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Enacting Kaitiakitanga: Challenges And Complexities In The Governance And Ownership Of Rongoā Research Information, Amohia Boulton, Maui Hudson, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Albert Stewart 2014 Western University

Enacting Kaitiakitanga: Challenges And Complexities In The Governance And Ownership Of Rongoā Research Information, Amohia Boulton, Maui Hudson, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Albert Stewart

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This article explores the tensions one research team has faced in securing appropriate governance or stewardship (which we refer to as kaitiakitanga) of research data. Whilst ethical and regulatory frameworks exist which provide a minimum standard for researchers to meet when working with Māori, what our experience has highlighted is there is currently a “governance” gap in terms of who should hold stewardship of research data collected from Māori individuals or collectives. In the case of a project undertaken in the traditional healing space, the organisation best placed to fulfil this governance role receives no funding or support to take ...


The Effects Of Osteopathic Treatment On Common Femoral Artery Blood Flow And Skin Temperature In Spinal Cord Injured And Able-Bodied Individuals, David J.G. Murray 2014 McMaster University

The Effects Of Osteopathic Treatment On Common Femoral Artery Blood Flow And Skin Temperature In Spinal Cord Injured And Able-Bodied Individuals, David J.G. Murray

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

ABSTRACT

Individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) are prone to significant alterations in vascular structure and function. This study was designed to examine the effects of osteopathic treatment on mean leg (MLBF) blood flow and skin temperature in the lower extremities of individuals with chronic SCI compared to able-bodied (AB) individuals. Methods: Nine individuals (age 44 ± 17.5 years) with a chronic SCI (C6-T12; AIS A-B; 3.7 ± 4.6 years post-injury) and six AB individuals (38.3 ± 9.7 years) participated. The protocol consisted of 1 interview session and 3 osteopathic treatment sessions. Doppler ultrasound measured the diameter and ...


The Effect Of Blue Light On Pilot And Flight Attendant Behavioral Alertness, Lori J. Brown, Toine Schoutens, Geoffrey Whitehurst, Troy Booker, Travis Davis, Spencer Losinski, Ryan Diehl 2014 Western Michigan University

The Effect Of Blue Light On Pilot And Flight Attendant Behavioral Alertness, Lori J. Brown, Toine Schoutens, Geoffrey Whitehurst, Troy Booker, Travis Davis, Spencer Losinski, Ryan Diehl

Lori J. Brown

The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of blue light therapy to improve behavioral alertness in flight crew-members. Western Michigan University, College of Aviation, Jeppesen (a Boeing Company), Nature Bright Company, Airline participants, and a leading sleep researcher Schoutens, A.M.C. of FluxPlus, BV, The Netherlands, collaborated to examine whether timed blue light could improve flight crewmember alertness. During the four week study, crewmembers wore actigraph bands to monitor sleep behaviors. Self-assessed levels of sleepiness were recorded using the Karlosinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS), and self-assessed fatigue was measured using the Samn-Perelli (SP) fatigue scale. Participants completed psychomotor vigilance tests ...


Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer 2014 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Objectives: We review outcome studies regarding the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic databases and manual searches of article reference lists. Results: A total of 8 studies met eligibility criteria, consisting of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one quasi-experimental study involving a comparison group, two pre-experimental one-group pretest–posttest studies, and two single-system designs. Studies reviewed did not offer credible evidence to suggest that HBOT is an effective treatment for autism. Conclusion: It is premature to call HBOT an effective treatment for Autism and ASD. Individuals clinically treated ...


Traditional Elders In Post-Secondary Stem Education, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Betty McKenna, Fidji Gendron 2014 Wayne State University

Traditional Elders In Post-Secondary Stem Education, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Betty Mckenna, Fidji Gendron

Nutrition and Food Science Faculty Research Publications

Native/Aboriginal students are underrepresented in Western science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), due in part to perceived cultural irrelevance. Yet many Native people continue to engage in Indigenous science, such as through traditional medicine and food systems. Recently it was shown that Aboriginal university students are significant users of natural health products (NHP) and learn about NHP from Elders. Thus, in post-secondary educational settings, the presence of Elders may positively impact Native students' interest in science-related topics. At the First Nations University of Canada, partnering of STEM-trained faculty with Elders occurs in community-based research and education endeavours. This paper ...


Music Therapy For Patients Who Have Undergone Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant, Chelsea G. Ratcliff, Sara Prinsloo, Michael Richardson, Laura Baynham-Fletcher, Richard Lee, Alejandro Chaoul, Marlene Z. Cohen, Marcos de Lima, Lorenzo Cohen 2014 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Music Therapy For Patients Who Have Undergone Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant, Chelsea G. Ratcliff, Sara Prinsloo, Michael Richardson, Laura Baynham-Fletcher, Richard Lee, Alejandro Chaoul, Marlene Z. Cohen, Marcos De Lima, Lorenzo Cohen

Journal Articles: College of Nursing

Objectives. This study examines the short- and long-term QOL benefits of a music therapy intervention for patients recovering from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods. Ninety allogeneic HSCT patients, after transplant, were randomized to receive ISO-principle (i.e., mood matching) based music therapy (MT; n = 29), unstructured music (UM; n = 30), or usual care (UC; n = 31) for four weeks. The ISO principle posits that patients may shift their mood from one state to another by listening to music that is "equal to" the individual's initial mood state and subsequently listening to music selections that gradually shift in tempo ...


Modern Cavemen? Stereotypes And Reality Of The Ancestral Health Movement, David B. Schwartz, Hamilton M. Stapell 2013 Ancestral Health Society

Modern Cavemen? Stereotypes And Reality Of The Ancestral Health Movement, David B. Schwartz, Hamilton M. Stapell

Journal of Evolution and Health

Both academic and popular interest in the ancestral health movement, or “paleo” lifestyle, has grown rapidly in recent years. More people than ever are joining the movement, and more books and articles are being published on the topic. Media coverage and certain societal preconceptions of the movement have also increased. More often than not, followers of a paleo lifestyle are thought to be “modern cavemen”: athletic, single, meat-eating, young, white, and male. To test whether or not these stereotypes are true, the authors of the present study created the first large, academic survey (N = 3,967) of the ancestral health ...


Medicine And Doctoring In Ancient Mesopotamia, Emily K. Teall 2013 Grand Valley State University

Medicine And Doctoring In Ancient Mesopotamia, Emily K. Teall

Grand Valley Journal of History

Medicine and pharmaceuticals in Mesopotamia during the span of c. 3000-1000 BCE were more sophisticated than many ancient and modern scholars from other cultures would concede. The limited historical evidence in the form of cuneiform texts and the complementary archaeological material allow for medical practice in this long time span to be examined as a whole. There were two dichotomous traditions of healing present in ancient Mesopotamia, one more therapeutic and one more religious; they were non-competitive and both considered reputable and essential. The therapeutic tradition is given a closer examination in order to provide a picture of how pharmaceutical ...


Best Bodybuilding Supplements : A Beginners Guide, Lissa Coffey 2013 SelectedWorks

Best Bodybuilding Supplements : A Beginners Guide, Lissa Coffey

LissaCoffey

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Whey Protein Supplements For Bodybuilding, Lissa Coffey 2013 SelectedWorks

Whey Protein Supplements For Bodybuilding, Lissa Coffey

LissaCoffey

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An Autoethnographic Exploration Of Holistic Wellness Through Three Paradigms Of Wellness; Western Medicine, Traditional African Healing, And Herbalism., Alison Frankel 2013 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

An Autoethnographic Exploration Of Holistic Wellness Through Three Paradigms Of Wellness; Western Medicine, Traditional African Healing, And Herbalism., Alison Frankel

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

As globalization persists and varying cultures come into increasing contact with each other, people are becoming more exposed to a multitude of approaches to wellness. With the opportunity to examine wellness from multiple perspectives, people have the chance to blend aspects of different systems. Each paradigm of wellness posses it’s own virtues and failures, but is incomplete on its own, and thus a more holistic and integrative approach is in order. In this process, the notions of “holism” and of “wellness” demand to be contemplated and reconsidered, and ultimately united to establish a goal for healthy living. Once this ...


Illusion Or Ununderstood Reality: Spiritual Or Psychic Healing And Protection In Southern Madagascar, Henri Lucien Sandifer 2013 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Illusion Or Ununderstood Reality: Spiritual Or Psychic Healing And Protection In Southern Madagascar, Henri Lucien Sandifer

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Far from the hospital room and its doctor, the medicine and philosophies of Lakazy and its Ombiasa pertain to a domain largely untouched by western logic and science. Their practices appear to be effective and unique enough to have survived the advent of compelling new theological and scientific belief systems and the vastly different perspectives on community health and stability which these systems have brought to Madagascar. The prime examples of these new arrivals are Christianity and modern medicine, respectively. Within and without their sacred space, the mission of the true Ombiasa is to support their community and for this ...


Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass 2013 Ancestral Health Society

Welcome To The Journal Of Evolution And Health, Aaron Blaisdell, Paul Jaminet, David C. Pendergrass

Journal of Evolution and Health

Welcome to the first issue of the Journal of Evolution and Health! The Journal of Evolution and Health is the peer-reviewed, open-access journal of the Ancestral Health Society, a community of scientists, healthcare professionals, and laypersons who collaborate to understand health challenges from an evolutionary perspective.


Cam Use Among Overweight And Obese Persons With Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis, Kate L. Lapane, Shibing Yang, Rachel Jawahar, Timothy McAlindon, Charles B. Eaton 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cam Use Among Overweight And Obese Persons With Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis, Kate L. Lapane, Shibing Yang, Rachel Jawahar, Timothy Mcalindon, Charles B. Eaton

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with knee pain and is an independent predictor of incident knee osteoarthritis (OA); increased pain with movement often leads patients to adopt sedentary lifestyles to avoid pain. Detailed descriptions of pain management strategies by body mass index (BMI) level among OA patients are lacking. The objectives were to describe complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and conventional medication use by BMI level and identify correlates of CAM use by BMI level.

METHODS: Using Osteoarthritis Initiative baseline data, 2,675 patients with radiographic tibiofemoral OA in at least one knee were identified. Use of CAM therapies and conventional ...


Soaringwords Empirical Research To Measure The Well-Being Of Hospitalized Children, Lisa Buksbaum 2013 University of Pennsylvania

Soaringwords Empirical Research To Measure The Well-Being Of Hospitalized Children, Lisa Buksbaum

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive psychology interventions can potentially significantly enhance the quality of life for pediatric patients and their loved ones. This study was designed to empirically measure the impact of a positive intervention on the well-being of pediatric patients. In a one-time 30-60 minute session, 220 patients received an inspirational SoaringSuperhero® message and artwork (from a stranger) and then were invited to create a superhero message/artwork for someone else. Before and after, participants completed a questionnaire, compiled from reliable, accredited survey instruments, administered by hospital employees, Child Life Specialists, and hospital volunteers. For every emotion, both adolescents and children were significantly ...


An Evidence Based Recommendation For The Use Of 5% Human Albumin Vs. Normal Saline With Hypotension Secondary To Hypovolemia In Adult Post Operative Patients, Katherine Anne Marshall 2013 Cedarville University

An Evidence Based Recommendation For The Use Of 5% Human Albumin Vs. Normal Saline With Hypotension Secondary To Hypovolemia In Adult Post Operative Patients, Katherine Anne Marshall

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Problem: 5% human albumin is used very frequently in the hospital setting with hypotensive post-surgical patients. There are associated risks with the use of human albumin and it has been shown that normal saline is at least as effective in treating extreme hypotension in this patient population.

Significance: Associated risks that are present with the use of human albumin may be equal to those of the risks of whole blood transfusions. In addition weight gain and fluid retention are complications associated with the use of human albumin versus the use of normal saline. Furthermore, human albumin costs $40.59 more ...


How To Gain Weight And Build Muscles Fast, Lissa Coffey 2013 SelectedWorks

How To Gain Weight And Build Muscles Fast, Lissa Coffey

LissaCoffey

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Integrated Health Care Systems: A Holistic Approach To Medicine, Tatiana Kaehler 2013 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Integrated Health Care Systems: A Holistic Approach To Medicine, Tatiana Kaehler

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This paper examines how the strengths of both allopathic and traditional medical systems are harnessed in integrated health care systems – a system which “consciously targets and harnesses people’s links with biodiversity for health care reasons” (Quansah, personal communication, July 1, 2013). It uses examples of integrated health care in Madagascar to prove that integrated health care systems offers health care in an affordable and accessible manner, while also promoting cultural sustainability and conservation of biodiversity. By recognizing and establishing integrated health care systems throughout the world, global health disparities can be addressed and various health goals can be accomplished.


Poverty, Wealth, And How Traditional Medicine Would Benefit The United States, Becky Darin Goldberg 2013 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Poverty, Wealth, And How Traditional Medicine Would Benefit The United States, Becky Darin Goldberg

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This paper seeks to discover and address the various reasons as to how traditional medicine, “the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illnesses” (WHO 2013), would benefit the U.S. Within the United States, health disparities from race and geographic location are worsening, and traditional medicine could be a viable way of reversing this. Madagascar and the U.S. face similar issues within allopathic medicine such as distance to a ...


Aboriginal And Non-Aboriginal Students Learn About Natural Health Products From Different Information Sources, Sarah O. Alkholy, Samiah N. Alqahtani, Audrey Cochrane, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Fidji Gendron 2013 Wayne State University

Aboriginal And Non-Aboriginal Students Learn About Natural Health Products From Different Information Sources, Sarah O. Alkholy, Samiah N. Alqahtani, Audrey Cochrane, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Fidji Gendron

Nutrition and Food Science Faculty Research Publications

Natural health products (NHPs) include naturally derived botanical and nonbotanical products. Past research indicates a high prevalence of NHPs use amongst adults in the United States and Canada but does not clearly characterize NHPs use amongst students, ethnic variations of such use, or how users learn about NHPs. We hypothesize that there is a difference between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students in how they learn about NHPs. To investigate this question, we conducted a cross-sectional study at First Nations University of Canada and the University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, during the fall of 2011. Aboriginal (n=214) and non-Aboriginal (n=749 ...


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