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Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment Commons

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What Is Pfapa And Why Does It Matter?, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2014 Aurora Health Care

What Is Pfapa And Why Does It Matter?, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

PFAPA, the syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical lymphadentitis, is an uncommon disease of episodic immune dysregulation that usually begins in early childhood. Symptoms occur at regular, predictable intervals, with healthy periods in between, and generally include the namesake signs and various other constitutional symptoms such as fever and fatigue. The etiology is unknown and there is no definitive diagnostic test or treatment. Uncertainty during the period of searching for a diagnosis may be disconcerting to the family and the clinician. Single-dose prednisone is effective for resolving the fever of PFAPA episodes within just a few hours ...


Intravenous Angiotensin Ii For The Treatment Of High-Output Shock (Athos Trial): A Pilot Study, Lakhmir S. Chawla, Laurence Busse, Ermira Brasha-Mitchell, Danielle L. Davison, Jacqueline R. Honig, Ziyad Alotaibi, Michael G. Seneff 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Intravenous Angiotensin Ii For The Treatment Of High-Output Shock (Athos Trial): A Pilot Study, Lakhmir S. Chawla, Laurence Busse, Ermira Brasha-Mitchell, Danielle L. Davison, Jacqueline R. Honig, Ziyad Alotaibi, Michael G. Seneff

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Patients with distributive shock who require high dose vasopressors have a high mortality. Angiotensin II (ATII) may prove useful in patients who remain hypotensive despite catecholamine and vasopressin therapy. The appropriate dose of parenteral angiotensin II for shock is unknown.

Methods: In total, 20 patients with distributive shock and a cardiovascular Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score of 4 were randomized to either ATII infusion (N?=?10) or placebo (N?=?10) plus standard of care. ATII was started at a dose of 20?ng/kg/min, and titrated for a goal of maintaining a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 65 ...


Effects Of Yoga On Arm Volume Among Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: A Pilot Study, Mary Insana Fisher, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Laura Leach, Colleen O'Malley, Cheryl Paeplow, Tess Prescott, Harold Merriman 2014 University of Dayton

Effects Of Yoga On Arm Volume Among Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: A Pilot Study, Mary Insana Fisher, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Laura Leach, Colleen O'Malley, Cheryl Paeplow, Tess Prescott, Harold Merriman

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Lymphedema affects 3–58% of survivors of breast cancer and can result in upper extremity impairments. Exercise can be beneficial in managing lymphedema. Yoga practice has been minimally studied for its effects on breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of yoga on arm volume, quality of life (QOL), self-reported arm function, and hand grip strength in women with BCRL. Six women with BCRL participated in modified Hatha yoga 3×/week for 8 weeks. Compression sleeves were worn during yoga sessions. Arm volume, QOL, self-reported arm function, and hand grip strength were ...


Normative Scores For The Nih Toolbox Dynamic Visual Acuity Test From 3 To 85 Years, Carol Li, Jennifer L. Beaumont, Rose Marie Rine, Jerry Slotkin, Michael C. Schubert 2014 Marshall University

Normative Scores For The Nih Toolbox Dynamic Visual Acuity Test From 3 To 85 Years, Carol Li, Jennifer L. Beaumont, Rose Marie Rine, Jerry Slotkin, Michael C. Schubert

Physical Therapy Faculty Research

As part of the National Institutes of HealthToolbox initiative, a computerized test of dynamic visual acuity (cDVA) was developed and validated as an easy-to-administer, cost- and timeefficient test of vestibular and visual function. To establish normative reference values, 3,992 individuals, aged 3–85 years, without vestibular pathology underwent cDVA testing at multiple clinical research testing facilities across the United States. Test scores were stratified by sociodemographic characteristics. cDVA was worse in males (p <0.001) and those subjects 50 years or older, while there was no difference in dynamic visual acuity across age groups binned from 3 to 49 years. Furthermore, we used these normative cDVA data as a criterion reference to compare both the long (validated) and short versions of the test. Both versions can distinguish between those with and without vestibular pathology (p D0.0002 long; p D0.0025 short). The intraclass correlation coefficient between longand short-cDVA tests was 0.86.


Quantifying The Effect Of A Novel Topical Hyaluronic-Acid Phosphatidylethanolamine Cream On The Epidermis, Caitlin J. Symonette 2014 Western University

Quantifying The Effect Of A Novel Topical Hyaluronic-Acid Phosphatidylethanolamine Cream On The Epidermis, Caitlin J. Symonette

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With aging, keratinocytes have diminished proliferative capacity resulting in atrophic skin with reduced barrier function. This investigation evaluates the effect of daily topical applications of a novel high-molecular weight hyaluronan cream (HA-PE) on keratinocyte renewal and epidermal thickness. Unmodified hyaluronan and HA-PE were mixed separately into a vehicle cream. Each topical formulation was applied daily onto the shaved backs of aged female C57BL6 mice. Full-thickness biopsies of treated skin were obtained for analysis of keratinocyte proliferation, keratinocyte differentiation, and local inflammation at days 1, 5, and 10 of cream application. In addition, a cardiac puncture was performed for serum C-reactive ...


Development Of A Fatal Noncompressible Truncal Hemorrhage Model With Combined Hepatic And Portal Venous Injury In Normothermic Normovolemic Swine, Ujwal R. Yanala, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos, Gustavo Larsen, William H. Velander, Mark A. Carlson 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Development Of A Fatal Noncompressible Truncal Hemorrhage Model With Combined Hepatic And Portal Venous Injury In Normothermic Normovolemic Swine, Ujwal R. Yanala, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos, Gustavo Larsen, William H. Velander, Mark A. Carlson

William H. Velander Publications

Noncompressible truncal hemorrhage and brain injury currently account for most early mortality of warfighters on the battlefield. There is no effective treatment for noncompressible truncal hemorrhage, other than rapid evacuation to a surgical facility. The availability of an effective field treatment for noncompressible truncal hemorrhage could increase the number of warfighters salvaged from this frequently-lethal scenario. Our intent was to develop a porcine model of noncompressible truncal hemorrhage with a ,50% one-hour mortality so that we could develop new treatments for this difficult problem. Normovolemic normothermic domestic swine (barrows, 3 months old, 34–36 kg) underwent one of three injury ...


Surgical Approach In Total Hip Arthroplasty: Patient Outcomes And Impact On Costs, Stephen M. Petis 2014 Western University

Surgical Approach In Total Hip Arthroplasty: Patient Outcomes And Impact On Costs, Stephen M. Petis

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Total hip arthroplasty is often renowned as one of the most important surgical advances of the past century. Orthopaedic surgeons must choose a surgical approach to gain access to the hip joint in order to perform the reconstruction. There is debate in the literature as to which surgical approach optimizes patient outcomes, minimizes complications, and reduces costs to hospitals as a high volume procedure.

In the current studies, patient reported outcomes were compared at short-term follow-up using a prospective study design across the anterior, posterior, and lateral approach. A micro-costing method was used to acquire costs related to each procedure ...


Design And Development Of A Miniature In Vivo Surgical Robot With Distributed Motor Control For Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery, Eric J. Markvicka 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Design And Development Of A Miniature In Vivo Surgical Robot With Distributed Motor Control For Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery, Eric J. Markvicka

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Paradigm shifts in invasiveness, recovery time, cosmesis, and cost have been seen within the field of general surgery through major advances in surgical technology. Some of the most advanced types of general surgery now include Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS), LaparoEndoscopic Single-Site (LESS) surgery, and Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES). One of the newest and rapidly developing catalysts is robotic platforms. Such platforms have improved ergonomics and control, increased workspace and dexterity, and have surpassed the efficacy of many non-robotic platforms such as traditional laparoscopic surgical tools. This thesis presents the design and development of a four-degree-of-freedom (4- DOF) miniature ...


Evaluating Human Performance For Image-Guided Surgical Tasks, Matthew Kenneth Kramers 2014 Western University

Evaluating Human Performance For Image-Guided Surgical Tasks, Matthew Kenneth Kramers

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The following work focuses on the objective evaluation of human performance for two different interventional tasks; targeted prostate biopsy tasks using a tracked biopsy device, and external ventricular drain placement tasks using a mobile-based augmented reality device for visualization and guidance. In both tasks, a human performance methodology was utilized which respects the trade-off between speed and accuracy for users conducting a series of targeting tasks using each device. This work outlines the development and application of performance evaluation methods using these devices, as well as details regarding the implementation of the mobile AR application. It was determined that the ...


Towards Highly-Integrated Stereovideoscopy For In Vivo Surgical Robots, Jay Carlson 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Towards Highly-Integrated Stereovideoscopy For In Vivo Surgical Robots, Jay Carlson

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

When compared to traditional surgery, laparoscopic procedures result in better patient outcomes: shorter recovery, reduced post-operative pain, and less trauma to incisioned tissue. Unfortunately, laparoscopic procedures require specialized training for surgeons, as these minimally-invasive procedures provide an operating environment that has limited dexterity and limited vision. Advanced surgical robotics platforms can make minimally-invasive techniques safer and easier for the surgeon to complete successfully. The most common type of surgical robotics platforms -- the laparoscopic robots -- accomplish this with multi-degree-of-freedom manipulators that are capable of a diversified set of movements when compared to traditional laparoscopic instruments. Also, these laparoscopic robots allow for ...


Fluid Powered Miniature In-Vivo Robots For Minimally Invasive Surgery (Mis), Abolfazl Pourghodrat 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Fluid Powered Miniature In-Vivo Robots For Minimally Invasive Surgery (Mis), Abolfazl Pourghodrat

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Minimizing the invasiveness of surgery is believed to improve patient outcomes. Bleeding, infection, and pain are major concerns in surgery afflicting patients for decades. Minimally invasive techniques have come into play to reduce these concerns and smooth the evolution of abdominal surgery to a scarless process where nearly all surgeries can be performed without a skin incision. Technology continually advances the frontier of development of novel surgical devices to implement less invasive surgical techniques.

Fusion of robotics and Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) has created new opportunities to develop diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Surgical robotics is advancing from externally actuated systems ...


The Kras/Mapk Pathway And Ligand Independent Activation Of Erα: Implications For The Treatment Of Endometrial Cancer, Kari Ring 2014 Texas Medical Center Library

The Kras/Mapk Pathway And Ligand Independent Activation Of Erα: Implications For The Treatment Of Endometrial Cancer, Kari Ring

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Hormonal therapy remains a first line option for the treatment of recurrent endometrial cancer (EC), however, many tumors demonstrate de novo or acquired resistance. Member kinases of the PI3K/AKT and Ras/MAPK pathways activate estrogen receptor α (ERα) independent of estrogen, however, few studies have evaluated the role of the Ras/MAPK pathway in predicting response to hormonal therapy in EC. The aims of this project were to evaluate the role of ligand independent activation of ERα in EC and to explore therapeutic implications for the treatment of recurrent EC.

A xenograft model for recurrent EC was used to ...


Nerve Fiber Diameter Measurements Using Hematoxylin And Eosin Staining And Brightfield Microscopy To Assess The Novel Method Of Characterizing Peripheral Nerve Fiber Distributions By Group Delay, JORGE ARTURO VAZQUEZ 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Nerve Fiber Diameter Measurements Using Hematoxylin And Eosin Staining And Brightfield Microscopy To Assess The Novel Method Of Characterizing Peripheral Nerve Fiber Distributions By Group Delay, Jorge Arturo Vazquez

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Peripheral neuropathies are a set of common diseases that affect the peripheral nervous system, causing damage to vital connections between various parts of the body and the brain and spinal cord. Different clinical conditions are known to selectively impact various size nerve fibers, which often makes it difficult to diagnose which peripheral neuropathy a patient might have. The nerve conduction velocity diagnostic test provides clinically useful information in the diagnosis of some peripheral neuropathies. This method is advantageous because it tends to be minimally invasive yet it provides valuable diagnostic information. However, this test does not determine characteristics of peripheral ...


Joint Reaction Force And Contributions Of Surrounding Muscles To Knee Joint Load During Stair Ascent In Total Knee Replacement Patients And Healthy Individuals, Robert Jacob Rasnick 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Joint Reaction Force And Contributions Of Surrounding Muscles To Knee Joint Load During Stair Ascent In Total Knee Replacement Patients And Healthy Individuals, Robert Jacob Rasnick

Masters Theses

Total knee replacement (TKR) is commonly used to correct end stage knee osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee joint. Unfortunately, difficulty with stair climbing has been seen to exist, prolonging the challenges of TKR patents. Complete understanding of loading at the knee is of great interest in order to aid patient populations, implant manufacturers, rehabilitation, and future research. The outcome of a TKR is intended to reestablish normal motion and loading of the knee. Musculoskeletal modeling provides a means to accurately approximate joint loading and the corresponding muscle contributions during a movement.

The purpose of the present study was to examine ...


Development Of A Molecular Gram-Stain Assay For The Diagnosis Of Blood Stream Infections Associated With Sepsis, Douglas Bryan Litwin 2014 Texas Medical Center Library

Development Of A Molecular Gram-Stain Assay For The Diagnosis Of Blood Stream Infections Associated With Sepsis, Douglas Bryan Litwin

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Sepsis is a serious medical condition resulting from the severe dysregulation of the immune response that is generally triggered by infection. It affects more than 1.1 million Americans, has an average mortality rate of 30%, and is estimated to cost $24.3 billion annually. Currently, blood culture followed by Gram-stain analysis is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial infections associated with sepsis. This method generates a high rate of false negative results and, in general, requires 20 to 48 hr to provide results. Both of these problems are related to the requirement that the bacterial pathogens grow under defined ...


Utilizing Haplotypes For Sensitive Snp Array-Based Discovery Of Somatic Chromosomal Mutations, Selina M. Vattathil 2014 Texas Medical Center Library

Utilizing Haplotypes For Sensitive Snp Array-Based Discovery Of Somatic Chromosomal Mutations, Selina M. Vattathil

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Somatic copy-number (CN) gains and losses and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CNLOH) frequently occur in tumors and play a major role in the progression of disease by altering gene dosage and unmasking deleterious recessive variants. Characterizing these mutations in an individual tumor sample is therefore critical for research on the relationship of specific mutations to disease outcome and for clinical decision-making based on mutations with known impact. A pervasive hindrance to sensitive detection of these mutations is genetic heterogeneity and high levels of contaminating normal cells in tumor samples, which limit the fraction of cells carrying informative mutations. The method ...


Production Of Recombinant Human Coagulation Factor Ix By Transgenic Pig, Weijie Xu 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Production Of Recombinant Human Coagulation Factor Ix By Transgenic Pig, Weijie Xu

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research

Hemophilia B is the congenital bleeding disorder caused by deficiency in functional coagulation factor IX (FIX) and about 28,000 patients worldwide in 2012. And current treatment is restricted to protein-replacement therapy, which required FIX concentrates for patients’ life-time. Approximately 1 billion units FIX were consumed in 2012. However, still about 70-80% patients, mostly in developing countries, received inadequate or no treatment because of the unavailable and/or unaffordable FIX concentrates. Considering safety reasons, e.g. transmission of blood-borne diseases, the recombinant human FIX (rFIX) is recommended other than the plasma-derived FIX. However, only one rFIX is currently available on ...


Predictors Of Pain Relief Following Spinal Cord Stimulation In Chronic Back And Leg Pain And Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression Analysis, Rod S. Taylor, Mehul J. Desai, Philippe Rigoard, Rebecca J. Taylor 2014 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Predictors Of Pain Relief Following Spinal Cord Stimulation In Chronic Back And Leg Pain And Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression Analysis, Rod S. Taylor, Mehul J. Desai, Philippe Rigoard, Rebecca J. Taylor

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

We sought to assess the extent to which pain relief in chronic back and leg pain ( CBLP) following spinal cord stimulation ( SCS) is influenced by patient-related factors, including pain location, and technology factors. A number of electronic databases were searched with citation searching of included papers and recent systematic reviews. All study designs were included. The primary outcome was pain relief following SCS, we also sought pain score (pre- and post- SCS). Multiple predictive factors were examined: location of pain, history of back surgery, initial level of pain, litigation/worker's compensation, age, gender, duration of pain, duration of follow-up ...


Von Willebrand Factor Antigen Levels In Different Abo Blood Groups In A Nigerian Population, James I. Asuquo, Ifeyinwa M. Okafor Dr., Esien A. Usanga Dr., Isong Idongesit 2014 SelectedWorks

Von Willebrand Factor Antigen Levels In Different Abo Blood Groups In A Nigerian Population, James I. Asuquo, Ifeyinwa M. Okafor Dr., Esien A. Usanga Dr., Isong Idongesit

Ifeyinwa M Okafor Dr.

Von Willebrand factor is a glycoprotein produced in the endothelium and megakaryocytes. Its levels are known to vary between individuals. About 60% of the variations are caused by genetic factors with ABO blood group accounting for about 30%. This research was carried out to determine von Willebrand factor antigen (vWf:Ag) levels in different ABO blood groups in a Nigerian population. Blood samples were collected from 207 apparently healthy residents of Calabar, Nigeria, for the determination of ABO blood group phenotypes and vWf:Ag levels. The subjects were aged between ten and seventy years. Both male and female subjects were ...


Application Of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Based Metabolomics To Study The Central Metabolism Of Staphylococci, Bo Zhang 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Application Of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Based Metabolomics To Study The Central Metabolism Of Staphylococci, Bo Zhang

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Metabolomics studies the collection of small molecules (metabolites) involved in enzymatically catalyzed reactions, cell signaling and cellular structure. Perturbations in metabolite concentrations have been used to reflect the activity of corresponding enzymes or proteins. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a well-known approach for the structure determination of biological macromolecules. Alternatively, NMR has recently been established as a valuable tool of metabolomics, in which NMR spectral signals correlate small molecules with cellular activities. This has been accomplished through the chemometric analysis of high-throughput one dimensional 1H spectra (metabolic fingerprinting) and quantitative metabolite identification based on two dimensional 1H ...


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