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Obstacles To Graduation: A Look At Poverty’S Effect On Academic Work, Julia M. Bernard, Maike Klein 2017 East Tennessee State University

Obstacles To Graduation: A Look At Poverty’S Effect On Academic Work, Julia M. Bernard, Maike Klein

Julia M. Bernard

Our presentation was aimed at providing a thorough overview of concepts that interfere with an adolescent’s ability to stay in school and graduate. Additionally, the presentation addressed what other factors of poverty, such as risk-taking behaviors (e.g., marijuana use, binge drinking, or sexual activity), might carry over into college life and affect a student’s academic career. Variables connected to family community, family responsibilities, and adolescents’ self-esteem were described as well. Finally, the presentation discussed factors that play into a student’s willingness to seek out college campus resources for support. With this paper, we hope to outline ...


Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla McCollum 2017 Georgia Southern University

Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla Mccollum

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this presentation will be to provide teacher educators with an overview of the Photovoice methodology and its potential utility in curricular change. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education’s ([NASPE], 2008) PETE standards state educators should allow diversity to drive instructional related decision-making. Photovoice, a participatory action research methodology, is a tool teacher educators can use to be responsive to the continuously changing contexts of public schools.


Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore 2017 Georgia Southern University

Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background/Purpose: VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) has used social marketing to successfully promote physical activity for urban and suburban youth. The purpose of this study was to adapt the program to meet the needs of a minority, rural population. Method: Qualitative marketing research methods including focus groups were used to gather data from parents (N = 12) and their children (N =12) in April 2012. A structured, open-ended focus group guide was developed specific to parents and youth and based on the social marketing framework. Marketing topics covered included Product, Price, Place and Promotion. Attention was given to testing two previously ...


“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt 2017 Georgia Southern University

“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore rural/urban differences in service providers’ perceptions of challenges and facilitators to services for children with special health care needs (CSHN) and their families in southeast Georgia. Methodology: A total of 23 individual interviews were conducted with service providers in one rural county in southeast Georgia (N = 12) and in one urban county in north central Georgia (N = 11). Interviews were based on the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs 2009-2010 survey. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and coded with the intent of identifying themes and illustrative ...


Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau 2017 Georgia Southern University

Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine urban vs. rural differences on the relationship between family contextual variables and adequacy of insurance coverage and impact on employment for among families with a child with Cerebral Palsy from a nationally representative sample.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study was carried out using data from the National Survey of Children with Special Healthcare Needs.

Results: A total of 744 participants reported as having a child with a diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy and were included in the sample. Logistic regression analyses, adjusting for urban and rural setting revealed different predictors of adequacy ...


Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta 2017 Georgia Southern Universtiy

Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: Physical activity offers children and youth many well-documented positive effects on health. The present study adapted a community-based prevention marketing campaign (CBPM), VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) to promote physical activity among minority youth in rural, southeast Georgia. The purpose of this paper is to describe the adaptation process, emphasizing methods used and lessons learned. Methods: A qualitative study design was used to identify social marketing concepts that informed program adaptation, including two focus groups with 12 children and two focus groups with 14 parents. Qualitative thematic data analysis was used to analyze formative research. The adapted program was implemented ...


The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel 2017 Georgia Southern University

The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel

Robert L. Vogel

Despite multiple health benefits of strength training, it is reported that only 14.7% of American women engage in the recommended amount of physical activity. Whereas the potential negative consequences of not exercising are well documented, there is a scarcity of literature that investigates the determinants of strength training in rural women. In-depth interviews were utilized to identify the perceptions, knowledge, motivation, and skills regarding strength training. Fifteen women from four target counties participated in this qualitative study. The study was guided by Self-determination Theory. Results indicated that factors such as the lack of knowledge about strength training, the lack ...


Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen 2017 Center for Youth Wellness

Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Researchers and youth stakeholders devised a survey on 27 adversities based on youth expertise, clinical practice, and adversity literature. The aim of the study was to understand the prevalence of individual and cumulative adversities, and association of adversities to age, gender, race/ethnicity and academic performance among a community sample of urban high school students. All participants experienced two or more adversities and experienced greater overall adversity than youth in population-based studies. Youth-proposed stressors were among the most prevalent, and females, older youth, and African American youth reported disproportionately greater number of adversities. Specific types of adversities were endorsed differentially ...


Physical Activity And Muscular Strengthening In Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Rural And Urban Women, Elizabeth S. Marshall, Bridget Melton, Helen W. Bland, Jacquelyn Nagle 2017 Rural Health Research Institute

Physical Activity And Muscular Strengthening In Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Rural And Urban Women, Elizabeth S. Marshall, Bridget Melton, Helen W. Bland, Jacquelyn Nagle

Helen W. Bland

Background: Though known to improve pregnancy outcomes, physical activity generally decreases through pregnancy. Though some research has shown rural American women to be less active than urban dwellers, little is known regarding differences in such specific activities between rural and urban pregnant women. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported physical activity patterns and muscular strength training activities between rural and urban pregnant women. Sample: Sample included 88 rural and urban pregnant women, mean age 25.83, in the southeastern region of the United States. Method: Women were recruited from the waiting rooms of regional obstetrician offices ...


A Qualitative Study Of Stress, Stressors And Stress Management, Helen W. Bland, Bridget F. Melton, Stephen Patrick Gonzalez 2017 Georgia Southern University

A Qualitative Study Of Stress, Stressors And Stress Management, Helen W. Bland, Bridget F. Melton, Stephen Patrick Gonzalez

Helen W. Bland

Background: Stress is part of the college experience; however, how students deal with stress can greatly impact their behaviors and health status. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively assess sources of stress, types of stressors, and coping mechanisms employed among undergraduate students. Methods: Nominal group process was utilized to obtain information related to study variables and help prioritize the accounts provided by study participants (n = 173). Results: Participants gave insight into the unique stress faced by this generation (grades, GPA, multitasking, parental expectations), stress symptoms (more psychological in nature), and coping strategies (prayer, talking to mom, surfing ...


Listening To The Voices Of Haiti: Exploring The Connection Of Education, Health And Quality Of Life In The Democratization Of A Society, Catherine A. Hansman, Helen W. Bland 2017 Cleveland State University

Listening To The Voices Of Haiti: Exploring The Connection Of Education, Health And Quality Of Life In The Democratization Of A Society, Catherine A. Hansman, Helen W. Bland

Helen W. Bland

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the levels of literacy among Haitian citizens and to understand their perceptions concerning the importance and availability of literacy programs and democratic process training. Since democratic process, education, and access to information are intrinsically linked, the intent of the authors of this paper was to explore the connection of education, health, and the quality of life in the democratization process in Haiti. The results of this study found continued low literacy rates, little access to education and political information, and people proclaiming that their quality of life is worse that it has ...


Protective Role Of S-Adenosylmethionine Against Fructose-Induced Oxidative Damage In Obesity, Kameliya Zh Bratoeva, Mariya A. Radanova, Albena V. Merdzhanova, Ivan S. Donev 2017 Medical University of Varna, Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicin, Bulgaria

Protective Role Of S-Adenosylmethionine Against Fructose-Induced Oxidative Damage In Obesity, Kameliya Zh Bratoeva, Mariya A. Radanova, Albena V. Merdzhanova, Ivan S. Donev

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. It has been shown that S-adenosylmethionine (S-AMe) stimulates glutathione synthesis and increases cell resistance to the cytotoxic action of free radicals and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of S-adenosylmethionine on the oxidative stress in adipose tissue in a model of fructose-induced obesity. Methods. The study was performed on male Wistar rats divided into 3 groups: control, fructose fed (HFD) (35%, 16 weeks), and HFD + S-AMe (20 mg/kg). We examined the changes in the ratio of retroperitoneal adipose tissue weight / body weight; levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the ...


Experimental Pharmacological Research Regarding Some Newly Synthesized Benzamides On Central Nervous System Functions, Cornel Chiriță, Emil Ștefănescu, Cristina D. Marineci, Simona Negreș, Diana C. Nuță 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Experimental Pharmacological Research Regarding Some Newly Synthesized Benzamides On Central Nervous System Functions, Cornel Chiriță, Emil Ștefănescu, Cristina D. Marineci, Simona Negreș, Diana C. Nuță

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Three newly synthesized benzamides by the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry of the Faculty of pharmacy from the University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest were tested in order to determine whether these new molecules have similar effects on the central nervous system as those already in therapeutic use belonging to the same chemical group, such as tiapride (neuroleptic) or lidocaine (local anaesthetic). Tests were carried out on NMRI mice which were given new compounds, conventionally named I5C, I14C, and II5C in a dose of 1/20 of the lethal dose 50% (LD50), as previously determined. They received this treatment ...


Finasteride As A Model For Personalized Medicine, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland, Ioana Păunică, Octavian C. Tănăsescu, Petrişor Banu, Stana Păunică 2017 Carol Davila University, Faculty of General Medicine, Bucharest, Romania

Finasteride As A Model For Personalized Medicine, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland, Ioana Păunică, Octavian C. Tănăsescu, Petrişor Banu, Stana Păunică

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The side effects of Finasteride are currently a subject of controversy. Some studies report minor or acceptable adverse effects, which decrease after a variable period of time so that they do not necessitate terminating Finasteride administration. However, several clinical and neuro-endocrine studies show that some adverse effects persist indefinitely in the form of post-Finasteride syndrome, even after the drug cessation. This paper presents a possible explanation for these inconsistent findings. First, the study design of either informing or not informing patients prior therapy about possible adverse effects can influence the incidence and magnitude of reported adverse effects. Second, structural and ...


