dysfunction in these higher-order tasks, with simple tactile thresholds remaining unchanged. Furthermore a relationship between cortical sensation and severity of the condition was predicted.


Moving In An Environment Of Induced Sensory-Motor Incongruence Does Not Influence Pain Sensitivity In Healthy Volunteers: A Randomised Within-Subject Cross-Over Experiment, Benedict M. Wand, Lareina Szpak, Pamela George, Max Bulsara, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Moving In An Environment Of Induced Sensory-Motor Incongruence Does Not Influence Pain Sensitivity In Healthy Volunteers: A Randomised Within-Subject Cross-Over Experiment, Benedict M. Wand, Lareina Szpak, Pamela George, Max Bulsara, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley

Pamela George

A mismatch between the brain's motor control and sensory systems has been suggested as one mechanism whereby maladaptive neuroplastic changes contribute to the experience of chronic pain. Several studies have investigated this hypothesis by artificially inducing a state of sensory-motor incongruence using mirrors. The data to date appear to suggest that creating an environment of sensori-motor incongruence induces various sensory changes and feeling of peculiarity, however the effect on pain is less clear. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that healthy participants would demonstrate reduced pain thresholds and report greater intensity of pain in a ...


Achilles Tendinopathy Alters Stretch Shortening Cycle Behaviour During A Sub-Maximal Hopping Task, James R. Debenham, Mervyn J. Travers, William Gibson, Amity Campbell, Garry T. Allison 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Achilles Tendinopathy Alters Stretch Shortening Cycle Behaviour During A Sub-Maximal Hopping Task, James R. Debenham, Mervyn J. Travers, William Gibson, Amity Campbell, Garry T. Allison

William Gibson

Objectives To describe stretch shortening cycle behaviour of the ankle and lower limb in patients with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and establish differences with healthy volunteers. Design Between-subjects case-controlled. Methods Fifteen patients with AT (mean age 41.2 ± 12.7 years) and 11 healthy volunteers (CON) (mean age 23.2 ± 6.7 years) performed sub-maximal single-limb hopping on a custom built sledge-jump system. Using 3D motion analysis and surface EMG, temporal kinematic (lower limb stiffness, ankle angle at 80 ms pre-contact, ankle angle at contact, peak ankle angle, ankle stretch amplitude) and EMG measures (onset, offset and peak times relative to ...


Eccentric Fatigue Modulates Stretch-Shortening Cycle Effectiveness - A Possible Role In Lower Limb Overuse Injuries, James R. Debenham, M Travers, William Gibson, A Campbell, G Allison 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Eccentric Fatigue Modulates Stretch-Shortening Cycle Effectiveness - A Possible Role In Lower Limb Overuse Injuries, James R. Debenham, M Travers, William Gibson, A Campbell, G Allison

William Gibson

The role of fatigue in injury development is an important consideration for clinicians. In particular, the role of eccentric fatigue in stretch shortening cycle (SSC) activities may be linked to lower limb overuse conditions. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of ankle plantarflexor eccentric fatigue on SSC effectiveness during a hopping task in healthy volunteers. 11 healthy volunteers (23.2 ± 6.7 years) performed a sub-maximal hopping task on a custom- built sledge system. 3D motion capture and surface EMG were utilised to measure lower limb stiffness, temporal kinematic measures and muscle timing measures at baseline ...


Psychometric Properties Of The Compulsive Exercise Test In An Adolescent Eating Disorder Population, Pam Formby, Hunna J. Watson, Anna Hilyard, Kate Martin, Sarah J. Egan 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Psychometric Properties Of The Compulsive Exercise Test In An Adolescent Eating Disorder Population, Pam Formby, Hunna J. Watson, Anna Hilyard, Kate Martin, Sarah J. Egan

Pam Formby

The objective of this study was to evaluate the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) in an adolescent clinical eating disorder population. The data source was the Helping to Outline Paediatric Eating Disorders (HOPE) Project, a prospective ongoing registry study comprising consecutive paediatric tertiary eating disorder referrals. Adolescents (N = 104; 12-17 years) with eating disorders completed the CET and other measures. Factor structure, convergent validity, and internal consistency were evaluated. Despite failing to identify a factor structure, the study provided clear evidence of the multidimensionality of the measure. The total score correlated significantly with measures ...


Water First Aid Is Beneficial In Humans Post-Burn: Evidence From A Bi-National Cohort Study, Fiona M. Wood, Michael Phillips, Tom Jovic, John T. Cassidy, Peter Cameron, Dale Edgar, Steering Committe of the Burn Registry of Australia and New Zealand (BRANZ) 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Water First Aid Is Beneficial In Humans Post-Burn: Evidence From A Bi-National Cohort Study, Fiona M. Wood, Michael Phillips, Tom Jovic, John T. Cassidy, Peter Cameron, Dale Edgar, Steering Committe Of The Burn Registry Of Australia And New Zealand (Branz)

Dale Edgar

Introduction: Reported first aid application, frequency and practices around the world vary greatly. Based primarily on animal and observational studies, first aid after a burn injury is considered to be integral in reducing scar and infection, and the need for surgery. The current recommendation for optimum first aid after burn is water cooling for 20 minutes within three hours. However, compliance with this guideline is reported as poor to moderate at best and evidence exists to suggest that overcooling can be detrimental. This prospective cohort study of a binational burn patient registry examined data collected between 2009 and 2012. The ...


Chronic Mid Portion Achilles Tendinopathy Is Not Associated With Central Sensitisation, Ian W. Skinner, James R. Debenham, Sarah Krumenachera, Max K. Bulsara, Benedict M. Wand 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Chronic Mid Portion Achilles Tendinopathy Is Not Associated With Central Sensitisation, Ian W. Skinner, James R. Debenham, Sarah Krumenachera, Max K. Bulsara, Benedict M. Wand

James Debenham

Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common painful and disabling condition and current understanding of its pathophysiology is incomplete. Widespread hyperalgesia as a clinical manifestation of central sensitisation has emerged as a possible contributor to the pain state in chronic musculoskeletal injuries. Eight AT participants and eight healthy, gender, age and activity matched participants were recruited to participate in a case-controlled repeated measures study. Pressure pain threshold (PPT) was measured with a manual electronic algometer at four sites bilaterally; tibialis anterior (TA), patella tendon (PT), common wrist extensor tendon (CWET), and first dorsal interosseous (1DI). We hypothesised a reduction in PPT ...


Achilles Tendinopathy Alters Stretch Shortening Cycle Behaviour During A Sub-Maximal Hopping Task, James R. Debenham, Mervyn J. Travers, William Gibson, Amity Campbell, Garry T. Allison 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Achilles Tendinopathy Alters Stretch Shortening Cycle Behaviour During A Sub-Maximal Hopping Task, James R. Debenham, Mervyn J. Travers, William Gibson, Amity Campbell, Garry T. Allison

James Debenham

Objectives To describe stretch shortening cycle behaviour of the ankle and lower limb in patients with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and establish differences with healthy volunteers. Design Between-subjects case-controlled. Methods Fifteen patients with AT (mean age 41.2 ± 12.7 years) and 11 healthy volunteers (CON) (mean age 23.2 ± 6.7 years) performed sub-maximal single-limb hopping on a custom built sledge-jump system. Using 3D motion analysis and surface EMG, temporal kinematic (lower limb stiffness, ankle angle at 80 ms pre-contact, ankle angle at contact, peak ankle angle, ankle stretch amplitude) and EMG measures (onset, offset and peak times relative to ...


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