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Utilizing Telehealth Technology To Reduce Social Isolation And Depression In Seniors, Bohan Farrell 2020 University of San Diego

Utilizing Telehealth Technology To Reduce Social Isolation And Depression In Seniors, Bohan Farrell

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background: Social isolation in the elderly has been identified as a risk factor for poor mental and physical health, as well as higher rates of mortality, depression, and cognitive decline. Loneliness is the unpleasant experience that occurs when a person’s network of social relationships is deficient in some important way, either quantitatively or qualitatively. Depression is a mental condition characterized by feelings of severe despondency and dejection, typically with feelings of inadequacy and guilt, and accompanied by lack of energy and disturbance of appetite and sleep. Physically, lonely people have more disorders, such as sleeping problems, stomach pain ...


Emerging Technologies In Healthcare: Analysis Of Unos Data Through Machine Learning, Reyhan Merekar 2020 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Emerging Technologies In Healthcare: Analysis Of Unos Data Through Machine Learning, Reyhan Merekar

Student Theses

The healthcare industry is primed for a massive transformation in the coming decades due to emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning. With a practical application to the UNOS (United Network of Organ Sharing) database, this Thesis seeks to investigate how Machine Learning and analytic methods may be used to predict one-year heart transplantation outcomes. This study also sought to improve on predictive performances from prior studies by analyzing both Donor and Recipient data. Models built with algorithms such as Stacking and Tree Boosting gave the highest performance, with AUC’s of 0.6810 and 0.6804 ...


Expanding Qualitative Research Interviewing Strategies: Zoom Video Communications, Lisa M. Gray, Gina Wong-Wylie, Gwen R. Rempel, Karen Cook 2020 Athabasca University

Expanding Qualitative Research Interviewing Strategies: Zoom Video Communications, Lisa M. Gray, Gina Wong-Wylie, Gwen R. Rempel, Karen Cook

The Qualitative Report

The proliferation of new video conferencing tools offers unique data generation opportunities for qualitative researchers. While in-person interviews were the mainstay of data generation in qualitative studies, video conferencing programs, such as Zoom Video Communications Inc. (Zoom), provide researchers with a cost-effective and convenient alternative to in-person interviews. The uses and advantages of face-to-face interviewing are well documented; however, utilizing video conferencing as a method of data generation has not been well examined. The purpose of this paper is to examine the specific attributes of Zoom that contribute to high quality and in-depth qualitative interviews when in person interviewing is ...


Parental Views On Parent-Generated Asthma History In A Pediatric Ed: A Randomized Control Trial, Marc Sycip 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Parental Views On Parent-Generated Asthma History In A Pediatric Ed: A Randomized Control Trial, Marc Sycip

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Healthcare Workers' Perceptions Of Different Types Of Interpreters In The Gulf South, Meg Hayslip 2020 University of Mississippi

Healthcare Workers' Perceptions Of Different Types Of Interpreters In The Gulf South, Meg Hayslip

Honors Theses

Medical interpreters are important in the healthcare community. Many studies have focused on the consequences of not having an interpreter. A variety of problems can be caused by "language brokering" when no interpreter is available. These studies will be discussed in the literature review. Many states have requirements to become certified as an interpreter, and the selection criteria is what makes a person a “good” interpreter. Previous research, such as that by Chan et al., has shown how different styles of interpreting can affect the quality of health care. This study focuses on how healthcare personnel and their patients view ...


Electronic Health Records And Health Information Exchange And Their Impact On International Healthcare System Efficiency, David Pfaehler 2020 University of Mississippi

Electronic Health Records And Health Information Exchange And Their Impact On International Healthcare System Efficiency, David Pfaehler

Honors Theses

The 19th century epidemiological transition in healthcare caused a major shift in physician focus from curing one-time, deadly illness to managing chronic disease. Now, even the most advanced international healthcare systems must find a way to increase their efficiency in order to compensate for heightened strains on medical systems and swelling costs of healthcare delivery. Fortunately, recent technological innovation and, chiefly, the growth of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) provide a potential solution to this looming threat. EHRs are digital charts with the potential to store and share patient health data among providers to offer the most informed, streamlined care available ...


Possible Role Of Tetracyclines On Covid-19: Recycling Well-Known Old Drugs From The Shelf, Martin Gnoni, Raul Vasquez-Gararatti, Angel Mena 2020 University of Louisville; Tri-Health Good Samaritan Hospital; University of Pikeville

Possible Role Of Tetracyclines On Covid-19: Recycling Well-Known Old Drugs From The Shelf, Martin Gnoni, Raul Vasquez-Gararatti, Angel Mena

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

We are in the midst of a pandemic due to the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Innovative therapies are in the lookup around the world. Recently, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine in addition to Azithromycin were proposed to be used in patients with severe disease even though strong evidence is lacking. We propose the use of tetracyclines in addition to anti-virals early in the curse of the disease in order to prevent the Cytokine Storm Syndrome associated with COVID-19 and prevent ARDS. The proposed mechanisms of tetracyclines are: 1) anti-apoptotic properties; 2) decrease the Myeloperoxidase and ROS releaser from immune cells; 3) decrease neutrophil ...


Nurses' Perceptions Of The Impact Of The Electronic Health Record On Clinical Decision-Making, Angela Dizon Garcia 2020 Dominican University of California

Nurses' Perceptions Of The Impact Of The Electronic Health Record On Clinical Decision-Making, Angela Dizon Garcia

Nursing | Senior Theses

This study explored the impact of electronic health record (EHR) use on registered nurses’ critical thinking, decision-making, and quality of care for hospitalized patients. Based on literature review, the researcher maintained a consistent definition of critical thinking and decision-making and how the use of the EHR affects these two complex yet significant processes. A descriptive survey design to assessed registered nurses’ attitudes and perceptions of how the EHR influences their clinical decision-making when caring for patients in an acute care setting. It found that nurses are aware that the EHR is beneficial, yet they often feel that electronically charting can ...


Early Detection Of Mild Cognitive Impairment With In-Home Sensors To Monitor Behavior Patterns In Community-Dwelling Senior Citizens In Singapore: Cross-Sectional Feasibility Study, Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Ee Heok Kua, Hwee-pink TAN, Hwee Xian TAN, Tih-Shih Lee, Tze Pin Ng 2020 Singapore Management University

Early Detection Of Mild Cognitive Impairment With In-Home Sensors To Monitor Behavior Patterns In Community-Dwelling Senior Citizens In Singapore: Cross-Sectional Feasibility Study, Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Ee Heok Kua, Hwee-Pink Tan, Hwee Xian Tan, Tih-Shih Lee, Tze Pin Ng

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Background: Dementia is a global epidemic and incurs substantial burden on the affected families and the health care system. A window of opportunity for intervention is the predementia stage known as mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Individuals often present to services late in the course of their disease and more needs to be done for early detection; sensor technology is a potential method for detection.Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to establish the feasibility and acceptability of utilizing sensors in the homes of senior citizens to detect changes in behaviors unobtrusively.Methods: We recruited 59 community-dwelling seniors (aged ...


Using Fitbit Competitions To Increase Physical Activity In College Students, Omar Ramirez 2020 Texas A&M University

Using Fitbit Competitions To Increase Physical Activity In College Students, Omar Ramirez

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Only one in four college students meet the current federal Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans of engaging in ~150 min/week of exercise (Raynor & Jankowiak, 2010). The advancement of technology, especially in the acquisition of physical activity data combined with the desire for virtual social interaction, has not been studied in college students. It is unknown if physical activity trackers and accompanying mobile apps, such as Fitbit, could motivate college students to be more physically active. It was hypothesized that wearing a Fitbit watch and participating in weekly competitions via the app will increase weekly step counts in college students ...


Comparison Of A Collective Intelligence Tailored Messaging System On Smoking Cessation Between African American And White People Who Smoke: Quasi-Experimental Design, Jamie Faro, Catherine S. Nagawa, Jeroan J. Allison, Stephenie C. Lemon, Kathleen M. Mazor, Thomas K. Houston, Rajani S. Sadasivam 2020 University of Massachusetts Boston

Comparison Of A Collective Intelligence Tailored Messaging System On Smoking Cessation Between African American And White People Who Smoke: Quasi-Experimental Design, Jamie Faro, Catherine S. Nagawa, Jeroan J. Allison, Stephenie C. Lemon, Kathleen M. Mazor, Thomas K. Houston, Rajani S. Sadasivam

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The Patient Experience Recommender System for Persuasive Communication Tailoring (PERSPeCT) is a machine learning recommender system with a database of messages to motivate smoking cessation. PERSPeCT uses the collective intelligence of users (ie, preferences and feedback) and demographic and smoking profiles to select motivating messages. PERSPeCT may be more beneficial for tailoring content to minority groups influenced by complex, personally relevant factors.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe and evaluate the use of PERSPeCT in African American people who smoke compared with white people who smoke.

METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental design, we compared African American people ...


How Immune T-Cell Augmentation Can Help Prevent Covid-19: A Possible Nutritional Solution Using Ketogenic Lifestyle, Ravi k. Kamepalli MD,FIDSA,CWSP 2020 Regional Infectious diseases and infusion ctr,Inc

How Immune T-Cell Augmentation Can Help Prevent Covid-19: A Possible Nutritional Solution Using Ketogenic Lifestyle, Ravi K. Kamepalli Md,Fidsa,Cwsp

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Health Information Management Careers: The Importance Of Skillset And Location On Salary, Danielle Sager 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Health Information Management Careers: The Importance Of Skillset And Location On Salary, Danielle Sager

Applied Research Projects

Health information management is an engaging and dynamic occupational field that employs thousands of individuals throughout the United States across the spectrum of health care providing organizations. The ability to navigate these opportunities is influenced heavily by the location of available positions and the skillsets desired by employers. Through study of workforce development data and research in health information management one is able to determine the location and skillset of positions that will help distinguish oneself in a competitive marketplace that values not only education and experience, but the ability to lead in a field that is rapidly changing and ...


Multimodal Photoplethysmography-Based Approaches For Improved Detection Of Hypertension, Kaylie Welykholowa, Richard Fletcher, Mohamed Elgendi 2020 University of British Columbia

Multimodal Photoplethysmography-Based Approaches For Improved Detection Of Hypertension, Kaylie Welykholowa, Richard Fletcher, Mohamed Elgendi

Open Access Articles

Elevated blood pressure (BP) is a major cause of death, yet hypertension commonly goes undetected. Owing to its nature, it is typically asymptomatic until later in its progression when the vessel or organ structure has already been compromised. Therefore, noninvasive and continuous BP measurement methods are needed to ensure appropriate diagnosis and early management before hypertension leads to irreversible complications. Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a noninvasive technology with waveform morphologies similar to that of arterial BP waveforms, therefore attracting interest regarding its usability in BP estimation. In recent years, wearable devices incorporating PPG sensors have been proposed to improve the early ...


Translating Research Into Practice: Protocol For A Community-Engaged, Stepped Wedge Randomized Trial To Reduce Disparities In Breast Cancer Treatment Through A Regional Patient Navigation Collaborative, Tracy A. Battaglia, Karen M. Freund, Jennifer S. Haas, Nicole Casanova, Sharon Bak, Howard Cabral, Rachel A. Freedman, Karen Burns. White, Stephenie C. Lemon 2020 Boston University

Translating Research Into Practice: Protocol For A Community-Engaged, Stepped Wedge Randomized Trial To Reduce Disparities In Breast Cancer Treatment Through A Regional Patient Navigation Collaborative, Tracy A. Battaglia, Karen M. Freund, Jennifer S. Haas, Nicole Casanova, Sharon Bak, Howard Cabral, Rachel A. Freedman, Karen Burns. White, Stephenie C. Lemon

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Racial and socioeconomic disparities in breast cancer mortality persist. In Boston, MA, Black, Non-Hispanic women and Medicaid-insured individuals are 2-3 times more likely to have delays in treatment compared to White or privately insured women. While evidence-based care coordination strategies for reducing delays exist, they are not systematically implemented across healthcare settings.

METHODS: Translating Research Into Practice (TRIP) utilizes community engaged research methods to address breast cancer care delivery disparities. Four Massachusetts Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) hubs collaborated with the Boston Breast Cancer Equity Coalition (The Coalition) to implement an evidence-based care coordination intervention for Boston residents ...


Building Bridges To Enhance Degree And Career Opportunities, Deborah A. Greenawald Ph.D., RN, Karen S. Thacker Ph.D, RN, Samuel M. Bradley DBA, Thomas Franek Ph.D, ATC, Thomas Porrazzo Ph.D., ATC, Christopher Wise DPT, Ph.D (c), PT 2020 Alvernia University

Building Bridges To Enhance Degree And Career Opportunities, Deborah A. Greenawald Ph.D., Rn, Karen S. Thacker Ph.D, Rn, Samuel M. Bradley Dba, Thomas Franek Ph.D, Atc, Thomas Porrazzo Ph.D., Atc, Christopher Wise Dpt, Ph.D (C), Pt

Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings

External pressures on higher education are challenging universities to focus on preparing graduates with more broadly designed curricula that contain translatable skills and include interdisciplinary knowledge. In this presentation, the process of identifying and creating new academic programs based on unique student goals and contemporary employment needs will be discussed.


The Feasibility Of Using Guided Self-Help In Anorexia Nervosa: An Analysis Of Drop-Out From The Study Protocol And Intervention Adherence, Valentina Cardi, Gaia Albano, Laura Solerno, Gianluca Lo Coco, Suman Ambwani, Ulrike Schmidt, Pamela MacDonald, Janet Treasure 2020 Dickinson College

The Feasibility Of Using Guided Self-Help In Anorexia Nervosa: An Analysis Of Drop-Out From The Study Protocol And Intervention Adherence, Valentina Cardi, Gaia Albano, Laura Solerno, Gianluca Lo Coco, Suman Ambwani, Ulrike Schmidt, Pamela Macdonald, Janet Treasure

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

The implementation of online technologies to promote wellbeing is increasingly becoming a worldwide priority. This study includes secondary analyses of data and examined drop-out rates in an online guided self-help intervention for patients with anorexia nervosa. Specifically, rates of drop-out at end of treatment (i.e., 6 weeks assessment), as well as intervention adherence (minimum of four of six online guided sessions) and differences between completers and drop-outs were examined. Motivation to change and associated patient variables were assessed as predictors of drop-out using structural equation modeling. Ninety-nine patients were randomized to the intervention arm of the trial. Data were ...


Copd Exacerbation Caused By Sars-Cov-2: A Case Report From The Louisville Covid-19 Surveillance Program, Forest W. Arnold, Kamran Mahmood, Angeline Prabhu, Darmaan Aden, Anupama Raghuram, Mark Burns, Leslie A. Beavin, Donghoon Chung, Kenneth E. Palmer, Julio A. Ramirez 2020 University of Louisville Division of Infectious Diseases and Center of Excellence for Research in Infectious Diseases

Copd Exacerbation Caused By Sars-Cov-2: A Case Report From The Louisville Covid-19 Surveillance Program, Forest W. Arnold, Kamran Mahmood, Angeline Prabhu, Darmaan Aden, Anupama Raghuram, Mark Burns, Leslie A. Beavin, Donghoon Chung, Kenneth E. Palmer, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

A 53-year-old male with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on home oxygen presented to the hospital with worsening shortness of breath plus cough. He was admitted to the intensive care unit for COPD exacerbation and respiratory failure. A routine evaluation was performed including a nasopharyngeal swab for a respiratory viral panel, which was negative. His symptoms improved over 48 hours at which time a surveillance test for SARS-CoV-2 returned as positive. After clinical improvement, he was discharged to home isolation.


How To Prevent Covid-19 In Nurses And Physicians In The Hospital Setting: Universal Test-And-Isolate For All Patients Admitted To Hospitals, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold, Paul Schulz 2020 University of Louisville Division of Infectious Diseases and Center of Excellence for Research in Infectious Diseases

How To Prevent Covid-19 In Nurses And Physicians In The Hospital Setting: Universal Test-And-Isolate For All Patients Admitted To Hospitals, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold, Paul Schulz

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Abstracts From The 26th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 8–10, 2020, 2020 Aurora Health Care

Abstracts From The 26th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 8–10, 2020

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN) is made up of community-based care delivery systems with a shared mission to improve health and health care through research. The network’s annual conference serves as a forum for attendees to disseminate study findings, stimulate collaborations, and share insights about conducting research in real-world care settings. Although this year’s live conference was cancelled to help slow the spread of COVID-19, the oral and poster abstracts accepted for presentation at HCSRN 2020 are published in this open access supplement to Volume 7, Issue 1 of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews ...


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