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Marriage Without Procreation? A Biblical Analysis, Melinda M. Vasser 2014 Cedarville University

Marriage Without Procreation? A Biblical Analysis, Melinda M. Vasser

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Children are a gift from God. Psalm 127:3 says, “Behold, children are a heritage from the LORD, The fruit of the womb is a reward” (NKJV). They are not only a gift, but a natural result of the sexual expression of marriage. This naturalness is reinforced by God’s command to Adam and Eve to procreate (Genesis 1:28). Because of the value of children and the mandate given to the first parents, it is no surprise that marriage and procreation are tightly linked. Many believe it is wrong for fertile couples to never have children. However, an analysis ...


Kantian Ethics: A Support For Euthanasia With Extreme Dementia, Joshua Beckler 2014 Cedarville University

Kantian Ethics: A Support For Euthanasia With Extreme Dementia, Joshua Beckler

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Many believe that Immanuel Kant would oppose suicide in every circumstance. However, the intricacies of Kantian ethics may lead to the surprising conclusion that some individuals have the moral obligation to take their own lives. In this paper, I will employ Kantian reasoning to argue that patients approaching extreme dementia have the moral obligation to commit suicide before they lose their rationality and personhood. I will then argue that logically, it follows that physicians should administer euthanasia to patients with severe dementia who have lost their ability to freely choose suicide.


Conceived In Liberty: Acknowledging The Human Rights Of The Unborn Through Opposing Gendercide, Nathan Gamble, Joel Gamble 2014 McMaster University

Conceived In Liberty: Acknowledging The Human Rights Of The Unborn Through Opposing Gendercide, Nathan Gamble, Joel Gamble

The Meducator

Sex-selective abortion, also colloquially referred to as “gendercide”, has become an increasingly prevalent issue. Technological advancements have allowed parents to know the sex of their child in utero. In some ethnic groups, parents frequently abort their unborn child (almost always female) if the sex does not align with cultural desires and pressure. 1 In India and China, the problem has become so endemic that physicians are barred from notifying parents of the sex of their baby in utero. This, however, has done little to curb the problem. 2


Compulsory Incentivized Organ Donation: A Case For A Fairer Organ Donor Policy In Ontario, Jasmine Gite, Niron Sukumar 2014 McMaster University

Compulsory Incentivized Organ Donation: A Case For A Fairer Organ Donor Policy In Ontario, Jasmine Gite, Niron Sukumar

The Meducator

Ontario, like many other countries around the world, follows a voluntary organ donor system. Citizens are given the option of becoming donors at the age of 16 and are scarcely reminded of the option ever after. As such, less than a quarter of Ontarians are registered organ donors. Not only is this an unnecessary waste of precious organs, it is also an extremely unfair system, as both donors and non-donors are considered of equal priority to receive organ transplants. We thus call for a compulsory incentivized organ donationsystem in Ontario, as a fairer and more efficient organ donor policy. This ...


Child Non-Voluntary Euthanasia: When Quality Trumps Quantity, Julia Nicole Goyal, Salvatore Giuliano Vivona 2014 McMaster University

Child Non-Voluntary Euthanasia: When Quality Trumps Quantity, Julia Nicole Goyal, Salvatore Giuliano Vivona

The Meducator

For decades, the medical community has debated how best to alleviate the pain and suffering of patients while respecting moral values and judgement. Throughout these years, the field of medicine has birthed new methods and technology to enhance palliative care. However, at times, the patients’ conditions only worsen and the use of treatments and medications are to no avail. In these circumstances, euthanasia provides an alternative solution to the suffering of patients and their families. Euthanasia is defined as “knowingly and intentionally performing an act that is explicitly intended to end another person’s life.” 1 It is currently legal ...


The Singer And The Violinist: When Pro-Abortion Ethicists Are Out Of Tune, Tyler M. John 2014 Cedarville University

The Singer And The Violinist: When Pro-Abortion Ethicists Are Out Of Tune, Tyler M. John

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

In the fall of 1971, Philosophy & Public Affairs published an essay by feminist moral philosopher Judith Jarvis Thomson that would have the entire nation talking. Her piece soon became one of the most widely cited and reprinted essays in the Western world, and one of the most influential essays on the issue of abortion. In her essay, “A Defense of Abortion,” Thomson undertook the seemingly impossible task of explaining why, in her view, it is morally permissible to abort a human fetus even if the fetus is granted the status of personhood. The essay has received both support and recognition ...


Having Babies: Personhood Or Product?, Leanne N. Dykstra 2014 Cedarville University

Having Babies: Personhood Or Product?, Leanne N. Dykstra

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

One out of every six married couples experiences infertility at some point in their relationship. Most couples expect and desire to conceive children, and thus fulfill their “procreative duty.” However, this desire is interrupted by the pain of childlessness. Modern technology has responded through procedures such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF). If these technologies are successful, the result is procreation, and alleviation of human suffering. While this may appear wonderful on a surface level, it does raise questions of whether we have correctly defined procreation. Our culture and consumerist attitude has altered the God-intended views of procreation ...


A Kantian Ethical Analysis Of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Emily Delk 2014 Cedarville University

A Kantian Ethical Analysis Of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Emily Delk

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

In an era where new genetic and reproductive technologies are increasing, ethical concerns continue to grow as well. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a technique used in addition to in vitro fertilization (IVF) to screen embryos for genetic abnormalities and either discard them or place them in the uterus. The emergence of new uses for PGD has made PGD a frequent target of ethical commentary and speculation about a future of greatly increased genetic selection and manipulation of offspring (Robertson, 2003). Although PGD is not currently widespread, its potential for abuse signifies a need for serious ethical analysis. Immanuel Kant ...


La Loi, N° 85, Du 27 Novembre 2013 Sur La Médecine Régénérative, Matthieu Forlodou 2014 SelectedWorks

La Loi, N° 85, Du 27 Novembre 2013 Sur La Médecine Régénérative, Matthieu Forlodou

Matthieu Forlodou

Le document fournit une proposition de traduction en français de la loi japonaise n° 85, du 27 novembre 2013, visant à garantir l'innocuité de la médecine régénérative.


Genetic Engineering And The Pursuit Of Human Perfection, K. C. Pugh 2014 Cedarville University

Genetic Engineering And The Pursuit Of Human Perfection, K. C. Pugh

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

The idea of perfection has always captivated the attention of people across the ages. Whether in the form of gods, nature, or role models, people have always looked towards some form of the purest ideal. Perfection is not a novel idea by any means; however, it is only in recent years that human beings have actually sought to achieve it.


Morality Of Contraceptives Based On When Personhood Begins, Joella R. Gerber 2014 Cedarville University

Morality Of Contraceptives Based On When Personhood Begins, Joella R. Gerber

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

The use of contraceptives has been controversial in recent days, especially concerning the government mandate for insurance and health care companies to financially cover contraceptives for their policy holders. The term ‘contraceptive’ includes anything that deliberately prevents conception or impregnation, including condoms, birth control pills, intrauterine methods, and barrier methods (Merriam-Webster, 2013). The morality of contraception largely hinges on the belief of when personhood begins.


End Of Life And Saving Souls: Should A Desire For Converts Influence End-Of-Life Ethics?, Michelle E. Frazer 2014 Cedarville University

End Of Life And Saving Souls: Should A Desire For Converts Influence End-Of-Life Ethics?, Michelle E. Frazer

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

In 1 Timothy 2:3, Paul states “God our Savior… wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth” (NIV). In keeping with God’s desire for the salvation of all, Christians should work towards that goal. From an evangelical Christian perspective, upon death, the status of one’s soul is fixed, bound either for heaven or hell.

This perspective should deeply influence our interactions with unbelievers, not only encouraging us to share the gospel, but also giving us an incentive to delay their physical death. Indeed, according to 2 Peter 3:9, the ...


Providing Care At The End Of Life: An Examination Of Biblical Principles, Charles D. Snyder 2014 Cedarville University

Providing Care At The End Of Life: An Examination Of Biblical Principles, Charles D. Snyder

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

In our modern age, the line between life and death has become more and more blurred. This often leaves the family and friends of terminally ill patients to wonder how to make decisions about their loved one in the light of their Christian faith. The growth of modern life-prolonging technologies has given rise to a plethora of new and confusing technical terms. This paper will attempt to wade through these terms and definitions by looking at several scriptural situations dealing with the end of life. I will then highlight the biblical principles that must transcend every end of life situation ...


