Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry and Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,894 Full-Text Articles 4,791 Authors 1,158,542 Downloads 140 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry and Psychology

Faceted Search

2,894 full-text articles. Page 1 of 63.

Alcohol Screening And Brief Intervention Program In A University Health Service, Teresa Conklin 2015 Seton Hall University

Alcohol Screening And Brief Intervention Program In A University Health Service, Teresa Conklin

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Alcohol misuse in the United States is a public health concern. Inappropriate alcohol consumption poses an enormous threat to the physical, social, and economic well-being of the American public. Young adults, specifically college students, are at particularly high risk for alcohol misuse. National organizations have endorsed efforts to identify and advise individuals who engage in risky drinking behaviors. Students who visit Seton Hall University Health Services for routine health care are an ideal group to engage in alcohol screening and education. The purpose of this project is to introduce and evaluate an alcohol screening and brief intervention program in a ...


Personality And Health: An Assessment Of Healthy Neuroticism, Kelsey Stiles 2015 Washington University in St. Louis

Personality And Health: An Assessment Of Healthy Neuroticism, Kelsey Stiles

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

Personality traits have been linked to health behaviors and health status in a multitude of past studies, but few have examined the effects of personality trait interactions. The present study used an online questionnaire to assess how healthy neuroticism, the co-occurrence of high levels of conscientiousness and neuroticism, is related to health. Participants provided information about their health-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and the responses of participants who had high levels of both traits were analyzed to identify what makes these individuals distinguishable. The results provided four main findings. First, healthy neuroticism, as defined by high levels of conscientiousness and ...


Anthropology Of The First Puff: An Inquiry Into The Beginnings, Cultures, And Contexts Of Tobacco Use In Students At Washington University In St. Louis, Kristoffer Thomas Sladky 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Anthropology Of The First Puff: An Inquiry Into The Beginnings, Cultures, And Contexts Of Tobacco Use In Students At Washington University In St. Louis, Kristoffer Thomas Sladky

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

Cigarette smoking is widely recognized as the leading cause of preventable mortality in the United States, accounting for more than 480,000 deaths per year. Although smoking rates in adults have steadily declined over the past twenty years, smoking among college students has risen sharply. The objectives of this study were to: 1) explore the contexts within which individuals in a particular population smoke a cigarette for the first time; 2) examine how these contexts and perceptions of smoking contribute to the smoker’s future habits, and 3) determine whether any novel circumstantial factors exist that increase one’s risk ...


The Role Of Calcium Signaling Genes In Schizophrenia Development, Nisha Bhatia 2015 Georgia State University

The Role Of Calcium Signaling Genes In Schizophrenia Development, Nisha Bhatia

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Handling Human Hacking: Creating A Comprehensive Defensive Strategy Against Modern Social Engineering, Charles Snyder 2015 Liberty University

Handling Human Hacking: Creating A Comprehensive Defensive Strategy Against Modern Social Engineering, Charles Snyder

Senior Honors Theses

Social engineering is one of the most devastating threats to any company or business. Rather than relying upon technical flaws in order to break into computer networks, social engineers utilize a suave personality in order to deceive individuals through clever conversation. These devious conversations frequently provide the attacker with sufficient information to compromise the company’s computer network. Unlike common technical attacks, social engineering attacks cannot be prevented by security tools and software. Instead of attacking a network directly, a social engineer exploits human psychology in order to coerce the victim to inadvertently divulge sensitive information. Further complicating the issue ...


The Challenges Of Conducting International Public Health Research: Data Collection Lessons From The Field, Caroline Kuo 2015 Brown University

The Challenges Of Conducting International Public Health Research: Data Collection Lessons From The Field, Caroline Kuo

University of Massachusetts and New England Area Librarian e-Science Symposium

Caroline Kuo, DPhil, MPhil, is Assistant Professor, Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University. She spoke about the data collection and data management challenges encountered in her research.


The Impact Of A Support Group For Mentors, Joel Bates 2015 Liberty University

The Impact Of A Support Group For Mentors, Joel Bates

Senior Honors Theses

In recent years, mentoring has been recognized by organizations and researchers as having great importance and potential. One of the three major mentoring fields, youth mentoring has been utilized and noted as a source of support and benefit for youth. Although some reviews are conflicted, the literature has largely shown this practice of guiding youth to be effective in helping to produce improved outcomes for children later in life. Researchers have also found evidence for the benefits of mentoring for mentors that can be explained within the context of Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development. The program that was studied ...


2015 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University 2015 Cedarville University

2015 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Click the "Download" button in the top right corner to view the abstract booklet.


The Use Of The Hit Questionnaire In A Rehabilitation Center For Juvenile Delinquents, Shannah C. Gardiner, Jenna Berkstresser 2015 Cedarville University

The Use Of The Hit Questionnaire In A Rehabilitation Center For Juvenile Delinquents, Shannah C. Gardiner, Jenna Berkstresser

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

It has been found that juvenile delinquents usually possess inaccurate explanations or thoughts about their experiences, which are called as cognitive distortions. The prior findings also suggested that juvenile delinquents’ antisocial behaviors are associated with their cognitive distortions. Therefore, many juvenile centers utilized cognitive treatment programs and tried to reduce juvenile delinquents’ cognitive distortions. Thus, it is useful to measure the changes of juvenile delinquents’ cognitive distortions in a rehabilitation center to design treatment plans and evaluate its effectiveness.

The present study aimed to measure the changes of cognitive distortions in a group of 43 adolescent juvenile delinquents at a ...


The Effects Of Vocational Support Programs On Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Ivey M. McRory, Angel Kester, Addie T. Martin, Marybeth Williams 2015 Cedarville University

The Effects Of Vocational Support Programs On Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Ivey M. Mcrory, Angel Kester, Addie T. Martin, Marybeth Williams

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to examine the effects of vocational support programs versus the absence of vocational support programs on employment rates, social skills, and quality of life of transition-aged youth diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders and related diagnoses.

Methods: The CINAHL, Cochrane Collection Plus, Medline, PubMed, and UpToDate databases were searched for articles pertaining to our purpose statement. Four reviewers analyzed the articles for results and extracted data regarding sample characteristics, treatment characteristics, assessment tools, and outcomes.

Results: Nine studies were included, all of which related to the effects of vocational support programs on individuals with ...


The Sterilization Of Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: Protection Or Loss Of Personhood?, Kelly J. Schaffter 2015 Cedarville University

The Sterilization Of Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: Protection Or Loss Of Personhood?, Kelly J. Schaffter

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The civil rights of individuals with development disabilities have been a great challenge to protect throughout the United States’ history. The United States has not held the protection of this population’s civil rights with proper priority. The country’s actions towards the population of individuals with development disabilities carried into the 20th century, when individuals with mental disabilities were involuntarily sterilized in the name of eugenics. Currently, the goal of the sterilization of this population is for their protection, yet forced sterilization continues to be a questionable practice in regards to ethics. In this paper, I will claim that ...


Caregivers' Experiences Raising A Child With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Aamena Kapasi 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Caregivers' Experiences Raising A Child With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Aamena Kapasi

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to identify challenges and strengths of caregivers to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Thirty-two caregivers raising a child with FASD participated in phone interviews that included the questions: "What challenges do you face in making your household function well?" and "What strengths do you have to make your household function well?" Responses to the questions were sorted by participants and the data was analyzed using multi-dimensional scaling and cluster analysis. In response to the question about challenges, seven concepts emerged: 1) Extra Responsibility on Caregivers, 2) Difficulty Keeping Daily Routine, 3 ...


Otra Vez El Mar Y La Psicología De Carl Gustav Jung, Ángela Martín Pérez 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Otra Vez El Mar Y La Psicología De Carl Gustav Jung, Ángela Martín Pérez

The Quiet Corner Interdisciplinary Journal

Poco antes de su muerte, el profesor Carl Gustav Jung aceptó realizar un trabajo de divulgación de sus ideas que se publicó bajo el nombre de El hombre y sus símbolos. En esta obra, el psicólogo ruso recupera su estudio de la estructura de la personalidad, que él entendía compuesta por cinco elementos conceptualizados por el Ego, la Persona, la Sombra, el Anima o Animus y el Sí Mismo. En el proceso de desarrollo del sí mismo, el sujeto se rodea de ciertas circunstancias en las que descubre su Persona, se enfrenta con la Sombra y se encuentra con el ...


Educating Dental Health Professionals About People With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Educating Dental Health Professionals About People With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

Dental schools and dental hygiene programs are required to incorporate specialized training in their programs to serve people with special needs, however people with intellectual and developmental disability (I/DD) continue to experience poor oral health outcomes. Access to clinicians with the desire and skill to care for people with I/DD remains a challenge. There is a need to understand the best approaches to improve access, and to reduce disparity in oral health, for this vulnerable population representing approximately 1-3% of the general population. Researchers are systematically investigating the literature to uncover evidence of effective approaches to improve access ...


Love: Its Evolution And Neurobiology, Gerald Ballough PhD 2015 La Salle University

Love: Its Evolution And Neurobiology, Gerald Ballough Phd

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily C. Bihun, Bradley L. Schlaggar, Kevin J. Black 2015 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily C. Bihun, Bradley L. Schlaggar, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Tic disorders are childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by motor and/or vocal tics. Research has demonstrated that children with chronic tics (including Tourette syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder: TS/CTD) can suppress tics, particularly when an immediate, contingent reward is given for successful tic suppression. As a diagnosis of TS/CTD requires tics to be present for at least one year, children in these tic suppression studies had been living with tics for quite some time. Thus, it is unclear whether the ability to inhibit tics is learned over time or present at tic onset. Resolving that issue would ...


Jackson, Hope Celeste, B. 1972 (Fa 786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2015 Western Kentucky University

Jackson, Hope Celeste, B. 1972 (Fa 786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text paper (click Additional Files below) for Folklife Archives Project 786. This collection features a term paper and DVD relating to the pagan folklife in the United States. The project was completed by Western Kentucky University student Hope Celeste Jackson for credit in an “Introduction to Folk Studies” class.


A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine B. Lo, Molly E. Waring, Sherry L. Pagoto, Stephenie C. Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine B. Lo, Molly E. Waring, Sherry L. Pagoto, Stephenie C. Lemon

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

OBJECTIVE: A TV in the bedroom has been associated with screen time in youth. Youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) have higher rates of screen time, but associations with bedroom TVs are unknown in this population. We examined the association of having a bedroom TV with screen time among youth with ADD/ADHD.

METHODS: Data were from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Youth 6-17 years whose parent/guardian reported a physician's diagnosis of ADD/ADHD (n = 7,024) were included in the analysis. Parents/guardians reported the presence of a bedroom TV and average ...


Quantile Rank Maps: A New Tool For Understanding Individual Brain Development, Huaihou Chen, Clare Kelly, F. Xavier Castellanos, Ye He, Xi-Nian Zuo, Philip T. Reiss 2015 University of Florida

Quantile Rank Maps: A New Tool For Understanding Individual Brain Development, Huaihou Chen, Clare Kelly, F. Xavier Castellanos, Ye He, Xi-Nian Zuo, Philip T. Reiss

Philip T. Reiss

We propose a novel method for neurodevelopmental brain mapping that displays how an individual’s values for a quantity of interest compare with age-specific norms. By estimating smoothly age-varying distributions at a set of brain regions of interest, we derive age-dependent region-wise quantile ranks for a given individual, which can be presented in the form of a brain map. Such quantile rank maps could potentially be used for clinical screening. Bootstrap-based confidence intervals are proposed for the quantile rank estimates. We also propose a recalibrated Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for detecting group differences in the age-varying distribution. This test is shown to ...


Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler 2015 University of Houston - Main

Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler

Jayme M Reisler

The high rate of comorbid substance use disorder and other mental illness (“dual diagnosis”) poses an enormous obstacle to public policy and sentencing in criminal cases. It is estimated that almost half of all Federal, State, and jail inmates suffer from dual diagnosis – a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population. Yet such inmates lack access to proper and effective treatments for their conditions. Several etiological theories have been put forth to explain the occurrence of dual diagnosis in general. However, virtually no studies have explored possible etiological reasons for the higher prevalence of dual diagnosis specifically in criminal ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress