Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry and Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,113 Full-Text Articles 5,188 Authors 1,269,837 Downloads 159 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry and Psychology

Faceted Search

3,113 full-text articles. Page 1 of 72.

The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, Lauren M. Hurley, Alexandra Smola 2016 University of Akron Main Campus

The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, Lauren M. Hurley, Alexandra Smola

Honors Research Projects

The prevalence of developmental disabilities in children in the United States is a serious problem. Since children with developmental disabilities often show decreased self-efficacy and balance, researchers have studied the effects of interventions in this population. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a 10-week THR session on balance and task-specific self-efficacy in children with physical disabilities ages 6 to 18 years old. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and The Physical Stress Theory will guide the quasi-experimental study. A pre-test post-test design will be implemented over a 12 week span at 3 different riding centers in ...


Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, Julia Hayes 2015 Montana State University - Bozeman

Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, Julia Hayes

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

Pain is a mental construct that is seen as a warning signal to avoid injury. Athletes are able to overcome the mental roadblock of pain with many different coping strategies. Research has shown that pain coping mechanisms can help athletes to avoid the negative effect of pain on performance (Thelwell, Weston, Greenlees, 2005). Ignoring pain can be used to change pain perception. Pain tolerance has also been shown to increase with mental training during exercise, suggesting that specific coping mechanisms can have a strong impact on an athletes ability to maintain a high performance level during competition (Thelwell, 2005). The ...


Severe Mental Illnesses: Training And Education, Amresh Srivastava 2015 University of Western Ontario

Severe Mental Illnesses: Training And Education, Amresh Srivastava

Psychiatry Publications

Amresh Srivastava

MD,MRCPsych,FRCPC

Associate Professore of Psychiatry

Western University

London.ON

Severe Mental Illnesses: Training and Education

-

About 4% patients in the community suffer from severe mental illness and about 16% from ‘any mental disorder’

Maximum financial and human resource allocations for mental health is consumed in managing severe mental disorders, leaving very little for treatment of early phase of illness and for developing preventive program.

All of us, psychiatrists, family physicians, other mental health professionals like, nurse, psychologists, socal workers, occupational therapists, counsellors, and members of advocacy groups and mental health organisations, face the challenge for managing ...


The Company We Keep: Allecia Reid Explores The Social Side Of Drinking, Jacob McCarthy 2015 Colby College

The Company We Keep: Allecia Reid Explores The Social Side Of Drinking, Jacob Mccarthy

Colby Magazine

It would be touch to find a research subject more relevant to college students' social lives than the one William and Margaret Montgoris Assistant Professor in Psychology Allecia Reid is tackling.

"I'm focusing on alcohol use," she said. "How their peers affect their drinking seems to be really meaningful for them."

That project is just one of several in which Reid is looking at how factors like where we live and with whom we associate affect our behavior and our health.


The G. Stanley Hall Papers, Granville Stanley Hall 2015 Clark University

The G. Stanley Hall Papers, Granville Stanley Hall

Archives and Special Collections Finding Aids

The papers of Granville Stanley Hall, Clark University's first president, include family and professional correspondence, official University correspondence, and correspondence with former students of Hall's.


Anger And Hostility As Primary Externalizing Features Of Depression In College Men, Matthew Genuchi 2015 Boise State University

Anger And Hostility As Primary Externalizing Features Of Depression In College Men, Matthew Genuchi

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Some have suggested that Major Depressive Disorder diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) may not capture the full range of depressive symptoms of some men who adhere to hegemonic masculine gender role norms. The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of several proposed externalizing variables to predict masculine depression in a sample of men (n = 169). A stepwise multiple regression process was used, in which three models were analyzed. The analysis indicated that hostility and anger were the only variables predictive of masculine depressive symptoms. Additional implications for clinical assessment ...


World-Class Research: Biomedical Science Beyond Experimentation, 2015 Colby College

World-Class Research: Biomedical Science Beyond Experimentation

Colby Magazine

Faculty and relationships with Maine’s big-three research labs propel Colby’s opportunities in biomedical science

Could childhood nutrition set late-life brain function?

Hitting the lab running

Ahmad wins grant for study of neurodegenerative disease


Effects Of Early-Adolescent, Mid-Adolescent, Or Adult Stress On Morphine Conditioned Place Preference, Chloe Shields 2015 Linfield College

Effects Of Early-Adolescent, Mid-Adolescent, Or Adult Stress On Morphine Conditioned Place Preference, Chloe Shields

Senior Theses

In light of previous work demonstrating that stress can increase subjective drug reward in adult rats, the present study investigated the influence of stress on morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) in early-adolescent, mid-adolescent, and adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Subjects in each age group were assigned to either a no stress condition or a stress condition in which they were exposed to an unpredictable eight-day schedule of elevated platform and synthetic fox odor stressors. Place conditioning then evaluated subjective morphine reward in all animals. Using a biased procedure, subjects were assigned to receive morphine on the initially non-preferred side of the ...


The Effects Of Arginine Vasopressin On Maternal Behavior And Aggression In Peromyscus Californicus Mothers, Nathaniel Ng 2015 Seattle Pacific University

The Effects Of Arginine Vasopressin On Maternal Behavior And Aggression In Peromyscus Californicus Mothers, Nathaniel Ng

Honors Projects

Research studies since the 1950s have shown that a chemical within the brain called arginine vasopressin (AVP) is associated with the modulation of many different social behaviors in mammals. Some of these behaviors are related to parenting, such as parental care initiation, aggression, social recognition, depression and anxiety. Understanding the physiology behind AVP regulation could allow for the creation of new therapies for treating human social disorders, such as using an AVP receptor antagonist to attenuate anxiety. This project examines how neural injections of AVP and an AVP receptor antagonist affect both maternal care and aggression in female Peromyscus californicus ...


Forme Della Psicoanalisi E Teoria Del Riconoscimento. La Psiche Intersoggettiva Di Axel Honneth, In "Psicoterapia E Scienze Umane", Xlix, N. 2 (2015), Pp. 221-242., Marco Solinas 2015 Florence University

Forme Della Psicoanalisi E Teoria Del Riconoscimento. La Psiche Intersoggettiva Di Axel Honneth, In "Psicoterapia E Scienze Umane", Xlix, N. 2 (2015), Pp. 221-242., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

"Patterns of psychoanalysis and theory of recognition. Axel Honneth’s intersubjective psyche". An overview of the several scopes and patterns used over time by Axel Honneth in his “theory of recognition” is presented. After a discussion of the use of object relations theory (especially with reference to D.W. Winnicott’s contributions) in Honneth’s 1992 book Struggle for Recognition, the theoretical revision of psychoanalysis in light of his theory of recognition is examined. Finally, Honneth’s suggestion of a new alliance between a renewed “critical theory” and psychoanalysis, which concerns also the dimension of political psychology, is discussed.

Viene ...


Psychotherapy In Family Medicine, Saadia N. Hameed 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Psychotherapy In Family Medicine, Saadia N. Hameed

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Aim: To explore the perspectives and practice of psychotherapy of family physicians, and analyze Ontario’s mental health policy documents within the context of psychotherapy.

Methods: In the first study descriptive qualitative methodology was used. Eighteen family physicians were interviewed and the results were presented thematically. In the second study, a policy analysis of Ontario’s mental health policy documents was conducted. The qualitative policy analytic methodology of Peter et al. was used.

Findings: Psychotherapy is an effective treatment of mental illness and is practiced by family physicians. Lack of training and time are barriers, while patient needs and ...


Pearl Harvesting Autism, Mariya Gruntovskaya 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Pearl Harvesting Autism, Mariya Gruntovskaya

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis addresses the difficulties of on-line information searching as it relates to the topic of autism. A review of existing search strategies is presented and their limitations are discussed. A new method for deriving a set of search-terms for comprehensive searching, Pearl Harvesting, was tested here to determine the necessary search terms (i.e., synonym ring) for ERIC and PsycINFO databases. Once discovered and validated, a synonym ring can be copied and pasted directly into the search box of the database, providing a simple, thorough and time saving way of conducting on-line research in the field. This easily used ...


A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel 2015 University of Pennsylvania

A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Clients often enter psychotherapy with struggles and concerns related to their direct experience of emotion. Though most of the major psychotherapy theories in the West address the general issue of emotion, very few have developed a framework or theory for supporting clients in their direct encounters with difficult feeling states. Since Buddhism is highly experiential and Buddhist philosophy is mainly concerned with the issue of human suffering, its relevance to maneuvering difficult emotions in a clinical context is profound. While the use of Buddhist concepts and practices in mental health treatment in the West has proliferated in recent years, the ...


Alcohol Screening And Brief Intervention Program In A University Health Service, Teresa Conklin 2015 Seton Hall University

Alcohol Screening And Brief Intervention Program In A University Health Service, Teresa Conklin

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Alcohol misuse in the United States is a public health concern. Inappropriate alcohol consumption poses an enormous threat to the physical, social, and economic well-being of the American public. Young adults, specifically college students, are at particularly high risk for alcohol misuse. National organizations have endorsed efforts to identify and advise individuals who engage in risky drinking behaviors. Students who visit Seton Hall University Health Services for routine health care are an ideal group to engage in alcohol screening and education. The purpose of this project is to introduce and evaluate an alcohol screening and brief intervention program in a ...


Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait McKinney 2015 Iowa State University

Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

College can be a big change from the high school routine, and students deal with stress every day. But at what point do the stresses of school and life become more than just daily struggles? Every day, Heather Rennerfeldt would open her books to study. She would read a few lines, and instantly the panic would set in. Her heart would race and the sweating couldn’t be stopped, either. The only thing Heather could do to end it was shut her book and walk away. But it didn’t stop there. She looked like any other college student, and ...


Examining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And The Plight Of Vietnam Veterans, Joe L. Stein 2015 University of Iowa

Examining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And The Plight Of Vietnam Veterans, Joe L. Stein

Iowa Historical Review

No abstract provided.


A Critical Evaluation Of Selective Attention Measures, Hannah K. Wilson 2015 Western Kentucky University

A Critical Evaluation Of Selective Attention Measures, Hannah K. Wilson

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Selective attention is comprised of two simultaneous processes—the inhibition of distractors and the focus of attention on target stimuli; yet, many existing selective attention measures only measure one aspect of selective attention. This leads to a high possibility of Type I errors as high interference control or high working memory capacity may be mistaken for high selective attention. This paper proposes several criteria for high construct validity and external validity in selective attention measures.

Concerning construct validity, the test must allow participants to exercise selective attention, adequately measure the level of attention to the distractor stimuli, and adequately measure ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Early Childhood Attentional Control And Language Ability, Jaima S. Price 2015 East Tennessee State University

Exploring The Relationship Between Early Childhood Attentional Control And Language Ability, Jaima S. Price

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Relatively few studies have investigated the relationship between early childhood attentional control and later cognitive outcomes, especially language development. The current study is an investigation of the relationship between the executive functioning (EF) component of attentional control and language ability in the second year of life. More specifically, the predictive nature of two aspects of attentional control, attentional focus and resistance to distraction, was be the primary focus of the proposed study. Although it was expected that children both high in attentional focus and resistance to distraction would have significantly superior language development than infants with lower attentional capacities, analyses ...


Increasing Physical Activity In Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katherine B. LaLonde 2015 Western Michigan University

Increasing Physical Activity In Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katherine B. Lalonde

Dissertations

Experts recommend that individuals walk 10,000 steps or more per day and doing so has been shown to have several health benefits. Unfortunately, many people fall short of 10,000 steps per day. Exercise levels are characteristically lower in people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) than in people without ASD. The present study comprised two experiments that used goal setting and reinforcement to increase physical activity in young adults with ASD. The first study employed a multiple-baseline-across-participants design in combination with a reversal design to determine the effects of a treatment package on the number of daily steps taken ...


Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa 2015 Buffalo State College

Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa

Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Theses

Debates over whether Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) relates to high levels of creativity have been hampered by a lack of rigor when defining creativity. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond the rhetoric by empirically investigating creative personality, creative self-perception, and cognitive style among 49 ADHD adults. Comparative analysis to studies of non-ADHD samples revealed distinctive tendencies: A mean group score of 115.71 (SD=18.02) on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) indicated preferences for originality, nonconformity, paradigm-breaking, and low efficiency that was over one standard deviation higher than average non-ADHD population scores. Combined inattentive/hyperactiveimpulsive ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress