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Using The Rat Grimace Scale To Detect Orofacial Pain In Mechanically-Induced Temporomandibular Joint Pain In Rats, Ya-Hsin Yu, Megan M. Sperry, Beth A. Winkelstein, Eric J. Granquist 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Using The Rat Grimace Scale To Detect Orofacial Pain In Mechanically-Induced Temporomandibular Joint Pain In Rats, Ya-Hsin Yu, Megan M. Sperry, Beth A. Winkelstein, Eric J. Granquist

Dental Theses

Introduction: Orofacial pain in animal models of TMJ disorders is typically evaluated by measuring evoked reflexive responses. Since the rat grimace scale (RGS) was adopted recently to assess spontaneous pain in other pathologies, this study evaluated its effectiveness for TMJ pain in the rat. RGS was evaluated using a well-defined pain model of TMJ loading.

Material and Methods: Female Holtzman rats were assigned to separate groups: loading (n=10); sham (n=4); loading with naproxen (n=4) or vehicle (n=3) on days 4 and 5 after pain developed. Jaw loading was imposed for 7 consecutive days under anesthesia by ...


Interdisciplinary Knowledge Of Etsu Dental Hygiene And Nutrition Students, Jade Merritt 2018 East Tennessee State University

Interdisciplinary Knowledge Of Etsu Dental Hygiene And Nutrition Students, Jade Merritt

Jade Merritt

There is a significant relationship between nutrition, systemic disease, and oral health. The integration of both nutrition and oral health information into educational programs for dental hygiene and nutrition students is vital for each profession. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of dental hygiene and nutrition students in regards to content material pertaining to each discipline. This study attempted to provide baseline data for those teaching in ETSU’s Dental Hygiene and Nutrition programs to determine if modifications in the curricula are needed to better prepare future students. Results indicated that there was not a ...


Periodontitis In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Simran Agarwal, Deepthi Gangaram, Mir Saleem 2018 Nova Southeastern University

Periodontitis In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Simran Agarwal, Deepthi Gangaram, Mir Saleem

Biology Faculty Articles

Periodontitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease that is characterized by swollen gums, degradation of jaw structure, and potentially tooth loss. Like Periodontitis, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is also highly prevalent and largely multifactorial. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition in which higher than normal blood glucose levels cannot be properly maintained as the body’s normal mechanism of maintaining proper blood glucose levels, the release of insulin from pancreatic islet β-cells, becomes ineffective. The purpose of this literature review is to explore the relationship between the incidences of Periodontitis and Type 2 Diabetes. The risk that Type 2 Diabetes poses ...


Interdisciplinary Knowledge Of Etsu Dental Hygiene And Nutrition Students, Jade Merritt 2018 East Tennessee State University

Interdisciplinary Knowledge Of Etsu Dental Hygiene And Nutrition Students, Jade Merritt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

There is a significant relationship between nutrition, systemic disease, and oral health. The integration of both nutrition and oral health information into educational programs for dental hygiene and nutrition students is vital for each profession. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of dental hygiene and nutrition students in regards to content material pertaining to each discipline. This study attempted to provide baseline data for those teaching in ETSU’s Dental Hygiene and Nutrition programs to determine if modifications in the curricula are needed to better prepare future students. Results indicated that there was not a ...


Evaluation Of The Biocompatibility And Micromechanical Properties Of Experimental Dental Adhesives, Hoda Moussa 2018 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Evaluation Of The Biocompatibility And Micromechanical Properties Of Experimental Dental Adhesives, Hoda Moussa

Forensic Science Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the biocompatibility and micromechanical properties of newly synthesized antibacterial monomer and cross-linker functional surfactants into a commercially available dental adhesive (Single Bond, 3M ESPE, Saint Paul, MN, USA) at three concentrations (0.05, 0.1, 0.25 mg/mg). All groups were analyzed by evaluation of micro-tensile bond strength, ultimate tensile strength, cell viability, antibacterial properties, and surface micro-hardness. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for interfacial characterization.

Human extracted molars were used as a substrate for bonding adhesives for the micro-tensile bond strength (MTBS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies. Twenty ...


Understanding The New Blood Pressure Guidelines, Susan H. Davide, Anty Lam 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Understanding The New Blood Pressure Guidelines, Susan H. Davide, Anty Lam

Publications and Research

Oral health professionals who are well versed in the new guidelines will be best prepared to handle the implications on patient care.


Etsu Dental Hygiene Students’ Interest In And Perceived Preparedness For Nontraditional Or Expanded Roles After Graduation, Olivia Rowell 2018 East Tennessee State University

Etsu Dental Hygiene Students’ Interest In And Perceived Preparedness For Nontraditional Or Expanded Roles After Graduation, Olivia Rowell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Purpose

This study assessed ETSU dental hygiene students’ perceptions and attitudes toward their careers after graduation in relation to underserved populations’ lack of access to dental care and nontraditional roles for dental hygienists.

Methods

A voluntary simple survey was used to assess the following: dental hygiene students’ exposure to and knowledge about underserved populations and nontraditional roles for dental hygienists, students’ favor or opposition toward these nontraditional roles, students’ interest in nontraditional roles, and students’ perceived preparedness to work outside of a traditional dental office in nontraditional roles to provide care for underserved populations. The survey data was aggregated and ...


A Hint Of Success, Sarah Asp Olson 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

A Hint Of Success, Sarah Asp Olson

Frontiers

Angela Monson's unique teaching tool is a boon for precision in dental hygiene instruction.


1st Place Contest Entry: Provisional Patent Research Process, Joshua Goldfaden 2018 Chapman University

1st Place Contest Entry: Provisional Patent Research Process, Joshua Goldfaden

Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize

This is Joshua Goldfaden's submission for the 2018 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won first place. He wrote about abrasive chemicals in commercial toothpastes and created a provisional patent to develop a safer alternative.

Joshua is a sophomore at Chapman University, majoring in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. His faculty mentor is Dr. Yu-An (Peter) Chang.


Effectiveness Of Autism Education In Accredited Dental Hygiene Programs, Stephanie M. Riehn 2018 Western Kentucky University

Effectiveness Of Autism Education In Accredited Dental Hygiene Programs, Stephanie M. Riehn

Dissertations

The increase in the prevalence of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased dramatically over the last few decades, causing an increase in the exposure of dental professionals to patients with the disorder in a clinical setting.

The purpose of this study is to understand the influence of the licensed dental hygienists’ professional attitude towards treating a patient with ASD, and the level of accommodations provided to patients with ASD during a routine dental visit, based on the amount of knowledge provided about the disorder during an accredited dental hygiene program. Survey data were collected from 78 registered ...


Factors Effecting Survival Of Teeth With Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Including A Multi-State Outcome Analysis, Alex Moore 2018 Marquette University

Factors Effecting Survival Of Teeth With Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Including A Multi-State Outcome Analysis, Alex Moore

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: To study the factors effecting the survival of teeth with non-surgical root canal therapy (NS-RCT) and to compare the transitions between failure states for teeth treated with NS-RCT based on initial provider type. Methods: Insurance claims were analyzed for 438,487 initial NS-RCT procedures to determine the effect of provider type, patient age, tooth position, presence of post/core, and crown at 90 days on tooth survival. Kaplan Meier survival estimates were evaluated for 1, 3, 5, and 10 years and adjusted hazard ratios (aHR’s) were calculated. A multi-state model with six transitions was created using the ‘mstate ...


Contact Point, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry 2018 University of the Pacific

Contact Point, Arthur A. Dugoni School Of Dentistry

Contact Point

No abstract provided.


The Interprofessional Management Of Geriatric Patients Undergoing Head And Neck Cancer Treatment In U.S. Nursing Homes, Rashida Wiley, Vidushi Gupta, Riddhi A. Daftary, Jessfor Baugh, Anh H. Tran, Dorothy Lynne Cataldo, Yang Kang, Takashi Komabayashi 2018 University of New England

The Interprofessional Management Of Geriatric Patients Undergoing Head And Neck Cancer Treatment In U.S. Nursing Homes, Rashida Wiley, Vidushi Gupta, Riddhi A. Daftary, Jessfor Baugh, Anh H. Tran, Dorothy Lynne Cataldo, Yang Kang, Takashi Komabayashi

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

A dental approach toward interprofessional management, treatment planning and rehabilitation of diagnosed individuals undergoing cancer therapies is essential. Literature review focuses on presurgery oral hygiene instructions, pre-radiography/chemotherapy dental clearance, complications and management during radiotherapy/chemotherapy; post-radiotherapy/ chemotherapy oral healthcare; and adjunctive measures.


Awareness Of Dentists Regarding Immediate Management Of Dental Avulsion : Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Study., Kamil Zafar, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Muhammad Hasan Hameed 2018 Aga Khan University

Awareness Of Dentists Regarding Immediate Management Of Dental Avulsion : Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Study., Kamil Zafar, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Muhammad Hasan Hameed

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

OBJECTIVE:
To assess the knowledge of practising dentists regarding immediate management of dental avulsion.

METHODS:
The cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in various dental colleges and teaching hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan, in October-November 2016, and comprised dentists working in academic institutions / departments or as general dental practitioners for at least 1 year. The subjects were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire. Questions related to knowledge and practice regarding immediate management of dental avulsion was asked and then responses were categorised as good knowledge, moderate and poor knowledge. SPSS 22 was used for data analysis..
RESULTS:
Of the 282 subjects ...


Current Radiation Safety Practices Of United States Dental Hygienists, Kimberly Lintag 2018 Old Dominion University

Current Radiation Safety Practices Of United States Dental Hygienists, Kimberly Lintag

Dental Hygiene Theses & Dissertations

Problem: The purpose of this study was to determine licensed dental hygienists’ current radiation safety practices.

Methods: Data was collected with a 22 item, IRB exempt online survey administered to a sample of 1,500 U.S. dental hygienists who were subscribers of a professional journal. Questions focused on respondents’ use of ADA selection criteria guidelines, policies implemented by their dental practice, and hand-held portable x-ray device use and training. A response rate of 38% (N=566) was obtained. Cross tabulations were obtained using logistic regression and general linear models for significance at a 0.05 level.

Results: A majority ...


Evaluation Of Root Morphology And Canal Configuration Of Maxillary Premolars In A Sample Of Pakistani Population By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Muhammad Rizwan Nazeer, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ghafoor 2018 Aga Khan University

Evaluation Of Root Morphology And Canal Configuration Of Maxillary Premolars In A Sample Of Pakistani Population By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Muhammad Rizwan Nazeer, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ghafoor

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Objectives: To evaluate the root canal morphology of maxillary premolars.

Method: This retrospective study was conducted from November 2016 to January 2017 at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and reviewed Cone Beam Computed Tomography images of maxillary first and second premolars done from November 2014 to October 2016. Frequency distribution of Vertucci's classification was determined. Chi square test was applied to determine any association between Vertucci's type and gender. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.

Results: Of the 114 first premolars, 74(68.6%) were bi-rooted and 36(31.5%) were single-rooted. The mean lengths of buccal ...


Rankl Deletion In Periodontal Ligament And Bone Lining Cells Blocks Orthodontic Tooth Movement, Chia-Ying Yang, Hyeran H. Jeon, Ahmed Alshabab, Yu Jin Lee, Chun-Hsi Chung 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Rankl Deletion In Periodontal Ligament And Bone Lining Cells Blocks Orthodontic Tooth Movement, Chia-Ying Yang, Hyeran H. Jeon, Ahmed Alshabab, Yu Jin Lee, Chun-Hsi Chung

Departmental Papers (Dental)

The bone remodeling process in response to orthodontic forces requires the activity of osteoclasts to allow teeth to move in the direction of the force applied. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) is essential for this process although its cellular source in response to orthodontic forces has not been determined. Orthodontic tooth movement is considered to be an aseptic inflammatory process that is stimulated by leukocytes inclduing T and B lymphocytes which are presumed to stimulate bone resorption. We determined whether periodontal ligament and bone lining cells were an essential source of RANKL by tamoxifen induced deletion of RANKL ...


Kallikrein-Related Peptidases Are Dysregulated In Pleomorphic Adenoma, Matthew D. Morrison 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Kallikrein-Related Peptidases Are Dysregulated In Pleomorphic Adenoma, Matthew D. Morrison

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign salivary gland tumor. Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) have been identified as biomarkers in many human tumors and may influence tumor behavior. We investigated KLK1-15 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins in PA specimens to determine a KLK expression profile for this tumor.

Methods: Fresh frozen PA tissue specimens (n = 26) and matched controls were subjected to RT-qPCR to detect KLK1-15 mRNA. Expression of KLK1, KLK12, KLK13 and KLK8 proteins were then evaluated via immunostaining techniques. Statistical analyses were performed with the level of significance set at P < .05.

Results: We observed downregulation of ...


Association Between Environmental Tobacco Smoke And Dental Caries Amongst 5-14 Years Old Children In Karachi, Pakistan., Anna Ali Nayani, Romaina Iqbal, Syed Iqbal Azam, Farhan Raza Khan, Aysha Habib Khan, Naveed Janjua, Azmina Hussain 2018 Aga Khan University

Association Between Environmental Tobacco Smoke And Dental Caries Amongst 5-14 Years Old Children In Karachi, Pakistan., Anna Ali Nayani, Romaina Iqbal, Syed Iqbal Azam, Farhan Raza Khan, Aysha Habib Khan, Naveed Janjua, Azmina Hussain

Community Health Sciences

Objective:To determine the association between environmental tobacco smoke and dental caries.
Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted in peri-urban and urban areas of Karachi, from February to August 2014, and comprised children aged 5-14 years. A pre-coded questionnaire for environmental tobacco smoke and food frequency questionnaire for dietary habits were used. Dental examination of children was done to detect caries. Cox-proportional hazard algorithm was used to measure the association of environmental tobacco smoke with dental caries at multivariable level. STATA version 12.0 was used for statistical analysis.
Result:Of the 500 children, 250(50%) each were from peri-urban ...


Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell 2018 Bond University

Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell

Marilyn Mitchell

This paper argues that authentic leadership theory provides a useful model for explaining the communication of orthognathic or jaw surgery bloggers. Previous studies concluded that illness blogs can empower patients, but no research considered any leadership theory as a model for blogging. For this study, 24 publicly available blogs were analyzed to find expressions that demonstrated each of the four components of authentic leadership, which are self-awareness, relational transparency, communication based upon an internalized moral perspective, and balanced processing of information. The research also analyzed blog comments to find expressions that demonstrated followers’ development of the positive psychological capacities of ...


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