Quantile Rank Maps: A New Tool For Understanding Individual Brain Development, 2015 University of Florida
Quantile Rank Maps: A New Tool For Understanding Individual Brain Development, Huaihou Chen, Clare Kelly, F. Xavier Castellanos, Ye He, Xi-Nian Zuo, Philip T. Reiss
Philip T. Reiss
We propose a novel method for neurodevelopmental brain mapping that displays how an individual’s values for a quantity of interest compare with age-specific norms. By estimating smoothly age-varying distributions at a set of brain regions of interest, we derive age-dependent region-wise quantile ranks for a given individual, which can be presented in the form of a brain map. Such quantile rank maps could potentially be used for clinical screening. Bootstrap-based confidence intervals are proposed for the quantile rank estimates. We also propose a recalibrated Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for detecting group differences in the age-varying distribution. This test is shown to ...
Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, 2015 University of Houston - Main
Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler
Jayme M Reisler
The high rate of comorbid substance use disorder and other mental illness (“dual diagnosis”) poses an enormous obstacle to public policy and sentencing in criminal cases. It is estimated that almost half of all Federal, State, and jail inmates suffer from dual diagnosis – a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population. Yet such inmates lack access to proper and effective treatments for their conditions. Several etiological theories have been put forth to explain the occurrence of dual diagnosis in general. However, virtually no studies have explored possible etiological reasons for the higher prevalence of dual diagnosis specifically in criminal ...
Nimh Research Domain Criteria (Rdoc), 2015 Wesleyan University
Nimh Research Domain Criteria (Rdoc), Charles A. Sanislow, Kevin J. Quinn, Isaiah Sypher
Charles A. Sanislow
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project is a framework for studying domains of biological and behavioral function that cut across traditional psychiatric diagnostic boundaries with the long-term objective of creating a new nosology based on specific biobehavioral measures. The initial aim is to provide a framework to drive clinical research. One goal of RDoC is to facilitate the development of biomarkers that could eventually be used for practical clinical diagnostic purposes and allow the development of new treatments targeting specific mechanisms of mental illness. In this entry, RDoC, its development, and the ways that it may evolve are described.
University Of Maine, Speech Therapy Telepractice And Technology Program Manual, 2015 The University of Maine
University Of Maine, Speech Therapy Telepractice And Technology Program Manual, Judy Perkins Walker
University of Maine Faculty Monographs
Many children and adults with communication disorders, who live in Maine, do not receive speech therapy. Rural geography, a shortage of qualified speech-language pathologists, inadequate/costly transportation and inclement weather create significant challenges in reaching people in need of services. In response to this problem, an innovative graduate level telepractice training program in speech-language pathology has been developed at the University of Maine, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD). The training program has three learning components: (1) Intensive Training, (2) Clinical Practicum, (3) Discussion Groups. These complementary activities are guided by ASHA (2005; 2013) requirements of knowledge and skills ...
Journal Cover And Front Matter, 2014 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School
Journal Cover And Front Matter
Journal of Clinical Art Therapy
No abstract provided.
Accommodating Hyperaroused Information Processing In Persons At Risk For Alcoholism, 2014 Chapman University
Accommodating Hyperaroused Information Processing In Persons At Risk For Alcoholism, Kellianne Clark, Jaclyn Cutler
Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters
In the search for the factors related to the heightened alcoholism risk in adult children of alcoholics (ACOA), it has been reported that these persons possess a high incidence of attention deficit disorders (ADD) as determined by clinical assessment instruments. However, investigations of alcoholism risk and ADD indicate that, in contrast to the hypoarousal model of ADD, the ACOA’s attention problems represent hyperarousal of attention mechanisms resulting in reduced ability to select and encode relevant information. If true, then unlike persons with ADD, clinical and cognitive assessments of ACOAs would benefit if the ACOA was provided with more time ...
The Effects Of The Tootling Intervention Using Daily Reinforcement, 2014 University of Southern Mississippi
The Effects Of The Tootling Intervention Using Daily Reinforcement, Melissa Bryanne Mchugh
The current study was designed to replicate and extend the literature on the effectiveness of a classroom intervention known as Tootling (Skinner, Skinner, & Cashwell, 1998) in decreasing disruptive classroom behavior as well as increasing academically engaged classroom behavior. Tootling is a strategy that encourages and prompts students to report instances of their peers’ positive behaviors. Thus far, only three studies have utilized direct observation data for disruptive behavior during Tootling (Cihak, Kirk, & Boon, 2009; Lambert, 2012, 2014). To extend the research on Tootling, direct observation data of disruptive and academically engaged behaviors were collected on both entire classes of students as well as target students. Additionally, reinforcement on a daily schedule could be achieved by Tootling. Participants included lower elementary school students (i.e., second and third grade) and instructors in three classrooms in two Southeastern elementary schools. An interdependent group contingency and publicly posted feedback were used to encourage the ...
