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Effect Of Humanine On The Notch Signaling Pathway In Myocardial Infarction, Eli̇f Onat, Ebru Önalan, Berna Özdem, Merve Kavak Balgeti̇r, Tuncay Kuloğlu Dec 2023

Effect Of Humanine On The Notch Signaling Pathway In Myocardial Infarction, Eli̇f Onat, Ebru Önalan, Berna Özdem, Merve Kavak Balgeti̇r, Tuncay Kuloğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: By applying humanin (HN) before myocardial infarction (MI), its protection in myocardial injury and the possible roles of its cellular mechanism in the Notch pathway were investigated. Materials and methods: The study was carried out at Fırat University Experimental Research Center (12/24/2018-12/23/2019). Spraque-Dawley rats were divided into 10 groups: I (control) (n = 6), II (HN 6 h) (n = 6), III (HN 24 h) (n = 6), IV (HN day 7) (n = 6), V (MI 6 h) (n = 7), VI (MI 24 h) (n = 7), VII (MI day 7) (n = 7), VIII (MI+HN 6 …


Oral Small Molecule Agents In Management Of Ulcerative Colitis: Fact Or Fancy, Benan Kasapoğlu, Ati̇lla Ertan Dec 2023

Oral Small Molecule Agents In Management Of Ulcerative Colitis: Fact Or Fancy, Benan Kasapoğlu, Ati̇lla Ertan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease characterized by recurring episodes of mucosal inflammation in the colon and rectum. The primary pathogenic mechanism of ulcerative colitis is the dysregulation of the mucosal immune response. The disease follows a relapsing-remitting course, and the goal of management is to successfully induce and then maintain remission. Effectively managing this chronic disease requires addressing all aspects of it. Currently, we have various antitumor necrosis factor agents and novel biologics available for treating ulcerative colitis patients with moderate-to-severe disease. However, none of the existing treatments are considered entirely satisfactory or ideal in these cases. After …


Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography In Rheumatic Diseases, Erhan Çapkin Dec 2023

Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography In Rheumatic Diseases, Erhan Çapkin

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Ultrasonography is an imaging technique based on sound waves used for the evaluation of soft tissues. Sound waves have been used for a long time in nonmedical fields, including military defense systems, radar systems, and detection of icebergs. Technological advances resulted in new techniques becoming available for medical imaging, including ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. Nowadays, the use of imaging has become a gold standard protocol in the diagnosis of many diseases, and recently developed diagnosis and therapy options provide more efficient treatment of rheumatic diseases. Thus, it has become possible to prevent structural damage and disability in …


Long Noncoding Rnas In Pancreas Cancer: From Biomarkers To Therapeutic Targets, Esra Güzel Tanoğlu, Seyfure Adigüzel, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Zehra Betül Aydin, Güli̇zar Hocaoğlu, Samet Ebi̇nç Dec 2023

Long Noncoding Rnas In Pancreas Cancer: From Biomarkers To Therapeutic Targets, Esra Güzel Tanoğlu, Seyfure Adigüzel, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Zehra Betül Aydin, Güli̇zar Hocaoğlu, Samet Ebi̇nç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are noncoding RNA molecules with a heterogeneous structure consisting of 200 or more nucleotides. Because these noncoding RNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II, they have properties similar to messenger RNA (mRNA). Contrary to popular belief, the term "ncRNA" originated before the discovery of microRNAs. LncRNA genes are more numerous than protein-coding genes. They are the focus of current molecular research because of their pivotal roles in cancer-related processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration. The incidence of pancreatic cancer (PC) is increasing around the world and research on the molecular aspects of PC are …


Expression Of Pfkfb Isoenzymes During In Vitro Differentiation Of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells Into Insulin-Producing Cells, Sai̇me Güzel, Abdullah Yalçin, Yunus Gürpinar, Sabi̇re Güler Dec 2023

Expression Of Pfkfb Isoenzymes During In Vitro Differentiation Of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells Into Insulin-Producing Cells, Sai̇me Güzel, Abdullah Yalçin, Yunus Gürpinar, Sabi̇re Güler

