Protocol For Ground Glass Opacity, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Protocol For Ground Glass Opacity, Elissa Goldman
Rationale: Pure ground glass opacities (GGO), identified incidentally or on lung cancer screening, may indicate pre-invasive subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma. These neoplasms typically demonstrate indolent patterns of growth, and Fleischner Society guidelines recommend up to five years of serial imaging. Our aim was to determine the frequency of diagnosed lung adenocarcinoma arising from GGO detected beyond 5 years of CT surveillance.
Methods: We reviewed all pathologic diagnoses of lung adenocarcinoma (n=442) between 2016 and 2018 of a tertiary academic hospital and National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center to identify all cancers that arose from ground glass opacities detected on CT ...
Prediction Of Neonatal Birthweight Associated With Maternal Obesity And Diabetes, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Prediction Of Neonatal Birthweight Associated With Maternal Obesity And Diabetes, Laura Gleason, Rebekah Mccurdy, Md, Mph
Introduction: To design a model that will predict neonatal birth weight within obese mothers by diabetic status.
Methods: A secondary data analysis of an RCT (NCT 02909582) was utilized to create a neonatal birth weight prediction model. Women (n=325) with a BMI > 35 kg/m2 from a tertiary academic institution, 2016 – 2019, were included to estimate the risk of large for gestational age (LGA) infants and neonatal birth weight based on maternal prepregnancy BMI and diabetic status. LGA was defined as an infant birth weight > 90th percentile. Analysis included Chi-square, t-test, multivariate logistic and linear regression.
Results: Mean birthweight ...
Impact Of In-House Specialty Pharmacy On Access To Novel Androgen Axis Inhibitors In Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Impact Of In-House Specialty Pharmacy On Access To Novel Androgen Axis Inhibitors In Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer, Anna Driscoll, Nathan Handley, Md, Mba, Adam Binder, Siobhan Henry, W. Kevin Kelly, Do
Introduction: Novel androgen axis inhibitors are standard of care treatments in advanced prostate cancer. The billed amounts for these medications are often very high, which may create significant financial toxicity for patients and lead to delays in treatment. Our institution implemented an in-house specialty pharmacy in 2014, that provides these medications and evaluates copay assistance options for all patients. We evaluated the program’s impact on out of pocket cost (OOP) and turnaround time (TAT).
Methods: We reviewed available internal specialty pharmacy records to identify prescriptions for abiraterone or enzalutamide filled between 1/1/17 and 12/31/18. Payments ...
Motivational Interviewing For Cpap Adherence, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Motivational Interviewing For Cpap Adherence, Grayton Downing, Caitlin Green, Cynthia Cheng, Md, Phd
Introduction: Untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to negative health outcomes. Yet, compliance rates for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the gold standard of treatment, range from 30-60%. This study examines how motivational interviewing (MI), a goal-oriented form of psychotherapy, increases CPAP adherence. We hypothesize that MI increases CPAP compliance when incorporated into CPAP follow-up care.
Methods: We developed and trained our staff with a novel MI training protocol consisting of MI background readings and videos, CPAP technician shadowing, and MI role-play for certification. For the clinical trial, newly diagnosed OSA patients from Jefferson’s sleep center will be randomized ...
Plasma Exosome Mir-155-5p As An Independent Prognostic Risk Factor For Mycosis Fungoides, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Plasma Exosome Mir-155-5p As An Independent Prognostic Risk Factor For Mycosis Fungoides, Adam Cohen-Nowak, Neda Nikbakht
Introduction: Mycosis Fungoides (MF) is a rare non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with variable progression that comprises half of all cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs). Previous studies have shown higher expression of the micro-RNA miR-155-5p isolated from biopsies of MF tumors compared to early-stage lesions and healthy skin, illustrating the potential for miR-155-5p to serve as a prognostic indicator. Small extracellular vesicles (30-150 nm) called exosomes are known to play a role in cancer signaling and progression by carrying micro-RNAs. However, no studies have measured circulating exosomal miR-155-5p in the blood of patients with MF. We hypothesize that miR-155-5p is expressed higher in plasma ...
Transdermal Lidocaine For Perioperative Pain: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Transdermal Lidocaine For Perioperative Pain: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Alexa Cohen, Jordan Smoker, Mohammad R. Rasouli, Eric S. Schwenk
Introduction: Recent data have shown that the risk of taking chronic opioids after surgery increases after about 5 days of postoperative opioid therapy. Alternatives to opioids are desirable, and transdermal lidocaine is one such perioperative multimodal agent. This review provides a summary of the perioperative studies that have examined transdermal lidocaine as an analgesic in the perioperative period.
Methods: We conducted searches of PubMed and Scopus databases. Studies involving patients who were undergoing surgery and were given either transdermal lidocaine, placebo, or active comparator in the perioperative period with the primary endpoint of improvement in pain were included in the ...
Neurostimulants To Improve Consciousness In Acute Comatose Patients, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Neurostimulants To Improve Consciousness In Acute Comatose Patients, Lyena Birkenstock, Mohammed Kananeh
Patients in the neurology intensive care unit (NICU) suffering from coma have variable outcomes, even once the underlying condition has been treated. Coma is a detrimental condition with a high risk for mortality and disability. Currently, there is not a specific treatment regimen to treat, or even improve, comatose patients. In this study, we set out to compare the efficacy and side effect profile of different neurostimulants, including modafinil, adderall, and zolpidem. The target population includes adult patients in the Jefferson NICU with a diagnosis of persistent encephalopathy, despite the resolution of their admitting diagnoses. Patients are administered medication as ...
Falls And Traumatic Brain Injury In The Elderly On Aspirin Or Anticoagulant Therapy, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Falls And Traumatic Brain Injury In The Elderly On Aspirin Or Anticoagulant Therapy, Jonathan Bassig, David Nauheim, Stanton Miller, Patricia Williams, Tingting Zhan
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) after a fall in individuals aged 65 and older is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, but the effect of aspirin and anticoagulant therapy on TBI severity is not fully understood. This study evaluated whether the severity of TBI is associated with use of aspirin or anticoagulant therapy or in combination.
Methods: Using retrospective chart review, we identified patients age 65 or older who fell and sustained head trauma that were admitted to Thomas Jefferson University Hospital trauma service from 2017-2018. Based on final diagnosis, patients were classified into three groups of TBI in ...
Nighttime Melatonin Administration And Insulin Sensitivity, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Nighttime Melatonin Administration And Insulin Sensitivity, Albert Mchugh, Cynthia Cheng, Md, Phd
Introduction: Previous studies have shown melatonin effects on insulin sensitivity, but with conflicting results. The inconsistency between these studies may be due to differences in melatonin dosage and subject age. Low melatonin dosages, generally <5 mg, have been used in prior research. We studied the effect of melatonin 9 mg for 6 weeks on insulin resistance, peripheral microvascular function, and sleep in non-diabetic, non-hypertensive middle-aged and geriatric patients.
Methods: Subjects with a history of hypertension or diabetes were excluded from the study. The geriatric cohort included 5 subjects 60-80 years old while the younger cohort was comprised of 14 subjects age 27-45 years old. Fifteen subjects were randomized to the melatonin treatment group and took 9 mg of controlled-release melatonin by mouth 30 minutes before bedtime for 6 weeks; the four subjects in the ...5>
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Are Associated With Increased Bleeding Related Complications Following Primary Total Hip And Total Knee Arthroplasty, Kyle Plusch, John Stammers, Mbbs, Frcs, Alexus M. Cooper, Chi Xu, Md, Paul Kitei, Md, Javad Parvizi, Md, Frcs, Jess H. Lonner, Md
Introduction: Approximately 10-22% of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are diagnosed with depression. Pre-operative depression is associated with poorer patient reported outcomes, costs and increased complications. Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are first-line treatment for depression due to their efficacy and low side effect profile. There are conflicting studies regarding SSRI-related bleeding complications. This study compares the rate of bleeding-related complications in THA and TKA patients taking SSRI’s to a control group of non-SSRI users.
Methods: A retrospective single institution study of 16,407 primary THA and TKA’s from 2008 to 2018 was ...
Assessment Of The Composition And Biologic Activity Of Platelet Rich Plasma And Its Relationship To Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University; Hospital for Special Surgery
Assessment Of The Composition And Biologic Activity Of Platelet Rich Plasma And Its Relationship To Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis, Daniel Nemirov, Bijan Dehghani, Habib Zahir, Xiaoning Yuan, Christine Kim, Reyna Bhandhari, Patrick Fava, Yurii Chinenov, Joseph Nguyen, Laura Donlin, Brian Halpern, Scott Rodeo, Miguel Otero
Recent studies suggest positive clinical outcomes associated with platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) administration to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the results remain inconclusive in part because of the high variability in PRP preparations and the limited information regarding the relevant biologically active components of PRP. We hypothesize that the variability in clinical response is driven by the heterogeneous composition of PRP. In this study we evaluated the composition and biological activity of PRP and further correlated our findings to clinical outcomes in patients receiving intra-articular injections for knee OA. After IRB approval and patient consent, we enrolled 51 patients (mean age: 57 ...
Understanding The Relationship Between Drug Overdose Death Rates And Socioeconomic Factors, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Understanding The Relationship Between Drug Overdose Death Rates And Socioeconomic Factors, William Duan, Dennis J. Hand
Drug-overdose deaths increased rapidly recently. What are the causes? We believe socioeconomical factors play critical roles. Secondary data analyses are done on the US population, using mortality-data files from the National Vital Statistics System. Deaths are grouped by race, age, sex, education and marital status. We believe that the percentage-of-total-death (PoTD) value, which equals to the number-of-overdose-deaths divided by the total-number-of-deaths in the corresponding group, more accurately reflect the severity of overdose-deaths. Analysis of 2017 data reveals that among all age groups, PoTD is highest in the age 25-34 group, with dramatic differences between white (PoTD 24%) and black (PoTD ...
Effects Of Rocking On Attention And Arousal, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Effects Of Rocking On Attention And Arousal, Jonathan Lubeck, Roseann C. Schaaf, Phd, Otr/L, Faota, Rachel L. Dumont, Ms, Ots
Introduction: Difficulties regulating attention and arousal underlie common developmental conditions and impact performance in academic and work tasks. Sensory-based activities such as sitting in a rocker chair may help regulate attention and arousal by providing sensory stimulation. This pilot study assessed autonomic nervous system activity (ANS) while seated in a specially designed rocking chair providing vestibular sensation during a performance task.
Methods: Thirty-four adults (aged 20-35 years) were randomized to either a rocker chair (Virco Zuma, n = 17) or static chair (n =17) while performing cognitive tasks in a counterbalanced design. ANS measures of skin conductance level (SCL) and respiratory ...
Meta-Analysis Of Repair Techniques For Mixed Nerve Damage, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Meta-Analysis Of Repair Techniques For Mixed Nerve Damage, Grant Jones, Zachary J. Herman, Asif Ilyas
BACKGROUND: Injuries to the upper extremity are common and can occur with trauma, surgery, or compression. Particularly, injuries that result in complete transection often require surgical intervention in attempt to restore function and quality of life. Classically, nerve autografts have been used as the gold standard to repair these peripheral lesions. An alternative to the autologous nerve graft is the use of the processed nerve allograft. limited research exists in comparing sensory and motor outcomes of allograft nerve repair in the upper extremity with data for autograft repair. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we set out to cumulate results ...
The Use Of Wearable Technology In The Detection Of Operator Fatigue, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
The Use Of Wearable Technology In The Detection Of Operator Fatigue, James O'Shea, Stanton Miller, Md, Mph
Introduction: Operator fatigue is a prevalent cause of injury and death. Many studies have proven reliable ways of determining operator fatigue through the use of engineering and technological advances including blink rate, lid lag, respiratory rate, cardiac rate, chest expansion, etc. However the implementation of these advances has yet to be utilized. This systematic literature review seeks to elucidate the need for implementation of wearable technology for those who suffer from operator fatigue.
Methods: The target population includes anyone who operates a vehicle including drivers, aviation pilots, train conductors/engineers, marine pilots, operators of heavy machinery, fishermen and professional/overnight ...
Comparison Of Home Therapy Vs Formal Outpatient Physical Therapy In Post-Operative Management Of Two-Incision Distal Bicep Tendon Repair, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Comparison Of Home Therapy Vs Formal Outpatient Physical Therapy In Post-Operative Management Of Two-Incision Distal Bicep Tendon Repair, Joseph Botros, John Horneff Iii, Md, Thomas Harper, Brent Page
Background: Distal bicep tendon tears are a relatively uncommon injury, affecting 1.2/ 100,000 persons per year; they can also cause substantial loss in supination and flexion strength. The most common treatment is a double incision distal bicep tendon repair, which involves surgical reinsertion of the bicep tendon onto the radial tuberosity. Following surgery, physicians have traditionally recommended the patient undergo 5-12 weeks of formal outpatient physical therapy. This can be a significant cost and time burden to the patient. Therefore, some physicians have instead opted for home physical therapy, in which the patient is given instructions on exercises ...
Diagnostic Accuracy Of Procalcitonin In Differentiating Sepsis From Noninfectious Sirs In Adult Patients With Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Diagnostic Accuracy Of Procalcitonin In Differentiating Sepsis From Noninfectious Sirs In Adult Patients With Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Keshav Choudhuri, Umer Mukhtar, Md, M. Kamran Athar, Md, David Boorman, Ms, Fred Rincon, Md, Matthew Vibbert, Md, Syed O. Shah, Md, Jacqueline S. Urtecho, Md, Jack Jallo, Md
Background: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a frequent diagnosis in the neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) that can result in the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and fever. The differentiation between central fever and infectious fever is paramount in order to prevent superfluous diagnostic testing and overuse of empiric antibiotics.
Methods: A prospective chart review study conducted in the NICU between December 2012 and September 2015. Patients with SAH, fever (≥101.0°F) and/or who were SIRS positive and had PCT levels measured were included. The primary outcome was clinical infection defined as any positive culture or infiltrate on ...
Dual Mobility Bearing Articulations Result In Lower Rates Of Dislocation After Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty., 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Dual Mobility Bearing Articulations Result In Lower Rates Of Dislocation After Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty., Zachary Kozick, William Li, Matthew Sherman, Camilo Restrepo, Md, Eric B. Smith, Md, P. Maxwell Courtney, Md
Introduction: The purpose of our study is to directly compare the rates of instability after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) between a modular dual mobility (DM) and a conventional polyethylene single-bearing surface.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of patients who underwent revision THA from 2012 to 2016 at a single institution with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Rates of re-revision, dislocation, complications, and short-form (SF-12) scores were compared between the DM and single-bearing groups. To control for confounding variables, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed.
Results: Of the 267 revision THA patients, 94 patients had ...
What Is The Effect Of Iodine Contrast Agents On The Subharmonic Signal Generated From Ultrasound Contrast Agents?, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
What Is The Effect Of Iodine Contrast Agents On The Subharmonic Signal Generated From Ultrasound Contrast Agents?, Neal Kalantri, Cara Esposito, Jaydev Dave
Subharmonic-aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) is a technique utilizing subharmonic signals from microbubble-based ultrasound contrast agents (UCA’s) to noninvasively record pressures. Cardiac applications of SHAPE have been demonstrated in canines where low errors (0.19-2.5mmHg) were observed in canine ventricle pressures between the SHAPE technique and pressure catheter measurements. Validation of SHAPE involves simultaneous measurements by a pressure catheter (iodine contrast is used to guide catheter placement) and by SHAPE using UCAs. The goal of this experiment is to determine if mixing Visipaque (iodine contrast, GE Healthcare, Oslo, Norway) and UCAs effects the subharmonic signal.
The study was performed ...
Elucidating The Role Of Hdac7 In Acute Myeloid Leukemia, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Elucidating The Role Of Hdac7 In Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Rajat Singh, Jennifer Romer-Seibert, Sara Meyer
Histone deacetylases play an important role in modulating chromatin thereby influencing transcriptional identities of cells. HDAC7, a class II HDAC, is predominantly expressed in vertebrate cells during early development but the exact function of this protein is unknown. In preliminary studies, we discovered HDAC7 to be critical in AML cells as silencing of HDAC7 resulted in reduced viability. Our experiments have focused on determining the intracellular dynamics of HDAC7 and subsequently understanding its genomic binding profile in AML.
Methods: We used subcellular fractionation of cell lysates and performed western blots to determine the presence of HDAC7 in four different AML ...