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The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer 2020 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biomechanical and physiological parameters related to running performance are usually studied separately. However, evaluating both aspects together could be beneficial in improving athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to observe the change in peak vGRF and asymmetry as speed increases, while observing physiological responses during a O2maxtest. Data from athlete monitoring of 12 cross-country and triathlon athletes were analyzed. The athlete monitoring protocol included three unweighted countermovement jumps and a O2maxtest performed by the athletes. The athletes had an average O2maxof 53.4 ± 7.7 mL/kg/min, while their average vGRF ...


The Ocean Lifeguard Intervention Continuum: A Cognitive Aid For Surf Lifeguard Education, William A. Koon, Ryan M. Gates, Shane Scoggins, Paul Andrus, Jack A. Futoran 2020 University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; California State Parks, Sacramento, California, USA,

The Ocean Lifeguard Intervention Continuum: A Cognitive Aid For Surf Lifeguard Education, William A. Koon, Ryan M. Gates, Shane Scoggins, Paul Andrus, Jack A. Futoran

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Ocean lifeguards are constantly engaged in beach risk analysis, required to efficiently evaluate a variety of environmental and other factors quickly in order to triage and prioritize who needs help. Teaching these skills is a challenge for introductory training programs. We sought to improve new lifeguards’ understanding of the interaction of various risk components in the beach environment and aid decision-making related to when a lifeguard should intervene in a situation. We developed a two-part cognitive aid for introductory ocean lifeguard education depicting individual and interacting elements of a beach goer’s risk of drowning or injury and the process ...


The Female Athlete Triad And It’S Long-Term Effect On High School Female Athletes, Sarah Lanier 2020 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

The Female Athlete Triad And It’S Long-Term Effect On High School Female Athletes, Sarah Lanier

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

With the passage of Title IX in 1972, females have come a long way in regards to sport participation. This was something that was considered great for women and has led to the tremendous increase in female participation in sports in high schools. While participation in sports has many benefits, one unforeseen consequence was the emergence of the female athlete triad. The female athlete triad is a composed of three things, low-energy availability (disordered eating), menstrual irregularities, and negative effects on bone mineral density. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the female athlete triad and ...


Kids Don’T Float…And Their Parents Don’T Either: Using A Family-Centered Approach In Alaska’S Kids Don’T Float Program, Michelle E. E. Bauer, Audrey R. Giles, Justina Marianayagam, Kelli M. Toth 2020 University of Ottawa

Kids Don’T Float…And Their Parents Don’T Either: Using A Family-Centered Approach In Alaska’S Kids Don’T Float Program, Michelle E. E. Bauer, Audrey R. Giles, Justina Marianayagam, Kelli M. Toth

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The goal of this experiential report is to outline the adoption of a family-centered Kids Don’t Float approach. We conducted a critical synthesis of information to reflect the expansion of the Kids Don’t Float program into a more family-centered approach. The critical synthesis provided insights into why we should adopt this approach, how it was implemented, and how it influenced drowning incidents compared to the previously used child-centered approach. The adoption of a family-centered approach may contribute to reducing drowning incidents by targeting parents, providing safety information to families, and promoting parental modelling of life jackets. Program evaluators ...


Factors Impacting Swimming Participation And Competence: A Qualitative Report, Todd E. Layne, Carol C. Irwin, Jennifer Renee Pharr, Richard L. Irwin 2020 University of Memphis

Factors Impacting Swimming Participation And Competence: A Qualitative Report, Todd E. Layne, Carol C. Irwin, Jennifer Renee Pharr, Richard L. Irwin

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Drowning continues to be a major cause of death for children, especially among minority groups. USA Swimming commissioned studies in 2008 and 2010 to look at swimming ability or inability, an associated drowning variable. The 2010 study showed alarming high percentages regarding insufficient swimming skill for many demographic groups. The current study’s purpose was to provide further analysis of variables which emerged from 2010 study and how these variables are affecting all US populations. Focus group interviews accomplished in three regionally diverse US cities asked participants (3=fathers; 12=mothers) about their personal history with swimming, perceptions concerning swimming ...


Promising Practices For Boating Safety Initiatives That Target Indigenous Peoples In New Zealand, Australia, The United States Of America, And Canada, Mitchell Crozier, Audrey R. Giles 2020 University of Ottawa

Promising Practices For Boating Safety Initiatives That Target Indigenous Peoples In New Zealand, Australia, The United States Of America, And Canada, Mitchell Crozier, Audrey R. Giles

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Boating-related incidents are responsible for a significant number of the drowning fatalities that occur within Indigenous communities in New Zealand, Australia, the USA, and Canada. The aim of this paper was to identify promising practices for boating safety initiatives that target Indigenous peoples within these countries and evaluate past and ongoing boating safety initiatives delivered to/with Indigenous peoples within these countries to suggest the ways in which they – or programs that follow them - may be more effective. Based upon evidence from previous research, boating safety initiatives that target Indigenous peoples in New Zealand, Australia, the USA, and Canada should ...


Swimming Pool Environment And Respiratory Health Issues Experienced By Masters Swimmers: Results From A Literature Review And Survey Of United States Masters Swimming Clubs, Jody C. Gan, Julia Snegg, William Harder 2020 American University

Swimming Pool Environment And Respiratory Health Issues Experienced By Masters Swimmers: Results From A Literature Review And Survey Of United States Masters Swimming Clubs, Jody C. Gan, Julia Snegg, William Harder

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

After three members of a Masters adult swim club died of lung cancer, both a literature review and survey were conducted with representatives from 746 United States Masters Swimming clubs to explore a possible relationship between swimming and cancers of the respiratory tract. Six other clubs reported known cancers of the respiratory tract among club members, but none of the other 740 clubs reported a similar cluster of lung cancer. More clubs reported cases of chronic respiratory infections and widespread complaints about air quality. While no studies exploring a relationship between swimming and lung cancer could be found in the ...


Parental Perceptions Of Water Safety Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Amanda Casey Ph.D., Jennifer Blok, Katherine Vaughan, William O'Dwyer 2020 St. Francis Xavier University

Parental Perceptions Of Water Safety Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Amanda Casey Ph.D., Jennifer Blok, Katherine Vaughan, William O'Dwyer

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are twice as likely to die from unintentional drowning compared to same-age children without ASD emphasizing the importance of water-safety skills and knowledge. Yet little research has been published on perceptions of water safety for this population. The objective of the study was to investigate parental perceptions of water safety amongst children with ASD. An online questionnaire focusing on parental perceptions of water safety was distributed to parents of children with ASD associated with autism support groups across Canada. Forty-nine parents completed the self-report questionnaire with items related to demographics, swimming proficiency and lessons ...


Examining Minority Youth Swimmers’ Versus Non-Swimmers’ Perceptions Of Swimming Involvement, Timothy M. Dasinger, Laura L. Brown, Ashton J. Sawyers 2020 University of Tennessee, Martin

Examining Minority Youth Swimmers’ Versus Non-Swimmers’ Perceptions Of Swimming Involvement, Timothy M. Dasinger, Laura L. Brown, Ashton J. Sawyers

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Drowning is one of the leading causes of death in youth, especially among minority populations (Gilchrest & Parker, 2014). According to the World Health Organization (2014), every hour of every day approximately 42 people lose their lives to drowning. Additionally, African-Americans are 14 times more likely to drown in a pool than other racial or ethnic group members (Waller & Norwood, 2011). The purpose of this study was to examine survey results between swimming and non-swimming minority youth participants. Forty African American students between the ages of 5-17 from an after-school program completed the Swimming Involvement Survey. Results indicated that swimmers, independent ...


Effects Of Different Aerobic Training Techniques On Vital Capacity And Breath Hold, Luke Fickenworth, Jarrod Fair, Triet Le, Ashlynn Hickey 2020 Ohio Northern University

Effects Of Different Aerobic Training Techniques On Vital Capacity And Breath Hold, Luke Fickenworth, Jarrod Fair, Triet Le, Ashlynn Hickey

Aurora: The Research Journal of Ohio Northern University

Athletes are constantly looking for ways to increase their lung capacity. The larger the lung capacity, the more air, specifically oxygen, can be taken in by the athlete. Thus, increasing lung capacity increases endurance, allowing athletes to perform at a higher level for longer periods of time without feeling tired. If lung capacity remains the same while duration or intensity of activity increases, oxygen intake remains the same and there is more stress on the heart to get more oxygen to muscles and remove waste (Rathi 2014). This study will test breath hold time and vital capacity in order to ...


Physical Activity And Its Impact On Cognitive Development, William Holland 2020 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Physical Activity And Its Impact On Cognitive Development, William Holland

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The educational system largely is associated with academic assessments and sitting at a desk or on a computer for a majority of the school day. Another part of the education system that is often overlooked is caring for the child health and well-being. Education is more than tests and homework and can be facilitated by other methods that don’t encourage a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this synthesis project is to determine what impact physical activity can have on cognitive development, cognitive function and overall brain health. Results have shown that even a single bout of exercise can have ...


A Comparison Of Dynamic Balance In Male And Female Collegiate Soccer And Lacrosse Athletes, Elizabeth Carter, Brandon Bartlome 2020 Ohio Northern University

A Comparison Of Dynamic Balance In Male And Female Collegiate Soccer And Lacrosse Athletes, Elizabeth Carter, Brandon Bartlome

Aurora: The Research Journal of Ohio Northern University

Context: Deficits in dynamic balance have been a strong predictor of lower extremity injury. Lower extremity dynamic balance between gender and sport have been examined but there is inconclusive data that supports a difference.

Purpose: To determine a difference in dynamic balance between NCAA DIII men’s and women's soccer/lacrosse using the modified star excursion balance test (SEBT).

Design: Dynamic balance assessment using the modified SEBT. Subjects have one test and will complete 3 trials using their dominant leg. Average score of the 3 trials will be used in our analysis.

Setting: Subjects will be evaluated in a ...


Physical Fitness Improvements Of 8-Week Light Vs. Heavy Tyre Flip Training In Young Adults, Del P. Wong, Anthony Weldon, Jake K. Ngo 2020 Sport Science Research Center, Shandong Sport University, 250102, Jinan, China

Physical Fitness Improvements Of 8-Week Light Vs. Heavy Tyre Flip Training In Young Adults, Del P. Wong, Anthony Weldon, Jake K. Ngo

Staff Publications

This study compared the effects of eight-week tyre flipping training intervention using light and heavy tyres on physical fitness performance. Twenty-nine young physically active males were divided into light (n = 15) and heavy (n = 14) tyre flipping groups evenly according to body weight and height. Body-to-tyre weight ratios were 0.61 ± 0.06 for the light tyre (LTTG) and 1.51 ± 0.16 for the heavy tyre training (HTTG) groups. Fitness parameters were measured before and after the intervention. One-way ANCOVA analysis indicated no significant between-group differences when pre-test values were controlled. Both groups demonstrated within-group improvements in 6RM bench ...


Effect Of Sport-Specific Demands On Swimmer's Shoulder, Jordan A. Thielbar 2020 University of South Dakota

Effect Of Sport-Specific Demands On Swimmer's Shoulder, Jordan A. Thielbar

Honors Thesis

Swimming is a unique sport in that the shoulders generate most of the propulsive force. Therefore, due to the large amounts of repetitive force, the shoulders generate during freestyle, swimmer’s shoulder is the most common injury among competitive swimmers. Freestyle biomechanics, muscular imbalances and posture all play a pertinent role in a swimmer’s risk for developing a shoulder injury during their swimming career. Swimmers typically develop large muscular imbalances between their dominant and nondominant shoulders due to several sport-specific demands including freestyle stroke mechanics, breathing, and body roll. These muscular imbalances alter a swimmer’s posture and freestyle ...


Swimming Past The Pandemic: Importance Of Evidence-Based Science, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D. 2020 Bowling Green State University - Emeritus Professor, Developmental Aquatic Kinesiology

Swimming Past The Pandemic: Importance Of Evidence-Based Science, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Swimming Past the Pandemic - URL included


Effect Of Active Isolated Stretching And Static Stretching On Vertical Jump Performance And Flexibility, Jennifer Garcia 2020 University of North Georgia

Effect Of Active Isolated Stretching And Static Stretching On Vertical Jump Performance And Flexibility, Jennifer Garcia

Honors Theses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of AIS compared to static stretching on countermovement jump height production. Currently, only a few studies have conducted research on AIS and CMJ. None of which compared the differences in power production between static stretching and AIS. Most studies show 30 or 60-second holds per muscle group for static stretching. This study will utilize a static stretching and AIS protocol of 45 second hold per muscle group for a total stretch volume of 6 minutes, which meets the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines (ACSM, 2018).


