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The Importance Of Skin Prick Test In Differentiating Cat Sensitivities And Allergies In Children, Mehmet Şi̇ri̇n Kaya, Özge Atay, İdi̇l Akay Haci, İlke Taşkirdi, Seli̇me Özen Bölük, Fi̇gen Çelebi̇ Çeli̇k, Özgen Soyöz, Canan Şule Ünsal Karkiner, Demet Can Aug 2023

The Importance Of Skin Prick Test In Differentiating Cat Sensitivities And Allergies In Children, Mehmet Şi̇ri̇n Kaya, Özge Atay, İdi̇l Akay Haci, İlke Taşkirdi, Seli̇me Özen Bölük, Fi̇gen Çelebi̇ Çeli̇k, Özgen Soyöz, Canan Şule Ünsal Karkiner, Demet Can

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The incidence of cat allergies in children has increased over the years. Children with cat allergies have mostly reported respiratory symptoms. The skin prick test (SPT) is the most preferred method to demonstrate sensitization to allergens. However, not all children who develop cat sensitization due to environmental exposure become allergic to cats. In our study, we aimed to determine the frequency of sensitization to cat and cat allergy, cat-related symptoms, and the cut-off value for the SPT that may indicate cat allergy. Materials and methods: Patients aged 2-18 years, who applied to the Health Sciences University İzmir Dr Behçet …


Circular Rna Circprmt5 Is Upregulated In Breast Cancer And Is Required For Cellproliferation And Migration, Xiaofeng Li, Dairong Zhang, Zuxi Feng, Xiangjing Xu, Jihong Zhang, Aiping Yu, Li Zhu, Jie Xiao, Junhua Du, Min Chen Jan 2022

Circular Rna Circprmt5 Is Upregulated In Breast Cancer And Is Required For Cellproliferation And Migration, Xiaofeng Li, Dairong Zhang, Zuxi Feng, Xiangjing Xu, Jihong Zhang, Aiping Yu, Li Zhu, Jie Xiao, Junhua Du, Min Chen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To evaluate the role of cyclic protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (circPRMT5) in the occurrence and development of breast cancer (BC). Materials and methods: A total of 90 BC patients who underwent radical mastectomy and 40 age-matched healthy female controls were recruited in the Second People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, Yichang Second People's Hospital from 2017 to 2020. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of circPRMT5 in BC tissues, serum, normal breast cell line (MCF-10A), and BC cell line (T47D, MCF-7, BT549, Hs-578T, and MDA-MB-231, MDAMB-468). The associations between circPRMT5 …


A Single-Center Experience Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings Of Fetal Sacrococcygeal Teratomas, Mesude Tosun, İsa Çam, Hande Uslu, Yasemi̇n Doğan, Yonca Anik Jan 2022

A Single-Center Experience Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings Of Fetal Sacrococcygeal Teratomas, Mesude Tosun, İsa Çam, Hande Uslu, Yasemi̇n Doğan, Yonca Anik

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCT) are known as rare tumors, but they are the most common tumor in fetuses and newborns. This study aims to present fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of SCT diagnosed prenatally and compare them with that of the prenatal Ultrasound (US) findings. Materials and methods: Eleven patients diagnosed as SCT prenatally by US and further assessed by MRI are included. MRI was performed via a 1.5-T magnet with a body coil. The presence, size, content extension, and compressive effects of each mass were determined and correlated with US findings and with postnatal examinations, including surgery and …


A Combination Of Q-Tof Lc/Ms And Lc-Ms/Ms Based Metabolomics In Pediatric-Onset Multiple Sclerosis Demonstrates Potential Biomarkers For Unclassified Patients, İsmai̇l Solmaz, Ozan Kaplan, Mustafa Çelebi̇er, İnci̇lay Lay, Fatma Banu Anlar Jan 2022

