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Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William D. Kearns, James L. Fozard, Vilis O. Nams 2016

Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William D. Kearns, James L. Fozard, Vilis O. Nams

William D. Kearns, PhD

Ambulation is defined by duration, distance traversed, number and size of directional changes and the interval separating successive movement episodes; more complex measures of ambulation can be created by aggregating these features. This review article of published findings defines random changes in direction during movement as “movement path tortuosity”, and relates tortuosity to the understanding of cognitive impairments of persons of all ages. Path tortuosity is quantified by subjecting tracking data to fractal analysis, specifically Fractal Dimension (Fractal D), which ranges from a value of 1 when the movement path is perfectly straight to a value of 2 when the ...


Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell 2016 SUNY New Paltz

Going Mainstream Or Just A Passing Fad? The Future Of The Ancestral Health Movement, Hamilton M. Stapell

Journal of Evolution and Health

The current ancestral health (“paleo”) movement is often thought to be on the verge of going mainstream. Many within the movement believe this would lead to positive health and financial outcomes for both individuals and society as a whole. However, the transition from a small, highly-devoted group of adherents to a mass following will be far more difficult than commonly assumed. This paper argues there are three main obstacles to it becoming a mass phenomenon in the United States. First, Neolithic foods are tightly woven into the fabric of our culture (for example, bread within the Christian tradition). Second, refined ...


Exploring End User Experience: How Can We Achieve Lifelong Engagement With Physical Activity Tracking Devices?, Mohammed Karim Impelee 2015 Otterbein University

Exploring End User Experience: How Can We Achieve Lifelong Engagement With Physical Activity Tracking Devices?, Mohammed Karim Impelee

Masters Theses

Activity tracking devices provide biofeedback information and encourage people to be active, however, their long-term usage has been problematic. This study explored the theory of reinforcement techniques and the theory of self- determination to enhance long-term usage of activity tracking devices.

A sample of 43 people was surveyed to examine their experience with activity tracking devices. A multi-regression analysis demonstrated significant results(R square=71.6% Sig level=0.012 N=43). The result indicates how individuals with different orientations likely to perceive the supportiveness of their devices and how likely they were to continue using or stop using their ...


Analysis Of Fatigue In Women’S Soccer Players Utilizing Rate Of High-Intensity-Running And Total Distance Traveled In A Collegiate-Level Match, Justin Tran 2015 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Analysis Of Fatigue In Women’S Soccer Players Utilizing Rate Of High-Intensity-Running And Total Distance Traveled In A Collegiate-Level Match, Justin Tran

Research & Exhibition

No abstract provided.


Exercise Identity: Origins, Applications, And Future Utility, Vincent L. Liardi 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Exercise Identity: Origins, Applications, And Future Utility, Vincent L. Liardi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It has been determined that exercise identity (EI) is a key component of the self-concept and is a strong determinant of exercise behaviours. The primary purpose of study 1 was to examine EI’s relationship with three key self-presentational variables: self-presentational efficacy (SPE), social physique anxiety (SPA), and impression motivation (IM). Specifically, we looked at how EI contributed uniquely to predicting exercise behaviour over and above these self-presentational concerns. The analyses demonstrated that EI is positively correlated with SPE and unrelated to SPA in both genders. Further analyses revealed that EI contributes a significant amount of variance towards exercise behaviour ...


Bsx Insight Validity Test, Jack P. Polerecky, William McCormack 2015 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Bsx Insight Validity Test, Jack P. Polerecky, William Mccormack

Research & Exhibition

During endurance exercise, lactic acid accumulates in the blood, causing soreness and fatigue. The aerobic threshold, the amount of power required to produce lactic acid, and the anaerobic threshold, the amount of power required to create lactic acid faster than it dissipates, are useful in gauging the fitness level of an endurance athlete. Traditionally, lactic acid accumulation could only be tested using invasive methods that require blood withdrawal, but there is a new piece of technology called the BSX Insight that claims to be able to measure lactic acid noninvasively using infrared sensors. The website claims to have done multiple ...


The Use Of Exercise Self-Talk By Female Adolescents, Sadie Puddister 2015 The University of Western Ontario

The Use Of Exercise Self-Talk By Female Adolescents, Sadie Puddister

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Already below recommended levels, physical activity participation in female youth is known to decline throughout adolescence. Self-talk, a form of self-regulation has been demonstrated to influence behaviour in both sport and exercise settings. The purpose of the present research was to explore the exercise related self-talk of teen girls (aged 14-18) with the intent of uncovering reoccurring themes and attributes in the self-talk of both low frequency exercisers (LFEs) and high frequency exercisers (HFEs). Participants were teen girls (N=28, Mage=15.56, SDage=1.47) recruited from A. B. Lucas Secondary School in London, Ontario. Physical activity ...


Effects Of Expected Service Life Exposures On The Functional Properties And Impact Performance Of An American Football Helmet Outer Shell Material, David E. Krzeminski 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Effects Of Expected Service Life Exposures On The Functional Properties And Impact Performance Of An American Football Helmet Outer Shell Material, David E. Krzeminski

Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to gain a greater scientific understanding of the changes in functional material properties and impact performance of an American football helmet outer shell material under expected service life exposures. The research goals are to (i) quantify chemical, physical, thermal, and mechanical degradation of an American football outer shell material under expected environmental conditions and (ii) develop a linear drop test impact protocol to employ expected on-field impact conditions to American football helmet components and a plaque-foam (i.e., shell-liner) surrogate. Overall, a step-wise progression of analysis was demonstrated to concurrently quantify and understand changes ...


Athletic Training Program Awarded Grant To Study Head Impacts In Men’S College Lacrosse, Theresa Miyashita 2015 Sacred Heart University

Athletic Training Program Awarded Grant To Study Head Impacts In Men’S College Lacrosse, Theresa Miyashita

Theresa Miyashita

US Lacrosse has awarded Sacred Heart University’s athletic training education program a $15,000 grant to study the effects of on-the-field head impacts over the course of the Pioneers’ college men’s lacrosse season.


Effect Of The Pep Program On Biomechanical Risk Factors In Male Collegiate Lacrosse Athletes, Sebastian Stoltzfus, Casey Cottle, Chad Lyons, Michael A. Lawrence 2015 University of New England

Effect Of The Pep Program On Biomechanical Risk Factors In Male Collegiate Lacrosse Athletes, Sebastian Stoltzfus, Casey Cottle, Chad Lyons, Michael A. Lawrence

PEP Program Investigation With Men's Lacrosse Team

Research poster stemming from IPEC mini-grant funded student project Effect of The Prevent Injury Enhance Performance Program on Biomechanical Risk Factors and Performance Variables in Male Collegiate Lacrosse Athletes. Background: Landing and cutting maneuvers are common mechanisms for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Men’s lacrosse is a high risk sport for ACL injury. The Prevent Injury Enhance Performance (PEP) program has been shown to decrease injury rates in women’s soccer but has not been studied in men’s lacrosse. Purpose: Determine if collegiate men’s lacrosse athletes land and cut in ways that put them at risk ...


Research Review: More Than Fashion: The Risk Of Wearable Technology, Mike Climstein, Joe Walsh 2015 University of Sydney

Research Review: More Than Fashion: The Risk Of Wearable Technology, Mike Climstein, Joe Walsh

Michael Climstein

No abstract provided.


Muscle Cramping During A 161-Km Ultramarathon: Comparison Of Characteristics Of Those With And Without Cramping, Martin D. Hoffman, Kristin J. Stuempfle 2015 University of California Davis Medical Center

Muscle Cramping During A 161-Km Ultramarathon: Comparison Of Characteristics Of Those With And Without Cramping, Martin D. Hoffman, Kristin J. Stuempfle

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: This work sought to identify characteristics differing between those with and without muscle cramping during a 161-km ultramarathon.

Methods: In this observational study, race participants underwent body weight measurements before, during, and after the race; completed a post-race questionnaire about muscle cramping and “near” cramping (controllable, not reaching full-blown cramping), drinking strategies, and use of sodium supplementation during four race segments; and underwent a post-race blood draw for determination of serum sodium and blood creatine kinase (CK) concentrations.

Results: The post-race questionnaire was completed by 280 (74.5 %) of the 376 starters. A post-race blood sample was provided by ...


The Relationship Between Pass Completion Percentage And Perceived Player Workload In Ncaa Division I Women's Soccer, Alexa L. Passingham 2015 East Tennessee State University

The Relationship Between Pass Completion Percentage And Perceived Player Workload In Ncaa Division I Women's Soccer, Alexa L. Passingham

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In an attempt to demonstrate the interconnecting nature of the pillars of sport (Hacker, 2000) this thesis explores the relationship between physical, psychological and technical variables. Five National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Women’s Soccer players were analyzed in four conference matches. The athlete's rate of perceived exertion (RPE) values were correlated to pass completion percentages (PC%) to investigate the potential effect that psychological satisfaction or dissatisfaction of technical performance has on perceived exertion ratings. PlayerLoadTM (PL) values, gathered through the utilization of a Catapult Minimax S4 GPS device (miniMax-10 Hz, Catapult Innovations, Melbourne, Australia), were ...


Physical Activity And Aging Research: A Bibliometric Analysis, Andre M Müller, Payam Ansari, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Selina Khoo 2015

Physical Activity And Aging Research: A Bibliometric Analysis, Andre M Müller, Payam Ansari, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Selina Khoo

Andre M Müller

Physical activity and aging research has burgeoned in the past few decades. Despite the increase in scholarly publications no attempts have been made to summarize the publication landscape and to identify works that had great impact to physical activity and aging research. We conducted a bibliometric analysis and collected publication data from 1980 to February 6, 2015 in the Web of Science Core Collection. Of the overall 9,935 publications most were published after 2007 and almost 60% were in the category of Geriatrics and Gerontology or Sport Sciences. Highly cited publications (n = 45) were mostly authored by researchers from ...


Health Benefits Of Cycle Ergometer Training For Older Adults Over 70: A Review, Walid Bouaziz 2015 Geriatric Department Strasbourg, France

Health Benefits Of Cycle Ergometer Training For Older Adults Over 70: A Review, Walid Bouaziz

Walid Bouaziz

As the number of older adults continues to increase worldwide, more attention is being paid to geriatric health care needs, and successful ageing is becoming an important topic in the medical literature. A preventive approach to the care of older adults is thus a priority in our aging societies. The purpose of this study was to update evidence for the health benefits of cycle ergometer training for older adults over 70. We searched online electronic databases up to September 2014 for original observational and intervention studies on the relationship between cycle ergometer training and health among older patients over 70 ...


Herbs, Supplements And Athletes, Neilson Mathews MD 2015 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Herbs, Supplements And Athletes, Neilson Mathews Md

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Physical Activity Levels And Health Of Passamaquoddy Tribe At Indian Township, Michael R. Best 2015 The University of Maine

Physical Activity Levels And Health Of Passamaquoddy Tribe At Indian Township, Michael R. Best

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on reporting the occupational, household, transportation and leisure time physical activity of the Passamaquoddy Tribe at Indian Township. This study also focuses on health measures and the presence of chronic disease and how they are affected by physical activity, risk factors, and other health related measures.

An interview-administered questionnaire, developed by the CDC, was given to participants age 25-44 years old, with one small change. The original Intertribal Heart Project (ITHP) questionnaire used a shortened version of the WHO’s Monica Optional Study of Physical Activity (MOSPA), in order to reduce the time it takes to administer ...


Current Nutrition Promotion, Beliefs And Barriers Among Cancer Nurses In Australia And New Zealand, Mike Climstein, P Puhringer, Alicia Olsen, Sally Sargent, Lynette Jones, Justin Keogh 2015 University of Sydney

Current Nutrition Promotion, Beliefs And Barriers Among Cancer Nurses In Australia And New Zealand, Mike Climstein, P Puhringer, Alicia Olsen, Sally Sargent, Lynette Jones, Justin Keogh

Michael Climstein

Rationale. Many cancer patients and survivors do not meet nutritional and physical activity guidelines, thus healthier eating and greater levels of physical activity could have considerable benefits for these individuals. While research has investigated cancer survivors’ perspective on their challenges in meeting the nutrition and physical guidelines, little research has examined how health professionals may assist their patients meet these guidelines. Cancer nurses are ideally placed to promote healthy behaviours to their patients, especially if access to dieticians or dietary resources is limited. However, little is known about cancer nurses’ healthy eating promotion practices to their patients. The primary aim ...


Graded Resistance Exercise And Type 2 Diabetes In Older Adults (The Great2do Study): Methods And Baseline Cohort Characteristics Of A Randomized Controlled Trial., Mike Climstein, K Simpson, Yorgi Marvos, J Meiklejohn, N de Vos, Y Wang, Q Guo, R Zhao, BT Baune, S Blair, AJ O'Sullivan, N Singh, Maria Singh 2015 University of Sydney

Graded Resistance Exercise And Type 2 Diabetes In Older Adults (The Great2do Study): Methods And Baseline Cohort Characteristics Of A Randomized Controlled Trial., Mike Climstein, K Simpson, Yorgi Marvos, J Meiklejohn, N De Vos, Y Wang, Q Guo, R Zhao, Bt Baune, S Blair, Aj O'Sullivan, N Singh, Maria Singh

Michael Climstein

Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is projected to affect 439 million people by 2030. Medical management focuses on controlling blood glucose levels pharmacologically in a disease that is closely related to lifestyle factors such as diet and inactivity. Physical activity guidelines include aerobic exercise at intensities or volumes potentially unreachable for older adults limited by many co-morbidities. We aim to show for the first time the efficacy of a novel exercise modality, power training (high-velocity, high-intensity progressive resistance training or PRT), in older adults with T2D as a means for improving glycemic control and targeting many associated metabolic and physiological ...


Biomechanical Investigation Of Elite Place-Kicking, Chase M. Pfeifer 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Biomechanical Investigation Of Elite Place-Kicking, Chase M. Pfeifer

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Many studies aim to understand the fundamentals of kicking commonly displayed by soccer players [4,6,10,16,17,18,24,25,28,29,30,34,36,38,40]. Of those studies, most are limited to a two-dimensional (2D) analysis using high-speed cameras for position tracking or utilizing electromyography to observe the activity of select muscles [4,6,18,25,29,36]. The few studies that investigate kicking using a three-dimensional (3D) model are limited in their position tracking capabilities and focus mainly on joint flexion potentials and foot speed.

This dissertation is a comprehensive biomechanical analysis (kinematic and EMG ...


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