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Violence Against Women: Group Treatment Mental Health Strategies In The Integral Women's Centers In The Autonomous City Of Buenos Aires, 2017, Margaret Newman 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Violence Against Women: Group Treatment Mental Health Strategies In The Integral Women's Centers In The Autonomous City Of Buenos Aires, 2017, Margaret Newman

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Underlying Contribution Of Executive Functioning To Cognition And Academic Achievement In Individuals With Dystrophinopathy, Robert Fee 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Underlying Contribution Of Executive Functioning To Cognition And Academic Achievement In Individuals With Dystrophinopathy, Robert Fee

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Dystrophinopathy is a genetic disorder that results in the lack of or abnormal expression of the protein dystrophin. It is a disorder that alters cell structure and function, impacts the developing brain and brain function, presents with multi-domain cognitive deficits, and influences both mood and behavior. Cognitive impairments appear to be more localized to specific areas of functioning rather than a global deficit; however, deficits have been identified across multiple cognitive domains including language and aspects of executive functioning. A careful examination of the cognitive phenotype and its association to mutations affecting CNS isoforms is necessary to clarify the neuropsychological ...


Casualties Of Racism: Racial And Ethnic Discrimination And Suicidal Thoughts And Behaviors Among Racial And Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults, Lillian Anais Polanco 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Casualties Of Racism: Racial And Ethnic Discrimination And Suicidal Thoughts And Behaviors Among Racial And Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults, Lillian Anais Polanco

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The evidence demonstrating that experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination is detrimental to the mental health of racial/ethnic minority youth is unequivocal. What remains unclear, however, is whether racial/ethnic discrimination increases vulnerability for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in particular, and if so, what are the underlying mechanisms to explain this relation. Drawing upon the Race-based Traumatic Stress Theory (Carter, 2007), which suggests that some individuals may experience racial/ethnic discrimination as a traumatic stressor, and thus, eliciting a traumatic stress response, the present study examined posttraumatic stress reactions (i.e., posttraumatic stress, depression, dissociation, stress sensitivity) as mediators in ...


Inside Out©: Improving Children's Emotion Competence Through Film, Ingrid J. Krecko 2018 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Inside Out©: Improving Children's Emotion Competence Through Film, Ingrid J. Krecko

Theses and Dissertations (All)

The 2015 Disney Pixar film Inside Out© has garnered significant attention from mental health professionals since its release. Despite its popularity, no study to date has empirically evaluated the film’s effectiveness in improving children’s emotion competence. Thus, the researcher pilot-tested a group intervention for parents and children designed to reduce expressive suppression and increase emotion acceptance. Twenty children ages 7 to 12 participated in the current study; fifteen (5 males) were randomly assigned to the treatment condition, which involved watching the movie Inside Out© and participating in a therapist-facilitated discussion, and 5 (3 males) participated in a movie-only ...


Trauma Recovery: A Heroic Journey, Brenda Keck, Lisa Compton, Corie Schoeneberg, Tucker Compton 2018 Regent University

Trauma Recovery: A Heroic Journey, Brenda Keck, Lisa Compton, Corie Schoeneberg, Tucker Compton

Heroism Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal

Trauma survivors who choose to enter into trauma recovery may be viewed as individuals embarking on a hero’s journey. Historically, many of the coping strategies utilized by individuals who are experiencing post-traumatic stress have been viewed as inherently disordered and personally dysfunctional. An alternative perspective of these behaviors calls for an examination of strengths present within trauma survivors, suggesting a reframe of their symptomology as ingenuity in coping during adverse circumstances and an appreciation for the difficulty of living with traumatic memories. This article highlights the challenging process of trauma recovery as it parallels Campbell’s (1949) metaphor of ...


Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith 2018 Creighton University

Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Miscarriage is a significant life event that impacts occupational performance, identity, and competence and that influences perceptions of motherhood. Because of the lack of social rituals often attributed to the death of a loved one, miscarriages may result in disenfranchised grief, which impedes coping.

Methods: This phenomenological study explored the impact of miscarriage on relationships, perceptions of motherhood, and the meaning of occupation in the context of grief. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews (N = 4) and completion of a brief demographic questionnaire. The interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and reviewed to ensure accuracy. Using inductive thematic analysis ...


Contextualization Of Psychological Treatments For Government Health Systems In Low-Resource Settings: Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy For Caregivers Of Children With Nodding Syndrome In Uganda., Byamah B Mutamba, Brandon A Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo, Joop de Jong 2018 George Washington University

Contextualization Of Psychological Treatments For Government Health Systems In Low-Resource Settings: Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy For Caregivers Of Children With Nodding Syndrome In Uganda., Byamah B Mutamba, Brandon A Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo, Joop De Jong

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of psychological treatments in low- and middle-income countries is increasing. However, there is a lack of systematic approaches to guide implementation in government health systems. The objective of this study was to address this gap by employing the Replicating Effective Programs (REP) framework to guide contextualization of a psychological treatment in the Uganda public health system for caregivers of children affected by nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric disorder endemic to Sub-Saharan Africa associated with high morbidity and disability.

METHODS: To contextualize a psychological treatment, we followed the four components of the REP framework: pre-conditions, pre-implementation, implementation ...


Empirical Validation Of The Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument – French Version (Gpri-F), Christine Maheu, Mary Jane Esplen, Xin Gao, Irakli Dzneladze, Hao Bai, François Eisinger, Claire Julian-Reynier 2018 McGill University

Empirical Validation Of The Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument – French Version (Gpri-F), Christine Maheu, Mary Jane Esplen, Xin Gao, Irakli Dzneladze, Hao Bai, François Eisinger, Claire Julian-Reynier

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Objective. This study sought to validate a French version of the Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument (GPRI), an instrument used to screen for psychosocial risk in individuals undergoing genetic testing for adult-onset hereditary disease (AOHD). Methods. The French translation of the GPRI (GPRI-F) was first validated linguistically with ten French individuals undergoing genetic testing for AOHD. Then, a psychometric evaluation of the GPRI-F was carried out with a separate cohort of 132 individuals. Convergent validity was assessed with the Impact of Event Scale (IES) and the Perceived Risk Scale (PR), while divergent validity was assessed with a quality of life measure ...


The Role Of Communities In Mental Health Care In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Meta-Review Of Components And Competencies., Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel 2018 George Washington University

The Role Of Communities In Mental Health Care In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Meta-Review Of Components And Competencies., Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Abstract

Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan, the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities, and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps. Using a review-of-reviews strategy, we identified 23 reviews for the narrative synthesis. Motivations to employ community ...


Preventing Prejudiced Psychological Practice: Social Justice Education In Undergraduate Psychology Programs, Rachel Roewer 2018 University of Washington Tacoma

Preventing Prejudiced Psychological Practice: Social Justice Education In Undergraduate Psychology Programs, Rachel Roewer

Global Honors Theses

In order to provide sufficient mental health care services and produce ethical research, psychologists must be motivated to inhibit their personal biases. Bias in psychological research and mental health care settings can contribute to the perpetuation of oppression, preventing clients who identify with marginalized groups from receiving adequate mental health services. Prejudice amongst mental health care providers can influence misdiagnosis and wrongful prescription of medication. Psychological research informs clinical practices, thus biased research can lead to prejudiced mental health care practices. To ensure that members of marginalized groups receive effective health care, there is a global need for ethical, culturally ...


Order From Order Sets: Analysis Of Ordering Patterns And Patient Outcomes Before And After Order Set Changes On The Inpatient Psychiatry Units At Tjuh, David Halpern, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Order From Order Sets: Analysis Of Ordering Patterns And Patient Outcomes Before And After Order Set Changes On The Inpatient Psychiatry Units At Tjuh, David Halpern, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Aims

Short Term

To decrease the total number of times one-time orders were added for patients for Vistaril, Remeron, Melatonin, Colace, Senna, and MiraLAX. Increase number of times urine PCP and urine oxycodone added to the urine drug screen.

Long Term

To decrease overall length of stay and improve treatment outcomes


Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

One in seven women experience depression during pregnancy and after they give birth. This article explains how a model the authors created in Massachusetts to ensure that women with depression get the help they need is being implemented in other states.


Li Fem Anpil: The Lived Experience Of Haitian Immigrant Women With Postpartum Depression, Colette Dieujuste 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Li Fem Anpil: The Lived Experience Of Haitian Immigrant Women With Postpartum Depression, Colette Dieujuste

Graduate School of Nursing Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this interpretive phenomenological study is to explore the lived experience of Haitian immigrant women living in Massachusetts with PPD.

Specific Aims: Aim 1: To explore the lived experience of PPD among Haitian immigrant women. Aim 2: To explore how the experience of being Haitian influences Haitian immigrant women in their response to PPD.

Framework: Leininger's Theory of Cultural Care (1988) guided the phenomenological approach and data collection. The Transcultural Care Decision & Action model contains three predictive modes for guiding nursing care judgments, decisions, or actions to provide care.

Design: Interpretive phenomenology guided this qualitative study. Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted. The data from each interview were transcribed into a written document and analyzed using the Crist and Tanner five-step process.

Results: This study yielded two themes; each theme has three dimensions. The first theme is “Feeling Disconnected” with three dimensions: (a) lack of support; (b) partner conflict; and, (c) nostalgia ...


An Examination Of The Impact Traumatic Events Has On Psychosocial Impairment In Eating Disorder Patients, Jennifer Parker Hackett 2018 California State University, San Bernardino

An Examination Of The Impact Traumatic Events Has On Psychosocial Impairment In Eating Disorder Patients, Jennifer Parker Hackett

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Research suggests that trauma has an impact on eating disorders. While prior research has demonstrated that the trauma from abuse has a significant impact on eating disorders, research has failed to explore other types of trauma. In addition, previous studies have stopped short of examining the impact trauma has on functioning among individuals with an eating disorder. This study aimed to address that gap in the literature. The purpose of this study is to examine whether traumatic life events impact psychosocial functioning among individuals living with an eating disorder. Furthermore, this study aimed to identify which traumas are shown to ...


Exploratory Study Of The Use Of Community Treatment Orders With Clients Of An Ontario Act Team, Magnus Mfoafo-M'Carthy, Cara Grosset, Carol Stalker, Irene Dullaart, Linda McColl Dr. 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University

Exploratory Study Of The Use Of Community Treatment Orders With Clients Of An Ontario Act Team, Magnus Mfoafo-M'Carthy, Cara Grosset, Carol Stalker, Irene Dullaart, Linda Mccoll Dr.

Social Work Faculty Publications

Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) have raised questions about coercion, lack of autonomy, and effectiveness in reducing hospitalizations and improving service users’ quality of life. This study examined the experiences of clients and clinicians when CTOs are used in combination with Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) in a recovery oriented approach. Eleven clients who were or had previously been on a CTO and eight ACT clinicians were interviewed. Although most clients had negative feelings about CTOs, some acknowledged their lives had improved. Clinicians reported that the decision to employ a CTO is sometimes debated within the team but they agreed that combining ...


"Understanding Lgbtq+ Intimate Partner Violence & Challenges In, Dr. Juanita Yates 2018 National Louis University

"Understanding Lgbtq+ Intimate Partner Violence & Challenges In, Dr. Juanita Yates

Dissertations

This research project is a focus on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) within LGBTQ+

community and the challenges associated with seeking family support. IPV is defined as a violent

or aggressive behavior within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of an intimate spouse

or partner. However, IPV can happen on the street, in one’s home or even in a public place. Those

exposed to IPV can be children, men and women. IPV is a prevalent issue in our society (Bright

2008). According to Ristock (2005), violence in LGBTQ+ relationships may be referred to as

partner violence, relationship violence, or ...


Convergent Roles Of De Novo Mutations And Common Variants In Schizophrenia In Tissue-Specific And Spatiotemporal Co-Expression Network, Peilin Jia, Xiangning Chen, Ayman H. Fanous, Zhongming Zhao 2018 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Convergent Roles Of De Novo Mutations And Common Variants In Schizophrenia In Tissue-Specific And Spatiotemporal Co-Expression Network, Peilin Jia, Xiangning Chen, Ayman H. Fanous, Zhongming Zhao

Psychology Faculty Publications

Genetic components susceptible to complex disease such as schizophrenia include a wide spectrum of variants, including common variants (CVs) and de novo mutations (DNMs). Although CVs and DNMs differ by origin, it remains elusive whether and how they interact at the gene, pathway, and network levels that leads to the disease. In this work, we characterized the genes harboring schizophrenia-associated CVs (CVgenes) and the genes harboring DNMs (DNMgenes) using measures from network, tissue-specific expression profile, and spatiotemporal brain expression profile. We developed an algorithm to link the DNMgenes and CVgenes in spatiotemporal brain co-expression networks. DNMgenes tended to have central ...


Predictors Of Falls And Fractures Leading To Hospitalization In People With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder: A Large Representative Cohort Study., Brendon Stubbs, Christoph Mueller, Fiona Gaughran, John Lally, Davy Vancampfort, Sarah E. Lamb, Ai Koyanagi, Shalini Sharma, Robert Stewart, Gayan Perera 2018 King's College London

Predictors Of Falls And Fractures Leading To Hospitalization In People With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder: A Large Representative Cohort Study., Brendon Stubbs, Christoph Mueller, Fiona Gaughran, John Lally, Davy Vancampfort, Sarah E. Lamb, Ai Koyanagi, Shalini Sharma, Robert Stewart, Gayan Perera

Psychiatry Articles

AIM: To investigate predictors of falls/fractures leading to hospitalisation in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders.

METHODS: A historical cohort of people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (ICD F20-29) from 01/2006-12/2012 was assembled using data from the South London and Maudsley NHS Biomedical Research Centre Case Register. Falls/fractures were ascertained from a linkage to national hospitalisation data. Separate multivariate Cox regression analyses were employed to identify predictors of falls and fractures.

RESULTS: Of 11,567 people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (mean age 42.6 years, 43% female), 579 (incidence rate 12.79 per 1000 person-years) and 528 (11.65 per 1000 ...


Dance Movement Therapy With Adolescents In A Partial Hospital Program: A Method For Engagement, Claude Michelle Aubourg 2018 Lesley University

Dance Movement Therapy With Adolescents In A Partial Hospital Program: A Method For Engagement, Claude Michelle Aubourg

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Therapeutic engagement during adolescence can be a major challenge in adolescent mental health. Research has indicated therapeutic techniques designed for engaging clients are often ineffective for adolescents because adolescents bring distinctive qualities to the therapy process that differentiate them from other therapy populations. There is also limited research showing effectiveness of Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT) with the adolescent population. This capstone will present an adaptable method utilizing dance/movement therapy interventions with participants ages 12-17 in a Partial Hospital Program. The objective of this project was to examine how DMT can improve engagement in treatment with adolescents in a partial ...


Self-Applied Touch To Promote Self-Regulation In Adolescent Males With Problem Sexual Behaviors: Development Of A Method, Nicole Krzeminski 2018 Lesley University

Self-Applied Touch To Promote Self-Regulation In Adolescent Males With Problem Sexual Behaviors: Development Of A Method, Nicole Krzeminski

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Adolescents who have experienced problematic attachment relationships in infancy often have difficulty with self-regulation and therefore may cope using destructive means such as harmful sexual behavior. Self-regulation is the ability to calm the mind and body and manage emotions appropriately. Dance/movement therapy (DMT) may be a beneficial treatment tool for adolescents with problem sexual behaviors (PSB) to teach self-regulation techniques that may have not been developed due to early traumatic experiences. Self-applied touch is a DMT intervention that may assist individuals with self-regulation that was missed during critical developmental periods. This Capstone project implemented a self-applied touch warm-up with ...


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