Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mental and Social Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,779 Full-Text Articles 3,256 Authors 659,543 Downloads 119 Institutions

All Articles in Mental and Social Health

Faceted Search

1,779 full-text articles. Page 1 of 47.

The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley 2014 Seton Hall University

The Fatherhood Factor: The Impact Of The Father-Child Relationship On The Social, Interpersonal, And Recidivism Risk Factors Of Previously Incarcerated Men, Larissa A. Maley

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Of the men who return home from prison, nearly 7 out of 10 will be re-arrested and sent back within 3 years of their release (Travis, Solomon, & Waul, 2001). This trend has large- scale implications, not just for individuals, but for their families and communities as well. Clearly, understanding the factors that contribute to a man’s success or failure in staying out of prison is extremely important in constructing policy and programs to assist these at-risk individuals and communities. Of the few studies that have explored the lives of previously incarcerated men, some have found fatherhood to be a salient factor (Arditti, Smock, & Parkman, 2005). The current study investigated this particular relationship by looking at the father’s perceived quality of the father-child bond, and how that relationship is related to the fathers’ risk for re-offending. The study also investigated the contribution that social and individual factors play in facilitating the father-child bond, as well as the contribution that those factors may make in predicting recidivism risk; specifically, the father’s own experience of being parented, the quality of communication they have with their child’s mother, their perception of social support, and individual factors associated with motivation to change. The study found empirical evidence to suggest that a positive father-child bond may reduce recidivism risk for previously incarcerated men. In addition, the study found that the father-child relationship may be a more significant predictor of recidivism risk than individual ...


Structural Racism And Indigenous Health: What Indigenous Perspectives Of Residential School And Boarding School Tell Us? A Case Study Of Canada And Finland, Sandra A. Juutilainen, Ruby Miller, Lydia Heikkilä, Arja Rautio 2014 Western University

Structural Racism And Indigenous Health: What Indigenous Perspectives Of Residential School And Boarding School Tell Us? A Case Study Of Canada And Finland, Sandra A. Juutilainen, Ruby Miller, Lydia Heikkilä, Arja Rautio

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The objective of this study was to explore, as an example of structural racism, the effects of residential school and boarding school on the self-perceived health of Indigenous peoples’ in Canada and Finland. Structured interviews were conducted at Six Nations of the Grand River and Inari municipality. The individual and intergenerational negative effects included themes of vulnerability (language and cultural loss, fractured identity, and negative self-worth), and resilience (Indigenous identity, language and cultural renewal). Indigenous identity, culture, and language are intertwined and key determinants of health. Further studies about structural racism and a strong Indigenous identity as a protective factor ...


Reducing Alcohol Use Among 9th Grade Students: 6 Month Outcomes Of A Brief, Web-Based Intervention, Diana M. Doumas, Robin Hausheer, Susan Esp, Courtney Cuffee 2014 Boise State University

Reducing Alcohol Use Among 9th Grade Students: 6 Month Outcomes Of A Brief, Web-Based Intervention, Diana M. Doumas, Robin Hausheer, Susan Esp, Courtney Cuffee

Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study tested a brief, web-based personalized feedback program aimed at reducing alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among 9th grade students (N = 513). Results indicated no differences between the control group and intervention group on either frequency of drinking or alcohol-related consequences at the 6-month follow-up. Reductions in alcohol use and the associated consequences found at the 3-month follow-up were not sustained across the academic year. Results indicate brief, web-based feedback programs may not be sufficient to provide a sustained impact on alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences over time, suggesting either booster sessions or adjunctive interventions, such as parent-based interventions ...


Associations Between Prenatal Exposure To Air Pollution, Small For Gestational Age, And Term Low Birthweight In A State-Wide Birth Cohort, Lisa C. Vinikoor-Imler, J. Allen Davis, Robert E. Meyer, Lynne Messer, Thomas J. Luben 2014 Portland State University

Associations Between Prenatal Exposure To Air Pollution, Small For Gestational Age, And Term Low Birthweight In A State-Wide Birth Cohort, Lisa C. Vinikoor-Imler, J. Allen Davis, Robert E. Meyer, Lynne Messer, Thomas J. Luben

Community Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

A range of health effects, including adverse pregnancy outcomes, have been associated with exposure to ambient concentrations of particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O3). The objective of this study was to determine whether maternal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and O3 during pregnancy is associated with the risk of term low birthweight and small for gestational age infants in both single and co-pollutant models. Term low birthweight and small for gestational age were determined using all birth certificates from North Carolina from 2003 to 2005. Ambient air concentrations of PM2.5 and O3 ...


The Oregon Health System Transformation: Preliminary Report Of Coordinated Care Organizations In The First Year Implementation, Carlos J. Crespo, Ellen Smit 2014 Portland State University

The Oregon Health System Transformation: Preliminary Report Of Coordinated Care Organizations In The First Year Implementation, Carlos J. Crespo, Ellen Smit

Community Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Because of the US Affordable Care Act, 16% of Oregonians without health insurance will be able to obtain coverage through Coordinated Care Organizations (CCO).


Chhs July 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs July 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Sharing Medicine: The Candidacy Of Medicines And Other Household Items For Sharing, Dominican Republic, Michael N. Dohn, Hugo Pilkington 2014 Wright State University

Sharing Medicine: The Candidacy Of Medicines And Other Household Items For Sharing, Dominican Republic, Michael N. Dohn, Hugo Pilkington

Community Health Faculty Publications

Background:

People share medicines and problems can result from this behavior. Successful interventions to change sharing behavior will require understanding people’s motives and purposes for sharing medicines. Better information about how medicines fit into the gifting and reciprocity system could be useful in designing interventions to modify medicine sharing behavior. However, it is uncertain how people situate medicines among other items that might be shared. This investigation is a descriptive study of how people sort medicines and other shareable items.

Methods and Findings:

This study in the Dominican Republic examined how a convenience sample (31 people) sorted medicines and ...


The Science And Psychology Of Infertility, Julia V. Johnson, Kristin L. MacGregor 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Science And Psychology Of Infertility, Julia V. Johnson, Kristin L. Macgregor

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

An evidence-based presentation on the science/etiologies of infertility and its psychological impact. Outline: Prevalence and Etiology of Infertility. Basic Evaluation. Treatment Options. Psychological Effects of Infertility. Depression/Anxiety. Social, Cultural, and Gender Issues. Relationship Issues. Patient Distress and Pregnancy Rates. Psychological Support. Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions.


The Stress Process Model For Community-Dwelling Adults With Mental Disorders, Samantha Davie 2014 Western University

The Stress Process Model For Community-Dwelling Adults With Mental Disorders, Samantha Davie

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Although stress has been linked to poor mental health outcomes for various populations, less is known about the impact of stress on individuals already diagnosed with mental disorders. Objective: Explore the association between stress and general psychological distress (GPD), using the stress process model. Design: Data were collected in 2011 from community-dwelling adults who have had at least one diagnosed mental disorder for at least one year in their lifetime (n=380), and are cross-sectional in nature. Multivariable linear regression was used to assess the association between stress and GPD, with various psychological resources, such as coping, social support ...


The Use Of High-Fidelity Simulation In Psychiatric And Mental Health Nursing Clinical Education, Bethany A. Murray 2014 East Tennessee State University

The Use Of High-Fidelity Simulation In Psychiatric And Mental Health Nursing Clinical Education, Bethany A. Murray

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

Background: High-fidelity simulation recreates real-life situations in a safe learning environment and encourages critical thinking in students. Published research in simulation in psychiatric/mental health nursing is sparse.

Methods: Four scenarios exemplifying drug or alcohol abuse utilizing the computerized, mannequin SimMan® were implemented. Students evaluated their learning experience following completion of the simulation via a 20-item, Likert-scale survey which included open-ended questions.

Results: Results were positive. Students rated all items on the survey as “agree” or “strongly agree” (Mean 4.77, SD=0.55).

Conclusions: High fidelity clinical education simulations are an effective means of facilitating student learning of psychiatric ...


Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek 2014 Western University

Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Typically considered a disease of old-age, Parkinson’s disease can affect those younger in life, i.e., before the age of 55, when it is referred to as young-onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). Using constructionist grounded theory, this research sought to understand how, and why, individuals with YOPD became informed about their disease over time. A total of 39 individuals, who self-identified as living with YOPD, took part in this study which was organized according to four cycles of data collection. These cycles utilized focus groups, in-depth interviews and a private online discussion board, supplemented by 14 autobiographies written by ...


Incorporation Of Equine Assisted Therapy In University Curriculum, Shelby Y. Sabati 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Incorporation Of Equine Assisted Therapy In University Curriculum, Shelby Y. Sabati

Animal Science

Equine-assisted activity and therapy incorporates physical, mental and language treatments through equine movement to remediate medical conditions or impairments in clients. For all the opportunities that equine-assisted therapy provides there is little education on the practice. The focus of this project is to present the process, benefits and limitations of adopting an equine-assisted therapy course at California Polytechnic State University so it may be used as a reference for future course proposal.

Objective: The aim of this proposal is to offer insight into Equine-assisted therapy, understanding how to integrate the Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship (PATH) International curriculum into the ...


Individuals With Hearing Loss In Arkansas And Mental Health Service: Evaluating Accessibility, Christy Linn Pettis 2014 University of North Georgia

Individuals With Hearing Loss In Arkansas And Mental Health Service: Evaluating Accessibility, Christy Linn Pettis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


General Practitioners Training: A Strategic Response To Treatment Gaps For Suicide Prevention, Amresh Srivastava 2014 Western University

General Practitioners Training: A Strategic Response To Treatment Gaps For Suicide Prevention, Amresh Srivastava

Amresh Srivastava

General practitioners training: a strategic response to treatment gaps for suicide behaviour Amresh Shrivastava • Suicide is an international public heath problem, which impacts the most vulnerable of the world’s populations. • About one million people commit suicide and 10-20 times of these attempt it every year across the glob. • More than 90000 adolescents commit suicide every year while rate of attempted suicide every year. • .It is also among the top 20 leading causes of death, which is projected to contribute more than 2% to the global burden of disease by the year 2020 globally for all ages. • Significantly, these figures ...


.General Practitioners Training: ( Second) A Strategic Response To Treatment Gaps For, Amresh Srivastava 2014 Western University

.General Practitioners Training: ( Second) A Strategic Response To Treatment Gaps For, Amresh Srivastava

Amresh Srivastava

General practitioners training: a strategic response to treatment gaps for suicide behaviour Amresh Shrivastava • Suicide is an international public heath problem, which impacts the most vulnerable of the world’s populations. • About one million people commit suicide and 10-20 times of these attempt it every year across the glob. • More than 90000 adolescents commit suicide every year while rate of attempted suicide every year. • .It is also among the top 20 leading causes of death, which is projected to contribute more than 2% to the global burden of disease by the year 2020 globally for all ages. • Significantly, these figures ...


Anxiety In The Classroom Setting: Early Detection Of Signs And Symtpoms, Lisa A. Rauch 2014 University of San Francisco

Anxiety In The Classroom Setting: Early Detection Of Signs And Symtpoms, Lisa A. Rauch

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

The Surgeon General (2000) estimates that up to 13% of children experience symptoms of anxiety. Since virtually all children attend school, and this environment challenges children in various modalities that are likely to produce anxiety, schools are an excellent environment to detect early signs and symptoms of anxiety. When available, school nurses are well positioned to provide primary and secondary prevention to students identified with signs and symptoms of anxiety.

The aim of this project is to identify if increasing teacher’s knowledge results in and increased ability to recognize early signs and symptoms of anxiety, and report concerns more ...


Eating Disorders Remain Undetected In Psychiatric Hospitalization: Study Of Electronic Chart Review Of 8000 Patients, Amresh Srivastava, Miky Kaushal, Western University, Megan Johnston, Robbie Campbell 2014 Western University

Eating Disorders Remain Undetected In Psychiatric Hospitalization: Study Of Electronic Chart Review Of 8000 Patients, Amresh Srivastava, Miky Kaushal, Western University, Megan Johnston, Robbie Campbell

Amresh Srivastava

No abstract provided.


A Naturalistic Study Of Screening For Eating Disorder Amongst Psychiatric Patients, Amresh Srivastava, Miky Kaushal, Western University, London Ontario, Megan Johnston, Robbie Campbell 2014 Western University

A Naturalistic Study Of Screening For Eating Disorder Amongst Psychiatric Patients, Amresh Srivastava, Miky Kaushal, Western University, London Ontario, Megan Johnston, Robbie Campbell

Amresh Srivastava

No abstract provided.


Eating Disorders Remain Undetected In Psychiatric Hospitalization: Study Of Electronic Chart Review Of 8000 Patients, Amresh Srivastava, Miky Kaushal, Western University, Megan Johnston, Robbie Campbell, Regional mental health care, London, Ontario 2014 Western University

Eating Disorders Remain Undetected In Psychiatric Hospitalization: Study Of Electronic Chart Review Of 8000 Patients, Amresh Srivastava, Miky Kaushal, Western University, Megan Johnston, Robbie Campbell, Regional Mental Health Care, London, Ontario

Amresh Srivastava

No abstract provided.


Early Identification Of Eating Disorder, Amresh Srivastava 2014 Western University

Early Identification Of Eating Disorder, Amresh Srivastava

Amresh Srivastava

Robbie Campbell MD FRCPC, Jill Mustin-Powell RN, Megan Johnston PhD, Miky Kaushal MD, Larry Stitt MSc, Amresh Srivastava MRCPsych FRCPC Purpose: Comorbidity of eating disorders and its behavioral traits are common amongst psychiatric patients. Eating disorders are often missed or misdiagnosed which leads to poorer clinical outcome and low functioning, though it is a treatable condition. Patients with eating disorders also tend to have severe psychopathology, which increases risk of suicide, duration of hospitalization and polypharmacy. The present study examines the presence of comorbid eating disorders and their behavioral symptoms in hospitalized adult psychiatric patients. Methods: The study was carried ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress