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The Ot/Ota Student Response To Covid-19: A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Occupational Therapy Student Roles During Crisis Management, Frances Calingo, MSOT, Olivia Biller, Tina DeAngelis, EdD, MS, OTR/L 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

The Ot/Ota Student Response To Covid-19: A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Occupational Therapy Student Roles During Crisis Management, Frances Calingo, Msot, Olivia Biller, Tina Deangelis, Edd, Ms, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

This exploratory cross-sectional survey study sought to understand OT/OTA student use of time and/or volunteerism efforts as a result of immediate and unexpected role changes brought on by COVID-19 as students were required to abruptly transition from in-person to virtual learning in every program in the United States (American Occupational Therapy Association [AOTA], 2020a).


Enhancing The Patient Experience Through Innovative Quality Improvement Education, Tami Struessel, Betsy J. Becker, Nicole M. Sleddens 2021 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Enhancing The Patient Experience Through Innovative Quality Improvement Education, Tami Struessel, Betsy J. Becker, Nicole M. Sleddens

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

The “Patient Experience” arm of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Quadruple Aim is defined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) as quality care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely efficient, and equitable. The IOM called for a uniform approach to health professions education utilizing five core competencies to achieve high-quality care. “All health professionals should be educated to deliver patient-centered care as members of an interdisciplinary team, emphasizing evidence-based practice, quality improvement approaches, and informatics.” Physical Therapy educators have expanded curricula to teach three of these five competencies. We routinely teach that physical therapists practice in interprofessional teams to ...


Ease-Ing Dpt Students Into The Acute Care Environment, Nicole M. Sleddens, Tessa Wells, Stacie Mae Larreau Christensen, Kellie Clapper, Lora Pieper 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Ease-Ing Dpt Students Into The Acute Care Environment, Nicole M. Sleddens, Tessa Wells, Stacie Mae Larreau Christensen, Kellie Clapper, Lora Pieper

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Purpose: The Early Acute Service Experience program (EASE) is a dual-purpose program that prepares physical therapy students to transition from the academic setting to the acute clinical environment while providing a helpful service to key clinical partners. Methods/Description: This program requirement begins as students are assigned a weekend in the second semester of the DPT curriculum to work with a physical therapist in the hospital. As the first step in their orientation, students complete an e-learning module which focuses on the knowledge, skills, and abilities required in the acute care clinical environment. Once a student has completed the module ...


Visuomotor Adaptation During Asymmetric Walking, Charles Napoli 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Visuomotor Adaptation During Asymmetric Walking, Charles Napoli

Masters Theses

Necessary for effective ambulation, head stability affords optimal conditions for the perception of visual information during dynamic tasks. This maintenance of head-in-space equilibrium is achieved, in part, by the attenuation of the high frequency impact shock resulting from ground contact. While a great deal of experimentation has been done on the matter during steady state locomotion, little is known about how head stability or dynamic visual acuity is maintained during asymmetric walking.

In this study, fifteen participants were instructed to walk on a split-belt treadmill for ten minutes while verbally reporting the orientation of a randomized Landolt-C optotype that was ...


Adapting The Ceramics Process With Creative Problem-Solving, Jennifer K. Fortuna 2021 Grand Valley State University - USA

Adapting The Ceramics Process With Creative Problem-Solving, Jennifer K. Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Madeline Kaczmarczyk, a ceramics sculptor based in Rockford, MI, provided the cover art for the Fall 2021 edition of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). The piece is a wall vase made from clay, luster glaze, and glass beads. Madeline has been creating decorative ceramics for over four decades. In recent years, Madeline has found creative ways to adapt the ceramics process so she can continue creating beautiful works of art. For Madeline, ceramics is more than a means to make a living. This meaningful activity brings focus to her life.


Interpretation Of Illness And Covid-19, Stephanie Campbell 2021 Queen Margaret University – United Kingdom

Interpretation Of Illness And Covid-19, Stephanie Campbell

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Both during and following the global pandemic of Covid-19, there appears to be an increased need to rediscover purpose and promote physical and emotional well-being. The philosophy of social constructionism presents the opportunity to explore the socially inherited interpretations of illness and increase awareness of their often unconscious influence on our attitudes and choices. This article explores how application of this philosophy in occupational therapy might assist in improving outcomes for well-being.


