Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, 2017 Dominican University of California
Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...
Eating Disorders: Identifying, Assessing, And Treatment, 2017 Eating Disorders Recovery Center of Athens
Eating Disorders: Identifying, Assessing, And Treatment, Valerie M. Miranda
National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah
This presentation will address DSM-V criteria for feeding and eating disorders, demographics for eating disorders, long-term medical issues associated with eating disorders, assessment measures for feeding and eating disorders, and resources for the community. Being able to identify, assess, and treat eating disorders within the children and adolescent population is crucial in their long-term physical development and mental health as eating disorders typically begin in mid-adolescence.
On Edge: The Impact Of Race-Related Vigilance On Obesity Status In African-Americans, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
On Edge: The Impact Of Race-Related Vigilance On Obesity Status In African-Americans, Lauren R. Powell, William M. Jesdale, Stephenie C. Lemon
Stephenie C. Lemon
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of African-Americans are classified as obese. Perceived racism has been associated with obesity, yet the internal experiences of racism have received little attention. African Americans who face racism may "ready themselves" to cope through survival strategies, including race-related vigilance. This study explores the association between race-related vigilance and obesity in African Americans. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Reactions to Race module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (years 2002-2010) was used. Our sample size consisted of 12,214 African-Americans. Race-related vigilance was assessed as: "How often do you think about your race?" and classified as: never, < daily, daily, and > daily ...
Dysfunctional Error-Related Processing In Incarcerated Youth With Elevated Psychopathic Traits, 2017 University of New Mexico
Dysfunctional Error-Related Processing In Incarcerated Youth With Elevated Psychopathic Traits, J. Michael Maurer, Vaughn R. Steele, Lora M. Cope, Gina M. Vincent, Julia M. Stephen, Vince D. Calhoun, Kent A. Kiehl
Gina M. Vincent
Adult psychopathic offenders show an increased propensity towards violence, impulsivity, and recidivism. A subsample of youth with elevated psychopathic traits represent a particularly severe subgroup characterized by extreme behavioral problems and comparable neurocognitive deficits as their adult counterparts, including perseveration deficits. Here, we investigate response-locked event-related potential (ERP) components (the error-related negativity [ERN/Ne] related to early error-monitoring processing and the error-related positivity [Pe] involved in later error-related processing) in a sample of incarcerated juvenile male offenders (n=100) who performed a response inhibition Go/NoGo task. Psychopathic traits were assessed using the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV ...
Neuroscience Evidence In Forensic Contexts: Ethical Concerns, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Neuroscience Evidence In Forensic Contexts: Ethical Concerns, Stephen J. Morse
This is a chapter in a volume, Ethics Dilemmas in Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology Practice, edited by Ezra E. H. Griffith, M.D. and to be published by Columbia University Press. The chapter addresses whether the use of new neuroscience techniques, especially non-invasive functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and the data from studies employing them raise new ethical issues for forensic psychiatrists and psychologists. The implicit thesis throughout is that if the legal questions, the limits of the new techniques and the relevance of neuroscience to law are properly understood, no new ethical issues are raised. A major ethical lapse ...
Successful Clozapine Re-Challenge In A Patient With Three Previous Episodes Of Clozapine-Associated Blood Dyscrasia, 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Successful Clozapine Re-Challenge In A Patient With Three Previous Episodes Of Clozapine-Associated Blood Dyscrasia, John Lally, Jessica Foster, Victoria Bell, Sukhi Shergill
A case is presented of a 30-year-old female with treatment-resistant schizoaffective disorder who was referred to a tertiary-level specialist psychosis service. We describe the history of clozapine trials and associated episodes of agranulocytosis and neutropenia, followed by the successfully tolerated third clozapine re-challenge within our service.
Age Differences In Personal Risk Perceptions: A Note On An Exploratory Descriptive Study, 2017 University of New Hampshire
Age Differences In Personal Risk Perceptions: A Note On An Exploratory Descriptive Study, Juanita V. Field, George E. Schreer
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
The authors test for differences in risk perceptions among different age groups.
Relationship Between Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version And Psychiatric Disorders In Youths In Welfare And Juvenile Justice Institutions In Switzerland, 2017 Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken
Relationship Between Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version And Psychiatric Disorders In Youths In Welfare And Juvenile Justice Institutions In Switzerland, L E. W. Leenarts, C. Dolitzsch, K. Schmeck, J. M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso, M. Schmid
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that it is important to have well-standardized procedures for identifying the mental health needs of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. One of the most widely used tools for mental health screening in the juvenile justice system is the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2). To contribute to the body of research examining the utility of the MAYSI-2 as a mental health screening tool; the first objective of the current study was to examine the relationship between the MAYSI-2 and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children, Present and Lifetime version ...
Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane
Jean A. Frazier
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether changes in neurodevelopmental outcomes between 18 and 36 months of age were associated with prenatal exposure to triptan medications, a class of 5-HT receptor agonists used in the treatment of migraine. METHOD: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, a prospective birth cohort that includes nearly 40% of all pregnancies in Norway from 1999 to 2008, we identified 50 469 mother-child dyads who met inclusion criteria and were present for at least one follow-up assessment at 18 or 36 months postpartum. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Child Behaviour Checklist, the ...
Review Of: Catherine Manton, Fed Up: Women And Food In America, 2017 University of New Hampshire
Review Of: Catherine Manton, Fed Up: Women And Food In America, Elizabeth J. Baker
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
A review of the book Fed Up: Women and Food in America by Catherine Manton (Bergin & Garvey 1999). Bibliography, index, notes. ISBN 0-89789-448-0 [184 pp. $55.00. Cloth, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881].
Review Of: Thomas Szasz, Fatal Freedom: The Ethics And Politics Of Suicide, 2017 University of New Hampshire
Review Of: Thomas Szasz, Fatal Freedom: The Ethics And Politics Of Suicide, Paula W. Jewell
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
A review of the book Fatal Freedom: The Ethics and Politics of Suicide by Thomas Szasz (Praeger Publishers 1999). Preface, acknowledgments, appendix, notes, selected bibliography, indexes. ISBN 0-275-96646-1 [178 pp. $25.95. Hardbound, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881].
Varied Definitions Of Risk Related To Sensation Seeking Trait, 2017 University of New Hampshire
Varied Definitions Of Risk Related To Sensation Seeking Trait, Pål Ø.U. Dåstol, Britt-Marie Drottz-Sjöberg
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
[Excerpt] "Risk judgments seem related to which definitions of risk a person uses. Earlier studies suggest that people who use a "probability" definition of risk give different, and somewhat lower, subjective estimates of risk than those who instead prefer a "consequence" definition. In addition, an "optimistic bias" often can be found, and subjects usually evaluate personal risk systematically lower than risk for people in general."
Clinical Topic Review: Behavioral Health Screening For Children With Well Visits, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Clinical Topic Review: Behavioral Health Screening For Children With Well Visits, Judith A. Savageau, Linda M. Cabral, Jack Gettens, Elizabeth O'Connell, Lana Miller, Susan Maguire
Judith A. Savageau
The first Clinical Topic Review was conducted in order to better understand how behavioral health screenings were occurring for children and adolescents during well visits prior to the implementation of a requirement that primary care providers perform behavioral health screening using a standardized behavioral health screening tool during every well child visit.
The Relationship Between Clinical Teaching Effectiveness And Emotional Intelligence In Clinical Nurse Faculty In Pre-Licensure Baccalaureate Programs In New York State, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
The Relationship Between Clinical Teaching Effectiveness And Emotional Intelligence In Clinical Nurse Faculty In Pre-Licensure Baccalaureate Programs In New York State, Caroline K. Mosca
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
It is important to evaluate the Clinical Teaching Effectiveness (CTE) of nurse faculty because clinical teaching is one of the most effective pedagogies in nursing education (Billings & Halstead, 2012). However, clinical faculty must be able to manage effectively the stressors of the clinical setting, where lessons can be unpredictable and the environment is often laden with intense emotion (Gerolamo & Roemer, 2011; Ondrejka, 2013; Roberts, Chrisman, & Flowers, 2013). Emotional Intelligence (EI) may facilitate CTE because higher EI has been associated with improved management of stress in both nursing and the general workplace (Goleman, 1995; Görgens-Ekermans & Brand, 2012; Karimi, Leggat, Donohue, & Cooper, 2014). EI modulates the stress response and may enhance faculty’s ability to teach in the clinical setting (Ondrejka, 2013). However, to date, only one study has investigated the relationship between EI and CTE in nursing faculty, and this study was limited to a small sample at one institution (Allen, Ploeg, & Kaasalainen (2012). The present study investigated the relationship between EI and CTE from ...
Understanding Alcoholics’ “Difficulty In Life”: An Empirical Comparison Of Alcoholics And Nonalcoholics, Keiko Ito
Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal
The Japanese success rate for alcoholism treatment is approximately 30%, indicating high relapse rates. Although “difficulty in life” is thought to contribute to alcoholics’ relapse, the characteristics of the phenomenon are unknown. This study examined the factors contributing to alcoholics’ difficulty in life. Alcoholic self-help group members, who indicated the extent of their difficulty in life and described the factors that contributed to this difficulty, completed a self-administered questionnaire. Participants’ hypersensitivity/grandiosity traits were also examined. A control group of nonalcoholic men also completed the questionnaire. Simple tabulation, descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U tests, and multivariate analyses were used to compare ...
The Poverty Of The Neuroscience Of Poverty: Policy Payoff Or False Promise?, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Poverty Of The Neuroscience Of Poverty: Policy Payoff Or False Promise?, Amy L. Wax
Research in deprivation neuroscience has grown rapidly over the past 15 years. Studies in this field examine brain structure and function of individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. Many attempt to link brain characteristics to behavioral and cognitive deficits found more commonly in deprived populations.
The article assesses claims by neuroscientists and policy-oriented commentators that deprivation neuroscience can help generate more effective strategies for addressing poverty and deprivation. It concludes that research in this field has no unique practical payoff for reducing or alleviating poverty and its effects, over and above what is known or can be discovered from behavioral science and ...
Commentary: Have We Come To A Fork In The Road In Medical Education?, 2017 Nova Southeastern University
Commentary: Have We Come To A Fork In The Road In Medical Education?, Robert Grosz
Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice
No abstract provided.
Opinion: The Mental Health Parity And Addiction Equity Act: What Parity Means For New Hampshire, 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law
Opinion: The Mental Health Parity And Addiction Equity Act: What Parity Means For New Hampshire, Lucy C. Hodder
[Excerpt] "New Hampshire lawyers can help clients and colleagues with mental health or substance use disorders by advising individuals how to overcome barriers to insurance coverage for treatment, and encouraging them to pursue state and federally mandated internal, external and expedited appeal opportunities when denied coverage."
Sociocultural Risk Factors For Elevated Perceived Stress Among African American Smokers, 2017 Case Western Reserve University
Sociocultural Risk Factors For Elevated Perceived Stress Among African American Smokers, Monica Webb Hooper, Noella A. Dietz, Joseph C. Wilson
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Introduction: African Americans experience unique stressors that may inhibit smoking cessation and enhance relapse rates. Few studies, however, have focused on risk factors for perceived stress among treatment seekers. Because African Americans are less likely to quit compared to the larger community, understanding factors associated with perceived stress among smokers has the potential to improve intervention outcomes. This study examined psychosocial and cultural correlates of stress in a sample of African American participants in a randomized controlled trial.
Methods: At baseline, participants reported demographic factors and completed assessments of smoking history, alcohol use, friend and household smoking, weight concerns, acculturation ...
Role Of Food Preoccupation And Current Dieting In The Associations Of Parental Feeding Practices To Emotional Eating In Young Adults: A Moderated Mediation Study, Natalie A. Williams, Dipti Dev, Maren Hankey, Kimberly A. Blitch
Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies
Parental feeding practices reflecting coercive control are related to children’s later eating behaviors, but the mechanisms underlying these effects remain poorly understood. This study examined the relationships between recalled childhood experiences of parental pressure to eat and restriction and current food preoccupation, dieting, and emotional eating in a racially diverse sample of college students (N = 711). Results revealed that parental restriction, but not pressure to eat, was associated with more emotional eating (r = 0.18, p < 0.0001). Food preoccupation mediated the association between restriction and emotional eating (95% CI [3.6495–7.2231]); however, a moderated mediation model revealed that the strength of the indirect effect of restrictive feeding on emotional eating through food preoccupation was significantly different for dieters and non-dieters (index of moderated mediation = 1.79, Boot SE = 0.79; 95% bias-corrected bootstrap CI [–3.5490 to –0.4515]). These findings provide unique insight into the mechanisms linking parental feeding practices with emotional eating in young adulthood. Future studies attempting to clarify the processes through which child feeding practices impact later eating behaviors should consider the role of current dieting.