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Technical And Physical Match Demands Of A Ncaa Division I Soccer Goalkeeper, Joanne Spalding 2017 East Tennessee State University

Technical And Physical Match Demands Of A Ncaa Division I Soccer Goalkeeper, Joanne Spalding

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide a better understanding of the goalkeeper position in order to prepare goalkeepers for competition. The objectives of this study were to characterize the technical and physical demands of an NCAA Division I collegiate goalkeeper over three seasons and examine trends from season to season. Count and frequency for each definition were analyzed. Results show that although the goalkeeper’s technical demands were characterized by engaging in play without action and being in the goal area, the gradually increased use of the feet over three season’s hints on the importance of skills ...


Running Injuries Due To Strike Patterns, Jamie M. Rogers 2017 Liberty University

Running Injuries Due To Strike Patterns, Jamie M. Rogers

The Kabod

Running is a very repetitive activity that can lead to surmountable stresses to the body over time that could lead to injury. Running biomechanics can influence the effects that the body will experience. This paper will discuss the biomechanical effects that relate to two different strike patterns: rearfoot and forefoot. Research will be examined as to how the strike patterns can influence the major lower extremity joints: ankle, knee, and hip. Common injuries during running as related to strike pattern are also discussed through conclusions based on research studies.


The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin 2017 Avondale College of Higher Education

The Effectiveness Of A Volunteer-Delivered, Community-Based Lifestyle Modification Program (Chip) For Reducing The Risk Factors Associated With Metabolic Syndrome, Paul Rankin

Paul Rankin

In the latter half of the 20th Century increases in the availability of inexpensive, energy-dense foods combined with an estimated 60-70% reduction in daily energy expenditure, created an “obesogenic” environment. The epidemic of obesity that has emerged has been associated with the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) which is a cluster of risk factors that are precursors to chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes (T2D), stroke, and dementia. These chronic diseases are having a significant social and economic impact worldwide with their related morbidity and mortality.Epidemiological and interventional studies have shown that lifestyle interventions based on a low-fat ...


A Survey-Based Study Of The Changes To Self-Efficacy, Trust In Coaching, Goal Orientation, And State Anxiety That Occur During A Marathon Training Taper, Erica A. Witoslawski 2017 James Madison University

A Survey-Based Study Of The Changes To Self-Efficacy, Trust In Coaching, Goal Orientation, And State Anxiety That Occur During A Marathon Training Taper, Erica A. Witoslawski

Senior Honors Projects

Throughout a sport season, athletes’ physiological systems are constantly broken down and strengthened due to repeated practices and competitions. However, not just the physiological benefits of tapering impact performance. The purpose of this study was to extend the current literature that has found connections between self-efficacy, trust in coaching, state anxiety, goal orientation, and sport performance by assessing these variables during a marathon training taper period. The study analyzed included 29 subjects who were enrolled in a general-education health and fitness course focusing on marathon training through a series of surveys electronically administered 3 times (baseline, pre-taper, and post-taper) throughout ...


The Effect Of Nitrate Supplementation On Exercise Tolerance And Performance: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Gavin Van De Walle 2017 South Dakota State University

The Effect Of Nitrate Supplementation On Exercise Tolerance And Performance: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Gavin Van De Walle

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the current literature and evaluate the overall efficacy of nitrate supplementation on exercise tolerance and performance by meta-analysis. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they met the following criteria: 1) were an experimental trial published in an English peer-reviewed journal; 2) compared the effects of inorganic nitrate consumption with a non-bioactive supplement control or placebo; 3) used a quantifiable measure of exercise performance; and 4) was carried out in apparently healthy participants without disease. A total of 29 studies were identified that investigated the effects of nitrate supplementation on exercise tolerance ...