The Role Of Occupational Therapy In Supporting The Needs Of Older Adults Who Identify As Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And/Or Transgender (Lgbt), Phyllis Simon, Lenin Grajo, Diane Powers Dirette 2021 Columbia University – USA

The Role Of Occupational Therapy In Supporting The Needs Of Older Adults Who Identify As Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And/Or Transgender (Lgbt), Phyllis Simon, Lenin Grajo, Diane Powers Dirette

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

There are growing numbers of older individuals who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) who are in need of health care services provided by culturally and clinically competent providers, including occupational therapists. The LGBT community presents with unique needs and circumstances that impact occupational therapy (OT) practice. This Opinions in the Profession article presents an overview of the unique narratives of and special considerations for LGBT older adults that the OT profession needs to address to meet the needs of this population and improve our service delivery. We assert essential implications for OT practice and education to better ...


Exploring Simulation Design For Mental Health Practice Preparation: A Pilot Study With Learners And Preceptors, Diane E. MacKenzie, Niki Kiepek, Leanne Picketts, Stephanie Zubriski, Karen Landry, Jonathan Harris 2021 Dalhousie University - Canada

Exploring Simulation Design For Mental Health Practice Preparation: A Pilot Study With Learners And Preceptors, Diane E. Mackenzie, Niki Kiepek, Leanne Picketts, Stephanie Zubriski, Karen Landry, Jonathan Harris

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The purpose of this exploratory pilot study was to determine the feasibility of delivering mental health practice simulations for occupational therapy learners, and whether different debriefing approaches yielded performance differences over successive simulations. Five clinical preceptors and nine first year MScOT students participated in this mixed-method study. In week one simulations, one student group received preceptor facilitated debriefing while the other group used self-debriefing. Both groups used the same scripted questions informed by an advocacy-inquiry approach. In the second week, both groups received the preceptor-led debriefing. Preceptors rated student performances while students self-rated their confidence, competence screen, and satisfaction using ...


Primary Care: A Service-Learning Environment For Occupational Therapy Students, Brandi Andreae, Wen-Pin Chang, Thomas F. Fisher, Priya Bakshi 2021 Indiana State University – USA

Primary Care: A Service-Learning Environment For Occupational Therapy Students, Brandi Andreae, Wen-Pin Chang, Thomas F. Fisher, Priya Bakshi

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

This research provides evidence on occupational therapy (OT) students in primary care (PC). OT demonstrates the skills and knowledge to address chronic medical conditions in PC with entry-level education. Limited evidence of occupational therapists in PC demonstrates a need to examine OT services in this setting. In this emerging area of practice and ever-changing reimbursement models, additional evidence is needed to define the value and continuation of OT services in PC. A mixed-methods study aimed to answer the primary research question: How are OT students used in the PC setting in fieldwork or capstone experiences? A two-phase process was involved ...


Promoting Social Participation For Adolescents With Burn Injury: A Guideline For Occupational Therapy Practice, Amanda M. Lange, Lenin Grajo 2021 Columbia University – USA

Promoting Social Participation For Adolescents With Burn Injury: A Guideline For Occupational Therapy Practice, Amanda M. Lange, Lenin Grajo

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Adolescents with burn injury are vulnerable to psychosocial dysfunction because of the complex nature of their neurobiological, cognitive, and interpersonal changes that occur during this developmental stage. Physical differences in appearance also make these adolescents prone to peer bullying and at further risk for social functioning challenges. These social functioning challenges may involve underlying difficulties with cognitive functions needed to support adaptive social functioning and can present as social isolation, inappropriate social behaviors, or social anxiety. Promoting social participation is a recognized intervention to support positive mental health and is necessary for identity formation during transition into adulthood. This guideline ...


