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The Effects Of The Tootling Intervention Using Daily Reinforcement, Melissa Bryanne McHugh 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of The Tootling Intervention Using Daily Reinforcement, Melissa Bryanne Mchugh

Master's Theses

The current study was designed to replicate and extend the literature on the effectiveness of a classroom intervention known as Tootling (Skinner, Skinner, & Cashwell, 1998) in decreasing disruptive classroom behavior as well as increasing academically engaged classroom behavior. Tootling is a strategy that encourages and prompts students to report instances of their peers’ positive behaviors. Thus far, only three studies have utilized direct observation data for disruptive behavior during Tootling (Cihak, Kirk, & Boon, 2009; Lambert, 2012, 2014). To extend the research on Tootling, direct observation data of disruptive and academically engaged behaviors were collected on both entire classes of students as well as target students. Additionally, reinforcement on a daily schedule could be achieved by Tootling. Participants included lower elementary school students (i.e., second and third grade) and instructors in three classrooms in two Southeastern elementary schools. An interdependent group contingency and publicly posted feedback were used to encourage the ...


The Care Of The Soul And Treatments For Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder, Nancy Calvert-Koyzis 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Care Of The Soul And Treatments For Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder, Nancy Calvert-Koyzis

Consensus

No abstract provided.


Heroin And Opiate Abuse In Ashland County, Ohio: A Public Perception Study, Oscar T. McKnight 2014 SelectedWorks

Heroin And Opiate Abuse In Ashland County, Ohio: A Public Perception Study, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

This research began with identifying an expert panel of professionals in Ashland County and facilitating an informational focus group on the perceived scope of heroin/opiate abuse within multiple social services, community intervention and support programs. Seven general findings emerged: 1. The overall total number of clients/cases/patients in the system has remained stable over the years; however, the proportional number of clients abusing opiates has increased. 2. That virtually every person abusing opiates enters their respective system at one point or another. 3. Only a small percent remain active with more than one system while engaged in opiate ...


Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

Preventive oral health care and treatment for individuals with an intellectual or developmental disability (I/DD) is a leading public health disparity. Evidence points to poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and greater severity of periodontal disease, as well as a higher incidence of untreated caries in the I/DD population. In year 1 of this systematic review, the literature was searched and screened for inclusion, developing an extensive database of interventions to increase access and behavioral oral health interventions for individuals with I/DD. The objective of year 2 of the systematic review is to examine this literature in depth ...


Will Kate Survive Kate: Review 2, Kate Montague 2014 University of Wollongong

Will Kate Survive Kate: Review 2, Kate Montague

RadioDoc Review

Masako Fukui’s radio documentary Will Kate Survive Kate is a tender portrait of a young woman’s battle with an eating disorder. The use of conventional interviews, recorded conversations, audio diaries, and fly-on-the-wall style observational recordings, contribute to a rich and layered documentary work. The anonymity of radio provided Kate the opportunity to articulate her experience without the distraction of her visual representation. And the use of intimate audio diary recordings, and script from written diaries, allowed Kate a degree of co-authorship in the documentary. Fukui’s compassionate approach is reflected in the deeply personal quality of the storytelling ...


Hippocampal Glutamate-Glutamine (Glx) In Adults With Down Syndrome: A Preliminary Study Using In Vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1h Mrs), Giles MY Tan, Felix Beacher, Eileen Daly, Jamie Horder, Verinder Prasher, Marie-Luisa Hanney, Robin Morris, Simon Lovestone, Kieran C. Murphy, Andrew Simmons, Declan GM Murphy 2014 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Hippocampal Glutamate-Glutamine (Glx) In Adults With Down Syndrome: A Preliminary Study Using In Vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1h Mrs), Giles My Tan, Felix Beacher, Eileen Daly, Jamie Horder, Verinder Prasher, Marie-Luisa Hanney, Robin Morris, Simon Lovestone, Kieran C. Murphy, Andrew Simmons, Declan Gm Murphy

Psychiatry Articles

Background: Down syndrome (DS), or trisomy 21, is one of the most common autosomal mutations. People with DS have intellectual disability (ID) and are at significantly increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The biological associates of both ID and AD in DS are poorly understood, but glutamate has been proposed to play a key role. In non-DS populations, glutamate is essential to learning and memory and glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity has been implicated in AD. However, the concentration of hippocampal glutamate in DS individuals with and without dementia has not previously been directly investigated. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS ...


Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-SIG 2014 Gettysburg College

Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-Sig

Student Publications

This booklet includes Biology student presentations by: Taylor Bury, Abigail Dworkin-Brodsky, Mary Pearce, Jasper Leavitt, Morgan Panzer, Ellen Petley, Kalli Qutub, Taylor Randell, Samantha Eck, Lana McDowell, Jenn Soroka, Celina Harris, Natalie Tanke, Alexandra Turano, and Caroline Garliss.

This booklet includes Biochemistry & Molecular Biology student presentations by: Matthew Dunworth, Andrew Sydenstricker, Brianne Tomko, Albert Vill, Warren Campbell, David Van Doren, Kevin Mrugalski, Stacey Heaver, Alecia Achimovich, and Katherine Boas.

This booklet includes Chemistry student presentations by: Kristen Baker, Laura Lee, Kathryn Fodale, Daniel Ruff, Michael Counihan, Ida DiMucci, Joshua Sgroi, Celina Harris, and Natalie Tanke.

This booklet include Health Science ...


39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon 2014 USC Gould School of Law

39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon

Thomas D. Lyon

Prior research suggests that infelicitous choice of questions can significantly underestimate children’s actual abilities, independently of suggestiveness. One possibly difficult question type is indirect speech acts such as “Do you know…” questions (DYK, e.g., “Do you know where it happened?”). These questions directly ask if respondents know, while indirectly asking what respondents know. If respondents answer “yes,” but fail to elaborate, they are either ignoring or failing to recognize the indirect question (known as pragmatic failure). Two studies examined the effect of indirect speech acts on maltreated and non-maltreated 2- to 7-year-olds’ post-event interview responses. Children were read ...


Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers 2014 East Tennessee State University

Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

This study examined pediatric residents’ responsiveness and experiences in the context of a new pilot program, building an on-site Behavioral Health Consultant (BHC) into their primary care training site. Fifteen pediatric residents were divided so that 9 had access to an on-site BHC and 6 did not. Over the first year of the program, research assistants observed 322 patient visits to record concerns raised, residents’ responses, and visit length. Data regarding BHC activity and residents’ subjective impressions of the program were also collected. Results showed that at least one BH concern was raised in 24% of observed visits. Residents with ...


Parent Adolescent Conflict Among Asian Indian Immigrant Families, Aparna Kumar 2014 Western Washington University

Parent Adolescent Conflict Among Asian Indian Immigrant Families, Aparna Kumar

WWU Masters Thesis Collection

Acculturation can be a difficult process for immigrant families as parents and children adjust to different cultural value systems. Parents and adolescents may acculturate at different rates to the mainstream culture due to parents wanting to retain their heritage culture and adolescents immersion into mainstream Western culture. This seems to assume assimilation as the same process as acculturation when it is only one possible outcome. As a result of this, acculturation gaps between parents and adolescents result, which may lead to parent-adolescent conflict. The current study took a mixed methods approach to investigate how Asian Indian immigrant families experience parentadolescent ...


A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel 2014 University of Pennsylvania

A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Clients often enter psychotherapy with struggles and concerns related to their direct experience of emotion. Though most of the major psychotherapy theories in the West address the general issue of emotion, very few have developed a framework or theory for supporting clients in their direct encounters with difficult feeling states. Since Buddhism is highly experiential and Buddhist philosophy is mainly concerned with the issue of human suffering, its relevance to maneuvering difficult emotions in a clinical context is profound. While the use of Buddhist concepts and practices in mental health treatment in the West has proliferated in recent years, the ...


Abnormal White Matter Integrity Related To Head Impact Exposure In A Season Of High School Varsity Football, Elizabeth M. Davenport, Christopher T. Whitlow, Jillian E. Urban, Mark A. Espeland, Jung Youngkyoo, Daryl A. Rosenbaum, Gerard A. Gioia, Alexander K. Powers, Joel D. Stitzel, Joseph A. Maldjian 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Abnormal White Matter Integrity Related To Head Impact Exposure In A Season Of High School Varsity Football, Elizabeth M. Davenport, Christopher T. Whitlow, Jillian E. Urban, Mark A. Espeland, Jung Youngkyoo, Daryl A. Rosenbaum, Gerard A. Gioia, Alexander K. Powers, Joel D. Stitzel, Joseph A. Maldjian

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

The aim of this study was to determine whether the cumulative effects of head impacts from a season of high school football produce magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measureable changes in the brain in the absence of clinically diagnosed concussion. Players from a local high school football team were instrumented with the Head Impact Telemetry System (HITS™) during all practices and games. All players received pre- and postseason MRI, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) was also conducted. Total impacts and risk-weighted cumulative exposure (RWE), including linear (RWELinear), rotational (RWERotational), and combined components ...


The Epidemic Of Mental And Neurological Health, Mohsyn I. Malik 2014 Western University

The Epidemic Of Mental And Neurological Health, Mohsyn I. Malik

Psychology Publications

This paper composes an image of modern mental and neurological health issues and looks to draw links to the current epidemic based on research and studies found online the internet and off-line. The goal is to examine what may be the underlying problem for a lot of these increases in mental health issues and neurodegenerative diseases and what are some promising clinical and sociocultural advances that may help. It explores problems such as the negative impact of the pharmaceutical giants, the increase in apathy in the work place and the general stigma towards mental disease. Through current research, the use ...


Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate 2014 Tuskegee University

Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The objective of this research was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and determine if food insecurity is associated with psychological well-being among women living with HIV/AIDS. Survey data were collected from 268 women living with HIV/AIDS attending two clinics that provide medical and social support services to HIV-positive patients who live in 23 counties in Southeast Alabama. The results indicated that, using USDA food security scale, 54% of the women were food insecure. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that income, depressive symptoms, race, and participation in SNAP were significant predictors of food insecurity; employment and education ...


“Young People These Days, Are Not Like We Used To Be ... Or Are They?”, harry b. mayr 2014 SelectedWorks

“Young People These Days, Are Not Like We Used To Be ... Or Are They?”, Harry B. Mayr

harry b mayr

No abstract provided.


Risk Factors Of Suicidal Phenomenon: Prevention And Intervention, Lisa M. Meyer 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Risk Factors Of Suicidal Phenomenon: Prevention And Intervention, Lisa M. Meyer

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Around the world suicide has caused more deaths per year than homicide or war (World Health Organization, 2002). Suicidal attempts (the person survives) and suicidal ideation (thinking seriously about suicide) are others dimensions of the suicide phenomenon. A number of risk factors have been considered as factors contributing to the increased likelihood of suicidal ideation, attempts, and completions. Sociological (external) factors and psychological (internal) factors have been considered in increasing suicidal risk. Beyond the individual factors research has also explained the family, social, and community aspects of the suicidal phenomenon. Helping professionals planning suicide intervention and prevention strategies need to ...


Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, JoAnn E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Obesity, Physical Activity, And Their Interaction In Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Postmenopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Joann E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. Lamonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky, Marco V. Perez

UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased risk of stroke and death. Obesity is an independent risk factor for AF, but modifiers of this risk are not well known. We studied the roles of obesity, physical activity, and their interaction in conferring risk of incident AF.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study was a prospective observational study of 93 676 postmenopausal women followed for an average of 11.5 years. Incident AF was identified using WHI-ascertained hospitalization records and diagnostic codes from Medicare claims. A multivariate Cox ...


Cluster B Personality Disorders Separated By Gender Expectations, Brianna Kloss 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Cluster B Personality Disorders Separated By Gender Expectations, Brianna Kloss

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Criticisms of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000), the most widely recognized system for classification of psychological disorders in the U.S., including gender discriminating disorders and diagnoses, have existed for all editions of the DSM. Arguably, gender construction has a profound influence on the standards and evaluation of normal and abnormal behaviors. Concern for the presence of gender bias of personality disorders has been raised within the DSM, in part, by the frequent diagnoses made according to gender stereotypes. The DSM-IV-TR characterizes personality disorders as marked distress ...


A Revised Method For Measuring Distraction By Tactile Stimulation [V1; Ref Status: Indexed, Http://F1000r.Es/42o], Jacqueline R. Schechter, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Kevin J. Black 2014 Washington University School of Medicine

A Revised Method For Measuring Distraction By Tactile Stimulation [V1; Ref Status: Indexed, Http://F1000r.Es/42o], Jacqueline R. Schechter, Deanna J. Greene, Jonathan M. Koller, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Sensory hypersensitivity (SH) refers to the tendency to attend to subtle stimuli, to persist in attending to them, and to find them noxious. SH is relatively common in several developmental disorders including Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder (TS/CTD). This study was an attempt to quantify the extent to which a mild tactile stimulus distracts one’s attention in TS/CTD. Fourteen adults with TS/CTD and 14 tic-free control subjects completed questionnaires regarding SH and ADHD, and TS/CTD subjects completed self-report measures of current and past tic disorder symptoms and of current obsessions and compulsions. All subjects ...


Detection Of Dementia Risk In Primary Care: Preliminary Investigation Of A Composite Dementia Risk Score In Veterans, Jonathan DeRight 2014 Syracuse University

Detection Of Dementia Risk In Primary Care: Preliminary Investigation Of A Composite Dementia Risk Score In Veterans, Jonathan Deright

Dissertations - ALL

Dementia is becoming a significant public health concern as the United States population rapidly ages. Veterans, accounting for a substantial portion of the United States population, may be at even higher risk for developing dementia as they generally have more risk factors for dementia than the general population. The current study sought to develop a modifiable composite dementia risk score, based on routinely gathered data from the primary care setting, that would predict an individual's risk for developing dementia in 10 years. A composite risk score--based on age, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, current smoking, alcohol use disorder, and pulse pressure--was created ...


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