Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Acetone Extracts Of Berberis Vulgaris And Cornus Mas L. Induce Apoptosis In Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells, Burcu Uslu, Mustafa Yaman, Tuba Özdemi̇r Sanci, Mustafa Güngörmüş, Çağla Zübeyde Köprü, Fatma Esra Güneş Oct 2023

Acetone Extracts Of Berberis Vulgaris And Cornus Mas L. Induce Apoptosis In Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells, Burcu Uslu, Mustafa Yaman, Tuba Özdemi̇r Sanci, Mustafa Güngörmüş, Çağla Zübeyde Köprü, Fatma Esra Güneş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to determine the proliferation and apoptotic effects of extracts from Cornus mas L. and Berberis vulgaris fruits on human breast cancer cells (MCF-7). Materials and methods: The Cornus mas L. and Berberis vulgaris fruits, which constitute the herbal material of the study, were turned into 80% acetone extract after washing. The total phenolic content in Berberis vulgaris fruit extracts was determined calorimetrically using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. The spectrophotometric method was used to determine the total flavonoid amount of the extracts. In order to measure the antioxidant capacity of Cornus mas L. and Berberis vulgaris fruits and extracts, …


Evaluation Of Syringin?S Neuroprotective Effect In A Model Of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury, Ezgi̇ Yangin Ergon, Asli Çeli̇k, Ayşe Gülden Di̇ni̇z Ünlü, Rüya Çolak, Senem Alkan Özdemi̇r, Şebnem Çalkavur, Osman Yilmaz Oct 2023

Evaluation Of Syringin?S Neuroprotective Effect In A Model Of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury, Ezgi̇ Yangin Ergon, Asli Çeli̇k, Ayşe Gülden Di̇ni̇z Ünlü, Rüya Çolak, Senem Alkan Özdemi̇r, Şebnem Çalkavur, Osman Yilmaz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: A significant cause of mortality and morbidity in the neonatal era is hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). This study examined the histopathological analysis and neuroprotective impact of syringin (SYR) in an experimental HIE rat model. Material and methods: On the 7th postnatal day, 24 Wistar albino rats were evaluated in 3 groups using the HIE model under gas anesthesia. In the experiment, Group A received 10 mg/kg SYR plus dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), Group B received DMSO only, and Group C served as a sham group. Immunohistochemical techniques were used to assess apoptotic cell measurement and proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-? and IL-1ß primary …


In Vitro Hepatotoxicity Evaluation Of Methotrexate-Loaded Niosome Formulation: Fabrication, Characterization And Cell Culture Studies, Ahmet Doğan Ergi̇n, Çağatay Oltulu, Nebi̇ye Peli̇n Türker, Gülen Meli̇ke Demi̇rbolat Aug 2023

In Vitro Hepatotoxicity Evaluation Of Methotrexate-Loaded Niosome Formulation: Fabrication, Characterization And Cell Culture Studies, Ahmet Doğan Ergi̇n, Çağatay Oltulu, Nebi̇ye Peli̇n Türker, Gülen Meli̇ke Demi̇rbolat

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Methotrexate (MTX) is a folic acid antagonist that is widely used to treat osteosarcoma, leukemia, breast cancer, and autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. The most important concerns with MTX are its poor solubility and high toxicity, particularly in liver cells. To enhance its solubility and to minimize its toxicity, we encapsulated MTX in niosomes and investigated its hepatotoxicity mechanisms using genetic biomarkers. Materials and methods: Niosomes were successfully prepared using a modified thin film method, and the prepared monodisperse smallsized formulation was subsequently characterized. In vitro cytotoxicity studies were performed both in hepatocarcinoma (HEP3G) and healthy liver (AML12) cell lines. …


The Role Of Curcumin On Apoptosis And Nlrp3 Inflammasome-Dependent Pyroptosis On Colorectal Cancer In Vitro, Zeynep Dal, Başak Aru Aug 2023

The Role Of Curcumin On Apoptosis And Nlrp3 Inflammasome-Dependent Pyroptosis On Colorectal Cancer In Vitro, Zeynep Dal, Başak Aru

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Many factors such as stress, lifestyle, and dietary habits are known to play a role in the initiation and progression of the disease. Herbal therapeutic agents including curcumin can hold a great potential against cancer treatment; however, their efficacy on CRC is still under investigation. Herein, we evaluated the anticancer mechanism of curcumin on four different CRC cell lines. Materials and methods: Cells were treated with curcumin for 24, 48 and 72 h, and IC50 doses for each cell line were calculated. Mechanistic studies were conducted with the …


Effects Of Recurrent Ketamine Exposure On Brain Histopathology In Juvenile Rats, Ayşe Hande Arpaci, Süheyla Esra Özkoçer, Emel Güneş, Çi̇ğdem Elmas, Berri̇n Işik Jan 2023

Effects Of Recurrent Ketamine Exposure On Brain Histopathology In Juvenile Rats, Ayşe Hande Arpaci, Süheyla Esra Özkoçer, Emel Güneş, Çi̇ğdem Elmas, Berri̇n Işik

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Ketamine (KET) is a commonly used anesthetic agent. However, several previous studies reported that KET leads to neuronal damage in neurodevelopmental stages and has neuroprotective effects. The present experimental study aimed to determine the undesirable histopathological effects of KET in the cerebral cortex, striatum, and hippocampus after recurrent KET administration in juvenile rats. Materials and methods: After ethical approval was obtained, 32 juvenile male Wistar Albino rats were randomized into four groups: 1 mg/kg serum saline intraperitoneally (i.p.), 5 mg/kg KET i.p., 20 mg/kg KET i.p., and 50 mg/kg KET i.p. KET was administered for three consecutive days at …


Curcumin Promotes Skin Wound Healing By Activating Nrf2 Signaling Pathways And Inducing Apoptosis In Mice, Junli Wu, Li Deng, Ling Yin, Zhirong Mao, Xiaoqing Gao Jan 2023

Curcumin Promotes Skin Wound Healing By Activating Nrf2 Signaling Pathways And Inducing Apoptosis In Mice, Junli Wu, Li Deng, Ling Yin, Zhirong Mao, Xiaoqing Gao

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Curcumin may have potential as a therapy for wound healing, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. It is not known whether curcumin can promote wound healing by activating Nrf2 signaling pathway and inducing apoptosis. This study determined the role of Nrf2 signaling pathway and apoptosis in curcumin-promoting skin wound healing. Materials and methods: The full-thickness skin defect model of mice was made and randomly divided into a control group and a curcumin group. The mice in the curcumin group and in the control group received respectively a daily topical treatment of Vaseline cream with or without 5 mg curcumin. …


Favorable Efficacy Of Adalimumab Treatment In Experimental Acute Pancreatitis Model, Başak Çakir Güney, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Murat Yeni̇çeri̇, Zafer Çirak, Ayşe Gökçen Sade, Yeşi̇m Önal Taştan, Zeli̇ha Seri̇ndağ, Mustafa Kaplan Jan 2022

Favorable Efficacy Of Adalimumab Treatment In Experimental Acute Pancreatitis Model, Başak Çakir Güney, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Murat Yeni̇çeri̇, Zafer Çirak, Ayşe Gökçen Sade, Yeşi̇m Önal Taştan, Zeli̇ha Seri̇ndağ, Mustafa Kaplan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Acute pancreatitis is a clinical picture with a wide range of symptoms from mild inflammation to multiorgan failure and death. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Adalimumab (ADA) on inflammation and apoptosis in a cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis model in rats. Material and methods: Experimental cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis model was created by applying 4 intraperitoneal cerulein injections at 1-h intervals. A total of 40 rats, 8 in each group, were randomly distributed into five groups. In the groups that ADA treatment was given, two different doses of ADA were administered 5 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg …


What Is The Restorative Effect Of Vegf Inhibitor Bevacuzimab Against Subarachnoidhemorrhage In An Experimental Model?, Adnan Yalçin Demi̇rci̇, Yahya Güvenç, Ersi̇n Özeren, Çeti̇n Akyol, Pinar Bayram, Deni̇z Bi̇llur, Sevi̇m Aydin, Hakan Seçki̇n, Kazim Yi̇ği̇tkanli Jan 2021

What Is The Restorative Effect Of Vegf Inhibitor Bevacuzimab Against Subarachnoidhemorrhage In An Experimental Model?, Adnan Yalçin Demi̇rci̇, Yahya Güvenç, Ersi̇n Özeren, Çeti̇n Akyol, Pinar Bayram, Deni̇z Bi̇llur, Sevi̇m Aydin, Hakan Seçki̇n, Kazim Yi̇ği̇tkanli

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study investigated the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor bevacuzimab (BVZ) on the rabbit basilar artery using an experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. Materials and methods: Eighteen adult male New-Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: a control group (n = 6), SAH group (n = 6), and SAH+BVZ group (n = 6). Experimental SAH was created by injecting autologous arterial blood into the cisterna magna. In the treatment group, the subjects were administered a daily dose of 10 mg/kg, intravenous BVZ for 2 days after the SAH. Basilar artery diameters were measured with …


The Protective Effects Of Anakinra In A Neonatal Rat Model Of Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Hati̇ce Güneş, Sevcan İpek, Sadik Yurttutan, Tuncay Kuloğlu, Fatma İnanç Tolun, Ülkü Kazanci, Adem Doğaner Jan 2021

The Protective Effects Of Anakinra In A Neonatal Rat Model Of Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Hati̇ce Güneş, Sevcan İpek, Sadik Yurttutan, Tuncay Kuloğlu, Fatma İnanç Tolun, Ülkü Kazanci, Adem Doğaner

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a commonly seen life-threatening condition in newborns characterized by ischemic necrosis. This study aimed to investigate anakinra's effects, an interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, on oxidative stress, inflammation, and tissue necrosis in an NEC rat model. Materials and methods: Forty Wistar albino pups were divided into four groups randomly as follows; group 1, control group; group 2, anakinra-treated control group; group 3, NEC group; and group 4, NEC and anakinra treatment group. The rats were given hyperosmolar formula feeding, and they were exposed to hypoxia after cold stress at +4 °C and oxygen in order to create …


The Effect Of Testosterone Replacement Therapy On Bladder Functions, Histology, Apoptosis,And Rho-Kinase Expression In Bladder Outlet Obstruction And Hypogonadism Rat Model, Bariş Saylam, Ozan Efesoy, Rabi̇a Bozdoğan Arpaci, Ruki̇ye Nalan Ti̇fti̇k, Mesut Tek, Kansu Büyükafşar, Murat Bozlu, Selahi̇tti̇n Çayan Jan 2021

The Effect Of Testosterone Replacement Therapy On Bladder Functions, Histology, Apoptosis,And Rho-Kinase Expression In Bladder Outlet Obstruction And Hypogonadism Rat Model, Bariş Saylam, Ozan Efesoy, Rabi̇a Bozdoğan Arpaci, Ruki̇ye Nalan Ti̇fti̇k, Mesut Tek, Kansu Büyükafşar, Murat Bozlu, Selahi̇tti̇n Çayan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The effect of testosterone replacement therapy was investigated on bladder functions, histology, apoptosis as well as Rho-kinase expression in the rat bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and hypogonadism models. Materials and methods: 30 mature male rats divided into 4 groups: sham group (n = 8), BOO group (n = 8), BOO + orchiectomy group (n = 7), BOO + orchiectomy + testosterone (T) treatment group (n = 7). Cystometric findings, apoptosis index, Rho-kinase (ROCK-2) expression, and smooth muscle/collagen ratio were compared. Results: BOO did not change ROCK-2 expression level, compared to sham group (P > 0.05). However, when compared to BOO …


Proteomic Analysis Of The Anticancer Effect Of Various Extracts Of Endemicthermopsis Turcica In Human Cervical Cancer Cells, Mustafa Yildiz, Hakan Terzi̇, Sali̇ha Handan Yildiz, Nuray Varol, Müjgan Özdemi̇r Erdoğan, Murat Kasap, Nermi̇n Akçali, Mustafa Solak Jan 2020

Proteomic Analysis Of The Anticancer Effect Of Various Extracts Of Endemicthermopsis Turcica In Human Cervical Cancer Cells, Mustafa Yildiz, Hakan Terzi̇, Sali̇ha Handan Yildiz, Nuray Varol, Müjgan Özdemi̇r Erdoğan, Murat Kasap, Nermi̇n Akçali, Mustafa Solak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Thermopsis turcica is a perennial species endemic to Turkey and different extracts of T. turcica have an antiproliferative effect on cancer cells, but there has not been any report on HeLa (human cervical cancer) cells. Materials and methods: To get a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of anticancer activity of methanolic extracts of leaves (LE) and flowers (FE) of T. turcica, we employed 2-DE-based proteomics to explore the proteins involved in anticancer activity in HeLa cells. Results: T. turcica extracts showed a potent cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells with the IC50 values of 1.75 mg/mL for LE and …


Physiological And Pharmacological Roles Of Melatonin In The Pathophysiologicalcomponents Of Cellular Injury After Ischemic Stroke, Ertuğrul Kiliç, Berrak Çağlayan, Mustafa Caglar Beker Jan 2020

Physiological And Pharmacological Roles Of Melatonin In The Pathophysiologicalcomponents Of Cellular Injury After Ischemic Stroke, Ertuğrul Kiliç, Berrak Çağlayan, Mustafa Caglar Beker

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Apart from its metabolic or physiological functions, melatonin has a potent cytoprotective activity in the physiological and pathological conditions. It is synthetized by the pineal gland and released into the blood circulation but particularly cerebrospinal fluid in a circadian manner. It can also easily diffuse through cellular membranes due its small size and lipophilic structure. Its cytoprotective activity has been linked to its potent free radical scavenger activity with the desirable characteristics of a clinically- reliable antioxidant. Melatonin detoxifies oxygen and nitrogen-based free radicals and oxidizing agents, including the highly toxic hydroxyl-and peroxynitrite radicals, initiating cellular damage. However, the cytoprotective …


Protective Effects Of Apocynin On Damaged Testes Of Rats Exposed To Methotrexate, Kübra Kavram Sarihan, Melda Yardimoğlu Yilmaz, Fatma Ceyla Eraldemi̇r, Yusufhan Yazir, Esra Acar Jan 2020

Protective Effects Of Apocynin On Damaged Testes Of Rats Exposed To Methotrexate, Kübra Kavram Sarihan, Melda Yardimoğlu Yilmaz, Fatma Ceyla Eraldemi̇r, Yusufhan Yazir, Esra Acar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Methotrexate (MTX), widely used as a drug in cancer, has many adverse effects on tissues. Apocynin (APO) is a NADPH oxidase inhibitor and is known with many antioxidant properties. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the adverse effects of MTX on testicular tissue and the protective effects of APO at two different doses (20 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg) on MTX-induced testicular damage.Materials and methods: Fifty adult male Wistar albino rats (8 weeks old and weighing 200-250 g) were divided into five groups of 10 rats each: 1. saline control, 2. dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control, 3. MTX, 4. APO-20 …


Ocular Toxicity Of Intravitreal Golimumab In A Rabbit Model, Ceren Durmaz Engi̇n, Serap Ci̇laker Miçili, Osman Yilmaz, Hüsnü Alper Bağriyanik, Beki̇r Uğur Ergür, Fatoş Önen, Ali̇ Osman Saatci̇ Jan 2020

Ocular Toxicity Of Intravitreal Golimumab In A Rabbit Model, Ceren Durmaz Engi̇n, Serap Ci̇laker Miçili, Osman Yilmaz, Hüsnü Alper Bağriyanik, Beki̇r Uğur Ergür, Fatoş Önen, Ali̇ Osman Saatci̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To investigate the effect of intravitreal golimumab on rabbit retina histopathology. Materials and methods: Sixteen albino New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups. The right eye of each rabbit in groups I, II, and III received a single intravitreal injection of 5 mg/0.05 mL (6 eyes), 10 mg/0.1 mL (6 eyes), or 20 mg/0.2 mL (4 eyes) golimumab, while left eyes served as controls with the same volume of a balanced salt solution injection. All animals were examined using slit-lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy before and after intravitreal injection and at days 1 and 7. Animals were euthanized …


Melatonin, Aging, And Covid-19: Could Melatonin Be Beneficial For Covid-19 Treatment In The Elderly?, Güler Öztürk, Kazi̇me Gonca Akbulut, Şevi̇n Güney Jan 2020

Melatonin, Aging, And Covid-19: Could Melatonin Be Beneficial For Covid-19 Treatment In The Elderly?, Güler Öztürk, Kazi̇me Gonca Akbulut, Şevi̇n Güney

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this review is to summarize current studies on the relationship between melatonin and aging. Nowadays, age-related diseases come into prominence, and identifying age-related changes and developing proper therapeutic approaches are counted as some of the major issues regarding community health. Melatonin is the main hormone of the pineal gland. Melatonin is known to influence many biological processes in the body, including circadian rhythms, the immune system, and neuroendocrine and cardiovascular functions. Melatonin rhythms also reflect the biological process of aging. Aging is an extremely complex and multifactorial process. Melatonin levels decline considerably with aging and its decline …


The Role Of Apoptosis And The Effect Of Epidermal Growth Factor On Proapoptotic Bnip 3 In An Experimental Rat Priapism Model, Osman Barut, Ahmet Karakeçi̇, Tunç Ozan, Fati̇h Firdolaş, Neci̇p Pi̇ri̇nççi̇, İrfan Orhan Jan 2018

The Role Of Apoptosis And The Effect Of Epidermal Growth Factor On Proapoptotic Bnip 3 In An Experimental Rat Priapism Model, Osman Barut, Ahmet Karakeçi̇, Tunç Ozan, Fati̇h Firdolaş, Neci̇p Pi̇ri̇nççi̇, İrfan Orhan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the effects of apoptosis-inducing Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP 3) and antiapoptotic epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the pathophysiology of experimental low-flow priapism. Materials and methods: Twenty-four adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four equal groups. Group I was the control group. Ischemic priapism was induced for 4 h in Group II rats. In Group III, intraperitoneal EGF at 10 µg/kg was given for 7 days before induction of ischemic priapism for 4 h. In Group IV, intraperitoneal EGF at 20 µg/kg was given for 7 days before induction of ischemic priapism …


Demonstration Of The Effect Of Brivaracetam On An Experimental Epilepsy Model, Mustafa Çeti̇ner, Hasan Emre Aydin Jan 2018

Demonstration Of The Effect Of Brivaracetam On An Experimental Epilepsy Model, Mustafa Çeti̇ner, Hasan Emre Aydin

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of valproic acid (VPA) and a new-generation antiepileptic drug called brivaracetam (BRV) on the brain damage occurring after status epilepticus (SE) in rats. Materials and methods: In our study, an experimental animal model of SE, generated by stereotaxically injecting 0.4-2 μg of kainic acid into the rat hippocampus, was used. The laboratory animals were divided into 4 groups: the first group was a sham group that was subjected to anesthesia and SE was not induced; the second group was a SE group, in which SE was induced using kainic …


Repaglinide Inhibits Cyclosporine A-Induced Renal Tubular Toxicityby Affecting Apoptosis And Bax And Bcl-2 Expression, Jin Li, Hui Li, Qi Xiong Li, Ying Xue Jan 2018

Repaglinide Inhibits Cyclosporine A-Induced Renal Tubular Toxicityby Affecting Apoptosis And Bax And Bcl-2 Expression, Jin Li, Hui Li, Qi Xiong Li, Ying Xue

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Repaglinide (RG) is a prandial glucose regulator used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Our recent study showed that RG plays an important role in cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced nephrotoxicity through its antioxidant properties. However, it is not known whether or not RG has any protective effect on CsA-induced renal tubular toxicity by affecting apoptosis and expression of apoptosis-associated protein. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of RG on CsA-induced renal tubule apoptosis and Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression in rats. Materials and methods: Forty male Sprague Dawley rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly divided …


The Effect Of Kisspeptin On Spermatogenesis And Apoptosis In Rats, Ni̇lüfer Aytürk, Tüli̇n Firat, Aysel Kükner, Candan Özoğul, Fatma Töre, İsmai̇l Engi̇n Kandirali, Bayram Yilmaz Jan 2017

The Effect Of Kisspeptin On Spermatogenesis And Apoptosis In Rats, Ni̇lüfer Aytürk, Tüli̇n Firat, Aysel Kükner, Candan Özoğul, Fatma Töre, İsmai̇l Engi̇n Kandirali, Bayram Yilmaz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To study the effect of kisspeptin, a gonadotropin release stimulator, on the testicular tissue of the rat. Materials and methods: Four groups were formed as follows: control, Kiss-10 50 nmol administration for 1 day, Kiss-10 administration for 13 days, and one last group kept for 7 days following Kiss-10 applied for 13 days. Testicular tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid Schiff, Masson trichrome staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferased UTP nick-end labeling, and Ki-67 immune staining. Serum testosterone levels were determined. Results: Serum testosterone level increased following acute application, while it was reduced by chronic treatment. Spermatogenic cells as stained …


Effects Of Coadministration Of Artemisinin And Iron On Histopathologicalalterations In The Ags Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cell Line, Payman Zare, Amir Ali Shahbazfar, Mahsa Alem, Salman Varmaghani, Ali Ebrahimi Katouli, Aliasghar Parvaresh Anbar, Pouria Bahrami Jan 2017

Effects Of Coadministration Of Artemisinin And Iron On Histopathologicalalterations In The Ags Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cell Line, Payman Zare, Amir Ali Shahbazfar, Mahsa Alem, Salman Varmaghani, Ali Ebrahimi Katouli, Aliasghar Parvaresh Anbar, Pouria Bahrami

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of the present study was to examine the anticancer effects of combination treatment with artemisinin and iron on the human gastric cancer cell line. Materials and methods: The AGS cell line was cultivated separately as a monolayer in culture flasks and different doses of 99% pure artemisinin with invariable doses of iron sulfate were added to the culture media and adhesive cells on the flask's bottom were stained with hematoxylin-eosin for a pathological assay. Results: Damage to cancerous cells increased dose dependently and it was higher in the combination treatment groups (artemisinin plus iron). The histopathological changes …


Ilp-2 Modeling And Virtual Screening Of An Fda-Approved Library:A Possible Anticancer Therapy, Saeed Khalili, Hemn Mohammadpour, Mahideh Shokrollahi Barough, Parviz Kokhaei Jan 2016

Ilp-2 Modeling And Virtual Screening Of An Fda-Approved Library:A Possible Anticancer Therapy, Saeed Khalili, Hemn Mohammadpour, Mahideh Shokrollahi Barough, Parviz Kokhaei

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The members of the inhibitors of apoptosis protein (IAP) family inhibit diverse components of the caspase signaling pathway, notably caspase 3, 7, and 9. ILP-2 (BIRC-8) is the most recently identified member of the IAPs, mainly interacting with caspase 9. This interaction would eventually lead to death resistance in the case of cancerous cells. Therefore, structural modeling of ILP-2 and finding applicable inhibitors of its interaction with caspase 9 are a compelling challenge. Materials and methods: Three main protein modeling approaches along with various model refinement measures were harnessed to achieve a reliable 3D model, using state-of-the-art software. Thereafter, …


Effectiveness Of A Single Versus Repeated Administration Of Trimetazidine In The Protection Against Warm Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Of Rat Liver, Asma Mahfoudh Boussaid, Rabi Selmi, Mohamed Bejaoui, Kaouther Hadj Ayed, Mohamed Amine Zaouali, Hassen Ben Abdennebi Jan 2016

Effectiveness Of A Single Versus Repeated Administration Of Trimetazidine In The Protection Against Warm Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Of Rat Liver, Asma Mahfoudh Boussaid, Rabi Selmi, Mohamed Bejaoui, Kaouther Hadj Ayed, Mohamed Amine Zaouali, Hassen Ben Abdennebi

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of single and repeated trimetazidine (TMZ) administration against warm hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and to explore the possible mechanisms affected by TMZ. Materials and methods: Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 6). Sham: rats were subjected to dissection. I/R: rats were subjected to 60 min of partial hepatic ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion. TMZ1: Same as I/R group but rats were pretreated with a single dose of TMZ (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection) 30 min before warm ischemia. TMZ3: Same as I/R but rats were …


Utility Of M30, An Apoptotic Serum Marker, In Liver Diseases, Aki̇f Altinbaş, Şahi̇n Çoban, Ömer Başar, Osman Yüksel Jan 2015

Utility Of M30, An Apoptotic Serum Marker, In Liver Diseases, Aki̇f Altinbaş, Şahi̇n Çoban, Ömer Başar, Osman Yüksel

