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Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers 2014 East Tennessee State University

Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

This study examined pediatric residents’ responsiveness and experiences in the context of a new pilot program, building an on-site Behavioral Health Consultant (BHC) into their primary care training site. Fifteen pediatric residents were divided so that 9 had access to an on-site BHC and 6 did not. Over the first year of the program, research assistants observed 322 patient visits to record concerns raised, residents’ responses, and visit length. Data regarding BHC activity and residents’ subjective impressions of the program were also collected. Results showed that at least one BH concern was raised in 24% of observed visits. Residents with ...


A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel 2014 University of Pennsylvania

A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Clients often enter psychotherapy with struggles and concerns related to their direct experience of emotion. Though most of the major psychotherapy theories in the West address the general issue of emotion, very few have developed a framework or theory for supporting clients in their direct encounters with difficult feeling states. Since Buddhism is highly experiential and Buddhist philosophy is mainly concerned with the issue of human suffering, its relevance to maneuvering difficult emotions in a clinical context is profound. While the use of Buddhist concepts and practices in mental health treatment in the West has proliferated in recent years, the ...


Abnormal White Matter Integrity Related To Head Impact Exposure In A Season Of High School Varsity Football, Elizabeth M. Davenport, Christopher T. Whitlow, Jillian E. Urban, Mark A. Espeland, Jung Youngkyoo, Daryl A. Rosenbaum, Gerard A. Gioia, Alexander K. Powers, Joel D. Stitzel, Joseph A. Maldjian 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Abnormal White Matter Integrity Related To Head Impact Exposure In A Season Of High School Varsity Football, Elizabeth M. Davenport, Christopher T. Whitlow, Jillian E. Urban, Mark A. Espeland, Jung Youngkyoo, Daryl A. Rosenbaum, Gerard A. Gioia, Alexander K. Powers, Joel D. Stitzel, Joseph A. Maldjian

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

The aim of this study was to determine whether the cumulative effects of head impacts from a season of high school football produce magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measureable changes in the brain in the absence of clinically diagnosed concussion. Players from a local high school football team were instrumented with the Head Impact Telemetry System (HITS™) during all practices and games. All players received pre- and postseason MRI, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) was also conducted. Total impacts and risk-weighted cumulative exposure (RWE), including linear (RWELinear), rotational (RWERotational), and combined components ...


The Epidemic Of Mental And Neurological Health, Mohsyn I. Malik 2014 Western University

The Epidemic Of Mental And Neurological Health, Mohsyn I. Malik

Psychology Publications

This paper composes an image of modern mental and neurological health issues and looks to draw links to the current epidemic based on research and studies found online the internet and off-line. The goal is to examine what may be the underlying problem for a lot of these increases in mental health issues and neurodegenerative diseases and what are some promising clinical and sociocultural advances that may help. It explores problems such as the negative impact of the pharmaceutical giants, the increase in apathy in the work place and the general stigma towards mental disease. Through current research, the use ...


Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate 2014 Tuskegee University

Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The objective of this research was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and determine if food insecurity is associated with psychological well-being among women living with HIV/AIDS. Survey data were collected from 268 women living with HIV/AIDS attending two clinics that provide medical and social support services to HIV-positive patients who live in 23 counties in Southeast Alabama. The results indicated that, using USDA food security scale, 54% of the women were food insecure. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that income, depressive symptoms, race, and participation in SNAP were significant predictors of food insecurity; employment and education ...


“Young People These Days, Are Not Like We Used To Be ... Or Are They?”, harry b. mayr 2014 SelectedWorks

“Young People These Days, Are Not Like We Used To Be ... Or Are They?”, Harry B. Mayr

harry b mayr

No abstract provided.


Risk Factors Of Suicidal Phenomenon: Prevention And Intervention, Lisa M. Meyer 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Risk Factors Of Suicidal Phenomenon: Prevention And Intervention, Lisa M. Meyer

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Around the world suicide has caused more deaths per year than homicide or war (World Health Organization, 2002). Suicidal attempts (the person survives) and suicidal ideation (thinking seriously about suicide) are others dimensions of the suicide phenomenon. A number of risk factors have been considered as factors contributing to the increased likelihood of suicidal ideation, attempts, and completions. Sociological (external) factors and psychological (internal) factors have been considered in increasing suicidal risk. Beyond the individual factors research has also explained the family, social, and community aspects of the suicidal phenomenon. Helping professionals planning suicide intervention and prevention strategies need to ...


Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, JoAnn E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Joann E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez

UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased risk of stroke and death. Obesity is an independent risk factor for AF, but modifiers of this risk are not well known. We studied the roles of obesity, physical activity, and their interaction in conferring risk of incident AF.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study was a prospective observational study of 93 676 postmenopausal women followed for an average of 11.5 years. Incident AF was identified using WHI-ascertained hospitalization records and diagnostic codes from Medicare claims. A multivariate Cox ...


Cluster B Personality Disorders Separated By Gender Expectations, Brianna Kloss 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Cluster B Personality Disorders Separated By Gender Expectations, Brianna Kloss

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Criticisms of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000), the most widely recognized system for classification of psychological disorders in the U.S., including gender discriminating disorders and diagnoses, have existed for all editions of the DSM. Arguably, gender construction has a profound influence on the standards and evaluation of normal and abnormal behaviors. Concern for the presence of gender bias of personality disorders has been raised within the DSM, in part, by the frequent diagnoses made according to gender stereotypes. The DSM-IV-TR characterizes personality disorders as marked distress ...


Detection Of Dementia Risk In Primary Care: Preliminary Investigation Of A Composite Dementia Risk Score In Veterans, Jonathan DeRight 2014 Syracuse University

Detection Of Dementia Risk In Primary Care: Preliminary Investigation Of A Composite Dementia Risk Score In Veterans, Jonathan Deright

Dissertations - ALL

Dementia is becoming a significant public health concern as the United States population rapidly ages. Veterans, accounting for a substantial portion of the United States population, may be at even higher risk for developing dementia as they generally have more risk factors for dementia than the general population. The current study sought to develop a modifiable composite dementia risk score, based on routinely gathered data from the primary care setting, that would predict an individual's risk for developing dementia in 10 years. A composite risk score--based on age, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, current smoking, alcohol use disorder, and pulse pressure--was created ...


Belief In The Efficacy Of Psychotherapy (Bep): Psychometric Scale Development And Examination Of Theoretical Correlates, Erin Gray Volpe 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Belief In The Efficacy Of Psychotherapy (Bep): Psychometric Scale Development And Examination Of Theoretical Correlates, Erin Gray Volpe

Doctoral Dissertations

This study develops a psychometric scale measuring the extent to which an individual expects psychotherapy to be effective: The Belief in the Efficacy of Psychotherapy (BEP). Based in the research that describes expectations for therapy as process expectations or outcome expectations, the BEP scale is developed to measure outcome expectations for therapy exclusively (i.e., is psychotherapy helpful?). Current expectancy measures vastly underrepresent outcome expectations in particular, and BEP will be the first to focus solely on outcome expectations. Additionally, the proposed BEP scale measures the general cultural belief system (i.e., non-patients) and their beliefs about psychotherapy and therapists ...


Aripiprazole Decreases Irritability In 12 Out Of 14 Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Ann E. Maloney, Eric O. Mick, Jean A. Frazier 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Aripiprazole Decreases Irritability In 12 Out Of 14 Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Ann E. Maloney, Eric O. Mick, Jean A. Frazier

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Grandfamilies Outcome Workgroup’S (Grow) Review Of Grandfamilies Support Groups: An Examination Of Concepts, Goals, Outcomes And Measures, Kerry A. Littlewood 2014 Western Michigan University

Grandfamilies Outcome Workgroup’S (Grow) Review Of Grandfamilies Support Groups: An Examination Of Concepts, Goals, Outcomes And Measures, Kerry A. Littlewood

GrandFamilies: The Contemporary Journal of Research, Practice and Policy

A support group is the most widely used intervention for grandparents and other relatives raising children. Support groups require few resources to establish and are relatively inexpensive to implement. Despite the popularity of support groups for grandfamilies, there is little evidence evaluating their effectiveness to improve the lives of its members. In response to this issue and to support outcome-based research in the field, the Grandfamilies Outcome Workgroup (GrOW) was established. This study highlights GrOW’s review of the literature on the effectiveness of support groups for grandfamilies. Next, the GrOW Inventory of Support Groups (GrOW Inventory) was developed to ...


European Society For The History Of The Human Sciences (Eshhs), Conference 2014, Oulu (Finland), Paper: “Dangerous Passions. The Construction And Cultural And Social Impact Of The ‘Psychiatric’ Framework Of The Passions In France (1790-1830)”, July 22-25 (23th), 2014., Marco Solinas 2014 SelectedWorks

European Society For The History Of The Human Sciences (Eshhs), Conference 2014, Oulu (Finland), Paper: “Dangerous Passions. The Construction And Cultural And Social Impact Of The ‘Psychiatric’ Framework Of The Passions In France (1790-1830)”, July 22-25 (23th), 2014., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

Numerous excellent works have been written on the formation process of ‘psychiatry’ and its concomitant impact on society and culture at the end of the eighteenth century and in the first three decades of the nineteenth century, in particular with regard to France. From Gladys Swain to Dora Weiner, from Jacques Postel to Jan Goldstein, from Jackie Pigeaud to Juan Rigoli, the issue has been analysed in depth and from a variety of different perspectives. However, despite constantly and inevitably resurfacing in these studies, no particular attention has been paid to the passions and emotions drawn up by nascent psychiatry ...


Newcastle And Northumbria Universities, Conference “Fashionable Diseases. Medicine, Literature And Culture, Ca. 1660-1832", Paper: “On The End Of Fashionable Melancholy”, July 3-5 (4th), 2014., Marco Solinas 2014 SelectedWorks

Newcastle And Northumbria Universities, Conference “Fashionable Diseases. Medicine, Literature And Culture, Ca. 1660-1832", Paper: “On The End Of Fashionable Melancholy”, July 3-5 (4th), 2014., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

The paper analyze the crucial moment of rupture in the history of the definitions, descriptions and classifications of melancholy within the ambit of medicine that occurred between the end of the Eighteenth- and beginning of the Nineteenth-century, in particular in France. That is the point at which Philippe Pinel, absorbing the contributions of Seventeenth-century British psychiatry, proceeded to abandon both the humoral doctrine and the old Renaissance conception of the dual character – melancholy as a psycho-physiological illness and as a literary and philosophical mood. Pinel now locates melancholy only among forms of mental alienation. I will proceed with the subsequent ...


The Interplay Of Trait Anger, Childhood Physical Abuse, And Alcohol Consumption In Predicting Intimate Partner Aggression, Rosalita C. Maldonado, Laura E. Watkins, David DiLillo 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Interplay Of Trait Anger, Childhood Physical Abuse, And Alcohol Consumption In Predicting Intimate Partner Aggression, Rosalita C. Maldonado, Laura E. Watkins, David Dilillo

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

The current study examined three well-established risk factors for intimate partner aggression (IPA) within Finkel and Eckhardt’s I3 model, including two impellance factors—trait anger and childhood physical abuse history—and the disinhibiting factor of alcohol consumption. Participants were 236 male and female college students in a committed heterosexual dating relationship who completed a battery of self-report measures assessing childhood physical abuse, trait anger, alcohol consumption, and IPA perpetration. Results revealed a significant three-way interaction showing that as the disinhibition factor alcohol consumption increased, the interaction of the two impelling factors, trait anger and childhood physical abuse, became ...


Seeing With Sound: Investigating The Behavioural Applications And Neural Correlates Of Human Echolocation, Jennifer L. Milne 2014 Western University

Seeing With Sound: Investigating The Behavioural Applications And Neural Correlates Of Human Echolocation, Jennifer L. Milne

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Some blind humans use the reflected echoes from self-produced signals to perceive their silent surroundings. Although the use of echolocation is well documented in animals such as bats and dolphins, comparatively little is known about human echolocation. The overarching goal of the work presented in this thesis was to shed light on some of the basic functions of human echolocation, including the perception of the shape, size, and material. I addressed these aspects of echolocation using behavioural psychophysics and neuroimaging.

In Chapter 2 I show that blind echolocators were able to accurately identify the shape of 2D objects, but that ...


The Science And Psychology Of Infertility, Julia V. Johnson, Kristin L. MacGregor 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Science And Psychology Of Infertility, Julia V. Johnson, Kristin L. Macgregor

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

An evidence-based presentation on the science/etiologies of infertility and its psychological impact. Outline: Prevalence and Etiology of Infertility. Basic Evaluation. Treatment Options. Psychological Effects of Infertility. Depression/Anxiety. Social, Cultural, and Gender Issues. Relationship Issues. Patient Distress and Pregnancy Rates. Psychological Support. Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions.


Less-Structured Time In Children's Daily Lives Predicts Self-Directed Executive Functioning, Jane E. Barker, Andrei D. Semenov, Laura Michaelson, Lindsay S. Provan, Hannah R. Snyder, Yuko Munakata 2014 University of Colorado, Boulder

Less-Structured Time In Children's Daily Lives Predicts Self-Directed Executive Functioning, Jane E. Barker, Andrei D. Semenov, Laura Michaelson, Lindsay S. Provan, Hannah R. Snyder, Yuko Munakata

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Executive functions (EFs) in childhood predict important life outcomes. Thus, there is great interest in attempts to improve EFs early in life. Many interventions are led by trained adults, including structured training activities in the lab, and less-structured activities implemented in schools. Such programs have yielded gains in children's externally-driven executive functioning, where they are instructed on what goal-directed actions to carry out and when. However, it is less clear how children's experiences relate to their development of self-directed executive functioning, where they must determine on their own what goal-directed actions to carry out and when. We hypothesized ...


A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton III, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams 2014 East Tennessee State University

A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton Iii, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

The Winning With Wellness (WWW) project was a school-based obesity prevention program that was developed to promote healthy eating and physical activity in youth residing in rural Appalachia. The project was based on the Coordinated School Health model (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2013a) and used a community-based participatory research approach with an emphasis on feasibility and sustainability. The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported health outcomes for middle school students across the course of the intervention. Sixth grade middle school students (N = 149; 52% girls) from four schools in Northeast Tennessee completed a survey assessing ...


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