Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Bioethics and Medical Ethics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

751 Full-Text Articles 872 Authors 209,823 Downloads 79 Institutions

All Articles in Bioethics and Medical Ethics

Faceted Search

751 full-text articles. Page 1 of 16.

Exploring The Relationships Of Power, Attitudes Regarding Intermittent Fetal Monitoring, And Perceived Barriers To Research Utilization With A Labor And Delivery Nurse's Attitude Toward Patient Advocacy, Lisa Heelan 2015 Seton Hall University

Exploring The Relationships Of Power, Attitudes Regarding Intermittent Fetal Monitoring, And Perceived Barriers To Research Utilization With A Labor And Delivery Nurse's Attitude Toward Patient Advocacy, Lisa Heelan

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

A problem identified in nursing practice was the routine use of continuous fetal monitoring (CEFM) with low risk laboring women. CEFM is associated with worsened outcomes for the low risk laboring woman with no benefit to the newborn. In addition, this routine practice does not allow most laboring women the right to make an informed choice regarding treatment options. Nursing includes the role of patient advocacy. There was a need to better understand what is associated with a labor and delivery nurse’s attitude toward patient advocacy.

This descriptive correlational research design examined the relationships of power as knowing participation ...


Health Care Services And Profits: A Conflict Of Interest?, Carolyn Plump JD, Jennifer Sipe MSN, RN 2015 La Salle University

Health Care Services And Profits: A Conflict Of Interest?, Carolyn Plump Jd, Jennifer Sipe Msn, Rn

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


"Science Is Not Maths": Managing Uncertainty And Infertility In India's Silicon Valley, Amrutha P. Kumaran 2015 Candidate for B. A. in Anthropology

"Science Is Not Maths": Managing Uncertainty And Infertility In India's Silicon Valley, Amrutha P. Kumaran

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

In recent years, India's assisted reproductive technology (ART) market has grown beyond the government's ability to regulate it and raised new issues of ethical practice. Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh, has experienced a technology boom in the last decade and is now host to a burgeoning ART industry catering to elite infertile couples. The core questions motivating this ethnographic study were: How did the clinics in question originate? How do medical staff view the services they offer to clients? How do doctors negotiate uncertainty and perform ethical relationships with clients? In the summer of 2014, I spent ...


Human Dignity And Persisting Substance, Jacob Countryman 2015 Cedarville University

Human Dignity And Persisting Substance, Jacob Countryman

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Peter Singer believes that only humans have value when they become self-conscious. This assertion implies that infants, as beings unable to be self-conscious, are acceptable for scientific experimentation. All humans, however, have intrinsic value in every stage of development. Embryos, fetuses, infants, and adults belong to one kind. This kind is rational. Since it is human nature to be rational, humans have greater value than other organisms. When a new person is formed at conception, a new primary substance is made and this substance persists throughout the entire life of the new human. Humans are not made of temporal parts ...


The Sterilization Of Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: Protection Or Loss Of Personhood?, Kelly J. Schaffter 2015 Cedarville University

The Sterilization Of Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: Protection Or Loss Of Personhood?, Kelly J. Schaffter

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The civil rights of individuals with development disabilities have been a great challenge to protect throughout the United States’ history. The United States has not held the protection of this population’s civil rights with proper priority. The country’s actions towards the population of individuals with development disabilities carried into the 20th century, when individuals with mental disabilities were involuntarily sterilized in the name of eugenics. Currently, the goal of the sterilization of this population is for their protection, yet forced sterilization continues to be a questionable practice in regards to ethics. In this paper, I will claim that ...


Physician Assisted Suicide: Promoting Death With Dignity Or Empowering Exploitation?, Laura Klodnicki 2015 Cedarville University

Physician Assisted Suicide: Promoting Death With Dignity Or Empowering Exploitation?, Laura Klodnicki

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

United States health care is intentionally moving in a direction which emphasizes patient autonomy. This mentality has caused some patients to seek control over their own death when faced with a terminal illness. Claiming the right to “death with dignity,” patients exercise the method of physician assisted suicide in order to avoid the inevitable suffering that comes along with certain disease progressions. Is such medical practice ethical? Should a patient have the choice to end her own life rather than experience the devastating pain that comes with a terminal illness? Could physician assisted suicide evolve to encompass putting to an ...


Person- And Family-Centered Care: A Time For Reflection, Mary Frances D. Pate, Michael F. Andrews 2015 University of Portland

Person- And Family-Centered Care: A Time For Reflection, Mary Frances D. Pate, Michael F. Andrews

Nursing Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin J. Black 2015 Washington University School of Medicine

Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Handout for a lecture in the Washington University School of Medicine elective course “Major religious traditions and health care.” This document represents my personal views and does not necessarily represent the opinions of the University or of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


Physician’S Narcotic Prescribing Practice Patterns Of Putnam County, Tennessee1, Sam Barnes MD, James B. Talmage MD, Tor Guimaraes Ph.D 2015 Occupational Health Center

Physician’S Narcotic Prescribing Practice Patterns Of Putnam County, Tennessee1, Sam Barnes Md, James B. Talmage Md, Tor Guimaraes Ph.D

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

.


Law, Ethics, And Public Health In The Vaccination Debates: Politics Of The Measles Outbreak, Lawrence O. Gostin 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Law, Ethics, And Public Health In The Vaccination Debates: Politics Of The Measles Outbreak, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The measles outbreak of early 2015 is symptomatic of a larger societal problem–the growing number of parents who decide against vaccinating their children. This failure is causing the resurgence of childhood diseases once eliminated from the United States.

This article explores the legal and ethical landscape of vaccine exemptions. While all states require childhood vaccinations, they differ significantly in the types of religious and/or philosophical exemptions permitted, the rigor of the application process, and available review mechanisms. States with relaxed exemption policies disproportionately experience more outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease.

Vaccine exemptions are an illustration of the “tragedy of ...


A Biblical Approach To Cadaveric Organ Transplants, Erica Graham 2015 Cedarville University

A Biblical Approach To Cadaveric Organ Transplants, Erica Graham

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Upon passing their driver’s license exam every American has the opportunity to become an organ donor. Organ donor status allows immediate retrieval of transplantable organs after death for transplantation into other patients in order to save their lives. Many citizens endorse this action because one donor can save multiple lives by donating viable organs postmortem. However, some people do not endorse organ transplants arguing that it violates the body and that being an organ donor results in a premature declaration of death.

The current standard for cadaveric transplantation is retrieval from heart beating donors. A heart beating donor is ...


Charity As A Moral Duty, Erica Graham 2015 Cedarville University

Charity As A Moral Duty, Erica Graham

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

A question many Americans frequently encounter is whether or not they should give money to aid developing countries. We have the opportunity, through a charity, to help fund efforts to feed, clothe, and employ people lacking one of these from no fault of their own. What is the moral duty in this case? Society views these donations as beyond one’s moral duty but Peter Singer argues that such giving is a moral duty. This paper will explore Singer’s argument regarding this case, ultimately agreeing with Singer that charity is a moral duty.


A Grounded Natural Law, Benjamin German 2015 Cedarville University

A Grounded Natural Law, Benjamin German

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

For many Evangelical thinkers, natural law is an untenable ethical framework. The very phrase makes some cringe. Many Evangelicals find it irreconcilable with their conception of the totalizing effect of sin upon the human will and intellect. In his article “Natural Law and a Nihilistic Culture,” Carl Henry illustrates this deep-rooted fear of many within the movement. However, in recent years, some evangelical thinkers are reconsidering natural law. While Henry enumerates valid concerns over possible abuses of natural law, he forfeits the common denominator by which Evangelicals can engage in helpful ethical debate with the secular world.


