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Provider Education And Rapid Antigen Detection Test Use In An Academic Pediatric Clinic, Steven Dahl 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Provider Education And Rapid Antigen Detection Test Use In An Academic Pediatric Clinic, Steven Dahl

Research Days

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Antihypertensive Medications Dosing On Blood Pressure Control And Left Ventricular Hypertrophy In Children With Chronic Kidney Disease, Benjamin A. Matta 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City

The Effect Of Antihypertensive Medications Dosing On Blood Pressure Control And Left Ventricular Hypertrophy In Children With Chronic Kidney Disease, Benjamin A. Matta

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Unplugged: Digital Detox For A Cause, Krisha Patel '21, Jonathan Gao '21, Jason Li '21 2019 Illinois Math and Science Academy

Unplugged: Digital Detox For A Cause, Krisha Patel '21, Jonathan Gao '21, Jason Li '21

Student Leadership Exchange (SLX)

Technology has infiltrated every aspect of our lives. Regardless of financial conditions, most people have a cellphone in their hands at all times—usually a smartphone. TVs are installed in almost every single room in the typical American household and very often powered up with a marathon of a favorite show, playing episode after episode without pause. Kids become obsessed with the latest video game consoles and games, paying exorbitant amounts to be the first of their friends to get their hands on them. Even many parents compulsively check and post updates to a variety of social media sites throughout ...


Interdevice Reliability Of A-Mode Ultrasound To Measure Body Composition, Megan Bigler 2019 Utah State University

Interdevice Reliability Of A-Mode Ultrasound To Measure Body Composition, Megan Bigler

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

A-mode ultrasound is a noninvasive and rapid method for measuring subcutaneous fat thickness and estimating body fat percentage (%BF). The validity and reliability of the BodyMetrix BX2000 A-mode ultrasound has been reported; however, the purpose of this study was to compare results from two machines to determine interdevice reliability. Ultrasound measures were repeated with two BX2000 machines at 10 body sites (chest, biceps, triceps, scapula, lower back, hip, waist, thigh, calf, axilla) on 42 males of varying age and leanness (age: 28.6 ± 11.9 y, BMI: 25.4 ± 4.6 kg/m2). The intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from ...


Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente 2019 Duquesne University

Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Usually not diagnosed until open laparotomy, aortoduodenalfistulas (ADF) are one of the rarest complications of intestinal transplant surgery. With an incidence rate of only 0.04% at autopsy and only 250 documented cases since the early 1800’s, aortoduodenal fistulas are the most deadly complications of intestinal transplantation with a mortality rate of 100% without surgical intervention. A 39 year old, two-time multi-visceral transplant African American female patient suffered from a primary aortoduodenal fistula formation in a primary modified multi-visceral transplant aortic stump graft site. With emergency open laparotomy repair, revascularization of the secondary multi-visceral transplant was performed, saving the ...


Therapeutic Peptide Sequences And Gatekeepers Loaded With Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, Dursitu Hassen 2019 Kansas State university

Therapeutic Peptide Sequences And Gatekeepers Loaded With Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, Dursitu Hassen

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

The research community is developing and looking into new ways of effectively delivering anti-cancer treatment. According to National Cancer Institute over 1.5 million new cases of cancer are predicted in the United States, just alone in 2018. The major hurdles that have been identified by scientists are finding mechanisms that assist in decreasing the side effects of cancer treatment and to increase the effectiveness of the drug. In our lab, a highly toxic peptide sequence, SA-K6L9-AS is encapsulated in MSNs (mesoporous silica nanoparticles) and capped with a gatekeeper. The function of a gatekeeper is preventing ...


Assessment Of The Potential Use Of Recombinant Baculovirus-Expressed Lassa Virus Nucleoprotein As A Serodiagnostic Antigen, Sahiba Grover 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Assessment Of The Potential Use Of Recombinant Baculovirus-Expressed Lassa Virus Nucleoprotein As A Serodiagnostic Antigen, Sahiba Grover

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Lassa virus is an arenavirus causing a disseminated systemic primary viral infection. This virus causes Lassa fever which is a viral hemorrhagic fever endemic in West Africa and is responsible for the deaths of thousands of people each year. There is a possibility for the Lassa virus to be introduced into the US and used as a biological weapon with the potential to harm a large-scale population. Because of increasing international travel, a sizeable burden from the disease, and its potential use for biological warfare, it is necessary to develop sensitive diagnostic assays to accurately detect virus infections and mitigate ...


Improving Access To Rare Disease Clinical Trials Through Telemedicine, Dylan Haynes, Christina Topham, Teri Greiling 2019 Oregon Health & Science University

Improving Access To Rare Disease Clinical Trials Through Telemedicine, Dylan Haynes, Christina Topham, Teri Greiling

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Annual Conference

Introduction: Rare diseases affect nearly 400 million individuals worldwide. The geographic density of any single disease, however, can prohibit access to care and research efforts. Telemedicine has improved access barriers in the clinical setting, though its application in rare disease trials has not been evaluated.

Objective: To assess the impact on access to care of videoconferencing in a rare disease clinical trial.

Materials and Methods: Preliminary analysis was performed on the first five participants to complete our ongoing trial (NCT03485976) evaluating the efficacy of ixekizumab for the treatment of pityriasis rubra pilaris. Participants were required to travel to Oregon Health ...


Comparing The Effects Of Tissue Flossing And Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Ankle Dorsiflexion, Sean Carlson, Garrett Rife, Zachary Williams 2019 Cedarville University

Comparing The Effects Of Tissue Flossing And Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Ankle Dorsiflexion, Sean Carlson, Garrett Rife, Zachary Williams

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the claimed effects of a new technique called Tissue Flossing and compare those effects with Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization, or IASTM. Background: Tissue flossing is a relatively new technique that utilizes a large rubber band that is wrapped around the involved joint. Once applied, range of motion exercises are completed, and the band is removed. The goal is to increase joint range of motion. IASTM involves using a specialized tool to scrape an effected muscle or tendon of the body. The goal is to reduce any adhesions or scar tissue ...


Plantar Fasciitis: Steroid Injections Vs. Prp Injections, Abigail R. Snyder 2019 Cedarville University

Plantar Fasciitis: Steroid Injections Vs. Prp Injections, Abigail R. Snyder

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Plantar fasciitis is a common complaint of many people at some point throughout their lifetime. The aim of this presentation is to provide an in-depth clinical review and comparison of two treatment options for chronic plantar fasciitis; steroid injections and platelet-rich plasma injections. Acute cases of plantar fasciitis are caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia of the foot. Therefore, common initial treatments include stretching of the calf muscle, stretching of the plantar fascia itself, rest, use of night splints, and orthotics. However, for some people these conservative treatments fail. In those situations, the pain is assumed to be caused ...


Role Of Serum Biomarkers In Early Detection Of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy In The West Virginian Population, Adam Shaver, Alexandra Nichols, Ellen A. Thompson, Amrita Mallick, Nandini Manne, Shanmuga Sundaram, Joseph I. Shapiro MD, Komal Sodhi 2019 Marshall University

Role Of Serum Biomarkers In Early Detection Of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy In The West Virginian Population, Adam Shaver, Alexandra Nichols, Ellen A. Thompson, Amrita Mallick, Nandini Manne, Shanmuga Sundaram, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Komal Sodhi

Komal Sodhi

Objectives: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an established complication of diabetes mellitus. In West Virginia, the especially high incidence of diabetes and heart failure validate the necessity of developing new strategies for earlier detection of DCM. Since most DCM patients remain asymptomatic until the later stages of the disease when the fibrotic complications become irreversible, we aimed to explore biomarkers that can identify early-stage DCM.

Methods: The patients were grouped into 4 categories based on clinical diabetic and cardiac parameters: Control, Diabetes (DM), Diastolic dysfunction (DD), and Diabetes with diastolic dysfunction (DM+DD), the last group being the preclinical DCM group ...


Abstracts From The 25th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 8–10, 2019, Portland, Oregon, 2019 Aurora Health Care

Abstracts From The 25th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 8–10, 2019, Portland, Oregon

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN) is made up of nonprofit health systems with embedded research departments whose scientists are dedicated to public domain research. The network’s annual conference serves as a forum for research teams to disseminate study findings, stimulate new collaborations, and share insights about conducting research in real-world care settings. Abstracts accepted for presentation at HCSRN 2019 are published in this supplement of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, the official scientific journal of the conference.


Effects Of Horticultural Therapy In Long Term Care Facilities On Behavioral And Psychological Symptoms Of Dementia, Morgan Scearce 2019 Longwood University

Effects Of Horticultural Therapy In Long Term Care Facilities On Behavioral And Psychological Symptoms Of Dementia, Morgan Scearce

Spring Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

My project outlines how horticultural therapy could be used as an intervention to help with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. I have created a model that can be viewed on my poster outlining the process of how to conduct a horticultural therapy intervention properly and the positive effects that would come from the intervention


Low Back Pain, A Comprehensive Review: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, And Treatment (Poster), Ivan Urits, Aaron Burshtein, Medha Sharma, Lauren Testa, Peter A. Gold, Vwaire Orhurhu, Omar Viswanath, Mark R. Jones, Moises A. Sidransky, Alan D. Kaye 2019 Harvard Medical School

Low Back Pain, A Comprehensive Review: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, And Treatment (Poster), Ivan Urits, Aaron Burshtein, Medha Sharma, Lauren Testa, Peter A. Gold, Vwaire Orhurhu, Omar Viswanath, Mark R. Jones, Moises A. Sidransky, Alan D. Kaye

Senior Scholars Program

Purpose of Review: Low back pain encompasses three distinct sources: axial lumbosacral, radicular, and referred pain. Annually, the prevalence of low back pain in the general U.S. adult population is 10-30%, and the lifetime prevalence of U.S. adults is as high as 65-80%.

Recent Findings: Patient history, physical exam, and diagnostic testing are important components to accurate diagnosis and identification of patient pathophysiology. Etiologies of low back pain include myofascial pain, facet joint pain, sacroiliac joint pain, discogenic pain, and spinal stenosis, and failed back surgery. In chronic back pain patients, a multidisciplinary, logical approach to treatment is ...


Engaging Emergency Department Patients In The Creation Of A Shared Decision-­Making Tool Regarding Ct Scanning In Kidney Stones: Challenges To Traditional Stakeholder Engagement, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Connor J. Houghton, Pooja P. Patel, Leonora Merwin, Kathleen M. Mazor, Erik Hess, Charles Scales, Maggie Breslin, Peter K. Lindenauer 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Engaging Emergency Department Patients In The Creation Of A Shared Decision-­Making Tool Regarding Ct Scanning In Kidney Stones: Challenges To Traditional Stakeholder Engagement, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Connor J. Houghton, Pooja P. Patel, Leonora Merwin, Kathleen M. Mazor, Erik Hess, Charles Scales, Maggie Breslin, Peter K. Lindenauer

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Every year approximately 2 million patients are seen in US EDs for suspected renal colic, and the majority receive CT scans. The objective of our study was to develop a stakeholder-informed conversation aid to help clinicians use SDM regarding CT scanning in patients with suspected renal colic.

Methods: Using a published decision aid development framework, and under the direction of a multi-disciplinary Steering Committee, we engaged a diverse set of stakeholders via qualitative methods. EM clinicians, urologists, radiologists, researchers, and emergency department patients participated in focus groups and semi-structured interviews. All groups were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed in an ...


The All Of Us Research Program: Engaging The Community For The Future Of Health, Mara M. Epstein, Kathleen M. Mazor, Joann L. Wagner, Peggy Preusse, Candace LeBlanc, Brenda Valenti, Lawrence D. Garber 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The All Of Us Research Program: Engaging The Community For The Future Of Health, Mara M. Epstein, Kathleen M. Mazor, Joann L. Wagner, Peggy Preusse, Candace Leblanc, Brenda Valenti, Lawrence D. Garber

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The All of Us Research Program (AoURP), funded by the National Institutes of Health, is an ambitious ten-year effort to enroll over one million participants across the country. The AoURP is a key part of the Precision Medicine Initiative and seeks to build a national cohort collecting self-reported health data, medical record data, biospecimen samples and physical measurements to accelerate precision medicine. Precision Medicine is an emerging approach for healthcare treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Researchers at the Meyers Primary Care Institute and the University of Massachusetts Medical ...


Women-Reported Barriers And Facilitators Of Adherence To Medications For Opioid Use Disorder, Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline C. Gubrium, Calla Harrington, Elizabeth Evans 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Women-Reported Barriers And Facilitators Of Adherence To Medications For Opioid Use Disorder, Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline C. Gubrium, Calla Harrington, Elizabeth Evans

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

AIM: A poorly understood challenge is why many women with opioid use disorder do not remain engaged with medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD; e.g., methadone, buprenorphine, naltrexone) long enough to achieve sustained benefits. We aimed to identify barriers and facilitators that impact women's MOUD adherence.

METHODS: We conducted in-person interviews and focus groups with 20 women who had received MOUD for at least 90 days in Springfield and Holyoke, Massachusetts in 2018. Using grounded theory, we inductively identified major themes and selected illustrative quotations.

FINDINGS: Gender-specific barriers to treatment are shaped by MOUD-related stigma stemming from multiple ...


Availability And Nursing Implementation Of Measurement Tools In The Co-Occurrence Of Depression And Chronic Pain: An Integrative Literature Review, Ashley Thomas 2019 DePaul University

Availability And Nursing Implementation Of Measurement Tools In The Co-Occurrence Of Depression And Chronic Pain: An Integrative Literature Review, Ashley Thomas

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Availability and Nursing Implementation of Measurement Tools in the Co-Occurrence of Depression and Chronic Pain: An Integrative Literature Review

Ashley Thomas

Faculty Sponsor: Barbara Harris

Background: There is high correlation between chronic pain and depression. They are seen throughout the literature to interact and feedback symptoms upon each other. However, there is not a comprehensive screening tool that assess both symptoms and not a clear indication of nursing responsibility in assessment of the co-occurrence.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to create a comprehensive review of current research concerning the availability of screening tools that measure the co-occurrence ...


Effect Of Exercise Position On Percent Changes In Serratus Anterior Muscle Thickness, Joseph M. Day 2019 University of Dayton

Effect Of Exercise Position On Percent Changes In Serratus Anterior Muscle Thickness, Joseph M. Day

Joseph M. "Matt" Day

Objective: A reliable method for measuring SA thickness with ultrasound imaging has been reported, yet the ability to detect differences in levels of contractility has yet to be established. The purpose of this study was to determine if there are differences in the percent change in thickness of the SA during four different exercise positions performed by healthy individuals.

Design: Observational study

Setting: Laboratory

Participants: Twenty-eight healthy participants, mean age 26 (SD 4, 57% female, 100% right handed)

Methods: Volunteers were positioned in a standardized sitting posture and anatomical landmarks were marked for ultrasound probe positioning. Two resting and two ...


Immunosuppressive Treatment And The Risk Of Diabetes In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Siri Lillegraven, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, George W. Reed, Katherine Saunders, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Leslie R. Harrold, Marc C. Hochberg, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Joel M. Kremer, Daniel H. Solomon 2019 Diakonhjemmet Hospital

Immunosuppressive Treatment And The Risk Of Diabetes In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Siri Lillegraven, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, George W. Reed, Katherine Saunders, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Leslie R. Harrold, Marc C. Hochberg, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Joel M. Kremer, Daniel H. Solomon

Leslie R. Harrold

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation and anti-inflammatory treatments might influence the risk of diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with incident diabetes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: The study population consisted of RA patients from a multi-center cohort study, Corrona. To assess risk associated with disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) exposure, we assessed five mutually exclusive DMARD groups. Additionally, we assessed the risk associated with body mass index (BMI, < 25, 25-30, > 30 kg/m2) and glucocorticoid usage. Incident cases of diabetes were confirmed through adjudication, and Cox regression models were fit to estimate the risk of incident diabetes.

RESULTS: We ...


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