Bridge To The Future: A Career Exploration Frame Of Reference For Students With Disabilities, Chia-Yang Chiang, Tsu-Hsin Howe 2021 New York City Department of Education - USA

Bridge To The Future: A Career Exploration Frame Of Reference For Students With Disabilities, Chia-Yang Chiang, Tsu-Hsin Howe

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Exploring and facilitating the transition process from school to employment for young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), especially those still in the school system, has now become an important concern for researchers, educators, and service providers working in this area. The Bridge to the Future (BTTF) Frame of Reference offers a new approach to facilitate the school-to-work transition for secondary school students with IDD in a self-contained classroom setting by adopting the Social Cognitive Career Theory and Self-Determination Theory as its main theoretical foundation. The BTTF Frame of Reference was developed for use by the team of transdisciplinary ...


Development Of The Dynamic Model Of Occupation-Based Practice, Sarah M. Psillas, Wendy B. Stav 2021 University of Hartford - USA

Development Of The Dynamic Model Of Occupation-Based Practice, Sarah M. Psillas, Wendy B. Stav

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Occupation-based practice is unique to occupational therapy, supported as effective in the literature, and promotes health and well-being for clients. There is no framework describing what occupation-based practice looks like, making the goal of infusing occupation into practice difficult. This research study aimed to develop a model of occupation-based practice, providing a framework with constructs, facilitators, and barriers for using occupation in practice.

Method: A grounded theory study was completed with interviews and a focus group. Charmaz’s approach to grounded theory was used to analyze data and allow a model to emerge.

Results: The dynamic model of occupation-based ...


Occupational Therapy And Allied Health Interventions To Promote And Support Client Self-Advocacy: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Theresa Guzaldo, Abraham Kim, Kimberly Lieberman, Erin Thrasher, Laura H. VanPuymbrouck 2021 Rush University - USA

Occupational Therapy And Allied Health Interventions To Promote And Support Client Self-Advocacy: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Theresa Guzaldo, Abraham Kim, Kimberly Lieberman, Erin Thrasher, Laura H. Vanpuymbrouck

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Despite occupational therapy’s focus on optimizing participation in society for individuals with disability, self-advocacy has only recently (2008) become an official client factor in the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (OTPF).

Method: This study examined the current evidence in allied health professions addressing self-advocacy skills through exploring the quality, characteristics, and effectiveness of interventions designed to promote client self-advocacy. Multiple electronic databases were used for the literature search, including: PubMed, Ebscohost, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, and Sagepub. Select professional journals were also searched. Key words used in literature review were: self-advocacy, self-determination, occupational therapy, advocacy, empowerment, interventions, allied health, and ...


Enriched Tai Chi (Etc) Program Enhances Quality Of Life For Older Adults In Assisted Living Facility: Feasibility Study, Pooja Ghai, Amanda J. Mohler, Mary Tracy Morrison 2021 Arkansas State University – USA

Enriched Tai Chi (Etc) Program Enhances Quality Of Life For Older Adults In Assisted Living Facility: Feasibility Study, Pooja Ghai, Amanda J. Mohler, Mary Tracy Morrison

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Older adults living in assisted living facilities (ALFs) are at risk for physical and mental health decline that precipitates nursing home placement. There is a need for an exercise program that improves the quality of life (QOL) for older adults living in the ALFs. This study’s primary purpose was to investigate the feasibility of an Enriched tai chi (ETC) intervention program on improving the QOL of older adults living in an ALF.

Method: A convenience sample of six older adults living in the same ALF attended the ETC program for 16 consecutive sessions two times per week for ...


Determining The Initial Content Validity Of The Clinical Competency Assessment Tool (Cat) For Occupational Therapists Treating Patients With Neurodegenerative Disease, Scott G. Rushanan, Dawn M. Nilsen, Lenin Grajo 2021 Columbia University – USA

Determining The Initial Content Validity Of The Clinical Competency Assessment Tool (Cat) For Occupational Therapists Treating Patients With Neurodegenerative Disease, Scott G. Rushanan, Dawn M. Nilsen, Lenin Grajo

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The provision of occupational therapy (OT) interventions for people with neurodegenerative disorder (NDD) requires advanced clinical competency; therefore, a means to evaluate that competency is needed. The Clinical Competency Assessment Tool for Occupational Therapists Treating Patients with Neurodegenerative Disease (CAT) was recently developed as a self-report assessment that aims to identify gaps in clinical competence and measure outcomes of professional development programs specific to occupational therapists treating patients with NDD. The purpose of this study is to explore preliminary content validity of the CAT. Classical test theory was used to test for content validity. A panel of 10 expert occupational ...