Attention, Hyperactivity, And Cognitive Performance In Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Attention, Hyperactivity, And Cognitive Performance In Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Brianna Elizabeth Pollock
The extent to which Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity) are associated with ADHD-related cognitive impairments has yet to be understood. This study sought to examine between-group differences in activity level, performance on a sustained attention task and objectively measured attention, while controlling for anxiety and depression severity in a sample of adults with and without ADHD (N = 26). High precision actigraphs and behavioral codes of visual attention to task were used to examine the extent to which activity level and visual attention to task are related to performance on a sustained attention task (i.e ...
Dissociation And Sexual Trauma: The Moderating Role Of Somatization, 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Dissociation And Sexual Trauma: The Moderating Role Of Somatization, Amineh Abbas
This study examined various types of trauma, with an emphasis on sexual trauma across the lifespan, in a clinical sample of male and female adult outpatients assessed for trauma, somatization, and dissociation. Two hundred forty-five adult outpatients at the University of Tennessee Psychological Clinic were administered the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), the Traumatic Experiences Checklist (TEC), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), as part of the routine intake procedure. Of those individuals, 200 patients completed the questionnaires correctly and were included in the final study sample. The experience of sexual trauma indeed accounted for additional variance in somatization scores over and above ...
Testing Claims Of Efficacy And Mechanism Of Action For Emotion Focused Couples Therapy: A Dyadic Case Study Using Time-Series Design, 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Testing Claims Of Efficacy And Mechanism Of Action For Emotion Focused Couples Therapy: A Dyadic Case Study Using Time-Series Design, Albert Jun-Wei Wong
The overall purpose of this study was to test claims regarding both the efficacy and mechanism of change for Emotion Focused Couple Therapy (EFT). Although a number of treatment outcome studies have been conducted on EFT, the vast majority of these studies emanate from the research laboratories associated with the two founders of EFT. Additionally, most EFT research has examined treatment outcome rather than mechanisms of change. This study used a time-series single-case experimental design approach to examine both the efficacy and the mechanisms of change in EFT for couple distress. I systematically tracked the symptoms of couple distress across ...
The Care Of The Soul And Treatments For Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder, 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University
The Care Of The Soul And Treatments For Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder, Nancy Calvert-Koyzis
No abstract provided.
Heroin And Opiate Abuse In Ashland County, Ohio: A Public Perception Study, 2014 Ashland University
Heroin And Opiate Abuse In Ashland County, Ohio: A Public Perception Study, Oscar T. Mcknight
Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.
This research began with identifying an expert panel of professionals in Ashland County and facilitating an informational focus group on the perceived scope of heroin/opiate abuse within multiple social services, community intervention and support programs. Seven general findings emerged: 1. The overall total number of clients/cases/patients in the system has remained stable over the years; however, the proportional number of clients abusing opiates has increased. 2. That virtually every person abusing opiates enters their respective system at one point or another. 3. Only a small percent remain active with more than one system while engaged in opiate ...
Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder
Shriver Center Publications and Presentations
Preventive oral health care and treatment for individuals with an intellectual or developmental disability (I/DD) is a leading public health disparity. Evidence points to poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and greater severity of periodontal disease, as well as a higher incidence of untreated caries in the I/DD population. In year 1 of this systematic review, the literature was searched and screened for inclusion, developing an extensive database of interventions to increase access and behavioral oral health interventions for individuals with I/DD. The objective of year 2 of the systematic review is to examine this literature in depth ...
Will Kate Survive Kate: Review 2, 2014 Macquarie University, Sydney
Will Kate Survive Kate: Review 2, Kate Montague
Masako Fukui’s radio documentary Will Kate Survive Kate is a tender portrait of a young woman’s battle with an eating disorder. The use of conventional interviews, recorded conversations, audio diaries, and fly-on-the-wall style observational recordings, contribute to a rich and layered documentary work. The anonymity of radio provided Kate the opportunity to articulate her experience without the distraction of her visual representation. And the use of intimate audio diary recordings, and script from written diaries, allowed Kate a degree of co-authorship in the documentary. Fukui’s compassionate approach is reflected in the deeply personal quality of the storytelling ...
