Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Bioethics and Medical Ethics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,582 Full-Text Articles 2,981 Authors 1,841,529 Downloads 209 Institutions

All Articles in Bioethics and Medical Ethics

Faceted Search

2,582 full-text articles. Page 1 of 75.

Renal Replacement Therapy Could Be Initiated In Patients With Severe Aki, Regardless Of Age And Critical Condition, El Hussain Shamsa 2022 Wayne State University

Renal Replacement Therapy Could Be Initiated In Patients With Severe Aki, Regardless Of Age And Critical Condition, El Hussain Shamsa

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Meersch M, Küllmar M, Schmidt C, et al. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes after Early Initiation of RRT in Critically Ill Patients with AKI. J Am Soc Nephrol. Mar 2018;29(3):1011-1019. https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2017060694

for a critically ill elderly patient with severe acute kidney injury.


Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant 2022 Liberty University

Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant

Senior Honors Theses

A period known as post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) often follows a traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTA is characterized by anterograde and retrograde amnesia, confusion, disorientation, and agitation. The duration and severity of PTA is a key indicator of the long-term prognosis after a TBI, so proper assessment and nursing care of a PTA patient is crucial. TBIs range from mild to severe, but primarily affect the fronto-temporal lobes. In PTA, both neural lesions and white matter damage within the parahippocampal region can cause PTA. A nurse must perform a thorough assessment of a TBI patient, but, since PTA is a key ...


Psychiatric Medications: Does Education Affect Medication Prescriptions?, Surina M. Narine, Mary D. Ramos, Sarah Chu 2022 Kennesaw State University

Psychiatric Medications: Does Education Affect Medication Prescriptions?, Surina M. Narine, Mary D. Ramos, Sarah Chu

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: There is a lack of research on racial challenges among underrepresented adolescents regarding prescription drug use for mental illnesses. Purpose: This study addressed the following question: In adolescent minorities, how does education about racial disparity and culture affect the stigma and number of prescriptions written for psychiatric medications? This evidence-based practice project aimed to identify if racial awareness directly impacts the amount of psychiatric medication prescribed for adolescent minorities. Methods: Literature reviews analyzed qualitative and quantitative data to provide correlating information on racial disparities and psychotropic medications. This study examined the following possible factors for decreased prescribed drugs within ...


Impact Of Moral Injury On Work Performance In Nurses Following The Covid-19 Surges, Annette Callis, Trisha Saul, Ross Bindler 2022 Providence Little Company of Mary

Impact Of Moral Injury On Work Performance In Nurses Following The Covid-19 Surges, Annette Callis, Trisha Saul, Ross Bindler

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Background

Moral Injury (MI) was defined by Jonathan Shay in 1994 as committing acts that betray one’s moral compass in high-stakes situations, while under the authority of another, that severely affect one’s well-being. MI was measured solely in the military prior to the COVID pandemic.

Aims

1.Explore the relationship between moral injury (MI) and perceived work performance in hospital nurses following the pandemic surges. 2. Determine relationships between MI and select participant demographics and between work performance and select demographics.

Sample

A convenience sample of 191 nurses from seven Southern California Hospitals participated in the study from ...


Should Health Systems Share Genetic Findings With At-Risk Relatives When The Proband Is Deceased? Interviews With Individuals Diagnosed With Lynch Syndrome, Jessica Ezzell Hunter, Jennifer L. Schneider, Alison J. Firemark, James V. Davis, Sara Gille, Pamala A. Pawloski, Su-Ying Liang, Victoria Schlieder, Alanna Kulchak Rahm 2022 RTI International

Should Health Systems Share Genetic Findings With At-Risk Relatives When The Proband Is Deceased? Interviews With Individuals Diagnosed With Lynch Syndrome, Jessica Ezzell Hunter, Jennifer L. Schneider, Alison J. Firemark, James V. Davis, Sara Gille, Pamala A. Pawloski, Su-Ying Liang, Victoria Schlieder, Alanna Kulchak Rahm

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Genetic information has health implications for patients and their biological relatives. Death of a patient before sharing a genetic diagnosis with at-risk relatives is a missed opportunity to provide important information that could guide interventions to minimize cancer-related morbidity and mortality in relatives.

Methods: We performed semi-structured interviews with individuals diagnosed with Lynch syndrome at 1 of 4 health systems to explore their perspectives on whether health systems should share genetic risk information with relatives following a patient’s death. An inductive, open-coding approach was used to analyze audio-recorded content, with software-generated code reports undergoing iterative comparative analysis by ...


Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler 2022 University of Louisville

Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: This article represents the first of a two-part assessment of 2022 literature addressing wellness in healthcare professionals published from January 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022.

Methods: Three editors conducted a similar keyword search in Pubmed, also adding manually curated articles. Focusing chiefly on clinical trials and other prospective research, we settled on a final 25 significant papers focusing on wellness in medical professionals to include in this review.

Literature Review: Recent literature into HCW wellness continues to describe burnout factors and COVID-19 impact, but includes more resilience-targeting interventions and systematic reviews of trials seeking bolstering of well-being. Subsections ...


On Conflict, Brenden Huynh 2022 Nova Southeastern University

On Conflict, Brenden Huynh

be Still

Conflict

In the past, I’ve always been one to avoid conflict. Conflict always had a negative connotation in my mind. I did whatever I could to avoid it. Because of my aversion to conflict, I have had to compromise my time and my efforts in numerous situations. I’ve held my tongue to prevent problems; but sometimes, this would lead to even more. This has affected me all my life, whether its a friend who said something I wasn’t fond of or a waitress that messed up my order, I almost never said anything simply to avoid conflict ...


An Analysis Of Clinical Research Enrollment Decisions In Post-Ebola Guinea, Alisha Kabani 2022 Western University

An Analysis Of Clinical Research Enrollment Decisions In Post-Ebola Guinea, Alisha Kabani

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In the aftermath of the West Africa Ebola outbreak, many grew familiar with the term “Ebola business”, a phrase serving as a shorthand for an assemblage of practices and possibilities that stood for the profitability potential of the deadly Ebola virus in the country. This is the backdrop for a CIHR-funded qualitative study aimed at advancing the understanding of whether and how those approached for clinical research post-Ebola, experienced those invitations and associated benefits.

My role consisted of supporting the analysis and expanding evidence-based understanding of when and on what basis, participants in foreign-funded and remunerated studies in high poverty ...


Ethical Considerations Of Telehealth: Access, Inequity, Trust, And Overuse, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Andrea Vicini, Ashley P. Duggan 2022 Boston College

Ethical Considerations Of Telehealth: Access, Inequity, Trust, And Overuse, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Andrea Vicini, Ashley P. Duggan

Journal of Health Ethics

In the U.S. healthcare system, telehealth is increasingly present and demands ethical assessment. On the one hand, telehealth increases access to healthcare services for some at-risk populations (e.g., people suffering from mental illness and addictions) and in specific contexts (e.g., rural). On the other hand, telehealth widens the digital divide and can lead to overuse of services. Furthermore, because it is still unclear how telehealth influences trust between patients and primary care clinicians, connecting relationship science and human communication research can inform critical reasoning. Finally, healthcare policy is advancing toward the wide adoption of telehealth. Hence, it ...


Financial Incentives And Healthcare: A Critique Of Michael Sandel, Mark Peacock 2022 York University, Toronto

Financial Incentives And Healthcare: A Critique Of Michael Sandel, Mark Peacock

Journal of Health Ethics

The use of financial incentives in healthcare calls for ethical examination. Michael Sandel's influential work represents such examination and is subject to critical analysis in this paper. Sandel focuses on monetary payments to persuade patients to lose weight, give up smoking etc. but also on the much-discussed case of giving drug addicts money in return for their consent to be sterilized. He offers two separate objections to financial incentives, one based on coercion, the other on corruption. I argue that Sandel's corruption objection to commodification is insufficient to ground the objection he has to financial incentives in healthcare ...


Ethical Implications Of Covid-19 Surveillance In Karnataka Using Nancy Kass Framework, Apurva Jain, Lakshya Arora 2022 Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, India

Ethical Implications Of Covid-19 Surveillance In Karnataka Using Nancy Kass Framework, Apurva Jain, Lakshya Arora

Journal of Health Ethics

Numerous public health hurdles, including pandemics such as COVID-19, have led to concerns about community health practices in relation, necessitating the application of an ethical perspective. International research ethics guidelines are only used in a restricted range of contexts of public health. As a result, a variety of frameworks have been established to assist ethical analysis of public health concerns. In this study, we have used the Nancy Kass framework for analyzing COVID-19 surveillance in Karnataka state of India, which is a six-step approach that can assist public health practitioners in evaluating the ethical consequences of interventions, policy initiatives, services ...


Reciprocity And Priority Allocation System For Organ Transplant: An Ethical Analysis, Gordon Wong, Chong Ho Yu 2022 Azusa Pacific University

Reciprocity And Priority Allocation System For Organ Transplant: An Ethical Analysis, Gordon Wong, Chong Ho Yu

Journal of Health Ethics

How to increase the supply of organs donations for transplant is a critical issue in healthcare. Although recently xenotransplantation has received much publicity, it may be years before this becomes clinically viable. The Reciprocity and Priority Allocation (RPA) System currently used in Israel and a few other countries may be a reasonable approach to increase organ donation in the foreseeable future. For this approach to be accepted by the public, a robust analysis on its ethical implications is needed. This paper applies two formal ethics frameworks to analyze the implication of the RPA system.


Chronic Poetics: A Waiting Room Of One's Own, Madeleine Simmons 2022 California State University, San Bernardino

Chronic Poetics: A Waiting Room Of One's Own, Madeleine Simmons

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This article explores chronic poetics, through my personal lens I take readers on a walk- through of poetry and the discussions surrounding chronic illnesses. I examine the current state of chronic illness and the nuances to its discussion. I analyze chronic illness in the context of disability studies, and touch on the tensions of categorizing chronic illness as a disability. As well as how to best navigate reading chronic poetics, as poets engage in new territories as they form a new language to describe their circumstances. While analyzing multiple poems from different authors, I explore why specifically the vessel of ...


Evaluating Burnout, Secondary Traumatic Stress, And Sleep Disturbances In Healthcare Professionals During A Global Pandemic, Laura K. Miller, Sarah Pehlke 2022 Bellarmine University

Evaluating Burnout, Secondary Traumatic Stress, And Sleep Disturbances In Healthcare Professionals During A Global Pandemic, Laura K. Miller, Sarah Pehlke

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: For healthcare workers, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in increased workload, work related stress and patient acuity potentially leading to burnout, secondary traumatic stress (STS), and sleep disruptions. This study aims to assess the prevalence of burnout and STS symptoms, as well as sleep disturbances among healthcare personnel working in the United States during the pandemic.

Methods: Healthcare workers from all disciplines and settings in the United States completed a cross-sectional survey about work and personal characteristics from January 20-March 1, 2021. Participants reported on symptoms of burnout, STS, and sleep disruptions.

Results: A total of 360 participants in the ...


Pharmacists Role In Preventing Drug Abuse, Renae L. Wilson 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Pharmacists Role In Preventing Drug Abuse, Renae L. Wilson

College of Pharmacy Student Research

In 2019, there were approximately 332,000 pharmacists active in the US workforce, Data USA, 2019. A survey of 1,700 American adults, discovered, that 34% of Americans still rely on healthcare providers such as pharmacists, for information in relation their health, KRC Research, 2018. Pharmacists are one of the three most trusted health care professions and were found to be the second most trusted source for health information by Americans in 2005. Blendon et al., 2006 found, that information from pharmacist was trusted by 67%, of participants in their survey. One of the oaths pledged by pharmacist is, ‘I ...


Health Equity In Medicine, Tracy Macintosh, Barbara L. Gracious, Jeremy R. Brooks, Graig Donini 2022 University of Central Florida

Health Equity In Medicine, Tracy Macintosh, Barbara L. Gracious, Jeremy R. Brooks, Graig Donini

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Healthcare disparities exist when, due to racial, ethnic, or gender identity differences linked to social, economic or environmental factors, certain populations lack equitable access to quality healthcare and insurance coverage. Such disparities across history carry profound future implications that we have only begun to contemplate as a profession. This special issue of the HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine examines the critical issue of health equity in medicine and how the medical community can advance health equity through inclusive behavior and interactions in clinical and educational settings, and our communities.


Psychosocial Considerations For The Child With Rare Disease: A Review With Recommendations And Calls To Action., Leslee Belzer, Margaret Wright, Emily J. Goodwin, Mehar N. Singh, Brian S. Carter 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Psychosocial Considerations For The Child With Rare Disease: A Review With Recommendations And Calls To Action., Leslee Belzer, Margaret Wright, Emily J. Goodwin, Mehar N. Singh, Brian S. Carter

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Rare diseases (RD) affect children, adolescents, and their families infrequently, but with a significant impact. The diagnostic odyssey undertaken as part of having a child with RD is immense and carries with it practical, emotional, relational, and contextual issues that are not well understood. Children with RD often have chronic and complex medical conditions requiring a complicated milieu of care by numerous clinical caregivers. They may feel isolated and may feel stigmas in settings of education, employment, and the workplace, or a lack a social support or understanding. Some parents report facing similar loneliness amidst a veritable medicalization of their ...


A Bioethics Critique Of The Healthcare System In Nigeria: Personal Dignity And Human Solidarity, Cyprian Duru 2022 Duquesne University

A Bioethics Critique Of The Healthcare System In Nigeria: Personal Dignity And Human Solidarity, Cyprian Duru

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Life is a sacred gift, an indivisible good with an inherent dignity and value. Despite its uniqueness, fragility, vulnerability, and limitations, it remains the most interesting, attractive, and exciting thing one can possess. These attributes invoke a deep sense of respect to life. Recently, science and biotechnology have astonished the world, as they continue to disorient human consciousness on new set of ethical issues. In effect, life is seriously exposed to the perspectives of modern science and technology. Thus, President George W. Bush warns that the powers of science are morally neutral, capable for good and bad purposes. In the ...


Undergraduate Holocaust Education And Biomedical Ethics: What's The Connection?, Tatiana Thompson 2022 College of the Holy Cross

Undergraduate Holocaust Education And Biomedical Ethics: What's The Connection?, Tatiana Thompson

Psychology Department Student Scholarship

This poster represents the research results of two studies used to examine Holocaust education in undergraduate colleges and universities.


Everyday Ethics And Equity At The Bedside, Shika Kalevor, Angie Knackstedt 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Everyday Ethics And Equity At The Bedside, Shika Kalevor, Angie Knackstedt

Research Days

Background: Traditional bioethics training, although important, may not be completely suited to the nursing role. In contrast to traditional clinical ethics, which focuses on healthcare dilemmas, everyday ethics focuses on routine clinical encounters between clinicians, patients, and families and may be better suited to help nurses address issues such as bias and racism at the bedside.

Objectives/Goal: This study aims to provide a data-backed approach to ethics education for nurses as it pertains to improvements in the understanding of Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion (DEI) efforts in healthcare. This study also provides an opportunity for the field of bioethics to provide ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress