Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Dentistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,716 Full-Text Articles 3,807 Authors 628,724 Downloads 103 Institutions

All Articles in Dentistry

Faceted Search

2,716 full-text articles. Page 1 of 84.

The Role Of Il-6 In Osteogenic And Neurogenic Differentiation Potentials Of Dental Pulp Stem Cells (Dpscs), YongTae Park, Xiaoxing Kou, Songtao Shi 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Il-6 In Osteogenic And Neurogenic Differentiation Potentials Of Dental Pulp Stem Cells (Dpscs), Yongtae Park, Xiaoxing Kou, Songtao Shi

Dental Theses

Introduction: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic soluble mediator which is involved with many different parts of inflammatory processes. Studies have shown that there is a significantly higher concentration of IL-6 in inflamed pulp tissues when compared to healthy pulp tissues. However, there are no comprehensive studies on how IL-6 can interact with dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) from healthy (H-DPSCs) and inflamed pulp tissues (I-DPSCs) and how it can affect the differentiation potential of DPSCs. Therefore, I hypothesized that IL-6 can promote osteogenesis while inhibiting neurogenesis from DPSCs. The aims of this study were to investigate the baseline differences ...


Remaining Dentine Thickness Following Tooth Preparation And Its Impact On Dentine – Pulp Complex, Rudina Berani, Merita Barani Sveqla 2019 Klinika Dentare “Kuzumi”

Remaining Dentine Thickness Following Tooth Preparation And Its Impact On Dentine – Pulp Complex, Rudina Berani, Merita Barani Sveqla

International Journal of Business and Technology

There are many factors accused of causing pulpal damage, but studies indicate that endodontic complications after placement of fixed prosthetic crowns and bridges are entirely iatrogenic and as a consequence of a deep tooth preparation. In 2mm of the remaining dentine thickness after preparation, there are significant reductions in cellular cell adhesion molecules in the pulp of the prepared tooth data compared to those intact. Researchers confirm that even this decline may be an expression of early stages of pulp inflammation. According to Murray & co, the number of odontoblasts in a dentine thickness of 2.5-0.5mm, was reduced by 13.6%; in a dentine thickness of 0.5-0.01mm, this number was reduced by 33.7%, and ...


Sleep Apnea In Children, Tanya Al-Talib 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Sleep Apnea In Children, Tanya Al-Talib

School of Dental Medicine - UMC Briefs

Does your child snore? Have you witnessed your child stop breathing while sleeping? Is your child not growth at a normal rate? Does your child feel tired? Does your child have trouble focusing in school? Does your child wet the bed?

All of the above conditions may be related to having sleep problems and or sleep disordered breathing.


Following Surgically Assisted Rapid Palatal Expansion, Do Tooth-Borne Or Bone-Borne Appliances Provide More Skeletal Expansion And Dental Expansion?, Adrien Hamedi-Sangsari 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Following Surgically Assisted Rapid Palatal Expansion, Do Tooth-Borne Or Bone-Borne Appliances Provide More Skeletal Expansion And Dental Expansion?, Adrien Hamedi-Sangsari

Dental Theses

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the outcome measures of skeletal and dental expansion with Bone-Borne (BB) versus Tooth-Borne (TB) appliances following SARPE. This study is being done to provide quantitative measurements that will help the oral surgeon and orthodontist in selecting the appliance with, on average, the greatest amount of skeletal expansion and the least amount of dental expansion.

Methods: A computerized database search was performed using PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar on publications in reputable oral surgery and orthodontic journals. A systematic review and meta-analysis was then completed with ...


College Of Dental Medicine 2019, Nova Southeastern University 2019 Nova Southeastern University

College Of Dental Medicine 2019, Nova Southeastern University

Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs

No abstract provided.


Acquired Bracket Pellicle Modulation Via Exposure To Histatin 3, Niklas W. Neilson 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Acquired Bracket Pellicle Modulation Via Exposure To Histatin 3, Niklas W. Neilson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: To investigate the effect of histatin 3 on the protein pellicle formation on the orthodontic bracket surface.

Methods: Our study consisted of 4 sample groups. A sample of human parotid saliva without histatin functioned as a control group. Other groups were immersed with or without histatin 3 and human parotid saliva. Each group was incubated for 2 hours in their respective substrate at 37°C. The acquired pellicle from each group was harvested, then analyzed with SDS-PAGE and LC-ESI-MS/MS.

Results: Thirty-nine proteins were identified in the control group, 18 were identified in group 2, and 21 were identified ...


Serum Nutrient Levels And Aging Effects On Periodontitis, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Joshua Lambert, Heather Bush, Pinar Emecen Huja, Arpita Basu 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Serum Nutrient Levels And Aging Effects On Periodontitis, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Joshua Lambert, Heather Bush, Pinar Emecen Huja, Arpita Basu

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Periodontal disease damages tissues as a result of dysregulated host responses against the chronic bacterial biofilm insult and approximately 50% of US adults >30 years old exhibit periodontitis. The association of five blood nutrients and periodontitis were evaluated due to our previous findings regarding a potential protective effect for these nutrients in periodontal disease derived from the US population sampled as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999–2004). Data from over 15,000 subjects was analyzed for blood levels of cis-β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, folate, vitamin D, and vitamin E, linked with analysis of the presence and severity ...


The Impact Of Transfer Shock In A Dental Hygiene Program At A Four-Year Health-Sciences University, Claire Sallee Tucker 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Impact Of Transfer Shock In A Dental Hygiene Program At A Four-Year Health-Sciences University, Claire Sallee Tucker

Theses and Dissertations

In order for a student to be successful in dental hygiene education, the student must gain the required knowledge and skills necessary to perform as a hygienist and possess the ability to utilize critical thinking to apply these attributes while in the program and on the National Board of Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE) (Alzahrani, Thompson, & Bauman, 2007; Fried, Maxey, Battani, Gurenlian, Byrd, & Brunick, 2017). Dental hygiene students who attend a medical university have the option to take required pre-requisite courses at a community college or a four-year university. All dental hygiene students transfer from another institution and all have the potential to exhibit transfer shock, which may contribute to a drop in GPA following the transfer to another institution. Transfer shock typically occurs for students who transfer from a community college to a university (Hills 1965; Ivins, Copenhaver, & Koclanes, 2016). This study investigates the impact of transfer shock on students who transfer into a dental hygiene program from a two-year community college as opposed to a four-year university. This study examined whether the type of institution ...


Diagnostic Ultrasound In The Measurement Of Cortical Bone Thickness In Porcine Mandibular Specimens, Diego Diaz Guerrero 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Diagnostic Ultrasound In The Measurement Of Cortical Bone Thickness In Porcine Mandibular Specimens, Diego Diaz Guerrero

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Ultrasound (US) is a safe, non-invasive diagnostic method that has been used in various capacities in medicine and dentistry. Periodontal bone loss, bony dehiscence, and gingival recession have been reported as potential risks of orthodontic treatment in patients who have decreased buccal/labial bone thickness. US has the potential to aid in the diagnosis of patients at risk for these possible complications of orthodontic treatment. Purpose: To validate the use of a novel US device in the measurement of buccal cortical bone (BCB) thickness over roots in porcine mandibles. Materials and Methods: Jaw and cortical bone models were constructed ...


Cariogenic Pathogens: One Less Thing To Wine About, Jordan White, Kathleen Kersey, Jessica Darcy 2018 University of New England

Cariogenic Pathogens: One Less Thing To Wine About, Jordan White, Kathleen Kersey, Jessica Darcy

Dental Hygiene Student Research Posters

Recently, studies have explored how biologically active compounds in wine benefit human teeth. Dietary polyphenols, in particular wine polyphenols, seem to balance the composition of the oral microbiota, thus leading to potentially more effective anti-carious effects on the individual. Recent research has discussed the main action mechanisms of polyphenols against oral microbial diseases and highlighted the antiadhesive capacity of caffeic and p-coumaric acids as well as grape seed and red wine extracts. It has been found that polyphenols increased their inhibition potential against S. mutans adhesion when combined with S. dentisani.¹ Other research regarding polyphenols, specifically resveratrol, discussed the ...


When Failure Is Not An Option, Lindsey Ago, Caitlin DiGirolamo, Dylan Gagner 2018 University of New England

When Failure Is Not An Option, Lindsey Ago, Caitlin Digirolamo, Dylan Gagner

Dental Hygiene Student Research Posters

This research poster addresses the question, “What treatment modalities are most effective at treating peri-implantitis (PI)?” Dental implants are one of the most innovative ways to support dental prosthetics. They can support heavy physical loads. However, infection causes inflammation and bone loss around implants. Studies indicate that there are many factors that can increase the risk for PI. These factors include: Smoking; pre-existing periodontal disease; oral hygiene, quality of prosthetic reconstruction; some systemic conditions and medications.

There are a significant amount of treatment options for PI that range from surgical, nonsurgical, antibiotics, and even lasers. While reviewing studies related to ...


Breastfeeding: The Best Formula For The Oral Microbiome, Eliza Lopes, Alexandra Cabana 2018 University of New England

Breastfeeding: The Best Formula For The Oral Microbiome, Eliza Lopes, Alexandra Cabana

Dental Hygiene Student Research Posters

This research poster addresses the question “What differences are seen between formula and breastfed babies in the development of the oral microbiome?” The bacteria that make up the oral microbiome begins accumulating from birth through interactions with the environment and caregivers. When it comes to the oral cavity, bacteria such a Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli, can be transferred through saliva or feeding. Breastfeeding provides important nutritional and immunological benefits to the development of infants but it also plays a vital role in the development of the oral microbiome that may be superior to that of formula-feeding. Studies show that the ...


Air Polishing: A New Look At An Old Technique, Ellen Bosland, Cristina Sevilla 2018 University of New England

Air Polishing: A New Look At An Old Technique, Ellen Bosland, Cristina Sevilla

Dental Hygiene Student Research Posters

This research poster addresses the question “What differences exist between erythritol, glycine, and sodium bicarbonate powders in air polishing?” The use of air polishers in the dental field is highly recommended; however, the ability to determine the correct powder and grit for each patient can be vital. The three types of powders have different pros and cons related to their function; though most studies show significant advantages of using air polishing in general. One study compared erythritol powder and the ultrasonic. In the results, pocket depths were decreased but there was no difference in effectiveness between the two; however, a ...


The Ketogenic Diet: The Effects You’D Yeast Expect, Bryce Edwards, Samantha M. Waters 2018 University of New England

The Ketogenic Diet: The Effects You’D Yeast Expect, Bryce Edwards, Samantha M. Waters

Dental Hygiene Student Research Posters

This research poster addresses the question: How does the ketogenic diet affect the oral cavity? Ketogenic ‘keto’ diet emphasizes high fat, low carbohydrate consumption and avoids simple carbohydrate and sugars. Sugar substitutes are almost always utilized. Fat heavy diets causes the body to go into ketosis: a process in which the body burns fat for energy because glucose isn’t available. The keto diet has many positive effects for the body, including several specific to the oral cavity: Decreased caries risk, gingival inflammation, and bleeding; reduction of acidity and plaque mutans when paired with the keto approved sugar substitute: erythritol ...


Insight - October 2018, Dugoni School of Dentistry 2018 University of the Pacific

Insight - October 2018, Dugoni School Of Dentistry

Insight

Whether you are involved in clinical research, biomedical research, the scholarship of teaching and learning, improvement of the health care system, or professional partnerships that advance the field, we aim to spotlight the work of people at the Dugoni School.


Vaccination Recommendations For Oral Health Professionals, Susan H. Davide, Christine Macarelli, Anty Lam 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Vaccination Recommendations For Oral Health Professionals, Susan H. Davide, Christine Macarelli, Anty Lam

Publications and Research

Dental teams should familiarize themselves with vaccination recommendations to reduce the risk of infectious diseases and better educate patients about the importance of immunizations


Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Prevent Persistent Hypersensitivity In An Orofacial Neuropathic Pain Model, Robert J. Danaher, Liping Zhang, Connor J. Donley, Nashwin A. Laungani, S. Elise Hui, Craig S. Miller, Karin N. Westlund 2018 University of Kentucky

Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Prevent Persistent Hypersensitivity In An Orofacial Neuropathic Pain Model, Robert J. Danaher, Liping Zhang, Connor J. Donley, Nashwin A. Laungani, S. Elise Hui, Craig S. Miller, Karin N. Westlund

Oral Health Practice Faculty Publications

Chronic orofacial pain is a significant health problem requiring identification of regulating processes. Involvement of epigenetic modifications that is reported for hindlimb neuropathic pain experimental models, however, is less well studied in cranial nerve pain models. Three independent observations reported here are the (1) epigenetic profile in mouse trigeminal ganglia (TG) after trigeminal inflammatory compression (TIC) nerve injury mouse model determined by gene expression microarray, (2) H3K9 acetylation pattern in TG by immunohistochemistry, and (3) efficacy of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors to attenuate development of hypersensitivity. After TIC injury, ipsilateral whisker pad mechanical sensitization develops by day 3 and persists ...


Estimating Root Volumes By Limited Segmentation: A Volumetric Analysis Of Cbct And Micro-Ct Data, Theresa C. Baldwin 2018 Loma Linda University

Estimating Root Volumes By Limited Segmentation: A Volumetric Analysis Of Cbct And Micro-Ct Data, Theresa C. Baldwin

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Introduction: The increased dimensional accuracy of images provided by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans allows for more in-depth diagnosis and treatment planning. Expedient interpolation of segmented data that provides clinically acceptable results will encourage clinicians to frequently use CBCT images for clinical/radiographic evaluation. Some of these applications include, quantification of root resorption, determination of force required for specific tooth movements, and customized appliances. Purpose: The study had two purposes. The first was to compare the accuracy of digital tooth volumes acquired from CBCT to the gold standard, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). The second was to determine the effect of ...


Effect Of Centric Interference On Canine Tooth Wear, Andrey Gaiduchik 2018 Loma Linda University

Effect Of Centric Interference On Canine Tooth Wear, Andrey Gaiduchik

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the long term effect of a centric interference on canine tooth wear (CTW) and on centric occlusion (CO) and maximal intercuspation (MIP) variance. Materials and Methods: Thirty subjects, 11 males and 19 females, were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Changes in enamel volume were studied between the end of orthodontic treatment (T2) and at least seven years post treatment (T4). All models were scanned using a high resolution desktop scanner, (OrthoInsight 3D Scanner™, MotionView LLC). T4 models were articulated using a Panadent® Articulator and evaluated for dental interferences and ...


Integrating Oral Health Into Social Marketing Campaigns: Program Development And Description For San Francisco Children’S Oral Health Strategic Plan, Carsen Bentley 2018 University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry

Integrating Oral Health Into Social Marketing Campaigns: Program Development And Description For San Francisco Children’S Oral Health Strategic Plan, Carsen Bentley

Pacific Journal of Health

Integrating oral health into an existing San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH) social marketing campaign was a specific goal of the San Francisco Children’s Oral Health Strategic Plan 2014-2017 with the purpose to more fully integrate oral health promotion into the City’s overall health promotion efforts. In the winter of 2015, utilizing a collaborative approach, oral health was successfully integrated in the Open Truth campaign, promoting decreased consumption of sugar sweetened beverages in order to improve health outcomes, including decreasing tooth decay.


Digital Commons powered by bepress