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Efficacy Of Behavioral Interventions In African-Americans With Type Ii Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis, Tangela Nicole Hales 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Efficacy Of Behavioral Interventions In African-Americans With Type Ii Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis, Tangela Nicole Hales

Dissertations

Context: The efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system are prime foci for nursing research.

Objective:The purpose of this study was to review and critically appraise the current state of the evidence in the treatment of African American adults with type II diabetes. To address this objective, a systematic review was undertaken that investigated the comparative effectiveness of behavioral interventions in improving glycemic control.

Methods: Robust methodological approaches to comparative effectiveness research (CER) serve to improve the transparency, consistency, and scientific rigor of the research. The methods for this systematic review of literature followed those recommended in the Agency ...


Implementation Of Educational Program For Nurses To Improve Knowledge And Use Of Discharge Planning Best Practices, Eric C. Snyder 2015 Otterbein University

Implementation Of Educational Program For Nurses To Improve Knowledge And Use Of Discharge Planning Best Practices, Eric C. Snyder

Doctoral Theses

Abstract

Problem Statement: The frequency and severity of hospital post-discharge events has become a national problem. The increase in readmission rates post-discharge has a negative impact on the patients overall morbidity and increases healthcare costs (Jack, 2012). Non-comprehensive discharge planning contributes to post-discharge events such as less than 30-day readmissions (Jack, 2012). Best practices for discharge planning should be utilized.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the impact of Project Re-engineering Discharge (RED) education to increase nurses' knowledge and use of best practices on discharge planning. An adapted Project RED educational intervention, using Knowles' adult learning theory ...


Use Of Social Media To Promote Continuous Learning: A Phased Strategy For Graduate Medical Education Fellowship Implementation, Jaswant Singh Basraon, Deborah Simpson, Anjan Gupta 2015 Aurora Health Care

Use Of Social Media To Promote Continuous Learning: A Phased Strategy For Graduate Medical Education Fellowship Implementation, Jaswant Singh Basraon, Deborah Simpson, Anjan Gupta

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Clinical developments continue to grow at an accelerated rate, challenging the existing paradigm of information access, dissemination and learning by trainees. The aim of this study was to deliver relevant, concise and newly emerging information on cardiovascular disease using Twitter, and assess its impact.

Methods

A Twitter account for our institution’s cardiovascular disease fellowship program was established. All fellows and faculty were encouraged to follow tweets for clinical developments. To assess Twitter use, participation rates and the number of tweets by topics and followers were tracked longitudinally. Impact on fellows was assessed through a brief evaluation survey and ...


Partnering To Improve Care: Highlights From The 21st Annual Conference Of The Hmo Research Network, Michael K. Gould 2015 Kaiser Permanente Southern California

Partnering To Improve Care: Highlights From The 21st Annual Conference Of The Hmo Research Network, Michael K. Gould

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

N/A


Abstracts From The 21st Annual Hmo Research Network Conference, March 11–13, 2015, Long Beach, California, 2015 Aurora Health Care

Abstracts From The 21st Annual Hmo Research Network Conference, March 11–13, 2015, Long Beach, California

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

N/A


Interview Of Jennifer Sipe, M.S.N., R.N., Jennifer Sipe, Anthony Palazzolo 2015 La Salle University

Interview Of Jennifer Sipe, M.S.N., R.N., Jennifer Sipe, Anthony Palazzolo

All Oral Histories

Jennifer Sipe was born in 1969 at Chestnut Hill Hospital. Jennifer had an unstructured childhood which allowed her time to follow her interests and explore local woods and creeks in Bucks County growing up. Jennifer went to Willow Dale Elementary and also was a graduate of William Tennent High School class of 1987. During high school Jennifer was involved in many activities and took a wide range of classes. At an early age as an aggressive learner after completing high school, Jennifer decided to be the first one in her family to attend college. She started college at Temple University ...


Screening Mammography Requires Informed Consent, James P. Meza MD, PhD 2015 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Screening Mammography Requires Informed Consent, James P. Meza Md, Phd

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

In concert with the titular opinion, CRP Faculty Editor James P. Meza encourages established medical educators and practitioners to speak up when evidence contradicts established practice, as an example to future medical professionals.


Transesophageal Echocardiogram: Accurate Enough To Make Definitive Clinical Decisions Related To Endocarditis, Brian Jackson, Paul Thomas, Tiffany Dehondt, Leanne Swiderski, Rachel Fuller, Amal Raychouni 2015 Wayne State University

Transesophageal Echocardiogram: Accurate Enough To Make Definitive Clinical Decisions Related To Endocarditis, Brian Jackson, Paul Thomas, Tiffany Dehondt, Leanne Swiderski, Rachel Fuller, Amal Raychouni

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of: Daniel WG, Mugge A, Martin RP, et al. Improvement in the diagnosis of abscesses associated with endocarditis by transesophageal echocardiography. N Engl J Med. 1991 Mar 21;324(12):795-800. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199103213241203


Building Meaningful Bridges: Collaborations Between Students, Faculty, Staff And Librarians, Molly Higgins, Len L. Levin 2015 SUNY Stony Brook

Building Meaningful Bridges: Collaborations Between Students, Faculty, Staff And Librarians, Molly Higgins, Len L. Levin

Library Publications and Presentations

OBJECTIVES:

In this short communication, attendees will: 1. Be able to recognize examples of successful collaboration between an academic health sciences library and the medical school curriculum 2. Discover methods to develop similar collaborative initiatives at other medical schools.

BACKGROUND:

In 2010, the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) introduced a new, integrative curriculum. This curriculum includes a mandatory culminating experience called the Capstone Scholarship and Discovery Course (CSD). The CSD ensures that every graduating student completes an individualized, mentored, scholarly project that builds on their personal passion and medical school experience. Librarians in the Lamar Soutter Library (LSL) have ...


Online Searching In Pbl Tutorials, Jun Jin, Susan M. Bridges, Michael G. Botelho, Lap Ki Chan 2015 University of Hong Kong

Online Searching In Pbl Tutorials, Jun Jin, Susan M. Bridges, Michael G. Botelho, Lap Ki Chan

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

This study aims to explore how online searching plays a role during PBL tutorials in two undergraduate health sciences curricula, Medicine and Dentistry. Utilizing Interactional Ethnography (IE) as an organizing framework for data collection and analysis, and drawing on a critical theory of technology as an explanatory lens, enabled a textured understanding of student practices and beliefs regarding online searching during face-to-face PBL tutorials. Two event maps trace key transitions in learning regarding online searching in one cycle of problem-based learning in each program. From a critical perspective, analysis of students’ stimulated recall interviews indicated that the use of students ...


Motivational Influences Of Using Peer Evaluation In Problem-Based Learning In Medical Education, Sara Abercrombie, Jay Parkes, Teresita McCarty 2015 Northern Arizona University

Motivational Influences Of Using Peer Evaluation In Problem-Based Learning In Medical Education, Sara Abercrombie, Jay Parkes, Teresita Mccarty

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

This study investigates the ways in which medical students’ achievement goal orientations (AGO) affect their perceptions of learning and actual learning from an online problem-based learning environment, Calibrated Peer ReviewTM. First, the tenability of a four-factor model (Elliot & McGregor, 2001) of AGO was tested with data collected from medical students (N = 137). Then, a structural regression model relating the factors of AGO to students’ perceptions of grading fairness, judgments of learning, and scoring accuracy was tested. The results indicate that student engagement and success in diagnosing a patient’s presentation using a peer feedback-rich web-based PBL environment is somewhat ...


Reducing Health Disparities Through The 2015 Mcat: A Bold Goal Requiring On-Going Assessment, Aliya G. Feroe, Stephen F. Loebs 2015 Bowdoin College

Reducing Health Disparities Through The 2015 Mcat: A Bold Goal Requiring On-Going Assessment, Aliya G. Feroe, Stephen F. Loebs

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

There is broad consensus that reduction in health care disparities is an important and multi-faceted challenge. One possible approach, among many others, starts with the attraction of women and men to the field of medicine who have a broad based education and who can demonstrate cultural understanding and sensitivity. In this context, the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) has been revised, effective in 2015, to include many additional questions concerning the psychological, social, and behavioral sciences. There are important assumptions fueling the revised Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) and these will need to be tested. These assumptions range from influencing ...


Effect Of Continuous Education On Readmission Rates For Chf Patients, Lexie J. Baroni, Becca H. Hughes, Grace A. Wahba 2015 Cedarville University

Effect Of Continuous Education On Readmission Rates For Chf Patients, Lexie J. Baroni, Becca H. Hughes, Grace A. Wahba

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Aim: To evaluate if continuing the education of Congest Heart Failure patients post-discharge will decrease the amount of readmissions within 6 months of discharge.

Background: Causes for decreased readmission rates in Congestive Heart Failure patients have been evaluated in multiple studies. The evaluation of the current research showed having discharge education and post- discharge follow-ups decreased the rate of readmission within 6 months. There is a sufficient amount of evidence supporting the implementation of education upon discharge and follow-ups of Congestive Heart Failure patients.

Data Source: Databases and search engines used included: PubMed, OneSearch, CINAHL, DogPile, and Google. Of 25 ...


Community Education On Mtm Services, Jacob M. Davis, Kristin Lessig, Lindsay M. Mailloux, Samantha A. Smolinski, Stephen K. Yeboah 2015 Cedarville University

Community Education On Mtm Services, Jacob M. Davis, Kristin Lessig, Lindsay M. Mailloux, Samantha A. Smolinski, Stephen K. Yeboah

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background: Medication nonadherence, defined as “the number of doses not taken or taken incorrectly that jeopardizes the patient’s therapeutic outcome,” is a major health problem with about 43% of the general population nonadherent to their medications. Medication nonadherence accounts for an estimated 125,000 deaths per year in the US, 33-69% of medication-related hospital readmissions, and an estimated $100 to $300 billion in direct and indirect medical costs. Medication therapy management (MTM), defined as “a distinct service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for individual patients,” has been found to reduce medication nonadherence. However, many individuals eligible ...


Simulation-Based Interdisciplinary Team Learning—Pilot Study, Brian C. Patterson, Adam H. Altman, Brittani H. Purkeypile, Bethany Sibbitt, Zachary IlGiovine, Nicholaus Christian, Phillip J. Wenzell, Natasha Mehta, Raymond Ten Eyck 2015 Wright State University

Simulation-Based Interdisciplinary Team Learning—Pilot Study, Brian C. Patterson, Adam H. Altman, Brittani H. Purkeypile, Bethany Sibbitt, Zachary Ilgiovine, Nicholaus Christian, Phillip J. Wenzell, Natasha Mehta, Raymond Ten Eyck

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background: Currently, interprofessional education (IPE) is becoming widely integrated into healthcare professional education with regulating bodies including IPE as a curricular requirement. Although recent studies have concluded that students value IPE, there are a number of challenges associated with initial engagement. Many schools are unsure how to approach this interdisciplinary integration. In addition to IPE, simulation has become an important tool in the education of health professionals. As the first exercise at Wright State University involving interprofessional groups composed completely of undergraduates, interested students from the Boonshoft School of Medicine, the WSU College of Nursing and Health, and the Cedarville ...


Social Constructivism And Case-Writing For An Integrated Curriculum, Alison F. Doubleday, Blase Brown, Philip A. Patston, Pamela Jurgens-Toepke, Meaghan Driscoll Strotman, Anne Koerber, Colin Haley, Charlotte Briggs, G. William Knight 2015 University of Illinois at Chicago

Social Constructivism And Case-Writing For An Integrated Curriculum, Alison F. Doubleday, Blase Brown, Philip A. Patston, Pamela Jurgens-Toepke, Meaghan Driscoll Strotman, Anne Koerber, Colin Haley, Charlotte Briggs, G. William Knight

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

Case-writing within an integrated, systems-based health professions education curriculum presents many unique challenges. Specifically, case-writing in this context must consider integration of multidisciplinary learning objectives and synthesis of biomedical and clinical sciences. Establishing an effective process for content integration and determining who should be involved in the case-writing process can be a daunting task and this specific context requires a new model for effective casewriting. This paper provides a model for the cycle of case development, implementation, evaluation and modification in an integrated, systems-based health professions curriculum. We highlight how this collaborative case-writing model parallels the social constructivist approach promoted ...


Out And About In Medicine: Gw Out For Health, Michelle S. Davis, Daniel F. O'Neill, Robert Tollefson, Domenique Escobar, Chase Hiller, Lawrence R. Deyton 2015 George Washington University

Out And About In Medicine: Gw Out For Health, Michelle S. Davis, Daniel F. O'Neill, Robert Tollefson, Domenique Escobar, Chase Hiller, Lawrence R. Deyton

GW Research Days 2015

The time is right to devise and implement a more coordinated approach to LGBT patient care and health professional training within the Washington, DC metropolitan area and beyond. The following George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences (GWSMHS) and Hospital (GWUH) LGBT Health Initiative proposal highlights possible strategies for addressing this need through a more centralized fashion. The seven focus areas proposed for the GW LGBT Health Initiative include: 1) Climate/Visibility; 2) Health Education; 3) Policy/Advocacy; 4) Community Outreach; 5) Research; 6) Patient Care; and 7) HIV/AIDS. A key stakeholder that is helping to realize ...


Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: January-March 2015, Daniel G. Kipnis, MSI, Kelsey Duinkerken, MSI 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: January-March 2015, Daniel G. Kipnis, Msi, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi

Jefferson Digital Commons Reports

Outline of report:

  • 10 year birthday for the JDC
  • Parenting and Emotional Growth content from Henri Parens, MD
  • Jefferson Faculty Books
  • Women at Jefferson: New Oral Histories
  • Assorted asset highlights
  • What people are saying about the JDC


A Diverging View Of Role Modeling In Medical Education, Gurjit Sandhu, Jessica V. Rich, Christopher Magas, G. Ross Walker 2015 University of Michigan

A Diverging View Of Role Modeling In Medical Education, Gurjit Sandhu, Jessica V. Rich, Christopher Magas, G. Ross Walker

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Research in the area of role modeling has primarily focused on the qualities and attributes of exceptional role models, and less attention has been given to the act of role modeling itself (Elzubeir & Rizk, 2001; Jochemsen-van der Leeuw, van Dijk, van Etten-Jamaludin, & Wieringa-de Waard, 2013; Wright, 1996; Wright, Wong, & Newill, 1997). A standardized understanding of role modeling in medical education remains elusive (Kenny, Mann, & MacLeod, 2003). This is problematic given that role modeling is pervasively documented as an approach to teaching (Reuler & Nardone, 1994). Our study attempts to fill a void in this body of research by looking at what faculty are thinking, saying, and doing when they say they are role modeling.

Individual semi-structured interviews with faculty members were conducted in the Department of General Surgery at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative methods for themes surrounding teaching and role modeling. Three major themes emerged from the data: (1) faculty members think they are teaching when they are acting professionally; (2) faculty members become aware of teaching opportunities and act on them; and (3) faculty members employ evidence-based teaching methods, but they are incorrectly labeling them as “role modeling.” As a whole, our findings should help distinguish between role modeling as roles and responsibilities enacted while doing one’s job well, and teaching as facilitated instruction ...


Medical Students In Microscopic Anatomy And Pathology Laboratories: Design Of An E-Learning Histology And Histopathology Atlas As An Evolving Response To Interdisciplinary Pre-Clinical Curricular Needs, Michelle S. Davis, Alexandra Mills, Gisela Butera, Donald S. Karcher, Patricia S. Latham, Janette Krum, Rosalyn A. Jurjus 2015 George Washington University

Medical Students In Microscopic Anatomy And Pathology Laboratories: Design Of An E-Learning Histology And Histopathology Atlas As An Evolving Response To Interdisciplinary Pre-Clinical Curricular Needs, Michelle S. Davis, Alexandra Mills, Gisela Butera, Donald S. Karcher, Patricia S. Latham, Janette Krum, Rosalyn A. Jurjus

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

E-learning, also known as computer-assisted learning, successfully bridges anatomical knowledge and transferrable skills, such as critical analysis, teamwork, leadership and communication. Several institutions have already integrated histology and physiology in team based laboratory approaches, but integration of histology and pathology instruction has been done to a lesser extent. Our aim was to develop an e-learning atlas that integrates microanatomy and pathology laboratory for an interdisciplinary pre-clinical medical curriculum.

A multidisciplinary team of teaching faculty and students developed an online atlas (microanatomyatlas.com) that includes a library of histology and histopathology images. Traditional laboratory manual instructions and study objectives were added ...


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