Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Dentistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

806 Full-Text Articles 1,026 Authors 224,712 Downloads 40 Institutions

All Articles in Dentistry

Faceted Search

806 full-text articles. Page 1 of 20.

An Assessment Of What Factors Affect The Average Number Of Caries Seen Per Visit Among Children Visiting A Mobile Dental Unit In South Central Kentucky, Breion Douglas 2014 Western Kentucky University

An Assessment Of What Factors Affect The Average Number Of Caries Seen Per Visit Among Children Visiting A Mobile Dental Unit In South Central Kentucky, Breion Douglas

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Background: Dental caries is the single most common chronic childhood disease in Kentucky affecting 20% of preschoolers, 50% of second graders, and 75% of 15 year olds. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, occurs when bacteria from salivary glands produce an acid to breakdown food. If this acid is not cleaned off the teeth, it can destroy the tooth enamel. Dental problems can be linked to the inability to pay for dental care (i.e. insurance), limited access to dental providers, and parental inability to take their children to dentists. To help address the issue with tooth decay seen ...


Chhs December 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs December 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


A Marginalized Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial Regression Model With Overall Exposure Effects, John S. Preisser, Kalyan Das, D. Leann Long, John W. Stamm 2014 COBRA

A Marginalized Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial Regression Model With Overall Exposure Effects, John S. Preisser, Kalyan Das, D. Leann Long, John W. Stamm

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biostatistics Technical Report Series

The zero-inflated negative binomial regression model (ZINB) is often employed in diverse fields such as dentistry, health care utilization, highway safety, and medicine, to examine relationships between exposures of interest and overdispersed count outcomes exhibiting many zeros. The regression coefficients of ZINB have latent class interpretations for a susceptible subpopulation at risk for the disease/condition under study with counts generated from a negative binomial distribution and for a non-susceptible subpopulation that provides only zero counts. The ZINB parameters, however, are not well-suited for estimating overall exposure effects, specifically, in quantifying the effect of an explanatory variable in the overall ...


Fluorescence-Controlled Er:Yag Laser For Caries Removal In Permanent Mandibular Molars, Douglas Nartker, Suzie Oh, Shefat Rabbi, Jonathan Schneider 2014 University of New England

Fluorescence-Controlled Er:Yag Laser For Caries Removal In Permanent Mandibular Molars, Douglas Nartker, Suzie Oh, Shefat Rabbi, Jonathan Schneider

Dental Medicine Student Research Posters

Poster presentation of research proposal addressing the question: Do fluorescence-controlled Er:YAG lasers more effectively remove dentinal carious hard tissue on permanent mandibular molars than conventional rotary burs?


Retention Of Low Income Children In Three Dental Studies Investigating Early Childhood Caries, Ann H. Saba, John J. Warren, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, Deborah V. Dawson 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Retention Of Low Income Children In Three Dental Studies Investigating Early Childhood Caries, Ann H. Saba, John J. Warren, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, Deborah V. Dawson

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: To our knowledge no dental studies have looked closely at subject retention, which is crucial to better understand oral health disparities. In this paper, we report retention rates and review and attempt to assess which retention strategies utilized in 3 dental research studies investigating ECC were effective for retaining WIC-enrolled children. The purpose of this paper is to discuss challenges that were encountered when working with these populations, describe characteristics of those not retained, and summarize some recommendations for future dental studies working at WIC sites. Methods: Three dental studies were conducted at WIC clinics in Iowa. Retention strategies ...


Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Systematic Review Of Evidence Of Interventions Addressing Disparities In Oral Health For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: Year 2, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

Preventive oral health care and treatment for individuals with an intellectual or developmental disability (I/DD) is a leading public health disparity. Evidence points to poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and greater severity of periodontal disease, as well as a higher incidence of untreated caries in the I/DD population. In year 1 of this systematic review, the literature was searched and screened for inclusion, developing an extensive database of interventions to increase access and behavioral oral health interventions for individuals with I/DD. The objective of year 2 of the systematic review is to examine this literature in depth ...


Chhs November 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky Univeristy 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs November 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky Univeristy

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Improving Access To Care: Mobile Dental Units, Caitlin Stephens 2014 Western Kentucky University

Improving Access To Care: Mobile Dental Units, Caitlin Stephens

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Despite efforts to improve oral health, untreated childhood tooth decay continues to be a major concern in the state of Kentucky. It is said that an estimated 42.8 percent of children in Kentucky suffer from early childhood caries (ECC) before the age of five and 39.3 percent of these children have never been in a dental office (The Kentucky Oral Health Summit). Another study conducted revealed that approximately 20 percent of preschoolers, 50 percent of second graders and 75 percent of 15 years olds are affected by untreated tooth decay (Kentucky’s Dental Access Summit, 2013). What are ...


Hookah: A Fun Fad Or Harmful Habit?, Amy Gee Broadrick 2014 Western Kentucky University

Hookah: A Fun Fad Or Harmful Habit?, Amy Gee Broadrick

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Hookah smoking has been a well-known activity in the Middle East for hundreds of years. More recently, hookah has become a worldwide phenomenon, especially in the United States of America. It is important to know why people choose this habit, and specifically why teenagers and young adults are becoming the main frequent users.

An interview session consisting of a questionnaire was the methodology used in this study. This session involved a total of twenty individuals. Ten of these individuals were people who actively participated in smoking hookah. The other ten subjects were individuals who do not engage in hookah smoking ...


Factors Involved In Early Age Dental Visits, Lillian Brooke McNeal 2014 Western Kentucky University

Factors Involved In Early Age Dental Visits, Lillian Brooke Mcneal

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Today, more children are diagnosed with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) than at any other time in modern history. It is noted that Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is now the most common infectious disease among children and occurs 5 times more than asthma (America Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2014). Considering the extent of this disease, it is imperative to determine the cause of it and factors involved in the control.

In order to begin this study, one must first analyze different patients and their living conditions, along with the frequency of dental visits and when the first dental visit occurred. What ...


Chhs October 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs October 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Odontogenic Keratocyst Mandible An Interesting Case Report And Literature Review, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan, Geetha Ramamoorthy 2014 SelectedWorks

Odontogenic Keratocyst Mandible An Interesting Case Report And Literature Review, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan, Geetha Ramamoorthy

Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

The term odontogenic keratocyst was first described by Philipsen in 1956. This cyst actually arises from the cell rests of dental lamina. It can occur anywhere in the jaw but is commonly seen in the posterior part of the mandible. Since the clinical features and radiological appearance are not characteristic this condition is commonly misdiagnosed. This is more so when the lesion is related to the nonvital tooth. Odontogenic keratocyst has been rechristened as keratocystic odontogenic tumor by WHO working group in 2005. This was necessitated to differentiate this lesion from its orthokeratinizing variant which is currently considered as odontogenic ...


The Expression And Potential Significance Of Human Kallikreins 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, And 14 In The Epithelium Of Selected Odontogenic Cysts And Tumors Of Variably Aggressive Biological Behaviour, Rebecca Woodford 2014 Western University

The Expression And Potential Significance Of Human Kallikreins 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, And 14 In The Epithelium Of Selected Odontogenic Cysts And Tumors Of Variably Aggressive Biological Behaviour, Rebecca Woodford

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the immunohistochemical staining, localization and relative concentrations of human kallikreins (KLKs) 6,7,8,10,13,14 to determine if there is a predilection for odontogenic epithelium and if differential staining could predict biological behavior of selected odontogenic lesions.

We found that all KLKs studied were present in the epithelium of all lesions examined. However, there were significant differences in location of intra-epithelial staining and staining scores between the lesions. There was no significant, unexplainable difference in staining between odontogenic cysts and the control cyst indicating no specific role in odontogenic cystogenesis. However, the odontogenic neoplasms ...