Virtue Ethics And Abortion, Jacob Countryman 2015 Cedarville University

Virtue Ethics And Abortion, Jacob Countryman

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Singer suggests that the argument of abortion has missed the point. He asserts that the debate should focus on if it is wrong to kill an innocent human being instead of arguing whether a fetus is or is not an innocent human being. The Pro-Choice arguments of when personhood begins are vague and, therefore, cannot provide a concrete moment of when personhood starts. Since reason can only go so far in its ability to determine ethics, this paper will explain that Singer also misses the point; rather, striving to be virtuous demonstrates that abortion is morally wrong.


A Missed Opportunity For Shared Responsibility In Adolescent Contraception, Vasiliki Rahimzadeh 2015 McGill University

A Missed Opportunity For Shared Responsibility In Adolescent Contraception, Vasiliki Rahimzadeh

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence recently endorsed IUDs as the clinical contraceptive method of choice among sexually active adolescents. This commentary highlights the ways in which these recommendations reinforce a gender normative notion that contraceptive responsibilities continue to lie squarely with young women, and now adolescent girls. It critiques the absence of guidance from the Committee regarding how to approach both sexual partners equally in discussions of contraception. The reflection also identifies paucity in how to address sexual health among trans/intersexed adolescents and those with complex sexual orientations. Such exclusion has adverse implications, inviting marginalization of ...


Knowledge Of The Animal Welfare Act And Animal Welfare Regulations Influences Attitudes Toward Animal Research, Mitchell M. Metzger 2015 Ashland University

Knowledge Of The Animal Welfare Act And Animal Welfare Regulations Influences Attitudes Toward Animal Research, Mitchell M. Metzger

Mitchell Metzger, PhD

No abstract provided.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Winter 2015, 2015 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Winter 2015

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Green Staff Of Asclepius: Envisioning Sustainable Medicine, Jason Lee Fishel 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Green Staff Of Asclepius: Envisioning Sustainable Medicine, Jason Lee Fishel

Doctoral Dissertations

To make society sustainable our institutions must also become sustainable. As an institution, health care contributes to environmental degradation. While unsurprising, contributions to environmental degradation increase risk factors for disease and illness, effectively frustrating the goals of medicine. To find ways to make health care sustainable I begin by reviewing the literature on sustainability from within environmental ethics and two previous attempts at envisioning sustainable health care in order to learn what to include in a vision of sustainable health care. Then I examine problems specific to making medicine sustainable by investigating how sustainability might affect the principles of medicine ...


End Of Life Ethics: Hospice And Advance Directives, Thomas Kehr 2014 Cedarville University

End Of Life Ethics: Hospice And Advance Directives, Thomas Kehr

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

It has been said, “Everybody will die, but very few people want to be reminded of that fact” (Handler, 2000, p.28). Perhaps this is the reason so few adults have advanced directives. Even after the 2005 public debate over the Terry Schiavo case, it has been calculated that two-thirds of Americans adults have not completed advance directives (Morhaim & Pollack, 2013).

Americans are united in desiring that their wishes be honored. Sister Nancy, a senior Catholic Nun, had completed her living will. After a medical episode and hospitalization she was furious that hospital emergency physicians had not honored her advanced directives. Yes, her life was saved; but the sacred trust of patient and physician was broken. It is this sacred trust we all count on.

This paper will provide an ethical overview of advance directives, hospital care, hospice services, and physician roles and essential responsibilities. It will ...


Why Christians Are Afraid Of Removing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration, Lynley G. Turkelson 2014 Cedarville University

Why Christians Are Afraid Of Removing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration, Lynley G. Turkelson

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

On 31 March 2005, Terri Schiavo passed away, amidst the grief, consternation, and outrage of many Americans. In our desire to live forever and “be like God” (Genesis 3:5), human beings have created death-defying technologies. However, these technologies have led to many ethical dilemmas, in part because bioethics has been influenced insidiously by a cultural transhumanism that denies our fundamental human nature and mortality. Many Christians have embraced a transhumanist view of technology, leading to an unhealthy vitalism at the end of life. In this paper, I will demonstrate this flawed view, using the persistent vegetative states (PVS) as ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress