Knee Biomechanics Of Older Adults During Common Recreational And Daily Activities, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knee Biomechanics Of Older Adults During Common Recreational And Daily Activities, Julie Lynn Pfeiffer
Among older adults, socialization is a key motivating factor for participation in physical activity. In order to develop evidence-based physical activity recommendations for older adults with knee pathologies a better understanding of knee biomechanics during social recreational activities is needed. The purpose of this study was to determine knee joint kinematics and kinetics in healthy older adults during golf and bowling. Knee biomechanics during these recreational activities were also compared to those experienced during activities of daily living. Motion analysis data were collected as subjects performed walking, stair ascent, stair descent, and either golf or bowling. Knee angles, peak knee ...
Assessing The Effectiveness Of Nutrition And Physical Activity Self-Assessment For Child Care (Nap Sacc) For Changes In Physical Activity Behavior, Policy, And Environment In Nebraska Family Child Care Homes, 2013 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Assessing The Effectiveness Of Nutrition And Physical Activity Self-Assessment For Child Care (Nap Sacc) For Changes In Physical Activity Behavior, Policy, And Environment In Nebraska Family Child Care Homes, Katie K. Bolte
Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences
Nebraska is the first state to utilize NAP SACC and to modify the evidence-based program for family child care homes (FCCHs). The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary data analysis to assess the effectiveness of a modified version of the NAP SACC approach in achieving changes in physical activity behavior, policy, and environment in Nebraska FCCHs caring for children ages 2-5 years. Results from this study will be used to improve the NAP SACC physical activity components for FCCHs and will help to inform trainers and the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, Nutrition and Activity ...
The Amateurism Façade Of Ncaa Major College Basketball And Morality, 2013 The College at Brockport: State University of New York
The Amateurism Façade Of Ncaa Major College Basketball And Morality, Robert C. Schneider
Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education Presentations and Papers
Dr. Robert C. Schneider, Professor of Sport Management, KSSPE, Power Point Presentation of his peer-reviewed paper on The amateurism facade of NCAA major college basketball and morality presented at the International Conference in Chicago.
Evaluation Of The Anterior Talofibular And Calcaneofibular Ligament In Relation To Supination Ankle Sprains, 2013 California Polytechnic State University
Evaluation Of The Anterior Talofibular And Calcaneofibular Ligament In Relation To Supination Ankle Sprains, Peter Tran
Biomedical Eng/General Eng.
Ankle injuries have always posed an issue to a number of athletes. Sports that involve running and jumping accumulate about 25% of injuries correlating to ankle sprains. In most ankle sprains the inversion (supination) of the ankle cause damage to lateral ligaments. The two most common lateral ligaments to experience damage are the anterior talofibular (ATFL) and calcaneofibular (CFL) ligaments. The methods of taping and ankle braces have allowed athletes to prevent recurring sprains from occurring. However, sprains can still occur even when one or both methods are applied. The purpose of each method is to restrict the range of ...
Speed And Agility Training The Mustang Way: The Development Of An Instructional Dvd For Cal Poly Athletes' Summer Training, 2013 California Polytechnic State University
Speed And Agility Training The Mustang Way: The Development Of An Instructional Dvd For Cal Poly Athletes' Summer Training, Gary D. Heron
Master's Theses and Project Reports
SPEED AND AGILITY TRAINING THE MUSTANG WAY:
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL DVD FOR CAL POLY ATHLETES’ SUMMER TRAINING
Gary Douglas Heron
The purpose of this project was to create an instructional DVD of speed and agility training for Cal Poly student-athletes. The DVD is for athletes’ use when they are away from campus during summer break and contains information about the same drills and information the strength and conditioning coaches provided while athletes were on campus. The project was filmed and edited by the graduate assistant strength and conditioning coach for Cal Poly intercollegiate athletics. The DVD contains 74 ...
Beach Wheelchair Project, 2013 California Polytechnic State University
Beach Wheelchair Project, Rory Aronson, Joshua Marcum, Samuel Coyne, Alex Hayes, Alexa Colburn, Max Hessel, Benedikt Strauss, Marvin Rimmele, Marco Pietsch
The Beach Wheelchair, Sandcrawler, is a machine intended to help give people with disabilities the full beach experience. The non-profit organization Bridge II Sports sponsored this project, and tasked us with developing the design and fabricating a prototype. This chair has several features including a linkage mechanism that raises and lowers a chair relative to an external frame, hand crank drive with Gates Carbondrive belt and sprockets, buoyant Wheeleez balloon tires, and much more.
Electromyographical Analysis Of Barefoot Squat: A Clinical Perspective., 2013 East Tennessee State University
Electromyographical Analysis Of Barefoot Squat: A Clinical Perspective., Sarah E. Brown
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The purpose of this study was to compare muscle activation in eight superficial lower limb muscles during execution of barbell back squats while in barefoot and athletic shoe conditions. It was hypothesized that greater muscle activity would be seen when squats were performed in barefoot conditions. Six participants were included in the study (means: 21.33±1.53 years, 170.45±11.33cm height, 69.85±12.46kg mass, 3.4±1.40 years training). Each met specific inclusion criteria. Participants came in three separate days for data collection (Day 1 – 1 repetition maximum [1RM] was determined, Day 2 – maximum ...
Kinematic Analysis Of Hip And Knee Joints Between Barefoot And Shod Treadmill Running, 2013 Bridgewater State University
Kinematic Analysis Of Hip And Knee Joints Between Barefoot And Shod Treadmill Running, Stephanie E. Lloyd
Honors Program Theses and Projects
Running shoes have recently been designed to mimic barefoot walking or running, and they are marketed with promises that runners will benefit from the effects of barefoot running. Studying gait analysis with particular running shoes is extremely important because the ankle and foot serve as the foundation of structural balance, support, and propulsion. In this study, the knee and hip joint motions will be addressed while wearing Vibram FiveFinger and Nike Free Run shoes, which are designed to imitate barefoot running while providing protection from the elements. The purpose of this current study was to investigate the movement kinematics in ...
Defining Concussion And Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A History Of Confusion And Debate., 2013 University of Puget Sound
Defining Concussion And Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A History Of Confusion And Debate., Brenda Seymour
Sound Neuroscience: An Undergraduate Neuroscience Journal
Although concussions were first described in ancient times by Hippocrates, the definition of concussion and what differentiates it from other head trauma has been debated throughout history. Since the 9th century, doctors such as Rhazes, Berengario da Carpi, and Doctor Read have further refined the definition and diagnosis of concussion, coming to the first neuropathologic descriptions of the term in the 17th century. Today, the debate continues over whether a concussion is defined as a physical blow to the head, or the abnormal symptoms following such trauma. Other terms such as Mild Traumatic Brain Injury have made their way into ...
The Acute Effects Of Upper Extremity Stretching On Throwing Velocity In Untrained Baseball Throwers, 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
The Acute Effects Of Upper Extremity Stretching On Throwing Velocity In Untrained Baseball Throwers, Ashley Delobel, Lanisa Harveson, Jason Melton, Michael Williams
UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching of shoulder internal rotators on throwing velocity as compared to a typical dynamic warm-up.
Subjects: 27 male untrained throwers (mean age = 25.1 years old, SD =2.4) with basic knowledge of throwing mechanics.
Methods:The study was conducted over a series of three sessions with at least one week between each session. During each session, subjects warmed-up, threw 10 pitches, were randomly assigned to one of three separate stretching protocols, and then threw 10 more pitches.The three protocols were ...
Test-Retest Reliability And Responsiveness Of Gaze Stability And Dynamic Visual Acuity In High School And College Football Players, 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Test-Retest Reliability And Responsiveness Of Gaze Stability And Dynamic Visual Acuity In High School And College Football Players, Denise Kaufman, Mallory Puckett, Mitchell Smith
UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to establish reliability and responsiveness of the active dynamic visual acuity test (DVAT) at speeds of 150 to 200 degrees per second (deg/sec) and the gaze stabilization test (GST) in high school and college football players.
Design: Reliability design
Setting, Participants, Main Outcome Measures: A total of 50 high school and college football athletes completed vestibulo-ocular reflex testing using the DVAT and GST in the yaw (horizontal) and pitch (vertical) planes on two separate occasions within 14 days.
Results: Test-retest reliability for the DVAT was good in yaw, Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC ...
Ncaa Division I Athletic Trainers' Perceptions And Use Of Psychological Skills During Injury Rehabilitation, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Ncaa Division I Athletic Trainers' Perceptions And Use Of Psychological Skills During Injury Rehabilitation, Mary Kathleen Estepp
Applied sport psychology research suggests that the use of psychological skills (e.g., positive self-talk, goal-setting, relaxation) during the rehabilitation process increase recovery rates, increase adherence to rehabilitation, and decrease anxiety and stress (Heaney, 2006). Certified athletic trainers (ATCs) hold a critical role within injury rehabilitation as the primary health care professional who interacts with injured athletes. Therefore, properly trained, ATCs have been identified as the ideal professional to implement psychological skills during injury rehabilitation (Larson, Starkey, & Zaichkowsky, 1996). The purpose of this study was to explore National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I (D-I) ATCs use of psychological skills ...
Cyberathletes’ Lived Experience Of Video Game Tournaments, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Cyberathletes’ Lived Experience Of Video Game Tournaments, Samuel Joseph Whalen
Increased interest in video games has led to the emergence of competitive video game leagues and organizations known as e-Sport (Hutchins, 2008; Wagner, 2006). Much of the research on video games has focused on negative aspects of gamers’ behavior, such as aggression (Ferguson, 2007) and addiction (Kuss & Griffiths, 2012). The majority of studies have examined video game performance from a third-person perspective using video analysis (Reeves, Brown, & Laurier, 2009) or behavioral observation when examining high-level video game play (Jansz & Martens, 2005). Prior to the present study, there had been very little attention devoted to gamers’ experience of playing video games in the competitive tournament setting and presence of an evaluative audience. Research in sport psychology has demonstrated the challenges associated with performance in front of spectators (Beilock & Gray, 2007; Schmidt & Wrisberg, 2008). Thus, it might be assumed that the added presence of others at video game tournaments would create a competitive experience that is similar to that of athletes in traditional sports. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the lived experience of cyberathletes (gamers) during video game tournaments ...
The Acute Effects Of Yoga On Executive Function, 2013 Wayne State University
The Acute Effects Of Yoga On Executive Function, Neha Gothe, Matthew B. Pontifex, Charles Hillman, Edward Mcauley
Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies
Despite an increase in the prevalence of yoga exercise, research focusing on the relationship between yoga exercise and cognition is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an acute yoga exercise session, relative to aerobic exercise, on cognitive performance. Methods: A repeated measures design was employed where 30 female college-aged participants (Mean age = 20.07, SD = 1.95) completed 3 counterbalanced testing sessions: a yoga exercise session, an aerobic exercise session, and a baseline assessment. The flanker and n-back tasks were used to measure cognitive performance. Results: Results showed that cognitive performance after the yoga ...
Concussion Management, Education, And Return-To-Play Policies In High Schools: A Survey Of Athletic Directors, Athletic Trainers, And Coaches, Amanda Esquivel, Sadiq Haque, Patrick Keating, Stephanie Marsh, Stephen Lemos
Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies
Background: Concussions represent 8.9% to 13.2% of all high school athletic injuries. How these injuries are managed is currently unknown.
Hypothesis: There are differences in concussion management and awareness between boys football, boys ice hockey, and boys and girls soccer.
Study Design: Descriptive epidemiologic study.
Methods: High school athletic directors were contacted via email and asked to complete an online survey with four separate sections for athletic directors, head coaches, team physicians, or certified athletic trainers.
Results: According to coaches, concussion awareness education was provided for football (97%), hockey (65%), and boys and girls soccer (57% and 47 ...
Underserved Adolescent Girls’ Physical Activity Intentions And Behaviors: Relationships With The Motivational Climate And Perceived Competence In Physical Education, Alex C. Garn, Nate Mccaughtry, Bo Shen, Jeffrey J. Martin, Mariane Fahlman
Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies
This study investigated underserved adolescent girls’ perceptions of the motivational climate in relationship to their perceptions of competence in urban physical education, self-reported physical activity, and future physical activity intentions. A total of two-hundred-seventy-six underserved (i.e., minority, urban, high poverty) adolescent girls completed questionnaires and a multi-step approach was used to test these relationships. First, a trichotomous model of the perceived motivational climate was tested using confirmatory factor analysis and results suggested a good fit of the data. Structural equation modeling analyses were then used to test both direct and indirect relationships between the perceived motivational climates in physical ...
One Step Away: Life In Minor-League Golf, 2013 Syracuse University
One Step Away: Life In Minor-League Golf, Kevin Michael Prise Ii
Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects
My project serves as an exploration of life in minor league golf, particularly the Web.com Tour, which is the Triple-A level of professional golf. In order to conduct research for my project, I hit the road for a few weeks of summer 2012 and traveled to Tour events in far-flung places such as Springfield, Missouri; Greenville, South Carolina; Evansville, Indiana and Wichita, Kansas. While at the events, I watched plenty of tournament golf and interviewed dozens of players on various topics, ranging from the differences between the PGA Tour and the minors to caddies. Along the way, I kept ...
Shu Launches Life And Sport Analysis Clinic, 2013 Sacred Heart University
Shu Launches Life And Sport Analysis Clinic, Brendan J. Rickert
Brendan J. Rickert
The clinic works with clients and patients using contemporary-based research to investigate each individual’s goals and needs.
The Effects Of Static Stretching On Muscular Hypertrophy During A Resistance Training Program, 2013 Liberty University
The Effects Of Static Stretching On Muscular Hypertrophy During A Resistance Training Program, Zachary A. Martin
Senior Honors Theses
Studies have shown that static stretching right before physical activity can negatively affect performance. In regards to weight lifting, it has been shown that static stretching immediately prior to lifting can decrease the maximum amount of weight that can be lifted. This study was created in order to determine if static stretching immediately prior to weight lifting over the course of nine weeks would result in smaller gains in muscle size compared to those who did not static stretch immediately prior to lifting over the course of nine weeks.
Examining Lower Extremity Range Of Motion And Movement Variability Chages Due To Focus Of Attention During Landing, 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Examining Lower Extremity Range Of Motion And Movement Variability Chages Due To Focus Of Attention During Landing, Andrew Nordin, Janet Dufek
Interdisciplinary Research Scholarship Day
Attentional focus (AF) has been explored among a variety of motor skills providing evidence that external AF promotes automaticity and enhanced performance . External focus of attention is distinguished from internal focus such that external focus is directed toward movement effect rather than body movements . Movement variability provides a means of assessing functional characteristics of the neuromotor system, where normal functioning is suggested to occur within optimal limits, while excessively high or low movement variability is indicative of system dysfunction [2,4,5]. Additionally, the ability of the motor system to vary, or broadly distribute, internal loads is thought ...