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The Reliability And Validity Of The Ten Test And Exploring A New, Visual Version, Nancy Durrant 2014 McMaster University

The Reliability And Validity Of The Ten Test And Exploring A New, Visual Version, Nancy Durrant

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Sensation threshold assessment is an important component of physical assessment. Current literature has either limited information on the clinical measurement properties of sensory threshold tests, or has demonstrated concerns in reliability, validity, responsiveness and/or clinical utility. The Ten Test (TT) is an easy and quantifiable test of moving light touch sensation requiring no equipment, however; evidence regarding its reliability and validity are limited. In this thesis, I explored the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of the Ten Test. I also developed a new, visual version of the Ten Test which was assessed for concurrent validity and patient preferences. The ...


Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Quantitative Ultrasound: Measurement Considerations For The Assessment Of Muscular Dystrophy And Sarcopenia, Michael O. Harris-Love, Reza Monfaredi, Catheeja Ismail, Marc R. Blackman, Kevin Cleary

Exercise Science Faculty Publications

Diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound has potential clinical utility in characterizing pathological muscle tissue. Sonography has been long proposed as method of assessing muscle damage due to neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy, and more recently, changes in body and tissue composition associated with muscle wasting disorders such as sarcopenia. The use of quantitative ultrasound as an adjunct diagnostic procedure has different technical challenges than the traditional use of ultrasound in clinical medicine. Operator-dependent technique and variation are critical considerations when obtaining measures of echointensity (i.e., tissue composition estimates) and tissue dimensions (i.e., muscle thickness) – key elements of the ultrasound ...


A Mosaic Of Creativity In Occupational Therapy, Molly Bathje MS, OTR/L 2014 Western Michigan University

A Mosaic Of Creativity In Occupational Therapy, Molly Bathje Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Martha Branson-Banks, OT, provided the cover art for the summer 2014 issue of the Open Journal of Occupational Therapy. The piece is titled “Garden with thanks to Klimt” and is one of several mosaic art pieces in her collection of works. She created the piece with art glass and resin on an abandoned door. Her use of a repurposed door represents her belief in the capacity for transformation and beauty within each individual she has treated and taught throughout her career. Martha’s work as an occupational therapist, educator, and artist reminds us of the foundational beliefs of the occupational ...


Impact Of International Collaborative Project On Cultural Competence Among Occupational Therapy Students, Divya Sood OTD, OTR/L, Danila Cepa DHS, OTR/L, Sebestina Anita Dsouza PhD, Shovan Saha MOT, PhD, Ruby Aikat MOT, Alicia Tuuk 2014 Western Michigan University

Impact Of International Collaborative Project On Cultural Competence Among Occupational Therapy Students, Divya Sood Otd, Otr/L, Danila Cepa Dhs, Otr/L, Sebestina Anita Dsouza Phd, Shovan Saha Mot, Phd, Ruby Aikat Mot, Alicia Tuuk

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) educators recognize a need to ensure that OT students are culturally competent. The researchers developed the International Collaborative Project on Cultural Competence (ICPCC) to help students understand the impact of cultural context on client care. Entry-level MOT students from a university in the US (N = 18) collaborated with BOT students (N = 4) and advanced MOT students (N = 9) from two universities in India using an online course management system WebCT. The study explored the impact of the ICPCC on OT students’ cultural competence and discusses students’ perceptions of culture on the OT process. The Inventory for Assessing ...


The Relationship Between Admission Criteria And Fieldwork Performance In A Masters-Level Ot Program: Implications For Admissions, Molly Bathje MS, OTR/L, Rebecca Ozelie DHS, OTR/L, BCPD, Elisabeth Deavila MS, OTR/L 2014 Western Michigan University

The Relationship Between Admission Criteria And Fieldwork Performance In A Masters-Level Ot Program: Implications For Admissions, Molly Bathje Ms, Otr/L, Rebecca Ozelie Dhs, Otr/L, Bcpd, Elisabeth Deavila Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) graduate programs strive to produce an effective OT workforce with competent and engaged OT practitioners. Admission into OT graduate programs is an increasingly competitive process, with most programs having more applicants than spaces available. Programs need to select applicants that will be the most successful in meeting graduation requirements, including both academic and clinical components. This pilot study was designed to examine the relationship between admission criteria and fieldwork (FW) performance. The study utilized a retrospective analysis with a convenience sample of 108 students with complete data from a private university in the Midwest. Independent variables of ...


Developing Bilateral And Spatial Concepts In Primary School-Aged Children: An Empirical Evaluation Of The Anker Bilateral Spatial System, Janet E. Richmond PhD, Myra Taylor PhD, JP, Sarah Evans 2014 Western Michigan University

Developing Bilateral And Spatial Concepts In Primary School-Aged Children: An Empirical Evaluation Of The Anker Bilateral Spatial System, Janet E. Richmond Phd, Myra Taylor Phd, Jp, Sarah Evans

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties contribute to school-aged learning problems. Hence, a need exists to address children’s visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties as early as possible in the child’s school career. Thus, this study reports on the evaluation of the Anker Bilateral Spatial System’s (ABSS) effectiveness in remediating primary school children’s perceptual difficulties.

Method: Thirty-one children (17 boys and 14 girls) aged 6 to 12 years who had been identified by their classroom teacher as having observable visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties participated in a 10-week pre/posttest intervention study. The study’s pre/posttest ...


The Impact Of Fear Of Falling On Functional Independence Among Older Adults Receiving Home Health Services, Katherine A. Lawson OTR, LMSSW, PhD, Eugenia Catalina Gonzalez Ph.D., OTR 2014 Western Michigan University

The Impact Of Fear Of Falling On Functional Independence Among Older Adults Receiving Home Health Services, Katherine A. Lawson Otr, Lmssw, Phd, Eugenia Catalina Gonzalez Ph.D., Otr

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Falls are the fifth leading cause of death for adults aged 65 years and older. Several intrinsic and extrinsic fall risk factors have been identified, butthere is less understanding of the impact of a fear of falling on falls. Seventy percent of recent fallers and 40% percent of non-fallers report a fear of falling. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between a fear of falling and a history of falls, as well as the impact on the functional independence of community-dwelling older adults receiving home health services.

Methods: The participants completed the Falls ...


Occupational Therapy After Myocardial Or Cerebrovascular Infarction: Which Factors Influence Referrals?, Julia Drosselmeyer, Achim Jockwig, Karel Kostev, Christina Heilmaier 2014 Western Michigan University

Occupational Therapy After Myocardial Or Cerebrovascular Infarction: Which Factors Influence Referrals?, Julia Drosselmeyer, Achim Jockwig, Karel Kostev, Christina Heilmaier

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Cardiovascular diseases remain the number one cause of death worldwide, and many survivors suffer lasting disabilities. Occupational therapy can help such patients regain as much function as possible. However, little is known about the factors influencing referrals to occupational therapy after stroke or myocardial infarction (MI).

Method: Data from the IMS Disease Analyzer® database were observed for a three-year period. The study population included 7,440 patients who were examined by a cardiologist due to stroke or MI. In addition to baseline characteristics, the presence of certain cardiovascular risk factors or comorbidities was recorded. Cox regression analyses were performed ...


Influence Of Home Environment On Participation In Home Activities Of Children With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Divya Sood OTD, OTR/L, Patti LaVesser Ph.D., OTR, Caren Schranz DrOT, MS, OTR/L 2014 Western Michigan University

Influence Of Home Environment On Participation In Home Activities Of Children With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Divya Sood Otd, Otr/L, Patti Lavesser Ph.D., Otr, Caren Schranz Drot, Ms, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: This study explored the key physical and social factors within the home environment that influence the participation of children with an ASD in home activities.

Method: Step 1 used a correlational research design to identify relationships between the home environment and participation patterns of children with ASD. Twenty-two children, ages 3 to 6 years, with a diagnosis of ASD participated. Data were collected using the Preschool Activity Card Sort (PACS), Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment Inventory (HOME), Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Hollingshead Four Factor Index of Social Status (ISS). In Step 2 ...