Hippocampal Glutamate-Glutamine (Glx) In Adults With Down Syndrome: A Preliminary Study Using In Vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1h Mrs), 2014 King's College London - Institute of Psychiatry
Hippocampal Glutamate-Glutamine (Glx) In Adults With Down Syndrome: A Preliminary Study Using In Vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1h Mrs), Giles My Tan, Felix Beacher, Eileen Daly, Jamie Horder, Verinder Prasher, Marie-Luisa Hanney, Robin Morris, Simon Lovestone, Kieran C. Murphy, Andrew Simmons, Declan Gm Murphy
Background: Down syndrome (DS), or trisomy 21, is one of the most common autosomal mutations. People with DS have intellectual disability (ID) and are at significantly increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The biological associates of both ID and AD in DS are poorly understood, but glutamate has been proposed to play a key role. In non-DS populations, glutamate is essential to learning and memory and glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity has been implicated in AD. However, the concentration of hippocampal glutamate in DS individuals with and without dementia has not previously been directly investigated. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS ...
Aligning Counselor Training Clinics With The Dsm-5: Tips, Tools, And Challenges, 2014 Portland State University
Aligning Counselor Training Clinics With The Dsm-5: Tips, Tools, And Challenges, Joel A. Lane, Lisa Aasheim
Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations
This presentation is intended to help counselor educators better understand the conceptual changes made in the DSM-5, as well as the implications of these changes for counseling training clinics.
Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, 2014 Gettysburg College
Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-Sig
This booklet includes Biology student presentations by: Taylor Bury, Abigail Dworkin-Brodsky, Mary Pearce, Jasper Leavitt, Morgan Panzer, Ellen Petley, Kalli Qutub, Taylor Randell, Samantha Eck, Lana McDowell, Jenn Soroka, Celina Harris, Natalie Tanke, Alexandra Turano, and Caroline Garliss.
This booklet includes Biochemistry & Molecular Biology student presentations by: Matthew Dunworth, Andrew Sydenstricker, Brianne Tomko, Albert Vill, Warren Campbell, David Van Doren, Kevin Mrugalski, Stacey Heaver, Alecia Achimovich, and Katherine Boas.
This booklet includes Chemistry student presentations by: Kristen Baker, Laura Lee, Kathryn Fodale, Daniel Ruff, Michael Counihan, Ida DiMucci, Joshua Sgroi, Celina Harris, and Natalie Tanke.
This booklet include Health Science ...
39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., 2014 University of Southern California
39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon
Thomas D. Lyon
Prior research suggests that infelicitous choice of questions can significantly underestimate children’s actual abilities, independently of suggestiveness. One possibly difficult question type is indirect speech acts such as “Do you know…” questions (DYK, e.g., “Do you know where it happened?”). These questions directly ask if respondents know, while indirectly asking what respondents know. If respondents answer “yes,” but fail to elaborate, they are either ignoring or failing to recognize the indirect question (known as pragmatic failure). Two studies examined the effect of indirect speech acts on maltreated and non-maltreated 2- to 7-year-olds’ post-event interview responses. Children were read ...
Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers
International Journal of Health Sciences Education
This study examined pediatric residents’ responsiveness and experiences in the context of a new pilot program, building an on-site Behavioral Health Consultant (BHC) into their primary care training site. Fifteen pediatric residents were divided so that 9 had access to an on-site BHC and 6 did not. Over the first year of the program, research assistants observed 322 patient visits to record concerns raised, residents’ responses, and visit length. Data regarding BHC activity and residents’ subjective impressions of the program were also collected. Results showed that at least one BH concern was raised in 24% of observed visits. Residents with ...
Parent Adolescent Conflict Among Asian Indian Immigrant Families, 2014 Western Washington University
Parent Adolescent Conflict Among Asian Indian Immigrant Families, Aparna Kumar
WWU Masters Thesis Collection
Acculturation can be a difficult process for immigrant families as parents and children adjust to different cultural value systems. Parents and adolescents may acculturate at different rates to the mainstream culture due to parents wanting to retain their heritage culture and adolescents immersion into mainstream Western culture. This seems to assume assimilation as the same process as acculturation when it is only one possible outcome. As a result of this, acculturation gaps between parents and adolescents result, which may lead to parent-adolescent conflict. The current study took a mixed methods approach to investigate how Asian Indian immigrant families experience parentadolescent ...