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Recent Articles in Dentistry
Prenatal Oral Health Education In U.S. Obstetrics And Gynecology Residencies And Dental Schools: Results Of A National Survey, Megan Weeks, Judith A. Savageau, Hugh Silk University of Massachusetts Medical School
Prenatal Oral Health Education In U.S. Obstetrics And Gynecology Residencies And Dental Schools: Results Of A National Survey, Megan Weeks, Judith A. Savageau, Hugh Silk
Senior Scholars Program
Background: Pregnant women represent a special population within oral health care. Adverse pregnancy outcomes and increased infant caries can occur when prenatal oral disease is not addressed. Currently, medical and dental clinicians are not meeting the oral health needs of pregnant patients.
Objective: Medical and dental providers are not addressing prenatal oral health (POH) with patients despite knowledge of the risks. The objective of this study was to determine how training in dental schools and OB/Gyn residencies may contribute to this paradox.
Methods: We conducted a national survey of 60 dental school deans and 240 obstetrics and gynecology residency ...
Combatting Dental Anxiety In Patients, Gretchen Osdoba College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University
Combatting Dental Anxiety In Patients, Gretchen Osdoba
Natural Science Capstone Theses
Dental Anxiety is a highly debilitating condition that can keep people away from the dentist and from receiving critical care. This can lead to serious medical conditions that could have easily been prevented through proper dental care. The purpose of this paper is to describe the nature of dental fear and the different treatment options available. I will focus on helpful traits of dentists and the use of psychological treatments, nitrous oxide, anti-anxiety medications, and general anesthesia to reduce this fear. I will also discuss a comparison of a psychological treatment and an anti-anxiety medication as short-term and long-term treatment ...
Cluster-Randomized Trial Of A Web-Assisted Tobacco Quality Improvement Intervention Of Subsequent Patient Tobacco Product Use: A National Dental Pbrn Study, Thomas K. Houston, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Julie E. Volkman University of Massachusetts Medical School
Cluster-Randomized Trial Of A Web-Assisted Tobacco Quality Improvement Intervention Of Subsequent Patient Tobacco Product Use: A National Dental Pbrn Study, Thomas K. Houston, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Julie E. Volkman
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
BACKGROUND: Brief clinician delivered advice helps in tobacco cessation efforts. This study assessed the impact of our intervention on instances of advice given to dental patients during visits on tobacco use quit rates 6 months after the intervention.
METHODS: The intervention was cluster randomized trial at the dental practice level. Intervention dental practices were provided a longitudinal technology-assisted intervention, oralcancerprevention.org that included a series of interactive educational cases and motivational email cues to remind dental provides to complete guideline-concordant brief behavioral counseling at the point of care. In all dental practices, exit cards were given to the first ...
Comparison Of Attrition, Abscessing And Antemortem Tooth Loss Between The Mimbres And The Fort Ancient Period Populations, Jenna E. Horvat St. Catherine University
Comparison Of Attrition, Abscessing And Antemortem Tooth Loss Between The Mimbres And The Fort Ancient Period Populations, Jenna E. Horvat
Antonian Scholars Honors Program
The purpose of this project is to compare the frequency and degree of attrition or dental wear, abscessing and antemortem tooth loss in both the Mimbres and the Fort Ancient Period populations. Since both populations have similar agriculturalist dietary practices and they lived around the same time period, examination of these dental pathologies can show the overall health of the populations and give us a better understanding of how they lived. Data was directly collected from the Mimbres sample by observing the dental arcade for the three dental pathologies. This is then compared to the previous research done on the ...
Best Practices For Depositing Electronic Health Records Into A Shared Clinical Dental Research Data Repository, Kate Thornhill University of Massachusetts Medical School
Best Practices For Depositing Electronic Health Records Into A Shared Clinical Dental Research Data Repository, Kate Thornhill
University of Massachusetts and New England Area Librarian e-Science Symposium
The aim of this poster is to discover how data from electronic health records are deposited and accessed through a consortia dental data repository. Ingestion and accessibility will be examined to learn the procedures and processes COHRI use.