Swim Instruction For Individuals With Developmental Coordination Disorder, Susan J. Grosse 2020 Aquatic Consulting & Education Resource Services

Swim Instruction For Individuals With Developmental Coordination Disorder, Susan J. Grosse

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Almost every swim teacher has encountered an individual who had difficulty learning to swim, whose movements appeared dissimilar from peers, or who needed to repeat swim course instructional levels many times. That individual might have had difficulty with sport activities, handwriting, and been clumsy in gross and fine motor tasks. Difficulty with coordination and control of movement may suggest a diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Individuals experiencing DCD may feel left out, inadequate, unhappy, frustrated, and embarrassed by his or her ineptness. These feelings may result in an individual withdrawing or refusing to join in and participate in physical ...


Staff Training In Aquatics For Individuals With Disabilities: The Quest, Susan J. Grosse 2020 Bowling Green State University

Staff Training In Aquatics For Individuals With Disabilities: The Quest, Susan J. Grosse

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Trained instructors in general programs have the ability and resources to initiate and follow through with developing water safe individuals who are capable swimmers. Specific staff training to prepare individuals to facilitate aquatic participation for individuals with disabilities is currently extremely limited. The purpose of this article is to examine the barriers to specialized staff training in aquatics for individuals with disabilities, to suggest necessary staff training content, and to propose topics for further research in the area of staff training. Seeking development of quality staff training programs for those working in aquatics for individuals with disabilities is the quest.


Evaluation And Development Of Salem Generation Games, Adam Parise, Shane O'Neill, Carl Beatrice Jr, Khalill Benguche, Shawn Calabro, Marcus Carvalho, Jaden Castillo, Matthew Cesare, Madison Cifra, Ron Colman, Dom DeLuca, Alicia Gibney, Brett Graziano, Jake Hibbert, Justin Hicks, Noah Hodgkins, Janard Jones, Matthew Legere, Brett Molea, Michael Negri, Chris O'Brien, Darren Sanderson, Patrick Sullivan, Joey Van Bragt, Sebastian Williams, Ben Darling, Harry Garofano, Joseph Morse, Angelo Pilato, Brayan Then, Domenic Tringale 2020 Salem State University

Evaluation And Development Of Salem Generation Games, Adam Parise, Shane O'Neill, Carl Beatrice Jr, Khalill Benguche, Shawn Calabro, Marcus Carvalho, Jaden Castillo, Matthew Cesare, Madison Cifra, Ron Colman, Dom Deluca, Alicia Gibney, Brett Graziano, Jake Hibbert, Justin Hicks, Noah Hodgkins, Janard Jones, Matthew Legere, Brett Molea, Michael Negri, Chris O'Brien, Darren Sanderson, Patrick Sullivan, Joey Van Bragt, Sebastian Williams, Ben Darling, Harry Garofano, Joseph Morse, Angelo Pilato, Brayan Then, Domenic Tringale

Research Day

The objective of free mass-participation events hosted by Salem State University (SSU), i.e. the 2016 Wellness U Multisport Festival and the 2017, 2018, 2019 & 2020 Generation Games, was to involve SSU students studying sport and recreation management in the development and implementation of new sporting event solutions targeting these social concerns. The goal for the 2020 Generation Games was again to get many generations together for a day of fun and games. The Salem 2020 edition offered clinics as well as many other activities and sports. This presentation shares SSU’s experience in implementing the projects, while discussing implications ...


The Effect Of Plyometric Training On Collegiate Dancer's Jumping Abilities, Victoria Kelsen 2020 Salem State University

The Effect Of Plyometric Training On Collegiate Dancer's Jumping Abilities, Victoria Kelsen

Research Day

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine whether Plyometric training effects dancers’ vertical jump heights and broad jumps, compared to standard jump training activities normally done by dancers.

Methods: The six-week study included 14 collegiate leveled dancers, 9 of them (21.3±2.6 years old) completed the plyometric training program while 5 of them (21.5±2.2 years old) completed the dance training program. Each group met twice a week and participated in pretesting and post-testing. Three tests were used to assess the effects of training and included the squat jump, countermovement jump, and broad jump ...


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