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Assessment Of Hcv-Rna Test Results And Access Rates To Antiviral Treatment In Patients With Anti-Hcv Positivity-A 10-Year Analysis, Emi̇ne Türkoğlu, Zafer Parlak, Hüseyi̇n Şener Barut Jan 2022

Assessment Of Hcv-Rna Test Results And Access Rates To Antiviral Treatment In Patients With Anti-Hcv Positivity-A 10-Year Analysis, Emi̇ne Türkoğlu, Zafer Parlak, Hüseyi̇n Şener Barut

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Currently, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can be cured by direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). In this study, we aimed to find the rate of viremia among patients with a positive anti-HCV test and the rate of antiviral treatment given to viremic patients. We also aimed to reach patients with anti-HCV positivity but not tested for HCV-RNA, and patients, who were diagnosed with HCV-RNA positivity but received no treatment. Materials and methods: In this study, individuals tested for anti-HCV in Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University Research and Application Hospital in the period between January 2010 and January 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Anti-HCV positive …


Investigation Of The Correlation Between Mood Disorder Symptoms And Disease Activityand Functional Status In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients, Meli̇h Pamukcu, Tuğba İzci̇ Duran, Hasan Ulusoy, Kürşat Altinbaş Jan 2021

Investigation Of The Correlation Between Mood Disorder Symptoms And Disease Activityand Functional Status In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients, Meli̇h Pamukcu, Tuğba İzci̇ Duran, Hasan Ulusoy, Kürşat Altinbaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To investigate the correlation between depressive-anxiety symptoms, mixed features, disease activity, and functional status in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the light of the shared underlying etiology in both disorders. Materials and methods: The study included 556 patients with RA. RA disease activity was measured using the Disease Activity Score 28-joint count C reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), and the patients were evaluated by a Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), and Modified Hypomania Checklist (mHCL) were used to evaluate the mixed depression and bipolarity status of the patients. Results: Of …


The Prevalence Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Use Among Turkish Patientswith Primary Headache, Büşra Sümeyye Arica Polat, Ayşe Çağlar Sarilar Jan 2021

The Prevalence Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Use Among Turkish Patientswith Primary Headache, Büşra Sümeyye Arica Polat, Ayşe Çağlar Sarilar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common in patients with primary headache. However, no study has been reported in which standardized modalities were questioned in a Turkish population. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of CAM use and factors related to it in these patients. Materials and methods: Patients with a diagnosis of primary headache were included in this cross-sectional observational study. Demographic and disease specific characteristics were recorded. The use and effect of 15 CAM modalities were evaluated in accordance with the Traditional and Complementary Medicine Regulations. The patients were …


Prevalence And Characteristics Of Hymenoptera Venom Allergy In Urban School Childrenaged 6 To 18 Years Living In Trabzon, Özge Baba, Gülay Kaya, Mehtap Haktanir Abul, Neşe Kaklikkaya, Murat Çakir, Fazil Orhan Jan 2021

Prevalence And Characteristics Of Hymenoptera Venom Allergy In Urban School Childrenaged 6 To 18 Years Living In Trabzon, Özge Baba, Gülay Kaya, Mehtap Haktanir Abul, Neşe Kaklikkaya, Murat Çakir, Fazil Orhan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Hymenoptera venom allergy is one of the leading causes of systemic allergic reactions in both adults and children. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of Hymenoptera venom allergy in urban school children aged 6 to 18 years living in Trabzon. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional, two-level survey study, children were recruited using random sampling of public primary and secondary schools. Firstly, parents were asked about their child's age and sex and whether their child had ever been stung by any kind of bee. When they responded "yes" to the last question, they attended …


An Epidemiologic Study Of Physician-Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In The Turkish Population: Copdturkey-1, Tarkan Özdemi̇r, Ni̇lgün Yilmaz Demi̇rci̇, Hati̇ce Kiliç, Orhan Koç, Akin Kaya, Can Öztürk Jan 2020

An Epidemiologic Study Of Physician-Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In The Turkish Population: Copdturkey-1, Tarkan Özdemi̇r, Ni̇lgün Yilmaz Demi̇rci̇, Hati̇ce Kiliç, Orhan Koç, Akin Kaya, Can Öztürk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease characterized by persistent airflow limitation and respiratory symptoms. It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Our data on COPD in Turkey are limited. This study was intended to examine the epidemiologic characteristics of COPD in the Turkish population, between 2012 and 2016. Materials and methods: This population-based, descriptive, surveillance study examined physician-diagnosed COPD prevalence, incidence, and mortality in Turkey.The database of the Social Security System of Turkey was scanned and ICD-10 J44.0-J44.9 codes for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes were evaluated retrospectively. Results: In 2016, …


Prevalence Of Atopy And Allergic Rhinitis In Patients With Adult Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis, Eli̇f Yelda Ni̇ksarlioğlu, Saci̇de Rana Işik, Mehmet Ati̇lla Uysal, Derya Ünal, Güngör Çamsari Jan 2019

Prevalence Of Atopy And Allergic Rhinitis In Patients With Adult Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis, Eli̇f Yelda Ni̇ksarlioğlu, Saci̇de Rana Işik, Mehmet Ati̇lla Uysal, Derya Ünal, Güngör Çamsari

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (non-CF BR) is common in developing countries.Limited data are available regarding the impact of atopy, and no data are available regarding allergic rhinitis in patients with adult bronchiectasis.The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of atopy and allergic rhinitis in the clinical conditions of patients with BR.Materials and methods: The study enrolled 101 patients who were diagnosed with non-CF BR using high-resolution computed chest tomography. Allergic rhinitis (AR) was defined by skin prick test (SPT) positivity and the presence of any nasal symptoms (watery runny nose, nasal obstruction, nasal itching, and sneezing). Results: …


Relationship Between Headache And Internet Addiction In Children, İlknur Böyükbaş Tepeci̇k, Ayşegül Neşe Çitak Kurt, Selma Tural Hesapçioğlu, Mehmet Uğurlu Jan 2019

Relationship Between Headache And Internet Addiction In Children, İlknur Böyükbaş Tepeci̇k, Ayşegül Neşe Çitak Kurt, Selma Tural Hesapçioğlu, Mehmet Uğurlu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to investigate Internet addiction in pediatric patients with migraine- and tension-type headache in this study. Materials and methods: Among our 200 subjects, 103 had migraine-type headache and 97 had tension-type headache. Results: Headache triggered by computer use was more common in the migraine-type headache group. There was no difference between the Internet addiction scale score of the two groups. The Internet addiction scale scores of the patients were found to differ depending on the aim and duration of computer use. Internet addiction was found in six (6%) patients. Internet addiction prevalence was 3.7% and 8.5% in the …


Prevalence Of Multiple Sclerosis In An Urban Population Of Sivas Province In Turkey, Şeyda Fi̇gül Gökçe, Burhanetti̇n Çi̇ğdem, Sanem Nemmezi̇ Karaca, Asli Bolayir, Özlem Kayim Yildiz, Ahmet Suat Topaktaş, Hati̇ce Balaban Jan 2019

Prevalence Of Multiple Sclerosis In An Urban Population Of Sivas Province In Turkey, Şeyda Fi̇gül Gökçe, Burhanetti̇n Çi̇ğdem, Sanem Nemmezi̇ Karaca, Asli Bolayir, Özlem Kayim Yildiz, Ahmet Suat Topaktaş, Hati̇ce Balaban

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common neurological disorder that can be a leading cause of nontraumatic disability in several countries. Recent reports have indicated a moderate to high risk of MS in European countries. In this study, we examined the prevalence of MS in a well-defined urban population of provincial center in Sivas Province in Turkey.Materials and methods: This study sampled all registered residents of urban areas of provincial center in Sivas Province in April 2017 and 2018 January. All the included patients met the McDonald 2010 criteria. Medical records were reviewed, including all available previously acquired magnetic resonance …


