The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, 2016 University of Akron Main Campus
The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, Lauren M. Hurley, Alexandra Smola
Honors Research Projects
The prevalence of developmental disabilities in children in the United States is a serious problem. Since children with developmental disabilities often show decreased self-efficacy and balance, researchers have studied the effects of interventions in this population. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a 10-week THR session on balance and task-specific self-efficacy in children with physical disabilities ages 6 to 18 years old. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and The Physical Stress Theory will guide the quasi-experimental study. A pre-test post-test design will be implemented over a 12 week span at 3 different riding centers in ...
Anger And Hostility As Primary Externalizing Features Of Depression In College Men, 2015 Boise State University
Anger And Hostility As Primary Externalizing Features Of Depression In College Men, Matthew Genuchi
Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations
Some have suggested that Major Depressive Disorder diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) may not capture the full range of depressive symptoms of some men who adhere to hegemonic masculine gender role norms. The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of several proposed externalizing variables to predict masculine depression in a sample of men (n = 169). A stepwise multiple regression process was used, in which three models were analyzed. The analysis indicated that hostility and anger were the only variables predictive of masculine depressive symptoms. Additional implications for clinical assessment ...
World-Class Research: Biomedical Science Beyond Experimentation, 2015 Colby College
World-Class Research: Biomedical Science Beyond Experimentation
Faculty and relationships with Maine’s big-three research labs propel Colby’s opportunities in biomedical science
Could childhood nutrition set late-life brain function?
Hitting the lab running
Ahmad wins grant for study of neurodegenerative disease
Effects Of Early-Adolescent, Mid-Adolescent, Or Adult Stress On Morphine Conditioned Place Preference, Chloe Shields
In light of previous work demonstrating that stress can increase subjective drug reward in adult rats, the present study investigated the influence of stress on morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) in early-adolescent, mid-adolescent, and adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Subjects in each age group were assigned to either a no stress condition or a stress condition in which they were exposed to an unpredictable eight-day schedule of elevated platform and synthetic fox odor stressors. Place conditioning then evaluated subjective morphine reward in all animals. Using a biased procedure, subjects were assigned to receive morphine on the initially non-preferred side of the ...
Forme Della Psicoanalisi E Teoria Del Riconoscimento. La Psiche Intersoggettiva Di Axel Honneth, In "Psicoterapia E Scienze Umane", Xlix, N. 2 (2015), Pp. 221-242., Marco Solinas
"Patterns of psychoanalysis and theory of recognition. Axel Honneth’s intersubjective psyche". An overview of the several scopes and patterns used over time by Axel Honneth in his “theory of recognition” is presented. After a discussion of the use of object relations theory (especially with reference to D.W. Winnicott’s contributions) in Honneth’s 1992 book Struggle for Recognition, the theoretical revision of psychoanalysis in light of his theory of recognition is examined. Finally, Honneth’s suggestion of a new alliance between a renewed “critical theory” and psychoanalysis, which concerns also the dimension of political psychology, is discussed.
Psychotherapy In Family Medicine, 2015 The University of Western Ontario
Psychotherapy In Family Medicine, Saadia N. Hameed
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Aim: To explore the perspectives and practice of psychotherapy of family physicians, and analyze Ontario’s mental health policy documents within the context of psychotherapy.
Methods: In the first study descriptive qualitative methodology was used. Eighteen family physicians were interviewed and the results were presented thematically. In the second study, a policy analysis of Ontario’s mental health policy documents was conducted. The qualitative policy analytic methodology of Peter et al. was used.
Findings: Psychotherapy is an effective treatment of mental illness and is practiced by family physicians. Lack of training and time are barriers, while patient needs and ...
Pearl Harvesting Autism, 2015 The University of Western Ontario
Pearl Harvesting Autism, Mariya Gruntovskaya
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This thesis addresses the difficulties of on-line information searching as it relates to the topic of autism. A review of existing search strategies is presented and their limitations are discussed. A new method for deriving a set of search-terms for comprehensive searching, Pearl Harvesting, was tested here to determine the necessary search terms (i.e., synonym ring) for ERIC and PsycINFO databases. Once discovered and validated, a synonym ring can be copied and pasted directly into the search box of the database, providing a simple, thorough and time saving way of conducting on-line research in the field. This easily used ...
A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, 2015 University of Pennsylvania
A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel
Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations
Clients often enter psychotherapy with struggles and concerns related to their direct experience of emotion. Though most of the major psychotherapy theories in the West address the general issue of emotion, very few have developed a framework or theory for supporting clients in their direct encounters with difficult feeling states. Since Buddhism is highly experiential and Buddhist philosophy is mainly concerned with the issue of human suffering, its relevance to maneuvering difficult emotions in a clinical context is profound. While the use of Buddhist concepts and practices in mental health treatment in the West has proliferated in recent years, the ...
Alcohol Screening And Brief Intervention Program In A University Health Service, 2015 Seton Hall University
Alcohol Screening And Brief Intervention Program In A University Health Service, Teresa Conklin
Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects
Alcohol misuse in the United States is a public health concern. Inappropriate alcohol consumption poses an enormous threat to the physical, social, and economic well-being of the American public. Young adults, specifically college students, are at particularly high risk for alcohol misuse. National organizations have endorsed efforts to identify and advise individuals who engage in risky drinking behaviors. Students who visit Seton Hall University Health Services for routine health care are an ideal group to engage in alcohol screening and education. The purpose of this project is to introduce and evaluate an alcohol screening and brief intervention program in a ...
Mental Noise, 2015 Iowa State University
Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait Mckinney
College can be a big change from the high school routine, and students deal with stress every day. But at what point do the stresses of school and life become more than just daily struggles? Every day, Heather Rennerfeldt would open her books to study. She would read a few lines, and instantly the panic would set in. Her heart would race and the sweating couldn’t be stopped, either. The only thing Heather could do to end it was shut her book and walk away. But it didn’t stop there. She looked like any other college student, and ...
Examining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And The Plight Of Vietnam Veterans, 2015 University of Iowa
Examining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And The Plight Of Vietnam Veterans, Joe L. Stein
Iowa Historical Review
No abstract provided.
A Critical Evaluation Of Selective Attention Measures, 2015 Western Kentucky University
A Critical Evaluation Of Selective Attention Measures, Hannah K. Wilson
Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects
Selective attention is comprised of two simultaneous processes—the inhibition of distractors and the focus of attention on target stimuli; yet, many existing selective attention measures only measure one aspect of selective attention. This leads to a high possibility of Type I errors as high interference control or high working memory capacity may be mistaken for high selective attention. This paper proposes several criteria for high construct validity and external validity in selective attention measures.
Concerning construct validity, the test must allow participants to exercise selective attention, adequately measure the level of attention to the distractor stimuli, and adequately measure ...
Exploring The Relationship Between Early Childhood Attentional Control And Language Ability, 2015 East Tennessee State University
Exploring The Relationship Between Early Childhood Attentional Control And Language Ability, Jaima S. Price
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Relatively few studies have investigated the relationship between early childhood attentional control and later cognitive outcomes, especially language development. The current study is an investigation of the relationship between the executive functioning (EF) component of attentional control and language ability in the second year of life. More specifically, the predictive nature of two aspects of attentional control, attentional focus and resistance to distraction, was be the primary focus of the proposed study. Although it was expected that children both high in attentional focus and resistance to distraction would have significantly superior language development than infants with lower attentional capacities, analyses ...
Increasing Physical Activity In Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, 2015 Western Michigan University
Increasing Physical Activity In Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katherine B. Lalonde
Experts recommend that individuals walk 10,000 steps or more per day and doing so has been shown to have several health benefits. Unfortunately, many people fall short of 10,000 steps per day. Exercise levels are characteristically lower in people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) than in people without ASD. The present study comprised two experiments that used goal setting and reinforcement to increase physical activity in young adults with ASD. The first study employed a multiple-baseline-across-participants design in combination with a reversal design to determine the effects of a treatment package on the number of daily steps taken ...
Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, 2015 Buffalo State College
Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa
Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Theses
Debates over whether Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) relates to high levels of creativity have been hampered by a lack of rigor when defining creativity. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond the rhetoric by empirically investigating creative personality, creative self-perception, and cognitive style among 49 ADHD adults. Comparative analysis to studies of non-ADHD samples revealed distinctive tendencies: A mean group score of 115.71 (SD=18.02) on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) indicated preferences for originality, nonconformity, paradigm-breaking, and low efficiency that was over one standard deviation higher than average non-ADHD population scores. Combined inattentive/hyperactiveimpulsive ...
Measuring Patient Experience In A Safety Net Setting: Lessons Learned, Nina Shabbat, Katy Dobbins, Sonja Seglin, Kristin Davis
Patient Experience Journal
Safety net providers have faced barriers in administering patient experience surveys due to a lack of resources and survey expertise, but this problem has received little attention in the literature. In this manuscript, we offer lessons learned from the administration of a patient experience survey at a mid-size behavioral health care agency serving a safety net population. Specifically, we discuss resource needs, methods of increasing response rate among transient populations, methods for engaging stakeholders and clinical staff in quality improvement initiatives, and considerations for responding to setbacks and challenges dynamically. We also offer insight on the effective dissemination of results ...
The Plight Of The Lucluc: Examining The Deadly Mystery Of Nodding Syndrome, 2015 Liberty University
The Plight Of The Lucluc: Examining The Deadly Mystery Of Nodding Syndrome, Ethan K. Mcgann
Senior Honors Theses
Nodding syndrome (NS) is an emerging epidemic neurological disease that is shrouded in mystery. It is currently only found in the post-conflict regions of South Sudan, northern Uganda, and Tanzania. NS occurs in children from the ages of five to fifteen and is characterized by a loss of motor control in the neck muscles. Seizure episodes can range in intensity from atonic to tonic-clonic, and the onset of the first episode generally marks the beginning of a decline in the child’s physical and mental health. NS is a progressive disease that generally results in physical wasting, stunted growth, behavioral ...
2nd Place: Treatment Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In A Veteran Population: Efficacy Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Therapies (Contest Entry), Brooke D. Snelgrove
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
This is Brooke Snelgrove's submission for the 2014-2015 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won second place. She wrote about the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans with Complementary and Alternative Medicine therapies.
The Domestic Dogs’ (Canis Familiaris) Understanding Of Intentional And Goal Oriented Action, 2015 Illinois Wesleyan University
The Domestic Dogs’ (Canis Familiaris) Understanding Of Intentional And Goal Oriented Action, Kirili Stauch '15, Stephanie Aubuchon '16, Ellen Furlong
John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference
Domestic dogs possess unique sensitivity to human social cues, perhaps due to our shared evolutionary history. We explored whether dogs share social cognitive abilities - understanding intentions and goals - humans demonstrate from infancy. In Study 1, dogs watched a researcher either unable (i.e. she dropped a treat) or unwilling (i.e. she offered and then withdrew a treat) to provide food. Dogs demonstrated sensitivity to intentions by spending more time close to the researcher during unable than unwilling trials. In Study 2, dogs watched a researcher reach for a ball and ignore a duck. Next, the ball and the duck ...
Personality And Health: An Assessment Of Healthy Neuroticism, 2015 Washington University in St. Louis
Personality And Health: An Assessment Of Healthy Neuroticism, Kelsey Stiles
Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts
Personality traits have been linked to health behaviors and health status in a multitude of past studies, but few have examined the effects of personality trait interactions. The present study used an online questionnaire to assess how healthy neuroticism, the co-occurrence of high levels of conscientiousness and neuroticism, is related to health. Participants provided information about their health-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and the responses of participants who had high levels of both traits were analyzed to identify what makes these individuals distinguishable. The results provided four main findings. First, healthy neuroticism, as defined by high levels of conscientiousness and ...