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Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, PT, PhD, OCS, Venita Sposetti, DMD 2017 University of Florida

Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, Pt, Phd, Ocs, Venita Sposetti, Dmd

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Background While the need for interprofessional education (IPE) has been clearly elucidated, (Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016), one of the major barriers is the logistical challenge of meeting curricular requirements for all involved. The organization and time required in an already full schedule are often deterrents. Ideal opportunities meet specific program curricular requirements as well as enhancing interprofessional competencies. Interprofessional competencies include developing skills to teach other health care providers about profession-specific skills and enhancing communication across the professions (Bridges, 2011; Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016). Active learning techniques have been advocated for adult learners to promote motivation and engagement (Knowles, 1984 ...


Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell 2016 Bond University

Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper argues that authentic leadership theory provides a useful model for explaining the communication of orthognathic or jaw surgery bloggers. Previous studies concluded that illness blogs can empower patients, but no research considered any leadership theory as a model for blogging. For this study, 24 publicly available blogs were analyzed to find expressions that demonstrated each of the four components of authentic leadership, which are self-awareness, relational transparency, communication based upon an internalized moral perspective, and balanced processing of information. The research also analyzed blog comments to find expressions that demonstrated followers’ development of the positive psychological capacities of ...


Mid-Level Dental Care Provider: Awareness And Attitudes Of Ohio’S Dental Hygienists, Cynthia S. Leverich 2016 East Tennessee State University

Mid-Level Dental Care Provider: Awareness And Attitudes Of Ohio’S Dental Hygienists, Cynthia S. Leverich

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness and attitudes of dental hygienists in Ohio regarding the Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner (ADHP) as an occupation proposed by the American Dental Hygienists’ Association and to determine whether the ADHP could be a viable career option for Ohio dental hygienists.

I developed a survey to assess dental hygienists’ awareness, attitudes, and their views regarding the new mid-level dental provider. The study was limited to licensed dental hygienists in Ohio. The study included a simple random sample of 400 of the 4100 dental hygienists in Ohio obtained by a systematic approach ...


Orofacial Pain Overview: Getting Rid Of The Riddles, Andrew L. Young 2016 University of the Pacific

Orofacial Pain Overview: Getting Rid Of The Riddles, Andrew L. Young

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

While most pains that find their way to the dental office are dental in origin, some have less familiar roots: muscular, joint, neurological, headache, sinus or psychological. All of these roots can at times masquerade as a toothache. The purpose of this article is to alert the dentist to the select features of each root that distinguish it from the rest, resulting in efficient and appropriate treatment.


Intercanine Distance Used As A Measure To Rule Out Biters In Bite Mark Forensics, Alana Joy Scudiere Ohana 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Intercanine Distance Used As A Measure To Rule Out Biters In Bite Mark Forensics, Alana Joy Scudiere Ohana

Masters Theses

The science of identification by bite mark analysis has recently been called into serious question. (Reesu and Brown 2016) Human dentition is truly variable, but often not unique. When animal bites are considered, a proper ID of the perpetrator is nearly impossible. Primary distortion (when the bite is made) and secondary distortion (during decomposition or healing) both further disrupt landmarks that might be used for identification. (Sheasby and MacDonald 2001) Using only ink marks and intercanine distance on live subjects, this study attempts to determine maximum distortion possible for a variety of bite mark locations on skin. (Pretty and Sweet ...


Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain 2016 University of Louisville

Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Studies suggest that P. gingivalis functions as a keystone pathogen and interacts with primary colonizers in the supragingival biofilm such as S. gordonii. This interaction contributes to the initial colonization of the oral cavity by P. gingivalis and thus represents a potential target for therapeutic intervention. We have identified a peptide (BAR) derived from the streptococcal SspB protein that functions to inhibit P. gingivalis adherence to S. gordonii. In addition, we showed that nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with BAR inhibit this interaction more potently than free soluble peptide, possibly by promoting interaction with P. gingivalis at higher valency than free peptide ...


Clinical Impact Of A Novel Interprofessional Dental And Pharmacy Student Tobacco Cessation Education Program On Dental Patients, Matthew Boyd, PharmD Candidate, Jillian Lykon, PharmD Candidate, Jacqueline M. Theodorou, PharmD, BCPS, Melissa E. Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Shannon Myers Virtue, PsyD, Elizabeth Waldron, BA 2016 Temple University

Clinical Impact Of A Novel Interprofessional Dental And Pharmacy Student Tobacco Cessation Education Program On Dental Patients, Matthew Boyd, Pharmd Candidate, Jillian Lykon, Pharmd Candidate, Jacqueline M. Theodorou, Pharmd, Bcps, Melissa E. Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Shannon Myers Virtue, Psyd, Elizabeth Waldron, Ba

JCIPE Conference

Objectives:

• To compare the difference between IPE care and standard care (SC) groups regarding dental patients' perceptions of knowledge gained about tobacco cessation, intentions to quit tobacco use, and quit attempts at follow-up.

• To evaluate perceptions of IPE care.

Background:

Based on the link between tobacco use and oral health and the frequent contact between dental providers and patients, the dental clinic is an ideal setting to address tobacco use.1

• Many dentists feel unprepared providing tobacco cessation education, particularly pharmacologic treatment options.1-3

• Pharmacists promote safe and effective pharmacologic treatment options for tobacco dependence and patients’ perceptions toward pharmacist-provided ...


Evaluating The Impact Of An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Pharmacy And Dental Students On Medication Histories Within An Urban Academic Dental Admissions Clinic, Alexander Radovanovich, PharmD Candidate, Rachel von Vital, PharmD Candidate, Melissa E. Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Jacqueline M. Theordorou PharmD, BCPS, Shannon Myers Virtue PsyD, Chizobam Idahosa, BDS, DDS, MS, Laurie A. MacPhail, DMD, PhD, Huaqing Zhao, PhD 2016 Temple University

Evaluating The Impact Of An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Pharmacy And Dental Students On Medication Histories Within An Urban Academic Dental Admissions Clinic, Alexander Radovanovich, Pharmd Candidate, Rachel Von Vital, Pharmd Candidate, Melissa E. Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Jacqueline M. Theordorou Pharmd, Bcps, Shannon Myers Virtue Psyd, Chizobam Idahosa, Bds, Dds, Ms, Laurie A. Macphail, Dmd, Phd, Huaqing Zhao, Phd

JCIPE Conference

Primary Objective:

To compare interprofessional (IP) care versus standard care on medication history clarifications in dental patients.

Secondary Objectives:

To assess the clinical significance of these clarifications with regards to the potential impact on dental treatment plans.

To describe the interventions provided by IP care to clarify discrepancies and/or resolve medication-related problems.


Designing And Evaluating An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Dental And Pharmacy Students, Melissa Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Jacqueline Theodorou, PharmD, BCPS, Maria Fornatora, DMD, Chizobam Idahosa, BDS, DDS, MS, Laurie MacPhail, DMD, PhD, Elizabeth Tweddale, DMD, Shannon Myers Virtue, PsyD 2016 Temple University School of Pharmacy

Designing And Evaluating An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Dental And Pharmacy Students, Melissa Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Jacqueline Theodorou, Pharmd, Bcps, Maria Fornatora, Dmd, Chizobam Idahosa, Bds, Dds, Ms, Laurie Macphail, Dmd, Phd, Elizabeth Tweddale, Dmd, Shannon Myers Virtue, Psyd

JCIPE Conference

Purpose: To describe the design and evaluation of an innovative interprofessional practice experience involving pharmacy and dental students.

Background: Accreditation standards for pharmacy and dentistry schools mandate that interprofessional education (IPE) is introduced and practiced throughout the curriculum. There is a paucity of data involving interprofessional practice experiences with dental and pharmacy students.

Description of Program: Pharmacy and dental student-teams conduct health and medication histories for patients seen at Temple University’s dental admissions clinic. Additionally, these teams collaborate to conduct tobacco cessation counseling for current tobacco users. This interprofessional practice experience was designed to prepare students to build more ...


Collaborative Learning: Students’ Perspectives On How Learning Happens, Abdulaziz Almajed, Vicki Skinner, Ray Peterson, Tracey Winning 2016 School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, South Australia (currently Department of Dentistry, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

Collaborative Learning: Students’ Perspectives On How Learning Happens, Abdulaziz Almajed, Vicki Skinner, Ray Peterson, Tracey Winning

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

Collaborative learning (CL), a core component of inquiry-based learning approaches, aims to support students’ development of key skills (e.g., working in multidisciplinary teams). To design effective CL activities, we need to understand students’ perceptions about CL. However, few studies have examined students’ understandings of CL. This qualitative study aimed to address this gap by analyzing participants’ constructions of their CL experiences. Focus group data (14 first- and 14 fourth-year dental student volunteers) were analyzed by an inductive thematic analysis strategy. The findings explained students’ perspectives of key factors for facilitating positive learning within an inquiry-based CL context, namely having ...


Another Piece Of The “Silence In Pbl” Puzzle: Students’ Explanations Of Dominance And Quietness As Complementary Group Roles, Vicki J. Skinner, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Tracey A. Winning 2016 The University of Adelaide

Another Piece Of The “Silence In Pbl” Puzzle: Students’ Explanations Of Dominance And Quietness As Complementary Group Roles, Vicki J. Skinner, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Tracey A. Winning

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

A problem-based learning (PBL) assumption is that silence is incompatible with collaborative learning. Although sociocultural studies have reinterpreted silence as collaborative, we must understand how silence occurs in PBL groups. This essay presents students’ explanations of dominance, leadership, and silence as PBL group roles. An ethnographic investigation of PBL groups, informed by social constructionism, was conducted at two dental schools (in Australia and Ireland). The methods used were observation, interviews, and focus groups. The participants were volunteer first-year undergraduates. Students attributed dominance, silence, and members’ group roles to personal attributes. Consequently, they assumed that groups divided naturally into dominant leaders ...


Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein 2016 Mercer University, Atlanta

Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the effects of a cultural competency intervention on dental pre-doctoral students’ attitudes toward individuals of a different sexual orientation. 22 heterosexual students interviewed gay or lesbian individuals and wrote reflective text. Results illustrated that participants found that their interviewees had “surprisingly similar” beliefs and values – especially in the areas of religion and family. Because of their “similar values,” these students expressed respect toward their interviewees who were “so different” than themselves. This conclusion of “sameness” forced them to see homosexuals as people, rather than a stigmatized invisible outgroup, mitigating sexual prejudice.


Prevalence Of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Dentists In Teaching Hospitals In Karachi, Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Sheikh Bilal Bada 2016 Aga Khan University

Prevalence Of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Dentists In Teaching Hospitals In Karachi, Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Sheikh Bilal Bada

Department of Surgery

Work-related musculoskeletal pain is common among healthcare professionals, including dentists. This crosssectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dentists. This study was carried out from January to April 2016 at various teaching hospitals of Karachi, and comprised 230 dentists. A self-administered questionnaire, adapted from a validated Nordic questionnaire, was distributed among the participants. Descriptive statistics were computed and associations of interest were analysed using chi-square test. Of the 230 forms, 182(79.11%) were included after leaving out the incomplete ones. The overall prevalence of MSDs was 138(75.8%). The most frequent ...


Comparison Of Fracture And Deformation In The Rotary Endodontic Instruments: Protaper Versus K-3 System, Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Munawar Rahman 2016 Aga Khan University

Comparison Of Fracture And Deformation In The Rotary Endodontic Instruments: Protaper Versus K-3 System, Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Munawar Rahman

Department of Surgery

Abstract

This experimental study was done on extracted human teeth to compare the fracture and deformation of the two rotary endodontic files system namely K-3 and Protapers. It was conducted at the dental clinics of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, A log of file deformation or fracture during root canal preparation was kept. The location of fracture was noted along with the identity of the canal in which fracture took place. The fracture in the two rotary systems was compared. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. Of the 172(80.4%) teeth possessing more than 15 degrees of ...


Association Between Hypodontia And Angles Malocclusion, Batool A. Haider, Syed Sheeraz Hussain 2016 Aga Khan University

Association Between Hypodontia And Angles Malocclusion, Batool A. Haider, Syed Sheeraz Hussain

Department of Surgery

Abstract

This study was planned to determine the prevalence of hypodontia in permanent dentition and to test whether an association was present between hypodontia and Angle's malocclusion. The retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of all patients visiting the orthodontic clinics of the hospital from 2005 to 2015. Orthodontic records of 790(79%) subjects, including 189(23.9%) males and 601(76.1%) females, were reviewed. Their mean age was 17 ± 5.06 years. A tooth was considered missing if no evidence of tooth germ was observed on orthopantomograms and dental casts ...


A Review Of The Failed Cases Of Dental Implants At A University Hospital In Karachi, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Sana Ehsen Nagi 2016 The Aga Khan University

A Review Of The Failed Cases Of Dental Implants At A University Hospital In Karachi, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Sana Ehsen Nagi

Department of Surgery

Abstract

The retrospective study was conducted to assess the dental implants that experienced failure. It was conducted at the dental clinic of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of dental implants from July 2010 to June 2015. Variables such as patient age, gender and systemic status, length and diameter of implants, bone grafting, type of definitive prosthesis (crown or bridge or overdenture), nature of retention (cement versus screw retained), loading strategy (immediate versus delayed loading), etc. were analysed. Of the 220 implants placed, 6(2.7%) failed to integrate (as revealed by torque test) at the beginning ...


Age Estimation Of A Sample Of Pakistani Population Using Coronal Pulp Cavity Index In Molars And Premolars On Orthopantomogram, Sheikh Bilal Bada, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Muhammad Hasan Hameed 2016 Aga Khan University

Age Estimation Of A Sample Of Pakistani Population Using Coronal Pulp Cavity Index In Molars And Premolars On Orthopantomogram, Sheikh Bilal Bada, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Muhammad Hasan Hameed

Department of Surgery

Abstract The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of tooth-coronal index (TCI) in the age estimation. This retrospective charts review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from January 2016 to March 2016, and comprised 315 teeth of 80 individuals. The teeth were analysed on Orthopantomogram. TCI was calculated for unrestored mandibular premolars and molars. Pearson's correlation was applied to assess correlation between chronological age and TCI. Besides, 30(37.5%) subjects were male and 50(62.5%) female, and 140(44.4%) teeth were of male subjects and 175(55.6%) were ...


A 6-Year Evaluation Of 223 Tapered Dental Implants And Associated Prosthesis In 92 Patients At A University Hospital, Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Khan, Rabia Ali 2016 Aga Khan University

A 6-Year Evaluation Of 223 Tapered Dental Implants And Associated Prosthesis In 92 Patients At A University Hospital, Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Khan, Rabia Ali

Department of Surgery

Abstract

The aim of the retrospective study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcome of the dental implant surgery and prosthetics. It was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised of medical charts and radiographic records of patients visiting between 2010 and 2015. Variables such as implant dimensions, final prosthesis, method of retention, loading protocol and patient factors were analysed. A total of 223 implants (143(64.1%) in maxilla and 80(35.9%) in mandible) were placed in 92 subjects (50(54.3%) males and 42(45.7%) females). All implants were Zimmer tapered screw-vent ...


Amalgam Fillings: Do Dental Patients Have A Right To Informed Consent, Michael A. Royal 2016 University of New Hampshire

Amalgam Fillings: Do Dental Patients Have A Right To Informed Consent, Michael A. Royal

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Recent animal studies have shown significant mercury absorption from dental fillings and resulted in unfavorable media attention. Yet, an FDA advisory committee has found no evidence of Risk to dental patients, and many dentists believe that patients are being unnecessarily alarmed. The paper reviews the history of amalgam fillings through the recent animal studies and concludes that the Risk, whatever it may prove to be, is sufficiently high to warrant permitting patients to choose between amalgam and alternative dental filling materials.


The Implementation Of Alternative Pain Control Methods By Dental Hygienists, Alejandra Valadez Rodriguez 2016 Western Kentucky University

The Implementation Of Alternative Pain Control Methods By Dental Hygienists, Alejandra Valadez Rodriguez

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

As a dental hygienist, it is important to understand new concepts and techniques that can contribute to a more comfortable setting for patients who experience dental anxiety. Alternative pain control methods can assist in alleviating patient anxiety, therefore, providing a more efficient and relaxed clinical atmosphere for both patient and clinician. Some of the methods discussed are: guided imagery, deep breathing, muscle relaxation, hypnosis, acupressure, essential oil diffusion, audio distraction, and visual stimuli. After reviewing the literature the researcher found that dental anxiety affects patient compliance, their overall health, and willingness to attend regular dental visits. The purpose of this ...


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