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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Analysis Of Risk Factors And Changes In Myocardial Biomarker Levels In 122 Cases Of Early Neonatal Anemia, Zhenhua Sui Jan 2024

Analysis Of Risk Factors And Changes In Myocardial Biomarker Levels In 122 Cases Of Early Neonatal Anemia, Zhenhua Sui

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Anemia in the first week after birth, which could affect growth, development, and organ function, should be an important warning sign to clinicians. The aim of this study was to assess the related risk factors of early neonatal anemia and to analyze the effect of anemia on the expression levels of myocardial markers in newborns.Materials and methods: Clinical data from 122 confirmed cases of anemic newborns and 108 nonanemic newborns were collected to analyze the independent risk factors for early anemia using logistic regression analyses. Blood samples were collected from both groups for the detection of myocardial markers, including the …


Recurrence Of Lumbar Disk Herniation After Microdiscectomy: A Two-Center Retrospective Analysis Of 1214 Cases And Identification Of Risk Factors, Bülent Gülensoy, Ebru Güzel, Müge Kuzu Kumcu, Hüseyi̇n Karasu, Serkan Şi̇mşek, Aslan Güzel Oct 2023

Recurrence Of Lumbar Disk Herniation After Microdiscectomy: A Two-Center Retrospective Analysis Of 1214 Cases And Identification Of Risk Factors, Bülent Gülensoy, Ebru Güzel, Müge Kuzu Kumcu, Hüseyi̇n Karasu, Serkan Şi̇mşek, Aslan Güzel

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To present the incidence of recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH) and to identify radiological and patient-related risk factors that lead to recurrence after lumbar disc herniation (LDH) treatment with microdiscectomy. Materials and methods: Between January 2013 and December 2021, 1214 patients who had undergone microdiscectomy for LDH were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into two groups, the recurrent group and the non-recurrent group, and their demographic, clinical and radiologic characteristics were recorded. The association between the variables and RLDH was assessed by univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses. Results: Mean ages were similar in the recurrent …


Is Cancer Risk Reduced In Multiple Sclerosis? Results From A Tertiary Referral Center, Yasemi̇n Bahar, Egemen Yildiz, Abdul Rasheed Bahar, Rana Karabudak Aug 2023

Is Cancer Risk Reduced In Multiple Sclerosis? Results From A Tertiary Referral Center, Yasemi̇n Bahar, Egemen Yildiz, Abdul Rasheed Bahar, Rana Karabudak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients may be protected against cancer because of increased immune surveillance. However, aberrant T/B cell functioning in MS may increase the risk of cancer. We aimed to compare the frequency of cancer among patients with MS with an appropriate control group matched by the variables such as age, gender, tobacco smoking history, body mass index (BMI), and family history of cancer. Materials and methods: The MS patients who were registered and followed up at the MS Center in Hacettepe University Hospitals and appropriately matched with controls were included. A self-administered questionnaire with links to the online …


Factors Affecting Mortality In Geriatric Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19, Rabi̇a Bağ Soytaş, Damla Ünal, Pinar Arman, Veysel Suzan, Tuğçe Emi̇roğlu Gedi̇k, Günay Can, Bora Korkmazer, Ridvan Karaali̇, Şermi̇n Börekçi̇, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Hakan Yavuzer, Ülev Deni̇z Erdi̇nçler, Alper Döventaş Jan 2021

Factors Affecting Mortality In Geriatric Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19, Rabi̇a Bağ Soytaş, Damla Ünal, Pinar Arman, Veysel Suzan, Tuğçe Emi̇roğlu Gedi̇k, Günay Can, Bora Korkmazer, Ridvan Karaali̇, Şermi̇n Börekçi̇, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Hakan Yavuzer, Ülev Deni̇z Erdi̇nçler, Alper Döventaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to investigate the factors affecting the mortality of patients aged 65 years or older who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study of patients 65 years old or older with COVID-19 who were hospitalized in İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty Hospital, between March 11 and May 28, 2020. Demographic, clinical, treatment, and laboratory data were extracted from electronic medical records. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to explore the risk factors for in-hospital death. Results: A total of 218 patients (112 men, 106 women) …


From Asymptomatic To Critical Illness: Decoding Various Clinical Stages Of Covid-19, İlhami̇ Çeli̇k, Recep Öztürk Jan 2021