Therapeutic Drug Monitoring And Methods Of Quantitation For Carbamazepine, Cristian Tuchila, Daniela Luiza Baconi, Cristina Dinu Pirvu, Denisa O. Balalau, Ana Maria Vlasceanu, Miriana Stan, Cristian Balalau 2017 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology, Bucharest, Romania

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring And Methods Of Quantitation For Carbamazepine, Cristian Tuchila, Daniela Luiza Baconi, Cristina Dinu Pirvu, Denisa O. Balalau, Ana Maria Vlasceanu, Miriana Stan, Cristian Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Carbamazepine is an early anticonvulsant still used today in the treatment of several forms of epilepsy. An active metabolite in the human body contributes to its pharmacological effect. Carbamazepine metabolism has high inter-individual variability, such that it is relatively difficult to establish a direct link between dose and concentration, or between concentration and pharmacological effect. Carbamazepine is thus a good candidate for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). Good UV specific absorbance and high plasmatic concentrations allow for the use of UV detection, which is often more accessible than other methods of detection. This paper presents several methods used for the detection ...


End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Colțea Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania

End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Coping mechanisms are patients’ means of adapting to stressful situations and involve psychological and physical changes in behavior. Patients adapt to head and neck cancer in a variety of ways. Head and neck cancers are extremely debilitating, especially in advanced stages of the disease or in end-of-life situations. While an oncology team needs to address the needs of all oncology patients, the advanced terminal patients require special attention. Most of these patients do not cope well with their situation and have a tendency to cease social interactions. Pain is the most frequentlyexperienced medical disability in patients having an end-stage illness ...


Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Harm reduction is a public health strategy that was developed initially for adults with substance use disorder for whom abstinence was not feasible. Harm reduction approaches have been effective in reducing morbidity and mortality in some adult populations. In this presentation "Treating Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occuring Disorders" by Amy L. Harrington, MD, learn the specifics of what the term "harm reduction" means as it is applied in various settings. When a treatment plan is considered for a patient, it is important to understand if other medical conditions also exist in addition to the substance use disorder. How do co-morbid ...


Navigating Structural Violence With Indigenous Families: The Contested Terrain Of Early Childhood Intervention And The Child Welfare System In Canada, Alison J. Gerlach, Annette J. Browne, Vandna Sinha, Diana Elliott 2017 National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health, University of Northern British Columbia

Navigating Structural Violence With Indigenous Families: The Contested Terrain Of Early Childhood Intervention And The Child Welfare System In Canada, Alison J. Gerlach, Annette J. Browne, Vandna Sinha, Diana Elliott

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Internationally, the welfare of Indigenous children continues to be severely compromised by their involvement with child welfare authorities. In this context, there are calls for greater investment in early childhood programs to support family preservation and children’s well-being. This article reports on the findings from a critical qualitative inquiry undertaken with Aboriginal Infant Development Programs (AIDPs) in Canada. The findings highlight how AIDP workers’ relational approaches countered Indigenous mothers’ experiences of feeling "like a bad parent" as a result of their involvement with the child welfare system and how workers navigated an increasingly close relationship with this system. We ...


Realist Review Of Programs, Policies, And Interventions To Enhance The Social, Emotional, And Spiritual Well-Being Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Young People Living In Out-Of-Home Care, Sophie Lindstedt, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Carly Black, Helen Herrman, Josef Szwarc 2017 University of Melbourne

Realist Review Of Programs, Policies, And Interventions To Enhance The Social, Emotional, And Spiritual Well-Being Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Young People Living In Out-Of-Home Care, Sophie Lindstedt, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Carly Black, Helen Herrman, Josef Szwarc

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The child protection system in Australia includes out-of-home care (OoHC) for children and young people at risk of harm and neglect. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people are 9 times more likely to be placed in care than non-Aboriginal young people (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2015). Australia’s history of colonization and subsequent policies have caused trauma to individuals, families, and communities and resulted in poor physical and mental health and mistrust of services. This review was undertaken to identify programs and policies currently in place that aim to improve the mental health ...


Role Emerging Placements In Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Training: A Case Study, Martin Fitzgerald, Abigail Kate Smith, Nazman Rehman, Michelle Taylor 2017 University of Bradford

Role Emerging Placements In Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Training: A Case Study, Martin Fitzgerald, Abigail Kate Smith, Nazman Rehman, Michelle Taylor

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Role-emerging placements in occupational therapy training are contributing to professional and workforce development because of their strong occupational focus and placement of students in emerging practice. This manuscript explores how one role-emerging placement challenged and developed student theoretical and clinical skills, presented new ways of working at the recipient site, and enhanced service delivery. Methods: The background to role-emerging placements in occupational therapy is explored through the use of a case study which reflects on and analyses how the assessment and treatment of occupation enhanced service delivery at a local, non-traditional site. Eight students in England developed and ran ...


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