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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Analysis Of Risk Factors And Changes In Myocardial Biomarker Levels In 122 Cases Of Early Neonatal Anemia, Zhenhua Sui Jan 2024

Analysis Of Risk Factors And Changes In Myocardial Biomarker Levels In 122 Cases Of Early Neonatal Anemia, Zhenhua Sui

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Anemia in the first week after birth, which could affect growth, development, and organ function, should be an important warning sign to clinicians. The aim of this study was to assess the related risk factors of early neonatal anemia and to analyze the effect of anemia on the expression levels of myocardial markers in newborns.Materials and methods: Clinical data from 122 confirmed cases of anemic newborns and 108 nonanemic newborns were collected to analyze the independent risk factors for early anemia using logistic regression analyses. Blood samples were collected from both groups for the detection of myocardial markers, including the …


High Amniotic Fluid Fractalkine And Mip-1Β Levels Are Associated With Intrauterine Growth Restriction: A Prospective Cohort Study, Şehmus Pala, Remzi Atilgan, Nevin İlhan Jan 2024

High Amniotic Fluid Fractalkine And Mip-1Β Levels Are Associated With Intrauterine Growth Restriction: A Prospective Cohort Study, Şehmus Pala, Remzi Atilgan, Nevin İlhan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Proinflammatory chemokines have been shown to play crucial roles in implantation, spiral artery invasion, and thefetomaternal immunological response. In this context, we investigated the levels of fractalkine (CX3CL1) and chemokine CC motifligand 4 (CCL4 or MIP-1β) in maternal serum and amniotic fluids in pregnant women with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study was carried out at Fırat University Obstetrics Clinic between January 1, 2022 andJuly 1, 2022. Group (G) 1: The control group consisted of 40 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section (CS) at 38–40weeks of gestation. G2: A total of 40 pregnant women with …


Risk Factors Of Congenital Nomalies Of The Kidney And Urinary Tract (Cakut): Exposureto Mobile Phones During Pregnancy, Kübra Çeleğen, Esra Özgül, Zeynep Yeşi̇ldağ, Erdem Yusuf Çamirci, Mehmet Çeleğen, Ayşegül Bükülmez Jan 2024

Risk Factors Of Congenital Nomalies Of The Kidney And Urinary Tract (Cakut): Exposureto Mobile Phones During Pregnancy, Kübra Çeleğen, Esra Özgül, Zeynep Yeşi̇ldağ, Erdem Yusuf Çamirci, Mehmet Çeleğen, Ayşegül Bükülmez

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract(CAKUT) are the leading causes of childhood chronic kidney disease (CKD). The etiology of most of the cases is thought to be multifactorial. In this study, risk factors for CAKUT and the effect of mobile phone-related electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure during pregnancy were investigated.Materials and methods: Fifty-seven cases and 57 healthy controls under 2 years of age were included and their mothers were subjected to a questionnaire. Groups were compared for parents’ demographics, pregestational (chronic disease, body mass index, use of the folic acid supplements) and antenatal variables (gestational disease, weight gain during …


Elderly And Aged Asthma Have Different Characteristics: Results Of A Multicenter Study, Ebru Damadoğlu, Özge Öztürk Aktaş, Bilun Gemi̇ci̇oğlu, Nafiye Yilmaz, Fulşen Bozkuş, Vehbi Ayhan, Ayşe Füsun Kalpaklioğlu, Ferda Öner Erkekol, Yavuz Havlucu, Fuat Erel, Ömür Aydin, Aydanur Eki̇ci̇, Ayşe Baççioğlu, Serap Argun Bariş, Gözde Köycü Buhari̇, Berrin Ceyhan, Özlem Göksel, Mehmet Köse, Adile Berna Dursun, Füsun Yildiz, Arzu Yorgancioğlu, Sacide Rana Işik, Dane Edi̇ger, İpek Kıvılcım Oğuzülgen, Ahmet Uğur Demi̇r, Gül Karakaya, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu Jan 2024

