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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Diagnostic Profile And Clinical Course Of Patients With Rheumatic Diseases In The Medical Intensive Care Unit, Kani̇ye Aydin, İpek Türk Oct 2023

The Diagnostic Profile And Clinical Course Of Patients With Rheumatic Diseases In The Medical Intensive Care Unit, Kani̇ye Aydin, İpek Türk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory treatments developed in recent years as a result of a better understanding of the pathophysiology of systemic rheumatic diseases (SRDs) improve the prognosis. Despite medical advances, individuals with SRDs at any stage may require intensive care and have a high mortality rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic diseases admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), and the factors associated with the risk of mortality. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study that included patients with rheumatic diseases in the medical ICU. Factors …


Emergency Ultrasound Of Respiratory Muscles: A Promising Tool For Determining The Outcomes Of Copd Exacerbations, Di̇nçer Yegi̇n, Alten Oskay, Tülay Oskay, Selcan Enver Di̇nç, Hande Şenol, Mert Özen, Vefa Çakmak, Murat Seyi̇t, Atakan Yilmaz, İbrahi̇m Türkçüer Aug 2023

Emergency Ultrasound Of Respiratory Muscles: A Promising Tool For Determining The Outcomes Of Copd Exacerbations, Di̇nçer Yegi̇n, Alten Oskay, Tülay Oskay, Selcan Enver Di̇nç, Hande Şenol, Mert Özen, Vefa Çakmak, Murat Seyi̇t, Atakan Yilmaz, İbrahi̇m Türkçüer

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The respiratory muscles of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibit structural and functional changes that can be evaluated and monitored by ultrasonography. Materials and methods: This single-center, prospective study was conducted in the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary care hospital over an eight-month period (September 2020-May 2021). Diaphragmatic excursions, end-expiratory thickness, and thickening fractions, as well as right and left intercostal muscle thicknesses, of all adult subjects manifesting COPD exacerbation, were assessed. The data were analyzed regarding ward/intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization or discharge from the ED, mortality, and readmission within 15 days. Results: Sixty-three subjects …


Predictors Of Two-Year Mortality In Patients With Dementia With Lewy Bodies, Nesli̇han Kayahan Satiş, Mehmet İlki̇n Naharci Jan 2023

Predictors Of Two-Year Mortality In Patients With Dementia With Lewy Bodies, Nesli̇han Kayahan Satiş, Mehmet İlki̇n Naharci

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Data on adverse prognostic factors for mortality in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate two-year mortality predictors in patients with DLB. Materials and methods: Individuals aged ≥ 60 years with a diagnosis of DLB, followed by a tertiary-referral geriatric outpatient clinic from 2006 to 2021, were assessed retrospectively using medical or patient records. The mortality status of the patients in the second year after diagnosis was determined. Demographic and clinical characteristics were reviewed to determine their impact on mortality prediction. Results: A total of 108 patients with DLB …


The Efficacy Of Anakinra Compared To Standard Care Of Treatment For Covid-19: A Metaanalysis, Hamna Malik, Hira Bint Abdul Jabbar, Farah Latif, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz Jan 2022

The Efficacy Of Anakinra Compared To Standard Care Of Treatment For Covid-19: A Metaanalysis, Hamna Malik, Hira Bint Abdul Jabbar, Farah Latif, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: As SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread worldwide, this study brings to light the link that anakinra, a recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist, has in averting grave clinical outcomes. The objectives of this meta-analysis are to investigate the effects of anakinra in interventional groups compared to control/standard of care groups on mortality along with the provision of a prevalence estimate of the variables associated with death (C-reactive protein-CRP, ferritin, acute respiratory distress syndrome-ARDS). Materials and methods: According to the PRISMA 2020 statement guidelines, a systematic search was conducted from December 19, 2020, until December 10, 2021, with keywords including COVID-19, coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, …


Effect Of Tocilizumab On Intensive Care Patients With Covid-19 Pneumonia, A Retrospective Cohort Study, Mehtap Pehli̇vanlar Küçük, Ahmet Oğuzhan Küçük, Ayşegül Pehli̇vanlar, Emi̇ne Sevi̇l Ayaydin Mürtezaoğlu, Kadi̇r Çoban, Gamze Kiliç, Olcay Ayçi̇çek, Funda Öztuna, Yilmaz Bülbül, Tevfi̇k Özlü Jan 2022

Effect Of Tocilizumab On Intensive Care Patients With Covid-19 Pneumonia, A Retrospective Cohort Study, Mehtap Pehli̇vanlar Küçük, Ahmet Oğuzhan Küçük, Ayşegül Pehli̇vanlar, Emi̇ne Sevi̇l Ayaydin Mürtezaoğlu, Kadi̇r Çoban, Gamze Kiliç, Olcay Ayçi̇çek, Funda Öztuna, Yilmaz Bülbül, Tevfi̇k Özlü

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Backround/aim: In this study, the efficacy of an IL-6 antagonist, Tocilizumab, administered in the early period was studied in intensive care patients with COVID-19 pneumonia followed by hypoxic and systemic inflammation not receiving mechanical ventilation support. Materials and methods: Patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who have signs of hypoxia and systemic inflammation and/or who have acute bilateral infiltrates on chest radiograph and who received tocilizumab treatment were compared with the patients who received standard medical therapy. Patients who were followed up with COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory failure between March 2020 and March 2021 were retrospectively evaluated in the study. A 400 …


Remdesivir Treatment For Patients With Moderate To Severe Covid-19, İmran Hasanoğlu, Hati̇ce Rahmet Güner, İlhami̇ Çeli̇k, Fi̇kret Kanat, Ayşe Batirel, Gülçi̇n Telli̇ Di̇zman, Esma Eryilmaz Eren, Di̇lek Yildiz Sevgi̇, İlkay Bozkurt, Kadri̇ye Kart Yaşar, Sevtap Şenoğlu, Esra Kazak, Ridvan Karaali̇, Aysel Kocagül Çeli̇kbaş, Hüsnü Pullukçu Jan 2022

Remdesivir Treatment For Patients With Moderate To Severe Covid-19, İmran Hasanoğlu, Hati̇ce Rahmet Güner, İlhami̇ Çeli̇k, Fi̇kret Kanat, Ayşe Batirel, Gülçi̇n Telli̇ Di̇zman, Esma Eryilmaz Eren, Di̇lek Yildiz Sevgi̇, İlkay Bozkurt, Kadri̇ye Kart Yaşar, Sevtap Şenoğlu, Esra Kazak, Ridvan Karaali̇, Aysel Kocagül Çeli̇kbaş, Hüsnü Pullukçu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Remdesivir, which was first developed for the treatment of Ebola disease but failed to meet expectations, has become hope in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to evaluate risk factors for mortality and prognosis of adult moderate/severe COVID-19 patients treated with remdesivir, and safety and tolerability of 5 days of remdesivir treatment. Materials and methods: This multicenter prospective observational study was conducted in 14 centers in Turkey. Pregnancy or breastfeeding, multiorgan failure, or usage of vasopressors for septic shock, ALT > 5 × the upper limit of the normal range, or eGRF


Analysis Of The Relationship Between Tuberculosis-Related Mortality And Nitrous Oxide Emission Levels In The World With The Environmental Kuznets Curve Method, Şeri̇fe Torun, Kadi̇r Yilmaz, Şevket Özkaya, Şebnem Yosunkaya, Müşerref Şule Akçay Jan 2022

Analysis Of The Relationship Between Tuberculosis-Related Mortality And Nitrous Oxide Emission Levels In The World With The Environmental Kuznets Curve Method, Şeri̇fe Torun, Kadi̇r Yilmaz, Şevket Özkaya, Şebnem Yosunkaya, Müşerref Şule Akçay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: It was aimed to analyze the relationship between tuberculosis-related mortality and nitrous oxide emission levels in the world with the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Method. Materials and methods: WHO ICD-10 mortality list data and the World Bank Country Data (WBCD) were used between 1997 and 2017 for 12 countries. Cubic regression analysis was used for EKC Analysis. Results: The difference between male and female deaths between 1996 and 1998 has increased sharply since 1999. Male deaths consistently occurred significantly more than female deaths. There was a significant and negative correlation between Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) and …


Evaluation Of The Effect Of Hyperchloremia On The Prognosis And Mortality Of Medical Intensive Care Patients: A Single-Center Study, Habi̇p Yilmaz, Başak Çakir Güney Jan 2022

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Hyperchloremia On The Prognosis And Mortality Of Medical Intensive Care Patients: A Single-Center Study, Habi̇p Yilmaz, Başak Çakir Güney

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: While chloride (Cl) is the most abundant anion in the serum, it is unfortunately one of the most commonly disregarded laboratory test results routinely drawn upon admission into the medical intensive care unit (MICU). We aimed to investigate the relation between in-hospital mortality, different pathologies requiring admission to the MICU, serum Cl levels, and other biochemical tests in a tertiary center. Materials and methods: The prospective study included data from 373 patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care center between 2017 and 2019. Data of patients under 18, pregnant patients or patients who were in the MICU …


Can Surfactants Affect Mortality And Morbidity In Term Infants With Respiratory Failure?, Senem Alkan Özdemi̇r, Özlem Yilman, Şebnem Çalkavur, Tüli̇n Gökmen Yildirim Jan 2022

Can Surfactants Affect Mortality And Morbidity In Term Infants With Respiratory Failure?, Senem Alkan Özdemi̇r, Özlem Yilman, Şebnem Çalkavur, Tüli̇n Gökmen Yildirim

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to discuss term infants who are given surfactant due to respiratory disorder according to the underlying etiology, the dose of surfactant administration, and the need for repeated surfactant administration. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study infants hospitalized in the 4th level neonatal intensive care unit during January 2019 and December 2021 and administered surfactant due to respiratory distress were included. Term infants given surfactant due to respiratory failure were included in the study through the data recording system. The number of surfactant doses, indications for administration, mortality, duration of hospitalization, intubation time, and inotrope use were …


Clinical Course Of Covid-19 Disease In Immunosuppressed Renal Transplant Patients, Hamad Dhei̇r, Savaş Si̇pahi̇, Selçuk Yaylaci, Esma Seda Çeti̇n, Ahmed Bi̇lal Genç, Necatti̇n Firat, Mehmet Köroğlu, Gürkan Muratdaği, Yakup Tomak, Kezban Özmen Süner, Ömer Faruk Ateş, Oğuz Karabay Jan 2021

Clinical Course Of Covid-19 Disease In Immunosuppressed Renal Transplant Patients, Hamad Dhei̇r, Savaş Si̇pahi̇, Selçuk Yaylaci, Esma Seda Çeti̇n, Ahmed Bi̇lal Genç, Necatti̇n Firat, Mehmet Köroğlu, Gürkan Muratdaği, Yakup Tomak, Kezban Özmen Süner, Ömer Faruk Ateş, Oğuz Karabay

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to identify clinical settings of renal transplant patients with COVID-19. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, we included kidney transplant inpatients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 who had been discharged or had died by October 1st, 2020. Characteristics of the patients, including basal and last outpatient biochemical parameters were recorded. Discontinuation or dosage reduction of immunosuppressives and other treatment information was documented. Results: Twenty patients were included in this study, of whom 18 were discharged and 2 died in hospital. The mean duration of hospitalization and follow-up were 9.7 ± 6.4 days and 4.5 ± 2.0 months, …


The Predictive And Diagnostic Accuracy Of Long Pentraxin-3 In Covid-19 Pneumonia, Ahmed Bi̇lal Genç, Selçuk Yaylaci, Hamad Dhei̇r, Ahmed Ci̇had Genç, Kubi̇lay İşsever, Deni̇z Çeki̇ç, Havva Kocayi̇ği̇t, Erdem Çokluk, Alper Karacan, Mehmet Ramazan Şekeroğlu, Hande Toptan, Ertuğrul Güçlü Jan 2021

The Predictive And Diagnostic Accuracy Of Long Pentraxin-3 In Covid-19 Pneumonia, Ahmed Bi̇lal Genç, Selçuk Yaylaci, Hamad Dhei̇r, Ahmed Ci̇had Genç, Kubi̇lay İşsever, Deni̇z Çeki̇ç, Havva Kocayi̇ği̇t, Erdem Çokluk, Alper Karacan, Mehmet Ramazan Şekeroğlu, Hande Toptan, Ertuğrul Güçlü

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The purpose of this study is to evaluate serum pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) levels in Sars-CoV-2 virus infection (COVID-19) patients and to investigate whether PTX-3 predicts the disease prognosis. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 88 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were hospitalized due to symptomatic pneumonia between April 15 and August 15, 2020. The patients were divided into two groups as survived patients and non-survived patients. Both groups were compared according to demographic features, comorbid conditions and measurement of the PTX-3 and other laboratory parameters of the patients. Results: Of 88 patients with COVID-19, 59 (67%) were discharged with …


Factors Affecting Mortality In Geriatric Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19, Rabi̇a Bağ Soytaş, Damla Ünal, Pinar Arman, Veysel Suzan, Tuğçe Emi̇roğlu Gedi̇k, Günay Can, Bora Korkmazer, Ridvan Karaali̇, Şermi̇n Börekçi̇, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Hakan Yavuzer, Ülev Deni̇z Erdi̇nçler, Alper Döventaş Jan 2021

Factors Affecting Mortality In Geriatric Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19, Rabi̇a Bağ Soytaş, Damla Ünal, Pinar Arman, Veysel Suzan, Tuğçe Emi̇roğlu Gedi̇k, Günay Can, Bora Korkmazer, Ridvan Karaali̇, Şermi̇n Börekçi̇, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Hakan Yavuzer, Ülev Deni̇z Erdi̇nçler, Alper Döventaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to investigate the factors affecting the mortality of patients aged 65 years or older who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study of patients 65 years old or older with COVID-19 who were hospitalized in İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty Hospital, between March 11 and May 28, 2020. Demographic, clinical, treatment, and laboratory data were extracted from electronic medical records. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to explore the risk factors for in-hospital death. Results: A total of 218 patients (112 men, 106 women) …


A Comparison Of Rates And Severity Of Chronic Kidney Disease In Deceased-Donor Andliving-Donor Liver Transplant Recipients: Times Matter, Yücel Yankol, Emily Bugeaud, Tiffany Zens, Michael Rizzari, Nesi̇mi̇ Meci̇t, Glen E. Leverson, David Foley, Joshua D. Mezrich, Turan Kanmaz, Oya Münevver Andaçoğlu, Anthony M. D'Alessandro, Koray Sadik Acarli, Münci̇ Kalayoğlu, Luis A. Fernandez Jan 2021

A Comparison Of Rates And Severity Of Chronic Kidney Disease In Deceased-Donor Andliving-Donor Liver Transplant Recipients: Times Matter, Yücel Yankol, Emily Bugeaud, Tiffany Zens, Michael Rizzari, Nesi̇mi̇ Meci̇t, Glen E. Leverson, David Foley, Joshua D. Mezrich, Turan Kanmaz, Oya Münevver Andaçoğlu, Anthony M. D'Alessandro, Koray Sadik Acarli, Münci̇ Kalayoğlu, Luis A. Fernandez

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in recipients of living-donor liver transplant (LDLT) compared to deceased-donor liver transplant (DDLT) has not been studied in the literature. We hypothesize that CKD stage progression in LDLT recipients is reduced compared to that of their DDLT counterparts. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was undertaken including 999 adult, single-organ, primary liver transplant recipients (218 LDLT and 781 DDLT) at 2 centers between January 2003 and December 2012, in which CKD progression and regression were evaluated within the first 3 years after transplantation. Results: Waiting time from evaluation to transplantation was significantly …


Evaluation Of Initial Chest Computed Tomography (Ct) Findings Of Covid-19pneumonia In 117 Deceased Patients: A Retrospective Study, Yasemi̇n Gündüz, Oğuz Karabay, Ali̇ Fuat Erdem, Erbi̇l Arik, Mehmet Hali̇l Öztürk Jan 2021

Evaluation Of Initial Chest Computed Tomography (Ct) Findings Of Covid-19pneumonia In 117 Deceased Patients: A Retrospective Study, Yasemi̇n Gündüz, Oğuz Karabay, Ali̇ Fuat Erdem, Erbi̇l Arik, Mehmet Hali̇l Öztürk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: There is no study in the literature in which only chest computed tomography (CT) findings of deceased cases obtained at admission were examined, and the relationship between these findings and mortality was evaluated. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 117 deceased patients with COVID-19 infection confirmed by positive polymerase chain reaction and undergone chest CT were enrolled. We evaluated initial chest CT findings and their relationship, location, prevalence, and the frequency with mortality. Results: The mean age of patients was 73 ±18 years; 71 of all patients were male and 46 were female. The predominant …


Can Thrombocytosis Or Thrombocytopenia Predict Complicated Clinical Course And30-Days Mortality In Patients With Pneumonia?, Razi̇ye Si̇nem Misirlioğlu, Ersi̇n Aksay, Emre Şanci, Kemal Can Tertemi̇z Jan 2021

Can Thrombocytosis Or Thrombocytopenia Predict Complicated Clinical Course And30-Days Mortality In Patients With Pneumonia?, Razi̇ye Si̇nem Misirlioğlu, Ersi̇n Aksay, Emre Şanci, Kemal Can Tertemi̇z

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: While several different scoring systems aim to determine the clinical outcomes for patients with pneumonia, there is limited emphasis on the platelet count. This study investigated the relationships between thrombocyte count and 30-day mortality and complicated clinical course of patients with pneumonia. Materials and methods: This prospective cross-sectional study enrolled patients over 18 years old with a diagnosis of pneumonia in the emergency department for six months. The primary outcome was to establish the relationship between platelet count, mortality, complicated clinical course, and initial vital parameters on admission. The secondary outcome was comparing the platelet count with mortality and …


Hydroxychloroquine Plus Azithromycin And Early Hospital Admission Are Beneficial Incovid-19 Patients: Turkish Experience With Real-Life Data, Eli̇f Tanriverdi̇, Mustafa Çörtük, Bi̇nnaz Zeynep Yildirim, Efsun Gonca Uğur Chousein, Demet Turan, Hali̇t Çinarka, Mehmet Aki̇f Özgül, Erdoğan Çeti̇nkaya Jan 2021

Hydroxychloroquine Plus Azithromycin And Early Hospital Admission Are Beneficial Incovid-19 Patients: Turkish Experience With Real-Life Data, Eli̇f Tanriverdi̇, Mustafa Çörtük, Bi̇nnaz Zeynep Yildirim, Efsun Gonca Uğur Chousein, Demet Turan, Hali̇t Çinarka, Mehmet Aki̇f Özgül, Erdoğan Çeti̇nkaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: New treatment regimens for COVID-19, which has threatened the world recently, continue to be investigated. Although some of the treatments are promising, it is thought to be early to state that there is definitive treatment. Experiences and treatment protocol studies from treatment centers are still important. The aim of this study is to evaluate factors affecting the treatment process of the first cases followed in our clinic. Materials and methods: The consecutive hospitalized patients with COVID-19 pneumonia were analyzed in this retrospective and cross-sectional study. Data were recorded from the electronic and written files of patients. Results: Eighty-three patients …


Hepatitis A Susceptibility Parallels High Covid-19 Mortality, Fai̇k Sariali̇oğlu, Fatma Burcu Belen, Kadi̇r Mutlu Hayran Jan 2021

Hepatitis A Susceptibility Parallels High Covid-19 Mortality, Fai̇k Sariali̇oğlu, Fatma Burcu Belen, Kadi̇r Mutlu Hayran

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim:COVID-19 has become the biggest health problem of this century. It has been hypothesized that immunity against hepatitis A virus (HAV) may provide protection from COVID- 19. Materials and methods: As of 10June 2020, the infection had spread to 213 countries, with 7.3 million people infected and 413,733 dead. This data was combined with the World Health Organization susceptibility classification on the worldwide prevalence of HAV, and the relationship between HAV susceptibility and COVID-19 mortality were analyzed. Results: When the data from 213 countries were analyzed, it was found that there was a significant increasing trend in COVID-19 mortality rates …


Impact Of Hospital-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury On Covid-19 Outcomes In Patients Withand Without Chronic Kidney Disease: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study, Savaş Öztürk, Kenan Turgutalp, Mustafa Arici, Hakki Çeti̇nkaya, Mehmet Riza Altiparmak, Zeki̇ Aydin, Zeki̇ Soypaçaci, Feyza Bora, Ekrem Kara, Egemen Cebeci̇, Tuba Eli̇f Özler, Mürşi̇de Esra Dölarslan, Savaş Si̇pahi̇, Yavuz Ayar, İdri̇s Şahi̇n Jan 2021

Impact Of Hospital-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury On Covid-19 Outcomes In Patients Withand Without Chronic Kidney Disease: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study, Savaş Öztürk, Kenan Turgutalp, Mustafa Arici, Hakki Çeti̇nkaya, Mehmet Riza Altiparmak, Zeki̇ Aydin, Zeki̇ Soypaçaci, Feyza Bora, Ekrem Kara, Egemen Cebeci̇, Tuba Eli̇f Özler, Mürşi̇de Esra Dölarslan, Savaş Si̇pahi̇, Yavuz Ayar, İdri̇s Şahi̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (HA-AKI) may commonly develop in Covid-19 patients and is expected to have higher mortality. There is little comparative data investigating the effect of HA-AKI on mortality of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and a control group of general population suffering from Covid-19. Materials and methods: HA-AKI development was assessed in a group of stage 3-5 CKD patients and control group without CKD among adult patients hospitalized for Covid-19. The role of AKI development on the outcome (in-hospital mortality and admission to the intensive care unit [ICU]) of patients with and without CKD was compared. Results: …


Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For 28-Day Mortality In Critically Ill Patients With Covid-19: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Mehmet Nuri̇ Yakar, Begüm Ergan, Bi̇şar Ergün, Murat Küçük, Ali̇ Cantürk, Mahmut Cem Ergon, Naci̇ye Si̇nem Gezer, Erdem Yaka, Bi̇lgi̇n Cömert, Ali̇ Necati̇ Gökmen Jan 2021

Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For 28-Day Mortality In Critically Ill Patients With Covid-19: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Mehmet Nuri̇ Yakar, Begüm Ergan, Bi̇şar Ergün, Murat Küçük, Ali̇ Cantürk, Mahmut Cem Ergon, Naci̇ye Si̇nem Gezer, Erdem Yaka, Bi̇lgi̇n Cömert, Ali̇ Necati̇ Gökmen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background: To date, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused more than 2.6 million deaths all around the world. Risk factors for mortality remain unclear. The primary aim was to determine the independent risk factors for 28-day mortality. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, critically ill patients (≥ 18 years) who were admitted to the intensive care unit due to COVID-19 were included. Patient characteristics, laboratory data, radiologic findings, treatments, and complications were analyzed in the study. Results: A total of 249 patients (median age 71, 69.1% male) were included in the study. 28-day mortality was 67.9% (n = …


Incidence, Risk Factors, And Adverse Outcomes Of Acute Kidney Injury In Very Prematureneonates: A Single Center Experience, Nuran Üstün Jan 2021

Incidence, Risk Factors, And Adverse Outcomes Of Acute Kidney Injury In Very Prematureneonates: A Single Center Experience, Nuran Üstün

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious morbidity in premature neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of AKI and to evaluate its impact on morbidity and mortality in very premature infants. Materials and methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A total of 410 preterm infants who were born before 32 gestational weeks were screened and 318 were included in this analysis. AKI was defined according to the modified neonatal Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria. Results: The incidence of AKI was 32.1% (102/318). Regression analyses revealed …


Prognostic Factors For 30-Days Mortality In Eighty Years Aged And Older Critically Illpatients: A Single Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Umut Sabri̇ Kasapoğlu, Osman Kaçmaz, Abdullah Gök, Meri̇h Yildiz Eglen, Hasan Şayan, Fati̇h Çolak Jan 2021

Prognostic Factors For 30-Days Mortality In Eighty Years Aged And Older Critically Illpatients: A Single Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Umut Sabri̇ Kasapoğlu, Osman Kaçmaz, Abdullah Gök, Meri̇h Yildiz Eglen, Hasan Şayan, Fati̇h Çolak

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Nowadays, with the rise in average life expectancy, the rate of hospitalization of the older population in intensive care unit (ICU) is gradually increasing. Unfortunately, there are no ideal combination of prognostic factors predicting the mortality in older patients admitted to the ICU. In the present study, we aim to determine the prognostic factors and their impacts on short-time mortality in older critically ill patients. Materials and methods: This retrospective cohort study was performed between January 2019 and February 2020. We included 133 patients aged ≥80 years and hospitalized ≥24 h in the ICU. Results: A total of 133 …


The Effect Of Comorbidity On Mortality In Elderly Patients Undergoing Emergencyabdominal Surgery: A Systematic Review And Metaanalysis, Fadi̇me Çinar, Göknur Parlak, Fatma Eti̇ Aslan Jan 2021

The Effect Of Comorbidity On Mortality In Elderly Patients Undergoing Emergencyabdominal Surgery: A Systematic Review And Metaanalysis, Fadi̇me Çinar, Göknur Parlak, Fatma Eti̇ Aslan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: With the increase in the elderly population, the elderly proportion needing emergency surgery is also increasing. Despite medical advances in surgery and anesthesia, negative postoperative outcomes and high mortality rates are still present in elderly patients undergoing emergency surgery. Comorbidities are described as the main determining factors in poor outcomes. In this metaanalysis, it was aimed to investigate the effect of comorbidity on mortality in elderly patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. Materials and methods: The studies published between 2010-2019 were scanned from databases of Google Scholar, Cinahl, Pub Med, Medline and Web of Science. Quality criteria proposed by Polit …


The Comparison Of Favipiravir And Lopinavir/Ritonavir Combination In Covid-19treatment, Hali̇t Çinarka, Gülşah Günlüoğlu, Mustafa Çörtük, Si̇bel Yurt, Murat Kiyik, Ayşe Fi̇li̇z Koşar, Eli̇f Tanriverdi̇, Meli̇h Akay Arslan, Kürşad Nuri̇ Baydi̇li̇, Aysu Si̇nem Koç, Sedat Altin, Erdoğan Çeti̇nkaya Jan 2021

The Comparison Of Favipiravir And Lopinavir/Ritonavir Combination In Covid-19treatment, Hali̇t Çinarka, Gülşah Günlüoğlu, Mustafa Çörtük, Si̇bel Yurt, Murat Kiyik, Ayşe Fi̇li̇z Koşar, Eli̇f Tanriverdi̇, Meli̇h Akay Arslan, Kürşad Nuri̇ Baydi̇li̇, Aysu Si̇nem Koç, Sedat Altin, Erdoğan Çeti̇nkaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: SARS-CoV-2, a ribonucleic acid coronavirus, rapidly spread worldwide within a short timeframe. Although different antiviral, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory drugs are used, current evidence is insufficient as to which drug is more efficient. Our study compared favipiravir and lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/RTV) therapies in inpatient care for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. Materials and methods: Demographic data, test results, treatments, and latest status of patients receiving inpatient COVID-19 pneumonia therapy were recorded. The initial favipiravir and LPV/RTV receiving groups were compared regarding the need for intensive care units (ICU) and mortality. Logistic regression analysis was performed by including variables showing significant differences …


Long-Term Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Is A Risk Factor For Mortality In Patientshospitalized For Covid-19, Ahmet Yozgat, Benan Kasapoğlu, Güray Can, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Yusuf Serdar Saki̇n, Kadi̇r Serkan Yalçin, Müjgan Gürler, Mustafa Kaplan, Mehmet Göktürk Kaban, Mehmet Kirsoy, Umut Kara, Murat Keki̇lli̇ Jan 2021

Long-Term Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Is A Risk Factor For Mortality In Patientshospitalized For Covid-19, Ahmet Yozgat, Benan Kasapoğlu, Güray Can, Alpaslan Tanoğlu, Yusuf Serdar Saki̇n, Kadi̇r Serkan Yalçin, Müjgan Gürler, Mustafa Kaplan, Mehmet Göktürk Kaban, Mehmet Kirsoy, Umut Kara, Murat Keki̇lli̇

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background and aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the long-term (≥4 weeks) use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is a risk factor for intubation requirement and mortality in patients hospitalized for COVID-19. Materials and methods: In this multicentric retrospective study, a total of 382 adult patients (≥18 years of age) with confirmed COVID-19 who were hospitalized for treatment were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups according to the periods during which they used PPIs: the first group included patients who were not on PPI treatment, and the second group included those who have used …


Sars-Cov-2 Epidemiology And Control, Different Scenarios For Turkey, Eskild Petersen, Ayşe Deni̇z Gökengi̇n Jan 2020

Sars-Cov-2 Epidemiology And Control, Different Scenarios For Turkey, Eskild Petersen, Ayşe Deni̇z Gökengi̇n

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now a pandemic spreading in most countries including Turkey. Materials and methods: The current knowledge of COVID-19 and the virus causing it, SARS-CoV-2, was reviewed. The epidemiology and control in different countries was compared and the differences discussed. Results: The population attack rates and case fatality rates vary from country to country with Lombardy in northern Italy reporting an attack rate in the general population of 0.37% compared to 0.004% in Hong Kong. The differences are caused by different testing strategies and reporting systems. Conclusion: Turkey is early in the outbreak. Different control …


Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Of Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: 9-Year Experience Of A Singlecentre In Turkey, Ni̇han Tekkarişmaz, Di̇lek Torun Jan 2020

Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Of Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: 9-Year Experience Of A Singlecentre In Turkey, Ni̇han Tekkarişmaz, Di̇lek Torun

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and identify the predictors of mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients. Materials and methods: Medical records of all incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients followed up between January 2011 and May 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were followed up until death, renal transplantation, transfer to haemodialysis or the end of the study. Results: A total of 242 patients were included in the study. The incidence of peritonitis was 0.18 (ranging from 0 to 14.9) episodes per patient year. Death occurred in 28% (n: 68) of cases. Age, diabetes mellitus, …


Value Of Prognostic Scores In Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (Anca) Associated Vasculitis Patients In Intensive Care Unit: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study From Turkey, Uğur Özdemi̇r, Nazmi̇ye Ebru Ortaç Ersoy, Recep Ci̇van Yüksel, Erhan Kaya, Şahender Gülbi̇n Aygencel Bikmaz, Melda Türkoğlu, Arzu Topeli̇ İski̇t, Muhammet Güven, Murat Sungur, Neri̇man Defne Altintaş Jan 2020

Value Of Prognostic Scores In Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (Anca) Associated Vasculitis Patients In Intensive Care Unit: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study From Turkey, Uğur Özdemi̇r, Nazmi̇ye Ebru Ortaç Ersoy, Recep Ci̇van Yüksel, Erhan Kaya, Şahender Gülbi̇n Aygencel Bikmaz, Melda Türkoğlu, Arzu Topeli̇ İski̇t, Muhammet Güven, Murat Sungur, Neri̇man Defne Altintaş

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: There is a need for a scoring system for predicting ICU prognosis of patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), but there are limited data on it in the literature. Therefore, we aimed to determine the scores that can estimate the prognosis of patients with AAV during intensive care follow up.Materials and methods: All adult patients admitted to the medical ICUs of 4 reference university hospitals in Turkey due to AAV activation and/or disease/treatment complications in the last 10 years were included in this study. Demographic data, treatments before ICU, the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) score at the time of …


Is 48 H A Critical Cut-Off Point For Mortality In Geriatric Hip Fractures?, Ahmet Emre Paksoy, Keri̇m Öner, Ferdi̇ Polat, Serhat Durusoy Jan 2020

Is 48 H A Critical Cut-Off Point For Mortality In Geriatric Hip Fractures?, Ahmet Emre Paksoy, Keri̇m Öner, Ferdi̇ Polat, Serhat Durusoy

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In this study, our objective was to evaluate the mortality in geriatric hip fracture patients who were operated within 48 h after admission or after the 48th h. Materials and methods: A total of 194 patients who had undergone surgery for hip fracture between 2016 and 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. Patient information was obtained from the hospital?s database using the ICD codes 81.52, 82.00?82.09, and 82.10. Radiological examination reports were collected from the patient files. Information on mortality was obtained from the Death Notification System of the Turkish Ministry of Health. First-year mortality rates of patients operated within 48 …


Covid-19 Experience Of The Major Pandemic Response Center In The Capital: Results Ofthe Pandemic's First Month In Turkey, Hati̇ce Rahmet Güner, İmran Hasanoğlu, Bi̇rcan Kayaaslan, Adalet Aypak, Ayşe Kaya Kalem, Fatma Eser, Burcu Özdemi̇r, Eli̇f Muki̇me Saricaoğlu, Müge Ayhan, Yeşi̇m Aybar Bi̇li̇r, Işil Özkoçak Turan, Deni̇z Erdem, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Turan Buzğan, Bedi̇a Di̇nç Jan 2020

Covid-19 Experience Of The Major Pandemic Response Center In The Capital: Results Ofthe Pandemic's First Month In Turkey, Hati̇ce Rahmet Güner, İmran Hasanoğlu, Bi̇rcan Kayaaslan, Adalet Aypak, Ayşe Kaya Kalem, Fatma Eser, Burcu Özdemi̇r, Eli̇f Muki̇me Saricaoğlu, Müge Ayhan, Yeşi̇m Aybar Bi̇li̇r, Işil Özkoçak Turan, Deni̇z Erdem, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Turan Buzğan, Bedi̇a Di̇nç

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and parameters that determined the clinical course and prognosis of the COVID-19 patients admitted to Ankara City Hospital during the first month of the pandemic in Turkey. Materials and methods: SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive patients who were hospitalized between March 10 and April 10, 2020 were included. Results: Among 222 patients, mean age was higher in severe acute respiratory illness (SARI)/critical disease group (P < 0.001). Median time from illness onset to admission and presence of comorbidity, especially coronary artery disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, were significantly higher in the SARI/critical disease group (P < 0.05). Cough and fever were the most common symptoms, while anosmia and loss of taste were observed in 8.6% and 7.7% patients, respectively. The mortality rate was 5.4%. A high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio; low lymphocyte, monocyte, and platelet count; elevated liver enzymes; low GFR; and high levels of muscle enzymes, ferritin, and IL-6 on admission were found to be associated with SARI/critical disease (P < 0.05). Bilateral ground-glass opacity and patchy infiltration were more frequently seen in the SARI/critical disease group (P < 0.001). Patients older than 65 years had an 8-fold increased risk for development of SARI/critical disease. Conclusion: This cohort study regarding COVID-19 cases in Turkey reveals that older age, presence of comorbidity, bilateral infiltration on CT, high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, low monocyte and platelet count, elevated liver enzymes, low GFR, high levels of muscle enzymes, and high levels of ferritin and IL-6 on admission are predictors of SARI and severe disease.


An Epidemiologic Study Of Physician-Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In The Turkish Population: Copdturkey-1, Tarkan Özdemi̇r, Ni̇lgün Yilmaz Demi̇rci̇, Hati̇ce Kiliç, Orhan Koç, Akin Kaya, Can Öztürk Jan 2020

An Epidemiologic Study Of Physician-Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In The Turkish Population: Copdturkey-1, Tarkan Özdemi̇r, Ni̇lgün Yilmaz Demi̇rci̇, Hati̇ce Kiliç, Orhan Koç, Akin Kaya, Can Öztürk

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease characterized by persistent airflow limitation and respiratory symptoms. It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Our data on COPD in Turkey are limited. This study was intended to examine the epidemiologic characteristics of COPD in the Turkish population, between 2012 and 2016. Materials and methods: This population-based, descriptive, surveillance study examined physician-diagnosed COPD prevalence, incidence, and mortality in Turkey.The database of the Social Security System of Turkey was scanned and ICD-10 J44.0-J44.9 codes for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes were evaluated retrospectively. Results: In 2016, …