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565 full-text articles. Page 1 of 13.

Chhs February 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Chhs February 2014 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Fostering Dental Faculty Collaboration With An Evidence-Based Decision Making Model Designed For Curricular Change, Gary L. Stafford 2014 SelectedWorks

Fostering Dental Faculty Collaboration With An Evidence-Based Decision Making Model Designed For Curricular Change, Gary L. Stafford

Gary L Stafford DMD

This article introduces an innovative decision making model for adapting evidence-based practice to the specific needs of a department in a dental school. The design encourages suggestions for curricular change directly from the faculty members, while providing a mechanism that allows them to actively participate in the process through the use of evidence-based principles and practice. The nucleus of this model is an Advisory Council comprised of nine full-time departmental faculty members who, when charged, act as independent task force leaders who recruit other faculty members and lead small teams that investigate suggestions for curricular change. Following an accelerated investigative ...


Glass-Ceramics For Non-Metallic Dental Implant Applications, Selma Saadaldin 2013 Western University

Glass-Ceramics For Non-Metallic Dental Implant Applications, Selma Saadaldin

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Metallic dental implants are an important treatment for the replacement of missing teeth. However, for esthetic and environmental issues, there is a need to develop non-metallic dental implant materials. In this thesis, two novel glass-ceramics (GCs), miserite and wollastonite, were synthesized for one-piece dental implant applications. Glasses were synthesized by wet chemical methods, followed by calcination, melting and quenching. The crystallization kinetics of these glasses were determined by differential thermal analysis (DTA). GC specimens were produced by cold pressing of the glass powder and sintering using schedules determined by DTA. The crystalline phases and microstructure of the GC samples were ...


The Effective Dose Of Different Scanning Protocols Using The Sirona Galileos® Comfort Cbct Scanner, David R. Chambers 2013 Western University

The Effective Dose Of Different Scanning Protocols Using The Sirona Galileos® Comfort Cbct Scanner, David R. Chambers

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Cone Beam CT imaging is prevalent in dentistry yet much is unknown with regard to how radiation dose to the patient varies between different CBCT scanners and imaging protocols. Scanner and protocol specific effective dose calculations will aid in optimizing individualized protocols for clinical applications.

Purpose: To determine the effective dose for a range of imaging protocols using the Sirona GALILEOS Comfort CBCT scanner.

Materials and Methods: Calibrated InLight nanoDot OSL dosimeters (Landauer, Glenwood, Ill) were placed at 26 select sites in the head and neck of a modified, human tissue-equivalent RANDO phantom. Effective dose was calculated using the ...


Chhs December 2013 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2013 Western Kentucky University

Chhs December 2013 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


New Mouthguard Design With Intermediate Nickel-~Titanium And Foam Layer, Freddie Martinez 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

New Mouthguard Design With Intermediate Nickel-~Titanium And Foam Layer, Freddie Martinez

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Mouthguards help prevent orofacial injuries in many physical activities, commonly to the maxillary incisors. Mouthguards have many different properties which can be idealized. One property involves the amount of impact force the mouthguard can dissipate, commonly referred to as shock absorption. The aim of this study was to improve shock absorption capabilities beyond the protection that a mouthguard made of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) can offer. A Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) and/or foam intermediate layer was placed between EVA. Seven configurations were fabricated at 3 different thicknesses. The configurations consisted of an intermediate layer composed of NiTi, foam, or NiTi/foam ...


Sex Determination Using Discriminant Function Analysis In Hispanic Children And Adolescents: A Lateral Cephalometric Study, Alyssa E. Sprowl 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Sex Determination Using Discriminant Function Analysis In Hispanic Children And Adolescents: A Lateral Cephalometric Study, Alyssa E. Sprowl

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Lateral cephalometric radiographs have been used for years to help diagnose skeletal and dental patterns in Orthodontics. Within the last decade, these radiographs have caught the interest of the department of Anthropology for the identification of gender within the adult and adolescent population. Numerous publications have been made but failed to identify sexual dimorphism in the pre-adolescent population. 303 lateral cephalograms of pre and post Latino adolescence age ranging from 6.5 to 17.9 years old were obtained from University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) digital database. 25 variables were identified and plotted with all linear and angular measurements ...


3-D Oropharyngeal Airway Analysis Of Different Antero-Posterior And Vertical Craniofacial Skeletal Patterns In Children And Adolescents, Chi Kim Huynh 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

3-D Oropharyngeal Airway Analysis Of Different Antero-Posterior And Vertical Craniofacial Skeletal Patterns In Children And Adolescents, Chi Kim Huynh

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Sleep apnea disorder has recently emerged as a significant public health issue. While the prevalence of obesity is on the rise among children, it is one of the main risk factors associated with apnea. Upper airway dimensions and morphology seem to be major components of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and can be affected by different craniofacial patterns. The purpose of this retrospective, cross-sectional pilot study is to correlate gender, Body Mass Index, risk for OSA, neck circumference, and 3-D oropharyngeal airway dimensions in children and adolescents with different antero-posterior (AP) and vertical craniofacial skeletal patterns. A total of 86 pre-orthodontic ...


An Evaluation Of The Frankfort Mandibular Plane Angle Bisector (Fmab) Wits Appraisal In The Assessment Of Anteroposterior Jaw Relationships, Natalie Swoboda 2013 Western University

An Evaluation Of The Frankfort Mandibular Plane Angle Bisector (Fmab) Wits Appraisal In The Assessment Of Anteroposterior Jaw Relationships, Natalie Swoboda

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An accurate anteroposterior measurement of jaw relationships is essential in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to establish a new cephalometric Wits appraisal using a bisector of the mandibular plane angle, named the Frankfort Mandibular Plane Angle Bisector (FMAB). The FMAB was used to assess the sagittal jaw relationship in a sample of Class I individuals, and compare this measurement to the ANB angle and the Wits appraisal using the Maxillomandibular Bisector (MMB).

The data were collected from pre-treatment (T0), immediate post-treatment (T1) and two year post-retention (T2) lateral cephalograms of 61 male and ...


Orthodontic Retainers: A Survey Of Patient Compliance And Satisfaction, Bhavana Sawhney 2013 Western University

Orthodontic Retainers: A Survey Of Patient Compliance And Satisfaction, Bhavana Sawhney

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

PURPOSE

Retention is an important aspect of orthodontics, which may influence the long-term outcome and satisfaction level of patients who undergo orthodontic treatment. The objective of this study was to identify commonly used orthodontic retainers and retention protocols, and assess patients’ opinions and satisfaction levels with these regimens in relation to several pre-defined variables.

METHODS:

A 149 question survey was created with advanced skip and branching logic. The survey was administered to orthodontic patients at either the one or two year regularly scheduled retention appointment and the overall response rate was 99% (n=131). Data collection included queries on demographics ...


An In-Vitro Study Evaluating The Fracture Resistance And Insertion Torque Of Self-Drilling Mini-Implants Upon Insertion Into Synthetic High Density Mandibular Bone., Angie L. Smith 2013 Western University

An In-Vitro Study Evaluating The Fracture Resistance And Insertion Torque Of Self-Drilling Mini-Implants Upon Insertion Into Synthetic High Density Mandibular Bone., Angie L. Smith

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Self-drilling mini-implants are commonly used in orthodontics, but there is little information regarding their fracture resistance in areas of high density bone without pre-drilling.

Purpose: To determine the peak fracture torques of six commonly used self-drilling mini-implants, and to examine how each performs in extreme conditions without pre-drilling.

Materials and Methods: Fifteen mini-implants from six different manufacturers were drilled into acrylic blocks using a custom-made insertion device incorporating a 6-DOF load cell for torque measurements. Peak fracture torques were recorded and compared for each of the six manufacturers. Additionally, ten mini-implants from each manufacturer were inserted into high density ...