Chhs September 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs September 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Perspectives For Titanium-Derived Fillers Usage On Denture Base Composite Construction, Nidal Elshereksi 2014 SelectedWorks

Perspectives For Titanium-Derived Fillers Usage On Denture Base Composite Construction, Nidal Elshereksi

Nidal Elshereksi

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is an extensively used material in dentistry because of its aesthetics, processability, and reparability. However, PMMA is still far from being ideal in fulfilling the mechanical requirements of prosthesis. PMMA-based denture base polymers exhibit low fracture resistance and radiopacity behavior. Efforts to improve the mechanical and radiopacity properties of denture base materials through inclusion of silica-based fillers are ongoing. Although silane-treated siliceous fillers are commonly used, they are not sufficiently strong.They also exhibit cracks, which either cut through the glass fillers or propagate around the filler particles. This defect occurs when the dental composites are ...


Chhs July 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs July 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Modification Of Ti6al4v Substrates With Well-Defined Zwitterionic Polysulfobetaine Brushes For Improved Surface Mineralization, Pingsheng Liu, Emily Domingue, David C. Ayers, Jie Song 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Modification Of Ti6al4v Substrates With Well-Defined Zwitterionic Polysulfobetaine Brushes For Improved Surface Mineralization, Pingsheng Liu, Emily Domingue, David C. Ayers, Jie Song

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Osteoconductive mineral coatings are beneficial for improving the osteointegration of metallic orthopedic/dental implants, but achieving adequate structural integration between the surface minerals and underlying metallic substrates has been a significant challenge. Here, we report covalent grafting of zwitterionic poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (pSBMA) brushes on the Ti6Al4V substrates to promote the surface-mineralization of hydroxyapatite with enhanced surface mineral coverage and mineral-substrate interfacial adhesion. We first optimized the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) conditions for synthesizing pSBMA polymers in solution. Well-controlled pSBMA polymers (relative molecular weight up to 26,000, PDI = 1.17) with high conversions were obtained when the ATRP ...


Mandibular Incisor Proclination Variability During Class Ii Correction, James Redford 2014 Virginia Commonwealth University

Mandibular Incisor Proclination Variability During Class Ii Correction, James Redford

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Lower incisor proclination has been shown to increase during Class II correction with appliances such as the Forsus. This lower incisor flaring shows great variability among patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Class II severity, mandibular growth, and occlusal plane rotation on lower incisor flaring in patients treated with the Forsus appliance. Materials and Methods: 121 records of Class II patients treated with the Forsus appliance were analyzed retrospectively. Cephalograms were traced at three time points. ANOVA was used to compare changes in cephalometric measurements over time. Pearson’s correlation was used to ...


The Reporting Of Supplement Use By Dental Patients On Their Medical History Questionnaire, Sarmad Bakuri 2014 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Reporting Of Supplement Use By Dental Patients On Their Medical History Questionnaire, Sarmad Bakuri

Theses and Dissertations

The Reporting of Supplement Use by Dental Patients on Their Medical History Questionnaire Objectives: The goals of the study were three fold. Estimate the prevalence of supplement use by dental patients. Determine if the design of a medical history form influences the prevalence of supplement use reported. Determine whether or not patients are aware of supplement side effects and interactions with medications. Methods: Patients were randomly allocated to either a standard medical history form or the same form with additional questions about supplement use. After completing the initial forms, a survey containing questions about supplements was filled out by both ...


The Fluoride Recharging Capability Of An Orthodontic Primer: An In Vitro Study, Samuel Allen 2014 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Fluoride Recharging Capability Of An Orthodontic Primer: An In Vitro Study, Samuel Allen

Theses and Dissertations

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the fluoride recharging capability of Opal Seal, a fluoride releasing orthodontic primer, as compared to Transbond XT, the control. Material and Methods: 1mm x 5mm disks of Opal Seal and Transbond were prepared according to the respective manufacturer’s instructions. Initially, the samples were stored in deionized water (DI) for 8 weeks. The samples were then randomly divided into one of two groups: Over-the-counter (OTC) fluoride mouthwash and prescription strength (PS) fluoride mouthwash. The OTC group samples were immersed in 5mL of 0.0219% sodium fluoride containing mouthwash for one minute ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress