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A Biblical Approach To Cadaveric Organ Transplants, Erica Graham 2015 Cedarville University

A Biblical Approach To Cadaveric Organ Transplants, Erica Graham

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Upon passing their driver’s license exam every American has the opportunity to become an organ donor. Organ donor status allows immediate retrieval of transplantable organs after death for transplantation into other patients in order to save their lives. Many citizens endorse this action because one donor can save multiple lives by donating viable organs postmortem. However, some people do not endorse organ transplants arguing that it violates the body and that being an organ donor results in a premature declaration of death.

The current standard for cadaveric transplantation is retrieval from heart beating donors. A heart beating donor is ...


Charity As A Moral Duty, Erica Graham 2015 Cedarville University

Charity As A Moral Duty, Erica Graham

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

A question many Americans frequently encounter is whether or not they should give money to aid developing countries. We have the opportunity, through a charity, to help fund efforts to feed, clothe, and employ people lacking one of these from no fault of their own. What is the moral duty in this case? Society views these donations as beyond one’s moral duty but Peter Singer argues that such giving is a moral duty. This paper will explore Singer’s argument regarding this case, ultimately agreeing with Singer that charity is a moral duty.


A Grounded Natural Law, Benjamin German 2015 Cedarville University

A Grounded Natural Law, Benjamin German

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

For many Evangelical thinkers, natural law is an untenable ethical framework. The very phrase makes some cringe. Many Evangelicals find it irreconcilable with their conception of the totalizing effect of sin upon the human will and intellect. In his article “Natural Law and a Nihilistic Culture,” Carl Henry illustrates this deep-rooted fear of many within the movement. However, in recent years, some evangelical thinkers are reconsidering natural law. While Henry enumerates valid concerns over possible abuses of natural law, he forfeits the common denominator by which Evangelicals can engage in helpful ethical debate with the secular world.


Virtue Ethics And Abortion, Jacob Countryman 2015 Cedarville University

Virtue Ethics And Abortion, Jacob Countryman

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Singer suggests that the argument of abortion has missed the point. He asserts that the debate should focus on if it is wrong to kill an innocent human being instead of arguing whether a fetus is or is not an innocent human being. The Pro-Choice arguments of when personhood begins are vague and, therefore, cannot provide a concrete moment of when personhood starts. Since reason can only go so far in its ability to determine ethics, this paper will explain that Singer also misses the point; rather, striving to be virtuous demonstrates that abortion is morally wrong.


A Missed Opportunity For Shared Responsibility In Adolescent Contraception, Vasiliki Rahimzadeh 2015 McGill University

A Missed Opportunity For Shared Responsibility In Adolescent Contraception, Vasiliki Rahimzadeh

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence recently endorsed IUDs as the clinical contraceptive method of choice among sexually active adolescents. This commentary highlights the ways in which these recommendations reinforce a gender normative notion that contraceptive responsibilities continue to lie squarely with young women, and now adolescent girls. It critiques the absence of guidance from the Committee regarding how to approach both sexual partners equally in discussions of contraception. The reflection also identifies paucity in how to address sexual health among trans/intersexed adolescents and those with complex sexual orientations. Such exclusion has adverse implications, inviting marginalization of ...


The Green Staff Of Asclepius: Envisioning Sustainable Medicine, Jason Lee Fishel 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Green Staff Of Asclepius: Envisioning Sustainable Medicine, Jason Lee Fishel

Doctoral Dissertations

To make society sustainable our institutions must also become sustainable. As an institution, health care contributes to environmental degradation. While unsurprising, contributions to environmental degradation increase risk factors for disease and illness, effectively frustrating the goals of medicine. To find ways to make health care sustainable I begin by reviewing the literature on sustainability from within environmental ethics and two previous attempts at envisioning sustainable health care in order to learn what to include in a vision of sustainable health care. Then I examine problems specific to making medicine sustainable by investigating how sustainability might affect the principles of medicine ...


End Of Life Ethics: Hospice And Advance Directives, Thomas Kehr 2014 Cedarville University

End Of Life Ethics: Hospice And Advance Directives, Thomas Kehr

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

It has been said, “Everybody will die, but very few people want to be reminded of that fact” (Handler, 2000, p.28). Perhaps this is the reason so few adults have advanced directives. Even after the 2005 public debate over the Terry Schiavo case, it has been calculated that two-thirds of Americans adults have not completed advance directives (Morhaim & Pollack, 2013).

Americans are united in desiring that their wishes be honored. Sister Nancy, a senior Catholic Nun, had completed her living will. After a medical episode and hospitalization she was furious that hospital emergency physicians had not honored her advanced directives. Yes, her life was saved; but the sacred trust of patient and physician was broken. It is this sacred trust we all count on.

This paper will provide an ethical overview of advance directives, hospital care, hospice services, and physician roles and essential responsibilities. It will ...


Why Christians Are Afraid Of Removing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration, Lynley G. Turkelson 2014 Cedarville University

Why Christians Are Afraid Of Removing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration, Lynley G. Turkelson

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

On 31 March 2005, Terri Schiavo passed away, amidst the grief, consternation, and outrage of many Americans. In our desire to live forever and “be like God” (Genesis 3:5), human beings have created death-defying technologies. However, these technologies have led to many ethical dilemmas, in part because bioethics has been influenced insidiously by a cultural transhumanism that denies our fundamental human nature and mortality. Many Christians have embraced a transhumanist view of technology, leading to an unhealthy vitalism at the end of life. In this paper, I will demonstrate this flawed view, using the persistent vegetative states (PVS) as ...


Ethical Duties In Ectopic Pregnancy, Josephine Hein 2014 Cedarville University

Ethical Duties In Ectopic Pregnancy, Josephine Hein

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Ectopic pregnancy is occurring at an increasing frequency in the United States due to a rise in sexually transmitted disease, fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization, smoking, stress, and drug use. An ectopic pregnancy (EP), from Latin roots meaning “out of place,” is a pregnancy that does not correctly implant into its normal location in the endometrium of the uterus. Instead, the developing embryo implants in the fallopian tube, the cervix, the ovaries, or the abdominal or pelvic cavity. EPs today constitute about 2% of all pregnancies, of which 97% implant in the fallopian tube. A ruptured EP can ...


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2014, 2014 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2014

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Documenting Mass Rape: Medical Evidence Collection Techniques As Humanitarian Technology, Jaimie Morse 2014 Northwestern University

Documenting Mass Rape: Medical Evidence Collection Techniques As Humanitarian Technology, Jaimie Morse

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal


Aim: Emerging global networks of human rights activists, doctors, and nurses have advocated for increased collection of medical evidence in conflict-affected countries to corroborate allegations of sexual violence and facilitate prosecution in international and domestic courts. Such initiatives are part of broader shifts in human rights advocacy to document human rights violations using rigorous, standardized methodologies. In this paper, I consider three principal forms of medical evidence to document sexual violence and their use in these settings: the patient medical record, the medical certificate, and the sexual assault medical forensic exam (commonly known as the “rape kit”).

Methods: Combining archival ...


Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Animal Research (1998-2013), Erich Yahner 2014 Animal Studies Repository

Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Animal Research (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Regulating The Placebo Effect In Clinical Practice, Tracey E. Chan 2014 National University of Singapore

Regulating The Placebo Effect In Clinical Practice, Tracey E. Chan

Tracey E Chan

Recent research and ethical analysis have forced a clinical and ethical reappraisal of the utility of placebos in medical practice. The main concern of ethics and law is that using placebos in health care involves deception, which is antithetical to patient autonomy and trust in the physician-patient relationship. This paper reviews the various, more nuanced scientific conceptions of the placebo effect, and evaluates the ethical and legal objections to deploying placebos in clinical practice. It argues that the placebo effect may be legitimately accommodated on the basis that it does not engage the requirement for material or quasi-fiduciary disclosures of ...


An Efficient Standardized Method Of Maintaining Quality Assurance In Therapeutic Treatment Record Keeping, Kelsey Michael Bradshaw 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

An Efficient Standardized Method Of Maintaining Quality Assurance In Therapeutic Treatment Record Keeping, Kelsey Michael Bradshaw

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Quality assurance (QA) within the field of mental health is the practice of monitoring and reviewing services to ensure adherence to specified standards of care. Agents within State governments and various organizations influence record keeping procedures through ethical guidelines and law. For instance, client records must be maintained for all clients receiving mental health services, including informed consent, releases of information, treatment plans, and progress notes. Accurate and timely record keeping procedures assure quality mental health services. However, professionals sometimes err in the maintenance of client records, which can have a negative impact on services, clients, and practitioners. To assist ...


Marx V. Flanigan: A Discussion On Abortion, James Fallin 2014 Cedarville University

Marx V. Flanigan: A Discussion On Abortion, James Fallin

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Dr. Richard Flanigan looked up from the magazine he had been perusing. Several cancellations at the women’s center that afternoon left him with some free time before his next appointment. Flanigan felt disgust for the young women who had called that morning to say they had a change of heart about the procedure. Oh well! So what if a few easily swayed teens fell for the pro-life rhetoric? With the free time, he sat down at the receptionist’s desk, preparing to while away the hour with some light reading. An older man, with a bushy beard and dressed ...


Defending Unborn Orphans: Embryo Adoption, Krisitn Colman 2014 Cedarville University

Defending Unborn Orphans: Embryo Adoption, Krisitn Colman

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

When parents have a baby, they are required by law and social precedent to care for the baby and provide it with a good home; unless their baby is an excess embryo produced from in vitro fertilization (IVF). Then the embryo can be abandoned to indefinite freezing. However, some families are choosing to adopt these embryos fixed in cryogenic limbo. In this article, I will look at the history and legality of embryo adoption, explain what is involved in embryo adoption, and finally expound on the ethical ramifications of choosing embryo adoption.


Realizing Potential: A Pragmatic Look At Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Mark Bentley 2014 Cedarville University

Realizing Potential: A Pragmatic Look At Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Mark Bentley

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

In the United States, there are over 400,000 cryogenically frozen embryos (Hoffman, et al., 2003). These frozen embryos are almost exclusively produced from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and related treatments. Much debate centers on the fate of these embryos. Among the current options available to the parents of leftover embryos are embryo adoption, keeping the embryos frozen for future use, destroying them, faux-implantations to let the embryos „naturally‟ die (Grady, 2008), and donating them for human embryonic stem cell (hES cell) research. While not all of the embryos are destroyed, many are, and it is wasteful for those embryos ...


Third-Party Gametes And The Christian, Emily Valji 2014 Cedarville University

Third-Party Gametes And The Christian, Emily Valji

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

As more assisted reproductive technologies (ART) become available, Christians will find themselves grappling with thorny questions about which ones are ethical and acceptable for use by Christ-followers. Many ART technologies have already been widely accepted by the community of faith, while the appropriateness of others is controversial, due to religious convictions regarding marriage and the sanctity of life. One of the most controversial types of ART (especially among Christians) is third-party gamete donation in the context of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Infertile couples consider third-party gamete donation when one or both partners are unable to produce viable gametes. In such ...


Virtue Ethics For Christians, Benjamin Kilian 2014 Cedarville University

Virtue Ethics For Christians, Benjamin Kilian

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

If one would tackle any major problem in life it is helpful to observe the comprehensive nature of the thing from an external vantage point before diving into the gritty details. This is also described as grasping the “big picture” or getting a birds-eye-view on the problem. I think that this holistic approach is helpful when dealing with ethical issues as well. In this paper I will first define the common approaches to normative ethics and then point out reasons that one approach in particular is a superior ethical framework from which Christians should work.


Of Violinists And Fetuses, Dylan Black 2014 Cedarville University

Of Violinists And Fetuses, Dylan Black

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

In debating abortion, the focus is typically on whether or not a fetus is a person. It is generally thought that if a fetus is a person, it has a right to life and killing it would be wrong. However, Judith Jarvis Thomson (1971) changed the focal point of the argument. She was willing to grant personhood to the fetus, yet still argued that the mother’s right to decide how her body should be used outweighs a fetal right to life, since it is dependent on the mother’s body. She brilliantly illustrates this with a scenario involving a ...


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