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My First Experience Using Clinical Evidence To Change Patient Care, Alec Aiello 2019 WSUSOM

My First Experience Using Clinical Evidence To Change Patient Care, Alec Aiello

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

This third year medical student reflects upon how his observations and subsequent research into a clinical question was able to influence the way his team thought about administering care in their day-to-day practice.


Npo Or Ama? Patients Allowed Clear Liquids Up To 2 Hours Pre-Procedure Have Equivalent Aspiration Risk And Increased Patient Satisfaction, Erich Smith 2019 University of Wayne State Medical School

Npo Or Ama? Patients Allowed Clear Liquids Up To 2 Hours Pre-Procedure Have Equivalent Aspiration Risk And Increased Patient Satisfaction, Erich Smith

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Itou K, Fukuyama T, Sasabuchi Y, et al. Safety and efficacy of oral rehydration therapy until 2 h before surgery: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anesthesia. 2012;26(1):20-27. doi: 10.1007/s00540-011-1261-x.


Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Sinert R, Levy P, Bernstein JA, et al. Randomized trial of icatibant for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced upper airway angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017; 5(5): 1402-1409. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2017.03.003.


Renal Angioplasty Does Not Improve Clinical Outcomes Compared To Standard Medical Therapy In Patients With Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis, Alexandra Morris 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Renal Angioplasty Does Not Improve Clinical Outcomes Compared To Standard Medical Therapy In Patients With Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis, Alexandra Morris

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Cooper CJ, Murphy T, Cutlip D, Jamerson K, Henrich W. Stenting and medical therapy for atherosclerotic renal-artery stenosis. New Eng J Med. 2014;370(1):13-22. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1310753.


Early Dexamethasone Administration In Adults With Suspected Meningitis Lowers Morbidity And Mortality, Dana Siegel 2019 Wayne State University

Early Dexamethasone Administration In Adults With Suspected Meningitis Lowers Morbidity And Mortality, Dana Siegel

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of de Gans J, van de Beek D, Investigators EDiABMS. Dexamethasone in adults with bacterial meningitis. New Eng J Med. 2002;347(20):1549-1556. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa021334.


Memantine Unproven To Provide Any Clinical Benefit In Cases Of Vascular Cognitive Impairment, Irene Kitromelides 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Memantine Unproven To Provide Any Clinical Benefit In Cases Of Vascular Cognitive Impairment, Irene Kitromelides

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Wilcock G, Möbius HJ, Stöffler A. A double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre study of memantine in mild to moderate vascular dementia (MMM500). Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2002 Nov;17(6):297-305. doi: 10.1097/00004850-200211000-00005.


Roflumilast Does Not Decrease Copd Exacerbations In Adequately Treated Patients, But Subgroup Analysis Allows For Shared Decision Making, Nathanael Sanchez 2019 Wayne State University

Roflumilast Does Not Decrease Copd Exacerbations In Adequately Treated Patients, But Subgroup Analysis Allows For Shared Decision Making, Nathanael Sanchez

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Martinez FJ, Rabe KF, Sethi S, et al. Effect of Roflumilast and Inhaled Corticosteroid/Long-Acting beta2-Agonist on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations (RE(2)SPOND). A Randomized Clinical Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. Sep 1 2016;194(5):559-567. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201607-1349OC.


Confirmation Bias By Consumers Of Clinical Research Demonstrates The Need For Implementation Science, James Peter Meza 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Confirmation Bias By Consumers Of Clinical Research Demonstrates The Need For Implementation Science, James Peter Meza

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The Journal's Editor holds that, although Evidence-based medicine typically only looks for bias of the research design, still evidence-based practice must also include the biases of those using the research evidence and how it is deployed in clinical practice.


Towards Multi-Lingual Pneumonia Research Data Collection Using The Community-Acquired Pneumonia International Cohort Study Database, William A. Mattingly, Kimberley A. Buckner, Senen Pena 2019 University of Louisville

Towards Multi-Lingual Pneumonia Research Data Collection Using The Community-Acquired Pneumonia International Cohort Study Database, William A. Mattingly, Kimberley A. Buckner, Senen Pena

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Although multilingual interfaces are preferred by most users when they have a choice, organizations are often unable to support and troubleshoot problems involving multiple user languages. Software that has been structured with multiple languages and data interlinking considerations early in its development is more likely to be easily maintained. We describe the process of adding multilingual support to the CAPO international Cohort study database using REDCap.

Methods: Using Google Translate API we extend the supported Spanish language version of REDCap to the most recent version used by CAPO, 8.1.4. We then translate the English data dictionary for ...


Clinical Research In Pneumonia: Role Of Artificial Intelligence, Timothy L. Wiemken, Robert R. Kelley, William A. Mattingly, Julio A. Ramirez 2019 Saint Louis University

Clinical Research In Pneumonia: Role Of Artificial Intelligence, Timothy L. Wiemken, Robert R. Kelley, William A. Mattingly, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Coordinating An Oncology Precision Medicine Clinic Within An Integrated Health System: Lessons Learned In Year One, Michael A. Thompson, Jennifer J. Godden, Deborah Wham, Antony Ruggeri, Michael P. Mullane, Amanda Wilson, Shamsuddin Virani, Scott M. Weissman, Brenda Ramczyk, Pamela Vanderwall, James L. Weese 2019 Aurora Cancer Care, Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Coordinating An Oncology Precision Medicine Clinic Within An Integrated Health System: Lessons Learned In Year One, Michael A. Thompson, Jennifer J. Godden, Deborah Wham, Antony Ruggeri, Michael P. Mullane, Amanda Wilson, Shamsuddin Virani, Scott M. Weissman, Brenda Ramczyk, Pamela Vanderwall, James L. Weese

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Precision medicine is a term describing strategies to promote health and prevent and treat disease based on an individual’s genetic, molecular, and lifestyle characteristics. Oncology precision medicine (OPM) is a cancer treatment approach targeting cancer-specific genetic and molecular alterations. Implementation of an OPM clinical program optimally involves the support and collaboration of multiple departments, including administration, medical oncology, pathology, interventional radiology, genetics, research, and informatics. In this review, we briefly introduce the published evidence regarding OPM’s potential effect on patient outcomes and discuss what we have learned over the first year of operating an OPM program within an ...


Defining Patient-Oriented Research For The Average Person (And Potential Research Partner), Dennis J. Baumgardner 2019 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Defining Patient-Oriented Research For The Average Person (And Potential Research Partner), Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this introduction to the first issue of 2019, the editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews offers additional context to the findings of Kaur and Pluye (p. 7), who methodically formalized an operational definition of patient-oriented research for the purposes of searching bibliographic databases. A possible succinct, lay definition of patient-oriented research for the average “person on the street” is proposed.


Lipid Uptake By Alveolar Macrophages Drives Fibrotic Responses To Silica Dust., Xiaomin Hou, Ross Summer, Ziying Chen, Ying Tian, Jingjing Ma, Jie Cui, Xiaohui Hao, Lingli Guo, Hong Xu, Hongli Wang, Heliang Liu 2019 North China University of Science and Technology

Lipid Uptake By Alveolar Macrophages Drives Fibrotic Responses To Silica Dust., Xiaomin Hou, Ross Summer, Ziying Chen, Ying Tian, Jingjing Ma, Jie Cui, Xiaohui Hao, Lingli Guo, Hong Xu, Hongli Wang, Heliang Liu

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Silicosis is a common occupational disease and represents a significant contributor to respiratory morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lipid-laden macrophages, or foam cells, are observed in the lungs of patients with silicosis but the mechanisms mediating their formation remain poorly understood. In this study, we sought to elucidate the mechanisms by which silica promotes foam cell formation in the lung, and to determine whether uptake of lipids alone is sufficient to drive TGF-β production by alveolar macrophages. Consistent with previous reports, we found that foam cells were markedly increased in the lungs of patients with silicosis and that these findings associated ...


How Do Teachers Use Comics To Promote Engagement, Equity, And Diversity In Science Classrooms?, Camilla Matuk, Talia Hurwich, Amy Spiegel, Judy Diamond 2019 New York University

How Do Teachers Use Comics To Promote Engagement, Equity, And Diversity In Science Classrooms?, Camilla Matuk, Talia Hurwich, Amy Spiegel, Judy Diamond

World of Viruses

Equitable learning opportunities are critical to the goals of science education. However, major curriculum standards are vague on how to achieve equity goals, and educators must often develop their own resources and strategies to achieve equity goals. This study examines how educators used a comic book series designed to interest youth in virology as a way to make science more broadly appealing to their diverse students. We begin with the notion of Pedagogical Design Capacity, which describes a dynamic relationship between teachers and their tools and the ability for teachers to perceive and leverage affordances of artifacts as tools in ...


Intratumoral Sting Activation Sensitizes Poorly Immunogenic Cancers To Checkpoint Blockade Immunotherapy, Casey Ager 2018 The University of Texas MD ANderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Intratumoral Sting Activation Sensitizes Poorly Immunogenic Cancers To Checkpoint Blockade Immunotherapy, Casey Ager

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Unprecedented durable tumor regression can be achieved in patients with checkpoint blockade immunotherapy, yet these responses are rare and are not observed in all tumor types. Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are two common lethal cancers that remain refractory to checkpoint blockade, requiring development of new therapeutic approaches to promote responsivity in patients with these diseases. Both CRPC and PDAC are characterized by an immunosuppressive tumor milieu rich in cells of the myeloid lineage, which regulate T cell activity in many ways independent of the coinhibitory receptor axis. We investigated whether activation of acute inflammatory signaling ...


Nkx2-1-As1 Negatively Regulates Cd274/Pd-L1, Cell-Cell Interaction Genes, And Limits Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Migration., Hasmeena Kathuria, Guetchyn Millien, Liam McNally, Adam C. Gower, Jean-Bosco Tagne, Yuxia Cao, Maria I. Ramirez 2018 Boston University School of Medicine

Nkx2-1-As1 Negatively Regulates Cd274/Pd-L1, Cell-Cell Interaction Genes, And Limits Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Migration., Hasmeena Kathuria, Guetchyn Millien, Liam Mcnally, Adam C. Gower, Jean-Bosco Tagne, Yuxia Cao, Maria I. Ramirez

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

The function of most long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is unknown. However, recent studies reveal important roles of lncRNAs in regulating cancer-related pathways. Human antisense lncRNA-NKX2-1-AS1 partially overlaps the NKX2-1/TTF1 gene within chromosomal region 14q13.3. Amplification of this region and/or differential expression of genes therein are associated with cancer progression. Herein we show higher levels of NKX2-AS1 and NKX2-1 in lung adenocarcinomas relative to non-tumor controls but no correlation between NKX2-1-AS1 and NKX2-1 levels across specimens, or with amplification of the 14q13.3 region, suggesting that NKX2-1-AS1 and NKX2-1 are independently regulated. Loss-and-gain of function experiments showed that ...


Dual-Display Laparoscopic Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging For Real-Time Surgical Assistance, Jaepyeong Cha, Corey Zheng, Lung Wai Lau 2018 George Washington University - School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Dual-Display Laparoscopic Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging For Real-Time Surgical Assistance, Jaepyeong Cha, Corey Zheng, Lung Wai Lau

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) utilizes the speckle pattern of a laser to determine the blood flow in tissues. The current approaches for its use in a clinical setting require a camera system with a laser source on a separate optical axis making it unsuitable for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). With blood flow visualization, bowel viability, for example, can be determined. Thus, LSCI can be a valuable tool in gastrointestinal surgery. In this work, we develop the first-of-its-kind dual-display laparoscopic vision system integrating LSCI with a commercially available 10mm rigid laparoscope where the laser has the same optical axis as ...


Direct Crystal Formation From Micronized Bone And Lactic Acid: The Writing On The Wall For Calcium-Containing Crystal Pathogenesis In Osteoarthritis?, Anna A. Bulysheva, Nardos Sori, Michael P. Francis 2018 Old Dominion University

Direct Crystal Formation From Micronized Bone And Lactic Acid: The Writing On The Wall For Calcium-Containing Crystal Pathogenesis In Osteoarthritis?, Anna A. Bulysheva, Nardos Sori, Michael P. Francis

Bioelectrics Publications

Introduction

Pathological calcium-containing crystals accumulating in the joints, synovial fluid, and soft tissues are noted in most elderly patients, yet arthritic crystal formation remains idiopathic. Interestingly, elevated lactic acid and bone erosion are frequently among the comorbidities and clinical features of patients with highest incidence of crystal arthropathies. This work shows that bone particulates (modeling bone erosion) dissolve in lactic acid and directly generate crystals, possibly presenting a mechanism for crystal accumulation in osteoarthritis.

Methods and results

Micronized human bone (average particle size of 160 μm x 79 μm ) completely dissolved in lactic acid in 48 hours, and in synovial ...


Microrna-96 Promotes Schistosomiasis Hepatic Fibrosis In Mice By Suppressing Smad7, Xufeng Luo, Dongmei Zhang, Jun Xie, Qin Su, Xing He, Ruipu Bai, Guangping Gao, Weiqing Pan 2018 Second Military Medical University

Microrna-96 Promotes Schistosomiasis Hepatic Fibrosis In Mice By Suppressing Smad7, Xufeng Luo, Dongmei Zhang, Jun Xie, Qin Su, Xing He, Ruipu Bai, Guangping Gao, Weiqing Pan

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Infection with Schistosoma causes aberrant expression of host microRNAs (miRNAs), and normalizing the levels of dysregulated miRNAs can attenuate pathology. Here, we show that the host miRNA, miR-96, is markedly upregulated during the progression of hepatic schistosomiasis. We demonstrate that elevation of miR-96 induces hepatic fibrosis in infected mice by suppressing the expression of its target gene, Smad7. We show that infection with Schistosoma induces the expression of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), which in turn upregulates the expression of miR-96 through SMAD2/3-DROSHA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-96 with recombinant adeno-associated virus 8 (rAAV8)-mediated delivery of Tough ...


Nortex Fall 2018 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network 2018 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Nortex Fall 2018 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter

No abstract provided.


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