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Bioethics and Medical Ethics Commons

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Women And Abortion: The ‘Feminist’ Mystique, Bethany Sibbitt 2016 Cedarville University

Women And Abortion: The ‘Feminist’ Mystique, Bethany Sibbitt

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

No abstract provided.


Is Aids God’S Judgment Against Homosexuality? An Argument From Natural Law, Rondi Noden 2016 Cedarville University

Is Aids God’S Judgment Against Homosexuality? An Argument From Natural Law, Rondi Noden

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

No abstract provided.


Abortion, Sick Babies, And Tough Choices, Paige Taylor 2016 Cedarville University

Abortion, Sick Babies, And Tough Choices, Paige Taylor

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

No abstract provided.


Abortion And Women's Health: A Closer Look At "Back-Alley" Abortions, Michele VandenBerg 2016 Cedarville University

Abortion And Women's Health: A Closer Look At "Back-Alley" Abortions, Michele Vandenberg

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Abortion continues to be one of the most hotly debated topics in the United States since its legalization in 1973. Abortion rights activists claim that millions of women may now terminate pregnancy in a safer manner than in the days of “back-alley” abortions. This paper will examine the truth behind this claim. For instance, does legalized abortion really protect the health and safety of women? Is it safer than natural birth? Does it eliminate discrimination against poor women? This paper will argue that “back-alley” abortions have been a largely fabricated reality. They cannot therefore be a compelling argument in favor ...


A Religious, Ethical And Philosophical Study Of The Human Person In The Context Of Biomedical Practices, Douglas J.W. Milne 2016 Australian Catholic University

A Religious, Ethical And Philosophical Study Of The Human Person In The Context Of Biomedical Practices, Douglas J.W. Milne

Theses

From the book of Genesis the human person is presented as divine image-bearer, a Godlike status that is further explained in terms of the dual constitution of matter and spirit. Natural Law provides a person-centred ethic that draws on a number of human goods that emanate naturally from the human person and lead in practice to human flourishing. This theory empowers towards making ethical decisions in the interest of human persons. Aristotle explained the human being as a substantially existing entity with rational powers. By means of his form-matter scheme he handed on, by way of Boethius, to Aquinas, a ...


Healing Powers; An Examination Of Medical Ethics, Benevolent Lies, And The Doctor-Patient Relationship In Late Eighteenth-Century Britain, Rosa Dale-Moore 2016 University of Puget Sound

Healing Powers; An Examination Of Medical Ethics, Benevolent Lies, And The Doctor-Patient Relationship In Late Eighteenth-Century Britain, Rosa Dale-Moore

Honors Program Theses

This paper will discuss foundational thought for the practice of medical ethics in the context of Dr. Thomas Percival, a physician in late eighteenth century Britain, and his work in which he introduced a code of medical ethics in an attempt to correct the imbalance of values used by physicians in their medical practices and to codify medical ethics as a practice in the Manchester Infirmary.


Morality And The Extra-Medical Use Of Drugs, Jerry Schik O.S.C. 2016 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

Morality And The Extra-Medical Use Of Drugs, Jerry Schik O.S.C.

Obsculta

Nota bene - The following is one of three major papers written forty-five years ago as a requirement for the Master of Arts in Theology degree. The author has revisited the topic in an addendum attached to this article to consider how the moral theologian can view extra-medical marijuana use in the twenty-first century. Originally written in 1971 at http://digitalcommons.csbsju.edu/sot_papers/594/


Oregon's Death With Dignity Act: Socially Constructing A Good Death, Erin E. Mauck 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Oregon's Death With Dignity Act: Socially Constructing A Good Death, Erin E. Mauck

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As aid-in-dying legislation expands across the United States, this study examines the dynamics influencing participation in Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act. In addition to data from secondary sources, this thesis analyzes field research data collected in Oregon, including 14 in-depth interviews with volunteers and employees of two advocacy organizations at the center of legalized physician-assisted death. Themes emerged including the conditions that motivate participation, the importance of both personal and professional autonomy, the significance of a good death, and the growth of open dialogues about end of life choices. This thesis concludes with a discussion of the impact Death ...


Animal Carcinogenicity Studies: 3. Alternatives To The Bioassay, Andrew Knight, Jarrod Bailey, Jonathan Balcombe 2016 Animal Consultants International

Animal Carcinogenicity Studies: 3. Alternatives To The Bioassay, Andrew Knight, Jarrod Bailey, Jonathan Balcombe

Andrew Knight, BSc (Vet Biol), BVMS, MANZCVS, DipECAWBM (AWSEL), DACAW, PhD, MRCVS, SFHEA

Conventional animal carcinogenicity tests take around three years to design, conduct and interpret. Consequently, only a tiny fraction of the thousands of industrial chemicals currently in use have been tested for carcinogenicity. Despite the costs of hundreds of millions of dollars and millions of skilled personnel hours, as well as millions of animal lives, several investigations have revealed that animal carcinogenicity data lack human specificity (i.e. the ability to identify human non-carcinogens), which severely limits the human predictivity of the bioassay. This is due to the scientific inadequacies of many carcinogenicity bioassays, and numerous serious biological obstacles, which render ...


Advocating For Our Patients Using Clinical Research, Brandon Baker 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Advocating For Our Patients Using Clinical Research, Brandon Baker

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

This reflection is about experiences trying to relate medical research evidence to actual patient care. This piece talks about shared decision-making about screening mammography.


Hospitals Rationing Drugs Behind Closed Doors: A Civil Rights Issue, Wendy F. Hensel, Leslie E. Wolf 2016 Georgia State University College of Law

Hospitals Rationing Drugs Behind Closed Doors: A Civil Rights Issue, Wendy F. Hensel, Leslie E. Wolf

Leslie E. Wolf

No abstract provided.


The Euthanasia Debate: International Experience And Canadian Policy Proposals, Lorna M. Fratschko 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Euthanasia Debate: International Experience And Canadian Policy Proposals, Lorna M. Fratschko

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examines the problematic prospect of the introduction of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide into Canadian society. The thesis argues that euthanasia is too simplistic an approach to address the complexities of end of life issues. The policy proposal under active discussion is profoundly mistaken. The language of euthanasia is examined in relation to the choice of words used, drawing attention to how words, when used loosely, can distort reality in this matter. Historical experience from other jurisdictions is presented to provide a context for this discussion. A "slippery slope" argument emerges via the claim that, in practice and in ...


Conversations With Veterinary Students: Attitudes, Ethics, And Animals, Harold A. Herzog, Tamara L. Vore, John C. New Jr. 2016 Western Carolina University

Conversations With Veterinary Students: Attitudes, Ethics, And Animals, Harold A. Herzog, Tamara L. Vore, John C. New Jr.

Harold Herzog

Interviews were conducted with 24 graduating veterinary students to examine (a) changes in their attitudes toward animals; (b) the types of experiences and procedures that they found personally distressing; (c) their perceptions of the most important ethical issues that they will face in private practice; and (d) their responses to euthanizing animals. Students’ responses differed considerably. For example, about half of the students claimed that they were not affected by euthanasia, but another 25% still were struggling with this aspect of their professional role. Rationalization was a common mechanism by which the students attempted to deal with stressful experiences. It ...


Commentary: Filling The Empathy Gap, Peter G. Holub 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Commentary: Filling The Empathy Gap, Peter G. Holub

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Some health professionals save lives; however, all health professionals have the power to save humanity. By saving humanity, I mean restoring mankind’s humaneness, which is the capacity to act with benevolence and compassion towards each other. The daily news, which is rarely new anymore, is all about war, terrorism, migrant crises, human trafficking, child abuse, mass shootings, and stories that reflect mankind’s inability to get along with each other and the planet. The remedy for our ailing humanity is right under our noses.


Under The Needle: Ergonomic Issues With Lethal Injection Protocols, Gabriella Hancock 2016 University of Central Florida

Under The Needle: Ergonomic Issues With Lethal Injection Protocols, Gabriella Hancock

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

The institution of capital punishment represents one of the most contentious issues affecting societies today; and while the practice is only implemented in 58 countries, the controversy affects the world at large as over 60% of the human population lives in nations that condone the death penalty (Hali, 2015). In the United States, people who support capital punishment believe the practice to be an effective crime deterrent for potential criminals and therefore a prospective protective measure for law abiding citizens. Moreover, advocates defend their position by forwarding the argument that executions are ‘humane’; that use of lethal injection ensures that ...


Primary Care Physicians' Willingness To Disclose Oncology Errors Involving Multiple Providers To Patients, Kathleen Mazor, Douglas Roblin, Sarah Greene, Hassan Fouayzi, Thomas Gallagher 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Primary Care Physicians' Willingness To Disclose Oncology Errors Involving Multiple Providers To Patients, Kathleen Mazor, Douglas Roblin, Sarah Greene, Hassan Fouayzi, Thomas Gallagher

Kathleen M. Mazor

BACKGROUND: Full disclosure of harmful errors to patients, including a statement of regret, an explanation, acceptance of responsibility and commitment to prevent recurrences is the current standard for physicians in the USA.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which primary care physicians' perceptions of event-level, physician-level and organisation-level factors influence intent to disclose a medical error in challenging situations.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey containing two hypothetical vignettes: (1) delayed diagnosis of breast cancer, and (2) care coordination breakdown causing a delayed response to patient symptoms. In both cases, multiple physicians shared responsibility for the error, and both involved oncology diagnoses.

SETTING ...


Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin Black 2016 Selected Works

Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Handout for a lecture in the Washington University School of Medicine elective course “Major religious traditions and health care.” This document represents my personal views and does not necessarily represent the opinions of the University or of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


One Final Goodbye, Dennis Baumgardner 2016 bepress (DC Admins)

One Final Goodbye, Dennis Baumgardner

Dennis Baumgardner

N/A


Defining Quality In Medical Practice, Nicholas E. Boggs 2016 Oakwood Family Medicine Residency

Defining Quality In Medical Practice, Nicholas E. Boggs

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

We need physicians who are willing to participate in creating the standard of care, and to hold insurance companies accountable for real evidence-based quality markers. Only then will patients receive adequate care and we as educators in medicine be able to adequately teach the next generation of physicians.


Differences In Preferences For Models Of Consent For Biobanks Between Black And White Women, Katherine Brown, Bettina Drake, Sarah Gehlert, Leslie Wolf, James DuBois, Joann Seo, Krista Woodward, Hannah Perkins, Melody Goodman, Kimberly Kaphingst 2016 Georgia State University College of Law

Differences In Preferences For Models Of Consent For Biobanks Between Black And White Women, Katherine Brown, Bettina Drake, Sarah Gehlert, Leslie Wolf, James Dubois, Joann Seo, Krista Woodward, Hannah Perkins, Melody Goodman, Kimberly Kaphingst

Leslie E. Wolf

Biobanks are essential resources, and participation by individuals from diverse groups is needed. Various models of consent have been proposed for secondary research use of biospecimens, differing in level of donor control and information received. Data are needed regarding participant preferences for models of consent, particularly among minorities. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 60 women to examine their attitudes about different models of consent. Recruitment was stratified by race (Black/White) and prior biobank participation (yes/no). Two coders independently coded interview transcripts. Qualitative thematic analysis was conducted using NVivo 10. The majority of Black and White participants preferred ...


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