Elderly And Aged Asthma Have Different Characteristics: Results Of A Multicenter Study, Ebru Damadoğlu, Özge Öztürk Aktaş, Bilun Gemi̇ci̇oğlu, Nafiye Yilmaz, Fulşen Bozkuş, Vehbi Ayhan, Ayşe Füsun Kalpaklioğlu, Ferda Öner Erkekol, Yavuz Havlucu, Fuat Erel, Ömür Aydin, Aydanur Eki̇ci̇, Ayşe Baççioğlu, Serap Argun Bariş, Gözde Köycü Buhari̇, Berrin Ceyhan, Özlem Göksel, Mehmet Köse, Adile Berna Dursun, Füsun Yildiz, Arzu Yorgancioğlu, Sacide Rana Işik, Dane Edi̇ger, İpek Kıvılcım Oğuzülgen, Ahmet Uğur Demi̇r, Gül Karakaya, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Characteristics of asthma in the elderly population is not well-known. The aim of the present study was to evaluateasthma in the elderly population, to compare disease characteristics between patients diagnosed <60 (aged asthma) and ≥60 (elderlyasthma) years of age.Materials and methods: The study was a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional type. A questionnaire was filled out to patients 60years of age and over, that have been followed for asthma for at least 3 months. Asthma Control Test (ACT), eight-item MoriskyMedication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) was filled out, inhaler device technique was assessed.Results: A total of 399 patients were included from 17 tertiary care centers across the country. Mean age was 67.11 years and 331 (83%)were female. The age at asthma diagnosis was ≥60 in 146 (36.6%) patients. Patients diagnosed ≥60 years were older (p < 0.001), hadhigher education level (p < 0.001), more commonly had first-degree relative with asthma (p = 0.038), asthma related comorbidities(p = 0.009) and accompanying rhinitis/rhinosinusitis (p = 0.005), had better asthma control (p = 0.001), were using less controllermedications (p = 0.014). Inhaler technique was correct in 37% of the patients with no difference in between the groups. Treatmentcompliance was better in elderly asthma patients (p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, having well-controlledasthma (odds ratio = 1.61, CI = 1.04–2.51), and high medication adherence rate (odds ratio = 2.43, CI = 1.48–4.0) were associated withbeing in the elderly asthma group.Conclusion: The characteristics of asthma are different among patients aged 60 years and over which seems to be related to onset age ofasthma. In our cohort, the elderly asthma patients had higher education level, and treatment adherence and asthma control was better.Patients diagnosed ≥60 years of age did not have more severe disease.


Psychometric Properties Of T E Canadian Occupational Performance Measure In Older Individuals, Onur Altuntaş, Medine Nur Özata Değerli̇, Ege Temi̇zkan, Gamze Eki̇ci̇ Jan 2024

Psychometric Properties Of T E Canadian Occupational Performance Measure In Older Individuals, Onur Altuntaş, Medine Nur Özata Değerli̇, Ege Temi̇zkan, Gamze Eki̇ci̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is a person-centered assessment tool frequently used to identify occupational problems in older individuals and establish goals for geriatric rehabilitation. This study aims to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of COPM (COPM-TR) in older people.Materials and methods: One hundred older people completed the COPM-TR, and 25 of them participated in a retest within two weeks. The convergent construct validity analyses of the COPM-TR included conducting correlation analyses between the COPM-TR and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Lawton Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (Lawton-IADL) scales. The Performance and Satisfaction …


Adjunctive Use Of Laser Biostimulation With Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy: A Split Mouth, Randomized, Case-Control Study In Diabetic And Nondiabetic Periodontitispatients, Funda Akansel, Umur Sakallioğlu, Müge Lütfi̇oğlu, Feyza Otan Özden, Adil Karadağ Jan 2024

Adjunctive Use Of Laser Biostimulation With Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy: A Split Mouth, Randomized, Case-Control Study In Diabetic And Nondiabetic Periodontitispatients, Funda Akansel, Umur Sakallioğlu, Müge Lütfi̇oğlu, Feyza Otan Özden, Adil Karadağ

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Laser biostimulation therapy (LBT) is suggested to have positive effects on periodontal healing. This study evaluatedLBT with nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) in diabetes mellitus (DM) and systemic health (SH) conditions.Materials and methods: Thirty periodontitis patients (15 with DM and 15 with SH) were included in the study, which had a split-mouthdesign, by applying LBT in the mouth of the same systemic condition. Thus, 4 study groups were formed, as 1) NSPT – DM: NSPT alonein DM, 2) NSPT + LBT – DM: NSPT + LBT application in DM, 3) NSPT – SH: NSPT alone in SH, and 4) NSPT + …


The Role Of Probiotics For Preventing Dysbiosis In Periodontal Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Tuğba Şahi̇n, Gülçin Akca, Nurdan Özmeri̇ç Jan 2024

The Role Of Probiotics For Preventing Dysbiosis In Periodontal Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Tuğba Şahi̇n, Gülçin Akca, Nurdan Özmeri̇ç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Scaling and root planing remain inadequate in periodontitis treatment caused by dysbiotic microbial dental plaque. The aim of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effects of probiotics and kefir consumption in initial periodontal therapy (IPT) on oral microbiota composition and treatment outcomes in patients with periodontitis.Materials and methods: The study was carried out in the Gazi University Department of Periodontology, including a sample size of 36 individuals and utilizing a randomized controlled design. Thirty-six patients with periodontitis were randomly allocated to three groups: one receiving probiotic treatment, another receiving kefir, and a third serving as the control group. Obtaining …


Letter To The Editor: Serum Amylase On Postoperative Day One Is A Strong Predictor Of Pancreatic Fistula After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Retrospective Cohort, Cengiz Ceylan Jan 2024

Letter To The Editor: Serum Amylase On Postoperative Day One Is A Strong Predictor Of Pancreatic Fistula After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Retrospective Cohort, Cengiz Ceylan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

No abstract provided.


A Retrospective Study On The Clinical And Molecular Outcomes Of Calpainopathy In A Turkish Patient Cohort, İzem Olcay Şahi̇n, Emine Karataş, Mikail Demi̇r, Büşra Tan, Hüseyin Per, Yusuf Özkul, Munis Dündar Jan 2024

A Retrospective Study On The Clinical And Molecular Outcomes Of Calpainopathy In A Turkish Patient Cohort, İzem Olcay Şahi̇n, Emine Karataş, Mikail Demi̇r, Büşra Tan, Hüseyin Per, Yusuf Özkul, Munis Dündar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Calpainopathy, also known as limb-girdle muscular dystrophy recessive type 1, is a progressive muscle disorder that impacts the muscles around the hips and shoulders. The disease is caused by defects in the CAPN3 gene and can be inherited in both recessive and dominant forms. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular results of our patients with calpainopathy and to examine the CAPN3 variants in Turkish and global populations.Materials and methods: Molecular analyses were performed using the next-generation sequencing (NGS) method. CAPN3 variants were identified through the examination of various databases.Results: In this retrospective study, the …


Effect Of Humic Acid On Oxidative Stress And Neuroprotection In Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Experimental Study, Burak Kinali, Nail Özdemi̇r, Ali Karadağ, Özge Kaya Korkmaz, Ayşe Gülden Di̇ni̇z, Fatma Demet Arslan Jan 2024

Effect Of Humic Acid On Oxidative Stress And Neuroprotection In Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Experimental Study, Burak Kinali, Nail Özdemi̇r, Ali Karadağ, Özge Kaya Korkmaz, Ayşe Gülden Di̇ni̇z, Fatma Demet Arslan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is an important health problem, especially in developing countries withadditional socioeconomic loss. Humic acid (HA) usually has antioxidant, antiinflammatory, blood circulating, and antiviral effects.Hence, it was aimed herein to show the effect of HA on neuroprotection in a TSCI model.Materials and method: A TSCI model was used, in which 24 Wistar albino rats were divided into 4 groups: control group: subjectedto only laminectomy; sham group: subjected to laminectomy + TSCI; HA 5 mg/kg group: subjected to laminectomy + TSCI +intraperitoneal (IP) injection of 5 mg/kg of HA; and HA 10 mg/kg group: subjected to laminectomy …


The Effect Of Erector Spinae Plane Block On Postoperative Extubation Time And Laboratory Parameters In Open Heart Surgery: A Retrospective Study, Feyza Çalişir, Yavuz Orak, Ömer Faruk Boran, Metin Ege, Mehmet Emin Karabeki̇roğlu, Hilal Bi̇radli, Adem Doğaner Jan 2024

The Effect Of Erector Spinae Plane Block On Postoperative Extubation Time And Laboratory Parameters In Open Heart Surgery: A Retrospective Study, Feyza Çalişir, Yavuz Orak, Ömer Faruk Boran, Metin Ege, Mehmet Emin Karabeki̇roğlu, Hilal Bi̇radli, Adem Doğaner

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

In open heart surgery, sternotomy causes inflammation in tissues, and inflammation causes postoperative pain. This study aims to examine the effects of bilateral erector spinae plane (ESP) blocks on postoperative extubation time and laboratory parameters in open heart surgery.Materials and methods: The study was managed using retrospective data from 85 patients who underwent open-heart surgery. Patients who received intravenous analgesia and were transferred to the intensive care unit with intubation were included in the study. Two groups were formed: those who received preoperative bilateral ESP block (ESB) and those nonblock (NB). Statistical significance was investigated between ESB and NB in …


Rehabilitation Therapy Versus Drug-Only Therapy In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis, Florin Mihai Marcu, Doriana Ciobanu, Ioan Cosmin Boca, Elena Sirbu, Paul Alexandru Deme, Nicolae Catalin Hreniuc, Dorina Ianc Jan 2024

Rehabilitation Therapy Versus Drug-Only Therapy In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis, Florin Mihai Marcu, Doriana Ciobanu, Ioan Cosmin Boca, Elena Sirbu, Paul Alexandru Deme, Nicolae Catalin Hreniuc, Dorina Ianc

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) does not cure the disease, but it is intended to reduce the intensity, duration, and frequency of symptoms. Rehabilitation therapy (RT), including an individualized physical therapy program (PTP) and adapted occupational therapy (OT), has benefits in terms of aerobic capacity, muscle strength, coordination, and ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). The primary objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of RT comprising PTP, OT, and drug treatment (DT) versus DT alone in patients with MS. Another objective was to highlight the importance of continuing the PT and OT at home, …


Urologists’ Opinion On Treating Asymptomatic Stones: Would We Treat Ourselves As We Treat Our Patients? Survey From European Association Of Urology, Young Academicurologists, Endourology And Urolithiasis Working Party, Tarık Emre Şener, Thomas Tailly, Yılören Tanidir, Etienne Xavier Keller, Amelia Pietropaolo, Juan Gomez Rivas, Zeeshan Hameed, Vincent De Coninck, Tzevat Tefi̇k, Kemal Sarica, Ali Serdar Gözen, Andreas Skolarikos, Olivier Traxer, Christian Seitz, Bhaskar Somani Jan 2024

Urologists’ Opinion On Treating Asymptomatic Stones: Would We Treat Ourselves As We Treat Our Patients? Survey From European Association Of Urology, Young Academicurologists, Endourology And Urolithiasis Working Party, Tarık Emre Şener, Thomas Tailly, Yılören Tanidir, Etienne Xavier Keller, Amelia Pietropaolo, Juan Gomez Rivas, Zeeshan Hameed, Vincent De Coninck, Tzevat Tefi̇k, Kemal Sarica, Ali Serdar Gözen, Andreas Skolarikos, Olivier Traxer, Christian Seitz, Bhaskar Somani

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Management of asymptomatic kidney stones is an ongoing debate with follow-up and treatment guidelines based on low-level evidence. Our aim was to evaluate current management of asymptomatic urinary stones.Materials and methods: A 70-question survey was designed in collaboration with European Association of Urology, Young Academic Urologists, Section of Uro-Technology and Section of Urolithiasis groups and distributed. Responders filled out hypothetical scenarios from 2 perspectives, either as treating physicians, or as patients themselves.Results: A total of 212 (40.01%) responses were obtained. Median responder age was 39 years. 75% of responders were interested in “urolithiasis”. 82.5% had never experienced a renal colic, …


Comparison Of The Clinical Efficacy Of Ultrasound-Guided Gon Blockade Using Low And High Concentrations Of Bupivacaine In Chronic Migraine, Ümit Murat Parpucu, Onur Küçük, Fatih Sağ, Suna Akın Takmaz, Barış Kiran, İsmail Eren Durmuş, Yılmaz Karaduman, Semih Aydemi̇r Jan 2024

Comparison Of The Clinical Efficacy Of Ultrasound-Guided Gon Blockade Using Low And High Concentrations Of Bupivacaine In Chronic Migraine, Ümit Murat Parpucu, Onur Küçük, Fatih Sağ, Suna Akın Takmaz, Barış Kiran, İsmail Eren Durmuş, Yılmaz Karaduman, Semih Aydemi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

In this study, it was aimed to retrospectively compare the effect of greater occipital nerve (GON) block performed with ultrasonography using low (0.3%) and high (0.5%) concentrations of bupivacaine on pain scores and patient satisfaction in chronic migraine (CM).Materials and methods: The mean number of days with pain, the mean duration of pain in the attacks, and the highest numerical rating scale (NRS) scores recorded in the 1 month preblock and 1 and 3 months postblock of 80 patients (40 for Group 1, 0.3% bupivacaine; 40 for Group 2, 0.5% bupivacaine) who underwent ultrasonography-guided GON block were recorded from the …


The Right Ventricle Outflow Tract Systolic Function Could Predict The Severity Of The Cirrhosis, İbrahim Dönmez, Güray Can, Emrah Acar Jan 2024

The Right Ventricle Outflow Tract Systolic Function Could Predict The Severity Of The Cirrhosis, İbrahim Dönmez, Güray Can, Emrah Acar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The distinctive liver framework is converted into structurally abnormal nodules as a consequence of tissue fibrosis in cirrhosis. Cardiac dysfunction in cirrhosis was described, and the term “cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM)” was coined to describe this syndrome. Recent research has shown that the contractile characteristics of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) have a significant impact on right ventricular functions. The right ventricular outflow tract-systolic excursion is an important systolic function marker of RVOT (RVOT-SE). There has yet to be published research on RVOT function in cirrhotic patients. We looked at the relationship between cirrhosis severity and the RVOT-SE.Materials and methods: …


Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Mammography And Breast Mri In The Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer And Detection Of Tumor Size, Muhammed Teki̇nhatun, Nuran Sabi̇r, Ergun Erdem, Sevda Yilmaz, Furkan Ufuk Jan 2024

Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Mammography And Breast Mri In The Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer And Detection Of Tumor Size, Muhammed Teki̇nhatun, Nuran Sabi̇r, Ergun Erdem, Sevda Yilmaz, Furkan Ufuk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) and dynamic breast MRI techniques for diagnosing breast lesions, assess the diagnostic accuracy of CEM’s using histopathological findings, and compare lesion size measurements obtained from both methods with pathological size.Materials and methods: This prospective study included 120 lesions, of which 70 were malignant, in 104 patients who underwent CEM and MRI within a week. Two radiologists independently evaluated the MR and CEM images in separate sessions, using the BI-RADS classification system. Additionally, the maximum sizes of lesion were measured. Diagnostic accuracy parameters and the receiver operating …


Minipuberty Period Of Children With Atopic Dermatitis Compared To Healthy Children, Serkan Bilge Koca, Hatice Eke Güngör, Murat Cansever Jan 2024

Minipuberty Period Of Children With Atopic Dermatitis Compared To Healthy Children, Serkan Bilge Koca, Hatice Eke Güngör, Murat Cansever

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory, pruritic, noncontagious, chronic relapsing skin disease. Skin barrierabnormalities, excessive T helper 2 activity, and immune dysregulation are held responsible. Androgens have a negative effect on theintegrity of the epidermal skin barrier, while estrogen has a positive effect. We aimed to investigate whether hormones make a differencebetween healthy children and children with AD during minipuberty.Materials and methods: A total of 96 infants (postnatal 4–13 weeks), 48 diagnosed with AD and 48 controls, were included. Each groupconsisted of 23 girls (47.9%) and 25 boys (52.1%). Anthropometric examinations and hormone measurements were compared.Results: The two groups, having …


The Otential Mechanism Of Treating Ic/Bps With Hyperbaric Oxygen By Reducing Vascular Endothelial Growth Inhibitor And Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1Α, Jing Zhang, Jiarui Kang, Liyang Wu Jan 2024

The Otential Mechanism Of Treating Ic/Bps With Hyperbaric Oxygen By Reducing Vascular Endothelial Growth Inhibitor And Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1Α, Jing Zhang, Jiarui Kang, Liyang Wu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the roles of vascular endothelial growth inhibitor (VEGI) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the treatment of refractory interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO).Materials and methods: A total of 38 patients were included. They were assessed before and 6 months after HBO treatment. Three- day voiding diaries were recorded, and O’leary-Sant scores, visual analog scale (VAS) scores, quality of life (QoL) scores, pelvic pain, and urgency/frequency (PUF) scores were evaluated. Bladder capacity was assessed by cystoscopy. Bladder mucosa was collected for Western blot, qRT-PCR, and immunofluorescence staining to compare the expression of VEGI and HIF-1α before …


Evaluation Of Baseline F-18 Fdg Positron Emission Tomography In The Diagnosis And Assessment Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Burak İnce, Emine Göknur Işik, Zeynep Gözde Özkan, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Bahar Artım Esen, Ahmet Gül, Murat İnanç Jan 2024

Evaluation Of Baseline F-18 Fdg Positron Emission Tomography In The Diagnosis And Assessment Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Burak İnce, Emine Göknur Işik, Zeynep Gözde Özkan, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Bahar Artım Esen, Ahmet Gül, Murat İnanç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this study is to evaluate the baseline F18-FDG PET/CT findings of individuals diagnosed with giant cellarteritis (GCA) and to explore its association with clinical findings and classification criteria.Materials and methods: We analysed data from patients who underwent F18-FDG PET/CT scans to investigate large vessel (LV)involvement between 2010 and 2019. Only patients with a clinical diagnosis of GCA and at least 6 months of follow-up were included.We compared initial clinical features and laboratory findings based on the presence of LV vasculitis on PET/CT and the maximumstandard uptake value (SUVmax) of vascular territories.Results: Twenty-nine patients (median age at diagnosis: …


Survival Benefit Of Resin Cartridge Extracorporeal Blood Purification Therapy In Patients With Septic Shock, Serdar Efe, Pervin Hanci, Volkan İnal Jan 2024

Survival Benefit Of Resin Cartridge Extracorporeal Blood Purification Therapy In Patients With Septic Shock, Serdar Efe, Pervin Hanci, Volkan İnal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Extracorporeal blood purification (EBP) therapies have shown promise as potential rescue treatments for patientswith septic shock. However, precise evidence regarding their effectiveness is lacking. This case-control study aimed to evaluate the 28-day survival benefit of a resin cartridge-based EBP therapy compared to conventional therapies in patients with septic shock.Materials and methods: The study sample was collected retrospectively from the medical records of patients admitted to the intensivecare unit (ICU) between 2015 and 2020. The study included patients with septic shock aged ≥18 years who had ICU stays >96 h andexcluded those lost to follow-up by 28 days or readmitted. First, …


The Effect Of Video-Assisted Training On Upper Extremity Problems And Functions After Rotator Cuff Repair: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Canan Kanat, Gülay Altun Uğraş, Recep Ünal, Servet Can Dönmez, Bahar Taşdelen, Fehmi Volkan Öztuna Jan 2024

The Effect Of Video-Assisted Training On Upper Extremity Problems And Functions After Rotator Cuff Repair: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Canan Kanat, Gülay Altun Uğraş, Recep Ünal, Servet Can Dönmez, Bahar Taşdelen, Fehmi Volkan Öztuna

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body, and is frequently exposed to injuries. The applied surgical treatments, protection of the shoulder after surgery, care in the use of the shoulder in activities of daily living (ADLs) and gradual exercise programs are all vital to the recovery process. The present study investigates the effect of video-assisted training (VAT) on upper extremity complications and functions after rotator cuff repair (RCR).Materials and method: Included in this prospective, parallel two-armed, randomized controlled study were an experimental group (n: 24) that received VAT detailing early postoperative care for RCR and instructions on …


Predictive Values Of Mallampati Score, Tonsillar Size, And Bmi Z-Score In The Presence And Severity Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Pediatric Population, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Ahu Paketçi̇, Melek Nur Şahbaz, Sevde Daşdelen, Serkan Bilge Koca Jan 2024

Predictive Values Of Mallampati Score, Tonsillar Size, And Bmi Z-Score In The Presence And Severity Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Pediatric Population, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Ahu Paketçi̇, Melek Nur Şahbaz, Sevde Daşdelen, Serkan Bilge Koca

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder in children. Determination of riskfactors for the development of OSA is essential for early diagnosis and treatment of the disease and decreases the risk of negativeconsequences. This study aimed to investigate the predictive values of Mallampati score, tonsillar size, and BMI z-score in the presenceand severity of OSA in children.Materials and methods: This prospective cross-sectional study included 114 children with OSA symptoms. All children were assessedby BMI z-score, Mallampati score, and tonsillar size and underwent overnight polysomnography. They were consecutively selected andassigned to 4 groups as follows: Group 1 included …


Oral Small Molecule Agents In Management Of Ulcerative Colitis: Fact Or Fancy, Benan Kasapoğlu, Ati̇lla Ertan Dec 2023

Oral Small Molecule Agents In Management Of Ulcerative Colitis: Fact Or Fancy, Benan Kasapoğlu, Ati̇lla Ertan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease characterized by recurring episodes of mucosal inflammation in the colon and rectum. The primary pathogenic mechanism of ulcerative colitis is the dysregulation of the mucosal immune response. The disease follows a relapsing-remitting course, and the goal of management is to successfully induce and then maintain remission. Effectively managing this chronic disease requires addressing all aspects of it. Currently, we have various antitumor necrosis factor agents and novel biologics available for treating ulcerative colitis patients with moderate-to-severe disease. However, none of the existing treatments are considered entirely satisfactory or ideal in these cases. After …


Smpdl3b Contributes To Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells Progression By Promoting The Infiltration Of M2 Macrophages, Li Su, Jian Hao, Na Zhang, Shan Wu, Xiuhua Wu, Wei Wei Dec 2023

Smpdl3b Contributes To Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells Progression By Promoting The Infiltration Of M2 Macrophages, Li Su, Jian Hao, Na Zhang, Shan Wu, Xiuhua Wu, Wei Wei

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The common disease gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) has a high morbidity and mortality, so there is an urgent need for research to explore new diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets. This investigation was carried out to investigate the expression of sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase acid-like 3b (SMPDL3B) in GAC and its effects on tumor progression. Materials and methods: Samples were collected from patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from January 2021 to December 2022. Along with the normal gastric epithelial cell lines GES-1 and SGC-7901, the AGS, MGC-803, and MSN-45 human gastric cancer cell lines were used to confirm SMPDL3B expression. RT-qPCR, Western blot, …


Evaluation Of The Cytotoxic Effect Of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles In Human Embryonic Lung Cells, Olkan Afşar, Çağatay Oltulu Dec 2023

Evaluation Of The Cytotoxic Effect Of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles In Human Embryonic Lung Cells, Olkan Afşar, Çağatay Oltulu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles are widely used in a variety of products, including sunscreens, paints, and ceramics. However, their increasing use has raised concerns about their potential health risks. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles have been shown to have the ability to enter the bloodstream and accumulate in various tissues, reaching the fetus via the placenta. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on a human embryonic lung cell line (HEL 299/An1) and the formation of oxidative DNA damage. Materials and methods: The cytotoxic effects of brookite-based titanium dioxide nanoparticles (<100 nm) were assessed using the 3-(4,5-dimethyldiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay for 24 and 48 h. Cell titanium levels were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Oxidative DNA damage was assessed by measuring the levels of 8-hydroxy-2- deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a biomarker. Results: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles caused dose-dependent cytotoxicity in HEL 299/An1 cells. The IC50 values were 25.93 μM and 0.054 μM after 24 h and 48 h of exposure, respectively. Cell titanium levels were found to be 25,967 ppb after 24 h and 210,353 ppb after 48 h (p < 0.01). 8-OHdG was detected at 32.96 ng/mL after 24 h of exposure and 17.89 ng/mL after 48 h of exposure. Conclusion: In our study, it was shown that titanium nanoparticles caused dose-dependent cytotoxicity and oxidative DNA damage in human embryonic lung cells. The nanoparticles also accumulated in cells and were taken up in higher amounts after 48 h of exposure. These findings suggest that titanium dioxide nanoparticles may pose a health risk, especially for pregnant women who may not be aware of their pregnancy. Therefore, it is important to take preventive measures to reduce exposure to these nanoparticles.


Relationship Between Surgical Rhinoplasty And Demodex Infestation: A Case-Control Study, Abdullah Demi̇rbaş, Di̇lek Bayramgürler, Emrah Kağan Yaşar, Muhammed Adak, Can İlker Demi̇r Dec 2023

Relationship Between Surgical Rhinoplasty And Demodex Infestation: A Case-Control Study, Abdullah Demi̇rbaş, Di̇lek Bayramgürler, Emrah Kağan Yaşar, Muhammed Adak, Can İlker Demi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Human Demodex mites are parasites that live in the pilosebaceous unit and can cause demodicosis. While demodicosis may occur as a primary skin disease, it may also result from immunosuppression and topical or systemic immunosuppressive therapies. Surgical rhinoplasty is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures, and it is the cause of a variety of cutaneous complications, particularly acne, as it affects the skin's adnexal structures. Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether the cutaneous changes in surgical rhinoplasty patients render them vulnerable to Demodex infestation. Materials and methods: Individuals who had undergone rhinoplasty (patients) and age- and …


Positive Effects Of Health Behaviors Acquired During The Covid-19 Pandemic Process On The Prevention Of Other Infectious Diseases, Asi̇ye Çi̇ğdem Şi̇mşek, Turan Buzgan, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Şuayip Bi̇ri̇nci̇, Hülya Şi̇ri̇n Dec 2023

Positive Effects Of Health Behaviors Acquired During The Covid-19 Pandemic Process On The Prevention Of Other Infectious Diseases, Asi̇ye Çi̇ğdem Şi̇mşek, Turan Buzgan, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Şuayip Bi̇ri̇nci̇, Hülya Şi̇ri̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: It was aimed to evaluate the positive effects of health behaviors (general hygiene, wearing face masks, physical distancing, and travel restrictions) acquired during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the prevention of other infectious diseases in Ankara Province, Türkiye. Materials and methods: This study was designed retrospectively. Among the notifiable group A infectious diseases, acute intestinal infections (AIIs) with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision diagnosis codes A09 (diarrhea and gastroenteritis presumed to be of infectious origin), R11 (nausea and vomiting), and K52 (other noninfectious gastroenteritis and colitis) , as well as influenza, tuberculosis, measles, varicella, malaria, and …


Characterizing Cutaneous Leishmaniasis In A Conflict-Affected Region: A Study From North Waziristan, Pakistan, Zahid Ullah, Fazeelat Samad, Rahila Bano, Sarah Arif, Sher Zamir, Nighat Aziz, Hassan Khan Dec 2023

Characterizing Cutaneous Leishmaniasis In A Conflict-Affected Region: A Study From North Waziristan, Pakistan, Zahid Ullah, Fazeelat Samad, Rahila Bano, Sarah Arif, Sher Zamir, Nighat Aziz, Hassan Khan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an emerging tropical disease that remains a serious public health issue in Pakistan, particularly in North Waziristan. The current research was carried out to investigate the presence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in this region. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was conducted from October 2018 to December 2020 at District Head Quarter Hospital Miranshah in North Waziristan with the collaboration of the Pathology Department of Gomal Medical College Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Needle aspirates were used for the microscopic Giemsa-stained slides. SPSS was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 5406 clinically-suspected cases, 2603(48.2%) were …


[6]-Shogaol And [6]-Gingerol Active Ingredients May Improve Neuropathic Pain By Suppressing Cytokine Levels In An Experimental Model, Fi̇kri̇ Özdemi̇r, Güven Akçay, Sevi̇l Özkinali, Çağla Çeli̇k Dec 2023

[6]-Shogaol And [6]-Gingerol Active Ingredients May Improve Neuropathic Pain By Suppressing Cytokine Levels In An Experimental Model, Fi̇kri̇ Özdemi̇r, Güven Akçay, Sevi̇l Özkinali, Çağla Çeli̇k

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a type of chronic pain usually caused by damage to the somatosensory system. Bioactive antioxidant compounds, such as curcumin and ginger, are widely preferred in the treatment of NP. However, the ingredient-based mechanism that underlies their pain-relieving activity remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of trans-[6]-Shogaol and [6]-Gingerol active ingredients of the Zingiber officinale Roscoe extract on the spinal cord and cortex in the neuroinflammatory pathway in rats with experimental sciatic nerve injury. Materials and methods: Forty-six volatile phenolic components were identified in ginger samples using gas chromatography-mass …


Ss-D-Glucan Promotes Nf-Κb Activation And Ameliorates High-Let Carbon-Ion Irradiation-Induced Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell Injury, Fang Liu, Yanting Wei, Zhuanzi Wang Dec 2023

Ss-D-Glucan Promotes Nf-Κb Activation And Ameliorates High-Let Carbon-Ion Irradiation-Induced Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell Injury, Fang Liu, Yanting Wei, Zhuanzi Wang

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Heavy-ion irradiation seriously perturbs cellular homeostasis and thus damages cells. Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) play an important role in the pathological process of radiation damage. Protecting ECs from heavy-ion radiation is of great significance in the radioprotection of normal tissues. In this study, the radioprotective effect of ß-D-glucan (BG) derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (EA.hy926) cytotoxicity produced by carbon-ion irradiation was examined and the probable mechanism was established. Materials and methods: EA.hy926 cells were divided into seven groups: a control group; 1, 2, or 4 Gy radiation; and 10 µg/mL BG pretreatment for 24 …