A Combination Of Q-Tof Lc/Ms And Lc-Ms/Ms Based Metabolomics In Pediatric-Onset Multiple Sclerosis Demonstrates Potential Biomarkers For Unclassified Patients, İsmai̇l Solmaz, Ozan Kaplan, Mustafa Çelebi̇er, İnci̇lay Lay, Fatma Banu Anlar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Metabolomics has the potential to provide putative biomarkers and insights into the pathophysiology and diagnosis of pediatric multiple sclerosis (pMS), which is an inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. In this study, we aimed to investigate serum metabolomics in pMS to help elucidate the pathophysiology of MS. Materials and methods: An untargeted approach was applied using the quadrupole time-of-flight liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (Q-TOF LC/MS) method to study plasma metabolites in patients with pMS (n = 33), patients with unclassified central nervous system demyelinating diseases (n = 6), and age-matched healthy …


Early Detection Breast Cancer: Role Of Circulating Plasma Mirna-21 Expression As Apotential Screening Biomarker, Muhammad Noor Diansyah, Ami Ashariati Prayogo, Made Putra Sedana, Merlyna Savitri, Pradana Zaky Romadhon, Putu Niken Ayu Amrita, Andi Yasmin Wijaya, Winona May Hendrata, Ugroseno Yudho Bintoro Jan 2021

Early Detection Breast Cancer: Role Of Circulating Plasma Mirna-21 Expression As Apotential Screening Biomarker, Muhammad Noor Diansyah, Ami Ashariati Prayogo, Made Putra Sedana, Merlyna Savitri, Pradana Zaky Romadhon, Putu Niken Ayu Amrita, Andi Yasmin Wijaya, Winona May Hendrata, Ugroseno Yudho Bintoro

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Aim: To explore the potential of the circulating plasma miRNA-21 as an early detection biomarker by comparing early-stage breast cancer (BG) and healthy control (HG) in Indonesian population. Materials and methods: The enlisted patients were 26 adult female early-stage breast cancer patients (stage 1A, 1B, 2A, and 2B) of Airlangga University Hospital from August 2019 to October 2019. Sixteen volunteers were recruited as matching healthy subjects. MiRNA-21 expression was quantified by plasma qRT-PCR. Data analysis performed using IBM SPSS Statistics v.24 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). MiRNA-21 cut-off, sensitivity, and specificity were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: …


Measurement Of Interscalene Space Volume In Diagnosis Of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Acadaver Study, Tevfi̇k Kaplan, Ayhan Cömert, Mehmet Ali̇ Güner, Hali̇l İbrahi̇m Açar, Gökçe Kaan Ataç, İbrahi̇m Tekdemi̇r, Serdar Han Jan 2021

Measurement Of Interscalene Space Volume In Diagnosis Of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Acadaver Study, Tevfi̇k Kaplan, Ayhan Cömert, Mehmet Ali̇ Güner, Hali̇l İbrahi̇m Açar, Gökçe Kaan Ataç, İbrahi̇m Tekdemi̇r, Serdar Han

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to measure the volume of interscalene space in thoracic outlet region on cadavers and radiological images and to analyze the potential value of these measurements in diagnosis and treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Materials and methods: The dimensions of the anterior interscalene space in 8 formalin-fixed human cadavers were studied by direct measurement and additionally evaluation of the volume of this space were done by using mold and volume calculation formula of square pyramid, due to resembling a pyramid. In the second phase of this study, interscalene space volume was calculated by …


Covid-19 Scientific Publications From Turkey, Rafi̇ye Çi̇ftçi̇ler, İbrahi̇m Celaletti̇n Haznedaroğlu, Abdurrahman Tufan, Mehmet Aki̇f Öztürk Jan 2021

Covid-19 Scientific Publications From Turkey, Rafi̇ye Çi̇ftçi̇ler, İbrahi̇m Celaletti̇n Haznedaroğlu, Abdurrahman Tufan, Mehmet Aki̇f Öztürk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Igg4-Related Disease: A Contemporary Review, Hazan Karadeni̇z, Augusto Vaglio Jan 2020

Igg4-Related Disease: A Contemporary Review, Hazan Karadeni̇z, Augusto Vaglio

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD), is an immune-mediated fibroinflammatory condition, which may involve multiple organs and mostly presents with high serum IgG4 levels and specific histopathological characteristics. As IgG4-RD is a relatively new entity the etiology, prevalence and epidemiologic knowledge is quite limited. Although involvement of almost all anatomical regions has been reported, the most commonly affected regions are pancreas, lacrimal glands, salivary glands, retroperitoneum, orbita, lymph nodes, kidney and lungs. Diagnosis is made with combined evaluation of clinical, radiological and histopathological findings. Typical histopathological features include storiform fibrosis, dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and obliterative phlebitis. Its course is typically marked …


Cytomorphological Findings In Diagnosis Of Warthin Tumor, Fatma Fulya Köybaşioğlu, Bi̇nnur Önal, Ünsal Han, Ayşegül Adabağ, Ahmet Şahpaz Jan 2020

Cytomorphological Findings In Diagnosis Of Warthin Tumor, Fatma Fulya Köybaşioğlu, Bi̇nnur Önal, Ünsal Han, Ayşegül Adabağ, Ahmet Şahpaz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To define the cytomorphologic findings leading to difficulties in diagnosis of Warthin tumors (WTs).Materials and methods: Forty-eight histopathologically diagnosed WT patients who had fine needle aspiration cytology preoperatively were reevaluated for defining the presence or absence of lymphocytes, oncocytic cell layer, oncocytic cell papillae, granular debris background, mucoid background, macrophages, polymorphonuclear cells, mast cells, squamous-like cells, atypical vacuolated cytoplasmic cells, and giant cells.Results: Forty-seven tumors were in the parotid gland and one in the submandibular gland. There were 37 (77%) male and 11 (23%) female patients. Cytopathologically in 36 patients the diagnosis was benign neoplasm (WT); in 6, other …


Surgical Management Of Insulinomas At The Azerbaijan Medical University: A Retrospective Study Of 21 Cases Over A 10-Year Period, Rovshan Hasanov, Elgun Samadov, Nuru Bayramov, Ayteki̇n Ünlü, Patrizio Petrone Jan 2020

Surgical Management Of Insulinomas At The Azerbaijan Medical University: A Retrospective Study Of 21 Cases Over A 10-Year Period, Rovshan Hasanov, Elgun Samadov, Nuru Bayramov, Ayteki̇n Ünlü, Patrizio Petrone

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study represents the first report that evaluates the experience gathered from diagnosis, surgical treatment and outcome of insulinoma patients from Azerbaijan.Materials and methods: We retrospectively review of insulinoma patients for a 10-year period. Collected data included patient demographics, laboratory and imaging tests, detailed surgical reports, histopathological examination of resected specimens, and clinical follow-up.Results: Twenty-one insulinoma patients were identified. Male patients comprised 52.4%; mean age was 44 years. Mean time to diagnosis was 14 months; 61% patients had ≥3 medical referrals due to hypoglycemia-related symptoms. Diagnosis sensitivity of CT, MRI and US was 85%, 80%, and 55%, respectively. The …


Chest Ct Features Of The Novel Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19), Furkan Ufuk, Recep Savaş Jan 2020

Chest Ct Features Of The Novel Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19), Furkan Ufuk, Recep Savaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

A new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is rapidly spreading worldwide and causes pneumonia, respiratory distress, thromboembolic events, and death. Chest computed tomography (CT) plays an essential role in the diagnosis of viral pneumonia, monitoring disease progression, determination of disease severity, and evaluating therapeutic efficacy. Chest CT can show important clues of 2019-nCoV disease (also known as COVID-19) in patients with an appropriate clinic. Prompt diagnosis of COVID-19 is essential to prevent disease transmission and provides close clinical observation of patients with clinically severe disease. Therefore, radiologists and clinicians should be familiar with the CT imaging findings of COVID-19 pneumonia. Herein, …


Familial Mediterranean Fever, From Pathogenesis To Treatment: A Contemporary Review, Abdurrahman Tufan, Helen Lachmann Jan 2020

Familial Mediterranean Fever, From Pathogenesis To Treatment: A Contemporary Review, Abdurrahman Tufan, Helen Lachmann

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (OMIM #249100) is the most common hereditary autoinflammatory disease in the world. FMF is caused by gain of function mutations of MEFV gene which encodes an immune regulatory protein, pyrin. Over the last few years, we have witnessed several new developments in the pathogenesis, genetic testing, diagnosis, comorbidities, disease related damage and treatment approaches to FMF. Elucidation of some of the pathogenic mechanisms has led to the discovery of pathways involved in inflammatory, metabolic, cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. The use of next generation sequencing in FMF has revealed many new gene variants whose clinical significance may …


In Silico Design And In Vitro Development Of A Highly Accurate Test To Detect Brucella Species, Hosein Safari, Setareh Shahnazari, Maysam Mard-Soltani, Somayeh Tavakoli, Bahman Khalesi Jan 2019

In Silico Design And In Vitro Development Of A Highly Accurate Test To Detect Brucella Species, Hosein Safari, Setareh Shahnazari, Maysam Mard-Soltani, Somayeh Tavakoli, Bahman Khalesi

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background: Conventionalmethods of detecting Brucella spp. suffer from technical and biological complications. Besides, newly characterized species of the genus Brucella could be neglected by previously designed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. Therefore, a more accurate PCR-based test seems to be imminently needed. Materials and methods: Blood samples were collected from 39 patients diagnosed with brucellosis and 25 healthy controls. Multiple sequence alignments (MSA) were performed on 500 Omp2-related protein and gene sequences. Thereafter, specific primers were designed and synthesized for the regions with highest conservancy. The collected samples were assessed by PCR test. To overcome the cross-reactivity issue, PCR thermal …


Timely Identification Of Atypical Acute Aortic Dissection In The Emergency Department:A Study From A Tertiary Hospital, Youjin Jiang, Zhengfang Zhang, Zhiming Gu, Hengdi Zou, Wenhui Fan, Xiaojun Chen, Hongyou Wang Jan 2019

Timely Identification Of Atypical Acute Aortic Dissection In The Emergency Department:A Study From A Tertiary Hospital, Youjin Jiang, Zhengfang Zhang, Zhiming Gu, Hengdi Zou, Wenhui Fan, Xiaojun Chen, Hongyou Wang

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a rare but fatal disease if left untreated. Symptoms are often similar to common conditions; therefore, the diagnostic strategy is important. We aimed to identify the atypical symptoms in a timely manner without putting patients at greater risk for undetected AAD.Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 59 AAD patients with both atypical and typical symptoms from January 2012 to December 2016. Patients with atypical symptoms continuing more than 30 min underwent a D-dimer test and computed tomography (CT) or computed tomographic angiography (CTA).Results: Of the 59 AAD patients, 22 were …


Microbiological And Clinical Data Analysis Of 32 Patients With Nocardia Infections In Yantai, Hong-Xia Yu, Ming Liu, Zeng-Hui Pu, Yan Liu, Mao-Mao Zhao Jan 2018

Microbiological And Clinical Data Analysis Of 32 Patients With Nocardia Infections In Yantai, Hong-Xia Yu, Ming Liu, Zeng-Hui Pu, Yan Liu, Mao-Mao Zhao

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Nocardia is an opportunistic pathogen that mostly a ects hosts with immune de ciencies. Recently, the widespread use of immunosuppressive agents and antitumor drugs has led to an increasing number of Nocardia infections being reported. However, it is di cult to con rm this diagnosis owing to the slow growth of the bacterium and its complex resultant clinical manifestations, potentially delaying treatment and increasing mortality. us, further knowledge on the clinical characteristics of Nocardia infection is required. Hence, this study aimed to review the demographics, comorbidities, clinical presentation, microbiology, treatment, and outcomes of Nocardia infections in Yantai. Materials and …


Polycythemia Vera: Diagnosis, Clinical Course, And Current Management, Yahya Büyükaşik, Ridvan Ali̇, Muhli̇s Cem Ar, Mehmet Turgut, Aki̇f Seli̇m Yavuz, Güray Saydam Jan 2018

Polycythemia Vera: Diagnosis, Clinical Course, And Current Management, Yahya Büyükaşik, Ridvan Ali̇, Muhli̇s Cem Ar, Mehmet Turgut, Aki̇f Seli̇m Yavuz, Güray Saydam

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Very important developments related to polycythemia vera (PV) have occurred during the last two decades. The discovery of Janus kinase (JAK) 2 mutations has changed both the diagnosis and clinical management of PV. Currently JAK2 molecular testing is essential in the diagnostic work-up and JAK2 mutation positivity is a major diagnostic criterion. The discovery of JAK2 mutations suggested that abnormal JAK-STAT signaling was a pivotal feature in the pathogenesis of Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. This idea led to the development of JAK inhibitors. Currently ruxolitinib, a JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor, is also approved for PV patients with hydroxyurea resistance or intolerance. International collaborations …


Takayasu Arteritis: An Update, Gökhan Keser, Kenan Aksu, Rafi̇ Haner Di̇reskeneli̇ Jan 2018

Takayasu Arteritis: An Update, Gökhan Keser, Kenan Aksu, Rafi̇ Haner Di̇reskeneli̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a challenging chronic, granulomatous, large-vessel systemic vasculitis, mostly due to difficulties in early diagnosis and assessing actual disease activity. Since there are no specific diagnostic laboratory tests, biomarkers, or autoantibodies, many patients experience considerable delay in diagnosis. Remembering the possibility of TAK together with the use of acute phase responses and appropriate imaging studies may be helpful for early diagnosis. Since there may be discrepancies between systemic and vascular wall inflammation, using only acute phase responses is not reliable in assessing current disease activity. Therefore, physical examination and new imaging findings should also be used to …


Screening Of Immunocompromised Patients At Risk Of Strongyloidiasis In Western Turkey Using Elisa And Real-Time Pcr, Esra Erdem Kivrak, Esra Atalay Şahar, Hüseyi̇n Can, Mert Döşkaya, Mümtaz Yilmaz, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Ayşe Caner, Hüseyi̇n Töz, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz, Meltem Işikgöz Taşbakan Jan 2017

Screening Of Immunocompromised Patients At Risk Of Strongyloidiasis In Western Turkey Using Elisa And Real-Time Pcr, Esra Erdem Kivrak, Esra Atalay Şahar, Hüseyi̇n Can, Mert Döşkaya, Mümtaz Yilmaz, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Ayşe Caner, Hüseyi̇n Töz, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz, Meltem Işikgöz Taşbakan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Strongyloides stercoralis causes life-threatening hyperinfection or disseminated strongyloidiasis in immunocompromised patients such as HIV-positive, organ transplantation, and cancer patients. This study investigated the presence of strongyloidiasis in immunocompromised patients for the first time in Turkey. Materials and methods: Serum and stool samples were collected from 108 patients (25.9% of them were chronic renal failure and 74.1% were renal transplantation patients) who were admitted to Ege University Medical School in İzmir, located in western Turkey. Serum samples were analyzed by ELISA (DRG, Germany) and the presence of 18S rRNA gene of S. stercoralis was detected in stool samples by real-time …


How To Manage Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia: Our Clinical Experience, Emi̇ne Kurt, Sevi̇m Turanli, Fatma Markoç, Ali̇ Uğur Berberoğlu Jan 2017

How To Manage Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia: Our Clinical Experience, Emi̇ne Kurt, Sevi̇m Turanli, Fatma Markoç, Ali̇ Uğur Berberoğlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is a rare and benign mesenchymal proliferative breast lesion. Our aim is to review the clinical and radiological features of PASH and define a standard approach for its diagnosis and management. Materials and methods: Clinical records of 35 consecutive patients with PASH were retrospectively reviewed between 2009 and 2015. Patients with clinically or radiologically detected mass and patients who underwent biopsy for other indications and were diagnosed incidentally were included in the study. Results: There were 34 female patients and one male patient with gynecomastia. Twenty-three patients had palpable masses, and 16 of them were …


Chronic Cough: Clinical Characteristics And Etiologies Of 510 Cases, Guiyuan Jiang, Xinying Huang, Tianlin Li, Dongping Xu Jan 2016

Chronic Cough: Clinical Characteristics And Etiologies Of 510 Cases, Guiyuan Jiang, Xinying Huang, Tianlin Li, Dongping Xu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To investigate the clinical features and underlying etiologies of chronic cough (CC). Materials and methods: Five hundred and ten CC patients were enrolled. The phases, characteristics and associated clinical manifestations of CC among the gastroesophageal reflux cough (GERC), cough-variant asthma (CVA), and upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) groups were compared, and the diagnostic values of each group were evaluated by multiple regression analysis. Results: In the 510 patients, 404 had CC with single etiology-GERC (n = 175), CVA (n = 134), and UACS (n = 95). The characteristic features of GERC included gastric acid backflow symptoms such as sour-tasting …


An Unusual Pathology With An Undefined Etiology:Solitary Fibrous Tumors Of The Pleura, Kutsal Turhan, Ali̇ Özdi̇l, Ayşe Gül Ergönül, Deni̇z Nart, Alpaslan Çakan, Ufuk Çağirici Jan 2016

An Unusual Pathology With An Undefined Etiology:Solitary Fibrous Tumors Of The Pleura, Kutsal Turhan, Ali̇ Özdi̇l, Ayşe Gül Ergönül, Deni̇z Nart, Alpaslan Çakan, Ufuk Çağirici

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the etiology and clinical and pathological behavior of solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTPs), as well as the most appropriate surgical approach and the results of long-term follow-up of this condition. Materials and methods: Clinical and long-term follow-up records of 14 patients who had surgery for SFTP between 2001 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Etiological factors, diagnostic procedures, and clinical courses and outcomes for these patients were studied. Results: Of the 14 patients, 8 were male (57%) and 6 were female (43%) patients. The mean age was 54.14 ± …


Clinical Characteristics And Prognosis Of Patients With Retinoblastoma: 8-Year Follow-Up, Xin Luo, Huijing Ye, Yun-Gang Ding, Yi Du, Huasheng Yang Jan 2015

Clinical Characteristics And Prognosis Of Patients With Retinoblastoma: 8-Year Follow-Up, Xin Luo, Huijing Ye, Yun-Gang Ding, Yi Du, Huasheng Yang

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential correlation between clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with retinoblastoma (Rb). Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 314 Rb patients. Clinical data including laterality of eyes, sex, age, presenting signs, lag time, and survival were recorded and analyzed. Results: Leukocoria is the most common clinical presentation of Rb. Patients with isolated leukocoria had shorter lag time and exhibited a high survival rate (85%, 5 years). Patients with strabismus and blurred vision, and who were older and had longer lag time, exhibited an excellent survival rate (100% and 92.3%, …


Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A And Procalcitonin As Markers Of Myocardial Injury In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome, Ayşegül Bayir, Hasan Kara, Aysel Kiyici, Bahadir Öztürk, Abdullah Si̇vri̇kaya, Fi̇kret Akyürek Jan 2015

Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A And Procalcitonin As Markers Of Myocardial Injury In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome, Ayşegül Bayir, Hasan Kara, Aysel Kiyici, Bahadir Öztürk, Abdullah Si̇vri̇kaya, Fi̇kret Akyürek

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), procalcitonin, and troponin I levels as diagnostic markers of acute coronary syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency department. Materials and methods: The serum PAPP-A, IMA, procalcitonin, and troponin I levels were measured in 100 patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted to the emergency department and 100 healthy control subjects. Results: Patients with acute coronary syndrome had significantly greater mean serum PAPP-A (patients, 10 ± 10 mIU/L; control subjects, 6 ± 10 mIU/L; P =< 0.001), procalcitonin (patients, 2 ± 10 µg/L; control subjects, 0.4 ± 2 µg/L; P =< 0.001), and troponin I levels (patients, 6 ± 8 µg/L; control subjects, 0.2 ± 0.3 µg/L; P =< 0.001) than control subjects. There was no difference in mean IMA levels between patients and control subjects. There were no significant correlations between PAPP-A levels and IMA, procalcitonin, or troponin I levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Conclusion: The PAPP-A, procalcitonin, and troponin I levels were increased in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, elevated PAPP-A and procalcitonin levels, in addition to troponin I levels, may be useful markers of myocardial injury on admission to the emergency department.


Is The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Childhood Acute Bacterial Meningitis In Turkey Evidence-Based?, Özden Türel, Mustafa Bakir Jan 2014

Is The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Childhood Acute Bacterial Meningitis In Turkey Evidence-Based?, Özden Türel, Mustafa Bakir

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Evidence-based guidance is likely to significantly improve patient care. We aimed to characterize the adequacy of standard diagnostic methods and treatment in children with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in Turkey. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective study among children 1 month to 5 years old hospitalized with ABM in İstanbul. The World Health Organization case definition and laboratory criteria were used for diagnosis. Results: Of the 283 cases, 250 were probable and 33 (11.2%) were confirmed as bacterial meningitis. The majority of patients (92%) were treated at 9 governmental hospitals and the remaining 21 at 2 university hospitals. Blood …


Can Plasma-Free Dna Concentration Be A Diagnostic Tool In Critically Ill Septic Patients?, Başak Ceyda Meço, Fatma Handan Cuhruk, Melek Tulunay, Mehmet Oral, Mustafa Necmetti̇n Ünal Jan 2013

Can Plasma-Free Dna Concentration Be A Diagnostic Tool In Critically Ill Septic Patients?, Başak Ceyda Meço, Fatma Handan Cuhruk, Melek Tulunay, Mehmet Oral, Mustafa Necmetti̇n Ünal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the diagnostic value of plasma-free DNA concentration (PF-DNA) in septic patients compared to nonseptic patients and to correlate it with clinical outcome. Materials and methods: Forty-two mechanically ventilated consecutive patients (11 septic, 31 nonseptic) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) were recruited. On admission, besides PF-DNA concentration, APACHE II and SOFA scores and serum C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and serum lipid concentrations, together with clinical outcome, were assessed. Plasma samples from 11 volunteers were also collected. Appropriate statistics were used for analysis. Results: Median PF-DNA concentrations on admission were significantly higher in septic patients compared to …


Urothelial Cancers: Clinical And Imaging Evaluation, Hali̇l Arslan, Fati̇h Mehmet Tezcan, Oktay Alğin Jan 2012

Urothelial Cancers: Clinical And Imaging Evaluation, Hali̇l Arslan, Fati̇h Mehmet Tezcan, Oktay Alğin

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Urothelial cancers are currently diagnosed more commonly parallel to the recent developments in imaging techniques. Early diagnosis of these tumors, together with better treatment options, decreases the morbidity and the mortality significantly. This review aims to summarize the imaging findings of urothelial tumors, both at the pretreatment and posttreatment follow-up stage.


The Role Of Hba1c As A Screening And Diagnostic Test For Diabetes Mellitus In Ankara, Zeynep Gi̇ni̇ş, Gülfer Öztürk, Rana Sirmali, Ali̇ Yalçindağ, Yakup Dülgeroğlu, Tuncay Deli̇başi, Namik Deli̇baş Jan 2012

The Role Of Hba1c As A Screening And Diagnostic Test For Diabetes Mellitus In Ankara, Zeynep Gi̇ni̇ş, Gülfer Öztürk, Rana Sirmali, Ali̇ Yalçindağ, Yakup Dülgeroğlu, Tuncay Deli̇başi, Namik Deli̇baş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

This study investigated the value of HbA1c as a screening and diagnostic test for diabetes mellitus (DM) in high-risk Turkish individuals. Materials and methods: A total of 295 participants were successfully screened. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on their oral glucose tolerance test results, according to criteria put forth by the American Diabetes Association; 120 (40.7%) had normoglycemia, 44 (14.9%) had DM, 62 (21%) had impaired fasting glucose, and 69 (23.4%) had impaired glucose tolerance. Results: With a cut-off value for the diagnosis of DM of 6.1%, HbA1c had a sensitivity of 81.8% and a specificity of 80%, …


Assessment Of The Findings On The Existence Of Complications In Brucellosis, Cemal Bulut, Meltem Arzu Yetki̇n, Gülruhsar Yilmaz, Fatma Şebnem Erdi̇nç, Çi̇ğdem Ataman Hati̇poğlu, Sami̇ Kinikli, Behi̇ç Oral, Necla Tülek, Ali̇ Pekcan Demi̇röz Jan 2011

Assessment Of The Findings On The Existence Of Complications In Brucellosis, Cemal Bulut, Meltem Arzu Yetki̇n, Gülruhsar Yilmaz, Fatma Şebnem Erdi̇nç, Çi̇ğdem Ataman Hati̇poğlu, Sami̇ Kinikli, Behi̇ç Oral, Necla Tülek, Ali̇ Pekcan Demi̇röz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Brucellosis is a prevalent disease in Turkey. The object of this study was to assess the findings in brucellosis cases with and without complications. Materials and methods: A total of 324 patients diagnosed with brucellosis between 1999 and 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. The diagnosis of brucellosis was established serologically and/or by positivite blood culture. Epidemiologic features, clinical symptoms, and laboratory findings of the patients were assessed in both complicated and noncomplicated brucellosis cases by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The mean age of patients was 44.0 ± 18.3 years (range 15-83 years). In addition, 56% of the patients were male. …


Use Of The Shock Index To Diagnose Acute Hypovolemia, Polat Durukan, İbrahi̇m İki̇zceli̇, Okhan Akdur, Seda Özkan, Erdoğan M. Sözüer, Levent Avşaroğullari, Güleser Akpinar Jan 2009

Use Of The Shock Index To Diagnose Acute Hypovolemia, Polat Durukan, İbrahi̇m İki̇zceli̇, Okhan Akdur, Seda Özkan, Erdoğan M. Sözüer, Levent Avşaroğullari, Güleser Akpinar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Aim : To determine the accuracy of the shock index in the early detection of hemodynamic changes after acute blood loss. Materials and methods: This prospective, observational study was performed on blood donors who were giving 450 mL of blood over 20 min. Vital signs of the volunteers were recorded just before blood donation, and at 1 and 5 min after donation. Shock index was calculated by dividing the heart rate by systolic blood pressure. Results: Fifty healthy donors (mean age 34±9 years) volunteered to participate in the study. Five minute post-donation heart rate (81±12 /min) and diastolic blood pressure …


Ectopic Intra-Abdominal Fascioliasis, Ali̇ Ulvi̇ Öngören, Ayşegül Taylan Özkan, Ari̇f Hakan Demi̇rel, Hüseyi̇n Üstün, Mustafa Dönmez Jan 2009

Ectopic Intra-Abdominal Fascioliasis, Ali̇ Ulvi̇ Öngören, Ayşegül Taylan Özkan, Ari̇f Hakan Demi̇rel, Hüseyi̇n Üstün, Mustafa Dönmez

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Human fascioliasis, caused by Fasciola hepatica, is emerging as an important chronic zoonotic disease in many areas of the world, including Turkey. It primarily involves the liver and may also cause severe damage in the tissue. Herein we report on a patient with ectopic intra-abdominal fascioliasis that presented to our clinic with abdominal pain and distention. Physical and radiological examination as well as an exploratory laparotomy revealed a 10 × 10-cm mass in the splenic flexura of the colon and multiple cystic formations in the liver, spleen, and omentum, which mimicked peritoneal carcinoma. Histopathological examination revealed a granulomatous reaction due …