Positive Psychiatry, 2015 University of Western Ontario
Positive Psychiatry, Amresh Srivastava
Revolutionary advances in understanding mental disorders and in providing novel treatments have enhanced the expectations of patients and relatives. There is a growing demand on newer research in providing interventions that allow patients to live a normal life. Of late, concept of the illness itself has undergone significant change. It is now proposed that expected outcome from treatment of mental disorder is to achieve a state of ‚ ‘wellness.’ Positive psychiatry is a newer branch of psychological medicine that seeks to promote understanding of wellness and examines its application in intervention and prevention of mental disorders. The concept of positive psychiatry ...
Who Is Making Lifestyle Changes Due To Preventive Health Care Information? A 10 Year Comparison Study, 2015 University of Central Arkansas
Who Is Making Lifestyle Changes Due To Preventive Health Care Information? A 10 Year Comparison Study, Joseph D. Cangelosi Jr., David Kim, Edward Ranelli
Atlantic Marketing Association Proceedings
This paper sought to describe from a set of 6 demographic and 13 lifestyle change variables the person who is significantly and positively impacted by preventive health care information (PHCI). Based on past research, six hypotheses were developed. Three of the six hypotheses were accepted. In addition, there were significant relationships for each of the six demographic variables with at least one of the lifestyle change variables. Those who are seeking and are positively impacted by PHCI are better educated, female, and (depending upon the lifestyle change variable in question) fall into a definite age category. There is partial support ...
All In Or A` La Carte: Preferences Of Medical Tourists Towards Value Of Co-Creation, 2015 Appalachian State University
All In Or A` La Carte: Preferences Of Medical Tourists Towards Value Of Co-Creation, Michael Dotson, Jennifer Henson Nevins, Bonnie S. Guy
Atlantic Marketing Association Proceedings
Patients Beyond Borders (2014) defines a medical tourist as anyone who travels across international borders for the purpose of receiving nonemergency medical care. It has been estimated that the market size in USD ranges from 38.5 to 55 billion based upon eleven million cross-border patients worldwide spending an average of 3,500 – to 5,000 USD per visit. Further, Patients Beyond Borders suggests that the top Medical tourism destinations are Costa Rica, India, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and the United States.
The Impact Of A Cultural Immersion Study Abroad Experience In Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2015 Baylor University
The Impact Of A Cultural Immersion Study Abroad Experience In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shelley Flippen Conroy, Helen M.
Shelley Flippen Conroy
Study abroad programs have increased dramatically. Most programs are short-term and include a cultural immersion as well as classroom and/or service learning. In this article, the authors discuss a study abroad program to China that included cultural immersion and classroom learning specific to traditional Chinese medicine. Participants kept journals with specific writing assignments and reflections about their experiences during the trip. At the conclusion of the trip, a qualitative survey was administered to the participants. Outcomes included the benefits of cultural immersion and a greater appreciation of cultural diversity, complementary and alternative medicine and holistic health care. Participants were ...
Native/Aboriginal Students Use Natural Health Products For Health Maintenance More So Than Other University Students, 2015 First Nations University of Canada
Native/Aboriginal Students Use Natural Health Products For Health Maintenance More So Than Other University Students, Fidji Gendron, Samiah Naji Alqahtani, Sarah Omar Alkholy, Dina Haque, Maria Pontes Ferreira
Nutrition and Food Science Faculty Research Publications
Background and aim: University student use of Natural Health Products (NHP) for health maintenance (HealthM) is assessed in Canada. We hypothesize greater use of NHP by Native/Aboriginal and female students. Demographic predictor variables and the top ten NHP used are determined.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 963 students (n=212 Native/Aboriginal; n=751 non-Native/Aboriginal) was conducted. χ2 and Fisher’s exact tests analyzed group differences. Multiple logistic regressions determined predictor variables of NHP use.
Results: Of 963 surveyed students, 268 (27.8%) used NHP for HealthM, while 695 students (72.2%) did not. More Native/Aboriginal students ...
Convalescent Serum Therapy As Rapid Advance Treatment For Ebola In West Africa, 2015 Allegiance Health
Convalescent Serum Therapy As Rapid Advance Treatment For Ebola In West Africa, J Bankole Thompson Md, Phd, Patricia F. Mejabi Msc., Olugbenga O. Mejabi Phd, S Ahmed Tejan-Sie Md
International Journal of African Development
The 2014 public health crisis in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone has brought Ebola Viral Disease (EVD) to everyone’s attention. Discovered in 1976, this deadly disease infrequently struck in remote areas of Africa. This article will critically review the literature and describe the pathobiology, transmission, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of EVDwhich, was predicted by the Centers for Disease Control to potentially infect 1.4 million persons in Liberia and Sierra Leone by January 2015 (“Questions and Answers”, 2014). Thankfully this worst case scenario did not occur and we may be experiencing natural burn out of the ...
Ethnic Differences In Medicinal Plant Use Among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Self-Reported Medicinal Plant Use At Two Midwest Universities, Rachel Craft, Katrina C. Mcclure, Steven Corbett, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Ashley M. Stiffarm, Kelly Kindscher
Wayne State University Associated BioMed Central Scholarship
Background: Numerous surveys of medicinal plant use among college students abound, but none compare use between students enrolled in two different Universities with significantly different ethnic compositions. The objective of this study is to compare medicinal plant use between two different ethnic college populations and explore differences between student medicinal plant users and non-users for comparison with previous research.
Methods: Students (n = 721) at a large research university (n = 498) and a Pan-Tribal University for Native Americans (n = 233) completed surveys in October 2011 to assess past year medicinal plant use. The Mann-Whitney U test, Chi Square test, and General ...
Are Your Eye Exams Culturally Competent? Ethically And Legally Serving The Hispanic And Latino Population, Tracy Doll O.D.
Faculty Scholarship (COO)
This paper discusses the cultural differences within the Hispanic/ Latino population that could both positively and negatively affect a quality eye examination. Ethical and legal guidelines are offered to help the optometric professional become more culturally competent.
Mala Lā’Au Lapa’Au: Preserving The Hawaiian ‘Āina And Mo’Omehue, 2015 University of Rhode Island
Mala Lā’Au Lapa’Au: Preserving The Hawaiian ‘Āina And Mo’Omehue, Sandra Fogg
Senior Honors Projects
The study of medicinal plants in the western world tends to focus on the isolation and elucidation of natural products that have bioactive characteristics and potential for pharmaceutical formulation. However, the utilization of medicinal plants in cultures that still practice ancient medicine, such as Hawai’i and other Pacific Island nations, involves the use of whole plant parts in conjunction with spiritual rituals to heal illnesses and ailments. In order to gather a different perspective of the use of plants in medicine, a diverse investigation of “Lā’au Lapa’au,” or the Hawaiian art of healing through the use of ...
Walking On A Bridge You Also Built: Practitioners’ Experience Navigating The Borderland Between Western And Chinese Medicine, Rachel H. Levine
In the United States, medicine, and its understanding of how the human body functions, is predominantly explained by reducing life processes, discomfort and disease into biological and chemical reactions. Alternatively, Chinese medicine, such as the practice of acupuncture and herbal therapy, relates health to the movement of an energy force (qi), and the balance of five elements that correspond to both anatomical and conceptual structures. Many of these structures remain invisible to biomedicine, even with advanced imaging technology. The inability of biomedical tools or language to fully describe Chinese medical concepts challenges Americans who wish to understand and practice it ...
Effects Of Acupuncture Versus Non-Acupuncture Treatment On Pain, 2015 St. John Fisher College
Effects Of Acupuncture Versus Non-Acupuncture Treatment On Pain, Stacie Phan
Undergraduate Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research
This study examines the impact of acupuncture treatment in comparison to non-acupuncture treatment on multiple facets of pain. All studies included met inclusion criteria in which patients were to have experienced some sort of pain before treatment. After being informed of the procedure, each study’s participants were assigned to a control group or a treatment group in order to test the true effect on pain. After gathering data from each of the studies, it was necessary to standardize the data for comparison. It was found that the overall effect of acupuncture reduced pain in the participants. However, Hegu acupuncture ...
Use Of Dietary And Herbal Supplements In Older Adults With Osteoarthritis, 2015 University of Southern Mississippi
Use Of Dietary And Herbal Supplements In Older Adults With Osteoarthritis, Sharon Denise Mcdonald
Over the past several decades, older adults with Osteoarthritis (OA) have increasingly used more natural products in an effort to manage chronic pain. The theoretical framework for this study was the Lazarus and Folkman transactional theory of stress and coping. This framework was chosen based on the belief that older adults with OA are taking natural products as an active problem solving coping strategy to manage the pain, disability, and alterations they experience in their health related quality life including functional status, physical symptoms, emotional health, and social functioning. Older adults also take prescription medications for Osteoarthritis and a variety ...
A Comparison And Analysis Of Community Midwifery Education Programs In Afghanistan With Other Countries, 2015 University of Southern Maine
A Comparison And Analysis Of Community Midwifery Education Programs In Afghanistan With Other Countries, Nematullah Niazi
Muskie School Capstones
The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the Afghan Community Midwifery Education program with similar programs in other countries, to identify problems in CME implementation, and to develop recommendations to resolve gaps for a more effective and successful CME approach. To this end, the Afghan CME program is compared with midwifery programs in Pakistan, Kenya, and with Afghanistan’s Institute of Health Science midwife program.
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction And Transcendental Meditation: Current State Of Research, 2015 Aurora Health Care
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction And Transcendental Meditation: Current State Of Research, Adam Holt
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
This article summarizes the current state of meditation research, specifically focusing on mindfulness-based stress reduction and transcendental meditation. Despite significant methodological problems with the studies reported to date on the subject, there is consistent evidence that meditation can produce changes in the nervous system and physiology of the meditator, and can help with various psychological markers of well-being. Regarding improvement in specific clinical diseases, research is generally mixed and preliminary. Strong recommendations cannot be made based on current evidence, and further studies are needed. In general, there is a stronger body of evidence supporting mindfulness-based stress reduction than for transcendental ...
Genomic And Clinical Effects Associated With A Relaxation Response Mind-Body Intervention In Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome And Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Braden Kuo, Manoj Bhasin, Jolene Jacquart, Matthew A. Scult, Lauren Slipp, Eric Isaac Riklin Kagan, Veronique Lepoutre, Nicole Comosa, Beth-Ann Norton, Allison Dassatti, Jessica Rosenblum, Andrea H. Thurler, Brian C. Surjanhata, Nicole N. Hasheminejad, Leslee Kagan, Ellen Slawsby, Sowmya R. Rao, Eric A. Macklin, Gregory L. Fricchione, Herbert Benson, Towia A. Libermann, Joshua Korzenik, John W. Denninger
Open Access Articles
INTRODUCTION: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) can profoundly affect quality of life and are influenced by stress and resiliency. The impact of mind-body interventions (MBIs) on IBS and IBD patients has not previously been examined.
METHODS: Nineteen IBS and 29 IBD patients were enrolled in a 9-week relaxation response based mind-body group intervention (RR-MBI), focusing on elicitation of the RR and cognitive skill building. Symptom questionnaires and inflammatory markers were assessed pre- and post-intervention, and at short-term follow-up. Peripheral blood transcriptome analysis was performed to identify genomic correlates of the RR-MBI.
RESULTS: Pain Catastrophizing Scale scores ...
Treating Test Anxiety With Diffused Aromatherapy, 2015 Stephen F Austin State University, Dewitt School of Nursing
Treating Test Anxiety With Diffused Aromatherapy, Carol Athey, Joanie Selman
Bright Ideas Conference
Nursing programs educate adult students to the professional nursing role. Student nurses experience stressful learning environments related to advances in technology, patient demographics, national patient safety standards and high expectations in the clinical and classroom settings. One of the barriers to nursing student success is test anxiety, which potentially reduces student retention and graduation rates. Educators need to research and offer anxiety-relieving strategies to students to foster student success.
Model Of Cost-Effectiveness Of Mri For Women Of Average Lifetime Risk Of Breast Cancer, 2015 Dominican University of California
Model Of Cost-Effectiveness Of Mri For Women Of Average Lifetime Risk Of Breast Cancer, Mckenna L. Kimball
Scholarly and Creative Works Conference
Background: Mammography is the current standard for breast cancer detection however magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a more sensitive method of breast imaging. Despite MRI’s increased sensitivity, MRI has more false positives and higher costs. The purpose of this study was to determine if MRI or MRI in conjunction with mammography was a cost-effective solution for breast cancer detection in women with average lifetime risk of breast cancer.
Methods: A mathematical model was used to compare annual mammography, annual MRI, and mammography and MRI on alternate years. The model included the natural history of breast cancer, screening by mammography ...
2nd Place: Treatment Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In A Veteran Population: Efficacy Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Therapies (Contest Entry), Brooke D. Snelgrove
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
This is Brooke Snelgrove's submission for the 2014-2015 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won second place. She wrote about the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans with Complementary and Alternative Medicine therapies.
Illness And God's Will, 2015 Liberty University
Illness And God's Will, John Sherret
Senior Honors Theses
Originally, God never put sickness on people. After the fall, the early history of man as recorded in the Bible further demonstrates Him refraining to use sickness. However, once the law was instituted God began to use sickness as a punishment. In the Old Testament, sickness was always defined as a curse and never a blessing. It was used by God to curse people for disobeying the law. In the New Testament, God was seen healing the multitudes instead of cursing them. Through the atonement of Jesus, believers have been redeemed from the curse of the law (Galatians 3:13 ...
A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Training For Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol, 2015 Yale School of Medicine
A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Training For Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol, Kathleen A. Garrison, Prasanta Pal, Rahil Rojiani, Jesse Dallery, Stephanie S. O'Malley, Judson A. Brewer
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 individuals worldwide. Mindfulness training has shown preliminary efficacy as a behavioral treatment for smoking cessation. Recent advances in mobile health suggest advantages to smartphone-based smoking cessation treatment including smartphone-based mindfulness training. This study evaluates the efficacy of a smartphone app-based mindfulness training program for improving smoking cessation rates at 6-months follow-up.
METHODS/DESIGN: A two-group parallel-randomized clinical trial with allocation concealment will be conducted. Group assignment will be concealed from study researchers through to follow-up. The study will be conducted by smartphone and online. Daily smokers who ...