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Hydration Status And Performance During Two-A-Day Summer Soccer Training Sessions With Female Athletes, Kristina Burk 2014 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Hydration Status And Performance During Two-A-Day Summer Soccer Training Sessions With Female Athletes, Kristina Burk

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

No abstract provided.


Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Status And Anaerobic Performance In Female Collegiate Basketball Players, Anna Krieger 2014 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Status And Anaerobic Performance In Female Collegiate Basketball Players, Anna Krieger

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

This presentation examines the relationship between vitamin D status and anaerobic performance; determines if the temporary deficiency that occurs during the late fall and winter months is associated with decreased anaerobic performance; and examines the efficacy of 2000 IU vitamin D3 daily supplementation to maintain and/or improve vitamin D status in female young adults.


Thoracic Gas Volume In Athletes And Non-Athletes, Sara Savard, Samuel C. Tubb, Shem Neuenschwander, Caleb T. Swedorski, April D. Crommett 2014 Cedarville University

Thoracic Gas Volume In Athletes And Non-Athletes, Sara Savard, Samuel C. Tubb, Shem Neuenschwander, Caleb T. Swedorski, April D. Crommett

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The purpose of this study was to analyze the predicted thoracic gas volume versus measured thoracic gas volume in college students, comparing NCAA collegiate athletes versus non-athletes using the Bod Pod. Forty-four college students, both males and females, athletes and non-athletes, completed a body composition test to obtain the predicted thoracic gas volume. The participants were then instructed by the Bod Pod software through the measured thoracic gas volume test. Due to low statistical power, athletes and non-athletes were unable to be compared, however, results of a two sample t-test showed that there was a statistically significant difference between measured ...


Concussion Return To Play Protocols Effect On Athletes' Reporting Of Symptoms, Timothy S. Waller, Amanda R. Meade, Elizabeth A. Sled, Michael S. Weller 2014 Cedarville University

Concussion Return To Play Protocols Effect On Athletes' Reporting Of Symptoms, Timothy S. Waller, Amanda R. Meade, Elizabeth A. Sled, Michael S. Weller

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

When an athlete suffers a concussion, the standard return to play (RTP) guidelines are that they must sit out a minimum of a week as they go through a slow progression of exertional and neurocognitive tests once they are asymptomatic. This is a great improvement to concussion treatment in the past where athletes were often dangerously returned. However, because of this “blanket” 7-day minimum return policy, we believe the current RTP guidelines are potentially leading athletes to hide their symptoms more so they do not have to sit out. Fifty-three athletes were surveyed from soccer, basketball, lacrosse, and football teams ...


Athletes' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Concussions, Rebecca Williams, Christiopher Cross 2014 Cedarville University

Athletes' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Concussions, Rebecca Williams, Christiopher Cross

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Concussions are a serious injury with significant short and long-term consequences. With the increasing awareness of the dangers of concussions, research has been directed toward educating coaches, athletes, and clinicians about this condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate DII football athletes’ knowledge and attitudes toward concussion, so we can determine what education is necessary to better inform them, in order to be able to conduct a more efficient evaluation. A total of 55 male football athletes from NCAA DII institutions agreed to take part in the survey on a voluntary basis. Subjects completed a survey assessing athletes ...


Conservative Treatment Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Deficiency, Brandan Holmquist 2014 University of Southern Maine

Conservative Treatment Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Deficiency, Brandan Holmquist

Thinking Matters

The purpose of this literature review is to present a simple protocol for the treatment of Anterior Cruciate Ligament deficiency for one plane athletes like some track athletes and baseball and softball designated players whom defer surgical intervention until after the season is completed.


A Difference In Aerobic And Anaerobic Energy Costs During Weightlifting, Sarah Shapiro, Deline Dwelly 2014 University of Southern Maine

A Difference In Aerobic And Anaerobic Energy Costs During Weightlifting, Sarah Shapiro, Deline Dwelly

Thinking Matters

Energy expenditure is usually estimated by total oxygen uptake. However, with weightlifting, very little oxygen is utilized during the lift. The majority of oxygen uptake happens during recovery (Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption, EPOC). The purpose of this study is to determine the significance of the anaerobic and EPOC phases during weightlifting exercises in estimation of total energy cost. We gathered data from 42 subjects (60 averaged trials) aging between 18 and 35 years. Each subject chose a comfortable weight and lifted to a cadence of 1.5 sec up and 1.5 sec down. Tests were given on two different ...


Conservative Treatment For Meniscus Rehabilitation, Nicole Spencer, Julie Willis 2014 University of Southern Maine

Conservative Treatment For Meniscus Rehabilitation, Nicole Spencer, Julie Willis

Thinking Matters

The purpose of this review is to produce a nonsurgical treatment plan for meniscus injuries using therapeutic exercise, to eventually prepare the athlete for return to play after the sustained injury. Using therapeutic exercises, a rehabilitation program can be created for athletes who do not wish to pursue surgery. The treatment plan was designed for a soccer player who had a partially torn meniscus.


Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome, Jacqueline Knowles 2014 University of Southern Maine

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome, Jacqueline Knowles

Thinking Matters

The purpose of this project is to examine an exercise-­‐based approach to rehabilitating an athlete with medial tibial stress syndrome. It presents specific exercises that can be used, and focuses on resolving the core of the problem instead of just addressing the symptom. This review attempts to provide a long-­‐term solution rather than providing a quick fix.


Gender Differences Between Overall Resistance Work And Overall Energy Costs, Stephanie Lomasney, Amanda Lessard, Abby Steitz, Meg Bosse 2014 University of Southern Maine

Gender Differences Between Overall Resistance Work And Overall Energy Costs, Stephanie Lomasney, Amanda Lessard, Abby Steitz, Meg Bosse

Thinking Matters

No abstract provided.


Safety Policy And Procedure In Ohio High School Basketball, Issa Walker 2014 Wright State University - Main Campus

Safety Policy And Procedure In Ohio High School Basketball, Issa Walker

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

There are projected to be seven million high school adolescents from roughly 20,000 high schools who partake in local sports programs annually. Children and adolescents are increasingly participating in sports, and this expanding involvement brings forth issues regarding possible risks of sports-related injury (Vanderlei et al. 2013). Although the involvement in sports is proven to be advantageous for the physical and mental well-being of human beings, injury rates are a public health concern. In the United States, young athletes are responsible for more than two million injuries, 500,000 physician visits, and 30,000 hospitalizations per year (Centers for ...


Mindfulness And Golf Performance: A Case Study, Jeremy C. Gomberg 2014 University of Redlands

Mindfulness And Golf Performance: A Case Study, Jeremy C. Gomberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Mindfulness interventions have shown considerable efficacy in dealing with many health problems such as stress, depression, and chronic pain. Only recently, however, has mindfulness intervention been used to enhance athletic performance. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the foundations of mindfulness interventions and its effectiveness in improving athletic performance. Along with the review, a case study design was used in which one male golfer, age 21, underwent a six-week mindfulness and relaxation intervention utilizing meditation and autogenic training. Progress was measured through the reporting of golf scores and statistics as well as journal entries. Golf statistics and journal entries ...


The Acute Effects Of Aerobic And Resistance Exercise On Cardiovascular Function And Arterial Stiffness, Hayleigh Elizabeth Raiff 2014 University of Dayton

The Acute Effects Of Aerobic And Resistance Exercise On Cardiovascular Function And Arterial Stiffness, Hayleigh Elizabeth Raiff

Honors Theses

The cardiovascular system changes acutely to the stresses of exercise to support the increased metabolic demand of the working tissues. This is accomplished through the augmentation of several parameters including heart rate, blood pressure, and vascular tone such as arterial stiffness. Exercise training has been shown to elicit changes in arterial stiffness but the acute effects of exercise on arterial stiffness have not been thoroughly studied. The current study examined the acute effects of no (control), aerobic (30 minutes of cycling at ~70% maximum heart rate), and resistance exercise (30 minutes, 3 sets of 10 repetitions for 6 exercises) on ...


The Effect Of Shear Stress, Potassium, And Adenosine On Α-1 Adrenergic Vasoconstriction Of Rat Soleus Feed Arteries, Tanner J. Heckle 2014 Pepperdine University

The Effect Of Shear Stress, Potassium, And Adenosine On Α-1 Adrenergic Vasoconstriction Of Rat Soleus Feed Arteries, Tanner J. Heckle

Undergraduate Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

During exercise, sympathetic nerve activity increases, augmenting the release of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine (NE) at the arterial wall and into the blood. NE binds to arterial adrenergic receptors to cause vasoconstriction, yet arteries in contracting skeletal muscle dilate during exercise. Previous evidence from Ives et al. suggests that heat and acidosis may partially inhibit constriction resulting from α-1 adrenergic receptors (termed sympatholysis). Our lab has previously demonstrated that rat soleus feed arteries respond to sympathetic signaling solely by α-1 adrenoceptors. We hypothesized that increased levels of arterial wall shear stress, potassium, or adenosine also contribute to sympatholysis, thereby reducing sympathetic ...


Professor Conducts Concussion Research With Help From The Men’S Lacrosse Team, Theresa Miyashita 2014 Sacred Heart University

Professor Conducts Concussion Research With Help From The Men’S Lacrosse Team, Theresa Miyashita

Theresa Miyashita

Sacred Heart University Athletic Training Program Director Theresa Miyashita discusses her research on concussions in athletes using accelerometers in the helmets of the SHU men's lacrosse team.


Impact Testing Of Youth-Level Helmets Versus College-Level Helmets, Nicole Hermann 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Impact Testing Of Youth-Level Helmets Versus College-Level Helmets, Nicole Hermann

Industrial Technology

With so many studies being conducted on professional football players regarding concussions and other related brain injuries, it’s amazing that such an important demographic has been missed. While NFL players are just as subjected to serious injuries as anyone else or even more so, it is important to remember that these players are outfitted, in most cases, with top-of-the-line equipment -- especially their helmets. If the focus is shifted to a younger demographic, youth football players in middle school and high school, the equipment is far less advanced and in a vast majority of cases, has been previously used by ...


Stress Sonography Of The Ulnar Collateral Ligament Of The Elbow In Professional Baseball Pitchers: A 10-Year Study., Michael G Ciccotti, Alfred Atanda, Levon N. Nazarian, Christopher C Dodson, Laurens Holmes, Steven B. Cohen 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Stress Sonography Of The Ulnar Collateral Ligament Of The Elbow In Professional Baseball Pitchers: A 10-Year Study., Michael G Ciccotti, Alfred Atanda, Levon N. Nazarian, Christopher C Dodson, Laurens Holmes, Steven B. Cohen

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: An injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow is potentially career threatening for elite baseball pitchers. Stress ultrasound (US) of the elbow allows for evaluation of both the UCL and the ulnohumeral joint space at rest and with stress.

HYPOTHESIS: Stress US can identify morphological and functional UCL changes and may predict the risk of a UCL injury in elite pitchers.

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3.

METHODS: A total of 368 asymptomatic professional baseball pitchers underwent preseason stress US of their dominant and nondominant elbows over a 10-year period (2002-2012). Stress US examinations ...


The Effect Of High-Top And Low-Top Shoes On Ankle Inversion Kinematics And Muscle Activation In Landing On A Tilted Surface, Weijie Fu, Ying Fang, Jianfu Hou 2014 Shanghai University of Sport

The Effect Of High-Top And Low-Top Shoes On Ankle Inversion Kinematics And Muscle Activation In Landing On A Tilted Surface, Weijie Fu, Ying Fang, Jianfu Hou

Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies Publications and Other Works

Background

There is still uncertainty concerning the beneficial effects of shoe collar height for ankle sprain prevention and very few data are available in the literature regarding the effect of high-top and low-top shoes on muscle responses during landing. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of high-top and low-top shoes on ankle inversion kinematics and pre-landing EMG activation of ankle evertor muscles during landing on a tilted surface.

Methods

Thirteen physical education students landed on four types of surfaces wearing either high-top shoes (HS) or low-top shoes (LS). The four conditions were 15° inversion, 30° inversion ...


Delivery And Pitch Type Alter Ground Reaction Forces In Baseball Pitching, Garrett Kass 2014 Pepperdine University

Delivery And Pitch Type Alter Ground Reaction Forces In Baseball Pitching, Garrett Kass

All Undergraduate Student Research

Ground reaction forces (GRFs) exerted on a pitcher in reaction to the push of their legs against the ground create torques about the center-of-mass (CM) and generate the angular momentum necessary to rotate the body, including the segments of the throwing arm. Thus examination of GRFs provides insight into the causal mechanisms responsible for segmental rotation in baseball pitching. PURPOSE: To determine the effects of delivery [wind-up (WU) vs. stretch (ST)] and pitch type [fastball (FB) vs. change-up (CU)] on GRFs in pitching. METHODS: Eight collegiate baseball pitchers (4 right-handed and 4 left-handed) provided voluntary informed consent and threw maximal ...


Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes For Low-Risk Patients And Leisure Athletes: A Potential Paradox, Wendy Bjerke, Stu Steinman, Vincent Cotto 2014 Sacred Heart University

Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes For Low-Risk Patients And Leisure Athletes: A Potential Paradox, Wendy Bjerke, Stu Steinman, Vincent Cotto

PTHMS Faculty Publications

Background: Athletes are enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes in small numbers and require unique diagnostic testing and training considerations. Additionally, many physiotherapists, exercise physiologists, athletic trainers and physicians lack experience treating athletes in CR due to their limited exposure to these types of patients. Content: This analysis distinguishes athletes from typical CR patients within the context of diagnostic testing, assessment, exercise prescription, and management. Several case studies present unique challenges and approaches to the rehabilitation of athletes in a CR setting. Conclusions: Athletes enrolled in CR should be treated and trained according to their abilities and goals. Combining traditional ...


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