The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, 2016 University of Akron Main Campus
The Effect Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding On Balance And Self-Efficacy In Children With Developmental Disabilities, Lauren M. Hurley, Alexandra Smola
Honors Research Projects
The prevalence of developmental disabilities in children in the United States is a serious problem. Since children with developmental disabilities often show decreased self-efficacy and balance, researchers have studied the effects of interventions in this population. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a 10-week THR session on balance and task-specific self-efficacy in children with physical disabilities ages 6 to 18 years old. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and The Physical Stress Theory will guide the quasi-experimental study. A pre-test post-test design will be implemented over a 12 week span at 3 different riding centers in ...
Expanding The Nurse Practitioner Role In Treatment Resistant Major Depression, 2015 University of San Francisco
Expanding The Nurse Practitioner Role In Treatment Resistant Major Depression, Travis K. Svensson
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects
Treatment resistant major depression (TRMD) is a common problem with significant consequences in terms of bio-psycho-social disability and economic impact for the individual, family and community. A 2014 survey of San Francisco bay area community resources confirms that nurse practitioners (NPs) are under represented in the advanced management of TRMD using electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and ketamine infusion therapy (KIT). An expansion in the role of the NP in the management of TRMD is indicated. The purpose of this project was to develop and implement an education course that prepares a cohort of NPs to demonstrate mastery ...
Maternal Intuition Of Fetal Gender, 2015 Department of Obstetrics, Aurora Sheboygan Clinic
Maternal Intuition Of Fetal Gender, Michael P. Mcfadzen, David P. Dielentheis, Ronda Kasten
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Background: Many pregnant mothers feel they have a perception or intuition as to the gender of their unborn baby. There is very little published scientific literature regarding this topic. The study’s goal is to determine accuracy of mothers’ perceptions as to gender of their unborn babies. Many scientists believe a pregnant woman could not determine her baby’s gender by intuition, with a 50% probability of correctly determining the gender. This study should be considered fun science.
Purpose: To objectively measure a pregnant mother’s perception as to the gender of her unborn baby and compare to sonographically proved ...
Interventions To Improve Access And Health Behaviors In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disability: A National Resource For Oral Health, 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Interventions To Improve Access And Health Behaviors In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disability: A National Resource For Oral Health, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Cindy K. Fleming
Shriver Center Publications and Presentations
The presentation will describe the process by which the systematic review, designed to uncover interventions to reduce oral health disparities in individuals with intellectual and developmental disability, was conducted, along with the search strategy, interventions and outcomes measured. The presentation will convey the evidence base and promising practices for access, behavior, and prevention to generate discussion among researchers, clinicians and policy makers, about future study topics.
God, Human Nature, And Psychology, 2015 Dordt College
God, Human Nature, And Psychology, Mark Christians
Faculty Work: Comprehensive List
"God created humans to think, act, and feel and to be in relationship with other humans."
Posting about exploring the many realms of human expression from In All Things - an online hub committed to the claim that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ has implications for the entire world.
A Systematic Review Of Oral Health Interventions To Reduce Disparities In Adults With Intellectual Disability: Results Of A Novel Approach, 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School
A Systematic Review Of Oral Health Interventions To Reduce Disparities In Adults With Intellectual Disability: Results Of A Novel Approach, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder
Shriver Center Publications and Presentations
Research consistently shows that people with I/DD experience poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, and higher incidence of untreated caries when compared to the general population. In a systematic review funded by the Centers for Disease Control (NCBDD), researchers rigorously evaluated evidence for a wide range of interventions that offer the potential to reduce those disparities. More than 4,000 titles/abstracts were identified from a literature search that included peer reviewed as well as gray literature. After criteria were applied to identify the I/DD population and intervention-studies only, the number of full text ...
Attachment And Pornography Use: The Influence Of Romantic Attachment Styles, Intimacy, And Pornography Use On Marital Satisfaction, Saudia Twine
Doctoral Dissertations and Projects
The current study sought to answer the following research questions: First, what is the relationship between attachment, intimacy, pornography use, and marital satisfaction? Second, in what ways does intimacy influence marital satisfaction among pornography users with insecure attachment? Finally, is pornography used to regulate attachment emotions among pornography users with insecure attachment? The study revealed that Pornography Use caused an interaction in the relationship between Intimacy and Marital Satisfaction for those higher in Attachment Avoidance. Pornography Use accounted for 3% unique variance on Marital Satisfaction after controlling for Intimacy and Attachment Avoidance. Results also revealed Intimacy had a direct effect ...
The Role Of The Faith Community Nurse In Fostering Spirituality In Those With Alzheimer's Disease, Verna Carson Phd, Pmh/Cns-Bc
International Journal of Faith Community Nursing
Alzheimer ’s disease (AD) strips individuals of memories and abilities that have defined them as productive adults throughout their life. While the decline in memory is real and results in a ‘loss of self’ this does not equate to a ‘loss of soul.’ AD patients continue to have spiritual needs throughout their life as do the family, and/or caregivers. This article explores the spiritual needs and care of AD patients and families and the unique opportunity faith community nurses have to help the AD patient and their support system. The Reisberg Functional Assessment Staging System is used to explain ...
Assessing The Synergistic Effect Of Caffeine And Sugar On Cognitive Performance In Undergraduate Students, 2015 University of South Carolina - Aiken
Assessing The Synergistic Effect Of Caffeine And Sugar On Cognitive Performance In Undergraduate Students, Sandra P. Urquiza, Michelle Vieyra
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science
Working independently, both caffeine and sugar provide benefits to attention and memory. However, there is sparse literature on the synergistic effects on improved cognitive performance between caffeine and sugar when taken together. This study explored the dynamics between caffeine and sugar when consumed under ordinary conditions – as a cup of coffee. Twenty-four undergraduate students (15 women and 9 men) were asked to complete a baseline cognitive test, and one of the three variables was given at random in the form of a cup of coffee: decaffeinated with sugar, caffeinated with no sugar, and caffeinated with sugar. The remaining two variables ...
Standards Of Evidence For Efficacy, Effectiveness, And Scale-Up Research In Prevention Science: Next Generation., 2015 George Washington University
Standards Of Evidence For Efficacy, Effectiveness, And Scale-Up Research In Prevention Science: Next Generation., Denise C. Gottfredson, Thomas D. Cook, Frances E.M. Gardner, Deborah Gorman-Smith, George W. Howe, Irwin N. Sandler, Kathryn M. Zafft
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications
A decade ago, the Society of Prevention Research (SPR) endorsed a set of standards for evidence related to research on prevention interventions. These standards (Flay et al., Prevention Science 6:151-175, 2005) were intended in part to increase consistency in reviews of prevention research that often generated disparate lists of effective interventions due to the application of different standards for what was considered to be necessary to demonstrate effectiveness. In 2013, SPR's Board of Directors decided that the field has progressed sufficiently to warrant a review and, if necessary, publication of "the next generation" of standards of evidence. The ...
Systems And Psychosocial Advances Research Center Annual Report To The Massachusetts Department Of Mental Health 2014-2015, 2015 Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center
Systems And Psychosocial Advances Research Center Annual Report To The Massachusetts Department Of Mental Health 2014-2015, Systems And Psychosocial Advances Research Center
Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center Publications and Presentations
We are grateful to the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health (DMH) for its continued support of the University of Massachusetts Medical School’s (UMMS) DMH Research Center of Excellence, the Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center (SPARC). We continue to leverage the DMH investment to support innovative, recovery-oriented, state-of-the-art psychosocial and systems research. Highlights of Fiscal Year 2015 include another increase in research dollars awarded through new grants and contracts, and the end of our three-year Strategic Plan to guide our growth and trajectory over the coming years.
The Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center conducts research to enhance services ...
Behavioural Charactertics Of Patients Vulnerable For Repeated Hospitalisation, 2015 University of Western Ontario
Behavioural Charactertics Of Patients Vulnerable For Repeated Hospitalisation, Amresh Srivastava, Coralee Berlmont, Miky Kaushal, Avinash Desouza, Robbie Campbell, Larry Stitt
Re-hospitalization which takes place in about 30 to 50% postdischarge patienst, leads to poor outcome, increased rate of mortality and consumes more than 2/3 of budgetary allocations. Inability to identify vulnerable candidates for repeated admissions limits our options for strategic treatment.
In this prospective study conducted at Regional Mental Health Care ( Presently Parkwood Institute) 101 patienst ( 51 feamles, mean age 43 years), were examined using standard psychometric tools on parameters of clinical, psychopathological, suicide behaviour and resiliency for their risk and preventive characerstics.
We assessed 101 subjects (51 females) with mean age of 42 years. 45 ...
Implicit And Explicit Self-Esteem As Predictors Of Reactive And Proactive Aggression In Adolescent Boys And Girls, 2015 University Hospital Center and University of Lausanne, Department of Psychiatry
Implicit And Explicit Self-Esteem As Predictors Of Reactive And Proactive Aggression In Adolescent Boys And Girls, Maya Suter, Sebastien Urben, Sandrine Pihet, Cybele Bertoni, Jill De Ridder, Philippe Stephan
Journal of Adolescent and Family Health
This study aims at examining gender differences and their association with implicit and explicit self-esteem (SE), and reactive and proactive aggression in adolescents. Hundred and eighteen adolescents (60 boys and 58 girls) performed the Implicit Association Test assessing implicit SE. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale was used to measure explicit SE. Reactive and proactive aggression were assessed with the self-report Reactive and Proactive Aggression Scale. Results showed that girls characterized by both low explicit and implicit SE (insecure SE), or by high explicit but low implicit SE (defensive SE), showed more reactive aggression than girls reporting high explicit and implicit SE ...
Beyond Interpretation: The Need For English-Spanish Bilingual Psychotherapists In Counseling Centers, 2015 James Madison University
Beyond Interpretation: The Need For English-Spanish Bilingual Psychotherapists In Counseling Centers, Stephanie Guilman
James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal
Despite the cultural and linguistic diversity that exists in the United States of America, bilingualism and multiculturalism have been neglected, if not almost completely ignored, in the field of psychotherapy. When counselors and clients are unable to commuanicate due to language barriers and cultural disconnect, the client often leaves the counseling session feeling unsatisfied and is more likely to discontinue therapy altogether. This article focuses on Spanish-speaking clients seeking mental health services in the United States, surveying the available literature to argue that that clients who receive therapy in their native language are better able to express themselves and form ...
Should Suicide Behaviour Be An Outcome Parameter For Mental Disorder, 2015 University of Western Ontario
Should Suicide Behaviour Be An Outcome Parameter For Mental Disorder, Amresh Srivastava
Suicide and mental illness are closely related to each other. A high number of people who commit suicide suffer from a mental illness, and a high number of mentally ill patients exhibit suicide behavior. Suicide behavior is a significant aspect of mental illness. It is consistently observed throughout the course of illness, seen in the prodromal stage, during acute phase of remission, in residual phase and whenever illness relapses. A number of times, mental disorder improves but suicide behavior persists. 10-15% patients attempt suicide in the initial phase of an illness. More than half of the patients get hospitalized due ...
Symptom Severity Of Bipolar Disorder During The Menopausal Transition, 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Symptom Severity Of Bipolar Disorder During The Menopausal Transition, Wendy K. Marsh, Bernice G. Gershenson, Anthony J. Rothschild
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mood symptom experience of women with bipolar disorder during the menopausal transition (MT). Yet times of rapid hormonal decline, such as the postpartum, are associated with increased risk of severe mood episodes in bipolar disorder, and the MT is a time of increased risk for unipolar depression in women with or without a history of depression.
METHODS: Enrollment included 56 women 40-60 years old diagnosed in the bipolar spectrum who were experiencing menopausal symptoms or were up to 5 years since their final menstrual period. Menopausal stages included early menopause, late menopause, or early ...
Reduction Of Psychiatric Patient Boarding In The Ed, Eriam S. Nnamaliri
REDUCTION OF PSYCHIATRIC PATIENT BOARDING IN THE EMERGENCY ROOM
Objective: Psychiatric patient boarding is a public health concern and a threat to patient safety. The prevalence of psychiatric emergencies in the United States continues to increase due to the strain on mental health services. There is a dire need to address psychiatric patient boarding before it gets even worse. The purpose of this project is to identify the causes and identify measures to decrease emergency department length of stay (LOS) for psychiatric patients in the ED. This project is to help facilitate the development of a more precise nursing ...
Evaluation Of Smoking-Specific And Generic Quality Of Life Measures In Current And Former Smokers In Germany And The United States, 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Evaluation Of Smoking-Specific And Generic Quality Of Life Measures In Current And Former Smokers In Germany And The United States, John E. Ware Jr., Barbara L. Gandek, Anuradha Kulasekaran, Rick Guyer
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (QOL) surveys include generic measures that enable comparisons across conditions and measures that focus more specifically on one disease or condition. We evaluated the psychometric properties of German- and English-language versions of survey scales representing both types of measures in samples of current and former smokers.
METHODS: TQOLITv1 integrates new measures of smoking-specific symptoms and QOL impact attributed to smoking with generic SF-36 Health Survey measures. For purposes of evaluation, cross-sectional data were analyzed for two independent samples. Disease-free (otherwise healthy) adults ages 23-55 used a tablet to complete surveys in a clinical trial in ...
Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, 2015 Montana State University - Bozeman
Mental Toughness And Coping Strategies In Collegiate Skiers, Julia Hayes
Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal
Pain is a mental construct that is seen as a warning signal to avoid injury. Athletes are able to overcome the mental roadblock of pain with many different coping strategies. Research has shown that pain coping mechanisms can help athletes to avoid the negative effect of pain on performance (Thelwell, Weston, Greenlees, 2005). Ignoring pain can be used to change pain perception. Pain tolerance has also been shown to increase with mental training during exercise, suggesting that specific coping mechanisms can have a strong impact on an athletes ability to maintain a high performance level during competition (Thelwell, 2005). The ...
The Effects Of Electronic Treatment Reminder Cues On Relapse Prevention, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
The Effects Of Electronic Treatment Reminder Cues On Relapse Prevention, Kathrin Ritter
Substance use is highly prevalent in the United States, and although treatments designed to reduce substance use have shown promise, relapse rates between 40% and 70% following treatment have been reported in recent studies. Given the high rate and chronicity of relapse following substance abuse treatment, conducting research aimed to develop techniques to lower the risk of relapse following treatment is imperative. A promising option to reduce relapse is to use treatment reminder cues, or cues that are salient features of the treatment environment that can be used to extend the effects of treatment into non-treatment settings. This study investigated ...