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Static Vs. Expandable Peek Interbody Cages: A Comparison Of One-Year Clinical And Radiographic Outcomes For One-Level Tlif, Ryan Nachwalter, Parthik Patel, MD, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Static Vs. Expandable Peek Interbody Cages: A Comparison Of One-Year Clinical And Radiographic Outcomes For One-Level Tlif, Ryan Nachwalter, Parthik Patel, Md, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd

Phase 1

Introduction: Degenerative spine disease is a disabling condition affecting many worldwide. Transoforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedures help stabilize the spine, while improving back and/or leg pain. With the introduction of new implant designs and modifications, focus has shifted to optimizing spinopelvic alignment, fusion rates, and more. This study aims to explore the effect of static versus expandable polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages on patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) and radiographic outcomes (subsidence, disk height, and alignment parameters).

Materials/Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a database of patients in a single, high volume academic center. Patient outcomes were obtained from ...


Static V. Expandable Tlif Cage Outcomes, Harrison Pajovich, Ryan Nachwalter, Lohit Velagapudi, Joseph Zarowin, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Static V. Expandable Tlif Cage Outcomes, Harrison Pajovich, Ryan Nachwalter, Lohit Velagapudi, Joseph Zarowin, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd

Phase 1

Static cages were introduced in the 1990s as a solution to degenerative spondylolisthesis, recurrent disc herniation and spinal stenosis. As this procedure was popularized, a new class of expandable Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion devices was introduced to further improve outcomes that will be studied in this project. It will be explored how expandable cages compare to static cages in TLIF procedures in patient-reported outcomes, complications and restoration of appropriate lumbar lordosis. We conducted a retrospective cohort review comparing those who received expandable and static cages. Eligible patients received TLIF procedure at the Rothman Institute, were ≥18 years of age and ...


Neoangiogenesis And Blood-Brain Barrier Dysfunction In Human Tsc Brain Lesions, Kimberly Sansalone, Pelin Dilsiz, Howard Weiner, Orrin Devinsky, Delia M. Talos 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Neoangiogenesis And Blood-Brain Barrier Dysfunction In Human Tsc Brain Lesions, Kimberly Sansalone, Pelin Dilsiz, Howard Weiner, Orrin Devinsky, Delia M. Talos

Phase 1

Introduction: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder characterized by the presence of multiple benign tumors throughout the body and brain. Patients with TSC experience severe cognitive dysfunction and therapy-resistant seizures, which can be associated with refractory epilepsy and poor developmental outcomes. We hypothesize that neoangiogenesis, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, and leakage of serum proteins into the brain parenchyma play vital roles in the pathogenesis of TSC.

Methods: In order to assess blood-brain barrier integrity, cortical tissue samples from TSC patients with intractable seizures, non-TSC patients with therapy-resistant epilepsy, and control subjects were immunolabeled for the serum protein ...


Retrospective Review Of Fluoroscopic Swallowing Studies And Outcomes At An Academic Health Center, Rachel Strock, Priyha Mahesh, Baskaran Sundaram, MD, Gregory C. Kane, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Retrospective Review Of Fluoroscopic Swallowing Studies And Outcomes At An Academic Health Center, Rachel Strock, Priyha Mahesh, Baskaran Sundaram, Md, Gregory C. Kane, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Aspiration is often associated with underlying medical conditions and can cause pneumonia or death. Aspiration risk can be assessed via video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) or barium swallow (BaSw). We aimed to assess the diagnoses and clinical course of patients who were evaluated for potential aspiration through VFSS or BaSw to determine if there is a degree of aspiration that increases the risk of developing pneumonia and/or death.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 374 patients in TJUH who were evaluated via VFSS or BaSw from January 1 to June 30, 2017. We recorded the degree ...


Development Of A Hert Trained Interprofessional Student Decontamination Team For Hospital Mass Casualty Response, Ashley Wong, Claire Zurlo, Edward Jasper 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Development Of A Hert Trained Interprofessional Student Decontamination Team For Hospital Mass Casualty Response, Ashley Wong, Claire Zurlo, Edward Jasper

Phase 1

Introduction: FEMA’s Hospital Emergency Response Training (HERT) prepares healthcare workers to decontaminate patients during a mass casualty incident. This depletes the emergency department (ED) staff when they are needed most though. Developing an interprofessional student composed HERT team to screen and decontaminate affected populations will allow ED staff to handle more medically complex situations during a mass casualty event.

Methods: Likert scale surveys were conducted among ED physicians and nurses at Jefferson Hospital and HERT trained medical and nursing students at Jefferson University. These were to evaluate the training program and ED staff opinions of utilizing a student HERT ...


