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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Depression

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Cognitive Outcomes Of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation In Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Randomized Controlled Study, Tahi̇r Yildiz, Nalan Kalkan Oğuzhanoğlu, Osman Zülki̇f Topak Jan 2023

Cognitive Outcomes Of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation In Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Randomized Controlled Study, Tahi̇r Yildiz, Nalan Kalkan Oğuzhanoğlu, Osman Zülki̇f Topak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a significant cause of workforce loss, and is associated with cognitive impairments which can continue even after the elimination of mood and behavioural symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefit of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on cognitive functions in treatment resistant depression. Materials and methods: This randomised controlled clinical trial was conducted at a university hospital, department of psychiatry (tertiary centre) between October 2019 and July 2020. The study included 30 patients with depressive disorder, aged 18-50 years, who did not respond to at least two antidepressant medications for at …


Characteristics And Predictors Of Family Accommodation In Turkish Individuals With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Tacetti̇n Kuru, Seli̇me Çeli̇k Erden, Veysel Doğan, Kadi̇r Karakuş Jan 2023

Characteristics And Predictors Of Family Accommodation In Turkish Individuals With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Tacetti̇n Kuru, Seli̇me Çeli̇k Erden, Veysel Doğan, Kadi̇r Karakuş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Family accommodation (FA) is associated with disease severity and response to treatment rates in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and is therefore particularly important in this patient group. This study investigated the structure of FA and associated factors in a Turkish society sample. Materials and methods: The study was carried out with 92 patients diagnosed with OCD for at least 1 year, who applied to Alanya ALKU Training and Research Hospital psychiatry outpatient clinic between February 2021 and March 2022. Sociodemographic data form, Family Accommodation Scale-Patient Form (FAS-PF), Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory …


Efficacy Of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation In Treatment-Resistant Depression, Kemal Akpinar, Nalan Kalkan Oğuzhanoğlu, Tuğçe Toker Uğurlu Jan 2022

Efficacy Of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation In Treatment-Resistant Depression, Kemal Akpinar, Nalan Kalkan Oğuzhanoğlu, Tuğçe Toker Uğurlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in the add-on treatment of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is becoming more common. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of TMS on depression and accompanying anxiety symptoms among patients with TRD. Materials and methods: The current study was conducted with 38 patients diagnosed with TRD. The patients were randomly divided into two groups and received 20 sessions of high-frequency (10Hz) TMS and 20 sessions of sham TMS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in a double-blind and cross-over fashion without a change in their pharmacotherapy. In the clinical evaluation, Hamilton …


Delirium, Dementia, And Depression (3d) Assessment Of Older Patients In The Emergencydepartment: 5-Year Survival Analysis, İsa Kiliçaslan, Myat Soe Thet, Hüseyi̇n Berkay Karahacioğlu, Merve Sevi̇m Artykov, Zekeri̇ya Ülger, Mehmet Ali̇ Aslaner, Banu Kiliçaslan Jan 2022

Delirium, Dementia, And Depression (3d) Assessment Of Older Patients In The Emergencydepartment: 5-Year Survival Analysis, İsa Kiliçaslan, Myat Soe Thet, Hüseyi̇n Berkay Karahacioğlu, Merve Sevi̇m Artykov, Zekeri̇ya Ülger, Mehmet Ali̇ Aslaner, Banu Kiliçaslan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background: While physicians tend to emphasize on physical medical problems, behavioral and cognitive disorders of geriatric patients are usually missed, especially in emergency settings. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of delirium, dementia, and depression (3D) among older patients (≥65 years old) in the Emergency Department (ED) and to evaluate the effect of geriatric 3D on the 6-month and 5-year mortality. Materials and methods: This was a prospective, observational cohort study, including 415 patients from eligible 512 consecutive older patients, who are 65 years of age or older, presenting to the ED of a tertiary care …


Association Of Physical Frailty With Cognitive Function And Mood In Older Adults Without Dementia And Depression, Rana Tuna Doğrul, Hacer Doğan Varan, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoğlu, Mustafa Kemal Kiliç, Özgür Kara, Güneş Arik, Meltem Gülhan Hali̇l, Mustafa Cankurtaran, Burcu Balam Doğu Jan 2021

Association Of Physical Frailty With Cognitive Function And Mood In Older Adults Without Dementia And Depression, Rana Tuna Doğrul, Hacer Doğan Varan, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoğlu, Mustafa Kemal Kiliç, Özgür Kara, Güneş Arik, Meltem Gülhan Hali̇l, Mustafa Cankurtaran, Burcu Balam Doğu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Physical frailty is thought to be related with a decline in cognitive function, mood, and social activities, especially in patients with depression and dementia. It is not clear whether or not physical frailty is associated with an impairment in cognitive function and mood in patients without dementia and depression. In this study, we evaluated the association of physical frailty with cognitive function and mood in geriatric patients without dementia and depression. Material and methods: In this study, 612 patients aged 65 years and over were evaluated. Physical frailty was assessed by using Fried criteria. Furthermore, comprehensive geriatric assessment was …


The Association Between Temperament Features And Childhood Traumas In Patients With Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy, Ali̇şan Burak Yaşar, Ceyhun Sayman, Serap Erdoğan Taycan, Yilmaz Çeti̇nkaya, Anil Gündüz, Hülya Ti̇reli̇ Jan 2020

The Association Between Temperament Features And Childhood Traumas In Patients With Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy, Ali̇şan Burak Yaşar, Ceyhun Sayman, Serap Erdoğan Taycan, Yilmaz Çeti̇nkaya, Anil Gündüz, Hülya Ti̇reli̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological problem that impairs daily activities, functionality, and quality of life. Childhood traumas (CTs) are known to be critical factors in the onset or development of many psychiatric and medical disorders. They also play a critical role in the development of temperament and personality. This study aimed to investigate the association between CTs and common temperament patterns and features seen in epilepsy patients. Materials and methods: The study included 38 patients who were diagnosed with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and volunteered to participate in the study. In addition to the sociodemographic form and questions …


Intensive Care Psychological Assessment Tool (Ipat): Turkish Validity And Reliability Study, Berker Duman, Zeynep Kotan, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Beyza Doğanay Erdoğan, Damla Sayar Akaslan, Safi̇ye Zeynep Tatli, Hakan Kumbasar Jan 2019

Intensive Care Psychological Assessment Tool (Ipat): Turkish Validity And Reliability Study, Berker Duman, Zeynep Kotan, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Beyza Doğanay Erdoğan, Damla Sayar Akaslan, Safi̇ye Zeynep Tatli, Hakan Kumbasar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: It is of crucial importantance to be able to detect acute psychological distress in patients. The Intensive Care Psychological Assessment Tool (IPAT) was developed for this purpose in intensive care units. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of IPAT.Materials and methods: In total, 98 patients were included. To assess concurrent validity, the Intensive Care Experiences Scale (ICES) and the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale were performed. Cronbach?s alpha coefficient was used to estimate internal consistency. Interitem and item-total score correlations were also performed. Sensitivity and specificity were derived for concurrent anxiety and depression.Results: …


Anxiety And Depression States Of Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Hamdi̇ Ci̇han Emeksi̇z, Aysun Bi̇deci̇, Burçi̇n Nalbantoğlu, Ayşi̇n Nalbantoğlu, Cem Çeli̇k, Yasemi̇n Yulaf, Mahmut Orhun Çamurdan, Peyami̇ Ci̇naz Jan 2018

Anxiety And Depression States Of Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Hamdi̇ Ci̇han Emeksi̇z, Aysun Bi̇deci̇, Burçi̇n Nalbantoğlu, Ayşi̇n Nalbantoğlu, Cem Çeli̇k, Yasemi̇n Yulaf, Mahmut Orhun Çamurdan, Peyami̇ Ci̇naz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Various studies have shown that adult patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have higher levels of anxiety and depression compared to their normal counterparts. However, it is still unclear whether these mood disorders already exist in adolescents affected by PCOS. The aim of the present study is to assess differences in anxiety and depression levels between adolescents with PCOS and age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched controls and to determine the possible factor(s) impacting these psychological parameters in adolescents with PCOS. Materials and methods: The study included 80 adolescents with PCOS and 50 age- and BMI-matched controls. All participants …


Factors Associated With Social Anxiety Disorder In A Group Of Obese Turkish Female Patients, Akatli Kürşad Özşahi̇n, Ebru Altintaş Jan 2018

Factors Associated With Social Anxiety Disorder In A Group Of Obese Turkish Female Patients, Akatli Kürşad Özşahi̇n, Ebru Altintaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Mental disorders may accompany obesity. is study aims to evaluate the association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and obesity and the risk factors for SAD in obese female patients. Materials and methods: A total of 114 obese patients and 110 healthy controls were included. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI I-II), and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) were administered to assess anxiety, depression, and social anxiety levels. Scale scores were analyzed statistically. Results: The rate of SAD in obese female patients was found to be 8.8%. Anxiety, depression, and social …


Depression And Parkinson Disease: Prevalence, Temporal Relationship, And Determinants, Hale Yapici Eser, Hati̇ce Ayşe Bora, Asli Kuruoğlu Jan 2017

Depression And Parkinson Disease: Prevalence, Temporal Relationship, And Determinants, Hale Yapici Eser, Hati̇ce Ayşe Bora, Asli Kuruoğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Comorbidity of depression in Parkinson disease (PD) is a major factor that changes patients? quality of life. However, the neurobiological and sociodemographic risk factors for this comorbidity are not well studied. In this study, we aimed to define the prevalence, temporal relationship, and psychosocial and clinical determinants of depression comorbid with PD. Materials and methods: Fifty-five PD patients were evaluated with SCID, a data form that assessed sociodemographic and PD-related variables, UPDRS III, HAM-D, HAM-A, MMSE, and the Apathy Evaluation Scale. Results: Depression (lifetime: 45.5%, last month: 25.5%, before PD: 20%) was the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis. The major …


The Relationship Between Sleep Quality And Depressive Symptoms In Adolescents, Begüm Dağ, Fatma Yasemi̇n Kutlu Jan 2017

The Relationship Between Sleep Quality And Depressive Symptoms In Adolescents, Begüm Dağ, Fatma Yasemi̇n Kutlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: While poor sleep quality and sleep problems are signs of depression in adolescents, depressive symptoms among this age group further deteriorate sleep quality. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sleep quality and depressive symptoms in adolescents of 14 to 20 years of age. Materials and methods: This study was conducted with a descriptive and cross-sectional research design. The sample group consisted of 313 adolescents in İstanbul, Turkey. The data were collected using a questionnaire form, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Results: The mean BDI score of the …


Sex-Related Differences In Copd Assessment Test Scores Of Copd Populationswith Or Without Significant Anxiety And/Or Depression, Yelda Varol, Ceyda Anar, Pinar Çi̇men, Mehmet Ünlü, Hüseyi̇n Hali̇lçolar, Sali̇h Zeki̇ Güçlü Jan 2017

Sex-Related Differences In Copd Assessment Test Scores Of Copd Populationswith Or Without Significant Anxiety And/Or Depression, Yelda Varol, Ceyda Anar, Pinar Çi̇men, Mehmet Ünlü, Hüseyi̇n Hali̇lçolar, Sali̇h Zeki̇ Güçlü

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Sex-related differences have not been thoroughly explored in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to evaluate possible sex-related differences in COPD Assessment Test (CAT) scores of COPD patients with or without significant anxiety and/or depression. Materials and methods: Stable COPD patients were prospectively enrolled in the study between July 2013 and April 2014. Levels of anxiety, depression, dyspnea, and health-related quality of life parameters were assessed using specific questionnaires, including the CAT and others. Demographic and clinical data were recorded and physiological tests were performed. All the data were compared to determine any sex-related differences. Results: A total …


Cross-Cultural Adaptation And Psychometric Assessment Of The Turkishversion Of The Vulnerability To Abuse Screening Scale, Güler Duru Aşi̇ret, Gülcan Bağçi̇van, Münevver Özcan, Beste Başak Eröksüz, Nalan Akbayrak, Nuran Akdemi̇r Jan 2017

Cross-Cultural Adaptation And Psychometric Assessment Of The Turkishversion Of The Vulnerability To Abuse Screening Scale, Güler Duru Aşi̇ret, Gülcan Bağçi̇van, Münevver Özcan, Beste Başak Eröksüz, Nalan Akbayrak, Nuran Akdemi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale (VASS). Materials and methods: This was a methodological study. The sample included 140 elderly individuals. Data were collected by using a questionnaire form, the VASS, and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). The Cronbach alpha value was calculated and test?retest reliability was tested for the reliability analyses. Results: The Cronbach alpha value calculated for the VASS (12 items) was 0.819. There was no difference between test and retest mean scores of the VASS. A statistically significantly positive …


A Prospective Follow-Up Of Quality Of Life, Depression, Andanxiety In Children With Lymphoma And Solid Tumors, Ni̇hal Sargin Yildirim, Meti̇n Demi̇rkaya, Betül Berri̇n Sevi̇ni̇r, Sali̇h Güler, Ayşe Pinar Vural, Candan Demi̇röz, Arzu Çirpan Kantarcioğlu Jan 2017

A Prospective Follow-Up Of Quality Of Life, Depression, Andanxiety In Children With Lymphoma And Solid Tumors, Ni̇hal Sargin Yildirim, Meti̇n Demi̇rkaya, Betül Berri̇n Sevi̇ni̇r, Sali̇h Güler, Ayşe Pinar Vural, Candan Demi̇röz, Arzu Çirpan Kantarcioğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was the determination and prospective follow-up of quality of life, depression, and anxiety in pediatric patients with cancer under chemotherapy, as well as the evaluation of related factors. Materials and methods: Fifty newly diagnosed pediatric cancer patients and their parents were prospectively monitored before, during, and after therapy, and tests were used. Results: Significantly lower quality of life scores were recorded during treatment, in the group with CNS tumors, in the group receiving chemotherapy plus radiotherapy plus surgery, in the inpatient-only treatment group, in the group receiving treatment for longer than 6 months, and …


Depression, Anxiety, And Their Relation With Clinical Parametersand Androgen Levels In Hirsute Women, Leyla Irak, Hali̇se Çinar Yavuz, Berçem Ayçi̇çek Doğan, Türkan Mete, Di̇lek Berker, Serdar Güler Jan 2016

Depression, Anxiety, And Their Relation With Clinical Parametersand Androgen Levels In Hirsute Women, Leyla Irak, Hali̇se Çinar Yavuz, Berçem Ayçi̇çek Doğan, Türkan Mete, Di̇lek Berker, Serdar Güler

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression among patients with hirsutism and to evaluate the relationships of anxiety and depression with clinical parameters and androgen levels. Materials and methods: One hundred and seven women with hirsutism were enrolled in the study. All participants completed standardized questionnaires to assess depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)) and anxiety (Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)). The Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) scores, body mass indexes (BMIs), homeostatic model assessments of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and serum androgen levels of all patients were obtained. Results: Seventy-four of the 107 patients (69.15%) had BDI …


Do Anxiety And Depression Statuses Differ In Differentpolycystic Ovary Syndrome Phenotypes?, Derya Akdağ Ci̇ri̇k, Berna Di̇lbaz, Sezi̇n Ertürk Aksakal, Zeynep Kotan, Runa Özelçi̇, Funda Akpinar, Leyla Mollamahmutoğlu Jan 2016

Do Anxiety And Depression Statuses Differ In Differentpolycystic Ovary Syndrome Phenotypes?, Derya Akdağ Ci̇ri̇k, Berna Di̇lbaz, Sezi̇n Ertürk Aksakal, Zeynep Kotan, Runa Özelçi̇, Funda Akpinar, Leyla Mollamahmutoğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To evaluate psychological parameters and health quality profiles in women with reproductive polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) phenotypes and age matched controls. Materials and methods: The study groups included 101 women with PCOS (54 with the National Institutes of Health [NIH] phenotype and 47 with the non-NIH phenotype) and 49 healthy female controls. The participants completed anxiety and depression scales and four quality of life domains. Results: We identified the women with PCOS as having a 3.39 times increased risk for depression (subscale ≥ 7) and a 3.64 times increased risk for anxiety (subscale ≥ 10) compared to the controls. …


Adulthood Behavioral And Neurodevelopmental Effects Of Being Raised Byan Ambivalent Mother In Rats: What Does Not Kill You Makes You Stronger, Refi̇a Aslihan Dönmez, Selçuk Candansayar, Okşan Deri̇nöz, Özlem Gülbahar, Hayrunni̇sa Bolay Jan 2016

Adulthood Behavioral And Neurodevelopmental Effects Of Being Raised Byan Ambivalent Mother In Rats: What Does Not Kill You Makes You Stronger, Refi̇a Aslihan Dönmez, Selçuk Candansayar, Okşan Deri̇nöz, Özlem Gülbahar, Hayrunni̇sa Bolay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the effects of early adverse life events and being raised by an ambivalent mother on rats. Materials and methods: The rats were separated into four groups: 1) the control group (n = 12), which was raised under standard care; 2) the early handling (EH) group, which was raised using an EH model (n = 16); 3) the early deprivation (ED) group, which was raised using an ED model (n = 13), and 4) the ambivalent mother (AM) group, which spent 3 h/day with a "fake mother" (n = 17). When they became adults, their …


The Impact Of Calcineurin Inhibitors And Mammalian Target Of Rapamycininhibitors On Anxiety And Depression Scores In Kidney Transplant Patients, Ebru Gök Oğuz, Gülay Ulusal Okyay, Hadi̇m Akoğlu, Güner Karaveli̇ Gürsoy, Zafer Ercan, Özgür Merhametsi̇z, Başol Canbakan, Mehmet Deni̇z Ayli Jan 2016

The Impact Of Calcineurin Inhibitors And Mammalian Target Of Rapamycininhibitors On Anxiety And Depression Scores In Kidney Transplant Patients, Ebru Gök Oğuz, Gülay Ulusal Okyay, Hadi̇m Akoğlu, Güner Karaveli̇ Gürsoy, Zafer Ercan, Özgür Merhametsi̇z, Başol Canbakan, Mehmet Deni̇z Ayli

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Depression and anxiety are prevalent symptoms in kidney transplant patients. We aimed to evaluate the frequency and the severity of depression and anxiety symptoms in kidney transplant recipients using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The data were compared between the patients on CNI-based and mTORi-based maintenance immunosuppressive regimens. Materials and methods: A total of 94 kidney transplant patients were enrolled in the study after exclusion of the patients already taking neuropsychiatric medications or unwilling to participate in the study. Participants were asked to self-report the inventories. Results: Analysis of data showed that 62 (66%) …


Attachment Style And Perceived Social Support As Predictors Of Biopsychosocial Adjustment To Cancer, Ayşe Gül Yilmaz Özpolat, Tuğba Ayaz, Özlem Konağ, Asi̇ye Özkan Jan 2014

Attachment Style And Perceived Social Support As Predictors Of Biopsychosocial Adjustment To Cancer, Ayşe Gül Yilmaz Özpolat, Tuğba Ayaz, Özlem Konağ, Asi̇ye Özkan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Social support is associated with a decrease in psychological symptoms and a better quality of life in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of attachment dimensions on social and psychological adjustment to cancer and to explore the social and psychological adjustments, and medical adherence, among patients. Materials and methods: The study was conducted with 68 cancer patients, between 18 and 74 years of age. The measures taken were the Demographic Information Form, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), and Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS-SR). Results: The results …


Anxiety, Depression, Social Phobia, And Quality Of Life In Turkish Patients With Acne And Their Relationships With The Severity Of Acne, Ahmet Öztürk, Erdem Deveci̇, Erman Bağcioğlu, Fi̇gen Atalay, Zehra Serdar Jan 2013

Anxiety, Depression, Social Phobia, And Quality Of Life In Turkish Patients With Acne And Their Relationships With The Severity Of Acne, Ahmet Öztürk, Erdem Deveci̇, Erman Bağcioğlu, Fi̇gen Atalay, Zehra Serdar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the psychiatric characteristics of acne vulgaris and the effects of the disease on quality of life. Materials and methods: We included 70 acne patients and 50 healthy controls. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, Quality of Life Scale Short Form, and Acne Quality of Life Questionnaire were applied. Results: Anxiety and depression scores of the acne patients were significantly higher than those of the control group. In patients with acne, significantly higher levels of social anxiety were detected. Social anxiety levels of severe acne cases were …


Effects Of Depression And Life Factors On Social Network Score In Elderly People In Çankaya, Ankara, Meti̇n Canbal, İrfan Şencan, Ayfer Şahi̇n, Şeyda Kunt, Umut Yücel Çavuş, Oğuz Teki̇n Jan 2012

Effects Of Depression And Life Factors On Social Network Score In Elderly People In Çankaya, Ankara, Meti̇n Canbal, İrfan Şencan, Ayfer Şahi̇n, Şeyda Kunt, Umut Yücel Çavuş, Oğuz Teki̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Aim: Social interaction is an important factor in the physical and mental health of seniors. This study was performed in order to evaluate the effects of depression and life factors on the social networking scores of elderly people. Materials and methods: Tests for the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were given to 116 elderly people (>=60 years) in the Çankaya area of Ankara between March and May of 2010. The effects of life factors and GDS scores on LSNS scores were explored. Results: Among the study group, 46.5% of the individuals were male and …


Chronic Pain And Depression: A Descriptive Survey Among Adult Primary Health Care Centre Patients, Nüket Paksoy Erbaydar, Nesri̇n Çi̇li̇ngi̇roğlu Jan 2010

Chronic Pain And Depression: A Descriptive Survey Among Adult Primary Health Care Centre Patients, Nüket Paksoy Erbaydar, Nesri̇n Çi̇li̇ngi̇roğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Knowledge of chronic pain and its relationship to depression among primary health care patients in Turkey is inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of chronic pain and its relationship to depression. Materials and methods: In this descriptive study, data was collected with a questionnaire based on sociodemographic and pain-related characteristics, which was administered to a study population (n = 259) of primary care patients, 18-64 years old. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) (min-max = 0-10) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) (min-max = 0-63) were used for the assessment of pain severity and depression. Results: Of …


Marital Adjustment And Emotional Symptoms In Infertile Couples: Gender Differences, Verda Tüzer, Altuğ Tuncel, Sema Göka, Süheyla Doğan Bulut, Fati̇h Volkan Yüksel, Ali̇ Atan, Erol Göka Jan 2010

Marital Adjustment And Emotional Symptoms In Infertile Couples: Gender Differences, Verda Tüzer, Altuğ Tuncel, Sema Göka, Süheyla Doğan Bulut, Fati̇h Volkan Yüksel, Ali̇ Atan, Erol Göka

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To determine the psychosocial and demographic factors related to marital adjustment and emotional symptoms in infertile couples according to gender differences. Materials and methods: The study sample, consisting of 60 primary infertile couples, was assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory, State and Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale. The scores derived from men and women were compared according to infertility factor. Multiple regression analysis models were used to explore the linkages between emotional symptoms and marital adjustment. Results: Statistically significant gender differences were noted in affectional expression and sexual satisfaction domains of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (P < 0.05). Our analyses showed that various aspects of marital adjustment have predictive power on anxiety and depressive symptoms of infertile men, especially when the infertility is due to male factor. Conclusion: Results of this study emphasize the importance of psychological and sexual counseling in the course of infertility treatment.


Trace Elements And Physical Activity In Children And Adolescents With Depression, M. Meti̇n Donma, Orki̇de Donma Jan 2010

Trace Elements And Physical Activity In Children And Adolescents With Depression, M. Meti̇n Donma, Orki̇de Donma

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Depression is a common mental health problem among adolescents. Depressive symptoms are also important and may appear even during the preschool period. Physical activity, which may improve some mental health problems, is inversely associated with depression. Due to the presence of some clinical evidence about the relation between the use of antidepressants and suicide, there is a need for supportive agents during antidepressant therapy. Within this context, essential trace elements gain importance for further consideration. Protection of the developing brain from the negative effects of iron deficiency is important because of iron deficiency's association with poor mental development. Reactions between …


Evaluation Of Coping Strategies, Social Support, And Depressive Symptoms In Spouses Of Patients With Hematological Cancer, Safi̇ye Özkan, Yasemi̇n Kutlu Jan 2010

Evaluation Of Coping Strategies, Social Support, And Depressive Symptoms In Spouses Of Patients With Hematological Cancer, Safi̇ye Özkan, Yasemi̇n Kutlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The purpose of this study was the evaluation of coping strategies, social support, and depressive symptoms in spouses of patients with hematological cancer. Materials and methods: A descriptive design was used in current study. The study was carried out at the hematology clinic of 2 university hospitals located in İstanbul. The convenience sample consisted of 150 spouses of patients who had hematological cancer. The data were collected through structured face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire form, the "Ways of Coping" Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory. Percentage t-tests and Pearson's product moment correlation were used to …


Risk Factors For Depression In Multiple Sclerosis Patients, Funda Kaplan, Mehmet Hami̇t Boztaş, Canan Yücesan, Yasemi̇n Genç, Nezi̇h Yücemen, Nermi̇n Mutluer Jan 2009

Risk Factors For Depression In Multiple Sclerosis Patients, Funda Kaplan, Mehmet Hami̇t Boztaş, Canan Yücesan, Yasemi̇n Genç, Nezi̇h Yücemen, Nermi̇n Mutluer

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Aim: A search of the English language literature found only one study that reported there was no relationship between depression and functional systems impairment based on Kurtzke's functional systems score in MS patients. The present cross-sectional study was planned to test that result. Materials and Methods: The study included 37 relapsing-remitting MS patients (25 female, 12 male) with an Expanded Disability Status Scale score Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, depression, cerebellum