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Mental and Social Health Commons

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The Mental Health Disparity Among Nonheterosexuals: Risk, Resiliency, And New Perspectives To Consider In The Context Of Mormonism, Katherine Ann Crowell 2014 Utah State University

The Mental Health Disparity Among Nonheterosexuals: Risk, Resiliency, And New Perspectives To Consider In The Context Of Mormonism, Katherine Ann Crowell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite substantial existing evidence that sexually diverse populations are at increased risk for mental health concerns due primarily to minority stress, how the underlying mechanisms of minority stress lead to specific psychological syndromes among these populations is not adequately understood. On the other hand, sexologists have been encouraged to shift the focus of their work towards understanding the specific characteristics or experiences that facilitate individuals' capacity to adapt and thrive within an oppressive and marginalizing society in order to "depathologize" nonheterosexuals. In attempts to address existing limitations and further the existing body of mental health risk and resiliency research among ...


Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret McGladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-McLaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer 2014 University of Kentucky

Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret Mcgladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-Mclaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer

Anna G. Hoover

Healthcare and public health research ultimately seek to improve patient and population health. Unfortunately, more than a decade often passes before research findings become routinized in practice. Improving translational speed, reach, and efficacy requires partnerships among researchers, practitioners, community stakeholders, and communication scholars. This panel will be presenting two partnership models that work.

The University of Kentucky (UK) Center of Excellence in Rural Health (CERH) seeks to improve the health of rural Kentuckians through education, research, service, and community engagement. They do this by partnering with hospitals and clinics, health professionals, community service agencies, non-profits and other organizations. Panelists will ...


Employment And Economic Development In Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Employment And Economic Development In Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

Wealth influences a person’s health. People who are higher on the socioeconomic scale tend to have better health outcomes. To improve the health of a community, it is important to understand the employment opportunities of the people living in the community.

Southern Nevada’s economy was hit hard between 2008 and 2012. Unemployment rates in the region exceeded national and peer regions between during this time period. Construction; leisure and hospitality; trade, transportation and utilities; and professional and business service sectors experienced the greatest job loss during the recession. The Education and Health Services sectors did not experience a ...


Building A Sustainable Community Through Public Engagement: A Study Of Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Building A Sustainable Community Through Public Engagement: A Study Of Southern Nevada, Jennifer Pharr, Courtney Coughenour, Shawn Gerstenberger

Nevada Journal of Public Health

This manuscript is the first of a series written for the Nevada Journal of Public Health. The series is result of research conducted for the Southern Nevada Strong, Sustainable Communities Grant. During Year One of the planning process, we created a Southern Nevada Existing Conditions Report. This report highlighted where the region stood on key metrics including: demographics and population projections, access to healthcare and health outcomes, healthy community, housing, environment, economy and education. For this special issue of the Nevada Journal of Public Health, the report was separated into seven articles related to each of these metrics. The articles ...


The Participation Of Marginalized Populations In Health Services Planning And Decision Making, Stephanie Rose Montesanti 2014 McMaster University

The Participation Of Marginalized Populations In Health Services Planning And Decision Making, Stephanie Rose Montesanti

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Community participation has been identified as a key facilitator of community health among marginalized populations in international health statements. However, knowledge gaps in the community participation literature regarding marginalized populations has been attributed to the lack of consistent definitions of community participation, ambiguity about the features of community participation initiatives (e.g., methods and strategies) that are appropriate for marginalized populations, and limitations of existing community participation frameworks in specifying the ways and means in which different marginalized populations might effectively participate, as well as in recognizing that community participation is highly contextual and situational. All of these factors have ...


Anger Problems And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder In Male And Female National Guard And Reserve Service Members, Miranda E. Worthen, S D. Rathod, G. Cohen, L. Sampson, R. Ursano, R. Gifford, C. Fullerton, S. Galea, J. Ahern 2014 San José State University

Anger Problems And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder In Male And Female National Guard And Reserve Service Members, Miranda E. Worthen, S D. Rathod, G. Cohen, L. Sampson, R. Ursano, R. Gifford, C. Fullerton, S. Galea, J. Ahern

Miranda E. Worthen

Anger is a common problem among veterans and has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to improve understanding of how anger and PTSD co-occur by examining gender differences and differences by whether the triggering traumatic event is deployment-related vs. civilian-related in current service members. A representative cohort of Reserve and National Guard service personnel (n = 1293) were interviewed to assess for deployment- or civilian-related traumas, PTSD, and anger. The prevalence of self-reported anger problems was estimated among male (n = 1036) and female (n = 257) service members. Log Poisson regression models with robust standard errors were used ...


Releasing The Self From The Diagnostic Straitjacket: Making Meaning & Creating Understanding Through Dialogic Autobiography, Marnie L. Wedlake 2014 Western University

Releasing The Self From The Diagnostic Straitjacket: Making Meaning & Creating Understanding Through Dialogic Autobiography, Marnie L. Wedlake

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

To understand just one life, you have to swallow the world.

