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Hss Advocate Alumni News Fall 2020, Department of Health and Sport Sciences 2020 Otterbein University

Hss Advocate Alumni News Fall 2020, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences

Health and Sport Sciences Newsletter

Distance Learning during COVID 19 Message from the Chair Truth, Racial Healing and Transformation Personnel Updates Master of Science in Allied Health (MSAH) Supporting Otterbein via and Endowed Scholarship


Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum 2020 Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions

Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum

NeuroSports

ABSTRACT

Background

Understanding determinants for weight-loss is a national priority. Obesity is an epidemic with serious health consequences. Most of today’s obesity and overweight problems are being attributed to poor diets and not enough physical activity. These problems show no signs of slowing down with the behaviors of most Americans. The phenomenon of “The Biggest Loser” (different variants of weight-loss programs that consist of group exercise participation and nutrition therapy to elicit weight-loss, and hopefully behavior change) has spawned many variants in commercial health clubs. This prospectus study examined the direct and interactive or moderated effects of known determinants ...


The Nba Restart: A Numbers Game, Nathan L. Clark 2020 Brigham Young University Marriott School of Business

The Nba Restart: A Numbers Game, Nathan L. Clark

Marriott Student Review

This paper examines how the NBA plans to overcome the risks of returning to play during a global pandemic by analyzing data from medical devices that monitor player health, perform contact tracing, and promote social distancing.


Effects Of Caffeinated And Non-Caffeinated Gum On Premotor, Motor, And Overall Reaction Time, Ashton E. Holliday, Maelee A. Wells, Rebecca R. Rogers, Joseph A. Pederson, Tyler Williams, Christopher G. Ballmann 2020 Samford University

Effects Of Caffeinated And Non-Caffeinated Gum On Premotor, Motor, And Overall Reaction Time, Ashton E. Holliday, Maelee A. Wells, Rebecca R. Rogers, Joseph A. Pederson, Tyler Williams, Christopher G. Ballmann

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • Chewing gum and caffeine when used independently and concurrently increase neural activity ultimately improving reaction time but less is known about how caffeinated gum influences distinct phases of the reaction time response.
  • Physically active college females (n=14) completed a 60-second reaction time test on a visuomotor board under the following counterbalanced conditions: 1) Baseline, 2) Non-caffeinated gum, 3) Caffeinated gum (300 mg caffeine).
  • Point of application #1: Chewing gum improved premotor reaction time compared to baseline, but caffeine did not provide additional benefit.
  • Point of application #2: Neither non-caffeinated nor caffeinated gum improved motor reaction times from baseline.
  • Point ...


Tibial Stress During Running Following A Repeated Calf‐Raise Protocol, Hannah M. Rice, Megan Kenny, Matthew A. Ellison, Jon Fulford, Stacey A. Meardon, Timothy R. Derrick, Joseph Hamill 2020 University of Exeter

Tibial Stress During Running Following A Repeated Calf‐Raise Protocol, Hannah M. Rice, Megan Kenny, Matthew A. Ellison, Jon Fulford, Stacey A. Meardon, Timothy R. Derrick, Joseph Hamill

Kinesiology Publications

Abstract Tibial stress fractures are a problematic injury amongst runners. Increased loading of the tibia has been observed following prolonged weight‐bearing activity and is suggested to be the result of reduced activity of the plantar flexor muscles. The musculature that spans the tibia contributes to bending of the bone and influences the magnitude of stress on the tibia during running. Participant‐specific models of the tibia can be used as a non‐invasive estimate of tibial stress. This study aimed to quantify tibial stress during running using participant‐specific bone geometry and to compare tibial stress before and after ...


The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer 2020 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biomechanical and physiological parameters related to running performance are usually studied separately. However, evaluating both aspects together could be beneficial in improving athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to observe the change in peak vGRF and asymmetry as speed increases, while observing physiological responses during a O2maxtest. Data from athlete monitoring of 12 cross-country and triathlon athletes were analyzed. The athlete monitoring protocol included three unweighted countermovement jumps and a O2maxtest performed by the athletes. The athletes had an average O2maxof 53.4 ± 7.7 mL/kg/min, while their average vGRF ...


