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Silence Is The Loudest Sound, Emma Christian 2014 The University of Maine

Silence Is The Loudest Sound, Emma Christian

Honors College

Rhinoceros poaching is an act of killing a rhinoceros in order to take its horn, which is then used for human consumption or for cultural traditions. Both the Asian and the African rhinoceros are targets because of the demand from China, Vietnam, Yemen, and other countries around the world. Traditional Chinese Medicine practice is the main demand for rhinoceros horn and this demand in rhinoceros horn has caused an increase in the black market. Conservation of the rhinoceros is decreasing primarily because the price of rhinoceros horn is more than double the average household income in South Africa, thus making ...


Banshidhar Sahu, banshi dhar sahu mr 2014 SelectedWorks

Banshidhar Sahu, Banshi Dhar Sahu Mr

banshi dhar sahu mr

111


Banshidhar Sahu, banshi dhar sahu mr 2014 SelectedWorks

Banshidhar Sahu, Banshi Dhar Sahu Mr

banshi dhar sahu mr

111


Banshidhar Sahu, banshi dhar sahu mr 2014 SelectedWorks

Banshidhar Sahu, Banshi Dhar Sahu Mr

banshi dhar sahu mr

111


Banshidhar Sahu, banshi dhar sahu mr 2014 SelectedWorks

Banshidhar Sahu, Banshi Dhar Sahu Mr

banshi dhar sahu mr

111


Banshidhar Sahu, banshi dhar sahu mr 2014 SelectedWorks

Banshidhar Sahu, Banshi Dhar Sahu Mr

banshi dhar sahu mr

111


Banshidhar Sahu, banshi dhar sahu mr 2014 SelectedWorks

Banshidhar Sahu, Banshi Dhar Sahu Mr

banshi dhar sahu mr

111


Interactions Of Various Bacterial Populations With Chemical And Physical Factors From Seasonal Inputs And Outputs Of Retention Ponds, Felicia A. Krelwitz 2014 Governors State University

Interactions Of Various Bacterial Populations With Chemical And Physical Factors From Seasonal Inputs And Outputs Of Retention Ponds, Felicia A. Krelwitz

Student Theses

Retention ponds at Governors State University play an important role in collecting and treating storm water runoff before leaving campus and entering Thorn Creek. Many chemical and physical factors influence the diversity of bacterial populations in freshwater ecosystems. The main objective of this study was to compare the interactions of various bacterial populations with chemical and physical factors from seasonal inputs and outputs of Governors State University retention ponds before being discharged into Thorn Creek. The retention ponds studied include the Café Settling pond, Café pond and Beaver pond. Water and sediment were collected from inputs and outputs every other ...


Fact Sheet On Puppy Mills And Flea Markets, The Humane Society of the United States 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

Fact Sheet On Puppy Mills And Flea Markets, The Humane Society Of The United States

HSUS Puppy Mill Research, Reports, and Facts Sheets

Flea Markets are meccas for problematic puppy sellers. Since the USDA is now regulating commercial breeders who sell puppies sight-unseen over the Internet, flea markets are one of the last unregulated marketplaces for questionable puppy sellers, many of them unlicensed and uninspected. As a result, there has been an increase in the number of operators selling puppies at flea markets across the country—likely in an effort to escape government regulation.


Environmental Impacts Of Puppy Mills, The Humane Society of the United States 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

Environmental Impacts Of Puppy Mills, The Humane Society Of The United States

HSUS Puppy Mill Research, Reports, and Facts Sheets

A puppy mill is “a dog breeding operation in which the health of the dogs is disregarded in order to maintain a low overhead and maximize profits.” Avenson v. Zegart, 577 F. Supp. 958, Dist. Court, Minnesota (1984). State and federal inspection reports reveal that a common method employed to maximize profits includes irresponsible waste management practices that are harmful to the environment. Impacts may be caused by improper disposal of feces, urine and carcasses.


Characterizing The Response Of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Species To The Application Of A Phage Cocktail, Steven Liu 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Characterizing The Response Of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Species To The Application Of A Phage Cocktail, Steven Liu

Symposium

Project Summary: The application of bacteriophages to treat bacterial infections is known as phage therapy, which takes advantage of bacteriophage’s natural ability to infect and lyse bacterial hosts. Phages have been shaped by billions of years of evolution to be highly specialized deliverers of bactericidal agents to the cytoplasm of their target bacteria. Ever since discovery of bacteriophages in 1915, phage therapy was recognized as a potentially powerful tool for eliminating bacterial infections. The effectiveness of phage therapy can be increased by creating a mixture of multiple phages to target a wider variety of bacterial strains. Furthermore, phage therapy ...


A Longitudinal View Of Primate Life In Two American Laboratories, Jonathan Balcombe 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

A Longitudinal View Of Primate Life In Two American Laboratories, Jonathan Balcombe

Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

If representative of other facilities, our findings uncover serious welfare concerns for the wellbeing of primates kept in American research facilities. These animals face regular or chronic sources of pain and distress including noxious experimental and non‐experimental events and illness and injury; and severe and prolonged social disruptions. Pain relief is meager by comparison to that normally provided to humans, despite legislative requirements to minimize pain and distress and assume similarity to humans in terms of ability to experience pain and distress. Living environments are usually confinement indoors to a metal cage, often alone, and often with a minimum ...


About Fish, The Humane Society of the United States 2014 Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy

About Fish, The Humane Society Of The United States

Aquaculture, Fish, and Fisheries

Although a number of fish species have been studied in their freshwater life stages, further research on the behavior and habitat requirements of ocean-going fish is required. While fishes have historically been regarded as more “primitive” than other vertebrate groups, Rodriguez et al concluded that several memory and learning systems of bony fishes are noticeably similar to those of reptiles, birds, and mammals. When animals as small and under appreciated as fish display complex mating systems, parental care, and demonstrate the ability to traverse significant distances using olfactory and celestial cues, it is clear that previously established definitions of intelligence ...


Screening A Small Compound Array Identifies Methotrexate, Raltitrexed, Homoharringtonine And Idarubicin As Compounds With Anti-Orthopoxvirus Efficacy, Valerie Cadet, Frank Michel, Xiudan Gao, Robert J. Hogan 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Screening A Small Compound Array Identifies Methotrexate, Raltitrexed, Homoharringtonine And Idarubicin As Compounds With Anti-Orthopoxvirus Efficacy, Valerie Cadet, Frank Michel, Xiudan Gao, Robert J. Hogan

Research Day

BACKGROUND: Poxvirus zoonoses have been well documented in recent years. Cowpox infected cats, rodents and cattle, in close contact with humans, have been reported to transmit the virus through open wounds, large respiratory droplets and fomites. The emerging infectious pathogen monkeypox has been noted to undergo serial human transmission. Vaccinia virus has been shown time and again to be transmissible through direct physical and indirect contact from recent vaccinees to unvaccinated individuals. Typically, disease course is mild and self-limiting; however severe generalized infections have been described in patients with atopy or immunosuppression. With the waning of specific immunity in the ...


Characterization Of Ftsa-Ftsn Interaction During Escherichia Coli Cell Division, kimberly.busiek@gmail.com K. Busiek 2014 Texas Medical Center Library

Characterization Of Ftsa-Ftsn Interaction During Escherichia Coli Cell Division, Kimberly.Busiek@Gmail.Com K. Busiek

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Division of a bacterial cell into two equal daughter cells requires precise assembly and constriction of the division machinery, or divisome. The Escherichia coli divisome includes nearly a dozen essential cell division proteins that assemble at midcell between segregating sister chromosomes. FtsZ, a homolog of eukaryotic tubulin, is the first essential cell division protein to localize at midcell where it polymerizes into a ring-shaped scaffold (Z ring). Establishment of the Z ring is required for recruitment of downstream cell division proteins including FtsA, a cytoplasmic protein that tethers the Z ring to the inner membrane. Following localization of FtsA and ...


The Effects Of Ocean Acidification And Eutrophication On The Growth, Lipid Composition And Toxicity Of The Marine Raphidophyte Heterosigma Akashiwo., Julia Rose Matheson 2014 Western University

The Effects Of Ocean Acidification And Eutrophication On The Growth, Lipid Composition And Toxicity Of The Marine Raphidophyte Heterosigma Akashiwo., Julia Rose Matheson

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Anthropogenic forcing, such as ocean acidification caused by rising carbon dioxide emissions, and eutrophication due to increased nutrient loadings in run-off, are causing major changes to the biogeochemistry of the oceans. As a consequence, coastal phytoplankton are susceptible to altered biogeochemical environments. This study examined the effect of a lower pH and increased levels of nutrients on the common coastal harmful alga, Heterosigma akashiwo. Growth rates, maximal cell yields, neutral lipid accumulation and toxicity of cells grown under various pH and nutrients regimes were measured. H. akashiwo growth was near maximal when grown at lower pH levels. There was a ...


Mamba Juice: Expression Of Exogenous Mambalgin Peptide Using The Pgapzα Vector System, Lydia Studdard, Kristin VanMouwerik, Merhawi Yigzaw, Reza Alavi 2014 Georgia State University

Mamba Juice: Expression Of Exogenous Mambalgin Peptide Using The Pgapzα Vector System, Lydia Studdard, Kristin Vanmouwerik, Merhawi Yigzaw, Reza Alavi

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Improved Detection Of Streptococcus Equi Subspecies Equi In Drinking Water, Lily A. McLaughlin 2014 The University of Maine

Improved Detection Of Streptococcus Equi Subspecies Equi In Drinking Water, Lily A. Mclaughlin

Honors College

Streptococcus equi subspecies equi (S. equi) is the causative agent of strangles, a contagious respiratory disease of horses. Transmission of the bacteria can occur when animals share water sources. Detection of S. equi in water could improve strangles surveillance and move towards eradication of the disease. The aims of this study were to determine the optimal membrane pore size for bacterial retention from an aqueous suspension, to determine the likely dispersion pattern of S. equi contaminated mucus in a water bucket to develop a collection technique to be used by veterinarians, and to find the sensitive range for S. equi ...


A Study Of The Nutritional Effect Of Grains In The Diet Of A Dog, Kristyn M. Souliere 2014 The University of Maine

A Study Of The Nutritional Effect Of Grains In The Diet Of A Dog, Kristyn M. Souliere

Honors College

The present study was designed to address the prevalence of the lack of knowledge for what owners are feeding their dogs, and to determine if grain should be within the diet. It was hypothesized that a bag of feed containing protein at no specific level, with a low level of grain will be more beneficial for the animal, and that a diet needs to contain grains. The crude protein, crude fat, and first five ingredients listed were compared for four bags chosen, and to the nutritional requirements for a dog. “Holistic Blend Grain Free”, contained an extremely high amount of ...


Territorial Aggression Increases Along An Urban Gradient In Resident But Not Migratory Song Sparrows, Darlene Turcotte 2014 The University of Maine

Territorial Aggression Increases Along An Urban Gradient In Resident But Not Migratory Song Sparrows, Darlene Turcotte

Honors College

During the breeding season, birds behave more aggressively toward rivals to maintain and defend territories. Resident birds are thought to be more aggressive than migratory birds because they need to maintain a territory year round. Furthermore, birds in urban environments can exhibit more aggressive behaviors than their rural counterparts because of the bolder behavioral characteristics required to colonize urban habitats. In this study, we investigated how migration strategy and landscape composition interact to affect territory defense in two subspecies of Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia). To evoke an aggressive response, we simulated invasions by broadcasting songs from within a male's ...


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