Questions About Race As A Research Variable, Diane Powers Dirette Ph.D., OTL 2014 Western Michigan University

Questions About Race As A Research Variable, Diane Powers Dirette Ph.D., Otl

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Preliminary Test Of A Real-Time, Interactive Silent Speech Interface Based On Electromagnetic Articulograph, Jun Wang, Ashok Samal, Jordan R. Green 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Preliminary Test Of A Real-Time, Interactive Silent Speech Interface Based On Electromagnetic Articulograph, Jun Wang, Ashok Samal, Jordan R. Green

CSE Conference and Workshop Papers

A silent speech interface (SSI) maps articulatory movement data to speech output. Although still in experimental stages, silent speech interfaces hold significant potential for facilitating oral communication in persons after laryngectomy or with other severe voice impairments. Despite the recent efforts on silent speech recognition algorithm development using offline data analysis, online test of SSIs have rarely been conducted. In this paper, we present a preliminary, online test of a real-time, interactive SSI based on electromagnetic motion tracking. The SSI played back synthesized speech sounds in response to the user’s tongue and lip movements. Three English talkers participated in ...


Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek 2014 Western University

Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Typically considered a disease of old-age, Parkinson’s disease can affect those younger in life, i.e., before the age of 55, when it is referred to as young-onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). Using constructionist grounded theory, this research sought to understand how, and why, individuals with YOPD became informed about their disease over time. A total of 39 individuals, who self-identified as living with YOPD, took part in this study which was organized according to four cycles of data collection. These cycles utilized focus groups, in-depth interviews and a private online discussion board, supplemented by 14 autobiographies written by ...


Measuring Fatigue In Adolescents And Young Adults With Cerebral Palsy, Laura K. Brunton 2014 Western University

Measuring Fatigue In Adolescents And Young Adults With Cerebral Palsy, Laura K. Brunton

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fatigue is a significant issue and has been estimated to affect between 30-50% of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) in various studies; however, there is no validated measure of fatigue for this population. A systematic review revealed no one single measure with adequate psychometric properties for use with individuals with CP. As a result a new tool was created: the Fatigue Impact and Severity Self-Assessment (FISSA). Interviews were conducted with youth and young adults with CP to understand the bodily experience of living with CP and as a client-centered approach to item creation for the FISSA. Focus groups with healthcare ...


Low-Cost Strider For Guatemala, Nicole Catherine Cooper, Gonzalo Hernandez, Jared W. Tower 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Low-Cost Strider For Guatemala, Nicole Catherine Cooper, Gonzalo Hernandez, Jared W. Tower

Mechanical Engineering

The purpose of this project was to create a strider, a type of standing rehabilitation device, for children in developing countries who have trouble walking and supporting their full body weight. The project was initially brought to us by Cal Poly professor Brian Self, who had visited a clinic in San Marcos and determined that there were children there who had difficulties with walking and were a need for a rehabilitation device. The team discussed the problem with Dr. Self, Matt Robinson (a local San Luis Obispo prosthetist), and Cal Poly physics professor Pete Schwartz, all of whom had visited ...


Access To In-Patient Stroke Services And Multidisciplinary Team (Mdt) Rehabilitation: Current Demands And Capacity., Eanna O'Sullivan, David J. Williams, Julie Shanahan-O'Connell, Karen Kirrane, Deirdre Armitage, Walter Leahy, Emma O'Flaherty, Frances Horgan 2014 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Access To In-Patient Stroke Services And Multidisciplinary Team (Mdt) Rehabilitation: Current Demands And Capacity., Eanna O'Sullivan, David J. Williams, Julie Shanahan-O'Connell, Karen Kirrane, Deirdre Armitage, Walter Leahy, Emma O'Flaherty, Frances Horgan

Medicine Articles

The objective of this project was to analyse the current access to in-patient stroke services and MDT rehabilitation in an acute stroke centre and to compare these services to the recommended “National Clinical Guidelines and Recommendations for the Care of People with Stroke and TIA” (IHF 2010). A retrospective chart review was carried out, recording activity statistics of all patients admitted with acute stroke over a three-month period. 73 patients (male=40, 54.8%) were included. Patients were discharged from the stroke service after a mean stay of 20.2 days (SD.= 19.3). 76.7% (N=56) of patients ...


Pilot Study To Assess Benefit Of Virtual Reality Game System, Wii, On Balance And Gait In Persons With Parkinson's Disease, Peter J. Barbour MD, Amy L. Kerstetter PT, Allyn Danni PT, NCS, ATP, MSCS, Jolene Hammer PT, Michael J. Weiss MPH, Sandra M. Tremblay PT, MS, CWS, MSCS 2014 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Pilot Study To Assess Benefit Of Virtual Reality Game System, Wii, On Balance And Gait In Persons With Parkinson's Disease, Peter J. Barbour Md, Amy L. Kerstetter Pt, Allyn Danni Pt, Ncs, Atp, Mscs, Jolene Hammer Pt, Michael J. Weiss Mph, Sandra M. Tremblay Pt, Ms, Cws, Mscs

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Statis Stretching On Measures Of Gross Motor Coordination During Vigorous Physical Activity, Stephanie Gaiko 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Effects Of Statis Stretching On Measures Of Gross Motor Coordination During Vigorous Physical Activity, Stephanie Gaiko

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Static stretching has been linked to lesser performance in many sport activities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of static stretching upon gross motor coordination patterns (GMCP) and power and fatigue markers exhibited during vigorous cycling. The performance of 28 females between the ages of eighteen and thirty were analyzed during the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT). Using a counterbalanced design, participants completed the test under two conditions, following static stretching and no stretching. While results showed statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) between conditions for the assessed dependent variables, no statistically significant differences were found between ...


Systematic Review: Occupational Therapy And Chronic Conditions In Primary Care, John Flood, Jillian Petty, Noreen Reidy, Shannon Whyte 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Systematic Review: Occupational Therapy And Chronic Conditions In Primary Care, John Flood, Jillian Petty, Noreen Reidy, Shannon Whyte

Collaborative Research and Evidence shared Among Therapists and Educators (CREATE Day)

Learning Objectives:

  • Define occupational therapy’s role in the primary care setting with a focus on those with chronic conditions using Occupational Therapy Practice Framework terminology.
  • Describe the current evidence on occupational performance related to occupational therapy services in primary care.
  • Discuss the future implications for occupational therapists working in primary care.


Haptic And Exoskeleton Devices For Neurorehabilitation Of Upper Limb Paralysis: A State Of Art And A Night Landing Task, Samantha Renee Wagner 2014 Northern Michigan University

Haptic And Exoskeleton Devices For Neurorehabilitation Of Upper Limb Paralysis: A State Of Art And A Night Landing Task, Samantha Renee Wagner

NMU Master's Theses

Rehabilitation is an important training phase for those suffering from upper limb paralysis as a result of brain injury. When successfully completed, the re-trained limb should be able to successfully complete daily life activities. An alternative to traditional therapy is the usage of effective rehabilitation by using haptic devices in a virtual environment. The type of haptic device and task are crucial for the success of the therapy training sessions. After presenting a state-of-art literature review of several haptic devices that has been used in research and clinical facilities, we thought to use the black hole illusion (BHI), a night ...


Effects Of Jump Training On Bone Mineral Density In Young Adult Females, Battogtokh Zagdsuren 2014 Western Kentucky University

Effects Of Jump Training On Bone Mineral Density In Young Adult Females, Battogtokh Zagdsuren

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Physical activity is critical to bone health. However, not all physical activity has optimum effect on bone health and metabolism. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a short term progressive jumping protocol on bone mineral density in college age Asian females. Sixteen participants aged18-28 years enrolled in the study. Participants were assigned to exercise (n=9) and control (n=8) groups. The exercise group completed a two-legged depth jump from an approximate 20cm stepbench followed immediately by a maximum vertical jump using arm swings for five days per week for two weeks. Each depth jump ...


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