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Affordable And Accessible Hearing Healthcare Interventions In The United States: A Literature Review And Prospective Analysis, Garrett Thompson 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Affordable And Accessible Hearing Healthcare Interventions In The United States: A Literature Review And Prospective Analysis, Garrett Thompson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Age-related hearing loss is a significant public health concern with serious and far-reaching consequences including: social isolation, depression, faster cognitive decline, and increased risk of falls. Hearing loss is a widespread condition, it is in fact a leading cause of disability among older people. Hearing aids, the primary intervention for adults with hearing loss, are costly and inaccessible to many patients who need them. Among other reasons, these factors have led to a low uptake rate among the adult population; only one in seven adults who could benefit from wearing hearing aids utilizes them. Given the status quo of high ...


A Qualitative Study Exploring High School Students' Understanding Of, And Attitudes Towards, Health Information And Claims, Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

A Qualitative Study Exploring High School Students' Understanding Of, And Attitudes Towards, Health Information And Claims, Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

BACKGROUND:

Exposure to health claims, particularly in the media and social media, is pervasive, and the information conveyed is often inaccurate, incomplete or misleading. Some young people of high school ages are already making decisions about using readily available health interventions (such as sports drinks and beauty products).Although previous research has assessed adults' understanding of health claims, no research has examined this issue in young adults who are attending high school.

OBJECTIVE:

To explore high school students' understanding of, and attitudes towards, concepts relevant to assessing health information and claims.

DESIGN:

A qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews with 27 ...


A Qualitative Study Exploring High School Students' Understanding Of, And Attitudes Towards, Health Information And Claims, Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

A Qualitative Study Exploring High School Students' Understanding Of, And Attitudes Towards, Health Information And Claims, Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann

Christopher Del Mar

BACKGROUND:

Exposure to health claims, particularly in the media and social media, is pervasive, and the information conveyed is often inaccurate, incomplete or misleading. Some young people of high school ages are already making decisions about using readily available health interventions (such as sports drinks and beauty products).Although previous research has assessed adults' understanding of health claims, no research has examined this issue in young adults who are attending high school.

OBJECTIVE:

To explore high school students' understanding of, and attitudes towards, concepts relevant to assessing health information and claims.

DESIGN:

A qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews with 27 ...


Putting Care Back Into "Health Care:" An Analysis Of The Place Of Community Health Workers Within The U.S. Health Care System, Megan Schowalter 2017 University of Puget Sound

Putting Care Back Into "Health Care:" An Analysis Of The Place Of Community Health Workers Within The U.S. Health Care System, Megan Schowalter

Honors Program Theses

This paper explores who a Community Health Worker (CHW) is and contextualizes the social, political, and historical factors that allowed for the growth of CHWs within the primary health care sector in the U.S. It analyzes how CHWs perceive their own roles and responsibilities within the U.S. health system as a means of highlighting the gap within health care services and the influence of Social Determinants of Health (SDH) on well-being. The second part of this paper relates CHWs to scholarship by medical anthropologist Paul Farmer and public health scholar Alicia Yamin concerning pathologies of power and the ...


Pneumonia Research And The Omics Revolution: It Is Time For Pneumomics, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Pneumonia Research And The Omics Revolution: It Is Time For Pneumomics, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A New Journal Section: Patient Management, Forest W. Arnold, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2017 Division of Infectious Diseases / University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

A New Journal Section: Patient Management, Forest W. Arnold, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Short Duration Of Antibiotic Therapy In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Results From The Capo International Cohort Study, Alejandro Chirino Navarta, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Marcos I. Restrepo, James D. Chalmers, Carlos M. Luna, Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez, Stefano Aliberti 2017 Servicio de Neumonología, Hospital Italiano, Mendoza, Argentina

Short Duration Of Antibiotic Therapy In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Results From The Capo International Cohort Study, Alejandro Chirino Navarta, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L. Wiemken, Marcos I. Restrepo, James D. Chalmers, Carlos M. Luna, Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez, Stefano Aliberti

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Experts suggest a short duration of antibiotic therapy (DOT) in responding patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes after hospital discharge among patients treated with short-course antibiotic therapy (SCT) vs. long-course antibiotic therapy (LCT) for CAP.

Methods: A secondary analysis of the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database from January 2007 to June 2013 was performed, including hospitalized CAP patients who reached clinical stability within 5 days. Two groups were identified: patients who were treated with antibiotic therapy for a total duration of 5 days or less (SCT Group) vs. longer than ...


Impact Of Obesity On Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Pneumonia Due To 2009 H1n1 Influenza A Virus Versus Other Etiologies, Martin A. Espinosa-Ginic, Ryan T. Hurt, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez, Timothy Lee Wiemken, The CAPO Investigators . 2017 Saint Thomas Heart, Saint Thomas Midtown and West Hospitals, Nashville, TN

Impact Of Obesity On Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Pneumonia Due To 2009 H1n1 Influenza A Virus Versus Other Etiologies, Martin A. Espinosa-Ginic, Ryan T. Hurt, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez, Timothy Lee Wiemken, The Capo Investigators .

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Reports from the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus (2009 H1N1) pandemic indicate increased mortality in obese patients hospitalized with pneumonia. However, articles published prior to the pandemic have suggested that obesity may be a protective factor for mortality in these patients. The objective of this study was to compare the impact of obesity on mortality in hospitalized patients with pneumonia due to the 2009 H1N1 versus pneumonia due to other etiologies.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the CAPO international cohort study. Study groups were defined as follows: Group One, pneumonia due to 2009 H1N1: Patients hospitalized with ...


Impact Of Temperature Relative Humidity And Absolute Humidity On The Incidence Of Hospitalizations For Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Due To Influenza, Rhinovirus, And Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Results From Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) International Cohort Study, Timothy Lee Wiemken, William A. Mattingly, Stephen P. Furmanek, Brian E. Guinn, Connor L. English, Ruth Carrico, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Impact Of Temperature Relative Humidity And Absolute Humidity On The Incidence Of Hospitalizations For Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Due To Influenza, Rhinovirus, And Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Results From Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) International Cohort Study, Timothy Lee Wiemken, William A. Mattingly, Stephen P. Furmanek, Brian E. Guinn, Connor L. English, Ruth Carrico, Paula Peyrani, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Abstract

Background: Transmissibility of several etiologies of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) may vary based on outdoor climate factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of outdoor temperature, relative humidity, and absolute humidity on the incidence of hospitalizations for lower respiratory tract infections due to influenza, rhinovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of an ancillary study of the Community Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database. Respiratory viruses were detected using the Luminex xTAG respiratory viral panel. Climate factors were obtained from the National Weather Service. Adjusted Poisson regression models with robust ...


A 49-Year-Old Woman With Chronic Skin Lesions, Acute Mental Status Changes And New Pulmonary Infiltrate: Case Discussion From The University Of Louisville Hospital, Bhavani Puskur, Youssef Khafateh, Srikant Ramachandruni, Veronica Corcino, Mark Burns, Forest W. Arnold 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

A 49-Year-Old Woman With Chronic Skin Lesions, Acute Mental Status Changes And New Pulmonary Infiltrate: Case Discussion From The University Of Louisville Hospital, Bhavani Puskur, Youssef Khafateh, Srikant Ramachandruni, Veronica Corcino, Mark Burns, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Clinical Research: Educational Videos - The Process Of Clinical Research: Step-By-Step From Idea To Publication, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Clinical Research: Educational Videos - The Process Of Clinical Research: Step-By-Step From Idea To Publication, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Clinical research can be defined as the creation and dissemination of new knowledge with the goal to improve outcomes in patients with a particular health problem. In this short video, Dr. Julio Ramirez, from the University of Louisville, offers an overview of the process of clinical research and describe how an investigator moves from the generation of an idea to the publication of study findings.


Predicting 30-Day Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Using Statistical And Machine Learning Approaches, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, William A. Mattingly, Brian E. Guinn, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Leslie A Wolf, Connor L. English, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Predicting 30-Day Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Using Statistical And Machine Learning Approaches, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, William A. Mattingly, Brian E. Guinn, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Leslie A Wolf, Connor L. English, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Predicting if a hospitalized patient with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) will or will not survive after admission to the hospital is important for research purposes as well as for institution of early patient management interventions. Although population-level mortality prediction scores for these patients have been around for many years, novel patient-level algorithms are needed. The objective of this study was to assess several statistical and machine learning models for their ability to predict 30-day mortality in hospitalized patients with CAP.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville (UofL) Pneumonia Study database. Six different statistical and/or ...


The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) Cloud-Based Research Platform (The Capo-Cloud): Facilitating Data Sharing In Clinical Research, William A. Mattingly, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Robert R. Kelley, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (Capo) Cloud-Based Research Platform (The Capo-Cloud): Facilitating Data Sharing In Clinical Research, William A. Mattingly, Timothy L. Wiemken, Stephen P. Furmanek, Paula Peyrani, Robert R. Kelley, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Pneumonia is a costly and deadly respiratory disease that afflicts millions every year. Advances in pneumonia care require significant research investment and collaboration among pneumonia investigators. Despite the importance of data sharing for clinical research it remains difficult to share datasets with old and new investigators. We present CAPOCloud, a web-based pneumonia research platform intended to facilitate data sharing and make data more accessible to new investigators.

Methods: We establish the first two use cases for CAPOCloud to be the automatic subsetting and constraining of the CAPO database and the automatic summarization of the database in aggregate. We use ...


Batman V Superman - How Faculty And Disability Services Work Together To Provide Testing Accommodations, Heather Backus 2017 Appalachian State University

Batman V Superman - How Faculty And Disability Services Work Together To Provide Testing Accommodations, Heather Backus

Southeast Regional AHEAD Conference

Sometimes Disability Service Providers can feel that they are fighting a constant battle against faculty to provide testing accommodations. But everyone in this comic called college is a super hero, and we've got to work together. This session will show how the Alternate Testing Program at Appalachian State University has utilized new practices and procedures to work in conjunction with faculty to ensure that students are effectively utilizing accommodations during tests. Features include: policy implementation, faculty survey results, online Google forms, communications, how to's, scenarios, and process and procedure explanations for a thorough review of alternate testing best ...


A Qualitative Study Exploring High School Students' Understanding Of, And Attitudes Towards, Health Information And Claims, Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

A Qualitative Study Exploring High School Students' Understanding Of, And Attitudes Towards, Health Information And Claims, Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

BACKGROUND:

Exposure to health claims, particularly in the media and social media, is pervasive, and the information conveyed is often inaccurate, incomplete or misleading. Some young people of high school ages are already making decisions about using readily available health interventions (such as sports drinks and beauty products).Although previous research has assessed adults' understanding of health claims, no research has examined this issue in young adults who are attending high school.

OBJECTIVE:

To explore high school students' understanding of, and attitudes towards, concepts relevant to assessing health information and claims.

DESIGN:

A qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews with 27 ...


Hospital Readmission And Social Risk Factors Identified From Physician Notes, Amol Navathe, Feiran Zhong, Victor J. Lei, Frank Y. Chang, Margarita Sordo, Maxim Topaz, Shamkant B. Navathe, Roberto A. Rocha, Li Zhou 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Hospital Readmission And Social Risk Factors Identified From Physician Notes, Amol Navathe, Feiran Zhong, Victor J. Lei, Frank Y. Chang, Margarita Sordo, Maxim Topaz, Shamkant B. Navathe, Roberto A. Rocha, Li Zhou

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay 2017 St. Mary's Research Centre

When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay

Patient Experience Journal

Informal or family caregivers contribute significantly to individual care, and to the Canadian healthcare system, yet receive limited support from governments, institutions, and healthcare professionals in recognition of their role, or in response to their health and social care needs – often due to the negative consequences of caregiving. Learning about the diversity of others’ experiences can positively influence personal decision-making, reduce feelings of isolation, as well as promote adjustment to a personal situation. For caregivers, however, few resources exist that provide reliable information on others’ experiences. We collected the narratives of caregivers’ experiences of caring for someone with a chronic ...


Point Of Care Technology For Underserved Populations, Anna Maloney 2017 MCPHS University

Point Of Care Technology For Underserved Populations, Anna Maloney

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

Point of Care technology is an emerging healthcare field. This technology allows for rapid, inexpensive, on-site testing for otherwise lengthy and costly laboratory tests. Leading infectious diseases can be tested immediately in non-invasive ways similar to using a pregnancy test. This inexpensive, highly portable, and extremely accurate technology should be used for populations that have historically lacked access. Such access would result in immediate cost savings and life savings.

Underserved populations in America such as migrant workers or people living in poverty rarely receive the testing they require. Although clinics for illegal immigrants exist where they are protected and cannot ...


Using Heuristic Evaluation To Enhance The Visual Display Of A Provider Dashboard For Patient-Reported Outcomes, Cynthia LeRouge, Mary Beth Hasselquist, Liz Kellogg, Elizabeth Austin, Brett C. Fey, Andrea L. Hartzler, David R. Flum, Danielle Lavallee 2017 University of Washington

Using Heuristic Evaluation To Enhance The Visual Display Of A Provider Dashboard For Patient-Reported Outcomes, Cynthia Lerouge, Mary Beth Hasselquist, Liz Kellogg, Elizabeth Austin, Brett C. Fey, Andrea L. Hartzler, David R. Flum, Danielle Lavallee

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: With the rising use of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in clinical practice, there is an increasing need to understand the data visualization needs of clinical teams to support their effective use of PRO data for both individual patient decision making and broader population health applications. A human-centered design (HCD) approach can optimize the visual design of an interactive PRO system.

Including Heuristic Evaluation in the HCD Toolbox: Recent literature regarding the use of HCD to design and develop PRO visualizations demonstrates the benefits of iterative methods that engage representative users who are likely to use the system in the future ...


Engaging Moms On Teen Indoor Tanning Through Social Media: Protocol Of A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sherry L. Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L. Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J. Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L. Henry, David B. Buller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Engaging Moms On Teen Indoor Tanning Through Social Media: Protocol Of A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sherry L. Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L. Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J. Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L. Henry, David B. Buller

Sherry L. Pagoto

BACKGROUND: Indoor tanning elevates the risk for melanoma, which is now the most common cancer in US women aged 25-29. Public policies restricting access to indoor tanning by minors to reduce melanoma morbidity and mortality in teens are emerging. In the United States, the most common policy restricting indoor tanning in minors involves parents providing either written or in person consent for the minor to purchase a tanning visit. The effectiveness of this policy relies on parents being properly educated about the harms of indoor tanning to their children. OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial will test the efficacy of a ...


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