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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu’S Drawings Of Gyneco-Obstetric Instruments, Nuri̇ Seli̇m Kadioğlu, Oya Ögenler, İlter Uzel Jan 2011

Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu’S Drawings Of Gyneco-Obstetric Instruments, Nuri̇ Seli̇m Kadioğlu, Oya Ögenler, İlter Uzel

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The purpose of our study was to determine the contribution of Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu's achievement to bring gynecology to the modern knowledge level. The gynecological tools in the achievement of Serefeddin Sabuncuoğlu, who is the late period representative of classical medical paradigm, are examined in connection with the achievement of Zahravi, which belongs to the classical medical literature. It was determined that in the long time interval from Zahravi to Sabuncuoğlu a limited advancement occurred in medical knowledge, and that the differences between the achievements of the 2 doctors are important for reflecting the development between the 2 periods.


The Short Term Effect Of The Law Prohibiting Smoking In Enclosed Areas Upon The Smoking Conditions Of Employees In Kayseri, Turkey, Ahmet Öztürk, Serpi̇l Poyrazoğlu, Şule Şarli Jan 2011

The Short Term Effect Of The Law Prohibiting Smoking In Enclosed Areas Upon The Smoking Conditions Of Employees In Kayseri, Turkey, Ahmet Öztürk, Serpi̇l Poyrazoğlu, Şule Şarli

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

A law prohibiting smoking in the enclosed areas of public and private workplaces was put into effect in Turkey on 19 May 2008. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of this law upon the smoking habits of the employees in this short period of 3 months. Materials and methods: This study was performed in Kayseri, in 3 public and 3 private workplaces, comprising 868 employees. A questionnaire was filled out, face-to-face, in the second week of August. Results: The ratio of the people supporting this smoke-free law was 68.7%. Among the employees who were smoking when …


The Cytomorphological Analysis Of Buccal Mucosa Cells In Smokers, Mustafa Göregen, Hayati̇ Murat Akgül, Cemal Gündoğdu Jan 2011

The Cytomorphological Analysis Of Buccal Mucosa Cells In Smokers, Mustafa Göregen, Hayati̇ Murat Akgül, Cemal Gündoğdu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To examine the effect of smoking on normal buccal mucosa cytomorphologically. Materials and methods: Forty individuals aged between 40 and 60, comprising 23 smokers (14 male, 9 female) and 17 and non-smokers (10 male, 7 female), were included in the study. The buccal epithelial cells of these individuals were collected with a brush and the cells were measured cytomorphometrically using software. Results: The average nuclear area (NA), nuclear perimeter (NP), minimal nuclear diameter (D-min), and maximal nuclear diameter (D-max) were 46.00 ± 11.31, 28.18 ± 2.43, 6.18 ± 0.88, and 10.00 ± 0.94, respectively, in the control group, and 53.61 …


The Effects Of Sequential Treatment As A First-Line Therapy For Helicobacter Pylori Eradication, Mehmet Demi̇r, Hi̇lmi̇ Ataseven Jan 2011

The Effects Of Sequential Treatment As A First-Line Therapy For Helicobacter Pylori Eradication, Mehmet Demi̇r, Hi̇lmi̇ Ataseven

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

There is no effective eradication regimen for Helicobacter pylori (HP) in Turkey. Recent studies have shown that sequential therapy may be superior to the standard triple therapy in terms of the eradication of HP. In this study, we aim to assess the efficacy of a 14-day sequential treatment regimen as a first-line therapy for HP eradication. Materials and methods: This is a prospective, open-label, single-centre study. The study involved 86 consecutive patients with nonulcer dyspepsia. All patients were randomly assigned into 2 study groups at a 2:1 ratio using random sampling numbers. The first group of patients were administered a …


Clitoral Length In Female Newborns: A New Approach To The Assessment Of Clitoromegaly, Hati̇ce Alev Kutlu, Fati̇h Akbiyik Jan 2011

Clitoral Length In Female Newborns: A New Approach To The Assessment Of Clitoromegaly, Hati̇ce Alev Kutlu, Fati̇h Akbiyik

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The normative data for the newborn clitoral length will enable physicians to avoid overdiagnosing or underdiagnosing disorders related to the condition. This study is the first to investigate clitoris length in newborn females in Turkey. Materials and methods: A total of 325 newborns with normal gestational age born by uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal delivery were included in the study. The body weight, body length, head circumference, and clitoral size were measured. Results: A special equation was generated to estimate clitoris length, and clitoral length percentiles were prepared. The 3rd (2.00 mm) and 97th percentile (8.04 mm) values for clitoris length were …


Aids Knowledge And Risky Sexual Behaviors Among Registered Female Sex Workers In Turkey, Tüli̇n Bedük, Hayri̇ye Ünlü, Veli̇ Duyan Jan 2011

Aids Knowledge And Risky Sexual Behaviors Among Registered Female Sex Workers In Turkey, Tüli̇n Bedük, Hayri̇ye Ünlü, Veli̇ Duyan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate AIDS knowledge and risky sexual behaviors of registered female sex workers during their obligatory periodic examination in the Department of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Ankara Metropolitan Municipality Hospital. Materials and methods: A questionnaire composed of items on socio-demographic features and knowledge levels on HIV/AIDS, its transmission routes, and risky sexual behaviors was administered via face to face interviews. Results: One hundred four sex workers were included in the study. Higher educated ones had more knowledge on AIDS, its transmission routes, and risky behaviors (P >= 0.05, P Keywords: Commercial sex workers, HIV/AIDS transmission, risky sexual behavior


Hysteroscopic Resection Of Uterine Septum Improves Reproductive Performance In Women With Unexplained Infertility, Selçuk Ayas, Ayşe Gürbüz, Güray Tuna, Mehmet Aki̇f Sargin, Aki̇f Alkan, Sadi̇ye Eren Jan 2011

Hysteroscopic Resection Of Uterine Septum Improves Reproductive Performance In Women With Unexplained Infertility, Selçuk Ayas, Ayşe Gürbüz, Güray Tuna, Mehmet Aki̇f Sargin, Aki̇f Alkan, Sadi̇ye Eren

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic metroplasty in women with a septate uterus, with particular focus on patients suffering from unexplained infertility. Materials and methods: Hysteroscopic septum resection was performed on 181 patients with uterine septa, including 98 patients with infertility and 83 patients with secondary infertility. Patients were placed into 1 of 3 groups: those with unexplained infertility, those who had experienced 1 miscarriage, and those who had experienced 2 or more miscarriages. All were analyzed retrospectively in terms of their reproductive outcome. Results: After undergoing the hysteroscopic septum resection, 43 out of 98 primary infertility patients became …


The Effect Of Caffeine On Oxidative Stress In Liver And Heart Tissues Of Rats, Hati̇ce Paşaoğlu, Fatma Ebru Ofluoğlu Demi̇r, Canan Yilmaz-Demi̇rtaş, Ahmed Hussein, Özge Tuğçe Paşaoğlu Jan 2011

The Effect Of Caffeine On Oxidative Stress In Liver And Heart Tissues Of Rats, Hati̇ce Paşaoğlu, Fatma Ebru Ofluoğlu Demi̇r, Canan Yilmaz-Demi̇rtaş, Ahmed Hussein, Özge Tuğçe Paşaoğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the effect of caffeine on the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) in the liver and heart tissues of rats. Materials and methods: The current study included 30 rats, which were divided into 3 groups: a control group and 2 caffeine-treated groups. Group 1 was given caffeine at 30 mg/kg and Group 2 was given caffeine at 100 mg/kg (a high nontoxic dose) for 14 days. Results: MDA and AOPP levels in the liver tissue of the caffeine-treated groups decreased significantly as a result of the dose. MDA and AOPP levels …


Ventricular Functions, Aortic Elastic Properties, And Endothelial Functions In Patients With Hypertensive Response To Treadmill Exercise Testing, Ri̇fat Eralp Ulusoy, Mehmet Yokuşoğlu, Oben Baysan, Ata Kirilmaz, Fethi̇ Kiliçaslan, Beki̇r Sitki Cebeci̇ Jan 2011

Ventricular Functions, Aortic Elastic Properties, And Endothelial Functions In Patients With Hypertensive Response To Treadmill Exercise Testing, Ri̇fat Eralp Ulusoy, Mehmet Yokuşoğlu, Oben Baysan, Ata Kirilmaz, Fethi̇ Kiliçaslan, Beki̇r Sitki Cebeci̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Hypertensive response to treadmill exercise testing (TET) is an early marker of future development of hypertension. In this cross-sectional, case-control study we evaluated the relationship of hypertensive response to TET with aortic elastic properties, endothelial functions, and left ventricular functions. Materials and methods: The study group comprised 33 individuals who underwent TET with suspicion of myocardial ischemia, but no evidence of ischemia and with hypertensive response to TET, and the control group comprised 29 age- and gender-matched subjects. All participants underwent echocardiographic examination, brachial artery ultrasonography, and aortic ultrasonography for the assessment of left ventricular functions, endothelial functions by determining …


Risk Factors For Smoking Behavior Among University Students, Sevgi̇ Yurt Öncel, Ömer Lütfi̇ Gebi̇zli̇oğlu, Fazi̇l Ali̇ev Ali̇oğlu Jan 2011

Risk Factors For Smoking Behavior Among University Students, Sevgi̇ Yurt Öncel, Ömer Lütfi̇ Gebi̇zli̇oğlu, Fazi̇l Ali̇ev Ali̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To identify factors associated with increased smoking risks among Kırıkkale University students using a questionnaire. Smoking is a widespread habit in Turkey and a major public health problem in the world. Materials and methods: We assessed 1734 (11.6% of 15,000 total) students (869 males and 866 females, both smokers and nonsmokers) at Kırıkkale University with the questionnaire, which included questions about age, gender, smoking status of student, smoking status and education levels of parents, income, daily sports activities, smoking history (age when started or quit smoking, daily average number of cigarettes smoked, attempts to quit smoking, the reasons for starting …


Nosocomial Candidemia: A Threat Beyond Nosocomial Bacterial Infections In Intensive Care Units, Emi̇ne Alp Meşe, Çi̇ğdem Ağkuş, Ramazan Coşkun, Gökhan Metan, Ayşe Nedret Koç, Murat Sungur, Mehmet Doğanay Jan 2011

Nosocomial Candidemia: A Threat Beyond Nosocomial Bacterial Infections In Intensive Care Units, Emi̇ne Alp Meşe, Çi̇ğdem Ağkuş, Ramazan Coşkun, Gökhan Metan, Ayşe Nedret Koç, Murat Sungur, Mehmet Doğanay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

There is no abstract


The Causes Of Deaths In An Industry-Dense Area: Example Of Dilovası (Kocaeli)*, Onur Hamzaoğlu, Ni̇lay Eti̇ler, Cavi̇t Işik Yavuz, Çi̇ğdem Çağlayan Jan 2011

The Causes Of Deaths In An Industry-Dense Area: Example Of Dilovası (Kocaeli)*, Onur Hamzaoğlu, Ni̇lay Eti̇ler, Cavi̇t Işik Yavuz, Çi̇ğdem Çağlayan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Chemical pollutants caused by the industry have changed both mortality rates and morbidity patterns causing new illnesses over the last few decades. This study aimed to determine the causes and characteristics of deaths related to cancer in 2004 in Dilovası, Kocaeli, which was mainly used as a production, storage, and transfer area for a variety of industries, such as chemical, metal and metal products, energy, and machinery. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, death records of 8 different registry/record screenings belonging to 4 public institutions in Dilovası in 2004 were investigated. The study population included deaths in 2004 and …


Effects Of Different Propofol Injection Speeds On Blood Pressure, Dose, And Time Of Induction, Şennur Uzun, Burcu Akbay Özkaya, Ömer Savaş Yilbaş, Banu Ayhan, Altan Şahi̇n, Ülkü Aypar Jan 2011

Effects Of Different Propofol Injection Speeds On Blood Pressure, Dose, And Time Of Induction, Şennur Uzun, Burcu Akbay Özkaya, Ömer Savaş Yilbaş, Banu Ayhan, Altan Şahi̇n, Ülkü Aypar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Blood concentration of propofol depends on many factors, such as age, gender, body weight, dose, infusion rate, and cardiac output. This study primarily investigated the effect of infusion rate on blood pressure changes. Secondarily induction time and induction dose were studied. Materials and methods: Propofol was administered at 200 (P200), 300 (P300), or 400 mL h-1 (P400) until loss of consciousness using bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in 72 adult patients. Change in blood pressure, induction time, and dose of propofol were compared among 3 groups. Results: The decreases in systolic and mean arterial pressure were statistically significant in the P200 …


Objective And Subjective Effects Of Surgical Treatment Of Nasal Obstructions In Patients With Asthma, Hali̇l Erdem Özel, Özer Erdem Gür, Serpi̇l Arikan, Cafer Özdem Jan 2011

Objective And Subjective Effects Of Surgical Treatment Of Nasal Obstructions In Patients With Asthma, Hali̇l Erdem Özel, Özer Erdem Gür, Serpi̇l Arikan, Cafer Özdem

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

There is a lot of evidence indicating an association between upper and lower airway diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the objective and subjective effects of surgical treatment of pathologies causing nasal obstruction in relation with asthma. Materials and methods: In this study, 17 patients with asthma were divided into 2 groups. Nine patients with septal and/or disorders of turbinate constituted group 1, and 8 patients with nasal polyposis or concomitant septal deviation constituted group 2. Nasal endoscopic examination was performed and paranasal sinus computed tomography was obtained for each patient. Subjects with nasal polyposis, refractory to …


Analysis Of 113 Hospitalized Patients With Confirmed 2009 Influenza A (H1n1) Virus Infection, Esragül Akinci, Bi̇rcan Kayaaslan, Meltem Arzu Yetki̇n, Sevi̇m Yilmaz, Işil Deni̇z Aliravci, Sümeyye Yildiz, Fatmanur Ülgen, Seli̇m Sirri Eren, Ayşe But, Gülruhsar Yilmaz, Oya Kilci, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Hati̇ce Yağmurdur, Hurrem Bodur Jan 2011

Analysis Of 113 Hospitalized Patients With Confirmed 2009 Influenza A (H1n1) Virus Infection, Esragül Akinci, Bi̇rcan Kayaaslan, Meltem Arzu Yetki̇n, Sevi̇m Yilmaz, Işil Deni̇z Aliravci, Sümeyye Yildiz, Fatmanur Ülgen, Seli̇m Sirri Eren, Ayşe But, Gülruhsar Yilmaz, Oya Kilci, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Hati̇ce Yağmurdur, Hurrem Bodur

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory features, underlying medical conditions, treatment, and outcome of hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed infection due to the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus. Materials and methods: This prospective study was performed between October and December 2009. The hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus infection were included in the study. The diagnosis was confirmed with detection of the virus in nasal and nasopharyngeal swabs by RT-PCR assay. Demographic and epidemiological characteristics, clinical features, treatment, and outcome of the patients were recorded on the individual forms. A comparison was made between patients with …


The Impact Of Nih-Iv Prostatitis On Early Post-Operative Outcomes Of The Impact Of Nih-Iv Prostatitis On Early Post-Operative Outcomes Of Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate In Patients With Symptomatic Benign Prostate Hyperplasia, Fati̇h Rüştü Yalçinkaya, Ahmet Gökçe, Mürsel Davarci, Eşref Oğuz Güven, Mehmet İnci̇, Süleyman Bariş Kartal, Ali̇ Ayyildiz, Mevlana Derya Balbay Jan 2011

The Impact Of Nih-Iv Prostatitis On Early Post-Operative Outcomes Of The Impact Of Nih-Iv Prostatitis On Early Post-Operative Outcomes Of Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate In Patients With Symptomatic Benign Prostate Hyperplasia, Fati̇h Rüştü Yalçinkaya, Ahmet Gökçe, Mürsel Davarci, Eşref Oğuz Güven, Mehmet İnci̇, Süleyman Bariş Kartal, Ali̇ Ayyildiz, Mevlana Derya Balbay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Transurethral prostate resection (TURP) is still considered the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Category IV chronic prostatitis (CP) is described by the National Institute of Health (NIH-IV) as the asymptomatic inflammation of the prostate and it may be detected along with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) during histological examinations of the prostate. In this study, we evaluate the impact of the presence of NIH-IV defined prostatitis on early post-operative outcomes of transurethral resection of the prostate. Materials and methods: Between 2004 and 2008, medical records of 247 patients who underwent TURP in Adana Numune Training …


The Levels Of Nitric Oxide And Metabolites In Behçet's Disease, İbrahi̇m Kökçam, Selma Bakar Dertli̇oğlu Jan 2011

The Levels Of Nitric Oxide And Metabolites In Behçet's Disease, İbrahi̇m Kökçam, Selma Bakar Dertli̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Endothelial damage and dysfunction are held responsible for the etiopathogenesis of Behçet's disease (BD). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of BD with nitric oxide (NO), asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetrical dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine levels, which are known to play a role in the pathogenesis of vasculitis. Materials and methods: Sixty patients enrolled in the study were allocated to groups as follows: active/inactive patient groups; the patient group with active/inactive vessel involvement, and mucocutaneous patient group without vessel involvement. Results: NO, SDMA, ADMA levels of the active patients and SDMA and ADMA levels of the inactive …


Lipid Profile Alterations And Oxidative Stress In Patients With Preeclampsia: Role Of Black Tea Extract On Disease Management, Ekambaram Padmini, Munuswamy Usha Rani Jan 2011

Lipid Profile Alterations And Oxidative Stress In Patients With Preeclampsia: Role Of Black Tea Extract On Disease Management, Ekambaram Padmini, Munuswamy Usha Rani

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the lipid profile and susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to oxidation in preeclamptic women and to correlate the results with preeclampsia risk in the absence and presence of black tea extract (BTE). Preeclampsia is a disorder of human pregnancy characterized by altered endothelial function, secondary to oxidative stress. Materials and methods: Lipid profile levels and oxidative stress status were investigated in the cord blood of normotensive and preeclamptic patients. LDL susceptibility to oxidation was also monitored in the absence and presence of BTE to examine its protective role. Results: A significant alteration in lipid parameters and enhanced oxidative …


Cardiac Complications Of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism In Chronic Hemodialysis Patients, Hülya Çi̇çekçi̇oğlu, İhsan Ergün, Özgül Uçar, Cüneyt Yüksel, Alper Azak, Ekrem Abayli, Mehmet Deni̇z Ayli Jan 2011

Cardiac Complications Of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism In Chronic Hemodialysis Patients, Hülya Çi̇çekçi̇oğlu, İhsan Ergün, Özgül Uçar, Cüneyt Yüksel, Alper Azak, Ekrem Abayli, Mehmet Deni̇z Ayli

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the effects of intact parathormone (iPTH) on left ventricular function using transthoracic echocardiography on chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. In HD patients, mortality is high and is frequently due to cardiac complications. Secondary hyperparathyroidism, high levels of phosphate (PO_4), and high calcium phosphate product (Ca × PO_4) are related to cardiac complications. Materials and methods: We examined 20 patients with normal iPTH levels (Group 1) and 20 patients with high iPTH levels (Group 2). Intact parathormone levels were measured in serum with a Coat-A-Count kit (Diagnostic Products Corporation, Los Angeles, CA, USA) using an immunoradiometric assay. …


Subclinical Hypoxia Of Infants With Intrauterine Growth Retardation Determined By Increased Serum S100b Protein Levels, Özlem Kirmemi̇ş, Mustafa Mansur Tatli, Cüneyt Tayman, Cemi̇le Koca, Ahmet Karadağ, Nurdan Uras, Uğur Di̇lmen, Hasan Kafali Jan 2011

Subclinical Hypoxia Of Infants With Intrauterine Growth Retardation Determined By Increased Serum S100b Protein Levels, Özlem Kirmemi̇ş, Mustafa Mansur Tatli, Cüneyt Tayman, Cemi̇le Koca, Ahmet Karadağ, Nurdan Uras, Uğur Di̇lmen, Hasan Kafali

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To test the hypothesis that serum S100B levels could be useful in detecting neurological damage in infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Materials and methods: The study group consisted of infants with IUGR and the control group consisted of age-matched healthy infants. S100B protein levels were measured after birth and compared between groups. Results: For this study, 43 infants with IUGR and 25 infants as a control group were recruited. Gender, gestational age, type of delivery, and maternal age of the groups were statistically insignificant, with the exception of the mean birth weights (2120 ± 450 g in the IUGR …


Comparison Of Results In Two Acoustic Analysis Programs: Praat And Mdvp, Haldun Oğuz, Mehmet Aki̇f Kiliç, Mustafa Asim Şafak Jan 2011

Comparison Of Results In Two Acoustic Analysis Programs: Praat And Mdvp, Haldun Oğuz, Mehmet Aki̇f Kiliç, Mustafa Asim Şafak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To compare acoustic analysis results obtained by 2 computer programs, Praat and the Multi-Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP). Different voice analysis programs use similar descriptions to define voice perturbation measures. Materials and methods: A total of 47 voice samples reflecting a spectrum of normal and pathological voices were randomly selected from a database, and the same voice samples were used to obtain mean fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonics ratio results from 2 acoustic analysis programs. Results: The results obtained for mean fundamental frequency and shimmer were not significantly different between the 2 computer programs. The results for jitter and noise-to-harmonics …


The Prevalence Of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis, And Eczema Among Middle School Students In Tabriz (Northwestern Iran), Leyla Sahebi, Mahnaz Sadeghi Shabestary Jan 2011

The Prevalence Of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis, And Eczema Among Middle School Students In Tabriz (Northwestern Iran), Leyla Sahebi, Mahnaz Sadeghi Shabestary

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the prevalence of atopic syndrome and the associated risk factors among middle school students. Asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema have an extensive epidemiologic diversity in various geographic areas. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1508 students in the city of Tabriz (a northwestern Turkish-populated region of Iran) in 2009. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was used to collect data. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 16. Results: The prevalence of cumulative and periodic wheezing and diagnosed asthma was 3.7%, 2.9%, and 2%, respectively. The diagnosed prevalence of cumulative and …


Plasma Ldl Subtype Distribution In Patients With Or Without Coronary Stenosis, Yeşi̇m Er Öztaş, Çağdaş Özdöl, Levent Karaca Jan 2011

Plasma Ldl Subtype Distribution In Patients With Or Without Coronary Stenosis, Yeşi̇m Er Öztaş, Çağdaş Özdöl, Levent Karaca

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) had 3 subtypes according to its separation by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis. Of these, the small, dense (Sd) LDL particles have been accepted as an emerging cardiovascular risk factor. This study was conducted to assess the LDL subtypes in a group of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Materials and methods: The study involved 56 patients—36 of whom had at least 1 vessel stenosed (stenosis group)—and 20 patients who had no stenosis (non-stenosis group). LDL subtypes were determined according to their migration pattern after non-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Total cholesterol, LDL and high density lipoprotein (HDL), and …


Assessment Of The Left Atrial Longitudinal Myocardial Function By Assessment Of The Left Atrial Longitudinal Myocardial Function By The Strain And Strain Rate Echocardiography In Patients With Rheumatic Mitral Stenosis*, Enbi̇ya Aksakal, Serdar Sevi̇mli̇, Hanefi̇ Yekta Gürlertop, Mehmet Ali̇ Elbey, Muhammed Hakan Taş, Fuat Gündoğdu, Mustafa Kemal Erol, Şule Karakelleoğlu Jan 2011

Assessment Of The Left Atrial Longitudinal Myocardial Function By Assessment Of The Left Atrial Longitudinal Myocardial Function By The Strain And Strain Rate Echocardiography In Patients With Rheumatic Mitral Stenosis*, Enbi̇ya Aksakal, Serdar Sevi̇mli̇, Hanefi̇ Yekta Gürlertop, Mehmet Ali̇ Elbey, Muhammed Hakan Taş, Fuat Gündoğdu, Mustafa Kemal Erol, Şule Karakelleoğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the regional left atrial (LA) myocardial functions and time to peak deformations by the longitudinal strain (S) and strain rate (Sr) echocardiography in isolated mitral stenosis (MS) patients for 3 LA periods (contractile, reservoir, and conduit periods). Materials and methods: Included in the study were 30 MS patients and 30 healthy controls. Longitudinal peak S and Sr indices, time to peak S and time to peak Sr, and systolic and diastolic velocities were measured from the color Doppler myocardial imaging data, for each LA period. Results: For all 3 periods, all of the segment S values and most …


Icsi Outcome In Severely Oligoasthenozoospermic Patients And Its Relationship To Prewash Progressive Sperm Motility*, Ni̇lgün Turhan, Aslihan Pekel, Ayli̇n Ayrim, Ömer Bayrak Jan 2011

Icsi Outcome In Severely Oligoasthenozoospermic Patients And Its Relationship To Prewash Progressive Sperm Motility*, Ni̇lgün Turhan, Aslihan Pekel, Ayli̇n Ayrim, Ömer Bayrak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the association between prewash progressive sperm motility and pregnancy rate in cases of severely oligoasthenozoospermic patients in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Materials and methods: The study included 80 infertile couples who were treated by ICSI due to severe oligoasthenozoospermia (


Hydatid Cyst Viability: The Effect Of Scolicidal Agents On The Scolex In The Daughter Cyst, Mustafa Karaoğlanoğlu, Ömer Faruk Akinci, Mustafa Ulukanligi̇l, Meli̇ke Ruşen Meti̇n, Hüseyi̇n Çeti̇n, Nurdan Çay Jan 2011

Hydatid Cyst Viability: The Effect Of Scolicidal Agents On The Scolex In The Daughter Cyst, Mustafa Karaoğlanoğlu, Ömer Faruk Akinci, Mustafa Ulukanligi̇l, Meli̇ke Ruşen Meti̇n, Hüseyi̇n Çeti̇n, Nurdan Çay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To perform an in vitro study of the effects of various scolicidal agents on scolices in both crystal-clear fluid and daughter cysts. Materials and methods: A 2-staged procedure, using 15% NaCl, 3% NaCl, Betadine, 1% NaOCl, and alcohol, was performed on the cysts. Into bottles containing 10 cysts, 20 mL of each agent, including crystal-clear fluid, was added. A single daughter cyst was then taken from the bottles after 5, 10, 15, 20, 40, 60, and 120 min and the injected samples were examined microscopically for viability using activity and eosin staining. In the second stage of the study, the …


The Optimal Dose Of Vitamin D In Growing Girls During Academic Years: A Randomized Trial, Mehrdad Shakinba, Samane Tefagh, Zahra Nafei Jan 2011

The Optimal Dose Of Vitamin D In Growing Girls During Academic Years: A Randomized Trial, Mehrdad Shakinba, Samane Tefagh, Zahra Nafei

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is remarkable during childhood and adolescence throughout the world. Sufficient intake of vitamin D contributes to a number of health outcomes. The aim of this study was to specify the optimal dose of vitamin D in growing girls in a Muslim country during an academic year. Materials and methods: This randomized clinical trial study was carried out in Yazd in the center of Iran in 2007;120 junior high school girls (aged 12-15 years) were randomly divided into 4 groups. Sixty students in groups I and II were treated for vitamin D deficiency with 300,000 IU …


Ex Vivo Produced Oral Mucosa Equivalent Preliminary Report: A Technical Note, Gürkan Raşi̇t Bayar Jan 2011

Ex Vivo Produced Oral Mucosa Equivalent Preliminary Report: A Technical Note, Gürkan Raşi̇t Bayar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this study was to produce of ex vivo oral mucosal equivalent. The continuous stratified layer of human oral keratinocytes was grown on a cadaveric human dermal matrix in a defined culture medium without a feeder layer. Materials and methods: Human oral keratinocytes from a keratinized oral mucosa biopsy specimen were enzymatically dissociated and cultured in a serum-free defined culture medium, "EpiLife" (Cascade Biologics, Portland, OR, USA), containing a low calcium concentration of 0.06 mM. Oral keratinocytes were expanded one passage. Once a sufficient population of keratinocytes was reached, they were seeded onto the type IV collagen coated …


Evaluation Of The Tick Bites In A Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (Cchf) Endemic Area In Turkey, Serpi̇l Erol, Ahmet Yeni̇solak, Göknur Yapar Toros, Ayşe Albayrak Jan 2011

Evaluation Of The Tick Bites In A Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (Cchf) Endemic Area In Turkey, Serpi̇l Erol, Ahmet Yeni̇solak, Göknur Yapar Toros, Ayşe Albayrak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

After the first description of a CCHF outbreak in Turkey, tick bites became an increasing cause of visits to health-care facilities. In this study, we evaluated tick bites in a CCHF endemic region. Materials and methods: The study included cases of tick bites that were referred to 2 hospitals in Erzurum between June and October 2008. All cases were followed-up for 10 days for the results of CCHF. Results: During the study period, 161 patients were admitted for a tick bite. The majority (56.3%) were farmers and housewives. Children ≤ 13 years of age were bitten mostly on the head …


In Vitro Effect Of Resveratrol Against Oxidative Injury Of Human Coronary Artery Endothelial Cells, Oya Sayin, Nur Arslan, Zeki̇ye Sultan Altun, Gül Akdoğan Jan 2011

In Vitro Effect Of Resveratrol Against Oxidative Injury Of Human Coronary Artery Endothelial Cells, Oya Sayin, Nur Arslan, Zeki̇ye Sultan Altun, Gül Akdoğan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Reactive oxygen species induce oxidative stress that may contribute to endothelial dysfunction. In addition to endogen antioxidants, adding antioxidants to diet has been used to reduce oxidative-stress-induced endothelial dysfunction. Resveratrol is a natural phytoalexin which has many effects including antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether resveratrol could protect human coronary artery endothelial cells against in vitro oxidative-stress-mediated injury. Materials and methods: Human coronary artery endothelial cells were treated with varying concentrations of hydrogen peroxide for different durations and hydrogen peroxide plus varying concentrations of resveratrol. Then cell death was measured using lactate dehydrogenase release. Human …