(Rushdie, 2006, pg. 121)

Mental health care in the Western world is situated firmly within a biomedical paradigm. Disorder is assumed, and symptoms are viewed as dis-abling deviations from normal. A disease-based model of care informs the treatment options that are most available and accessible.

I argue that bio-medical care separates the person from her/his experiences, the self from the individual. I advocate for the addition of a non-biomedical approach to health education that enables a connection between the individual and her/his experiences; one that does ...


The Hospital Always Wins: Review 2, Michelle Boyd 2014 University of Wollongong

The Hospital Always Wins: Review 2, Michelle Boyd

RadioDoc Review

Michelle Boyd’s work explores how ethnographic research methods, creative nonfiction writing and audio documentary can be combined to deepen public understanding, empathy, and critical consciousness about racial injustice. Michelle teaches in the African American Studies Department at the University of Illinois, Chicago. She reviews The Hospital Always Wins, produced by Laura Starecheski for State of the Re:Union (US 2013). Duration: 53’05’’. The Hospital Always Wins was named among the best audio narratives of 2013 by Harvard University’s Nieman Storyboard.


The Hospital Always Wins: Review 1, Sharon Davis 2014 University of Wollongong

The Hospital Always Wins: Review 1, Sharon Davis

RadioDoc Review

A graphic and challenging insight into the thinking of a schizophrenic mind. But whose story is it, producer Laura Starecheski’s or inpatient Issa Ibrahim’s? The process of recording a documentary over such a long period of time is tough and always difficult to negotiate. What starts out as a journalistic exercise becomes something very different as your relationship develops over time with the people you are recording. The fast-paced intercutting between narration and interview, the ‘call/response’ crafting technique, while extremely skillful in this work, creates a rhythm that gives less space for the listener’s reflections on ...


Weight Gain Prevention In The School Worksite Setting: Results Of A Multi-Level Cluster Randomized Trial, Stephenie C. Lemon, Monica L. Wang, Nicole M. Wedick, Barbara Estabrook, Susan Druker, Kristin L. Schneider, Wenjun Li, Lori Pbert 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Weight Gain Prevention In The School Worksite Setting: Results Of A Multi-Level Cluster Randomized Trial, Stephenie C. Lemon, Monica L. Wang, Nicole M. Wedick, Barbara Estabrook, Susan Druker, Kristin L. Schneider, Wenjun Li, Lori Pbert

UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center Publications and Presentations

OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness, reach and implementation of a weight gain prevention intervention among public school employees.

METHOD: A multi-level intervention was tested in a cluster randomized trial among 782 employees in 12 central Massachusetts public high schools from 2009 to 2012. The intervention targeted the nutrition and physical activity environment and policies, the social environment and individual knowledge, attitudes and skills. The intervention was compared to a materials only condition. The primary outcome measures were change in weight and body mass index (BMI) at 24-month follow-up. Implementation of physical environment, policy and social environment strategies at the school ...


Reducing Alcohol Use Among 9th Grade Students: 6 Month Outcomes Of A Brief, Web-Based Intervention, Diana M. Doumas, Robin Hausheer, Susan Esp, Courtney Cuffee 2014 Boise State University

Reducing Alcohol Use Among 9th Grade Students: 6 Month Outcomes Of A Brief, Web-Based Intervention, Diana M. Doumas, Robin Hausheer, Susan Esp, Courtney Cuffee

Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study tested a brief, web-based personalized feedback program aimed at reducing alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among 9th grade students (N = 513). Results indicated no differences between the control group and intervention group on either frequency of drinking or alcohol-related consequences at the 6-month follow-up. Reductions in alcohol use and the associated consequences found at the 3-month follow-up were not sustained across the academic year. Results indicate brief, web-based feedback programs may not be sufficient to provide a sustained impact on alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences over time, suggesting either booster sessions or adjunctive interventions, such as parent-based interventions ...


The Effect Of Blue Light On Pilot And Flight Attendant Behavioral Alertness, Lori J. Brown, Toine Schoutens, Geoffrey Whitehurst, Troy Booker, Travis Davis, Spencer Losinski, Ryan Diehl 2014 Western Michigan University

The Effect Of Blue Light On Pilot And Flight Attendant Behavioral Alertness, Lori J. Brown, Toine Schoutens, Geoffrey Whitehurst, Troy Booker, Travis Davis, Spencer Losinski, Ryan Diehl

Lori J. Brown

The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of blue light therapy to improve behavioral alertness in flight crew-members. Western Michigan University, College of Aviation, Jeppesen (a Boeing Company), Nature Bright Company, Airline participants, and a leading sleep researcher Schoutens, A.M.C. of FluxPlus, BV, The Netherlands, collaborated to examine whether timed blue light could improve flight crewmember alertness. During the four week study, crewmembers wore actigraph bands to monitor sleep behaviors. Self-assessed levels of sleepiness were recorded using the Karlosinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS), and self-assessed fatigue was measured using the Samn-Perelli (SP) fatigue scale. Participants completed psychomotor vigilance tests ...


The Experience Of Having Primary Caregiving Responsibilities For An Adult Sibling With Down Syndrome, Patricia Sciscione 2014 Seton Hall University

The Experience Of Having Primary Caregiving Responsibilities For An Adult Sibling With Down Syndrome, Patricia Sciscione

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Abstract

Background: The current generation of adults with Down syndrome is living longer and is likely to outlive their parents. Siblings have been identified as the likely future caregivers for adults with Down syndrome, yet little is known about what the experience is like for those who are currently caring for their siblings. It is necessary to gain an understanding of what the service needs are for this population in order to assist sibling caregivers.

Objectives: To explore and describe the experience of being an adult who is partially or fully involved with primary caregiving responsibilities for a sibling with ...


Universal Design And Cognitions Of Choice: An Integrated Approach To Effective Substance Misuse Treatment Efforts, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D. 2014 Pacific University

Universal Design And Cognitions Of Choice: An Integrated Approach To Effective Substance Misuse Treatment Efforts, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D.

Faculty Scholarship (COE)

Having the ability to exercise critical thinking at a conscious level of choice versus impulsively responding may support the difference between health and continued substance misuse during periods of vulnerability. Cognitions of Choice offers twenty four critical thinking skills that are connected to three levels of developmental choice that engages self-dialog between automatic thinking, meta-thinking, and conscious thought patterns. By the time many individuals make their way into treatment and recovery programs the likelihood of their presenting with physical disabilities and mental health conditions is heightened. Incorporating the principles of Universal Design into program development allows for full access for ...


Chhs February 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs February 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Jih, The Future Of Interprofessional Healthcare, Antonio E. Puente PhD 2014 Journal of Interprofessional Healthcare

Jih, The Future Of Interprofessional Healthcare, Antonio E. Puente Phd

Journal of Interprofessional Healthcare

Describes the reason and mission of the Journal of Interprofessional Healthcare.


Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer 2014 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Objectives: We review outcome studies regarding the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic databases and manual searches of article reference lists. Results: A total of 8 studies met eligibility criteria, consisting of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one quasi-experimental study involving a comparison group, two pre-experimental one-group pretest–posttest studies, and two single-system designs. Studies reviewed did not offer credible evidence to suggest that HBOT is an effective treatment for autism. Conclusion: It is premature to call HBOT an effective treatment for Autism and ASD. Individuals clinically treated ...


Smarter Intentions And Authentic Goals (2014 Edition), Connie I. Reimers-Hild 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Smarter Intentions And Authentic Goals (2014 Edition), Connie I. Reimers-Hild

Kimmel Education and Research Center - Faculty & Staff Publications

Intentions influence our actions and behaviors. If intentions are established with awareness, truth, and meaning, they help us experience a life filled with passion and personal fulfillment. Lack of understanding around our true intentions often causes frustration and confusion, which is one reason people oftentimes do not achieve their goals. Many goals are written; however, they are not established with honest intent.

It’s time to get brutally honest about your true intentions so you can achieve authentic goals. Intentions have the power to strengthen your Inner Leader and help you move forward in a meaningful way as long as ...


A Test Of The Efficacy Of A Brief, Web-Based Personalized Feedback Intervention To Reduce Drinking Among 9th Grade Students, Diana Doumas, Susan Esp, Rob Turrisi, Robin Hausheer, Courtney Cuffee 2014 Boise State University

A Test Of The Efficacy Of A Brief, Web-Based Personalized Feedback Intervention To Reduce Drinking Among 9th Grade Students, Diana Doumas, Susan Esp, Rob Turrisi, Robin Hausheer, Courtney Cuffee

Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations

Alcohol use increases substantially during the transition from middle school to high school. This study tested a brief, web-based personalized feedback program aimed at reducing risk factors for drinking, alcohol use, and alcohol-related consequences among 9th grade students. At a 3-month follow-up, students in the intervention group showed positive results relative to those in the control group on variables associated with reduced risk, including positive alcohol expectancies and positive beliefs about alcohol. Students in the intervention group also reported a reduction in drinking frequency and alcohol-related consequences relative to those in the control group. There were, however, no differences in ...


Little Emperors And An Army Of Orphans: The Government’S Control Over The Idea Of Family In An Overpopulated World, Corinna L. Miller 2014 Georgia Southern University

Little Emperors And An Army Of Orphans: The Government’S Control Over The Idea Of Family In An Overpopulated World, Corinna L. Miller

University Honors Program Theses

This research elaborates on the connection between governmental policies for population control and the psychological effects felt by its citizens. Governments enact laws to form and shape their country, but when plans to benefit society as a whole overspill into the personal rights of families, there can be unforeseen consequences that span across cultural, economic and physiological wellbeing. These side effects can have debilitating outcomes for countless generations to come, even after the policy has been abolished. In an age where exponential population growth is a severe problem, this study attempts to understand what happens when governmental policies influence the ...


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