New Dentists’ Most-Asked Legal Questions, 2023 Kerr Webber
New Dentists’ Most-Asked Legal Questions, Daniel Schulte Jd
The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
This feature addresses new dentists' most frequently asked legal questions, offering concise answers to guide them. Topics include licensing requirements, dental record maintenance, accommodations for hearing-impaired and non-English proficient patients, the enforceability of covenants not to compete, the necessity of written employment agreements, responding to bad dental work, reporting suspected abuse, prescribing drugs to friends and family, contract terms with dental plans, and handling suspected employee theft. The article emphasizes the importance of understanding legal aspects to navigate a dental career successfully.
Promoting Mammography Screenings In African American Women: Media, Church, And Health Providers, 2023 University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Promoting Mammography Screenings In African American Women: Media, Church, And Health Providers, Lasonya Little, Debra C. Wallace, K.Jay Poole
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Due to the underutilization of screening mammography, African American women (AAW) are more likely to experience negative health outcomes after receiving a late-stage breast cancer diagnosis than White Women (WW). The purpose of this article is to examine the roles of the media, health community and the African American church and pastor and their potential impact in AAW screening decisions. Fifteen AAW, ages 45 and older, were invited to participate in a semi-structured interview. Most women agreed the African American pastor and church as well as the health community, and media are an integral part of their lives. Therefore, specific …
The 14-Day Rule For In Vitro Human Embryo Research Requires Adjustment: From A Comprehensive Perspective Of Science, Ethics And Policy Research, 2023 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
The 14-Day Rule For In Vitro Human Embryo Research Requires Adjustment: From A Comprehensive Perspective Of Science, Ethics And Policy Research, Xiao Lu, Ming Zhao, Huihui Liu, Tianqing Li, Tao Tan, Weizhi Ji
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)
Since it was proposed, in vitro human embryo research had been following the 14-day rule, which limited in vitro research on human embryos within 14 days after fertilization. With the advancement in embryo culturing technology, this ethical rule has been greatly challenged. In 2021, the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) recommended a conditional extension of the existing time limit in ISSCR Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Clinical Translation, hence the international scientific community has restarted the debate on the 14-day rule. This study systematically analyzed the historical background and controversies of the 14-day rule ethical regulation of …
Community Health Workers, Stress Reduction, And Racial Equity In Infant Vitality, 2023 Bowling Green State University
Community Health Workers, Stress Reduction, And Racial Equity In Infant Vitality, Justin Rex
ICS Fellow Lectures
How can communities help mothers reduce stress during pregnancy and provide the social supports that contribute to infant vitality? This talk presented findings from an evaluation of the Northwest Ohio Pathways HUB program, a nationally recognized best practice program model that pairs at-risk mothers with community health workers (CHWs) who connect mothers to services that reduce pregnancy risks. The talk included stories from mothers and CHWs about the challenges and stresses they face as well as data from interviews and surveys that quantify the impact CHWs have for reducing mothers' stress and providing supports that help mothers and their children …
Athletics, 2023 DePaul University
DePaul University women’s tennis player Yuliya Kizelbasheva participates in Be The Match, an organization that finds stem cell and marrow donors for people with life-threatening blood cancers. DePaul senior Noelle Malkamaki wins gold in the Paralympic shot put competition. DePaul Athletics reframes its mission.
Discordant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation At An Academic Midwest Medical Center- Prevalence And Solutions, 2023 University of Nebraska Medical Center
Discordant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation At An Academic Midwest Medical Center- Prevalence And Solutions, Jeremy Payne, Anne Skinner, David Gannon, Jenenne A. Geske
Graduate Medical Education Research Journal
BACKGROUND: Code status orders are important features of patient-centered clinical decisions, patient autonomy, and end-of-life care. Despite proper documentation of “do not resuscitate” (DNR) code status, hospitalized patients may be subjected to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) efforts that go against their wishes.
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify and describe the population of hospitalized patients receiving discordant resuscitation efforts at a Midwest academic medical center utilizing electronic health records (EHR).
METHODS: The study included EHR records between 01/01/2011 and 01/01/2021 for hospitalized patients 19 years and older who experienced cardiac arrest (ICD-10 I46) and were documented as DNR. …
Well-Being And Resilience: A Survey Of Physician Needs During Covid-19, Delta, And Omicron, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Well-Being And Resilience: A Survey Of Physician Needs During Covid-19, Delta, And Omicron, Melinda M. Wilding
Background: Physician moral distress during COVID-19, Delta, and Omicron has resulted in a decrease in self-care and a reduction in empathy for patients. Determining physician well-being and resilience assists clinicians in maintaining pliancy during times of uncertainty.
Methods: An IRB quantitative survey aims to illustrate levels of moral distress, self-care tactics, and physician fortitude during the three waves of the pandemic from 2020-2022. The questionnaire elicits responses regarding how physicians have pivoted to remain healthy during the pandemic, what measures physicians have engaged in maintaining empathy and ethics towards patients, and what physicians need in the future to retain self-care. …
Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2023, 2023 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2023
Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter
No abstract provided.
Patient Safety Workshop: A Graduate Medical Education Interprofessional Simulation Half-Day, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Patient Safety Workshop: A Graduate Medical Education Interprofessional Simulation Half-Day, Ans Albustamy, Roque Mifuji, Michelle Lopez, Teresa Villagomez, Chelsea Chang
Introduction: As per the National Academy of Medicine, patient safety is considered indistinguishable from the delivery of quality health care, and is referred to as the foundation upon which all other aspects of quality care are built. Throughout the years, graduate medical education (GME) across the world has evolved to ensure the training of future medical professionals includes exposure to many of the elements that compose patient safety, such as implementing root cause analysis, systems thinking, and disclosing adverse events. University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV) is the sponsoring institution for 19 GME programs across different specialties. As part …
A Pre-Medical Student’S Reconciliation Of Feminist Narratives Regarding Women’S Health: A Consideration Of Perspectives On Childbirth In The U.S., 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
A Pre-Medical Student’S Reconciliation Of Feminist Narratives Regarding Women’S Health: A Consideration Of Perspectives On Childbirth In The U.S., Laura Clayton
sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies
Many feminists argue that one major negative aspect of reproductive healthcare in the U.S. is the common over-medicalization of women during childbirth, including potentially unnecessary procedures such as cesarean-section and episiotomy. As a solution, they advocate for increased involvement of midwives in childbirth practices, as midwives allow women to give birth at home with minimal medical intervention. This paper analyzes the benefits of midwifery as well as the current increased risk associated with homebirth in the U.S. Additionally, it questions the damaging stigma associated with assumptions of cesarean-section as a suboptimal outcome. A false dichotomy has developed in our culture …
Poverty And Commercial Surrogacy In India: An Intersectional Analytical Approach, 2023 University of Hyderabad, India
Poverty And Commercial Surrogacy In India: An Intersectional Analytical Approach, Sheela Suryanarayanan
Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence
The destination and source countries for commercial surrogacy match world patterns of inequality. India, Nepal, Thailand, Mexico, and Cambodia banned commercial surrogacy, moving the market to other less-developed countries in South Africa and South America. India had a commercial surrogacy boom until exploitative factors led to the passage of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill in 2019, which banned the practice. This paper examines surrogacy's monetary, health, and emotional effects on 45 surrogate mothers in Gujarat State, India. The study revealed that a majority (63%) of the very poor women remained very poor post-surgery. Surrogate mothers in poor households had to do …
Apoe Risk Disclosure: A Review Of Positive And Negative Outcome, 2023 National Louis University
Apoe Risk Disclosure: A Review Of Positive And Negative Outcome, Stacey Rowcliffe
Two of this century’s most significant healthcare challenges are Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment, with 40 million people suffering from the diseases. In fact, a conservative estimate projects that both conditions will double every 20 years until 2050. Alzheimer’s disease involves memory impairment, disorientation, confusion, and various problematic behaviors. Presently, no prevention method or cure has been discovered for Alzheimer’s. Mild cognitive impairment typically includes problems with memory, language, thinking, and judgment beyond those typical of one’s age. Usually, these symptoms do not interfere with daily activities but do not improve and have been linked with a risk of …
Islamic Ethical Considerations On Medical Decision-Making In Adolescence, 2023 The University of Western Ontario
Islamic Ethical Considerations On Medical Decision-Making In Adolescence, Nuray Catic
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Medical decision-making in adolescence has not been studied in-depth from the Islamic bioethics perspective. The objective of this dissertation is to use the Islamic ethical position to explore the adolescent medical decision-making process in Canada so as to contribute to building frameworks for Islamic bioethics consumers such as patients, physicians and policymakers. A descriptive literature review is conducted to analyze data from related disciplines such as Islamic theology, developmental psychology, law and clinical ethics through principles of Islamic ethics such as objectives of Sharīʿa, legal maxims and operational maxims. The concepts of taklīf, ahliyya, bulūgh and rushd are focused on …
Analyzing Reporting Of Hospital Acquired Pressure Injuries In The Acute Care Setting, 2023 The University of San Francisco
Analyzing Reporting Of Hospital Acquired Pressure Injuries In The Acute Care Setting, Trineca R-N Godfrey, Gabriella Garcia, Ameerah Tolentino, Gisselle Chairez, Jane Kwak
Master's Projects and Capstones
This project was conducted at a level one trauma center, acute care hospital consisting of 459 beds. With more patients than wound care nurses, hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) have become a significant problem for this hospital. A gap between reporting in the Safety and Quality Information System (SQIS) and the reporting that takes place in electronic health record (EHR) with wound care consults has been observed. A root cause analysis (RCA) was used to identify discrepancies. The accurate collection of data was identified as paramount providing information necessary to create improvements and lower the occurrence of HAPIs. The conceptual framework …
The Dilemma Of Socrates’ Position: Interview Methods And Feminist Empirical Bioethics, 2023 Ghent University
The Dilemma Of Socrates’ Position: Interview Methods And Feminist Empirical Bioethics, Michiel De Proost
The Qualitative Report
There is a growing body of bioethics research that addresses the importance of adapting empirical, predominantly qualitative, methods to generate debate on ethical arguments. However, there is an absence of illustrative work examining how this could be realised from a feminist perspective. This article, seeking to address the research gap, examines interview methods through a reflexive lens. Drawing on the doctoral research I conducted through interviews with women who were interested in social egg freezing (i.e., healthy women freezing their eggs in anticipation of future infertility), I describe how I encountered a dilemma because of my gendered positionality and the …
Does Using Sofa Score For Ventilator Triage Among Covid 19 Patients Result In Suboptimal Allocation Of Medical Ventilators For The Bipoc Population?, 2023 Emory University Rollins School of Public Health
Does Using Sofa Score For Ventilator Triage Among Covid 19 Patients Result In Suboptimal Allocation Of Medical Ventilators For The Bipoc Population?, Alexandrea Mp Masocco, Elisabeth Michel, Ebbin Dotson
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Introduction: Since the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, Black, and Latinx populations have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. It can be inferred with high confidence that those most vulnerable are the least likely to receive essential care. Kidney transplant allocation and COVID-19 triage protocols share commonalities in that both protocols involve using multivariate scored criteria with objective and subjective inputs. As such, the similar conclusion in outcomes is concerning. It is worth questioning whether the racial inequalities demonstrated in the COVID-19 pandemic related to access to life-saving ventilators were associated with triage protocols.
Methodology: Using an exploratory …
State Oversight Of Polypharmacy And Psychotropic Medication Use Among Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities: A Three State Case Study, 2023 Institute on Community Integration, University of Minnesota
State Oversight Of Polypharmacy And Psychotropic Medication Use Among Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities: A Three State Case Study, James Houseworth, Kami L. Gallus, Tiffany Greene, Steven R. Erickson, Jennifer Lynn Jones, Laura Vegas
Developmental Disabilities Network Journal
Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are prescribed more medications than the general population, placing them at significantly higher risk for issues due to taking multiple medications (polypharmacy). There are currently no clear national standards for the administration of medications given this risk. The following policy analysis explores state policies related to prescription medication oversight. This analysis pays particular attention to the use of medications that alter one’s mental state (psychotropics) among people with IDD who receive home and community-based services (HCBS) in the United States. The article outlines current efforts implemented to reduce medication-related risks for people with …
Fostering Patient Safety: Importance Of Nursing Documentation, 2023 Lincoln University College, Malaysia
Fostering Patient Safety: Importance Of Nursing Documentation, Shamsa Samani, Salma Amin Rattani
School of Nursing & Midwifery
Background: Nurses are professionally accountable for assessing and documenting patients’ vital signs. Nurses failing to fulfill this responsibility position their patients at risk. This paper presents two real-life cases pertaining to patients’ safety resulting in fatal outcomes, leading to the professional, legal, and ethical liability of nurses as the providers of patient care.
Objective: This paper focuses on the role of organizational culture in fostering patient safety specifically in monitoring and documentation of patients’ vital signs and early recognition of warning signs.
Methodology: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using various databases, examining the significance of vital signs monitoring and …
Ethical Considerations Surrounding Vaccine Development During A Public Health Crisis, 2023 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Ethical Considerations Surrounding Vaccine Development During A Public Health Crisis, Syed Arsalan Akhter Zaidi, Kainat Saleem, Rahul Bollam, Bushra Zaidi
Journal of Health Ethics
Epidemics and Pandemics have been plaguing mankind since many centuries, and are a cause of major healthcare expense in modern times. The novel coronavirus pandemic of 2019-2020 spread worldwide faster than many previous pandemics, including EBOLA in 2017. Although personal protective equipment, and social distancing slowed the outbreak, a vaccine is needed to ensure global immunization and to stop this deadly outbreak. Developing a vaccine in times of a public health crisis comes with a lot of ethical considerations, including overlooking proper informed consent, the issue of using placebo in control arm of trials, extended timelines of development of vaccines, …
Why The West Should Help China Reduce Unrecognized And Preventable Covid-19 Deaths, 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi
Why The West Should Help China Reduce Unrecognized And Preventable Covid-19 Deaths, George A. Gellert
Journal of Health Ethics
In an era marked by a ruinous war between a democratic state and a totalitarian regime, political volatility, rightward looking isolationism and nationalism, and heightened competition and disputes between China and the West, it is perhaps difficult to discern why the West should supply China with COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics, as well as epidemiological assistance in order to mitigate a potentially unrecognized COVID-19 crisis in that nation. This commentary considers three arguments against Western and international indifference to the plight of China as it transitions to COVID-19 endemicity.