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Mid-Level Dental Care Provider: Awareness And Attitudes Of Ohio’S Dental Hygienists, Cynthia S. Leverich 2016 East Tennessee State University

Mid-Level Dental Care Provider: Awareness And Attitudes Of Ohio’S Dental Hygienists, Cynthia S. Leverich

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness and attitudes of dental hygienists in Ohio regarding the Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner (ADHP) as an occupation proposed by the American Dental Hygienists’ Association and to determine whether the ADHP could be a viable career option for Ohio dental hygienists.

I developed a survey to assess dental hygienists’ awareness, attitudes, and their views regarding the new mid-level dental provider. The study was limited to licensed dental hygienists in Ohio. The study included a simple random sample of 400 of the 4100 dental hygienists in Ohio obtained by a systematic approach ...


Clinical Impact Of A Novel Interprofessional Dental And Pharmacy Student Tobacco Cessation Education Program On Dental Patients, Matthew Boyd, PharmD Candidate, Jillian Lykon, PharmD Candidate, Jacqueline M. Theodorou, PharmD, BCPS, Melissa E. Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Shannon Myers Virtue, PsyD, Elizabeth Waldron, BA 2016 Temple University

Clinical Impact Of A Novel Interprofessional Dental And Pharmacy Student Tobacco Cessation Education Program On Dental Patients, Matthew Boyd, Pharmd Candidate, Jillian Lykon, Pharmd Candidate, Jacqueline M. Theodorou, Pharmd, Bcps, Melissa E. Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Shannon Myers Virtue, Psyd, Elizabeth Waldron, Ba

JCIPE Conference

Objectives:

• To compare the difference between IPE care and standard care (SC) groups regarding dental patients' perceptions of knowledge gained about tobacco cessation, intentions to quit tobacco use, and quit attempts at follow-up.

• To evaluate perceptions of IPE care.

Background:

Based on the link between tobacco use and oral health and the frequent contact between dental providers and patients, the dental clinic is an ideal setting to address tobacco use.1

• Many dentists feel unprepared providing tobacco cessation education, particularly pharmacologic treatment options.1-3

• Pharmacists promote safe and effective pharmacologic treatment options for tobacco dependence and patients’ perceptions toward pharmacist-provided ...


Evaluating The Impact Of An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Pharmacy And Dental Students On Medication Histories Within An Urban Academic Dental Admissions Clinic, Alexander Radovanovich, PharmD Candidate, Rachel von Vital, PharmD Candidate, Melissa E. Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Jacqueline M. Theordorou PharmD, BCPS, Shannon Myers Virtue PsyD, Chizobam Idahosa, BDS, DDS, MS, Laurie A. MacPhail, DMD, PhD, Huaqing Zhao, PhD 2016 Temple University

Evaluating The Impact Of An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Pharmacy And Dental Students On Medication Histories Within An Urban Academic Dental Admissions Clinic, Alexander Radovanovich, Pharmd Candidate, Rachel Von Vital, Pharmd Candidate, Melissa E. Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Jacqueline M. Theordorou Pharmd, Bcps, Shannon Myers Virtue Psyd, Chizobam Idahosa, Bds, Dds, Ms, Laurie A. Macphail, Dmd, Phd, Huaqing Zhao, Phd

JCIPE Conference

Primary Objective:

To compare interprofessional (IP) care versus standard care on medication history clarifications in dental patients.

Secondary Objectives:

To assess the clinical significance of these clarifications with regards to the potential impact on dental treatment plans.

To describe the interventions provided by IP care to clarify discrepancies and/or resolve medication-related problems.


Designing And Evaluating An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Dental And Pharmacy Students, Melissa Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Jacqueline Theodorou, PharmD, BCPS, Maria Fornatora, DMD, Chizobam Idahosa, BDS, DDS, MS, Laurie MacPhail, DMD, PhD, Elizabeth Tweddale, DMD, Shannon Myers Virtue, PsyD 2016 Temple University School of Pharmacy

Designing And Evaluating An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Dental And Pharmacy Students, Melissa Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Jacqueline Theodorou, Pharmd, Bcps, Maria Fornatora, Dmd, Chizobam Idahosa, Bds, Dds, Ms, Laurie Macphail, Dmd, Phd, Elizabeth Tweddale, Dmd, Shannon Myers Virtue, Psyd

JCIPE Conference

Purpose: To describe the design and evaluation of an innovative interprofessional practice experience involving pharmacy and dental students.

Background: Accreditation standards for pharmacy and dentistry schools mandate that interprofessional education (IPE) is introduced and practiced throughout the curriculum. There is a paucity of data involving interprofessional practice experiences with dental and pharmacy students.

Description of Program: Pharmacy and dental student-teams conduct health and medication histories for patients seen at Temple University’s dental admissions clinic. Additionally, these teams collaborate to conduct tobacco cessation counseling for current tobacco users. This interprofessional practice experience was designed to prepare students to build more ...


Collaborative Learning: Students’ Perspectives On How Learning Happens, Abdulaziz Almajed, Vicki Skinner, Ray Peterson, Tracey Winning 2016 School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, South Australia (currently Department of Dentistry, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

Collaborative Learning: Students’ Perspectives On How Learning Happens, Abdulaziz Almajed, Vicki Skinner, Ray Peterson, Tracey Winning

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

Collaborative learning (CL), a core component of inquiry-based learning approaches, aims to support students’ development of key skills (e.g., working in multidisciplinary teams). To design effective CL activities, we need to understand students’ perceptions about CL. However, few studies have examined students’ understandings of CL. This qualitative study aimed to address this gap by analyzing participants’ constructions of their CL experiences. Focus group data (14 first- and 14 fourth-year dental student volunteers) were analyzed by an inductive thematic analysis strategy. The findings explained students’ perspectives of key factors for facilitating positive learning within an inquiry-based CL context, namely having ...


Another Piece Of The “Silence In Pbl” Puzzle: Students’ Explanations Of Dominance And Quietness As Complementary Group Roles, Vicki J. Skinner, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Tracey A. Winning 2016 The University of Adelaide

Another Piece Of The “Silence In Pbl” Puzzle: Students’ Explanations Of Dominance And Quietness As Complementary Group Roles, Vicki J. Skinner, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Tracey A. Winning

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

A problem-based learning (PBL) assumption is that silence is incompatible with collaborative learning. Although sociocultural studies have reinterpreted silence as collaborative, we must understand how silence occurs in PBL groups. This essay presents students’ explanations of dominance, leadership, and silence as PBL group roles. An ethnographic investigation of PBL groups, informed by social constructionism, was conducted at two dental schools (in Australia and Ireland). The methods used were observation, interviews, and focus groups. The participants were volunteer first-year undergraduates. Students attributed dominance, silence, and members’ group roles to personal attributes. Consequently, they assumed that groups divided naturally into dominant leaders ...


Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein 2016 Mercer University, Atlanta

Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the effects of a cultural competency intervention on dental pre-doctoral students’ attitudes toward individuals of a different sexual orientation. 22 heterosexual students interviewed gay or lesbian individuals and wrote reflective text. Results illustrated that participants found that their interviewees had “surprisingly similar” beliefs and values – especially in the areas of religion and family. Because of their “similar values,” these students expressed respect toward their interviewees who were “so different” than themselves. This conclusion of “sameness” forced them to see homosexuals as people, rather than a stigmatized invisible outgroup, mitigating sexual prejudice.


Amalgam Fillings: Do Dental Patients Have A Right To Informed Consent, Michael A. Royal 2016 University of New Hampshire

Amalgam Fillings: Do Dental Patients Have A Right To Informed Consent, Michael A. Royal

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Recent animal studies have shown significant mercury absorption from dental fillings and resulted in unfavorable media attention. Yet, an FDA advisory committee has found no evidence of Risk to dental patients, and many dentists believe that patients are being unnecessarily alarmed. The paper reviews the history of amalgam fillings through the recent animal studies and concludes that the Risk, whatever it may prove to be, is sufficiently high to warrant permitting patients to choose between amalgam and alternative dental filling materials.


Analyzing The Regionalized Awareness Of Distraction Osteogenesis, Ali Weinzapfel 2016 Western Kentucky University

Analyzing The Regionalized Awareness Of Distraction Osteogenesis, Ali Weinzapfel

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

There are multiple treatment options available to initiate bone growth within the oral cavity. Distraction osteogenesis is a surgical dental procedure performed to initiate new bone growth in the maxillofacial region. This procedure is an important advancement to dental professionals because of the minimal complications and great outcome of bone growth it offers. As dentistry is always evolving, it is imperative to relay current trends to other professionals within the field of dentistry. The goal of this research was to analyze the regionalized awareness of distraction osteogenesis. A survey was conducted among dentists in Kentucky and Tennessee with multiple questions ...


The Implementation Of Alternative Pain Control Methods By Dental Hygienists, Alejandra Valadez Rodriguez 2016 Western Kentucky University

The Implementation Of Alternative Pain Control Methods By Dental Hygienists, Alejandra Valadez Rodriguez

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

As a dental hygienist, it is important to understand new concepts and techniques that can contribute to a more comfortable setting for patients who experience dental anxiety. Alternative pain control methods can assist in alleviating patient anxiety, therefore, providing a more efficient and relaxed clinical atmosphere for both patient and clinician. Some of the methods discussed are: guided imagery, deep breathing, muscle relaxation, hypnosis, acupressure, essential oil diffusion, audio distraction, and visual stimuli. After reviewing the literature the researcher found that dental anxiety affects patient compliance, their overall health, and willingness to attend regular dental visits. The purpose of this ...


Dentin Remineralization Around Ceramir Restoration, Lujain S. Alhuwayrini 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Dentin Remineralization Around Ceramir Restoration, Lujain S. Alhuwayrini

Dental Theses

AIM:

To determine the efficacy of Ceramir, a modified glass ionomer cement and a surfactant mono-n-dodecyl phosphate in remineralization of dentin around root caries restorations.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

45 permanent intact teeth were embedded in self-cured dental acrylic resin to expose buccal or lingual surfaces. The buccal/lingual surfaces were wet ground with carbide paper, final polishing were accomplished with aluminum to obtain highly polished dentin surface. Baseline Knoop micro hardness values were recorded. All specimens were then etched using 37% phosphoric acid for 5 seconds to demineralize dentin and to expose dentin collagen. The Knoop indenter micro hardness measurements were ...


Get In The Zone: A Survey Of Dental Professionals' Knowledge Of Ozone Therapy, Emily Hannah 2016 Western Kentucky University

Get In The Zone: A Survey Of Dental Professionals' Knowledge Of Ozone Therapy, Emily Hannah

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Ozone therapy has been used in medicine for many years to treat a variety of ailments. Ozone is an unstable triatomic molecule made up of three oxygen atoms. This molecule has the ability to kill bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. The researcher first was curious if there has been research done on uses of Ozone Therapy in the dental setting. After reviewing the literature there is indeed a use for Ozone Therapy to treat a host of dental problems including periodontal disease, ulcers, and carious lesions (also known as cavities). However, there are conflicting conclusions in the literature as to ...


Novel Endodontic Disinfection Approach Using Nanotechnology, Sarah Bukhari, Bekir Karabucak, Hyun Koo 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Novel Endodontic Disinfection Approach Using Nanotechnology, Sarah Bukhari, Bekir Karabucak, Hyun Koo

Dental Theses

The aim of this in vitro investigation was to use a recently developed Enterococcus faecalis infection model using root canal for evaluating iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NP) with biomimetic (catalytic) properties as a new antimicrobial endodontic treatment. We compared iron oxide NP bioactivity with currently used chemical modalities using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) as analytical tools.

We hypothesized that iron oxide NP with enzyme-­like (peroxidase) activity catalyzes H2O2 to promote bacterial killing within dentinal tubules (DT) via in situ production of free radicals. We further hypothesized that the NP is more effective than ...


The Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner: An Exploration Of The Patient Perspective Regarding The Advancement Of A Mid-Level Dental Provider, Jacqueline M. Burgess 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

The Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner: An Exploration Of The Patient Perspective Regarding The Advancement Of A Mid-Level Dental Provider, Jacqueline M. Burgess

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine patient attitudes and opinions regarding the advancement of a mid-level dental provider, such as the ADHP, in an effort to better understand the perceptions of those who may one day be in a position to receive care from this type of provider. In this quantitative study, I analyzed the differences between those with and without access to dental care and evaluated differences among respondents based upon their socioeconomic and demographic attributes. I collected data from patients treated at Mt. Juliet Family & Cosmetic Dentistry and at the Coweta Samaritan Clinic via a 17-item ...


Managing Peri-Implantitis, Namita Khandelwal 2016 University of New England

Managing Peri-Implantitis, Namita Khandelwal

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

This guide, used by MetLife for its dental continuing education program, focuses on the inflammatory pathology around dental implants. It outlines the risk factors and diagnostic criteria for peri-implantitis, an inflammatory process resulting in progressive loss of bone around the implant. The guide also provides treatment approaches for peri-implantitis, including surgical and non-surgical options.


Characterization Of Pg1604 (Porz) As An Essential Component Of Type 9 Secretion System In Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Apurva Tadimari Prabhakar 2016 University of Louisville

Characterization Of Pg1604 (Porz) As An Essential Component Of Type 9 Secretion System In Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Apurva Tadimari Prabhakar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: The numerous virulence factors of Porphyromonas gingivalis are essential for the organism to invade host tissues while escaping immune responses [1, 2]. Some of these factors, like major proteases referred to as gingipains, are secreted by a unique secretion system called PerioGate or Type IX Secretion System (T9SS). T9SS consists of a number of membrane and periplasmic proteins, which provide transportation only for proteins that possess a conserved C-terminal domain (CTD). The CTD functions as a specific recognition signal for the T9SS. PG1604 of P. gingivalis W83 is a CTD-containing protein, which has been shown in our initial studies ...


Peptoanaerobacter Stomatis Interactions With Neutrophils., Emeri Jimenez Flores 2016 University of Louisville

Peptoanaerobacter Stomatis Interactions With Neutrophils., Emeri Jimenez Flores

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Peptoanaerobacter stomatis is a newly appreciated taxon, present in high numbers in oral biofilms from periodontal patients. However, little is known about this organism’s potential virulence and its interaction with the host immune response. Therefore, to better understand the role of P. stomatis in periodontitis, we studied its interactions with neutrophils. Human neutrophils were challenged with P. stomatis strain CM2 or S. aureus AF488 (positive control) for 30 min. Bacterial internalization was examined by ImageStreamX imaging flow cytometry. Bacterial viability was assessed by colony-forming unit assays and Baclight assays. Phagocytosis-stimulated respiratory burst response was measured by flow cytometry. The ...


The Requirement Of P53 In Oral Msc Differentiation Which Leads To Kaposi’S Sarcoma, May Alsenani 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Requirement Of P53 In Oral Msc Differentiation Which Leads To Kaposi’S Sarcoma, May Alsenani

Dental Theses

P53 is considered one of the most important defense proteins against cancer.Although the p53 mutation is associated with many cancers, its mutation is never found in Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), raising a possibility that functional p53 may play a role in KS development. To assess the role of p53 in Kaposi’s sarcoma tumor, shRNA-mediated gene silencing was used to knockdown p53 expression. We examined Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-infected periodontal ligaments stem cells (PDLSC) for osteogenic differentiation and endothelial angiogenesis, and we observed noticeable decreases in osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis when p53 expression was knocked down in ...


Rankl From Osteocytes Contributes To Periodontal Bone Loss, Ahmed Alshabab 2016 University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine

Rankl From Osteocytes Contributes To Periodontal Bone Loss, Ahmed Alshabab

Dental Theses

Periodontal bone loss results from bacterial infection and the associated host response. The ligand for the receptor activator of NF-κB (RANKL) induces the differentiation of osteoclasts, resulting in periodontal bone loss. The role of osteocytes in periodontal bone loss was investigated in this study. Transgenic mice expressing RANKL under the control of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) were infected with Porphyromonas gingivalis- Fusobacterium nucleatum bacteria (Pg-Fn) to induce periodontitis, and type 1 diabetes was induced in groups of mice. Control (DMP1­Cre.RANKLf/f) mice with periodontal infection showed increases in bone loss, osteoclast counts, eroded bone surfaces, and ...


Transcriptome Analysis Of B Cell Immune Functions In Periodontitis: Mucosal Tissue Responses To The Oral Microbiome In Aging, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Sreenatha S. Kirakodu, Michael John Novak, Luis Orraca, Janis Gonzalez-Martinez, Larry Cunningham Jr., Mark V. Thomas, Arnold J. Stromberg, Subramanya N. Pandruvada, Octavio A. Gonzalez 2016 University of Kentucky

Transcriptome Analysis Of B Cell Immune Functions In Periodontitis: Mucosal Tissue Responses To The Oral Microbiome In Aging, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Sreenatha S. Kirakodu, Michael John Novak, Luis Orraca, Janis Gonzalez-Martinez, Larry Cunningham Jr., Mark V. Thomas, Arnold J. Stromberg, Subramanya N. Pandruvada, Octavio A. Gonzalez

Center for Oral Health Research Faculty Publications

Evidence has shown activation of T and B cells in gingival tissues in experimental models and in humans diagnosed with periodontitis. The results of this adaptive immune response are noted both locally and systemically with antigenic specificity for an array of oral bacteria, including periodontopathic species, e.g., Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. It has been recognized through epidemiological studies and clinical observations that the prevalence of periodontitis increases with age. This report describes our studies evaluating gingival tissue transcriptomes in humans and specifically exploiting the use of a non-human primate model of naturally occurring periodontitis to delineate gingival mucosal ...


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