Safety Policy And Procedure In Ohio High School Basketball, 2014 Wright State University - Main Campus
Safety Policy And Procedure In Ohio High School Basketball, Issa Walker
Master of Public Health Program Student Publications
There are projected to be seven million high school adolescents from roughly 20,000 high schools who partake in local sports programs annually. Children and adolescents are increasingly participating in sports, and this expanding involvement brings forth issues regarding possible risks of sports-related injury (Vanderlei et al. 2013). Although the involvement in sports is proven to be advantageous for the physical and mental well-being of human beings, injury rates are a public health concern. In the United States, young athletes are responsible for more than two million injuries, 500,000 physician visits, and 30,000 hospitalizations per year (Centers for ...
Mindfulness And Golf Performance: A Case Study, 2014 University of Redlands
Mindfulness And Golf Performance: A Case Study, Jeremy C. Gomberg
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Mindfulness interventions have shown considerable efficacy in dealing with many health problems such as stress, depression, and chronic pain. Only recently, however, has mindfulness intervention been used to enhance athletic performance. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the foundations of mindfulness interventions and its effectiveness in improving athletic performance. Along with the review, a case study design was used in which one male golfer, age 21, underwent a six-week mindfulness and relaxation intervention utilizing meditation and autogenic training. Progress was measured through the reporting of golf scores and statistics as well as journal entries. Golf statistics and journal entries ...
The Effect Of Shear Stress, Potassium, And Adenosine On Α-1 Adrenergic Vasoconstriction Of Rat Soleus Feed Arteries, Tanner J. Heckle
Undergraduate Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium
During exercise, sympathetic nerve activity increases, augmenting the release of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine (NE) at the arterial wall and into the blood. NE binds to arterial adrenergic receptors to cause vasoconstriction, yet arteries in contracting skeletal muscle dilate during exercise. Previous evidence from Ives et al. suggests that heat and acidosis may partially inhibit constriction resulting from α-1 adrenergic receptors (termed sympatholysis). Our lab has previously demonstrated that rat soleus feed arteries respond to sympathetic signaling solely by α-1 adrenoceptors. We hypothesized that increased levels of arterial wall shear stress, potassium, or adenosine also contribute to sympatholysis, thereby reducing sympathetic ...
Professor Conducts Concussion Research With Help From The Men’S Lacrosse Team, 2014 Sacred Heart University
Professor Conducts Concussion Research With Help From The Men’S Lacrosse Team, Theresa Miyashita
Sacred Heart University Athletic Training Program Director Theresa Miyashita discusses her research on concussions in athletes using accelerometers in the helmets of the SHU men's lacrosse team.
Stress Sonography Of The Ulnar Collateral Ligament Of The Elbow In Professional Baseball Pitchers: A 10-Year Study., 2014 Thomas Jefferson University
Stress Sonography Of The Ulnar Collateral Ligament Of The Elbow In Professional Baseball Pitchers: A 10-Year Study., Michael G Ciccotti, Alfred Atanda, Levon N. Nazarian, Christopher C Dodson, Laurens Holmes, Steven B. Cohen
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: An injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow is potentially career threatening for elite baseball pitchers. Stress ultrasound (US) of the elbow allows for evaluation of both the UCL and the ulnohumeral joint space at rest and with stress.
HYPOTHESIS: Stress US can identify morphological and functional UCL changes and may predict the risk of a UCL injury in elite pitchers.
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3.
METHODS: A total of 368 asymptomatic professional baseball pitchers underwent preseason stress US of their dominant and nondominant elbows over a 10-year period (2002-2012). Stress US examinations ...
Impact Testing Of Youth-Level Helmets Versus College-Level Helmets, 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Impact Testing Of Youth-Level Helmets Versus College-Level Helmets, Nicole Hermann
With so many studies being conducted on professional football players regarding concussions and other related brain injuries, it’s amazing that such an important demographic has been missed. While NFL players are just as subjected to serious injuries as anyone else or even more so, it is important to remember that these players are outfitted, in most cases, with top-of-the-line equipment -- especially their helmets. If the focus is shifted to a younger demographic, youth football players in middle school and high school, the equipment is far less advanced and in a vast majority of cases, has been previously used by ...
The Effect Of High-Top And Low-Top Shoes On Ankle Inversion Kinematics And Muscle Activation In Landing On A Tilted Surface, 2014 Shanghai University of Sport
The Effect Of High-Top And Low-Top Shoes On Ankle Inversion Kinematics And Muscle Activation In Landing On A Tilted Surface, Weijie Fu, Ying Fang, Jianfu Hou
Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies Publications and Other Works
There is still uncertainty concerning the beneficial effects of shoe collar height for ankle sprain prevention and very few data are available in the literature regarding the effect of high-top and low-top shoes on muscle responses during landing. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of high-top and low-top shoes on ankle inversion kinematics and pre-landing EMG activation of ankle evertor muscles during landing on a tilted surface.
Thirteen physical education students landed on four types of surfaces wearing either high-top shoes (HS) or low-top shoes (LS). The four conditions were 15° inversion, 30° inversion ...
Delivery And Pitch Type Alter Ground Reaction Forces In Baseball Pitching, 2014 Pepperdine University
Delivery And Pitch Type Alter Ground Reaction Forces In Baseball Pitching, Garrett Kass
All Undergraduate Student Research
Ground reaction forces (GRFs) exerted on a pitcher in reaction to the push of their legs against the ground create torques about the center-of-mass (CM) and generate the angular momentum necessary to rotate the body, including the segments of the throwing arm. Thus examination of GRFs provides insight into the causal mechanisms responsible for segmental rotation in baseball pitching. PURPOSE: To determine the effects of delivery [wind-up (WU) vs. stretch (ST)] and pitch type [fastball (FB) vs. change-up (CU)] on GRFs in pitching. METHODS: Eight collegiate baseball pitchers (4 right-handed and 4 left-handed) provided voluntary informed consent and threw maximal ...
Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes For Low-Risk Patients And Leisure Athletes: A Potential Paradox, 2014 Sacred Heart University
Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes For Low-Risk Patients And Leisure Athletes: A Potential Paradox, Wendy Bjerke, Stu Steinman, Vincent Cotto
PTHMS Faculty Publications
Background: Athletes are enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes in small numbers and require unique diagnostic testing and training considerations. Additionally, many physiotherapists, exercise physiologists, athletic trainers and physicians lack experience treating athletes in CR due to their limited exposure to these types of patients. Content: This analysis distinguishes athletes from typical CR patients within the context of diagnostic testing, assessment, exercise prescription, and management. Several case studies present unique challenges and approaches to the rehabilitation of athletes in a CR setting. Conclusions: Athletes enrolled in CR should be treated and trained according to their abilities and goals. Combining traditional ...
Effects Of Body Armor And Load Carriage On Lower Limb Joint Movement, 2014 Cornell University
Effects Of Body Armor And Load Carriage On Lower Limb Joint Movement, Huiju Park, Donna Branson, Adriana Petrova, Semra Peksoz, Carla Goad, Aric J. Warren, Bert Jacobson, Panagiotis Kamenidis
Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments
This study investigated the impact of body armor weight and load magnitude and distribution on the lower extremities during walking. Range of motion (ROM) was assessed while seven healthy, male, right-handed, military university students walked while wearing seven different garments of varying weights (0.06 kg, 9 kg, 18 kg, and 27 kg) and load distributions. Decreased pelvic rotation found with an increase in weight implies decreased mobility by restricting the leg’s swing to propel the body forward. Increased ROM for pelvic tilt found with increased weight results from increased forward inclination suggesting an increased possibility for fatigue and ...
Track & Field Team Holds Throwing Clinic For Bridgeport Students, 2014 Sacred Heart University
Track & Field Team Holds Throwing Clinic For Bridgeport Students, Valerie Wherley
No abstract provided.
Comparison Of Static And Countermovement Jump Variables In Relation To Estimated Training Load And Subjective Measures Of Fatigue, 2014 East Tennessee State University
Comparison Of Static And Countermovement Jump Variables In Relation To Estimated Training Load And Subjective Measures Of Fatigue, Matthew L. Sams, Satoshi Mizuguchi, Brad H. Deweese, Kimi Sato
Matthew L Sams
The purpose of this study was to compare changes in static and countermovement jump variables across a competitive season of collegiate soccer to estimated training load and subjective measures of fatigue. Monitoring data from 21 male collegiate soccer players were retrospectively examined. Nine vertical jump sessions occurred across the season in addition to daily training load assessment and daily mood-state assessment. Group average changes from the first testing session were calculated and compared to the group average training load for the 7 days preceding each vertical jump testing session for static and countermovement jump height and allometrically scaled peak power ...
Neuromuscular Fatique Following A Singles Badminton Match, 2014 Edith Cowan University
Neuromuscular Fatique Following A Singles Badminton Match, Ryan Zengyuan Lin
Theses: Doctorates and Masters
A typical badminton singles match involves numerous intense and high impact movements. Lunges were accounted for approximately 15% of overall movements and were believed to presumably induce significant muscle damage following a match. However, no previous study has investigated changes in knee extensor muscle function after a badminton match.The present study investigated changes in knee extensor neuromuscular function and muscle soreness after a simulated 1-h badminton singles match in relation to the number of lunges performed in the match.
Ten state-level male badminton players were recruited (n=10), with each player played a total of eight simulated 1-h matches ...
Skin Condition Secondary To Elbow Dislocation In A Collegiate Diver, 2014 Marshall Digital Scholar
Skin Condition Secondary To Elbow Dislocation In A Collegiate Diver, Brandi Leigh Anders
Theses, Dissertations and Capstones
Objective: The purpose of the case study is to inform athletic trainers about complications with post-surgical athletes caused from the materials used during or after the surgery.
Background: A nineteen year old female collegiate cheerleader with previous left elbow injuries developed a rash post-surgery to repair the elbow’s instability.
Differential Diagnosis: The differential diagnosis for this athlete included a medial collateral ligament tear, ulnar neuritis, elbow subluxation and cubital tunnel narrowing.
Treatment: The athlete had been placed in a posterior splint for two weeks. The athlete noticed a red, itchy patch around each of the stiches which began to ...
Systematic Condition In A Ncaa-I Collegiate Soccer Player, 2014 Marshall Digital Scholar
Systematic Condition In A Ncaa-I Collegiate Soccer Player, Ashley D. Smith
Theses, Dissertations and Capstones
Objective: The purpose of this case study is to inform athletic trainers of a systematic disease not common in our patient population.
Background: The athlete, a twenty-one YO, 160 lb, 69 inch female NCAA-I collegiate soccer goalie presented with complaint of bilateral elbow and knee joint pain and stiffness along with tender red itchy bumps on the anterior aspect of her shins. The athlete had flu-like symptoms and a URI prior to this complaint. The athlete has a history of anemia, mononucleosis, and streptococcal.
Differential Diagnosis: Rheumatoid arthritis, lymphoma, HIV/aids, erythema nodosum, lupus, Lyme disease.
Treatment: The athlete sought ...
Examination Of Two Hydration Protocols During Simulated Forced Marching Under Acute Heat Stress, 2014 Marshall University
Examination Of Two Hydration Protocols During Simulated Forced Marching Under Acute Heat Stress, David Alan Cottrill
Theses, Dissertations and Capstones
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare the effects of ingesting either water or 6% solution of carbohydrates, electrolytes, and water on hydration status during simulated military road marching in hot environmental conditions. Five volunteer male subjects completed two 60 minute experimental trials exercising at a high intensity (RER .90-.95) in an improvised environmental chamber (29.7 + or - .18oC, 11.3 + or - 2.13% relative humidity) in full army combat uniform carrying 18.18kg of equipment. Random assignment of either water or solution was completed prior to trial 1, and consumption of the unselected ...
Neuromuscular Factors Affecting Stretch-Induced Torque Loss, 2014 Edith Cowan University
Neuromuscular Factors Affecting Stretch-Induced Torque Loss, Gabriel Siqueira Trajano Dr
Theses: Doctorates and Masters
The mechanisms underpinning the immediate torque loss induced by acute, static muscle stretching are still not clear. The current research was designed to examine the neuromuscular factors influencing this torque loss. In Study 1, the contributions of central versus peripheral factors to the stretch-induced torque loss were investigated. Measures of central drive, including the EMG amplitude normalised to the muscle compound action potential amplitude (EMG:M), percent voluntary activation (%VA) and first volitional wave amplitude (V:M), and measures of peripheral function, including the twitch peak torque and 20:80 Hz tetanic torque ratio were made before, and immediately and ...
Comparison Of Two Different Sprint Interval Training Work-To-Rest Ratios On Acute Metabolic And Inflammatory Responses, 2014 Virginia Commonwealth University
Comparison Of Two Different Sprint Interval Training Work-To-Rest Ratios On Acute Metabolic And Inflammatory Responses, Christopher R. Harnish
Theses and Dissertations
High intensity exercise is believed to yield greater results on health and human performance than moderate intensity exercise. Extensive research indicates that not only do high-intensity interval training (HIT) and sprint interval training (SIT) produce significant improvements in cardiovascular fitness and disease, they may be more effective at improving long-term metabolic function, including insulin sensitivity (Si), by producing more mitochondria. Moreover, compliance rates for HIT and SIT participation are reported to be the same or better than traditional moderate intensity exercise. Because lack of time is often cited as major hindrance to exercise participation, SIT is also seen as a ...
The Creation And Validation Of A Youth Fundamental Hitting Scale: The Assessment Of Youth Baseball And Softball Hitting Fundamentals And The Perceived Psychological Barriers To Hitting A Pitched Ball, 2014 Edith Cowan University
The Creation And Validation Of A Youth Fundamental Hitting Scale: The Assessment Of Youth Baseball And Softball Hitting Fundamentals And The Perceived Psychological Barriers To Hitting A Pitched Ball, Andrew Walsh
Theses: Doctorates and Masters
No abstract provided.
The Effect Of Stretching And Strengthening On Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, 2014 Hamline University
The Effect Of Stretching And Strengthening On Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, Heather Hollinger
Departmental Honors Projects
Although there is considerable research on stretches and strengthening exercises that could help improve function, pain, strength, and flexibility associated with the symptoms of patellofemoral pain, more research on how beneficial stretching and strengthening is compared to just stretching is needed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of stretching and strengthening as compared to just stretching alone on flexibility, strength, function, and pain in participants with at least 50% of the symptoms and predispositions associated with patellofemoral pain. The design consisted of a control group that completed basic stretching, while the treatment group received stretching and ...