The Prevalence Of Chest Wall Deformity In Turkish Children, Yücel Akkaş, Nesli̇han Gülay Peri̇, Bülent Koçer, Gülteki̇n Gülbahar, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal Jan 2018

The Prevalence Of Chest Wall Deformity In Turkish Children, Yücel Akkaş, Nesli̇han Gülay Peri̇, Bülent Koçer, Gülteki̇n Gülbahar, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to identify children who have chest wall deformity, the prevalence of deformity, and the factors affecting the psychological and physical disorders caused by the deformity. Materials and methods: The study was conducted among 14,108 girls and boys aged 11-14 years, who were 5th-8th grade secondary school students in Ankara Province between October 2014 and March 2015. Results: Of the 14,108 students in our study, the mean age of the children was 12.53 ± 1.11 years (median 12.54, 11-14 years) and chest wall deformity was detected in 199 (1.41%) students. Male/female and pectus carinatum/pectus excavatum ratios were …


Prevalence And Prognosis Of Intracranial Stenosis In Acute Ischemic Stroke;A Single Center Registry From Turkey, Mi̇ne Hayri̇ye Sorgun, Volkan Yilmaz, Çağri Ulukan, Sabi̇ha Tezcan, Müge Kuzu, İnci̇ Şule Özer, Hafi̇ze Çotur, Sefer Rzayev, Anwar Rawandi, Canan Togay Işikay Jan 2017

Prevalence And Prognosis Of Intracranial Stenosis In Acute Ischemic Stroke;A Single Center Registry From Turkey, Mi̇ne Hayri̇ye Sorgun, Volkan Yilmaz, Çağri Ulukan, Sabi̇ha Tezcan, Müge Kuzu, İnci̇ Şule Özer, Hafi̇ze Çotur, Sefer Rzayev, Anwar Rawandi, Canan Togay Işikay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Intracranial stenosis (ICS) is identified in 2.2%?70.4% of patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of ICS in a single center registry from Turkey. Materials and methods: We reviewed the charts of 619 patients with acute ischemic stroke. ICS was defined as any ICS > 50% on cerebrovascular imaging. The demographic data, risk factors, NIHSS scores and C reactive protein level at admission, mortality in hospital, recurrent stroke, and mRS in the follow-up period were recorded. Results: A total of 72 (11.6%) patients with ICS (45 males (62.5%); mean age 68.3 ± …


Prevalence And Risk Factors For Helicobacter Pylori Infection In Southwest China: A Study Of Health Examination Participants Based On 13c-Urea Breath Test, Jie Liu, Yonghong Wang, Qinghua Zhao, Rong Luo, Mingzhao Xiao, Mingjun Zhang, Weibo Xie Jan 2017

Prevalence And Risk Factors For Helicobacter Pylori Infection In Southwest China: A Study Of Health Examination Participants Based On 13c-Urea Breath Test, Jie Liu, Yonghong Wang, Qinghua Zhao, Rong Luo, Mingzhao Xiao, Mingjun Zhang, Weibo Xie

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has a high prevalence in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the current prevalence of H. pylori, as well as its potential serum risk factors, in a population from southwest China.Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 10,912 subjects who received medical examinations at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University in 2014. Data regarding physical examinations and biochemical measurements were collected, and H. pylori infection was diagnosed with a 13C-urea breath test. Logistic regression was conducted to identify the risk factors for H. pylori infection.Results: The infection rate of H. pylori was 34.4% …


Repeated Prevalence Studies Of Nosocomial Infections In One University Hospital In Serbia, Milena Ilic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic Jan 2017

Repeated Prevalence Studies Of Nosocomial Infections In One University Hospital In Serbia, Milena Ilic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Nosocomial infections occur worldwide and affect both developed and resource-poor countries. The aim of this paper was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for nosocomial infections in one Serbian hospital. Materials and methods: Three-point prevalence surveys were conducted in the Clinical Center of Kragujevac (1240 beds). The standard definitions for nosocomial infections of the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention were used. The authors conducted surveys according to the same protocol. Results: The prevalence of infected patients and the overall prevalence of nosocomial infections was 6.2% and 7.1% in 2003, 4.6% and 4.6% in 2005, and 7.6% and …


The Incidence Of 18f-Fdg Pet/Ct Thyroid Incidentalomas Andthe Prevalence Of Malignancy: A Prospective Study, Mi̇ne Şencan Eren, Özhan Özdoğan, Arzu Gedi̇k, Mehmet Ceylan, Meri̇h Güray Durak, Mustafa Seçi̇l, Mehmet Ali̇ Koçdor, Abdurrahman Çömlekçi̇, Hati̇ce Durak Jan 2016

The Incidence Of 18f-Fdg Pet/Ct Thyroid Incidentalomas Andthe Prevalence Of Malignancy: A Prospective Study, Mi̇ne Şencan Eren, Özhan Özdoğan, Arzu Gedi̇k, Mehmet Ceylan, Meri̇h Güray Durak, Mustafa Seçi̇l, Mehmet Ali̇ Koçdor, Abdurrahman Çömlekçi̇, Hati̇ce Durak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To determine the prevalence of malignancy in thyroid incidentalomas (TIs) detected by fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). Materials and methods: 18F-FDG PET/CT images were evaluated prospectively for the presence of thyroid uptake. The patients with a TI were evaluated by an endocrinologist according to the predefined diagnostic algorithm. The final diagnosis was obtained clinically and/or by pathology. Results: TI was detected in 4.2% of 4204 patients. A malignant thyroid nodule was diagnosed in 29% and 33% of the focal and diffuse-focal uptake groups, respectively. However, no malignancy was detected in the diffuse uptake group. The standardized …


The High Prevalence Of Encephalitozoon Intestinalis In Patients Receiving Chemotherapy And Children With Growth Retardation And The Validity Of Real-Time Pcr In Its Diagnosis, Ülfet Çeti̇nkaya, Süleyman Yazar, Sali̇h Kuk, Eda Si̇vcan, Leylagül Kaynar, Duran Arslan, İzzet Şahi̇n Jan 2016

The High Prevalence Of Encephalitozoon Intestinalis In Patients Receiving Chemotherapy And Children With Growth Retardation And The Validity Of Real-Time Pcr In Its Diagnosis, Ülfet Çeti̇nkaya, Süleyman Yazar, Sali̇h Kuk, Eda Si̇vcan, Leylagül Kaynar, Duran Arslan, İzzet Şahi̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of Encephalitozoon intestinalis in different patient groups consisting of immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. Materials and methods: The stool samples of 100 patients consisting of 25 patients receiving chemotherapy and with acute gastrointestinal complaints, 25 with bone marrow transplant and acute gastrointestinal complaints, 25 with urticaria, and 25 with growth retardation were included in the study. As control groups, 25 subjects without any chronic disease but with acute gastrointestinal complaints and 25 healthy volunteers, making a total of 50 subjects, were included in the study. E. intestinalis was investigated by …


Urinary Incontinence Among Women Registered With A Family Health Center In The Southeastern Anatolia Region And The Factors Affecting Its Prevalence, Fatma Gözükara, İbrahi̇m Koruk, Burcu Kara Jan 2015

Urinary Incontinence Among Women Registered With A Family Health Center In The Southeastern Anatolia Region And The Factors Affecting Its Prevalence, Fatma Gözükara, İbrahi̇m Koruk, Burcu Kara

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In regions such as Şanlıurfa, Turkey, where the fertility rate is high, suitable health policies to easily and successfully treat urinary incontinence (UI) are needed. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for UI among women in the region. Materials and methods: The participants in this cross-sectional study were selected by using 30 cluster sampling methods. A total of 300 women in the age group of 15-49 years were contacted to participate. Results: The prevalence of UI was 39.3% among women in this sample but only 8.0% actually received treatment. The logistic regression analysis showed …


Diabetes Prevalence And Awareness In Adults In The Balçova District In Turkey, Kevser Tari Selçuk, Meli̇h Kaan Sözmen, Belgi̇n Ünal Toğrul Jan 2015

Diabetes Prevalence And Awareness In Adults In The Balçova District In Turkey, Kevser Tari Selçuk, Meli̇h Kaan Sözmen, Belgi̇n Ünal Toğrul

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To determine the prevalence and awareness of diabetes and to evaluate associated factors in a population aged 30 and over in the Balçova district of İzmir, Turkey. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study data from 12,915 people who participated in Balçova's Heart Project were evaluated. Diabetes was defined using fasting blood glucose levels according to ADA criteria. Results: Diabetes prevalence was 13.0% and 87.7% of the patients were aware of the condition. Diabetes prevalence was 1.32 times higher in males, 1.31 times higher in individuals with primary school or lower level of education, 1.37 times higher in individuals …


Migraine Prevalence, Disability, And Sociodemographic Properties In The Eastern Region Of Turkey: A Population-Based Door-To-Door Survey, Gökhan Özdemi̇r, Recep Aygül, Recep Demi̇r, Lütfi̇ Özel, Ayfer Erteki̇n, Hizir Ulvi̇ Jan 2014

Migraine Prevalence, Disability, And Sociodemographic Properties In The Eastern Region Of Turkey: A Population-Based Door-To-Door Survey, Gökhan Özdemi̇r, Recep Aygül, Recep Demi̇r, Lütfi̇ Özel, Ayfer Erteki̇n, Hizir Ulvi̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To determine the frequency of migraine in the eastern part of Turkey and its sociodemographic characteristics, impact on disability, and clinical aspects. Materials and methods: The study was conducted door-to-door in the eastern part of Turkey. Those who suffered from headaches were diagnosed with migraine as per the 2004 diagnosis criteria of the International Headache Society and its frequency was determined. Demographic data and Migraine Disability Assessment Scale (MIDAS) scores were recorded. Results: Of the individuals evaluated, 60.4% (883) suffered from headaches, of which 43.6% (637) were evaluated as nonmigraine and 16.8% (246) as migraine headaches. Migraine prevalence was detected …


Headache In Multiple Sclerosis, Mi̇ne Hayri̇ye Sorgun, Canan Yücesan, Yasemi̇n Genç Jan 2013

Headache In Multiple Sclerosis, Mi̇ne Hayri̇ye Sorgun, Canan Yücesan, Yasemi̇n Genç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Although multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause almost any neurological symptom, headaches are considered unusual. Studies investigating the relationship between the 2 conditions have produced conflicting results. The primary aim of this study was to test whether there was a difference between patients with MS (Group 1) and the control group (Group 2, patients with psoriasis and myasthenia gravis, diseases not affecting the central nervous system) in terms of the prevalence and types of primary headache. Materials and methods: A total of 139 patients with MS and 59 patients in the control group were included. The patients underwent a complete neurological …


Prevalence Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In School Children 6–18 Years Old In Diyarbakır, Southeastern Anatolian Region Of Turkey, Hüseyi̇n Demi̇rbi̇lek, Mehmet Nuri̇ Özbek Jan 2013

Prevalence Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In School Children 6–18 Years Old In Diyarbakır, Southeastern Anatolian Region Of Turkey, Hüseyi̇n Demi̇rbi̇lek, Mehmet Nuri̇ Özbek

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The frequency of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) differs according to factors like geographical location, ethnicity, sex, and age. There are few studies investigating T1DM prevalence in the children of Turkey or of the Southeastern Anatolian Region. We aimed to define T1DM prevalence and to investigate geographic and sociodemographic features in school children 6-18 years old living in Diyarbakır. Materials and methods: The number of children with T1DM and the total number of children at the schools were defined in cooperation with the Diyarbakır Provincial Education Directorate. T1DM prevalence was calculated with the obtained data. Results: The number of school …


Contribution Of Spirometry To Early Diagnosis Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In Primary Health Care Centers, Aysel Erdoğan, Eli̇f Yilmazel Uçar, Ömer Araz, Leyla Sağlam, Ni̇hal Arzu Mi̇ri̇ci̇ Jan 2013

Contribution Of Spirometry To Early Diagnosis Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In Primary Health Care Centers, Aysel Erdoğan, Eli̇f Yilmazel Uçar, Ömer Araz, Leyla Sağlam, Ni̇hal Arzu Mi̇ri̇ci̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease with increasing prevalence and mortality. We aimed to determine COPD prevalence in primary health care centers. Materials and methods: Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and face-to-face interviews were administered to 500 patients older than 40 years of age and attending a primary health care center with any symptoms. An early reversibility test was performed on patients with a forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio below 70%. The survey results, PFTs, and early reversibility test results were evaluated according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) …


Trends Of Intestinal Parasites Prevalence In The Gaza Strip, 1998-2007: The Use Of Government Health Records, Adnan Ibrahim H. Alhindi, Mervat Al-Louh Jan 2013

Trends Of Intestinal Parasites Prevalence In The Gaza Strip, 1998-2007: The Use Of Government Health Records, Adnan Ibrahim H. Alhindi, Mervat Al-Louh

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To evaluate the amount of intestinal parasite infections over a 10-year period in the Gaza Strip. Materials and methods: Data from the Epidemiology Department, Ministry of Health were collected and analyzed statistically. The prevalence of intestinal parasites was monitored and studied for the period 1998-2007. Results: The present study shows results including the records of 471,688 patients (all ages) who had every provided 1 stool specimen to the laboratories of primary health care centers in one of the 5 governorates of the Gaza Strip. It was found that 116,261 specimens were positive for intestinal parasites, representing an overall prevalence of …


Hepatitis G Virus And Its Prevalence And Genotypes In Patients With Hepatitis B And C In Ahvaz, Southwestern Iran, Javanmard Davod, Makvandi Manoochehr, Hajiani Eskandar, Khalafkhany Davod, Samarbaf Zadeh Ali Reza Jan 2013

Hepatitis G Virus And Its Prevalence And Genotypes In Patients With Hepatitis B And C In Ahvaz, Southwestern Iran, Javanmard Davod, Makvandi Manoochehr, Hajiani Eskandar, Khalafkhany Davod, Samarbaf Zadeh Ali Reza

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis G virus (HGV, or GB virus C) in patients with hepatitis B and C in Ahvaz, southeastern Iran. Materials and methods: A total of 100 patients were selected; 50 were positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 50 for hepatitis B virus (HBV). HGV status was examined among the HCV- and HBV-positive patients. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was used to detect anti-E2 antibody. Nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used for RNA detection from serum samples of chronic hepatitis patients. Sequencing …


Evaevaluation Of Glucose Challenge And Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Results In Pregnancy And Estimation Of Prevalence Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus At Sema Hospital In İstanbul, Ahmet Ruhi̇ Toraman, Ahmet Gürel, Zeynep Ulusal, Gülni̇hal Bülbül, Ayşe Gülçi̇n Demi̇rdöven, Melek Uzun, Ali̇ Özcan, Muzaffer Çakmak Jan 2012

Evaevaluation Of Glucose Challenge And Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Results In Pregnancy And Estimation Of Prevalence Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus At Sema Hospital In İstanbul, Ahmet Ruhi̇ Toraman, Ahmet Gürel, Zeynep Ulusal, Gülni̇hal Bülbül, Ayşe Gülçi̇n Demi̇rdöven, Melek Uzun, Ali̇ Özcan, Muzaffer Çakmak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

This study was designed to evaluate glucose screening and oral glucose tolerance test results, and to assess the prevalence of gestational diabetes in pregnant patients admitted to our hospital. Materials and methods: This retrospective study was carried out at Sema Hospital in İstanbul, Turkey. The study subjects were recruited between January 2006 and August 2009. A glucose challenge test (GCT) was given to 1681 pregnant women and based on the results 494 went on to take an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was made according to the criteria defined by the National Diabetes …


The Prevalence Of Pterygium In Ankara: A Hospital-Based Study, Özge Saraç, Yasi̇n Toklu, Mehmet Şahi̇n Jan 2012

The Prevalence Of Pterygium In Ankara: A Hospital-Based Study, Özge Saraç, Yasi̇n Toklu, Mehmet Şahi̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

The prevalence of pterygium in a hospital-based population was analyzed in Ankara, in central Turkey. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, and consecutive case study. The medical records of 6470 consecutive patients aged 40 and above who attended the general ophthalmology clinic during a 12-month period from May 2008 to May 2009 were evaluated for the presence of pterygium. Results: The overall prevalence of pterygium was found to be 3.0 % (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.9 to 3.8). It was 3.2% (95% CI: 1.9 to 4.5) and 2.8% (95% CI: 1.4 to 4.5) in men and women, respectively …


Violence Among High School Students In Malatya: A Prevalence Study, Osman Celbi̇ş, Leyla Karaoğlu, Mücahi̇t Eğri̇, Bora Özdemi̇r Jan 2012

Violence Among High School Students In Malatya: A Prevalence Study, Osman Celbi̇ş, Leyla Karaoğlu, Mücahi̇t Eğri̇, Bora Özdemi̇r

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To determine the prevalence of violence-related behaviors on school property and to identify the predictors of youth violence among high school adolescents in Malatya. Materials and methods: Using a cluster sampling method, a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out involving 1175 students. Backward logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the independent association existing between the potential risk factors and violence-related behaviors. Results: Of the students, 24.5% had been in a physical fight, 5.5% were injured and had to be treated by a doctor or nurse, and 4.3% had carried a weapon on school property during the 12 months preceding …


Prevalence Of Latent Prostate Cancer And Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia In İstanbul, Turkey: An Autopsy Study, Nusret Akpolat, Yalçin Büyük, İbrahi̇m Uzun, İlhan Geçi̇t, Gülay Kurnaz Jan 2012

Prevalence Of Latent Prostate Cancer And Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia In İstanbul, Turkey: An Autopsy Study, Nusret Akpolat, Yalçin Büyük, İbrahi̇m Uzun, İlhan Geçi̇t, Gülay Kurnaz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To investigate the frequency of latent prostatic carcinoma (PCa) and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) in the Turkish population. Materials and methods: PCa and PIN were evaluated in 116 male autopsy cases in which the cause of death was nontumoral. All patients were Turkish, living in İstanbul, and aged 40-79 years. Results: The prevalence of PCa was 19.8% and the decade rates (decades 5-8) were 9.5%, 12.5%, 18.8%, and 37%, respectively (P < 0.011). The rates of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) were 33.3%, 31.3%, 56.3%, and 25.9% for decades 5-8, respectively (P > 0.05). A total of 68.4% of PCa cases were HGPIN. There was a statistically significant correlation among HGPIN, PCa, and Gleason scores (P < 0.002). Conclusion: The prevalence of latent PCa in the Turkish population is very high (19.7%). In order to determine latent PCa cases, males over 40 years of age must be screened more strictly.


Bother Index Can Be Used In Deciding How The Symptom Nocturia Itself Is Important, Ahmet Tunç Özdemi̇r, Haci İbrahi̇m Çi̇men, Serkan Altinova, Ali̇ Fuat Atmaca, Ege Can Şerefoğlu, Mevlana Derya Balbay Jan 2012

Bother Index Can Be Used In Deciding How The Symptom Nocturia Itself Is Important, Ahmet Tunç Özdemi̇r, Haci İbrahi̇m Çi̇men, Serkan Altinova, Ali̇ Fuat Atmaca, Ege Can Şerefoğlu, Mevlana Derya Balbay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Aim: To report the prevalence of nocturia. Associated risk factors and bother in various age groups (by decade) were evaluated in order to determine the characteristics of individuals who may need medical help. Materials and methods: To estimate the extent to which patients were bothered relative to nocturia in various age groups (by decade), a descriptive figure, the "bother index," was used. The bother index was calculated by dividing the number of individuals reporting a bother score higher than a symptom score by the number of individuals reporting a bother score lower than a symptom score in the same age …


The Relative Frequency Of Odontogenic Tumors In The Black Sea Region Of Turkey: An Analysis Of 86 Cases, Fi̇gen Çi̇zmeci̇ Şenel, Ezher Hamza Dayisoylu, Şafak Ersöz, Nuray Yilmaz Altintaş, Emre Tosun, Cem Üngör, Fati̇h Taşkesen Jan 2012

The Relative Frequency Of Odontogenic Tumors In The Black Sea Region Of Turkey: An Analysis Of 86 Cases, Fi̇gen Çi̇zmeci̇ Şenel, Ezher Hamza Dayisoylu, Şafak Ersöz, Nuray Yilmaz Altintaş, Emre Tosun, Cem Üngör, Fati̇h Taşkesen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

To determine the relative frequency and distribution of different types of odontogenic tumors in southeastern Europe, focusing on the Black Sea region of Turkey. Materials and methods: In total 1165 oromaxillofacial biopsy records were evaluated for histologic diagnosis of odontogenic tumors over a 7-year period from patients referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Department of Pathology, Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Dentistry and Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey. Results: A total of 86 odontogenic tumors were reported. Malignant transformation only occurred in 6 cases (6.8%), while the others were benign (93.2%). Odontoma was the most common odontogenic tumor …


Which Predicts The Cardiovascular Risk Best In Elderly Metabolic Syndrome Patients: Atp Iii Or Idf?, Serpi̇l Aydin, Ayfer Gemalmaz, Tufan Nayi̇r, Şule Özkan Jan 2011

Which Predicts The Cardiovascular Risk Best In Elderly Metabolic Syndrome Patients: Atp Iii Or Idf?, Serpi̇l Aydin, Ayfer Gemalmaz, Tufan Nayi̇r, Şule Özkan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

As metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the major determinants of cardiovascular disease, it is important to detect and intervene with MetS in order to minimize cardiovascular risk. The objectives of this study were to identify the prevalence of MetS in our elderly patients and to evaluate the ability IDF and ATP III to predict the cardiovascular risk. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included patients above 65 years attending the outpatient clinic of a hospital over a 4-year period and who gave oral informed consent for participation in the study. ATP III and IDF criteria were compared according to …


Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Restless Leg Syndrome In A Single Hemodialysis Unit, Yasemi̇n Soyoral, Hayri̇ye Sayarlioğlu, Deni̇z Tuncel, Murat Şahi̇n, Ekrem Doğan, Reha Erkoç Jan 2010

Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Restless Leg Syndrome In A Single Hemodialysis Unit, Yasemi̇n Soyoral, Hayri̇ye Sayarlioğlu, Deni̇z Tuncel, Murat Şahi̇n, Ekrem Doğan, Reha Erkoç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by symptoms of spontaneous, continuous leg movements associated with unpleasant paresthesias. RLS is common among dialysis patients, with a reported incidence of 6.6 to 6.8 percent. This study is an attempt to find out the prevalence of RLS in our hemodialysis patients. We compared several demographic and clinical characteristics of RLS patients identified by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) criteria with those of individuals without RLS. Materials and methods: We studied 76 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (34 females and 42 males, mean age: 52.28 ± 18.13, range: …