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Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain 2017 Dominican University of California

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


Differences Between Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders And Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders: Rural Social Work Implications For Prevention, Assessment And Treatment, Susan M. Ryan, George S. Leibowitz, Jeanne M. Nauheimer, Paul Force-Emery Mackie 2017 University of Vermont

Differences Between Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders And Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders: Rural Social Work Implications For Prevention, Assessment And Treatment, Susan M. Ryan, George S. Leibowitz, Jeanne M. Nauheimer, Paul Force-Emery Mackie

Paul Force-Emery Mackie

This literature review examined nine quantitative research studies published between 1992-2013 that compared children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) to identify: (a) the differences between these children (e.g., intellectual, behavioral); and (b) the diagnostic tools that may be used to distinguish between them, thereby providing a differential diagnosis. Special focus was placed on rural treatment implications. These studies revealed differences between the intellectual, executive functioning, adaptive behavior, motor, and behavioral skills of children with FASD and ADHD. This review identified neurodevelopmental assessments used in these nine research studies that appear to support ...


Social Identity And Substance Abuse In The Lesbian Community, Molly Kerby 2017 Western Kentucky University

Social Identity And Substance Abuse In The Lesbian Community, Molly Kerby

Molly Kerby

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs) among members of the lesbian community. Additionally, the investigator attempted to determine if there was a relationship between negative social identity and low selfesteem that is reflected in higher rates of substance abuse. The data collection method employed in this study was a type of nonprobability sampling procedure referred to as a purposive sample. The questionnaire was derived from instruments used by other researchers and validated by an expert panel. In order to select respondents from the lesbian population to be included ...


Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan

Samuel N. John

BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder and the fourth leading cause of disability in the world as per the World Health Organization. Use of antidepressants can lead to adverse drug events (ADEs), defined as any injury resulting from medication use. This study aimed to examine changes in hospital admissions due to antidepressant-related ADEs (ArADEs) among different socio-demographic groups and changes in lengths of stay (LOS) and hospital charges in ArADE admissions from 2001 to 2011.

METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database was used. ArADE admissions in different socio-demographic groups were examined including characteristics such as age ...


Performance Indicator Analysis Of Proficiency Criteria In The Drug-Testing-Laboratory Certification Process Of The Dhhs, John M. Gleason, Darold T. Barnum 2017 University of New Hampshire

Performance Indicator Analysis Of Proficiency Criteria In The Drug-Testing-Laboratory Certification Process Of The Dhhs, John M. Gleason, Darold T. Barnum

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors highlight and propose remedies for problems in the proficiency criteria used in certifying laboratories for drug testing federal employees in the United States.


Clinical Topic Review: Behavioral Health Screening For Children With Well Visits, Judith A. Savageau, Linda M. Cabral, Jack Gettens, Elizabeth O'Connell, Lana Miller, Susan Maguire 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Clinical Topic Review: Behavioral Health Screening For Children With Well Visits, Judith A. Savageau, Linda M. Cabral, Jack Gettens, Elizabeth O'Connell, Lana Miller, Susan Maguire

Judith A. Savageau

The first Clinical Topic Review was conducted in order to better understand how behavioral health screenings were occurring for children and adolescents during well visits prior to the implementation of a requirement that primary care providers perform behavioral health screening using a standardized behavioral health screening tool during every well child visit.


Colour My Growth : A Study Of Art As A Language For Victims Of Family Violence, Suk Mun, Sophia LAW 2017 Lingnan University, Hong Kong

Colour My Growth : A Study Of Art As A Language For Victims Of Family Violence, Suk Mun, Sophia Law

Staff Publications

The article reports the 1-year research project on the use of art as an intervention for child victims of family violence called Colour My Growth. The project was collaborated between the Department of Visual Studies at Lingnan University and the Family and Child Protective Services Unit, Tuen Mun (FCPSUTM) between February 2013 and February 2014. It was a joint effort of social workers, art therapist and researchers.


Drugs, Alcohol, And Suicide Represent Growing Share Of U.S. Mortality, Shannon M. Monnat 2017 Pennsylvania State University - Main Campus

Drugs, Alcohol, And Suicide Represent Growing Share Of U.S. Mortality, Shannon M. Monnat

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this brief, author Shannon Monnat identifies trends in mortality rates from drugs, alcohol, and suicide by race and sex for adults aged 25 to 54, from the years 2000 to 2014. She reports that—nationwide--the mortality rate from deaths involving drugs, alcohol, and suicide rose 52 percent from 2000 to 2014. Drug, alcohol, and suicide mortality rates are highest among middle-aged non-Hispanic white males and are growing fastest among non-Hispanic white females. Nearly half of all young white male deaths are caused by drugs, alcohol, or suicide. A little over a quarter of young Hispanic male deaths and 13 ...


Military: Family Of Origins And Life Cycles, Linda C. Osterlund 2017 Associate Dean, Division of Counseling and Family Therapy, Regis University

Military: Family Of Origins And Life Cycles, Linda C. Osterlund

Linda Osterlund

An in-depth study of military family life cycle including adult development. The impact of transitions such as deployment, career, marriage, divorce, and death at different stages of the family life cycle as guides to therapeutic understanding.


Understanding Alcoholics’ “Difficulty In Life”: An Empirical Comparison Of Alcoholics And Nonalcoholics, Keiko Ito 2017 Toho University

Understanding Alcoholics’ “Difficulty In Life”: An Empirical Comparison Of Alcoholics And Nonalcoholics, Keiko Ito

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The Japanese success rate for alcoholism treatment is approximately 30%, indicating high relapse rates. Although “difficulty in life” is thought to contribute to alcoholics’ relapse, the characteristics of the phenomenon are unknown. This study examined the factors contributing to alcoholics’ difficulty in life. Alcoholic self-help group members, who indicated the extent of their difficulty in life and described the factors that contributed to this difficulty, completed a self-administered questionnaire. Participants’ hypersensitivity/grandiosity traits were also examined. A control group of nonalcoholic men also completed the questionnaire. Simple tabulation, descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U tests, and multivariate analyses were used to compare ...


The Poverty Of The Neuroscience Of Poverty: Policy Payoff Or False Promise?, Amy L. Wax 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Poverty Of The Neuroscience Of Poverty: Policy Payoff Or False Promise?, Amy L. Wax

Faculty Scholarship

Research in deprivation neuroscience has grown rapidly over the past 15 years. Studies in this field examine brain structure and function of individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. Many attempt to link brain characteristics to behavioral and cognitive deficits found more commonly in deprived populations.

The article assesses claims by neuroscientists and policy-oriented commentators that deprivation neuroscience can help generate more effective strategies for addressing poverty and deprivation. It concludes that research in this field has no unique practical payoff for reducing or alleviating poverty and its effects, over and above what is known or can be discovered from behavioral science and ...


Sex, Drugs And Alcohol: What Adventist College Students Say About The Role Of Parents And Religion, Alina Baltazar, Duane C. McBride, Curtis J. VanderWaal, Kathryn Conopio 2017 Andrews University

Sex, Drugs And Alcohol: What Adventist College Students Say About The Role Of Parents And Religion, Alina Baltazar, Duane C. Mcbride, Curtis J. Vanderwaal, Kathryn Conopio

Curtis VanderWaal

Relationships with peers, parents, and God make a difference in the behavior choices of youth. If a young person spends time with peers who don’t use substances and are planning to wait until they get married to have sex, they are less likely to engage in these behaviors. In addition, if the youth has a close relationship with parents who clearly state their standards regarding substance use and premarital sex, they are less likely to practice these behaviors. Finally, when the young person has a close relationship with God, they are more likely to care about the religious standards ...


Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan

PCOM Scholarly Papers

BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder and the fourth leading cause of disability in the world as per the World Health Organization. Use of antidepressants can lead to adverse drug events (ADEs), defined as any injury resulting from medication use. This study aimed to examine changes in hospital admissions due to antidepressant-related ADEs (ArADEs) among different socio-demographic groups and changes in lengths of stay (LOS) and hospital charges in ArADE admissions from 2001 to 2011.

METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database was used. ArADE admissions in different socio-demographic groups were examined including characteristics such as age ...


Need Vs. Supply Analysis Of The New Haven Public Bus System, Stan Mathis 2017 Yale University

Need Vs. Supply Analysis Of The New Haven Public Bus System, Stan Mathis

Yale Day of Data

ABSTRACT:

The aim of the study was to assess how well the public transportation system of New Haven County was matched to the public transit need using publicly available geospatial datasets from state and federal sources. Geospatial bus stop data was extracted from public State of Connecticut data sets. Census tract geography was extracted from US Census TIGER files while census tract aggregated household vehicle access data was queried from the American Community Survey data access server. A census tract’s Need was defined as percentage of households reporting access to zero vehicles; its supply was defined as the number ...


Opinion: The Mental Health Parity And Addiction Equity Act: What Parity Means For New Hampshire, Lucy C. Hodder 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Opinion: The Mental Health Parity And Addiction Equity Act: What Parity Means For New Hampshire, Lucy C. Hodder

Legal Scholarship

[Excerpt] "New Hampshire lawyers can help clients and colleagues with mental health or substance use disorders by advising individuals how to overcome barriers to insurance coverage for treatment, and encouraging them to pursue state and federally mandated internal, external and expedited appeal opportunities when denied coverage."


E-Cigarette Specialty Retailers: Data To Assess The Association Between Retail Environment And Student E-Cigarette Use, Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M. Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J. McCarthy 2017 Chapman University

E-Cigarette Specialty Retailers: Data To Assess The Association Between Retail Environment And Student E-Cigarette Use, Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M. Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J. Mccarthy

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

The retail environment is a major social determinant of health, yet little is known about the e-cigarette specialty retailer environment. The e-cigarette specialty retail environment may be associated with e-cigarette use by middle and high school students, an issue that was addressed in a recent article entitled, “E-cigarette use among students and e-cigarette specialty retailer presence near schools,” by Bostean and colleagues (G. Bostean, C.M. Crespi, P. Vorapharuek, W.J. McCarthy, 2016). We present data relating to e-cigarette specialty retailers in Orange County, California. We describe the data collection method (including the search methodology to identify e-cigarette specialty retailers ...


The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, DeShana A. Collett Ph.D,PA-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D. 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, Deshana A. Collett Ph.D,Pa-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The existence of health disparities confirms that not all patients, regardless of differences in patient demographics, are provided quality healthcare (Agency of Health Care Research and Quality, 2003). Moreover, research suggests that health disparities may be present due to the inadequate delivery of medical services (S. Haist, J. Wilson, M. Lineberry, & C. Griffith, 2007; Van Ryn, Burgess, Malat, & Griffin, 2006). The differences in the delivery of care and services to ethnic minorities and those of low socioeconomic status warrant examining the role healthcare providers play in the causation of these health disparities (Smedley, Stith, & Nelson, 2003).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the ...


Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov 2017 Rush University Medical Center

Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background

Inappropriate emergency department (ED) use continues to plague healthcare in terms of disease management and costs. In 2012, the State of Illinois implemented Medical Home Network (MHN) where Medicaid recipients were assigned to primary care providers to, in part, reduce overreliance on EDs. However, MHN patients have continued to use EDs.

Objective

The purpose of this study is to provide a qualitative analysis of Medicaid patient-identified barriers to primary care, facilitators of emergency use, and related mental health and psychosocial factors.

Methods

Patients who presented themselves at the ED located at an urban, academic medical center participated in one-time ...


Repealing The Aca Without A Replacement — The Risks To American Health Care, Barack Obama 2017 President of the United States

Repealing The Aca Without A Replacement — The Risks To American Health Care, Barack Obama

Public Health Resources

Health care policy often shifts when the country’s leadership changes. That was true when I took office, and it will likely be true with President-elect Donald Trump. I am proud that my administration’s work, through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and other policies, helped millions more Americans know the security of health care in a system that is more effective and efficient. At the same time, there is more work to do to ensure that all Americans have access to high-quality, affordable health care. What the past 8 years have taught us is that health care reform requires ...


Everyone Is Anxious: A Narrative For Admissions Professionals, Students, And Parents, On College Admissions And Anxiety, Sarah Hecklau 2017 University of Vermont

Everyone Is Anxious: A Narrative For Admissions Professionals, Students, And Parents, On College Admissions And Anxiety, Sarah Hecklau

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Written in the Scholarly Personal Narrative (SPN) style of writing, this thesis explores my personal experience as a college admissions counselor. It offers a reflection of my own college search and application experience, my perspective on the experience of today's high school students, and my professional experience working within an admissions office. The juxtaposition of these three perspectives alongside scholarly references on higher education, philosophy, and anxiety, provides a full-spectrum view of the college admissions process.

The core topic of this reflection is anxiety, and showing how each party experiences anxiety in the college search, application, and selection process ...


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