Health Literacy In Occupational Therapy Research: A Scoping Review, Erin Attard, Kirsten Vaas, Andraya Musallam, Taylar Chaney, Jennifer K. Fortuna, Betsy Williams 2021 Grand Valley State University – USA

Health Literacy In Occupational Therapy Research: A Scoping Review, Erin Attard, Kirsten Vaas, Andraya Musallam, Taylar Chaney, Jennifer K. Fortuna, Betsy Williams

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Low health literacy is a significant problem in the United States. Patient education is a key component of occupational therapy intervention. Occupational therapists have the skills to develop patient education materials (PEMs) all patients can understand. Few studies on health literacy exist in occupational therapy research. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize the breadth of literature on health literacy in occupational therapy research and to identify knowledge gaps.

Method: A scoping review methodological framework (Arksey and O’Malley, 2005; Levac et al., 2010) was used to search five databases. A descriptive numerical summary and qualitative thematic ...


A Scoping Review Of Occupational Therapy Approaches To Enable Occupations For People Living With Behavioral Disturbance As A Result Of Acquired Brain Injury, Anahita Brown, Tamara Tse Dr, Tracy Fortune, Susan Petrie 2021 La Trobe University, Melbourne

A Scoping Review Of Occupational Therapy Approaches To Enable Occupations For People Living With Behavioral Disturbance As A Result Of Acquired Brain Injury, Anahita Brown, Tamara Tse Dr, Tracy Fortune, Susan Petrie

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Behavioral disturbance impacts almost 50% of people living with acquired brain injury (ABI) and severely impedes occupational participation. Occupational therapists are appropriately qualified and well placed to address behavioral disturbance. This scoping review analyzes the literature to ascertain approaches used by occupational therapists to treat behavioral disturbance.

Method: A literature search of three databases revealed 379 papers for consideration, five of which met inclusion criteria. The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklists were used for the analysis. This paper employs the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) framework.

Results: Sensory modulation interventions, community-based interventions, behavior therapy ...


Older Adults In An Lgbt Residential Community: Impact Of A Safe Space On Occupation And Well-Being, Daniel P. Swiatek, Sheryl Ryan, Terry Peralta-Catipon 2021 California State University, Dominguez Hills - USA

Older Adults In An Lgbt Residential Community: Impact Of A Safe Space On Occupation And Well-Being, Daniel P. Swiatek, Sheryl Ryan, Terry Peralta-Catipon

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: LGBT seniors have suffered a lifetime of societal and institutional discrimination and health care inequalities. The number of LGBT people 50 years of age and older will surpass five million in the coming decades. LGBT seniors are at greater risk of disability, isolation, physical and mental health issues, and substance abuse. Supportive social environments and networks are correlated with higher quality of life. The purpose of this study was to better understand how living in a safe and secure apartment community specifically for low-income LGBT older adults impacted the residents’ daily life and well-being.

Method: This study was designed ...


Compassion: Importance And Implications For The Profession Of Occupational Therapy, Diane Powers Dirette 2021 Western Michigan University - USA

Compassion: Importance And Implications For The Profession Of Occupational Therapy, Diane Powers Dirette

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Advancing Behavioral Health Literacy, James Scollione 2021 Drury University

Advancing Behavioral Health Literacy, James Scollione

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Accessing, comprehending, and using information to make informed decisions and improve one’s overall health or well-being are the foci of health literacy. The concept of behavioral health was introduced in the early 1980s and, since then, it has influenced new ideas (e.g., behavioral health literacy and integrated behavioral health care) and gained research and public attention. My aim is to provide an overview of definitions (i.e., health literacy, mental health literacy, and behavioral health literacy) and their connection to each other. I propose an expanded and honed definition of behavioral health literacy to enhance the behavioral health ...


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