A Consortium for Oral Health Research and Informatics (COHRI) member at Tufts University Dental School was interviewed. Interview questions were modeled after “Conducting a Data Interview” by Michael Witt & Jake Carlson from Purdue University and “Simplified Data Management Plan” by Frameworks for a Data Management Curriculum created by the Lamar Soutter Library, University of Massachusetts Medical School and George C ...
Chhs March 2013 E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShon S. Wells, editor, College of Health and Human Services, Western Kentucky University Western Kentucky University
Rnai Therapeutics In Autoimmune Disease, Kaleb M. Pauley, Seunghee Cha Cedarville University
Rnai Therapeutics In Autoimmune Disease, Kaleb M. Pauley, Seunghee Cha
Science and Mathematics Faculty Publications
Since the discovery of RNA interference (RNAi), excitement has grown over its potential therapeutic uses. Targeting RNAi pathways provides a powerful tool to change biological processes post-transcriptionally in various health conditions such as cancer or autoimmune diseases. Optimum design of shRNA, siRNA, and miRNA enhances stability and specificity of RNAi-based approaches whereas it has to reduce or prevent undesirable immune responses or off-target effects. Recent advances in understanding pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases have allowed application of these tools in vitro as well as in vivo with some degree of success. Further research on the design and delivery of effectors of ...
The Dental Safety Net In Montgomery County: A Status Report, Sequoia Y. Butcher Wright State University
The Dental Safety Net In Montgomery County: A Status Report, Sequoia Y. Butcher
Master of Public Health Program Student Publications
Background: Adult oral health has been identified as a major public health problem by the United States Surgeon General. A substantial number of adults between the ages of 20 and 64 have untreated tooth decay. There are limited treatment options for adults without dental insurance. Low-income adults must turn to free/low cost clinics, or private dentists that accept Medicaid to receive dental care. However, these resources are often limited. When the resources are not available these adults are left to deal with untreated tooth decay which can lead to worsening conditions and other health issues.
Methods: Eleven key-informant interviews ...
An In-Vitro Study Evaluating The Fracture Resistance And Insertion Torque Of Self-Drilling Mini-Implants Upon Insertion Into Synthetic High Density Mandibular Bone., Angie L. Smith
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Introduction: Self-drilling mini-implants are commonly used in orthodontics, but there is little information regarding their fracture resistance in areas of high density bone without pre-drilling.
Purpose: To determine the peak fracture torques of six commonly used self-drilling mini-implants, and to examine how each performs in extreme conditions without pre-drilling.
Materials and Methods: Fifteen mini-implants from six different manufacturers were drilled into acrylic blocks using a custom-made insertion device incorporating a 6-DOF load cell for torque measurements. Peak fracture torques were recorded and compared for each of the six manufacturers. Additionally, ten mini-implants from each manufacturer were inserted into high density ...
Ethnic Identity And The Perception Of Facial Profile Aesthetics: A Preliminary Study, Paul Michael Glasser Western University
Ethnic Identity And The Perception Of Facial Profile Aesthetics: A Preliminary Study, Paul Michael Glasser
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
In a multicultural society, the orthodontist is often faced with the challenge of interpreting an individual’s aesthetic preferences, which depending on the individual might differ from Eurocentric standards. Psychological researchers have recognized that ethnicity is dynamic, and better defined as a perception of self, influenced by social interaction and cultural involvement. Ethnic identity was investigated using three broad ethnic groups (Caucasian-American, African-American and Asian-American) with an established Multicultural Ethnic Identity Measure (Revised [MEIM-R]). Profiles for males and females of each group were constructed using published soft tissue data. Each profile was modified from subnasale to soft tissue B-point by ...