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is caused by the autoimmune-mediated destruction of insulin-producing cells (IPCs) and still has no effective cure. Better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into IPCs may help us improve the therapeutic strategies for treating T1DM. 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6- bisphosphatases (Pfkfb1-4) are key regulators of glucose metabolism. Although Pfkfb3 has been shown to be required for the growth of early differentiated mouse ESCs (mESCs), more studies are needed to further assess the roles of Pfkfb isoenzymes in embryonic development and differentiation, particularly into specific cell types. In this study, …


Protective Effects Of Safranal On Kidney Tissue In A Rat Model Of Distant Ischemiareperfusion Injury With Infrarenal Aortic Occlusion, Mehmet Tort, Hülya Sevi̇l, Fehi̇m Can Sevi̇l, Neci̇p Beci̇t, Uğur Aksu, Zülfükar Kadi̇r Saritaş, Hasan Hüseyi̇n Demi̇rel, Azi̇z Bülbül, Zehra Yaşar, Merve Beci̇t Kizilkaya, Hazen Saritaş Dec 2023

Protective Effects Of Safranal On Kidney Tissue In A Rat Model Of Distant Ischemiareperfusion Injury With Infrarenal Aortic Occlusion, Mehmet Tort, Hülya Sevi̇l, Fehi̇m Can Sevi̇l, Neci̇p Beci̇t, Uğur Aksu, Zülfükar Kadi̇r Saritaş, Hasan Hüseyi̇n Demi̇rel, Azi̇z Bülbül, Zehra Yaşar, Merve Beci̇t Kizilkaya, Hazen Saritaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury to a part of the body can cause damage to distant organs such as the kidney and heart. This study investigated the protective effects of safranal against IR-induced renal injury. Materials and methods: Used in this study were 24 Wistar Albino male rats, which were divided into 3 equal and randomised groups. The sham group underwent laparotomy only. In the IR group, the infrarenal aorta was clamped for 1 h, and then reperfused for 2 h. In the IR-safranal group, safranal was administered 30 min before the procedure and IR injury was induced in the same …


Protective Effects Of Swimming Exercises And Metformin On Cardiac And Aortic Damage Caused By A High-Fat Diet In Obese Rats With Type 2 Diabetes, By Regulating The Bcl2/Bax Signaling Pathway, Ebru Özüdoğru, Emrah Atay, Mehtap Savran, Hali̇l Aşci, Özlem Özmen, Şenay Topsakal Dec 2023

Protective Effects Of Swimming Exercises And Metformin On Cardiac And Aortic Damage Caused By A High-Fat Diet In Obese Rats With Type 2 Diabetes, By Regulating The Bcl2/Bax Signaling Pathway, Ebru Özüdoğru, Emrah Atay, Mehtap Savran, Hali̇l Aşci, Özlem Özmen, Şenay Topsakal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Due to the increasing mortality and morbidity rates in diabetes mellitus (DM), which is one of the biggest health problems of our age, many treatment modalities are still being tried. The positive effects of metformin (MET) and physical exercise (EXE) on the pathophysiology of diabetes are well known. In this study, it was aimed to detail these positive effects of MET and EXE in combination on the basis of inflammation, apoptosis mechanisms, and endogen nesfatin-1 (NES-1) synthesis. Materials and methods: Twenty-seven type 2 DM (DM-2) male Wistar Albino rats were divided into 4 groups, as the high-fat diet (HFD), …


Effects Of Acetylsalicylic Acid And Ultrasound Elastography On Testicular Torsion In Rats, Ezgi̇ Gün Soytürk, Ünal Biçakci, Serdar Aslan, Tolga Güvenç, Meltem Neci̇be Ceyhan Bi̇lgi̇ci̇ Dec 2023

