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Impact Belize 2010 Executive Report, Ritchie D. Taylor, Jordan Norris, Molly Calico, Bernie Strenecky, Daniel Carter, Dawn Garrett Wright, Eve Main, Bonny Petty, Molly Kerby, Jill Norris 2017 Western Kentucky University

Impact Belize 2010 Executive Report, Ritchie D. Taylor, Jordan Norris, Molly Calico, Bernie Strenecky, Daniel Carter, Dawn Garrett Wright, Eve Main, Bonny Petty, Molly Kerby, Jill Norris

Molly Kerby

No abstract provided.


Looking Back At Fluoridation, Allan Mazur 2017 University of New Hampshire

Looking Back At Fluoridation, Allan Mazur

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews the 50-year history of the debate over fluoridating drinking water as a public health measure.


Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, PT, PhD, OCS, Venita Sposetti, DMD 2017 University of Florida

Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, Pt, Phd, Ocs, Venita Sposetti, Dmd

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Background While the need for interprofessional education (IPE) has been clearly elucidated, (Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016), one of the major barriers is the logistical challenge of meeting curricular requirements for all involved. The organization and time required in an already full schedule are often deterrents. Ideal opportunities meet specific program curricular requirements as well as enhancing interprofessional competencies. Interprofessional competencies include developing skills to teach other health care providers about profession-specific skills and enhancing communication across the professions (Bridges, 2011; Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016). Active learning techniques have been advocated for adult learners to promote motivation and engagement (Knowles, 1984 ...


Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell 2016 Bond University

Authentic Leadership In Illness Blogs: What We Can Learn From Jaw Surgery Bloggers, Marilyn Mitchell

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

This paper argues that authentic leadership theory provides a useful model for explaining the communication of orthognathic or jaw surgery bloggers. Previous studies concluded that illness blogs can empower patients, but no research considered any leadership theory as a model for blogging. For this study, 24 publicly available blogs were analyzed to find expressions that demonstrated each of the four components of authentic leadership, which are self-awareness, relational transparency, communication based upon an internalized moral perspective, and balanced processing of information. The research also analyzed blog comments to find expressions that demonstrated followers’ development of the positive psychological capacities of ...


Mid-Level Dental Care Provider: Awareness And Attitudes Of Ohio’S Dental Hygienists, Cynthia S. Leverich 2016 East Tennessee State University

Mid-Level Dental Care Provider: Awareness And Attitudes Of Ohio’S Dental Hygienists, Cynthia S. Leverich

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness and attitudes of dental hygienists in Ohio regarding the Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner (ADHP) as an occupation proposed by the American Dental Hygienists’ Association and to determine whether the ADHP could be a viable career option for Ohio dental hygienists.

I developed a survey to assess dental hygienists’ awareness, attitudes, and their views regarding the new mid-level dental provider. The study was limited to licensed dental hygienists in Ohio. The study included a simple random sample of 400 of the 4100 dental hygienists in Ohio obtained by a systematic approach ...


Orofacial Pain Overview: Getting Rid Of The Riddles, Andrew L. Young 2016 University of the Pacific

Orofacial Pain Overview: Getting Rid Of The Riddles, Andrew L. Young

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

While most pains that find their way to the dental office are dental in origin, some have less familiar roots: muscular, joint, neurological, headache, sinus or psychological. All of these roots can at times masquerade as a toothache. The purpose of this article is to alert the dentist to the select features of each root that distinguish it from the rest, resulting in efficient and appropriate treatment.


Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain 2016 University of Louisville

Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Studies suggest that P. gingivalis functions as a keystone pathogen and interacts with primary colonizers in the supragingival biofilm such as S. gordonii. This interaction contributes to the initial colonization of the oral cavity by P. gingivalis and thus represents a potential target for therapeutic intervention. We have identified a peptide (BAR) derived from the streptococcal SspB protein that functions to inhibit P. gingivalis adherence to S. gordonii. In addition, we showed that nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with BAR inhibit this interaction more potently than free soluble peptide, possibly by promoting interaction with P. gingivalis at higher valency than free peptide ...


Intercanine Distance Used As A Measure To Rule Out Biters In Bite Mark Forensics, Alana Joy Scudiere Ohana 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Intercanine Distance Used As A Measure To Rule Out Biters In Bite Mark Forensics, Alana Joy Scudiere Ohana

Masters Theses

The science of identification by bite mark analysis has recently been called into serious question. (Reesu and Brown 2016) Human dentition is truly variable, but often not unique. When animal bites are considered, a proper ID of the perpetrator is nearly impossible. Primary distortion (when the bite is made) and secondary distortion (during decomposition or healing) both further disrupt landmarks that might be used for identification. (Sheasby and MacDonald 2001) Using only ink marks and intercanine distance on live subjects, this study attempts to determine maximum distortion possible for a variety of bite mark locations on skin. (Pretty and Sweet ...


Comparison Of Treatment Effects Of The Forsus Fatigue Resistance Device In Class Ii Patients With Different Underlying Vertical Skeletal Patterns, Michelle C. Watroba 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Comparison Of Treatment Effects Of The Forsus Fatigue Resistance Device In Class Ii Patients With Different Underlying Vertical Skeletal Patterns, Michelle C. Watroba

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in dental and skeletal changes induced by the ForsusTM Class II dentoalveolar corrector in Class II patients with varying vertical skeletal growth patterns. The sample consisted of 26 (mean age 12.9 ± 1.3 years) Brachyfacial (BF) (SN-MP < 30o) consecutively treated Forsus subjects, 16 (mean age 13.1 ± 0.8 years) BF untreated Class II subjects (control subjects), 12 (mean age 12.3 ± 1.2 years) Nonbrachyfacial (NBF) (SN-MP ≥ 30o) consecutively treated Forsus subjects, and 8 (mean age 13.2 ± 0.9 years) NBF untreated Class II subjects ...


Parental Attitudes/ Locus Of Health Control And Caries Experience In Their 3-5 Year Old Children, Cassandra Garcia 2016 University of New Mexico

Parental Attitudes/ Locus Of Health Control And Caries Experience In Their 3-5 Year Old Children, Cassandra Garcia

Dental Hygiene ETDs

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Childhood caries represents a public health issue especially for the Head Start population due to many disadvantages. Behavioral risk factors such as locus of health control (LoC) could act as indirect casual agents in the development of dental disease, but has not been fully studied. This research was to assess the relationship between parental attitudes/ health locus of control, parental age, and parental marital status with caries experience in their preschool children by using a validated survey.

Methods: The target population assessed in this study was the parents of children enrolled in Head Start Programs, in Santa Fe ...


Nasal Morphology As A Predictor Of Craniofacial Growth Direction, Christos Papadopoulos 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Nasal Morphology As A Predictor Of Craniofacial Growth Direction, Christos Papadopoulos

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It is important for an orthodontist to predict growth related changes and thereby appropriately time orthodontic treatment using the vertical indicators currently available. A potential predictor of craniofacial growth direction that has been discussed yet remains scientifically unexplored is nasal morphology. The objectives of this study are to determine if a difference in pre-adolescent nasal contour exists between post-adolescent normodivergent and hyperdivergent subjects, and if nasal contour morphology in pre-adolescent females is a reliable indicator of future craniofacial growth direction. A significant difference in pre-adolescent nasal contour morphology was found between normodivergent and hyperdivergent groups. A pre-adolescent nasal contour elevation ...


Investigation Of Whether Determining A Patients Personality Results In Better Patient Communication And Oral Health, Cynthia E. Chavez 2016 University of New Mexico

Investigation Of Whether Determining A Patients Personality Results In Better Patient Communication And Oral Health, Cynthia E. Chavez

Dental Hygiene ETDs

One of the dental psychosomatic territories is the link between personality traits and oral health treatment. This present study aims at investigating whether determination of patient personality types leads to enhanced communication between dental hygienists and patients resulting in improved oral health. Some hypothesize that determining patient personality traits results in enhanced communication between the patient and the dental hygienist. Similarly, it is hypothesized that determination of a patient’s personality trait can result in better oral health.


Importance And Value Of Hiv Education Amongst Dental Hygiene Student Providers, Shawndell Bowers 2016 University of New Mexico

Importance And Value Of Hiv Education Amongst Dental Hygiene Student Providers, Shawndell Bowers

Dental Hygiene ETDs

Persons living with HIV have an increased risk of complications and manifestations that may include the oral cavity. They are also more susceptible to dental implications such as dental decay and periodontal disease. Their oral health management is dependent on capable dental providers that understand and comprehend their specific needs. Those providers must also demonstrate ethical and clinical competence in order to provide comprehensive care. Preparing capable dental hygiene providers is essential to their long-term management of their oral health. These foundational skills are developed during their academic years and therefore, this qualitative survey was aimed at gaining student perceived ...


Clinical Impact Of A Novel Interprofessional Dental And Pharmacy Student Tobacco Cessation Education Program On Dental Patients, Matthew Boyd, PharmD Candidate, Jillian Lykon, PharmD Candidate, Jacqueline M. Theodorou, PharmD, BCPS, Melissa E. Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Shannon Myers Virtue, PsyD, Elizabeth Waldron, BA 2016 Temple University

Clinical Impact Of A Novel Interprofessional Dental And Pharmacy Student Tobacco Cessation Education Program On Dental Patients, Matthew Boyd, Pharmd Candidate, Jillian Lykon, Pharmd Candidate, Jacqueline M. Theodorou, Pharmd, Bcps, Melissa E. Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Shannon Myers Virtue, Psyd, Elizabeth Waldron, Ba

JCIPE Conference

Objectives:

• To compare the difference between IPE care and standard care (SC) groups regarding dental patients' perceptions of knowledge gained about tobacco cessation, intentions to quit tobacco use, and quit attempts at follow-up.

• To evaluate perceptions of IPE care.

Background:

Based on the link between tobacco use and oral health and the frequent contact between dental providers and patients, the dental clinic is an ideal setting to address tobacco use.1

• Many dentists feel unprepared providing tobacco cessation education, particularly pharmacologic treatment options.1-3

• Pharmacists promote safe and effective pharmacologic treatment options for tobacco dependence and patients’ perceptions toward pharmacist-provided ...


Evaluating The Impact Of An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Pharmacy And Dental Students On Medication Histories Within An Urban Academic Dental Admissions Clinic, Alexander Radovanovich, PharmD Candidate, Rachel von Vital, PharmD Candidate, Melissa E. Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Jacqueline M. Theordorou PharmD, BCPS, Shannon Myers Virtue PsyD, Chizobam Idahosa, BDS, DDS, MS, Laurie A. MacPhail, DMD, PhD, Huaqing Zhao, PhD 2016 Temple University

Evaluating The Impact Of An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Pharmacy And Dental Students On Medication Histories Within An Urban Academic Dental Admissions Clinic, Alexander Radovanovich, Pharmd Candidate, Rachel Von Vital, Pharmd Candidate, Melissa E. Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Jacqueline M. Theordorou Pharmd, Bcps, Shannon Myers Virtue Psyd, Chizobam Idahosa, Bds, Dds, Ms, Laurie A. Macphail, Dmd, Phd, Huaqing Zhao, Phd

JCIPE Conference

Primary Objective:

To compare interprofessional (IP) care versus standard care on medication history clarifications in dental patients.

Secondary Objectives:

To assess the clinical significance of these clarifications with regards to the potential impact on dental treatment plans.

To describe the interventions provided by IP care to clarify discrepancies and/or resolve medication-related problems.


Designing And Evaluating An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Dental And Pharmacy Students, Melissa Rotz, PharmD, BCPS, Jacqueline Theodorou, PharmD, BCPS, Maria Fornatora, DMD, Chizobam Idahosa, BDS, DDS, MS, Laurie MacPhail, DMD, PhD, Elizabeth Tweddale, DMD, Shannon Myers Virtue, PsyD 2016 Temple University School of Pharmacy

Designing And Evaluating An Interprofessional Practice Experience Involving Dental And Pharmacy Students, Melissa Rotz, Pharmd, Bcps, Jacqueline Theodorou, Pharmd, Bcps, Maria Fornatora, Dmd, Chizobam Idahosa, Bds, Dds, Ms, Laurie Macphail, Dmd, Phd, Elizabeth Tweddale, Dmd, Shannon Myers Virtue, Psyd

JCIPE Conference

Purpose: To describe the design and evaluation of an innovative interprofessional practice experience involving pharmacy and dental students.

Background: Accreditation standards for pharmacy and dentistry schools mandate that interprofessional education (IPE) is introduced and practiced throughout the curriculum. There is a paucity of data involving interprofessional practice experiences with dental and pharmacy students.

Description of Program: Pharmacy and dental student-teams conduct health and medication histories for patients seen at Temple University’s dental admissions clinic. Additionally, these teams collaborate to conduct tobacco cessation counseling for current tobacco users. This interprofessional practice experience was designed to prepare students to build more ...


Collaborative Learning: Students’ Perspectives On How Learning Happens, Abdulaziz Almajed, Vicki Skinner, Ray Peterson, Tracey Winning 2016 School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, South Australia (currently Department of Dentistry, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

Collaborative Learning: Students’ Perspectives On How Learning Happens, Abdulaziz Almajed, Vicki Skinner, Ray Peterson, Tracey Winning

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

Collaborative learning (CL), a core component of inquiry-based learning approaches, aims to support students’ development of key skills (e.g., working in multidisciplinary teams). To design effective CL activities, we need to understand students’ perceptions about CL. However, few studies have examined students’ understandings of CL. This qualitative study aimed to address this gap by analyzing participants’ constructions of their CL experiences. Focus group data (14 first- and 14 fourth-year dental student volunteers) were analyzed by an inductive thematic analysis strategy. The findings explained students’ perspectives of key factors for facilitating positive learning within an inquiry-based CL context, namely having ...


Another Piece Of The “Silence In Pbl” Puzzle: Students’ Explanations Of Dominance And Quietness As Complementary Group Roles, Vicki J. Skinner, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Tracey A. Winning 2016 The University of Adelaide

Another Piece Of The “Silence In Pbl” Puzzle: Students’ Explanations Of Dominance And Quietness As Complementary Group Roles, Vicki J. Skinner, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Tracey A. Winning

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

A problem-based learning (PBL) assumption is that silence is incompatible with collaborative learning. Although sociocultural studies have reinterpreted silence as collaborative, we must understand how silence occurs in PBL groups. This essay presents students’ explanations of dominance, leadership, and silence as PBL group roles. An ethnographic investigation of PBL groups, informed by social constructionism, was conducted at two dental schools (in Australia and Ireland). The methods used were observation, interviews, and focus groups. The participants were volunteer first-year undergraduates. Students attributed dominance, silence, and members’ group roles to personal attributes. Consequently, they assumed that groups divided naturally into dominant leaders ...


Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein 2016 Mercer University, Atlanta

Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the effects of a cultural competency intervention on dental pre-doctoral students’ attitudes toward individuals of a different sexual orientation. 22 heterosexual students interviewed gay or lesbian individuals and wrote reflective text. Results illustrated that participants found that their interviewees had “surprisingly similar” beliefs and values – especially in the areas of religion and family. Because of their “similar values,” these students expressed respect toward their interviewees who were “so different” than themselves. This conclusion of “sameness” forced them to see homosexuals as people, rather than a stigmatized invisible outgroup, mitigating sexual prejudice.


A Review Of The Failed Cases Of Dental Implants At A University Hospital In Karachi, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Sana Ehsen Nagi 2016 The Aga Khan University

A Review Of The Failed Cases Of Dental Implants At A University Hospital In Karachi, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Sana Ehsen Nagi

Department of Surgery

Abstract

The retrospective study was conducted to assess the dental implants that experienced failure. It was conducted at the dental clinic of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of dental implants from July 2010 to June 2015. Variables such as patient age, gender and systemic status, length and diameter of implants, bone grafting, type of definitive prosthesis (crown or bridge or overdenture), nature of retention (cement versus screw retained), loading strategy (immediate versus delayed loading), etc. were analysed. Of the 220 implants placed, 6(2.7%) failed to integrate (as revealed by torque test) at the beginning ...


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