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Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths 2016 Macro Business

Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths

Drew Griffiths

Draft of a Sports Nutrition book, written specifically for combat sports but applicable to all.


A Comparison Of Multipath And Conventional Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Cody Brian Bremner 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

A Comparison Of Multipath And Conventional Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Cody Brian Bremner

Dissertations

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is the use of an electrical current for the purpose of eliciting a muscular response, and these treatments are most often used clinically for the specific purpose of increasing quadriceps strength. It is commonly accepted that the effectiveness of NMES for this purpose is primarily determined by the NMES training intensity. However, spatially limited motor unit recruitment, fatigue and discomfort negatively impact NMES-induced torque, which subsequently reduces NMES training intensities. Due to the importance of NMES training intensity, a substantial amount of research has focused on strategies designed to increase NMES-induced torque production, as well as ...


Transforming Body, Angelina Prendergast 2016 Claremont Colleges

Transforming Body, Angelina Prendergast

The STEAM Journal

This is a reflection about the use of balls for body therapy.


Peaceful Ninjas: Merging Mindfulness Education With Holistic Arts, Zachariah Z. Fisher, April Tucker 2016 Peaceful Ninjas

Peaceful Ninjas: Merging Mindfulness Education With Holistic Arts, Zachariah Z. Fisher, April Tucker

The STEAM Journal

Peaceful Ninjas is a Holistic Peace Education Movement Empowering Youth to Co Create World Peace by Merging Ancient and Modern Mindfulness Practices. This piece provides an overview of the activities and approach we use.


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr 2016 Bond University

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rodney P Pope

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall 2016 Wayne State University

Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, less than 11% of adults more than the age of 65 meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Among minority populations, only 5% of non-Hispanic Black older adults met the guidelines. Given our limited understanding of psychosocial and environmental factors that affect physical activity participation in these groups, the purpose of our focus groups was to investigate barriers, motivators, and preferences of physical activity for community-dwelling African American older adults. Three focus groups were conducted with female African American older adults (N = 20). Questions posed to each focus group targeted ...


Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms. 2016 Morehead State University

Motor Development And Skill Acquisition In Elementary Aged Students, Joanna M. Guerrant Ms.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Mastering physical movement occurs through motor learning and experience. Motor development is needed for successful acquisition of sport and other physical skills. A lack of motor skills has been associated with decreased physical activity later in life, which has been linked to a variety of hypokinetic diseases. This study examined motor learning and skill acquisition in elementary age children. Twenty 2nd-5th grade students were recruited through the local school system. Subjects did not have any injuries that would preclude them from performing three basic skills (modified squat, tree, and arm and leg raises). IRB approval, parental consent ...


Creatine Kinase, Exertional Rhabdomyolysis, And Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia In Ultra-Endurance Athletes: A Critically Appraised Paper, Michelle A. Cleary 2016 Chapman University

Creatine Kinase, Exertional Rhabdomyolysis, And Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia In Ultra-Endurance Athletes: A Critically Appraised Paper, Michelle A. Cleary

Athletic Training Faculty Articles and Research

What is the relationship between exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) and exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) in ultra-endurance athletes?


Runner's Stitch And The Thoracic Spine, Darren Morton 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Runner's Stitch And The Thoracic Spine, Darren Morton

Darren Morton

The cause of the abdominal pain commonly referred to as "stitch", but more accurately known as exercise related transient abdominal pain (ETAP), had until recently attracted more speculation than research. Explanations for the pain have included diaphragmatic ischaemia, (1) stress on peritoneal ligaments, (2) and irritation of the parietal peritoneum. (3) Although the exact cause of the pain remains to be elucidated, a neurogenic explanation has not appeared in the literature. We present the case of an elite runner who, after a thoracic spine trauma, developed severe and recurrent episodes of ETAP which were relieved by localised treatment. As a ...


Heart Rate Responses And Fluid Balance Of Competitive Cross-Country Hang Gliding Pilots, Darren Morton 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Heart Rate Responses And Fluid Balance Of Competitive Cross-Country Hang Gliding Pilots, Darren Morton

Darren Morton

Purpose: To evaluate the physiological challenges of competitive cross-country hang gliding.

Methods: Seventeen experienced male pilots (age = 41 ± 9 y; mean ± SD) were fitted with a monitor that recorded heart rate and altitude at 0.5 Hz throughout a competitive flight. Fluid losses were evaluated by comparing pilot pre- and postflight mass.

Results: The pilots’ displacement was 88.4 ± 43.7 km in 145.5 ± 49.4 min. Mean flight altitude was 1902 ± 427 m (range = 1363–2601 m) with a maximum altitude of 2925 ± 682 m (1870–3831 m). The mean in-flight heart rate of the pilots was 112 ...


Exercise Related Transient Abdominal Pain, Darren Morton 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Exercise Related Transient Abdominal Pain, Darren Morton

Darren Morton

The causes of exercise related abdominal pain remain to be elucidated.


Effect Of Ingested Fluid Composition Of Exercise-Related Transient Abdominal Pain, Darren Morton, Luis Fernando Aragon-Vargas, Robin Callister 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Effect Of Ingested Fluid Composition Of Exercise-Related Transient Abdominal Pain, Darren Morton, Luis Fernando Aragon-Vargas, Robin Callister

Darren Morton

The present study investigated the effect of ingested fluid composition on the experience of exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP). Forty subjects, susceptible to ETAP, completed 4 treadmill exercise trials: a no-fluid trial and flavored water (FW, no carbohydrate, osmolality = 48 mosmol/L, pH = 3.3), sports drink (SD, freshly mixed Gatorade®, 6% total carbohydrate, 295 mosmol/L, pH = 3.3), and reconstituted fruit juice (FJ, BERRI® orange, 10.4% total carbohydrate, 489 mosmol/L, pH = 3.2) trials. Measures of the experience of ETAP and gastrointestinal disturbances, particularly bloating, were quantified. The FJ was significantly (p < .01) more provocative of both ETAP and bloating than all other trials. There was no difference among the no-fluid, FW, and SD in the severity of ETAP experienced, although the difference between the no-fluid and SD approached significance at the .05 level (p = .056). There was a significant relationship between both the mean (r = 0.40, p < .01) and peak (r = 0.44, p < .01) levels of ETAP and bloating. When the level of bloating was controlled for, the FJ remained significantly (p < .01) more provocative of ETAP than the other conditions, with no difference between the FW and SD (p = .37). The results indicate that in order to avoid ETAP, susceptible individuals should refrain from consuming reconstituted fruit juices and beverages similarly high in carbohydrate content and osmolality, shortly before and during exercise. Further, the mechanism responsible for the heightened experience of ETAP in the FJ trial extends beyond a gastric mass explanation.


Exercise-Related Transient Abdominal Pain, Darren Morton, Robin Callister 2016 Avondale College of Higher Education

Exercise-Related Transient Abdominal Pain, Darren Morton, Robin Callister

Darren Morton

Exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP), commonly referred to as “stitch”, is an ailment well known in many sporting activities. It is especially prevalent in activities that involve repetitive torso movement with the torso in an extended position, such as running and horse riding. Approximately 70% of runners report experiencing the pain in the past year and in a single running event approximately one in five participants can be expected to suffer the condition. ETAP is a well-localized pain that is most common in the lateral aspects of the mid abdomen along the costal border, although it may occur in any ...


Back To The Future. Metabolic Effects Of A 4-Day Outdoor Trip Under Simulated Paleolithic Conditions – New Insights From The Eifel Study, Jens Freese, Daniel J. Pardi, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Regula Heynck, Robert Renner, Philipp Zimmer, Helmut Lötzerich 2016 German Sports University Cologne, Institute of Outdoor Sports and Environmental Science

Back To The Future. Metabolic Effects Of A 4-Day Outdoor Trip Under Simulated Paleolithic Conditions – New Insights From The Eifel Study, Jens Freese, Daniel J. Pardi, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Regula Heynck, Robert Renner, Philipp Zimmer, Helmut Lötzerich

Journal of Evolution and Health

Background: The observation that the emergence of common Western diseases takes place with much greater prevalence as societies migrate from natural-living cultures to modernized societies, has been well documented. For approximately 84,000 generations humans lived under hunter-gatherer conditions but recently endured dramatic change from our native lifestyle with the occurrence of the agricultural, industrial, and digital revolutions. The massive technological advancement that occurred within a relatively recent timeframe enabled humans to live in manner that is remarkably different than our pre-agricultural past. Consequently, the shift from a natural to a modern lifestyle likely promotes a gene-environment mismatch which causes ...


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr 2016 Bond University

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


The Role Of Sport As A Mediator In International Relations, Robert C. Schneider 2016 The College at Brockport

The Role Of Sport As A Mediator In International Relations, Robert C. Schneider

Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education Presentations and Papers

Sport, beginning with athletes, has historically brought persons from around the world together (Tomlinson & Young, 2011). Despite the propensity of sport to reinforce intense competitive attitudes toward opponents and anti-social behaviors (Marasescu, 2013), the opportunities for goodwill throughout and beyond sport are many. Loyalties, bonds, and friendships are established through shared international sporting experiences between competing nations (Darnell, 2010; Darnell & Black, 2011). Host nations, including citizens and governments of sporting events can accommodate visiting nations by featuring attractions unique to their cultures, e.g., food, customs, history, recreational activities, and wonders of nature. Social gatherings, complementary touristic activities, and privately arranged meetings offer convenient opportunities for fans, citizens, and even government officials, including heads of state to interact in a non-political, neutral sporting environment (Brownell, 2014). The in-person interactions resulting from sport, has long been known to help remove learned prejudices (Allport, 1954), allowing for ...


The Effect Of Step Frequency Training On A Male Runner With Patellofemoral Pain, Shelley Payne, Katelyn Barrett, Joe Wilkins 2016 Otterbein University

The Effect Of Step Frequency Training On A Male Runner With Patellofemoral Pain, Shelley Payne, Katelyn Barrett, Joe Wilkins

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Abstract

Running is a very popular form of exercise. The most common site of injury for runners is the knee with patellofemoral pain being the most common complaint. Patellofemoral pain is described as pain around the patella that is worse with activities such as running, squatting, ascending or descending stairs, or sitting for long periods. Much of the recent work with the treatment of patellofemoral pain has involved strengthening of the hip musculature to reduce pain about the knee. However, the ability of these strengthening programs to change lower extremity mechanics or sustain long-term pain reduction has been unproven. More ...


The Test- Retest Reliability And Minimal Detectable Change Of The Sensory Organization Test And Head- Shake Sensory Organization Test, Andrea E. Cripps 3720221, Scott C. Livingston, Brandon Desantis 2016 Bowling Green State University

The Test- Retest Reliability And Minimal Detectable Change Of The Sensory Organization Test And Head- Shake Sensory Organization Test, Andrea E. Cripps 3720221, Scott C. Livingston, Brandon Desantis

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Context: The assessment of balance deficits following sport- related concussion can be accomplished using computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) testing procedures, including the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and the Head- Shake Sensory Organization Test (HS- SOT). Although these tests are considered to be important post- concussion balance assessments, the test- retest reliability of the HS- SOT has not been evaluated in a healthy, athletic population. Objective: Our purpose was to evaluate the test- retest reliability of the HS-SOT in a non-concussed, athletic sample. Design: A prospective, time series, cohort design was used. Setting: University research laboratory. Participants or Other Participants: Twenty ...


The Effect Of Exercise On Cognitive Function As Measured By Impact Protocol: Aerobic Vs. Anaerobic, John Brutvan MA, ATC, Kimberly S. Peer EdD, ATC, FNATA, Jacob E. Barkley PhD, Jay Jonas MS, ATC 2016 Kent State University

The Effect Of Exercise On Cognitive Function As Measured By Impact Protocol: Aerobic Vs. Anaerobic, John Brutvan Ma, Atc, Kimberly S. Peer Edd, Atc, Fnata, Jacob E. Barkley Phd, Jay Jonas Ms, Atc

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Background: Exercise has long played a critical role in the recovery from athletic injuries. Of recent, concussion research has escalated creating new insights into the treatment of and rehabilitation from concussion syndromes. As part of the concussion research, multiple uses of the ImPACT tool have evolved to measure cognitive function. However, combining the variables of cognitive improvement as measured by the ImPACT protocol with aerobic and anaerobic exercise has not been investigated. Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the influence of acute bouts of aerobic versus resistance exercise on cognitive function of college-aged participants as measured by ...


Professional Action Sport Athletes’ Experiences With And Attitudes Toward Concussion: A Phenomenological Study, Caroline E. Faure, John M. Fitzpatrick 2016 Idaho State University

Professional Action Sport Athletes’ Experiences With And Attitudes Toward Concussion: A Phenomenological Study, Caroline E. Faure, John M. Fitzpatrick

The Qualitative Report

This study examined the lived experiences and subsequent attitudes of freestyle BMX and motocross athletes relative to suffering concussions. Eleven professional athletes were interviewed using a semi-structured protocol. All cited a significant personal history with concussion and those personal accounts, along with their observations of others who experienced similar head injuries, shaped the athletes’ attitudes towards concussion. Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors contributed to each athlete’s acceptance of concussion risk inherent in their respective sport. Generally, athletes accepted concussion risk as part of their sport, but were largely unfamiliar with what concussion was and what long-term effects could result ...


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