The Epidemic Of Mental And Neurological Health, 2014 Western University
The Epidemic Of Mental And Neurological Health, Mohsyn I. Malik
This paper composes an image of modern mental and neurological health issues and looks to draw links to the current epidemic based on research and studies found online the internet and off-line. The goal is to examine what may be the underlying problem for a lot of these increases in mental health issues and neurodegenerative diseases and what are some promising clinical and sociocultural advances that may help. It explores problems such as the negative impact of the pharmaceutical giants, the increase in apathy in the work place and the general stigma towards mental disease. Through current research, the use ...
Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
The objective of this research was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and determine if food insecurity is associated with psychological well-being among women living with HIV/AIDS. Survey data were collected from 268 women living with HIV/AIDS attending two clinics that provide medical and social support services to HIV-positive patients who live in 23 counties in Southeast Alabama. The results indicated that, using USDA food security scale, 54% of the women were food insecure. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that income, depressive symptoms, race, and participation in SNAP were significant predictors of food insecurity; employment and education ...
“Young People These Days, Are Not Like We Used To Be ... Or Are They?”, 2014 SelectedWorks
“Young People These Days, Are Not Like We Used To Be ... Or Are They?”, Harry B. Mayr
harry b mayr
No abstract provided.
Risk Factors Of Suicidal Phenomenon: Prevention And Intervention, 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato
Risk Factors Of Suicidal Phenomenon: Prevention And Intervention, Lisa M. Meyer
Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato
Around the world suicide has caused more deaths per year than homicide or war (World Health Organization, 2002). Suicidal attempts (the person survives) and suicidal ideation (thinking seriously about suicide) are others dimensions of the suicide phenomenon. A number of risk factors have been considered as factors contributing to the increased likelihood of suicidal ideation, attempts, and completions. Sociological (external) factors and psychological (internal) factors have been considered in increasing suicidal risk. Beyond the individual factors research has also explained the family, social, and community aspects of the suicidal phenomenon. Helping professionals planning suicide intervention and prevention strategies need to ...
Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Joann E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez
UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center Publications and Presentations
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased risk of stroke and death. Obesity is an independent risk factor for AF, but modifiers of this risk are not well known. We studied the roles of obesity, physical activity, and their interaction in conferring risk of incident AF.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study was a prospective observational study of 93 676 postmenopausal women followed for an average of 11.5 years. Incident AF was identified using WHI-ascertained hospitalization records and diagnostic codes from Medicare claims. A multivariate Cox ...
Cluster B Personality Disorders Separated By Gender Expectations, 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato
Cluster B Personality Disorders Separated By Gender Expectations, Brianna Kloss
Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato
Criticisms of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000), the most widely recognized system for classification of psychological disorders in the U.S., including gender discriminating disorders and diagnoses, have existed for all editions of the DSM. Arguably, gender construction has a profound influence on the standards and evaluation of normal and abnormal behaviors. Concern for the presence of gender bias of personality disorders has been raised within the DSM, in part, by the frequent diagnoses made according to gender stereotypes. The DSM-IV-TR characterizes personality disorders as marked distress ...
Detection Of Dementia Risk In Primary Care: Preliminary Investigation Of A Composite Dementia Risk Score In Veterans, Jonathan Deright
Dissertations - ALL
Dementia is becoming a significant public health concern as the United States population rapidly ages. Veterans, accounting for a substantial portion of the United States population, may be at even higher risk for developing dementia as they generally have more risk factors for dementia than the general population. The current study sought to develop a modifiable composite dementia risk score, based on routinely gathered data from the primary care setting, that would predict an individual's risk for developing dementia in 10 years. A composite risk score--based on age, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, current smoking, alcohol use disorder, and pulse pressure--was created ...
Grandfamilies Outcome Workgroup’S (Grow) Review Of Grandfamilies Support Groups: An Examination Of Concepts, Goals, Outcomes And Measures, Kerry A. Littlewood
GrandFamilies: The Contemporary Journal of Research, Practice and Policy
A support group is the most widely used intervention for grandparents and other relatives raising children. Support groups require few resources to establish and are relatively inexpensive to implement. Despite the popularity of support groups for grandfamilies, there is little evidence evaluating their effectiveness to improve the lives of its members. In response to this issue and to support outcome-based research in the field, the Grandfamilies Outcome Workgroup (GrOW) was established. This study highlights GrOW’s review of the literature on the effectiveness of support groups for grandfamilies. Next, the GrOW Inventory of Support Groups (GrOW Inventory) was developed to ...