Applying The Principle Of Double Effect, Andria E. Quirindongo 2014 Cedarville University

Applying The Principle Of Double Effect, Andria E. Quirindongo

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

When ethical conflicts arise in clinical cases, physicians may need specific guidelines to help justify the decisions they make for the best interest of their patients. One such guideline is the principle of double effect (PDE), employed in terminally ill patients. Palliative care physicians look to the PDE when a single action for a terminal patient has two known effects: a desired and intended result and an unintended, yet foreseeable one.


To Conceive Or Not Conceive: A Christian Perspective On Family Planning, Elise Newcomer 2014 Cedarville University

To Conceive Or Not Conceive: A Christian Perspective On Family Planning, Elise Newcomer

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

The issue of birth control has been a constant source of dissent between the Catholic Church and the secular world for much of history. However, the past year has seen an even more divisive conflict erupt over family planning in the United States, since the Affordable Care Act mandates that employers supply insurance coverage for birth control (Reuters, 2013). By contrast, China’s government continues to dictate how many children each family can have. The current political and social climate of the world has seriously called into question what should be proper family planning. For the Christian, this is extremely ...


Legal And Ethical Responsibilities Following Brain Death: The Mcmath And Muñoz Cases, Lawrence O. Gostin 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Legal And Ethical Responsibilities Following Brain Death: The Mcmath And Muñoz Cases, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

What are the legal and ethical implications of continuing to treat a brain dead patient? And may a hospital refuse to provide such treatment? These ethical and legal problems are raised in two recent cases. In the first Marlise Muñoz, a pregnant woman declared brain dead, was kept on life support against her family’s wishes due to the treating hospital’s interpretation of a Texas fetal protection law. In the other a hospital refused to treat Jahi McMath, a brain dead girl, despite her family's entreaties. The cases, at first, appear similar because in each case the hospital ...


A Primer On Kidney Transplantation: Anatomy Of The Shortage, Philip J. Cook, Kimberly D. Krawiec 2014 Duke Law

A Primer On Kidney Transplantation: Anatomy Of The Shortage, Philip J. Cook, Kimberly D. Krawiec

Faculty Scholarship

Kidneys are unique among the solid organs due to the combination of the low risk of living donation, the feasibility of sustaining life on dialysis for several years following kidney failure, and Medicare coverage of dialysis and transplantation for kidney patients. Despite these advantages, thousands of Americans die each year while waiting for a kidney transplant, and the waiting list grows each year. In this kidney transplantation primer, we provide a quantitative description of the kidney shortage and discuss future trends and possible solutions. We demonstrate that the current system provides only about half as many kidneys as are needed ...


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Winter 2014, 2014 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Winter 2014

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Future Oversight Of Recombinant Dna Research: Recommendations Of An Institute Of Medicine Committee, Lawrence O. Gostin, Bruce M. Altevogt, Andrew M. Pope 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Future Oversight Of Recombinant Dna Research: Recommendations Of An Institute Of Medicine Committee, Lawrence O. Gostin, Bruce M. Altevogt, Andrew M. Pope

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) established the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC) in 1974 in response to public concerns about the safety of manipulating genetic material through recombinant DNA. The accumulation of 40 years of experience with gene transfer research has led to a better understanding of the risks. Yet, as gene transfer research has matured, the complexity of the overall regulatory environment has remained. Gene transfer research continues to be subjected to multiple layers of review: the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), institutional review boards, institutional biosafety committees, and the RAC. It is within the context of overlapping ...


Reverse Transplant Tourism, Kimberly D. Krawiec, Michael A. Rees 2014 Duke Law

Reverse Transplant Tourism, Kimberly D. Krawiec, Michael A. Rees

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, we propose a novel form of kidney swap, which we label “Reverse Transplant Tourism.” This proposal has the potential to increase the number of successful transplants in the US at a time of great need, while reducing costs. It also will provide benefits to impoverished international patients with willing, compatible donors who otherwise would have no access to transplantation. Instead of non-US kidney donors being offered money through a black market middleman in exchange for one of their kidneys, Reverse Transplant Tourism would provide a legal and ethical exchange of living donor kidneys through kidney-paired donation. In ...


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