Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Antiobesity And Antidyslipidemic Properties Of Clitoria Ternatea Petals Aqueous Extract Against Rats Induced By High-Fat Diet, I Gede Aswin Parisya Sasmana, Desak Made Wihandani, I Gede Krisna Arim Sadeva, Wilson Halim, Putu Putri Agustini, Lalita Samala, I Gusti Ngurah Agung Surya Pratama, Lidiya Nuraliza Rachmawati, Aizar Vesa Prasetyo, Ni Komang Ayu Amanda Setiari Jaya Apr 2024

Antiobesity And Antidyslipidemic Properties Of Clitoria Ternatea Petals Aqueous Extract Against Rats Induced By High-Fat Diet, I Gede Aswin Parisya Sasmana, Desak Made Wihandani, I Gede Krisna Arim Sadeva, Wilson Halim, Putu Putri Agustini, Lalita Samala, I Gusti Ngurah Agung Surya Pratama, Lidiya Nuraliza Rachmawati, Aizar Vesa Prasetyo, Ni Komang Ayu Amanda Setiari Jaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease involving dysregulation of fat metabolism that affects 13% of the world’s population. Obesity has been linked to dyslipidemia with a lot of complication, including stroke, chronic kidney disease, fatty liver disease, and so on. One of the natural resources that have several potential effects including anticholesterol, antiobesity, and antidyslipidemia is the butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea/CT). CT’s petal has been found to contain high levels of anthocyanins and tannins that can inhibit the biosynthesis of cholesterol and lipid. This study aims to investigate the antiobesity and antidyslipidemic effects of Clitoria ternatea extract (CTE).Materials and …


Predicting Difficult Airway In Morbidly Obese Patients Using Ultrasound, Sevim Akin, Mustafa Yildirim, Hakan Artaş, Esef Bolat Jan 2024

Predicting Difficult Airway In Morbidly Obese Patients Using Ultrasound, Sevim Akin, Mustafa Yildirim, Hakan Artaş, Esef Bolat

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Difficult mask ventilation and difficult intubation are more common in obese patients. Ultrasound is a reliable andnoninvasive method for evaluating the airway. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution and availability of anterior necksoft tissue (ANS) thickness at different levels, tongue volume (TV), hyomental distance (HMD), the ratio of preepiglottic distance todistance between the epiglottis and the midpoint of vocal cords (PE/E-VC) measured by ultrasonography in predicting difficult airwayin morbidly obese patients.Materials and methods: Between March 2020 and November 2020, patients aged ≥18 years with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥40 kg/m2who underwent elective surgery under …


Evaluation Of Sestrin 2 And Tribbles Homolog 3 Levels In Obese And Nonobese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Ayşegül Çatal, Evri̇m Ebru Kovalak Dec 2023

Evaluation Of Sestrin 2 And Tribbles Homolog 3 Levels In Obese And Nonobese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Ayşegül Çatal, Evri̇m Ebru Kovalak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study was designed to evaluate the relationship of two new biomarkers [tribbles homolog 3 (TRB3) and sestrin 2 levels], which were previously associated with obesity, with metabolic parameters in obese and nonobese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional case control study was conducted between September 2017 and August 2019 in the gynecology department of a tertiary referral hospital. The values of the plasma sestrin 2, TRB3, insulin, fasting plasma glucose, lipid profile, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were compared in 90 obese women with PCOS (BMI > 30), 90 women with …


Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Response Of Rituximab In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results From The Turkbi̇o Registry, Ahmet Karataş, Rabi̇a Pi̇şki̇n Sağir, Süleyman Serdar Koca, Hüseyi̇n Edi̇z Dalkiliç, Gerçek Can, Yavuz Pehli̇van, Ayten Yazici, Güzi̇de Nevsun İnanç, Ayşe Çefle, Zeynep Ertürk, Servet Akar, Soner Şenel, Ahmet Meri̇h Bi̇rli̇k, Nurullah Akkoç, Fatoş Önen Oct 2023

Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Response Of Rituximab In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results From The Turkbi̇o Registry, Ahmet Karataş, Rabi̇a Pi̇şki̇n Sağir, Süleyman Serdar Koca, Hüseyi̇n Edi̇z Dalkiliç, Gerçek Can, Yavuz Pehli̇van, Ayten Yazici, Güzi̇de Nevsun İnanç, Ayşe Çefle, Zeynep Ertürk, Servet Akar, Soner Şenel, Ahmet Meri̇h Bi̇rli̇k, Nurullah Akkoç, Fatoş Önen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Adipose tissue produces several inflammatory mediators. Thus, obesity affects the disease course and the responses to the antirheumatic agents in inflammatory diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether the body mass index (BMI) is involved in the response to rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Materials and methods: This multicenter retrospective study included 206 RA patients who received rituximab from the Turkish Biologic (TURKBIO) registry between 2011 and the end of May 2017. Demographic and clinical data including age, sex, disease type, disease duration, and previous or current treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biological drug …


Dietary Inflammatory Index Score And Its Association With Body Mass Index, Body Fat Percentage, Body Fat Mass, And Lipid Profile In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis, Seda Kaya, Zeynep Uzdi̇l, Ni̇ti̇n Shi̇vappa, James R. Hebert, Pinar Sökülmez Kaya, Murat Terzi̇ Oct 2023

Dietary Inflammatory Index Score And Its Association With Body Mass Index, Body Fat Percentage, Body Fat Mass, And Lipid Profile In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis, Seda Kaya, Zeynep Uzdi̇l, Ni̇ti̇n Shi̇vappa, James R. Hebert, Pinar Sökülmez Kaya, Murat Terzi̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Multiple sclerosis (MS) may cause modifications in body composition, particularly for body fat associated with obesity and some biochemical parameters such as lipid profiles. We investigated whether there is a link between the inflammatory contents of diets and body composition and lipid profiles in patients with MS. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study that included 85 MS patients. The study data of the patients were collected in the Neurology Clinic of Ondokuz Mayıs University?s Health Practice and Research Center. The data included demographic characteristics; anthropometric measurements such as body weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference, hip …


Long-Term Impact Of Sleeve Gastrectomy On Serum Uric Acid Levels, Bi̇rkan Bi̇rben, Gökhan Akkurt, Mesut Tez, Bariş Doğu Yildiz Jan 2023

Long-Term Impact Of Sleeve Gastrectomy On Serum Uric Acid Levels, Bi̇rkan Bi̇rben, Gökhan Akkurt, Mesut Tez, Bariş Doğu Yildiz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Obesity is a risk factor for hyperuricemia. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment method for metabolic control. The aim of our study was to evaluate the correlation between the preoperative and postoperative serum uric acid levels with body mass index, body weight, and excess weight loss in patients that underwent sleeve gastrectomy. Materials and methods: A total of 164 patients that underwent laparoscopic and open sleeve gastrectomy were evaluated in terms of the demographic characteristics, preoperative body weight, body mass index and serum uric acid levels, and postoperative body weight, body mass index, excess weight loss and serum uric …


Evaluation Of Cardiovascular Changes In Patients With Gastric Wall Fat Halo Sign, Ali̇ Küpeli̇, Eser Bulut, Edhem Ünver, Gürkan Danişan Jan 2022

Evaluation Of Cardiovascular Changes In Patients With Gastric Wall Fat Halo Sign, Ali̇ Küpeli̇, Eser Bulut, Edhem Ünver, Gürkan Danişan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aims to investigate the relationship between gastric wall fat halo sign and potentially associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) in thoracic computed tomography (CT). Materials and methods: Between October 2020 and January 2021, 62 patients with gastric wall fat halo sign and 62 controls were evaluated with thorax CT. Patient's height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sex, age, comorbidities, laboratory parameters, diameters of cardiac axes, aorta and pulmonary artery; aorta and coronary artery calcium scores were recorded for the two groups. Results: No significant differences were found in sex, age, height, body weight or BMI between the two groups …


Risk Factors For Evisceration In Gynecological Oncology Surgeries, Fati̇h Kiliç, Günsu Ki̇myon Cömert, Mehmet Ünsal, İsmet Çi̇ğdem Kiliç, Caner Çakir, Di̇lek Yüksel, Mustafa Alper Karalök, Osman Türkmen, Ahmet Taner Turan Jan 2021

Risk Factors For Evisceration In Gynecological Oncology Surgeries, Fati̇h Kiliç, Günsu Ki̇myon Cömert, Mehmet Ünsal, İsmet Çi̇ğdem Kiliç, Caner Çakir, Di̇lek Yüksel, Mustafa Alper Karalök, Osman Türkmen, Ahmet Taner Turan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To investigate the risk factors for evisceration in a gynecological oncology population. The secondary aim was to evaluate the impact of evisceration on survival. Materials and methods: Inclusion criteria consisted of having had an elective surgery performed through a xiphoidopubic incision in our institution and having a gynecological malignancy based on pathology. A total of 198 patients were evaluated, 54 with evisceration and 144 without evisceration. Due to the widely varied prognosis of female genital cancers, the survival was analyzed on a homogenized group, including only 62 patients with primary advanced stage epithelial ovarian-tubal-peritoneal cancer. Results: The preoperative factors …


Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, And Validity Of The Turkish Version Of The Obesityspecific Quality Of Life Questionnaire: Quality Of Life, Obesity, And Dietetics (Qolod)Rating Scale, Ni̇metcan Mehmet Yağma, Egemen Ünal, Mehmet Enes Gökler, Sali̇h Mollahali̇loğlu Jan 2021

Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, And Validity Of The Turkish Version Of The Obesityspecific Quality Of Life Questionnaire: Quality Of Life, Obesity, And Dietetics (Qolod)Rating Scale, Ni̇metcan Mehmet Yağma, Egemen Ünal, Mehmet Enes Gökler, Sali̇h Mollahali̇loğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Obesity is one of the main public health issues in many countries including Turkey. The aim of the study is to test cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of QOLOD rating scale in the Turkish language. Materials and methods: This methodological study was conducted among the overweight and obesity people between February-March, 2018 in Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital. The data was collected through self-report and face to face interviews. The QOLOD rating scale has 36 items, a 5-point Likert scale (1-5) is used for each question. Results: In the study, of the 180 participants, 101 (56.1%) were female, …


Early Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery: A Single-Institute Preliminary Experience, Emre Günakan, Hakan Buluş, Yusuf Aytaç Tohma Jan 2020

Early Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery: A Single-Institute Preliminary Experience, Emre Günakan, Hakan Buluş, Yusuf Aytaç Tohma

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Pregnancy after bariatric surgery is an issue of growing importance with increasing number of women undergoing bariatric surgery. Therefore, in this study we present patients who conceived after sleeve gastrectomy and evaluate the obstetric outcomes. Materials and methods: This retrospective case-control study includes 23 women who conceived after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Patients were evaluated in two groups according to the number of months between surgery and conception (group 1: ≤12 months; group 2: >12 months). Results: The mean body mass index of patients before surgery and at the time of conception was 46.6 kg/m2 and 29.7 kg/m2, respectively. Nine …


Obesity Perception Survey Among Youth In Turkey: Instrument Development And Test-Retest Reliability, Wasantha Jayawardene, Sali̇h Pinar, Mohammad Torabi, Pengcheng Xun, Mustafa Kami̇l Özer Jan 2019

Obesity Perception Survey Among Youth In Turkey: Instrument Development And Test-Retest Reliability, Wasantha Jayawardene, Sali̇h Pinar, Mohammad Torabi, Pengcheng Xun, Mustafa Kami̇l Özer

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to develop an instrument that can assess the perceptions and opinions of young people regarding the causes and consequences of obesity and the role of individuals, families, communities, and government in addressing obesity.Materials and methods: A 36-question (101-item) survey was developed by adopting, translating, and revising multiple-choice or Likert-scale questions from existing surveys to assure construct cross-cultural validity. A two-factor mixed-effects model estimated the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) to measure the test-retest reliability of questions administered 2 weeks apart to a convenient sample of İstanbul high school and university students, aged 15?25 years (n = 122).Results: The …


The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio And Its Relationship With Insulin Resistance In Obesity, Serdar Karakaya, Mustafa Altay, Fatma Kaplan Efe, İbrahi̇m Karadağ, Oktay Ünsal, Oktay Bulur, Murat Eser, Derun Taner Ertuğrul Jan 2019

The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio And Its Relationship With Insulin Resistance In Obesity, Serdar Karakaya, Mustafa Altay, Fatma Kaplan Efe, İbrahi̇m Karadağ, Oktay Ünsal, Oktay Bulur, Murat Eser, Derun Taner Ertuğrul

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

In this study, our aim was to investigate the neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio, variations in leukocytes and leukocyte subtypes, and the relationship between N/L ratio and insulin resistance (IR) in obesity.Materials and methods: Ninety-six patients and 40 healthy controls were included in this study. Patients' blood glucose levels, insulin levels, and hemogram parameters upon 8 h of fasting were determined. Body mass index (BMI) and Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) values were calculated.Results: Neutrophil numbers were found to be higher among obese patients with IR than among non-IR obese patients. The N/L ratio was, moreover, found to be higher among obese …


Investigation Of The Relationship Between Oxidative Stress Andscube1 Levels In High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats, Akin Bodur, Cemi̇l Kahraman, Di̇ler Us Altay, Taghi Ahmadi Rendi, Ahmet Menteşe, Ahmet Alver Jan 2018

Investigation Of The Relationship Between Oxidative Stress Andscube1 Levels In High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats, Akin Bodur, Cemi̇l Kahraman, Di̇ler Us Altay, Taghi Ahmadi Rendi, Ahmet Menteşe, Ahmet Alver

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate signal peptide-Cub-EGF domain-containing protein 1 (SCUBE1) levels and oxidative stress (OS) in a high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rat model. Materials and methods: Fourteen rats were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1, the control group, was given a standard diet (10% calories of fat) and Group 2, the obese group, was given a HFD (60% calories of fat), both for 70 days. Rats were then sacrificed and serum samples were collected. Serum glucose and triglyceride concentrations were determined using an autoanalyzer. Serum SCUBE1, adiponectin, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were determined using an …


Factors Associated With Social Anxiety Disorder In A Group Of Obese Turkish Female Patients, Akatli Kürşad Özşahi̇n, Ebru Altintaş Jan 2018

Factors Associated With Social Anxiety Disorder In A Group Of Obese Turkish Female Patients, Akatli Kürşad Özşahi̇n, Ebru Altintaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Mental disorders may accompany obesity. is study aims to evaluate the association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and obesity and the risk factors for SAD in obese female patients. Materials and methods: A total of 114 obese patients and 110 healthy controls were included. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI I-II), and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) were administered to assess anxiety, depression, and social anxiety levels. Scale scores were analyzed statistically. Results: The rate of SAD in obese female patients was found to be 8.8%. Anxiety, depression, and social …


Associations Between Obesity And The Radiographic Phenotype In Knee Osteoarthritis, Mehmet Derya Demi̇rağ, Seçi̇l Özkan, Şemi̇nur Haznedaroğlu, Evi̇n Aras Kilinç, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Sefer Aycan, Berna Goker Jan 2017

Associations Between Obesity And The Radiographic Phenotype In Knee Osteoarthritis, Mehmet Derya Demi̇rağ, Seçi̇l Özkan, Şemi̇nur Haznedaroğlu, Evi̇n Aras Kilinç, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Sefer Aycan, Berna Goker

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Investigation of the association between obesity and the distinction of radiographic patterns in knee osteoarthritis. Materials and methods: Seven hundred and thirty-four women underwent weight-bearing antero-posterior knee radiography. Osteophytes and joint space narrowing (JSN) were graded according to the OARSI atlas. Each subject was assigned to one of the following groups with respect to the maximum score: osteophyte-dominant, indeterminate, JSN-dominant, and radiographically normal. Results: Obese patients had a significantly more frequent osteophyte-dominant pattern compared to nonobese subjects (74.5% and 38%, respectively, P < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that obesity had a stronger association with an osteophytedominant pattern compared to a JSN-dominant pattern (OR and 95% CI = 7.16 (3.15-16.26) and 1.63 (0.96-2.78), respectively). Age had a very weak effect on the distinction to an osteophyte-dominant pattern and no effect on JSN dominance (OR and 95% CI = 1.1 (1.06-1.15) and 1.02 (0.99-1.05), respectively). Conclusion: There might be an association between obesity and the radiographic phenotype in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The findings suggest that the association between obesity and the osteophyte formation is stronger than that of JSN.


Physical Activity And Physical Fitness In Obese, Overweight, And Normal-Weight Children, Juozas Raistenskis, Aurelija Sidlauskiene, Birute Strukcinskiene, Serpi̇l Uğur Baysal, Raimondas Buckus Jan 2016

Physical Activity And Physical Fitness In Obese, Overweight, And Normal-Weight Children, Juozas Raistenskis, Aurelija Sidlauskiene, Birute Strukcinskiene, Serpi̇l Uğur Baysal, Raimondas Buckus

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim was to assess the differences between physical activity and physical fitness in obese, overweight, and normal-weight children. Materials and methods: The cross-sectional study was accomplished using cluster sampling method at 3 Lithuanian schools. An analysis of anthropometric data for 532 Lithuanian children was performed. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, and skinfold thickness were measured. Body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, and body fat percentage were calculated. The Youth Physical Activity Questionnaire and a 6-min walk test (6MWT) were administered to evaluate physical activity and physical fitness. Maximal oxygen consumption was calculated to assess the children's aerobic capacity. …


Crp, Hba1c, Lipid, And Biochemical Parameters And Their Relation With Maternal Visceral Adipose Tissue And Subcutaneous Fat Tissue Thickness, Müzeyyen Duran, Aydin Köşüş, Nermi̇n Köşüş, Ni̇lgün Turhan Jan 2016

Crp, Hba1c, Lipid, And Biochemical Parameters And Their Relation With Maternal Visceral Adipose Tissue And Subcutaneous Fat Tissue Thickness, Müzeyyen Duran, Aydin Köşüş, Nermi̇n Köşüş, Ni̇lgün Turhan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to find whether maternal visceral tissue (VAT) or subcutaneous fat tissue (SCFT) thicknesses are associated with CRP, HbA1c, lipid, and biochemical parameters in the first trimester of pregnancy. Materials and methods: Ninety pregnant women were enrolled. Body mass index (BMI), VAT, and SCFT were measured. The best cut-off points for grouping subjects were found to be 4 cm for VAT and 2 cm for SCFT. Venous blood samples were collected. Results: VAT was higher than 4 cm in all cases with high BMIs. High CRP and HbA1c were found in 45.5% and 18.2% …


Effects Of Crocin On Experimental Obesity And Type-2 Diabetes, Ömer Hazman, Laçi̇ne Aksoy, Ahmet Büyükben Jan 2016

Effects Of Crocin On Experimental Obesity And Type-2 Diabetes, Ömer Hazman, Laçi̇ne Aksoy, Ahmet Büyükben

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to scrutinize the effects of crocin on obesity and type-2 diabetes, with an approach that takes oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters into account. Materials and methods: The experimental obesity model was created by utilizing a 10-week-long high-fat diet (HFD). An experimental type-2 diabetes model was created by injecting multiple low-dose streptozocin (STZ) injections into rats that were fed with the HFD. The treatment groups were administered a daily crocin dose of 150 mg/kg for 6 weeks via gavage. Results: Findings of the study demonstrated that crocin could be effective in relieving the symptoms …


Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile Scores Are Not Associatedwith Obesity In High School Students, Gi̇zem Li̇mni̇li̇, Ni̇lgün Özçakar, Mehtap Kartal Jan 2016

Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile Scores Are Not Associatedwith Obesity In High School Students, Gi̇zem Li̇mni̇li̇, Ni̇lgün Özçakar, Mehtap Kartal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Obesity is a cause of preventable morbidity and mortality with an increasing prevalence. Health promoting lifestyle activities maintain or improve an individual?s health and in adolescence many habits are configured. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents and the relation between obesity and health promoting behaviors. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study including 848 high school students aged 15?17. All students were administered a questionnaire including the Health Promotion Life-Style Profile Scale. Weight and height were measured and body mass index was calculated. Descriptive analysis, Pearson?s chi-square test, …


Prevalence Of Hypertension And Its Association With Obesity Among Schoolchildren Aged 6-15 Living In Sakarya Province In Turkey, Fati̇h Muhammed Önsüz, Fi̇gen Demi̇r Jan 2015

Prevalence Of Hypertension And Its Association With Obesity Among Schoolchildren Aged 6-15 Living In Sakarya Province In Turkey, Fati̇h Muhammed Önsüz, Fi̇gen Demi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Childhood hypertension and its association with obesity are becoming important issues worldwide. The prevalence of hypertension and obesity are growing in both developed and developing countries. This paper aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension among school-aged children in Sakarya (western part of Turkey) and to determine whether or not obesity is associated with hypertension. Materials and methods: Twelve schools were randomly selected from an area in the center of the Sakarya. A total of 2166 students participated in the study. The students were visited at school, and their weights, heights, and blood pressures were measured. The World Health …


Correlation Between Body Mass Index And Semen Quality In Male Infertility Patients, Tang Wen-Hao, Zhuang Xin-Jie, Ma Lu-Lin, Qiao Jie, Hong Kai, Zhao Lian-Ming, Liu De-Feng, Mao Jia-Ming, Zhang Hong-Liang, Zhou Shan-Jie, Jiang Hui Jan 2015

Correlation Between Body Mass Index And Semen Quality In Male Infertility Patients, Tang Wen-Hao, Zhuang Xin-Jie, Ma Lu-Lin, Qiao Jie, Hong Kai, Zhao Lian-Ming, Liu De-Feng, Mao Jia-Ming, Zhang Hong-Liang, Zhou Shan-Jie, Jiang Hui

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The question of whether body mass index (BMI) affects semen quality and male fertility is controversial. The purpose of this research was to determine whether there is a correlation between BMI and semen analysis parameters. Materials and methods: A total of 617 male infertility patients were recruited and separated into 3 groups according to BMI values as follows: normal weight group (n = 334), overweight group (n = 220), and obese group (n = 63). Height and weight were measured and a routine semen analysis was performed for all patients. Results: Significant differences existed in BMI, age, and sperm …


The Obesity Prevalence Of The Students Between The Ages Of 5-19 In Kütahya, Mehmet Kaya, Ayli̇n Sayan, Mustafa Bi̇ri̇nci̇, Mevlüt Yildiz, Kami̇l Türkmen Jan 2014

The Obesity Prevalence Of The Students Between The Ages Of 5-19 In Kütahya, Mehmet Kaya, Ayli̇n Sayan, Mustafa Bi̇ri̇nci̇, Mevlüt Yildiz, Kami̇l Türkmen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To determine the prevalence of obesity among students between the ages of 5 and 19 in Kütahya, and to determine the factors associated with obesity prevalence. Materials and methods: The population in the survey was formed of students between the ages of 5 and 19 in the schools of Kütahya. Within the scope of this survey, obesity was evaluated in accordance with the percentile values indicated in a study on the body weight and height, head circumference, and body mass index reference values of Turkish children that was published in 2008. Results: It was determined that 6.5% of the students …


Investigating The Effects Of Negative-Calorie Diet Compared With Low-Calorie Diet Under Exercise Conditions On Weight Loss And Lipid Profile In Overweight/Obese Middle-Aged And Older Men, Mohammadreza Rezaeipour, Gennady Leonidovich Apanasenko, Vladimir Ivanovich Nychyporuk Jan 2014

Investigating The Effects Of Negative-Calorie Diet Compared With Low-Calorie Diet Under Exercise Conditions On Weight Loss And Lipid Profile In Overweight/Obese Middle-Aged And Older Men, Mohammadreza Rezaeipour, Gennady Leonidovich Apanasenko, Vladimir Ivanovich Nychyporuk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Negative-calorie diets (NCDs) are among the popular dieting guides for weight loss; however, there is still little knowledge about this method. The present study aimed to determine the effects of a NCD supplemented with exercise on weight loss and lipid profile, and to compare its efficiency with low-calorie diets (LCDs) with exercise among elderly adult men with abnormal weight gain. Materials and methods: Participants included sedentary men (aged 45-75 years) who were overweight or obese (n = 37). They were randomly divided into 2 groups: a group with a NCD and exercise, and a group with a LCD with exercise. …


Leptin And Leptin Receptor Polymorphisms Are Related To Body Mass Index In A Turkish Population, Uzay Görmüş, Özlem Ti̇mi̇rci̇ Kahraman, Bahar Toptaş, Turgay İsbi̇r, Çavlan Çi̇ftçi̇, Hasan Hakan Berkkan, Altay Burak Dalan, Muti̇a Canan Karatay Jan 2014

Leptin And Leptin Receptor Polymorphisms Are Related To Body Mass Index In A Turkish Population, Uzay Görmüş, Özlem Ti̇mi̇rci̇ Kahraman, Bahar Toptaş, Turgay İsbi̇r, Çavlan Çi̇ftçi̇, Hasan Hakan Berkkan, Altay Burak Dalan, Muti̇a Canan Karatay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Leptin is a hormone that is known to be related to weight gain and obesity. The soluble leptin receptor has been found in plasma as an important determinant of leptin sensitivity. In this study, our goal was to investigate the association between leptin levels and leptin receptor polymorphisms in a Turkish population. Materials and methods: The sample pool of this study consisted of 202 subjects. G2548A variant in the promoter region of the leptin gene and Q223R polymorphism of the leptin receptor gene were evaluated by using PCR-RFLP. Leptin levels were determined by ELISA. Results: Leptin levels were significantly higher …


Significant Features Of Basal And Maximal Energy Expenditure Parameters In Obese Adults, Emi̇ne Uygur, Kağan Üçok, Abdurrahman Genç, Ümi̇t Şener, Ramazan Uygur, Ahmet Songur Jan 2013

Significant Features Of Basal And Maximal Energy Expenditure Parameters In Obese Adults, Emi̇ne Uygur, Kağan Üçok, Abdurrahman Genç, Ümi̇t Şener, Ramazan Uygur, Ahmet Songur

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To compare body composition, resting metabolic rate, and maximal aerobic capacity parameters in obese adults and healthy controls, as well as to investigate the associations among these parameters. Materials and methods: A total of 120 participants, 60 obese participants (30 male, 30 female) with body mass indexes (BMIs) over 30 kg/m^2 and 60 healthy controls (30 male, 30 female) with BMIs of 18-25 kg/m^2, were included in the study. BMI was calculated as body weight divided by the square of the height (kg/m^2). Body fat percentage, total body fat, and lean body mass were established with bioelectric impedance analysis. Resting …


The Relationship Between Insulin Resistance And Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness In Obese And Morbidly Obese Women, Gülçi̇n Cengi̇z Ecemi̇ş, Hakki Kahraman, Mehmet Seli̇m Nural, Hali̇l Serdar Aslan, Ayşegül Atmaca Jan 2012

The Relationship Between Insulin Resistance And Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness In Obese And Morbidly Obese Women, Gülçi̇n Cengi̇z Ecemi̇ş, Hakki Kahraman, Mehmet Seli̇m Nural, Hali̇l Serdar Aslan, Ayşegül Atmaca

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To compare insulin resistance and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) between obese, morbidly obese, and healthy women and demonstrate whether there is a relation between these parameters, focusing mainly on morbidly obese women. Materials and methods: Twenty-five morbidly obese women (body mass index (BMI) => 40 kg/m^²), 25 obese women (BMI 30-39.9 kg/m^²), and 25 age-matched healthy women (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m^²) were recruited for the study. None of the subjects had diabetes mellitus. BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, lipid profiles, fasting glucose and insulin levels, insulin resistance (by HOMA), and IMT (common carotid, internal carotid, and bifurcation measurements) were compared among the 3 …


Relation Of Total Homocysteine Level With Metabolic And Anthropometric Variables In Obese Children And Adolescents, Ayhan Abaci, Ahmet Zülfi̇kar Akelma, Osman Özdemi̇r, Şami̇l Hizli, Cem Hasan Razi, Kadi̇r Okhan Akin Jan 2012

Relation Of Total Homocysteine Level With Metabolic And Anthropometric Variables In Obese Children And Adolescents, Ayhan Abaci, Ahmet Zülfi̇kar Akelma, Osman Özdemi̇r, Şami̇l Hizli, Cem Hasan Razi, Kadi̇r Okhan Akin

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the total homocysteine (tHcy) level, a risk factor for atherosclerosis, atherothrombosis, and insulin resistance, for sex and pubertal state differences in obese children. Its relationship with metabolic and anthropometric parameters was also investigated. Materials and methods: The study involved obese children with a body mass index (BMI) above the 95th percentile who presented with the complaint of excessive weight gain, and healthy children with a BMI below the 85th percentile. Results: The study included 100 obese (mean age: 10.2 ± 2.7 years) and 71 healthy nonobese (mean age: 10.9 ± 2.6) children. A comparison of the data from …


Evaluation Of Vitamin B-12 Level In Middle-Aged Obese Women With Metabolic And Non-Metabolic Syndrome: Case-Control Study, Davut Baltaci, Ali̇ Kutlucan, Serkan Öztürk, İsmai̇l Karabulut, Hayri̇ye Ak Yildirim, Ahmet Çeler, Gökhan Celbek, İsmai̇l Hamdi̇ Kara Jan 2012

Evaluation Of Vitamin B-12 Level In Middle-Aged Obese Women With Metabolic And Non-Metabolic Syndrome: Case-Control Study, Davut Baltaci, Ali̇ Kutlucan, Serkan Öztürk, İsmai̇l Karabulut, Hayri̇ye Ak Yildirim, Ahmet Çeler, Gökhan Celbek, İsmai̇l Hamdi̇ Kara

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the correlation between vitamin B12 and body mass index (BMI) along with insulin resistance (IR) in middle-aged obese women. Materials and methods: The study was designed as a case-control study. The study group included middle-aged obese women and the control group included aged-matched lean women. Weight, height, and hip and waist circumferences were measured. Biochemical parameters such as fasting and postprandial glucose, vitamin B12 and folic acid levels, and lipid profiles were assayed. Results: Enrolled in the study were 116 middle-aged obese and 103 aged-matched healthy lean women. The vitamin B12 level of the obese women was significantly …


Obesity In Children And Adolescents And Its Relationship With Hypertension, Dr Vijayanath Itagi, Ramesh Patil Jan 2011

Obesity In Children And Adolescents And Its Relationship With Hypertension, Dr Vijayanath Itagi, Ramesh Patil

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

It is difficult to project the prevalence of obesity and overweight among children in India since there is no nationally representative data from India. We determined the time trends in childhood obesity in a representative sample of schoolchildren from Raichur District, Karnataka and investigated the relationship of obesity with blood pressure. Materials and methods: We used a stratified random cluster sampling method to select the children. Anthropometric data were collected from 23,842 students, 5-16 years of age, during 2005-06. Blood pressure and anthropometric data were collected from 19,263 students during 2007-08. Overweight and obesity were defined by body mass index …


Anthropometric Measurements And Body Composition Analysis Of Obese Adolescents With And Without Metabolic Syndrome, Deni̇z Nazi̇re Çağdaş Ayvaz, Fatma Ni̇şanci Kilinç, Feyza Ayşenur Paç, Erman Çakal Jan 2011

Anthropometric Measurements And Body Composition Analysis Of Obese Adolescents With And Without Metabolic Syndrome, Deni̇z Nazi̇re Çağdaş Ayvaz, Fatma Ni̇şanci Kilinç, Feyza Ayşenur Paç, Erman Çakal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Obesity and risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) are rapidly increasing in children. Therefore, criteria for MS were aimed to be evaluated in obese children (OC). Materials and methods: Anthropometric indices and body composition (bioimpedance) analysis (BIA) were compared in 32 obese and 32 normal-weight children. Biochemical parameters were evaluated in OC. Results of OC with/without MS were compared. Results: Subscapular skinfold thickness (SST) was more sensitive and specific than triceps skinfold thickness in the diagnosis of obesity. According to BIA basal metabolism rate, fat mass (FM), FM%, and FM index were higher, while impedance, FFM%, fat-free-mass (FFM) index, and total-body-water% …