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The History Of The Dental Profession - From Ancient Origins To Modern Day, Steven A. Kezian 2020 University of Pacific

The History Of The Dental Profession - From Ancient Origins To Modern Day, Steven A. Kezian

Pacific Journal of Health

Abstract:

This research paper explores some of the earliest known evidences of dental treatment and traveled through time discussing important figures who made vital contributions toward the development of this profession.

Dentistry is one of the oldest professions to be developed. Ever since there have been humans, there have been problems with our teeth, and we have been figuring out ways to alleviate them. The idea that there were people specializing in the healing of the teeth and oral diseases has roots to ancient pre-history and a long and fascinating saga.

This history is divided into five stages:

-Ancient pre-history ...


Commentary: Phytocannabinoids As Therapeutic Agents To Combat Chronic Gingival Disease., Nick Narek Ohanian 2020 Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry University of the Pacific

Commentary: Phytocannabinoids As Therapeutic Agents To Combat Chronic Gingival Disease., Nick Narek Ohanian

Pacific Journal of Health

The therapeutic potential of cannabis has been harnessed for thousands of years yet the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has still not approved cannabis as a safe or effective drug. The FDA has, however, approved the manufacturing of pharmaceutical drugs, which contain a “synthetic version of a substance that is present in the marijuana” and other compounds that mimic its action. A search of the US National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health for keywords “CBD” and “Periodontitis” together yields only 2 publications. Although the current State and Federal regulations on the use of cannabis for ...


Clinically Relevant 3d Characterization Of Simulated Non-Carious Cervical Dental Lesions And The Effects Of Toothbrush And Toothpaste Types On Wear, James Needy 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Clinically Relevant 3d Characterization Of Simulated Non-Carious Cervical Dental Lesions And The Effects Of Toothbrush And Toothpaste Types On Wear, James Needy

Biomedical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study sought to develop a novel method to quantitatively characterize non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using an intraoral scanner (IOS) paired with Geomagic Wrap mesh software. The goal was to compare results with those obtained using an optical profilometer and Proscan superimposition software for clinical application. Comparisons were made using a previously published dataset aimed at measuring tooth loss associated with differing toothbrush and toothpaste types. Results show good comparability between methods and confirm that variation in brush stiffness and paste abrasivity result in significantly and predictably different levels of NCCL development. Extracted human maxillary premolars were assigned to one ...


Providing Dental Care In The Current Covid-19 Crisis, Raj Khanna 2020 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Providing Dental Care In The Current Covid-19 Crisis, Raj Khanna

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Dental procedures typically generate aerosol. With the current covid19 crisis this is a serious problem for providers and patients. The commentary addresses some of the problems and possible solutions for providing dental care in the current covid-19 crisis.


Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit 2020 Department of Clinical Dental Health Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of the Philippines, Manila

Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Localized gingival overgrowths (LGOs) are relatively common clinical findings. These lesions can be associated with chronic irritation, infections, or they can represent benign or malignant tumors that can either be primary or metastatic. The etiology of these lesions is multifactorial, but the most prevalent cause is reactive hyperplasia and inflammation induced by dental plaque. Objective: This study presents the prevalence of LGOs in Northeast Thailand and identifies the most common LGOs in the region. Methods: A series of 218 LGO cases was studied. Results: Pyogenic granuloma (PG), gingival squamous cell carcinoma (GSCC), and peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) were the three ...


Effect Of Acid Etching And Er:Yag Laser Enamel Conditioning On The Microleakage Of Glass Carbomer Fissure Sealants, Neslihan Ozveren, Yesim Sesen Uslu, Nazmiye Donmez 2020 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey

Effect Of Acid Etching And Er:Yag Laser Enamel Conditioning On The Microleakage Of Glass Carbomer Fissure Sealants, Neslihan Ozveren, Yesim Sesen Uslu, Nazmiye Donmez

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Er:YAG laser used alone or in combination with acid etching as surface conditioners on the microleakage of a glass carbomer fissure sealant for permanent molar teeth.

Methods: Forty sound human permanent molar teeth were randomly divided into four experimental groups based on enamel etching methods: group I, no surface conditioning; group II, 37% phosphoric acid etching; group III, Er:YAG laser etching; and group IV, sequential laser etching and acid etching. After surface conditioning procedures were conducted, the teeth were sealed with a glass carbomer seal. The teeth were subjected ...


Caries Prevalence And Severity In Immature Permanent First Molar Teeth In Sanliurfa City, Turkey, Ahmet Aras, Mehmet Sinan Dogan 2020 Department of Pediatric Dentistry , Faculty of Dentistry, Harran University Sanliurfa, Turkey

Caries Prevalence And Severity In Immature Permanent First Molar Teeth In Sanliurfa City, Turkey, Ahmet Aras, Mehmet Sinan Dogan

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The prevalence of dental caries, a major public health problem in high-income countries, is gradually increasing in many low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and severity of caries in the immature permanent first molars (PFMs) of children aged 7–9 years. Methods: This work is a retrospective analysis of caries in immature PFMs as observed from the panoramic radiographs of patients aged 7–9 years who presented to the pediatric clinic. The mean number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT) and caries severity of immature PFMs were assessed. Results: A total ...


Evaluation Of The Relation Between Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Classification And Inferior Alveolar Canal, Sinan Yasin Ertem, Halil Anlar 2020 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Turkey

Evaluation Of The Relation Between Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Classification And Inferior Alveolar Canal, Sinan Yasin Ertem, Halil Anlar

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The development, eruption, and proximity of mandibular third molars with the inferior alveolar canal are highly variable. The classification of mandibular third molars and their relationship with the inferior alveolar canal were discussed. Methods: A total of 1,024 orthopantomograms (OPGs) from 422 male patients and 602 female patients were examined. The position of the mandibular third molars and their proximity to the inferior alveolar canal were evaluated. Results: Mandibular third molars were observed in 652 (63.67%) of the 1,024 OPGs. According to the Winter’s classification, the most common position of third molars was the vertical ...


Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş 2020 Ministry of Health, Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to determine the profile of patients who underwent single tooth implants between 2013 and 1017 and to evaluate long-term follow-up and success. Methods: The results of 79 patients who underwent single dental intra-bone dental implantation in Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital between 2013 and 2017 were evaluated separately in terms of gender, age, implanted area and number, systemic diseases affecting implant health, and missing implants. Results: In this study, single tooth implants were evaluated in 79 patients with a mean age of 39.55 years in men and 30.44 years in women. The ...


Oral Health And Related Behavior Of Children Aged 9–12 With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Tron District, Thailand, Duangruethai Khobkham, Kanyarat Korwanich, Narumanas Korwanich 2020 Faculty of Public Health, Chiang Mai University, 50202 Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

Oral Health And Related Behavior Of Children Aged 9–12 With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Tron District, Thailand, Duangruethai Khobkham, Kanyarat Korwanich, Narumanas Korwanich

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common biobehavioral childhood disorder that leads to significant behavioral problems that affect everyday life. Objective: This study aimed to compare oral health and oral health behaviors among children with and without ADHD. Methods: The study included 105 children aged 9–12 years with ADHD and 105 age-, gender-, and family income-matched children without ADHD. Clinical data as caries, periodontal health, and traumatic dental injuries were recorded by calibrated examiners. All parents of the children completed questionnaires about the oral health behaviors of their children by a single interview. Data were compared using Chi-square ...


Demographic And Clinical Profile Of Gingival Oral Lichen Planus In A Group Of Thai Individuals, Pissacha Daroonpan, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Jadesada Palasuk 2020 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand

Demographic And Clinical Profile Of Gingival Oral Lichen Planus In A Group Of Thai Individuals, Pissacha Daroonpan, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Jadesada Palasuk

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to determine the clinical profile of the gingival lesions of oral lichen planus (OLP) in a group of Thai patients. Methods: The dental records of 67 patients were reviewed. Results: In this study, 51 (76.1%) women and 16 (23.9%) men with a female-to-male ratio of 3.2:1 were included. The average age of patients with OLP was 56.0 ± 12.5 years (ranged = 20–81 years). Furthermore, 52 (77.6%) patients had a history of systemic diseases, and hypertension was predominant. All the patients presented with symptomatic OLP. Multiple OLP lesions were observed ...


Management Of Atypical Symmetrical Ankylosis Of Maxillary Deciduous First Molars With Permanent Successors: A Single Case Report, Kemal Gulduren, Aylin İslam 2020 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Northern Cyprus

Management Of Atypical Symmetrical Ankylosis Of Maxillary Deciduous First Molars With Permanent Successors: A Single Case Report, Kemal Gulduren, Aylin İslam

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Dentoalveolar ankylosis is the union between the tooth root and the dentoalveolar bone. Clinically, the affected tooth is unsuccessful to erupt, exhibits an infraocclusal position within the dentoalveolar arch, elicits a metallic sound on percussion, and has reduced or absent mobility. Objective: This single case report illustrates the management of idiopathically ankylosed maxillary deciduous first molars. Case report: The patient was a 6-year-old female with maxillary deciduous first molars in infraocclusal position due to idiopathic ankylosis. The ankylosed deciduous teeth were monitored regularly. After a 27-month follow-up, the infraocclusion became severe. No vertical deficiencies in other alveolar regions were detected ...


Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti 2020 Oral Medicine Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) has been increasing since the first known case in the early 1980s. However, PLHIV can also experience comorbidities, such as health anxiety. In the oral cavity, anxiety is often associated with the etiology of parafunctional habits. Anxiety can be measured using self-administered instruments, such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Short-Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), which is specifically used in the medical setting. Objectives: We are describing a case of HIV positive patient with health anxiety who presented to the oral medicine clinic in our hospital with a complaint of ...


Erupted Compound Odontoma Associated With Missing Tooth: A Rare Case Report, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Sirilawan Tohnak, Lalitkorn Promma, Soranan Chantarangsu 2020 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresiun University, Phitnasulok 65000, Thailand

Erupted Compound Odontoma Associated With Missing Tooth: A Rare Case Report, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Sirilawan Tohnak, Lalitkorn Promma, Soranan Chantarangsu

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Odontomas are one of the most frequently found odontogenic tumors that consist of dental tissues. Odontomas have been classified into two types: compound and complex odontomas. They are usually discovered on routine radiographic examination. In rare cases, the odontoma erupt into the oral cavity, called an erupted odontoma. The first case was published in 1980, and since then, there have been not more than 50 cases being reported in the literature. Most of the reported cases are erupted complex odontoma. This case report represents a rare case of an erupted compound odontoma in a young patient who came with the ...


Filling The Gap: Assessing Moral Permissibility Of Rejections In Dental Practices And Promoting Pro Bono Dental Work Through A Non-Profit Organization, Min Son 2020 Ursinus College

Filling The Gap: Assessing Moral Permissibility Of Rejections In Dental Practices And Promoting Pro Bono Dental Work Through A Non-Profit Organization, Min Son

Richard T. Schellhase Essay Prize in Ethics

While the level of urgency in dentistry cannot compare to that in an emergency room, oral healthcare is a crucial part of overall health. Poor oral health can lead to systemic health conditions, such as heart and respiratory diseases, oral cancer, and diabetes. Therefore, the solution to health disparities may lie in addressing oral health disparities first. Nonetheless, most dentists are business owners of their own dental practices. Hence, they work in between business and patient care, sometimes facing associated conflicts. But they are obligated to make ethical decisions when the values between the two fields clash. The dental community ...


Ethics Of Dental Marketing, Min Son 2020 Ursinus College

Ethics Of Dental Marketing, Min Son

Philosophy and Religious Studies Presentations

While dentistry does not deal with immediate life and death situations like the mainstream medicine, preserving oral health is crucial to protect the people’s overall health. Then, is dental marketing morally impermissible because it is selling people’s opportunity for good health? It is important to note that skills and knowledge of dentists are not the only “products” sold from dental offices, and not all products are related to basic healthcare needs. For example, consider teeth whitening services. While whitening teeth may be necessary to better one’s self-esteem and improve one’s social life, it is not a ...


The Role Of Lgr5+ Epithelial Stem-Like Cells In 3d-Organoid Modeling And Pathogenesis Of Ameloblastoma, Ting-Han Chang 2020 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Lgr5+ Epithelial Stem-Like Cells In 3d-Organoid Modeling And Pathogenesis Of Ameloblastoma, Ting-Han Chang

Dental Theses

Ameloblastoma (AM) is a benign yet locally aggressive tumor with high recurrences. Currently, the underlying pathophysiology remains elusive and radical surgery remains the most definitive treatment with severe morbidities. Our group first reported that AM harbors a subpopulation of tumor epithelial stem-like cells (AM-EpiSCs). Herein, this study further explored whether LGR5+ epithelial cells in AM possess unique stem-like cell properties and their potential contribution to the pathogenesis and recurrence of AM. Our findings demonstrated that LGR5 and stem cell-related genes were simultaneously expressed in a subpopulation of AM epithelial cells, both in vivo and in vitro, which were markedly enriched ...


Knitting Service-Learning And Professional Training: Advocating For Dental Care For People With Intellectual Disabilities, Raj Gandhi 2020 The University of Massachussetts

Knitting Service-Learning And Professional Training: Advocating For Dental Care For People With Intellectual Disabilities, Raj Gandhi

The International Undergraduate Journal For Service-Learning, Leadership, and Social Change

No abstract provided.


Oral Health And Quality Of Life: A Clinic-Based Sample, Kinan M. Al-Bitar 2020 Marquette University

Oral Health And Quality Of Life: A Clinic-Based Sample, Kinan M. Al-Bitar

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Attachment loss due to periodontal diseases is associated with functional limitations as well as physical pain and psychological discomfort, which may lead to a reduced quality of life. This manuscript is intended to answer the question, if periodontal status has an effect on oral health related quality of life. Survey data were collected in an U.S. dental school clinical setting from n=97 adults (54% females, average age 51 years) in a cross- sectional study. Quality of life related to oral health was assessed with the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49). Additional measures using the DMFT index, periodontal status ...


Assessment Of 3d Facial Scan Integration In 3d Digital Workflow Using Radiographic Markers And Iterative Closest Point Algorithm, Mohamed Elshewy 2020 Marquette University

Assessment Of 3d Facial Scan Integration In 3d Digital Workflow Using Radiographic Markers And Iterative Closest Point Algorithm, Mohamed Elshewy

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Integration of 3 dimensional (3D) facial scanning into digital smile design workflows has been made available in multiple commercially available systems. Limited data exists on the accuracy of facial scans and accuracy of various methods of merging facial scans with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans.Objective: The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the accuracy of 2 methods used to integrate soft tissue facial scans with CBCT scans. It would allow proposal of a novel approach for integrating a 3D facial scan using facial radio-opaque markers in a 3D digital workflow.Material and methods: Fifteen ...


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