Effects Of Acetylsalicylic Acid And Ultrasound Elastography On Testicular Torsion In Rats, Ezgi̇ Gün Soytürk, Ünal Biçakci, Serdar Aslan, Tolga Güvenç, Meltem Neci̇be Ceyhan Bi̇lgi̇ci̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To investigate the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and the use of ultrasound elastography on testicular torsion. Materials and methods: Herein, 6 equal groups of rats were formed (n: 48): control group, sham group, torsion/detorsion (T/D)-1 h group, T/D-1 h + ASA group, T/D-8 h group, and T/D-8 h + ASA group. Testicular torsion was created by rotating the left testis 720° clockwise. At 30 min before torsion, 100 mg/kg of ASA was injected intraperitoneally. Elastography was performed at 8 and 24 h. After orchiectomy, specimens were collected for histopathological evaluation. Results: When comparing the left testicular volume (LV) …


Cochlear Pathology In Preeclamptic Rats: Protective Effects Of Vitamin D And Magnesium Sulfate, Mustafa Altintaş, Eni̇s Hi̇di̇şoğlu, Alexandra Cernomorceno, Nuray Ensari̇, Nevreste Di̇dem Sonbay Yilmaz, Özer Erdem Gür, Hülya Eyi̇gör, Züleyha Di̇lek Gülmez, Erdoğan Bulut, Serap Şi̇rvanci, Selahatti̇n Kumru Dec 2023

Cochlear Pathology In Preeclamptic Rats: Protective Effects Of Vitamin D And Magnesium Sulfate, Mustafa Altintaş, Eni̇s Hi̇di̇şoğlu, Alexandra Cernomorceno, Nuray Ensari̇, Nevreste Di̇dem Sonbay Yilmaz, Özer Erdem Gür, Hülya Eyi̇gör, Züleyha Di̇lek Gülmez, Erdoğan Bulut, Serap Şi̇rvanci, Selahatti̇n Kumru

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study investigated the possible degeneration in cochlear morphology induced by preeclampsia (PE) and the therapeutic/preventive effect of vitamin D (Vit D) and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) used separately and together on feto-maternal outcomes. Materials and methods: We created PE in rats using a reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) animal model and recorded blood pressure (BP), embryonic survival (ES), and embryonic weight (EW) and evaluated cochlear morphology by electron microscopy. Results: The PE group had elevated BP, a decreased number and weight of live pups, and significant degeneration in the cochlea compared to the sham group. In the PEV group, …


Smpdl3b Contributes To Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells Progression By Promoting The Infiltration Of M2 Macrophages, Li Su, Jian Hao, Na Zhang, Shan Wu, Xiuhua Wu, Wei Wei Dec 2023

Smpdl3b Contributes To Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells Progression By Promoting The Infiltration Of M2 Macrophages, Li Su, Jian Hao, Na Zhang, Shan Wu, Xiuhua Wu, Wei Wei

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The common disease gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) has a high morbidity and mortality, so there is an urgent need for research to explore new diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets. This investigation was carried out to investigate the expression of sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase acid-like 3b (SMPDL3B) in GAC and its effects on tumor progression. Materials and methods: Samples were collected from patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from January 2021 to December 2022. Along with the normal gastric epithelial cell lines GES-1 and SGC-7901, the AGS, MGC-803, and MSN-45 human gastric cancer cell lines were used to confirm SMPDL3B expression. RT-qPCR, Western blot, …


Evaluation Of The Cytotoxic Effect Of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles In Human Embryonic Lung Cells, Olkan Afşar, Çağatay Oltulu Dec 2023

Evaluation Of The Cytotoxic Effect Of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles In Human Embryonic Lung Cells, Olkan Afşar, Çağatay Oltulu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles are widely used in a variety of products, including sunscreens, paints, and ceramics. However, their increasing use has raised concerns about their potential health risks. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles have been shown to have the ability to enter the bloodstream and accumulate in various tissues, reaching the fetus via the placenta. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on a human embryonic lung cell line (HEL 299/An1) and the formation of oxidative DNA damage. Materials and methods: The cytotoxic effects of brookite-based titanium dioxide nanoparticles (<100 nm) were assessed using the 3-(4,5-dimethyldiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay for 24 and 48 h. Cell titanium levels were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Oxidative DNA damage was assessed by measuring the levels of 8-hydroxy-2- deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a biomarker. Results: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles caused dose-dependent cytotoxicity in HEL 299/An1 cells. The IC50 values were 25.93 μM and 0.054 μM after 24 h and 48 h of exposure, respectively. Cell titanium levels were found to be 25,967 ppb after 24 h and 210,353 ppb after 48 h (p < 0.01). 8-OHdG was detected at 32.96 ng/mL after 24 h of exposure and 17.89 ng/mL after 48 h of exposure. Conclusion: In our study, it was shown that titanium nanoparticles caused dose-dependent cytotoxicity and oxidative DNA damage in human embryonic lung cells. The nanoparticles also accumulated in cells and were taken up in higher amounts after 48 h of exposure. These findings suggest that titanium dioxide nanoparticles may pose a health risk, especially for pregnant women who may not be aware of their pregnancy. Therefore, it is important to take preventive measures to reduce exposure to these nanoparticles.


Different Roles Of Endothelial Cell-Derived Fibronectin And Plasma Fibronectin In Endothelial Dysfunction, Xiaoxin Luo, Weixiong Jian Dec 2023

Different Roles Of Endothelial Cell-Derived Fibronectin And Plasma Fibronectin In Endothelial Dysfunction, Xiaoxin Luo, Weixiong Jian

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

MDABackground/ aim: Atherosclerosis is significantly influenced by endothelial cell activation and dysfunction. Studies have demonstrated the substantial presence of fibronectin (Fn) within atherosclerotic plaques, promoting endothelial inflammation and activation. However, cellular Fn (cFn) secreted by various cell types, including endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells, and plasma Fn (pFn) produced by hepatocytes. They are distinct forms of Fn that differ in both structure and function. The specific contribution of different types of Fn in promoting endothelial cell activation and dysfunction remain uncertain. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the respective roles of pFn and endothelial cell-derived Fn (FnEC) in promoting …


Csrp1 Expression Is Associated With A Mesenchymal, Stroma-Rich Tumor Profile And Poor Prognosis In Colon Cancer, Seçi̇l Demi̇rkol Canli Dec 2023

Csrp1 Expression Is Associated With A Mesenchymal, Stroma-Rich Tumor Profile And Poor Prognosis In Colon Cancer, Seçi̇l Demi̇rkol Canli

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Cysteine and glycine-rich protein 1 (CSRP1) is involved in the cysteine-rich protein family and is a marker of smooth muscle lineages. In colon cancer, the expression of this gene is associated with poor prognosis. In this study, the aim was to reevaluate its prognostic relationship in independent cohorts and explore potential underlying biological processes that are linked to aggressive behavior in tumors with high CSRP1 expression, such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), stromal fractions in the tumor microenvironment, and consensus molecular subtypes (CMSs). Materials and methods: RNA sequencing (RNAseq)-, microarray-, and single-cell RNAseq (scRNAseq)-based transcriptomic data were obtained from public …


Evaluation Of Sestrin 2 And Tribbles Homolog 3 Levels In Obese And Nonobese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Ayşegül Çatal, Evri̇m Ebru Kovalak Dec 2023

Evaluation Of Sestrin 2 And Tribbles Homolog 3 Levels In Obese And Nonobese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Ayşegül Çatal, Evri̇m Ebru Kovalak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study was designed to evaluate the relationship of two new biomarkers [tribbles homolog 3 (TRB3) and sestrin 2 levels], which were previously associated with obesity, with metabolic parameters in obese and nonobese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional case control study was conducted between September 2017 and August 2019 in the gynecology department of a tertiary referral hospital. The values of the plasma sestrin 2, TRB3, insulin, fasting plasma glucose, lipid profile, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were compared in 90 obese women with PCOS (BMI > 30), 90 women with …


Craniocervical Junction Involvement In Inflammatory Arthritis: A Single-Center Radiologic Study, Fatma Yalçinkaya, Şafak Parlak Sağol, Aynur Azizova, Emre Bi̇lgi̇n, Kader Karli Oğuz, Umut Kalyoncu Dec 2023

Craniocervical Junction Involvement In Inflammatory Arthritis: A Single-Center Radiologic Study, Fatma Yalçinkaya, Şafak Parlak Sağol, Aynur Azizova, Emre Bi̇lgi̇n, Kader Karli Oğuz, Umut Kalyoncu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Craniocervical junction (CCJ) can be involved in inflammatory arthritis. We aimed to define types of CCJ involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and compare them with patients without inflammatory arthritides. Materials and methods: In this retrospective analysis, cervical CT or MRIs of patients with RA, SpA, or PsA, taken for any reason between 2010 and 2020, according to ICD-10 codes, were scanned. Demographic data of the patients were recorded. CCJ involvements (atlantoaxial, vertical, or subaxial subluxation, odontoid process involvement) were reevaluated by an experienced radiologist. The control group consisted of consecutive patients without inflammatory …


Relationship Between Surgical Rhinoplasty And Demodex Infestation: A Case-Control Study, Abdullah Demi̇rbaş, Di̇lek Bayramgürler, Emrah Kağan Yaşar, Muhammed Adak, Can İlker Demi̇r Dec 2023

Relationship Between Surgical Rhinoplasty And Demodex Infestation: A Case-Control Study, Abdullah Demi̇rbaş, Di̇lek Bayramgürler, Emrah Kağan Yaşar, Muhammed Adak, Can İlker Demi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Human Demodex mites are parasites that live in the pilosebaceous unit and can cause demodicosis. While demodicosis may occur as a primary skin disease, it may also result from immunosuppression and topical or systemic immunosuppressive therapies. Surgical rhinoplasty is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures, and it is the cause of a variety of cutaneous complications, particularly acne, as it affects the skin's adnexal structures. Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether the cutaneous changes in surgical rhinoplasty patients render them vulnerable to Demodex infestation. Materials and methods: Individuals who had undergone rhinoplasty (patients) and age- and …


Covid-19 In Cancer Patients: Patient Characteristics And Outcomes In The Post-Covid-19 Vaccination Period, Gülşen İskender, Duygu Mert, Göknur Yapar Toros, Funda Yilmaz, Ersi̇n Bozan, Semra Tunçbi̇lek, Ömür Berna Çakmak Öksüzoğlu, Fevzi̇ Altuntaş, Mustafa Ertek Dec 2023

Covid-19 In Cancer Patients: Patient Characteristics And Outcomes In The Post-Covid-19 Vaccination Period, Gülşen İskender, Duygu Mert, Göknur Yapar Toros, Funda Yilmaz, Ersi̇n Bozan, Semra Tunçbi̇lek, Ömür Berna Çakmak Öksüzoğlu, Fevzi̇ Altuntaş, Mustafa Ertek

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim:It wasaimed herein to investigate coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in cancer patients and compare hematological and solid organ cancer patients in terms of the course and outcome of this disease. Materials and methods:Data from cancer patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection were analyzed retrospectively. Risk factors for poor prognosis and the effect of vaccination on the clinical outcomes of the patients were evaluated. Results:A total of 403 cancer patients who were diagnosed with COVID-19 between March 1st, 2021, and November 30th, 2022, were included, of whom 329 (81.6%) had solid and 74 (18.4%) had hematological cancers. Hospitalization and intensive care unit (ICU) …


Positive Effects Of Health Behaviors Acquired During The Covid-19 Pandemic Process On The Prevention Of Other Infectious Diseases, Asi̇ye Çi̇ğdem Şi̇mşek, Turan Buzgan, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Şuayip Bi̇ri̇nci̇, Hülya Şi̇ri̇n Dec 2023

Positive Effects Of Health Behaviors Acquired During The Covid-19 Pandemic Process On The Prevention Of Other Infectious Diseases, Asi̇ye Çi̇ğdem Şi̇mşek, Turan Buzgan, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Şuayip Bi̇ri̇nci̇, Hülya Şi̇ri̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: It was aimed to evaluate the positive effects of health behaviors (general hygiene, wearing face masks, physical distancing, and travel restrictions) acquired during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the prevention of other infectious diseases in Ankara Province, Türkiye. Materials and methods: This study was designed retrospectively. Among the notifiable group A infectious diseases, acute intestinal infections (AIIs) with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision diagnosis codes A09 (diarrhea and gastroenteritis presumed to be of infectious origin), R11 (nausea and vomiting), and K52 (other noninfectious gastroenteritis and colitis) , as well as influenza, tuberculosis, measles, varicella, malaria, and …


Characterizing Cutaneous Leishmaniasis In A Conflict-Affected Region: A Study From North Waziristan, Pakistan, Zahid Ullah, Fazeelat Samad, Rahila Bano, Sarah Arif, Sher Zamir, Nighat Aziz, Hassan Khan Dec 2023

Characterizing Cutaneous Leishmaniasis In A Conflict-Affected Region: A Study From North Waziristan, Pakistan, Zahid Ullah, Fazeelat Samad, Rahila Bano, Sarah Arif, Sher Zamir, Nighat Aziz, Hassan Khan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an emerging tropical disease that remains a serious public health issue in Pakistan, particularly in North Waziristan. The current research was carried out to investigate the presence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in this region. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was conducted from October 2018 to December 2020 at District Head Quarter Hospital Miranshah in North Waziristan with the collaboration of the Pathology Department of Gomal Medical College Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Needle aspirates were used for the microscopic Giemsa-stained slides. SPSS was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 5406 clinically-suspected cases, 2603(48.2%) were …


Electroencephalographic Abnormalities In Children With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Study, Ruken Yildirim, Ceren Günbey Dec 2023

Electroencephalographic Abnormalities In Children With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Study, Ruken Yildirim, Ceren Günbey

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim herein was to investigate epileptiform discharges on electroencephalogram (EEG), their correlation with glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 autoantibody (GAD-ab) in newly diagnosed pediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients and interpret their medium-term utility in predicting epilepsy. Materials and methods: Children presenting with T1DM between July 2018 and December 2019 were included in this prospective longitudinal study. Patients with a history of head injury, chronic illness, neurological disorder, seizure, autism, or encephalopathy were excluded. EEGs were obtained within the first 7 days of diagnosis and later reviewed by a pediatric neurologist. All of the children were clinically followed-up …


Assessment Of Changes In Macular Structural Retinal Layers In Patients With Pathological Myopia, Mehmet Çitirik, Kami̇l Yavuzer, Fatma Bağci Dec 2023

Assessment Of Changes In Macular Structural Retinal Layers In Patients With Pathological Myopia, Mehmet Çitirik, Kami̇l Yavuzer, Fatma Bağci

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to examine changes in the thickness of individual macular retinal layers in eyes with pathological myopia (PM) and to compare the thickness of each retinal layer between the PM and control groups to gain insights into retinal perfusion. Materials and methods: The study included 51 eyes in the PM group and 51 eyes in the control group. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to measure the thickness of each retinal layer in the central fovea, parafoveal, and perifoveal regions. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) was used to evaluate the retinal capillary density. Results: In the PM …


Comparison Of The Effectiveness Of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization And Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy In Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Şeyda Candeni̇z, Seyi̇t Çitaker, Gökhan Maraş, Hati̇ce Esra Yavuzer, Hasan Yildirim, Zafer Günendi̇ Dec 2023

Comparison Of The Effectiveness Of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization And Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy In Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Şeyda Candeni̇z, Seyi̇t Çitaker, Gökhan Maraş, Hati̇ce Esra Yavuzer, Hasan Yildirim, Zafer Günendi̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To compare the effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) used in myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and to determine whether they are superior to conservative treatment (CT). Materials and methods: A total of 42 female patients (aged 18-60 years) diagnosed with MPS were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the CT (n = 14), CT+IASTM (n = 14), or CT+ESWT group (n = 14). All of the groups received treatment for 3 weeks (CT: 5 sessions per week, 15 sessions in total, ESWT and IASTM: 2 sessions per week, 6 sessions in total). …


Individualized Hemodialysis: Is Similar Hemodialysis Adequacy Possible Using Less Water?, Ali̇ Aktaş, Hakan Özer, İsmai̇l Baloğlu, Hali̇l Zeki̇ Tonbul, İbrahi̇m Güney, Nedi̇m Yilmaz Selçuk Dec 2023

Individualized Hemodialysis: Is Similar Hemodialysis Adequacy Possible Using Less Water?, Ali̇ Aktaş, Hakan Özer, İsmai̇l Baloğlu, Hali̇l Zeki̇ Tonbul, İbrahi̇m Güney, Nedi̇m Yilmaz Selçuk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background and aim: There are over 60,000 hemodialysis (HD) patients in Türkiye, and the number of patients is increasing yearly. Dialysate flow rate (Qd) is a factor in HD adequacy. Approximately 150 L of water are consumed per session to prepare the dialysate. We aimed to investigate whether HD effectiveness can be achieved at a low Qd in different patient groups for the purpose of saving water. Materials and methods: This prospective study included 81 HD patients from 2 centers. The patients underwent an aggregate total of 486 HD sessions, including 3 sessions at a Qd of 500 mL/min and …


Efficacy Of Rituximab On Disease Activity, Severity, And Disease-Related Damage In Patients With Immunosuppressive-Resistant Systemic Sclerosis, Yasemi̇n Yalçinkaya, Bahar Artim Esen, Shirkhan Amikishiyev, Numune Aliyeva, Ahmet Gül, Mahdume Lale Öçal, Murat İnanç Dec 2023

Efficacy Of Rituximab On Disease Activity, Severity, And Disease-Related Damage In Patients With Immunosuppressive-Resistant Systemic Sclerosis, Yasemi̇n Yalçinkaya, Bahar Artim Esen, Shirkhan Amikishiyev, Numune Aliyeva, Ahmet Gül, Mahdume Lale Öçal, Murat İnanç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: B-cell depletion with rituximab (RTX) is widely used as a rescue therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim herein was to analyze the progress of disease-related outcomes after RTX therapy in severe SSc patients. Materials and methods: Included in this study were 27 SSc patients who were followed-up between 2012 and 2020 and received at least 1 cycle of RTX for active disease, despite receiving standard immunosuppressives (ISs). In addition to the European Scleroderma Study Group and European Scleroderma Trials and Research Group activity scores, Medsger's severity, and the recently developed Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium Damage Index …


Prospective Study Of The Effects Of Isotretinoin And Vitamin D Levels On Severe Acne Vulgaris, Ramadan Hussein, Salman Bindayel, Othman Abahussein Dec 2023

Prospective Study Of The Effects Of Isotretinoin And Vitamin D Levels On Severe Acne Vulgaris, Ramadan Hussein, Salman Bindayel, Othman Abahussein

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a common inflammatory skin condition associated with psychological and social distress. Its pathogenesis involves factors such as sebaceous hypersecretion and Cutibacterium acnes colonization. Vitamin D plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory skin disorders, including AV, due to its immunomodulatory effects and involvement in keratinocyte growth and maturity. However, adequate sun exposure is required for optimal vitamin D synthesis. Isotretinoin (IOS), a vitamin A derivative, is a commonly used medication for severe acne, acting by binding to retinoid receptors. It can also form heterodimers with vitamin D receptors, potentially increasing vitamin D …


[6]-Shogaol And [6]-Gingerol Active Ingredients May Improve Neuropathic Pain By Suppressing Cytokine Levels In An Experimental Model, Fi̇kri̇ Özdemi̇r, Güven Akçay, Sevi̇l Özkinali, Çağla Çeli̇k Dec 2023

[6]-Shogaol And [6]-Gingerol Active Ingredients May Improve Neuropathic Pain By Suppressing Cytokine Levels In An Experimental Model, Fi̇kri̇ Özdemi̇r, Güven Akçay, Sevi̇l Özkinali, Çağla Çeli̇k

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a type of chronic pain usually caused by damage to the somatosensory system. Bioactive antioxidant compounds, such as curcumin and ginger, are widely preferred in the treatment of NP. However, the ingredient-based mechanism that underlies their pain-relieving activity remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of trans-[6]-Shogaol and [6]-Gingerol active ingredients of the Zingiber officinale Roscoe extract on the spinal cord and cortex in the neuroinflammatory pathway in rats with experimental sciatic nerve injury. Materials and methods: Forty-six volatile phenolic components were identified in ginger samples using gas chromatography-mass …


Ss-D-Glucan Promotes Nf-Κb Activation And Ameliorates High-Let Carbon-Ion Irradiation-Induced Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell Injury, Fang Liu, Yanting Wei, Zhuanzi Wang Dec 2023

Ss-D-Glucan Promotes Nf-Κb Activation And Ameliorates High-Let Carbon-Ion Irradiation-Induced Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell Injury, Fang Liu, Yanting Wei, Zhuanzi Wang

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Heavy-ion irradiation seriously perturbs cellular homeostasis and thus damages cells. Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) play an important role in the pathological process of radiation damage. Protecting ECs from heavy-ion radiation is of great significance in the radioprotection of normal tissues. In this study, the radioprotective effect of ß-D-glucan (BG) derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (EA.hy926) cytotoxicity produced by carbon-ion irradiation was examined and the probable mechanism was established. Materials and methods: EA.hy926 cells were divided into seven groups: a control group; 1, 2, or 4 Gy radiation; and 10 µg/mL BG pretreatment for 24 …


The Evaluation Of Oxidative Stress And Inflammation Markers In Serum And Saliva Of The Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders, Di̇lara Kazan, Burcu Baş, Abdurrahman Aksoy, Enes Atmaca Dec 2023

The Evaluation Of Oxidative Stress And Inflammation Markers In Serum And Saliva Of The Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders, Di̇lara Kazan, Burcu Baş, Abdurrahman Aksoy, Enes Atmaca

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD), as in the occurrence of many diseases, have been associated with oxidative stress (OS) resulting from the disruption of antioxidant mechanisms and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species in tissues. This study was designed to compare salivary and serum OS and inflammation markers of individuals with TMD and healthy subjects. Materials and methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Twenty-seven TMD patients diagnosed with disc displacement (DD) according to Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) and 17 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. Prior to any treatment, serum, and saliva samples were taken from …


Management And Prognosis Of Patients With Cancer Of Unknown Primary: 20 Years Of Experience, Murat Bardakçi, Efnan Algin, Büşra Dügeroğlu, Öznur Bal, Fahri̇ye Tuğba Köş, Doğan Uncu Dec 2023

Management And Prognosis Of Patients With Cancer Of Unknown Primary: 20 Years Of Experience, Murat Bardakçi, Efnan Algin, Büşra Dügeroğlu, Öznur Bal, Fahri̇ye Tuğba Köş, Doğan Uncu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a difficult clinical entity to manage. The aim of the study was to investigate the sociodemographic and pathological characteristics, treatment options, and factors affecting overall survival (OS) in CUP patients whose primary tumor was not detected during follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 243 CUP patients whose primary tumors could not be detected during follow-up were included in the study. Their demographic characteristics, survival outcomes, and prognostic factors were investigated. Results: Of the 243 patients included in this study, 61.7% were male and 38.3% were female, and the median age was 61 …


Comprehensive Comparison Of Clinicoradiological, Laboratory, And Prognostic Factors Of Community-Acquired Pneumonia In Diabetic And Nondiabetic Hospitalized Patients, Seyyed Hamid Hashemi, Fatemeh Saki, Shiva Borzouei, Rashed Bawand, Alireza Soltanian Dec 2023

Comprehensive Comparison Of Clinicoradiological, Laboratory, And Prognostic Factors Of Community-Acquired Pneumonia In Diabetic And Nondiabetic Hospitalized Patients, Seyyed Hamid Hashemi, Fatemeh Saki, Shiva Borzouei, Rashed Bawand, Alireza Soltanian

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the leading infectious causes of mortality, and diabetes mellitus is a globally prevalent disease. Consequently, the cooccurrence of these two disorders can be common and create challenging medical conditions. Therefore, it was aimed to compare the various aspects of CAP in diabetic and nondiabetic patients, in order to have a comprehensive and comparative picture of the differences. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, CAP patients with and without diabetes were assessed for clinicoradiological signs, laboratory features, disease severity, and pneumonia outcomes. Results: Analyzed herein were 172 CAP patients (77 had diabetes and …