Countermovement Jump Assessment For Monitoring Prolonged Fatigue In Collegiate Female Soccer Players, Jeffrey A. Wilkins 2020 Boise State University

Countermovement Jump Assessment For Monitoring Prolonged Fatigue In Collegiate Female Soccer Players, Jeffrey A. Wilkins

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Females are 4 to 6 times more likely to sustain an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than their male counterparts during running and cutting sports, such as soccer. This sex disparity is thought to result from altered lower limb neuromuscular control that females present when fatigued at the end of practice or games. Yet, current fatigue monitoring techniques typically vary in their reliability, applicability and efficiency. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of the countermovement jump (CMJ) to quickly and reliably monitor fatigue in female soccer athletes. Methods: Twenty-two (age: 19.3 ± 1.1 ...


A Gender-Sensitised Weight-Loss And Healthy Living Program For Men With Overweight And Obesity In Australian Football League Settings (Aussie-Fit): A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Dominika Kwasnicka, Nikos Ntoumanis, Kate Hunt, Cindy M. Gray, Robert U. Newton, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jenny L. Olson, Joanne McVeigh, Deborah Kerr, Sally Wyke, Philip Morgan, Suzanne Robinson, Marshall Makate, Eleanor Quested 2020 Edith Cowan University

A Gender-Sensitised Weight-Loss And Healthy Living Program For Men With Overweight And Obesity In Australian Football League Settings (Aussie-Fit): A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Dominika Kwasnicka, Nikos Ntoumanis, Kate Hunt, Cindy M. Gray, Robert U. Newton, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jenny L. Olson, Joanne Mcveigh, Deborah Kerr, Sally Wyke, Philip Morgan, Suzanne Robinson, Marshall Makate, Eleanor Quested

ECU Publications Post 2013

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence shows that sport settings can act as a powerful draw to engage men in weight loss. The primary objective of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of delivering and to evaluate preliminary efficacy of Aussie-FIT, a weight-loss program for men with overweight/obesity delivered in Australian Football League (AFL) settings, in preparation for a future definitive trial. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This 6-month pilot trial took place in Perth, Australia. Participants were overweight/obese (Body Mass Index [BMI] ≥ 28 kg/m2), middle-aged (35-65 years old) men. Participants were recruited in May 2018, and the intervention took ...


Long-Term Paleolithic Diet Is Associated With Lower Resistant Starch Intake, Different Gut Microbiota Composition And Increased Serum Tmao Concentrations, Angela Genoni, Claus T. Christophersen, Johnny Lo, Megan Coghlan, Mary C. Boyce, Anthony R. Bird, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Amanda Devine 2020 Edith Cowan University

Long-Term Paleolithic Diet Is Associated With Lower Resistant Starch Intake, Different Gut Microbiota Composition And Increased Serum Tmao Concentrations, Angela Genoni, Claus T. Christophersen, Johnny Lo, Megan Coghlan, Mary C. Boyce, Anthony R. Bird, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Amanda Devine

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2019, The Author(s). Background: The Paleolithic diet is promoted worldwide for improved gut health. However, there is little evidence available to support these claims, with existing literature examining anthropometric and cardiometabolic outcomes. Objective: To determine the association between dietary intake, markers of colonic health, microbiota, and serum trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-derived metabolite associated with cardiovascular disease. Design: In a cross-sectional design, long-term (n = 44, > 1 year) self-reported followers of a Paleolithic diet (PD) and controls (n = 47) consuming a diet typical of national recommendations were recruited. Diets were assessed via 3-day weighed diet records; 48-h stool for short chain ...


Reliability And Validity Of Maximal Mean And Critical Speed And Metabolic Power In Australian Youth Soccer Players, Cameron Lord, Anthony J. Blazevich, Chris R. Abbiss, Fadi Ma'ayah 2020 Edith Cowan University

Reliability And Validity Of Maximal Mean And Critical Speed And Metabolic Power In Australian Youth Soccer Players, Cameron Lord, Anthony J. Blazevich, Chris R. Abbiss, Fadi Ma'ayah

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 Cameron Lord, Anthony J. Blazevich, Chris R. Abbiss, Fadi Ma'ayah, published by Sciendo 2020. The reliability and validity of maximal mean speed (MMS), maximal mean metabolic power (MMPmet), critical speed (CS) and critical metabolic power (CPmet) were examined throughout the 2016-2017 soccer National Youth League competitions. Global positioning system (GPS) data were collected from 20 sub-elite soccer players during a battery of maximal running tests and four home matches. A symmetric moving average algorithm was applied to the instantaneous velocity data using specific time windows (1, 5, 10, 60, 300 and 600 s) and peak values were identified ...


Proceedings From The First Annual Society For Neurosports Conference, William R. Kochen 2020 Nova Southeastern University

Proceedings From The First Annual Society For Neurosports Conference, William R. Kochen

NeuroSports

Proceedings from the First Annual Society for NeuroSports Conference


Physical Activity & The Sustainable Development Goals: A Public Health Approach Towards Advancing The Power Of Movement, Melissa Otterbein 2020 USA Triathlon

Physical Activity & The Sustainable Development Goals: A Public Health Approach Towards Advancing The Power Of Movement, Melissa Otterbein

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

With the worldwide rise in noncommunicable disease, physical inactivity, obesity, and the global presence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), health and sport science practitioners must be able to address each of these health domains while considering frameworks for the most urgent health and human development priorities in a sustainable manner. The sector of sport for development, which uses physical activity, sport, and game-based programming to address specific development and peace initiatives to empower individuals and communities, is one such approach that practitioners can employ to address such challenges. During the 2000-2015 era of the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals ...


Risk And Uncertainty In Youth Sport: A Philosophical Look At Specialization, Douglas Hochstetler 2020 Penn State Lehigh Valley

Risk And Uncertainty In Youth Sport: A Philosophical Look At Specialization, Douglas Hochstetler

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

An increasing number of children playing sports face pressure (both parental and societal) to specialize at an early age, to focus exclusively on one sport with the hope of securing a college scholarship. So-called “travel teams,” once the domain of tweens and teens, now extends to the very youngest children, with athletes (and parents) traveling exceedingly long distances, and spending large sums of money, virtually year-round. Through the course of this paper, I glean from both American philosophical themes, and current literature related to social change, to help at least partially answer this question regarding youth sport specialization. I contend ...


The Contribution Of Expert Coaches’ Experiential Knowledge In Understanding Punching Performance In Boxers, Riki S. Lindsay, Seth M. Lenetsky 2020 Auckland University of Technology

The Contribution Of Expert Coaches’ Experiential Knowledge In Understanding Punching Performance In Boxers, Riki S. Lindsay, Seth M. Lenetsky

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

Traditionally, the field of sports science has been interested in conducting research that is predominately quantitative in nature. Although this approach has provided significant findings, this has led to expert coaches’ experiential knowledge being neglected in favour of empirical knowledge. By investigating punching in boxing, we are interested in developing an understanding of whether elite coaches, through their experiential knowledge, intuitively identify key characteristics of effective punching as identified in controlled experimental research. For this purpose, five interviews were conducted with professional and amateur boxing coaches. From this qualitative approach it was evident that coaches’ knowledge was consistent with that ...


Effects Of Imagery And Mindfulness On Anxiety, Confidence, Mental Well-Being, And Performance In Shot Putt Throwers: A Case Study, Sarah J. Deck 9021238, Despina Kouali, Craig R. Hall 2020 Western State College of Law

Effects Of Imagery And Mindfulness On Anxiety, Confidence, Mental Well-Being, And Performance In Shot Putt Throwers: A Case Study, Sarah J. Deck 9021238, Despina Kouali, Craig R. Hall

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

The purpose of the present study was to introduce imagery and mindfulness to athletes as tools to help deal with competition anxiety, and improve confidence, mental well-being, and performance. Two female varsity level throwers (Mage = 20) met individually with the researcher twice a week during the competitive season (25 weeks). Athletes were introduced to breathing and relaxation techniques, followed by basic imagery scripts and mindfulness. Results revealed that both athletes decreased their anxiety levels, while increasing their self-confidence, mental well-being, and performance. The findings highlight the positive effect of employing a combination of imagery and mindfulness in sport life.


Content Validation Of A Recreational And Sport Risk Taking Scale, Emilie Belley-Ranger, Hélène Carbonneau, François Trudeau 2020 Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

Content Validation Of A Recreational And Sport Risk Taking Scale, Emilie Belley-Ranger, Hélène Carbonneau, François Trudeau

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

e: The practice of sport and leisure has many physiological and psychological benefits. However, certain behaviours may contravene the physical integrity and well-being of participants, notably through sports injuries. Several endogenous (sensation seeking, risk perception, psychoaffective aspects, substance consumption, age) and exogenous (social influence, recreational and sporting factors, protective equipment, physical environment) dimensions make up risk-taking behaviours. Method: A qualitative study helped in developing an explanatory risk-taking model. A scale, based on the results of this work, could serve as a useful tool to better understand the determinants of leisure risk-taking among young people and, thus, propose more relevant prevention ...


Black Drowning Deaths: An Introductory Analysis, Alena Gadberry, James Gadberry 2020 Gadberry Education Services

Black Drowning Deaths: An Introductory Analysis, Alena Gadberry, James Gadberry

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Black children between the ages of 5 and 14 are 2.6 times more likely to drown than white children. A systematic exclusion from public pools and other forms of water activities over time has led to a lack of cultural capital involving aquatics among black families. Pierre Bourdieu has provided a theoretical foundation in which to understand this issue. The social fields created by generational socialization have made blacks feel like they have no place in the water. It will take a restructuring of the social institutions to set in motion the socialization (or a re-socialization) of new and ...


Head-Trunk Coordination And Coordination Variability During Anticipated And Unanticipated Sidestepping, Sam Zeff 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Head-Trunk Coordination And Coordination Variability During Anticipated And Unanticipated Sidestepping, Sam Zeff

Masters Theses

INTRODUCTION: Sensory systems within the head provide us with rich perceptual information and may require complex control of the head during locomotion when changing direction. Head position in space is maintained by head on trunk motion as well as lower extremity kinematic modifications, such as increased knee flexion and increased stance time in order to facilitate shock attenuation and reduce vertical CoM displacement. It has been established that the body organizes its degrees of freedom of the trunk, pelvis and lower extremities differently during anticipated and unanticipated sidestepping, which raises the question of how these modifications affect head control during ...


Cadence As An Indicator Of The Walk-To-Run Transition, Colleen Chase 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Cadence As An Indicator Of The Walk-To-Run Transition, Colleen Chase

Masters Theses

Humans naturally select a point at which to transition from walking to running when gradually increasing locomotor speed. This point is known as the walk-to-run transition (WRT). The WRT is traditionally expressed in terms of speed and is known to occur within a close range of 2.1 m/s, which is an accepted heuristic (i.e., empirically based, rounded) threshold value. Very little research exists defining the WRT in terms of cadence (steps/min) despite the fact that spatial temporal aspects of gait underlying the WRT include this parameter. Preliminary evidence suggests that the WRT may be associated with ...


Calculating An Equation To Estimate The Maximum Oxygen Uptake In Lifeguards, Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez 2020 Universidade da Coruña

Calculating An Equation To Estimate The Maximum Oxygen Uptake In Lifeguards, Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The aim of this study was to derive an equation that validly and reliably estimates the VO2 reached in the IPTL, a maximum stress test for lifeguards. From the results obtained in the first part of the research, a multiple linear regression model was identified. A "stepwise" procedure was established as a variable selection method, where the VO2IPTL was selected as the dependent variable and the maximum time reached in the IPTL (s), the percentage of muscle mass (%) and weight of the participant (kg), as independent variables. This procedure generated a regression model where a high correlation was ...


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