From Asymptomatic To Critical Illness: Decoding Various Clinical Stages Of Covid-19, İlhami̇ Çeli̇k, Recep Öztürk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The clinical course of COVID-19 is variable, with clinical manifestation ranging from 81% mild course to 14% severe course along with 5% critical course in patients. The asymptomatic course is reported to potentially range between 20% and 70% (avg. 33%). A more severe course is seen in the elderly, those with various chronic diseases, and the immunosuppressed, where the case fatality rate is higher in these risk groups. The disease progresses with various symptoms, such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, malaise, myalgia, taste and smell disorders, diarrhea, sore throat, headache, and conjunctivitis. The disease begins with shortness of breath, …


Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For 28-Day Mortality In Critically Ill Patients With Covid-19: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Mehmet Nuri̇ Yakar, Begüm Ergan, Bi̇şar Ergün, Murat Küçük, Ali̇ Cantürk, Mahmut Cem Ergon, Naci̇ye Si̇nem Gezer, Erdem Yaka, Bi̇lgi̇n Cömert, Ali̇ Necati̇ Gökmen Jan 2021

Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For 28-Day Mortality In Critically Ill Patients With Covid-19: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Mehmet Nuri̇ Yakar, Begüm Ergan, Bi̇şar Ergün, Murat Küçük, Ali̇ Cantürk, Mahmut Cem Ergon, Naci̇ye Si̇nem Gezer, Erdem Yaka, Bi̇lgi̇n Cömert, Ali̇ Necati̇ Gökmen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background: To date, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused more than 2.6 million deaths all around the world. Risk factors for mortality remain unclear. The primary aim was to determine the independent risk factors for 28-day mortality. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, critically ill patients (≥ 18 years) who were admitted to the intensive care unit due to COVID-19 were included. Patient characteristics, laboratory data, radiologic findings, treatments, and complications were analyzed in the study. Results: A total of 249 patients (median age 71, 69.1% male) were included in the study. 28-day mortality was 67.9% (n = …


What Plays A Role In The Severity Of Atopic Dermatitis In Children?, Murat Cansever, Çi̇ğdem Oruç Jan 2021

What Plays A Role In The Severity Of Atopic Dermatitis In Children?, Murat Cansever, Çi̇ğdem Oruç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Determining the characteristics and risk factors of severe disease is extremely important to combat atopic dermatitis (AD), which has recently shown increasing prevalence. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with AD and identifying the factors associated with the severity of the disease. Materials and methods: A total of 304 pediatric patients diagnosed with atopic dermatitis were included in the study. The patients' age at admission, age at onset of symptoms, the presence of atopy history in their family, eosinophil levels obtained from blood counts were recorded, together with the data of cigarette …


Central Nervous System Involvement In Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Hati̇me Arzu Yaşar, Olgu Erki̇n Çinar, Nur Yazdali Köylü, İbrahi̇m Barişta, Hakan Göker, Yahya Büyükaşik Jan 2021

Central Nervous System Involvement In Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Hati̇me Arzu Yaşar, Olgu Erki̇n Çinar, Nur Yazdali Köylü, İbrahi̇m Barişta, Hakan Göker, Yahya Büyükaşik

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To evaluate the incidence, clinical features, risk factors, and prognosis of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Materials and methods: All AML patients who were admitted to Hacettepe University hospital between 2000 and 2021 were evaluated. The medical records of 548 AML cases were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The frequency of CNS involvement was 2.4% (n = 13) at diagnosis and 4.6% (n = 25) at diagnosis or during follow-up. Parenchymal involvement was seen in 5 patients, leptomeningeal involvement was seen in 11 patients. Three patients had both leptomeningeal and parenchymal involvements, and 6 …


Factors Associated With Severe Lung Disease In An Adult Population With Cystic Fibrosis: A Single-Center Experience, Berri̇n Er, Ebru Çelebi̇oğlu, Ebru Yalçin, Deni̇z Doğru, Özlem Erden Aki̇, Ömrüm Uzun, Murat Akova, Uğur Özçeli̇k, Nural Ki̇per, Sali̇h Emri̇ Jan 2020

Factors Associated With Severe Lung Disease In An Adult Population With Cystic Fibrosis: A Single-Center Experience, Berri̇n Er, Ebru Çelebi̇oğlu, Ebru Yalçin, Deni̇z Doğru, Özlem Erden Aki̇, Ömrüm Uzun, Murat Akova, Uğur Özçeli̇k, Nural Ki̇per, Sali̇h Emri̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/Aim: The patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are living longer compared to the past, but respiratory failure is still the most common cause of mortality. The aim of this study is to investigate factors associated with severe lung disease in a cohort of adult patients with CF. Materials and methods: Demographic data, clinical and laboratory findings of the patients aged 18 years and more were collected and the patients were grouped according to forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) as severe group:


Risk Factors For Community-Onset Urinary Tract Infections Caused By Extended-Spectrum Ss-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli, Türkan Tüzün, Selda Sayin Kutlu, Murat Kutlu, İlknur Kaleli̇ Jan 2019

Risk Factors For Community-Onset Urinary Tract Infections Caused By Extended-Spectrum Ss-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli, Türkan Tüzün, Selda Sayin Kutlu, Murat Kutlu, İlknur Kaleli̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Community-onset urinary tract infections(UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli have increased in many parts of the world. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for community-onset UTI caused by ESBL-producing E. coli.Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted between January 2012 and March 2014 in cases of community-onset UTI caused by E. coli. Patients with UTI due to ESBL-producing E. coli and patients with UTI due to non-ESBL-producing E. coliwere compared to identify risk factors for ESBL-producing E. coli in the community.Results: A total of 305 patients (116 males [46.4%]; mean age: …


Is Nocturnal Enuresis A Predisposing Factor For The Overactive Bladder?, Nicolaie Suditu, Irina Negru, Adelina Miron, Bogdan Novac, Catalin Ciuta Jan 2019

Is Nocturnal Enuresis A Predisposing Factor For The Overactive Bladder?, Nicolaie Suditu, Irina Negru, Adelina Miron, Bogdan Novac, Catalin Ciuta

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to perform a limited observational study to ascertain whether there is statistical support that nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a predisposing factor in the development of overactive bladder (OAB).Materials and methods: The authors recruited patients diagnosed with OAB over a period of twelve months, and those who declared a history of NE were asked additional questions regarding the features of their NE.Results: A total of 285 patients were diagnosed with overactive bladder, and 98 (34.38%) of them had previously displayed NE symptoms that had diminished before reaching the median age of 9.83. Separation of patients by sex …


Comparison Of Intestinal Ischemia After On-Pump Versus Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery, Lütfi̇ Soylu, Oğuz Uğur Aydin, Mehmet Yildiz, Hacer Serdaroğlu, Murat Kurtoğlu, Sedat Karademi̇r Jan 2019

Comparison Of Intestinal Ischemia After On-Pump Versus Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery, Lütfi̇ Soylu, Oğuz Uğur Aydin, Mehmet Yildiz, Hacer Serdaroğlu, Murat Kurtoğlu, Sedat Karademi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI), one of the gastrointestinal system complications, which occurs following cardiac surgery, is challenged in the literature with a diminished incidence of AMI by heart surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or with pulsatile CPB. This study aims to compare the incidence and mortality rate of mesenteric ischemia in a series of consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) through on-pump and off-pump techniques.Materials and methods: This study included patients who underwent CABG between 1 January 2010 and 31 June 2016. All patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 comprised 6396 CABG patients operated on with …


Risk Factor Assessment For Breast Cancer In North Cyprus: A Comprehensive Case-Control Study Of Turkish Cypriot Women, Ruqiya Pervaiz, Özgür Tosun, Hasan Besim, Nedi̇me Serakinci Jan 2018

Risk Factor Assessment For Breast Cancer In North Cyprus: A Comprehensive Case-Control Study Of Turkish Cypriot Women, Ruqiya Pervaiz, Özgür Tosun, Hasan Besim, Nedi̇me Serakinci

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This case-control study aims to assess the strength of associations between reproductive, lifestyle, sociodemographic, and dietary factors as well as other potential breast cancer risks and breast cancer (BC) in a North Cyprus population. Materials and methods: The study includes 408 BC patients and 412 age-matched controls recruited from Near East Hospital and Dr. Burhan Nalbantoglu State Hospital in North Cyprus. Information regarding clinical and epidemiological characteristics was collected through a standardized interview. Age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% con dence intervals (CIs) were calculated by logistic regression before and a er adjusting for the potential confounders. Results: In …


Factors Associated With The Rate Of Copd Exacerbations That Require Hospitalization, Radisa Pavlovic, Srdjan Stefanovic, Zorica Lazic, Slobodan Jankovic Jan 2017

Factors Associated With The Rate Of Copd Exacerbations That Require Hospitalization, Radisa Pavlovic, Srdjan Stefanovic, Zorica Lazic, Slobodan Jankovic

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Exacerbations are key events in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Frequent exacerbations occurring during the natural course of COPD lead to deterioration of health-related quality of life and are major causes of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify factors independently associated with frequent severe exacerbations of COPD that require hospitalization. Materials and methods: A case-control study was performed to analyze risk factors and frequency of severe exacerbations, which were defined by the GOLD guideline criteria. Stepwise multivariate regression was used to determine the significant predictors of frequent exacerbations. Results: Results revealed five independent predictors …


Analysis Of Epidemiology And Risk Factors For Mortality In Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Attacks In Intensive Care Unit Patients, Ayşe But, Meltem Arzu Yetki̇n, Di̇lek Kanyilmaz, Hali̇de Aslaner, Ali̇ye Baştuğ, Adalet Aypak, Pinar Öngürü, Esragül Akinci, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Hurrem Bodur Jan 2017

Analysis Of Epidemiology And Risk Factors For Mortality In Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Attacks In Intensive Care Unit Patients, Ayşe But, Meltem Arzu Yetki̇n, Di̇lek Kanyilmaz, Hali̇de Aslaner, Ali̇ye Baştuğ, Adalet Aypak, Pinar Öngürü, Esragül Akinci, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Hurrem Bodur

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics, the causative microorganisms and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and the prognostic risk factors for mortality in critically ill patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Materials and methods: In this retrospective observational study, all the critically ill patients with VAP hospitalized in a medical/surgical intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2010 and June 2015 were evaluated. Patients' demographic features and microbiological data were reviewed. Results: A total of 417 patients were clinically diagnosed with VAP; 51.1% of them were male and the average age was found as 69.9 ± 15.9 …


Risk Factors Associated With Poor Outcome In Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients, Saira Saleem, Nazim Hayat, Irshad Ahmad, Tanvir Ahmad, Abdulgaffar Rehan Jan 2017

Risk Factors Associated With Poor Outcome In Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients, Saira Saleem, Nazim Hayat, Irshad Ahmad, Tanvir Ahmad, Abdulgaffar Rehan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Diabetic foot ulcers and related complications are a major cause of morbidity and hospital admissions. Our aim was to evaluate the risk factors associated with poor outcome in diabetic foot ulcers. Materials and methods: A prospective study was conducted on patients with diabetic foot ulceration attending the Madinah Teaching Hospital from June 2014 to December 2015. Potential risk factors and laboratory test results at presentation were recorded and their association with outcome (healing vs. amputation) was analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Results: In total, 112 patients were studied during our study period. The majority of …


Prevalence And Risk Factors For Helicobacter Pylori Infection In Southwest China: A Study Of Health Examination Participants Based On 13c-Urea Breath Test, Jie Liu, Yonghong Wang, Qinghua Zhao, Rong Luo, Mingzhao Xiao, Mingjun Zhang, Weibo Xie Jan 2017

Prevalence And Risk Factors For Helicobacter Pylori Infection In Southwest China: A Study Of Health Examination Participants Based On 13c-Urea Breath Test, Jie Liu, Yonghong Wang, Qinghua Zhao, Rong Luo, Mingzhao Xiao, Mingjun Zhang, Weibo Xie

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has a high prevalence in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the current prevalence of H. pylori, as well as its potential serum risk factors, in a population from southwest China.Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 10,912 subjects who received medical examinations at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University in 2014. Data regarding physical examinations and biochemical measurements were collected, and H. pylori infection was diagnosed with a 13C-urea breath test. Logistic regression was conducted to identify the risk factors for H. pylori infection.Results: The infection rate of H. pylori was 34.4% …


Risk Factors For Colistin-Associated Nephrotoxicity And Mortality In Critically Ill Patients, Hüseyi̇n Özkarakaş, Işil Köse, Çi̇ler Zi̇nci̇rci̇oğlu, Si̇bel Ersan, Gürsel Ersan, Ni̇met Şenoğlu, Şükran Köse, Riza Hakan Erbay Jan 2017

Risk Factors For Colistin-Associated Nephrotoxicity And Mortality In Critically Ill Patients, Hüseyi̇n Özkarakaş, Işil Köse, Çi̇ler Zi̇nci̇rci̇oğlu, Si̇bel Ersan, Gürsel Ersan, Ni̇met Şenoğlu, Şükran Köse, Riza Hakan Erbay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Colistin is gaining popularity against multidrug-resistant bacteria. The primary concern with colistin is its nephrotoxicity (NT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for NT and to evaluate the risk factors for mortality in the toxicity group. Materials and methods: NT was defined according to the RIFLE criteria. Data of patients who did or did not develop NT were compared. Positive and negative predictive values, risk ratio, and correlation coefficients were calculated. Results: NT was seen in 39 patients (70%). Hypoalbuminemia, old age, and the use of vasopressors (VPs) were associated with NT. …


Repeated Prevalence Studies Of Nosocomial Infections In One University Hospital In Serbia, Milena Ilic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic Jan 2017

Repeated Prevalence Studies Of Nosocomial Infections In One University Hospital In Serbia, Milena Ilic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Nosocomial infections occur worldwide and affect both developed and resource-poor countries. The aim of this paper was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for nosocomial infections in one Serbian hospital. Materials and methods: Three-point prevalence surveys were conducted in the Clinical Center of Kragujevac (1240 beds). The standard definitions for nosocomial infections of the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention were used. The authors conducted surveys according to the same protocol. Results: The prevalence of infected patients and the overall prevalence of nosocomial infections was 6.2% and 7.1% in 2003, 4.6% and 4.6% in 2005, and 7.6% and …


Evaluation Of Epidemiological Characteristics And Risk Factors Affecting Mortality In Patients With Candidemia, Fatma Yilmaz Karadağ, Pinar Ergen, Özlem Aydin, Arzu Doğru, Berri̇n Tanidir, Mustafa Haluk Vahaboğlu Jan 2016

Evaluation Of Epidemiological Characteristics And Risk Factors Affecting Mortality In Patients With Candidemia, Fatma Yilmaz Karadağ, Pinar Ergen, Özlem Aydin, Arzu Doğru, Berri̇n Tanidir, Mustafa Haluk Vahaboğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine epidemiologic characters of patients with candidemia and to evaluate risk factors that can affect mortality rates among these patients. Materials and methods: Patients admitted to the İstanbul Medeniyet University Göztepe Training Hospital between 2009 and 2011 who had a positive blood culture for Candida spp. during hospitalization were studied retrospectively for demographic characteristics and risk factors. Statistical comparisons were estimated with the Stata 12 package. Independent variables associated with mortality were estimated by Cox regression analyses. Results: A total of 89 patients were identified with a positive blood culture. Of the …


Urinary Incontinence Among Women Registered With A Family Health Center In The Southeastern Anatolia Region And The Factors Affecting Its Prevalence, Fatma Gözükara, İbrahi̇m Koruk, Burcu Kara Jan 2015

Urinary Incontinence Among Women Registered With A Family Health Center In The Southeastern Anatolia Region And The Factors Affecting Its Prevalence, Fatma Gözükara, İbrahi̇m Koruk, Burcu Kara

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In regions such as Şanlıurfa, Turkey, where the fertility rate is high, suitable health policies to easily and successfully treat urinary incontinence (UI) are needed. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for UI among women in the region. Materials and methods: The participants in this cross-sectional study were selected by using 30 cluster sampling methods. A total of 300 women in the age group of 15-49 years were contacted to participate. Results: The prevalence of UI was 39.3% among women in this sample but only 8.0% actually received treatment. The logistic regression analysis showed …


Prevalence Of Cognitive Impairment And Related Risk Factors Incommunity-Dwelling Elderly In Kayseri, Turkey, Si̇bel Arguvanli, Si̇bel Akin, Eli̇f Deni̇z Şafak, Sali̇me Mucuk, Ahmet Öztürk, Mustafa Mümtaz Mazicioğlu, Hati̇ce Duygu Kizilçay, Şemsi̇nnur Göçer Jan 2015

Prevalence Of Cognitive Impairment And Related Risk Factors Incommunity-Dwelling Elderly In Kayseri, Turkey, Si̇bel Arguvanli, Si̇bel Akin, Eli̇f Deni̇z Şafak, Sali̇me Mucuk, Ahmet Öztürk, Mustafa Mümtaz Mazicioğlu, Hati̇ce Duygu Kizilçay, Şemsi̇nnur Göçer

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The increased rate of elderly individuals in the general population leads to functional decline because of cognitive impairment (CImp). We aimed to detect the prevalence of CImp and related risk factors in community-dwelling elders living in an urban area (Kayseri, Turkey). Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in a sample of 900 community-dwelling elders aged 60 years and older. Cognitive status and depressive symptoms were assessed by standardized Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), respectively. Results: The mean age of the participants was 71.6 ± 0.18 years, of whom 47.9% …


Seasonal Variation And Risk Factors Associated With Surgical Site Infection Rate In Kano, Nigeria, Emmanuel Nwankwo, Stephen Edino Jan 2014

Seasonal Variation And Risk Factors Associated With Surgical Site Infection Rate In Kano, Nigeria, Emmanuel Nwankwo, Stephen Edino

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the seasonal variations and risk factors associated with surgical site infection (SSI) rate in Kano. Materials and methods: A total of 5800 patients admitted for surgery, drawn from Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital and Murtala Mohammed Specialist Hospital, underwent different types of surgical procedures between January 2010 and December 2011. Out of those patients, 1463 confirmed infected cases were screened for bacterial and fungal infection by standard microbiological procedures. Questionnaires were administered after informed consent to ascertain patients' lifestyles. Medical histories were obtained from their case files. Results: Out of 5800 patients, 1463 were confirmed to be clinically infected, …


Seroprevalences And Associated Risk Factors Of Hepatitis B And C In Adults, Mustafa Yildirim, Selma Çakir, Mehmet Faruk Geyi̇k, Davut Özdemi̇r, Ertuğrul Güçlü, Mehmet Çakir Jan 2014

Seroprevalences And Associated Risk Factors Of Hepatitis B And C In Adults, Mustafa Yildirim, Selma Çakir, Mehmet Faruk Geyi̇k, Davut Özdemi̇r, Ertuğrul Güçlü, Mehmet Çakir

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Chronic hepatitis due to hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections is the most common cause of chronic liver disease. In this study we aimed to find out seroprevalences and associated risk factors of hepatitis B and C in adults in Düzce. Materials and methods: The sample of study was determined with a cluster-type sampling method. The study included 1321 people, consisting of 667 women and 654 men who were 18 years or older. A questionnaire about demographic information and risk factors was applied. Results: Seroprevalences of HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HCV were 4.8%, 9.4%, and 0.7%, respectively. HBsAg seroprevalences were …


Preliminary Data From A Surveillance Study On Surgical Site Infections And Assessment Of Risk Factors In A University Hospital, Mustafa Namiduru, İlkay Karaoğlan, Riza Çam, Vuslat Boşnak, Ayşe Özlem Mete Jan 2013

Preliminary Data From A Surveillance Study On Surgical Site Infections And Assessment Of Risk Factors In A University Hospital, Mustafa Namiduru, İlkay Karaoğlan, Riza Çam, Vuslat Boşnak, Ayşe Özlem Mete

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Surgical site infections (SSIs) lead to substantial mortality, morbidity, and socioeconomic loss. To explore the rate of infections and risk factors for the development of infection in surgical units. Materials and methods: All patients (n = 1397) who underwent a surgical intervention and were hospitalized for >48 h in surgical units (except the ophthalmology unit) of Gaziantep University Medical Faculty Hospital between 17 March 2008 and 15 July 2008 were included in the study. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention criteria were used for identifying and diagnosing SSIs. Rate of SSI was calculated as the number of SSIs observed …


Pediculosis Capitis Infestation In School Children Of A Low Socioeconomic Area Of The North Gaza Governorate, Bassam Alzain Jan 2012

Pediculosis Capitis Infestation In School Children Of A Low Socioeconomic Area Of The North Gaza Governorate, Bassam Alzain

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Pediculus capitis, or human head lice, infests people worldwide, although it is most often seen in school-aged children. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and the epidemiological factors related to Pediculus capitis infestation among the selected population. Materials and methods: A study conducted from January to March 2010 of 318 females and 282 males up to 13 years of age found a prevalence rate for Pediculus capitis infestation of 53 (16.8%) in the North Gaza Governorate. The study involved 600 children and used multistage, systematic random sampling. Results: Male children had a lower rate of infestation …


Risk Factors For Smoking Behavior Among University Students, Sevgi̇ Yurt Öncel, Ömer Lütfi̇ Gebi̇zli̇oğlu, Fazi̇l Ali̇ev Ali̇oğlu Jan 2011

Risk Factors For Smoking Behavior Among University Students, Sevgi̇ Yurt Öncel, Ömer Lütfi̇ Gebi̇zli̇oğlu, Fazi̇l Ali̇ev Ali̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To identify factors associated with increased smoking risks among Kırıkkale University students using a questionnaire. Smoking is a widespread habit in Turkey and a major public health problem in the world. Materials and methods: We assessed 1734 (11.6% of 15,000 total) students (869 males and 866 females, both smokers and nonsmokers) at Kırıkkale University with the questionnaire, which included questions about age, gender, smoking status of student, smoking status and education levels of parents, income, daily sports activities, smoking history (age when started or quit smoking, daily average number of cigarettes smoked, attempts to quit smoking, the reasons for starting …


Distribution Of Congenital Heart Disease In Turkey*, Serdar Kula, Ayhan Çevi̇k, Fatma Rana Olguntürk, Fatma Sedef Tunaoğlu, Ayşe Deni̇z Oğuz, Mustafa Necmi̇ İlhan Jan 2011

Distribution Of Congenital Heart Disease In Turkey*, Serdar Kula, Ayhan Çevi̇k, Fatma Rana Olguntürk, Fatma Sedef Tunaoğlu, Ayşe Deni̇z Oğuz, Mustafa Necmi̇ İlhan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To describe the epidemiology and geographical distribution of congenital heart disease. A retrospective population-based study was conducted using data collected in a large tertiary care hospital in Turkey. Materials and methods: The medical records of 1300 patients with congenital heart disease admitted to the Gazi University Department of Pediatric Cardiology for catheter angiography from 1997-2007 were reviewed. The patients were divided into 7 groups according to geographical distribution, and each group was further divided into 2 groups, for simple (group 1) and complex (group 2) congenital heart disease. Results: Among the 1300 cases, there was no difference between the regions …


Distribution Of Coronary Artery Risk Factors: A Regional Analysis, Mehmet Bostan, Ömer Şatiroğlu, Hüseyi̇n Avni̇ Uydu, Yüksel Çi̇çek, Aytun Çanga, Zaki̇r Karadağ, Ahmet Temi̇z, Yavuz Uğurlu, Mehtap Atak, Engi̇n Bozkurt Jan 2011

Distribution Of Coronary Artery Risk Factors: A Regional Analysis, Mehmet Bostan, Ömer Şatiroğlu, Hüseyi̇n Avni̇ Uydu, Yüksel Çi̇çek, Aytun Çanga, Zaki̇r Karadağ, Ahmet Temi̇z, Yavuz Uğurlu, Mehtap Atak, Engi̇n Bozkurt

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To analyze the frequency and distribution of coronary artery risk factors in the city of Rize and its surrounding areas. Materials and methods: This observational study included 452 patients (333 men, 119 women). In addition to demographic characteristics of the patients, conventional risk factors were also recorded. The patients were grouped according to their ages, gender, and electrocardiographic characteristics. Results: The mean age of participants was 63 ± 13 years and 74% were male. Smoking and hypertension (HT) were seen more often (71%) in younger male patients. No difference among age groups was detected with regard to the occurrence of …


Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritonitis: An Analysis Of Risk Factors In Northeast Anatolia*, Mustafa Keleş, Ramazan Çeti̇nkaya, Abdullah Uyanik, Hami̇t Acemoğlu, Fatma Saatçi, Muhammet Hami̇dullah Uyanik Jan 2010

Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritonitis: An Analysis Of Risk Factors In Northeast Anatolia*, Mustafa Keleş, Ramazan Çeti̇nkaya, Abdullah Uyanik, Hami̇t Acemoğlu, Fatma Saatçi, Muhammet Hami̇dullah Uyanik

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Peritonitis is almost the most frequent complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Besides being the most frequent reason of hospitalization, peritonitis is also the most important determining factor of mortality-morbidity and technique survival among PD patients. In this study, it was aimed to identify the risk factors for peritonitis in these patients. Materials and methods: In this clinical cohort, records of 218 patients were collected between January 1998 and December 2007. The patients’ demographic, clinical, and laboratory parameters were recorded. Results were analyzed to compare patients who never had peritonitis and patients with at least one episode of peritonitis. Independent predictors …