European Society For The History Of The Human Sciences (Eshhs), Conference 2014, Oulu (Finland), Paper: “Dangerous Passions. The Construction And Cultural And Social Impact Of The ‘Psychiatric’ Framework Of The Passions In France (1790-1830)”, July 22-25 (23th), 2014., 2014 SelectedWorks
European Society For The History Of The Human Sciences (Eshhs), Conference 2014, Oulu (Finland), Paper: “Dangerous Passions. The Construction And Cultural And Social Impact Of The ‘Psychiatric’ Framework Of The Passions In France (1790-1830)”, July 22-25 (23th), 2014., Marco Solinas
Numerous excellent works have been written on the formation process of ‘psychiatry’ and its concomitant impact on society and culture at the end of the eighteenth century and in the first three decades of the nineteenth century, in particular with regard to France. From Gladys Swain to Dora Weiner, from Jacques Postel to Jan Goldstein, from Jackie Pigeaud to Juan Rigoli, the issue has been analysed in depth and from a variety of different perspectives. However, despite constantly and inevitably resurfacing in these studies, no particular attention has been paid to the passions and emotions drawn up by nascent psychiatry ...
Newcastle And Northumbria Universities, Conference “Fashionable Diseases. Medicine, Literature And Culture, Ca. 1660-1832", Paper: “On The End Of Fashionable Melancholy”, July 3-5 (4th), 2014., 2014 SelectedWorks
Newcastle And Northumbria Universities, Conference “Fashionable Diseases. Medicine, Literature And Culture, Ca. 1660-1832", Paper: “On The End Of Fashionable Melancholy”, July 3-5 (4th), 2014., Marco Solinas
The paper analyze the crucial moment of rupture in the history of the definitions, descriptions and classifications of melancholy within the ambit of medicine that occurred between the end of the Eighteenth- and beginning of the Nineteenth-century, in particular in France. That is the point at which Philippe Pinel, absorbing the contributions of Seventeenth-century British psychiatry, proceeded to abandon both the humoral doctrine and the old Renaissance conception of the dual character – melancholy as a psycho-physiological illness and as a literary and philosophical mood. Pinel now locates melancholy only among forms of mental alienation. I will proceed with the subsequent ...
Understanding The Misunderstandings In Pilot-Controller Dialogue, 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Understanding The Misunderstandings In Pilot-Controller Dialogue, Jason M. Newcomer
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace
Misunderstandings in any environment can be detrimental, if not counterproductive, to the intentions, expectations, or objective(s) of any communication, but in complex airspace congested by heavy traffic, pilot-controller transmissions, and various meteorological phenomena, they can be catastrophic. Barshi and Farris combine 45 years of aviation experience, 20 years of related research, and advanced education with sound methodology to deliver a well-balanced combination of theoretical and practical work to the fields of aviation, human factors, and psychology. Though Misunderstandings in ATC Communications, the authors guide readers through a series of experiments, literature, and transcribed air traffic control recordings to explore ...
The Interplay Of Trait Anger, Childhood Physical Abuse, And Alcohol Consumption In Predicting Intimate Partner Aggression, 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
The Interplay Of Trait Anger, Childhood Physical Abuse, And Alcohol Consumption In Predicting Intimate Partner Aggression, Rosalita C. Maldonado, Laura E. Watkins, David Dilillo
Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology
The current study examined three well-established risk factors for intimate partner aggression (IPA) within Finkel and Eckhardt’s I3 model, including two impellance factors—trait anger and childhood physical abuse history—and the disinhibiting factor of alcohol consumption. Participants were 236 male and female college students in a committed heterosexual dating relationship who completed a battery of self-report measures assessing childhood physical abuse, trait anger, alcohol consumption, and IPA perpetration. Results revealed a significant three-way interaction showing that as the disinhibition factor alcohol consumption increased, the interaction of the two impelling factors, trait anger and childhood physical abuse, became ...
Seeing With Sound: Investigating The Behavioural Applications And Neural Correlates Of Human Echolocation, Jennifer L. Milne
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Some blind humans use the reflected echoes from self-produced signals to perceive their silent surroundings. Although the use of echolocation is well documented in animals such as bats and dolphins, comparatively little is known about human echolocation. The overarching goal of the work presented in this thesis was to shed light on some of the basic functions of human echolocation, including the perception of the shape, size, and material. I addressed these aspects of echolocation using behavioural psychophysics and neuroimaging.
In Chapter 2 I show that blind echolocators were able to accurately identify the shape of 2D objects, but that ...
The Science And Psychology Of Infertility, 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School
The Science And Psychology Of Infertility, Julia V. Johnson, Kristin L. Macgregor
Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications
An evidence-based presentation on the science/etiologies of infertility and its psychological impact. Outline: Prevalence and Etiology of Infertility. Basic Evaluation. Treatment Options. Psychological Effects of Infertility. Depression/Anxiety. Social, Cultural, and Gender Issues. Relationship Issues. Patient Distress and Pregnancy Rates. Psychological Support. Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions.
Less-Structured Time In Children's Daily Lives Predicts Self-Directed Executive Functioning, 2014 University of Colorado, Boulder
Less-Structured Time In Children's Daily Lives Predicts Self-Directed Executive Functioning, Jane E. Barker, Andrei D. Semenov, Laura Michaelson, Lindsay S. Provan, Hannah R. Snyder, Yuko Munakata
University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications
Executive functions (EFs) in childhood predict important life outcomes. Thus, there is great interest in attempts to improve EFs early in life. Many interventions are led by trained adults, including structured training activities in the lab, and less-structured activities implemented in schools. Such programs have yielded gains in children's externally-driven executive functioning, where they are instructed on what goal-directed actions to carry out and when. However, it is less clear how children's experiences relate to their development of self-directed executive functioning, where they must determine on their own what goal-directed actions to carry out and when. We hypothesized ...
A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton Iii, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams
International Journal of Health Sciences Education
The Winning With Wellness (WWW) project was a school-based obesity prevention program that was developed to promote healthy eating and physical activity in youth residing in rural Appalachia. The project was based on the Coordinated School Health model (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2013a) and used a community-based participatory research approach with an emphasis on feasibility and sustainability. The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported health outcomes for middle school students across the course of the intervention. Sixth grade middle school students (N = 149; 52% girls) from four schools in Northeast Tennessee completed a survey assessing ...
Have You Hugged A Soldier Today? Veterans Struggle With Invisible Wounds Of War From Vietnam To Afghanistan, 2014 University of Puget Sound
Have You Hugged A Soldier Today? Veterans Struggle With Invisible Wounds Of War From Vietnam To Afghanistan, Gabe Mora
the misinformation about Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in American society has lead to the stigmatization and discrimination of veterans since the war in Vietnam. PTSD was not a formal diagnosis until 1980, resulting in negative public perception of veterans suffering with this mental illness. Even today as research and information about the disorder has become increasingly available to the public, veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars are facing the same discrimination's as the veterans of Vietnam during their transitions back to civilian life.
Toward A Dynamical Theory Of Body Movement In Musical Performance, 2014 University of Connecticut
Toward A Dynamical Theory Of Body Movement In Musical Performance, Roger Chaffin, Alexander P. Demos
Open Access Author Fund
Musicians sway expressively as they play in ways that seem clearly related to the music, but quantifying the relationship has been difficult. We suggest that a complex systems framework and its accompanying tools for analyzing non-linear dynamical systems can help identify the motor synergies involved. Synergies are temporary assemblies of parts that come together to accomplish specific goals. We assume that the goal of the performer is to convey musical structure and expression to the audience and to other performers. We provide examples of how dynamical systems tools, such as recurrence quantification analysis (RQA), can be used to examine performers ...
Psychometric Evaluation Of The Care Transition Measures In A Sample Of Acs Patients: Results From Transitions, Risks, And Actions In Coronary Events – Center For Outcomes Research And Education (Trace-Core), 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Psychometric Evaluation Of The Care Transition Measures In A Sample Of Acs Patients: Results From Transitions, Risks, And Actions In Coronary Events – Center For Outcomes Research And Education (Trace-Core), Milena D. Anatchkova, Constance Barysauskas, Rebecca L. Kinney, Lisa Lombardini, Jeroan J. Allison
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
Background: Quality of transitional care is associated with important health outcomes such as rehospitalization and costs. A widely used measure of the construct, the Care Transitions Measure (CTM-15), was developed with classical test theory approach. Its short version (CTM-3) was included in the CAHPS® Hospital Survey.
Methods: As part of TRACE-CORE 1545 participants were interviewed during hospitalization for ACS providing information on general health status (SF-36). At 1 month post-discharge, patients completed CTM-15, health utilization and care process questions. We evaluated the psychometric properties of the CTM using classical and item response theory analyses. We compared the measurement precision of ...
Emotion Regulation Through Meditation, 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Emotion Regulation Through Meditation, Judson Brewer
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Can Simply Paying Attention Change Behavior? Emotion and Behavior Regulation through Meditation," Dr. Brewer briefly presents studies that used conventional and real-time fMRI to investigate the neurobiological mechanisms of mindfulness comparing novice and experienced meditators.