Convalescent Serum Therapy As Rapid Advance Treatment For Ebola In West Africa, 2015 Allegiance Health
Convalescent Serum Therapy As Rapid Advance Treatment For Ebola In West Africa, J Bankole Thompson Md, Phd, Patricia F. Mejabi Msc., Olugbenga O. Mejabi Phd, S Ahmed Tejan-Sie Md
International Journal of African Development
The 2014 public health crisis in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone has brought Ebola Viral Disease (EVD) to everyone’s attention. Discovered in 1976, this deadly disease infrequently struck in remote areas of Africa. This article will critically review the literature and describe the pathobiology, transmission, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of EVDwhich, was predicted by the Centers for Disease Control to potentially infect 1.4 million persons in Liberia and Sierra Leone by January 2015 (“Questions and Answers”, 2014). Thankfully this worst case scenario did not occur and we may be experiencing natural burn out of the ...
Ethnic Differences In Medicinal Plant Use Among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Self-Reported Medicinal Plant Use At Two Midwest Universities, Rachel Craft, Katrina C. Mcclure, Steven Corbett, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Ashley M. Stiffarm, Kelly Kindscher
Wayne State University Associated BioMed Central Scholarship
Background: Numerous surveys of medicinal plant use among college students abound, but none compare use between students enrolled in two different Universities with significantly different ethnic compositions. The objective of this study is to compare medicinal plant use between two different ethnic college populations and explore differences between student medicinal plant users and non-users for comparison with previous research.
Methods: Students (n = 721) at a large research university (n = 498) and a Pan-Tribal University for Native Americans (n = 233) completed surveys in October 2011 to assess past year medicinal plant use. The Mann-Whitney U test, Chi Square test, and General ...
Are Your Eye Exams Culturally Competent? Ethically And Legally Serving The Hispanic And Latino Population, Tracy Doll O.D.
Faculty Scholarship (COO)
This paper discusses the cultural differences within the Hispanic/ Latino population that could both positively and negatively affect a quality eye examination. Ethical and legal guidelines are offered to help the optometric professional become more culturally competent.
Mala Lā’Au Lapa’Au: Preserving The Hawaiian ‘Āina And Mo’Omehue, 2015 University of Rhode Island
Mala Lā’Au Lapa’Au: Preserving The Hawaiian ‘Āina And Mo’Omehue, Sandra Fogg
Senior Honors Projects
The study of medicinal plants in the western world tends to focus on the isolation and elucidation of natural products that have bioactive characteristics and potential for pharmaceutical formulation. However, the utilization of medicinal plants in cultures that still practice ancient medicine, such as Hawai’i and other Pacific Island nations, involves the use of whole plant parts in conjunction with spiritual rituals to heal illnesses and ailments. In order to gather a different perspective of the use of plants in medicine, a diverse investigation of “Lā’au Lapa’au,” or the Hawaiian art of healing through the use of ...
Walking On A Bridge You Also Built: Practitioners’ Experience Navigating The Borderland Between Western And Chinese Medicine, Rachel H. Levine
In the United States, medicine, and its understanding of how the human body functions, is predominantly explained by reducing life processes, discomfort and disease into biological and chemical reactions. Alternatively, Chinese medicine, such as the practice of acupuncture and herbal therapy, relates health to the movement of an energy force (qi), and the balance of five elements that correspond to both anatomical and conceptual structures. Many of these structures remain invisible to biomedicine, even with advanced imaging technology. The inability of biomedical tools or language to fully describe Chinese medical concepts challenges Americans who wish to understand and practice it ...
Effects Of Acupuncture Versus Non-Acupuncture Treatment On Pain, 2015 St. John Fisher College
Effects Of Acupuncture Versus Non-Acupuncture Treatment On Pain, Stacie Phan
Undergraduate Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research
This study examines the impact of acupuncture treatment in comparison to non-acupuncture treatment on multiple facets of pain. All studies included met inclusion criteria in which patients were to have experienced some sort of pain before treatment. After being informed of the procedure, each study’s participants were assigned to a control group or a treatment group in order to test the true effect on pain. After gathering data from each of the studies, it was necessary to standardize the data for comparison. It was found that the overall effect of acupuncture reduced pain in the participants. However, Hegu acupuncture ...
Use Of Dietary And Herbal Supplements In Older Adults With Osteoarthritis, 2015 University of Southern Mississippi
Use Of Dietary And Herbal Supplements In Older Adults With Osteoarthritis, Sharon D. Mcdonald
Over the past several decades, older adults with Osteoarthritis (OA) have increasingly used more natural products in an effort to manage chronic pain. The theoretical framework for this study was the Lazarus and Folkman transactional theory of stress and coping. This framework was chosen based on the belief that older adults with OA are taking natural products as an active problem solving coping strategy to manage the pain, disability, and alterations they experience in their health related quality life including functional status, physical symptoms, emotional health, and social functioning. Older adults also take prescription medications for Osteoarthritis and a variety ...
A Comparison And Analysis Of Community Midwifery Education Programs In Afghanistan With Other Countries, 2015 University of Southern Maine
A Comparison And Analysis Of Community Midwifery Education Programs In Afghanistan With Other Countries, Nematullah Niazi
Muskie School Capstones
The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the Afghan Community Midwifery Education program with similar programs in other countries, to identify problems in CME implementation, and to develop recommendations to resolve gaps for a more effective and successful CME approach. To this end, the Afghan CME program is compared with midwifery programs in Pakistan, Kenya, and with Afghanistan’s Institute of Health Science midwife program.
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction And Transcendental Meditation: Current State Of Research, 2015 Aurora Health Care
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction And Transcendental Meditation: Current State Of Research, Adam Holt
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
This article summarizes the current state of meditation research, specifically focusing on mindfulness-based stress reduction and transcendental meditation. Despite significant methodological problems with the studies reported to date on the subject, there is consistent evidence that meditation can produce changes in the nervous system and physiology of the meditator, and can help with various psychological markers of well-being. Regarding improvement in specific clinical diseases, research is generally mixed and preliminary. Strong recommendations cannot be made based on current evidence, and further studies are needed. In general, there is a stronger body of evidence supporting mindfulness-based stress reduction than for transcendental ...
Genomic And Clinical Effects Associated With A Relaxation Response Mind-Body Intervention In Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome And Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Braden Kuo, Manoj Bhasin, Jolene Jacquart, Matthew A. Scult, Lauren Slipp, Eric Isaac Riklin Kagan, Veronique Lepoutre, Nicole Comosa, Beth-Ann Norton, Allison Dassatti, Jessica Rosenblum, Andrea H. Thurler, Brian C. Surjanhata, Nicole N. Hasheminejad, Leslee Kagan, Ellen Slawsby, Sowmya R. Rao, Eric A. Macklin, Gregory L. Fricchione, Herbert Benson, Towia A. Libermann, Joshua Korzenik, John W. Denninger
Open Access Articles
INTRODUCTION: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) can profoundly affect quality of life and are influenced by stress and resiliency. The impact of mind-body interventions (MBIs) on IBS and IBD patients has not previously been examined.
METHODS: Nineteen IBS and 29 IBD patients were enrolled in a 9-week relaxation response based mind-body group intervention (RR-MBI), focusing on elicitation of the RR and cognitive skill building. Symptom questionnaires and inflammatory markers were assessed pre- and post-intervention, and at short-term follow-up. Peripheral blood transcriptome analysis was performed to identify genomic correlates of the RR-MBI.
RESULTS: Pain Catastrophizing Scale scores ...
Treating Test Anxiety With Diffused Aromatherapy, 2015 Stephen F Austin State University, Dewitt School of Nursing
Treating Test Anxiety With Diffused Aromatherapy, Carol Athey, Joanie Selman
Bright Ideas Conference
Nursing programs educate adult students to the professional nursing role. Student nurses experience stressful learning environments related to advances in technology, patient demographics, national patient safety standards and high expectations in the clinical and classroom settings. One of the barriers to nursing student success is test anxiety, which potentially reduces student retention and graduation rates. Educators need to research and offer anxiety-relieving strategies to students to foster student success.
Model Of Cost-Effectiveness Of Mri For Women Of Average Lifetime Risk Of Breast Cancer, 2015 Dominican University of California
Model Of Cost-Effectiveness Of Mri For Women Of Average Lifetime Risk Of Breast Cancer, Mckenna L. Kimball
Scholarly and Creative Works Conference
Background: Mammography is the current standard for breast cancer detection however magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a more sensitive method of breast imaging. Despite MRI’s increased sensitivity, MRI has more false positives and higher costs. The purpose of this study was to determine if MRI or MRI in conjunction with mammography was a cost-effective solution for breast cancer detection in women with average lifetime risk of breast cancer.
Methods: A mathematical model was used to compare annual mammography, annual MRI, and mammography and MRI on alternate years. The model included the natural history of breast cancer, screening by mammography ...
Illness And God's Will, 2015 Liberty University
Illness And God's Will, John Sherret
Senior Honors Theses
Originally, God never put sickness on people. After the fall, the early history of man as recorded in the Bible further demonstrates Him refraining to use sickness. However, once the law was instituted God began to use sickness as a punishment. In the Old Testament, sickness was always defined as a curse and never a blessing. It was used by God to curse people for disobeying the law. In the New Testament, God was seen healing the multitudes instead of cursing them. Through the atonement of Jesus, believers have been redeemed from the curse of the law (Galatians 3:13 ...
2nd Place: Treatment Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In A Veteran Population: Efficacy Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Therapies (Contest Entry), Brooke D. Snelgrove
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
This is Brooke Snelgrove's submission for the 2014-2015 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won second place. She wrote about the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans with Complementary and Alternative Medicine therapies.
A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Training For Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol, 2015 Yale School of Medicine
A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Training For Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol, Kathleen A. Garrison, Prasanta Pal, Rahil Rojiani, Jesse Dallery, Stephanie S. O'Malley, Judson A. Brewer
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 individuals worldwide. Mindfulness training has shown preliminary efficacy as a behavioral treatment for smoking cessation. Recent advances in mobile health suggest advantages to smartphone-based smoking cessation treatment including smartphone-based mindfulness training. This study evaluates the efficacy of a smartphone app-based mindfulness training program for improving smoking cessation rates at 6-months follow-up.
METHODS/DESIGN: A two-group parallel-randomized clinical trial with allocation concealment will be conducted. Group assignment will be concealed from study researchers through to follow-up. The study will be conducted by smartphone and online. Daily smokers who ...
Essential Oils From Apple Mint (Mentha Suaveolens) And Passionflower Fruit (Passiflora Incarnata): Studies On Cognition, Coordination, And Chemical Components., 2015 Endocrine Physiology Lab, Clemson University
Essential Oils From Apple Mint (Mentha Suaveolens) And Passionflower Fruit (Passiflora Incarnata): Studies On Cognition, Coordination, And Chemical Components., Evelyn F. Patrick *, Jessie Bowers *, Shannon Read *, Brett R. Lackey, Christine Murphy, Sandra L. Gray
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science
Plant essential oils (EO) are used as perfumes, lotions and air fresheners because of their pleasant aromas, but EO also have the ability to elicit changes in mood and behavior. These activities are influenced by the mode of administration and by multiple signaling pathways. The EO aromas from organically grown apple mint (Mentha suaveolens) and passionflower fruit (Passiflora incarnata) were assessed for their effects on cognition and coordination. Participants completed two tasks designed to test working memory and bimanual task efficiency in rooms infused with apple mint, passionflower fruit or control EO. Bimanual coordination was assessed using the Intercept2 program ...
The Feasibility Of Delivering A Home-Based Motivational Exercise Program To African-American Breast Cancer Survivors, 2015 Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center
The Feasibility Of Delivering A Home-Based Motivational Exercise Program To African-American Breast Cancer Survivors, Denise Spector, Claudio Battaglini
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Most African-American breast cancer survivors do not meet current exercise recommendations for cancer survivors, which include both aerobic and strength-training exercises. This pilot study tested the feasibility of delivering a home-based exercise intervention to African-American breast cancer survivors. Sedentary African-American breast cancer survivors were recruited for a 16-week motivational home-based progressive aerobic and strength-training exercise pilot study. Participants completed weekly exercise logs and received weekly phone calls. To assess feasibility, we evaluated recruitment, retention, and adherence rates, as well as participant acceptance and safety. 17 women enrolled; 13 completed the intervention (76%). Participants had moderately-high adherence (70%) to walking goals ...
The Therapeutic Role Of Turmeric In Treatment And Prevention Of Alzheimer’S Disease, 2015 Southeastern University - Lakeland
The Therapeutic Role Of Turmeric In Treatment And Prevention Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Rylan M. Mcquade
Selected Honors Theses
As a devastating neurological condition that expends millions of lives each year, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a subject of intense investigation.1 Although AD has been known for over a century, the precise mechanisms that underlie AD pathogenesis and development are still poorly understood. The Alzheimer phenotype is typified by extracellular amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), causing researchers to notice several key enzymes implicated in this process.1 Most notable are β and γ secretases (which drive Aβ plaque production) and phospholipase
A2 (which stimulates major cascade activation through the specific cleavage of fatty acyl ...
2nd Place: Treatment Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In A Veteran Population: Efficacy Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Therapies (Final Research Paper), Brooke D. Snelgrove
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
It is estimated that a half million veterans from recent deployments in the Middle East conflicts and about 479,000 veterans deployed during the Vietnam War are diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Current treatments are limited by a relatively high frequency of patients who do not continue with their therapy. With increased PTSD diagnosis and limited effectiveness of treatments, there is a growing need to research and develop new therapies to better assist affected service members. The present study assessed the clinical validity of Complementary and Alternative Medicine therapies for the treatment of PTSD symptoms in a military ...
Analysis Of Traditional Medicine In Zanzibar, Tanzania, 2015 SIT Study Abroad
Analysis Of Traditional Medicine In Zanzibar, Tanzania, Jessica Baylor
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Traditional medicine is used as a major source of health care in developing countries. A small island off the coast of Tanzania, Zanzibar has traditional medicine embedded in its culture. Informal interviews of community members and healers in four different villages as well as interviews with the Department of Forestry and the Traditional and Alternative Medicine Unit were conducted over a four week study. This study found that community members of four villages in Zanzibar supported the idea of a regulation of traditional medicine by the government. It also found that the majority of traditional medicine users have noticed a ...