Uncovering The Evidence: Systematic Review Of Interventions To Reduce Oral Health Disparities Between Adults With Intellectual Disability And The General Population, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Nancy E. Harger, Matthew Holder 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Uncovering The Evidence: Systematic Review Of Interventions To Reduce Oral Health Disparities Between Adults With Intellectual Disability And The General Population, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Nancy E. Harger, Matthew Holder

Shriver Center Publications and Presentations

Oral health is a public health concern for people with intellectual or developmental disabilities (I/DD). Research consistently shows that the population with I/DD experiences poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, and higher incidence of untreated caries when compared to the general population. Poor oral health can cause chronic pain, affect the ability to eat and communicate, and adversely affect physical health and quality of life. Intervention strategies include enhanced prevention, increased routine care, expanded insurance coverage, and training for dentists and hygienists. Research is needed to identify the most effective interventions. A standard systematic ...


Chhs November 2013 E-Newsletter, VaShon S. Wells, editor, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, College of Health & Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2013 Western Kentucky University

Chhs November 2013 E-Newsletter, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, College Of Health & Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Prenatal Oral Health Education In U.S. Dental Schools And Obstetrics And Gynecology Residencies, Megan Curtis, Hugh Silk, Judith A. Savageau 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Prenatal Oral Health Education In U.S. Dental Schools And Obstetrics And Gynecology Residencies, Megan Curtis, Hugh Silk, Judith A. Savageau

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Prenatal oral health (POH) is an important health issue, but dental and obstetrical clinicians are not meeting the oral health needs of pregnant patients. This study evaluates how training contributes to this paradox with a national survey of sixty dental school deans and 240 obstetrics and gynecology residency program directors. Response rates were 53 percent and 40 percent for deans and program directors, respectively. According to the respondents, 94 percent of responding dental schools provided POH education, only 39 percent of responding residencies taught POH, and 65 percent of responding deans and 45 percent of responding program directors were aware ...


An Assessment Of Dental Students’ Empathy Levels In Malaysia, Saad A. Khan Dr 2013 SelectedWorks

An Assessment Of Dental Students’ Empathy Levels In Malaysia, Saad A. Khan Dr

Saad A Khan Dr

No abstract provided.


Dental Student Debt In The U.S.: A Mountain To Be Scaled, David G. Dunning 2013 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Dental Student Debt In The U.S.: A Mountain To Be Scaled, David G. Dunning

Journal Articles: College of Dentistry

Dental student educational debt in the United States continues to grow as a concern for both dental educators and dental students. While certainly warranted, this concern needs to be understood from the perspective of return on investment. The student debt issue remains a critical one. However, this debt is essentially “good” debt when viewed as an investment made by associates/ employees of general dental practices and general dental practice owners.


Chhs October 2013 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2013 Western Kentucky University

Chhs October 2013 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Practice Based Dental Research - Advancing And Improving Dental Practice, Gary L. Stafford 2013 Marquette University

Practice Based Dental Research - Advancing And Improving Dental Practice, Gary L. Stafford

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Adult Permanent (Extracted) Teeth As A Source Of Dental Pulp-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (Dpsc): A Pilot Study, Charles Hill 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Adult Permanent (Extracted) Teeth As A Source Of Dental Pulp-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (Dpsc): A Pilot Study, Charles Hill

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may be derived from a variety of adult human tissues, including dental pulp from extracted or exfoliated teeth. Evidence suggests differences in both the quality and quantity of the dental pulp-derived mesenchymal stem cells (DPSC) obtained from different sources, such as primary or "baby teeth" and adult, permanent teeth. This study aimed to evaluate the potential to obtain DPSC from intact, vital permanent teeth, and characterize the potential isolates using a randomized selection of active dental patients from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Dental Medicine (UNLVSODM). DPSC were extracted, isolated, cultured and characterized ...


Chhs July E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health & Human Services, Western Kentucky University 2013 Western Kentucky University

Chhs July E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health & Human Services, Western Kentucky University

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


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