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of apoptosis in some common liver diseases, and the utility of M30, an apoptotic serum marker, in the diagnosis of the severity of underlying hepatic injury. As is widely known, apoptosis is programmed cell death, and its deregulation results in an uncontrolled inflammatory process leading to upregulation of liver fibrogenesis. Both extrinsic and intrinsic pathways are crucial in apoptosis, and caspase cleavage of cytokeratin proteins occurs in both. Therefore, the measurement of caspase-cleaved cytokeratin fragments could be a novel method to assess the intensity of apoptotic cell numbers in epithelial …


Protective Effects Of Royal Jelly Against Testicular Damage In Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats, Turan Karaca, Seli̇m Demi̇rtaş, İhsan Karaboğa, Süleyman Ayvaz Jan 2015

Protective Effects Of Royal Jelly Against Testicular Damage In Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats, Turan Karaca, Seli̇m Demi̇rtaş, İhsan Karaboğa, Süleyman Ayvaz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To examine the effects of royal jelly (RJ) on testicular damage in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Materials and methods: Eighteen adult Wistar albino rats were used, 6 in each of the 3 treatment groups: Group A: control, Group B: STZ-induced diabetes (untreated), Group C: STZ-induced diabetes plus RJ (400 mg/kg daily for 4 weeks). Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60 mg/kg). Four weeks after the onset of diabetes, testicular apoptotic cell death was examined using immunohistochemical staining for caspase-3 and Ki67 staining for localization of proliferative cells. Results: Compared with the control, the body and …


The Protective Effect Of Syringic Acid On Ischemia Injury In Rat Brain, Mustafa Güven, Adem Bozkurt Aras, Naci̇ Topaloğlu, Adi̇le Özkan, Hali̇l Murat Şen, Yildiray Kalkan, Ali̇ Okuyucu, Ayla Akbal, Ferhat Gökmen, Murat Çoşar Jan 2015

The Protective Effect Of Syringic Acid On Ischemia Injury In Rat Brain, Mustafa Güven, Adem Bozkurt Aras, Naci̇ Topaloğlu, Adi̇le Özkan, Hali̇l Murat Şen, Yildiray Kalkan, Ali̇ Okuyucu, Ayla Akbal, Ferhat Gökmen, Murat Çoşar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Brain ischemia and treatment are important topics in neurological science. Free oxygen radicals and inflammation formed after ischemia are accepted as the most significant causes of damage. Currently there are studies on many chemopreventive agents to prevent cerebral ischemia damage. Our aim is to research the preventive effect of the active ingredient in syringic acid, previously unstudied, on oxidative damage in cerebral ischemia. Materials and methods: The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (no medication or surgical procedure), sham group (artery occlusion), artery occlusion + syringic acid group sacrificed at 6 h, and artery occlusion + syringic …


Evaluation Of Apoptotic Cell Death Following Transient Maternal Hypotension In Fetal Rat Brain: Temporal Pattern Within The First 24 H After Procedure, Si̇bel Bayrak, Bi̇lge Pehli̇vanoğlu, Ayşe Meltem Sevgi̇li̇, Zeynep Di̇cle Balkanci, Hami̇t Özyürek, Pergi̇n Ati̇lla, Ayşe Nur Çakar, Fatma Banu Anlar Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Apoptotic Cell Death Following Transient Maternal Hypotension In Fetal Rat Brain: Temporal Pattern Within The First 24 H After Procedure, Si̇bel Bayrak, Bi̇lge Pehli̇vanoğlu, Ayşe Meltem Sevgi̇li̇, Zeynep Di̇cle Balkanci, Hami̇t Özyürek, Pergi̇n Ati̇lla, Ayşe Nur Çakar, Fatma Banu Anlar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To explore the effects of maternal transient systemic hypotension on apoptotic neuronal death in an intrauterine fetal rat brain during the first 24 h after induction of hypotension. Materials and methods: A total of 40 pregnant Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to either transient systemic hypotension produced for 30 min by blood withdrawal via femoral artery catheterization (hypotension group) or sham operation (control group) on day 15. Two randomly selected fetuses were taken from each rat at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after the procedure. Apoptosis was evaluated in sections from the whole fetal brain by TUNEL and caspase-3 staining. …


The Effects Of Antioxidants On Testicular Apoptosis And Oxidative Stress Produced By Cell Phones, Aki̇f Koç, Doğan Ünal, Ersi̇n Çi̇mentepe, Ömer Bayrak, Ömer Faruk Karataş, Mehmet Erol Yildirim, Reyhan Bayrak, Murat Aydin Jan 2013

The Effects Of Antioxidants On Testicular Apoptosis And Oxidative Stress Produced By Cell Phones, Aki̇f Koç, Doğan Ünal, Ersi̇n Çi̇mentepe, Ömer Bayrak, Ömer Faruk Karataş, Mehmet Erol Yildirim, Reyhan Bayrak, Murat Aydin

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this study was to determine the probable effects of cellular phone usage on apoptosis and oxidative/antioxidative balance in testicular tissue, and the probable protective role of vitamin C and E on these processes. Materials and methods: Forty-two male rats were divided into 6 groups: control, antioxidant, calling, stand-by, calling plus antioxidant, and stand-by plus antioxidant. Oxidant and antioxidant parameters and apoptotic indexes were studied. Two identical cell phones were used in the calling and stand-by groups. Results: Cell phone usage significantly increased apoptosis in call, but not in the stand-by position, in testicular tissue. Apoptosis produced in …


Renal Bcl-2/Bax Expression In Childhood Henoch-Schönlein Nephritis: Prognostic Importance?, Kenan Bek, Ayşegül Oksal, Gülay Demi̇rci̇n, Mehmet Bülbül, Özlem Aydoğ, Ali̇ Deli̇baş, Ayşe Öner Jan 2013

Renal Bcl-2/Bax Expression In Childhood Henoch-Schönlein Nephritis: Prognostic Importance?, Kenan Bek, Ayşegül Oksal, Gülay Demi̇rci̇n, Mehmet Bülbül, Özlem Aydoğ, Ali̇ Deli̇baş, Ayşe Öner

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the renal expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins b-cell lymphoma 2 (bcl-2) and bcl-2 associated X (bax) in children with Henoch–Schönlein nephritis (HSN) Materials and methods: Renal expression of antiapoptotic bcl-2 and proapoptotic bax proteins were studied immunohistochemically in 22 children with HSN. The kidneys of 5 children who died due to nonrenal reasons were used as the control. The patients were compared according to their renal histopathology and prognosis. Results: Nephrotic or nephrotic-nephritic renal involvement was the most common presentation. Histopathological findings were Class I in 1, Class II in 5, Class III in 10, Class IV in …


Protective Effect Of Vardenafil On Ischemia–Reperfusion Injury In Rat Ovary, Hati̇ce Baş, Özlem Kara, Mustafa Kara, Di̇lek Pandir Jan 2013

Protective Effect Of Vardenafil On Ischemia–Reperfusion Injury In Rat Ovary, Hati̇ce Baş, Özlem Kara, Mustafa Kara, Di̇lek Pandir

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the effect of vardenafil on ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat ovary. Materials and methods: A total of 21 Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups. In group 1, ovary torsion was not performed and no drug was administered. In group 2, 1 h of ischemia and 2 h of reperfusion were performed and no drug was given. In group 3, 1 h of ischemia and 2 h of reperfusion were performed and 1 mg/kg vardenafil was administered after 30 min of ischemia. Right ovaries were surgically removed in all groups. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and activities of superoxide dismutase …


Helicobacter Pylori Infection And Relationship With Gastric Epithelial Cell Proliferation And Apoptosis, Zühal Güci̇n, Tuğba Çakmak, Ni̇zametti̇n Bayyurt, Bari̇k Sali̇h Jan 2013

Helicobacter Pylori Infection And Relationship With Gastric Epithelial Cell Proliferation And Apoptosis, Zühal Güci̇n, Tuğba Çakmak, Ni̇zametti̇n Bayyurt, Bari̇k Sali̇h

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the effects of Helicobacter pylori on cell proliferation and apoptosis in gastric cancer (GC) both at tumoral and nontumoral sites and in gastritis. Materials and methods: Biopsies from 96 patients (gastric cancer = 52, gastritis = 44) were examined immunohistochemically and histopathologically. Results: In H. pylori-positive GC patients the average proliferative index (PI) in tumor and nontumor sites was 40.7% and 24.8%, while in H. pylori-negative patients it was 32.9% and 17.8%, respectively. The PI was significantly higher in the tumor than in the nontumor sites, regardless of H. pylori infection. Cell proliferation was also significantly associated with …