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Love: Its Evolution And Neurobiology, Gerald Ballough PhD 2015 La Salle University

Love: Its Evolution And Neurobiology, Gerald Ballough Phd

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily C. Bihun, Bradley L. Schlaggar, Kevin J. Black 2015 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily C. Bihun, Bradley L. Schlaggar, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Tic disorders are childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by motor and/or vocal tics. Research has demonstrated that children with chronic tics (including Tourette syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder: TS/CTD) can suppress tics, particularly when an immediate, contingent reward is given for successful tic suppression. As a diagnosis of TS/CTD requires tics to be present for at least one year, children in these tic suppression studies had been living with tics for quite some time. Thus, it is unclear whether the ability to inhibit tics is learned over time or present at tic onset. Resolving that issue would ...


Jackson, Hope Celeste, B. 1972 (Fa 786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2015 Western Kentucky University

Jackson, Hope Celeste, B. 1972 (Fa 786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text paper (click Additional Files below) for Folklife Archives Project 786. This collection features a term paper and DVD relating to the pagan folklife in the United States. The project was completed by Western Kentucky University student Hope Celeste Jackson for credit in an “Introduction to Folk Studies” class.


Quantile Rank Maps: A New Tool For Understanding Individual Brain Development, Huaihou Chen, Clare Kelly, F. Xavier Castellanos, Ye He, Xi-Nian Zuo, Philip T. Reiss 2015 University of Florida

Quantile Rank Maps: A New Tool For Understanding Individual Brain Development, Huaihou Chen, Clare Kelly, F. Xavier Castellanos, Ye He, Xi-Nian Zuo, Philip T. Reiss

Philip T. Reiss

We propose a novel method for neurodevelopmental brain mapping that displays how an individual’s values for a quantity of interest compare with age-specific norms. By estimating smoothly age-varying distributions at a set of brain regions of interest, we derive age-dependent region-wise quantile ranks for a given individual, which can be presented in the form of a brain map. Such quantile rank maps could potentially be used for clinical screening. Bootstrap-based confidence intervals are proposed for the quantile rank estimates. We also propose a recalibrated Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for detecting group differences in the age-varying distribution. This test is shown to ...


Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler 2015 University of Houston - Main

Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler

Jayme M Reisler

The high rate of comorbid substance use disorder and other mental illness (“dual diagnosis”) poses an enormous obstacle to public policy and sentencing in criminal cases. It is estimated that almost half of all Federal, State, and jail inmates suffer from dual diagnosis – a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population. Yet such inmates lack access to proper and effective treatments for their conditions. Several etiological theories have been put forth to explain the occurrence of dual diagnosis in general. However, virtually no studies have explored possible etiological reasons for the higher prevalence of dual diagnosis specifically in criminal ...


Nimh Research Domain Criteria (Rdoc), Charles A. Sanislow, Kevin J. Quinn, Isaiah Sypher 2015 Wesleyan University

Nimh Research Domain Criteria (Rdoc), Charles A. Sanislow, Kevin J. Quinn, Isaiah Sypher

Charles A. Sanislow

The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project is a framework for studying domains of biological and behavioral function that cut across traditional psychiatric diagnostic boundaries with the long-term objective of creating a new nosology based on specific biobehavioral measures. The initial aim is to provide a framework to drive clinical research. One goal of RDoC is to facilitate the development of biomarkers that could eventually be used for practical clinical diagnostic purposes and allow the development of new treatments targeting specific mechanisms of mental illness. In this entry, RDoC, its development, and the ways that it may evolve are described.


An Fmri Study Of Facial Emotion Processing In Children And Adolescents With 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome., Rayna Azuma, Quinton Deeley, Linda E. Campbell, Eileen M. Daly, Vincent Giampietro, Michael J. Brammer, Kieran C. Murphy, Declan GM Murphy 2015 Waseda University

An Fmri Study Of Facial Emotion Processing In Children And Adolescents With 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome., Rayna Azuma, Quinton Deeley, Linda E. Campbell, Eileen M. Daly, Vincent Giampietro, Michael J. Brammer, Kieran C. Murphy, Declan Gm Murphy

Psychiatry Articles

Background

22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS, velo-cardio-facial syndrome [VCFS]) is a genetic disorder associated with interstitial deletions of chromosome 22q11.2. In addition to high rates of neuropsychiatric disorders, children with 22q11DS have impairments of face processing, as well as IQ-independent deficits in visuoperceptual function and social and abstract reasoning. These face-processing deficits may contribute to the social impairments of 22q11DS. However, their neurobiological basis is poorly understood.

Methods

We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine neural responses when children with 22q11DS (aged 9–17 years) and healthy controls (aged 8–17 years) incidentally processed neutral expressions ...


The Danger Zone: How The Dangerousness Standard In Civil Commitment Proceedings Harms People With Serious Mental Illness, Sara G. Gordon 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

The Danger Zone: How The Dangerousness Standard In Civil Commitment Proceedings Harms People With Serious Mental Illness, Sara G. Gordon

Scholarly Works

Almost every American state allows civil commitment upon a finding that a person, as a result of mental illness, is gravely disabled and unable to meet their basic needs for food and shelter. Yet in spite these statutes, most psychiatrists and courts will not commit an individual until they are found to pose a danger to themselves or others. All people have certain rights to be free from unwanted medical treatment, but for people with serious mental illness, those civil liberties are an abstraction, safeguarded for them by a system that is not otherwise ensuring access to shelter and basic ...


University Of Maine, Speech Therapy Telepractice And Technology Program Manual, Judy Perkins Walker 2015 The University of Maine

University Of Maine, Speech Therapy Telepractice And Technology Program Manual, Judy Perkins Walker

University of Maine Faculty Monographs

Many children and adults with communication disorders, who live in Maine, do not receive speech therapy. Rural geography, a shortage of qualified speech-language pathologists, inadequate/costly transportation and inclement weather create significant challenges in reaching people in need of services. In response to this problem, an innovative graduate level telepractice training program in speech-language pathology has been developed at the University of Maine, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD). The training program has three learning components: (1) Intensive Training, (2) Clinical Practicum, (3) Discussion Groups. These complementary activities are guided by ASHA (2005; 2013) requirements of knowledge and skills ...


Journal Cover And Front Matter, 2014 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Journal Cover And Front Matter

Journal of Clinical Art Therapy

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of The Tootling Intervention Using Daily Reinforcement, Melissa Bryanne McHugh 2014 University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of The Tootling Intervention Using Daily Reinforcement, Melissa Bryanne Mchugh

Master's Theses

The current study was designed to replicate and extend the literature on the effectiveness of a classroom intervention known as Tootling (Skinner, Skinner, & Cashwell, 1998) in decreasing disruptive classroom behavior as well as increasing academically engaged classroom behavior. Tootling is a strategy that encourages and prompts students to report instances of their peers’ positive behaviors. Thus far, only three studies have utilized direct observation data for disruptive behavior during Tootling (Cihak, Kirk, & Boon, 2009; Lambert, 2012, 2014). To extend the research on Tootling, direct observation data of disruptive and academically engaged behaviors were collected on both entire classes of students as well as target students. Additionally, reinforcement on a daily schedule could be achieved by Tootling. Participants included lower elementary school students (i.e., second and third grade) and instructors in three classrooms in two Southeastern elementary schools. An interdependent group contingency and publicly posted feedback were used to encourage the ...


Attention, Hyperactivity, And Cognitive Performance In Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Brianna Elizabeth Pollock 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Attention, Hyperactivity, And Cognitive Performance In Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Brianna Elizabeth Pollock

Masters Theses

The extent to which Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity) are associated with ADHD-related cognitive impairments has yet to be understood. This study sought to examine between-group differences in activity level, performance on a sustained attention task and objectively measured attention, while controlling for anxiety and depression severity in a sample of adults with and without ADHD (N = 26). High precision actigraphs and behavioral codes of visual attention to task were used to examine the extent to which activity level and visual attention to task are related to performance on a sustained attention task (i.e ...


Dissociation And Sexual Trauma: The Moderating Role Of Somatization, Amineh Abbas 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Dissociation And Sexual Trauma: The Moderating Role Of Somatization, Amineh Abbas

Doctoral Dissertations

This study examined various types of trauma, with an emphasis on sexual trauma across the lifespan, in a clinical sample of male and female adult outpatients assessed for trauma, somatization, and dissociation. Two hundred forty-five adult outpatients at the University of Tennessee Psychological Clinic were administered the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), the Traumatic Experiences Checklist (TEC), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), as part of the routine intake procedure. Of those individuals, 200 patients completed the questionnaires correctly and were included in the final study sample. The experience of sexual trauma indeed accounted for additional variance in somatization scores over and above ...


Testing Claims Of Efficacy And Mechanism Of Action For Emotion Focused Couples Therapy: A Dyadic Case Study Using Time-Series Design, Albert Jun-Wei Wong 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Testing Claims Of Efficacy And Mechanism Of Action For Emotion Focused Couples Therapy: A Dyadic Case Study Using Time-Series Design, Albert Jun-Wei Wong

Doctoral Dissertations

The overall purpose of this study was to test claims regarding both the efficacy and mechanism of change for Emotion Focused Couple Therapy (EFT). Although a number of treatment outcome studies have been conducted on EFT, the vast majority of these studies emanate from the research laboratories associated with the two founders of EFT. Additionally, most EFT research has examined treatment outcome rather than mechanisms of change. This study used a time-series single-case experimental design approach to examine both the efficacy and the mechanisms of change in EFT for couple distress. I systematically tracked the symptoms of couple distress across ...


The Care Of The Soul And Treatments For Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder, Nancy Calvert-Koyzis 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Care Of The Soul And Treatments For Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder, Nancy Calvert-Koyzis

Consensus

No abstract provided.


Heroin And Opiate Abuse In Ashland County, Ohio: A Public Perception Study, Oscar T. McKnight 2014 Ashland University

Heroin And Opiate Abuse In Ashland County, Ohio: A Public Perception Study, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

This research began with identifying an expert panel of professionals in Ashland County and facilitating an informational focus group on the perceived scope of heroin/opiate abuse within multiple social services, community intervention and support programs. Seven general findings emerged: 1. The overall total number of clients/cases/patients in the system has remained stable over the years; however, the proportional number of clients abusing opiates has increased. 2. That virtually every person abusing opiates enters their respective system at one point or another. 3. Only a small percent remain active with more than one system while engaged in opiate ...


Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

Preventive oral health care and treatment for individuals with an intellectual or developmental disability (I/DD) is a leading public health disparity. Evidence points to poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and greater severity of periodontal disease, as well as a higher incidence of untreated caries in the I/DD population. In year 1 of this systematic review, the literature was searched and screened for inclusion, developing an extensive database of interventions to increase access and behavioral oral health interventions for individuals with I/DD. The objective of year 2 of the systematic review is to examine this literature in depth ...


Will Kate Survive Kate: Review 2, Kate Montague 2014 Macquarie University, Sydney

Will Kate Survive Kate: Review 2, Kate Montague

RadioDoc Review

Masako Fukui’s radio documentary Will Kate Survive Kate is a tender portrait of a young woman’s battle with an eating disorder. The use of conventional interviews, recorded conversations, audio diaries, and fly-on-the-wall style observational recordings, contribute to a rich and layered documentary work. The anonymity of radio provided Kate the opportunity to articulate her experience without the distraction of her visual representation. And the use of intimate audio diary recordings, and script from written diaries, allowed Kate a degree of co-authorship in the documentary. Fukui’s compassionate approach is reflected in the deeply personal quality of the storytelling ...


Hippocampal Glutamate-Glutamine (Glx) In Adults With Down Syndrome: A Preliminary Study Using In Vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1h Mrs), Giles MY Tan, Felix Beacher, Eileen Daly, Jamie Horder, Verinder Prasher, Marie-Luisa Hanney, Robin Morris, Simon Lovestone, Kieran C. Murphy, Andrew Simmons, Declan GM Murphy 2014 King's College London - Institute of Psychiatry

Hippocampal Glutamate-Glutamine (Glx) In Adults With Down Syndrome: A Preliminary Study Using In Vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1h Mrs), Giles My Tan, Felix Beacher, Eileen Daly, Jamie Horder, Verinder Prasher, Marie-Luisa Hanney, Robin Morris, Simon Lovestone, Kieran C. Murphy, Andrew Simmons, Declan Gm Murphy

Psychiatry Articles

Background: Down syndrome (DS), or trisomy 21, is one of the most common autosomal mutations. People with DS have intellectual disability (ID) and are at significantly increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The biological associates of both ID and AD in DS are poorly understood, but glutamate has been proposed to play a key role. In non-DS populations, glutamate is essential to learning and memory and glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity has been implicated in AD. However, the concentration of hippocampal glutamate in DS individuals with and without dementia has not previously been directly investigated. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS ...


Aligning Counselor Training Clinics With The Dsm-5: Tips, Tools, And Challenges, Joel A. Lane, Lisa Aasheim 2014 Portland State University

Aligning Counselor Training Clinics With The Dsm-5: Tips, Tools, And Challenges, Joel A. Lane, Lisa Aasheim

Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations

This presentation is intended to help counselor educators better understand the conceptual changes made in the DSM-5, as well as the implications of these changes for counseling training clinics.


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