Development Of Vaccine Preferences In Parents Of Newborns, Ramon Ruiz, Neera Goyal 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Development Of Vaccine Preferences In Parents Of Newborns, Ramon Ruiz, Neera Goyal

Phase 1

Introduction: The resurgence in cases of vaccine-preventable childhood diseases in the U.S. may be associated with increasing rates of vaccine hesitancy. Although previous research has sought to identify attributes of non-vaccinating parents, the timing in which parents make such vaccination decisions has yet to be explored. Our goal is to identify when first-time parents develop their vaccination preferences: before, after, or during pregnancy.

Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 73 first time parents at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. Survey questions addressed timing of vaccination decisions and projected compliance with vaccine schedules. Eligibility for ...


Effects Of Corneal Transplant On Rates Of Retinal Detachment, Daniel S. MacKinnon, Zeba A. Syed, MD, Durga Borkar, Hannah Levin 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Effects Of Corneal Transplant On Rates Of Retinal Detachment, Daniel S. Mackinnon, Zeba A. Syed, Md, Durga Borkar, Hannah Levin

Phase 1

Introduction: Corneal transplant remains the gold standard treatment for irreversible corneal damage. The purpose of this study is to evaluate retinal detachment rates and clinical outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and endothelial keratoplasty (EK). We hypothesized that corneal transplants would increase the rate of RD.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study utilized corneal transplant data from all surgical visits from PK or EK between April 1, 2012 and August 31, 2018. Individual charts were reviewed from patients who had a subsequent retinal detachment. Incidence of retinal detachment following PK or EK was the main outcome measured.

Results: A total of 1 ...


Outcomes In Knot Vs Knotless Surgery In Labrum Tears, Zachary Howell, Benjamin Hendy, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Outcomes In Knot Vs Knotless Surgery In Labrum Tears, Zachary Howell, Benjamin Hendy, Md

Phase 1

A Bankart lesion is a tear of the anterior and inferior glenoid labrum. The primary method of repairing this lesion is to sew the detached part back to the joint, however there is a relatively newer method of doing so that does not involve tying a knot in the joint which may cause less joint irritation. The question our research project attempted to answer was: How do the long-term outcomes associated with knotless Bankart labrum repairs compare with the knot repairs? A retrospective cohort study was done with Rothman Institute Bankart lesion patients from 2010-2016. Data was gathered over phone ...


The Presence Of Gc-C In Extracellular Vesicles Secreted By Colorectal Cancer Cells, Alexandre Martinez, Adam E. Snook 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Presence Of Gc-C In Extracellular Vesicles Secreted By Colorectal Cancer Cells, Alexandre Martinez, Adam E. Snook

Phase 1

Background: Guanylyl Cyclase C (GC-C) is a membrane-bound protein found on intestinal epithelial cells involved in the activation of CFTR. This protein has previously been involved in the development of colorectal cancer.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are bilayered vesicles of varying size (30 to 1,000 + nm in diameter) that believed to be secreted by all cells in the human body. In the past decade, EVs have garnered attention due to their impact in the field of oncology, where they have been shown to potentially serve as biomarkers for various cancers.

In this study, we looked at the EVs secreted by ...


Is Facet Joint Distraction A Cause Of Postoperative Axial Neck Pain After Acdf Surgery?, Nathan Houlihan, Srikanth N. Divi, MD, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, John J. Mangan, MD, Justin D. Stull, MD, Matthew S. Galetta, Jeffrey A. Rihn, Mark F. Kurd, MD, D. Greg Anderson, MD, Alan S. Hilibrand, MD, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, MBA, Christopher K. Kepler, MD, MBA, Gregory D. Schroeder, MD, Joseph K. Lee, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Is Facet Joint Distraction A Cause Of Postoperative Axial Neck Pain After Acdf Surgery?, Nathan Houlihan, Srikanth N. Divi, Md, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, John J. Mangan, Md, Justin D. Stull, Md, Matthew S. Galetta, Jeffrey A. Rihn, Mark F. Kurd, Md, D. Greg Anderson, Md, Alan S. Hilibrand, Md, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd, Mba, Christopher K. Kepler, Md, Mba, Gregory D. Schroeder, Md, Joseph K. Lee, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Intervertebral distraction in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been postulated to injure the degenerative facet joints posteriorly and increase postoperative pain and disability. This study aims to determine if there is a correlation between the amount of facet distraction and postoperative patient reported outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis of patients undergoing ACDF for degenerative pathologies was performed. Each patient received lateral cervical spine x-rays at the immediate postoperative time point and were split into groups based on the amount of facet distraction measured on these films: Group A: < 1.5 mm; Group B: 1.5-2.0 mm; and Group C: > 2.0 mm. Patients reported outcome measures were ...


Identifying The Prevalence Of Underdiagnosed Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa) In The Primary Care Population Via Targeted Screening Measures, Risa Goldberg, Alyssa Givens, Cynthia Cheng, MD, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Identifying The Prevalence Of Underdiagnosed Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa) In The Primary Care Population Via Targeted Screening Measures, Risa Goldberg, Alyssa Givens, Cynthia Cheng, Md, Phd

Phase 1

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition with detrimental health consequences, yet over 75% of OSA cases remain undiagnosed in the United States. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of using targeted screening measures to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed OSA in a primary care population.

Methods: This prospective pilot study utilized a primary care population from Thomas Jefferson University’s family medicine department. Participants were selected using three risk criteria for OSA from STOP-BANG identifiable from their EMR records (BMI >35, age over 50, and hypertension). After screening out patients previously diagnosed with OSA, patients were called ...


Conversion Total Knee Arthroplasty Needs Its Own Diagnosis Related Group Facility Reimbursement Code, Jonah Stein, Michael Yayac, MD, Gregory K. Deirmengian, MD, Javad Parvizi, MD, P. Maxwell Courtney, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Conversion Total Knee Arthroplasty Needs Its Own Diagnosis Related Group Facility Reimbursement Code, Jonah Stein, Michael Yayac, Md, Gregory K. Deirmengian, Md, Javad Parvizi, Md, P. Maxwell Courtney, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Conversion from a prior surgery to a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a more technically difficult procedure than primary TKA and is associated with worse short-term outcomes and increased complication and readmission rates, despite being undifferentiated under the current bundled payment model. The aim of this study was to determine differences in facility costs between primary TKA and conversion TKA, which we hypothesize are significant, to ensure providers are not penalized for treatment and high-risk patients have the same access to care.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of patients undergoing primary TKA at two hospitals within Rothman ...


The Effect Of Perceived Physician Opinion On Breastfeeding In Women With Opioid Use Disorder Who Are Receiving Medication-Assisted Treatment, Lacey Murray, Meghan Gannon, PhD, Vanessa Short, PhD, MPH 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Effect Of Perceived Physician Opinion On Breastfeeding In Women With Opioid Use Disorder Who Are Receiving Medication-Assisted Treatment, Lacey Murray, Meghan Gannon, Phd, Vanessa Short, Phd, Mph

Phase 1

Women who receive medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) are less likely to breastfeed than the general population despite the many possible benefits to the newborn. The ongoing study examines the effect of perceived physician opinion on the outcome of breastfeeding in women receiving MAT for OUD. Women who were receiving MAT for OUD at Thomas Jefferson University’s Family Center were given a survey during their third trimester (n=45), and at 1 month postpartum (n=33) to gather information on the perceived opinion of their physicians on how they should feed their baby and the importance ...


Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With Microwave Ablation Prior To Liver Transplantation, Nicole Wagner, Amanda Smolock, Michael Markovitz, Varun Danda, Christopher Neely, Warren Maley, Jesse Civan, Colette Shaw 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With Microwave Ablation Prior To Liver Transplantation, Nicole Wagner, Amanda Smolock, Michael Markovitz, Varun Danda, Christopher Neely, Warren Maley, Jesse Civan, Colette Shaw

Phase 1

Introduction: Ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that limits local liver tumor progression and prolongs patients’ transplantation eligibility. Microwave ablation (MWA) utilizes higher temperatures than the standard of care, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), which increases efficiency. Meta-analyses compared MWA with RFA for the treatment of HCC and showed similar efficacy and safety between these modalities. However, limited pathologic data exists determining whether explanted tumors remained viable after MWA.

Methods: Our database was reviewed retrospectively for patients with HCC who underwent MWA prior to liver transplantation between 2013 and 2019. Patient demographics, etiology of disease, tumor size, procedure details, bilirubin, MELD, and ...


Conjunctival Melanoma: Features Based On The Fitzpatrick Skin Type (Fst) In 540 Patients At A Single Ocular Oncology Center, Sunihidi Ramesh, Antonio Yaghy, Lauren A. Dalvin, Sara E. Lally, Jerry A. Shields, Carol L. Shields 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Conjunctival Melanoma: Features Based On The Fitzpatrick Skin Type (Fst) In 540 Patients At A Single Ocular Oncology Center, Sunihidi Ramesh, Antonio Yaghy, Lauren A. Dalvin, Sara E. Lally, Jerry A. Shields, Carol L. Shields

Phase 1

Background: The Fitzpatrick skin type (FST) is a classification system for skin pigmentation that has been used to stratify risk for cutaneous melanoma; however, it has not yet been explored in the context of conjunctival melanoma. Herein, we examine FST and its association with the clinical features of conjunctival melanoma.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 540 medical records of patients with pathologic diagnosis of conjunctival melanoma. The patients were categorized according to the FST classification based on their external facial photographs at presentation. This includes: Type I (white skin color), Type II (fair skin color), Type III (average ...


Treatment Of Persistent Air Leaks Using Endobronchial Valves, Michael Zimmerman, Cole Zingas, Achala Donuru, Scott W. Cowan, Nathaniel Evans III, Boyd Hehn 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Treatment Of Persistent Air Leaks Using Endobronchial Valves, Michael Zimmerman, Cole Zingas, Achala Donuru, Scott W. Cowan, Nathaniel Evans Iii, Boyd Hehn

Phase 1

Introduction: Persistent air leaks (PAL) are from bronchopleural fistula resulting from communication between the bronchial tree and pleural space. Endobronchial valves (EBVs) are unidirectional valves placed bronchoscopically preventing airflow to the diseased lung lobe. For non-operable patients with PALs, EBVs offer a potential non-invasive treatment approach to stop air leak and allow lung healing. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively analyze EBV placement to treat non-operable adult patients with PALs.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed all adult patients that underwent EBV placement for PAL treatment at our institution from January 2016 to June 2019. All patients failed conservative therapy ...


Early Perioperative Fluid Benchmarking To Predict Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Pd) Outcomes, David Moskal, Carrie D. Walsh, Sofia Duque, Charles Yeo, MD, FACS, Harish Lavu, MD, FACS 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Early Perioperative Fluid Benchmarking To Predict Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Pd) Outcomes, David Moskal, Carrie D. Walsh, Sofia Duque, Charles Yeo, Md, Facs, Harish Lavu, Md, Facs

Phase 1

Introduction: PD is a complex operation associated with a marked systemic inflammatory response and significant fluid shifts. Establishing a benchmark for ideal perioperative fluid management is critical to optimising PD patient recovery.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we evaluated perioperative fluid data for patients undergoing PD. We compared an optimal benchmark group who were discharged home by postoperative day five (≤5day) to a group of patients with an in hospital recovery greater than ten days (≥10day).

Results: Seventy-six patients who underwent PD between June 2015 and November 2016 were evaluated. The ≤5day group had a significantly lower intraoperative fluid administration ...


Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients Directly Discharged To Home From The Intensive Care Unit, Ann Zheng, Preeyal M. Patel, Michele Fiorella, Lauren McDonnell, Mina Yasuoka, Erika J. Yoo, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients Directly Discharged To Home From The Intensive Care Unit, Ann Zheng, Preeyal M. Patel, Michele Fiorella, Lauren Mcdonnell, Mina Yasuoka, Erika J. Yoo, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Given the current era of decreasing hospital bed availability, there has been a rise in the practice of direct discharge to home (DDH) from ICUs. We evaluated the demographics, clinical characteristics, outcomes and readmission patterns among DDH patients.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients from 2 MICUs from June 2017 to June 2019 at Thomas Jefferson University hospital, an urban tertiary care center. Primary outcome of interest was 30-day hospital readmission. Patients were dichotomized into two groups based on time between ward transfer order and hospital discharge (<24 or ≥24 hours). Risk adjustment performed with Mortality Probability Model (MPM0 -III). ICU workload at admission and discharge was estimated with nine equivalents of nursing manpower use score (NEMS). Patient characteristics compared using t-test and Fisher exact or χ2 test.

Results: 331 DDH patients were analyzed, with the majority (68.3 ...


Impact Of Smartphone Usage On Children’S Horizontal Fusional Amplitudes, Jordan Hamburger, Judith Lavrich, MD, Kammi Gunton, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Impact Of Smartphone Usage On Children’S Horizontal Fusional Amplitudes, Jordan Hamburger, Judith Lavrich, Md, Kammi Gunton, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Cell phone usage has increased in pediatric patients and little research has been done on its effects on patients’ fusional vergence amplitudes. We aim to study the impact of smartphone usage on healthy pediatric patients’ fusional vergence amplitudes and report findings that may lead to future eye problems.

Methods: This is a prospective randomized study. We are currently recruiting healthy patients between the ages of 8-17 years old with no ocular problems. Data collected include refractive error, ocular alignment in the distance and at near, divergence amplitudes at near and in distance, convergence amplitudes at near and in distance ...


Late Complications Of Free Flaps In Head And Neck Microvascular Reconstruction, Swapna Vasudevan, Cory Bovenzi, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Late Complications Of Free Flaps In Head And Neck Microvascular Reconstruction, Swapna Vasudevan, Cory Bovenzi, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Late free flap complications (LFFC) in head and neck reconstructive surgery occur over 72 hours postoperatively and result in flap loss in 97% of cases. Due to the rarity of LFFC, there is minimal research regarding risk factors for their development. Identifying risk factors for LFFC will result in improved monitoring of patients to prevent flap loss. This study aims to identify risk factors for the development of LFFC.

Methods: The target population of this retrospective cohort study was 116 patients who had undergone an Orbital Exenteration at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) and had LFFC. Data was obtained ...


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