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Alternative and Complementary Medicine Commons

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The Non-Orthodox Cancer Therapy Movement: Emergent Organization In Health Care Crisis, Joseph Behar 2014 Western Michigan University

The Non-Orthodox Cancer Therapy Movement: Emergent Organization In Health Care Crisis, Joseph Behar

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The ideology and organization of the non-orthodox cancer therapy movement are analyzed as social constructions in an area of professional ambiguity and failure. The movement articulates, integrates, and orders the personally and socially disabling consequences of health care failure in cancer. The protest activities of the movement are characterized by political opposition to medical "orthodoxy" and "monopoly." The challenges of the non-orthodox movement are generally ineffective, non-legitimated, or coopted. Yet, in providing conceptual and organizational frames for the disordering consequences of medical failure and in establishing a politically polarized deviant position in relation to conventional practice, this movement socially organizes ...


Exploring The Intersection Between Folk And Conventional Medicine In Albany, Kentucky, Chloe J. Brown 2014 Western Kentucky University

Exploring The Intersection Between Folk And Conventional Medicine In Albany, Kentucky, Chloe J. Brown

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Approximately 60% of patients surveyed (in Albany, KY) practice folk medicine, which suggests that a significant segment of the population may practice folk medicine. Patients typically use folk medical treatments concurrently with conventional medical treatments; while the interaction of these treatments is generally innocuous or positive, folk medical treatments can sometimes be harmful, lead to negative interactions with other drugs prescribed by a conventional medical professional. Since folk medicine and conventional medicine frequently interact, it is important for medical professionals to be aware of and address folk medical practices in a conventional medical environment. In order to better address folk ...


The Triumph Of Chiropractic - And Then What?, Walter I. Wardwell 2014 Western Michigan University

The Triumph Of Chiropractic - And Then What?, Walter I. Wardwell

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The evolution of chiropractic from a marginal health profession to the strongest and most popular alternative to orthodox medicine in the United States is examined and compared with osteopathy and naturopathy. Evidence is offered that 1974 was the landmark year for recognition of chiropractors (e.g., accreditation of colleges, reimbursement for services under Medicare) and relaxation of the American Medical Association's policy of active and overt opposition (e.g., elimination from its code of ethics of the tabu on professional association. The public policy question of the future status of chiropractors is raised and alternatives considered. It is concluded ...


Achieving Medical Excellence, Kathryn McCracken 2014 Liberty University

Achieving Medical Excellence, Kathryn Mccracken

Honorable Mention

On August 22, 2014, Liberty University hosted a grand opening ceremony for its brand new Center for Medical and Health Sciences.


Yoga Blog Entries, Lauren L. Gallow 2014 SelectedWorks

Yoga Blog Entries, Lauren L. Gallow

Lauren L. Gallow

The Grinning Yogi blog is a place for our yoga community to stay connected. Information on upcoming events and workshops is posted, along with features on TGY teachers and students. The blog keeps students and teachers alike updated on the latest happenings at the studio, along with the occasional inspirational story or musing.


Identifying The Prevalence Of Ncaa American Football Players Sustaining Traumatic Brain Injuries (Concussions) During Spring Practice In The Big Sky Conference, Kery R. White 2014 Big Sky Conference

Identifying The Prevalence Of Ncaa American Football Players Sustaining Traumatic Brain Injuries (Concussions) During Spring Practice In The Big Sky Conference, Kery R. White

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

The goal of this study is to identify ways to minimize and/or further prevent athletic concussions in an effort to add years to athletes’ lives, greatly decrease side effects of sustaining multiple head traumas, and thus increase the quality of life for athletes around the world. Conferences such as the Pac-12 and the Ivy League are moving toward a safer method of playing the game of football, but the reality of the situation is, players are only getting bigger, stronger and faster, and they will continue to play with passion and a love for the game.

With the increased ...


Characterizing The Response Of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Species To The Application Of A Phage Cocktail, Steven Liu 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Characterizing The Response Of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Species To The Application Of A Phage Cocktail, Steven Liu

Symposium

Project Summary: The application of bacteriophages to treat bacterial infections is known as phage therapy, which takes advantage of bacteriophage’s natural ability to infect and lyse bacterial hosts. Phages have been shaped by billions of years of evolution to be highly specialized deliverers of bactericidal agents to the cytoplasm of their target bacteria. Ever since discovery of bacteriophages in 1915, phage therapy was recognized as a potentially powerful tool for eliminating bacterial infections. The effectiveness of phage therapy can be increased by creating a mixture of multiple phages to target a wider variety of bacterial strains. Furthermore, phage therapy ...


Informed Consent, Psychotropic Medications, And A Prescribing Physician’S Duty To Disclose Safer Alternative Treatments, Rita F. Barnett Ms. 2014 Chapman University Dale E. Fowler School of Law

Informed Consent, Psychotropic Medications, And A Prescribing Physician’S Duty To Disclose Safer Alternative Treatments, Rita F. Barnett Ms.

Rita Barnett

INFORMED CONSENT, PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATIONS, AND A PRESCRIBING PHYSICIAN’S DUTY TO DISCLOSE SAFER ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS

The use of psychotropic medication to treat any presumed mental health disorder always involves serious risks of harm. Accordingly, before prescribing psychotropic medication to control the behaviors associated with a presumed mental health disorder, prescribing physicians are required, under various medical ethical guidelines and informed consent laws, to first disclose information regarding available alternative treatment options, and the risks and benefits of such alternative treatment options. Indeed, because psychotropic medications are themselves experimental treatments due to the concededly unknown etiology of most mental health disorders ...


The Use Of Natural Products As Potential Anti-Pseudomonas Agents, Margaret T. Bell 2014 Seton Hall University

The Use Of Natural Products As Potential Anti-Pseudomonas Agents, Margaret T. Bell

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Pseudomonas is a genus of gram-negative gammaproteobacteria with a large range of diversity. Because of its ability to grow at low temperature, Pseudomonas is a cause of food spoilage. This bacterium is also a very common nosocomial infection of hospital patients. In this study, we investigated the effects of different natural products on Pseudomonas. The products included a polysaccharide, two flavonoids tangeretin and nobiletin and their derivatives, 5’OH-tangeretin and 5’OH-nobiletin, black tea polyphenol – theaflavins (TFs), as well as an herb named Fallopia multiflora (Chinese Knotweed). P. fluorescens and P. aeruginosa were used as model organisms. Antimicrobial effects were ...


Herbal And Holistic Medicine In Latin America, William H. Lyle 2014 Western Kentucky University

Herbal And Holistic Medicine In Latin America, William H. Lyle

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

A variety of herbal and holistic remedies were used in pre-Columbian cultures, especially in Aztec and Incan cultures. Many different herbs were used to provide medical attention to patients directly, while other herbs were used to supplement shaman[1] medicine, which was particularly common in Inca culture. While there is little scientific basis for shamanism, as a viable healing option in modern culture, most herbal remedies had active chemical ingredients that could be or are used today to treat similar symptoms, and, in some cases, are being applied in different scenarios as well. The methods of usage, active chemicals, and ...


The Reversal Effects Of Curcumin, An Herbal Remedy, On The Impairments Induced By Vmat-2 Inhibitor Tetrabenazine, Emily Qian, Samantha E. Yohn 2014 University of Connecticut

The Reversal Effects Of Curcumin, An Herbal Remedy, On The Impairments Induced By Vmat-2 Inhibitor Tetrabenazine, Emily Qian, Samantha E. Yohn

Honors Scholar Theses

Substantial evidence has shown that dopamine (DA), particularly in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), is involved in behavioral activation and effort-related processes, such as overcoming work related response costs. Interference with accumbens DA transmission through administration of the vesicular monoamine transportor-2 (VMAT-2) inhibitor tetrabenazine (TBZ) produces an alteration of response allocation in the concurrent FR5/chow choice procedure, biasing animals toward the lower effort alternative. It has been suggested that these drug-induced shifts in effort-related choice behavior seen in rodents are analogous to symptoms such as psychomotor retardation, anergia, and fatigue, which can be observed in people with depression and other ...


Cultural Competency In The Medical Workplace: A Look At Outpatient Clinic Nurses At A Children's Hospital In New England, Evelyn S. Callahan 2014 University of Connecticut

Cultural Competency In The Medical Workplace: A Look At Outpatient Clinic Nurses At A Children's Hospital In New England, Evelyn S. Callahan

Honors Scholar Theses

This paper analyzes the current state of progress toward cultural competency in the medical workplace, specifically in the hospital setting. It compares the current writing on the topic to research done at a large New England children’s hospital. The nurses are all individuals who work in an out patient setting so they often see the same patients regularly for longer periods of time. This differs from the in-patient or floor nurses who only spend limited time with a constantly changing population of patients. The research involved one-on-one interviews and a focus group with nurses at the hospital. The focus ...


History Of Women And Alternative Medicine, Megan Eineke 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

History Of Women And Alternative Medicine, Megan Eineke

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Alternative medicine has been used all over the world for centuries. From meditation to hydrotherapy, both men and women practice these modalities. Alternative medicine is an important part of the history of medicine and women have played a crucial role in traditional medical and other healing-related careers. This research project examines health activism among feminists and how that has played a role in what alternative medicine has become today. Information gathered from journals, articles, books, and biographies will be used to create a timeline to share how and when specific events and women influenced the reemergence of alternative medicine and ...


Effect Of Ascorbate On Coagulation And Fibrinolytic Factors In The Septic Microvasculature, Scott Swarbreck 2014 Western University

Effect Of Ascorbate On Coagulation And Fibrinolytic Factors In The Septic Microvasculature, Scott Swarbreck

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Sepsis, a systemic inflammatory response to an infection, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The microcirculation during sepsis fails, in part, due to microthrombosis and the resulting plugging of capillaries, precipitating organ failure. Intravenous injection of ascorbate has been shown to reduce capillary plugging, however the mechanism of this protective effect is unclear. We hypothesized that ascorbate-mediated destabilization of the microthrombi through promoting fibrinolysis could contribute to this protection.

We showed that streptokinase, a pro-fibrinolytic agent, reduced the capillary plugging to a similar degree as ascorbate. This similarity provided the impetus for studying the effect of ascorbate ...


Dietary Treatment For Epilepsy, Margaret Rebecca Sinclair 2014 SelectedWorks

Dietary Treatment For Epilepsy, Margaret Rebecca Sinclair

Margaret Rebecca Sinclair

Dietary treatments for epilepsy have been used since the early 1920s, however, the use of these treatments has been replaced by anticonvulsant drugs. In the past ten years there has been a reemergence of the use of dietary treatments for epilepsy. These dietary treatments are referred to as Ketogenic Diets. There are three types of ketone diets: Classic Ketogenic Diet (KD), Medium-chain-triglyceride Ketogenic Diet (MTC), and the Modified Atkins Diet (MAD). Theses dietary treatment utilize a high-fat, adequate protein and very low carbohydrates diet to control seizures. The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive overview of dietary ...


Can Ginger Ameliorate Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea? Protocol Of A Randomized Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial, Wolfgang Marx, A McCarthy, Karin Reid, Luis Vitetta, D McKavanagh, Damien Thomson, Avni Sali, Elizabeth Isenring 2014 Bond University

Can Ginger Ameliorate Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea? Protocol Of A Randomized Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial, Wolfgang Marx, A Mccarthy, Karin Reid, Luis Vitetta, D Mckavanagh, Damien Thomson, Avni Sali, Elizabeth Isenring

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background: Preliminary research shows ginger may be an effective adjuvant treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting but significant limitations need to be addressed before recommendations for clinical practice can be made. Methods/Design: In a double–blinded randomised-controlled trial, chemotherapy-naïve patients will be randomly allocated to receive either 1.2 g of a standardised ginger extract or placebo per day. The study medication will be administrated as an adjuvant treatment to standard anti-emetic therapy and will be divided into four capsules per day, to be consumed approximately every 4 hours (300 mg per capsule administered q.i.d) for five ...


Photobiostimulation In C. Elegans As A Model For Low Level Light Therapy, Michael J. Spoto, Daryl D. Hurd 2014 St. John Fisher College

Photobiostimulation In C. Elegans As A Model For Low Level Light Therapy, Michael J. Spoto, Daryl D. Hurd

Science Scholars

Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) is a developing therapeutic technique that has been gaining recognition in the scientific community in recent years. Previous experiments performed in LLLT research projects have been primarily mammalian and cell culture based. These experiments have produced results showing accelerated tissue repair. In this experiment, we introduce a new model, Caenorhabitidis elegans, a free-living soil nematode, to be used in LLLT research by testing the effects of exposure of the organism to various wavelengths and intensities of light commonly used in LLLT. C. elegans was shown to respond to photobiostimulation when exposed to specific wavelengths of Infrared ...


Enacting Kaitiakitanga: Challenges And Complexities In The Governance And Ownership Of Rongoā Research Information, Amohia Boulton, Maui Hudson, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Albert Stewart 2014 Western University

Enacting Kaitiakitanga: Challenges And Complexities In The Governance And Ownership Of Rongoā Research Information, Amohia Boulton, Maui Hudson, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Albert Stewart

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This article explores the tensions one research team has faced in securing appropriate governance or stewardship (which we refer to as kaitiakitanga) of research data. Whilst ethical and regulatory frameworks exist which provide a minimum standard for researchers to meet when working with Māori, what our experience has highlighted is there is currently a “governance” gap in terms of who should hold stewardship of research data collected from Māori individuals or collectives. In the case of a project undertaken in the traditional healing space, the organisation best placed to fulfil this governance role receives no funding or support to take ...


The Effect Of Blue Light On Pilot And Flight Attendant Behavioral Alertness, Lori J. Brown, Toine Schoutens, Geoffrey Whitehurst, Troy Booker, Travis Davis, Spencer Losinski, Ryan Diehl 2014 Western Michigan University

The Effect Of Blue Light On Pilot And Flight Attendant Behavioral Alertness, Lori J. Brown, Toine Schoutens, Geoffrey Whitehurst, Troy Booker, Travis Davis, Spencer Losinski, Ryan Diehl

Lori J. Brown

The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of blue light therapy to improve behavioral alertness in flight crew-members. Western Michigan University, College of Aviation, Jeppesen (a Boeing Company), Nature Bright Company, Airline participants, and a leading sleep researcher Schoutens, A.M.C. of FluxPlus, BV, The Netherlands, collaborated to examine whether timed blue light could improve flight crewmember alertness. During the four week study, crewmembers wore actigraph bands to monitor sleep behaviors. Self-assessed levels of sleepiness were recorded using the Karlosinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS), and self-assessed fatigue was measured using the Samn-Perelli (SP) fatigue scale. Participants completed psychomotor vigilance tests ...


Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer 2014 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Objectives: We review outcome studies regarding the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic databases and manual searches of article reference lists. Results: A total of 8 studies met eligibility criteria, consisting of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one quasi-experimental study involving a comparison group, two pre-experimental one-group pretest–posttest studies, and two single-system designs. Studies reviewed did not offer credible evidence to suggest that HBOT is an effective treatment for autism. Conclusion: It is premature to call HBOT an effective treatment for Autism and ASD. Individuals clinically treated ...


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