The Next Small Step, 2022 Duquesne University
The Next Small Step, Samiya Henry
Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium
As of right now, NASA and other space programs are estimating that by 2026, there will be people living in Space. Whether it be the Moon or Mars, one cannot have a functional society without a proper source of laws, especially since no one country has ownership over space. "One Small Step" will produce this source of laws, called the “Space Bill of Rights,” that will outline important matters like the trade of resources, medical care, government officials, and will ensure the preservation of our physical and figurative footsteps in space. This Space Bill of Rights is made up of ...
Everyday Ethics And Equity At The Bedside, 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital
Everyday Ethics And Equity At The Bedside, Shika Kalevor, Angie Knackstedt
Background: Traditional bioethics training, although important, may not be completely suited to the nursing role. In contrast to traditional clinical ethics, which focuses on healthcare dilemmas, everyday ethics focuses on routine clinical encounters between clinicians, patients, and families and may be better suited to help nurses address issues such as bias and racism at the bedside.
Objectives/Goal: This study aims to provide a data-backed approach to ethics education for nurses as it pertains to improvements in the understanding of Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion (DEI) efforts in healthcare. This study also provides an opportunity for the field of bioethics to provide ...
The Ethics Of Masking During A Pandemic, 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
The Ethics Of Masking During A Pandemic, Mason Bennett
Philosophy Undergraduate Honors Theses
The COVID-19 pandemic has been disastrous, approaching a million deaths in the United States alone, and has demonstrated the world’s lack of preparation for a severe airborne virus. Countermeasures to infection are important to implement in order to lessen loss of life, but also must be justified and shown to be ethical. A countermeasure which is especially viable is wearing masks because of their high efficacy in preventing disease transmission compared to their relatively low restriction of liberty; studies have shown that mask wearing effectively impairs the spread of airborne pathogens and creates little physical or social harm. I ...
Islamic Bioethics: National Regulations And Guidelines Of Human Stem Cell Research In The Muslim World, Azza Mahmoud
International Studies (MA) Theses
The utilization of human stem cells emerged recently in the Muslim world as one of the essential valuable areas of medicine for their vital role in developing regenerative medicine and treating chronic and incurable diseases. Existing studies indicate that most human stem cell researchers rely on varying schools of thought in Islamic law or on an individual base to define legitimate practices. From a policy perspective, the different Islamic religious decrees do not constitute a unified legal framework to promote essential international collaborations. The existing literature exhibits a limitation in comprehensive studies on human stem cell research (HSCR) in the ...
Medical Ethics: From The Perspective Of Undergraduate Pre-Health Students, 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Medical Ethics: From The Perspective Of Undergraduate Pre-Health Students, Hannah Im
The burden of ethical decision-making is a significant contributor to compassion fatigue in healthcare professionals. Due to the impact of moral conflicts, it may be beneficial to reassess the effectiveness of current ethics education and training. While previous studies have surveyed a range of medical professionals and students, it remains unclear if exposure to ethics topics during undergraduate education could better prepare future healthcare workers. Thus, there is a need to identify the necessity of introducing ethics courses into the required pre-health curriculum. The following study took the first step to gauge this by surveying undergraduate pre-health students on their ...
Ethical Ramifications Of Xenotransplantation Research And Justification For Potentially Deadly Study Participation, Scott Dyer
Graduate Student Research Symposium
Recent leaps in medical technology now allow humans to utilize organs of animals, specifically pigs, in xenotransplantation procedures. As this science advances, ethical quandaries that must be grappled with will arise while additional clinical trials must be done. Due to the infancy of this technology, science must be cautious in how it moves forward. However, I also argue that anyone, as long as they are of sound mind and deemed to be of proper decision-making capacity, can justifiably participate in any research they want, no matter how deadly the potential consequences. A participant in such research may be getting much ...
Equitable Vaccine Access Within An Age-Based Framework, 2022 University of Maine
Equitable Vaccine Access Within An Age-Based Framework, Alan B. Cobo-Lewis
Developmental Disabilities Network Journal
Objectives: When vaccine supply was limited, several states adopted age-based prioritization for Covid-19 vaccine eligibility because it is simple (especially when age is quantized by decade) and age is strongly associated with Covid-19 mortality. But this approach raises equity concerns based in law and ethics. I propose data-driven solutions for equitable policy within an age-based framework. Methods: Using CDC and Census Bureau data, I analyzed 538,627 U.S. Covid-19 deaths by age and race-ethnicity through February 2021 and compared the risk ratios to published data on risk ratios for other conditions. Results: Covid-19 mortality rose 2.56-fold per decade ...
Before It Is Over: A Family’S Experience With End-Of-Life Care During Covid-Related Restrictive Visitation Policies, 2022 University of North Dakota
Before It Is Over: A Family’S Experience With End-Of-Life Care During Covid-Related Restrictive Visitation Policies, Andjela H. Kaur
Patient Experience Journal
It is not uncommon in the American medical community that a personal narrative sparks a conversation about a controversial topic. In 1988 the Journal of American Medical Association published a narrative by a medical doctor which provoked a debate on euthanasia within the readership of the journal and the greater public. The testimony that I am presenting aims to invite a public dialogue on the harmful effects of restrictive visitation policies brought on by the COVID -19 pandemic. The story of my family’s experience during the end-of-life care for my mother, a COVID patient, illustrates how urgent is the ...
A New Directive: An Ethical Analysis Of The Ethical And Religious Directives And Catholic Healthcare Mission To Promote And Sustain Catholic Healthcare, Noah Dimas
Graduate Student Research Symposium
At the heart of all Catholic healthcare is the mission and duty to further the healing ministry of Jesus Christ and care for one’s neighbor to uphold human dignity. However, some in Catholic healthcare may not fully know nor understand these foundational Catholic teachings. As such, these healthcare professionals can turn to a simple but rich guide in giving direction to these healthcare professionals, the USCCB’s Ethical and Religious Directives. This document acts as both a primer and set of guidelines regarding Catholic doctrine, the Catholic moral tradition, and how both inform the Catholic response to common ethical ...
The Physician Suicide Crisis, 2022 St. John Fisher College
The Physician Suicide Crisis, Christian J. Leonardo
The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research
Background: Mental health has been a serious issue among physicians over the past century. It is clear if we do not address this issue, the doctor shortage in America will continue to rise and the quality of care that patients receive will continue to deteriorate.
Methods: Literary research was conducted using both primary and secondary sources in order to find historical evidence of the mental health crisis among physicians.
Findings: It is clear that there is a mental health crisis among physicians by the staggering statistics that will be discussed throughout the paper. It is also evident that more ...
The Ethical Justification Of Research In Pediatric Healthcare With An Emphasis On The Covid-19 Vaccine, 2022 Duquesne University
The Ethical Justification Of Research In Pediatric Healthcare With An Emphasis On The Covid-19 Vaccine, Brianne Helfrich
Graduate Student Research Symposium
Pediatric research in medicine is a widely debated topic on ethical and moral principles. In this paper, the reasoning behind the importance of general medical research will be explored. The risks and benefits associated with medical research will be discussed, as these are topics that can persuade an individual into participating. The first section of this paper will also emphasize the importance of the COVID-19 research and ethical conflicts associated with it. Being in a global pandemic, this research has provided society with many benefits regarding diagnosis of disease, vaccines, and treatments. Exploring the COVID-19 research will provide readers with ...
Wellness Review 2021, Part 2, 2022 US Air Force
Wellness Review 2021, Part 2, Brian A. Ferguson, Martin Huecker
Journal of Wellness
Introduction: This article presents Part 2 of the biannual JWellness Review of literature from 2021 (July – December). We emphasize new science and resilience initiatives published outside of JWellness that seek understanding of burnout and thriving among healthcare professionals (HCPs).
Methods: For the interval of July 1 to December 30, 2021, PubMed was queried for empirical and observational research studies, review articles, guideline summaries, letters, and editorials. Of 93 results, we reviewed methods and salient points to arrive at a final list of 48 articles for inclusion.
Literature in Review: Common themes that emerged included teamwork, EMR optimization, group decompression, applications ...
Public Goods From Private Data: An Effectiveness And Justification Dilemma For Digital Contact Tracing, 2022 York University, Toronto
Public Goods From Private Data: An Effectiveness And Justification Dilemma For Digital Contact Tracing, Andrew Buzzell
The Journal of Sociotechnical Critique
Debate about the adoption of digital contact tracing (DCT) apps to control the spread of COVID-19 has focussed on risks to individual privacy. This emphasis reveals significant challenges to ethical deployment of DCT, but generates constraints which undermine justification to implement DCT. It would be a mistake to view this result solely as the successful operation of ethical foresight analysis, preventing deployment of potentially harmful technology. Privacy-centric analysis treats data as private property, frames the relationship between individuals and governments as adversarial, entrenches technology platforms as gatekeepers, and supports a conception of emergency public health authority as limited by individual ...
Making Wishes Known: An Evidence-Based Practice Project For Advanced Care Planning In Oncology, 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences
Making Wishes Known: An Evidence-Based Practice Project For Advanced Care Planning In Oncology, Hazel Torres
Student Scholarly Projects
Practice Problem: An advance directive is a tool that patients use to maintain control of their care, plan for potential life events, identify their health proxy and communicate their wishes with their healthcare team. Despite the stated importance, the percentage of patients with completed advance directives in the Oncology clinic was less than 10%. This meant that the majority of patients did not have the tools to make their wishes known to the healthcare team.
PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this EBP project is In adult oncology patients within the outpatient setting, does implementing a formal advanced care planning ...
Ethics Of Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide, 2022 Merrimack College
Ethics Of Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide, Kathryn Halloran
Honors Senior Capstone Projects
No abstract provided.
Division In Rural America: Understanding The Difference Between Refusal To Treat Based On Medical Conscience Versus Discrimination And How To Overcome It, Sarah Mcmillen, Alexander Mcmillen, Melanie Kuder
Helm's School of Government Conference
Division in Rural America: Understanding the Difference Between Refusal to Treat Based on Medical Conscience Versus Discrimination and How to Overcome It
Melanie Kuder, PharmD, Alexander X. McMillen
and Sarah A. McMillen, PsyD.
This paper will provide an exploration of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA), how the guidelines on what constitutes adequate care have changed since the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a revision on March 30, 2020, the use of medical conscience as the right to refuse, and how the communities in Kansas have responded to this.
Prescribing Opioids Without Fear Of Prosecution, 2022 William & Mary Law School
Prescribing Opioids Without Fear Of Prosecution, Adam M. Gershowitz
No abstract provided.
The Role Of Healthcare Workers In The Care Of Human Trafficking Survivors, 2022 Nova Southeastern University
The Role Of Healthcare Workers In The Care Of Human Trafficking Survivors, Darisel N. Ventura Rodriguez
NSU REACH and IPE Day
Purpose/Objective: Highlight the importance of increasing awareness among healthcare professionals on the identification and treatment of human trafficking victims. Background/Rationale: In the state of Florida, human trafficking (HT) remains a significant public health issue affecting hundreds of victims each year. Miami-Dade and Broward Counties reported 351 cases in 2019 alone. More than 50% of HT victims encounter healthcare providers while being exploited. For this reason, healthcare providers must be trained to recognize and treat victims of HT. The goal of this project was to educate healthcare providers and students on the identification of HT victims and how to ...
Moral Drifting And Covid-19 Precautions: The Impact On Team Stress Levels In Primary Care, 2022 University of Texas at Austin
Moral Drifting And Covid-19 Precautions: The Impact On Team Stress Levels In Primary Care, Brittany N. Houston, Stacy Ogbeide
Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery
The COVID-19 pandemic has given more focus on the concept of moral drifting. Moral or ethical drift is characterized as an insidious movement away from ethical behavior. Not only is this phenomenon present with routine tasks such as going to the grocery store, but it is influential and present in a setting being impacted by COVID-19: primary care. Integrated Primary Care and team-based care are incredibly valuable when caring for complex populations but also vital in mitigating the impacts of stress that moral drifting can cause on individual and team functioning.
A Feminist Challenge To Transgenderism. A Review Of Doublethink: A Feminist Challenge To Transgenderism By Janice G. Raymond, 2022 Associazione Iroko Onlus
A Feminist Challenge To Transgenderism. A Review Of Doublethink: A Feminist Challenge To Transgenderism By Janice G. Raymond, Esohe Aghatise
Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence
No abstract provided.