Systematic Review Of Laser And Other Light Therapy For The Management Of Oral Mucositis In Cancer Patients, Cesar Migliorati, Ian Hewson, Rajesh V. Lalla, Heliton Spindola Antunes, Cherry L. Estilo, Brian Hodgson, Nilza Nelly Fontana Lopes, Mark M. Schubert, Joanne Bowen, Sharon Elad Marquette University
Systematic Review Of Laser And Other Light Therapy For The Management Of Oral Mucositis In Cancer Patients, Cesar Migliorati, Ian Hewson, Rajesh V. Lalla, Heliton Spindola Antunes, Cherry L. Estilo, Brian Hodgson, Nilza Nelly Fontana Lopes, Mark M. Schubert, Joanne Bowen, Sharon Elad
School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications
Background The aim of this study was to review the available literature and define clinical practice guidelines for the use of laser and other light therapies for the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis.
Methods A systematic review was conducted by the Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology. The body of evidence for each intervention, in each cancer treatment setting, was assigned an evidence level. Based onthe evidence level, one of the following three guideline determinations was possible: recommendation, suggestion, and no guideline possible.
Results A new recommendation was ...
A New Approach To Ensuring Oral Health Care For People Living With Hiv/Aids: The Dental Case Manager, Celeste A. Lemay, Suzanne B. Cashman, Anne McDonald, John R. Graves University of Massachusetts Medical School
A New Approach To Ensuring Oral Health Care For People Living With Hiv/Aids: The Dental Case Manager, Celeste A. Lemay, Suzanne B. Cashman, Anne Mcdonald, John R. Graves
Meyers Primary Care Institute Publications and Presentations
INTRODUCTION: The American Dental Association has identified several barriers to adequate dental care for vulnerable populations, including appropriate case management. The objective of this study was to examine the perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs of dental patients living with HIV/AIDS on the role and value of the dental case manager (DCM) and the effect of DCM services on their oral or overall health.
METHODS: We used a qualitative descriptive study design and focus groups. Twenty-five people who had received DCM services on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, attended 1 of 5 focus groups in 2009 and 2010. Digital recordings of the groups ...
Assessing Oral Health Curriculum In Us Family Medicine Residency Programs: A Cera Study, Hugh Silk, Ronnelle King, Ian M. Bennett, Alexander W. Chessman, Judith A. Savageau University of Massachusetts Medical School
Assessing Oral Health Curriculum In Us Family Medicine Residency Programs: A Cera Study, Hugh Silk, Ronnelle King, Ian M. Bennett, Alexander W. Chessman, Judith A. Savageau
Family Medicine and Community Health Publications and Presentations
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the past decade, national initiatives have called for improved oral health training for physicians. We do not know, however, how family medicine residency programs have answered this call.
METHODS: Family medicine residency directors completed a survey that asked how many hours of oral health teaching are included in their programs in addition to what topics are covered and the perceived barriers to this education. The response rate was 35%.
RESULTS: A total of 72% of respondents agreed that oral health is an important topic, but only 32% are satisfied with their residents' competency in oral health ...
Oral Health Needs And Parental Attitudes, Behavior, And Knowledge Of Lower Ses Children, Mildred McClain, Clifford R. McClain, Anthony Paventy University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Oral Health Needs And Parental Attitudes, Behavior, And Knowledge Of Lower Ses Children, Mildred Mcclain, Clifford R. Mcclain, Anthony Paventy
Nevada Journal of Public Health
Despite the declining prevalence of dental caries over recent decades, caries remain the most common chronic childhood disease, especially in high-risk (low socio-economic status) populations. This appears to be true even when parents are aware of good oral health habits. The purpose of this study was to gather oral hygiene data on high-risk children in Nevada and to assess parental attitudes and education concerning their children’s oral health. Using visual examinations and a dmft (decayed, missing, filled, teeth) severity index, 235 lower SES children were screened and given treatment recommendations. The screenings showed larger than expected prevalence in both ...
