Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 52

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Relationship Between C-Reactive Protein/Albumin Ratio And Mucocutaneous Symptom Frequency And Disease Severity In Behçet’S Disease, Erdal Pala, Mustafa Bayraktar Apr 2024

Relationship Between C-Reactive Protein/Albumin Ratio And Mucocutaneous Symptom Frequency And Disease Severity In Behçet’S Disease, Erdal Pala, Mustafa Bayraktar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: There is no specific marker that can be applied to determine the severity of Behçet’s disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential of C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin (CAR) ratio as a tool for assessing the severity of Behçet’s disease.Materials and methods: A retrospective crosssectional study was conducted by examining hospital archives. The CRP and albumin levels of Behçet’s disease patients who presented to our dermatology clinic over a three-year period from February 2020 to February 2022 were included, along with the identical laboratory parameters in the control group. The CAR ratio was calculated and statistically compared …


Serum And Urine Interferon-Inducible Protein 10, Galectin-9, And Siglec-1 As Biomarkers Of Disease Activity In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Şafak Mi̇ri̇oğlu, Suzan Çinar, Ömer Uludağ, Erdem Gürel, Sibel Varelci̇, Yasemin Özlük, Işın Kiliçaslan, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Halil Yazici, Ahmet Gül, Murat İnanç, Bahar Artim Esen Apr 2024

Serum And Urine Interferon-Inducible Protein 10, Galectin-9, And Siglec-1 As Biomarkers Of Disease Activity In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Şafak Mi̇ri̇oğlu, Suzan Çinar, Ömer Uludağ, Erdem Gürel, Sibel Varelci̇, Yasemin Özlük, Işın Kiliçaslan, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Halil Yazici, Ahmet Gül, Murat İnanç, Bahar Artim Esen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In this prospective study, we aimed to investigate the association of serum (s) and urine (u) IP-10, galectin-9, and SIGLEC-1 with disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Materials and methods: Sixty-three patients with active SLE (31 renal, 32 extrarenal) were included. Thirty patients with inactive SLE (15 renal, 15 extrarenal), 17 with renal active AAV, and 32 healthy volunteers were selected as control groups. Serum and urine IP-10, galectin-9, and SIGLEC-1 were tested using ELISA.Results: Levels of sIP-10 (p = 0.046), uIP-10 (p < 0.001), sGalectin-9 (p = 0.03), and uSIGLEC-1 (p = 0.006) were significantly higher in active SLE group compared to the inactive SLE; however, no differences were detected in the comparison of uGalectin-9 (p = 0.18) and sSIGLEC-1 (p = 0.69) between two groups. None of the biomarkers discriminated patients with active renal SLE from active extrarenal SLE. ROC analyses revealed an AUC of 0.63 (0.52–0.73) for sIP-10, 0.78 (0.68–0.86) for uIP-10, 0.64 (0.53–0.74) for sGalectin-9, and 0.68 (0.57–0.77) for uSIGLEC-1 in discriminating disease activity in SLE, which did not outperform C3 (0.75, 0.64–0.84) and C4 (0.72, 0.61–0.82). sIP-10 (p = 0.001), uIP-10 (p = 0.042), and uGalectin-9 (p = 0.009) were significantly increased in patients with active renal SLE compared to active renal AAV. sGalectin-9 (p < 0.001) and sIP-10 levels (p = 0.06) were decreased after 8 (5–22.5) months of treatment.Conclusion: sIP-10, uIP-10, sGalectin-9, and uSIGLEC-1 reflect global disease activity in SLE but do not outperform C3 and C4. sIP-10 and uIP-10 may be specific for active SLE compared to active AAV. sIP-10 and sGalectin-9 might be valuable in monitoring response after treatment.


Antiobesity And Antidyslipidemic Properties Of Clitoria Ternatea Petals Aqueous Extract Against Rats Induced By High-Fat Diet, I Gede Aswin Parisya Sasmana, Desak Made Wihandani, I Gede Krisna Arim Sadeva, Wilson Halim, Putu Putri Agustini, Lalita Samala, I Gusti Ngurah Agung Surya Pratama, Lidiya Nuraliza Rachmawati, Aizar Vesa Prasetyo, Ni Komang Ayu Amanda Setiari Jaya Apr 2024

Antiobesity And Antidyslipidemic Properties Of Clitoria Ternatea Petals Aqueous Extract Against Rats Induced By High-Fat Diet, I Gede Aswin Parisya Sasmana, Desak Made Wihandani, I Gede Krisna Arim Sadeva, Wilson Halim, Putu Putri Agustini, Lalita Samala, I Gusti Ngurah Agung Surya Pratama, Lidiya Nuraliza Rachmawati, Aizar Vesa Prasetyo, Ni Komang Ayu Amanda Setiari Jaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease involving dysregulation of fat metabolism that affects 13% of the world’s population. Obesity has been linked to dyslipidemia with a lot of complication, including stroke, chronic kidney disease, fatty liver disease, and so on. One of the natural resources that have several potential effects including anticholesterol, antiobesity, and antidyslipidemia is the butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea/CT). CT’s petal has been found to contain high levels of anthocyanins and tannins that can inhibit the biosynthesis of cholesterol and lipid. This study aims to investigate the antiobesity and antidyslipidemic effects of Clitoria ternatea extract (CTE).Materials and …


Evaluation Of Smoking Cessation Counseling Practices Of Physicians Working In Primary Health Care Institutions, Fatma Nur Karaçorlu, Edibe Pi̇ri̇nçci̇ Apr 2024

Evaluation Of Smoking Cessation Counseling Practices Of Physicians Working In Primary Health Care Institutions, Fatma Nur Karaçorlu, Edibe Pi̇ri̇nçci̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the self-reported practice of physicians working in primary health care institutions in Elazığ Province about smoking cessation counseling.Materials and methods: The population of this cross-sectional study consisted of 262 physicians working in primary health care institutions in Elazığ. We aimed to reach the entire population without using the sample selection method and we successfully reached 95.42% (250 people) of the population. A questionnaire form was used for data collection. The data obtained were evaluated by frequency, percentage, mean ± standard deviation, median and minimum–maximum, and binary logistic regression analysis.Results: The mean age …


Internal Mucosal Resection And Llc Suspension: A New Method To Establish A Stable Tip Rotation Angle And Reduce The Nasal Bridge Length, Mehmet Dadaci, Moath Zuhour, Bilsev İnce, Zeynep Altuntaş Apr 2024

Internal Mucosal Resection And Llc Suspension: A New Method To Establish A Stable Tip Rotation Angle And Reduce The Nasal Bridge Length, Mehmet Dadaci, Moath Zuhour, Bilsev İnce, Zeynep Altuntaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Herein, we describe a new technique to obtain both the appropriate degree of rotation angle and the ideal nasal bridge length. The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term results of this new technique with regard to these two variables.Materials and methods: A total of 76 (27 males, 49 females) patients were operated in accordance with the presented technique. Internal caudal mucosal excision and lower lateral cartilage (LLC) suspension were applied to all the patients included in this prospective study. Preoperative, immediate postoperative, and postoperative 1st-year photographs were taken. NOSE scores were obtained in the postoperative 1st …


Developing Patient Safety Scale For Hospitals, Metin Di̇nçer, Esra Karataş Okyay, Yunus Emre Karataş, Erol Göral Apr 2024

Developing Patient Safety Scale For Hospitals, Metin Di̇nçer, Esra Karataş Okyay, Yunus Emre Karataş, Erol Göral

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The study aimed to contribute to the literature with a reliable and valid scale for hospitals to be used in determining the current patient safety culture and following up on its development.Materials and methods: The study was conducted with the participation of 1137 healthcare professionals selected using the convenience sampling method in 3 secondary-care state hospitals and three research and training hospitals, one of which was affiliated with a medical faculty, and two were affiliated with the Health Sciences University. To begin with, to discover the latent structure of the items on the scale, an Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) …


Displaced Sigmoid Notch Fracture And Higher Patient Age Are Associated With Distal Radioulnar Joint Subluxation, Saygın Kamaci, Melih Oral, Engin Türkay Yilmaz, Taha Aksoy, Barış Kafa, Mazhar Tokgözoğlu Apr 2024

Displaced Sigmoid Notch Fracture And Higher Patient Age Are Associated With Distal Radioulnar Joint Subluxation, Saygın Kamaci, Melih Oral, Engin Türkay Yilmaz, Taha Aksoy, Barış Kafa, Mazhar Tokgözoğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim : Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are frequently associated with distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the sigmoid notch and ulna styloid fracture types on DRUJ subluxation following closed reduction and casting of DRFs via calculating radioulnar ratio (RUR) on post-reduction computed tomography (CT) images. Materials and methods: In our study, post-reduction CT images of 202 patients with distal radius fractures was evaluated retrospectively. CT images were evaluated for RUR, sigmoid notch fracture, and ulna styloid types. Sigmoid notch fractures were classified as non-displaced in the sigmoid notch fractures (NDS) …


Clinical, Radiological, And Surgical Outcomes Of 431 Patients With Adrenal Incidentalomas: Retrospective Study Of A 10-Year Single-Center Experience, Nari̇n Nasiroğlu İmga, Yılmaz Aslan, Merve Çatak, İbrahim Can Aykanat, Altuğ Tuncel, Dilek Berker Apr 2024

Clinical, Radiological, And Surgical Outcomes Of 431 Patients With Adrenal Incidentalomas: Retrospective Study Of A 10-Year Single-Center Experience, Nari̇n Nasiroğlu İmga, Yılmaz Aslan, Merve Çatak, İbrahim Can Aykanat, Altuğ Tuncel, Dilek Berker

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The incidence of adrenal tumors is increasing due to the widespread utilization of radiographic imaging techniques. Factors such as tumor size, radiological characteristics, and functionality of adrenal adenomas play crucial roles in diagnosis and subsequent management. In this retrospective study, we investigated the clinical, radiological, and surgical features of patients with adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) and evaluated their follow-up results.Materials and methods: We analyzed data from 431 patients diagnosed with AIs (130 males, 301 females) who underwent adrenal hormone evaluation at our center. We compared nonfunctioning and functioning AIs in terms of radiological features. We also compared baseline and follow-up …


The Outcome In Pediatric Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia; Results Of The First-Line Treatment And Contribution Of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation To Survival Of Relapsed Patients, Nazan Sarper, Intzi Tachzin, Sema Aylan Gelen, Emine Zengi̇n Apr 2024

The Outcome In Pediatric Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia; Results Of The First-Line Treatment And Contribution Of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation To Survival Of Relapsed Patients, Nazan Sarper, Intzi Tachzin, Sema Aylan Gelen, Emine Zengi̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To analyze the long-term outcome of pediatric patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia.Materials and methods: Data from 69 patients 0–18 years of age diagnosed between December 2001 and October 2019 were analyzed in April 2023. Patients received MRC-AML10 chemotherapy (2ADE+MACE+MidAC). No maintenance chemotherapy or preventive cranial radiotherapy was administered. Twelve patients with Down syndrome and 15 patients with promyelocytic leukemia were in the cohort. Patients with Down syndrome received reduced chemotherapy (cumulative anthracycline 420 mg/m2, cytarabine 3.4 g/m2, etoposide 1400 mg/m2). ATRA was added to chemotherapy in promyelocytic leukemia.Results: Four patients (5.8%) died in the induction (two typhlitis, one intracranial …


Preoperative Parent Education And Postoperative Nurse-Led Care For Boys Versus Routine Hospital Care For Urethroplasty For Hypospadias In Western China: A Retrospective Study, Lisi Wang, Zhengdong Wang, Xiaohui Mao, Yingjun Fu, Qian Lei, Qin Liao Apr 2024

Preoperative Parent Education And Postoperative Nurse-Led Care For Boys Versus Routine Hospital Care For Urethroplasty For Hypospadias In Western China: A Retrospective Study, Lisi Wang, Zhengdong Wang, Xiaohui Mao, Yingjun Fu, Qian Lei, Qin Liao

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Urethroplasty is the preferred treatment for hypospadias but is affected by the severity of anomalies, making it a complex procedure with potential postoperative complications. Following surgery, parents receive instructions and recommendations, whether from nurses or physicians, regardless of complication rates. However, nurses play a crucial role in educating caregivers before surgery and providing postoperative care during follow-up. The study aims to assess parents’ knowledge and practices, as well as the frequency of complications in boys who underwent urethroplasty for hypospadias and received postoperative nurse-led care and whose parents received preoperative education against those of boys who underwent urethroplasty under …


Small Airway Resistance In Obese And Nonobese Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Using Impulse Oscillometry, Nejdiye Güngördü, Aytan İsmayi̇lova, Nigar Ali̇yeva, Tamer A M Alhelou, Ayşenur Özdi̇l Eser, Ilgım Vardaloğlu Koyuncu, Nihal Enşen, Ersan Atahan, Şermin Börekçi̇, Bilun Gemi̇ci̇oğlu Apr 2024

Small Airway Resistance In Obese And Nonobese Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Using Impulse Oscillometry, Nejdiye Güngördü, Aytan İsmayi̇lova, Nigar Ali̇yeva, Tamer A M Alhelou, Ayşenur Özdi̇l Eser, Ilgım Vardaloğlu Koyuncu, Nihal Enşen, Ersan Atahan, Şermin Börekçi̇, Bilun Gemi̇ci̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: There is limited information on the pathologic changes in the small airways among obese and nonobese patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Impulse oscillometry (IOS) measures airway resistance and reactance independently of patient effort. This study aimed to compare airway resistance in small airways using IOS between obese and nonobese patients with OSAS.Materials and methods: In this real-life cross-sectional study, demographic information was collected from obese and nonobese subjects diagnosed with moderate and severe OSAS without any other underlying diseases. Spirometry and IOS measurements were conducted, and the values of both groups were statistically analyzed.Results: The nonobese group …


The Effect Of Human Recombinant Epidermal Growth Factor On Neovascularization And Pedicle Division Time In A Rat Interpolation Flap Model, Aziz Parspanci, Yavuz Keçeci̇, Peyker Temi̇z Apr 2024

The Effect Of Human Recombinant Epidermal Growth Factor On Neovascularization And Pedicle Division Time In A Rat Interpolation Flap Model, Aziz Parspanci, Yavuz Keçeci̇, Peyker Temi̇z

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In practice, waiting 2–3 weeks for interpolation flaps pedicle division result in certain morbidities and discomfort for patient. The division time of flap pedicle depends on neovascularization from the recipient bed and includes wound healing stages. We aimed to investigate the effect of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) on the flap viability during early pedicle division.Materials and methods: Thirty-six rats were allocated to two main groups as control and study. A cranial based flap measuring 5 × 5 cm was elevated from the back, including all layers of the skin. While the cranial half of the defect was …


The Relationship Between Trunk Control, Spinal Posture, And Spinal Mobility In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Study, Taşkın Özkan, Nezehat Özgül Ünlüer, Mustafa Ertuğrul Yaşa, Buse Korkmaz, Gönül Vural Jan 2024

The Relationship Between Trunk Control, Spinal Posture, And Spinal Mobility In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Study, Taşkın Özkan, Nezehat Özgül Ünlüer, Mustafa Ertuğrul Yaşa, Buse Korkmaz, Gönül Vural

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Trunk control, which plays a key role in balance and mobility, decreases in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and many parameters such as sensory, motor, and musculoskeletal systems affect trunk control. The aim of this study was to compare trunk control, spinal mobility, and spinal posture in PwMS with healthy controls and investigate the relationship between trunk control with spinal posture and spinal mobility in PwMS.Materials and methods: The study was completed with 38 PwMS and 38 healthy controls with matched age and sex. Trunk control was evaluated with the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS). Spinal posture and mobility were evaluated …


Risk Factors Of Congenital Nomalies Of The Kidney And Urinary Tract (Cakut): Exposureto Mobile Phones During Pregnancy, Kübra Çeleğen, Esra Özgül, Zeynep Yeşi̇ldağ, Erdem Yusuf Çamirci, Mehmet Çeleğen, Ayşegül Bükülmez Jan 2024

Risk Factors Of Congenital Nomalies Of The Kidney And Urinary Tract (Cakut): Exposureto Mobile Phones During Pregnancy, Kübra Çeleğen, Esra Özgül, Zeynep Yeşi̇ldağ, Erdem Yusuf Çamirci, Mehmet Çeleğen, Ayşegül Bükülmez

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract(CAKUT) are the leading causes of childhood chronic kidney disease (CKD). The etiology of most of the cases is thought to be multifactorial. In this study, risk factors for CAKUT and the effect of mobile phone-related electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure during pregnancy were investigated.Materials and methods: Fifty-seven cases and 57 healthy controls under 2 years of age were included and their mothers were subjected to a questionnaire. Groups were compared for parents’ demographics, pregestational (chronic disease, body mass index, use of the folic acid supplements) and antenatal variables (gestational disease, weight gain during …


The Effect Of Parity, Breastfeeding History, And Duration On Clinical And Pathological Characteristics Of Breast Cancer Patients, Naziye Ak, Zeynep Tuz, Esra Aydin, Ferhat Ferhatoğlu, Murat Sari, Nail Paksoy, İzzet Doğan, Anıl Yildiz, Rian Di̇şçi̇, Pınar Mualla Sai̇p Jan 2024

The Effect Of Parity, Breastfeeding History, And Duration On Clinical And Pathological Characteristics Of Breast Cancer Patients, Naziye Ak, Zeynep Tuz, Esra Aydin, Ferhat Ferhatoğlu, Murat Sari, Nail Paksoy, İzzet Doğan, Anıl Yildiz, Rian Di̇şçi̇, Pınar Mualla Sai̇p

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The study is aimed to determine the relationship between the delivery and breastfeeding history of the patients andthe clinicopathological properties of breast cancer.Materials and methods: A questionnaire was utilized for the study, which included the age of diagnosis, the number of children at thetime of diagnosis, the age of the children, and the breastfeeding period of each child.Results: The study included 828 patients. The median age at diagnosis was 47 years for parous women and 42 years for nonparouswomen (p < 0.001). The tumor size of the patients diagnosed within the breastfeeding period was significantly larger compared to theother patients. Estrogen and progesterone receptor positivity were lower in patients diagnosed during breastfeeding. Additionally, themean number of positive lymph nodes, dissected lymph nodes, and positive lymph node/dissected lymph node ratio in parous andbreastfed patients with a nonmetastatic disease were statistically significantly higher in multivariable analysis than those patients whowere nulliparous and have not breastfed.Conclusion: Breast cancer is seen at a later age in patients who are parous than those who have never given birth. Patients who areparous and have breastfed tend to present with a higher stage of the disease.


Sodium-Fluorescein-Guided Awake Surgery For Cerebral Metastases Located In Eloquent Brain Areas: Technical Notes And Preliminary Experiences, Alper Türkkan, Pınar Ocak, Marzieh Karimi Khezri, Ahmet Bekar Jan 2024

Sodium-Fluorescein-Guided Awake Surgery For Cerebral Metastases Located In Eloquent Brain Areas: Technical Notes And Preliminary Experiences, Alper Türkkan, Pınar Ocak, Marzieh Karimi Khezri, Ahmet Bekar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Awake craniotomy (AC) maximizes the resection of lesions in eloquent brain areas while preserving functionality.Tumor delineation with intraoperative use of sodium fluorescein (NaFl) facilitates total resection. When used with AC, it may allowfor safe resection without increasing the risk of postoperative neurologic deficits. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of thecombined use of NaFl and AC for maximum safe resection in patients with brain metastases.Material and methods: Patients who underwent AC due to brain metastasis in the Department of Neurosurgery of Uludağ University’sFaculty of Medicine between January 1, 2018 and August 1, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. The study comprised …


Analysis Of Risk Factors And Changes In Myocardial Biomarker Levels In 122 Cases Of Early Neonatal Anemia, Zhenhua Sui Jan 2024

Analysis Of Risk Factors And Changes In Myocardial Biomarker Levels In 122 Cases Of Early Neonatal Anemia, Zhenhua Sui

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Anemia in the first week after birth, which could affect growth, development, and organ function, should be an important warning sign to clinicians. The aim of this study was to assess the related risk factors of early neonatal anemia and to analyze the effect of anemia on the expression levels of myocardial markers in newborns.Materials and methods: Clinical data from 122 confirmed cases of anemic newborns and 108 nonanemic newborns were collected to analyze the independent risk factors for early anemia using logistic regression analyses. Blood samples were collected from both groups for the detection of myocardial markers, including the …


High Amniotic Fluid Fractalkine And Mip-1Β Levels Are Associated With Intrauterine Growth Restriction: A Prospective Cohort Study, Şehmus Pala, Remzi Atilgan, Nevin İlhan Jan 2024

High Amniotic Fluid Fractalkine And Mip-1Β Levels Are Associated With Intrauterine Growth Restriction: A Prospective Cohort Study, Şehmus Pala, Remzi Atilgan, Nevin İlhan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Proinflammatory chemokines have been shown to play crucial roles in implantation, spiral artery invasion, and thefetomaternal immunological response. In this context, we investigated the levels of fractalkine (CX3CL1) and chemokine CC motifligand 4 (CCL4 or MIP-1β) in maternal serum and amniotic fluids in pregnant women with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study was carried out at Fırat University Obstetrics Clinic between January 1, 2022 andJuly 1, 2022. Group (G) 1: The control group consisted of 40 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section (CS) at 38–40weeks of gestation. G2: A total of 40 pregnant women with …


Comparison Of The Clinical Efficacy Of Ultrasound-Guided Gon Blockade Using Low And High Concentrations Of Bupivacaine In Chronic Migraine, Ümit Murat Parpucu, Onur Küçük, Fatih Sağ, Suna Akın Takmaz, Barış Kiran, İsmail Eren Durmuş, Yılmaz Karaduman, Semih Aydemi̇r Jan 2024

Comparison Of The Clinical Efficacy Of Ultrasound-Guided Gon Blockade Using Low And High Concentrations Of Bupivacaine In Chronic Migraine, Ümit Murat Parpucu, Onur Küçük, Fatih Sağ, Suna Akın Takmaz, Barış Kiran, İsmail Eren Durmuş, Yılmaz Karaduman, Semih Aydemi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

In this study, it was aimed to retrospectively compare the effect of greater occipital nerve (GON) block performed with ultrasonography using low (0.3%) and high (0.5%) concentrations of bupivacaine on pain scores and patient satisfaction in chronic migraine (CM).Materials and methods: The mean number of days with pain, the mean duration of pain in the attacks, and the highest numerical rating scale (NRS) scores recorded in the 1 month preblock and 1 and 3 months postblock of 80 patients (40 for Group 1, 0.3% bupivacaine; 40 for Group 2, 0.5% bupivacaine) who underwent ultrasonography-guided GON block were recorded from the …


Elderly And Aged Asthma Have Different Characteristics: Results Of A Multicenter Study, Ebru Damadoğlu, Özge Öztürk Aktaş, Bilun Gemi̇ci̇oğlu, Nafiye Yilmaz, Fulşen Bozkuş, Vehbi Ayhan, Ayşe Füsun Kalpaklioğlu, Ferda Öner Erkekol, Yavuz Havlucu, Fuat Erel, Ömür Aydin, Aydanur Eki̇ci̇, Ayşe Baççioğlu, Serap Argun Bariş, Gözde Köycü Buhari̇, Berrin Ceyhan, Özlem Göksel, Mehmet Köse, Adile Berna Dursun, Füsun Yildiz, Arzu Yorgancioğlu, Sacide Rana Işik, Dane Edi̇ger, İpek Kıvılcım Oğuzülgen, Ahmet Uğur Demi̇r, Gül Karakaya, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu Jan 2024

Elderly And Aged Asthma Have Different Characteristics: Results Of A Multicenter Study, Ebru Damadoğlu, Özge Öztürk Aktaş, Bilun Gemi̇ci̇oğlu, Nafiye Yilmaz, Fulşen Bozkuş, Vehbi Ayhan, Ayşe Füsun Kalpaklioğlu, Ferda Öner Erkekol, Yavuz Havlucu, Fuat Erel, Ömür Aydin, Aydanur Eki̇ci̇, Ayşe Baççioğlu, Serap Argun Bariş, Gözde Köycü Buhari̇, Berrin Ceyhan, Özlem Göksel, Mehmet Köse, Adile Berna Dursun, Füsun Yildiz, Arzu Yorgancioğlu, Sacide Rana Işik, Dane Edi̇ger, İpek Kıvılcım Oğuzülgen, Ahmet Uğur Demi̇r, Gül Karakaya, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Characteristics of asthma in the elderly population is not well-known. The aim of the present study was to evaluateasthma in the elderly population, to compare disease characteristics between patients diagnosed <60 (aged asthma) and ≥60 (elderlyasthma) years of age.Materials and methods: The study was a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional type. A questionnaire was filled out to patients 60years of age and over, that have been followed for asthma for at least 3 months. Asthma Control Test (ACT), eight-item MoriskyMedication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) was filled out, inhaler device technique was assessed.Results: A total of 399 patients were included from 17 tertiary care centers across the country. Mean age was 67.11 years and 331 (83%)were female. The age at asthma diagnosis was ≥60 in 146 (36.6%) patients. Patients diagnosed ≥60 years were older (p < 0.001), hadhigher education level (p < 0.001), more commonly had first-degree relative with asthma (p = 0.038), asthma related comorbidities(p = 0.009) and accompanying rhinitis/rhinosinusitis (p = 0.005), had better asthma control (p = 0.001), were using less controllermedications (p = 0.014). Inhaler technique was correct in 37% of the patients with no difference in between the groups. Treatmentcompliance was better in elderly asthma patients (p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, having well-controlledasthma (odds ratio = 1.61, CI = 1.04–2.51), and high medication adherence rate (odds ratio = 2.43, CI = 1.48–4.0) were associated withbeing in the elderly asthma group.Conclusion: The characteristics of asthma are different among patients aged 60 years and over which seems to be related to onset age ofasthma. In our cohort, the elderly asthma patients had higher education level, and treatment adherence and asthma control was better.Patients diagnosed ≥60 years of age did not have more severe disease.


Evaluation Of Accompanying Allergic Disease In Children With Proven Drug Allergies, Şule Büyük Yaytokgi̇l, Kezban İpek Demi̇r, Özge Yılmaz Topal, Azize Pınar Metbulut, İlknur Külhaş Çeli̇k, Müge Toyran, Ersoy Ci̇velek, Emine Di̇bek Misirlioğlu Jan 2024

Evaluation Of Accompanying Allergic Disease In Children With Proven Drug Allergies, Şule Büyük Yaytokgi̇l, Kezban İpek Demi̇r, Özge Yılmaz Topal, Azize Pınar Metbulut, İlknur Külhaş Çeli̇k, Müge Toyran, Ersoy Ci̇velek, Emine Di̇bek Misirlioğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Data on the prevalence of allergic diseases in children with proven drug allergies are limited. We aim to evaluate thefrequency of allergic comorbidity in children with proven common drug allergies.Materials and methods: Children with drug hypersensitivity confirmed by diagnostic allergy tests at our center between January 2010and December 2020 were screened retrospectively. Patients with the most common drug allergies (due to antibiotics, nonsteroidalantiinflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], and antiepileptic drugs) were selected for analysis. Age, sex, the culprit drug, initial reactioncharacteristics, diagnostic test results, and the study physician who diagnosed concomitant allergic diseases were noted.Results: A total of 168 patients (boys, 51.2%) …


Evaluation Of Bone Health In Terms Of Osteoporosis In Adult Patients With Neuromuscular Disease, Özgür Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gürçay, Yasemin Tombak Yildizkan, Damla Cankurtaran, Zeynep Tuba Bahti̇yarca, Ebru Umay Jan 2024

Evaluation Of Bone Health In Terms Of Osteoporosis In Adult Patients With Neuromuscular Disease, Özgür Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gürçay, Yasemin Tombak Yildizkan, Damla Cankurtaran, Zeynep Tuba Bahti̇yarca, Ebru Umay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

There are no current guidelines to help clinicians decide whether patients with adult neuromuscular disease (NMD) should be screened or treated for osteoporosis (OP). This study was undertaken to investigate the presence of OP in patients with various types of NMD and to examine the relationship between OP evaluation parameters and functional status, daily living activities, balance, and ambulation levels.Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 45 patients with NMDs. The patients were divided into 3 groups, depending on the affected component of the motor unit (neuronopathy group, neuropathy group, and myopathy group). The laboratory and demographic data were recorded …


Minipuberty Period Of Children With Atopic Dermatitis Compared To Healthy Children, Serkan Bilge Koca, Hatice Eke Güngör, Murat Cansever Jan 2024

Minipuberty Period Of Children With Atopic Dermatitis Compared To Healthy Children, Serkan Bilge Koca, Hatice Eke Güngör, Murat Cansever

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory, pruritic, noncontagious, chronic relapsing skin disease. Skin barrierabnormalities, excessive T helper 2 activity, and immune dysregulation are held responsible. Androgens have a negative effect on theintegrity of the epidermal skin barrier, while estrogen has a positive effect. We aimed to investigate whether hormones make a differencebetween healthy children and children with AD during minipuberty.Materials and methods: A total of 96 infants (postnatal 4–13 weeks), 48 diagnosed with AD and 48 controls, were included. Each groupconsisted of 23 girls (47.9%) and 25 boys (52.1%). Anthropometric examinations and hormone measurements were compared.Results: The two groups, having …


The Role Of Probiotics For Preventing Dysbiosis In Periodontal Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Tuğba Şahi̇n, Gülçin Akca, Nurdan Özmeri̇ç Jan 2024

The Role Of Probiotics For Preventing Dysbiosis In Periodontal Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Tuğba Şahi̇n, Gülçin Akca, Nurdan Özmeri̇ç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Scaling and root planing remain inadequate in periodontitis treatment caused by dysbiotic microbial dental plaque. The aim of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effects of probiotics and kefir consumption in initial periodontal therapy (IPT) on oral microbiota composition and treatment outcomes in patients with periodontitis.Materials and methods: The study was carried out in the Gazi University Department of Periodontology, including a sample size of 36 individuals and utilizing a randomized controlled design. Thirty-six patients with periodontitis were randomly allocated to three groups: one receiving probiotic treatment, another receiving kefir, and a third serving as the control group. Obtaining …


Letter To The Editor: Serum Amylase On Postoperative Day One Is A Strong Predictor Of Pancreatic Fistula After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Retrospective Cohort, Cengiz Ceylan Jan 2024

Letter To The Editor: Serum Amylase On Postoperative Day One Is A Strong Predictor Of Pancreatic Fistula After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Retrospective Cohort, Cengiz Ceylan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Determination Of The Embryotoxic Effects Of Propofol Injected Into Eggs On The Cerebellum And Spinal Cord Using Histologic Methods: An Animal Study, Murat İzgi̇, Emrah Sur Jan 2024

Determination Of The Embryotoxic Effects Of Propofol Injected Into Eggs On The Cerebellum And Spinal Cord Using Histologic Methods: An Animal Study, Murat İzgi̇, Emrah Sur

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

This study aims to determine the possible embryotoxic effects of propofol on the cerebellum and spinal cord using fertile chicken eggs. Materials and methods: A total of 430 fertile eggs were divided into 5 groups: control, saline, 2.5 mg.kg–1, 12.5 mg.kg–1, and 37.5 mg.kg–1 propofol. Injections were made immediately before incubation via the air chamber. On the 15th, 18th, and 21st day of incubation, 6 embryos from each group were evaluated. Serial paraffin sections taken from the cerebellum and spinal cord were stained with hematoxylin–eosin, Kluver–Barrera, toluidine blue, and periodic acid-Schiff ’s reaction. The outer granular layer and total cortex …


Tracking The Footsteps Of Burkholderia Mallei: Determination Of The Molecular Differences And Potential Resistance Genes, Dilek Dülger, Seda Eki̇ci̇, Mehmet Demi̇rci̇, Akın Yi̇ği̇n, Orkun Babacan Jan 2024

Tracking The Footsteps Of Burkholderia Mallei: Determination Of The Molecular Differences And Potential Resistance Genes, Dilek Dülger, Seda Eki̇ci̇, Mehmet Demi̇rci̇, Akın Yi̇ği̇n, Orkun Babacan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Chemical biological radiological nuclear threats are at an important point in the agenda of world health today, as theycan cause mass deaths. B. mallei attracts attention as a potential biological warfare agent due to its features such as multidrug resistance,a rapid transmission mechanism via aerosol, the absence of a complete treatment protocol for the infection it causes, and the absence ofan approved vaccine for protection against the bacteria. B. mallei suspect samples must be studied by experienced personnel in biosafetylevel III laboratories. B mallei is a difficult and troublesome pathogen to diagnose and many unknowns about B. mallei today. Therefore,the …


Leaky Gut And Inflammatory Biomarkers In A Medication Overuse Headache Model In Male Rats, Doğa Vuralli, Hale Gök Dağidir, Elif Abbasoğlu Topa, Hayrunnisa Bolay Belen Jan 2024

Leaky Gut And Inflammatory Biomarkers In A Medication Overuse Headache Model In Male Rats, Doğa Vuralli, Hale Gök Dağidir, Elif Abbasoğlu Topa, Hayrunnisa Bolay Belen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Medication overuse is common among chronic migraine patients and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)are the most frequently overused drugs. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying medication overuse headache (MOH) are notcompletely understood. Intestinal hyperpermeability and leaky gut are reported in patients using NSAIDs. The aim of the study is toinvestigate the role of leaky gut and inflammation in an MOH model MOH model in male rats.Methods: The study was conducted in male Sprague Dawley rats. There were two experimental groups. The first group was the chronicNSAID group in which the rats received mefenamic acid (n = 8) for four weeks intraperitoneally (ip) and …


Evaluation Of Baseline F-18 Fdg Positron Emission Tomography In The Diagnosis And Assessment Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Burak İnce, Emine Göknur Işik, Zeynep Gözde Özkan, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Bahar Artım Esen, Ahmet Gül, Murat İnanç Jan 2024

Evaluation Of Baseline F-18 Fdg Positron Emission Tomography In The Diagnosis And Assessment Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Burak İnce, Emine Göknur Işik, Zeynep Gözde Özkan, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Bahar Artım Esen, Ahmet Gül, Murat İnanç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this study is to evaluate the baseline F18-FDG PET/CT findings of individuals diagnosed with giant cellarteritis (GCA) and to explore its association with clinical findings and classification criteria.Materials and methods: We analysed data from patients who underwent F18-FDG PET/CT scans to investigate large vessel (LV)involvement between 2010 and 2019. Only patients with a clinical diagnosis of GCA and at least 6 months of follow-up were included.We compared initial clinical features and laboratory findings based on the presence of LV vasculitis on PET/CT and the maximumstandard uptake value (SUVmax) of vascular territories.Results: Twenty-nine patients (median age at diagnosis: …


Clinical Characteristics And Disease Course Before And After Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Large Cohort Of Systemic Sclerosis Patients, Aslıhan Avanoğlu Güler, Büşra Özçi̇men, Mesude Seda Aydoğdu, Alper Sari, Aliyeva Numune, Nazife Tüzün Ersan, Seda Çolak, Hazan Karadeni̇z, İbrahim Vasi̇, Hamit Küçük, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Abdulsamet Erden, Mehmet Kayaalp, Mehmet Akif Öztürk, Berna Göker, Ahmet Omma, Sedat Yilmaz, Süleyman Serdar Koca, Murat İnanç, Ali Akdoğan, Abdurrahman Tufan Jan 2024

Clinical Characteristics And Disease Course Before And After Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Large Cohort Of Systemic Sclerosis Patients, Aslıhan Avanoğlu Güler, Büşra Özçi̇men, Mesude Seda Aydoğdu, Alper Sari, Aliyeva Numune, Nazife Tüzün Ersan, Seda Çolak, Hazan Karadeni̇z, İbrahim Vasi̇, Hamit Küçük, Yasemin Yalçinkaya, Abdulsamet Erden, Mehmet Kayaalp, Mehmet Akif Öztürk, Berna Göker, Ahmet Omma, Sedat Yilmaz, Süleyman Serdar Koca, Murat İnanç, Ali Akdoğan, Abdurrahman Tufan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical presentations and adverse outcomes of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and assess the impact of SSc features on the clinical course of COVID-19.Materials and methods: In this multicenter, retrospective study, SSc patients with COVID-19 were included. Clinical features of SSc, along with detailed COVID-19 data, were extracted from medical records and patient interviews.Results: The study included 112 patients (mean age 51.4 ± 12.8 years; 90.2% female). SSc-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) was evident in 57.1% of the patients. The findings revealed hospitalization in 25.5%, respiratory …