Perceived Body Image And Reasons For Exercise Among College Students, Ileana Flores Delgado 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Perceived Body Image And Reasons For Exercise Among College Students, Ileana Flores Delgado

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

Ideal body image perceptions from Western culture has led body dissatisfaction levels to increase significantly in the past 30 years. Researchers have found that individuals tend to have inaccurate perceptions of their bodies. Therefore, comparisons between inaccurate perceptions and an ideal body image cause body dissatisfaction. Minimal research has been done focusing on the relation between body image and specific exercise behaviors. The purpose of this research is to understand how someone’s own body perception affects their exercise behavior, type and frequency. Specifically, does body perception affect the behaviors the individual demonstrates while exercising? Exercise behaviors may include decisions ...


Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths 2016 Macro Business

Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths

Drew Griffiths

Draft of a Sports Nutrition book, written specifically for combat sports but applicable to all.


Looking Back: Synthetic Turf And Football Injuries, Allan Mazur, Jennifer Bretsch 2016 University of New Hampshire

Looking Back: Synthetic Turf And Football Injuries, Allan Mazur, Jennifer Bretsch

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

From the Astrodome to Astro-Turf, the authors revisit the issue of sports injuries and synthetic surfaces. The first in a series of comments exploring historic risk topics.


The Effects Of Square-Stepping Exercise On Risk Of Falling And Balance In Senior Adults, Grace Miorelli, Michaela Nelson 2016 Cedarville University

The Effects Of Square-Stepping Exercise On Risk Of Falling And Balance In Senior Adults, Grace Miorelli, Michaela Nelson

Kinesiology and Allied Health Senior Research Projects

As people age, their body systems gradually deteriorate. Muscle function and the vestibular system slowly deteriorate leading to lower body instability. Older adults who struggle with dizziness and imbalance are more prone to falling. Dizziness and imbalance cause falls, and falls are the leading cause of hospitalization and accidental death in older adults (Shinichi & Tatsuya, 2015). It possible to prevent and reduce the risk of falls through balance training. It is crucial that older adults take the steps needed to improve their balance and therefore reduce their risk of falling. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a 10-week Square-Stepping Exercise (SSE) program in older adults using the Biodex balance system. METHODS: Eleven adults over the age of 60 and involved in the Senior Jacket program at Cedarville University participated in this 10-week study (0 males, 11 females; mean age=76). Measurements taken prior to and after the intervention include Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, Timed-Up-And-Go Test, 30-Second Chair Stand Test, Limits of Stability Test, and Fall Risk Test. A Repeated Measures ANOVA was used to determine changes in initial and final balance testing ...


A Comparison Of Multipath And Conventional Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Cody Brian Bremner 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

A Comparison Of Multipath And Conventional Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Cody Brian Bremner

Dissertations

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is the use of an electrical current for the purpose of eliciting a muscular response, and these treatments are most often used clinically for the specific purpose of increasing quadriceps strength. It is commonly accepted that the effectiveness of NMES for this purpose is primarily determined by the NMES training intensity. However, spatially limited motor unit recruitment, fatigue and discomfort negatively impact NMES-induced torque, which subsequently reduces NMES training intensities. Due to the importance of NMES training intensity, a substantial amount of research has focused on strategies designed to increase NMES-induced torque production, as well as ...


Match Analysis Of A Women's Volleyball Championship Game, Hannah Reagan Cornelius 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Match Analysis Of A Women's Volleyball Championship Game, Hannah Reagan Cornelius

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer

Doctoral Dissertations

Sports-related concussions are a major public health concern affecting a significant number of collegiate student-athletes. Medical and public health research has addressed every aspect of concussion management processes including concussion education, medical diagnosis, recovery, and returning to sport and classroom. This research has led to several best-practices for concussion management. Since 2010, the NCAA has mandated that its member institutions maintain concussion management policies and procedures. However, the current recommendations, based primarily on medical research, have been found in quantitative studies of the behaviors and practices of athletic trainers, coaches, and student-athletes to be ineffective. To date, no studies have ...


Transforming Body, Angelina Prendergast 2016 Claremont Colleges

Transforming Body, Angelina Prendergast

The STEAM Journal

This is a reflection about the use of balls for body therapy.


Peaceful Ninjas: Merging Mindfulness Education With Holistic Arts, Zachariah Z. Fisher, April Tucker 2016 Peaceful Ninjas

Peaceful Ninjas: Merging Mindfulness Education With Holistic Arts, Zachariah Z. Fisher, April Tucker

The STEAM Journal

Peaceful Ninjas is a Holistic Peace Education Movement Empowering Youth to Co Create World Peace by Merging Ancient and Modern Mindfulness Practices. This piece provides an overview of the activities and approach we use.


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr 2016 Bond University

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rodney P Pope

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


Methylphenidate And Memory And Attention Adaptation Training For Persistent Cognitive Symptoms After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial, Brenna C. McDonald, Laura A. Flashman, David B. Arciniegas, Robert J. Ferguson, Li Xing, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Gwen C. Sprehn, Flora M. Hammond, Arthur C. Maerlender, Carrie L. Kruck, Karen L. Gillock, Kim Frey, Rachel N. Wall, Andrew J. Saykin, Thomas W. McAllister 2016 Indiana University School of Medicine

Methylphenidate And Memory And Attention Adaptation Training For Persistent Cognitive Symptoms After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial, Brenna C. Mcdonald, Laura A. Flashman, David B. Arciniegas, Robert J. Ferguson, Li Xing, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Gwen C. Sprehn, Flora M. Hammond, Arthur C. Maerlender, Carrie L. Kruck, Karen L. Gillock, Kim Frey, Rachel N. Wall, Andrew J. Saykin, Thomas W. Mcallister

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

The purpose of this multicenter, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of two cognitive rehabilitation interventions (Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT) and Attention Builders Training (ABT)), with and without pharmacologic enhancement (i.e., with methylphenidate (MPH) or placebo), for treating persistent cognitive problems after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Adults with a history of TBI at least four months prior to study enrollment with either objective cognitive deficits or subjective cognitive complaints were randomized to receive MPH or placebo and MAAT or ABT, yielding four treatment combinations: MAAT/MPH (N=17), ABT/MPH (N=19 ...


Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall 2016 Wayne State University

Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, less than 11% of adults more than the age of 65 meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Among minority populations, only 5% of non-Hispanic Black older adults met the guidelines. Given our limited understanding of psychosocial and environmental factors that affect physical activity participation in these groups, the purpose of our focus groups was to investigate barriers, motivators, and preferences of physical activity for community-dwelling African American older adults. Three focus groups were conducted with female African American older adults (N = 20). Questions posed to each focus group targeted ...


Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms. 2016 Morehead State University

Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Mastering physical movement occurs through motor learning and experience. Motor development is needed for successful acquisition of sport and other physical skills. A lack of motor skills has been associated with decreased physical activity later in life, which has been linked to a variety of hypokinetic diseases. This study examined motor learning and skill acquisition in elementary age children. Twenty 2nd-5th grade students were recruited through the local school system. Subjects did not have any injuries that would preclude them from performing three basic skills (modified squat, tree, and arm and leg raises). IRB approval, parental consent ...


Creatine Kinase, Exertional Rhabdomyolysis, And Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia In Ultra-Endurance Athletes: A Critically Appraised Paper, Michelle A. Cleary 2016 Chapman University

Creatine Kinase, Exertional Rhabdomyolysis, And Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia In Ultra-Endurance Athletes: A Critically Appraised Paper, Michelle A. Cleary

Athletic Training Faculty Articles and Research

What is the relationship between exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) and exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) in ultra-endurance athletes?


Runner's Stitch And The Thoracic Spine, Darren Morton 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Runner's Stitch And The Thoracic Spine, Darren Morton

Darren Morton

The cause of the abdominal pain commonly referred to as "stitch", but more accurately known as exercise related transient abdominal pain (ETAP), had until recently attracted more speculation than research. Explanations for the pain have included diaphragmatic ischaemia, (1) stress on peritoneal ligaments, (2) and irritation of the parietal peritoneum. (3) Although the exact cause of the pain remains to be elucidated, a neurogenic explanation has not appeared in the literature. We present the case of an elite runner who, after a thoracic spine trauma, developed severe and recurrent episodes of ETAP which were relieved by localised treatment. As a ...


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