Analysis Of Lead Levels In Deciduous Teeth From Children In Clark County, Nevada., Kristin Murphy, Jennifer Berger-Ritchie, Shawn L. Gerstenberger, Amol B. Amin, Jason K. Nitta, Frederick G. More, Jeanne A. Hibler, Karl Kingsley University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Analysis Of Lead Levels In Deciduous Teeth From Children In Clark County, Nevada., Kristin Murphy, Jennifer Berger-Ritchie, Shawn L. Gerstenberger, Amol B. Amin, Jason K. Nitta, Frederick G. More, Jeanne A. Hibler, Karl Kingsley
Nevada Journal of Public Health
Background: Elevated blood lead levels (EBLL) are declining in the United States, although some population subgroups continue to exhibit significant health disparities. A childhood lead poisoning prevention program was recently started in Nevada, and many efforts have been made to support this program and increase the screening rates.
Methods: To expand the potential pool of children screened for EBLLs, a pilot study was performed to evaluate lead concentrations in extracted deciduous teeth using Graphic Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS), Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) analysis.
Results: Lead concentrations as determined by GFAAS and ICP-MS were ...
Nutrition Education In Clark County, Nevada, Matt Bittle, Mildred McClain, Jeanne A. Hibler, Marcia M. Ditmyer University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Nutrition Education In Clark County, Nevada, Matt Bittle, Mildred Mcclain, Jeanne A. Hibler, Marcia M. Ditmyer
Nevada Journal of Public Health
Over 51 million school hours are missed annually by school-aged children due to a dental problem or visit, with 117 hours missed per 100 children (NIDCR, 2002). Approximately half a million of California's 7.2 million school-age children missed at least one day of school in 2007 because of dental issues such as toothaches (Pourat, & Nicholson, 2009). Independent research regarding various educational and intervention programs have been conducted in elementary schools across the country that focus on nutrition and/or physical activity, some of which have found that the programs positively impacted students’ dietary behaviors (Edwards, Mauch, & Winkelman, 2011; Muth, Chatterjee, Williams, Cross, & Flower, 2008; Tuuri et al., 2009). However, there does not appear to be literature regarding the standardization of nutrition and oral health education curricula for elementary school children. Nevertheless, there are school districts that have well structured health education curricula that cover ...
Post-Traumatic Apexogenesis Of Immature Non-Vital Permanent Incisors, Robia Ghafoor The Aga Khan University
Post-Traumatic Apexogenesis Of Immature Non-Vital Permanent Incisors, Robia Ghafoor
Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery
Injury to an immature permanent tooth may result in cessation of dentin deposition and root maturation leaving an open root apex and thin dentinal walls that are prone to fracture. Endodontic treatment is often complicated and protracted with an uncertain prognosis frequently resulting in pre-mature tooth loss. There are several advantages of promoting apexogenesis in immature teeth with open apices. It encourages a longer and thicker root to develop thus decreasing the propensity of long term root fracture. This case report highlights the role of Hertwig root sheath and dental papilla in continued root formation of immature permanent tooth, even ...
The Use Of Gaming And Literature In Teaching Cultural Competence, Nancy K. Mann Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne
The Use Of Gaming And Literature In Teaching Cultural Competence, Nancy K. Mann
Dental Education Faculty Presentations
To prepare students to be effective practitioners in an increasingly diverse United States, dental hygiene educators must design cross-cultural curricula. One goal of such education is cultural competence, defined as a set of skills that allow individuals to increase their understanding of cultural differences and similarities within, among, and between groups. Cultural competence is a necessity in today’s diverse society and an essential component of clinical practice. Furthermore, the American Dental Association Council on Dental Accreditation standards requires incorporating content related to cultural competence in the dental hygiene curriculum.
As an adjunct to textbooks and training videos, gaming and ...
Empowering The World Through Dentistry, Charles W. Vittitow Western Kentucky University
Empowering The World Through Dentistry, Charles W. Vittitow
Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects
Dentistry is a very specific trade that one develops after years of education and training. With this skill comes a great amount of power and opportunity to serve, and with great skill comes great responsibility. Many dentists have decided to answer the call of third world countries that lack proper health care and specifically dental care. They do this in a variety of ways from sending supplies, supporting a local clinic financially, or traveling to the country for a short-term trip where they provide dental care to as many patients as they are physically able to for 7 to 10 ...
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